HW#8: Work and Energy (Due 11 pm central time, 11/4, Tuesday).
HW hint will be posted on course web (http://web.njit.edu/~kenahn) Prof. Ahn will be on travel for a workshop during Nov. 6th 9th. Prof. George Georgiou will give the lecture on Nov. 7th, Friday (same room, same time).
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Work and Energy Kinetic energy in 1D, 2D, 3D Work in 1D WorkEnergy Theorem Last class… Work in 2D, 3D & Dot product Example for work in 2D Today… Work by multiple forces Conservative vs. Nonconservative forces Gravitational Potential Energy
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1 For 2D, 3D motion…
Kinetic energy
112 222 KEmvmvvv..==()x ++yz 22
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Work done by a constant force WFd=≡ cosθFd, Fdi
Scalar (dot) product magnitude (B2, Ch7, Sec.3) Force
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2 Math Review: Scalar (dot) product ABcosθ A,B
o θ =180 Æ AiBAB=− + A B
AiiBBA=+=+, ( ABCACBC ) iii
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More Example for work in 2D
Work, scalar product, angle
iClicker Quiz What is the work done on the block? (a) 6 J (b) 12 J (c) 14 J (d) 15 J (e) 22 J
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3 Work with multiple forces on a single object F 1 vi v f F2 Displacement d F3 WFdFFF==+++ii( ...) d net net 123 =+++=+++Fd123iii Fd Fd... W 123 W W ...
1122 =−=K K mv − mv Æ WorkEnergy Theorem fi22 f i
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Multiple forces on a box
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4 Motivation Why do we learn about potential energy and conservation of mechanical energy?
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Conservative force Work done by a gravity force
h1 h1
h + 3 vs. + 
h2 + Fmgg = h4 h4
(Work along h1>h2>h3>h4) = (Work along h1>h4)=mg(h1h4) Work done by a conservative force depends only on the initial and final positions.
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5 NonConservative force
Work done by a friction force
x1 x3 x2 x4
  vs. FFkkN= µ : opposite to  displacement x1 x4

(Work along x1Æx2Æx3Æx4) ≠ (Work along x1Æx4)
Work done by a nonconservative force depends on the path from initial to final position.
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Conservative forces in Phys 105: Gravity, Spring force Let’s consider spring force later...
NonConservative forces in Phys 105: Friction, Normal force, Tension, Other applied forces
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