Hannes Meyer By: Maria Medina Born: November 18, 1889 Death: July 19, 1954

Experience Design Philosophies • Trained as a mason. • Practiced as an architect Petersschule (St. Peter’s) • Sleeping habits and an urban planner. • Department manager at • Sex life the Krupp works. • Served as the second director of the . • Pets • Created a company with . • Gardening • Taught at WASI, a Soviet academy for architecture • Personal Hygiene and civil engineering. • Became the director of • Weather protection Estampa Mexicana. • Hygiene in the home

Famous Works Building • Petersschule • Car maintenance • the Geneva League of Nations Building • Cooking • Bauhaus 10 year exhibition. • Heating

• Exposure to the sun

• Services Bauhaus (1929) Bauhaus Changes Major Building Comission

• Became to be known • Expanded preliminary • ADGB Trade Union as “the unkown archi- courses. School tect.”]taught with a • Tuition was through • Second largest functionalist philosophy. • Ran the head of the science and art. • Has a historic protection architecture department. • Opened doors to status • Philosophy was to untalented kids. organize design without • Expanded teach- relating it to aesthetics. ing, while eliminating • Buildings = low cost and fulfill social needs. painting. • He was dismissed two years. Hannes Meyer view for the interior pieces of Functional Architecture the Bauhaus dorms. Furniture Design • This developed the idea of • Based on organoid function. forms. • Radicates the ideas of art. • Belief that it results to • Followed the concept of systematic planning. functionality. • should come from materials • Furniture was flexible that will satisfy the user. since it could be folded • Led to different teaching and collapsed. styles • Incorporated mostly wood with a bauhaus style. • Use of linear patterns.

Hannes Meyer view for the interior pieces of the Bauhaus Life After Bauhaus dorms. • Created plans related to the redevelopment of Moscow. • Meyer realized not only the buildings, but also realized the importance of urbanist projects. • Meyer returned to Switzerland and passed away 1954.

Hannes Meyer piece types of the co-op interiur folding chair. Project Details Petersschule (St. Peter’s) • Precise receding perspective drawing and model. • Building that dominates its site. • Project taken on by a competition launched Geneva League of Nations Building in 1926 for the design of • Guided by nature and a girls school. goals of the League of • Taken on by Meyer & Nations. Wittwer • Started 1920. • Despised allusions and • Recieved third prize. chased illusions. • developed by Hannes Meyer and Hans Wittwer. • It was not part of the Failed construction, but seen in drawings. Design Principles Used

• Large, sized projects. • Minimilistic. • Flexible. • Repetition. • Shadows.

Meyers Bauhaus dismissal • Was replaced by Gropius and mayor. • This was due to allowing communism between students. • It brought bad publicity.

ABDG Trade Union: Interior

“Bauhaus incestous theories lead access Meyers Teaching Styles to healthy, life • Based on understanding buildings. oriented design..., • Reflects process of the biological, as head of Bauhaus, intellectual, spiritual, and physical. I fought the Bauhaus • Important to combine with humans. style.” • Individual + Community = Harmony • Decided to involve students in building - Hannes Meyer commisions. References

• https://biblio.ugent.be/publication/1059313/file/6743476.pdf • Hannes Meyer : Bauhaus100. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.bauhaus100.de/en/past/peo- ple/directors/hannes-meyer/ • Meyer, Hannes Interior view of a studio apartment in the Bauhaus building showing a bed, round table and side chair designed by Marcel Breuer, Dessau, , 1930. (2015, August 09). Retrieved from https://thecharnelhouse.org/2015/08/09/bauhaus-director-hannes-mey- ers-adventures-in-the-soviet-union-1930-1936/meyer-hannes-interior-view-of-a-studio-apart- ment-in-the-bauhaus-building-showing-a-bed-round-table-and-side-chair-designed-by-marcel- breuer-dessau-germany-1930/ • Droste, M., Moortgat, E., Scrima, A., & Carpenter, R. (2004). Bauhaus Archive Berlin: Museum of design, the collection. Berlin: Bauhaus Archive Berlin. • Hannes Meyer. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.britannica.com/biography/Hannes-Meyer