Name ______Per. _____ Pg. # _____

Western vs. During the ➡ Directions: Examine the below summarizing the differences between the Byzantine in Eastern Europe and Europe during the Mid​ dle Ages, then answer the questions that follow.

The Middle Ages are the period from 476 CE to around 1450 CE in . Sometimes the whole post-classical era is referred to ​ ​ the Middle Ages, but it is referred to the “Middle” Ages because viewed it as a less important time period between and the , and since Rome and the birth of the Early Modern Period happened in Europe, we will only consider the Middle Ages to be an era specific to Europe.

Following the fall of the Western of the , divergent emerged in Europe. ​ ​

Theodosius I' empire.png by Geuiwogbil at the English is published under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported license. ​ ​ ​ ​

Topic 1: Government Europe and the Eastern Roman Empire, 533-600 Question: 1. Based on the map and text provided, what was the difference between the political structures in Western and Eastern Europe after the fall of the Roman Empire? What evidence do you see from the map?

Image modified by New Visions. Original image is courtesy of Wikimedia and is in the public domain. ​ ​

Western Europe- Medieval Europe Eastern Europe- ​ ​ ● Western Europe was divided into small kingdoms ruled by often ● Ruled by the Eastern Roman Empire, later referred to as the Byzantine fought against one another Empire, who had a ruling structure similar to the Roman Empire ● These kingdoms were often based on common (ie- those who spoke ● The Byzantine Empire brought stability to the French lived in the Kingdom of the )

● There was no government that controlled all of western Europe as there was when the Roman Empire was in control

Topic 2: Questions: 2. Based on the image and text provided, identify three differences ​ ​ between the in Western Europe and Eastern Europe During the Middle Ages.

Modern day leaders of the Roman (the ) and the Eastern (the Ecumenical of ) standing outside of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in .

.Nir Hason is published under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported license ניר חסון Pope Franciscus & Patriarch Bartholomew I in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem (1).JPG by : ​ ​ ​ ​ 3. Based on the image and text provided, identify one similarity Western Europe- Medieval Europe Eastern Europe- Byzantine Empire ​ ​ ​ ​ between the religions in Western ● The Church was the of ● In 1054 CE, the split from the Europe and Eastern Europe During ​ ​ ​ ​ that most in Western Europe Roman to become its own sect of the Middle Ages. followed during the Middle Ages. It started during the Christianity. Roman Empire and grew in strength after the Fall of ● The Eastern Orthodox Church was and still is led by a Rome. person named the Ecumenical Patriarch of ​ ● The Roman Catholic Church was and still is led by the Constantinople who lived in the of Constantinople ​ ​ Pope who lives in in Rome, . which has been renamed which is in ​ ● was and is the language of the Roman modern-day . ​ Catholic Church. ● Greek is the official language of the Eastern Orthodox ​ ● The Roman Catholic Church was the only unifying Church. organization in Western Europe during the Middle

Ages and it had a great deal of power. For example, ● During the Byzantine Empire, the selected the the Pope crowned all of the new kings and of Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople, giving the kingdoms in the Middle Ages. emperor power over the Eastern Orthodox Church.

Topic 3: Economics Western Europe- Medieval Europe Eastern Europe- Byzantine Empire ​ ​

Source: . Petrovich et al., in Time and Place: Cultures, , Burdett & Ginn, 1991 from the NYS Global and Exam, 2006.

Source: Farah and Karls, World History, The Experience, Glencoe/McGraw-Hill (adapted)

● During the Middle Ages in Western Europe, the economic system in most ● The Byzantine Empire was located between Europe, , and . As a places was called . A manor is a small area of land owned by a result, it was a crossroads of . Trade from the , , ​ ​ ​ ​ noble that included homes, farmland, artisans, water, and serfs ( the Indian , and the Mediterranean came through the Byzantine ​ ​ that could not leave the land and who performed labor for the noble). Empire. ● Since each manor was mostly self-sufficient (provided for its own needs), ● Constantinople, the of the Byzantine Empire was especially busy with ​ ​ trade decreased during the Middle Ages. trade. ● Trade made the Byzantine Empire wealthy and prosperous. Question: 4. Based on the images and text provided, how were Western and Eastern Europe different economically during the Middle Ages?