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The guards of ElsinoreCastle in have scen a Ghoston the bardcmenrs.Ir lookslike rhe fatherof prince -l'hev Hamlet who died only rwo monrhs bcfore. ask Horario.a youngnobleman and a friendof rhe prrnie, ro watchwith them and to talk to the .rffhen it appears. it doesnot speak, and disappears from sight.

The new King of Denrnark Thc new King ofDenmark is Claudius,Hamler's uncle who hasjust ma[ied the Prince'smother, .He allows ,the son of his Lord Chamberlain,. to rcturnto Parrsand urges Hamlel to castoff hismournine. Hamletis srill disrrcssed by his tarher'sdearh and decplv upsel that his mother has marriedbarelv t*o m,rnrh, afterwards.He longsfor deathand cundemnshis mother 'Fraihy, with the words, rhy nameis woman.,

Hamlet's lorying for death O! that this too too sol llesh toutrt nelt, ThalL)and r.sobe itseu inb a dn) . . . IInr ueary, shle,tat, and u,tfrolitubb Seemb mea fie usesof rhis;^orLl. Acrr Scii

Poloniusbids farewellto hisson.advising him on howa youngman shouldbehave.

Polonius's advice to his son l,leithera bonote4 nor a lealer be; Forloa ofi tosesbofi ilsetf dndfri.n t, And bonuA s dul\ th, eds ol hu,bart,j. Thr oboreall. to rhnc mv sctlbe rruc, And [email protected]^, ttsthe nigtu rheda|, Thoucanst not fien befalse to anJma . r Sciii

A ghostly rneeting Hamlet,meanwhile, has gone ro the castlebattlcments with . Vhen the Ghosrappears, he speaksro Hamlel, as the spirit of his dead farhcr. The Ghosrrells how he was l14 hr\ asks.llrrnltt 1o rcvtntle murdcrcd h\ (lhudius lnd lecp thc mcctingsccrer i""ii.-ii"*r",':i;.'. rsksHorrti. ro rr' lrLr\(rr 'rrrJ.'rrrh :"t,;" 'te nr"rr thtnr:t \"uf phil'""nlr\ r'i,,',',',in," rr' JI' rntt"l rn

l1: Hamlet feignsmadness Hamlerdecidcs ro llnd proofof his unclc's\\ickedncss. He is dclerminedlo kill thc King, and pretendsro bc mad in ordcr to trick him. ,Lacrtes' sister, $ho hasbeen courtedby Hamlet,notices his strangebehaviour. She tells her father. Polonius,rvho decidcslhat Hamlet is lovcsick for Ophelia. Claudius, thc King, is also worried about Hamlet's behaviour.He scndsfor Rosencrantzand Guildenstern,old schoolfriends of Hamlet,and asksif they canfind out what is wrongwith him. Hamletsoon discoven that theyare messengcrs from the Kine. He describcshis melancholyto them.

Hamlet's melancholy I ha|t of lalc, - htu r.htl.lirt I h]toi! n r. lov ,tll ,r tn]1h, tngatr Llll dt\Io"t oI,r,:rtrsis; urttl ttrrlr'r'dit grtr ro lfdr il,\,!. t/l ,A drstrrrolottthat thr gaadl'ha x,Iht drth. sr,r,rrsto inr a st,'ri/r' 2rrurrnlrrt i ,ris ,rr^/ crr.1l.,rl ..r,rr)rtl. nt ut, htok !'ou, th$ htuit orfidtsutlt linnd ttttl, tlti\ ,natNitdl nal l) t1x.l Ltlth go/d,rr /irr, trlr'. it aput! to oltto titg k) kb a foll d dttvfunl . gtteatt t)f |utiouts. Vhat a tLtt oIz'.i,tk ts L! iLttt! Hr- oblt ttl ttusoit! hLr6t'lnt nlfd.ul\! |t fir1tt, in n]{)rtttt:.hoi! t\'rt$ dtkl u.lnDabb! h dcndt hoi! likt a dtwL! Dt affrchllu, hoz. litu d s.)t|! lht h.a.lll ol thc ltr,ld! th': q" Sati;,s,u't aw".tl ;.luJt,'.t rt :.ht t tlh Ftut ol Junt Aeu slii

Han et's plot to t ick the King Hamlet lcarns that a group of travclling players are to pcrform at ElsinoreCasde. Hamlet asksthe actorsif thc-v will add a sccneto thcir it resemblcsthe way in which his fatherwas murdercd. If Claudiusrcacls to thc sceneon stagc,Hamlet will know that the King is guilt-"-.He sals ttr himself,'. . .'fhc pla,v'sthc thing,Wherein I'll calchthe conscicnceof the king.'

Hamlet spurns Ophelia 'l'he King and decidcto seeif Hamlet is suffering Quccn'l'hcy from lovcsickness. arrangefor Ophelia to be alonc with Hamlct, but where thc King and Poloniuscan cavesdropon lhe conversation.Hamlet ponderson dearh andasks whether it is betterto liveor dic.

116 Hamlet on life and derrh /, t,. ,i )r)! tt 1,. tttui t. ttr ,tln,t ,,t 1l ,, rl, r li, ,,,i t,' ,t ttr urn,t t,, ,iti, r /t,,/rrf\trr(/.rr,, , /,ri,t!)t,:\,)r. t,r L)i. (), r,,/,rn r,rr, {!rrrrrrd ,,J,,/ r,,rr,t/,,. 1\ ,y,,r,!,! , r/ rlr.a : t,) Jr !tj ,!,, ,hll.1 f. !r,r,,.. rrr(/.1'\ L/,,/'L.r\ ,r, ,,J /r,,rr,r/i. /lL, ,tjnl ttt, ti"rrtjtJ Ltitjtt t),,.L Iit 1l,i t,ir!j t). tt\t,,,r!rlrjrt 1)tl l.),:,\ttl\!,, h .l,r',1 7;,., i,,,t,./, \httl t f.),))ntj.,/,,Jr,,rx ,r. rr,r, i rlr,,rr1.. !it) it !tjtt ,1,,| ,tt &nth .rii, Jr,,rr, D.tr ,,rr, ll ir,,,ir, lr.r.,.ttr|t..t,,tt tirt, n,t,tt ,,ti. rtr\rfrit r/rtld\. /ti,,r/h,,Vr./ t lnti trnll t .rl.rnrr t)t \, l,,rt ll.- \.( I SL:l

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'l'hc King now knows thar it is not love that disturbs Hamlct.He suspectsHamlet of cvil plansand decidesro sendhim to .

The play's the thing Beforethe play takcsplace in front of rhe court, Hamlet advisesthe actorson how to plav their parts.

Hamlet's instructions to the playerc Stut p dni R) rh. rrotd, tfu :.rah'lk) fu dnut: uih tlts srffd/ oDrfr.dnf., tltar jat obt\rtf, ot th. nad?st] of j.r' Iahoc: at\-lhDtEso oi.,.tlanc b l|otn th. tutta!€ .l ttd]'Dts.|llost tN!, ba& dt fic Jit and . , Las akl is, tu hold. ds nlrtt, r,ni|or ttl to an r; to sho,i-|,tuc h.t aLlt lc.t! lt, stonl h.r ou tnas, andtb zq agtutkt bodJ oI nL tiw htstrnn dtdt r"rsu!. Ibzr,, rl,.\ or.'ddt, ol .otnt tattl\ ofI. nnnleh nak. thc skitfuttdush. cdmot b l ,natu tht Judicto ! gtl.rt . . . Ol that bt ?ta,-crsthar I hatt t..tt tln\', a d h.a oLlrts?n& . .. thdr I h.!t. utousN vn. o[ dttoc\ jo llt4rn hnd natb n.n and nor mad! Ihtn t.Ll. thl)'innar.d hu a it! $ dbomnlabl\.

Hamlct carefullvwatches the reactionsof claudius and his "lhc mothcr to lhe pla,v. lady dorh protesltoo much, methinks,'is Gertrude'sresponsc, but the King is dis- turbcd.\Vhcn lhe actorsrcach lhe poinrwhere the l,laver King is porsoncJ.Claudrus srons thc plav.Frrghrcned an

llahlet's thoughtson 'Tr nou ltc z Lt1.u u,httg tiM af tisht, lYhtnt hut,:h|d1ds j'nI! an.lh.ll its.lf hrtfatt:ft\otLl C,tttLrgk,ttu ti:;uorld: rau couLdI dDth hat blood, ,.L,ddo rr.i ,i[.r ]ftsi?frrds rr. dd\. WtotLldq dh''ta Lookan. /''::--P-J'--4-- AcI xI Scii

A chanceto kill 'l'hc the King King norvrcalises rhat Hamlct knorvs ofhis murderous deed.Abne, (llaudiusrries to pravfor forgivcness but finds

l19 I it difficuh.Hamlet, seeing him alonc,rejecrs rhc chancc ro kill him. Ifthe King'spraycrs rvcrc hcard, argucs Hamlct to himself,Claudius might bc forgivcnand rvouldnor suifcr thc fircs of hell.

Poloniusbehind the arras Hamlct hasbecn summoned ro scc his mothcrand shc agreesthal l'oloniusshould hidc behind thc arras,or lapcstry curtain,to listcn to thcir convcrsation.Hamler speaksharshly to his mother,threatening her, and Polonius criesout, alarmedfor her safety.Hamlcr, bclievingit to be thc King, draws his sword and rhrusrs ir rhrough rhc curtain.Polonius falls dcad at his 'l'he fcct. Quecn,convinccd that her son is mad,tells rhc King of Polonius'sdeath. Claudius knou's that the blurvwas intendedfor him and insisrsthat Hamlcr lcavefor lJngland at once.

Ophelia'smadness Soonafter Hamlet sets out for Iingland,it bccomesobvious that Opheliahas gone mad becausc ofher fdthcr'sdeath and 'rVhen thc lossof Hamlet'slove. sorrowscome, rhcv come nol singlespics, But in batralions,'observesClaudius.

Ophelia'slament II u dcadand ganc,lag.. Hrdcuda d sant:: , lr ,?.\/,.ud d €1rj:J'lt,n r nrt( lcr rr Scr

Lacrres,who has hcard ol hisfarhcr's dealh, rushes back to Denmark.He is shockcdbv Ophctia'sinsanirv. She \lr|ju\fl,NLrs an\i .ings. hliriou.,'fhcr"urrounJrng..

Ophelia's madness rr.rr:\ r,r. ,ll\. ,rdl il, rt rrrtrrilrrrLt: prur . /orr,. ttntonht' d]td thtt. u td rifs, ,,.{}r4, ,r.rislfs . . fr.rr! louttll, )\)u. n d d ubrrrts;r/ltrri rrrr'Ial rorr; aar./tr'rr! n t L, Dtt: z!,: nlLt\'t.tll ir ,.r1' ,y' s]rr.. d .SrD./.r-u. O./ \rnr ,n6ljrir|d, \'ol!lf)rk, z.irlr d dtfli\ d& . t h.tt\ d JrN),: I|loutJ sii r',r'drn,xf iri)/.rr, h r rh]'itithtrc.t ott Ilhtr n^ fatkt Llnl :\cr r\ sc!

t20 (,li|udiu5 urge\ l.rerte\ 1()rc!cnge ( l.,L.lr r..,,|r:r .. i..1., |,rll.,,. l'Ll,,rr r. J,, Lt.l ..,, ,i ()tjt,l. .. lll.,.l:... , tli!\ l,.rr I rji r!..! l-,r tr, ll.Lrr,, r.L: I ll!,ri:rl.L , I t.rL|,t::- \,, \r.a l.. tl IrLl I .Lr.IIli. ,,Iri.,. I.,,.rI,. , . I.L,|!. rr., r, . t! | rrr.(r t.,.Ltr rflrr.l.L ..:.. 1.,l, r:LL.,.l.li., .,: '.l, ..,r,ir.l Lirrlj! I 1. , . I llL. jl, i::1..,t ... 1 .l . ,.!Jr t,.L,l,j,,r: rrrL.:rr, l. ll.,ll.t : \i:r.., tr ,i,.!.

'l hc dcath ol Ophtli.r (.)i]r, \\ [, tll,. r: r.: llL:r t!|r lt.L I t;,11..i lr.. . .l . .1,,'Lttrrr! I ,,,r! ,.r::r

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Al lhc gritvcv:rrd ll,rt ! ,,rlL.rrtrLrir, l:l.LrL,trlr.L. l.,r.r rl,rl,\ ll, ,1, lllL:'r.rr,r.,r,l ,,It::,L tll!. r\ Il!tr tltr:,t,rr, .iLtr,:.. .-r. lrr.l\|lri,r.LlrL.lr rt II.LIIII,IrrrLl.:. r(,tlt, !r.1,,rLl:|.. .Lir,tl!.1|r., LJt.Lt ,,nr ,,1 I l. ,lrrll.,lLr-rrf r! tlt.LtLI llr.1... ir.r!r. rL\Lri \ l.l. lt r,rnl,l. l:lr ,,r1.11,1.1,. ,,..,,. Hamlet remembcrs Yoick llrtr',raar)irni/r I hu.i: ltD . lLi tr: I t|11)r:d tttr nL /rn.,/,r,^i Li,ll,l1li,rt\. h. tuthbatn,nnot lttshtthu 1. ,..t.- ....t,,. \t r.. a. .. rarifaf: rrrrrvril'; rrrrr tld:lL\ d Dr.\1n t. that.rh r!rt1t.\,t th, 1,thLon I n)rr.,\ir rrIrair. r,rrar,Jrroll ,,;rrr

l]-3 Horltio lnd llitml.l discolcr thNrlhc ftrtvc is li)| Ophtlir. Hlmlct dcelarcshis lolc lirr Ophclia. bLrrLl.rlcs insrsls rhal rhe lcncingmlrch llkc placc.

The fatal duel 'l'hc li'ncing rrurch hcgins.but during ir therc is I scLtlllc rnd brlh Iltmicr and Llcrtcs rre cul \\.ilh rhe poivrncd sivurd.'lhe Queen picks up rhc \\'inc mcanl li)r lltnrlel. irndhcli)rc lhc King cln slopher. shcdrinks ir lnd shr djes I larrlct picksup rhc poisoncdsword lnd kills rhc King.

Hamlet's death llerles dics tnd it is clcNr lhrt Ihmlcr. ro0. is ri\'ing. Il()ritlio \\'itntslo drink thc poisoncdl.inc in ordtr ro dic rrith Hlnlct. but Hutlct tnsiststh:rt hc rem.In llive to rell I lamlct'sstorv and clcnrhis nlmc. Ilclirrc hc dics. Ilamlct lppoinrs lhc \1)ungNor$.cgiln prince. Iirrtinbrls. as his succcssorto lhc Ihronc. As l hmle l dies in Hor:rrios arms. I loratio bids him a hst larcrrcll. ;\t thel moment. lirrtinbras lrrivcs lrt thc Dtrish court liom lbland ro lind a scencol dcvrstltion. l'hc plal enLls nith a tribureto Illmlcr br li)nirbnts

Horatio'sfarewell ('1,/ ,r"/,/,r- ,,r lrrrr,r. .lrJ /1,{lrr,,t rt(flr ji{! rlr,.

Itl ()f h.lix.rnJ hi' unlcellng Charactcrsin Hamlet r.\tr,n\c lo rhcd(.rth ol l',il.nru'Qn. f.rhll.'. h. siured il hc rs Itt.ttl Ihmlit i\ n(n llll |.t\t ner!'n lt' unLl(|\lrnLl.JDd nrxn\' f \lrerl\ hJ\| lri.J l(,.\fltrrnhi' .(inrr,r,ii(l(ir\t .h!\ rrr. I hi\ i' $h\ he b ,in. .j lhe n](i\l rnr.f.\lrng rh.lrir.(u\ e\cr K1* .Icrrc,l b\ Shrk.'l..rrf Ophelia tP (\rh.lir i\ brrunlirl. kmd rnti I hn1lrl s.nrlf ShcN rrr 1nn,r.tnrs'rl F' .rn.].r Julllul .1n.]lo\ Lns drughr.r.{ h,ir\ \ rlhngl(i 1t'll(\\h(r lrrh.f . r,l\ r. \\ h.n. h{{\.\.r. .hr m.fl' I hn)l(l lh.rt r. rr(idt'L'l.l rhrr .h( l,^c. hrnrdcffl\ \\ hen lfuml.l rtr.|l. hfI l.\.. .lr. .rie' o l rn .1f.f!'r rl lh( .hrns( in hrnr.rrr\ rrrghff..ll .1.$.11 $ hnn. ()th.|r ' nN.ln..' i' (ru.(J l.\ I Irrrn(r. rcre.rr!r. Jn.l lr\ lh..l..rlh,)l h.r 1rIh.f. Sh. btr(mr.' r nxln(11.cr errurc { nri \.rr\ l1,N(f\ rnJ 'ins\ \ing\ !hLiur Hamlet i.h1(\. hr..nJ' I hnrL(r'\ rh. l(N' ol .Ll(i\(J on. Sh. Hrml.r r\ rl]re()l (h. Ino\I trfhr\r,'rf i!ilr.t od.l rnl \rDfjl\ !rlrlrlrnan!lLrrc l11. .onrtLQl.d,)l ,rll unlntr,lltJ. rn.t ht tt cn 'ull.ring rhlllh$ l.rlillcn hlr \hxk.'I1.rrt' rhrrr.lf l' .rt(ilogi\(\ro I-renf\ l.r b.'n! 'tuni.h.,i. Sour.rinrc.h. i' !.nl c rnJ \\ rrh nnr rh,,Lrghrlul.f'uI.n nu'rren,Lr. dr\rru.rr!r . trhmns h1' 'nrrJnc*. llc 'c.rrr\ rr hr\. f..l'jon, lhnru!:hriurIh. l|r\ /lrr,,riiir,r, i r, J. 'r.lr. rrl,lJr,! h.i..ruel.llrdhrrrer e\rf,:'!ll\ \!,lenr $\rng. ('1nu,J IIc A \Ih hb mtnh.r i d ()th.li.L. l.rJ\f in l.. rl.. h,)nc.r.L'r.i l(tr.r1rnd .\hhoLrgh$. \c. h'nr r\ r 1('nhnshr H( i. r lln,lr ' i'.rn ,ilJ nrrnhur I \ho. \frr\rlr\f lcr\(ln sno lnrnr\ h,'n(JLrtublrmrn r.\ron\itil(nr.nrh.r ol th. $,iIl.l .1c,rfL\.rho I lhc Dr!xn1ng,'1 r..,ir Jrns r,, li)r unbr.r\. Krrs ' hliLr'.hfl.tIle 1\rht (n I I!,' r,r [[:. he N Jl\o r nrln r.11,)n hr\fmrdc.rs(rid,uler j!rh.f ('1Lr!.flf' .llrd()th.lir igurn! lhlrr.rcr \\r. h! Il. rlrn\.rnJ !r"'.\ ,iLrrh'\ rnr fl( lt^.' rrlhnlt r,i rn\r!r. \ lr,, r.J \ n d, ()r \r\ hc (nrh r.\.ngc qLrrl.rulhlc'.1\. i' \ ilLnSrL) |'r.n rf hrnr.l.Lrr I ii. rru.ll\ lt' Ir(r,rnJrnsh. i\ r J rn ,,rd.r r(' frcr.r.Lus? 1hr)rlerr.!rJ. hinr r. rn t'L,j li!l .\llh,irLghhr l.rlli.t.t' ruru.h.r!' nrrr\ (i1.1t.('flt.i,,. \lnf,il hN $orJ. rr. $r'r Hb Ophelia on Hamlet's nature rJ\ r.. (in h({\ .r!!nllt Lrn o/ ll1,?/d r,l,l ,i,,,1r\1,r, r,i,r/tt'rt.tt: 'h,irldh.hl\..Ur\t,ir... 1' \f r\ lr, nlr r. r \. J,riJrr \. n hrd, \. , r.. /''r1r,. .ri,,J. '.r'ihl.. II( 'r!\'. (.(i'II\ rh\ 71, 'r1l.l,rr,1 r,L/,r,r'r,, //r, /(irf'/,1r,. h.rl'rr.r\ rh\ frLr'e.rn lrLr\- Ilur th. !h!t rl l^ltrn nn,lth. Dtt\t|lrl tt, t]1 n,n,r\trr" .l i| l.rn.\ ".h. ,n 7lr,!l\ rr',1,'/dl/,t,"ir, g.ruJ\r ir! lhr rtf.rrcl r,li fri!lrrrr.lhr n n

lti Ophelia'scry of despair lr,l1.,t /,,,',r'ir J,r,,r.,rJ irlr,lr,r. 1l1r,,rnr l ,l rr /r,,r\ ,t /l, ,rr,r i,r:r.. '/;' rd.,",, i.lri 1i,r.,r,ll.,.:rlur/,,,'

Gertrude (i.nrulic ( )fh(h.r r. ntn.rre\rl $,i|]r.nr l.rr .h. r. rrh.r llrklr \h. !ri.\e' I(trrDl\ .L.h,,rrlrn. rll.f h.r hu'l.rn,i . dflrh. .r .l h.r .Jrf.l! rern.Lrn.r".rLf,fl, ILnrl(r \fl\ nrurh \hr .e.nl Io h.tr| tlt'l n{.!l hr\ lrrlh ir rhf 1illehr\ (il $Lini.f Sh. r..r.rl\ l(J.rnJ r|lhu \(lll.h. lrL|.hl \h,\\ ' rll.r(!!r iiir ()th.Ir. .lrr!ll({.lL,ther \in (\(ni1'h. "lh( J,it' nL)(Lrnd.f.l.LnLl hrrr qu..r hi. nr,,rh.'.Lr\ r, rln*( b! hi\ li!L. .,,h\J\.\ (.Lrudru..(;.flruLlr'' l\ Lrrl $r)rLl\ rl\ r] .t\ (Liher !in Claudius

l )r rr\ itlt |!t | ,nrlii. 11.& /l r,, iLt.,)t. It htth !)tt tri" l,ll"l ,rr', rt',rr. | 1.,)tli'J:. uJ.t'

(lxLrJir\lill(J hr. hrt)rhrl l...rLr\. hc \.Lrrr.LIr(i hr Kirg. rr.t r(,mr"\ hr. l.r,'thcr'.r rtc Il. b.n i\ rr.lrn I hL,i' pfrt,.rr..iIoDrrJer Ihml.r in ' orritr t,r Lerl hr throne IlLrt :af hkf nr\r 01Shrl.\f.rr. \ ( l-LU,lrrL. \ ilLnn..h. i' r,r rrrrlh rrrhJ. h. JLi.' lf(l r(nrr'\. i J surll 1(irr hrt h. hr. d{'n. I i. rri(' r,i tr.tr 1(irlirgi\.n(\, liL[ kn,i\\ Ih.rrrr r\ r\.lf\\ Ile ll..], n mtrrh\ Ior rhr |lr. ()thrlir hurhi\ huDrnqu.rlir...ri. orl\erghcJ l.\ hr'.\ rl,,nf. Itc G r. Ihe|r.r\irr \ h,i r' rht .JLr'.,il

The Kins's love for certrude .llr,i r,'.rrrrrr.rir, t. rt\ Itt,el /l1,rr.dJ rr, .r,r ,rt.,, rnt h t ttl I r\tll r rt hxt l)\ lir

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