Mixtures Homogenous Compare Heterogeneous compounds and Suspension Mixtures. Colloid Solution Differentiate Solute/Solvent between solutions,
suspensions, and colloids
Comparing Mixtures and Compounds
Made of 2 or more substances Made of 2 or more substances physically combined chemically combined Substances keep their own properties Substances lose their own properties
Can be separated by physical means Can be separated only by chemical means Have no definite chemical composition Have a definite chemical composition
What method is used to separate mixtures Ways to physically separate a Mixture based on boiling • Distillation – uses boiling point point? • Magnet – uses magnetism What method is used • Centrifuge – uses density to separate mixtures based on density? • Filtering – separates large particles from smaller ones What method is used There are 2 types of mixtures: to separate mixtures (1) Heterogeneous Mixtures: the parts mixed together can still be based on particle size? distinguished from one another...NOT uniform in composition Give examples of a heterogeneous Examples: chicken soup, fruit salad, dirt, sand in water mixture
Mixtures 12 (2) Homogenous Mixtures: the parts mixed together cannot be distinguished from one another...completely uniform in composition. Give examples of a homogenous Examples: Air, Kool-aid, Brass, salt water, milk mixture
Differentiate Types of Homogenous mixtures between a homogenous 1. Suspensions mixture and a i.e. chocolate milk, muddy water, Italian dressing heterogeneous mixture. They are cloudy (usually a liquid mixed with small solid
particles) Identify an example of a suspension. Needs to be shaken or stirred to keep the solids from Will the solid settling particles settle in a
suspension? The solids can be filtered out 2. Colloid Can the solid particles in a i.e. milk, Mt. Dew, ranch dressing suspension be filtered?
They are cloudy Give an example of a colloid. The particles are evenly spread out Give an example of a colloid. Cannot filter solid particles easily Will the solid 3. Solution particles settle in a i.e. sprite, air, salt water, honey colloid?
Can the solid The mixture is clear particles in a colloid be filtered? The particles dissolve in the fluid; they become so small that they cannot be seen Give an example of a solution.
A solution does not Will the solid separate particles settle in a solution? out by letting it Can the solid stand or by particles in a filtering solution be filtered?
The particles are evenly spread out