P . R ESI . . . . 1 . D UL ST E



PRATTST. COMMERCE ST GA S NORTH AVE. 1 Q Emmitsburg Greenmount 45 ST. U Cemetery FAWN E 1 H .

. T S A T H EASTERN AVE. N G USS Constellation I Union Mills L N

SHARP ST CONWAYST. A Manchester R Taneytown FLEET ST. AY I Washington Monument/ Camden INNER V 1 E Mt. Vernon Place 97 30 25 95 Station R MONUMENT ST. BROADW HARBOR President

Maryland . Street 27 Station LANCASTER ST. Historical Society . ORLEANS ST.


. S Y 222 40 A Thurmont G Church Home CA LV Susquehanna Mt. Clare and Hospital KEY HWY 140 RIOT TRAIL State Park Port Deposit ELKTON

Mansion BALTIMORE ST. CHARLES ST (1.6-mile walking tour) 7

LOMBARD ST. Federal Hill James Archer L

77 Birthplace A

PRATT ST. Middleburg Patterson P I

Old Frederick Road D 40 R Park 138 U M (Loy’s Station) . EASTERN AVE. E R CONWAY ST. D V Mt. Clare Station/ B 137 Hereford CECIL RD ST USS O E. T. FLEET ST. S 24 1 I AV B&O Railroad Museum TO 84

K TS RIC Constellation Union Bridge N R DE Catoctin S Abbott F 7 E HO WA FR T. WESTMINSTER A 155 L Monkton Station Furnance LIGH Iron Works L T (Multiple Trail Sites) S 155 RD 327 462 S 31 BUS A Y M 1 Federal O R A E K I Havre de Grace Rodgers R Hill N R S D T 22 Tavern Perryville E 395 BALTIMORE HARFORD H V K E Community Park T I Y 75 Lewistown H New Windsor W Bel Air Court House R R Y 140 30 25 45 146 SUSQUEHANNA O K N BUS FLATS L F 1 OR ABERDEEN E T A VE. 83 145 924 15 Hayfields 295 Fort N RD 95 SHAWA 2 McHenry 7 31 Cockeysville 24 I A R Libertytown B O H E M I R V CARROLL D Jerusalem





R G D M R ORGA LEM 152 N MI SA LL RD ERU Baltimore County J 95 26 26 97 Historical Society 147 Glen Ellen 1

Rose Hill Manor 75 27 795 Camp Chapel 213 146 United Methodist J OP FREDERICK Church PA FREDERICK 130 Hampton National FA R (Multiple Trail Sites) M Historical Site R D


PA R 139 JOP U

140 Towson 40 S 695 Mariner

Monocacy New Market Robert E. Lee Court House H

Point Park S A S S A F G R National Park 43 A S R I V E R

R Battlefield 26 U 40 Mount Airy I

Pine Grove N Sykesville V

Chapel P Randallstown 83 45 E O R 70 W P 7 D A 25 80 H E ISTO 32 T RI R Urbana C NAT IONA A BALTIMORE CITY 95 (Landon House) L RD P 144 S R 80 C CA O I L

R I V VE E V R RT 213

ST Buckeystown Cooksville E .


I R G Park M H Crimea Mansion/ I S 301 355 70 D T. Leakin Park D B M CA L N A A E N PL KENT O E 895 A Loudon Park C R N V 40 K ST T. E. 270 I . S 144 L K RD Cemetery V L 20 Hyattstown 97 IC R I ER 695 E M Kent County Catonsville D I FRE R Courthouse Ellicott City Library V 27 95 E T. 144 SS Sugarloaf R S O R Monument Park Mountain 166 C 32 HOWARD Lansdowne . Monocacy T 514 S Comus N River Ford Christian Church E E Clarksburg U 29 Q Thomas T. Post G.A.R. S R Viaduct E 895 Lauretum T A Oakland L 100 W IT Inn T L Barnesville Manor E Y P A EN P A Chestertown CHESTER T P 20 K A W Elkridge 109 Y 695 T B RIVER Furnace Inn A P CHESTERTOWN S E 175 195 C 213 Brookeville O K R I A 32 V Beallsville E R Baltimore/Washington E Gaithersburg International Airport (Summit Hall Farm) P A 97 100 Poolesville S

E Rock Hall

MONTGOMERY ANNE H 124 107 29 ek e Savage C r Mill C 301 313 e ARUNDEL R o Darnestown E h I V a Park 28 R k 28 295 213 c ROCKVILLE 97 u R QUEEN T E 112 T Old Rockville S (Multiple Trail Sites) 175 E 95 M A H ANNE’S G O T C H Y Rowser’s Ford R (Seneca) I V 270 E R

. R E 2 LL Patapsco N E 190 PRINCE IC L O V T S T Female ’ I M 3 H I R LL Institute A S R Sandy Point 18 D A R O S . State Park


. 97 L S P T Thomas Isaac R

M U P S AIN Log O Dranesville ST C E . A V AVE

T . T 50 R E Ellicott City U O A R C 301 Queenstown Colored School . RD P N 213 309 Greensboro CH HERNDON UR CH ANNAPOLIS R 1 95 144 I 50 K Belair B&O V E Railroad E M Mansion N A Station R R 495 450 T Y L . A S T N O N Fort Marcy S D U 50 T T U A A 480 National C V E H E IK W Park Service IA P E . R R 404 Freeman WASHINGTON, D.C. LUMB N D CO I R OL 301 V Hillsboro Store/Museum E O ELLICOTT CITY 2 R W S

H BALTIMORE RIOT TRAIL H • Church Home and Hospital – Here Adeline Blanchard H SHORE SITES H • Rodgers Tavern – Four-legged recruits were trained here • – This cotton-weaving mill was used for Denton Caroline County Old Harford Town Courthouse Tyler treated wounded Massachusetts soldiers after the at the “mule school” for arduous service in the U.S. Army. Federal service. Maritime Center H – The 6th Massachusetts Baltimore Riot. H Baltimore County Historical Society/Cockeysville – Infantry Regiment began its march to . Near here, Confederate Maj. burned railroad • Port Deposit – A local battery later found itself • – The strategic B&O Railroad bridge to Crimea Mansion/Leakin Park – Home of , playing a vital role at Antietam. Washington placed two towns in the theater of war. H • bridges and wreaked havoc on his July 1864 raid. Fawn Street at President Street – Here the secessionist a successful inventor and prominentArlington Baltimorean, House/ who was H • Bel Air Court House – In 1861, Union forces searched the T ALBOT mob began attacking the marching Massachusetts soldiers. Taylor’imprisoneds Tavern at Fort McHenry for his pro-southern political Camp Chapel United Methodist Church – Maj. Harry H EASTERN SHORE SITES H 66 National Cemetery Gilmor and his raiders passed by this early Methodist chapel town for Confederate sympathizers; area residents served in H President Street at – The mob closed in activities. both armies. 50 404 as a railroad car carrying soldiers derailed. site in July 1864. • Charles Sumner Post G.A.R. – Former U.S. Colored Troops • Druid Hill – Several U.S. Colored Troops regiments were • James Archer Birthplace – Confederate Gen. James Archer established this Grand Army of the Republic post and built Todds Corner H Gay and Commerce StreetsFairfax at Pratt Street – Here the organized here in 1863 and 1864. Fort Ward • Catonsville Library – This community, known as Relay 309 during the war, was an important rail center. led Texas troops through several campaigns and died in Rich- this meeting hall in 1908. soldiers fired back, exchangingCourt volleys House with the mob. • Federal Hill – First occupied by U.S. troops in May 1861 mond, Va., shortly after being exchanged as a . 662 H • Kent County Courthouse – Federal authorities arrested Glen Ellen – This is the site of Maj. Harry Gilmor’s home, M T ALBOT H Light Street at Pratt Street – Four soldiers were shot or to suppress secessionist violence in Baltimore, this became H Jerusalem Mill – A Confederate cavalry raid occurred here local lawyer and newspaper publisher John Leeds Barroll in 395 a Gothic Revival house demolished after the war. LOTHIAN I beaten to death here. Fairfax Museum the site of a huge fort. in 1864 as part of an attack on Washington. 1863 for reprinting a “treasonous” article. 495 Alexandria • Hampton National Historical Site – Southern sympa­ 408 L H Howard Street at Camden Station – The rest of the • Fort McHenry – Famous for associations with “The Star- 495 E thizer Charles Ridgely95 was elected of the Baltimore H Mariner Point Park – Here Maj. Harry Gilmor burned the • Monument Park – Monuments here honor both Confederate Massachusetts regimentSt. finallyMary’ boardeds Church the train, protected Spangled Banner,” it became a andNational hospital site. S Unionville County Horse Guards at the outbreak of the war. Gunpowder River Bridge. Welsh Owens and Union soldiers, including U.S. Colored Troops. by their comrades’ fire. Cemetery 370 • Greenmount Cemetery – and other D R R • Elkridge Furnace Inn – George DobbinMemorial built an “assembly • Lauretum Inn – Chestertown resident, notable Civil War figures are95 buried here. • Robert E. Lee Park/ – Opened in 1861,D the I R hall” here after the war, on land once occupied by Union general, and U.S. Senator George Vickers voted against V 322 1861 Baltimore Riot Walking Tour H H lake here served as Baltimore’s reservoir during the war.YA St. Michaels OTHER BALTIMORE CITY SITES D Loudon Park National Cemetery, Confederate Hill – O artillery, to help heal divisions among neighbors. impeaching President in 1868. E 313 Fairfax Station • O • Lansdowne Christian Church – This church Wand its R Talbot Courthouse 1861 Baltimore Riot Site • Battle Monument – On the evening of April 19, 1861, Established in 1862, this is one of 14 original national • B&O Railroad Station – The oldest railroad terminus in the • Queenstown – Slaves escaped from their owners here to EASTON Governor Hicks and Mayor Brown spoke here to try to calm cemeteries. More than 600 Confederates are buried here. stained-glass windows reflect a Civil War veteran’s love for his comrades. U.S. (1831) was guarded by Union troops throughout the war. enlist in the U.S. Army. 331 1864 Johnson/Gilmor Raid Site down citizens after the Baltimore Riot. • Maryland Historical Society – Civil War artifacts are FortH • Ellicott City Colored School – After the war, African • Greensboro – Pro-Union residents wrote to President • Mt. Clare Station/B&O Railroad Museum – displayed here. Monkton Station – A station along the Northern Central 4 2 33 Other Civil War Trails Site FooteRailroad, a component of the ’s transit American veterans built this school. for help on September 13, 1862. Civil War-era trains are on display here. • – This public park, opened in 1827, held a network for troops and supplies. • Thomas Isaac Log Cabin – Northern and southern senti- • Hillsboro – The great African-American leader, Frederick National, State or County Park • Abbott Iron Works – To avert further violence after the U.S. Army95 training camp and general hospital during the war. ments divided this town. Douglass, once called this town home. Baltimore Riot, the mayor ordered railroad bridges burned. H Towson Court House – On July 11, 1864, Gilmor’s raiders • USS Constellation – This vessel operated against the slave stopped at the hotel here for refreshment then fought an Patapsco Female Institute – This is the site of an important Unionville – Slaves and free blacks from here served as Information or Welcome Center 210 • • 333 CAROLIN • Mt. Clare Mansion – This U.S. Army training facility trade and protected U.S. shipping from Confederate raiders. engagement south of town. school that influenced young ladies of the North and South. USCT, then founded the community after the war. opened in the summer of 1861. • Washington Monument at Mt. Vernon Place – President 5 • Perryville Community Park – This small town quickly • Oakland Manor – This was the home of Capt. George R. • Talbot Courthouse – Easton men served on both sides 50 Abraham Lincoln gave a stirring speech here on April 18, 1864. became an important Union outpost. Gaither of the Howard County Dragoons. during the war. Fort 318 Federalsburg Washington



AT 307



N RD N 577

5 – 228 5 381 313 301 312

Freestone Point 5 16


231 4 6 50

6 301 313 N LTO L A 6 BE Bucktown RD





L 13 Blackwater NationalP B E



n 1861, Baltimore found itself in a civil war fought on the docks, front from Baltimore and Ohio Railroad terminals. Lincoln used the est known for its association place, over the victims of as vulgar and bru- uring the Civil War, Balti- streets, waters, and farms of the South’s northernmost city, victory at Antietam to issue the preliminary Emancipation Proclama- with the “Star-Spangled Ban- tal a despotism as modern times have wit- more was the rail center home of the “Star-Spangled Banner.” The flag had helped unite tion, making the war for the Union a war for as well. ner” during the , nessed.” The civilian prisoners soon had the of Maryland and the I the young nation in 1814, but 47 years later it represented despo- In June 1863, Gen. Robert E. Lee invaded the North a second time, Bnearly half a century later, Fort company of Confederate soldiers, as prison- North’s gateway to the tism and tyranny to some Americans, while to others it symbolized following his stunning victory at Chancellorsville, Virginia. After the McHenry played several different roles ers of war were confined on the grounds D South. Three railroads terminated “a high and delicate trust” to preserve the Union. In February, distrust Confederates crossed the into Maryland, the Union during the Civil War. After the fall of Fort outside the fort while awaiting transfer to there—the Baltimore and Ohio, the and threats of disunion culminated in the midnight passage of presi- marched in pursuit from the Washington defenses. Baltimore hastily Sumter, , and the Baltimore Point Lookout, Fort , or Johnson’s Northern Central, and the Philadel- dent-elect Abraham Lincoln through Baltimore to thwart a rumored constructed and strengthened barricades and fortifications. On July 3, Riots of April 1861, Maryland Unionists Island. Their numbers swelled after major phia, Wilmington and Baltimore— assassination attempt. the city’s residents heard the looked to the fort to safeguard their cause battles, particularly those at Sharpsburg, and connections to two others were On April 19, five days after guns of Gettysburg, 50 miles in a city with strong support for secession. Maryland, in September 1862, and Gettys- just outside the city. Because locomo- the Union surrendered Fort Sum- northwest, as “distant thunder.” Gen. William W. Morris’ 2nd U.S. Artillery burg, , in 1863. By war’s end, tives were banned from the city’s ter, South Carolina, the tensions When word of the Union victory occupied the fort in May 1861, one of 32 an estimated 15,000 men had been confined streets, passengers either walked in Baltimore exploded in vio- arrived, an officer on Federal Hill regiments to serve as garrison troops dur- at the fort, but only 15 had died there. or rode in horse-drawn cars between lence. Confederate sympathizers wrote, “The good news from Get- ing the conflict. Some of the fort’s guns At least three executions occurred there: connecting stations. On April 19, 1861, attacked Massachusetts troops tysburg made all hearts rejoice; were trained on Baltimore instead of the two soldiers and a civilian for murder. a mob attacked U.S. Army soldiers en route to Washington, D.C. not so much that Baltimore was , to help curb secessionist Some Union and Confederate officers marching between the two stations along the Pratt Street water- safe (though, with a Union defeat ardor and rally loyal citizens. wounded in combat in the Eastern Theater en route to Washington, D.C. In what front. The war’s first casualties the Confederate flag must cer- Lincoln’s suspension of the writ of of war were treated at Fort McHenry’s became known as the Baltimore fell in Baltimore’s streets, inspir- tainly have waved over it), as that habeas corpus resulted in the temporary 60-bed post hospital. James L. Kemper and Riots, the crowd threw bricks, and ing Marylander James E. Ran- the country was safe, and the detention and confinement of hundreds of Isaac R. Trimble were among the notable the soldiers opened (or returned) dall to write the intensely pro- whelming tide of invasion was Maryland civilians suspected of disloyalty. Confederate generals who survived “Pick- fire. Four soldiers were killed and Southern “Maryland, My turned.” Soon, vast numbers of Many of them were held at Fort McHenry. ett’s Charge” at Gettysburg on July 3, 1863. 39 wounded, while 12 civilians died Maryland,” which became the wounded arrived, and 7,653 pris- Among them was newspaper editor Francis They were transported to downtown Balti- and “dozens” more were injured. state song in 1939. By summer, oners were transported on Balti- Key Howard, who wrote on September 13, more by railroad and ambulance wagon, After Federal control was reasserted, Union troops occupied strategic more and Ohio Railroad trains 1861, “[the] day, forty-seven years earlier, treated at city hospitals, then brought to Baltimore’s railroads became part of rail and shipping depots to guard “Attack on the Massachusetts 6th for confinement in Fort McHenry my grandfather, … wrote the post hospital to recover and await the network supplying the U.S. Army communication lines to Washington. Lincoln’s suspension of habeas at Baltimore, April 19th, 1861” before transfer to Point Lookout the song so popular. … The flag which he transfer by steamship to permanent Fed- for the rest of the war. corpus resulted in the temporary imprisonment of the Maryland legis- and . proudly hailed, I saw waving, at the same eral prisoner-of-war installations. Civil War-era locomotive lature and Baltimore’s government. U.S. troops garrisoned Federal By 1864, war-related business dominated Baltimore’s economy. After the Civil Hill and Fort McHenry, aimed their guns at the city, and ensured Lincoln delivered a fund-raising speech at the city’s U.S. Sanitary Fair War, Fort McHenry was Federal control for the remainder of the war. In June 1861, an officer in April and spent the night at Mount Vernon Square, a wealthy resi- used periodically as an wrote, “The loss of Baltimore would have been the loss of Maryland; dential area that three years earlier had been a secessionist hotbed. active military post. the loss of Maryland would have been the loss of the national capital, In July, the third and last Confederate invasion ended at the outskirts In 1933, two years after and perhaps, if not probably, the loss of the Union cause.” of Washington, D.C., after the (although a Confeder- Francis Scott Key’s Baltimore became U.S. Middle Department headquarters on ate victory) had enabled Federal reinforcements to strengthen the cap- poem became America’s March 22, 1862, to coordinate regional military activities. After the ital’s garrison. Baltimore, the nation’s second most-fortified city, added National Anthem, the on September 17, during the first Confederate inva- more than 40 forts and redoubts during the war. Early in 1865, they fort was transferred to sion of the North, the city received thousands of wounded, transform- were stripped of men for the final campaigns in Virginia. Late in April, the National Park Ser- ing parks, warehouses, churches, and hotels into hospitals. Fort Lincoln’s funeral train stopped in Baltimore while flags at Fort McHenry vice and designated a McHenry became a prisoner-of-war transfer facility and nearby Locust and elsewhere flew at half staff in honor of the assassinated president National Monument and Point served as a munitions depot, with supplies transported to the and symbolized, as well, all the Americans lost in the conflict. Fort McHenry during the Civil War. Historic Shrine.


n the weeks following the Battle n July 1864, Confederate Gen. Jubal Turnpike, reinforcing Ellicott Mills, the braham Lincoln came to of Antietam on September 17, A. Early, having cleared Virginia’s Thomas Viaduct in Relay, and the depleted Baltimore three memora- 1862, and again after the Battle Valley of Union troops, defenses of Baltimore. His stubborn ble times between 1861 I of Gettysburg in July 1863, Balti- I marched his corps into Maryland defense bought time for troops from Peters- and 1865. The first occa- more became a vast hospital complex to threaten Baltimore, free Confederate burg to reach Washington, D.C. by steam­ A sion was before dawn on February for the wounded men who poured into prisoners at Point Lookout and attack ship and repulse Early’s July 11 attack. 23, 1861, en route to his inauguration the city. The Antietam casualties Washington, D.C. He and commanding Gen. Meanwhile, Confederate Gen. Bradley in Washington, D.C. When detective arrived on the Baltimore and Ohio Robert E. Lee also hoped to lure Union T. Johnson led his cavalry brigade toward feared that a pro- Railroad from Frederick, Maryland. troops away from Petersburg, Virginia, Point Lookout, cutting telegraph lines Confederate mob might attack As thousands of Union and Confeder- to reinforce the capital’s defenses and, and burning trains and railroad bridges. Lincoln’s carriage as he transferred ate soldiers hobbled or were carried thereby, relieve the pressure on Lee. Maryland’s own Maj. Harry Gilmor’s from President Street Station to Constellation Museum

from the trains, authorities trans- USS Early’s maneuver was the South’s third detachment engaged Union cavalry and Camden Station, the president-elect formed 22 churches, hotels and cotton The U.S. Navy and their ships, such as USS Constellation, and last invasion of the North. captured Union Gen. William B. Franklin, agreed to slip quietly from one and tobacco warehouses into medical were essential to achieving victory for the Union. In response, the Union rushed Gen. who later escaped. Gilmor got no closer to station to the other and safely on facilities. Nearly all of Baltimore’s Lew Wallace’s force of 5,800 men from Point Lookout than the mouth of the Gun- Sgt. Maj. Christian A. Fleetwood to Washington, D.C. Later that day, public parks still in use today, includ- he U.S. Navy’s actions in the Baltimore and an infantry division from powder River northeast of Baltimore. a pro-Confederate mob harassed ing Patterson’s Park, Federal Hill, and Chesapeake Bay during the Petersburg to confront Early on the banks Early retreated to Virginia on July 12, he Emancipation Proclama- Mary Todd Lincoln, traveling sepa- Druid Hill Park, as well as other open Civil War were similar to its of the near Frederick, having failed to free the Confederate pris- tion, issued January 1, 1863, rately, as she transferred trains. As spaces, were used for hospitals. Thou- T operations throughout the Maryland, on July 9. Called “The Battle oners. He succeeded, however, in putting authorized the recruiting of president, Lincoln returned to Balti- sands of the Gettysburg casualties South. From Baltimore to the Virginia That Saved Washington,” the fight was a a fright into Washington, D.C. and Balti- T African Americans as United more on April 18, 1864, to speak at were cared for in downtown Balti- Capes, naval vessels tightly blockaded Confederate victory, but it cost Early more, and his raid temporarily drew Fed- States soldiers. Gen. William Birney the Maryland State Fair for Soldier more, while Fort McHenry’s post hos- the coastline to keep desperately needed a critical day’s march on the U.S. capital. eral troops away from Petersburg. and his staff raised seven regiments of Relief, almost three years to the day pital treated many of the Confederate supplies from Confederate armies, as Wallace retreated east on the Baltimore what were called Colored after the Baltimore Riot, in which officers wounded during Gen. James well as to protect the vast numbers of Troops (USCTs)—the 4th, 7th, 9th, 19th, Confederate sympathizers attacked Longstreet’s famous assault (often Union vessels that transported men and 30th, 39th, and 118th—in Maryland U.S. Army troops on their way south mistakenly called Pickett’s Charge) on supplies to the front. In addition, the during the Civil War. The Maryland to the capital. Lincoln was so July 3, 1863. A pressing need for treat- navy actively assisted the U.S. Army General Assembly offered bounty money impressed with the positive change ing the wounded closer to the battle- with amphibious support, while also to each man who enlisted as well in the city’s political climate that he fields led to the creation of several seeking battle with the ships of the Con- as to owners who freed their slaves for referred to it in his speech as “both relief organizations in Maryland. federate navy. service. Many slaves, however, freed great and gratifying.” Lincoln’s With the fall of Norfolk, Virginia, themselves from their masters and ran third passage through Baltimore in 1861, the became a away to join the Union forces. was on the morning of April 21, 1865, vital base for the U.S. Navy’s activities Of the sixteen African-American six days after his assassination, in the Chesapeake. The city’s shipyards soldiers who received the Medal of when the funeral train arrived at repaired vessels damaged in battle, Honor during the Civil War, five were Camden Station. After a procession while its many steamship companies Maryland natives: Sgt. Maj. Christian through the city and a public view- provided vessels that could be converted A. Fleetwood, Baltimore, 4th USCT; ing in the Merchant’s Exchange, for military use. Inland, the navy utilized Sgt. Alfred B. Hilton, Harford County, Lincoln’s body was transferred to the city’s industrial power, with Balti- 4th USCT; Sgt. Decatur Dorsey, the train that carried him home more’s mills producing steam engines Howard County, 39th USCT; and Pvt. to Springfield, Illinois, for burial. for warships as well as armor plating— William H. Barnes and Sgt. James H. U.S. General Hospital, Patterson Park, Baltimore including that used on USS Monitor. Gen. Jubal A. Early Gen. Lew Wallace Maj. Harry Gilmor Harris, St. Mary’s County, 38th USCT.

MARYLAND CIVIL WAR TRAILS Cover: “Attack on the How to Use this Map-Guide HHH TRAVEL RESOURCES HHH H POST WAR H Massachusetts 6th at This guide showcases a collection of sites Baltimore, April 19th, 1861” Drawn by that portray the Civil War story in Baltimore William Bomberger and the surrounding Chesapeake Bay region. and engraved by Central to this collection, is the one-and-a-half For more information on the Civil War, recre- lthough many Marylanders George E. Perine. mile walking tour along Baltimore’s Inner ation, and traveling in Maryland, please visit: served on the Civil War’s Harbor that depicts the April 1861 riot when losing side, several former Maryland Office of Kent County Tourism Confederate sympathizers attacked the 6th Confederates afterward Massachusetts Infantry Regiment as they Tourism Development Development A played prominent roles in their native marched to trains en route to Washington, 401 E. Pratt Street 400 High Street state. Adm. , who D.C. Information contained here and along the 14th Floor Chestertown, MD 21620 Trail highlights stories that have been hidden within the landscape Baltimore, MD 21202 (410) 778-0416 commanded CSS Virginia (formerly for more than 140 years. Follow the bugle trailblazer signs to way- (877) 333-4455 www.kentcounty.com USS Merrimack) the day before its www.visitmaryland.org sides that chronicle Maryland’s deeply divided loyalties and to many Howard County Visitors famous battle with USS Monitor, BALTIMORE of the Civil War’s lesser-known but important sites. Annapolis & Anne Arundel Information Center served as president of Maryland Agri- The Trail, including a number of additional sites, can be County Conference & Visitors Howard County Tourism Council cultural College, now the University driven in one, two or three days depending on traveler preference. Bureau Breathtaking views of roll­ing of Maryland. Maj. Harry Gilmor,

Brochure Design by Communication Design, Inc., Richmond, VA 8267 Main Street Destinations like Chestertown, Port Deposit, Bel Air, Ellicott City, WASHINGTON, D.C. 26 West Street Ellicott City, MD 21041 countryside and horse farms the partisan cavalry , Westminster and Frederick offer charming ambiance that can be Annapolis, MD 21401 (800) 288-8747 surrounding Baltimore returned to Baltimore as a business- enjoyed all-year long while Baltimore and Rockville offer a more (888) 302-2852 www.visithowardcounty.com (Inset) Kayaking on the waters man, city police commissioner, and sophisticated urban environment. Amenities include dining, lodg- www.visit-annapolis.org of the Chesapeake Bay ing, shopping, and a variety of attractions that illustrate Maryland’s Carroll County Visitor Center in the Maryland National important role in the Civil War. For more detailed travel informa- Baltimore Area Convention 210 E. Main Street Guard. Col. Henry Kyd Douglas, tion, stop by any Maryland Welcome Center, local Visitor Center or & Visitors Association Westminster, MD 21157 Conference and Visitors junior member of Jackson’s staff who RICHMOND Bureau of Montgomery County, contact any of the organizations listed in this guide. For additional Baltimore Visitor Center (800) 272-1933 wrote I Rode with Stonewall, became 401 Light Street www.carrollcountytourism.org Maryland, Inc. Civil War Trails information, visit www.civilwartrails.org. a lawyer, judge, and commander of For statewide travel information, visit www.visitmaryland.org. (in the ) 11820 Parklawn Drive, Suite 380 Harford County Tourism © 2015 Virginia Civil War Trails, Inc. Tourism Council of Baltimore, MD 21202 Rockville, MD 20852 Council, Inc. the Maryland National Guard. Frederick County, Inc. (877) BALTIMORE (800) 925-0880 211 W. Bel Air Avenue It is often said that the victors Baltimore City and Balti- 151 S. East Street www.baltimore.org www.visitmontgomery.com Aberdeen, MD 21001 in a war get to write its history, but more, Cecil, Harford, Frederick, MD 21701 Howard and Kent counties. (800) 597-2649 Maryland’s vanquished contributed Queen Anne’s County Office (800) 999-3613 Prince George’s County, MD www.harfordmd.com of Tourism www.visitfrederick.org Conference & Visitors Bureau greatly to the war’s history and liter- 425 Piney Narrows Road 9200 Basil Court, Suite 101 Fort McHenry National ature. Seventeen former Confeder- Funding for Maryland Civil ates published reminiscences about War Trails has been provided, Chester, MD 21619 Largo, MD 20744 Monument and Historic Shrine in part, by the Federal High- (410) 604-2100 (888) 925-8300 2400 East Fort Avenue Maryland’s role in aiding the Confed- way Administration through www.qactv.com www.visitprincegeorges.com Baltimore, MD 21230 eracy as compared to five Unionists. the Maryland Department of Historic Ellicott City Cecil County Tourism (410) 962-4290 Transportation’s Transporta- www.nps.gov/fomc tion Enhancement Program. 1 Seahawk Drive North East, MD 21901 President Street Station Tim Tadder, www.tadderphotography.com Tadder, Tim (800) CECIL-95 601 President Street For more information Enjoying Baltimore’s Inner Harbor www.SeeCecil.org Baltimore, MD 21202 on other Civil War Trails, call toll-free: Baltimore County (410) 385-5188 Tourism and Promotion www.angelfire.com/biz/ presidentststation Historic Courthouse 400 Washington Avenue Monocacy National Battlefield . . . Towson, MD 21204 4801 Urbana Pike 1 888 248 4597 (410) 887-2849 Frederick, MD 21704 Henry Kyd Douglas as a major in the www.visitmaryland.org www.enjoybaltimorecounty.com (301) 662-3515 Confederate army and as adjutant general www.nps.gov/mono of the Maryland National Guard. Larry Hogan, Governor Boyd Rutherford, Lt. Governor Follow these signs to more than 1,000 Civil War sites.