Bauhaus Foundation Gropiusallee 38 06846 Dessau-Roßlau, phone 0049-340-6508-250 www.-dessau.de

Institutional funding: World Heritage Site Bauhaus

Expansion: Former ADGB Bernau Trade Union School Berlin Dessau Bauhaus building

Masters’ Houses Expansion: Houses with Balcony Access

Former art academy and for- mer school of arts and crafts

Haus Am Horn

UNESCO World Heritage Convention

The purpose of UNESCO as an organisation of the United Nations is “to contribute to peace and security by promoting collaboration among the nations through education, science and culture”. UNESCO is working towards this goal with a range of programmes, which from 1972 have also included the World Her- itage Convention as an instrument to protect the world cultural and natural heritage

The world cultural and natural heritage includes monuments of past civilisations, great works of art and unique natural land- scapes, the destruction of which would constitute an irreplace- able loss for all of humanity. World Heritage Sites are of outstand- ing universal value and authentic and their integrity is largely preserved. Their protection is therefore not the sole responsibility of a single nation, but a task for the international community.

The World Heritage List encompasses over 1,000 natural land- scapes and cultural sites in 163 countries worldwide. Germany is represented on the List by 40 World Heritage Sites.

www..de www.whc.unesco.org/en/list

Cover: Three Bauhauslers on the southern side entrance canopy before the lettering of the Bau- haus building in Dessau, 1929, Photo: unknown, Foundation | All colour pictures: Photo: Christoph Petras, 2011 © ARGE model bauhaus 2009 c/o Stiftung Bauhaus Dessau Planned expansion of the World Heritage Site Bauhaus

In 2016 an application was made to UNESCO to add to the World Heritage Site Bauhaus the Bauhaus building Houses with Balcony Access and the ADGB Trade Union School, built under the stewardship Masters’ Houses of the second Bauhaus director . Expansion: Houses with This application was based on the reasoning Balcony Access that the Bauhaus in its complexity and global presence couldn’t be entirely understood without addressing the work of the Bauhaus director Hannes Meyer. He, appointed head of the Bau- haus building department by Gropius in 1927 and director of the Bauhaus from 1928 to 1930, had a formative influence on the training of architects at the school. In line with the conviction of , that the building was the true centre and goal of the Bauhaus as a school.

The Houses with Balcony Access in the Des- sau-Törten Estate and the ADGB Trade Union School in Bernau, Berlin, are singular resolutions of the unity of practice and teaching which the Bauhaus strove to realise. They were built under the stewardship of Hannes Meyer together with the building department of the Bauhaus School of Design and are characterised by an excep- tional architectonic quality derived from the scientifically founded design methodology and functional-economical design with social objec- tives that informed architecture at the Bauhaus under Hannes Meyer. They should therefore be recognised as crucial constituents of the global significance and appeal of the World Heritage Site Bauhaus. UNESCO will reach a decision on the application in 2017. Houses with Balcony Access in Dessau

Architects: Hannes Meyer with the Bauhaus building department, 1930

The five Houses with Balcony Access were designed in a collective planning process by the Bauhaus building department set up by Walter Gropius in 1927. Their distinctive design, explicit- ly based on the functions of living with the reduc- tion of materials and building components to a minimum yielded a singular architectonic quality. The consistently rational layout with shrewdly designed floor plans and furnishings and fittings for the affordable flats combined with commu- nally used areas mean that, with conservative modifications, the social housing blocks also meet contemporary requirements and have been continuously occupied.

Peterholzstraße 40 / 48 / 56, Mittelbreite 6 / 14, 06849 Dessau-Roßlau Daily tours 3.30 p.m. (Feb to Nov) Detailed information under www.bauhaus-dessau.de Former ADGB Trade Union School in Bernau

Architects: Hannes Meyer and assisted by the Bauhaus building department, 1930

The former school for further training of the Allgemein- er Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund (ADGB) testifies to the scientifically founded design process at the Bauhaus under Hannes Meyer, characterised also by sociopolitical aspects, and uniquely exemplifies the unity of research, practice and teaching that the Bauhaus sought to articulate. The thorough- ly rational architecture boasts a complex connection between building and nature and ensures an unusual architectonic quality. The building is currently used as a boarding school for the training of apprentices by the Chamber of Crafts, Berlin.

Hannes-Meyer-Campus 1 und 5 –11, 16311 Bernau near Berlin Visits with a guided tour possible Detailed information under www.bauhaus-denkmal-bernau.de UNESCO- World Heritage Bauhaus World Heritage Site Bauhaus

The Bauhaus and its Sites in Weimar and Dessau are included on the List of World Heritage Sites because the Bauhaus as a school revolutionised concepts and practices in architecture and art in the twentieth cen- tury and because the outstanding architecture of the Bauhaus building in Dessau, deemed to be a seminal work of European modernism, and the other buildings of the Bauhaus masters uniquely represents classical modernism and has significantly shaped the image of modernism in the twentieth century.

In its grounds for inclusion, UNESCO points out that the Bauhaus architecture is a “still uncompleted project for ‘modernity with a human face’”. In its methods and practices of teaching and its conceptual thinking the Bauhaus aimed to give shape to a universal mod- ernism. Following the First World War this involved moulding a new, modern lived-in world in which aspects pertaining to society as a whole played a role alongside those of housing, right up to self-sufficiency and house- hold management.

For the World Heritage List, the Bauhaus is there- fore not only a singular masterwork in the and design, but also a testament to the history of ideas of the twentieth century: “Even though the Bauhaus philosophy of political and social reform turned out to be little more than wishful thinking, its uto- pia became reality through the form of its architecture. Its direct accessibility still has the power to fascinate and belongs to the people of all nations as their cultural heritage.” (from the nomination dossier for receiving the Bauhaus and its sites in the World Heritage List, 1994) Teaching students with the building department of the Bauhaus Dessau, 1932, Photo: Stella Steyn, Bauhaus Dessau Foundation Former art academy and former school of arts and crafts in Weimar

Architect: Henry van de Velde, art academy 1904/11, school of arts and crafts 1906

Walter Gropius founded the Bauhaus in Weimar in 1919 through the merger of the art academy and the school of arts and crafts, based on his main idea of uniting education in art and the arts and crafts. As a consequence, both build- ings are still regarded as the heart of the Bauhaus. With his architectural achievements, the architect of both buildings, Henry van der Velde, is also regarded as a pioneer of modernism. The buildings are currently occupied by the Bauhaus-Universität Weimar.

Geschwister-Scholl-Straße 7/8, 99423 Weimar The building is open to the public. Detailed information about visits under www.uni-weimar.de in Weimar

Architect: , 1923

The Haus Am Horn is the earliest Bauhaus building and therefore serves as a unique example of the work ac- complished at the Bauhaus Weimar. It was designed in 1923 for the first International Bauhaus Exhibition as an experimental single-family house and as a prototype for the construction of an entire housing estate. The architecture is characterised by an innovative ground plan and elevation and by the use of state-of-the-art construction technologies. The interior fittings were made in the Bauhaus workshops. The house is currently used for exhibitions.

Am Horn 61, 99423 Weimar The building is open to the public. Detailed information about visits under www.uni-weimar.de/freundeskreis Bauhaus building in Dessau

Architect: Walter Gropius, 1926

The Bauhaus building is regarded as a key work of European modernism. It combines the principles of functionalism with an outstanding ar- chitectonic quality, using then modern materials such as glass and reinforced concrete. Built as a school of design, its structure expresses the cur- riculum of Bauhaus ideas. Besides this architec- tonic significance with its radical, new approach- es, the location also draws its historically unique relevance from the important contributions made here to the radical renewal of art, design and ar- chitecture in the twentieth century. The Bauhaus building currently houses the Bauhaus Dessau Foundation.

Gropiusallee 38, 06846 Dessau-Roßlau Visits and guided tours daily 10 a.m. to 5p.m. Detailed information under www.bauhaus-dessau.de Masters’ Houses in Dessau

Architect: Walter Gropius, 1926

The Masters’ Houses are the Bauhaus’s out- standing architectural achievements. With their white, cubic forms and complex connections between interior and exterior they have had a lasting influence on and document the debate about standardisation in housing construction. The Masters’ Houses also hold a special significance as homes and studios for eminent Bauhaus artists such as Lyonel Feininger, or . The houses are currently used by the Bauhaus Des- sau Foundation.

Ebertallee 59 – 71, 06846 Dessau-Roßlau Visits daily 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. (Apr till Oct) 11 a.m. to 5 p.m. (Nov till Mar) Detailed information under www.bauhaus-dessau.de