Print edition: ISSN 2009-8537 Online edition: ISSN 2009-8545

The National Biodiversity Data Centre ANNUAL Review 2015

Ireland’s National Node The National Biodiversity Data Centre

Annual Review 2015

Citation: Lysaght, L., Fitzpatrick, Ú., Murray, T., O’Flynn, C. & Walsh, M. (2016). National Biodiversity Data Centre – Annual Review 2015. National Biodiversity Data Centre, . Ireland.

G.B.I.F. Ireland's National Node Contents

Chairman’s statement...... 4

Introduction...... 5 Building the bioinformatics infrastructure...... 6 Data licensing...... 7

Highlights of the work programme in 2015 ...... 8

Strategic objective 1. Mobilising data...... 8 Strategic objective 2. Tracking change...... 16 Strategic objective 3. Informing decision-making...... 20 Strategic objective 4: Develop strategic partnerships...... 26 Strategic objective 5: International collaboration...... 28 Strategic objective 6: Communicating...... 30 Strategic objective 7: Strengthening the recording base...... 32

Management Board...... 34 Staff & contract management...... 34 Organisational chart...... 35 Financial Statement 2015...... 36

Recorders and partner organisations...... 38

3 4

Chairman’s Statement

2015 marked another highly productive This can be used by researchers and others engaged year for the the Data Centre, delivering in biodiversity investigations or monitoring to select significant actions across the seven sites that are representative of the environmental objectives outlined in its Strategic diversity of the island as a whole. It has been the Plan 2013-2017. I want to highlight basis for the design of the monitoring strategy for a few that illustrate the breadth and the Marsh Fritillary butterfly importance of activities undertaken in 2015. Data capture, visualisation As I have mentioned in previous years the functions and mobilisation remain a core and value of the Data Centre extend beyond that of objective and the Centre continued to a repository for biodiversity data. Its staff actively enhance its biodiversity bioinformatics engage with government and non-government infrastructure to improve both access bodies to improve the delivery of information and to data and online input of data by actions for biodiversity at national and international recorders. Thanks to the efforts of 58 level. One such collective effort in 2015, involving different data providers the biodiversity database 92 individuals across 19 organisations, enabled continued to grow in 2015 and reached 3.7 million the development of Ireland’s National Biodiversity records of 15,300 species at the end of the year. I would Indicators. These will be used as measures of action like to highlight and acknowledge the enormous and with respect to Ireland’s National Biodiversity Action valuable input of volunteer recorders, particularly Plan and the Aichi 2020 Biodiversity Targets, and those that engage in annual monitoring schemes. For to inform conservation policy. To date 50 indicators example the Centre’s butterfly monitoring scheme have been published on a dedicated website. The is now in its eight year and in 2015 its 116 volunteers Data Centre also played a key coordination role in recorded 39,100 butterflies representing 33 species. the development and publication of the All-Ireland This large 8-year dataset is now allowing us to Pollinator Plan 2015-2020 in September 2015. The statistically analyse trends in numbers of various plan was widely welcomed and endorsed, and also butterfly species, particularly those that may be received international recognition. in decline. Established in 2011 the All-Ireland Bumblebee Monitoring Scheme is also making a At a European level the Data Centre provided significant contribution given that 30% of species are advice and support for the implementation of a new under threat. In 2015 its 77 volunteers recorded 11,829 EU Regulation on invasive species [No 1143/2014] bumblebees across 16 species. Interestingly this is the that came into effect in January 2015. The Centre’s world’s first national bumblebee monitoring scheme. Invasive Species Officer, funded by the Department of 2015 also saw the delivery of an all-Ireland monitoring Arts, Heritage and the Gaeltacht, is a member on the scheme for the endangered Marsh Fritillary butterfly European Commission’s Working Group on Invasive in collaboration with National Parks and Wildlife Alien Species. As you will read in this report the Service, Environmental Agency and Data Centre also contributed data and information Butterfly Conservation Northern Ireland. A database to a number of European and global databases and of more than 7,100 records stretching back to 1982 initiatives. There is undoubtedly potential for other was compiled to identify sites for management and national and international partners to engage with monitoring. Of the 48 sites identified for monitoring the Data Centre and avail of the range of its shared- 32 were successfully covered in 2015. The Data Centre services for data provision and management. is always welcoming and supportive of new recorders and its programme of training workshops and field Finally, I would like to once again thank the Director meeting is contributing to upskilling citizen science. and staff of the Data Centre for their continued dedication, hard work and impressive achievements Biodiversity monitoring is undoubtedly time- in 2015, and the Management Board for their input consuming and it is often difficult to get adequate and support of the Data Centre. national coverage at a relevant scale. To enable more targeted and efficient monitoring design the Assoc. Prof. Mary Kelly-Quinn Data Centre produced a ‘Bioclimatic’ map in 2015 Chairman using meteorological and other environmental data. Introduction The National Biodiversity Data Centre is a national body that collects and manages data on Ireland’s biodiversity, to document Ireland’s wildlife resource and to track how it is changing over time. It was established by the Heritage Council in 2007 and is funded by the Heritage Council and the Department of Arts, Heritage and the Gaeltacht.

The Data Centre’s mission is: ‘ provide national co-ordination and standards of biodiversity data and recording, assist the mainstreaming of biodiversity data and information into decision making, planning, conservation management and research, and encourage greater engagement by society in documenting and appreciating biodiversity.’

he Strategic Plan 2013-2017 sets out seven 4 Develop strategic partnerships: Support primary objectives to assist identification of and collaborate with the Data Centre’s Tpriorities and to guide its work programme. partners to assist efficient delivery of their objectives. The seven objectives are: 5 International collaboration: Facilitate the provision of Irish biodiversity data to 1 Mobilising data: Serve as a national hub international initiatives. for the storage, display and dissemination 6 Communicating: Communicate the value of biodiversity data through the online data of Ireland’s biological diversity and raise portal Biodiversity Maps. awareness of how it is changing. 2 Tracking change: Identify the need for, 7 Strengthening the recording base: support and assist the production of high quality, the recorder and citizen science network scientifically robust data to track changes in to increase the quantity and quality of Ireland’s species and habitats. biodiversity data generated in Ireland. 3 Informing decision-making: Facilitate and promote the use of biodiversity data to inform This Annual Review provides an overview of the public policy and decision-making through work of the Data Centre during 2015, highlights data analysis, interpretation and reporting. some of its main achievements during the year and shows how the different elements of the work of the Data Centre contribute to the objectives it has identified. The National Biodiversity Data Centre Strategic Plan 2013-2017



GIS Building theGBIF bioinformatics infrastructureSQL

To achieveGBIF the seven strategic objectives identified in the Strategic Plan, the Data Centre is developing a biodiversityOn-line informatics infrastructure that meets many of the nationalGIS needs.

On-line Species SQL GBIF profile SQL 1 National SpeciesSQL profile Biodiversity GIS On-line Indicators database AGIS SQL database to manage and store Ireland’s biodiversity 2 Record IndicatorsGIS 9 National data ManagementSpecies Biodiversity IndicatorsSurvey GBIF System profile A suite of national indicators An online system to capture, to track progress towards GBIF visualise and manage personal meetingSurvey Ireland’s obligations biodiversity records, supported GBIF Action Indicators to conserve biodiversity. On-line by a mobile app Biodiversity Data Capture to allow SQL recording in the field. Action On-line On-line Inventory Manag Survey eSpeciesme profilen GIS t 8 BiodiversityInventory SQL Actions ReportingSpecies g Species Action profile SQL System profile in Indicators 3 Biodiversity Maps t GBIF A system to manage, map r A national mapping and data o portal to visualise, query and and visualise actions taken p to benefit biodiversity. e provideInventory access to biodiversity R

data to inform decision-making. Indicators Indicators GIS Survey On-line


Species Survey Action g profile The DataSurvey Centre’s infrastructure n GBIFi GBIF

has different elements: h

s C li 7 National o b

-o u Sampling Framework Indicators Action Inventory P


A sampling framework, in Action 4 GBIF Node

a On-line underpinned by a Bioclimatic t Publishing Irish data ion On-line Map of Ireland, and online to Global Biodiversity survey management system Information Facility, a globalSurvey to facilitate managementInventory of biodiversity database of more than 6 billion biodiversity large-scale citizen science Inventory Species surveys. profile records. SpeciesAction 6 Biodiversity profile Inventory 5 Species Profile An inventory of sources of System Indicators data with linkages to published A system bringing together Inventory spatial datasets, providing empirical and autecological an overview of the state of information to build detailed Indicators knowledge on Ireland’s dynamic accounts of biodiversity. Ireland’s species. Survey

Survey Action

Action Inventory

Inventory CC



Data licensing Option 2: Open data licence [Creative Commons CC-BY] Underpinning the development of the biodiversity informatics infrastructure is clarity around the Facilitate the introduction of open-data model licence attached to any data published through the whereby datasets could be licenced for download Data Centre’s mapping system. During the year, the and use by third-parties, on condition that data Data Centre circulated a consultation paper around would only be used with proper attribution. This is the issue of data licences, to dovetail with a similar the Creative Commons with attribution (CC-BY) exercise undertaken by all Global Biodiversity licence. This licence lets others distribute, remix, Information Facility (GBIF) nodes. The purpose of tweak, and build upon your work, even commercially, this consultation was to engage with all data providers as long as the data provider is credited with any use. on the issue of data licences, and to commence the process of attaching the appropriate licence to each The Data Centre offers both licence types for data dataset published through Biodiversity Maps. providers to choose. However, the Data Centre promotes the use of the CC-BY licence where possible The approach adopted by the Data Centre is to as this greatly facilities added value to be derived provide two licences types, 1. Restricted and 2. Open from the data, and ensures that it can be published with attribution (CC-BY): to other systems such as the and Global Details of the licences are as follows: Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) portal.

Option 1: Licence type ‘Restricted’ The task of assigning licences to the datasets published through Biodiversity Maps is ongoing, but Allows data publishers to publish their datasets by the end of 2015, 38 of the 116 datasets were licensed through Biodiversity Maps to enable data to be by CC-BY licences, resulting in 692,216 records visualised and queried with other environmental licenced as open data. The challenge to publish more datasets, but downloads of the dataset are not datasets to CC-BY licence will continue in 2016. permitted without the permission of the data provider.

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Highlights of the work programme in 2015 The National Biodiversity Data Centre had a full work programme in 2015, delivering actions identified in the Data Centre’s Strategic Plan 2013-2017. Some of the highlights of

Plantsthe work delivered35.9% during 2015 are presented below: Birds 31% Insects 15% CryptogramsStrategic 8% objective 1. Other invertebrates 5% OthersMobilising data:4% Serve as a national hub for the storage, display and dissemination of biodiversity data through the online data portal Biodiversity Maps. Expected benefit: a greatly expanded knowledge base on Ireland’s biological diversity and increased availability of data for decision-making, planning, conservation management and research

Maintaining the National Biodiversity Database & mapping portal Biodiversity Maps The core work of the National Biodiversity Data Centre is management of the National Biodiversity Database, a consolidated repository of data on Ireland’s species, habitats and vegetation. At the end of 2015, 3.7 million biodiversity records of 15,300 species were published through Biodiversity Maps. These data came from 116 datasets from 58 different providers from both the public and private sector, and from organisations and national experts. Growth of National Biodiversity Database









0 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

The National Biodiversity Database continues to grow since it was established in 2008. It now contains 3.7 million biodiversity records.

200000 No. of Visits

No. of Visitors 150000



0 2014 2015 List of datasets, showing the provider and records details, published through Biodiversity Maps at end of 2015.

DataSetTitle Provider Records Species

Algae: Irish Wire Weed (Sargassum muticum) National Biodiversity Data 106 1 Database Centre

Algae: Quantitative Phytoplankton data from Irish Environmental Protection 3275 91 lakes (EPA) Agency

Environmental Protection Algae: Rocky Shore Macroalgae 2839 142 Agency

Algae: Seaweeds of Ireland British Phycological Society 49812 521

Amphibians & reptiles: Amphibians and reptiles of National Biodiversity Data 812 6 Ireland Centre

Amphibians & reptiles: Irish Marine Turtle Simon Berrow & Gabriel King 1022 9 Database

Irish Peatland Conservation Amphibians & reptiles: Irish National Frog Database 3483 1 Council

Amphibians & reptiles: National Frog Survey of National Parks and Wildlife 505 1 Ireland 2010/2011 Service

Amphibians & reptiles: National Newt Survey Irish Wildlife Trust 304 1

Amphibians & reptiles: An Foras Forbartha National Biodiversity Data 766 4 Distribution Atlas 1978 Centre

Birds: An Atlas of Breeding Birds of the Burren and BirdWatch Ireland 5913 126 Aran Islands 1993 - 1996

Birds: Bird Atlas 2007 - 2011 BirdWatch Ireland 458185 286

National Biodiversity Data Birds: Birds of Ireland 41099 362 Centre

Birds: European Seabirds at Sea (ESAS) bird Joint Nature Conservancy 264441 108 sightings from 1980 to 2003 Council, UK

Birds: Irish Wetland Birds Survey (I-WeBS) 1994- BirdWatch Ireland 10909 132 2001

National Parks and Wildlife Birds: Kingfisher Survey 2010 6883 74 Service

Birds: North-west Ireland Machair Breeding BirdWatch Ireland 88 7 Waders 2009

Birds: Seabird 2000 BirdWatch Ireland 1990 24

Birds: The First Atlas of Breeding Birds in Britain BirdWatch Ireland 63985 143 and Ireland: 1968-1972

Birds: The First Atlas of Wintering Birds in Britain BirdWatch Ireland 55690 204 and Ireland: 1981/82-1983/84

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DataSetTitle Provider Records Species

Birds: The Second Atlas of Breeding Birds in Britain BirdWatch Ireland 247842 174 and Ireland: 1988-1991

Bryophytes: Bryophytes of Ireland British Bryological Society 192425 955

Fishes: Data on freshwater fish in Irish lakes Inland Fisheries Ireland 6035 27

Irish Federation of Sea Fishes: Irish Federation of Sea Anglers Catch Data 212 37 Anglers

Fishes: Rare marine fishes taken in Irish waters Sea-Fisheries Protection 1135 140 from 1786 to 2008 Authority

Fungi: Irish Records from the Fungal Records British Mycological Society 14319 2275 Database of Britain and Ireland

National Biodiversity Data Insects: All Ireland Marsh Fritillary Database 7251 1 Centre

Insects: Anisopodidae and Thaumaleidae (Diptera: Irish Biogeographical Society 84 7 Nematocera) of Ireland

National Biodiversity Data Insects: Bees of Ireland 24820 100 Centre

National Biodiversity Data Insects: Irish Butterfly Monitoring Scheme 77019 33 Centre

National Parks and Wildlife Insects: Irish Wood White Database 187 2 Service

National Biodiversity Data Insects: Butterflies of County Waterford 4751 25 Centre

National Biodiversity Data Insects: Butterflies of Ireland 20402 36 Centre

Insects: Caddisfly Records, Edenvale, Co. Wexford Martin Gammell 34 20 2010

Insects: Craneflies of Ireland Irish Biogeographical Society 3311 202

Insects: Distribution Atlas of Butterflies in Ireland An Foras Forbartha 13528 34 1979

Insects: Dixidae (Diptera) of Ireland Irish Biogeographical Society 89 12

Insects: Dragonfly Ireland CEDaR, N. Ireland 33522 36

Insects: Ephemeroptera of Ireland Dr. Mary Kelly-Quinn 6645 35

Insects: Fleas (Siphonaptera) of Ireland University College 2398 43

Insects: Heteroptera of Ireland Dr. Brian Nelson 11808 293

Insects: Lice (Phthiraptera) of Ireland Irish Naturalists’ Journal 306 122

Insects: Microlepidoptera, National Museum of National Museum of Ireland 7175 586 Ireland

Insects: Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) of Ireland Irish Biogeographical Society 253 18

Insects: Moths Ireland MothsIreland 251339 1391 DataSetTitle Provider Records Species

Insects: Neuroptera (Insecta) of Ireland Irish Biogeographical Society 272 31

Insects: Orthoptera (Grasshoppers & Crickets) & National Biodiversity Data 2916 25 allied insects of Ireland Centre

Insects: Saproxylic Beetles of Ireland Dr. Roy Anderson 3720 261

Dr. Martin Speight & Dr. Tom Insects: Syrphids of Ireland 31747 183 Gittings

Insects: The Chironomidae (Diptera) of Ireland Dr. Declan Murray 21047 500

Insects: Trichoptera (caddisflies) of Ireland John Brophy 751 120

Insects: Water Beetles of Ireland Balfour Browne Club 34392 323

Lichens: data 895 313

Lichens: Lichens of Rocky Seashores Paul Whelan 620 114

Marine mammals: ESAS cetacean sightings - 1980 Joint Nature Conservancy 3045 27 to 2003 Committee, UK

Marine mammals: IWDG Casual Cetacean Irish Whale and Dolphin 5577 18 Sightings Group

Marine mammals: IWDG Cetacean Strandings Irish Whale and Dolphin 695 18 Database 2010-2014 Group

Marine mammals: IWDG Constant Effort Cetacean Irish Whale and Dolphin 1485 8 Sighting Scheme Group

Marine mammals: IWDG Ferry Survey sightings Irish Whale and Dolphin 1280 12 Data 2001 to 2013 Group

National Parks and Wildlife Marine mammals: NPWS Seal Database 1210 3 Service

Non-insect Invertebrates: All Ireland Non-Marine Conchological Society of 79186 196 Molluscan Database Britain & Ireland

Non-insect invertebrates: Aquatic Oligochaeta of Pascal Sweeney 1589 52 Ireland

Non-insect invertebrates: BioMar - LIFE project Dr. Mark Costello 53985 1480

Non-insect invertebrates: Centipedes of Ireland Biological Records Centre, UK 1229 26

Non-insect invertebrates: CréBeo Earthworm University College Dublin 355 18 Records 2006/7

National Biodiversity Data Non-insect invertebrates: Earthworms of Ireland 1210 25 Centre

Non-insect invertebrates: Harvestmen (Opiliones) Martin Cawley 2109 17 of Ireland

Non-insect invertebrates: Hypogean Crustacea of Lee Knight 107 4 Ireland

Non-insect invertebrates: Irish Collembola records Roehampton University, UK 1364 174

Non-insect invertebrates: Irish National Crayfish National Parks and Wildlife 2253 1 Database Service 11 12

DataSetTitle Provider Records Species

Non-insect invertebrates: Irish New Zealand National Biodiversity Data 1193 1 Flatworm Database Centre

Non-insect invertebrates: Littoral Environmental Protection 4076 220 Macroinvertebrate data from Irish lakes Agency

Non-insect invertebrates: Millipedes of Ireland Biological Records Centre, UK 4834 43

Non-insect invertebrates: Pseudoscorpions of Irish Biogeographical Society 235 17 Ireland

Non-insect invertebrates: Spiders of Ireland Myles Nolan 1942 211

Non-insect invertebrates: Sponges of Rathlin Island Ulster Museum 18078 1091

Non-insect invertebrates: Native freshwater EcoServe 18 1 opossum shrimp in Ireland

Non-insect invertebrates: The Gibson spider National Museum of Ireland 1709 106 collection

Terrestrial mammals: Atlas of Mammals in Ireland National Biodiversity Data 35891 44 2010-2015 Centre

Terrestrial mammals: Badger and Habitats Survey National Parks and Wildlife 4176 12 of Ireland Service

National Parks and Wildlife Terrestrial mammals: Hare Survey of Ireland 06/07 1603 19 Service

Terrestrial mammals: Hare Survey of Ireland 06/07 National Parks and Wildlife 1263 18 - Non Hare records Service

Dr. Emma Sheehy & Dr. Colin Terrestrial mammals: Hazel Dormouse in Ireland 17 1 Lawton

Terrestrial mammals: Irish Deer Database National Museum of Ireland 794 4

Terrestrial mammals: Irish National Badger Sett Dept. of Agriculture, Food and 25727 1 Database Marine

Terrestrial mammals: MISE Project Otter Records, Waterford Institute of 2357 2 2011-2015 Technoloy

Terrestrial mammals: National Bat Database of Bat Conservation Ireland 21188 11 Ireland

Terrestrial mammals: National Feral Ferret Daniel J. Buckley 134 1 (Mustela putoris furo) Database

Terrestrial mammals: National Lesser Horseshoe National Biodiversity Data 2922 7 Bat Database Centre

Terrestrial mammals: National Pine Marten Survey Dr. Declan O’Mahony 153 1 of Ireland 2005 - 2007

Terrestrial mammals: Northern Ireland European Dr. Neil Reid 38 1 hare (Lepus europaeus) survey 2005

National Parks and Wildlife Terrestrial mammals: NPWS Pine Marten database 175 1 Service

National Parks and Wildlife Terrestrial mammals: Otter Survey of Ireland 1982 2167 2 Service DataSetTitle Provider Records Species

Terrestrial mammals: Otter survey of Ireland 2004 National Parks and Wildlife 373 1 & 2005 Service

Terrestrial mammals: Road Kill Survey 3220 11

Terrestrial mammals: The Irish Squirrel Survey COFORD 1627 3 2007

National Biodiversity Data Various: Biodiversity records from Ireland - general 4045 907 Centre

Clare Biological Records Various: Clare Biological Records Centre dataset 3688 480 Centre

National Biodiversity Data Various: Coastal and marine species 353 139 Centre

Environmental Protection Various: EPA River Biologists data 28788 97 Agency

National Biodiversity Data Various: Ireland’s BioBlitz 31719 4471 Centre

National Biodiversity Data Various: Local BioBlitz Challenge 2013 2010 712 Centre

Various: Marine species distributions in Irish Seasearch Ireland 38693 1023 coastal waters

National Biodiversity Data Various: National Invasive Species Database 8522 85 Centre

Botanical Society of Britain & Vascular plants: BSBI tetrad data for Ireland 349988 2137 Ireland

National Biodiversity Data Vascular plants: Discrete vascular plant surveys 17202 671 Centre

Vascular plants: Flora of County Cavan National Botanic Gardens 34493 623

Vascular plants: Heritage Trees of Ireland Tree Council of Ireland 724 143

National Biodiversity Data Vascular plants: Irish Crop Wild Relative Database 13823 202 Centre

Vascular plants: Irish Vascular Plant Data - Paul Paul Green 59492 1483 Green

Vascular plants: Irish vascular plant data 1999- David Holyoak 39615 1041 2009

Vascular plants: Online Atlas of vascular plants National Biodiversity Data 30872 1069 2012-2020 Centre

Vascular plants: Species data extracted from the National Biodiversity Data 387504 1001 National Vegetation Database Centre

Botanical Society of Britain & Vascular plants: The Flora of County Clare 1735 391 Ireland

Vascular plants: The Flora of County Waterford Paul Green 184156 1485

Vascular plants: The Flora of County Wexford Paul Green 178071 1465

13 Plants 35.9% Birds 31% Insects 15% Cryptograms 8% Other invertebrates 5% Others 4%


Composition of National Biodiversity Maps usage statistics Biodiversity Database 4000000 Biodiversity Maps is the on-line data portal More than one third (35.9%) of all records 3500000contained that provides access to the data in the National in the National Biodiversity Database are of plants, Biodiversity Database. It is a shared-service availed 31% are birds, 15% insects, 8% cryptogams3000000 (ferns, of by both data providers (publishers) and data mosses, liverworts, lichens, algae and fungi), 5% other users. Organisations and individuals can avail of 2500000 invertebrates and 4% others. The only major change this service to map and manage their datasets, while from 2014 is the larger percentage of bird2000000 records, data users can gain access to data and query those thanks to the inclusion of almost 0.5 million bird data to gain an understanding of what is known about records from the Bird Atlas 2017-11 dataset, 1500000provided the biodiversity of different sites and regions of the by BirdWatch Ireland. 1000000 country. Biodiversity Maps is very much serving a national need, as 98% of traffic originates from 500000 Plants 35.9% Ireland & 1% from UK. Birds 31% 0 2008There was2009 a total of 168,3682010 visits2011 from 152,5452012 2013 2014 2015 Insects 15% visitors to Biodiversity Maps in 2015. This represents Cryptograms 8% a 19% increase in the number of visits and a 26% Other invertebrates 5% increase in the number of visitors to Biodiversity Maps Others 4% from the previous year.

200000 No. of Visits

No. of Visitors 150000

Breakdown by taxonomic group of the records in the National Biodiversity Database 100000


0 2014 2015 4000000 Over view of traffic to Biodiversity Maps 3500000

3000000 Most viewed datasets on Biodiversity Maps 2500000

Bees of Ireland2000000 Orthoptera of Ireland Freshwater fish of Irish lakes Atlas of Mammals in Ireland Syrphids (hoverflies) of Ireland Bryophytes of Ireland 1500000 Ireland’s BioBlitz Butterflies of Ireland Amphibians and Reptiles of Ireland 1000000 Littoral Macroinvertebrates from Irish Birds of Ireland BSBI tetrad database for Ireland lakes 500000 National Bat database for Ireland Chironomidae of Ireland Trichoptera (caddisflies)0 of Ireland 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

200000 No. of Visits

No. of Visitors 150000



0 2014 2015 Number of records of the top 20 Invasive Number of records of top 20 Protected Species Species in the National Biodiversity Database in the National Biodiversity Database

Invasive species Records Protected species Records

Rabbit Oryctolagus cuniculus 6729 Gannet Morus bassanus 55079

Sycamore Acer pseudoplatanus 6623 Common guillemot Uria aalge 39380

Japanese knotweed Fallopia japonica 3485 Badger Meles meles 31516 Grey squirrel Sciurus carolinensis 2898 Manx shearwater Puffinus puffinus 30811 Himalayan balsam Impatiens glandulifera 2405 Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla 28815 American waterweed Elodea canadensis 2121 Woodpigeon Columba palumbus 21226 Rhododendron Rhododendron ponticum 1564 Starling Sturnus vulgaris 19335 New Zealand mud snail Potamopyrgus antipodarum 1369 Swallow Hirundo rustica 16746 Brown rat Rattus norvegicus 1365 Garden snail Cornu aspersum 1350 House sparrow Passer domesticus 15974 American mink Mustela vison 1264 Herring gull Larus argentatus 15520 New Zealand flatwormArthurdendyus triangulatus 1194 Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 13456 Fallow deer Dama dama 1097 Mallard Anas platyrhynchos 13132

Cherry laurel Prunus laurocerasus 1081 Common gull Larus fuscus 11858

Giant hogweed Heracleum mantegazzianum 921 Skylark Alauda arvensis 11444

Ruddy duck Oxyura jamaicensis 765 Linnet Carduelis cannabina 10686 Feral goat Capra hircus 690 Razorbill Alca torda 10065 Sika deer Cervus nippon 610 Kestrel Falco tinnunculus 9863 Butterfly bush Buddleja davidii 608 Storm petrel Hydrobates pelagicus 9009

Great Black-backed Gull Larus marinus 8604

Snipe Gallinago gallinago 8585

Rabbit is the most commonly recorded non-native species. Gannet is the most commonly recorded protected species Photo by David IIiff. License: CC-BY-SA 3.0 Photo by Andreas Trepte,

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Strategic objective 2. Tracking change: Identify the need for, and assist the production of, high quality, scientifically robust data to track changes in Ireland’s species and habitats. Expected benefit: An increased understanding of how Ireland’s biological diversity is changing.

The Data Centre delivered a number of work packages biodiversity in general. When analysed according to that serve to improve knowledge on how Ireland’s international best-practice, these data revealed that biodiversity is changing. These are presented as case the number of butterflies flying in the Irish landscape studies under four headings: in 2015 was four-times higher than the eight-year low 1 Using data to track changes in Ireland’s recorded in 2014, and that of the 16 species where biodiversity, population changes could be rigorously assessed, four 2 Using data for conservation assessments – species are increasing in abundance, four are highly Ireland’s Red Lists, variable and eight are in decline. 3 Tracking change in Ireland’s non-native species, and 220 4 Promoting more efficient survey and sampling 200 design. 180 160 140 120 100 Using data to track changes 80 60 40

in Ireland’s biodiversity (2008 = 100%) Index Population 20 2008 200 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 Case study 1: Mobilising citizen Year scientists to monitor insect Irish butterfly population trends since 2008 populations - All-Ireland Butterfly These data also contribute to the European Grassland Monitoring Scheme Butterfly Indicator, adopted by the European Environment Agency, which is based on 3,700 Established in 2007 by the National Biodiversity monitored sites across 22 countries. This shows that Data Centre, the Irish Butterfly Monitoring Scheme between 1990 and 2013, Europe has lost 30% of its supports and co-ordinates a network of 116 volunteer grassland butterfly populations. monitors across Ireland. In 2015, the scheme recorded 39,100 butterflies representing 33 species For further information see from 120 sites across Ireland. In total, our volunteers walked 3,724 km over 2,049 hours monitoring Irish surveys/butterfly-monitoring-scheme/. butterflies; an enormous and valuable contribution to butterfly conservation and the knowledge of Irish Case study 2: Mobilising For the All-Ireland Marsh Fritillary Monitoring citizen scientists to monitor Scheme, 53 putative populations were identified for conservation management and 48 selected as being insect populations -All-Ireland both representative of the diversity of areas where the Bumblebee Monitoring Scheme species exist and suitable for long-term monitoring. The on-site monitoring and habitat assessment Bumblebees are Ireland’s most abundant wild methodology was developing in partnership with pollinators, yet 30% are under threat of extinction. Butterfly Conservation Northern Ireland and in 2015, As a follow on from the Regional Red List of Irish Bees, three training workshops were provided for NPWS, the All-Ireland Bumblebee Monitoring scheme was Northern Ireland Environment Agency staff and established by the Data Centre in 2011. Running in volunteer recorders prior to the monitoring period. At collaboration with the Bumblebee Conservation Trust present, 32 of the 48 sites were successfully monitored in Northern Ireland, the all-island scheme represents and these data will form a vital baseline for the future a network of 77 recorders monitoring 92 sites. In 2015, monitoring of this species. our bumblebee recorders collectively spent 665 hrs walking 1,179 km and recorded 11,829 bumblebees across 16 species. Although there have been longer running bumblebee schemes in some nature reserves across eastern Europe, the establishment of the All- Ireland Bumblebee Monitoring Scheme in 2011 as part of the Irish Pollinator Initiative meant that is the world’s first national bumblebee monitoring scheme! For further information see surveys/bumblebee-monitoring-scheme/

The habitat and population of marsh fritillary were monitored Case study 3: Mobilising citizen at 32 sites in 2015. scientists to monitor insect Using data for populations - Marsh Fritillary Monitoring Scheme Conservation Assessments

The Marsh Fritillary (Euphydryas aurinia) is Ireland’s – Ireland’s Red Lists only legally protected insect, listed on Annex II of the EU Habitats Directive and afforded legal Case Study 1: Chondrichthyan protection under Schedule 5 of the Wildlife Order Red List (1985) Northern Ireland. The poor conservation status and ongoing degeneration of habitats have Sharks and their relatives, including skates, rays and resulted in an overall population reduction of more chimaeras, are collectively termed chondrichthyan than 30% over the past 10 years in Ireland, and the fishes. Many of these species are increasingly regional extinction of Marsh Fritillaries in some parts threatened with extinction as a result of human of Northern Ireland. activities and the conservative life history traits of this group of fishes. Generally, chondrichthyans are To assist conservation of this species, the Data slow growing and late to mature with low fecundity. Centre was tasked with the delivery of an all- These characteristics result in very low rates of island monitoring scheme by the Department of potential population increase with little capacity to Arts, Heritage and the Gaeltacht in collaboration recover from overfishing (directly or their prey being with the Northern Ireland Environmental Agency overfished), pollution and habitat destruction. Of the and Butterfly Conservation Northern Ireland. 116 species found in the Northeast Atlantic, 25% are This involved collating existing historic data and under threat and 18% of ‘Near Threatened’ status. In merging it with more contemporary data from the collaboration with the Department Arts, Heritage and Irish Butterfly Monitoring Scheme, to create the All- the Gaeltacht, the Marine Institute and University Ireland Marsh Fritillary database, containing more College Dublin, the Data Centre has collated a than 7,100 stretching back to 1982. database of >300,000 records across 200 years and 77 Irish species to support the development of an International Union for the Conservation of Nature Regional Red List assessment of chondrichthyan fish in Irish waters to be published in 2016.

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Case Study 2: Vascular Tracking change in Plant Red List Ireland’s non-native Significant work was also completed on the Vascular Plant Red List in 2015. The Data Centre has supported species NPWS in this work by overseeing application of the IUCN methodology and carrying out all the decline Case Study 1: Catalogue of calculations on each species. As with the GB Red Ireland’s Non-native Species Data List (2005), the Wales Red List (2008) and the England Red List (2015) this analysis used data For the first time in Ireland, a Catalogue of Ireland’s from the Vascular Plant Database compiled for the Non-native Species has been compiled by the Data New Atlas of the British and Irish Flora (2002). This Centre. While lists of non-native species have been allowed comparison of data collected in the period published for specific groups or environments, this 1930-1969 for the firstAtlas of the British Flora (1962) is the first centralised database for all known non- with those collected in 1987-1999 for the New Atlas natives where information on those species are (2002). These data were used as a basis for the analysis presented in categories in a standardised format. of decline used in IUCN threat criterion A, which for Knowing what non-native species we have in Ireland the purpose of this study looks exclusively at levels is the first stage in assessing what might be an invasive of decline in distribution or area of occupancy and species. range or extent of occurrence. Standardising the information into a centralised Other IUCN criteria (B, C and D) examine the current system facilitates answering questions such as, number of sites, populations or individuals in the what are the main ways these species are being area being considered. Criteria B and C also require introduced into Ireland? And what is the rate of evidence of any ongoing decline. For these criteria, introductions? These are important questions to detailed up-to-date site data were used from the support policy and decision-making to tackle future following sources: introductions. The compiled data are compatible for trend and prioritisation analysis with other European • NPWS rare plant database and international countries, as the categories used • NIEA: full data supplied for specific species confirm to the Convention of Biological Diversity • BSBI: full data supplied for specific species and the IUCN Invasive Species Specialist Group • National Biodiversity Data Centre: full data terminology. supplied for specific species • County Rare Plant Registers completed in Ireland Underpinning the Catalogue of Ireland’s Non-native (Fermanagh, Antrim, Armagh, Down) Species is an audit of species checklists and published • Records published by the BSBI in the Irish Bulletin sources of information on Ireland’s biodiversity. since 2000 Already this audit indicated that of the 31,513 species • Additional information was sought directly from that occur in Ireland, at least 1,277 are non-native. BSBI Vice-county Recorders Profiles are currently being developed for the species at risk of high and medium impacts, bringing together Case Study 3: Moth Red List empirical data and background information. For further information see www.biodiversityireland. Significant work was done on an Irish Moth Red List ie/projects/invasive-species/cins-2/ in 2015. Based on just over 515,000 records, 501 of the 578 species of Macro-moths (Lepidoptera) on the Irish list were evaluated for their conservation status using IUCN criteria. The Red List was completed by Moths Ireland, with the Data Centre providing support with respect to decline calculations and application of the IUCN methodology. Approximately 8% of the current Irish list were assessed as threatened, with another 4% assessed as near threatened or data deficient. Fourteen species of moth have become extinct in the last 50 years. The Moth Red List will be published in 2016. Promoting more efficient sampling and survey design Case Study 1: The Environmental Stratification of Ireland Due to limited resources, biodiversity monitoring on a national scale cannot be exhaustive i.e. all 10 m2, 100 m2, 1 km2 or even 10 km2 units across Ireland cannot be routinely systematically surveyed. Therefore, a sampling strategy is needed to identify a subset of units or regions that, if monitored, would be representative the whole of Ireland.

To support the objective of statistically robust and representative sampling strategies for biodiversity monitoring in Ireland, the Data Centre has developed a ‘Bioclimatic’ map of Ireland. This map is generated from an environmental stratification analyses based on 30-years of meteorological data, in combination with elevation, slope, soil data and satellite-derived plant growth data. The analysis identifies 15 environmental strata that reflect Bioclimatic map of Ireland relatively homogenous environmental regions across which the allocation of sites for biodiversity monitoring will produce a representative sample of the environmental diversity of the island.

Produced at a 1 km2 resolution, the bioclimatic map has already facilitated the design of an all-island monitoring strategy of the endangered Marsh Fritillary butterfly. However, at smaller spatial scales, the map can be used in combination with landcover data to refine existing sampling strategies to account for environmental heterogeneity within the area covered by the study.

The development of this objective, reproducible and robust spatial framework of environmentally homogenous regions across Ireland provides a valuable tool to ecologists and land managers to use for stratified random sampling and the selection of sites for representative studies across the island.

Proposed regionalisation based on the Bioclimatic map

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Strategic objective 3. Informing decision-making: Facilitate and promote the use of biodiversity data to inform public policy and decision- making through data analysis, interpretation and reporting. Expected Benefit:Improved evidence-based policy development to assist the conservation of Ireland’s biological diversity.

The provision of data and information is a pre- To make the indicators as accessible as possible, requisite for sound decision-making. The Data Centre they have been published on a dedicated website has contributed to different work packages that managed by the Data Centre http://indicators. have facilitated decision-making at international, This website facilitates the national and local level, and these are presented as communication and synthesis of the indicators, as case studies under three headings: well as providing a valuable educational resource on 1 Assisting Biodiversity Reporting, Ireland’s biodiversity and Irish society’s relationship 2 Informing local-level decision-making, and with wildlife protection. As part of establishing the 3 Providing easy access to data to inform data flow and process for each sub-indicator, the decision-making. interpretation and presentation of the data were completed in direct consultation with data providers. In terms of providing transparency of process and Assisting Biodiversity supporting the Open Data Initiative, the raw data collated for each sub-indicator are also provided Reporting as a direct download. To date, 50 sub-indicators have been completed and published, representing Case Study 1: National Biodiversity the collective efforts of 92 individuals across 19 Indicators governmental and non-governmental organisations. The successful delivery of this project is the direct In a further expansion of the Data Centre’s central result of the ongoing cross-sectoral engagement by role in the provision of a shared biodiversity the Data Centre and positively reflects the mutual data infrastructure for governmental and non- support provided by all partners involved in governmental organisations, the Data Centre delivering Ireland’s National Biodiversity developed and made operational Ireland’s National Indicators. Biodiversity Indicators, which are aligned with Ireland’s National Biodiversity Action Plan and the Aichi 2020 Biodiversity Targets. The suite of 33 Headline Indicators, supported by 87 sub-indicators, are grouped according to eight Focal Areas. These direct or indirect measures provide an important source of evidence for managing conservation actions, for reporting on biodiversity change and informing conservation policy at international, national and sub-national levels. Case Study 2: Supporting Invasive Case Study 3: Symposium on Species Regulations the Mapping and Assessment of During 2015, the Data Centre provided advice Ecosystem Services and support for the implementation of a new EU Regulation on invasive species [No 1143/2014] that On the 16th February 2015, the National Biodiversity came into effect on 01/01/2015. This Regulation Data Centre, in collaboration with the Environmental requires all Member States to take action on Protection Agency and the Department of Arts, prevention and management measures against listed Heritage and the Gaeltacht, hosted a symposium on invasive species and their pathways. the ‘how to’ of ecosystem services mapping to engage a broad range of potential stakeholders in Ireland and The work of the Data Centre also contributed begin the process of developing the necessary human significantly to developments at the European level and technical infrastructure to support this initiative. through the representation of the Data Centre’s Facilitated by a series of thematic workshops in the Invasive Species Officer, Ms Colette O’Flynn, on latter half of the symposium, this was also the first the Working Group on Invasive Alien Species, event of its kind to identify existing data, data sources established by the European Commission. The group and data needs for Irish ecosystem service mapping examined the invasive alien species information and assessment. system established in Ireland as a model for an information support system to assist Member States 107 stakeholders attended the symposium and in implementation of the Regulation. The Data the event succeeded in bringing together key Centre continues to work with the Commission’s representatives from public, private and non- Joint Research Centre in Ispra, Italy to identify how governmental organisation sectors and in providing best data and information from Member States can an overview of the European policy framework for contribute to the European Invasive Alien Species ecosystem services mapping. Key messages emerging Information Network (EASIN). from the symposium include: 1 The clear need for either a committee or organisation to take lead and secure resources for the effective delivery of an ecosystem service map for Ireland. 2 The currently internationally adopted standardised typology of ecosystem services, CICES, requires immediate appraisal of its applicability to Irish ecosystems and services. 3 For the cost-effective delivery of ecosystem service mapping in Ireland, there is a clear need to develop a national spatial Biodiversity Catalogue of Invasive data framework for Irish ecosystems Ireland’s Species Maps Non-native Officer and ecosystem services that will both Species accelerate collaboration and facilitate data interoperability across sectors.

Global Biodiversity EASIN EASIN Information Information NOTSYS Facility Portal Regulation on Invasive Alien Species 1143/2014 Baseline Species Early Reporting on distribution Detection eradication maps Notification measures

Schematic representation of how the National Biodiversity Data Centre is supporting implementation of the EU Regulation on invasive alien species.

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Case Study 4: Support to Department of Agriculture, Food & Marine’s Echinococcus miltilocularis surveillance programme

The Department of Agriculture, Food and Marine (DAFM) conducts an ongoing surveillance programme to protect Ireland’s domestic dog and wild fox populations from a tapeworm called Echinococcus multilocularis (EM). EM occurs throughout the Northern Hemisphere and is transmitted primarily between wild canids; in Europe this is mainly Red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) and on continental Europe the introduced raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides) . Humans can be accidentally infected by ingesting the tapeworm eggs through food or water contaminated by the faeces of foxes and, increasingly, of domestic dogs (Canis lupus familiaris).

Given the potential impact of the parasite on canid and human populations, the EU enacted a law Standard distribution map plotting species observations (Regulation No. 1152/2011) in 2011 to put in place preventive health measures for the control of EM infection in dogs, which includes the legal obligation that all pets transported within the EU must be treated against EM. Ireland (along with Finland, Malta and the U.K.) are currently free of EM and we are exempt from having to treat our pets. However, for Ireland to maintain this EM infection-free status, DAFM were tasked with implementing an EM- specific surveillance programme aimed at rigorously detecting the parasite in Red fox and dog populations.

However, designing rigorous parasite surveillance programmes in wild animals is challenging due to the necessity of accurately mapping the distribution of potential hosts. To support the design of an effective surveillance strategy, the Data Centre developed a species distribution model for the Red fox in Ireland using over 6,000 Red fox records collected as part of the Atlas of Mammals in Ireland initiative. Our analyses confirmed that Red fox distributions are now largely affected by the distribution of urban areas, with the greatest densities predicted to be in and around our larger towns and cities. Using this information, the DAFM surveillance programme could focus surveillance effort for EM in Red fox and domestic dog populations, and ensure that Ireland is, and will remain to be, EM infection-free. Density map derived from maxent modelling Informing local-level Case Study 2: Knotweed Protocol decision-making for Ireland Japanese knotweed (Fallopia japonica) is one of the Case Study 1: Provision of data to most invasive and widespread invasive species in Local Authorities Ireland. To address the fragmented availability of information on this and other invasive knotweed There is continual active collaboration between species, the Data Centre has initiated and will lead the National Biodiversity Data Centre and all development of a Knotweed Protocol for Ireland. City and County Councils on invasive species in This will be a comprehensive resource for control Ireland. In 2015, three workshops were delivered and management of invasive knotweeds that will to local authorities. The workshops focussed on the be of use to anyone looking to treat the plants. To threat from invasive species with an emphasis on support development of the Protocol the Data Centre identification and control of high impact invasive convened a working group of key partners which plants, and on the responsibilities of local authorities includes Transport Infrastructure Ireland staff, to invasive species management. Inland Fisheries Ireland and Invasive Biosecurity, with the support of National Parks and Wildlife As local authorities are instrumental in the Service. management of invasive species at a regional and local level, the National Biodiversity Data Centre on an The first Knotweed Protocol Working Group meeting annual basis provides a digital copy in various formats was held on August 6th and work has commenced on including ArcGIS of all invasive species records found investigating legislative issues has begun. within the local authority boundary area. Digital files with distribution data for invasive riparian and aquatic species that occur with the River Basin Districts are also sent to each River Basin District coordinator. For the three River Basin Districts that encompass all or part of Northern Ireland, records listed as High Impact under the UK Technical Advisory Group on the Water Framework Directive are supplied.

Japanese Knotweed (photo: Colette O’Flynn)

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Providing easy access to data to inform decision-making. Case Study 1: Usage of the biodiversity data portal Biodiversity Maps

One of the services provided by the National Biodiversity Data Centre is easy access to data on the known distribution of protected, threatened and invasive species, and on the biodiversity of sites, through the data portal Biodiversity Maps. The system is developed as a service to enable third- parties gain open access to biodiversity data to inform their own decision-making needs. During 2015, 13,508 area-based reports were generated using Biodiversity Maps. These reports provide users with a report that lists all the species recorded for the area and when the species was An example of the information generated by the most recently seen. It also enable users to identify area-based reports which of the species are protected, threatened or invasive species.

No. of area-based reports

5000 (2014)

(2015) 4000




0 2km 1km 10km User-defined area 100m Townland

A large number of area-based reports were generated providing data to feed into the decision-making process.

600 (2014)

(2015) 500






Special Areas of Conservation Special Protection Areas Nature Reserves Natural Heritage Areas 5000 (2014)

(2015) 4000



1000 Reports generated for protected areas In 2015, 2,254 reports on protected areas were generated from Biodiversity Maps, a decrease of 7% in the 0 number of similar reports generated in 2014. By far the most frequently generated reports were for Special Areas of2km Conservation, as 1kmthe system is a valuable10km source User-definedof data for areaAppropriate100m Assessments requiredTownland under the EU Habitats Directive.

No of reports generated for protected areas

600 (2014)

(2015) 500






Special Areas of Conservation Special Protection Areas Nature Reserves Natural Heritage Areas

2,254 reports on protected areas were generated from Biodiversity Maps in 2015.

The top 15 species most frequently viewed on Biodiversity Maps. Red fox (Vulpes vulpes)

Japanese knotweed (Fallopia japonica) Badger (Meles meles)

Otter (Lutra lutra) Giant hogweed (Heracleum mantegazzianum)

Marsh fritillary (Euphydryas aurinia) Wild boar/Feral pig (Sus scrofa)

Pine marten (Martes martes) Irish hare (Lepus timidus subsp. hibernicus)

Freshwater pearl mussel (Margaritifera margaritifera) Bank vole (Myodes glareolus)

White-clawed crayfish (Austropotamobius pallipes) Grey squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis)

Red squirrel (Sciurus vulgaris) Hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus)

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Strategic objective 4: Develop strategic partnerships: Support and collaborate with the Data Centre’s partners to assist efficient delivery of their objectives. Expected benefit: Greater efficiencies in project delivery and programme implementation through collaborative effort and use of shared-services.

s a service provider the Data Centre offers Department of Agriculture, Food & the Marine, a range of data management services to its Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, Apartners, and it also plays an important role Northern Ireland, Teagasc, Bord Bia, Northern in coordinating partners to improve the delivery of Ireland Environment Agency, Heritage Council, information and actions on biodiversity. Services Department of Arts, Heritage and the Gaeltacht, provided by the Data Centre are presented as case Fáilte Ireland, An Taisce Green Schools, Federation studies under two headings: of Irish Beekeepers’ Associations, Iarnrod Eireann, 1 Coordinating national action for biodiversity, National Trust, RSPB, Tidy Towns, Transport and NI, Ulster Farmers’ Union, Ulster Wildlife, and 2 Collaboration on biodiversity research. Waterways Ireland.

In publishing the All-Ireland Pollinator Plan 2015- Coordinating National Action for 2020, Ireland joined a small number of countries Biodiversity who have developed a strategy to address pollinator decline. The launch of the Plan received a high level of media coverage and was met with widespread support Case study 1: All-Ireland Pollinator across sectors in Ireland. It is also being recognised Plan 2015-2020 internationally as a best practise example of a cross- sectoral approach. The Data Centre provides an important role in co- ordination of partners to improve the delivery of information and actions for biodiversity. This role was most successfully performed through the publication, in September, of the All-Ireland Pollinator Plan 2015- 2020. The development and publication of the plan was overseen by a 15 member steering group, chaired by the Data Centre. The All-Ireland Pollinator Plan 2015-2020 identifies a list of 81 actions to make the Irish landscape more pollinator-friendly. This shared plan of action has been formally endorsed by 68 governmental and non-governmental organisations, many of whom have taken responsibility for delivering specific actions .Supporting organisations include:

The All-Ireland Pollinator Plan 2015-2020 can be downloaded here all-ireland-pollinator-plan/ Case Study 2: Participation in Collaboration on research projects biodiversity research The Data Centre partnered on the following research projects: Case Study 1: Development of an aquatic vegetation classification Irish Research Council postdoctoral project on - Predicting the impact of environmental change on floral system resources for pollinators at the national scale. This two year project is based in Trinity College Dublin and The National Vegetation Database was established includes partners at University College Dublin. The in 2007 by the National Biodiversity Data Centre, research topic contributes to the work of the Data working in conjunction with the National Parks Centre’s Irish Pollinator Initiative. and Wildlife Service. It brings together over 30,000 relevés, or vegetation plots, from vegetation studies Science Foundation Ireland project on – Role of carried out in Ireland, and makes the data available biodiversity in the resilience of grassland production for research projects in both Irish and Europe. The systems in response to climate change. This is a four- database is the core building block for development year project led jointly by University College, Dublin of an Irish Vegetation Classification System which and Queen’s University, . is identified as a key objective in the 2011 National Biodiversity Plan (Action 3.2). The development of the Synthesis Centre, Centre for Integrative Biodiversity classification system will be done on a phased basis, Research, Germany research project on – sECURE: including the filling of some existing information Separating Environmental Changes and their effects on gaps. One of these gaps relates to Irish river commUnity tRaits in European butterfies. This project vegetation. To address this gap the Data Centre, will facilitate collation of butterfly monitoring data for working with Lynda Weekes, applied for research a synthesis publication on butterfly functional trait funding under Irish Research Council’s employment- mapping in response to climate change. based Ph.D. programme, supported by NPWS and Compass Informatics, the potential employer. This Contribution of Data Centre staff to peer application was successful and allowed the Data reviewed articles Centre to work on development of a classification • Landucci, F. et al. (2015) WetVegEurope: a of Irish river vegetation and a monitoring protocol database of aquatic and wetland vegetation of to support biodiversity reporting and conservation Europe. Phytocoenologia, 45(1/2):187-194 management. • Moreira, A. S., Horgan, F. G., Murray, T. E., & Kakouli Duarte, T. (2015). Population genetic Already the project has resulted in the collation structure of Bombus terrestris in Europe: and digitisation of 2,415 river vegetation plots and isolation and genetic differentiation of Irish and two seasons of field work has supplement this with British populations. Molecular ecology, 24(13), an additional 140 vegetation plots to fill identified 3257-3268. gaps. A classification system for Irish rivers has been • Essl, F. et al. (2015) Crossing Frontiers in constructed with 39 vegetation types identified, that Tackling Pathways of Biological Invasions. range from bryophyte-dominated communities in fast BioScience, (65), 8, 769-782. flowing streams to those of vascular plant dominated • de Jong, Y., et al. (2015) PESI – a taxonomic mature rivers. backbone for Europe. Biodiversity Data Journal 3: e5848 (28 Sep 2015) doi: 10.3897/BDJ.3.e5848

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Strategic objective 5: International collaboration: Facilitate the provision of Irish biodiversity data to international initiatives.

Expected benefit: Having Irish data contribute to regional and global biodiversity initiatives to inform decision making at an international level.

ata and information are increasingly needed accessible through GBIF relate to evidence about more to address international initiatives on the than 1.5 million species, collected over three centuries Dconservation of biological diversity. Much of natural history exploration and including current research and policy implementation work requires observations from citizen scientists, researchers and collation of data on a European scale. Some of automated monitoring programmes. More than 1,000 the work of the Data Centre that contributes to peer-reviewed research publications have cited GBIF international networks are presented as case studied as a source of data, in studies spanning the impacts under two headings: of climate change, the spread of pests and diseases, 1 Contributing to global networks, and priority areas for conservation and food security. 2 Contributing to European networks The National Biodiversity Data Centre serves as Ireland’s National GBIF Node. It published almost 4 Contributing to global networks million biodiversity records into this global network in 2015. Case study 1: Serving as Ireland’s Global Biodiversity Contributing to European networks Information Facility Node Case Study 1: Reporting on Ireland is one of 96 participants in the Global Invasive Species Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) network GBIF is an international open Colette O’Flynn, the Data Centre’s Invasive Species data infrastructure, funded by governments. It allows Officer, sits on the IUCN Invasive Species Specialist anyone, anywhere to access data about all types of Group. This group is developing an online information life of Earth, shared across national boundaries via tool called the Global Register of Introduced and the Internet. In 2015 it provided access to more than Invasive Species (GRIIS) to support implementation 600 million biodiversity records, shared freely by of Aichi Target 9 of the Convention on Biological hundreds of institutions. By encouraging and helping Diversity. Target 9 states that by 2020, invasive alien institutions to publish data according to common species and pathways are identified and prioritized, standards, GBIF enables research not possible priority species are controlled or eradicated and before, and informs better decisions to conserve and measures are in place to manage pathways to prevent sustainably use the biological resources of the planet. their introduction and establishment. The Data Centre has responsibility to review and add to the GBIF operates through a network of nodes, IUCN’s GRIIS database for Ireland. By end of 2015, coordinating the biodiversity information facilities of information on 1,119 non-native species recorded in Participant countries and organisations, collaborating Ireland was provided. The expected launch of GRIIS with each other and the Secretariat to share skills, is May, 2016. experiences and technical capacity. The data Case Study 2: Provision of Irish Case Study 4: National Vegetation Butterfly Monitoring Scheme Data Database and the European to TRUSTEE project Vegetation Archive

The Towards RUral Synergies and Trade-offs Irish vegetation data contained in the National between Economic development and Ecosystem Vegetation Database is part of the European services (TRUSTEE) project is a three-year research Vegetation Archive, a centralised vegetation database collaboration between sixteen European partners containing over 1 million vegetation plots from across from universities, science academies and research Europe. institutions aimed at understanding the complex relationships between economic development, land Since the establishment of European Vegetation use and ecosystem services in rural areas at different Archive in 2012, large scale vegetation research and spatial scales. In collaboration with butterfly classification on a continental scale is now possible. monitoring schemes in Belgium, Catalonia, Finland, Irish data has contributed to 17 projects through France, Germany, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, the European Vegetation Archive over the last year. Sweden and the UK, the Irish Butterfly Monitoring These projects contribute to the European Red List of Scheme data will be used to explore how butterfly Habitats, assessment of Natura2000 site biodiversity, community structure can predict the condition of and involve classification of woodland and heathland agricultural ecosystems and delivery of ecosystem vegetation with a view to revising EUNIS habitat code services. definitions. Vegetation data have also been provided to large-scale research projects on European mire, weed and wet meadow vegetation and Sphagnum-rich Case Study 3: Climatic Risk and habitats. The National Vegetation Database is not Distribution Atlas of European only a valuable resource at national scale but also in a European context. Bumblebees

The Atlas of European Bumblebees breaks new ground in assessing the most likely consequences of climate change for these important pollinators in Europe. It collated one million bumblebee records from across Europe with the Data Centre providing Irish bumblebee data and co-authoring the publication.

Based on data from 1970 to 2000 it modelled the current climatic niche for 56 of the 69 European species and projected future climatically suitable conditions based on three climate change scenarios for the years 2050 and 2100. Since bumblebees are mainly adapted to colder conditions, they appear as highly vulnerable to climate change. In 2100, depending on the scenario of climate change, up to 36% of the European bumblebees are projected to be at an high climatic risk (i.e. losing more than 80% of their current range) and 41% will be at risk (loss between 50% and 80%). Only three species are projected to benefit from climate change and can potentially enlarge their current distributions in Europe. The work concludes that strong mitigation strategies are needed to preserve this important species group and to ensure the sustainable provision of pollination services. Water, characterised by water crowfoot. (Photo: Lynda Weekes)

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Strategic objective 6: Communicating: Communicate the value of Ireland’s biological diversity and raise awareness of how it is changing. Expected benefit: an increased awareness amongst the Data Centre’s stakeholders and wider public of the importance of conserving Ireland’s biological diversity.

Heritage Council’s Oireachtas Information Day Heritage Council’s 20th Anniversary celebrations The National Biodiversity Data Centre was one of As a key component of Ireland’s national heritage 12 heritage organisations invited by the Heritage infrastructure, the Data Centre was invited to present Council to showcase its work as part of the Heritage elements of its work at the Heritage Council 20th Council’s information day for the members of the Anniversary celebrations in June 2015. This provided Oireachtas on 13th May. The event provided the Data an excellent opportunity to highlight the strategic Centre an opportunity to meet with many members role of the Data Centre and to profile many of the of the Oireachtas and to explain the relevance of its data management shared-services it provides to the work to public policy. public and private sectors.

Dr. Liam Lysaght and Dr. Una Fitzpatick meet with Dr. Liam Lysaght meeting (from left) Dr. Conor Newman, Minister Jimmy Deenihan at the Heritage Council’s Chairman of the Heritage Council, Michael D. Higgins, President Oireachtas Information Day. of Ireland and Anne Phelan, Minister of State at the Heritage Council’s 20th Anniversary celebrations in Kilkenny. Biodiversity Ireland newsletter Website traffic overview Biodiversity Ireland, the Data Centre’s newsletter A key means of communicating the work of was re launched after a break of two years with the the Data Centre is through its website www. publication of the Spring/Summer 2015 issue. The and associated social media. newsletter is published to highlight the work of the During the year, the Data Centre launched a new Centre and to serve as a vehicle to communicate website which rationalised its previous web presence developments on biodiversity surveys in Ireland. under a single unified system delivering significant In addition to containing latest news from the Data efficiencies in website management. It also allowed Centre, Biodiversity Ireland features articles on the Data Centre to better showcase the different major biodiversity initiatives from the Data Centre elements of its work, and demonstrate how they were and its partners, identification guides, the latest in related. Biodiversity Research and up to date information on recent sightings of note. The release of the new website in July resulted in an immediate increase in the traffic to the site, an Engagement through social media increase that continued to the end of the year. Overall, Much of the casual communication with the the website saw an increase of 40% new visitors and recording community is done through social media, in an increase of 44% in views, but the 75% increase in particular Facebook and Twitter. Both the Facebook page views showed that visitors accessed far greater and Twitter accounts have increased significantly content.

200000over the year, with the Facebook page having 4,515 200000 likes and the(2015) Twitter account 4,193 followers at the 2015 end of 2015. Tweets posted by the Data Centre in 2015 2014 gained 272,900(2014) impressions. This is also a doubling 150000 150000of engagement on both platforms during the year.




50000 0 Visits Visitors Page views

4,515 4,193 272,000 Comparing traffic to Biodiversity Ireland website in 2014 Facebook Likes Twitter Followers Twitter Impressions 0 with 2015: views 44% increase, Visitors 40% and Page views Visits Visitors Page views 75% increase


Biodiversity Catalogue of Invasive Ireland’s Species Maps Non-native Officer Species

Global Biodiversity EASIN EASIN Information Information NOTSYS Facility Portal Regulation on Invasive Alien Species 1143/2014 Baseline Species Early Reporting on distribution Detection eradication maps Notification measures 32

Strategic objective 7: Strengthening the recording base: support the recorder and citizen science network to increase the quantity and quality of biodiversity data generated in Ireland. Expected benefits: A larger and sustained network of individuals, groups and agencies interested in, and observant of, Ireland’s biological diversity, and contributing to its documentation and conservation.

pre-requisite for the generation of biodiversity reconciling registrations with payments – this system data is a highly skilled recording network, was phased out early in the year. Aacross both the professional scientific and voluntary citizen-science community. The Data Over the years the Data Centre’s workshop have Centre engages with this community to assist proven to be a very valuable capacity building capacity building for biological recording. Some of programme for the biodiversity sectors as it has this engagement over the year is outlined below. trained 1,886 participants since 2009. Details of the number of workshops and attendees is presented Identification and recording of Ireland’ below. biodiversity workshop programme The 2015 identification workshop was designed to Year No. attendees No. workshops continue improving identification and field skills of 2009 146 8 the recording community and those with a general 2010 237 13 interest in Ireland’s biodiversity as well as meeting 2011 226 13 the needs of the professional ecologist and Continuing 2012 367 23 Professional Development programmes. The 2015 2013 387 24 programme was developed based on feedback provided from workshop participants in previous 2014 289 20 years. 2015 234 21

Workshops were offered, providing training in the following areas: Celebration of International Biodiversity Waders; seaweed; QGIS; habitat mapping; mammal Day, 22 May. tracking; ladybirds; pollinators; aquatic animals; To celebrate International Biodiversity Day, 22 May, butterflies; rocky shore; spiders; grass; macro-moths; the National Biodiversity Data Centre initiated a social wasps; invasive species; Yellow Asteraceae; ‘1,000 records a day’ challenge to encourage people stonefly nymph; aquatic plants; sphagnum moss; fungi to record biodiversity. The task was quite simple, to and advanced invertebrates (covering bees, spiders, see if more than 1,000 records could be submitted to hoverflies). the Data Centre each day for 21st, 22nd and 23rd May. A total of 21 training workshops was held, providing The objective of the initiative was two-fold. First to training to 234 participants. raise awareness of International Biodiversity Day, and second, to highlight the value of biological recording. A new online booking system using Eventzilla and The challenge was met, and almost 5,000 records Stripe was introduced early in 2015 to manage were submitted over the period. bookings. The old system using Event Espresso and PayPal had become inefficient and led to difficulties Distinguished Recorder Award 2015 Each year, the National Biodiversity Data Centre makes a Distinguished Recorder Award to recognise someone who has made an outstanding contribution to biological recording in Ireland. The recipient of the Distinguished Recorder Award in 2015 was Padraig Whooley, for the outstanding contribution he has made to the recording and study of Ireland’s cetaceans.

Pádraig Wholey – Distinguished Recorder 2015 Pádraig has held several positions within the IWDG: group secretary (1996), membership officer (1997) and sightings co-ordinator 1999 (to date). He settled in Cork in 1999, where he completed a two year Diploma in Field Ecology in UCC (2000-2003). Padraig spent much of the next decade carrying out systematic land-based watches from sites such as the Old Head of Kinsale in Co. Cork. This early body of work helped highlight the importance of places like West Cork as a feeding area for fin and humpback whales. During this period it became clear that regular, year-round land based watches were an ideal way to monitor the inshore movements and seasonal abundance of cetaceans in Irish waters. Pádraig Whooley is perhaps an unlikely recipient of the Distinguished Recorder award, coming from Under the auspices of ISCOPE (Irish Scheme a commercial background with his early career in for Cetacean Observation and Public Education) shipping (1987-1995) and later having worked in a 2003-2009, IWDG promoted active participation corporate sales environment with Dell Computers in cetacean recording. During this period, Pádraig (1996-1999). So this award is an acknowledgment of and colleagues Simon Berrow and Mick O’ Connell the role Citizen Science has in biological recording travelled nationwide presenting at walks, talks and schemes, and specifically how the Irish Whale and workshops and engaging with interested individuals Dolphin Group’s recording schemes have in so many and groups who could contribute cetacean sighting ways led the way in making such schemes accessible and stranding records to the IWDG. The validation to a wider public audience. process increased considerably the value of these records, which were databased and made accessible Pádraig’s first involvement with the fledgling Irish for online interrogation making this Whale and Dolphin Group (IWDG) dates back to a unique resource at the time. 1992, when he saw a poster in Bray train station for one of the group’s early meetings in Trinity College. With family and work commitments Pádraig doesn’t Intrigued to learn that not only were there were get to spend as much time these days up on the cliff whales in Ireland, but that there was an organization tops of West Cork with his scope and binoculars as interested in them, he attended, and the rest is history. he might like, but remains an avid recorder and an In 1995 Pádraig embarked on a year’s overseas travel advocate of sustainable Whale Watching in Ireland. in search of whales, during which he worked as a Pádraig is a regular contributor to a range of Irish warden for BC Parks on the Robson Bight Ecological natural history publications, media and wildlife Reserve for killer whales on Vancouver Island. His documentaries and continues in his role as IWDG travels have also taken him on many occasions to Sightings Officer. the Baja Peninsula, in Mexico, as well as Patagonia, Chile, and Southwest Africa. These early travels gave Pádraig invaluable field experience, which would stand to him when his focus later shifted to Irish waters.

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Management Board The National Biodiversity Data Centre is governed by a Management Board, established by the Heritage Council. The Management Board is responsible for setting the strategic direction of the work of the National Biodiversity Data Centre and for ensuring proper corporate governance. The composition of the Management Board is: Dr. Mary Kelly-Quinn (Chair) University College Dublin Mr. Michael Starrett Chief Executive - The Heritage Council Dr. Ciaran O’Keeffe Director – National Parks and Wildlife Service Dr. Micheál Ó Cinnéide Director – Environmental Protection Agency Dr. Peter McLoughlin Head of Department of Chemical and Life Sciences, Waterford Institute of Technology. Mr. Bill Callanan Senior Inspector, Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine Mr. Nigel Monaghan Keeper – National Museum of Ireland – Natural History Division Ms. Rachel Kenny Senior Planner, Fingal County Council Mr. Mark Wright Northern Ireland Environment Agency Dr. Matthew Jebb Director – National Botanic Gardens Mr. Michael Keatinge Director, Bord Iascaigh Mhara

Staff & contract management

During 2015, eight employees contributed to the delivery of the National Biodiversity Data Centre’s work programme. The delivery of the work programme is by way of a 5-year Service Level Agreement awarded to Compass Informatics by the Heritage Council for the running of the Data Centre. The full-time staff are supported by a team of developers, employed by Compass Informatics, who are responsible for development of the Data Centre’s core mapping system and online data portal.

Staff IT & Admin Systems team Dr. Liam Lysaght – Centre Director Pavel Janda – Informatics developer Dr. Úna Fitzpatrick – Ecologist Gert Conradie – Informatics developer Dr. Tomás Murray – Ecologist Ken Dowling – ICT infrastructure manager Barry O’Neill – Data Manager Walter French – GIS & data analyst Maria Walsh – Office Manager Cian O’Connor – GIS & data analyst Colette O’Flynn – Invasive Species Officer Paulina Furmaniak – Administrative services Lynda Weekes – Ph.D. Researcher Rory O’Callaghan – JobBridge Intern Contract management Gearóid Ó Riain –Director, Compass Informatics Limited Organisational Chart

Management Board

Dr. Liam Lysaght entre irectr

Maria Walsh Dr. Úna Fitzpatrick Dr. Tomás Murray Barry O’Neill Colette O’Flynn Lynda Weekes Rory O'Callaghan ice anager clgit clgit ata anager naie Secie eearc icer rige ntern icer

Bumblebee I.C.T National Classification Catalogue Office Vegetation & & Butterfly Infrastructure Invasive Species Management Plant Recording of River of non-native Monitoring Manager Database Vegetation Species Strategy Schemes Manager

National National National Invasive Financial Irish Pollinator Biodiversity Web Resources Early Warning Vegetation System Species Management Initiative Indicators Development Database Profiles Co-ordinator Manager

Purchasing Risk & Sales Red lists Data Analysis Software Assessment Management Programme & Modelling Engineer Co-ordinator

Invasive National National Database Training Species Sampling Sampling Administration/ & Education Outreach Framework Framework Developer Programme Programme

The National Biodiversity Data Centre is located at Carriganore, West Campus W.I.T., Co. Waterford. It is open weekdays from 09:00 to 17:00hrs.

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Financial Statement 2015

Income (NET) 2015

Core funding

Core funding from the Heritage Council 523,577

2014 core funding surplus 38,541

sub-total 562,118

Additional project funding - outside core budget

Heritage Council 52,625

Department of Arts, Heritage and the Gaeltacht 7,913

Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine 9,510

sub-total 70,048

Total Income 2015 (NET) 632,167 Expenditure (NET)


Staff (Research) 218,222

Staff (Administration) 75,291

Staff (IT & Data Management) 67,056

Additional IT services 78,291

Additional admin services 12,687

Hardware 0

Software 14,332

Office running costs/consumables 28,503

Staff CPD 872

Data projects 24,022

Travel & subsistence 14,860

2014 core funding surplus 25,162

sub-total 559,298

Surplus 2,821

Additional projects - outside core budget

Heritage Council – Invasive Species Research Officer 30,000

Heritage Council – Irish Vegetation Classification System 22,625

Department of Arts, Heritage and the Gaeltacht - Marsh Fritillary 1,458

Department of Arts, Heritage and the Gaeltacht - Invasive Species 4,430

Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine - Conservation of genetic resources 9,443

Refunded to Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine 67

sub-total 68,023

surplus 2,025

Total Expenditure 2015 (NET) 627,321

Total Surplus 2015 (NET) 4,846

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The National Biodiversity Data Centre Judith Annett, Michael Archer, Alan Armstrong, Val Atkins, Tina Aughney, Wendy Austin-Rawlings, is grateful to all the individuals and Richard Ayre. partners listed below who have assisted with data collection and project delivery Daniel Baars, Jan-Robert Baars, Philip Bagnall, B.Kate Baker, Andy Baird, Deborah Ballard, Karen during the year Banks, Ret Barber, Bob Barrett, Ciara Barrett, Sarah Barrett, Chris Barron, Simon Barron, Lief Barry, Organisations: Penny Bartlett, Corey Bateman, Alan Bates, Ciara Bat Conservation Ireland, Bees, Wasps, & Ants Beausang, Charmaine Beer, Kieran Behan, Desmond Recording Society, BirdWatch Ireland, Bord Bell, Kate Bell, Michael Bell, Molly Bell, Pat Bell, na Mona, Botanical Society of the British Isles, Dario Fernandes Bellon, Michael John Bennett, BEC Consultants, British Bryological Society, Ashley Bennison, Chris Benson, Bernadette Bergin, British Mycological Society, Burrenbeo, Butterfly Hazel Bergin, Cuan Berrow, John Berry, Catherine Conservation, Butterfly Conservation - Northern Bertrand, Chris Betts, William Bible, Sinead Biggane, Ireland, CEDaR - Northern Ireland, Chartered Ann Bingham, Laura Birt, Andrew Black, Philip Institute of Ecology and Environmental Blair, Clodagh Blake, Rick Boelens MacMahon, Management, Cork County Council, COFORD, Tara Boelens MacMahon, Brendan Bolger, Margaret Coillte, Conchological Society of Britain & Ireland, Bolger, Michael Bolger, Stephen Bolger, Vivi Bolin, Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine, Tom Bolger, Chris Bolton, Ken Bond, Anne Booker, Dublin City Council, Environmental Protection David Boomer, Alan Booth, Julia Booth, Stephen Agency, Global Biodiversity Information Facility Booth, Ismay Bothwell, David Bourke, Sean Bourke, (GBIF), GB Non-native Species Secretariat, Irish Gordon Boxwell, Glen Boylan, Méabh Boylan, Barbara Char Conservation Group, Inland Fisheries Ireland, Bradby, Arlette Bradley, Susan Bradley, Antoinette Invasive Species Ireland, Irish Biogeographical Brady, Ashton Brady, Marion Brady, Neil Brady, Pakie Society, Irish Peatland Conservation Council, Irish Brady, Trevor Brady, Bill Brazier, Dina Brazil, Con Research Council, Irish Whale and Dolphin Group, Breen, Dermot Breen, John Breen, Aaron Brennan, Irish Wildlife Trust, Joint Nature Conservancy Aidan Brennan, Carmel Brennan, Cathy Brennan, Committee, Kerry County Council, Killarney David Brennan, Kelly Marie Brennan, Marion National Park, Killarney National Park Education Brennan, Julie Brett, Angela Brewer, Catherina Centre, Marine Dimensions, Marine Institute, Bright, Chris Briody, Catherine Broderick, Shane Mayo County Council, Monaghan County Council, Broderick, Clare Bromley, John Brophy, Laura Brophy, MothsIreland, National Botanic Gardens, National J. Brosnan, Claire Brougham, Derek Brown, Paul Museum of Ireland – Natural History Division, Brown, Amanda Browne, Damian Browne, J.J. National Museums Northern Ireland, National Browne, Juanita Browne, Sandra Browne, Helen Parks and Wildlife Service, Natural History Museum Bruen, Ciaran Bruton, Alan Bryan, Barbara Buckley, London, NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Daniel Buckley, Eileen Burgess, Billy Burke, Brian NOBANIS (European Network on Invasive Alien Burke, Daniel Burke, Eugene Burke, Michael Burke, Species), Northern Ireland Environment Agency, Amy Burns, Dillon Burns, Sarah-Jane Burns, Bart Office of Public Works, Plantlife International, Busschots, Andrew Butler, Eoin Butler, Fidelma Roscommon County Council, Rothamstead Insect Butler, Martina Butler, K. Butson, Katie Buttimer, Survey, Seasearch, Teagasc, The Heritage Council, Paul Butter, Tim Butter, Lynne Bye, Andrew Byrne, UCD - Freshwater Ecology Research Group, Trinity Brendan Byrne, Carl Byrne, Ciaran Byrne, Cian Centre for Biodiversity Research - Trinity College Byrne, Claire Byrne, Dolores Byrne, Kevin Byrne, Dublin, Waterford County Council, Wexford Melanie Byrne, Michael Byrne, Ron Byrne, Thomas Naturalists’ Field Club. J. Byrne, Triona Byrne, Elizabeth Byrnes, Martin Byrnes. Individuals Mary Cadden, Ian Cafferky, Joe Caffrey, Kristina Abariute, Corina Abbott, Darren C.Padraic Caffrey, Dave Cahalin, John J. Cahill, A.Abbott, Isobel Abbott, Pauline Abbott, Liam Cahill, Cáirde Eanlaithe Chorca Dhuibhne, Leonard W. Abrahamson, John Adams, Marina Andrew Caldicott, Conor Cagney, Philip Callan, Mark Adorni, Rebecca Aldakar, A. Allaway, Dave Allen, Callanan, Michael Calnan, Chris Campbell, Christina Ashley Allshire, David Amstutz, Roy Anderson, Campbell, Hannah Campbell, Pauline Campbell, Theo Campbell, Warren Campbell, Enrico Campi, John Day, Brendan Dean, John Deasy, Anna Duval James Campion, Nuala Canny, Andy Carden, Ruth de Dampierre Phelan, Irene Deisler, Harm Deenen, Carden, Elizabeth Care, Matthew Care, Caitriona Kevin Deering, Barbara Delahunty, Kevin Delahunty, Carlin, Mark Carmody, William Carr, B. Carroll, Jake Lisa Delahunty, Edward W. Delaney, Fiona Delaney, Carroll, Brian Carruthers, Seamus Carten, Adrian Zarah Delaney, Howard Delaney-Brownlow, Andrew Carthy, Helen Carthy, Ellen Carvill, Peter Carvill, Dellas, Maria Dempsey, Jo Denyer, Derrycreha Catherine Casey, Catriona Casey, Maurice Casey, National School, Ronan Dervan, Fiona Devery, Pete Michael Casey, Aoife Cashman, Christine Cassidy, Devlin, Zoe Devlin, John Mark Dick, Jonathan Diana Cassidy, Féaron Cassidy, Claudio Caveliere, Dickson, Anke Dietzsch, Aaron Dignam, Caroline Martin Cawley, Julien Champy, Paul Chanin, Tina Dilworth, Karina Dingerkus, Pat Dinneen, Amy Christiansen, Gerry Clabby, Amyleigh Clancy, David Dixon, Boyd Dobbs, Andrew Doherty, Brian Doherty, Clarke, Declan Clarke, Joe Clarke, Lindsey Clarke, Conor Doherty, Derek Doherty, Denis Doherty, Gary Maura Clarke, Orla Clarke, Simon Clarke, Maurice Doherty, Cormac Dolan, Melanie Dolan, Tony Dolan, Clarke, Sam Clawson, Pauline Clerkin, Shirley Anita Donaghy, Brenda Donaghy, Richard Donaghey, Clerkin, Michele Clements, Deirdre Clifford, Simon Pat Doncaster, Brian Donlon, Clare Donoghue, Lee Clifford, Suzanne Clinton, Cameron Clotworthy, Donohoe, Brendan Donnelly, Jean Dooley, David Louie Coe, Lee Coffey, Paudie Coffey, Rebeccah Doran, Clare Dore, Brendan Douglas, Catriona Cogan, Brian Coghlan, Thomas Colclough, Edwina Douglas, Deborah Dowdall, Daniel Dowling, J.J. Cole, C. Coles, Brendan Coleman, Brian Colgan, Bríd Dowling, Lisa Dowling, Paul Dowling, Peter Dowling, Colhoun, Christy Collard, Laurence Colleran, Adrian Denis Downey, Andrew Downie, Brona Doyle, Colm Collins, Brian Collins, Kevin Collins, Niall Collins, Doyle, Mark Doyle, Philip Doyle, Romey Doyle, Susan Karen Comerford, Larry Comerford, John Conaghan, Doyle, Ismay Drohan, Blaise Drummond, Joe Duane, Anne Condon, Rolf Conrad, Ted Cook, Christy Cooke, Katherine Duff, Angela Duffy, Carol Duffy, Madge David Cooke, F. Coppillie, Burke Corbett, Bernadette Duffy, Oisín Duffy, Paul Duffy, Peter Duffy, Britt Du Connolly, Brendan Connolly, Catherine Connolly, Fournet, Dave Duggan, Deirdre Duggan, Lisa Duggan, David Connolly, Dawna Connolly, Kieran Connolly, Mary A. Duggan, Richella Duggan, Tracey Duignan, Sam Connolly, Gerard Conroy, Lorna Conway, Ciarán Dunbar, Dunderrow National School, Stuart Shane Conway, Alex Copland, Frank Corbally, Aoife Dunlop, Alan Dunne, Gavin Dunne, Joan Dunne, Corcoran, Barry Corcoran, Declan Corcoran, Paul Michael Dunne, Mick Dunne, Paul Dunne, Roseann Corcoran, David Cotter, Derval Cotter, Josh Cotter, Dunne, Veronica Dunne, William Dunne, Richard Rebecca Cotter, Don Cotton, Aidan Coughlan, Kieran Dunphy, Penny Durell, Fran Durie, Rory Dwyer. Coughlan, David Court, Alan D. Courtney, Peter Maurice Eakin, Patricia Earle, Ecologists Ireland, Courtney, Cormac Coyne, Micheal Cowming, Andrew Ian Edwards, Colette Egan, Brendan Egan, Cox, Kevin Coyle, Derek Crabbe, Cormac Craven, E. James Egan, Ray Egan, Jamie Ellis, Ronald Ellis, Derek Crawley, Mairéad Crawford, Michael Creegan, Sandra English, Colm Ennis, Ruth Enright, Liam Rose Cremin, Martin Critchley, John Cromie, Andy Evans. Crory, Christine Cronin, Ciaran Cronin, Stephen Paul Fallon, Nollaig Feeney, Michael Fahy, Gary Cronin, Mairi-Elena Crook, Denis Crosby, John Falconer, Linda Foley, David Fallon, Áine Farrell, Cross, Olivia Crowe, Sarah Crowley, Patrick Crushell, F. Catherine Farell, Ellie Farrell, Euan Farrell, Graham Tom Cuffe, Eamon Cullen, John Cullen, Maria Farrell, Scilla Farrell, Sinéad Farrell, Tony Farrell, Cullen, Stan Cullen, Brendan Culliton, Anne Cully- Edward Farrell, John Faulkner, Susan Faulkner, Ryan, Catherine Cummins, Alan Cunniffe, Adrian Aidan Feehan, Dennis Feeley, Hugh Feeley, Séamus Cunningham, Caitriona Cunningham, Amy Curran, Feeney, Tracy Anne Fennell, Áine Fenner, Andrew Breda Curran, David Curran, Eugene Curran, Ann Fenner, Caitriona Fenton, Elma Fenton, Anne Curtin, Peter Cutler. Ferguson, Tom Ferris, Michael Field, C. Finan, John Dack, Caroline McDaeid, Angela Dakin, Breda Finn, Gerry Finnegan, Simon Finnegan, Sean D. Anthony Dale, Cian Dale, Eoghan Dalton, Guy Finnerty, Caroline Fitzpatrick, Conall Fitzpatrick, Dalton, Brian Daly, Dave Daly, Gregory Daly, Mark David Fitzpatrick, Úna Fitzpatrick, Alexis Fitzgerald, Daly, Robert Daly, Tony Daly, Brian Danaher, Robert Brian Fitzgerald, Eleanor Fitzgerald, Meadhbh Dancey, Rodney Daunt, Alice D’Arcy, Deborah D’Arcy, FitzGerald, Ger Fitzsimons, Ciaran Finch, Marian Adeleh Davis, Stephen Davis, Jake Davison, Josh Fisher, Margaret Flaherty, Anne Flanagan, Donald Davison, Andy Dawson, Anthony Dawson, C. Day, Flanagan, Orla Flanagan, Lorcan Flannery, Diann

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Fletcher Jones, Andrew Fleming, Ann Marie Fleming, Hoban, Conor Hodgins, Brian Hogan, Michael Hogan, Anne Flynn, Aoife Flynn, Carol Flynn, Sid Flynn, John Neasa Hogan, Thomas Hogan, Paddy Holohan, Fogarty, Padraic Fogarty, Mary Foley, Patrick Foley, Catherine Holland, Andrew Holmes, Byron Hooper, Nigel Foley-Fisher, Emily Follis, Adrian Foran, Maeve Claire Horan, Brian Horgan, Jerry Horgan, Mary Foran, Cathal Forkan, Ivan Forsythe, Peter Foss, Julie Houlihan, Mary Howard, Francis Hoyne, Niamh Fossitt, Jamie Fowley, Howard Fox, John Fox, Tom Hudson, Bobby Hunt, Deirdre Hunt, Geoff Hunt, Fox, William Fox, Bridget Foy, Fionnuala Foy, Shona Tony Hunt, Heather Hunter, Caroline Hurley, Jim Foyle, Anne Francis-Nee, Kathryn Freeman, Nuala Hurley, Ben Huskinson, Charlotte Hutchinson, Chris Freeman, Rochelle Fritch, Janice Fuller, Raymond Huxley, Lynda Huxley, Tim Hyde, Andrew Hynes, Fulton, Karin Funke. Kelly-Marie Hynes, Matthew Hynes, Ciarraí Hyslop. Elizabeth Gabbett, Conor Gaffney, Leah F. Alberto Gavigan Imedio, Penny Insole, Kealin G.Gainey, Darren Gallagher, Jim Galloway, I.Ireland, Bryan Irvine, Justin Ivory. Niall Galloway, Chris Galvin, Martin Gammell, David Jackson, Arlo Jacques, Gill James, Linda Jim Gannon, Dara Garde, Brian Gargan, Liam J.James, Fons Jaspers, Frances Jeawon, Rebecca Gavin, David Gaynor, C. Geoghegan, Alice Gibbons, Jeffrey, Anna Johnston, Erin Johnston, Caroline Eamonn Gibbons, Cepa Giblin, Ian Gibson, Ciara Jolley, Brian Jones, Carol Jones, David Jones, Mick Girvin-Kelleher, Lynne Gillespie, Jane Gilleran, Jones, Brian Joyce, Rosina Joyce. Debbie Gillies, Brian Gilligan, Eddie Gilligan, Clive Aideen Kane, Dellwyn Kane, Andrasne Katona, Gilmore, Carol Gilroy, Conor Gilsenan, Tom Gittings, K.Barry Kavanagh, Brendan Kavanagh, Lucy Celine Geaney, Brian Glanville, Emma Glanville, Dick Kavanagh, Padraig Kavanagh, Patrick Kavanagh, , Nicole Gleeson, Andrew Glenn-Craigie, Doreen Keane, Hazel Keane, John Keane, Mark Brendan Glynn, Gary Goggin, Emily Goldstein, Dave Keane, Robert Keane, Ruth Keane, Bernadette Good, Jervis Good, Dick Goodere, Colin Goodman, Kearney, Jon Kearney, Carmel Keating, Alan Keegan, Anne Goodwin, Arie Gorissen, Ciarán Gorman, Elaine Keegan, Brian Keeley, Catherine Keena, Kate Brian Gormley, Amy Gorol, Caitriona Graham, Lisa Keena, Padraig Keirns, Dáithí Kelleghan, Conor Grant, Bobby Gray, Shonagh Gray, Tristan Gray, Kelleher, Aidan P. Kelly, Aideen Kelly, Alice Kelly, Paul Richard Green, Catherine Greer, Catherine Andrew Kelly, Beatrice Kelly, Cathy Kelly, Daniel Greer, Anne Griffin, Eugene Griffin, Tony Grogan, Kelly, Darina Kelly, Dermot Kelly, John Kelly, Kilian Bernadette Guest, Denis Guilfoyle, Olivia Guilfoyle, Kelly, Laoise Kelly, Martin Kelly, Nancy Kelly, Noel Michael Guiry, Jo Gurney, Sarah Gunther, Cicely Kelly, Stan Kelly, Therese Kelly, Mary Kelly-Quinn, Gunton, Clare Guy. Catherine Ketch, Henry Kenny, Tom Kenny, Aengus Amy Haigh, Conor Halpin, Moirin Halpin, Kennedy, Aisling Kennedy, Barry Kennedy, Lynda H.Trevor Halpin, Cormac Hamill, Rachel Hamill, Kennedy, Brendan Keogh, Niall T. Keogh, Bee Kesso, Colin Hamilton, Hannah Hamilton, Jean Hamilton, Lorcan Keyes, Celine Kiernan, Noel Kiernan, Darran Avril Hanbidge, Gail Hanbridge, Declan Hanley, Killian, Danielle Kirwan, Des Kirwan, Caroline Maria Hanrahan, Mark Hanratty, Des Haran, Ray Kiely, David Kiely, Mary Kiely, Erin Kilbane, James Hardie, Siobhan Hardiman, Jesmond Harding, Kerry Kilroy, Michael Kingdon, Caroline Kingston, Naomi Hardy, Charlie Harkin, Cammy Harley, Bruce Harper, Kingston, Sean Kingston, Aayla Kirwan, Charlotte Andrew Harrington, Anne Harrington Rees, Freddie Kitto, Patricia Kreiss, Isabelle Kurz. Harris, Ulla Harris, Maryann Harris, Polly Hartney, Ciaran Lafferty, Heather Lally, Caroline Lalor, Feidhlim Harty, Margaret Harty, C. Harvey, Veritia L.Glenn Lalor, Aoibheann Lambe, Maureen Lambe, Harvey, Sophie Hayley, Seamus Hassett, James D. Lambert, Stephen Lambert, Susan Lambert, David Hayes, Daniel Healy, Denis Healy, Elizabeth Healy, Lane, Ann Langley, Alison Laredo, Bryan Larkin, M. Dorothy Heaphy, Clare Heardman, Brian Heanue, Larkin, Alan Lauder, Kate Lavender-Duncan, John Trea Heapes, Gerry Heery, Anne Heffernan, Marie Lavery, Gerry Lawless, Deborah Lawlor, Eamonn Louise Heffernan, Eoin Hegarty, Claire Hempsey, Lawlor, David Lawton, Ann Leahy, Eamon Leahy, Barry Heneghan, John Heneghan, Brendan Yvonne Leahy, Keith Leaver, Becky Ledger, Aideen Hennessy, Bridget Hennessy, Breda Herlihy, Sylvia Lee, Caitriona Lee, Robin Leen, M. Lenane, Caroline Hetherington, Willie Hetherington, Sarah Hickey, Lenehan, Fintan Lenehan, Larry Lenehan, Niamh David Hickman, Abigail Higgins, Barry Higgins, Lennon, Kerry Leonard, Stephen Lester, Amy Lewis, John Higgins, Therese Higgins, Edward Hill, Marian Caroline Lewis, David Lloyd, Fiona Lloyd, Carol Hinchy, Maura Hiney, Sara Garcia Hipolito, James Loftus, Annette Logan, Dermot Long, Maria Long, Steve Long, Anne Loughran, John Lovatt, Frances McLaughlin, Hugh McLindon, Debbie McLoughlin, Lucy, Aine Lynch, Annette Lynch, Carmel Lynch, Deb Deirdre McLoughlin, Eamonn McLoughlin, Lynch, John Lynch, Julian Lynch, Michael Lynch, Marc McLoughlin, Noreen McLoughlin, Barry J. Peader Lynch, Tom Lynch, Wayne Lynch, Deirdre McMahon, Graham McMahon, Shirley McMahon, Lynn, David Lyons, Fionnuala Lyons, Paul Lyons, Cróna Mc Monagle, Kenny McNerlin, Dermot Bella Lysaght, Damaris Lysaght, Felix Lysaght, Jessica McNelis, David McNicholas, Evelyn McNulty, Fintan Lysaght, Liam Lysaght, Pauli Lysaght, Seán Lysaght, McPhillips, Charles McRobert, Abby McSherry, Tony Lyster. Brendan McSherry, Edward McWilliams, Sandy McWilliams, Michael McVeigh, Nigel Malcolm, Ciarán MacAoidh, Seosamh MacCárthaigh, Ferdia Marnell, Jimmy Marron, Sallyann Marron, Pól MacCana, Brian MacCormaic, Brendan M. Alastair Marsden, Colette Martin, Derek Martin, MacCourt, Declan Mac Gabhann, Ronan Mac Malachy Martin, Niamh Martin, Brian Massey, Ted Giollapharaic, Pat Mackey, Scott MacKeown, Massey, Frances Maxwell, Robert Maxwell, Christine Breandán MacSéarraigh, Luca Madden, Carmel Meadows, Sarah Mee, Sean Meehan, Poppy Melia, Madigan, Colin Magee, Emer Magee, Barbara Clive Mellon, Aidan Melody, Cian Merne, Margaret Maguire, Eileen Maguire, John Maguire, Breda Merne, Joyce Millar, Tony Miller, Dan Minchin, Anca Maher, Caitriona Maher, Anne Marie Mahon, Chris Minescu, Kelda Minjon, Andrew Mitchell, Daniel Mahon, Josephine Mahon, Ben Malone, David Mitchell, Nicholas Mitchell, Sinéad Mitchell, Will Manning, Jerrad J. Manning, Karin Manning, Joanie Mitchell, Franck Ar Moenner, Sue Moles, Stewart Mannion, Nick Marchant, Brendan Marnell, Ferdia Molloy, Kieran Moloney, Tom Moloney, Cormac Marnell, Michael Marron, Anita Martin, Bob Martin, Monaghan, Liam Monaher, Ian Montgomery, Kate Brian Martin, Breffni Martin, Chris Martin, Réamaí Moody, Derek , Aidan T. Moore, Anet Moore, Mathers, John Matthews, John Mattimoe, Jane Alan Moore, Brian Moore, Dave Moore, Fionn Moore, Maxwell, Kate McAney, Gabby McAvey, Stephen Jer Moore, Michelle Moore, Rory Moorhead, Evelyn McAvoy, Michael McBride, Caitriona McCabe, Moorkens, Anthony Moran, Brendan Moran, Deirdre Bernadette McCafferty, Richard McCafferty, Cian Moran, James Moran, Breeda Morgan, Mary Morgan, McCann, Deborah McCann, Jason McCann, Alison Colm Moriarty, Eileen Morrison, Pat Morrissey, McCarthy, Barry McCarthy, Joan McCarthy, Paul David Morrow, Hannah Mulcahy, Caoimhe Muldoon, McCarthy, Anthony McCarville, Adam McClure, Mulholland, Anne Mullen, Jimmy Mullen, Siobhan Anthony McCluskey, Philip McCluskey, David Mulligan, Patrick Mullins, Sean Mullins, Collette McConnell, Anne McCormack, David McCormick, Mulqueen, Kitty Mulvaney, Cathy Mulvey, Adam Mark McCorry, Gerry McCourt, Karl McCready, Mulvihill, Archie Murchie, Abigail Murphy, Aidan Fiona McCrory, Eoin McCumiskey, Lee McDaid, Murphy, Aran Murphy, Brendan Murphy, Chris Sophie McDaid, Y. McDermott, Andrea McDonagh, Murphy, Claire Murphy, Corona Murphy, Deirdre David McDonagh, Aidan McDonald, Anna McDonald, Murphy, Eimer Murphy, Jacinta Murphy, Joan Evan McDonald, Juliet McDonald, Rosemarie Murphy, John Murphy, Kevin Murphy, Lisa Murphy, McDonald, Barry McDonnell, Brian McDonnell, Lucy Murphy, Nancy Murphy, Orla Murphy, Paul Conan McDonnell, Daireann McDonnell, Ian Murphy, Philip Murphy, Ronnie Murphy, Sandra McDonnell, Sinead McDonnell, Susan McDonnell, Murphy, Pauline Murray, Tomás Murray, Tony Allan McDevitt, Deirdre McElligott, Marion Murray, Tom Murtagh, Darragh Musgrave, Barbara McElligott, Brian McElvaney, L. McEnroe, Anna Mutschler-Hild, Amy Myers. McEvoy, Dave McEvoy, Damian McFerran, Declan MacGabhann, Maureen McGann, J. McGarry, Eugene Jason Nagle, Tony Nagle, Favel Naulty, Aidan McGettrick, Helena McGlone, Camilla McGourty, N.Neary, Niamh Ní Cholmain, Christina Ní Danica McGourty, David McGovern, Kieron Dheaghaidh, Deirdre Ní Dhubhghaill, Claire Ní McGowan, Dave McGrath, Valerie McGrath, Keith Fhearghail, Aine Ní Fhlaithearta, Roslyn Nicholson, McGreal, Aiden McGuinness, Conor McGuinness, Aoife Nic Sheáin, David Nixon, Albert Nolan, Helen McGuinness, Iain Mc Guinness, Alan McGuire, Antoinette Nolan, Billy Nolan, Joe Nolan, Lauren Patrick McGurn, Philip McHaffie, Ewan McHenry, Nolan, Conor Nelligan, Anton Nelson, Brian Nelson, David McIlveen, Clare McIntyre, David McKay, Don Debbie Nelson, Heather Nesbitt, Marie Neville, Pat McKenna, Elizabeth McKenna, Martin McKenna, Neville, Geoff Newell, Beatrice Newman, Miles Jane McKeon, Liam McKeown, Megan McKerchar, Newman, Mary Niblett, Aislinn Nugent, Andrew Simon McKergan, Dermot McLaughlin, Ronan Nugent, Julia Nunn.

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Anthony Patterson, Jennifer Pearson, Roddy Peavoy, Yvette O’Beirne, Conor O’Boyle, Ann-Marie Catherine Penny, James Pembroke, Chris Peppiatt, O’Brien, Catherine M. O’Brien, Chris O’Brien, O. Bryan Peters, Judi Pheysey, Anthony Pickering, Cliona O’Brien, David, O’Brien, Des O’Brien, Eileen Eileen Pickering, Byran Pinchen, H. Pinoff, Tracy O’Brien, Eugene O’Brien, Gerard O’Brien, Irene Platt, Brian Pluck, Conor Plunkett, Catherine O’Brien, Ricky O’Brien, Sabrina O’Brien, Seamus Pollard, Ciaran Pollard, Ada Porter, Ciara Powell, O’Brien, Margaret O’Brien-Moran, Oliver Ó Cadhla, Lisa Powell, Alf Power, Alice Power, Andrew Power, Anton O’Callaghan, Fergal O’Callaghan, Mark Brian Power, Frank Power, Gerry Power, John A. O’Callaghan, Tony O’Callaghan, Aodan Ó Caoimh, Power, Mary Power, Una Power, David Prendergast, Donncha Ó Catháin, Brian O’Ceallachain, Conall Fraser Preston, Howard Preston, Bob Price-Adams, O Coisneachain, Brendan O’Connell, Catherine Vanessa Price-Adams. O’Connell, Cliona O’Connell, Danielle O’Connell, Darren O’Connell, Heather O’Connell, Joan Brenda Quinn, Caitlin Quinn, Ciara Quinn, O’Connell, Lynnie O’Connell, Michael O’Connell, Q. Denis Quinn, Melina Quinn, S. Quinn, Arnold Micheál O’Connell, Brian O’Connor, Catherine Quinsey. O’Connor, Claudette O’Connor, David O’Connor, Christine Raab-Heine, Anthony Rafter, Donna Deirdre O’Connor, Liam O’Connor, Maurice O Connor, R.Rainey, Christopher Ramsey, John Ramsey, Pat O’Connor, Liam O’Connor Hannon, Tadhg O’ Andrea Rawat, Derek Redmond, Jim Redmond, Corcora, Criostóir Ó Cróinín, Feargal Ó Cuinneagáin, Joanne Redmond, Martina Redmond, Niall Redmond, Caroline O’Dea, Dinah O’Dell, Joe Ó Dochartaigh, Tom Redmond, David Rees, Adrian Reid, Alanna Reid, Diarmaid O’Doherty, Philip O’Donaghue, John Brian Reid, Dara Reid, Neil Reid, Brian Reidy, Darren O’Donnell, Michael O’Donnell, Patrick O’Donnell, Ger Reidy, Grainne Reidy, Sean Reidy, Allen Reilly, Carole O’Donohoe, Aisling O’Donoghue, Paul O’Donoghue, Reynolds, Julian Reynolds, Shane Reynolds, Sylvia Jim O’Donovan, Sandra O’Donovan, Vera O’Donovan, Reynolds, Alice Rice, Darren Rice, Derek Richardson, Dervla O’Dowd, Fergal O’ Dowd, Alan O’Dwyer, Ben Briege Roe, Cilian Roden, Robert Richardson, O’Dwyer, John O’Dwyer, Sean O’Feannachta, Cillin Anthony Robb, Christine Roberts, Julie Robertson, O Foghlu, Peter O’Gorman, Suzanne O’Gorman, Charles Robinson, Brad Robson, Reika Robson, Jenni Colette O’Grady, Fiona O’Grady, Mary O’Grady, Alison Roche, Martina Roche, Niamh Roche, Dicky Rock, O’Flynn, Colette O’Flynn, Margaret O’Halloran, Craig Padraig Rocke, Tim Roderick, Simon Rogers, Anja O hAinle, Aidan O’Hanlon, Mark O’Hara, Anthony Rosler, Angela Ross, Dan Rosy, John Rossiter, Dermot O’Herlihy, Eugene O’Kane, Ciaran O’Keeffe, Niamh Rowan, Emanuela Russo, Alan Rutherford, Aideen O’Keeffe, Rónán O’Keeffe, Aine O’Leary, Donal Ryan, Aine Ryan, Bill Ryan, Ciaran Ryan, Colm Ryan, O’ Leary, Eddie O’Leary, Colin O’Loan, Ailise Conor Ryan, Don Ryan, Esther Ryan, Finbarr Ryan, O’Loughlin, Barry O’Loughlin, Maeve O’Loughlin, Fintan Ryan, Geraldine Ryan, Jean Ryan, Karl Ryan, Sarah O’Loughlin Irwin, Micheál Ó Mainín, Caitlín J. Martin Ryan, T. Ryan, Tim Ryle. O’Mahony, Cian O’Mahony, David O’Mahony, Elaine Linda Saunders, Carol Savage, Paul Scallan, O’Mahony, Claire O’Malley, Cormac ó Máthuná, S.Cronan Scanlon, Susan Scanlon, Rory Scarrott, Denise O’Meara, Eileen O’Meara, Kim O’ Meara, Tilla Schulte Ostermann, Scoil Phadraig Naofa, Cáit Paula O’ Meara, David Ó Muineacháin, Déirdre Scott, Damian Scott, Daniel Scott, Dara Scott, David Ó Murchadha, Aodhan O’Murchu, David O’Neill, Scott, Donal Scott, Lorcán A. Scott, Lorcán J. Scott, Eoghan O’Neill, Fionnuala O’Neill, Keith O’Neill, Colm Scully, Catherine Seale, Brian Seales, Brigid Micheál O’Neill, Michelle O’Neill, Sandra O’Neill, Sealy, Joe Shannon, Patricia Sharkey, Clifford Sharpe, Tony O`Neill, Clare O’Nolan, Denis O’Regan, Jutta Thomas Sheehan, David Sheerin, Cormac Sheridan, O’Regan, Catherine O’Reilly, Desmond O’Reilly, Deirdre Sheridan, Paddy Sheridan, Patrick Sheridan, Pauline O’Reilly, Nora O Riordan, Aoife O’Rourke, Sherkin Island National School, Hugh Sheppard, Liz Erin O’Rourke, Pat O’Rourke, Terence O’Rourke, Kate Sheppard, Ralph Sheppard, Charles Shier, Barbara O’Shea, Patrick L. O’Shea, Aileen O’Sullivan, Ann Shue, Colm Sides, Patrick Sills, Keith Skinner, Jim O’Sullivan, Bernadette O’Sullivan, Fred O’Sullivan, Slattery, Mark Slattery, Paddy Sleeman, Majella John O’Sullivan, Michael O’Sullivan, Donncha Smart, Patrick Smiddy, Aoife Smith, Cat Smith, Donna O’Teangana, Richard Odlum, Ciara Oglesby, Christian Smith, George Smith, Katie Smith, Daragh Smyth, Osthoff, James Owens. Enda Smyth, Frank Smyth, Isabell Smyth, Noeleen Mary Parr, Sharon Parr, Nick Parry, Adrienne Smyth, Deirdre Snoek, Martin Speight, Andrew P.Parsons, Chris Passmore, Linda Paterson, Speer, Neil Spellacy, Alan Spencer, Sheena Spencer, Wouter Staats, Gerard Stack , Caroline Stanley, Colin Stanley, Dara Stanley, Valerie Stanley, Michael Staunton, John Stephens, Gillian Stewart, Gordon Stewart, Emma Stewart-Liberty, Michael Stinson, B. Stirling, Richard Stone, Jane Stout, Marlyne Strijdom O’Donoghue, Wendy Stringer, Carin Stritch, Robert Strunz, Geraldine Solosy, Leo Solosy, Dave Suddaby, Caroline Sullivan, Monica Sullivan, Anne Sweeney, Aileen Sweeney, Denis Sweeney, Niamh Sweeney, Pascal Sweeney, Jeff Swords. Karen Tambling, Malcolm Tanner, Sian T.Tantrum, Cathal Taylor, Ciaran Taylor, Kate Taylor, Carol Taucher, Rebecca Teesdale, Rosalyn Thompson, Peter Thorpe, Hugh Thurgate, Erin Jo Tiedeken, Deirdre Tierney, John Tierney, Niall Tierney, Tricia Tierney, Fiona Tobin, Nicola Todd, Susan F. Tollemache, Deirdre Toomey, Thomas Torode, Wayne Trodd, Adam Tozer, Ann Turner, David Turner, Eamonn Twomey, Sean Tyler, Max Tynan, Angus Tyner, Tivon Tyner, Zoë Tyner. Frances Uí Chinnéide, Máire Ui Léíme, U. Charlotte Utting, Christian van den Bosch, Leon van der Noll, V.Monica van Harpen, Aengus van Hout, Annemarieke van der Voort, Sarah Varian, Rachel Vaughan, Patrick Veale, Alberto Villarejo, Yvette von Cramon, Anneke Vrieling. Glenna Waldron, Dave Wall, Emma Wall, W. J.F.K. Wallace, Roger Wallace, Aisling Walsh, Brian Walsh, Christopher Walsh, Conan Walsh, Debbie Walsh, Frank Walsh, Holly Walsh, Jim Walsh, Maria Walsh, Marie Walsh, Martin Walsh, Oscar Walsh, Paul M. Walsh, Sean Walsh, Brendan Ward, James Ward, Stephen Ward, Jeremy Warnock, Liz Warters, Andrew Warwick, Thomas Watt, Claire Watts, Ryner Weinreich, Lynda Weekes, Delia Welsby, Kate Welsby, R. Wentges, Fiona Wheeldon, Rob Wheeldon, Denise Wheeler, Gerry Wheeler, Michael Whelan, Paul Whelan, Ricky Whelan, Janet Whelehan, Breffni Whiston, Brian White, Kayla White, Sue White, Dave Whitfield, Lesley Whiteside, Sean Whitney, Andy Whitty, Caitriona Whyte, Jennifer Whyte, Andrea Wicks, Chris Wild, Audrey Williams, Ben Williams, Bryony Williams, Chris Williams, Nigel Willits, Penny Wilmot, Anne Wilson, Christopher J. Wilson, Faith Wilson, Jim Wilson, Paul Wilson, Ruth Wilson, Ruth Wiseman, Mitch Wolf, Jeanette Woods, Mark Wright, Linsey Wynne, Y.Carole York,

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The National Biodiversity Data Centre is an initiative of the Heritage Council and is operated under a service level agreement by Compass Informatics. The Centre is funded by the Department of the Arts, Heritage & the Gaeltacht and the Heritage Council.