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How does solar altitude, diameter, and length change daily and throughout the ? Let’s prove distance doesn’t matter in by investigating SOLAR ALTITUDE, DAY LENGTH and SOLAR DISTANCE… Would the have the same appearance if you observed it from other ? Why do we see the sun at different altitudes throughout the day? We use the altitude of the sun at a called solar “” because of daily solar altitude changes from the horizon at sunrise and sunset to it’s maximum daily altitude at noon.

If you think solar noon is at 12:00:00, you’re mistaken! Solar “noon” doesn’t usually happen at -noon at your longitude for lots of reasons! SOLAR INTENSITY and ALTITUDE - Maybe a FLASHLIGHT will help us see this relationship! Draw the beam shape for 3 solar altitudes in your notebooks! How would knowing solar altitude daily and seasonally help make solar panels (collectors)work best?

Where would the sun have to be located to capture the maximum amount of energy?  Draw the sun in the right position to maximize the light it receives on panel

 For the , in which general direction would they be pointed?

 For the , in which direction would they be pointed?

SOLAR PANELS at different ANGLES ON GROUND How do shadows show us solar altitude? You used a FLASHLIGHT and MODELING CLAY to show you how SOLAR INTENSITY, ALTITUDE, and SHADOW LENGTH are related! Using at least three solar altitudes and locations, draw your conceptual model of this relationship in your notebooks… Label:  Sun compass direction  Shadow compass direction  Solar altitude  Shadow length (long/short)  Sun intensity What did the lab show us about how SOLAR ALTITUDE, DIAMETER, & DAY LENGTH relate to each other?

YOUR GRAPHS are PROBABLY the easiest way to SEE the RELATIONSHIPS. What can you measure to determine the relationship between solar altitude, solar intensity, and seasons?

Angle of Insolation & Temperature Tuesday – December 3, 2013 – Day 4 Where on are the daily solar altitudes higher and lower than Endicott?

Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday L3 –Peer review LAB 3 SOLAR DATA

QUIZ-/ QUIZ-PHYS ORBITS QUIZ-RATES What does solar altitude and intensity look like in Endicott in 3-D and how does it compare to other places around the world? Before we get started, let’s draw a picture in our notebooks to show us what the dome model used in the SUN’s PATH LAB is trying to show us. A conceptual way to model solar altitude… APPARENT PATH OF SUN IN THE IN THE NORTHERN HEMISPHERE

OBSERVER

WHAT EVIDENCE DO I USE FOR LAB QUESTIONS?

1. In which direction does the sun rise on May 15th? What about October 1st?

2. In which direction does the sun set on May 15th? What about October 1st?

3. In the Northern Hemisphere, the noontime sun is always found in what part of the sky? WHAT EVIDENCE DO I USE FOR LAB QUESTIONS?

1. How does the amount of compare to the amount of darkness on the ?

2. Does the noontime sun ever reach the in New York State?

3. Looking at the paths that you drew on the diagram, explain why the solstice has the greatest amount of daylight. Where are the of day (sunrise, solar noon, and sunset) for each ? Lab Exit ticket - Using your knowledge of Earth

 In the title, add ENDICOTT at 42oN so you remember this is very specific data. Eventually we will branch out to other places on Earth!  Label the celestial and the zenith for the observer  Label each path of the sun with the season name, range of starting dates, and whether it is a solstice or equinox.  Label each solar noon with its maximum solar altitude angle.  For each path, label sunrise, sunset, and solar noon and include an arrow for the direction it travels on that path. Then label the compass direction (azimuth and cardinal) for each if you are the observer in Endicott.  For each path, list the day/ length.  For each path label the locations of minimum (twice) and maximum solar intensity (once) during the day.  Label the path with the maximum solar intensity and minimum solar intensity.  For each season, draw in the observer’s relative shadow length at solar noon in the correct direction