FEATURES BOOK REVIEWS
XQGHUDQR[LFFRQGLWLRQV PDNHVWKHUHDGHU Biochemistry for Materials Science: appreciate the underlying details. Catalysts, Complexes and Proteins Part Four discusses biochemistry at the Akio Makishima interface of materials science and life sci- Elsevier, 2019 ence. The accounts of polymers used to 329 pages, $150 increase the stability and thus shelf life of ISBN 9780128170540 (e-book 9780128168967) proteins, such as insulin, and use of myo- JORELQ DSURWHLQ DVDFDWDO\VWIRURUJDQLF synthesis instead of transition metals seed ideas for sustainable innovation. his book provides a comprehensive VFLHQWL¿FEHOLHIV7KHPRVWQRWDEOHDUH Part Five offers a mix of discussions on Taccount of the fundamentals and compounds formed by helium, which is a environmental sciences, the origins of life, developments in biochemistry and related noble gas. Noble gases are elements that and water on other planets. From the effects materials science topics. traditionally have been considered unreac- RQDJULFXOWXUHEHFDXVHRIRFHDQDFLGL¿FD- Combining elements of scientific tive. Another example is the double heli- tion to the possible hypothesis of the role reviews and science communication arti- cal structure found in inorganic molecules, of alkaline hydrothermal vents in initiating cles, the book addresses topics with tech- which is seen mostly in DNA. long chain polymerization of biomacro- nical accuracy and brevity. The content is Part Two provides a formal introduc- molecules, this section allows the reader to introductory and provides references for tion to biochemistry. This section discusses acknowledge the role of biochemistry and further reading. Each chapter—and to an PRQRPHUVDQGPDFURPROHFXOHV DPLQR materials science across different scales. H[WHQWHDFKVHFWLRQ²LVVHOIVXI¿FLHQWDQG acids and proteins, and nucleic acids and The book is directed toward a reader SURYLGHVLQVLJKWLQWRWKHVSHFL¿FVXEMHFW '1$ DQGWKHVWUXFWXUHQDWXUDODQGFKHPL- with a background in materials science RUH[DPSOHEHLQJGLVFXVVHG7KH¿JXUHV FDOV\QWKHVLVDQGSXUL¿FDWLRQWHFKQLTXHV who wishes to gain an understanding of accompanying the text guide the discus- For materials scientists, this develops a base potential applications and research direc- sion where necessary, such as on NMR to understand the content that follows. tions based on fundamentals and tech- spectra, chirality, synthesis schema, and Part Three goes into detail about the use QLTXHVRIELRFKHPLVWU\,WFRXOGEHXVHG mechanisms. The book does not have of materials and materials science concepts as a textbook for a senior-undergraduate or worked-out examples or homework in biochemistry. Most chapters provide an graduate-level seminar-like course in either problems. introductory section to state the fundamen- biochemistry or materials science with 'LYLGHGLQWR¿YHSDUWVDQGFKDS- tals necessary to understand the content. additional readings from the references. ters, it covers the latest developments in For instance, the chapter on chirality in 7KLVZLOOHQDEOHWKHVWXGHQWVDFTXDLQWHG WKH¿HOG DVRI IXQGDPHQWDOVRI space and in the brain starts with a note with the fundamentals to develop a macro- biochemistry, and case studies across dis- RQFKLUDOLW\EHIRUHGLVFXVVLQJWKH¿QGLQJV XQGHUVWDQGLQJRIWKHVXEMHFW ciplines ranging from life science to space. The discussion on mechanisms in chapters Part One introduces the reader to recent such as bioluminescence and on animal- Reviewer: Somesh Mohapatra, Massachu- research that has challenged long-held UHODWHGWRSLFV VSHFL¿FDOO\RQVXUYLYDO setts Institute of Technology, USA.
to the merits of the Nobel, along with a Graphene: Important Results and Applications brief narrative of the book. The second chapter puts forward an George Wypych analysis of the publications and patents ChemTec Publishing, 2019 in graphene research around the globe to 315 pages, $350.00 showcase the impact the award has made ISBN 9781927885512 toward the rapid development of graphene technology. Eleven production strategies for graphene, starting from the well-known chemical vapor deposition to nontradi- raphene, which made headlines the impact of the prestigious award on tional agricultural waste processing, are Gthroughout the scientific world graphene and related materials research discussed as separate sections in Chapter 3. DIWHU WKH 1REHO 3UL]H LQ 3K\VLFV DQGFRPSLOHVDOOPDMRUDUHDVRI5 ' Chapter 4 presents graphene market announcement, continues to inspire global documented thus far related to graphene. DQDO\VLVPDMRUPDQXIDFWXUHUVRIJUDSKHQH researchers owing to its performance and The book is divided into nine chapters. compounds, and a summary of the prop- multifunctionality. This book investigates 7KH¿UVWFKDSWHURXWOLQHVWKHSRLQWHUV HUWLHVRIFRPPHUFLDOSURGXFWV&KDSWHU
500 MRS BULLETIN • VOLUME 45 • JUNE 2020 • mrs.org/bulletin FEATURES BOOK REVIEWS
starts with a detailed morphology anal- functional groups and the resultant cus- in staying abreast of the status of graph- ysis of graphene. This is followed by tomized applications, various doping ene when exploring future possibilities. FRQFLVHVHFWLRQVGHVFULELQJGLIIHUHQW WHFKQLTXHVDQGWKHSURSHUWLHVRIGRSHG Because the book is a portrait of the properties of the multifunctional mate- JUDSKHQH&KDSWHUKLJKOLJKWVPDMRU GHYHORSPHQWVDIWHUWKH1REHO3UL]H rial, such as mechanical, electrical, mag- applications of graphene, which speaks WKHPDMRUVKDUHRIUHIHUHQFHVVSDQWKHODVW netic, and thermal properties. Chapter 6 to the huge impact that the material has GHFDGH,QFOXVLRQRIWKHVHUHIHUHQFHVDW focuses on graphene dispersion processes. made. Chapter 9 provides a comparison the end of each section in all chapters is Dispersion methods and stability, mor- between the Nobel selection committee FRQYHQLHQWIRUTXLFNDFFHVV7KHFRORU phology of graphene-reinforced com- MXVWL¿FDWLRQDQGWKHSRVWDZDUGUHDO photographs throughout the book provide SRXQGVVSDWLDOFRQ¿JXUDWLRQLQFOXGLQJ world graphene technology by review- D¿UVWKDQGJUDVSRIWKHPDWHULDOSUHVHQWHG three-dimensional graphene composites, ing the materials presented in previous 2YHUDOOWKLVLVDEULHI\HWDGHTXDWHHDV\ and impact of dispersion on various prop- chapters. to read book covering all aspects of up- erties are analyzed. 7KLVERRNFDQEHDTXLFNUHIHUHQFH to-date graphene research. &KDSWHU GLVFXVVHV WKH FKHPLFDO guide for graphene researchers at all lev- PRGL¿FDWLRQRIJUDSKHQHE\GLIIHUHQW els, as well as for those who are interested Reviewer: Jyothirmayee Aravind S.S.
Foundations of Biomaterials Engineering and composite materials that are used VSHFL¿FDOO\LQELRORJLFDODQGELRPHGLFDO Maria Cristina Tanzi, Silvia Farè, and applications. Gabriele Candiani ,Q&KDSWHUWZRNH\XQLTXHIHDWXUHV Academic Press, 2019 of biomaterials and bioimplants—steril- 572 pages, $99.95 (e-book $97.99) ity and degradation mechanisms—are pre- ISBN 9780081010341 (e-book ISBN VHQWHG'LIIHUHQWVWHULOL]DWLRQWHFKQLTXHV 9780128094594) are introduced, and this is a key parameter to consider in transitioning biomaterials from benchtop to bedside. iomaterials have made extraordinary Section A contains three chapters Chapter 6 focuses on the interaction Badvances in the past few decades and that focus on materials fundamentals. between biomaterials and cells/tissues. KDYHJUHDWO\EHQH¿WHGKHDOWKFDUHWHFKQROR- 6SHFL¿FDOO\&KDSWHUSUHVHQWVWKHVWUXF- )RUHLJQERG\UHVSRQVHVELR¿OPIRUPD- gies such as regenerative medicine, drug ture and physics of different classes of tion, and biocompatibility assessment are delivery, and gene therapy. This book materials, including metals, ceramics, and discussed, followed by characterization is timely in bringing materials science, composites, with an emphasis on polymers, DQGDQDO\VLVWHFKQLTXHVRIELRPDWHULDOV mechanics, design/manufacturing, and LQFOXGLQJDGLVFXVVLRQRQFODVVL¿FDWLRQ LQ&KDSWHU$SDQHORIPHGLFDOLPDJLQJ biomedical science all together in a logi- DQGV\QWKHVLVRI K\GURJHOV,Q&KDSWHUD WHFKQLTXHVLQFOXGLQJ[UD\EDVHGUDGLRJ- cal and concise manner for an improved strong analysis is developed on the raphy, magnetic resonance imaging, and understanding of biomaterial properties mechanical properties of materials and ultrasound, are presented in the diagnosis DQGHQJLQHHULQJWHFKQLTXHV,WFDPHDERXW biological materials, and includes a dis- and treatment of diseases. as a result of rich experiences gained by cussion of a variety of mechanical tests to The authors indicate that this book the three authors in the area of industrial assess materials deformation under load- is primarily written for undergraduates, ELRHQJLQHHULQJ,WLQFOXGHVH[WHQVLYHLOOXV- LQJ,Q&KDSWHUDFRPSDFWRYHUYLHZ whereas it is truly a comprehensive and WUDWLRQVGHWDLOHGHTXDWLRQVDQGULJRURXV of traditional and advanced manufactur- approachable reference for any graduate ÀRZFKDUWVWRFOHDUO\GHPRQVWUDWHWKHEURDG LQJWHFKQLTXHVLVSUHVHQWHG6RPHRIWKH student or research scientist interested in applicability of biomaterials for a wide HPHUJLQJWHFKQLTXHVLQWKH¿HOGRIELR- the topic of biomaterials engineering with- range of healthcare-related applications. materials fabrication are also discussed. RXWSULRUNQRZOHGJH,WOD\VGRZQDVROLG The book is composed of two sec- ,Q6HFWLRQ%WKHDXWKRUVIRFXVRQ VFLHQWL¿FDQGHQJLQHHULQJIRXQGDWLRQIRU tions: Section A presents an introduction biomaterials and their applications. the understanding and future development of materials, and Section B focuses spe- A wide range of synthetic and natural of the design and manufacturing of bio- FL¿FDOO\RQWKHSURSHUWLHVRIELRPDWHULDOV biomaterials are introduced. Chapter 4 materials for biomedical applications and and their utilities inside the body. This includes a thorough presentation on syn- would be of interest to those in materials WUDQVLWLRQDOORZVWKHUHDGHUWR¿UVWJDLQDQ thetic polymers, such as polyesters and science, mechanical engineering, biomedi- overview of the fundamentals of materials polyurethanes, as well as natural poly- cal engineering, chemistry, and medicine. science before delving into biomaterials mers, including proteins and polysac- HQJLQHHULQJWKURXJKDQDWXUDOÀRZ charides, followed by metallic, ceramic, Reviewer: Jingjie Hu, Mayo Clinic, USA.
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