101: What An Arborist Needs To Know About Lichen

Joe Murray Consulting Arborist/Educator Williamsville, Virginia You are here

"When we try to pick out anything by itself, we find it hitched to everything else in the Universe."

Lynchburg, Virginia South Shields, England

Burnsville, Virginia Burnsville, Virginia Burnsville, Virginia Foliose Fruticose

Knockan Crag, Scotland Burnsville, Virginia

Tree Lungwort

( pulmonaria) Burnsville, Virginia Sugar Maple (Acer saccharum)

Burnsville, Virginia Burnsville, Virginia Tulip Poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera)

Burnsville, Virginia White Oak (Quercus alba)

Burnsville, Virginia Pitch Pine (Pinus rigida)

Burnsville, Virginia Burnsville, Virginia Internal Age & Composition & Growth of Trunk State of Tree Quality of

Air Pollution Moisture Regime (Acid Precipitation)

Human Climate (Arson, Vandalism)

Exposure Fire, Snow, Frost (Sunlight)

Disease Exposure (Wind)

Local Environment Elevation ( or field) Influence from Animals & Microflora

Moss Fungi

Tree Architecture (Crown Shape)

Burnsville, Virginia Tree Architecture (Branch Orientation)

Norway Spruce (Picea abies) Pitch Pine (Pinus rigida)

Burnsville, Virginia Tree Architecture (Branch Orientation)

Norway Spruce (Picea abies)

Pitch Pine (Pinus rigida)

Burnsville, Virginia Burnsville, Virginia http://385867928462337283.weebly.com/precambrian.html http://dapa.ciat.cgiar.org/carbon-sequestration-one-true-green-revolution/ http://www.anselm.edu/homepage/jpitocch/genbi101/ecology2communities.html Knockan Crag, Scotland Shenandoah Mountain, Virginia http://chateaumoorhen.blogspot.com/2012/01/sheep-winter-jobs-and-birds-nests.html http://ecosystems2.weebly.com/food-web.html

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Burnsville, Virginia Glen Affric, Scotland Shenandoah, Virginia River Glass, Cannich, Scotland Glen Affric, Scotland

Pruning

Amherst, Virginia Burnsville, Virginia Fertilization & Irrigation

www.embarkservices.com Selection & Mulching

Waynesboro, Virginia Staunton, Virginia Lightning Protection & Pest Management

www.turnbull-lichens.us/?page_id=39 Managing Invasive & Tree Risk Assessment

Burnsville, Virginia Lichen Transplants? … ______are the essence of wildness. Irwin Brodo are the essence of wildness. Irwin Brodo

Glen Affric, Scotland Joe Murray

[email protected]

[email protected]

8703 Muddy Run Road Williamsville, Virginia 24487