Thanks for visiting the Dunn‐Seiler Museum located the Department of Geosciences at Mississippi State University!

https://en.wiki2.org/wiki/Rodinia About Us How has all of this affected the The Dunn‐Seiler museum houses everything history of the ? from and collections to , quite a few of which are from right here in When these plates move around over , Mississippi. http://www.soest.hawaii.edu/wessel/podcasts/ they bring the together to form . Above is a diagram of the called , which is believed to have formed about 1.2 billion years ago. Laurentia, which can be seen in the middle, is present day . This supercontinent broke up about 750 million years ago. The continents continued to move apart, then back together again Use your smartphone to scan the QR code to about 250 million years ago, creating the visit our website! supercontinent , seen below, which PLATE broke up around 65 million years ago. – A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE EARTH

PLATE TECTONICS – A Dunn‐Seiler Museum, BRIEF HISTORY OF THE EARTH Mississippi State University


How do plate

tectonics work?

http://www.nhm.ac.uk/nature‐online/earth/volcanoes‐/plate‐tectonics/ More about plate boundaries… What are plate The place where two (or even three!) plates meet is tectonics? called a plate boundary. There are three types of plate boundaries:

1. Convergent boundaries: This is where two plates The study of involves a move toward one another. When an oceanic and http://poohdiv4.weebly.com/asthenosphere.html thorough understanding of this dynamic Earth. continental meet, the moves One must know the composition of the entire The Earth has two types of crust: oceanic underneath the because it is denser planet, from the solid inner core to the top of (see the above diagram). As the plate gets deeper into and continental. The crust you live on is the the Earth, it begins to melt and wells up to the on the surface. It all starts with the continental crust, and the crust below the surface, creating volcanoes! Here, oceanic crust is heat from within the Earth, how that heat is the oceanic crust. These two recycled into the . is an example of what moves to the surface, and how that heat causes crustal types are split into numerous plates. forms at this type of boundary. Effects of convergence the plates of the planet to move around. may be deep earthquakes, a trench in the , or a Where these plates meet are called plate chain of volcanic . Depending on the type of crust and the type of boundaries. Right underneath these plates plate boundary, effects of plate tectonics may lies the , which is the rocky 2. Divergent boundaries: This is where two plates are moving away from each other. This is very common differ. Everything from lakes, mountains, upper part of the Earth’s mantle. The volcanoes, and earthquakes form because of with oceanic plates, and often occurs in the middle of lithosphere sits on top of another layer of the ocean. As the plates spread, new lithosphere is this movement of plates on the Earth’s surface! the mantle which is made up of very hot brought to the surface and creates more oceanic crust. This brochure will give you some information flowing rock, called the . The The most famous example of this is the Mid‐Atlantic Ridge. Effects of divergence may be underwater about how this dynamic Earth is composed, heat from the center of the earth is what mountains or volcanoes and shallow earthquakes. how plates work together, and how all of this keeps these layers hot and molten. Keeping has changed the appearance of our Earth over that in mind, you can see how these plates 3. Transform boundaries: This is where two plates millions and billions of years! The picture move around on top of the mantle! The simply slide past one another. No new crust is created, above illustrates the different plates of Earth. nor is any destroyed. The most famous example of this scientific name for this movement is is the San Andreas Zone in California. Earthquakes . are the most common effect of transform boundaries.