Biographies of

Cantwell, Robert. Nathaniel Hawthorne: The American Years. New York: Rinehart & Company, Inc., 1948.

Culbertson, Diana. Rose Hawthorne Lathrop: Selected Writings. New York: Paulist Press, 1993.

Gaeddert, LouAnn. A New England Love Story: Nathaniel Hawthorne and Sophia Peabody. New York: The Dial Press, 1980.

Gollin, Rita K. Portraits of Nathanial Hawthorne. Illinois: Northern Illinois University Press, 1983.

Gorman, Herbert. Hawthorne. New York: George H. Doran Company, 1927.

Herbert, T. Walter. Dearest Beloved: The Hawthornes and the Making of the Middle-Class Family. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1993.

Marshall, Megan. The Peabody Sisters: Three Women who Ignited American Romanticism. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2005. *

Mellow, James, R. Nathaniel Hawthorne and His Times. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1980.

Miller, Edwin H. Salem Is My Dwelling Place: A Life of Nathaniel Hawthorne. Iowa City, IA: University of Iowa Press, 1991. *

Moore, Margaret B. The Salem World of Nathaniel Hawthorne. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1998.

Tharp, Louise Hall. The Peabody Sisters of Salem. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1950.

Valenti, Patricia D. To Myself A Stranger: A Biography of Rose Hawthorne Lathrop. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 1991.

Valenti, Patricia D., Sophia Peabody Hawthorne: A Life, Volume 1, 1809-1847. Columbia, MO: University of Missouri Press, 2004.

Wineapple, Brenda. Hawthorne: A Life. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2003. *

General Analyses of Hawthorne’s Work

Baym, Nina. The Shape of Hawthorne's Career. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1976.

Baym, Nina. A Reading. Boston, MA: Twayne Publishers, 1986.

Bell, Michael Davitt. Hathorne and the Historical Romance of New England. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1971.

Bell, Millicent. New Essays on Hawthorne's Major Tales. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Bloom, Harold. Modern Critical Views: Nathaniel Hawthorne (New York: Chelsea House Publishers, 1986).

Bloom, Harold. Bloom's Major Novelists: Nathaniel Hawthorne. Broomall, PA: Chelsea House Publishers, 2000.

Bloom, Harold. Bloom's Major Short Story Writers: Nathaniel Hawthorne. Broomall, PA: Chelsea House Publishers, 2001.

Brodhead, Richard H. The School of Hawthorne. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 1986.

Budick, Emily M. Engendering Romance: Women Writers and the Hawthorne Tradition 1850-1990. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1994.

Bunge, Nancy, Nathaniel Hawthorne: A Study of the Short Fiction. New York, NY: Twayne Publishers, 1993.

Burke, Michelle P. The Ideals’ Guide to Literary Places in the U.S. (Nashville, TN: Ideals Publications Inc., 1998.

Coale, Samuel C. In Hawthorne's Shadow: American Romance from Melville to Mailer. Lexington, KY: The University Press of Kentucky, 1985.

Colacurcio, Michael J. The Province of Piety: Moral History in Hawthorne’s Early Tales. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1984.

Crews, Frederick. The Sins of the Fathers: Hawthorne’s Psychological Themes. New York: Oxford University Press, 1966.

Dauber, Kenneth. Rediscovering Hawthorne. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1977.

Davidson, Edward H. Hawthorne's Last Phase. Archon Books, 1967.

Donohue, Agnes McNeill. A Casebook on the Hawthorne Question. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Company, 1963.

Dunne, Michael. Hawthorne's Narrative Strategies. Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi, 1995.

Easton, Alison. The Making of the Hawthorne Subject. Columbia, MO: University of Missouri Press,1996.

Gollin, Rita K. Portraits of Nathaniel Hawthorne. Dekalb, IL: Northern Illinois University Press, 1983.

Harris, Kenneth M. Hypocrisy and Self-Deception in Hawthorne's Fiction. Charlottesville, VA: University Press of Virginia, 1990.

Idol, John and Jones, Buford (eds.). Nathaniel Hawthorne, The Contemporary Reviews, 1994.

Idol, John L. and Melinda M. Ponder. Hawthorne and Women: Engendering and Expanding the Hawthorne Tradition. Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press, 1999.

Johnson, Claudia Durst. Understanding the Scarlet Letter: A Student Casebook to Issues, Sources, and Historical Documents. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press: 1995.

Kawakubo, Keisuke. Nathaniel Hawthorne: His Approach to Reality and Art. Tokyo: Kaibunsha Publishing Co., 2003.

Kesterson, David B. Critical Essays on Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter. Boston, MA: G. K. Hall & Co., 1988.

Lloyd-Smith, Allan G. Eve Tempted: Writing and Sexuality in Hawthorne's Fiction. London: Croom Helm, 1984.

Luedtke, Luther S. Nathaniel Hawthorne and the Romance of the Orient. Indianapolis, IN: Indiana University Press, 1989.

McMichael, George. Anthology of American Literature. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1997.

Miller, J. Hillis. Hawthorne and History: Defacing It. Cambridge, Mass: Basil Blackwell, 1991.

Pfister, Joel. The Production of Personal Life: Class, Gender, and the Psychological in Hawthorne’s Fiction. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1991.

Scribner, David. Hawthorne Revisited: Honoring the Bicentennial of the Author’s Birth. Lenox, MA: Lenox Library Association, 2004. *

Waggoner, Hyatt H. Hawthorne: A Critical Study. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1955.

Waggoner, Hyatt H. Hawthorne’s Lost Notebook 1835-1841. London: The Pennsylvania State University Press: 1978.

Warren, Robert Penn. “Hawthorne Revisited: Some Remarks on Hellfiredness,” Sewanee Review 81 (1973).

Short Story Critiques

Crowley, J. Donald. “The Artist as Mediator: The Rationale of Hawthorne’s Large-Scale Revisions in His Collected Tales and Sketches,” in Hawthorne and Melville in the Berkshires. Ed., Howard P.Vincent. Kent: Kent State University Press, 1968, pp.79-88.

Daly, Robert J., “History and Chivalric Myth in ‘Roger Malvin’s Burial,’” Essex Institute Historical Collections 109, 1973, 99-115.

Doubleday, Neal Frank. Hawthorne’s Early Tales: A Critical Study. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1972.

Dryden, Edgar A. Nathaniel Hawthorne: The Poetics of Enchantment. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1977.

Gollin, Rita K. Nathaniel Hawthorne and the Truth of Dreams. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 1979.

Gross, Seymour. “’My Kinsman, Major Molineux’: History as Moral Adventure.” Nineteenth Century Fiction 12 (1957): 97-109.

James, Henry. Hawthorne, in Literary Criticism: Essays on Literature; American and English Writers. Ed., Leon Edel and Mark Wilson. New York, NY: Library of America, 1984.

Kesterson, David. “Updike and Hawthorne: Not So Strange Bedfellows.” Notes on Modern American Literature 3. Spring 1979, item 11.

Martin, Terrence. “The Method of Hawthorne’s Tales,” in Hawthorne Centenary Essays. Ed., Roy Harvey Pearce. Columbus, OH: Ohio State University Press, 1964.

McDonald, John J. “’’ and Its Mosses: The Inception and Development of .” Texas Studies in Literature and Language 16, 1974, 74-108.

McWilliams, John P., Jr. “’Thoroughgoing Democrat’ and ‘Modern Tory’: Hawthorne and the Puritan Revolution of 1776.” Studies in Romanticism 15, 1976, 549-71.

Marks, Alfred H. “German Romantic Irony in Hawthorne’s Tales,” Symposium 7, 1953, 274-305.

Newberry, Frederick. Hawthorne’s Divided Loyalties: England and America in His Works. Rutherford: Farleigh Dickinson University Press, 1989.

Newman, Lea Bertani Vozar. A Reader’s Guide to the Short Stories of Nathaniel Hawthorne. Boston, MA: G.K. Hall, 1979.

Pearce, Roy Harvey. “Hawthorne and the Sense of the Past, Or the Immortality of Major Molineux,” ELH 21, 1954, 327-49.

Person, Leland S., Jr. Aesthetic Headaches: Women and Masculine Poetics in Poe, Melville, and Hawthorne. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, 1988.

Shaw, Peter. American Patriots and the Rituals of Revolution. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1981.

Simpson, Lewis P. “John Adams and Hawthorne: The Fiction of the real American Revolution.” Studies in the Literary Imagination 9, 1976.

Stein, William Bysshe. Hawthorne’s Faust: A Study of the Devil Archetype. Gainesville, FL: University of Florida Press, 1953.

Stoehr, Taylor. Hawthorne’s Mad Scientists: Pseudoscience and Social Science. Hamden, Conn.: Archon Books, 1978.

Waggoner, Hyatt H. The Presence of Hawthorne. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 1979.

Harvard's Sacvan Bercovitch on The Scarlet Letter from Nathaniel Hawthorne Review, Fall 1996.

The Earliest Biographies

Arvin, Newton. Hawthorne. Boston, MA: Little, Brown and Company, 1929.

Bridge, Horatio. Personal Recollections of Nathaniel Hawthorne. Harper and Brothers, 1893.

Conway, Moncure D. Life of Nathaniel Hawthorne. Scribner & Welford, 1890.

Fields, James T. “Hawthorne” in Yesterdays with Authors. Houghton Mifflin and Company, 1932.

Hawthorne, Edith Garrigues. The Memoirs of Julian Hawthorne. The Macmillan Company, 1938.

Hawthorne, Hildegrade. Romantic Rebel: The Story of Nathaniel Hawthorne. The Century Company, 1932.

Hawthorne, Julian. Hawthorne and His Circle. Harper and Brothers, 1903.

Hawthorne, Julian. Nathaniel Hawthorne and His Wife volume 1 & 2. James R. Osgood and Company, 1885.

Higginson, Mary Thacher. Letters and Journals of Thomas Wentworth Higginson. Houghton Mifflin and Company, 1921.

Higginson, Thomas Wentworth. The Hawthorne Centenary at , Concord, 1904 (Houghton Mifflin and Company: 1905).

Higginson, Thomas Wentworth. “Una Hawthorne,” in Part of a Man’s Life. Houghton Mifflin and Company, 1906.

James, Henry. Hawthorne. London, 1879.

Lathrop, George Parsons. A Study of Hawthorne. James R. Osgood and Company, 1876.

Lathrop, Rose Hawthorne. Memories of Hawthorne. Houghton Mifflin and Company, 1897.

Longfellow, Samuel, Life of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow Volume 1 & 2. Ticknor and Company, 1886.

Sanborn, F.B. Hawthorne and His Friends. The Torch Press, 1908.

Stewart, Randall. "Hawthorne and Politics; Unpublished Letters to William B. Pike," in The New England Quarterly, V, 237-263, April, 1932.

Ticknor, Caroline. Hawthorne and His Publisher. Houghton Mifflin Company, 1913.

Bibliography of Suggested Children’s Readings:

Latham, Jean Lee. Carry On, Mr. Bowditch. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1955. *

Waters, Kate. Samuel Eaton’s Day, A Day in the Life of a Pilgrim Boy. New York, NY: Scholastic Inc., 1998. *

Waters, Kate. Sarah Morton‘s Day, A Day in the Life of a Pilgrim Girl. New York, NY: Scholastic Inc., 1989. *

Waters, Kate. Tapenum’s Day, A Wampanoag Indian Boy in Pilgrim Times. New York, NY: Scholastic Press, 1996.

McGovern, Ann. …If You Lived in Colonial Times. New York, NY: Scholastic Inc., 1964 and 1992.

* Books available at The House of the Seven Gables Museum Store

Bibliography for Teachers’ Readings:

Dow, George Francis. Everyday Life in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Dover Publications, 1988.