Hannes Meyer By: Maria Medina Born: November 18, 1889 Death: July 19, 1954

Experience Design Philosophies • Trained as a mason. • Practiced as an architect Petersschule (St. Peter’s) • Sleeping habits and an urban planner. • Department manager • Sex life at the Krupp works in Essen. • Served as the second • Pets director in the , . • Gardening • Created a company with with Hans Wittwer. • Personal Hygiene • Taught at WASI, a Soviet academy for architecture • Weather protection and civil engineering. • Became the director of • Hygiene in the home

Famous Works Building • Petersschule • Car maintenance • the Geneva League of Nations Building • Cooking • Plan for the Bauhaus 10 year exhibition. • Heating

• Exposure to the sun

• Services Bauhaus (1929) Bauhaus Changes Major Building Comission

• Became to be known as • Expand preliminary • ADGB Trade Union “the unkown architect.” courses. School • taught with a • Tuition through science • second largest • functionalist philosophy. • Ran the head of the ar- and art. • has historic protection chitecture department. • opened doors to untal- status • Philosophy organize ented kids. without relating to aes- • Expanded teaching, thetics. while eliminate painting. • Buildings = low cost and fulfill social needs. • He was dismissed two years. Functional Architecture Hannes Meyer view for the interior pieces of the Bauhaus dorms. Furniture Design • This developed the idea of • Based on organoid function. forms. • Radicates the ideas of art • Belief that it results to • Followed the concept of systematic planning functionality. • should come from materials • Furniture was flexible that will satisfy the user. since it could be folded • led to different teaching styles and collapsed. • Incorporated mostly wood with a bauhaus style. • Use of linear patterns.

Hannes Meyer view for the interior pieces of the Bauhaus Life After Bauhaus dorms. • Created plans related to the redevelopment of Moscow. • Meyer realized not only the buildings, but also developed urbanist proj- ects. • Meyer returned to Hannes Meyer piece types Switzerland. of the co-op interiur folding chair. Project Details Petersschule (St. Peter’s) • Precise, dramatical receding perspective drawing and model. • Device that dominates its site. • Project taken on by a competition launched Geneva League of Nations Building in 1926 for the design of • Guided by nature and a girls’ primary school. goals of the League of • Taken on by Meyer & Nations. Wittwer • Started 1920. • Despised allusions and • Recieved third prize. chased illusions. • dveeloped by Hannes Meyer and Hans Witt- wer. • It was not part of the Failed construction work, but through drawings. Design Principles Used

• large, sized projects. • minimilistic. • flexible. • Repetition • Shadows

Meyers Bauhaus dismissal • Was replaced by Gropius and Dessau mayor. • Due to allowing communism between students. • Brought bad publicity.

ABDG Trade Union: Interior

“Bauhaus incestous theories lead access Meyers Teaching Styles to healthy, life orient- • Based on understanding buildings. ed design..., as head • Reflects process of the biological, of Bauhaus, I fought intellectual, spiritual, and physical. the Bauhaus style.” - • Important to combine with humans. Hannes Meyer • Individual + Community = Harmony • Decided to involve students in building commisions. References

• https://biblio.ugent.be/publication/1059313/file/6743476.pdf • Hannes Meyer : Bauhaus100. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.bauhaus100.de/en/past/people/directors/ hannes-meyer/ • Meyer, Hannes Interior view of a studio apartment in the Bauhaus building showing a bed, round table and side chair designed by Marcel Breuer, Dessau, , 1930. (2015, August 09). Retrieved from https://thecharnelhouse.org/2015/08/09/bauhaus-director-hannes-meyers-adventures-in-the-sovi- et-union-1930-1936/meyer-hannes-interior-view-of-a-studio-apartment-in-the-bauhaus-building-show- ing-a-bed-round-table-and-side-chair-designed-by-marcel-breuer-dessau-germany-1930/ • Droste, M., Moortgat, E., Scrima, A., & Carpenter, R. (2004). Bauhaus Archive Berlin: Museum of design, the collection. Berlin: Bauhaus Archive Berlin. • Hannes Meyer. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.britannica.com/biography/Hannes-Meyer