Greek Culture

Learning Objectives -Organize information about Greek gods and goddesses -Compare ancient and modern Greek beliefs

Key Terms Ritual Oracle Oral Tradition Drama Tragedy Comedy

Greek Beliefs

Religious Beliefs of the Ancient Greeks Questions Answers

Who was the king of the Greek gods Zues and goddesses?

Oracles Who gave the Greek people prophecies?

Where did the Greek gods and Mount Olympus goddesses live?

What were traditional stories about and zeros called?

Compare and Contrast: Greek Gods and Humans What They Did Gods and Goddesses Humans

Looked and acted like YES YES humans

Got Married YES YES

Have Children YES YES

Could Enter Mt. Olympus YES NO

Acted Like Children YES YES

Played tricks YES YES Greek Culture

What They Did Gods and Goddesses Humans

Had Great Powers YES NO

Critical Thinking: Categorizing the Gods and Goddesses Greek God Nature Life

Zeus God of sky, rain, lightening

Goddess of Marriage Hera

Hades God of the Underworld

Poseidon God of sea and earthquakes

Hestia Goddess of the home Greek Culture

Greek God Nature Life Artermis Goddess of the hunt and wild animals

Apollo God of light

Hermes Messenger and god of the market

Ares Got of war

Aphrodite Goddess of love Greek Culture

Greek God Nature Life God of wisdom


Key Term: Myth: A story about gods or heroes

Key Term: Ritual: An that is part of a religious ceremony

Examples of a Non-Greek Ritual: Praying, singing, communion, baptism

Key Term: Oracle: A sacred shrine where a priest spoke to the gods. Greek Culture

Epics and

Classifying: Some of the oldest kinds of stories are epics and fables in the right hand column next to each characteristic listed on the left side. Some items in the list may match both epic and fable.

Characteristics Epic or Fable

Main characters are talking animals. FABLE

Main is a brave hero. EPIC

Story is a poem EPIC

Story is not a poem FABLE

Story is about adventures. EPIC

Story is about brave deeds. EPIC

The story is long EPIC

The story is short FABLE

The story is told out loud. FABLE

The story is written down EPIC

The story teaches a lesson FABLE

The story is believed to be true. EPIC

Describing: Name the two most famous epics written by the poet Homer and briefly describe what each is about.

Epic Poem Description

The Greeks surround Troy in revenge for their The Iliad queen being kidnapped by the Trojans.

-The Greeks trick the Trojans with a hollow wooden horse and capture Troy and rescue Queen Helen. Greek Culture

Epic Poem Description

- (Greek hero) has a long journey home. -He faces monsters, witches, and storms. The Odyssey -Takes 10 years to get home.

Key Term: Fable: A story that teaches a lesson

Example of a famous fable: Tortoise and the Hare, Boy Who Cried Wolf.

Key Term: Oral Tradition: Passing along a story by mouth

Example of an Oral Tradition: Fables and family stories

The Impact of Greek Drama

Key Term: Drama : A story written in the form of a

Key Term: Tragedy: A story where the main character struggles to overcome problems but does not succeed. A serious play.

Examples of shows/movies that would be classified as a tragedy:

Key Term: Comedy: A funny story

Examples of shows/movies that would be classified as a comedy: Greek Culture

Identifying: Name the two playwrights of ancient and tell what kind of dramas they wrote. 1. Aeschylus: Wrote serious play about war, revenge, and murder 2. Sophocles: Plays about suffering in life. 3. : Ordinary humans in everyday situations 4. : Plays that were funny and made fun of leaders.

Greek Art and Architecture 1. Listing: Name the three ideals on which Classical Greek art is based. 1.Reason (SKIP) 2.Balance (SKIP) 3.Harmony (SKIP)

2. Comparing: What architectural features that was a part of Greek temples is also found in buildings such as the White House and the Capitol? The columns located on the buildings. Greek Culture

The Parthenon-

US Capitol Building

The White House