fib, figment, fake, fraud Short Story Types short fiction fantasy
Setting : In a place that does not exist fable in the real world. Setting: In the distant past or a Elements timeless place. Events occur that could not happen Elements in the real world. a very short story that usual has only 2 or 3 characters. Characters: people animal or objects are able to do things they cannot do in the real world. Characters: Often the characters are animals or things that talk and act like humans.
Setting: in the distant past. Often has an open Types phrase, “Once upon a time…” or “A very long time ago…”
Elements myth A difficult, sometimes seemingly impossible, problem to solve. Elements
Characters: often with magical powers; May explain how imaginary characters such as dragons, something in nature fairies, giants, elves; royal looks or works characters such as queens, (example: why the princes, etc. The granting of spider spins a web). wishes often occurs. May explain why people behave in Has a happy ending in certain ways. which good wins over evil. Characters: Often includes gods or goddesses who interact with humans. “tall tales”
Setting : in the recent or distant past. Types Elements humorous exaggeration to tell the realistic fiction adventures of a fictional (or possibly nonfictional) character. Setting: a real place or could be a real place. Build upon improbable incidences and unusual Elements problems that are saved in creative ways. The events in the story could happen in real life.
Characters: behave as people do in real life. folk tale
Types historical fiction Elements Setting: some specific Stories passed down from one generation to period of the past. another. Originally told orally. Reflect the culture in which they originated. Elements Characters: may include animals or inanimate objects that speak. They often A type of teach a moral or lesson in life. realistic fiction. Often, Some folk tales called trickster tales are but not about weak people or tiny animals always, the outwitting their stronger enemies. story is based on actual Action builds through repetition. Has an historical exciting climax at the end. Goodness and events and intelligence win out over evil and people of the foolishness. period.
Told from 3rd person point of view. The plot reflects events or problems of the period. legend The details about Setting: in the past. clothing, tools, and Elements food are authentic to the period. Tells the story of a hero. May be based on facts and real history, but through numerous retellings the hero Types and his or her deeds become larger than life, and some facts are distorted. LITERARY GENRES Format
Book l o n g nonfiction
The opposite of fiction. Essay True. short nonfiction Real. told as a story Writing Styles facts; information Types Elements biography Often includes subheads The true story of to organize topics. someone’s life Might contain diagrams, written by someone opinions & photographs and other else. illustrations. philosophy Elements Contains information that It may span a person’s whole life, or it can be checked by may tell about an important part of a looking at other sources. person’s life. An account of an person’s entire life is almost always told in chronological order (in the time order events occurred). facts about history, science, politics, etc. Contains a variety of important information about the person’s life. Often tells how the person feels and thinks about things. autobiography The true story of someone’s life written by that person. Elements see “biography” instruction manuals LITERARY GENRES
Writing Styles A serious story.
The lines often have dialogue and told as a story action. a rhythm or meter. Words are A situation or sometimes repeated. succession of events having the Sometimes emotional effect describes things by characteristic of a comparing them with play. something else. Often uses
figurative, Identifying The Literary Genre descriptive, and
sensory language. 1.) Is it fiction or nonfiction
2.) What type of writing is it? 3.) What is the format (length)? 4.) What is the writing style?