Hosted by Just Festival at Edinburgh International Festival Fringe August 2017 The historic Rainbow Restaurant is going to Edinburgh’s International Where: Festival Fringe. Just Festival, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK Venue: St John’s Church, Princes Street: a 120 seats theatre in the city center. It will be hosted by Just Festival. through music, this unique multimedia Presenting a multi-disciplinary South installation follows the - UK When: African cultural installation aiming to Season (2014-2015) and tells a story of August 2017 share the best of their 36 year history memories and hope. 24 DAYS of performance of struggle for freedom and peace What: Installed in a re-designed church with a special “Rainbow” artistic set-up, the one month installation, “the RAINBOW in EDINBURGH” will share the ongoing story of a unique cultural institution from KwaZulu-Natal where music is used as a medium to break down social barriers” On stage: 7 bands that have a historic link to the Rainbow stage will have four days of performances each.

2 - Rainbow in Edinburgh The Music The Sounds of KwaZulu-Natal

Madala Kunene

Madala Kunene, the king of Zulu blues guitar is one of a staunch academic who wanted him to be something of a the oldest and dearest friends of the Rainbow with a bookworm. At the age of eight, in the year 1959, Kunene and performance history on our stage dating back to the 1980’s. some members of his extended family were trucked off by As part of a double bill with the high energy maskanda the Apartheid government to go live in the then relatively new sounds of Shabalala Rhythm for our opening salvo in township of KwaMashu. “People can’t imagine what it’s like Edinburgh, we cannot think of a better combination to lay when you see bulldozers demolish your home in the middle down a distinct marker on the region that gave birth to of the night,” recalls Kunene. “The worst thing was that when the Rainbow Restaurant. With the Rainbow having been they moved us, they came at night and packed my family established in the dark days of Apartheid, we are inviting into the back of a truck and then went to another area to Kunene to present his current album, 1959 . pick up another family there and so on. So you were not just separated from your home, you were stripped of your friends Kunene was born in 1951 in Mkhumbane (Cato Manor), a and neighbours in the process. It was a very calculated act,” vibrant mixed community just outside of inner Durban. The Kunene adds. son of a carpenter, Kunene was raised by his grandmother —

Shabalala Rhythm

World music talent comes no finer than guitarist Maqhinga Radebe was called that from the Shabalala family of Durban. to join the group. Later that year the first Sibongiseni Shabalala, who now steps album was released.Since the band formed into his father’s shoes to lead Ladysmith they have gone from strength to strength Black Mambaso, is also the core of the hot performing nationally and internationally. Maskanda act Shabalala Rhythm. Their live shows are high energy, very slick A hugely talented performer Sibongiseni productions. drives with a passion any project he is Supporters of the band know to expect involved with. Shabalala Rhythm began a fantastic event and new followers in 1998 and after writing tracks “Ubuhle will be swept up by their precision and Bakho” and “Intombi Ingalile” Durban interpretation of the Maskanda style.

Rainbow in Edinburgh - 3 The Music The Jazz Masters

Louis Mhlanga Quintet

Mhlanga (born 10 November 1956) is such as Shaka, Talking Drum, Ilanga, a South African based Zimbabwean Mudzimu, and . Louis award-winning guitarist and producer. eventually headed to South Africa to pursue different musical opportunities, Mhlanga’s career began in the 1970s. leading to collaborations with renowned Fronting many bands in , South African artists such as Miriam he mixed American and Zimbabwean Makeba, , Ray Phiri, influences into his music. Mhlanga , Mlunhgisi Gegane, and became renowned for his guitar skills, . and worked with Zimbabwean acts

Darius Brubeck Quartet

The Darius Brubeck Quartet has acquired an Lion”, “Two And Four/To And Fro” and the 2015 enthusiastic following for its strong programs of release “Cathy’s Summer”. ‘More than half a South African jazz, Dave Brubeck hits and Darius’ century after [Dave Brubeck] invited listeners to original compositions. Playing to consistently start counting in odd numbers, the music has sold-out houses at regional festivals and clubs, lost none of its poise… Darius is as cultured including London’s Ronnie Scott’s, Pizza Express a pianist as his father.’ Clive Davis, The Times and 606 Jazz Clubs, the London-based Quartet’s ‘Darius, the eldest [of Dave Brubeck’s sons] and acoustic sound is melodic, spontaneous and most visually like his father, plays stylish piano rhythmically exciting. Audiences also appreciate and knows the score.’ Jack Massarik, Evening the talk between songs. The London-based Standard Quartet has toured Europe and the Middle East and recorded three CDs, “For Lydia and the

4 - Rainbow in Edinburgh The Music The Jazz Masters

Melvin Peters & Arne Hiorth

Melvin Peters started classical Kwazulu-Natal). He taught here piano lessons at the age of six for ten years and during this and continued through high time was awarded a scholarship school. Whilst studying towards to study at Harvard University in a Bachelor of Music degree 1998/9. In 2010, Peters joined at the University of Natal, he Norwegian trumpeter Arne began jazz piano lessons under Hiorth in a performance with the the tutelage of Darius Brubeck North Sea Big Band at National in 1983. After completing a Arts Festival in Grahamstown, Master of Music degree in South Africa. When Hiorth Jazz Performance in 1989, he visited South Africa in late 2015, was appointed lecturer in Jazz he joined Peters in a quartet for Studies at the University of a performance at the Rainbow Durban-Westville in 1990. (UN on 8 November. and UDW are now combined Pops Mohammed & Dave Reynolds under the name University of Pops Mohamed: South Africa’s He also co-created the TV show beloved “minister” of music, multi- Southern Rhythms. The show explores instrumentalist, jazz composer, the relationship between music and traditional music preservationist and spirituality in SA. global “Fucha-Rist” was featured Dave Reynolds is SA’s leading in the TV series 21 Icons. He’s steelpan player! He’s a SAMRO Award synonymous with the term South winning composer and also performs African Jazz legend. He’s a multi- with acoustic guitar. He’s toured award winning performer who’s toured and recorded all over the world with with artists like world music legends legends like Steve Newman, Hugh Andreas Vollenweider and Baaba Maal Masekela, the late Gito Baloi, Tony and recorded music with SA’s tribal Cox, the late Sipho Gumede, Paul people - the San, more commonly Hanmer and McCoy Mrubata. known as the Bushmen.

Rainbow in Edinburgh - 5 The Music The International Guest

Akale Wube

In their 6 years of existence, Akalé into Ethiopian music, all the while Wubé has never stopped widening multiplying their collaborations the canvas onto which they lay with musicians and dancers from their music, which keeps becoming Ethiopia, Africa and Europe. Slowly richer and deeper just like the but surely, clocking in at around their primary source of inspiration: 200 concerts in Europe, Asia and the popular Ethiopian repertoire Africa, the band has become one of the 60s and 70s. The band of the world’s leading ambassadors started off covering music from the of Ethiopian groove. “Ethiopiques” series, after which they immersed themselves deeper

6 - Rainbow in Edinburgh The Pop-up Shebeen with Zulu Flavours

Tastes of the Rainbow:

The flame grilled spicy A-Flat Chicken, the Durban bunny-chow; uJeqe (traditional steamed bread); isibindi (fried ox-liver), usu (tripe); the multi-colored Rainbow salad and more, all served on Lezi’thebe, traditional hand carved wooden platters in true African tradition of communal eating, also known as ubuntu.

Wherever possible, all products offered for sale will be sourced from Fair Trade suppliers or suppliers that work within the ethics of Fair Trade.

A pop up art and gifts shop will offer community development as a project CD’s and mementos from the artists, of the Hillcrest Aids Centre Trust - The Rainbow t-shirts and calendars - incorporating Spaza Shop incorporating the images of Mayet as crafters drawn from the catchment well as prints of Makhanya’s paintings. area of the Rainbow’s regular clientele Also, traditional craft and design as well as other successful job creating from Kwazulu-Natal in partnership companies like Congo Rose - with organisations such as the Woza Moya Craft Store, a success story for

Rainbow in Edinburgh - 7 A Visual Journey Exhibition: Reminiscing In Tempo

Photographs by Rafs Mayet: Paintings by artist Zamani Makhanya images of Rainbow Restaurant since 1985

Rafique ‘Rafs’ Mayet born in Durban in 1955, was the first Zamani Makhanya, born in Durban in 1959, was first photographer to exhibit at the Cape Town International Jazz Festival in 1999. introduced to art at Amanzimtoti College, and after completing a Fine Art Learning the basics in 1983 by working in the darkroom of documentary degree at Fort Hare in the Eastern Cape, went on to form a collective of photographer Omar Badsha, he later became a member of ‘Afrapix’, a artists from the Durban area who called themselves “Third Eye Vision”. photographic collective that extensively covered the resistance to Apartheid This group rejected old artistic traditions and focused on the importance of during the dark days of the Eighties and early Nineties in South Africa. being African by exploring African symbolism, and were heavily influenced by From 2004 until 2015, he was the curator for the photographic exhibitions at abstracts and the silent dialogue that existed between artists. the “Duotone Gallery”, an integral part of the Cape Town International Jazz Zamani prefers to work in pastels, slowly building up the surface area using Festival experience. He has also participated in solo and group exhibitions, a ‘Sgrafitto’ technique to etch into the surface, bringing out color variations both in South Africa and abroad. Rafs Mayet has been capturing images of and thus, showing different textures. He held his first solo exhibition in the Rainbow Restaurant Pinetown since 1985. 2003 at the African Art Centre and has also contributed to several group exhibitions, both here in South Africa and abroad.

8 - Rainbow in Edinburgh Side Events

Literature & Heritage Documentaries Launch and workshops on the book in our program as his time as Professor Reminiscing in Tempo: The Rainbow of Jazz Studies at the then University of UNDER THE RAINBOW, a biographical documentary on the Rainbow and Resistance in 1980’s South Africa Natal was inextricably tied in with the produced by Durban based Production Company, Scholars and Gentlemen. It by Professor Marc Duby, research development of the Rainbow. Brubeck will tell the story of the Rainbow’s establishment and survival under the stern professor in Musicology at the University started what is today the oldest school eye of the Security Branch, with a strong focus on the enigmatic character that of South Africa. On the invitation of of Jazz Studies in Africa during this is Ben Pretorius, right through to present day as a functioning, living institution Darius Brubeck, Duby a bassist by trade time and together with Pretorius and that continues to host world class music events in a very “other where” location initially relocated to Durban in 1984 the Rainbow established the Ronnie deeply embedded in the chaotic commuter hub that is the Pinetown bus and and proceeded to perform regularly at Madonsela Scholarship Fund at the taxi rank. the Rainbow through to 1992, at a time University, which has supported the when the laws of the land said he was development of some of the brightest THE RAINBOW: THE STRUGGLE FOR JAZZ AND JAZZ FOR THE not allowed to do so. lights to come out of South Africa in the STRUGGLE, by award winning journalist, Niren Tolsi. The four key chapters of world of jazz. this documentary are: “The Rainbow’s founding; The Truth and Reconciliation Darius Brubeck’s biography, Jazz Commission headed by Archbishop Tutu; The Marikana massacre; and The Life will also feature apparent suicide death of jazz musician Zim Ngqawana”.

Rainbow in Edinburgh - 9 The Rainbow to Edingurgh in Numbers

40 artists 28 musical performances 2 exhibitions It is said that Edinburgh’s year round population of 2 documentaries 500 000 more than doubles during the month of 1 book August when the world’s biggest arts festival takes place, the Edinburgh International Festival and Fringe 1 Bar Restaurant Festival. In 2015, audited ticket sales for the 3800+ 1 stage productions staged exceeded 2.5 million, making 1 Art Shop it the third largest multi-day ticketed event 24 days of Festival in the world after the Soccer World Cup and the Olympic Games. Visibility Target in SA 2000 ticket buyers for fundraising concerts in KZN 100,000 exposed audience through medias

Visibility Target in UK 2,400 ticket buyers +10,000 visitors +250,000 exposed audience

The ainbow Durban

10 - Rainbow in Edinburgh Fundraising - Join The Train

The Rainbow in Edinburgh will be ambassador of KwaZulu Natal, South Africa by:

Sharing a live example of powerful values and history of the South African fight for equality and social inclusion

Promoting African, South African and specifically KwaZulu-Natalculture to an international audience

Providing training, work and international exposure to South African artists, crafters and restaurant workers.

Promoting a key cultural attraction from KwaZulu-Natal for tourism and special events such as the Commonwealth Games in Durban in 2022.

Rainbow in Edinburgh - 11 Fundraising - Join The Train

Become a Rainbow arch! and enjoy a full Rainbow experience

Full Main Sponsor Great Sponsor Heart Sponsor - R5.5m - £250 000 - R2m - £90 000 - R750 000 - £35 000 Exclusivity of the sponsorship and branding • Your logo as sponsor on all communication tools: • Your logo on all communication tools: brochures, • Naming rights of the event e.g. “My Company - the brochures, flyers, websites, goodies, T-shirts, social flyers, websites, goodies, T-shirts, social medias, press media, press releas-es. releases. Rainbow in Edinburgh “ • Marketing table for your company in the venue during • Marketing table for your company in the venue • Your logo as ONLY sponsor in full on all communication the 24 day installation and speech presentation on the throughout the installation and speech presentation on tools: brochures, flyers, websites, goodies, T-shirts , opening night. the opening night social me-dias, press releases • INVITATION to Edinburgh for 2 PEOPLE with the • 2 complimentary tickets for every show of the Rainbow in • Marketing table of your company in the venue during Rainbow including flights, 3 nights exclusive visit to the Edinburgh. city, VIP ticket to the Main festival, whisky tasting, access • Free entrance to Rainbow Restaurant, Pinetown for 2 24 days & speech presentation at the opening night to backstage. people, valid lifetime. • Screening of promotional movie of your company • 2 VIP tickets for every show of the Rainbow in before every dinner - show of Rainbow in Edinburgh Ediunburgh • FULL EXPERIENCE to Edinburgh Festival for 4 • Free entrance to Rainbow Restaurant, Pinetown for 2 PEOPLE with Rainbow including: flights, 3 nights, people, valid lifetime. • One exclusive music concert of one of the Rainbow exclusive visit of the city, VIP ticket to the Main festival, in Edinburgh artists for your company at the Rainbow, whisky tasting, access to backstage Pinetown. • 5 VIP tickets for every dinner - show of Rainbow in Edinburgh during 24 days • Free entrance to Rainbow Restaurant Pinetown for Great Sponsor

4 people, valid lifetime R2 000 000 • Exclusive concert from one of the Rainbow in Edinburgh artists for your company at your premises in £90 000 South Africa. Full Main Sponsor • SPECIAL GIFT of a photograph from Rafs Mayet and

the corresponding painting by Zamani Makhanya R5 500 000

£250 000

Heart Sponsor

R750 000 £35 000

12 - Rainbow in Edinburgh About The Rainbow Restaurant

The Rainbow Restaurant occupies role in the struggle against the On the September a unique space in South Africa’s government of the day. Whilst 2, 2001 legendary political and musical history. It being under constant surveillance Durban singer Busi opened its doors for trade on it was an important meeting place Mhlongo performed Thursday 17 December 1981. It was for activists fighting against the at the handover the first such establishment of its status quo. In 1983 the first concert concert and so kind in KwaZulu-Natal, located in was staged featuring Philip Tabane the Rainbow story a so called “white” area under the and Malombo, thus starting a continued. Group Areas Act, to be granted a key element of what is today the license to sell food and sorghum Rainbow legend. Over the years Now in 2016, after beer to Africans, run by Ben most of South Africa’s greatest 15 years of keeping Pretorius and Billy Mthembu. musicians, who remained in South the Rainbow vibe for Africa during the Apartheid years, opened their regular customers who used their music as a form BAT Centre, up and whilst maintaining of protest, have performed on the running. They also started a new the egalitarian space created Rainbow stage and it has played a venture in the form of an eco-tourism by Pretorius and Mthembu, the key role in the development of their business called Ufudu Flyfishing Comfort’s and the extensive network careers. Whilst the music performed Experience. of friends of the Rainbow feel it is and the concerts that were staged time to take this unique story to the are a celebration of our culture, As Ufudu grew, the music program world. For Neil and Nicola this is also the concerts also proved to be an at the Rainbow staggered on under part and parcel of their succession ideal medium to protest against the different managers. In June 2001, plans for the Rainbow, where their Apartheid system. at Pretorius’ surprise 50th birthday vision is that the team that runs celebrations at the Rainbow, It the Rainbow on a day to day basis By 1994, Mthembu had sold his was suggested to Neil and Nicola end up in an ownership position by shares in the business to Pretorius Comfort - Neil having assisted Pam 2021, when, like Pretorius, their 20 who, after a yearlong safari through in securing such stalwart Rainbow years at the Rainbow are up. A true Africa with his wife Pam, returned performers as Winston “Mankunku” empowerment story centred on the to Durban with renewed energy, Ngozi, Darius Brubeck and Sandile workers. In those dark days of Apartheid, getting partnerships such as the Shange for the event - that they the Rainbow played an important Rainbat project with the newly consider taking up the reins.

Rainbow in Edinburgh - 13 The Rainbow Restaurant In Numbers

1981 Opened by Ben Pretorius Since 2001 Today and Billy Mthembu +/- 375 concerts The Rainbow has 14 full time 1983 First concert staged +/- 75 000 people attending employees with up to 6 contract featuring Philip Tabane and The concerts workers for concert days Malombo Men Averaging band size at 6 The Rainbow trades 360 days 1988 Nelson Mandela 70th members per concert, work a year Birthday concert attended by created for musicians equals Opening time is 10am each day more than 500 people including approximately 2250 work days with closing between 7 and 8pm at least 10 state Security Branch each evening members The Rainbow has consistently 2001 Neil and Nicola Comfort been amongst the top 10 on- take over ownership consumption outlets by volume in SABMiller product for the past 15 years

+/- 26 concerts are staged each year with an average 16 ticketed concerts and 10 free entrance events Between 200 to 250 people attend each concert with a diverse demographic ranging from blue collar workers to high income individuals

14 - Rainbow in Edinburgh About Our Hosts - Just Festival

Just Festival events, part of the Edinburgh International Festival Fringe, aim to challenge perceptions, celebrate differences and promote respectful dialogue.

The conversations, talks, exhibitions and performances which constitute Just’s annual programme are designed to engage with topical local, national and international questions of social justice, equality and identity, including prejudice against race, ethnicity, class and economic status. Just explores these issues by creating safe spaces for dialogue and exchange between affected groups and individuals, invited experts, practitioners, community based organisations, socially conscious performing arts groups and the general public.

Rainbow in Edinburgh - 15 Neil & Nicola

Nicola Comfort, co-owner performance spaces all working to protect and develop this sacred feet in the music scene in South of the Rainbow has been involved together in a space where artists space and renew the Rainbow’s rich Africa in the mid-1990’s, the most in the arts since 1990. Growing up could inspire each other. That was it musical legacy. glaring shortfall was strong artist in West Yorkshire, she began her – life changed! After volunteering for 15 years and 2 children later, Nicola representation - a wealth of talent career as an actress/ASM for a small the year, BAT offered her a position juggles home, kids and business, but a lack of viable performance theatre company in her home town. as project manager, where she she keeps the admin and media for opportunities for that talent. At 19 she landed regular episodes as developed cultural evenings and new the Rainbow in check and is the a character on Yorkshire Television’s business for the centre. This centre sometime gear stick for Neil’s off the Career highlights include securing Emmerdale. was also the place where she wall ideas! Nicola’s joy is in seeing a contract to manage the entire A fantastic a concert come to life music program at the BAT Centre in opportunity to and witnessing 1997, on the back of producing an travel and be that magic when 850 over-capacity concert for the involved in a big audience and band Springbok Nude Girls in the BAT production gave become one. Hall; being appointed office manager her experience for Presentation Services Limited, that many teens Starting in 1994 as technical service providers to the didn’t get. During personal assistant 8th International Aids Conference, this period to Busi Mhlongo, Durban 2000; being invited to take she got the one of the greatest over custodianship of the historic opportunity to and most inspirational Rainbow Restaurant in 2001; visit South Africa singers to come out and curating the emerging artist and a huge shift of South Africa, Neil program for the eThekwini (Durban) began in her Comfort has worked Metropolitan region for the 2010 FIFA passion. in pretty much every World Cup Soccer tournament. In 1996 she single position in the live Having produced in excess of five took a year out music industry barring thousand stage calls for live bands to volunteer in being an entertainment over more than twenty years, South Africa. She offered lawyer or a performer on Neil feels that with the support of her experience and enthusiasm to and Neil met, stage. As far as the former the team behind the Rainbow in the newly developed BAT (Bartel worked and lived together. is concerned, Neil believes that Edinburgh, most importantly his Arts Trust) Centre. A community In 2001 when they were offered moral integrity and keeping to ones partner Nicola and project manager centre for musicians, dancers, the ownership of the Rainbow word trumps anything written into Sarah Doignon, it is time to the take visual artists and actors. A centre Restaurant they jumped at the a contract. As far as the second the unique story of the Rainbow to with rehearsal rooms, galleries, chance. Giving them the opportunity is concerned, when Neil found his the world.

16 - Rainbow in Edinburgh Contact Artistic Director: NEIL COMFORT [email protected]

Project Manager: NICOLA COMFORT [email protected]

Project And Fundraising Coordinator: SARAH DOIGNON [email protected]