Glacier  Who Eats Who?

Animal/Plant Eats Is Eaten By Grizzly , , , roots, pine nuts, grasses, large , , bear Rodents, insects, elk calves, pine , Grizzly , Mountain nuts, grasses, other vegetation, ber- , humans ries, carrion Elk Grasses, sedges, shrubs, , Wolves, Grizzly bears, Mountain aquatic plants lions, humans Grasshoppers, , crickets, , , mountain lions, and berries, nuts, grains, mice, , wolves , , , and even dead like -kills Grasses, sedges, inner bark Wolves, bears, , humans Fungi Decompose carrion and dead plant Some small mammals matter Bighorn Grasses, shrubby plants , wolves, humans Mountain Elk, , small mammals Snowshoe Shrubs, needles Lynx, , bobcats, Great horned owls, coyotes Buds and twigs Elk, beaver, , , deer Fruits Bears, birds, foxes, insects, coyotes, deer Aspen Elk, , insects Grasses Elk, deer, bears, moose, rodents, insects Small rodents, tadpoles, , sala- Fish, birds, carnivorous mammals manders, , worms, insects Birds Seeds, insects, berries, fish Other birds, carnivorous mammals, snakes and , and ( eggs) Aquatic insects Other aquatic insects, aquatic plants, Fish, birds, detritus Fish, carrion,  Glacier National Park

Animal/Plant Eats Is Eaten By Ground Fungi, roots, , bird eggs, buds, Weasels, coyotes, , hawks, insects, seeds, carrion, nuts foxes, owls Deer Shrubs, grasses, aspen, Wolves, bears, coyotes, mountain lions Terrestrial Insects Plant material, other insects, blood Rodents, weasels, foxes, , (mosquitoes, ) coyotes, fish, bears, birds Grasses, , sedges, conifer Coyotes, pine martens, hawks twigs Rodents, Snakes, , Hawks, owls, foxes, coyotes, humans Insects, Birds, Frogs, Eggs (trapped for ) River Fish, frogs, young Humans (trapped for fur) Pine Rodents, eggs, , insects, Owls, humans (trapped for fur) , berries, carrion, birds , Moles Insects Owls, coyotes, foxes, hawks Mice Seeds Owls, coyotes, foxes, hawks Yellow-bellied Grasses, seeds Coyotes, foxes, bears Small mammals, carrion, Ground Wolves squirrels, Birds, Deer Cutthroat Small fish, fish, eggs, small rodents, Bald , , osprey, ot- frogs, algae, insects ters, humans Hoofed animals (90%), beaver, hares