Introduction to the Space Plans (BSS and FSS) of the Regulations

1 The fundamentals: ITU Constitution Article 44  Radio and any associated orbits are limited natural resources.  Must be used rationally, efficiently and economically in conformity with the Radio Regulations.  To have equitable access to those resources.

Article 45  Must not cause harmful interference to a service operating in accordance with the Radio Regulations. The mechanism to control interference is within the Radio Regulations

(RR) which contains:

 The allocation of bands and services.  The process of Coordination / Planning.  The technical and operational limits to apply to avoid interference.

It is used during:  Licensing of frequencies and orbital locations.  Monitoring the frequency emissions over a territory. Two Approaches to Regulation in the Radio Regulations Coordination Approach Planning Approach (subject of presentations about so-called (subject of this presentation) “non-plan”) It is a distribution of some of the It is a “First come, first served” /orbit resources based on approach based on current technical current and future technical requirements for operation. requirements

It can be an efficient and Provides equitable access as each ITU economical approach for the first to Member State gets a pre-determined use it. As the spectrum/orbit is a allocation of part of the spectrum/orbit limited resource, late comers may not resources protected from harmful have access to it as the early users interference for current and future use. have consumed it all. However, it can be argued that it may not be as efficient and economical as it may prevent access to a part of that limited resource to others having the current capability to use it. Planning Approach

the “Space Plans”

The Space Plans have been established for certain space services and frequency bands in order to facilitate equitable access to a certain part of the frequency/orbit resource.

Broadcasting-Satellite Fixed Satellite Service and feeder-link Plans Service Plans

11.7-12.2 GHz (Region 3), 4.5 - 4.8 GHz, 11.7-12.5 GHz (Region 1), 6.725 - 7.025 GHz, 10.7 - 10.95 GHz 12.2-12.7 GHz (Region 2), 11.2 - 11.45 GHz, 17.3-18.1 GHz (Region 1&3), 12.75 - 13.25 GHz 17.3-17.8 GHz (Region 2), 14.5-14.8 GHz (Region 1&3 except Europe) Cf. RR book #2 Appendix 30B Cf. RR book #2 Appendices 30/30A (So called FSS Plan or AP30B)

(So called BSS Plan or AP30/30A)

Space Plans, a long HISTORY

Several World Radio Conferences between 1977 and 2007 were held to establish and revise the Space Plans: • WARC-77 established the Region 1&3 BSS Plan • RARC-83 established the Region 2 BSS and associated feederlink Plan • WARC ORB-85 included the Region 2 BSS and associated feederlink Plan into the Radio Regulations • WARC ORB-88 established the FSS Plan and Region 1 &3 BSS feederlink Plan • WRC-97 revised the Region 1&3 BSS and associated feederlink Plans • WRC-2000 revised the Region 1&3 BSS and associated feederlink Plans • WRC-07 revised the FSS Plan

More documents about conferences are available at the ITU History Portal: http://www.itu.int/en/history/Pages/ConferencesCollection.aspx Space Plans Features and Parameters Space Plans features (1/4)

To guarantee equitable access, it is based on a reservation of capacity for future use by the ITU Member States:

 Not all Plan assignments are currently in operation BUT will not be cancelled and are protected from harmful interference from other networks

 Standard parameters (assumptions) are required to ensure equity amongst Administrations and possible future use

Space Plans features (2/4)

To guarantee equitable access, the beams cover the national territory of each Administration. Ap.30/30A: Ku Band (12 & 17 GHz) Ap30B: C Band & Ku Band Space Plans features (3/4)

Protection from harmful interference is provided based on the Plan characteristics and NOT on the characteristics entered into the Master Register at notification stage. This is different for networks operating in the non-plan frequency bands. Space Plans features (4/4) To use the space resources rationally, efficiently and economically, the Aggregate C/I method is used to identify potential interference.

C I 2 I3 Wanted I1 assignment

Interfering assignments

(C/I)agg= (C/I1)  (C/I2)  (C/I3)

13 The Space Plan of an Administration

Standard parameters

Main assumptions (with some exceptions) • Same amount of for each beam

• National coverage

• Elliptical beam using defined space station pattern

• Defined C/N

• Same values of system noise temperature

• Similar power level

• Defined earth station antenna size and pattern

• Defined Aggregate C/I BSS Plan and FSS Plan Some distinct features

APPENDICES 30/30A – BSS Plan APPENDIX 30B – FSS Plan • Plans separated by Regions • World wide • Shared with other space • Allotment (conversion to assignment) services in other Regions • Together with Single Entry criteria • Coordination Arc, Lists for • Protection based on grid points in R1&3 service areas for downlinks • Cluster concept in Region 2 Plan Space Plans procedure Space Plans and operational systems 3 status possible for the frequency

The Articles and the Appendices of the Radio Regulations establish the procedures to fulfil in order to enter the allotments/assignments in the Master Register (MIFR) whenever they are brought into use. AP30/30A BSS Plan Procedure Summary

Region 2 Regions 1 and 3

Art. 4 Art. 4


Art. 5 Art. 5 4.1.26 / 4.1.27 Art. 5

MIFRMIFR MIFR AP30B FSS Plan Procedure Summary

Regions 1, 2 and 3 Art.7



Art.6 Additional systems LIST Assignments




Operational Systems – Plan and non-Plan – General Procedure


Proposed characteristics

Coordination requirements identification Comments to finalize the coordination requirements

Final operational characteristics Plan and non-Plan – Procedures and Publications in BR IFIC


Sec I of Art 9 of RR AP30B/A7 Assignment Allotment API Plan Plan

Art 4 Art 6 Sec II of Art 9 of RR AP30/30A Part A AP30B/A6A CR/C Mod, Additional Use Conversion, add. System… Comments Comments Art 4 Art 6 AP30/30A Part B AP30B/A6B List (R1&3) / Plan (R2) List

Art 11 of RR Art 5 Art 8 Part II-S Part II-S Part II-S MIFR MIFR MIFR

21 Plan and Non-Plan Procedures - Comparison


Regulatory Period 7 years 8 years 8 years Resolution 49 All Not all All since WRC-07 API Yes Not applicable Not applicable Inclusion in the List Not applicable AP30* Part B AP30B/A6B Notification Yes Yes, but not for Yes, but not for protection protection To be compatible with Previously filed Plan, List, previously Allotment, List, filed previously filed Identification - Affecting and - Affected only - Affected only affected - Aggregate criteria - Single entry and - Single entry criteria aggregate criteria

No comment within 4 m Assistance No.9.46 Agreement Assistance §6.13

22 Space Plans Procedure Highlights

Deadlines to track Commenting to protect existing assignments Tracking Regulatory deadlines for Plans

APPENDICES 30/30A APPENDIX 30B 4 months for comments 4 month for comments 8 years for bringing into use, 30 days after §6.13 assistance inclusion in the Plan/List, Res.49 8 years for bringing into use, not later than 3 months before DBIU inclusion in the List, notification, for notification Res.49 3 years after suspension for Region 3 years after suspension (Rev. 1&3 List assignments (Rev.WRC-12) WRC-12) 90 days for confirmation of DBIU 90 days for confirmation of DBIU 15 years for R1&3 List

Commenting to be protected


Comments to finalize the coordination requirements Importance of making comments

How many administrations respond?  Response rate for AP30/30A after Part A Special Sections

Reply No reply

 Response rate for AP30B after BR assistance under § 6.13

Reply No Reply Importance of making comments

Consequence of non-response  Reference Situation of AP30/30A Plans for Regions 1&3 WRC-2000 Now Above criteria Above criteria "-0.45> x > -10 "-0.45> x > -10 "-10 > x > -20 "-10 > x > -20 "-20 > x "-20 > x  Reference Situation of AP30B Plans

WRC-07 Now

Above criteria Above criteria "-0.05> x > -10 "-0.05> x > -10 "-10 > x > -20 "-10 > x > -20 "-20 > x "-20 > x In summary Satellite Project: from to MIFR


Operator requirements RR Art. 5 (type of space service, freq. band, Table of Frequency Allocations From 9KHz to 275GHz station type, ITU Region...)

TERRESTRIAL SERVICES SPACE SERVICES Selecting the appropriate band in the Radio Spectrum bands/services bands/services under under RR Art. 9/11 AP30/30A/30B

Earth GSO non-GSO GSO station

PLAN Selecting the appropriate SOF BSS FSS PLAN / regulatory guard band AP30/30A AP30B procedure AP30/30A

Submission provisions and publication references AP30/30A AP30/30A AP30B/A7 AP30B n New member Art. 4.1.26

o API/A (+ API/B) i New allot. Art.7

s Art. 9 Sect. I

s Advanced publication

Submitting to ITU satellite i k m network characteristics r b o u

w AP30B/A6A t s

AP30-30A/F/C AP30/30A/E AP30/30A e t CR/C + CR/D AP30/30A AP30B s n

Art. 9 Sect. II AP30-30A/F/D Part A + D Art.4.1.5 (R13) 1

e Coordination Art.2A Add. Art.6.7 e h Coordination Pending Seeking agreements t Art.4.2.8 (R2) h

t system


with affected/affecting Assistance f s o u

Administration t o p i t AP30/30A/E AP30B/A6B e n

i AP30/30A c Part B List e g

r Art.4.1.15 (R13) n Submitting to ITU i AP30B f List(R13) g o Art.4.2.19 (R2)

agreements and n Art.6.23/25/35

i Plan(R2) e r t b

final characteristics a

r d

o y f

r t i

Submitting to ITU o

t BR IFIC Part I-S AP30/30A AP30B m

a Art. 11.28 i l

notification for recording l

Art.5.1.6/5.1.10 Art.8.5

u Notification e g assignments in MIFR t e a r


n e e h


AP30/30A AP30B w d t Part II-S/ Part III-S Art. 11.43 n e Art.5.2.2/4 Art.8.12 a b

Notification e m Submitting to ITU i date of bringing into use T Due diligence RES49 Resolutions RESxxx confirmation information and due diligence

Internationally recognised Operating space network MIFR 5 key points to remember

• Plans ensure equitable access and equitable use of frequency and orbital resources

• Plan and non-plan procedures have similarities and differences

• In the Radio Regulations, Appendices 30/30A/30B contain the Plan/List/MIFR processes and definitions

• Processing deadlines should be carefully tracked

• It is important to comment when your Administration is identified as potentially affected by new assignments General information relating to Space Plan services: