Kingdom Protista . May be unicellular or multicellular . May be autotrophic or heterotrophic . May reproduce sexually or asexually. . Protists are very varied . Can be further divided . Usually found around liquid water . eukaryotic Protozoa – Animal-like Protists
. Mostly single-celled, motile organisms that feed by phagocytosis. . Usually too small to be seen without a microscope. . Classified based on locomotion. . 1. Phylum Zoomastigina – animal-like protists that move by means of flagella.
. 2. Phylum Ciliophora – animal-like protists such as Paramecium, which move using cilia.
. 3. Phylum Sarcodina – move by means of cytoplasmic streaming.
. 4. Phylum Sporozoa – Parasites that form spores at some point in their life cycle. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fmwN_mD7TvY&saf ety_mode=true&persist_safety_mode=1&safe=active http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7pR7T NzJ_pA&safety_mode=true&persist_saf ety_mode=1&safe=active Algae – Plant-like Protists
. Photosynthetic . Range from unicellular to multicellular seaweed 60m in length. . Have been on Earth for 2 billion years . Classified based on colour. . 1. Phylum Chlorophyta – Green algae, the most plant-like of all algae.
. 2. Phylum Phaeophyta – Brown algae. Seaweeds such as kelp (Laminaria). Found in colder waters.
. 3. Phylum Rhodophyta – Red algae. Found mostly in warmer waters.
. 4. Phylum Chrysophyta – unicellular and photosynthetic. Make up most plankton.
. 5. Phylum Pyrrophyta – Dinoflagellates, which are extremely numerous. Each one contains 2 flagella and a protective coat of cellulose.
. 6. Phylum Euglenophyta – unicellular freshwater organisms with 2 flagella – usually heterotrophic.
Fungus-like Protists – Slime Moulds and Water Moulds . Reproduce by spores. . Have cellulose cell walls . Very difficult to classify . 1. Phylum Oomycota – water moulds, similar to fungi. Are saprophytes, meaning they feed on dead organic matter. Caused the Irish Potato Famine.
. 2. Phylum Myxomycota – Plasmodial Slime Moulds. Engulf small particles of food.
. 3. Phylum Acrasiomycota – Cellular slime moulds. Usually exist as single cells, but can group together if necessary. http://www.youtube.c om/watch?v=gsOA- 5H_L2g