CORAL BAY INDIGENOUS PRESERVE AND PROTECTED SPECIES MANAGEMENT PLAN
D.R. Horton 10541 Six Mile Cypress Parkway Fort Myers, Florida 33966 (239) 225-2631
Passarella & Associates, Inc. 13620 Metropolis Avenue, Suite 200 Fort Myers, Florida 33912 (239) 274-0067
Project No. 20DRH3329 TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.0 Introduction ...... 1
2.0 Existing Indigenous Vegetation Preserve ...... 1
3.0 Indigenous Vegetation Preservation and Restoration ...... 1
4.0 Methods to Remove and Control Exotic and Nuisance Plants ...... 2
5.0 Monitoring Reports ...... 3
6.0 Protected Species Management Plan ...... 3
6.1 American Alligator Management Plan ...... 3
6.1.1 Biology ...... 4 6.1.2 Management Plan...... 4
6.2 Gopher Tortoise Management Plan ...... 5
6.2.1 Biology ...... 5 6.2.2 Management Plan...... 6
6.3 Wading Bird Management Plan ...... 6
6.3.1 Management Plan...... 6
6.4 Florida Black Bear Management Plan ...... 6
6.4.1 Biology ...... 6 6.4.2 Management Plan...... 7
7.0 Human-Wildlife Coexistence Plan ...... 7
7.1 American Alligator ...... 7
7.2 Wading Bird ...... 7
i Table of Contents (Continued) Page
7.3 Florida Black Bear ...... 8
8.0 Preserve Signage ...... 8
9.0 References ...... 8
ii LIST OF TABLES
Table 1. Prohibited Invasive Exotics ...... 2
iii LIST OF APPENDICES
Appendix A. Project Location Map ...... A-1
Appendix B. Aerial with FLUCFCS and Wetlands Map ...... B-1
Appendix C. Aerial with Site Plan and Indigenous Preserve ...... C-1
Appendix D. American Alligator Management and Preserve Signage ...... D-1
Appendix E. American Alligator Informational Pamphlet ...... E-1
Appendix F. Wading Bird Informational Pamphlet ...... F-1
Appendix G. Florida Black Bear Informational Pamphlet ...... G-1
iv 1.0 INTRODUCTION
The following outlines the Lee County Indigenous Preserve and Protected Species Management Plan for Coral Bay (Project) located in Section 28, Township 43 South, Range 24 East, Lee County (Appendix A). The Project is a smaller component of the previously permitted Estates of Entrada site located west of Tamiami Trail (U.S. 41) between Del Prado Boulevard and Littleton Road in North Fort Myers. The Project site is bordered by the Villages of Entrada residential community to the north; Lee County District School Board property and multiple residential communities to the south; partially developed land associated with other portions of Estates at Entrada to the east; and Lee County 20/20 Yellow Fever Creek Preserve to the west.
The protected species management plan contained in this report pertains to the American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis), gopher tortoise (Gopherus polyphemus), listed wading birds, and Florida black bear (Ursus americanus floridanus).
2.0 EXISTING INDIGENOUS VEGETATION PRESERVE
The Project’s preserve area totals 43.03± acres and was previously placed under conservation easement per South Florida Water Management District (SFWMD) Environmental Resource Permit No. 36-06057-P, issued for Estates at Entrada. The preserve areas contain a mosaic of native forested and herbaceous upland and wetland habitats (Appendix B). Additionally, 2.85± acres of critical eagle nesting habitat will be preserved and placed under conservation easement to Lee County per the Project’s approved March 2020 Bald Eagle Management Plan. The location of the preserve areas is depicted on Appendix C.
Initial enhancement and restoration activities within the 43.03± acre preserve area were completed in 2008 followed by a five-year maintenance and monitoring program. On June 30, 2020, the SFWMD issued a letter of compliance for the Project and signed off on the preserve monitoring program.
The following are the existing habitats proposed for indigenous vegetation preservation and enhancement within the critical eagle nesting habitat.
3.0 INDIGENOUS VEGETATION PRESERVATION AND ENHANCEMENT
Exotic removal in the 2.85± acre critical eagle nesting habitat will be conducted concurrent with Project development activities. After the initial removal of exotics, semi-annual inspections of the preserves will occur for the first two years. During these inspections, the Project area will be traversed by a qualified ecologist. Locations of nuisance and/or exotic species will be identified for immediate treatment with an appropriate herbicide. Any additional potential problems will also be noted, and corrective actions taken. Once exotic/nuisance species levels have been reduced to acceptable limits (i.e., less than five percent cover), inspections of the Project area will be conducted annually. Prior to any preserve maintenance, Lee County’s Department of Community Development (DCD) staff will be notified.
1 4.0 METHODS TO REMOVE AND CONTROL EXOTIC AND NUISANCE PLANTS
Exotic vegetation will be treated/removed from the restoration area. Exotic vegetation species include, but are not limited to, the 21 species of prohibited invasive exotic species listed in Section 10-420(h) of the Lee County Land Development Code (LDC) (Table 1).
Table 1. Prohibited Invasive Exotics
Common Name Scientific Name Air potato Dioscorea alata Australian pines All Casuarina species Bishopwood Bischofia javanica Brazilian pepper Schinus terebinthifolia Carrotwood Cupaniopsis anacardioides Chinese tallow Sapium sebiferum Cork tree Thespesia populnea Cuban laurel fig Ficus microcarpa Downy rose-myrtle Rhodomyrtus tomentosus Earleaf acacia Acacia auriculiformis Japanese climbing fern Lygodium japonicum Java plum Syzygium cumini Melaleuca Melaleuca quinquenervia Murray red gum Eucalyptus camaldulensis Old World climbing fern Lygodium microphyllum Rose apple Syzygium jambos Rosewood Dalbergia sissoo Tropical soda apple Solanum viarum Wedelia Wedelia trilobata Weeping fig Ficus benjamina Woman’s tongue Albizia lebbeck
The treatment of exotic vegetation will include one or more of the following methods: (1) cut exotics within 12 inches of ground elevation, hand remove cut vegetation, and treat remaining stump with approved herbicide; (2) girdle standing Brazilian pepper (Schinus terebinthifolia) and melaleuca (Melaleuca quinquenervia) with diameter at breast height greater than four inches and apply approved herbicide to cambium; (3) foliar application of approved herbicide to Brazilian pepper and melaleuca saplings; (4) foliar application of approved herbicide or hand pulling of exotic seedlings; and (5) foliar application of approved herbicide to nuisance grasses.
The use of any chemicals which are known to be toxic to wildlife shall be prohibited at all times in close proximity to the bald eagle nest tree and within the on-site preserve areas (Appendix C).
2 Chemicals used for the purpose of controlling invasive exotic plants shall be prohibited around the base of the bald eagle nest tree.
5.0 MONITORING REPORTS
A monitoring report documenting the initial condition of the critical eagle nesting habitat areas will be submitted to DCD staff prior to development order approval. A similar report will be submitted to DCD staff after the initial restoration and exotic removal activities have been completed and prior to Certificate of Compliance approval. Reports will also include a brief description of anticipated maintenance work to be conducted over the next year. The results of quantitative vegetation monitoring conducted in the preserves, as well as a list of observed wildlife species, will also be included.
The applicant will submit five annual monitoring reports describing the conditions of the restoration areas. The monitoring reports will include mortality, estimated causes of mortality, growth of the vegetation and other factors that demonstrate the functional health of the restored areas, and photo stations. Periodic inspections will be conducted by DCD staff to ensure the accuracy of the monitoring reports.
6.0 PROTECTED SPECIES MANAGEMENT PLAN
Passarella & Associates, Inc conducted a Lee County protected species survey (PSS) on the Project site on March 9 and 10, 2021. They survey was conducted to meet LDC Chapter 10, Article III, Division 8 (Protection of Habitat) standards.
Two Lee County protected species were documented during the March 2021 survey. One little blue heron (Egretta caerulea) and four gopher tortoise burrows were observed on the property. The bald eagle nest tree previously identified on the property in February 2019 was still intact during the PSS but the nest has not been present in the tree since April 2019. The location of the bald eagle nest tree is depicted on Appendix C. Management activities for the nest tree are included in a separate Bald Eagle Management Plan, dated March 2020, which was previously approved by Lee County.
6.1 American Alligator Management Plan
There is potential for American alligators to utilize the on-site lakes. The following plan outlines the protection guidelines that will be implemented for the American alligator during clearing operations for the Project. The American alligator is listed as threatened (due to similarity of appearance to the American crocodile (Crocodylus acutus)) by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) and the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWCC).
3 6.1.1 Biology
The American alligator is a reptile with an elongated, armored, lizard-like body with a muscular flat tail. Adult alligators are dark with a pale underside while juveniles have bright yellow stripes and blotches. The average size for adults is 8.2 feet for females and 11.2 feet for males. The body weight can reach up to one-half ton. American alligators inhabit all counties in the state of Florida and are most common in the major river drainage basins and large lakes in the central and southern portions of the state. They also can be found in marshes, swamps, ponds, drainage canals, phosphate-mine settling ponds, and ditches. Alligators are tolerant of poor water-quality and occasionally inhabit brackish marshes along the coast. A few even venture into saltwater. Individuals are wide-ranging and some males may utilize an area of two square miles or more. Individuals of both sexes are most likely to become more active and extend their ranges during the April to May courtship and breeding season. Prey may include frogs, snakes, birds, and small mammals, although alligators are opportunistic feeders and may prey on what is readily available. Larger individuals often prefer carrion to fresh meat.
6.1.2 Management Plan
The proposed Project is not anticipated to impact the American alligator. Alligators commonly move from water body to water body in response to factors such as season, disturbances, food supply, etc. The American alligator is listed as a federally threatened species (by similarity of appearance to the American crocodile). Only representatives of the FWCC are authorized to handle nuisance alligators. If an alligator is present within the limits of construction at the time of clearing, work within the immediate vicinity of the alligator will be halted and the animal will be allowed to move out and into safer territory. Once the alligator has moved, work can be restarted. If an active alligator nest is found, it will be temporarily protected with an adequate buffer zone until the hatchlings leave the nest.
Signs will be posted between the Project and the adjacent lake to instruct construction workers and residents not to feed or harass the American alligator. The sign will indicate that the offense is punishable by law (Appendix D).
Informational pamphlets providing background information on identification, habits, and protection of the American alligator will be made available to homeowners and construction/maintenance personnel (Appendix E). The pamphlet states if there is a problem with a persistent nuisance alligator, they will need to contact the FWCC, as they are the only agency empowered to handle nuisance alligators.
4 6.2 Gopher Tortoise Management Plan
Four gopher tortoise burrows were located on the Project site during the PSS. The following plan outlines the management activities that will be implemented for the gopher tortoise prior to implementation of site clearing. The gopher tortoise is listed as threatened by the FWCC.
The gopher tortoise is a large, terrestrial turtle averaging 23 to 28 centimeters (9 to 11 inches) in shell length. Maximum length is around 38 centimeters (15 inches). The gopher tortoise is characterized by stumpy, elephantine hind feet and flattened; shovel-like forelimbs adapted for digging. The tan, brown, or gray carapace (top portion of the shell) is domed and oblong. The plastron (bottom portion of the shell) is somewhat concave in males. Growth annuli may be conspicuous, particularly in juveniles. Hatchlings are approximately 4.4 centimeters (1.7 inches) in length and are yellowish-orange in color.
The gopher tortoise occurs in the southeastern coastal plain of the United States from Eastern Louisiana to Southeastern South Carolina and throughout Florida. In Florida, gopher tortoises occur in portions of all 67 counties. Gopher tortoises inhabit a wide variety of upland vegetative communities. Three environmental conditions are especially important for gopher tortoises: well-drained, sandy soil in which to burrow; adequate low-growing herbaceous ground cover for food; and relatively open sunlit areas for nesting. The gopher tortoise is primarily associated with longleaf pine (Pinus palustris) scrub and oak (Quercus sp.) woodlands (sandhills), but it is also found in sand pine (Pinus clausa) scrub, coastal strands, live oak hammocks, dry prairies, pine flatwoods, and mixed hardwood-pine communities. Disturbed habitats, such as roadsides, fencerows, clearings, and old fields often support relatively high tortoise densities.
Gopher tortoises excavate burrows averaging 4.5 meters (14.8 feet) in length and 2 meters (6.6 feet) in depth and wide enough to allow them to turn around at any point. These burrows provide protection from temperature extremes, desiccation, and predators; and serve as refuges for a variety of other animals. The placement and depth of burrows vary with the soil type, geographic location, and groundwater levels. An individual tortoise may use more than one burrow and may excavate new burrows at any time during its life.
Gopher tortoise densities and movements are affected by the amount of herbaceous ground cover present. Generally, feeding activity is confined to within 50 meters (164 feet) of the burrow. Principal foods include grasses, legumes, and grass-like plants of the sedge and aster families. Legumes appear to be particularly important in the diet of juveniles. Fruits such as blackberries (Rubus sp.), pawpaws (Asimina triloba), gopher apples (Licania michauxii), and saw palmetto (Serenoa repens) berries are also consumed.
5 6.2.2 Management Plan
After construction is completed, the Project will not contain suitable gopher tortoise habitat necessary for the long-term survivability of the species. The proposed indigenous upland preserve areas are not suitably sized for on-site relocation. Thus, the applicant will obtain a permit from the FWCC to relocate gopher tortoises to a protected recipient site prior to site clearing activities. The recipient site will be approved by the FWCC and managed in perpetuity, consistent with FWCC’s Gopher Tortoise Management Plan (2012).
6.3 Wading Bird Management Plan
Although no nesting activity was observed, one little blue heron was observed during the PSS. The following management Plan has been prepared for the purpose of addressing the management of potential wading bird habitat on the site.
6.3.1 Management Plan
The Project has enhanced and preserved wetlands within the existing preserve area that provide foraging and roosting habitat for wading birds. In addition, construction of the Project’s stormwater management ponds will provide foraging habitat for a variety of wading bird species, including the little blue heron.
No wading bird nests were observed during the March 2021 PSS; however, if active wading bird nests are found within the Project limits, the applicant will coordinate with FWCC to obtain applicable permits, as necessary.
Problematic encounters between future residents and wading birds are not anticipated. Construction personnel, maintenance staff, and homeowners will be informed that the wading birds are a protected species and will be provided with a wading bird informational brochure (Appendix F)
6.4 Florida Black Bear Management Plan
Though no Florida black bear or their sign were documented on the Project site during the PSS, it is anticipated that Florida black bears are within the general vicinity of the Project. The following management plan has been prepared for the purpose of addressing the management of potential black bear activities. The Florida black bear is not listed by the FWCC or USFWS. However, the FWCC and the Lee County LDC have specific management activities for this species.
The Florida black bear is a subspecies of the American black bear (Ursus americanus). The Florida black bear is a solitary animal that inhabits heavily wooded terrain and is most often found in large tracts of swamp forest and
6 undisturbed upland forest. Some of the most important habitat types for the Florida black bear include pine flatwoods, hardwood swamps, cypress (Taxodium sp.) swamps, cabbage palm (Sabal palmetto) forests, sand pine scrub, and mixed hardwood hammocks. Denning often occurs in remote swamps or thickets with dense vegetation. Adult females breed in alternating years during the months of June and July. In Florida, hibernation may be restricted to females producing cubs. Hibernation most often occurs during the winter months. The diet of Florida black bears is highly variable and includes both plants and animals including saw palmetto, berries, honeybees (Apis sp.), ants (Formicidae sp.), armadillo (Dasypus novemcinctus), feral hog (Sus scrofa), and white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) (Humphrey 1992).
6.4.2 Management Plan
Problematic encounters between humans and black bears are not anticipated. However, to reduce the potential for problematic encounters, homeowners and construction personnel will be provided with FWCC’s educational brochure entitled “A Guide to Living in Bear Country” (Appendix G).
7.0 HUMAN-WILDLIFE COEXISTENCE PLAN
The following Human-Wildlife Coexistence Plans are provided for the American alligator, wading birds, and Florida black bear.
7.1 American Alligator
The FWCC’s educational brochure entitled “A Guide to Living with Alligators” (Appendix E) will be provided to construction personnel, fire fighters, and administration staff. The brochure can be found at http://myfwc.com/media/152524/Alligator_Brochure.pdf.
Construction personnel, maintenance staff, and homeowners will be instructed that in the event there is a problem with a persistent nuisance alligator, they should contact the FWCC’s Nuisance Alligator Hotline at 866-FWC-GATOR (866-392-4286). The FWCC is the only agency empowered to handle nuisance alligators.
7.2 Wading Bird
A wading bird informational brochure entitled “Wading Bird Informational Pamphlet” (Appendix F) will be provided to construction personnel, maintenance staff, and homeowners. The brochure provides wading bird information and methods to prevent human-wading bird interactions. In addition, the brochure informs construction personnel, maintenance staff, and homeowners of the need to avoid disturbance around a nest(s), should a wading bird nest(s) be identified on the property in the future.
7 7.3 Florida Black Bear
Homeowners and construction personnel will be educated about the presence of black bears in the area. FWCC’s educational brochure entitled “A Guide to Living in Bear Country” (Appendix G) will be provided to fire fighters and administration staff. This brochure can be found at http://myfwc.com/wildlifehabitats/managed/bear/brochures/.
8.0 PRESERVE SIGNAGE
Signage shall be placed around preserve areas to identify and protect the preserves during construction. The signs shall be no closer than ten feet from residential property lines, be limited to a maximum height of four feet and a maximum size of two square feet, and otherwise comply with Section 5.06.00 of the LDC. Maximum sign spacing shall be 300 feet. Signs identifying the preserve as a “nature preserve area” will be installed along the boundary of the preserve. The signage should include language stating, “No dumping allowed.” A typical preserve sign is attached as Appendix D.
Florida Natural Areas Inventory. 2010. Guide to the natural communities of Florida: 2010 edition. Florida Natural Areas Inventory, Tallahassee, Florida.
Hipes, D., D.R. Jackson, K. NeSmith, D. Printiss, and K. Brandt. 2001. Field Guide to the Rare Animals of Florida. Florida Natural Areas Inventory, Tallahassee, Florida.
Humphrey, Stephen R. 1992. Rare and Endangered Biota of Florida; Volume I. Mammals. University Press of Florida, Gainesville, FL. 392 pages.
Rodgers, J.A., Jr., H.W. Kale II, H.T. Smith (eds.). 1996. Rare and Endangered Biota of Florida, Vol. V. Birds. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, Florida, USA.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1999. South Florida Multi-species Recovery Plan.
Wood, Don A. 2001. Florida’s Fragile Wildlife Conservation and Management. University Press of Florida. Gainesville, FL.
PROJECT LOCATION MAP
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APPENDIX A. PROJECT LOCATION MAP
B.T. 3/23/21 REVISED DATE CORAL BAY
AERIAL WITH FLUCFCS AND WETLANDS MAP
SFWMD WETLANDS (23.39 Ac.±) 514 742 (0.22 Ac.±) (0.07 Ac.±) SFWMD "OTHER SURFACE WATERS" (5.44 Ac.±) SCALE: 1" = 400' 321 4291 514 (0.59 Ac.±) 520 (0.66 Ac.±) 411 PRESERVE AREA (0.23 Ac.±) 625 (1.52 Ac.±) (5.25 Ac.±) (1.87 Ac.±) (43.03 Ac.±) 411 (0.35 Ac.±) SURVEYED WETLAND LINE 4291 3219E1 (5.19 Ac.±) (24.77 Ac.±) 643 321 (0.36 Ac.±) (0.68 Ac.±)
643 514 814 100 (0.80 Ac.±) (0.02 Ac.±) (0.72 Ac.±) (1.72 Ac.±) 321 (0.18 Ac.±) 814 (0.42 Ac.±) P/L 411 3219E1 (1.29 Ac.±) (7.23 Ac.±) 411 625 (1.37 Ac.±) 643 (0.07 Ac.±) 411 (0.60 Ac.±) (0.73 Ac.±) 8321 321 742 8321 832 (0.08 Ac.±) (0.28 Ac.±) 520 (0.51 Ac.±) 643 514 (0.22 Ac.±) (2.89 Ac.±) (0.05 Ac.±) (0.39 Ac.±) (0.48 Ac.±) 743 (0.03 Ac.±) 321 3219E1 520 3219E1 (0.14 Ac.±) (59.67 Ac.±) (0.55 Ac.±) (11.09 Ac.±)
625 321 411 (1.09 Ac.±) 8321 (0.15 Ac.±) (0.42 Ac.±) (1.37 Ac.±) 832 740 411 (0.44 Ac.±) (1.96 Ac.±) 4119E2 (18.64 Ac.±) (1.44 Ac.±) 411 740 520 (3.89 Ac.±) (14.01 Ac.±) (1.45 Ac.±)
4119E3 4119E3 (0.06 Ac.±) (0.01 Ac.±) 625 8321 (11.05 Ac.±) (0.81 Ac.±) 3219E2 (1.13 Ac.±) 4119E3 740 (0.22 Ac.±) (15.00 Ac.±) 321 411 (0.37 Ac.±) (1.19 Ac.±) NOTES:
832 832 8321 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHS WERE ACQUIRED FLUCFCS PER FLORIDA LAND USE, COVER (1.71 Ac.±) (6.12 Ac.±) (0.11 Ac.±) THROUGH THE LEE COUNTY PROPERTY AND FORMS CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM APPRAISER'S OFFICE WITH FLIGHT DATES (FLUCFCS) (FDOT 1999). OF JANUARY - MAY 2020.
4119E4 4241 4119E4 PROJECT LIMITS AND PRESERVE AREA WETLAND LINES PER BANKS (0.37 Ac.±) (0.08 Ac.±) (1.44 Ac.±) PER BANKS ENGINEERING INC. DRAWING ENGINEERING, INC. DRAWING No. No. ACAD-308DR.DWG DATED MARCH 3043_WETLAND-EXB.DWG DATED 8, 2021. OCTOBER 4, 2004.
FLUCFCS LINES ESTIMATED FROM1"=200' WETLAND LINES REVIEWED AND AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHS AND LOCATIONS APPROVED IN THE FIELD BY SFWMD APPROXIMATED. STAFF ON JULY 22, 2004.
REVISIONS DATE DRAWN BY DATE DRAWING No. D.B. 5/21/19 13620 Metropolis Avenue Suite 200 20DRH3329 T.S. - Updated FLUCFCS 3/16/21 DESIGNED BY DATE CORAL BAY Ft. Myers, FL 33912 J.T. 5/21/19 SHEET No. R.F. - Revised FLUCFCS 3/22/21 REVIEWED BY DATE Phone (239) 274-0067 AERIAL WITH FLUCFCS AND WETLANDS MAP APPENDIX B T.S. - Revised FLUCFCS 4/9/21 S.J. 5/21/19 Fax (239) 274-0069 J:\2020\20drh3329\2021\Indig Preserve and Protected Species Mgt Plan\Appendix B Aerial with FLUCFCS and Wetlands Map 040921.dwg Tab: 17x11-C Apr 22, 2021 - 3:16pm Plotted by: PaulF Plotted 3:16pm 2021 - Apr 22, 17x11-C Tab: 040921.dwg Map Wetlands and with FLUCFCS Aerial B Plan\Appendix Mgt Species Protected and Preserve J:\2020\20drh3329\2021\Indig
AERIAL WITH SITE PLAN AND INDIGENOUS PRESERVE
SCALE: 1" = 400' ~LAKE~
~LAKE~ PRESERVE AREA ~LAKE~ ~LAKE~ (43.03 Ac.±) ADDITIONAL PRESERVE USED AS CRITICAL EAGLE NESTING HABITAT * (2.85 Ac.±)
BALD EAGLE NEST TREE ~LAKE~ 330' BUFFER
AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHS WERE ACQUIRED THROUGH THE LEE COUNTY PROPERTY APPRAISER'S OFFICE WITH FLIGHT DATES OF JANUARY - MAY 2020.
PROJECT LIMITS AND SITE PLAN PER BANKS ENGINEERING INC. DRAWING No. ACAD-3084DR.DWG DATED MARCH 8, 2021.
EAGLE NEST TREE PER COMMUNITY ENGINEERING SERVICES, INC. DRAWING No. ESTATES BOUND BASE 011920.DWG DATED JANUARY 21, 2020.
* REQUIRED PER APPROVED BALD EAGLE MANAGEMENT PLAN DATED MARCH 2020.
REVISIONS DATE DRAWN BY DATE DRAWING No. T.S. 4/9/21 13620 Metropolis Avenue Suite 200 20DRH3329 DESIGNED BY DATE CORAL BAY Ft. Myers, FL 33912 B.T. 4/9/21 SHEET No. REVIEWED BY DATE Phone (239) 274-0067 AERIAL WITH SITE PLAN AND INDIGENOUS PRESERVE APPENDIX C S.J. 4/9/21 Fax (239) 274-0069 J:\2020\20drh3329\2021\Indig Preserve and Protected Species Mgt Plan\Appendix C Aerial with Site Plan and Indig Preserve 040921.dwg Tab: 17x11-C Apr 22, 2021 - 3:16pm Plotted by: PaulF Plotted - 3:16pm 2021 Apr 22, 17x11-C Tab: 040921.dwg Preserve Indig Plan and with Site Aerial C Plan\Appendix Mgt Species Protected and Preserve J:\2020\20drh3329\2021\Indig
AMERICAN ALLIGATOR MANAGEMENT AND PRESERVE SIGNAGE
DO NOT HARASS THE AMERICAN ALLIGATOR 1' MAX FLORIDA LAW PROHIBITS THIS BEHAVIOR AND IS PUNISHABLE BY A $500 FINE AND/OR 60 DAYS IN JAIL. 4' MAX
TYPICAL AMERICAN ALLIGATOR SIGNAGE
NATURE PRESERVE 1' MAX AREA NO CLEARING OR DUMPING ALLOWED 4' MAX
TYPICAL PRESERVE SIGNAGE
DRAWN BY DATE T.S. 4/9/21 APPENDIX D. AMERICAN ALLIGATOR MANAGEMENT AND REVIEWED BY DATE PRESERVE SIGNAGE S.J. 4/9/21 PASSARELLA REVISED DATE CORAL BAY & ASSOCIATESINC J:\2020\20drh3329\2021\Indig Preserve and Protected Species Mgt Plan\Appendix D Alligator Signage.dwg Tab: 8X11-M Apr 22, 2021 - 3:17pm Plotted by: PaulF
AMERICAN ALLIGATOR INFORMATIONAL PAMPHLET
WADING BIRD INFORMATIONAL PAMPHLET
Action to be taken if you observe someone harassing a WADING wading bird: BIRD INFORMATIONAL Promptly notify the FWCC 1-888-404-FWCC PAMPHLET
Tips for living with wading birds
Do not feed wading birds.
Keep out of vegetated areas surrounding lakes and marshes.
Keep pets leashed to avoid coming into contact with wading birds.
Properly dispose of fishing line CORAL BAY to avoid bird entanglement.
13620 Metropolis Avenue, Suite 200 Fort Myers, Florida 33912 (239) 274-0067 Description: Habitat: Protection:
Wading birds inhabit all counties in Most wading birds are listed as species Wading birds are a diverse group of the state of Florida and are most of special concern by the State of birds which utilize shallow marsh common in the shallow marsh or Florida. Some species such as wood areas as foraging and breeding wetland areas throughout the state. storks are listed as endangered by both habitats. They are typically They can also be found in both the State of Florida and the U.S. Fish characterized as having long necks, coastal and inland areas, salt and Wildlife Service. It is unlawful for legs and bills, which allows them to marshes, swamps, ponds, drainage anyone to disturb or take nests or eggs, feed in shallow water. Wading birds canals, and ditches. Wading birds feed, injure, harm, harass, or kill any can be found in Florida year round. breed and nest in colonies which wading birds species. Persons who Examples of wading birds include: consist of various species of other knowingly violate the law may be great egrets, great blue herons, wading birds. Breeding generally subject to fines and/or jail time. white ibis’, little blue herons and occurs just prior to or during the wet snowy egrets. season. Stick nests are built in trees If wading birds form a nesting colony or bushes near wetland areas and on the property in the future, avoid above the water line. activities within 330 feet of the colony during the nesting season (March 1 to Wading birds feed in shallow water August 1). areas where prey is most concentrated. They feed by spearing prey with their bills or by straining small species out of the water and sediment. Prey may include small fish, invertebrates or other aquatic organisms. Wading birds have also been known to consume snakes, frogs and small rodents.
FLORIDA BLACK BEAR INFORMATIONAL PAMPHLET
Secure common bear attractants Bear range in Florida n Use electric fencing to protect gardens, compost piles, apiaries, fruit trees and livestock. n Store garbage and recyclables in bear-resistant containers or in a secure area until the morning A guide to living in of pick up. n Feed pets indoors or bring food dishes (even if empty) inside before dark. n Store pet and livestock feed in bear-resistant bear country containers or inside a secure area. n Remove bird and wildlife feeders. Ensure the area is free of all seed, corn, or other wild animal feed. n Keep gardens and fruiting trees and shrubs tidy. Remove rotten fruit and harvest ripe nuts, fruits and vegetables. n Clean meat smokers and barbeque grills with a degreasing detergent. Properly dispose of food Milt Fox remnants after each use.
Learn more about black bears with the Florida Black Bear Curriculum Guide. The guide is designed to Discouraging bears from visiting educate teachers and students in 3rd to 8th grade and If you are experiencing bear problems, please contact your home offers a comprehensive series of lessons on Florida’s the nearest FWC regional office. Properly storing or securing residential garbage and black bear. other attractants is a proven method of discouraging North Central, Lake City 386-758-0525 bears and preventing bear conflicts around homes, To get tips on how to secure bear attractants, watch Northeast, Ocala 352-732-1225 farms and neighborhoods. The following items attract videos about bears or how to install electric fencing, Northwest, Panama City 850-265-3676 bears and should be protected by an electric fence, and learn more about bear-resistant containers, visit South, West Palm Beach 561-625-5122 wildlife resistant container, or stored in a secure MyFWC.com/Bear. Southwest, Lakeland 863-648-3200 place, such as a garage or sturdy shed: n Trash and recycling containers If you suspect illegal activity, call FWC’s Wildlife Alert n Bird and squirrel feeders Hotline at 1-888-404-3922. n Game feeders n Pet foods and bowls Follow us on: n Barbeque grills and smokers n Pets and small livestock n Livestock feed n Compost piles n Beehives Cover photo by Ashley Hockenberry n Fruit and nut-bearing trees and shrubs
Funds from the “Conserve Wildlife” license plate help support efforts to reduce human-bear conflicts. Buy one Rick Sinnott today at your local tax collector’s office or online at BuyAPlate.com. printed on recycled paper too comfortable around people are more likely to be The bear facts killed, either by vehicle collisions, illegal shooting, or as Black bears are the only species of bear in Florida a result of bear management actions. and once roamed the entire state. n FWC biologists estimate there are 2,500- People ask why problem bears can’t simply be relocated 3,000 black bears in Florida. to a “wild area where they won’t bother anyone.” n Florida bears are generally black with a Unfortunately, areas large and remote enough for brown muzzle and may have a white chest bears to avoid people are rare in Florida. Also, most marking called a blaze. relocated bears typically leave the new area, either to n Adult black bears typically weigh between return to their original home or to leave an area already 150 to 400 pounds; males are usually larger occupied by other bears. Some bears will wander than females. Ashley Hockenberry through unfamiliar areas and cross busy roads, creating n Female bears have their first litter at about a danger to the bear and to motorists. In addition, bears n Never approach or surprise a bear. Keep as 31/2 years of age and generally have one to remaining in the relocation area often exhibit the same, much distance between you and the bear as three cubs every other year. unwanted behavior, thus shifting the problem to a new possible. n In Florida, the breeding season runs from Ashley Hockenberry location. As a result, relocation is not a desirable or n Make sure you are in a secure area and the bear June to August and cubs are born in late effective solution to bear conflicts. Wildlife biologists has a clear escape route to leave the area - then January or early February. can provide technical advice to residents who live in yell, bang pots and pans, or use an air horn to n Bears of all ages are excellent climbers bear country to help them take actions to discourage scare the bear away. and will climb trees when they are bears from becoming a problem. The FWC is committed n Do not turn your back, play dead or run from frightened or looking for food (e.g., acorns). to addressing the safety concerns of residents and a black bear. Back away slowly into a house, car n About 80 percent of a black bear’s visitors while ensuring the long-term well-being of or building. diet comes from plants (e.g., fruits, nuts, If you live in Florida, you black bears. n Report any bear threatening the safety of berries), 15 percent from insects (e.g., should know humans, pets or livestock, or causing property termites, ants, yellow jackets) and 5 percent Florida black bear populations have been recovering If a bear comes into your yard damage to the FWC (see back panel). from meat (e.g., opossums, armadillos, from historically low numbers in most areas of the If you encounter a black bear at close range, remain n Warning! It is illegal to injure or kill black carrion). state. At the same time, the human population is standing upright, back up slowly and speak to the bear bears under Florida state law. If you are found rapidly expanding in and around bear range. As a in a calm, assertive voice. guilty, you could face fines and/or jail time. It is illegal to intentionally place food or result, bears and humans are encountering each n Do not intentionally feed or attract bears. If a garbage out that attracts bears and causes other more than ever. Climbing trees is a bear’s natural escape route. If the bear is eating something on your property, take conflicts. Anything that attracts dogs, cats note of what it is and secure it after the bear bear climbs a tree, keep people and pets away. The bear Calls to the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation has left the area. will come down the tree and leave when it feels safe, or raccoons also will attract bears! Commission (FWC) about human-bear encounters usually after dark. have increased from 1,000 in 2001 to over 4,000 in 2010. The most common calls refer to bears in yards Did you know? and getting into garbage. Black bears are shy animals and generally not aggressive towards people. When a bear stands on its The mere presence of a black bear does not represent hind legs, it is merely trying to get a better view, rather a problem. In fact, living in bear country can provide than acting in a threatening way. Black bears may huff, unique and rewarding experiences for residents. snap their jaws, swat the ground or “bluff charge” when cornered, threatened or caught stealing food. Stand While feeding bears is illegal in Florida, bears are your ground and then slowly back away. Always respect still often fed by humans, either intentionally or bears – they are large and powerful wild animals and Charles TowneCharles unintentionally. When black bears have access can act unpredictably. Bears used to getting food from to pet food, garbage, birdseed, livestock feed or humans may lose their natural fear of people and are other human-provided items, they quickly learn to more likely to damage property or become a safety associate people with food. Bears that have become threat.