Map of Ancient

For about , follow the URL to the video, and fast-forward to the 11:40 mark. http://topdocumentaryfilms.com/greeks-crucible-civilization/ Two Greek States Location and Populations

Athens • Named for the goddess • Existence dates back to the – Goddess of and • 8,000 ruled knowledge over 100,000 enslaved • Population and semi-enslaved – 140,000 peoples • 40,000 slaves • Most in Two Greek City States Systems of Rule

Athens Sparta • Direct • Elected officials – Rule by a few – 10 generals (stragegos) • Other elements – Magistrates () – – Council of 500 • Two kings – The Assembly – • Open to all (free, male) • Five elected overseers citizens – Democracy • Elected Council/senators – /nobility • Rule by the upper class

Two Greek City States Systems of Rule Two Greek City States Social Structure

Athens Sparta • Aristocrats • Spartiates – Owned large estates – professionals – and captains – Lived mostly in barracks • • Small farmers – Means: neighbor – Middle class – Artisans, craftsmen, • Thetes – Lower class – Could not vote • – From outside the city – Not allowed to own land – Serfs constantly attacked • Slaves by Sparta – Like slaves, but not completely The

For more information about the trireme, go to http://www.richeast.org/htwm/greeks/ kapost/ship.html

Two Greek City States Lifestyle, values

Athens Sparta • Democratic • Militaristic values • Believed in their cultural – Children taught to get superiority along with almost nothing, noone. “Further, we provide many ways • Spartiates were not to refresh the mind from the burdens of business. We hold allowed to own luxuries contests and offer all the round, and the • Classes were separated elegance of our private establishments forms a daily • Spartan mother to her source of pleasure and helps to drive away sorrow. The son: magnitude of our city draws the produce of the into our , so that to the Either come back with Athenian the fruits of other are as familiar a your shield, or on it luxury as those of his own." Two Greek City States Treatment of Boys

Athens Sparta • Upper and middle • Taken from parents at 7 classes and trained in warfare – • Training was harsh • Reading, and – To learn survival skills, , , , and they were encouraged to gymnastics steal their own food • Wealthy were educated • through their mid- At 20, they entered twenties higher ranks of military – Taught , and • At 30, they could marry • Lower classes but remained living in – Education was available military quarters but not required Two Greek City States Treatment of

Athens Sparta • Upper and middle • Like boys, their classes upbringing focused on – Education war • Little formal education – Exercise and physical • Some tutoring fitness were important • Included spinning – Expected to produce weaving and other healthy, warrior sons domestic arts