Chapter 14 ISN Vocabulary

Please glue the sheets to the correct pages in your interactive notebooks. Then, match the definition with the vocabulary word and use the definition to make a flap over the correct term. Please color at least a border on the flaps.

geologic scale eon

Mesozoic Era Era era

Precambrian period species time

natural organic selection evolution

Charles Darwin cyanobacteria

artificial selection

exoskeleton Homo sapiens

Angiosperms Gondwanaland Edicaran fauna


HMS Beagle

mass adaptation index fossil

Some of the earliest evidence of life on Animals with a Animals that live on Earth. They consist of backbone. land but return to mats of cyanobacteria water to reproduce. that used photosynthesis to generate .

A naturalist who sailed around the world from Organisms used to 1831 to 1836 to study Extinct saber- identify specific Biology and . He toothed cat that geological time proposed the theory of lived from 1.6 to periods. evolution by natural 8000 ago selection

The process of breeding The Era that began The term for the individuals with desired about 65 million years hard outer skeleton characteristics. Humans ago and continues today. of an organism such use this type of Humans and larger selection when breeding appeared. as a trilobite. domestic animals.

The Southern The idea that organisms landmass that was Animals without a formed when Pangaea have changed over time, backbone. most likely because of separated in the environmental changes. Era.

A division of geologic lasted from 245 to 65 million years ago. Pangaea separated The longest time characterized by into continents. subdivision of differences in life- evolved. Some dinosaurs might geologic time. It is forms, the differences have been warm-blooded, traveled in herds, and based on the can be regional rather nurtured their young. Small than global. mammals, , & abundance of fossils. angiosperms also developed. lasting from about 544 million This time period lasted years ago to about 245 million from 4.5 billion to about Earth’s years ago. Many organisms 544 million years ago. with shells and various divided into smaller Very few fossils remain vertebrates evolved in the warm, shallow seas. Early from this time. Worms time units. , amphibians, , & and jellyfish appeared. gymnosperms developed.

A group of organisms Bottom dwelling marine animals that lived late in that normally The ship that Charles the time. reproduce only with Darwin sailed around They might have been other members of the world on from similar to modern jellyfish, their group. 1831 to 1836. worms, and soft but with tough outer coverings.

The Northern These were blue-green A division of geologic that were one of the landmass that was earliest life forms to formed when Pangaea time marked by significant worldwide appear on Earth. They separated in the changes in the types of added oxygen to the atmosphere through Mesozoic Era. fossils in rock. photosynthesis. states that organisms more A giant landmass This organism had an adapted to an environment exoskeleton with three are more likely to reproduce. formed by continental lobes, lived in oceans for This occurs within a species collisions near the more than 200 million only if characteristics present years. They were index in some numbers increase end of the Paleozoic their chance for survival. Era. fossils that lived during New species evolve from this. specific periods of time.

A division of geologic An that time based on types Animals that evolved signaled the end of of life existing from a species of the Paleozoic Era worldwide at a amphibians particular time.

A food making process Naked seed ; that uses light energy Flowering plants that Plants that produce from the sun, carbon seeds but not flowers appeared during the dioxide, and water and Period. generates sugar and that appeared in the oxygen. Paleozoic Era.

Any structural or Mammals such as behavioral change that Scientific name for kangaroos, wombats, helps an organism survive the humans that and koalas that carry in its particular environment. appeared about their young in a 400,000 years ago. pouch.