THE GREAT NORTHERN PENINSULA SEPTEMBER 2010 REPORT FORAY NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR

Editor: Marian Wissink Contributors: Jamie Graham, Anne Marceau, Model Forest, Umberto Pascali, Andrus Voitk Photos: Lindsay Collingwood, TA Loeffler, Roger Smith CONTENTS Partners...... 1 Faculty, Participants...... 2 Program...... 6 Trails...... 8 Andrus’ Highlights...... 9 Model Forest Group’s Foray Experience...... 16 Foray in the Land of the Vikings...... 20 Foray Fotos...... 21 List...... 22 GNP as non-timber forest products...... 30 2 Group Photo...... 33 FORAY NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR Partners

People of Newfoundland and Labrador, through Department of Environment and Conservation Parks and Natural Areas Division Wildlife Division Department of Natural Resources Center for Forest Science and Innovation Department of Innovation, Trade & Rural Development College of the North Atlantic St Anthony Campus Parks Canada L’Anse aux Meadows National Historic Site Gros Morne National Park Great Northern Peninsula Forest Network Model Forest of Newfoundland and Labrador RED Ochre Development Board Viking Trail Tourism Association Sir Wilfred Grenfell College Tuckamore Lodge Gros Morne Cooperating Association Memorial University Grenfell Historical Properties Aurora Nordic Cross Country Ski Club FUNGI magazine Quidi Vidi Brewing Company Auk Island Winery

Grenfell Historical Properties

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Faculty

Guest faculty:

David Boyle Britt Bunyard Renée Lebeuf Ed Lickey Kare Liimatainen Tuula Niskanen Esteri Ohenoja André Paul Roger Smith Greg Thorn

Local Faculty:

Michael Burzynski Faye Murrin Andrus Voitk

2 FORAY NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR Participants Greg Thorn London ON Nina Zitani London ON Carlo Thorn London ON Jackson Thorn London ON Esteri Ohenoja Oulu, Finland David Boyle Truro NS Ed Lickey Bridgewater VA Renée Lebeuf Pierrefonds QC André Paul Pierrefonds QC Roger Smith Fredericton, NB Michael Burzynski Rocky Harbour NL Anne Marceau Rocky Harbour NL Faye Murrin Torbay NL Andrus Voitk Humber Village NL Maria Voitk Humber Village NL Tuula Niskanen Helsinki Finland Kare Liimatainen Helsinki Finland Aava Niskanen Helsinki Finland Elke Molgaard St John's NL John Molgaard St John's NL Judy May Humber Village NL Elaine Humber Corner Brook NL Jamie Graham Corner Brook NL Ulrich Hochwald Long Cove, NL Françoise Tupinier Montréal QC Tina Newbury Corner Brook NL Tarik Rodrigues Corner Brook NL Kaden Rodrigues Corner Brook NL Bruce Rodrigues Corner Brook NL Claudia Hanel Frenchman's Cove NL Marianna Wright Toronto ON Tony Wright Toronto ON 3 FORAY NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR Gwendolyn Knudsen Griquet NL Stephen Knudsen Griquet NL Laura Park Harbour Main NL Mac Pitcher Harbour Main NL George Park Charlottetown PEI Linda Pascali Toronto ON Umberto Pascali Toronto ON Marian Wissink St John's NL TA Loeffler St John's NL Phyllis Mann Pasadena NL Henry Mann Pasadena NL Yvonne Thurlow Corner Brook NL Geoff Thurlow Corner Brook NL Jeri Graham Corner Brook NL Sarah Graham Corner Brook NL Graham Zilkowski Corner Brook NL André Myers Flowers Cove NL Diane Holsinger Timberville Va Tom Holsinger Timberville Va Olivier van Lier Corner Brook NL Lindsay Collingwood Corner Brook NL Nathan Wareham Massey Drive NL Tammy Higgins Pasadena NL Gordon Hancock Deer Lake NL Janice Pilgrim Roddickton NL Rosie Myers Corner Brook NL Elizabeth Smith Raleigh NL Jackie Bessey Raleigh NL Randy Batten St John's NL Mark Lamswood Parsons Pond NL Diane Pelley St John's NL Stephanie Coombes Corner Brook NL Kate Edwards Corner Brook NL Jeff Siddall Corner Brook NL

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Morgan Barber London ON Leah Soper Corner Brook NL Tommy Landry St. Narcisse- Beauregard QC Britt Bunyard Germantown WI Christian Wright Corner Brook NL Trudy O'Keefe St Anthony NL

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FRI SEP 10 OOUTSIDEUTSIDE 11:00 AM 9:00 - 11:00 AM Registration L’Anse aux Meadows Pick for the Pot Judy May 12:00 noon photography: point & shoot Michael Mycoblitz L’Anse aux Meadows Burzynski 6:30 PM Mushroom eating insects Britt Bunyard Reception, Supper, Sagas L’Anse aux 11:00 - 1:00 PM Meadows Pick for the Pot Maria Voitk 8:00 PM Mushroom photography: SLR Roger Smith Photo Contest results Laura Park Growing mushrooms David Boyle 8:15 PM IINSIDENSIDE—CONA Ethnomycology Britt Bunyard 8:15 PM 9:00 - 10:00 AM Mushroom identifi cation Faye Murrin Tables Ed Lickey Microscopy Greg Thorn SAT SEP 11 Mushroom Cooking 101 Maria Voitk 8:00 AM 10:00 - 11:00 AM Breakfast The Legion Tables Faye Murrin Microscopy Ed Lickey 9:00 AM How to use a key Andrus Voitk Forays (see TRAILS) 11:00 - 12:00 PM 1:00 PM Tables Esteri Ohenoja Lunch on the trail Mushroom Cooking 102 Ulrich Hochwald 5:00 PM How to use a key Andrus Voitk Quidi Vidi QuuQup & Supper Grenfell 12:00 - 1:00 PM Interpretation Centre Tables Greg Thorn 7:00 PM Mushroom Cooking 102 Ulrich Hochwald Ascomycetes René Lebeuf Mushroom Cooking 101 Judy May 8:00 PM 1:00 PM Growing mushrooms David Boyle Lunch The Legion 8:00 PM 2:00 PM NL Sphagnum omphalinas Ed Lickey AGM, elections, thanks 8:30 PM NL chanterelles Greg Thorn SUN SEP 12 2:30 PM 8:00 AM Breakfast The Legion Community Fungi Fair

8:40 AM CONA Group Photo 6 FORAY NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR PROGRAM 2010

Lectures Friday Saturday 6:30 Reception/Supper at sod huts, flowing 7:00 into: Renée Lebeuf – Sagas and Shadows The beauty of Ascomycetes

8:00 Laura Park — Photo contest results Ed Lickey David Boyle Our logo mushroom and other Growing NL sphagnicolous omphalinas mushrooms 8:15 Faye Murrin Britt Bunyard Introduction to Did the Vikings mushroom eat mushrooms? 8:30 identification The ethnomycolo- Greg Thorn gy of 1,000 AD Some yellow chanterelles of North America Newfoundland and beyond

Sunday Workshops OUTSIDE INSIDE 9-10 Pick for Photography Mycophagy: Tables Microscopy Cooking 101 the pot Point & shoot Insects that eat Ed Greg Preservation Judy Michael mushrooms (4 max) Maria 10-11 (12 max) (8 max) Britt Tables Microscopy How to use a (10 max) Faye Ed key (4 max) Andrus 11-12 Pick for Photography Growing Tables Cooking 102 How to use a the pot SLR mushrooms Esteri Mushrooms key Maria Roger David on toast Andrus (12 max) (8 max) (10 max) $40 Ulrich 12-1 Tables Cooking 102 Cooking 101 Greg Mushrooms Preservation on toast Judy Ulrich

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11 FORAY NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR The Model Forest Group’s Foray Experience Contributors: Lindsay Collingwood (MFNL), Gordon Hancock, Tammy Higgins (MFNL), Mark Lamswood (RED OCHRE), Andre Myers (NORDIC), Janice Pilgrim (NORDIC), Nathan Wareham (HEDB), Gordon Hancock (HEDB)

We went to the foray, not knowing what to Anne Marceau, Faye Murrin and Andrus Voitk. These expect, but hoping to learn whether mushrooms could contacts, added to others we have sought outside the be a reasonable non-timber forest product in foray, should become some of the core resources to communities, who have traditionally looked to the help us pursue a mushroom initiative into the future. forest for part of their income. We are grateful to Faye This is a general summary only. A full Trip Report Murrin to take time before the foray to discuss these with suggestions for future activity is being prepared issues with us. Faye has looked into this matter in the and will be published after completion. past and has publications about the commercial potential of harvesting wild mushrooms in Newfoundland and Labrador. The mushroom foray was held on the Great Northern Peninsula. The foray was not business oriented. Its main focus was for people to pursue a shared interest in mushrooms in an enjoyable social setting. People had fun, while contributing to scientific knowledge of the mushrooms in our province. However, it was an outstanding introduction to mushrooms for the beginner or novice enthusiast, and an excellent venue to form partnerships that will be of value in the development of any future mushroom initiative. The foray provided a great introduction to the area, the community and its history. It also gave us an opportunity to experience many facets of mushrooms personally, to “learn the language” of mushrooms, see how they grow, get hands-on experience with collecting and harvesting, cooking, eating (Yum!), and even growing them. Of the many contacts made at the foray, we should highlight David Boyle, Michael Burnizski,

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Foray in the Land of the Vikings

by Umberto Pascali

This September, my wife, Linda, and I travelled along treated to delicious tortilla stuffed with huitlacoche or corn with fellow MST members Tony and Marianna Wright to the smut, caribou hamburger topped with a mixture of Great Northern Peninsula of Newfoundland to attend the trumpets, chanterelles and morels. Afterwards, a number of annual fall foray of “Foray Newfoundland and Labrador”. very knowledgeable mycologists made presentations.

We landed at Deer Lake. While Tony and Marianna On Sunday, the last day of the foray, there were several drove directly to St Anthony at the top of the Northern indoor and outdoor activities. We decided to take a good Peninsula, Linda and I took a side trip to Gros Morne look at all the variety of mushrooms on display at the St. National Park. While hiking a short trail, we observed the Anthony Campus of the College of the North Atlantic. Here magnificent carving of landscape by glaciers of the last ice we found and Cortinarius were most prevalent. age. Then we hit the road back to Deer Lake. We were On Friday Sept.10, we joined the 72 foray participants counting on a daylight drive but, just out of St. Anthony, we at L’Anse aux Meadows where we were given a short tour stopped at a large open field, the site of a fire some 30 of the site where Vikings set camp in 1000 A.D. years ago. The field was now covered with partridge berries. We picked until close to 5pm then reluctantly we In the persistent rain, we set out for our first foray. Our had to go. We arrived at our B&B luckily without challenge was finding mushrooms in this new environment encountering a moose. with the ground crowded by a variety of mosses, lichens, roots and branches of trees that remained close to the The next morning, we drove to Corner Brook, this time ground. When a beautiful would show up, it was trying our luck picking blueberries. After struggling to quite a task to pull it all in one piece from such intricacy. In locate the spot, we found out that they had been damaged treed areas, the growth was stunted but so thick that if a by the frost so that ended our enthusiasm of blueberry mushroom was spotted, you had to crawl in a kind of cave picking. We did enjoy the panorama of the Corner Brook formed by the low-hanging branches. setting and the beautiful Humber river valley. Arriving at Deer Lake Airport, we were invited to partake at the In the evening, we were treated to a very good supper inauguration ceremony of works of art by famous artists followed by a Viking saga and a presentation on Boreal Diana Dabinett and Urve Manuel. Ethnomycology by Dr. Britt Bunyard, past Editor-in-Chief for NAMA and now editor of the magazine FUNGI. In all, it was a glorious adventure. I had my first encounter with Lactarius glyciosmus with its distinct The following day, our foray took us to Goose Cove. coconut smell. We did see moose on the roadside, The panorama and view of the ocean was spectacular but beautiful ocean views and enjoyed the hospitality of so was the blowing wind. At one point, the wind blew away Newfoundland’s Bed & Breakfasts with amazing hosts that all that was in Linda’s basket. While the rest of the group really make you feel at home. Add to that the friendliness of left to properly identify the mushrooms collected, the two the local people to make it all a worthwhile experience. of us stayed behind to pick partridge berries on a ground filled by a tapestry of color. This article first appeared in , the newsletter In the evening, we met at the Grenfell Interpretation of the Mycological Society of Toronto, and is reproduced Centre for a mushroom cook-up and dinner. We were here with permission from the author. 14 FORAY NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR

Foray Fotos

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For more pictures of this year’s foray

http://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=100001744686549

Thanks Nathan! 21 FORAY NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR

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Surprises. It was an unexpected surprise to get not close to the limit of species in our province. this many species identifi ed, given the very inef- The broad pattern of this year’s species differed fi cient process, due to being spread out—much from that of previous years, not surprising from a time that would normally have gone to identify- different ecosystem. ing was lost (or turned to other pursuits!). This Visiting Specialist Effect. Regardless of what is is a credit to our identifi ers. Equally surprising collected, that which gets identifi ed is what the was that we had collected this much material, identifi ers work on, which is mostly what intrigues given that the barrens were, well, barren and the them. Therefore, all lists refl ect the interests of weather encouraged early ends to outings. Well the identifi ers. Many mycologists are curious to done! Current tally: 252 species were identifi ed, know what species grow in a specifi c area, and 57 new to the cumulative list. We processed therefore try to identify all that is brought in. Such almost half as many specimens as in other years, lists probably refl ect the species in the area at yet got about as many species identifi ed. Appar- the time. It is often said that specialist identifi ers, ently there were more species than suspected, concentrating on single genera or small groups but mostly only one or two specimens of each. of mushrooms, skew the list to refl ect dispropor- Are we close to identifying all NL species? The tionately species of their interest. We have an cumulative species curve continues to rise in a opportunity to examine this tenet, because Tuula straight line, suggesting that the 1,000 mark is Niskanen and Kare Liimatainen, specializing in 28 FORAY NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR Genus Cortinarius, have been with us for three of our general identifi ers, who also identifi ed Cor- our eight annual forays. tinarii, Dave Malloch (A7) and André Paul (C9, N10) also took a special interest in this genus. The average per cent of Cortinarius species in the list is 18 for the three Tuula & Kare years A “specialist” is not a formal designation, but (A7, C9, N10) and 10 for the other years. The indicates a person who has gained an intimate knowledge of a group of graph on this page shows fungi through study of that the proportion of Cortinarius Cortinarius per cent group. For example, in 2005 species in the list from all of Dave Malloch stated that he our forays. The three high- 20 was going to pursue Cor- est tallies come from Tuula tinarii in greater detail. In & Kare years. Contribution 2006, 27 of the 30 Cortinari- of Cortinarius species to us species were identifi ed by our cumulative list is similar: 16 Dave. As the graph shows, Cortinarii averaged 24% the proportion of Cortinarii of new species in Tuula & in the 2006 list (A6) was in Kare years and 10% in other 12 the same range as the Tuula years. Clearly, Tuula & Kare & Kare years, well outside have made a signifi cant the range of other non-Tuula contribution to the Cortinarii on our list. Has this skewed 8 & Kare years. A formidable our list to refl ect a dispro- display! As I understand it, portionately high number at the moment Dave is pur- suing Genus Inocybe with of Cortinarius species? If 4 “skewed” means that Tuula even greater zeal. & Kare have made appar- Abundance. Recording the ent more Cortinarii than we number of collections of a 0 might have without them, species gives us some idea G3 G4 G5 A6 A7 C8 C9 N10 then it is probably true. If, of its abundance. This is on the other hand, “skewed” useful information in many means that Tuula & Kare’s contribution created ways. It allows comparison of regions, because a list that is an inaccurate representation of the differences in common species can be useful species in the region (as refl ected by the collec- indicators of regional difference. It also has a tions brought in), then the contention is untrue. practical application in deciding whether to pur- Were Tuula & Kare our only identifi ers, and had sue the collection of any species. See the discus- they limited themselves only to Cortinarii, then sion of mushrooms as non-timber forest products, we should have produced only a Cortinarius elsewhere in this Report, for an example of how list, clearly not refl ective of all the species in the this information can be used. region. However, Tuula & Kare also identifi ed The idea of the foray is to learn something while mushrooms other than Cortinarii, and we had having fun, and to gather some information of several other identifi ers, who were more curious scientifi c value while doing it. Questions and to learn all species growing in the area, so that discussion about these data are welcome. Our identifi cation of collected material did not suffer. data contain much information and along with our In other words, if the identifi cation process deals herbarium material have contributed to several adequately with the species collected in the area, research projects, some of which have been or then a specialist who identifi es more species in are on their way to be published in scientifi c my- her interest group is not skewing the data, but cological journals. augmenting them. Thank you for this effort and hope to see you Of course, Tuula & Kare were not the only ones again in 2011. to contribute to our Cortinarius list. In addition to !"#$%&'()*+, 29 FORAY NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR

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30 FORAY NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR

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32 The lot of them ... 2010 LICHENS added this year!

2011 2011 2011 2011 2011 2011 2011 2011 2011 2011 2011 2011 2011 2011 2011 2011 2011 2011 Terra Nova National Park Headquarters: Terra Nova Hospitality Home September 9-11, 2011

GUEST FACULTY*

Teuvo Ahti Stephen Clayden Renée Lebeuf Raymond McNeil Faye Murrin Todd Osmundson André Paul Roger Smith Andy Taylor Greg Thorn Zheng Wang

*tentative at time of publication

Please check our website in the Spring, 2011, for Information & Registration Forms: