Identification and Federal Regulations for the Recreational of the U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of and

blunt of a Shark origin free rear tip first dorsal fin snouth length pointed second dorsal fin caudal fin () anal fin pectoral mouth width very pointed tail

length fork length

Federal required in federal waters. Purchase at hmspermits.noaa.gov HMS recreational permit holders that for will need to obtain a shark endorsement. Authorized Minimum Size (fork lenth) Bag Limit (per trip) Smoothhound shark None None None 1 per person None 1 per person Shortfin mako sharks 83 inches Hammerheads (great, scalloped, and smooth) 78 inches 1 shortfin mako, hammerhead, or other Other sharks 54 inches shark per vessel Recreational anglers fishing for sharks are required to use non-offset, non-stainless steel circle hooks when fishing south of 41° 43’N (near Chatham, MA), except when fishing with or artificial lures. All ridgeback sharks are prohibited, except , Oceanic Whitetip, and Smoothhound. Prohibited ridgeback sharks include Bignose, Caribbean Reef, Dusky, Galapagos, Night, Sandbar, and Silky. For more details on prohibited species, please refer to the Prohibited Species Placard. Ridgeback sharks have an interdorsal ridge (a visible line, or crease large, rounded first of raised between dorsal fins) dorsal fin

caudal keel mottled white coloration blunt snout on tips of most fins : Snout length much shorter than mouth width; markings fade with ; max. size 15 feet; coastal and offshore : Young sharks have black mottling on most fins; does not always have interdorsal ridge; max. size 8 ft; offshore predorsal ridge interdorsal ridge Cannot be retained if , , or are onboard white spots spines on front of both dorsal fins


Smoothhound: (a.k.a. smooth dogfish and /Gulf smouthhound) Pre- no anal fin dorsal ridge present; second dorsal fin slightly smaller than first dorsal fin and : Max. size 4 ft; coastal and offshore much larger than anal fin; max. size 5ft; coastal and offshore There are no recreational restrictions for Spiny Dogfish Scalloped Hammerheads, Great Hammerheads, and Smooth Hammerheads Cannot be retained if tuna, swordfish, or billfish are onboard Indented Indented No indent Pointed Pointed Not pointed Not pointed Pointed Pointed

Scalloped Hammerhead: Max. size 11 : Max. size 15 ft; : Max. size 12 ft; ft; coastal and offshore coastal and offshore coastal and offshore The is no minumum size for Atlantic Sharpnose or Bonnethead Sharks white spots, usually pointed snout

shovel-shaped head labial furrow Atlantic Sharpnose Shark: Max: size 3 ft; coastal and offshore; similar species: Smalltail Bonnethead: small, black spots on sharks have very reduced labial furrows and Caribbean Sharpnose sharks lack white spots. body; max. size 4 ft; mostly coastal All sharks are not identical. These are common characteristics. Young sharks can vary in appearance from adults. Maximum sizes are approximate. Prepared by NMFS. http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/sfa/hms. Photographs and illustrations provided by NMFS, J. Castro, W.B. Driggers III, E.R. Hoffmayer, and S. Iglésias. Revised April 2018 Prohibited species are underlined in red If you don’t know, let it go Use this to identify non-ridgeback sharks Single dorsal fin YES NO Sharpnose Sevengill Shark: (pictured) Max. size 4 ft; offshore deepwater; or Sixgill Shark (not pictured) Flattened body YES NO Dark body with many Atlantic Shark: Max. Blunt snout YES YES white spots; lower lobe size 5 ft; offshore deepwater with mouth of tail well-developed at tip; first NO Shark: Max. size dorsal fin 45 ft; mostly offshore above pelvic Orange/brown body; lower fins YES lobe of tail poorly developed NO Blunt snout; : Max. size First and YES second dorsal YES 10 ft; mostly coastal second fin origin dorsal fins directly above nearly anal fin origin : Max. size 10 ft; same size NO mostly coastal

NO YES Pointed snout; second dorsal fin origin well in front of anal fin origin YES YES Bigeye : (not pic- Very long Eyes extend to top of head; distinct tured) Max. size 8 ft; mostly offshore tail (upper grooves from above eyes to slits Sand Tiger: All three species of sand lobe) tiger sharks are prohibited NO


Gill slits very long, extending from upper head YES : (not pictured) to nearly middle of throat; teeth very small Thresher Shark: Max. size Max. size 35 ft; offshore 9 ft; mostly offshore NO YES First dorsal fin Head longer YES Single caudal YES YES Tail lobes than pectoral fin (upper and keel on each origin behind lower) nearly side pectoral fins NO same size; : (not pictured) Max. NO NO very pointed size 13 ft; offshore Shortfin Mako: Max. size 12 ft; snout mostly offshore

NO NOAA encourages the live release of shortfin mako and sharks. White Shark: Max. size 20 ft; coastal and offshore Two caudal keels on each side; first dorsal YES fin origin above pectoral fins; white marking on rear edge of first dorsal fin Upper tail Midpoint of first Porbeagle: Max. size 11 ft; lobe YES YES dorsal fin closer mostly offshore obviously to pelvic fins longer than pectoral fins than lower : Bright blue coloration; lobe NO max. size 11 ft; mostly offshore

Blunt snout shorter YES than mouth width NO YES Black tips on : Max. size 9 ft; mostly Black tips on YES Pointed snout most fins coastal, but can be offshore pectoral fins except anal and tail fin; snout NO length same or shorter YES YES Grey to blue body; than mouth teeth same in upper width and lower NO : Max. size 6 ft; : Max. size 5 ft; NO coastal and offshore mostly coastal Black tip on anal fin (except Grey to yellow body; young sharks); black marking snout length YES usually on tip of same or longer snout; teeth different than mouth YES in upper & lower jaw; : Max. size 8 ft; : Max. size 4 ft; width; first second dorsal fin coastal and offshore coastal and offshore dorsal fin origin may have markings, behind pectoral but not other fins fin If you don’t know, let it go All species that may be retained in Federal waters are shown on this placard | Prohibited species are underlined in red