<<

, , Moon, Sun, and and Earth Relationships Relationships

Overarching Question: What happens to Overarching Question: What happens to cause phases of the moon, , and the cause phases of the moon, eclipses, and the

position of ? position of constellations?

How does the way the moon looks How does the way the moon looks change within 28 days? change within 28 days?

What is the pattern of the phases of What causes Solar and Lunar the moon? eclipses?

Why do the position of the Why do the position of the constellations change throughout the constellations change throughout the year? year?

Line of Evidence – Moon Table Line of Evidence – Moon Table We observed the moon for 28 days at 8:00 p.m. We We observed the moon for 28 days at 8:00 p.m. We recorded what we saw in our Moon Table. Some recorded what we saw in our Moon Table. Some nights the moon was visible, and some nights it was not. the moon was visible, and some nights it was not.

Line of Evidence – Moon, Earth, and Sun Model Line of Evidence – Moon, Earth, and Sun Model We made a model to show how the moon only We made a model to show how the moon only orbits around the Earth, and the Earth only orbits around the Sun around the Earth, and the Earth only orbits around the Sun We could see that only one side of the moon faced the Sun, We could see that only one side of the moon faced the Sun, and on Earth we see different parts of that light during the and on Earth we see different parts of that light during the moon phases. We could also see where the moon would be moon phases. We could also see where the moon would be during an . during an eclipse.

Line of Evidence – Eclipses Line of Evidence – Eclipses Eclipses occur when the Moon and Sun are on the exact Eclipses occur when the Moon and Sun are on the exact plain or are on exact opposite sides. There are two types, plain or are on exact opposite sides. There are two types, Lunar and Solar. Lunar and Solar.

Line of Evidence – Position of Constellations Line of Evidence – Position of Constellations A is a group of in the that form a A constellation is a group of stars in the sky that form a recognizable pattern. Different constellations are seen at recognizable pattern. Different constellations are seen at different times because of the Earth’s rotation around the different times because of the Earth’s rotation around the sun. sun.

Big Aha Thesis Statement Big Aha Thesis Statement Because of the positions of the Sun, Moon, and the Earth, The moon goes through a repeating pattern of phases that we experience moon phases that go in a repeated pattern takes about 28 days. Each phase has a specific name. The every 28 days. phases are caused by the positions of the Earth, moon, and sun. Keeley, P., Eberle, F., & Farrin, L. (2005). Uncovering student ideas in NSTA Connections. (2008). chart. Retreived from : 25 formative assessment probes. Arlington, VA: NSTA Press. http://static.nsta.org/connections/elementaryschool/200809Lunar ObservatLunarObs.pdf Engage - Moon Observations

Engage – Moon Observations

Explore – Moon, Earth, and Sun Model Explore – Moon, Earth, and Sun Model

Martinez, A. (2012, December 19). NES Teachers Corner. Retrieved March Martinez, A. (2012, December 19). NES Teachers Corner. Retrieved March 18, 2017, from https://www.pinterest.com/pin/185843922094791332/ 18, 2017, from https://www.pinterest.com/pin/185843922094791332/

Moon, Earth, and Sun Model CER Moon, Earth, and Sun Model CER

Claim (Write a sentence stating what causes moon phases Claim (Write a sentence stating what causes moon phases after working with your model.) after working with your model.)

Reasoning (Explain how your evidence supports your claim. Reasoning (Explain how your evidence supports your claim. Describe the position of the moon, earth, and sun.) Describe the position of the moon, earth, and sun.)

ANSWER KEY Moon, Earth, and Sun Model CER ANSWER KEY Moon, Earth, and Sun Model CER

Claim (Write a sentence stating what causes moon phases Claim (Write a sentence stating what causes moon phases after working with your model.) after working with your model.)

- Moon phases are caused by the moon’s position around the - Moon phases are caused by the moon’s position around earth, and the earth’s position around the sun. the earth, and the earth’s position around the sun.

Evidence (Provide examples from using your model to Evidence (Provide examples from using your model to support your claim.) support your claim.) - From using my model, I know the moon only revolves - From using my model, I know the moon only revolves around the earth, and the earth only revolves around the around the earth, and the earth only revolves around the sun. When the moon is directly in front of the earth, light sun. When the moon is directly in front of the earth, light from the sun is hitting directly on the backside of the from the sun is hitting directly on the backside of the moon. The moon is not visible resulting in a . moon. The moon is not visible resulting in a new moon.

Reasoning (Explain how your evidence supports your claim. Reasoning (Explain how your evidence supports your claim. Describe the position of the moon, earth, and sun.) Describe the position of the moon, earth, and sun.)

- Because of the moon’s position around the earth, - Because of the moon’s position around the earth,

depends on how much light hits what part of the moon depends on how much light hits what part of the moon

causing phases of the moon. causing phases of the moon. Explain – Notes Page

Explain – Notes Page

o Draw and Label the phases of the moon around the Earth. o It takes the moon about 27 days to the Earth. o Draw and Label the phases of the moon around the o There are 8 phases of the moon. Earth. o An eclipse occurs during a New Moon and a . o It takes the moon about 27 days to orbit the Earth. o Eclipses do not occur every . o There are 8 phases of the moon. o A constellation is a group of stars forming a recognizable o An eclipse occurs during a New Moon and a Full Moon. pattern. o Eclipses do not occur every month. o A constellation is a group of stars forming a recognizable pattern. Assessment Questions Assessment Questions

1. What causes the phases of the moon? 1. What causes the phases of the moon?

2. Define constellations. a. The obscuration of the light of the moon 2. Define constellations. by the intervention of the earth between a. The obscuration of the light of the moon it and the sun. by the intervention of the earth between b. A group of stars forming a recognizable it and the sun. pattern. b. A group of stars forming a recognizable c. The full side of the moon is showing pattern. light. c. The full side of the moon is showing light. 3. How many phases of the moon are there? 3. How many phases of the moon are there? 4. When does an eclipse occur? 4. When does an eclipse occur?

5. If you were visiting a friend in , would you see the same phase of the moon as if you 5. If you were visiting a friend in Europe, would were in East Tennessee? Why or Why not? you see the same phase of the moon as if you were in East Tennessee? Why or Why not?

6. If you were seeing a Full Moon tonight, what would be the next phase? 6. If you were seeing a Full Moon tonight, what would be the next phase? 7. a. Waxing Gibbous 7. b. Last Quarter a. Waxing Gibbous c. Waning Gibbous b. Last Quarter c. Waning Gibbous

1. What causes the phases of the moon? 1. What causes the phases of the moon? - The position of the moon, Earth, and sun cause -The position of the moon, Earth, and sun cause the phases of the moon. the phases of the moon. 2. Define constellations. a. The obscuration of the light of the moon by 2. Define constellations. the intervention of the earth between it a. The obscuration of the light of the moon by and the sun. the intervention of the earth between it b. A group of stars forming a recognizable and the sun. pattern. b. A group of stars forming a recognizable c. The full side of the moon is showing light. pattern. c. The full side of the moon is showing light. 3. How many phases of the moon are there? 3. How many phases of the moon are there? - 8 - 8 4. When does an eclipse occur? Why? 4. When does an eclipse occur? Why? - Eclipses occur when the Moon and Sun are on the - Eclipses occur when the Moon and Sun are on the exact plain or are on exact opposite sides exact plain or are on exact opposite sides

5. If you were visiting a friend in Europe, would you 5. If you were visiting a friend in Europe, would you see the same phase of the moon as if you were in see the same phase of the moon as if you were in East Tennessee? Why or Why not? East Tennessee? Why or Why not? - No, because the position of he Moon, Earth, and - No, because the position of he Moon, Earth, and Sun are different in East Tennessee than Europe. Sun are different in East Tennessee than Europe. 6. If you were seeing a Full Moon tonight, what 6. If you were seeing a Full Moon tonight, what would be the next phase? would be the next phase?

a. Waxing Gibbous a. Waxing Gibbous b. Last Quarter b. Last Quarter c. Waning Gibbous c. Waning Gibbous

Elaborate – Constellations Elaborate – Phases of the Moon Lab

 E. (n.d.). Constellations & for Kids. Retrieved March  E. (n.d.). Constellations & Astronomy for Kids. Retrieved March 19, 2017, from 19, 2017, from http://www.literaryhoots.com/2015/05/constellations-astronomy- http://www.literaryhoots.com/2015/05/constellations-astronomy- for-kids.html) for-kids.html)

Constellation Activity CER Constellation Activity CER

Claim (Write a sentence stating what cause the position of Claim (Write a sentence stating what cause the position of constellations.) constellations.)

Evidence (Provide evidence from the activity to support Evidence (Provide evidence from the activity to support your claim. Describe the positions of the constellations your claim. Describe the positions of the constellations during the spring season.) during the spring season.)

ANSWER KEY Constellation Activity CER ANSWER KEY Constellation Activity CER Claim (Write a sentence stating what cause the position of Claim (Write a sentence stating what cause the position of constellations.) constellations.) - Constellations change with each season because of - Constellations change with each season because of Earth’s position around the sun. Earth’s position around the sun.

Evidence (Provide evidence from the activity to support Evidence (Provide evidence from the activity to support your claim. Describe the positions of the constellations your claim. Describe the positions of the constellations during the spring season.) during the spring season.) - We see that there are multiple spring constellations - We see that there are multiple spring constellations that are only visible in the spring like Bootes. We find that are only visible in the spring like Bootes. We find that the Big Dipper and Little Dipper have different that the Big Dipper and Little Dipper have different names depending on the season they are viewed in. names depending on the season they are viewed in.

- Ursa Major and Minor are another name for Big and - Ursa Major and Minor are another name for Big and Litter Dipper. The Ursa Major and Minor are viewed in the Litter Dipper. The Ursa Major and Minor are viewed in spring because of the Earth’s position around the sun. the spring because of the Earth’s position around the sun.

Moon Phases Diagram Moon Phases Diagram

http://www.wikihow.com/Make-a-Moon-Phases-Chart http://www.wikihow.com/Make-a-Moon-Phases-Chart

Spring Constellations Chart Spring Constellations Chart

https://depositphotos.com/15821865/stock-illustration https://depositphotos.com/15821865/stock-illustration

Big Ah-Ha Thesis Big Ah-Ha Thesis

The purpose of this standard was for to understand The purpose of this standard was for to understand the the positions of the sun, moon, and Earth, constellations, positions of the sun, moon, and Earth, constellations, and and the resulting moon phases and eclipses. We completed the resulting moon phases and eclipses. We completed the the moon table, moon, earth, and sun model, and moon table, moon, earth, and sun model, and constellation constellation activity to gather evidence. activity to gather evidence. We watched the moon for 28 days to see how the We watched the moon for 28 days to see how the moon changed through the days. Some nights the moon moon changed through the days. Some nights the moon was not visible at the viewing times. Through this activity, was not visible at the viewing times. Through this activity, we learned the 8 phases of the moon. we learned the 8 phases of the moon. With the Moon, Earth, and Sun model, we could see With the Moon, Earth, and Sun model, we could see the relationship between the Moon, Earth, and Sun, and the relationship between the Moon, Earth, and Sun, and the resulting moon phase or eclipse. We could move the the resulting moon phase or eclipse. We could move the moon around the Earth, and the Earth around the sun to moon around the Earth, and the Earth around the sun to see the cause and effect between them. see the cause and effect between them. In the constellation activity, we saw spring In the constellation activity, we saw spring constellations, and what causes the constellations. This constellations, and what causes the constellations. This helped us see why knowing these constellation patterns helped us see why knowing these constellation patterns could benefit us when viewing the ’s sky. could benefit us when viewing the night’s sky. Each activity was helpful in finding evidence, and Each activity was helpful in finding evidence, and exploring reasoning to support the claims made. exploring reasoning to support the claims made.