News Corporation 1 Corporation

News Corporation

Type Public

[1] [2] [3] [4] Traded as ASX: NWS ASX: NWSLV : NWS NASDAQ: NWSA

Industry Media conglomerate

[5] [6] Founded , (1979)

Founder(s) Murdoch

Headquarters 1211 Avenue of the City, New York 10036 U.S

Area served Worldwide

Key people (Chairman & CEO) (President & COO)

Products , , Cable Programming, Television, Magazines, , Books, Sporting Events, Websites

[7] Revenue US$ 32.778 billion (2010)

[7] Operating income US$ 3.703 billion (2010)

[7] Net income US$ 2.539 billion (2010)

[7] Total assets US$ 54.384 billion (2010)

[7] Total equity US$ 25.113 billion (2010)

[8] Employees 51,000 (2010)

Subsidiaries List of acquisitions

[9] Website www.newscorp.com News Corporation 2

News Corporation (NASDAQ: NWS [3], NASDAQ: NWSA [4], ASX: NWS [1], ASX: NWSLV [2]), often abbreviated to ., is the world's third-largest media conglomerate (behind The Company and Time Warner) as of 2008, and the world's third largest in entertainment as of 2009.[10] [11] [12] [13] The company's Chairman & is Rupert Murdoch.

News Corporation is a publicly traded company listed on the NASDAQ, with secondary listings on Securities Exchange. Formerly incorporated in , the company was re-incorporated under Corporation Law after a majority of shareholders approved the on November 12, 2004. At present, News Corporation is headquartered at 1211 Avenue of the Americas (Sixth Ave.), in , in the newer 1960s-1970s corridor of the complex.

History 1211 Avenue of the Americas (), where News Corporation is based News Corp was created in 1979 by Rupert Murdoch as a for News Limited. News Limited was created by Murdoch from the assets he inherited in 1952 following the death of his father, Sir , and subsequent expansion. The main asset left to him was ownership of the Adelaide afternoon tabloid, . News Limited operates as News Corporation's Australian brand, operating out of Surry Hills, in .

Moving into the News Ltd. made its first acquisition in the United States in 1973, when it purchased the Express-News. Soon afterwards it founded , a supermarket tabloid, and in 1976 it purchased the . In 1981 News Corp bought half of the movie studio 20th Century , buying the other half in 1984. In 1985 News Corp announced it was buying the group of stations, setting the stage for the launch of a fourth U.S. broadcast network. On September 4, 1985, Murdoch became a naturalized citizen to satisfy the legal requirement that only United States citizens could own American television stations. In 1986, the Metromedia deal closed, and the Fox Company was launched. This network, known on-screen as "Fox", can now be picked up in over 96% of U.S. households.

Expansion and consolidation In 1986 and 1987, News Corp (through News International) moved to adjust the production process of its British newspapers, over which the printing unions had long maintained a highly restrictive grip.[14] A number of senior Australian media moguls brought into Murdoch's powerhouse, including John Dux, who was managing director of the South Morning Post. This led to a confrontation with the printing unions NGA and SOGAT. The move of News International's operation to Wapping in the East End resulted in nightly battles outside the new plant. Delivery vans and depots were frequently and violently attacked.[14] Ultimately the unions capitulated. News Corporation 3

By 1992, News Corp had amassed huge debts, which forced it to sell many of the American magazine interests it had acquired in the mid-1980s to K-III, as well spinning off long held Australian magazines interests as . Much of this debt came from its stake in the Television satellite network in the UK, which incurred massive losses in its early years of operation, which (like many of its business interests) was heavily subsidised with profits from its other holdings until it was able to force rival satellite operator BSB to accept a merger on its terms in 1990. (The merged company, BSkyB has dominated the British pay-TV market since.) In 1993 News Corp acquired a 63.6% stake of the -based STAR TV satellite network for over $500 million, followed by the purchase of the remaining 36.4% in July 1995.[15] [16] Murdoch declared that:[17] "(Telecommunications) have proved an unambiguous threat to totalitarian regimes everywhere ... satellite broadcasting makes it possible for information-hungry residents of many closed societies to bypass state-controlled television channels." In 1995, the Fox network became the object of scrutiny from the FCC when it was alleged that its Australian base made Murdoch's ownership of Fox illegal. The FCC, however, ruled in Murdoch's favor, stating that his ownership of Fox was in the public's best interests. It was also noted that the stations themselves were owned by a separate company whose chief shareholder was U.S. citizen Murdoch, although nearly all of the stations' equity was controlled by News Corp. In the same year News Corp announced a deal with MCI Communications to develop a major news website as well as funding a conservative news magazine, . In the same year, News Corp launched the network in Australia in a partnership with and and Broadcasting Limited. In 1996, Fox established the Channel, a 24-hour cable news station to compete against 's rival channel CNN. In 1999, News Corp significantly expanded its music holdings in Australia by acquiring the controlling share in a leading Australian based label, Gudinski's Mushroom Records; merging it with already held to create Festival Mushroom Records (FMR). Both Festival and FMR were managed by Rupert Murdoch's son for several years. Also in 1999, reported that News Corps paid comparatively lower taxes and Newscorp Investments specifically had made £11.4 billion ($20.1 billion) in profits over the previous 11 years but had not paid net corporation tax. It also reported that after an examination of the available accounts, Newscorp could normally have been expected to pay corporate tax of approximately $350 million. The article explained that in practice the corporation's complex structure, international scope and use of offshore tax havens allowed News Corporation to pay minimal taxes.[18] [19]

Development since 2000 In late 2003, News Corp acquired a 34% stake in DirecTV Group (formerly Hughes Electronics), operator of the largest American satellite TV system, from for US$6 billion. DirecTV Group was sold to in 2008 in exchange for its holding in News International. In 2007 News Corporation reached an agreement to purchase Dow Jones, publishers of The Journal, for an estimated $5.6 billion. On October 15, 2007 the corporation spun off a business news channel from Fox News— Network.[20] The channel's lawyers were "reviewing all of the fine details of the contract" between Dow Jones and CNBC, said , Fox Business Network's vice president of business news and the channel's morning anchor. But, she added, "we will actively use" the other Dow Jones properties.[21] "...this new channel is a bit tedious. Somehow, business is more interesting when treated in a business-like way", commented Rob Carrick in 16 October's Toronto Globe and Mail.[22] On 8 February 2007, Murdoch promised guests at the McGraw-Hill Media Summit that, "a Fox channel would be more business-friendly than CNBC. That channel leap[s] on every scandal, or what they think is a scandal", he said.[23] News Corporation 4

In 2009, News Corp established NewsCore, a global wire service set up to provide news stories to all of News Corp's journalistic outlets.[24] In 2010 due to the Fijian government's requirement that the country's media outlet must be 90% owned by Fiji nationals, News Corporation sold 90% of their stake in their Fijian newspapers (Fiji Times, Nai Lalakai, and Shanti Dut) to Motibhai Group of Companies.[25]

Shareholders • In August 2005 the owned only about 29% of the company. However, nearly all of these shares were voting shares, and Rupert Murdoch retained effective control of the company. Nonetheless, John Malone of Liberty Media had built up a large stake, with about half of the shares being voting shares. Therefore, in November 2006, News Corporation announced its intention to transfer its 38.5 per cent managing interest in DirecTV Group to John Malone's Liberty Media; in return it bought back Liberty's 16.3% shares in News Corp., giving Murdoch tighter control of the latter firm.[26] Murdoch sold 17.5 million class A shares in December 2007.[27] • Prince Alwaleed bin Talal al-Saud of , through his , owns 7% of News Corp.'s shares, making Kingdom Holdings the second largest shareholder.[28] [29] [30] • Years after when Elektra Records was absorbed in 2004, News Corporation owned half of the re-issues from the record label company.

Corporate governance The company's Board of Directors consists of 17 individuals: • Rupert Murdoch (Chairman of the Board & Chief Executive Officer) • José María Aznar • (Director) • Barnes • Chase Carey (Deputy Chairman, President & ) • Kenneth E. Cowley • David F. DeVoe () • Viet Dinh • • Andrew S. B. Knight (Chairman, J. Rothschild Capital Management Limited) • James Murdoch (Chairman & Chief Executive Officer, & Asia) • • Thomas J. Perkins • Arthur M. Siskind (Senior Adviser to the Chairman) • John L. Thornton • Stanley S. Shuman (Director Emeritus) News Corporation 5

Office of the chairman • Rupert Murdoch (Chairman and CEO) • Chase Carey (President, Chief Operating Officer & Deputy Chairman) • David DeVoe (Chief Financial Officer) • (Chief Legal Officer & Group General Counsel) • James Murdoch (Deputy Chief Operating Officer; Chairman and CEO, International) • (Chairman, Group) • Daniel Suárez García (Chairman and CEO, )


Books • HarperCollins book publishing company • HarperCollins (40%) joint venture with India Today Group • Christian book publisher • Inspirio - religious gift production.

Newspapers • Australia published by News Limited. • The Australian (Nationwide) • Community Media Group (16 QLD & NSW suburban/regional titles) • Cumberland-Courier Newspapers (23 suburban/commuter titles) • The Courier-Mail (Queensland) • The (Queensland) • The Post (Cairns, Queensland) • The (Gold Coast, Queensland) • The Bulletin (Townsville, Queensland) • The Daily () • The Sunday Telegraph (New South Wales) • () • Sun (Victoria) • The Weekly Times (Victoria) • Leader Newspapers (33 suburban , VIC titles) • MX (Sydney, Melbourne and CBD) • The Advertiser (Geelong, Victoria) • The Advertiser (South Australia) • The Sunday Mail (South Australia) • (11 suburban Adelaide, SA titles) • () • () • Quest Newspapers (19 suburban Brisbane, QLD titles) • The Sunday Tasmanian (Tasmania) • News (Northern Territory) • The Sunday Territorian (Northern Territory) • The (Atherton Tablelands and the Far North, Queensland) • Fiji News Corporation 6

• Fiji Times (National) (10%) • Nai Lalakai (10%) • Shanti Dut (10%) • Papua New Guinea • Papua New Guinea Post-Courier (National) (62.5%) • UK and Ireland newspapers, published by of News International Ltd. • News Group Newspapers Ltd. • (published in Ireland as The Irish Sun) • • Times Newspapers Ltd. • The Sunday Times • • The Times Literary Supplement • US newspapers and magazines • The New York Post • Community Group • The Paper • Bronx Times-Reporter • Brooklyn Courier-Life • Queens Times Ledger • Dow Jones & Company • Consumer Media Group • • Wall Street Journal Europe • Wall Street Journal Asia • Barron's - weekly financial markets magazine. • Marketwatch - and information website. • Far Eastern Economic Review • Enterprise Media Group • Dow Jones Newswires - global, real-time news and information provider. • - provides business news and information together with content delivery tools and services. • Dow Jones Indexes - stock market indexes and indicators, including the Dow Jones Industrial Average. • Dow Jones Financial Information Services - produces databases, electronic media, newsletters, conferences, directories, and other information services on specialised markets and industry sectors. • Betten Financial News - leading Dutch language financial and economic news service. • • Ottoway Community Newspapers - 8 daily and 15 weekly regional newspapers. • STOXX (33%)- joint venture with Deutsche Boerse and SWG Group for the development and distribution of Dow Jones STOXX indices. • Vedomosti (33%) - Russia's leading financial newspaper (joint venture with and Independent Media). • SmartMoney • The Timesledger Newspapers of Queens, New York: • Bayside Times, Whitestone Times, Flushing Times, Fresh Meadows Times, Little Neck Ledger, Jackson Heights Times, Richmond Hill Times, Jamaica Times, Laurelton Times, Queens Village Times, Astoria News Corporation 7

Times, Forest Hills Ledger, Ridgewood Ledger, Howard Beach Times • The Courier-Life Newspapers in Brooklyn • The Brooklyn Paper • Caribbean Life • Times-Herald Record (Middletown, New York)

Magazines • (Smartsource) (weekly Sunday newspaper coupon insert/website) • Australian • Alpha Magazine • Australian Country Style • Australian Golf Digest • Australian Good Taste • • BCME • Delicious • Donna Hay • Fast Fours • GQ (Australia) • Gardening Australia • InsideOut (Aust) • Lifestyle Pools • Live to Ride • Notebook • Overlander 4WD • Modern Boating • Modern Fishing • Parents • Pure Health • Super Food Ideas • Truck Australia • Truckin' Life • twowheels • twowheels scooter • Vogue (Australia) • Vogue Entertaining & Travel • Vogue • InsideOut (UK Based Magazine) News Corporation 8

Music and radio • Fox Music Group • MySpace Records

Russia • Nashe (50%) • Best FM (50%)

Sport • 50% of the (Australia and New Zealand) • Majority ownership of the (68.9%) and full ownership of the rugby league team. • Rockies (15%)

Studios • Fox Filmed Entertainment: 20th Century Fox's parent company • 20th Century Fox: a film production/distribution company • Fox - specialized films. • - general audience feature films. • 20th Century Fox Television - primetime television programming. • - television distribution (syndication). • Fox 21 - low scripted/budgeted television production company. • Fox Television Studios (productions)- market specific programming e.g. COPS and network television company. • Fox Television Studios International • Fox World Productions • Fox World Australia • Fox TV Studios • Fox TV Studios India • Natural History New Zealand - natural world documentaries, non-fiction programming. • Fox Faith - Promotion and distribution of Christian and related "family friendly" movies on DVD and some theatrical release. • , Sydney, New South Wales • - production of CGI films e.g. . • Group • New Regency Productions (20%) - general audience feature films. • (20%) - parent company of New Regency Productions (50%). • BSkyB Studios London, England • New Delhi,India News Corporation 9

TV News Corp agreed to sell eight of its television stations to Oak Hill Capital Partners for approximately $1.1 billion as of 22 December 2007. The stations are US Fox affiliates.[31]

Broadcast • (Fox), a US broadcast television network • My Network TV, a US broadcast television network • Fox Television Stations Group, a group of owned and operated Fox television stations • Saeta TV Channel 10, channel of Uruguay • ITV plc (17.5%), a British broadcast television network and the UK's largest advertising revenue based broadcaster via BSkyB, although a recent legal decision will require this stake to be cut. • News Corp Europe • bTV, a broadcast television network in . They sold this to CME in February 2010. • B1 TV (12,5%), a broadcast television network in , in partnership with Ismar International NVkkkk • Fox Televizija, a broadcast television network in (49%). They sold this to Antenna Group in January 2010 • Fox , a Turkish terrestrial channel (56,5%) (formerly TGRT) • Imedi Media Holding (100%), a Georgian radio and TV broadcaster. • Imedi Television • Radio Imedi • 10 (9%), a terrestrial channel in Israel. • LNT (100%), a terrestrial channel in • TV5 Riga (100%), a terrestrial channel in Latvia • Cielo (100%), a channel in (20%), a private television station in , under the administration and label of STAR TV • Prime Television New Zealand - commercial TV station, interest held through stake in SKY Network Television

Satellite television • SKY Digital, & Ireland (39.1% holding). In practice, a controlling interest. • SKY Network TV, New Zealand (44%) • SKY Italy, Italian satellite TV service • SKY Latin America, Latin American satellite TV service • SKY (49.90%), Germany's largest pay TV provider • SKY Tata (20%), an Indian DTH HDTV service (in partnership with ) • FOX Television (25%), Australia, a joint venture with Telstra and Publishing and Broadcasting Limited • FOX Italy, Italian Broadcast and Production Company (with 2 HDTV) • STAR TV, an Asian satellite TV service having 300 million viewers in 53 countries (it acquired and Asianet, (two prominent south Indian networks) • (17.6%), satellite TV network with landing rights in Hong Kong, and select provinces on . News Corporation 10

Cable Cable TV channels owned (in whole or part) and operated by News Corporation include: • Fox Business Network, a business news channel. • , a channel airing classic TV shows & movies • Fox Movie Channel, an all-movie channel that airs commercial-free movies from 20th Century Fox's film library • Fox News Channel, a 24-hour news & opinion channel • Net, a chain of US regional cable news television networks broadcasting local sporting events linked together by national sports news programming. Local channels include "Fox Sports Southwest", "Fox Sports ", etc. (some affiliates are owned by ). • SportSouth, a in the United States, with its headquarters in , , and affiliate of Fox Sports Net. • Sun Sports a regional sports network in the United States, with its headquarters in , Florida, and affiliate of Fox Sports Net. • Fox College Sports, a college sports network consisting of three regionally aligned channels, mostly with archived Fox Sports Net programs but also some live and original content. • Channel, a United States and satellite network specializing mainly in soccer. • , a sister network to FSC, but including coverage of other sports, most notably rugby union. Launched in 2010 after News Corporation picked up many of the broadcast rights abandoned by when it stopped broadcasting in the U.S. • Fox Sports Middle East - English language sports network airing in Middle East countries including Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, UAE & Yemen. • Fox Pan American Sports (37.9%) - joint venture with Hicks, Muse, and Tate & Furst. • Fox Sports en Español (50%), a Spanish-language North American cable sports network; its sports lineup is tailored to appeal to a Latin American audience. • Fox Sports en Latinoamérica, a -based Latin American satellite and cable sports network. • FX Networks, a cable network broadcasting reruns of programming previously shown on other channels, but recently creating its own programming, including the Emmy Award-winning programs and Damages. • Speed Channel • FUEL TV • , cable and satellite channel dedicated to The , launched Aug 2007 (49%) • National Geographic Channel (joint venture with National Geographic Magazine) 67% • National Geographic Channel International 75% • National Geographic Wild (joint venture with National Geographic Magazine) • Fox International Channels, domestic cable channels offering different formats of Fox programming in over thirty countries worldwide. • Fox • • Fox Life HD • • FX • Fox Horror • • Fox Sports • Speed Channel • National Geographic Channel News Corporation 11

• National Geographic Channel HD • National Geographic Wild • National Geographic Adventure • National Geographic Music • National Geographic Junior • Cult • Next:HD • Voyage • Real Estate TV • BabyTV • Fox Toma 1 - Spanish language television production. • Fox Telecolombia - Spanish language television production. (51%) • Utarget.Fox - European and Latin American online ad company, plus now handles TV ad sales. • Middle & South America • Fox Latin American Channels - channels available in over 17 countries in Latin America • National Geographic Channel • National Geographic Channel HD • National Geographic Wild • • Universal Channel • Universal HD • Fox Channel • Fox HD • FX • Fox Life • Syfy • Fox Sports • Speed Channel • Baby TV • Utilisima • Fox One-Stop Media - advertising sales for company owned and third party channels in Latin America • LAPTV (60%) (Latin American Pay Television) operates 8 cable movie channels throughout South America excluding . • Telecine(12.5%) operates 5 cable movie channels in Brazil. • Australia • Premier Media Group (50%) • Fox Sports One • Fox Sports Two • Fox Sports Three • FoxSportsNews • FUEL TV (Australia) • How To Channel • Speed Channel • Premium Movie Partnership (20%) - movie channels, a joint venture between 20th Century Fox, , NBC Universal, and Liberty Media PLATFORMS News Corporation 12

• India • Hathway Cable & Datacom (22.2%), India's 2nd largest cable network through 7 cities including Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi, & Pune • • Total TV (20%), Pay TV platform with JV partner KOO's Group majority owner (80%). News Corp also has a 20% interest in the KOO's Group directly

Internet • Fox Interactive Media • Foxsports.com - website with sports news, scores, statistics, video and fantasy sports • MySpace - Social networking website, general interest website acquired through purchase from Intermix Media • MySpace TV, a video site which will host amateur videos, contents from net and studios that competes with 's YouTube • (27%) - online video streaming site in partnership with NBC Universal and . • - provides Web-based tools for photo and video editing and mashups. • IGN Entertainment - entertainment portal (Includes the sites IGN, GameSpy, TeamXbox, and Askmen.com) • Giga.de • Slingshot Labs - web development incubator (Includes the sites DailyFill). • Strategic Data Corp - interactive advertising company which develops technology to deliver targeted internet advertising. • Scout.com [32] • WhatIfSports.com - sports simulation and prediction website. Also provides fantasy-style sports games to play. • Indya.com [33] - 'India's no. 1 Entertainment Portal' • ROO Group Inc (5% increasing to 10% with performance targets) • News Digital Media • News.com.au [34] - Australian-oriented news website • News Lab • CareerOne.com.au [35] (50%) - recruitment advertisement website in partnership with Monster Worldwide. • Carsguide.com.au [36] • in2mobi.com.au [37] • TrueLocal.com.au [38] • Moshtix.com.au [39] – a ticket retailer • Learning Seat [40] • Wego [41] News owns minority stake in Wego.com • Netus (75%) - investment co. in online properties. • REA Group (60.7%) • Realestate.com.au • Casa.it [42] (69.4%), also holds a 30.6% share • atHome group, operator of leading realestate websites in Luxembourg, France, Belgium and Germany. • Altowin (51%),provider of office management tools for realestate agents in Belgium. • Propertyfinder.com [43] (50%), News International holds the remaining 50% • Sherlock Publications, owner of hotproperty.co.uk portal and magazine titles ' Property', 'Renting' and 'Overseas' News Corporation 13

• ukpropertyshop.co.uk, most comprehensive UK estate agent directory. • PropertyLook, property websites in Australia and New Zealand. • HomeSite.com.au [44], home renovation and improvement website. • Square Foot Limited, Hong Kong's largest English Language property magazine and website • Primedia - Holding co. of Inside DB, a Hong Kong lifestyle magazine. • TadpoleNet Media [45] (10%) Hosts of ArmySailor.com [46] • New Zealand • DVD Unlimited - leading online DVD subscription service (ownership through stake in Sky Network Television). • Fox Networks - one of the largest international ad networks. • Expedient InfoMedia [47] network.

Other assets • NDS - Conditional access technology and personal digital video recorders (PVRs) (49%) • Jungo • Timothy Coville • ITE, publisher of PlayStation and Mobile games, and interactive television • Broadsystem Ltd (UK) - Telephony provider for media companies, bought in 1991 • Broadsystem Australia (Australia) • Broadsystem Ventures (UK) - provider of cheap-rate telephone calls, particularly for customers of Sky Television. Bought outright in 1999. • Jamba! - Mobile Entertainment/Mobile Handsets Personalisation/Games. • - Largest outdoor advertising company in Eastern Europe with over 70,000 including billboards and bus shelters, operating in Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Hungary, India, Israel, Poland, Romania, Russia (96 cities), Turkey & Ukraine. • Maximedia Israel (67%) • Mosgorreklama (50%) - Russia sign and marketing material manufacturer • Kamera Acikhava Reklamclik (?) - leading outdoor advertising company in Turkey • Australian (45%) - real time news service. • Stats Inc (50%) - worlds leading provider of sporting information and statistical analysis (a JV with Associated Press) • Fox Sports Grill (50%) - Upscale sports bar and restaurant with 7 locations - Scottsdale, ; Irvine, ; , ; Plano, ; , Texas; San Diego, California; and Atlanta, Georgia. • Fox Sports Skybox (70%) - Sports fan's Bar & Grill at Staples Center and 6 airport restaurants. • News America Marketing (US) - (100%) - nation’s leading marketing services company, products include a portfolio of in-store, home-delivered and online media under the SmartSource brand. • Rotana (9%) - Largest Arab entertainment company owned by Saudi Prince Al-Waleed bin Talal • The Daily - iPad only newspaper delivered daily. • Making Fun - social game developer for making games for social networking sites, smartphones, tablets and other devices.[48] News Corporation 14

Annual conference News Corporation organises an annual management conference, discussing media issues related to geopolitics. Attendees include News Corporation executives, senior journalists, Politicians and Celebrities. Previous events were in Cancun, Mexico, and the off the coast of Australia. The events are private and secretive, there are no records available for the agenda or talks given at the conferences, and no uninvited journalists are permitted access.[49] The 2006 event in Pebble Beach, California was led by Rupert Murdoch. According to a copy of the agenda leaked to the Times and other media accounts,[50] issues discussed related from Europe to broadcasting and , terrorism to the national policy.[51] included speeches from Rupert Murdoch, Governor , former British Prime Minister , , , Senator John McCain and while Israel's President, , will appear on a panel named "Islam and the West". Other notable attendees include and .

Political donations

Republican Governors Association In anticipation of the 2010 elections, News Corp. donated $1 million to the Republican Governors Association in June 2010. The move was criticized by Democrats who said this was evidence of News Corp's media outlets conservative leanings. The Democratic Governors Association criticized the donation, and demanded more transparency in the reporting by News Corp companies. DGA head Nathan Daschle wrote to the chairman of News Corp company Fox News, Roger Ailes: "In the interest of some fairness and balance, I request that you add a formal disclaimer to your coverage any time any of your programs covers governors or gubernatorial races between now and election day." [52]

United States Chamber of Commerce In the summer of 2010, News Corp. donated $1 million to the United States Chamber of Commerce. The Chamber aggressively supported the Republican effort to retake Congress in 2010.[53] This donation and an earlier $1 million contribution that News Corp. made to the Republican Governor's Association led media critics to question whether the company had crossed an ethical line for a media company.[54]


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[29] interview with Prince Alwaleed Bin Talal (http:/ / video. google. com/ videoplay?docid=5248387077652418022&

q=alwaleed& hl=en), video.google.com

[30] Li, Kenneth (2010-01-22). "Alwaleed backs James Murdoch" (http:/ / www. ft. com/ cms/ s/ 0/ 7b0b1924-06f5-11df-b058-00144feabdc0. html?nclick_check=1). Financial Times (Pearson PLC). . Retrieved 2010-01-23.

[31] Kercheval, Nancy and Danielle Rossingh (2007-12-22). "News Corp. to Sell U.S. TV Stations for $1.1 Billion (Update5)" (http:/ / www.

bloomberg. com/ apps/ news?pid=20601087& sid=a3tNrZzvfKiM). Bloomberg.com. . Retrieved 2007-12-22.

[32] http:/ / www. scout. com

[33] http:/ / www. indya. com/

[34] http:/ / www. news. com. au/

[35] http:/ / www. careerOne. com. au

[36] http:/ / www. . com. au/

[37] http:/ / in2mobi. com. au

[38] http:/ / www. truelocal. com. au

[39] http:/ / Moshtix. com. au

[40] http:/ / learningseat. com. au

[41] http:/ / wego. com

[42] http:/ / Casa. it

[43] http:/ / Propertyfinder. com

[44] http:/ / HomeSite. com. au

[45] http:/ / www. tadpolenet. com

[46] http:/ / www. armysailor. com

[47] http:/ / www. expedientinfomedia. com

[48] http:/ / venturebeat. com/ 2011/ 02/ 25/ making-fun-video-games-news-corp/

[49] "Murdoch's Pebble Beach shindig" (http:/ / www. abc. net. au/ rn/ mediareport/ stories/ 2006/ 1711577. htm). Australian Broadcasting Corporation. . Retrieved 2007-12-01.

[50] Brook, Stephen (2006-07-31). "Bono and Blair to join Murdoch on the beach" (http:/ / www. guardian. co. uk/ media/ 2006/ jul/ 28/

. broadcasting). (London). . Retrieved 2007-12-01. News Corporation 16

[51] Hinsliff, Gaby (2006-07-23). "The PM, the mogul and the secret agenda" (http:/ / observer. guardian. co. uk/ politics/ story/ 0,,1827023,00. html). The Guardian (London). . Retrieved 2007-12-01.

[52] http:/ / www. guardian. co. uk/ media/ greenslade/ 2010/ aug/ 20/ news-corporation-fox-news, The Guardian, accessdate = 2010-08-23

[53] News Corp. gave $1 million to pro-GOP group (http:/ / www. . com/ news/ stories/ 0910/ 42989. html), Ben Smith, Politico, September 30, 2010

[54] Politico, News Corp Gave $1 Million to Pro-GOP Group, http:/ / www. politico. com/ news/ stories/ 0910/ 42989. html, Oct 1, 2010

External links

• Official website (http:/ / http:/ / www. newscorp. com)

• Ketupa - News Corporation (http:/ / www. ketupa. net/ murdoch. htm) profile with history and holdings

• News Corp. Holdings and Timeline - Columbia Journalism Review (http:/ / www. cjr. org/ resources/ ?c=newscorp) (This site has not been updated since 2004)

• News Corporation (http:/ / www. guardian. co. uk/ media/ news-corporation) collected news and commentary at The Guardian

• News Corporation (http:/ / topics. nytimes. com/ top/ news/ business/ companies/ news_corporation) collected news and commentary at The New York Times Article Sources and Contributors 17 Article Sources and Contributors

News Corporation Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=430892226 Contributors: 32.2 feet per second, A1000, AEMoreira042281, Aaronhill, Academe, Aceboy, AdamDeanHall, Aditreeslime, Aep, Agentq314, Algebran, Anas Salloum, AndrewHowse, Andystar23, Anna Lincoln, Anniv22, Anoopes, Ansett380, Antique Rose, Aquillion, Aruton, Arzel, Assassinoc714, Astor14, Atheuz, AuburnPilot, Avenue, AxG, AxelBoldt, B64, Balweyn1977, Barrylb, Baseball Bugs, Bender235, Betterusername, BigBadaboom0, Bilbo571, Blaze.37, BlueAzure, Bluemoose, Bob1983, Bobhobbit, Bobo192, Bongle, Bongomanrae, Bongomatic, Borys J, Bovineone, Branddobbe, BritishWatcher, Brossow, Burgsprinta, CR85747, Caceo, CanadianLinuxUser, Carina22, Carsguide comau, CaseyPenk, Catapult, Cedars, Cflm001, Cfulmino, Chakrata, Chaplin62, Charles . 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