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Narcotics Dangerous Drugs

Narcotics Dangerous Drugs

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1.1 REFERENCE BOOK -- -- 111111.8 \\\\\1.25 111111.4 \\\\\1.6 AND


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" Compiled by Points of view or opinions stated in this document an I those of the 3uthorlsj and do not represent the official GLENDALE CRIME LABORATORY position or policies of the U.S. Department o,f Justice. 5909 N. Milwaukee River Parkway Glendale, Wisconsin 53209 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE LAW ENFORCEMENT ASSISTANCE ADMINISTRATION" o NATIONAL CRiMINAL JUSTICE REFERENCE SERVICE WASHINGTON, D.C. 20531 ·00 Q a PRICE $'1 12/9/ 75


This compilation has been taken from many sources primarily for '- use by participants in seminars and workshops on "Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs" conducted by the Glendale Crime Laboratory and for users of the Glendale Crime Laboratory Automated Teaching System programs on "Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs." This com­ pilation is not meant to be all inclusive.

Your comments, criticisms and notation of errors would 'De ap­ preciated. Materials for inclusion in future revision would be ap­ preciated.

Paul W. Kehres Assistant Director and Chief Chemist Glendale Crime Laboratory


Page Questions and Answers on - , , LSD, Marihuana, Narcotics 1

Common Terminology or Slang Terms Used In and Traffic - "Drug Jargon" ...... 3

Supplementary Glossary of Drug Terms ...... IDA

Field Tests ...... IDE

Commonly Controlled Drugs ...... 11

Technical Terms - Drug Abuse ...... 12 Inexpensive Books and Phamphlets ...... 13 Bibliography on Narcotic Drugs ...... 14 Bibliography on and 16 Bibliography on Hallucinogenic Drugs ...... 19 General and LSD . 19 Marihuana ..... 24 DMT (Dimethyltryptamine) ..... 25 Seeds ...... 25 Films on Narcotics, Dangerous Drugs and Drug Abuse 26 Sources of Additional Information ...... 34 DRUG ABUSE PRODUCTS REFERENCE CHART ...... 35 i/ii

1 QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS Q. Is there any danger associated with the use of amphetamines? ON BARBITURATES, AMPHETAMINES, , A. Yes. While prescribe amphetamines LSD, MARIHUANA, NARCOTiCS in amounts which are well tolerated, the person who takes them on his own often tends to take too much. As a result the which is present tend." to be masked and tasks are attempted which cannot be handled. This may lead to mishaps. Of BARBITURATES importance are the automobile accidents caused by drivers attempting to extend the time they Q. What are barbiturat<:·s? might spend behind the wheel by taking "pep pills" to remain awake. A. Barbiturates ar c useful preparations prescribed in the practice of medicine to induce sleep or quiet an amcious patient. Q. Are there other problems caused by ampheta­ mines?

Q. Can barbiturates be dangerous? A. Yes. Those who take amphetamines on their own in an effort to elevate mood - without seeking help A. Yes. When used to get "high" mental sluggish­ for the difficulties which cause them to feel ness, confusion, emotional instability and a lack "down" - often find themselves using the sub­ of coordination result. The more that is taken, stance on regular basis. To keep getting the the greater these effects. The confusion and lack effect of the substance, larger amounts must be of c('Jrdination lead to accidents. The emotional taken. Accompanying this ingestion is a growing instability produced can contribute to the per­ of nervousness. Sleeping becomes difficult. formance of aggressive acts. The confused state Further, if a large quantity of the drug is taken a which results also has caused individuals to lose can occur, during whicn the person sight of the number of capsules they have taken. entertains false beliefs and hallucinates. Often In these instances, overdose - causing and this psycosis sees the person believing that he sometimes - has occurred. is being followed, talked about and persecuted. Such individuals have been known to assault an imagined pursuer. Q. Can a person become dependent upon barbiturates?

A. Yes. When taken regularly to promote sleep, the person may become emotionally dependent and find that he is unable to get a normal amount LSD without them. More important, when taken reg­ ularly in the excessive doses needed to get "high" Q. What is LSD? both emotional and can occur. A. LSD is a semi-synthetic substance which can alter mental functioning in a profound maimer and has Q. What are the consequences of physical dependence been the subject of medical research for several on barbiturates? years.

A. If the person who is physically dependent upon barbiturates should stop taking them abruptly, he Q. If one takes LSD, what does he experience? feels well at first but then becomes nervous, restless, begins to shake, becomes dizzy, is unable A. Usually, there is a mood change. What one sees, to sleep and may vomit. Conv~lsions may occur hears and smells is distorted. False beliefs are and there is the possibility he will become psy­ entertained and the person may see things which chotic. This illness can be severe and some are not there. In addition, the user often loses persons experiencing it have died. the feeling that he is a cohesive unit. The expe­ rience can be pleasant and interesting. Of im­ portance, it can be most unpleasant and even terrifying.

AMPHETAMINES Q. Are there dangers associated with LSD use? Q. What are "pep" pills? A. Yes, even when taken only once. The user whose A. "Pep" pill is a term usually alJPlied to an am­ mood becomes one of may commit phetamine-containing preparation. The latter find . Dominated by false beliefs, he may uses in medicine for the relief of mild depres­ commit an aggressive act. Impaired judgment sions and where a suppression of appetite is de­ may lead to a serious accident. An acute psychotic sirable and indicated. episode which requires hospitalization may be 1 Q. Are there dangers associated with marihuana use? precipitated. The latter can be prolonged and re­ muscles, alterations in pressure, pulse a.nd Q. Are narcotic users violent? quire extensive treatment. It is feared that some respiration, elevated temperature, nausea, vomit­ A. Yes. The of a single marihuana ciga­ persons who become psychotic may never fully ing, diarrhea and loss of weight. The peak of A. The majority of narcotic users are passive people rette has been known to preCipitate a psychotic this syndrome is reached within 24 to :16 hours. recover. episode. Heavy use can produce visual distor­ who, when they resort to crime, shy away from tions, false beliefs and . The intel­ violence. The drug itself serves to suppress aggressive tendencies. Q. Assuming the LSD experience turns out to be lectual and sensory alterations can lead to ac­ Q. Do all users of become physically depen­ enjoyable, are there any problems associated with cidents, aggressive and/or anti-social acts. dent? repeated use? A. Yes, if the drug is used regularly and in sufficient Q. Are heroin users subject to physical dis­ A. Yes. It may cause the taker to drop out of society Q. Is marihuana addicting? amoUllts. Example: a person who uses heroin of orders? giving up family, friends and productive activity. good quality regularly for a period of from two to A. Marihuana does not lead to physical dependence. Recent studies show that repeated use may l!ause four weeks generally will develop a physical ,,-te­ A. The heroin user purchases a product from the chromosomal abnormalities which may pro­ Typically, it is used periodically. OccaSionally pendence. However, in their quest for profitD, illicit market which is unsterile and contains duce undesirable changes in the user's future an individual becomes emotionally dependent upon pushers are selling such a highly diluted dose th'Lt many contaminants. Often he injects the sub­ children. the drug and seeks its use on a regular basis. today heroin users develop limited phYSical de­ stance into a vein using unsterile inst! uments. pendence. As a result, he is subject to abscesses, serious blood , tetanus, hepatitis and venereal Q. If one has emotional problems, can the taking of Q. Is marihuana use increasing in our schools and disease. Since the amount of drug he has bought LSD help? colleges? Q. Does thE regular user of heroin get ahead in is unknown, he may take an overdose and die. society? At times the contaminants are lethal. Regular A. This is presently the subject of medical research. A. Yes, though most students who use it do so only a heroin use tends to be associated with weight loss Current itJ'ormation is inconclusive and does not few times. A. Not as a rule. The personality difficulties ordi­ and poor personal hygiene. support the contention that LSD facilitates the narily associated with the taking of heroin serves development of real insight, particularly, when as a substantial obstacle to successful living. taken in the absence of a trained therapist. The These difficulties are further cor.lplicated by the drug has not been authorized for general usage. NARCOTICS need to raise large sums of money, almost always Q. Is the sale or possession of narcotics, mari­ by illegal means, to pay for the drug. Preoccupa­ huana, LSD, amphetamines and barbiturates Q. What are narcotics? tion with the drug to the exclusion of other in­ illegal? Q. Does LSD increase creativity? terests, such as regular attendance at school and A. The term narcotic drug is applied to a ~roup of holding a job, adds to the process of alienation. A. Yes. Our Penal Law defines dangerous drug of­ A. Despite the claim of users, tests show that LSD preparations which are capable of relieVing . fenses as those relating to the sale or possession does not increase the quality of creative activity. , heroin, dilaudid, and demerol of narcotic drugs, or drugs Performa,ce under the influence of LSD only are examples of narcotic substances. Q. How does heroin effect the sex drive? or . The unauthorized sale or pos­ appears to be heightened. The person's perception , session of these drugs are crimes and offenses of performance is distorted while the actual per­ A. Most often heroin reduces or even eliminates relating to sale carry particularly heavy formance level is reduced. Q. Do physicians treat patients with heroin? interest in sexual matters. penalties. A. Heroin has been banned in many western countries Q. Are any of the neVier or less known hallucinogens becausJ of the ease with which it produces physical safer than LSD? and emotional depelhience. Consequently, it is no longer prescribed by phYSicians in the U.S. A. None of the potent hallucinogens can be taken COMMON TERMINOLOGY OR The following compilation has come from many without the risk of great personal damage. In­ sources but is not all inclusive. Comments, correc­ cluded are STP, DMT (dimethyltrytamine), DET Q. Where is heroin secured? SLANG TERMS USED IN NARCOTIC: tions and additions are solicited. (diethyltrytamine), lysergic acid amide (in morn­ ing glory seeds), bufotenine, A. The manufacture of heroin takes place in clandes­ AND DRUG TRAFFIC-l! DRUG JARG10N" and (pure resin). tine laboratories which are controlled by the ACAPULCO High grade of marihuana (female leaders of organized crime. They deal through GOLD: flowering parts) many intermediates which ultimately make the drug available to the "street pusher" for sale to ACE: Marihuana cigarettes the heroin user. In the process of changing hands, There is a special language in the world of drug MARIHUANA the original SUbstance is diluted by the addition abuse. It is very brief but descriptive and covers ACID: LSD of talcum powder, quinine and/or sugar. The almost all phases of the abusers . The language Q. What is marihuana? latter step insures each handler a greater mone­ of the abuser is often a tip-off to his preoccupation: ACID HEAD: LSD user tary profit. drugs and how to get them. A. In the the term marihuana (cannabis) ARTILLERY: Equipment for taking aninjection is used to refer to any part of the hemp or Terminology varies greatly from city to city, state extract therefrom whieh can induce physical and Q. What are the consequences of physical dependence to state and country to country. It may even vary BACKTRACK: To withdraw the plunger of a psychic changes. The resinous exudate of the top upon heroin? within a city depending upon the raCial, ethniC, social syringe before inj ecting drugs to of the female plant contains most of the active or educational group involved. The language changes make sure needle is in the proper ingredients. In the Middle East the resin is called A. The individual who is physically dependent upon frequently. position hashish. In the Far East is is called charas. heroin - within four hours after his last dose - Marihuana purchased in the United States tends begins to develop an illness which features yawn­ Often the terminology is picked up as contemporary BAG: Small packet of narcotics or to contain less in the way of active ingredients ing, , tearing of eyes, secretions slang by non-abusers. For this reason, use of these drugs when compared with that available in other parts , terms alone, particularly by teen-agers, can't be from the nose and goes on to the development of of the world. ThUS, it is less potent. gooseflesh, muscle twitches, aching and considered evidence of drug abuse. BAGMAN: Supplier of "Bags" of narcotics

2 3

E BAMMIES: Poor quality marihuana BLOCK: Bindle of morphine CARRYING: Carrying narcotics or drugs on CRAS}}: Fall asleep while using drugs; the person come down hard and fast from a BAMBITA: Desoxyn BLOW A STICK: To a marihuana Cigarette high or a trip CART WHEELS: sulfate (round, BANG: Injection of narcotics or drugs; BLOW POT: Smoke marihuana t white double-scored tablets) CROAKER: Doctor one injection BLUE BIRDS: A depressant drug CECIL: CROAKER : Hospital BANGER: Hypodermic needle BLUE DEVILS: Amytal; ; a depres­ CHAMP: A drug abuser who won't reveal CUBE: Cube of morphine, e;enerally 3-4 BANGING: Under the influence of drugs sant drug his supplier - even under pres­ grains; sure BARBS: Barbiturates . BLUE VELVET: and an CUBES: An hallucinogenic drug; origi­ CHARAS: Marihuana - India - unadultered nally a sugar cube with LSD reSin, specially cultivated, very BATTED OUT: Arrested BOMBER: Large marihuana cigarette potent CUT: Adulterate narcotics BEAT: Swindle someone out of narcotics BOMBIDO: Injectable amphetamine or money CHARGED UP: Elated feeling after a shot of DABBLE: To take small amounts of drugs narcotics or drugs on an irregular basis BOO: Marihuana BEAT THE GONG: Smoke CHIPPING: 'I'aking small amounts of drugs DAGGA: Marihuana - South BOXED: In jail BEDBUGS: Fellow addicts on an irregular basis DEAL: Drug transaction BREAD: Money; living expenses BELONGS: On the habit CHIPPY: Person experimenting with drugs (potential addict); a prostitute DEALER: Supplier of narcotics or drugs BRICK: Kilogram of marihuana, BELTED: Under the influence of drugs CLEAR UP: To withdraw from drugs DECK: Small packet of herOin, morphine, BULL: A narcotic agent; a police cocaine or other drugs BEHIND THE In jail officer IRON HORSE: CLIPPED: To be arrested DEXIES: Dexedrine; dexotroamphetamine BURN: Swindle someone out of narcotics, Drug orgy COASTING: Under the influence of drugs sulfate; a stimulant drug BENDER: drugs or money BENDING AND Under the influence of drugs COKE: Cocaine DIME BAG: A $10 purchase of narcotics BURNED: To receive phony or badly diluted BOWING: drugs; to be swindled out of COKIE: Cocaine addict DMT: A hallucinogenic drug narcotiCS, drugs, or money; the BENNIES: Benzedrine; amphetamine sul­ fate; a stimulant drug narcotics officer is recognized t COKED UP: Under the influence of cocaine DOLLIES: Dolophine; a narcotic drug causing a change in method of BENT: Addicted operation COLD TURKEY: Abrupt withdrawal without medi­ DOMINO: To buy narcotics cation BURNED OUT: BERNICE: Cocaine Sclerotic condition of the vein DOO JEE: Heroin CONNEC;;T: To buy drugs BUSH: BERNICE FLAKE: Cocaine Marihuana DOPE: Heroin or other narcotics CONNEf,::TION: Supplier of narcotics or drugs; BUSINESS: BHANG: Marihuana - India - cheap, low Hypodermic eqUipment source of inside information; an DOUBLE ; amobarbital sodium and in potency and usually used as a intermediary TROUBLE: sodium; a barbitu­ drink BUSTED: Being arrested rate; a depressant drug CONTACT HIGH: Becoming high merely by inter­ BIG HARRY: Heroin BUTTER: Marihuana acting with one who is high DOWNERS: A depressant drug

BIG JOHN: The pOlice BUY: Purchase of narcotics or drugs COOK-UP: Mix heroin with and heat DROP A DIME: To inform by an undercover officer or in­ for an injection BIG MAN: Supplier of narcotics or dl:ugs formant DROPPED: Arrested COP: To obtain drugs; a police officer BINDLE: A number of decks tied together; BUZZ: The effect of a drug DROPPER: Medicine dropper used by addicts a small quantity of drugs COPE: To carryon activities of daily as a makeshift hypodermic "C": Cocaine life effectively while under the BINGLE: Supplier of narcotics or drugs influence of drugs DUIGE: Heroin CABALLO: Heroin (Spanish for "Horcle") BINGO: Injection of a drug COP OUT: Sell out to "The Establishment"; DUMMY: Poor quality narcotics succumb to conventional pleas­ CAN: One ounce of marihuana; some­ BLACK STUFF: Opium ures; confess; to alibi DUST: Cocaine times two ounces BLANKS: Non-narcotic or CO-PILOTS: Amphetamine tablets DYNAMITE: Cocaine and morphine mixture a very poor CANDY: A depressant drug quality narcotic sold as a narcotic CORINE: Cocaine DYNAMITER: Cocaine addict CAPS: Capsules of narcotics or drugs BLAST: Smoke marihuana COTICS: Narcotics EIGHTH: Eighth of an ounce CARRIER: Distributor of drugs to a buyer 4 5 GOLD DUST: Cocaine A groUp of acid heads EXPLORERS' : BENNIES or DEXIES; ­ JOY POWDER: Cocaine or heroin CLUB: GONG: An opium pipe shaped tahlets JUGGLE: Junkie selling to another for his Clandestine conversion of opi~m FACTORY: GONG-BEATER: Smoker of opium HEAT: Police own habit to morphine base or morph~ne I base to heroin; equipment for GOOD THINGS: Narcotic drugs of high quality' HEELED: Possession of narcotics, drugs JUNK: Heroin or other narcotics inj ecting drugs i. e., heroin about 50% pure ' or a weapon JUNKIE: Narcotic addict To be arrested . FALL: GOODS: illicit narcotics or drugs HEMP: Marihuana KEY: One kilogram «2.2 lb.) of any Federal narcotic agent especially marihuana FED: GOOF BALL: Barbiturates - a depressant drug HERB: Marihuana drug), compresRed into brick form Narcotics of unusually good qual­ FINE STUFF: HIGH: Under the influence of drugs ity-only slightly adulterated GOOFED UP: Under the influence of barbitu­ KICK (THE stop using narcotics or :lrugs rates HIT: To purchase narcotics or drugs; HABIT): FINK: Informant a term for murder; an arrest GOW HEAD: An opium addict KIF: Marihuana - Moroco An FIX: inj ection of narcotics HOCUS: Morphine; a narcotic solution GRASS: Marihuana ready for injection KILO: One kilogram or 2.2 pounds or FLAKE: Cocaine 35 Olmces GRASSHOPPER: Marihuana user HOG: Addict that requires a maximum KIT: FLASH: To throw up after fiXing; the dose of drugs Set of narcotic paraphernalia feeling you get just after fiXing GREENIES: Green, heart-shaped tablets of (i. e., heroin or speed) dextro amphetamine sulfate plus HOLDING: Possessing nar _ ~~. cs or drugs LAB: Morphine or heroin conversion amobarbital; a combination of factory FLEA POWDER: Poor quality narcotics stimulant plus depressant drugs HOOKED: Addicted LAYOUT: The eqUipment for injecting FLOATING: Under the influence of drugs GRIFFO (GRIEFO): Marihuana HOP: Opium drugs LEMON: Poor quality narcotics FLOWER: Marihuana GROUND Caretaker in a LSD session HOP HEAD: Narcotic addict CONTROL: FOOTBALLS: Oval-shaped amphetamine sul­ HOPPED UP: Under the influence of drugs LIPTON : Poor quality narcotics fate tablets; a stimulating drug GUM: Opium HORNING: Sniffing cocaine LID: One ounce of marihuana FRANTIC: Nervous, jittery drug, user GUN: Hypodermic needle , HORSE: Heroin LID PROPPERS: Amphetamines or other stimulant drugs FREAK OUT: Have a bad trip GURU: Companion on a trip who has tripped before HOT: Fugitive wanted by the police LIT UP: Under the influence of drugs FRESH AND Out of jail Overdose, may result in death SWEET: "H": Heroin HOT LOAD (HOT SHOT): LOAD: Thirty decks of heroin FRONT MONEY: Advance payment HABIT: to drugs HUNGRY Doctor who sells drugs Ol' pre­ LOADED: Under the influence of narcotics FUZZ: Police officer CROAKER: scriptions for narcotics HALF: Half of an ounce LOCO-WEED: Marihuana HYPE: An addict using the injection GANJA: Marihuana - India. - medium HALF LOAD: Fifteen decks of heroin potency, used in confections and route LOVE-WEED: Marihuana beverages plus smoking, HAND TO HAND: Payment of money; delivery of ICE CREAM A small, irregular drug habit LSD: A hallucinogenic drug GAUGE (GAGE): Marihuana narcotics or drugs person-to- HABIT: person LSD-25: A hallucinogenic drug GEE HEAD: Paregoric abuser I'M HEP: I understand "M": Morphine HANG-UP: A personal problem GEETIS: Money "J": Marihuana MACHINERY: EqUipment for injecting drugs HAPPY DUST: Cocaine GEEZE: Inj ection of narcotics JAB: Inj ecting heroin into the vein~, Heroin, morphine or cocaine MAIN LINER: Addict who injects directly into HARD STUFF: the vein GEEZER: A narcotic injection JOB: To inject drugs HARRY: Heroin MAKE: To recognize a police officer GIMMICKS: The eqUipment for injecting JNE: Marihuana Hashish; marihuana; extracted drugs HASH; MAKE A BUY: To purchase drugs resin JOINT: Marihuana Cigarette GIRL: Cocaine JOLT: Inj ecting heroin into the veins MAKE A MEET: To purchase drugs HAY: Marihuara GLOM: To arrest a person MAN: Source of supply of narcotics or Marihuana user (pothead); LSD JOY POP: Occasional injection; only takes HEAD: injection now and then drugs; a police officer GOLD: Money user (acid head) 7 -

MANICURE: Clean and prepare marihuana for ON A TRIP: Under the influence of LSD 0 rolling into Cigarettes; high grade other hallUCinogens r POT HEAD: Marihuana user SKIN POP: Injecting the heroin under the marihuana - no stems or seeds skin ON THE NOD: Under the influence of drugs PURE: Pure narcotics or drugs of a MARY: Marihuana very good grade SLAMMED: In jail ON THE STREET: Out of jail MARY JANE: Marihuana PUSH: To sell narcotics or drugs SLEIGH RIDE: USing "snow" -- cocaine ORANGES: Dexies PUSHER: Supplier of narcotics or drugs MARY WARNER: Marihuana SMACK, SMECK, Drugs, especially powdered OUTFIT: Narcotic or ' SCHMECK: drugs in the form of snuff (i. e., MATCH BOX: A quantity of marihuana enough eqUipment for injection by th~ QUARTER: Quarter ounce heroin) for 5 to 8 hypodermic route; a "hypo" out­ fit; hypodermic syringe and QUILL: Folded match-box cover from SMOKE: Marihuana MEET: Appointment between two or more needle, spoon, safety pin, razor which narcotics are sniffed narcotic violators etc. ' SMOKE : To smoke marihuana RAINBOWS: Tuinal; DOUBLE TROUBLE MEZZ: Marihuana PAD: "Hang Out" or residence SNIFFING: Sniffing narcotics, usually co­ RAT: Informa,t caine or heroin MERCHANDISE: mi(~it narcotics or drugs PANAMA RED: "Red marihuana" from Panama READER: A prescription SNORTING: Sniffing narcotiCS, usually co­ MICKEY FINN: Hydrate : Scarcity of drugs; often caused caine or heroin by the arrest of a big peddler RED DEVILS: Seconal; PINKS MISS EMMA: Morphine SNOW: Cocaine : Container of narcotics or drugs; REEFER: Marihuana cigarette MOJO: Narcotics a prescription SPEED: Cocaine; - a ROACH: Butt of a marihuana cigarette stimulant drug MONKEY: A drug habit where physical de­ PASS: Transfer of narcotiCS, drugs or . pendence is present money ROPE; Marihuana Cigarette SPEED BALL: A powerful shot of a drug, usu­ ally heroin and cocaine com­ MOON: Flat, circular piece of hashish PEACE CAPS: A hallucinogenic drug ROSES: Bennies bined; combination of depressant and stimUlant drugs for injection MOR AGRIFA: Marihuana PEACHES: Bennies RUMBLE: PolicE' shakedown or search SPIKE: Hypodermic needle MORF: Morphine PEANUTS: Barbiturates SAM: Federal narcotic agent SPOON: Sixteenth of an ounce MUD: Opium for smoking PEDDLER: Supplier of narcotics or drugs SATCH COTTON: Cotton saturated with heroin; SQUARE: Does not know what's happening; MUGGLES: used to strain narcotics before a non-addict Marihuana cigarettes PEP PILLS: Stimulant drugs injection MULE: STACHE Cache of narcotics. Place where Transporter of narcotics or P.G. or P.O.: Paregoric SATIVA: Marihuana drugs (STASH): narcotics or the "outfit" is hhl­ den; also place where a drug PIECE: Gun; one ounce of narcotics or SCAT: Heroin MUTAH: Marihuana peddler will secrete various drugs; container of drugs quantities of narcotics. In a­ SCHMECK: Heroin NARCO: Narcotic officers "hide-out" purchase the drug PINKS: Seconal; secobarbital; a depres­ peddler accepts the money and sant drug SCORE: Obtained narcotics or drugs NARK: Narcotic officers then tells the drug user where the narcotics are hidden and the PLANT: Hiding place or cache of nar­ SCRATCH: Money NEEDLE: Hyp.odermic needle; hypodermic user then goes to the "hide-out" cotics. Place where narcotics or and picks up his purchase. syrll1ge the "works" are hidden; also SCRIPT: Narcotic prescription \ place where a drug peddler will \ NICKEL BAG STAR DUST: \ Cocaine A $5 purchase of narcotics secrete various quantities of nar­ SEGGY: Seconal; PINKS NIMBY: cotics. In a "hide-out" purchase STEAMBOAT: Roach holder (toilet roll) Nembutal; ' a de- the drug peddler accepts the SERENITY: A hallucinogenic drug pressant drug , money and then tells the drug STICK: Marihuana cigarette user where the narcotics are SHIT: Heroin NOD: Under the influence of drugs hidden and the user then goes to / the "hide-out" and picks up his SHOOTING Place where addicts go to inject STONED: Ur,der the influence of drugs, NUMBER FIVE: Number five capsules I purchase. GALLERY: the drugs • usually marihuana or LSD O.D.: Overdose of narcotics ACT: The Federal Narcotic Act SHOOT UP: Take an injection STOOL: Informant OFF: Withdrawn from drugs A hallUCinogenic drug POP: A subcutaneous injection, usu­ SHORT: Car STP: ON ICE: ally referred to as "skin pop­ To be in jail SKAG: Heroin STRAIGHT: Obtained narcotics ping"; to inject drugs I e ON THE BRICKS: To be out of jail SKEE: Opium STRAW: Marihuana POT: Marihuana 8 9 TURNOFF: STREET A pusher who sells directly to Withdraw from drugs PEDDLER: the aadict SUPPLeMENTARY GLOSSARY BETA-CHLOR: Mead-Johnson brand name for TURN-ON: To use narcotics or drugs , a depressant. STRUNG OUT: Heavily addicted OF DRUG TERMS Comes as a peach-colored, foot­ Addicted TWISTED: ball-shaped tablet. STUFF: Heroin or other narcotics UNCLE: Federal narcotic agent BLACK AND A 10-milligram capsule of Li­ SUGAR: illicit drugs, usually powdered GREENS: brium (Roche"s name for chlor­ USER: Narcotic addict or marihuana diazepm.ide, a tranquilizer). SWINGMAN: Supplier of narcotics or drugs smoker From capsule colors. AMOBARBITAL: A long-acting . Also: "T": Marihuana UP PILLS: Stimulant drugs Amy tal. Active ingredient in "Bluebirds" and "Blue heavens." BLUE BIRDS: Amobarbital capsules. TAILED: Followed VIPER'S WEED: Marihuana One of the active ingredients in "T-birds. " BLUE CHEER: A combination of LSD and me­ : Opium WAKE UPS: Stimulant drugs thamphetamine dyed blue. AMPHETAMINE: A general name for a class of TASTE: Sar'.lple of narcotics or drugs WASHED UP: Withdrawn from drugs stimulant drugs. Most common BLUE HEAVEN: Allegedly a variety of morning are dextro-amphetamine sulfate glory, the seeds of which con­ TEA: Marihuana WASTED: Under the influence of drugs and dl-amphetamine sulfate. tain an . TEA HEAD: Marihuana user Used medically as a stimulant WEED: Marihuana and appetite depressant. BLUE HEAVENS: Amobarbital capsules. TEA PARTY: Marihuana party WEED HEAD: Marihuana user AMPHETAMINE Common name for dl-ampheta­ BLUES: Same as above. TEXAS TEA: Marihuana SULFATE: mine sulfate. WEEKEND HABIT: A small, irregular drug user BOY: HerOin. THING: Heroin AMYTAL: Eli Lilly and Co. brand name for amobarbital. Comes in cap­ BROWN & Capsules containing d-ampheta­ THOROUGHBRED: A high type hustler who sells WHAT'S HAPPEN- Do you have any narcotics sule-shaped tablets and in blue CLEARS: mine sulfate in timed disinte­ very pure narcotics ING: bullet-shaped capsules. Also: gration beads. Smith, Kline and "Bluebirds," "Blue heavens," French's dexedrine is the most TOKE-UP (TOAK): To smoke marihuana cigarettes WHEELS: Cars or transportation "Blues." prized version. From capsule colors. Also: Browns. TOOIES: Tuinali DOUBLE TROUBLE WHISh.ERS: Federal narcotics agents ANGEL DUST: PCP base. BROWNS: Same as above. TORCH- UP: To light a marihuana Cigarette; WHITE GIRL: Cocaine ASTHMADOR: A nonprescription compound al­ they burn much more brightly leged to be hallUCinogenic. BUFOTEI,~INE: A hallucinogenic drug found in than an ordinary cigarette -­ WHITES: Amphetamine sulfate tablets; a Comes as a powder, in ciga­ many and . "Torch" is also being used in stimulant drug rettes and pipe . In­ Taken as snuff or injected. Also: the East for a "marihuana ciga­ tended as an asthma treatment. Mappine, Ch'an Suo rette." WHITE STUFF: Morphine or heroin Frequently ingested in a drink or homemade capsule. : A nonprescription drug fre­ TO SPLIT: To leave WORKS: Equipment for injection by hypo­ BAMADEX: A diet capsule made by Lederle. quently substituted for ampheta­ dermiC needle mine. TOSS: To search a person or place Contains amphetamine and me­ probamate (a tranquilizer), YELLOW Nembutal; ; a de­ "CAMBODIAN Marihuana, dark colored, almost TOY: Small container of opium JACKETS: pressant drug Football-shaped capsule: one side orange, the other side BLACK": blaCk. Barbiturates. cream. TRACKS: Marks left on veins from re­ YEN: Craving for narcotics. A "burn­ CAP: Capsule peated injections of drugs ing yen" is a marked craving. BANANAS: A delicious fruit from Central and South America, but not a CH'AN SU: A hallucinogenic drug derived TRAN(~UILITY: A hallucinoger:i~ drug YEN HOCK: Instrument used in smoking hallucinogenic drug. Also: Mel­ from the skin of a South Ameri­ opium can toad. Also: Bufotenine, low yellow. TRAP: Hiding place for narcotics or Mappine. drugs YEN-POCK: A ration of opium prepared for smoking BARBITURATE: A general dass of depressant drugs used as sleeping pills and CHRISTMAS A clear capsule containing a TRAVEL AGENT: Supplier of LSD variety of brightly colored timed . Most common are TREE: YEN-POP; Marihuana disintegration beads of ampheta­ phenobarbital, seCObarbital, pen­ TREY: $3.00 bag of heroin mine. YEN SHEE: tobarbital and amobarbital. Ad­ Opium ash dictive. TRIP: LSD experience; under the influ­ CHICKEN Amphetamine pow d f! r. Also: YEN SHEE DOY: POWDER: splash, crank~ speed, crystal. ence of any hallucinogenic drug Chinese - A Chinese drug addict BENZEDRINE: Smith, Kline and French brand name for dl-amphetamine sul­ TRUCK DRIVERS: Amphetamines; stimulant drugs YEN SHEE GOW: A scraper for removing yen­ fate. Most commonly encoun­ CHLORAL A depressant, usually in liquid shee from the opium pipe tered as a peach or rose-col­ HYDRATE: form inside a soft gelatine cap­ TUHKEY: Non~narcotic substance sold as ored heart-shaped tablet. Also: sule. Also: knockout drops, narcotics YEN SHEE SUEY: Opium Peaches, roses. Noctec, Mickey Finn. 10 IDA CHLORAL A chemical variation of chloral DEXTRO­ A common form of amphetamine. AMPHET BETAINE: hydrate used for the same pur­ Also: Dexedrine, DAB, d-amphe_ : A plant from which con­ METHEDRINE: Burroughs, Welcome & Co. brand poses. Also: Beta-Chlor (Mead­ SULFATE: tamine S04, etc. tains a stimulant related to am­ name for methamphetamine hy­ Johnson). phetamine. Large doses may drochloride. Comes in liquid DILAUDID: Knoll Pharmaceutical brand cause hallucinations. Also: Kat. form in vials for injection and CHLORDIAZE­ A tranquilizer. Also: Librium name for Hydromorphon, a nar­ as a small white tablet bearing POXIDE: (Roche). cotic. Also: Hymorpha>:L, Dihy­ the word, "tabloid." dromorphinone. LA TURNABOUTS: Long-acting amphetamine pillS CHLORPROMA­ A tranquilizer used by doctors containing large doses. Coast to Coasts, West Coast Turnaround. METHAMPHET A­ A powerful stimulant of the am­ ZINE: and drug users to bring LSD ell-AMPHETA­ A common amphetamine abOlct MINE: phetamine family. More power­ users "down" from a "bad trip." MINE: half as strong as d-ampheta­ ful milligram for milligram than Also: Thorazine (SKF). mine. In sulfate form it is com­ : of opium. any other amphetamine. Also: monly called Benzedrine after Methedrine, desoxyephedrine, COAST TO COAST: A powerful amphstamine pill. SK&F's brand name. LEVO­ A form of amphetamine having speed, crystal, and meth. From trucker slaT~g. Also: L. A. AMPHETAMINE: little or no stimulant effect. turnaround, We'st Coast turn­ DMT: A short-acting hallucinogen fre­ Also: I-amphetamine. MICKEY: about. . Short for quently used on tobacco. Must Mickey Finn. A depressant. be smoked or injected, not ac­ CRANK: LIBRIUM: Roche Laboratories brand name Methamphetamine powder. Also: tive orally. Trip lasts one hour. MICKEY FINN: Chloral hydrate. speed, crystal, splash, etc. Also: Dimethyltryptamine, Bus­ for a tranquilizer in common use. Al so: , inessmens trip, etc. MORNING GLORY Contain hallucinogens. 5 grams CROSSROADS: Amphetamine tablets of various Roaches, Roches. Comes incap­ SEEDS: or 125 seeds required for full colors which are scored into DOLLS: Barbiturates. Also: Candy, sules which are green and yel­ effect. Also: Pearly fates, Blue qua I' t e r s. Also: Cartwheels, peanuts, gOOfballs. low (5 mg), green and black (10 heaven, etc. crosses. mg), and green and white (25 DOLOPHINE: Eli Lilly & Co. brand name for mg), and bear the monogram NEMBIES: Capsules containing pentobarbi­ HOC HE. CRYSTAL: Methamphetamine powder for Methadene HCL, a narcotic. tal sodium. Derived from Ab­ injection. Also: Amidone, Butalgin, etc. bott's brand name: Nembutal. MAPPINE: A halucinogen found in some Also: Yellow jackets. CUBES: plants and mushrooms. Also: Doses of LSD on sugar cubes. DOivI: A hallucinogen usually found in Bufotenine. tablet fOl'ln. 1 to 3 milligrams NEMBUTAL: Abbott's brand name for pento­ "D": LSD produces an 8 to 10 hour "trip. II sodium. Capsules are Better known as STP. MDA: A halucinogen related to am­ yellow or yellow and white with d-AMPHETAMINE: Dextro-amphetamine. phetamine. Comes as a white a stylized "A" imprinted. Also: DORIDEN: nembies, yellows and yellow DAS: CIBA Pharmaceutical Co. brand powder, sometimes in capsules. Dextra-amphetamine sulfate. name for , a non­ Also: Methyl Dioxy Ampheta­ jackets. DEMEROL: barbiturate . Addictive. mine. A narcotic (synthetic). Addic­ Comes as a white tablet and a NOCTEC: Squibb Laboratories brand of tive. Also: Meperidine. blue and white capsule with CIBA MEPERIDINE: A synthetic narcotics. Also: chloral hydrate, Comes as a red, soft-gelatin capsule marked DEPRESSANT: monogram. Demerol, Dolantal, Dolantin, A drug which depresses the cen­ Dolosal, Dolvanol, Endelate and SQUIBB. Also: Mickey. tral , such as a DOUBLE Tuinal capsule or an imitation. Isonipecaine. barbitUrate. A sedative. TROUBLE: Also: T-birds, Hed & blues. NOLUDAR: Roch Lab brand name for methy­ DESOXYEPHE­ prylon, a non-barbiturate seda­ Methamphetamine. DPT: : A popular tranquilizer. Equanil, DRINE: A hallucinogen related to DMT Miltown. tive . Addictive. Comes and DET. Found on parsley cig­ as a pink and white capsule DE80XYN: arettes. Also: dipropyltrypta­ MESCAL: cactus. bearing the monogram: ROCHE. Abbott's brand of methampheta­ mine. mine hydrochloride. A small tablet bearing a stylized "A" FU: Marihuana. OPIUM: A narcotic derived from a . MESCALINE: A hallUCinogen derived from Dark brown and found as a gum monogram and colored white, plants, including the peyote cac­ yellow or orange. GLUTETHIMIDE: A nonbarbiturate sedative fre­ or a powder. Usually smoked quently abused. Also: Doriden. tus. The "trip" is short and but may be eaten. colorful. Comes as a liquid or DET: A hallucinogen smoked on par­ GREEN & A capsule containing timed dis­ powder. 300 milligrams is the OWSLEY'S LSD sley or marihuana. Inactive CLEARS: normal dose. orally. Comes as an orange, integration beads of d-ampheta­ ACID: oily liquid. "Trip" lasts about mine sulfate and amobarbital. : A depressant, usually in liquid three hours. Also: Diethyltryp­ From capsule colors. Also: MEPHENTER­ A stimulant drug which chem­ tamine. Dexamyl (SK&F). MINE: ically resembles methampheta­ form, frequently found in ampuls mine but is not nearly as power­ for injection. Very powerful. DEXAMYL: Smith, Kline, and French brand GREEN & 25 milligram capsules of Li­ ful. Also: Wyamine. PCP: Hydrochloride name for a combination of d-am­ WHITE brium (Chlordiazepoxide). Also: Roaches, Roche 25' s. sold as a veterminary anesthe­ phetamine sulfate and amobarbi­ METH: Methamphetamine tic under the brand name Serny­ tal. Tablets are g'reenandheart­ : Ian which is used as a hal­ shaped. Capsules are green and A hallUCinogen derived from the of an African bush. Pro­ METHADONE: A synthetic narcotic. Also: lucinogen. Also: peace pill. clear containing green and white Comes in capsules or as a white timed diSintegration beads. duces uncontrolled rage in lab Dolophine, Butalgin, Amidone, animals. Usually in liquid form. etc. powder. lOB lOC PEACE PILL: See preceding definition. RITALlli: Ciba Pharmaceutical Co. brand TETRAHYDRO­ The active ingredient in mari­ Also comes in TD capsules n~me for a nonamphetamine CANNARlliAL: huana. When synthesized comes PEARLY GATES: A variety of morning glory seed stImulant: methyl phenidate which are orange a,ld clear and as a liquid. Also: Synthetic bear the SKF monogram. which contains a hallucinogen. Comes in liquid form in vials fo; marihuana. 125 seeds are required for full inj ection and in tablet fr-rm. effect. Tablets are round, colored "el­ TD CAP: A capsule containing Timed Dis­ TUlliAL: Lilly's brand name for a com­ low, pale green or peach wi.th integration beads. bination of secobarbital sodium PETER: Chloral hydrate, a depressant. the CIBA monogram em the fact:.. and amobarbital. Comic's as a THlliG: One capsule of heroin or cocaine. red and blue, bullet-shap(')d cap­ PENTOBAR­ A fast-acting barbiturate. Com­ ROACHES: Librium capsules. From the sule with "Lilly" printed on it. BITAL: monly found in yellow capsule TIMED DISlliTE­ Small, bead-shaped particles Also: T-Birds, Rainbows, Dou­ monogram (ROCHE) printed on ble trouble, etc. form known as yellow jackets, the capsules. Also: Roches, GRATION BEADS: of drug, coated with varying nembies and Nembutal. black and greens, etc. amounts of. slow dissolving bin­ ders which release the drug into WHITE LIGHT­ LSD NlliG: PHENOBAR­ A long-acting barbiturate. Com­ ROSEWOOD, A tropical plant, the seeds of the system gradually over an BITAL: monly found in tablet form. A HAWAIIAN: which contain hallucinogens. Al­ extended period, usually 6 to 8 hours. ROSE, A tropical plant, the seeds of common sleeping tablet. so: Hawaiian woodrose. HAWAIIAN: which contain hallucinogens. Bo­ THORAZlliE: Smith, Kline and French brand tanical name: Argyreia nervosa PHENCYCLI­ Phencyclidine Hydrochloride, a SECOBARBITAL: A fast-acting barbiturate. Com­ name for , a DINE HCL BASE: veterinary product. Also: known monly comes in red capsules tranquilizer used by doctors and WYAMINE: Wyeth Lab brand name for a as "pep" Peace pill, hog, cy­ whi?h are called red birds, red drug users to bring LSD users stimulant related to ampheta­ clones, THC. PUre base known devlls, Seconal, etc. "down" from a ''bad trip. " mine called mephentermine. as DCA (dust of angels). Comes as an orange, sugar­ Comes as a round, white single­ SECONAL: coated tablet bearing the SKF scored tablet. PILL HEAD: A heavy user of pills, either Eli Lilly and Co. brand name monogram and a number showing depressant Or stimulant. for secobarbital sodium. A red, the tablet strength in milligrams. YELLOWS: See above. bullet-shaped capsule is the most common form. PLACIDYL: A nonbarbiturate sedative made by Abbott. Comes in red sugar SEDATIVE: A drug intended to allay excite­ coated tablets and red soft gela­ ment or . Tranquilizers tine capsules. Addictive. Also: . and barbiturates are examples.

PRELUDIN: A nonamphetamine stimulant SHIRT: A quantity of drugs. Frequently made by Geigy. Comes in used as code in letters. square orange and round orange tablets. Also: . SLEEPING PILLS: Usually barbiturates. FIELD TESTS CAUTION PSILOCYBE A from Mexico which SMASH: A mixture of cannabis oil ex­ MEXICANA: contains PSilocybin, a halluci­ tracted from domestic mar­ The handling of suspected hallucinogens should be nogen. ihuana and hashish. May be a done carefully - only a microscopic amount is nec­ combination form of Smack and essary to. produce effects which will seriously af­ : A hallucinogen related to and Hash. fect the individual's perception. derived from psilocybin. SOMNOS: Merck, Sharpe and Dohme brand BE CAREFUL PSILOCYBlli: of chloral hydrate. A hallucinogen derived from a The following tests are of varying reliability, but are Amphetamine - Testing EqUipment Mexican mushroom. Usually SPLASH: Amphetamine powder intended sufficient to establish probable cause. (Caution: contains encountered in white , round , for injection. Also: Chicken sulfuric acid) sugar-coated tablets. Usual dos­ powder , speed, crank, crystal. Only a chemical analysis by a qualified chemist in a spot plate or equivalent age range is 4 to 6 milligrams properly equipped laboratory is positive, legal evi­ taken orally. ' dence. Procedure SPLIVINS: Amphetamine powder. Place powdered sample on spot plate RED & BLUES: Tuinal capsules and their imi­ Sources: Put reagent on sample tations. Also: Double trouble. STP: A hallucinogen. Equivalent in effect to LSD, but chemicaliy Marquis Reagent - Ferguson Company Reaction Usually comes REDUClliG PILLS: Table.ts. and capsules USUally very different. 814 Ridgely Street Red-orango color in first 10 to 20 contaJ.l1lng amphetamine and fre­ in tablet form. 1/10th as strong Baltimore, Maryland seconds quently containing a barbiturate as LSD. Also: DOM. Dark brown color after 2 minutes or tranquilizer. Zwikker Test - Atkinson Laboratory, Inc. SUPER GRASS: Vietnamese marihuana. 3031 Fierro Street Renurks RED BIRDS: Los Angeles, California Not completely reliable, since many Secobarbital sodium capsules. TAB: Also: Reds, pinkS, Seconal, etc. Tablet. 'A substances will produce similar re­ ., The remainder of the chemicals necessary are ob­ action. Use caffeine test as a REDS: Same as above. T-BIRD: Tuinal capsule or an imitation. tainable from chemical supply houses. check. Also: Double trouble. 10D 10E Procedure Mix unknovm with water - 1 part un­ Remarks Procedure Test.ing Equipment known to 50 parts water Violet color is produced by HC!. Place small amount of unknown S:.i:.:ti::;n A - to a l~ solution of So­ Add 5 drops of Potassium Dichro­ makes it easier to see. in spot plate. dium Nitropruside add mate solution to 5 milliliters of Keep reagent in cool dark place in Add 2 or 3 drops of Marquis Reagent lQll acetalclhyde by vol­ unknown solution glass-stoppered bottle. ume Add 1 milliliter of HCl Discard reagent when it turns deep yellow. Reaction Solution B - z:c solution of Sodium Reddish violet turning Carborate Reaction Mescaline - Test Equipment to blue violet = or Orange-colored crystalline precipi­ Dilaudid Spot plate tate forms if tmknown is Cocaine. Marql'is reagent spot plate Yellow turning slowly Procedure to dark green = Demerol Remarks Purple = Morphine Put at least one milligram of sam­ A yellow precipitate will form when ple on spot plate. Purple with reddish Potassium Dichromate is added. highlights = Heroin Put one drop of Solution A on sample This precipitate v;ill redissolve if Put two drops of Solution 13 on sample shaken. Remarks Opium in solid or solution form will Reaction DMT (Dimethyltryptamine) - See LSD Procedure Immediate deep blue Methampheta- Place small amount of sample in spot react but dark color of material = makes color identification impos­ mine plate sible. Cherry red = Amphetamine LSD (Lysergic Acid Diethylamide) Add 2 or 3 drops of Marquis Reagent Test Eauipment - Testing Equipment solution of para dimethylamino­ Reaction Barbiturate z:;c STP (DOM) - Test Equipment Bright red-orange Zwikker Test Kit benzaldehyde (pD},iAB) in 95':: ethyl spot plate Mecke's Reagent Solution #1 - Anhydrous Concentrated hydrochloric acid (HCl) Remarks MarquiS Reagent available pre-pack­ Solution #2 - Cobalt chloride in me­ Spot plate Preparation of Mecke's Reagent thanal aged in glass tubes from Ferfuson Dissolve 1 gram of Selenous acid in Company, 814 Ridgely Street, Bal­ Solution #3 - 5% isopropylamine in Procedure 200 milliliters of concentrated Sul­ timore, Maryland methanal Put powdered sample onto spot plate. furic Acid. Add 2 or 3 drops of pD::-'IAB solution Opium Derivatives Spot plate Add 1 drop of concentrated HCl Procedure Test Equipment Put small amount of unknown on spot Procedure Marquis Reagent Reaction plate Scrape tablet or empty part of cap­ spot plate sule into spot plate. Violet color Add one drop of Mecke's Reagent Add 2 drops solution #1 (should dis­ Remarks solve sample) Reaction AtlLt 2 drops solution # 2 (may produce All compounds such as D:'vIT, Psylocibin, Ergotamin and Cafer­ Greenish-yellow color with reddish­ violet or blue) orange preCipitate Add 2 drops solution 413 got give the same reaction.

Reaction Marihuana - Test Equipment Dark violet or blue T€sttube Duquenois reagent Remarks Concentrated hydrochloric acid (HCl) Caffeine produces a light blue-green Chloroform

- Tt'sting Equipment Preparation of Duquenois Reagent Tannic Acid powder Dissolve 5 drops of and Vial 0.4 grams of vanillin in 20 milli­ Tap water liters of 95~} ethyl alcohol. Pr0('t'clure Procedure ML" tanuic aciel, sufficil>nt to COV('r Put small quantity of tmknmv"ll in test tip of knife, with water in vial. tube. Serape tablet or empty part of cap­ Add 2 milliliters of Duquenois Rea­ sult' int0 s0lutiol1 gent and shake for one minute Add 2. milliliters of concentrated Rt?:ll'ti0n Hel Strt':Ullt'rS of milky~whitl' prt'('ipitatl! Add 1 or 2 milliliter of chloroform and shake ....-,:: ..t:::-2 - Tt?stiu~ EqllipmL'llt Tt?st tubto' L€'t settle P.:>tassimn Dit'hl'lll11ah' solution (1 in 15) RNlction Bl)ttOlll layer (chloroform) \>ill turn Hydrt1dl!..\riC' acid ~H(1) violet if m ..'U'ilmana. present • -;;:' lOG COMMONLY CONTROLLED DRUGS Names: Acapulco Gold, Bammies, Bhang, Boo, Bush, Butter, Charas, Dagga, Flower, Ganja, Gauge (Gage), Grass, Griffo (Griefo), Hash, Hay, Hemp, Herb, "J," Jive, Kit, Loco-Weed, Love Weed, Mar­ ihuana, Mary, Mary Jane, MaryWarner, NARCOTIC DRUGS Mezz, Moon, Panama Red, Mol' A Griffa, Mutah, Pot, Sativa, Smoke, 1. Morphine: An , usually in the form of a Straw, "T," Tea, Texas Tea, Viper's white powder or a small white tablet. Medically Weed, Yen-Pop the most widely used of the . Terms: Blast a Joint, Blow a Stick, Blow Pot, Names: Cube, Dynamite, Hard Stuff, "M," Miss Brick, Can of Pot, Grasshopper, Key, Emma, Morf, White Stuff Kilo, Lid, Manicure, Match Box, Pot Head, Smoke Canada, Steam Boat, Tea, Terms: Hocus Head, Tea Patty, Take-Up (Took), Torch-Up, Weed Head 2. Heroin: An opiate manufactured from morphine and more potent than morphine. It is "cut" Marihuana Cigarettes: Ace, Bomber, Joint, (diluted) to 3 - 6%. Usually sold in the form of a Muggle, Reefer, Roach, white crystalline powder in paper, foil or cap­ Rope, Stick sules.

Names: Big Harry, Caballo, Doo Jee, Dope, STIMULANT DRUGS Duige, !lH," Hard Stuff, Harry, Horse, Joy Powder, Junk, Scat, Schmeck, Shit, Amphetamine and Related Compounds: These are Skag, Stuff, Thing, White Stuff synthesized drugs commonly found as tablets or cap­ sules. Terms: Artillery, Bang, BangeI', Burned Out, Business, Charged Up, Cold Turkey, Names: Bambita, Bennies, Bombido, Brownies, Cook-Up, Cottons, Cut, Dime Bag, Cartwheels, Coast-to-coasts, Co-pilots, Domino, Dropper, Dummy, Factory, Dexies, Eye-openers, Footballs, Green­ Fix, Flash, Flea Powder, Good Things, ies, Hearts, L.A. Turnabouts, Lid Prop­ Gun, Half, Half Load, Hog, Hooked, Hop pel's, Oranges, Peaches, Pep Pills, Head, Hot Load, Hot Shot, Hype, Jab, Roses, Speed, Truck Drivers, Up Pills, t Jolt, Juggle, Junkie, Kit, Lab, Lemon, Wake Ups, Whites Lipton Tea, Load, Loaded, Machinery, Main Liner, Monkey, Needle, Nickel Terms: Crash, High Bag, Nod, Outfit, Panic, Pop, Satch Cot­ ton, Shooting Gallery, Shoot Up, Spike, Spoon, Skin Pop, Spike, Spoon, Stache (Stash), Tracks, Trey, Works DEPRESSANT DRUGS

3. Cocaine: Pharmacologically not a narcotic but a Barbiturates and Related Compounds: These are stimulant. Usually in the form of a white crys­ synthesized drugs commonly found as tablets or cap­ talline powder. sules.

Names: Bernice, Bernice Flake, "C," Cecil, Names: Barbs, Blue Birds, Blue Devils, Candy, Coke, Corine, Dust, Dynamite, Flake, Double Trouble, Downers, Goof Ball, Girl, Gold Dust, Happy Dust, Hard Stuff, Nimby, Peanuts, Pinks, Rain BOWS, Red Joy Powder, Snow, Speed, Star Dust, Devils, Seggy, Tooies, Yellow J'ackets White Gi.rl Terms: Goofed Up, Monkey Terms: Cokie, Coked Up, Dynamiter; Horning, Quill, Sleigh Ride, Sniffing, Snorting

4. Meperidine (Demerol) and methadone: Most HALLUCINOGENIC DRUGS widely used and abused synthetic opiates usual drug of addiction for physicians and nurses. 1. LSD (Lysergic Acid Diethylamide): A semi-syn­ thetic de:ivative from rye ergot. Deposited on 5. Cannabis: Pharmacologically not a narcotiC, but all types of tablets, stuffs, paper, cloth. a hallucinogen. Obtained from the flowering tops As a liquid in ampules and in a crystalline form of female plant and leaves of both female and in capsules and tablets. male plant of Cannabis saUna (hemp plant). Po­ tency varies widely depending on climate, culti­ Names: Acid, Big D, Cuoes, LSD, LSD-25, Se­ vation, and preparation. Grows wild in almost renity, The Beast, The Hawk, The Chief, all countries. Tranquility, 25 11 Terms: Acid Head, Acid Test, Crash, Explorers' Names: Big Chief, Mesc . 12. POTENTIATION - Potentiation occurs when the 16. SEDATIVE - An agent which quiets or calms Club, Freak Out, Ground Control, Guru, combined aC::tion of two or more drugs is greater activity. Head, On a Trip, Stoned, Travel Agent, 4. Psilocybin: One of two active SUbstances iso­ than the sum of the effects of each drug taken Trip lated from the Mexican mushroom (Psilocybe alone. Potentiation can be very useful in certain 17. SIDE EFFECTS - A given drug may have many Mexicana Heim). Available in crystalline, pow­ medical procedures. For example, physicians actions on the body. Usually one or two of the 2. Peyote: Buttons from small spineless cactus. dered or liquid form. can induce and maintain a specifiC degree of more promient actions will be medically useful. Usually found in the dried form. May be chewed, with a small amount of the primary The others, usually weaker effects, are called brewed with tea, ground and placed in gelatin 5. DMT (Dimethyltryptamine): A synthetic drug. agent by using another drug to poten­ side effects. They are not necessarily harmful, capsules or made into little balls. Used rit­ tiate the primary anesthetic agent. Potentiation but may be annoying. ualistically by Mexican Indians and the Native Names: Business Man's Special, 45-minute Psy­ may also be dangerous. For example, barbitu­ American Church. chosis rates and many tranquilizers potentiate the de­ 18. STIMULANT - Any of several drugs which act pressant effects of alcohol. on the , producing excita­ Names: Bad Seed, Button, Cactus, Half-moon, 6, others: tion, and wakefulness. Medical uses Moon, "P," Tops 13. PHYSICAL DEPENDENCE - Physiological adap­ include the treatment of mild depressive states, STP tation of the body to the presence of a drug. In overweight and narcolepsy-a disease character­ 3. Mescaline: The natural isolated from effect, the body develops a continuing need for ized by an almost overwhelming desire to sleep. peyote. A crystalline powder dissolvecl in water DMA the drug. Once such dependence has been es­ in ampules or vials or placed into gel.!tin cap­ tablished, the body reacts with predictable symp­ 19. TOLERANCE - With many drugs, a person must sules. PCP toms if the drug is abruptly withdrawn. Tf~tl keep increasing the dosage to maintain the same nature and severity of withdrawal symptoms effect. This characteristic is called tolerance. depend on the drug being used and the ctaily Tolerance develops with the barbiturates, with dosage level attained. amphetamine and related compounds, and with opiates. 14. PSYCHOLOGICAL DEPENDENCE - An attach­ ment to drug use which arises from a drug's 20. TOXIC EFFECTS () - Any substance in ability to satisfy some emotional or personality excessive amounts can act as a poison or . need of an individual. This attachment does not With drugs, the margin between the dosage that TECHNICAL TERMS- DRUG ABUSE vary with the agent involved. This is made clear by designating the particular type of drug de­ require a physical dependence, although physical produces beneficial effects and dosage that pro­ pendence in each specific case--for example, dependence may seem to reinforce psychological duces toxic or poisonous effects varies greatly. drug dependence of the morphine type, of the dependence. An individual may also be psycho­ Moreover, this margin will vary with the person cocaine type, of the cannabis type, of the barbi­ logically dependent on substances other than taking the drug. turate type, etc. drugs. 21. WITHDRAWAL SYMPTOMS OR 7. - A sense of well-being; a feeling of 15. PSYCHOSIS - A major mental disorder; any se­ SYNDROME - The reaction occurring in the body being "high," rious mental derangement. "Psychosis" re­ when a drug on which the body has acquired de­ , places the old term "insanity." pendence is withdrawn. 1. ADDICTIOX - In 1957, the World Health Organi­ 8. HABITUATION - As defined in 1957 by WHO, zation (WHO) defined drug addiction as a state of drug habituation is a condition, resulting from periodic or chronic intoxication produced by the the repeated consumption of a drug, which in­ repeated consumption of a drug. Its character­ cludes these characteristics: (1) a desire (but istics include: (1) an overpowering desire or not a compulsion) to continue taking the drug for need (compulsion) to continue taking the drug for the sense of improved well-being that it en­ and to obtain it by any means; (2) a tendency to genders; (2) little or no tendency to increase increase the dose; (3) a psychic (phycological) the dose; (3) some degree of psychic dependence Signet Books and generally a physical dependence on the ef­ on the effect of the drug, but absence of physical INEXPENSIVE BOOKS AND PAMPHlETS fects of the drug; (4) an effect detrimental to the dependence and, hence, no abstinence syndrome; The Marihuana , edited by David Solomon, individual and to society. (4) a detrimental effect, if any, primarily on the 1966 (W3442 - $1.50) individual. 2. CE1'!'TRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM - The brain and Pocket Books spinal cord. 8. HALLUCINOGEN - Any of several drugs, popu­ Bantam Books larly called psychedelics, which produce sen­ 3. - An involuntary and violent ir­ Mind Drugs, by Margaret O. Hyde, 1968 (77125 - sations such as distortions of time, space, sound, 95 regular series of contractions of the muscles. color and other bizarre effects. While they are Black Market Medicine, by Margaret Kreig, 1967 9) (N3760 - 959) pharmacologically non-narcotic, some of these Pyramid Books 4. DELIRIUM - A condition characterized by men­ drugs (e.g., marihuana) are regulated under tal excitement, confusion, disordered speech and. Federal narcotic laws. , by Jess Stearn, 1968 (N5261 - 959) often, hallucinations. . Hooke..s!, edited by Phil Hirsch, 1968 (X-1760 -609) The Private Sea -- LSD & The Search for God, 10. HYPNOTIC - An agent that induces sleep. by William Broden, 1967 (N3733 - 959) 5. DEPRESSAl'.'T - Any of several drugs which se­ !?erkley Medallion Books date by acting un the central nervous system. 11. NARCOTIC - This term has two definitions. Fawcett Books Medic~l uses include the treatment of anxiety Medically defined, a narcotic is any drug that tension and high . ' produces sleep or stupor and also relieves pain. The Addict, edited by Dan Wakefield, 1963 (T392 - by David Solomon, 1964 Legally defined, the term means any drug regu­ 6. DRUG DEPENDENCE - As described in 1963 by 75 9) lated under the Harrison Act and other Federal Time, Inc. WHO, drug dependence is " a state arising from narcotic laws. Some of these regulated drugs repeated administration of a drug on a periodic The LSD Story, by John Cashman, 1966 (dl716- are pharmacologically non-narcotic (e.g., co­ The , by Joe David Braun, 1967 ($1.95) or continuous basis." Its characteristics will caine). 50 9) 12 13 Canyon Books Marihuana - Public Health Service Publication No. Moscow, Alvin. Merchants of Heroin, New York, PERIODICALS 1829 ($0.05) Dial Press, 1968. The Hippy Handbook, by Ruth Bronsteen (1013 - Alksne, Harold. "A Conceptual. Model of the Life O'Donn:::ll, John A. and John C. Ball, eds. Narcotic $1.00) The Up and Down Drugs - Public Healhi Service Cycle of Addiction," International Journal of the Publication No. 1830 ($0.05) Addiction, New York, Harper & Row, 1966. ,'£, pp. 221-240, 1967. Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Narcotic Addict Rehabilitation Act of 1966 - Public Pearlman, Samuel, ed. Drugs on the Campus; Anno­ Printing Office, Washington, D. C. 20402 American Medical Association Council on Mental Health Service Publication No. 1782 ($0.05) tated Guide to the Literature, Brooklyn College, 1968. Health. "Narcotics and Medical Practice," Journal Task Force Report: Narcotics and Drug Abuse - Americaii Medical Association, 202, No.8, pp. 209- Living Death - The Truth About Drug Addiction­ Ross, B. and Abramson, M. No Man stands Alone: 212, 1967. The President's Commission on Law Enforcement #1965-0-784-995 ($0.05) The True Story of Barney Ross, J.B. Lippincott Com­ and the Administration of Justice ($1.00) pany, Philadelphia, 1957. Ausubel, D.P. "Causes and Types of Narcotic Addic­ Handbook on the Law of Search and ($0.30) Drug Abuse - Game Without Winners ($0.50) tion: A Psychosocial View," Psychiatric Quarterly Street, L. I Was a Drug Addict, , Inc., 34:523 (July) 1961. LSD: The False illusion - Part I (Reprint from FDA New York, 1953. Traffic in Opium and Other Dangerous Drugs (SO.30) Papers, July-Aug. 1967) ($0.15) Berger, H. "Treatment of Narcotic Addicts in Pri­ Taylor, Norman. Narcotics: Nature's Dangerous, vate Practice," Archives of Internal Medicine 114:59 Prevention and Control of Narcotic Addiction ($0.20) LSD: The False illusion - Part II (Reprint from FDA Gifts, New York, Dell, 1963. (July) 1964. - Papers, Sept. 1967) ($0.10)

Narcotics - Public Health Service Publication Nr. Terry, Charles E. and M. Pellens. The Opium Prob­ Bloomquist, E.R. "Let's Think Twice About' Free' II 1827 ($0.05) Drugs of Abuse (Reprint from FDA Papers, July­ lem, N.Y. Committee on Drug Addictions and the !\Tarcotics, GP 21:156 (May) 1960; 21:149 (June) 1960. Aug. 1967) ($0.20) Bureau of Social Hygiene, Inc., 1928. LSD - Public Health Service Public!ition No. 1828 Bril~ H. "Misapprehension::; about Drug Addiction: ($0.05) Fact Sheets - BNDD ($0.50) Time, Inc. The Drug Takers; a Special Report" ;'\Tew Some Origins and ReperCut1Sions," Comprehensive York, Time Life, Inc., 1965. Psychiatry 4:150 (June) 1964.

United Nations. Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, Brotman, R., et al. "An Approach to Treating Nar­ 1961, New York, United Nations, 19·61. cotic Addicts Based on a Communitv Mental Health Diagnosis," Comprehensive Psychiatry 6:104 (April) United Nations. International Control of Narcotic 1965. - Drugs, New York, United Nations, 1965. BIBLIOGRAPHY ON NARCOTIC DRUGS tories in cooperation with the National Education Diskind, M.H. and Klonsky, G. "A Second Look at the Association, NEA, 1967. U.S. Congress, House, Committee on the Judiciary. New York State Parole Drug Experiment;' Federal "Civil commitment and treatment of narcotic ad­ Probation 28:34, 1964. Drug Addiction: Crime or Disease? Interim and , dicts," Hearings before Subcommittee No. 2 of the Final Reports of the American Association and Committee, 89th Congress, 1st and 2nd seSSion, 1965, "Drugs, Narcotics and the Flight from Reality; with the American Medical Association on Narcotic Drugs, 1966, Washington, D.C., 1966. Interview and Press Comments," Senior Scholastic, BOOKS Indiana University Press, Bloomington, 1963. 90 (February 10, 1967),4-12. U.S. Department of Defense. Drug Abuse; Game American Medical Association, Department of Men­ Eldridge, William B. Narcotics and the Law: a Cri­ Without Winners, A Basic Handbook, for Com­ Eddy, Nathan-B. ct al. "Drug Dependence, Its Siblli­ tal Health. Narcotics Addition, Official Actions of the tique of the American Experiment in Narcotic Drug manders, Washington, D.C., GPO, 1968. ficance and Characteristics," Bulletin World Health American Medical AssOCiation, Chicago, illinOis, Control, Chicago, Illinois, American Bar Association, Organization, 32, 721-733, 1965. 1963. 1962. U.S, National Institute of Mental Health. Narcotic Esty, G.W. "Preventing Drug Addiction Through Edu­ Anslinger, H.J. and Tompkins, W.F. The Traffic in Drug Addiction, Mental Health Monograph No.2, cation," Public Health News 47:87 (April) 1966. Harms, Ernest. Drug Addiction in Youth, New York, Washington, D.C., GPO, 1963. Narcotics, Funk and Wagnalls, New York, 1953. Pergamon Press, 1965. . Farber, L. H. "Ours is the Addicted Socipty." New U.S. National Institute of Mental Health. Rehabilita­ Ausubel, David P. Drug Addiction: PhYSiological, York Times Mag., (Dec. 11, 1966), 43. Institute on the Rehabilitation of the Narcotic Addict. tion in Drug Addiction, Mental Health Monograph, Psychological and Sociological Aspects, New York, R:habilitating the Narcotic Addict, report of the In­ Finestone, Harold. "Cats, Kicks, and Color," Social Random House, 1958. No.3, Washington, D.C., GPO, 19(13. _. stItute, Forth Worth, Texas, 1966; Washington, D.C., Problems, 5, 3-13, July 1957. ~ s:,: GPO, 1967. Barber, Bernard. Drugs and Society, Russell Sage U.S. President's Commission on Law Enforcement Fort, John P., Jr. "HerOin Addicts Among Young Foundation, 1967. and Administration of Justice. Task Force Report: Men," Psychiatry, 251-259, August 1954. Kolb, Lawrence. Narcotic Addiction; a MedicalProb­ Narcotic and Drug Abuse, Wasf}ington, D.C., GPO, lem, Springfield, llli.!lOis, Thomas 1962. 1967. Gerard, Donald L. and Conan Kornetsky. "A Social Blumer, Herbert. The World of Youthful Drug lise ~ , and Psychiatric Study of Adolescent Opiate Addicts," School of Criminology, University of California' Psychiatric Quarterly, 28, No.1, 113-125, January 1967. ' La~uie, Peter. Drugs: Medical, Psychological and White House Conference on Narcotic and Drug Abuse, SOCIal Fact~, New York, Penquin Books, 1967. Washington, D.C., GPO, 1962. 1954. Casriel, D. So Fair a House: The story of Synanon, Granier-Doyeux, Marcie, "From Opium to LSD, the Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, Lewin, Louis. Phantasticaj Narcotic and Stimulating Williams, John B., ed. Narcotics and Hallucinogens­ Long History of Drugs," The UNESCO Courier, 8-12, 1963. Drugs, Their Use and Abuse, New York, Dutton, 1964. a Handbook, rev. ed., New York, GlencoePress,1968. May 1968. Guggenheim, W. Z. "Heroin; History and Pharmacol­ Chein, Isador. The Road to H, New York, Basic Lowes, Peter D. The Genesis of International Nar­ Wilner, Daniel M. and G. G. Kassebaum, eds. Nar­ Books, 1964. cotic Control, Librairie Droz, Geneve, 1966. ogy," International Journal of the Addictions,~, No.2, cotics, New York, Blakiston, 1965. pp. 328-330, 1967. Maurer, David W. and V. Vogel. Narcotics and Nar­ Drug Abuse: Escape to Nowhere; A Guide for Educa­ Yablonsky, L. The Tunnel Back: Synanon, MacMillan cotic Addition, 3rd ed., Springfield Illinois, Thomas, Hess, C.B.: "New Trends in Narcotic Addiction Con­ tors. Philadelphia, Smith, Kline & French Labora- 1967. ' , Co., New York, 1965. trol," Public Health Reports 81:277 (March) 1966. 14 15 Jermulowicz, Z.W., and Turnau, Mag. A.: "Control Journal of Public Health, vol. 57, no. 9, pp. 1580- Drug Abuse: Escape to Nowhere; A Guide for Edu­ Cohen, Sidney. " of the Psychoactive and Treatment of Drug Addicts in ," Bulletin of 1596, September 1967. cators. Philadelphia: Smith Kline & French Labor­ Drugs," Northwest Medicine, 65, pp. 197-203, 1966. Narcotics 14:11 (April-June) 1962. atories, in cooperation with the American Associa­ Shelley, J.A., and Bassin, A.: "Daytop Lodge-A New tion for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, Klein, Julius and Derek L. Phillips, "From Hard to Treatment Approach for Drug Addicts," Corrective ~9~;~artment of the National Education Association, Committee on and Addiction and Council Soft Drugs: Temporal and Substantive Changes in Psychiatry and J. of Social Therapy 11.:186 (July) J on Mental Health: Dependence on Barbiturates and Drug Usage Among Gangs in a Working-class Com­ 1965. other Sedative Drugs, Jour,nal of the American Med­ munity," Journal of Health and Social Behavior, Ebin, D., ed.: The Drug Experience, Orion Press, ical Association 193:673 (August 23) 1965. vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 139-145, June 1968. Simrell, Earle V. "History of Legal and Medical 1961, Evergreen Black Cat Edition, New York, 1965. Roles in Narcotic Abuse in the United states," ­ Committee on Alcoholism and Addiction and Council lic Health Reports, vol. 83, pp. 587-593, 1968. -- Louria, DOilald B. "Major Medical Complications of Kalant, O.J. The Amphetamines; and Addic­ on Mental Health: Dependence on Amphetamines and Heroin Addiction," Annals of Internal Medicine, vol. tion. Springfield, illinois: Thomas, 1966. other Stimulant Drugs, Journal of the American 67, pp. 1-22, 1967. United Nations Commission on Narcotic Drugs. "Re­ Medical Association 197:1023 (September 19) 1966. view of the Commission's Work During the First "Non-Narcotic Addicts," Time, 86 (July 2, 1965), 36. Leake, Chauncey D. The Amphetamines, Their Ac­ Twenty Years," F.N. Document E/CN. 7/471, 1965; tions and Uses, Springfield, ill., Thomas, 1958. Bulletin on Narcotics, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 1-60, Connell, P.H. "Clinical Manifestations and Treatment of Amphetamine Type Dependence," Journal Ameri­ "More Than One Kind of Pill; Abuse of Nonnarcotic January-March, 1966. Lauria, Donald B. The Drug Scene, New York, can Medical ASSOCiation, 196, pp. 718-23, May 23, Drugs," America, 116 (April 29, 1967), 622. Vaillant, G.E.: "A Twelve-Year Follow-Up of New McGraW-Hill, 1968. 1966. - York Narcotic Addicts: 1. The Relation of Treatment Osnos, R.J.B.: "The Treatment of Narcotics Addic­ Davidson, B. "Thrill-Pill Menace," Saturday Eve­ tion," New York state Journal of Medicine 63:1182 to Outcome," American Journal of Psychiatry 122: Pearlman, Samuel, ed. Drugs on the Campus. Anno­ 727 (.January) 1966. ning , 238, pp. 23-27, Dec. 4, 1965. (April 15) 1963. tated Guide to the Literature, Brooklyn College, 1969. Walsh, J. "Narcotic and Drug Abuse: Report of Ad­ Turner, W.W. (ed.): Drugs and . Rochester, DaVidson, H.A. "Confessions of a Goof Ball Addict," Osnos, R.: "A Community Counseling Center for American Journal of Psychiatry, 120, pp. 750-56, Addicts," Nursing Outlook 13:38 (November) 1965. visory Commission Prescribes for Old Problems, New York: Aqueduct Books, 1965. New Dangers," , 143 (Feb. 14, 1964), 662-66, Feb., 1964. - discussion, 144 (Apr. 10, 1964), 135-36. The World of Youthful Drug Use. Berkeley, Calif.: Preble, Edward: "Social and Cultural Factors Re­ University of California School of Criminology, 1967. "D-Men on the Road; Illegal Peddling of Amphet­ lated to Narcotic Use Amone; Puerto Ricans in New Weech, A.A., Jr.: "The Narcotic Addict and The amine Tablets," Time, 89, 69, May 5, 1967. York City," International Jo~rnal of t.he Addictions, Street," Archives of General Psychiatry 14:299 vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 30-41, 1966. (March) 1966. PERIODICALS Drugs and Driving; Some Precautions for Highway Safety. U.S. Food and Drug Administration Publica- Radin, Sherwin S. "Pychosocial Aspects of Drug Wilbur, M., and Connor, '1'.: "Intensive Casework Abeles, H., et al. "Multiple Drug Addiction in New , tion, no. 15, 1962. . Addiction," Journal School Health, vol. 36, pp. 481- with Drug Addicts," Case Conference 12:388 (April) York City in a Selected Population Group," Public 487, 1966. 1966. ' Health Reports, 81, pp. 685-90. Aug. 1966. "Drugs, Narcotics and the Flight From Reality; I" With Interview and Press Comments," Senior Scho­ Rathod, N.H. "Signs of Heroin Usage Detected by Winick, Charles: "Drug Addiction and Crime," Cur­ lastic, 90, 4-12, Feb. 10, 1967. Drug Users and Their Parents," Lancet, pp. 1411- rent History, pp. 349-354, June 1967. "Alcohol and Barbiturates: Deadly Combination," Time, 83 (Jan. 3, 1964),48. 1414, December 30, 1967. Eddy, N.B. et al. "Drug Dependence; Its Significance Winick, Charles: "Maturing Out of Narcotic Addic­ AMA Committee on Alcoholism & Addiction and AMA and Charactnistics," Bulletin World Health Organi­ Robins, Lee N. and George E. Murphy, "Drug Use in tion," Bulletin on Narcotics, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 1-7, zation, 32, 721-33, 1965. a Normal Population of Young Negro Men," American 1962. Council on Mental Health. "Dependence on Ampheta­ mines and other StimUlant Drugs," Journal American Edwards, Robert E. "Abuse of Central Nervous Sys­ Medical Assn., 197, pp. 1023-27, Sept. 19, 1967. tem stimulants," American Journal Hospital Phar­ macy, 22, 145-148, 1965. AMA Committee on Alcoholism & Addiction and AMA Council on Mental Health. "Dependence on Barbitu­ Essig, C.F. "Clinical Aspects of Barbiturate and rates and Other Sedative Drugs," Journal American Sedative Drug Abuse," American Journal Hospital Medical Assn., 193, pp. 673-677, Aug. 23, 1965. , 22, 140-43, March, 1965. Association for Research in Nervous ami Mental Diseases. The Addictive States; Proceedings of the ESSig, C.F. "Symposium: Nonnarcotic Addiction; ASSOCiation, Dec. 1966, Baltimore, Md., Williams Newer Sedative Drugs That Can Cause states of and Wilkins, 1968. Intoxication and Dependence of Barbiturate Type," Jounal American Medical ASSOCiation, 196, 714-17, BIBLIOGRAPHY ON STIMULANTS Blum, Richard, et al. Students and Drugs, Jossey­ May 23, 1966. - Bass, 1969. Bakewell, W. E. Jr. and A. WikleI'. "Nonnarcotic Addiction; Incidence in a University Hospital Psy­ AND DEPRESSANTS Ewing, J.A., and W.E. Bakewell. "Diagnosis and Blum, Richard, et al. SOCiety and Drugs, Jossey­ ch:atric Ward," Journal American Medical Assn., 196, pp. 710-13, May 23, 1966. . Management of Depressant Drug Dependence," Bass, 1969. American Journal Psychiatry, 123, 909-18, Feb., 1967. - Connell, P.H.: /.mphetamine Psychosis, Chapman & Berger, F.M. "Drugs and Suicide in the United Hall, Ltd., , 1958. states," Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics, ~, pp. 219-23, March-April, 1967. Farber, L.H. "Ours is the Addicted Society," New York Times Mag., (Dec. 11, 1966),43. BOOKS Cutting, W.C. Handbook of Pharmacology; The Action and Uses of Drugs, 3rd ed., New York: Appleton­ Casselman, B.W. "You Cannot Be a Drug Addict Beckman, H. Dilemmas in Drug Therapy. Phila­ Century-Crofts, 1967 ("Drug Addiction and Alcohol," With6ut Really Trying," Dis. Nerv. Syst., 25 (Mar. Finlator, J. 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16 17 r Sadusk J. F., Jr. "Nonnarcotic Addiction; Size and BIBLIOGRAPHY ON Hyde, Margaret O. Mind Drugs, New York, McGraw­ Griffith, John. "A Study of illicit Al~phetaminle Drug Hill, 1968. Traffic in Oklahoma City," American Journal of Extent of the Problem," Journal American Medical HALLUCINOGENIC DRUGS Association, 196, 707-09, May 23, 1966. Psychiatry, 123, 560-569, November, 1966. Kluver, Heinrich. Mescal and Mechanisi.. s of Hal­ lUCinations, Chicago, University of Chicago Press, Salsbury, C.. A , et al. "The Uses and Misuses of Hamburger, L. "Barbiturate Use in Na.rc?tiC Ad- 1966. 189, Amphetamines," Medicolegal Bulletin, 156, 1-9, dicts" Journal American Medical AssociatIon, April, 1966. 366-69, Aug. 3, 1964. La Barre, Weston. The Peyote Cu·,t. Hamden, Conn.: Shoe String Press, 1964. Scher, J. "Patterns and Profiles of Addiction and GENERAL AND LSD Heilbrunn, G. "Comments on AdolescentDrugUsers," Drug Abuse," illinois Medical Journal, 130, 456-65, Northwest Medicine, 66, 457-60, May, 1967. Levin, Lonis. Phantasticaj Narcotic and 2timulating Oct., 1966. Drugs, Their Use and Abuse, New York, Dutc-m, 1964. BOOKS Hollister, L.E. "Psychopharma~ol.ogical Drugs," Scott, P .D. "Delinquency and the Amphetamines," Journal American Medical AssoclatlOll, 196, 411-14, British Journal Psychiatry, 111, 865-875, 1965. Abramson, Harold. Use of LSD in Psychotherapy Ling, Thomas, ancl Buckman, John. LysergiC Acid May 2, 1966. and Alcoholism. New York: Bobbs-Merrill, 1967. (LSD 25) -& Ritlin in the Treatment of NeUrosis. London: Lambarde Press, 1963. Seevers, M.H. "Abuse of B~r?iturates and Amphet­ Kosman, Mary E. "Effects of Chroni? Administration ," Postgraduate MedlCll1e, 37, 45-51, Jan., Alpert, Richard and S. Cohen. LSD, N.Y., New of the Amphetamines and other Stlllmlants on ~e­ Louria, Donald B. Nightmare Drugs, New York, 1965. American Library, 1966. havior", Clinical Pharmacology and TherapeutIcs, Pocket Books, 1966. ~, 240-254, 1968. Smith Stanley N. and Paul H. Blachley. "Amphet~­ Battista, O.A. Mental Drugs: Chemistry's Chal­ Louria, Donald B. The Drug Scene, New York, mine Usage by Medical Students," Journal of Medi­ lenge to Psychotherapy. Philadelphia: Chilton, 1960. Lemere, F. "The Danger of Amphetamine Depend­ McGraw-Hill, 1968. cal Education, 41, 167-170, February, 1966. ency," American Journal Psychiatry, 123, 569-72, Blum, Richard, et al. Students and Drugs, Jossey­ Masters, R E., and Houston, Jean. The Varieties of Nov., 1966. Bass, 1969. SOCiety for the Study of Addiction to Alcohol and . New York: Holt, Rinchant, 1966. "Love on Haight; Haight-Ashbury District of San other Drugs. The Pharmacological and Epidemio­ Blum, Richard, et al. SOCiety and Drugs, Jossey­ Francisco," Time, 89 (Mar. 17, 1967),27. logical Aspects of A.dolescent Drug Depe~dence, Bass, 1969. Proceedings of the SOCIety. Oxford, N.Y., Pergamon Pearlman, Samuel, ed. Drugs on the Campus; An­ notated Guide to the Literature, Brooklyn College, Mines, R. "Your Guide To Mind Drugs," Science 1968. Blum, R, and Associates. Utopiates; The Use & 1968. Digest, 55, 69-70, Jan., 1964. Users of LSD-25. (A publication of the Institute for St an t'on, A.H. "Drug Use Among Adolescents," the Study of Human Problems, Stanford University) American Journal Psychiatry, 122, 1282-3, May, Pollard, J. C., et al. Drugs and Phantasy: The Ef­ "Misuse of Valuable Therapeutic Agents: Barbitu­ New York: Atherton Press, 1964. fects of LSD, .Psilocybin, and Sernyl on College rates, Tranquilizers and Amphetamines," Bulletin 1966. Students, Boston. Little, Brown, 1965. N.Y. Academy Medicine, 40, 972-79, Dec., 1964. Braden, William, The Private Sea--LSD & The Stewart, H., et al. "Drugs and Delinquency," Medi­ I Search for God, New York: Bantam Books* colegal Journal, 33, 56-71, 1965. Royal Medico-Psychological AsSOCiation, Meeting, "More Than One Kind of Pill; Abuse of Nonnarcotic Cashman, John, The LSD Story, Greenwich, Conn.: London, 1961. Hallucinogenic Drugs and Their Psy­ Drugs," America, 116, 622, April 29, 1967. Sussman Sidney. "Narcotic and Methamphetamine Fawcett* chotherapeutic Use. London: LewiS, 1963. Use During Pregnancy; Effect On NeWborn Infants," "NOlmarcotic Addicts," Time, 86, 36, July 2, 1965. American Journal Diseases Children, 106, 125-130, Cohen, Sidney. The Beyond Within; the LSD Story, Solomon, David. LSD: The Consciousness-Expanding 2nd ed., New York, Atheneum, 1967. 1963. Drug. New York: Putnam, 1964. Offord, D.R. "The Orbiting Teenager-A Seminar; Cohen, Sidney. Drugs of HallUcinations; Uses and Problems with Smoking, Alcohol and Drug Abuse," The World of Youthful Drug Use, Berkeley, Calif., Surface, William. The Poisoned Ivy, New York, Misuses of Lysergic Acid Diethylamide. London: University of California School of Criminology, 1967. Coward-McCaJill, 1968. Medical Times, 93, 207-208, Feb., 1965. Seckel' and Warburg, 1965. (Same as Beyond With­ in; the LSD Story). Oltman, J.E. and S. Friedman. "Twenty Years of U.S. Congress, House Committee on Interstate and U.S. Congress, Senate, Committee on the Judiciary. Drug Addiction," Diseases Nervous System, 25, 90- The Narcotic Rehabilitation Act of 1966, hearings Foreign Commerce. Drug Abuse Control Amend­ De Bold, Richard C., ed. LSD, Man and Society, before a special Subcommittee pursuant to S. Res. 96, Feb., 1964. ments of 1965, Hearings on H.R. 2, 89th Congress, Wesleyan University Press, 1967. 199, 89th Congress, 2nd session on S.2113, S.2114 Parry, Hugh J. "t;se of Psychotropic Drugs by U,S. 1st session, Washington, D.C, GPO, 1965. and S.2152 and LSD and Marihuana Use On College De Ropp, Robert S. Drugs and the Mind, New York, Adults," Public Health Reports, 83, 799-810, 19~ B. Campuses, Washington, D.C., GPO, 1966. "Use of Pep Pills; A GrOWing Problem," U.S. News, st. Martin's Press, 1957. Q§. (Feb. 22, 1965), 8. . Perry, C.J.G. and A.L. Morgenstern. "Drugs and Drug Abuse: Escape to Nowhere; A Guide for Edu­ Usdin Earl and D.H. Efron. Psychotropic Drugs Driving," Journal American Medical Association, Walsh, J. "Narcotic and Drug Abuse: Report of cators Philadelphia, Smith, Kline and French Lab­ and Related Compounds, Public Health Publication No. 1589, U.S. National Institute of Mental Health, 195, 376-79, Jan. 31,1966. Advisory Commission Prescribes for Old Problems, ~es in cooperation with the National Education Washington, D.C., GPO, 1967. New Dangers," Science, 143, 662-66, Feb. 14, 1964; AsSOCiation, 1967. "Pill Addicts; Amendments to the U.S. Food and Drug discussion, 144, 135-36, April 10, 1964. Laws," Newsweek, 66 (Dec. 20, 1965). Goldstein, R 1 in 7: Drugs on Campus. New York: Watts, A.W. The Joyous Cosmology; Adventures in Walter, 1966. the Chemistry of Consciousn(;ss. New York: Pan­ Radin, S.S. "Psychosocial Aspects of Drug Addic­ Wood, R.G. "The and the 1965 Drug Abuse theon Books, 1962. tion," Journal School Health, 36,481-87, Dec., 1966. Control Amendments,t' General Practitioner, ~ 205, Hoffer, A., and Osmond, H. Hallucinogens. New 207-209, May, 1966. York: Academic Press, 1967. Weil, G.M., Metzner, R., and Leary, T. (eds.). TI~e. Psychedelic Reader; Selected from t,he P~ychedehc Robins, Lee N. and George E. Murphy. "Drug Use HOllister, Leo E. Chemical Psychoses; LSD and Review. New Hyde Park, N.Y.: Umverslty Books, '. in a Normal Population of Young Negro Men," Amer­ Wylie, E.M. "Pills Drivers Shouldn't Take," Related Drugs, Springfield, illinois, Thomas, 1968. 1965. ican Journal of Public Health, 57, September, 1967. Reader's Digest,~, 83-85, Feb., 1960. 19 18 Cohen, Sidney. "Pharmacology Of The Psychoactive Frosch, W. A., et a1. "Behavioral and Electroence­ World Health Organization. Ataracter and Hallucin­ Junker, H. "LSD: Contact High; Effects of Psy­ Drugs," Northwest Medicine, 65, pp. 197-203, 1966. phalographic Effects of LSD," Journal of Pharma­ ogenic Drugs in Ps chiatr. (WHO Technical Report chedelics,"~, 201 (July 5, 1965), 25-26. ceutical , ~ (1965), 108-10. Series No. 152 Geneva: 1958. Cohen, S. "Classification of LSD Complications," Kleber, H.D. "Student Use of HallucinoO'ens" Psychosomatics,.,1 (May-June, 1966), 182-86. Goldman, R.P. "Instant Happiness," Ladies' Home Young, Warren and J.R. Hixson. LSD on Campus, Journal of the American College Health Assoc'iatidn Journal, _~QJOctober, 1963), 67-71. New York, Dell, 1966. !!.(December, 1965), 109-17. Cohen, S. "LSD and the Anguish of Dying," Harpers, Goldstein, R. "Drugs on the Campus," Saturday 231 (September, 1965), 69-72. Wenger, H.L., "Re­ "Kick; Government, Agencies' Efforts to Stamp Out PERIODICALS Evening Post, 239 (May 21, 1966), 40-44; (June 4 Drugs," New Republic, 154 (Apr. 16 1966) 10' ply," 231 (December, 1965), 16. -- 1966), 34-38. ' Discussion (Apr. 30, 1966}33-36 (May 7 b66)' Aghajanian G.K., et al. "Persistence of Lysergic 34-36. " Cohen, S. "Lysergic Acid Diethylamide: Side Ef­ Gordon, N. "Hallucinogenic Drug Cult," Reporter, Acid Dieth;lamide in the Plasma of Human Subjects," fects and Complications," Journal of Nervous and ~(Aug. 15, 1963), 35-43. Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, ~ Mental Diseases, 130 (1966), 30-40. Kobler, J. "Dangerous Magic of LSD" Saturday (September-October, 1964), 611-14. Evening Post, 236 (Nov. 2, 1963), 30-32. ' "Growing Peril: Teenage Use of Drugs for Kicks," Cole, J. 0., and Katz, M. M. "The Good Housekeeping, 162 (May, 1966), 168. Appel, J.B., and Freedman, D.Y. "Chemically­ Drugs. An OverView," Journal of the American Knudsen, K. "Homicide After Treatment with Ly­ Induced Alterations in the Behavioral Effects of Medical Association, 187 (Mar. 7, 1964), 758-61. sergic Acid Diethylamide," Act::>. Psychiatrica Scan­ LSD-25," Biochemical Pharmacology, 13 (June, 1964), Herr, M. "Drug Puzzle; Student Use of Drugs," dinavica,..1Q.. (Suppl.), 180:389, 1964. 861-69. Mademoiselle,_§..!jAugust, 1965) 246-47. Dahlberg, C. C. "LSD: Tamed for Research," Sci­ Lagutina, N. I., et al. "Effect of D-Lysergic Acid ence, 153 (Sept. 30, 1966), 1595. -- Appel, J.B., and Freedman, D.Y. "Relative Poten­ Hoffer, A "D-Lysergic Acid Diethylamide (LSD): Diethylamide on Higher Nervous Activity in Ba­ cies of Psychotomimetic Drugs," Life Science, .i A Review of Its Present Status," Clinical Phar.­ boons," Federation Proceedings, 23 (July-August "Dangerous LSD?" Scientific American, 214 (Feb­ (November, 1965), 2181-86. macology and Therapeutics, _6_ (1965), 183-255 1964) 237-40. -, ruary, 1966), 54. (411 Ref.). Arendsen Hein, G.W. "Treatment of Neurotic Pa­ "Law and LSD," Time,!2.. (June 10, 1966), 34. tient, Resistant to the Usual Techniques of Psycho­ "Dangers of LSD; Kessler Case," Time, ~(Apr. Hofmann, A "Psychotomimetic Drugs: Chemical therapy, With Special Reference to LSD," TOp. Probl. 22, 1966), 52. and Pharmacological Aspects," Acta Psysiologica et Leuner, H. "Effects of PsychotOmimetic Drugs," Psychotherapy,..! (1963), 50-57. Pharmacologia Neerlandica,JU1969), 240-58. Int. Psychiatric C1in.,_~",,

26 knows of the physiologic actions of LSD and counter­ L~D MTJJ OTHER MANY SPLENDORED THINGS 60 Fair to excellent rating on technical accuracy; acts a few of the erroneous claims made for the use mll1utes, black and white, SUBJECT: NARCOTICS (Narcotic Educational Fo~­ good to excellent rating for effectiveness in reaching of LSD. dation, 505E, Sunset Boulevard, Los Angeles, Cah­ desired audience and in dramatiC impact. Best for p~als with drug use and abuse information and junior and senior high school students, but also fornia, 9002'1) 22 minutes. J , Good t~ excellent t~chnical accuracy, effectiveness mlslnformation. useful for teachers and lay public. Average to above ~n reaclllng the deslred audience and in dramatic Use: Health, C.A.; Med., C.A,; Nul's., C.A.; Soc. average when compared wUh other films. All char­ lmpact. Rated best for senior high school students Rent: WPS-Blue Shield-(no charge) Work, C.A.; Sociol., C. Shows ,:,,~at narcotics are; acters in the film were reported to be excellent. and college students and above average when com­ methods in which they are adrrumstered; how they pared with other films on same subject. Excellent MIND BENDERS (National Medical Audiovisual Cen­ enter the country, and the processing they ~ndergo; Rent: University of Wisconsin-$4.50 (1 to 5 days) soundtrack. Chromosome damage scene rated best· ter, Chamblee, Georgia 30005). 26 minutes the narcotic addict a..'1d his effect upon soclety; ~he Indiana University-$6.00 (1 to 5 days) New York Russian roulette scene was most controversial' physical and psychological rehabilitation of an addICt. State Narcotic Addiction Control Comrnlssion-(no Rated best for junior and senior high school COllege' Mind. benders explores the potential therapeutic charge in New York) Milwaukee Public Museum- adult. ' , u~es and the known hazards of LSD and other hallu­ Rent: University of Wisconsin-$3.50 (1 to 5 day $1. 00 (1 day). cl110gens as well as some of the motivations of basis). Rent: University of Wisconsin-$6.00 (1 to 5 days) abusers. Outstanding medical authorities and users Indiana University-$7.50 (1 to 5 days) Mi1wauke~ of the drugs appear in this FDA documentary. NARCOTICS: A CHALLENGE (The Narcotic Edu­ LSD Public Museum (in city use onlY)-$I.'OO (1 day) cational Found?.Iton of America, 5055 Sunset Boule­ U.S. Dept. of Justice-(na charge).. ' Exc.ellent te·c~l1ically; good to excellent effective­ LSD-25 (Professional Arts, Inc., P.O, Box 8484, vard, Los Angeles, California 9002.1)' (24 minutes) ness l~ r~aching desired audience; good to excellent $275.00 color-$140.00 black and whlte. Universal City, California 91608). 27 minutes, dramatIc lmpact. Rated best for senior high school $275.00. LSD TRIP-OR TRAP? (Sid Davis Productions 2429 students! college students, teachers and "learned" Narrated by Lowell Thomas, film provides basic O~ean Park Blvd., Santa MOnica, Calif. 90405) 20 lay. pubhc. Well above average of films on similar information about narcotics and other drugs of abuse. LSD-25 is a documentary designed to convey the mll1utes, colo~ $240.00, black & white $120.00, Rated subJec,t. Many liked the dialogue with "users" best. facts about LSD to the growing audiences concerned best for Jumor and Senior High School, College. The film challenges educators to combat student De.s~r.lbl~d as "most objective film on subject" but drug abuse by presenting young people with the facts about the drug scene and its impact upon youth. Cl'lilClZed for inclusion of "government propaganda." 3.bout drug experimentation. Rated bestfor educators Concerns teen-age friends who disagree about of jlmior and senior high school, college. Good to excellent technical accuracy and effec­ LSD, with one seeking out facts in libraries news­ Rent: From above mfg.-(n':) charge) United States tiveness in reaching the desired audience and excef­ papers, hospitals, police stations, homes and other Dept. of Justice-(no charge). Rent: From above mauufacturer-$12.50!day color­ lent in dramatic impact. Rated best for senior high sources. $7.50jday black and white. school students, college students, teachers and even for members of the health professions. Every critic Rent: ~auwatosa Public Schools-(no eharge), Cud­ LSD:, SPRING GROVE EXPERIMENT (McGraw-Hm) THREE A 52-minute black and white fih'l1 produced rated it above average when compared with other ahy Pollce Dept., Waukesha Police Dept. Elm Grove 54 mll1utes. by John Sughrue, for the Narcotic Addiction Control films on same subject. The LSD "trip" and the Police Dept., Suburban Kiwanis Club. ' "" treatment center considered best scenes, Use: Psyeh., C; Social Probs. C· Social Work Commission. C. A; SOCiology, C. 0epicts the co'ntr~l1ed scientifi~ but several thought film might be too technical for LSD: LETTVIN VS. LEARY (Indiana University) 51 For adult community leadership. Highlights ,~~e of LSD with two patients at Spring Grove Hos­ high school students. I minutes, black & white $210.00. include: Case historiee of three narcotic addicts. !intal, Maryland. Relates that the use of LSD for It shows addicts in a true perspective-as individuals Rent: University of Wisconsin-$9.00 (1 to 5 days) !tr,ea~ment of mental disorders requ~res careful prep­ A debate about LSD and marihuana usage by ad­ aratlOn and follow-up to deternune effectiveness. who hide their fears behind drugs and who take drugs Indiana University-$11.00 (1 to 5 days) United States vocate Timothy Leary, former Harvard psychology / to avoid copinr; with painful realities. Department of .Justice-(no charge) N.Y. state Nar­ j Records the apparent improvement of patients six professor, and dissenter Jerome Lettvin former months following LSD treatment. (McGraw-Hlll). cotic Addiction Control Commission-(no charge in practicing psychologist and now a physiology pro­ Rent: N.Y. Narcotic Addiction Control Commission­ state). fes~or at MIT. To Leary, LSD is a sacrament. He Re~t: Uni~ersity ,of Wisconsin-$9.00 (1 to 5 day (no charge in New York). defll1es a sacrament as something which enables one basls), IndIana Umversity-$12.25 (1 to 5 day basis). LSD (Audiovisual Branch, United States Navy, Pen­ to penetrate the mysteries around us by changing H-STORY OF TEEN-AGE DRUG ADDICT (THE) tagon, Washington, D. C.) 28 minutes. ~e nervous system. He also warns that taking LSD 22 Min. lS a gamble. Lettvin states that the visions are not L.SD GENERATION GAP: BEYOND LSD (Film Asso­ A lecture-type film developed by the Surgeon worth the loss of the ability to make critical judge­ clates, 11559 Santa Monica Blvd. Los AnO'eles Use;-"puid., C; Health, S; Sociol., C; Clubs, A. General's Office, U.S. Navy, which has received ments. Calif. 90025) 25 minutes, color, $300.'00. "" Presents"the case history of a teen-age boy and his wide acclaim, even in the Congressional Record. fight ,~ith drugs. Shows how he encounters drugs Produced by NET-The Public Television Network. This film is about the communication gap between and becomes an addict, and how he solves his Good to excellent technical accuracy and effec­ Rent: Indiana University-$lI. 25 (1 to 5 days) twu generations: teenagers and young adults on the problem. Dramatizes the social as well as the health tiveness in reaching desired audience, but mixed Dne hand, and the generation of those over thirty­ aspects of drug addiction. Restricted to carefully reaction was given to dramatic effect. While many PROFESSOR LETTVIN TUNED IN (Indiana Univer­ "the establishment." The teenagers' use of LSD and other drugs is only one of the symptoms of this supervised presentations. Not to be used in general critics felt that the film is '3.n excellent example of sity) 90 minutes, black & white $325.00 gruup situations. (YA) how one man can effectively cover a subject with­ communication gap. In this film, a group of parents out props, others became bored with the lecture Disengagenlent from society through drug use or desperately seek help in order to understand what Rent: University of Wisconsin.-$4.00 (1 to 5 days). technique. Rated best for senior high school stu­ other,means is sagaciously challenged by Dr. Jerome has gone wrong in their relationships with their dents and teachers; also rated above average when Lettv:n, MIT, before an audience of young people. teenagers. J. Thomas Ungerleider, M.D., of the Neu­ HOOKED (Churchill Films, 662 North Robertson compared with other films on the same subject. Lettvll1 also answers their questions. He reminds ropsychiatric Institute at U. C. L. A., discusses some of the problems. The film is an attempt to go "be_ Boulevard, Los Angeles, California 90059). 20 min­ his audience that, regardless of who is responsible utes, $125.00. Rent: Glen Davis, Congressman-(no charge) yond LSD," to stimulate thought and motivate dis­ for, the :V0.rld Situation, the young people are going cussions among high school students, college stu­ to ll1h.el'lt It and they will need their fulUntelliO'ence This is a description of the experience of drug LSD: . INSIGHT OR INSANITY (Revised) (Bailey ' '" , dents, teachers, and parents. A Paul Burnford uncont amll1ated by any judgement destroyer in order Production. Rated best for Senior High School, col­ addiction told in the words of young (age 18-25) Films, 6509 De Longpre Ave., Hollywood, California to deal with it competently. This film is a'sequel to former addicts. They talk with amazing candor about 90028). 28 minutes, $300.00, (Short Version $200). the NET film LSD: LETTVIN VS. LEARY. ' lege, Adult. what impelled them to become addicted, how it af­ Rent: University of Wisconsin-$I1. 00 (1 to 5 days) fected their relationship with others and their pre­ This film ducuments the dangers in the unsuper­ Rent: Indiana University-$17.00 (1 to 5 day basis) ception of themselves and the aversion and disgust vised use of LSD, explains what medical science with which they regard the experience in retrospect. 29

28 l t 'THE DANGEROUS DRUGS (The Narcotic Educational A short film dealing with an ever-increaSing fessor of criminology, University of Califcrnia; a REHABILITATION Foundation of America, 5055 S.unset Boulevard, Los menace to our youth. It is a story of two young presentation of the history of drug abuse; an analysis Angeles 27, California). 22 mmutes, color $235.00, people, a boy and a girl, who, through a need to of the relationship between drug abuse and crime; HOUSE ON THE BEACH (Indiana University) 60 black & white $125.00. belong and a desire to go along with the group and and an examination of the pharmacology of often minutes, black & white, $60.00 per year lease. its youthful zest to try something new, begin a abused drugs. This film vividly portrays the dangers from. abuse one-way journey to self-destruction. One of the new developments in the rehabilitation f emphetamine and barbiturate drugs-accIdents, Fair to good accuracy of technical data, but widely Rent: N.Y. Narcotic Addiction Control CommissioIl­ of drug addicts is the commun~ cen~er approac.h at ~hysical dependence, ruined health, even .death. A mixed reactions to effectiveness in reaching the (no charge in New York.) Synanon, (Santa Monica, Califorma) wlllc~ empha~l~es did account by a female abuser dramatlcally and desired audience and in dramatic impact; some self-help among volunteer addicts workmg and llvmg underscores the points made in the pre- ~:cefullY felt that the film was poor in this respect, but others WAY 0 U T (Valley Forge Films, Inc., Chester e1ding vignettes. The potential relationship of heroin together. rated it excellent. Senior high school stUdents were Springs, Pennsylvania 19425). 105 minutes ~buse and abuse of non-narcotic drugs is noted. considered to be the best audience, along with college Produced by NET-The Public Television Network. students. Scenes of the withdrawal effects good, but Rent: Indiana University-$12.00 (1 to 5 days) Rent: From above manufacturer-$12.50/day, color­ A theatrical trip into the world of drug addiction. overall film considered to be over dramatic. Rated The principal roles are played by eight real life $7.50/day, black and white. HOW TO KICK THE HABIT (1-1/2 hour~, ~lack and best for senior high school, college. addicts who have kicked the heroin habit against impossible odds. white. THE PEOPLE NEXT DOOR (Film Assoc~ates-1l559 Rent: University of Wisconsin-$2.00 (1 to 5 days) Indiana University-$!!"OO (1 to 5 days). About 3 teenagers who did. Santa Monica Blvd., Los Angeles, Callf., 90025). Good to excellent technical accuracy, fair to excel­ 81 minutes, black & white $475.00. lent rating in reaching the desired audience but Rent: WPS-Blue Shield-(no charge). HIDE AND SEEK (Center for Mass Communication generally excellent dramatic impact. Varied views This CBS Playhouse drama deals with the "gen­ of Columbia University Press, 440 West 1l0th Street, on best audience. Average whr;'u compared with THE TRIP BACK (The News-public Relations Dept, eration D'ap" and the dual standards of morality set New York, N.Y., 10025). (14 minutes) Sale-$150.00 Similar films. Outstanding photography and char­ 220 E. '42nd st., N.Y. 10017) 28 minutes, color, up by p~rents, for their children. The. drug problem color. acter acting, but too long for max.imvm attention to the subject of drug abuse. $175.00 and its underlying causes are dramatIcally empha­ sized as escapes from the reality of t~e "middle This is a boy's personal story of his life as an addict. Starting with his initiation to drugs, the film This film deals with the life of Florrie Fisher: a class society." Rated best for s~nior h~gh scho?l, THE SEEKERS (State of New York Narcotic Addiction woman of age 50 who has spent 23 years of her hfe college adult. Subject areas: SOCIal studIes, ~anuly follows his steady mental and physical deEeriorati.on. What Clearly emerges is the boy's remorse, his Control Commission, Albany, N.Y. 12203). 30 min­ addicted to drug~. Her story is not a pretty one, LiVing,' Health, Civics, Senior Problems, GU1danc~. utes she tells you in her own words how she wasted. away The film stars Lloyd Bridges, Kim Hunter, Phyllls insurmountable loneliness and extreme anguish. He , 23 years of her life, by being arrested 75 tllnes, Newman, and Fritz Weaver. talks constantly about the things he's lost through addiction. A documentary on drug abuse prepared by the how she spent 17 years, 5 months, and 29 days of New York State Narcotic Addiction Control Com­ these 23 years in various jails, untll at age 46, she Rent: From above manufacturer-$50.00/week, ROA Good technical accuracy, good effectiveness in mission. finally sought help at Synanon ~a self-help orgam~:­ Films (Milwaukee)-$37.50/day. reaching the desired audience and good dramatic lion). Florrie describes her llfe to a group of hl",h effect. Rated best for junior and seniol' high school Fair to good technical data accuracy aJld fai::' to school students in which she tells of her $185.00 per RADIO TAPES "LSD and Other Many Splendored I students, teachers and lay public. Average to above excellent effectiveness in reaching the desired audi­ day habit and how she reverted to prosUtution ~nd average when compared with other films. Effects ence and in dramatic effect. . Rated best for junior cOlming people out of money. Rated best for hIgh Things" (1 hour) "How to Kick the Habit," (1-1/2 hour), "Should Y~u Keep Off (or On) The Grass?" of hard narcotics well portrayed, but sequence of and senior high school students as well as for col­ school, college, adults. scenes considered disconnected and too contrived. lege students and teachers. Generally considered (1 hour). Rated best for junior and senior high school, college. average when compared with similar films. Group Rent: west Allis police"Dept. (limited availability), Rent: WPS-Blue Shield-(no charge). interviews considered best, but film described as Waukesha County Sheriffs' Dept. -officer to attenL Rent: (Write above manufacturer). "short on message or theme" and as providing many "unrelated sequences. " GENERAL FIGHT OR FLIGHT (International Association of THE WORLD OF PIRI THOMAS (Indiana University) Cmefs of Police, 1319 18th Street, N.W., Washington, 60 minutes, color $420.00, black & white $240.00. Rent: N. Y. State Narcotic Addiction Control Com­ THE RIDDLE (Public Affairs, Office of Economic D.C.) 16 minutes. mission-(no charge in New York). Opportunity, 1200 19th Street, N.. W., Washington, Piri Thomas is a painter, ex-con, poet, and ex­ D.C. 20506). 20 minutes, black & whIte junkie. He is also the author of the book, "Down Bureau of Narcotics on the uses of marihuana, THE ADDICTED (Association Films, Inc., 600 Grand These Mean Streets. II In this film, Thomas takes LSD and "pills." Ave., Ridgefield, N.J. 07657). 50 minutes The camera follows actual glue-sniffers, cough the viewer on a tour of Spanish Harlem, where two­ medicine drinkers and heroin addicts into the alleys, thirds of the 900,000 Puerto Ricans in the United Good technical accuracy but only fair dramatic A film in two parts on drug addiction. No cri­ tenements and physicians' offices where their candid States live. This is home for a "forgotten people" impact and from fair to go~d effectiveness ,in .reach­ tiques provided by viewers. comments and bewildered responses clearly show the ing the desired audience. Rated best for JunIor and and a place where children tire of living because hopelessness of their . By contrast, an ac­ senior high school students. Average to above, av.er~ they see no hope for escaping ghetto life. Piri count of a youth who resists the drug abuse crowd to age when compared with other films on. smular Thomas pleads for understanding of this life plagued BENNIES AND GOOFBALLS (National Medical Au­ land a job strikes a hopeful note. subjects. Candid interviews best, but narratIon .con­ by filth, narcotiCS, and crime which no people should diovisual Center, Chamblee, Ga. 30005). 2{) minutes sidered by some to be overdone. The auto aCCIdent have to endure. Subject and Level: Poverty; Social Good technical accuracy, poor to good effectiveness scene considered most controversial. Problems; Sociology-Secondary; College; Adult. A special report by the Food and Drug Admin­ in reaching the desired audience and fair to good istration on abuse of amphetamines and barbiturates. dramatic impact. Rated best for junior and senior Rent: U.S. Dept. of Just;~e-(no charge), ynivers.ity Rent: Indiana University-$18.00 color, $13.00 black high school students. Average when compared with of Wisconsin-$5.00 (1 to : ':lays), BrookfIeld pollce and white-(l to 5 days). Excellent technical data, good effectiveness in similar films. Interview with phYSician good, but Dept., Whitefish Bay Police Dept. reaching desired audience but poor dramatic impact. leaves impression that only slum areas are affected. CRIMINAL MAN A (Indiana University) 27 minutes, Rated best for senior high school students, teachers Rated best for junior and senior high school, col­ black & white. and public. Average rating when compared with other lege. SEDUCTION OF THE INNOCENT (Sid Davis ~ro~uc­ films. Criticized as being heavy on legal aspects. tions 2429 Ocean Park Boulevard, Santa Momca, , For adult and professional audiences. Highlights Rent: From above manufacturer. U.S. Dept. of Jus­ Calif~rnia 90405). (10 minutes). $120.00 color­ include: Narration by Dr. Douglas M. Kelley, pro- Rent: United States Dept. of Justice-(no charge). tice-(no charge). $60.00 black and white. 31 30 DRUG ADDICTION (Encyclopaedia Brital111ica Films, THE LOSERS (Carousel Films, Inc., 1501 Broadway, ADDRESSES FOR DRUG FILM RENTALS New York, N.Y. 10036). (31 minutes) $145.00 black 38 West 32nd Street, New York, N.Y. 10017). 22 min. & white. BroOkfield Police Dept. A film provided by the Encyclopaedia Britannica 402 Federal Building Educational Corporation, New York City. 2000 N. Calhoun Rd. Produced and originally presented by WCBS-TV, Brookfield, Wisconsin 53005 110 South Fourth St. New York, examines the prevalence of experimenta­ Fair to good technical accuracy, but poor effec­ Phone: 782-4190 Mhmeapolis, Mil111esota 55401 tion and the habitual use of chemical and drugs tiveness in reaching desired audience and poor among youngsters from 12-21 years old. A clear dramatic impact. Cudahy Police Dept. Waukesha County Sheriff's Dept. presentation of the harmful effect of glue-sniffing, 5050 S. Lake Drive 515 W. Moreland BlVd. and the use of marihuana, stimulants, depressants DRIVING AND DRUGS (Audio Visual Department, Cudahy, Wisconsin 53110 Waukesha, Wisconsin 53186 and heroin. GM Photographic, General Motors Building, 465 W. Phone: 744-8220 Phone: 542-6621 Milwaukee Ave., Detroit, Michigan 48202) 15 minutes Fair to good technical accuracy, effectiveness in color, $61.55 Glen Davis, Congressman Waukesha Police Dept. reaching the desired audience and in dramatic im­ 7746 Menominee River Pkwy. Waukesha, Wisconsin 53186 pact. Rated best for junior and senior high school The purpose of this film is to make students Wauwatosa, Wisconsin 53213 Phone: 542-6621 students and for lay public. Generally considered aware of the facts relative to drug abuse and how Phone: 771-5780 to be average when compared with similar films. it affects driving. The whole tone of the film is Wauwatosa Jaycees Interviews with addicts good, but film somewhat "leveling" with young people. It gives them the facts Elm Grove Police Dept. -Tom Moore dated. Rated best for junior and senior high shcool. and leaves them to make their own decisions. Also, 13600 Juneau Blvd. 7735 Harwood Ave. there is valuable information about drugs-whether Elm Grove, Wisconsiu 53122 Wauwatosa, Wisconsin 53213 Rent: University of Wisconsin-$5.00 (1 to 5 days) the viewer drives or not. It is recommended for Phone: 786-4141 New York State Narcotic Addiction Control Com­ high school, c9llege freshman, and adults. Cleared Wauwatosa POlice Dept. mission-(no charge in New York) Wauwatosa Police for television. Available on free short-term loan Film Associates 1501 Underwood Ave. Dept. basis from Modern Talking Pictures, Inc. (offices in 11559 Santa Monica Blvd. Wauwatosa, Wisconsin 53213 every major city), Chevrolet Motor Division Zone and Los Angeles, California 90025 Phone: 771-7400 FALSE FRIENDS (Sound Services, Limited, 269 Regional Offices, and General Motors Film Library, KingAton Road, Merton Park, London, S. W. 19, General Motors Building, Detroit, lVlichigan, 48202. Greendale Police Dept. Wauwatosa Public Schools England). 10 minutes 6609 Schoolway Mr. Howard Stone SPEED SCENE: THE PROBLEM OF AMPHETA­ Greendale, Wisconsin 53129 1732 Wauwatosa Ave. Drug dependence is the subject of this color car­ MINE ABUSE (Baily-Film Associates, 11559 Santa Phone: 421-2400 Wauwatosa, Wisconsin 53213 toon produced for WHO in London by G. Buckland­ Monica Blvd., Los Angeles, Calif., 90025) 17 min­ Phone: 258-1880 smith of Interfilm in association with the Film utes, color, $210.00 Indiana University Producer's Guild. The story is told in words and Audio-Visual Center West Allis Police Dept. This film offers graphic evidence against use of pIctures. Bloomington, Indiana 47401 7310 W. National Ave. amphetamines in any form for other than medical West Allis, Wisconsin 53214 reasons. Psychological dependency on these drugs Fair to good technical accuracy, but only fair Milwaukee Public Museum Phone: 476-1240 effectiveness in reaching the desired audience and frequently leads to the use of other dangerous, ad­ Audio-Visual Center fair in dramatic impact. Rated best for public but dictive drugs such as heroin. The most malignant 800 W. Wells Whitefish Bay Police Dept. form of abuse is the repeated intravenous injection only average when compared with other similar Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53203 801 E. Lexington BlVd. films. Techniques described as "interesting" and art of high dosage amphetamine, one form of which is Phone: 271-6810 Whitefish Bay, Wisconsin 53217 as "unique" but generally not considered applicable called "speed." In addition to the physical dangers of Phone: 962-8177 for showing in U.S.A. hepatitis, malnutrition, and even death, are the psy­ Narcotic Addiction Control chological problems inherent in the life style of the CommiSSion Wisconsin Dept. of Health DRUGS AND THE NERVOUS SYSTEM (Churchill "speed" culture and the user's inability to deal with Executive Park South and Social Services Films, 66 N. Robertson Boulevard, Los Angeles, his enviroment. A Richard Scott Production. Rated Box 8114 Division of Health Film Library Box 309 California 90069). 18 minutes $170.00 best for junior and senior high school, college, adult. Albany, N.Y. 12203 Madison, Wisconsin The film explains how drugs affect many different ESCAPE TO NOWHERE (Professional Arts, Inc., Suburban Kiwanis Club parts of the ~T by working indirectly on the P.O. Box 8484, Universal City, California 91608) Richard Hoelke The UniverSity of Wisconsin nervous system. It is designed to reach children at 25 minutes, color, $275.00. Phone:. 837-0434 University ExtenSion an age before many of them, it is hoped, have begun Bureau of Audio-Visual Instr. to experiment with drugs. A real life story of drug use told "like it is" by 1327 UniverSity Ave. United States Dept. of Justice kids who use drugs but mostly told by DEBBIE Madison, Wisconsin 53706 whose ESCAPE drugs have been. "I never thoughtI'd Bureau of Narcotics and Excellent technical accuracy, excellent effec­ Dangerous Drugs wind up near heroin when I started with drugs-but WPS-Blue Shield tiveness in reaching the desired audience and from 205 W. Wacker Drive good to excellent dramatic impact. Rated best for now r m not near it-I'm in it-and it's a let down." Youth On A Four-Day Trip Room 1700 Engineering Bldg. 330 East Lakeside jtmior and senior high school students, but also Chicago, illinois 60606 rated good for elementary school students, college Rental: $27.50 (3 day period) Madison, Wisconsin 53701 students, teachers and the lay public. Above aver­ age when compared with other films. Described THE MAD CHEMIST (Professional Arts, Inc. P.O. The above Sources are primarily for the greater Milwaukee area. Other SOurces exist in other areas. as being "good for science classes" and "will pro­ Box 8484, Universal City, California 91608) 10 min­ voke discussion." Animation reported as excellent. utes, color, $130.00. There was a Mad Chemist looking for "Life's Rent: University of Wisconsin-$5.50 (1 to 5 days) Happy Dream," who used every pill and drug on a Indiana University-$7.00 (1 to 5 days), U.S. Dept: monster named Eugene. of Justice-(no charge), N.Y. Narcotic Addiction Con­ trol Conuuission-(no charge in New York. Rental: $13.00 (3 day period) 32 33 - Food and Drug Administration, 200 C Street SW., SOURCES OF Washington, D. C. 20204. Attn: Consumers In­ quiries. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION Pharmacologi c Drugs Classification Comments International Narcotic Enforcement Officers Associ­ ation, Inc. 178 Washington Avenue, Albany, N.Y. Morphine (an opium Central Nervous is the standard against which other 12210. derivative) System Depressant (p(l.rcotic are compared. Legally available 1 pres cription only.

National Association of Retail Druggists, One East Heroin (a morphine Depressant Napt legally available in United States. Wacker Drive, Chicago, lll. 60601. derivative) ([email protected] medically in some countries for relief of pain. Additional information on narcotics and dangerous ------~ drugs may be obtained from ~e ~ol~owing sourc,:s. Codeine (an opium Depressant Nareparations containing specified minimal amounts You can write directly to obtall1 lIstmgs of matenal National Coordinating Council on Drug Abuse Edu­ derivative) (Pe codeine are classified as "exempt" narcotics and and any costs that may be involved. cation and Information, Post Office Box 19400, tn be obtained without prescription in some Washington, D. C. 20036. ates. American Pharmaceutical Association, 2215 consti­ Paregoric Depressant Naaregoric is often boiled to concentrate narcotic tution Avenue NW., Washington, D.C. 20037. National Council on Crime and Delinquency, 44 East (preparation containing (Pemtent prior to injection. Classified as an exempt 23d Street, New York, N.Y. 10017. opium) Lrcotic. In some states, may be obtained ithout prescription. Alcoholism and Drug Addiction Research Founda­ tion , 344 Bloor Street West, Toronto 4, Ontario, National Institute of Mental Health, Public Inquiries Meperidine (synthetic Depressant NalOrter acting than morphine. Frequent dOSing Canada. Branch, 5454 Wisconsin Avenue NW., Chevy Chase, morphine-like drug) (atquired. Withdrawal symptoms appear quickly. Acres cription only. Md. 20015. American Medical Association, Council on Mental Health, 535 North Dearborn Street, Chicago, lll. Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association, Com­ 60610. mittee on Narcotics, 1155 15th Street NW., Wash­ Methadone (synthetic Depre~;sant Napnger acting than morphine. Withdrawal symptoms morphine-like drug) (A welop more slowly, are less intense and more ington, D.C. 20005. Harolonged. Prescription only. American Social Health Assn., 1740 Broadway, likl New York, N.Y. 10019. Narcotics Advisory Com­ Smith Kline & French Laboratories, 1500 Spring ~ __------.------c-o-t:------mittee, A.S.H.A. Garden Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 19101. I Cocaine Central Nervous Na~though cocaine does not have the narcotic System Stimulant (PE'operties of morphine, it has been classified as a Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs, U.S. l.rcotic by law because its abuse potential Department of Justice, 1405 I Street NW., United Nations Commission on Narcotic Drugs, wessitates the same stringent control measures. United Nations, New York, N. Y. 10017. Washington, D.C. 20537. Marihuana Hallueinogen Narom a legal control standpoint, marihuana is (Peeated as a narcotic. It is almost never legally Clinical Research, National Institute of Mental Health, United States Public Health Service, 7915 Eastern plU'ailable in the United States. Department of HEW, Lexington, Ky. 40501. Avenue, Spring, Md. 20910. 'leg ma tog

Barbiturates Depressant Corescription only. Original prescription expires after (e.g., amobarbital, (Pemonths. Only 5 refills permitted within this period. pentobarbital, secobarbital) Anependence generally occurs only with the use of gh doses for a protracted period of time.

Amphetamine drugs (e.g., Stimulant Corescription only. Original prescription expires amphetamine, dextroam­ Drlter 6 months. Only 5 refills permitted within phetamine, methampheta­ meis period. mine-also known as adc desoxyephedrine) dr~

LSD HallUCinogen (Bl 1966, LSD was brought under the control of (also mescaline, peyote, Co~ug Abuse Control Amendments of 1965. Control psilocybin, DMT) Sepder one of the International Narcotics Con- rr ntions is being considered. Not legally available ~cept for medical research. (: Glue Depressant Nd~eely available as commercial products, except (also paint thinner, sa!at some states have laws forbidding the sale of sta'ue to persons under 18. lighter fluid) ,1 35 34 DRUG AI~USE PRODUCTS REFERENCE CHART :treet SW., :mers In- Potential for Potential for Pharmacologic Physical Psychological Possible Effects How Taken Drugs Classification Controls Medical Use Dependence When Abused When Abused Comments ~t Dependence Tolerance rs Associ- Narcotic lany, N.Y. Morphine (an opium Central Nervous To relieve pain Yes Yes Yes Drowsiness or stupor, Orally or by Morphine is the standard against which other derivative) System Depressant (Per Harrison Act, 1914) pinpoint pupils injection narcotic analgesics are compared. Legally available on prescription only.

Narcotic One East Heroin,~a morphine Depressant To relieve pain Y'9S Yes Yes Same as morphine Sniffed or by Not legally available in United States. derivative) (Per Harrison Act, 1914) injection Used medically in some countries for relief of pain.

Codeine (an opium Depressant Narcotic To relieve pain Yes Yes Yes Drowsiness, pinpoint Orally (usually Preparations containing specified minimal amounts buse Edu- derivative) (Per Harrison Act, 1914) and coughing pupils as cough syrup) of codeine are classified as "exempt" narcotics and ox 19400, can be obtained without prescription in some states.

Paregoric Depressant Narcotic For and Yes Yes Yes Same as morphine Orally or by Paregoric is often boiled to concentrate narcotic :y, 44 East (preparation containing (Per Harrison Act, 1914) to counteract injection content prior to injection. Classified as an exempt opium) diarrhea narcotic. In some states, may be obtained without prescription.

~ Inquiries Meperidine (synthetic Depressant Narcotic To relieve pain Yes Yes Yes Similar to morphine, Orally or by Shorter acting than morphine. Frequent dosing ,vy Chase, morphine-like drug) \13rought under Harrison except that at higher injection required. Withdrawal symptoms appear quickly. Act in 1944) doses, eXCitation, Prescription only. tremors and convulSions occur Dll, Com- N., Wash- Methadone (synthetic Depressant Narcotic To relieve pain Yes Yes Yes Same as morphine Orally or by Longer acting than morphine. Withdrawal symptoms morphine-like drug) (A 1953 amendment to the injection develop more slowly, are less intense and more Harrison Act brought drugs prolonged. Pres cription only. like methadone under 00 Spring control)

e I Cocaine Central Nervous Narcotic No Yes No Extreme excitation, Sniffed or by AlthouD"h cocaine does not have the narcotic System Stimulant (Per Harrison Act, 1914) tremors, hallucinations injection properties of morphine, it has been classified as a ic Drugs, narcotic by law because its abuse potential necessitates the same stringent control measures.

Marihuana Hallucinogen Narcotic None No Yes No Drowsiness or excitability, Smoked or orally From a legal control standpoint, marihuana is 5 Eastern (Per Marihuana Tax Act, 1937, dilated pupils, talkative- treated as a narcotic. It is almost never legally plus subsequent restrictive ness, laughter, available in the United states. legislation which covered hallucinations marihuana and narcotics together)

Barbiturates Depressant Controlled drug products For sedation, Yes Yes Yes Drowsiness, staggering, Orally or by Prescription only. Original prescrlp~io~ e~ires ,:.fter (e.g., amobarbital, (Per Drug Abuse Control sleep-producing, slurred speech injection 6 months. Only 5 refills permitted Wltll1n thlS perlOd. pentobarbital, secobarbital) Amendments, 1965) epilepsy, high Dependence generally occurs only with the use of blood pressure high doses for a protracted period of time.

Amphetamine drugs (e.g., Stimulant Controlled drug products (Per For mild No Yes Yes Excitation, dilated pupUs, Orally or by Prescription only. Original prescri?tion e~i?'es amphetamine, dextroam- Drug Abuse Control Amend- depreSSion, tremors, talkativeness, injection after 6 months. Only 5 refills permltted wlthll1 phetamine, methampheta- ments, 1965. Methamphetamine anti-appetite, hallucinations this period. mine-also known as added to list of controlled narcolepsy desoxyephedrine) drugs in May, 1966.)

LSD (Medical No Yes Yes Excitation, hallUCinations, Orally or by I 1966 LSD was brouD"ht under the control of Hallucinogen (Brought under Drug Abuse .; Abuse Control A~endments of 1965. Control (also mescaline, peyote, Control Amendments in research only) rambling speech injection rug t' C pSilocybin, DMT) under one of the International Narco lCS on-. September, 1966) ventions is being considered. Not legally avallable except for medical research.

Glue Unknown Yes Yes Staggering, drOWSiness Inhaled Freely available as commercial products, except fl Depressant No Federal controls. Glue None that some states have laws forbidding the sale of e' (also paint thinner sales restricted in some slurred speech, stupor glue to persons under 18. lighter fluid) , states. 35