.. .


The 1995 Roadmaster Owner’s Manual

Seats and Restraint Systems ...... 1-1 This section tells you how to use your and belts properly.It also explains “SRS” system. Features and Controls ...... 2-1 This section explains how to start and operate your Buick. Comfort Controls and Audio Systems...... 3-1 This section tells you how to adjust the ventilation and comfort controls and how to operate your audio system. YourDrivingandtheRoad ...... 4- 1 Here you’ll find helpful information and tips about the road and how to drive under different conditions. ProblemsontheRoad ...... 5-1 This section tells you whatto doif you have a problem while driving, such as a flat tireor overheated engine,etc. ServiceandAppearanceCare ...... 6-1 Here the manual tells you how to keep your Buick running properly and looking good. Maintenanceschedule ...... 7-1 This section tells you when to perform maintenance and what fluids and lubricants to use. Customer Assistance Information ...... 8-1 This section tells you how to contact Buick for assistance and to how get service publications. It also gives you information on “Reporting Safety Defects” on page8-4. Index ...... 9-1 Here’s an alphabetical listing of almost every subjectin this manual. You can use it to quickly find something you want to read. i We support voluntary technician certification.

GENERAL MOTORS, GM and the GM Emblem, WE SUPPORT BUICK, and.the BUICK Emblem are registered VOLUNTARY TECHNICIAN trademarks of Corporation. CERTIFICATION THROUGH National lnslililte for This manual includes the latest information at the time it AUTOMOTIVE SERVICE was printed. We reserve the rightto make changes in the EXCELLENCE product after that time without further notice. For \ 1 first sold in , substitute the name “General Motors of Canada Limited” for Buick Motor For Canadian OwnersWho Prefer a Division whenever it appears in this manual. French Language Manual: Please keep this manual in your Buick,so it will be there if you ever needit when you’re on the road.If you sell Aux propriktaires canadiens:Vous pouvez vous procurer the vehicle, please leave this manualin it so the new un exemplaire de ce guideen franCais chez votre owner can use it. concessionaire ou au DGN Marketing Services Ltd., 1500 Bonhill Rd., Mississauga, OntarioL5T 1C7.

1 Litho inU.S.A. @Copyright General Motors Corporation1994 Part No. 25620611 A First Edition All Rights Reserved ii

“valve-in-head” engine, alight, powerful and reliable engine which would eventually influencethe entire . William C. was instrumentalin promoting acrossthe country using,his Durant-Dort Carriage Co. outlets and salespeople asthe nucleus of a giant distribution system.He knew the hick as a ‘,‘self-seller.” If automobiles could be this good, he thought, maybeit was time to switchfrom the horse and buggy business to automobiles. At the 1905 New York Auto Show, Durant took orders for 1,000 Buicks before the company had Walter Marr and Thomas Buick built 40. On Buick’s Buick’s chief engineer, WalterL. Man (left), and success, Dufmt created a Thomas D. Buick, sonof founder~DavidDunbar Buick, , drove thgfist Flin$:Buibk in a successful - .September 16, 1908. He round trkp in July iP04. called it General Motors. David Buick was building engines by 1899, and Mak, his~engineer,apparently built thefirst auto to be called& Buickin 1900. However, Buick traditionally dates its ‘beginnings to 1903. That was the yearthe company was reoiganized, refinanced and movedfrom William C. (Billy) Durant Detroit toFlint. Buick has always been a product innovator. Buick engineers developedthe iv Durant also createda racing team that won500 racing Buick drew plentyof attention becausg it coulcl$limb trophies in 1909 and1910, including successes at hills and run through mudlike no other . Buick's two years before the Indy500 began. endurance and reliability were world .famous. .. The success of Buick engines was visible not only on During WorldWar I, Buick builtLibirty aircrae.engines the race track, but in endurance tests across the country as well as Red Cross ambulancesso $uccessfully that one Buick ambulance was awarded the Croix de Guerre and around the world. Buick was theonly car to .'$ .I ,. complete a 1,000-mile Chicago-to-New York racegovernment.French in the by .$: 1906. Anda Buick was the first car to travel across As a builder of premier automobiles,'buick was hard hit , drivenfrom Buenos Aires, , by the . However, newGene

I911 Model 21 louring Car on Buick's Test Hill First Buick Factory V In World War 11, Buick built aircraft engines, tanks and A high-compression V-8 engine was introduced in1953. other military hardware. This post-war period brought And Buick’s famous vertical “toothy” @e, great styling and engineering changes which resultedin (introduced in 1942), became more massive in the inmeased sales. The automatic post-war era. transmission, , was introduced inthe 1948 Roadmaster. Buick’s famous “portholes” came along in 1949.

1953 Skylark magazine named the1962 “Car of the Year.” The first production V-6 engine was 1949 Roadmaster used in the Special.

vi I962 Buick Special Ed Mertz, General Manager; Buick Motor Division Built insidethe walls of the old buildingsin Buick’s Our mission is simple: former Flint complex, which formedthe cornerstone of “Buick will provide Premium American Motorcars General Motors, Buick Cityis a state-of-the-art backed with services that exceedour customers’ assembly facility with more than200 and other expectations, throughout thepurchase,’ownership, high-tech equipment.It was completedin the fall of service and repurchase experience.” 1985. Buicks are SUBSTANTIAL. Buicks are, and will continueto be, premium American motorcars with smooth power, high performance, rich Buicks are DISTINCTIVE. detail and comfortable accommodation. Buicks are POWEIXFUL. Buicks are MATURE.

Vehicle Damage Warnings In the notice area, we tell you about something that can damage your vehicle. Many times, this ddmage would Also, in this book you will find these notices: not be covered by your warranty, and it could be costly. i' But the notice will tell you what to do to help avoidthe damage. When you read other manuals, you mightsee NOTICE: CAUTION and NOTICE warningsin different colorsor These mean there is something that in different words. could damageyour vehicle. You'll also see warning labels on your vehicle. They use yellow for cautions, bluefor notices and the words CAUTION or NOTICE. These symbols Here are some Vehicle Symbols are used on other symbols These are someof the symbols you may find on your vehicle. warning and you may see: indicator lights: For example, These symbols These symbols These symbols FUSE these symbols are important have to do with are on someof ENGINE are used on an for you and your lights: your controls: COOLANT original battery: your passengers TEMP -- F- whenever your RELEASE vehicle is e CAUTION driven: WIPER BAllERY POSSIBLE A w CHARGING I-1 INJURY SYSTEM RADIO DOOR LOCK VOLUME UNLOCK TURN PROTECT SIGNALS BRAKE EYES BY (a) SHIELDING AIR WINDSHIELD CONDITIONING DEFROSTER RADIATOR BELTS CAUSTIC 4 COOLANT a BAllERY ACID CqULD & RELEASE CAUSE WINDOW FUEL BURNS POWER DEFOGGER WINDOW ENGINE OIL t AVOID PRESSURE -4 LIGHTER m SPARKS OR VENTILATING FLAMES FAN 1 HIGHLAMPSoR BEAM =, =o TEMPOIL & SPARK OR ,111, BLAME COULD FOG LAMPS # 0 ANTI-LOCK EXPLODE BRAKE (a)SPEAKER BAllERY b

X Section 1 Seats and Restraint Systems

1-1 Power Seat (Option) Mmmy %at- (Option)

!- , .I I.; ! .! 51 ii 1, y;1, !


The powerseat controls are located an thearmrest. Here's how to use this feature: Raise the front of the by pressing theleft side of the 0 You don't need to start your vehicle yet,just make front switch. Press the rightside of this switch to lower sure it isin PARK (P). the front of the seat. 0 Adjust the driver's seat the way you want it.

Move the seat forwardor back by pressing and holding 0 Press the SET button. FWD or BACK. Raise the seatby pressing and holding Up.Press and hold DN to lower the seat. 0 Move the memory switch to 1 and your seating position is programmed. Press and hold the left sideof the rear switch to raise the rear of the seat. Press and hold theright side of this Now it's set. When your Roadmasteris in PARK (P), and you switch to lower the rearof the seat. move the memory switch 1,to the seat willgo to where you 1-2

Reclining Front Seatbacks

To adjust the seatback, lift the lever on the outer side of the seat and move the seatback to where you want it. Release the lever to lock the seatback. Pull up on the leverand the seat will go to an upright position.

But don’t havea seatback reclined if your vehicle is moving.

- To raise the seatback: 3. Pull the seat reiease handle 1. Pull the seatback up and pushit back to lockit into in the lower right conier of stmage place. the compartment. The 2. Push and pull the topof the seatback to be sure it is seatback is now locked in position. unlocked. Third Seatback The third seatis folded flat in the tailgate areaof your . To raise the seatback: 1. Open the tailgate. 4. Full the seatback up and pushit back into place. 2. Lift the storage compartmentlid and 5. Push and pull the topof the seatbackto be sure it is fold it back, so that it locked into position. lies flat.

1-6 To lower the seatback: Safety Belts: They’re for Everyone 1. Pull the seat release handleto unlock the seatback. This part of the manual tells you how to use safetyMlts properly. It also tells you some things you should notda 2. Pull the seatback down with safety belts. using the assist strap, then push down on it to And it explains the Supplemental Restraint System, or lock it into place. “air bag” system.

3. Fold the storagelid down. Make sure it is secure.

1-7 comes on as a reminder to When you ride in or on anything,you go as fast as it bqckle up. @ee “Safety.Belt goes. ’ Ri-minderLight7’ in the Index.)

.. Put someone on it. Get it up to speed. Thenstop the vehicle. The rider doesn’t stop.



or the safetybelts! With safety belts,you slow down as the vehicle does. You get more time to stop.You stop over more distance, and your strongest bones take the forces. Thai’s why safety belts makesuch good sense.

1-11 &= If I’m a good driver, and I never drive far from How to Wear Safety Belts Properly home, why should I wear safety belts? Adults A: You may be an excellent driver, butif you’re in an accident -- even one that isn’t your fault-- you and This part is only for peopleof adult size. your passengers canbe hurt. Being a good driver Be aware that thereare special things to know about doesn’t protect you from things beyond your safety belts and children. And there are different rules control, suchas bad drivers. for smaller children and babies.If a child will be riding in your Buick, see thepart of this manual called Most accidents occur within25 miles (40 km) of “Children.” Follow those rulesfor everyone’s home. Andthe greatest numberof serious injuries protection. and deaths occurat speeds of less than 40 mph First, you’ll want to know which restraint systems your (65 km/h). vehicle has. Safety belts arefor everyone. We’ll start with the driver position. Driver Position This part describes the driver’s restraint system. Lap-Shoulder Belt The driver has a lap-shoulder belt. Here’s how to wear it properly. 1. Close and lock the door. 2. Adjust the seat (to see how, see “Seats” in the Index) so you can sit up straight.

1-12 3. Pick up the latch plate and pulltbe belt across you. Don’t iet it get twisted. The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt across you very quickly.If this happens, let the 6elt go back slightly to unlockit. Then pullthe belt across you more slowly. 4. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.

1-13 5. To make the lap part tight, pull down onthe buckle The lap partof the belt should wornbe low and snug on the end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder belt. hips, just touching the thighs.In a crash, this applies force to the strong pelvic bones.And you'd be less likely to slide under the lap belt.If you slid under it, the belt would apply force at your abdomen. This could causeserious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt shouldgo over the shoulder and across the chest. These parts of the body are best able to take belt restraining forces. The safety belt locksif there's a suddenstop or crash, or if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor.

L r- Ai

A: The belt is twisted across the body. . ..

To unlatch the belt,just push the button on the buckle. The belt should go back out of the way.

Before you closethe door, be sure the belt is out of the way. If you slam the door onit, you can damage both the belt and your vehicle. Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) This part explainsthe Supplemental Restraint System (SRS), or air bag system.

1-19 1-20 HJowthe

Where is the air bag? The driver’s air bagis in the middleof the wheel.

1-21 When should.an air bag inflate? The..& bag is ,designed toinflate iQmoderate to Severe frontal or ne&-frontal crashes. Theair bag will idlate only if the impact speedis above the system’s designed “threshold level.”If your vehicle goes straightinto a wall that doesn’t move or deform, the thresholdlevel is about 9 to 15 mph (14 to 24 kmlh). The threshold level can vary7 however,with specific vehicle design,so that it can be somewhat aboveor below this range. If your

1-22 How does an air bagxestrain? In moderateto severe frontal or near-frontal collisions, even belted occupantscan contact the steering wheelor the instrumentpmel. The air bag supplements the protection provided by safety belts. Air bags distribute the force pf the‘impact more evenly over#e occupant’s upper body, stoppingthe occupant more gradually. But air bags wouldnot~help you in many type: of collisions, including rollovers andrear and side impacts, primarily because an occupant’s motionis not toward the air bag. Air bags should never be regarded as anything more than a supplemenx.’to safety belts, and thenonly in moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal collisions. What will you see,afteran air bag inflates? After the air bag inflates, it quickly deflqtes.This occurs so quickly that some people may not evenrealize the air bag inflated. Some componentsof the air bag modulein the steering wheelhub for the driver’s air bag,or the instrument panelfor the right front passenger’s bag, will be hot for a short time, but the partof the bag that comes into contact with you will not be hotthe to touch. There will be some smoke and dust comingfrom vents in the deflated air bags. Air bag inflation will not preventthe driver from seeing or from being ableto steer the vehicle, nor willit stop peoplefrom leaving the vehicle.

1-23 Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Buick Air bags affect how your Buick should be serviced. There are partsof the air bag system in several places around your vehicle. You don’t wantthe systeni to inflate while someone is working on your vehicle.Your Buick dealer and the1995 Roadmaster Service Manual have information about servicing your vehicle and the air bag system.To purchase a service manual, see “Service Publications’’ in the Index.

The air bag system does not need ,(regular . maintenance. Safety BeltUse During Pregnancy The best way to protect thefetus is to protect the mother. When a safetybelt is worn properly, it’s more Safety belts workfor everyone, including pregnant likely thatthe fetus won’t be hurtin a crash. For women. Like all occupants, they are more likelyto be pregnant women,as for anyone, the key to making seriously injuredif they don’t wear safety belts. safety belts effective is wearing them properly. A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulder belt,and the lap portion should be worn as low as possible Right Front Passenger Position throughout the pregnancy. The right front passenger’s safety belt works the same way as the driver’s safety belt.See “Driver Position,’’ earlier in this section.

1-25 Center Passenger Position and Any Lap Belt Station Wagon Third Seat Passenger If your vehicle has a front split seat and a rear bench Position seat, someone can sit in the center positions.

When you sit in a center seating position or in a station wagon third seat, you havea lap safety belt, which has no retractor. To make the belt longer, tilt the latchplate and pull it along the belt.


1 Lap-Shoulder Belt 2. Push the latch plate into the buckle untilit clicks. The positions next tothe windows have lap-shoulder Pull up on the latch plateto make sure itis secure. belts. Here’s howto wear one properly. If the beltis not long enough, see “Safety Belt Extender” at the end of this section. Make sure the release buttonon the buckle is positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.

1. Pick up the latch plate and pull the beltacross you. Don’t let it get twisted. The shoulder beltmay lock if you pull the belt across you very quickly.If this happens,let the beltgo back slightly to unlockit. Then pull the belt across you 3. To make thelap part tight, pull down on the buckle more slowly. end of the beltas you pull upon the shoulder part. 1-28

Smaller Children and Babies

To unlatch the belt,just push the button on the buckle. Children Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! That includes infants and all children smaller than adult size.In fact, the law in every state in the andin every Canadian province says children up toqome age must be restrained whilein a vehicle.

I 2n

Top Strap

Wherever you installit, be sure to secure the child restraint properly. Keep in mind thatan unsecured child restraintcan move around in a collision or sudden stop and injure people in the vehicle.Be sure to properly secure any chifd reshaint in your vehicle -- even when no child is in it. If your child restraint has a top strap, it-should be anchored. If you need to have an anchor installed, you can ask your Buick dealerto put it in for you. If you want to install an anchor yourself, your dealer can tellyou how to do it.

1-33 If you want to use a child restraint with a top strap in the Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear secondseat of a stationwagon, have your dealer install a OutsideSeat Position z- combination anchor-tether belt to which the strap top I can be'hooked. For first sold in Canada, child restraints witha top strap must be anchored accordingto Canadian Law.

,' For sedans first sold in Canada, your dealer can obtain I the hardware kit andinstall it for you, or you may install : it yourself using the instructions provided inthe kit. Use the tether hardwarekit available from the dealer. The hardware and installation instructions were specifically designedfor this vehicle. You'll be using the lap-shoulder belt.See the earlier part about the top strap if the child restraint has one. Station wagonsfirst sold in Canada already havea combination anchor-tether belt installedfor each position on the second seat.These belts are attachedto the anchors for the third seat safety belts. The child restraint top strap should be hooked to one of these combination anchor-tether belts. You’ll need a safety lockingclip to properly securea Until you havethis clip, secure a child restraint onlyin a child restraint in this position.You can get a locking clip seat that has a separate lap belt (anda way to anchor a where child restraints are sold,or from your Buick top strap, if the’child restraint has one).See the dealer (GM Part Number 94844571).The locking clip following part about securinga child restraint ina center must be the same as the one shown here. position. Once you have theclip, follow these instructions: 1. Put the restraint on the seat. Follow the.instructions for the child restraint. 2. Secure the child in the child restraint as the instructions say. 3. Pick up thelatch plate, and run thelap and shoulder portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or around the restraint.The child restraint instructions will show you how. If the shoulder belt goes inlfrontof the child’s face or neck, putit behind the child restraint.

1-35 4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release buttonis positioned so you would be ableto unbuckle the safety belt quicklyif you ever had to.

5. Then thread both the lap and shoulder belt portions through the locking clip.


~ r 6. Push and pull the child restraintin different directions to be sureit is secure.

1.I, Toxemove..., . 1 the child restraint,just unbuckle the vehicle’s safety belt and remove the lockingclip. Let the safety belt go back all the way. The safety belt will move freely again and be ready to workfor an adult or larger child passenger.


A. Lap Belt Portion B. Latch Plate C. Buckle D. Shoulder Belt Portion E. Locking Clip

1-37 Securing a Child Restraint in the Center See the earlierpart about the top strapif the child Rear Seat Position restraint hasone. 1. Make the beltas long as possible by tilting the latch plate and pulling it along the belt.


You’ll be using the lap belt.

2. Put the restraint on the seat. Follow the instructions for the child restraint. 3. Secure thechild in the child restraint as the instructions say.

1-38 4. Run the vehicle’s safety belt through or around the 6. To tighten the belt, pullits free end while you push restraint. The child restraint instructions will show down on the child restraint. you how. 7. Push and pull the child restraint in different directions to be sureit is secure. If the child restraint isn’t secure,turn the latch plate over and buckleit again. Thensee if it is secure. If it isn’t, secure the restraint in a different placein the vebcle and contact the child restraint makerfor their advice about how to attach the child restraint properly. To remove the child restraint,just unbuckle the vehicle’s safety belt. It will be ready to workfor an adult or larger child passenger. Securing a Child Restraint in the Right Front Seat Position

5. Buckle the belt. Make surethe release button is positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the

safety belt quickly if you ever had to. U

1-39 4

=I 5. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is positionedso you would be To remove the child restraint,just unbuckle the vehicle’s able to unbucklethe safety belt quicklyif you ever had to. safety belt and letit go back all the way.

6. To tighten the belt, pull up on the shoulder belt while you push downon the child restraint. 7. Push and pull the child restraint in different directions tobe sure it is secure. Children who have outgrown child restraints should wear the vehicle’s safety belts.

. 1-41 If you have the choice, a child should sit next to a window so the child can wear a lap-shoulder belt and get the additional restraint a shoulder belt can provide. Accident statistics show that children are saferif they are restrained in the rear seat. But they need to use the safety belts properly. Children who aren’t buckled up can be thrown outin a crash. Children who aren’t buckled up can strike other people who are.

1-42 @ What if a child is wearing a lap-shoulder belt, but the childis so small that the shoulder belt is

veryclose to thechild’s face or-neck? ‘c, A: Move the child toward the centerof the vehcle, but be sure that the shoulderbelt still is on the child’s shoulder, so that in a crash the child’s upper body would have the restraint that belts provide.If the child is so small that the shoulder belt still is very close to the child’sface or neck, you might want to place the childin the center seat position, the one that has onlya lap belt. Safety Belt Extender If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around you, you should useit. But if a safety belt isn’t long enough to fasten, your dealer will order you an extender. It’s free. Whengo you in to order it, take the heaviest coat you will wear,so the extender willbe long enough for you. The extender will be just for you, andjust for the seat in your vehicle that Wherever the child sits, the lap portion of the belt you choose. Don’t let someone else use it, and use it should be worn low and snug on the hips, just touching only for the seat it is made to fit. To wear it, just attach it the child’s thighs. This applies belt force to the child’s to the regular safety belt. pelvic bones ina crash.

1-44 Checking Your Restraint Systems If you ever see a label on the driver’s or the front right passenger’s safety belt that says to replace the belt, be Now and then, make sure all your belts, buckles, latch sure to doso. Then the new belt will be there to help plates, retractors, anchorages and remindersystem are protect you in an accident.You would see this label on working properly. Look for any other loose or damaged the belt near the door opening. restraint system parts.If you see anything that might keep a restraint system from doing job,its have it repaired. Torn or frayed belts may not protect you in a crash. They can rip apart under impactforces. If a belt is torn or frayed, get anew one right away. Replacing Seat and Restraint System Parts After a Crash If you’ve had a crash, do you need new belts? After a very minor collision, nothing maybe necessary. But if the belts were stretched,as they would be if worn during a more severe crash, then you neednew belts.

If belts are cut or damaged, replace them. Collision damage also may mean you will need to have safety belt or seat parts repaired or replaced. New parts and repairs may be necessary evenif the belt wasn’t being used at the time of the collision. 1-45 NOTES Section 2 Feature8 and Controls

Here you can learn aboutthe many standard and optional features on your Buick, and informationon starting, shifting and braking. Also explainedare the instrument panel and the warning systems that tell you if everything is working properly-- and what to do if you have a problem. Keys

2-1 The ignition keysare for the There are 15 alternative ignition [email protected] II blanks ignition only. to help discourage theft. $Keepthe bar code tag andthe daor.,keyplugs in a safe place. If you lose your keys, The ignition keys come you will be able to have new ones made easily using the with a bar code tag attached plug or number on the bar code tag. to them. Your dealer or a .I qualified locksmith by reading the number on the NOTICE: bar code tag can then make extra ignition keys. Your Buick has a n&kr of new features that can help prevent thek Bht fou cain have a lot of trouble getting into your vehicle if you ever l&k your keys inside. You may even hve to damage your vehicle The door keys arefor the to get in. So be sure you have extra keys. doors and all other locks. Your door keys have plugs. Door Locks Each plug has a codeon it that tells your dealer or a qualified €scksmithhow to make extra keys.

When a new Roadmaster is delivered, the dealer removes the plugs €romthe keys, and givesthem to the first owner. There are several waysto lock and unlock your vehicle: From the outside, use your door'key or Keyless Entry System if you have this option.

From the inside, to lock the door, slide the lock control ,down. To unlock the door, slide the lock control up. Rear Door Security Lock To cancel the rear door lock: Your Buick is equipped with rear door security locks that 1. Unlock the door from the inside and open the door help prevent passengersfrom opening the rear doors of from the outside. your vehicle from the inside.To use one of these locks: 2. Move the lever all the 1. Move the lever all theway down. way up. 2. Close the door. 3. Do the same thing tothe other rear door lock. The rear doorsof your vehicle cannot be opened from inside when this feature isin use. If you want to opena rear door when the security lock is on: 1. Unlock the door from the inside. 2. Then open the door from the outside. If you don’t cancel the security lock feature, adults or older children whoride in the rear won’t be able to open the rear door from the inside.You should let adults and 3. Do the same for the other rear door. older children know how these security locks work, and The rear door locks will now work normally. how to cancel the locks. Leaving Your Vehicle If you are leaving the vehicle, take your keys,open your door and set the locksfrom inside. Then getout and close the door.

2-4 Remote Keyless Entry System This device complies withPart 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (Option) (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation. Should interference to this system occur, try this: Check to determine if battery replacement is necessary. See the instructionson battery replacement. Check the distance. You may be too far from your vehicle. This product has a maximum range. Check the location. Other vehicles or objects may be blocking the signal.

0 See your Buick dealer or a qualified technicianfor service. If your Buick has this option, youcan lock and unlock Changes or modifications to this systemby other thanan your doorsor unlock your trunkor tailgate from up to authorized service facility could void authorization to 30 feet (9 m) using the key chain transmitter supplied use this equipment. with your vehicle. Your Remote Keyless Entry System operates on a radio frequency subject to Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Rules.

2-5 Operation Battery Replacement The driver’s door will unlock whenUNLOCK is Under normal use, the batteries in your key chain pressed. Press it again quickly and allthe doors will transmitter should last about two years. unlock. The door courtesy lamps willalso come on. All You can tell the batteries are weak if the transmitter :doors will lock when DOOR is pressed. The trunk or won’t work at the normal range in any location.If you tailgate will unlock whenthe opened trunk symbol is have to get close to your vehicle before the transmitter pressed, but only when the transmissionis in PARK (P). works, it’s probably time to change the batteries. Matching Transmitter(s)To Your Vehicle For battery replacement, use two Duracella batteries, Each key chain transmitteris coded to prevent another type DL-2016, or a similar type. transmitter from unlocking your vehicle.If a transmitter is lost or stolen, a replacement can be purchased through your dealer. Remember to bring any remaining transmitters with you when yougo to your dealer. When the dealer matchesthe replacement transmitter to your vehicle, the remaining transmitters mustalso be matched. Once the new transmitter is coded, the lost transmitter will not unlock your vehicle. You can match a transmitter to as many different vehicles as you own, provided they are equipped withexactly the same model system. (General Motors offers several different modelsof these systems on their vehicles.) Each vehicle can have only two transmitters matchedit. to See your dealer to match transmitters to another vehicle.

2-6 To replace the batteries: Automatic Pull-Down Feature 1. If your transmitter has a screw, removethe screw (ODtion) from the back cover. If thereis no screw, carefully \I pry off the cover by inserting a dime (or similar If you have this feature,it pulls the trunk lid closed. This object) in the slot between the covers and twisting. allowsyou to gentlypush the trunk lid downand the : I pull-down feature thensecures it completely. I 2. Lxft off the front cover, bottom half first. 3. ’ Remove and replacethe batteries. Put themin as indicated bythe directions underthe batteries. 4. Replace the front cover. Make sure the cover is on tightly, so water won’tget in. Replacethe screw in the back cover, if thereis one. If there is no screw, snap together. 5. Check the operation of the transmitter.

~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ NOTICE: Do not slam your trunk lid down if you have the pull-down feature.If you do, you may damage the pull-down system.pull-down the 1 2-7

Tailgate Operation (Wagon) The tailgate can be openedlike a regular door or like a drop-gate. The tailgate and tailgate window mustfirst be unlocked. The tailgate is unlocked by usingthe power door lock controls, the oval key in the lock or the Remote Keyless Entry System if you haveit.

Once the tailgate has been unlocked, you can unlatch the tailgate window by pushing the key cylinder button all the way in. Then, raise the window. To open the tailgate like a regular door, pull up onthe handle thatis near the end of the tailgate, onthe passenger’s side.

2-9 If the tailgate on your vehicle does not openas a drop-gate, it may not be fully latchedas a door. Your GATE AJAR light will beon if the tailgate isn’t completely closed as a door. The tdgate is designed not tq dpen as a drop-gate when it is already open as a’boor.AJso, the tailgatewill not open as a door whenit is. beady open as a drop-gate. Check to see if the tailgate is unlocked, then open and close it as a do& until the lowerlatch closes, and the GATE AJAR light goes out. You can lock the tailgate by puttingthe round keyin the lock and turningit to the right. Or, you can press down on the lock button. To close the window, pullit down againstthe tailgate To open it like a drop-gate,just reach inside and pull up and pressMy until it latches. on the handle thatis located nearthe center of the tailgate. Lower the tailgate allthe way down. i Theft Parking at Night

Vehicle theftis big business, especiallyin some cities. Park in a lighted spot, closeall windows and lock your:. Although your Buickhas a numberof theft deterrent vehicle. Remember to keep your valuables outof sight. ’., features, we know that nothing weput on it can make Put them in a storage area,or take them with you. it impossible to steal. However, there are ways you can help. Parking Lots If you parkin a lot where someone willbe watching Key in the Ignition your vehicle, it’s best to lockit up and take your keys. If you walk awayfrom your vehicle with the keys But what if you have leave to your ignition key?What if inside, it’s an easy targetfor joy riders or professional you haveto leave something valuablein your vehicle? thieves -- so don’t do it. Put your valuables in a storage area, like yourtrunk When you park your Buick and openthe driver’s door, or glove box. you’ll hear a chime remindingyou to remove your key 0 Lock the glove box. from the ignition and takeit with you. Alwaysdo this. Your will be locked, andso will your Lock all the doors except the driver’s. ignition and transmission. And remember lockto 0 Then take the door keywith you. the doors.

2-12 [email protected] When the PASS-Key% system senses that someoneis using the wrong key,it shuts downthe vehicle’s Your vehicle is and fuel systems. For about three minutes,the starter equipped withthe won’t work andfuel won’t go to the engine. If someone PASS-Key% tries to start your vehicle againor uses another key (Personalized during this time,the vehicle will not start.This Automotive Security discourages someonefrom randomly trying different System) theft deterrent keys with different resistor pelletsin an attempt to make system. PASS-Key% a match. is‘ a passive theft deterrent The ignition key must be clean anddry before it’s system. inserted in the ignitionor the engine may not start.If the engine does not start and the PASS KEY light comes on, the key may be dirty or wet. Turnthe ignition off. Clean anddry the key. Wait about three minutes andtry again. The PASS KEY light may remain on during this This means you don’t have todo anything differentto time. If the starter still won’t work, and the(ey appears arm or disarm the system. It works when youinsert or to be clean and wait about threeminutes and remove the key from the ignition. [email protected] uses a dry, try another ignition key. At this time, you may also want to resistor pelletin the ignition key that matchesa decoder check the fuse (see “Fuses and Circuit Breakers” in the in your vehicle. Index). If the starter won’t work withthe other key, your vehicle needs service.If your vehicle does start, the first ignition key may be faulty.See your Buick dealeror a locksmith who can servicethe PASS-Key%. If you accidentally use a key that has a damaged or New Vehicle “Break-In” missing resistor pellet, the starter won’t work and the PASS KEY light will come on. But you don’t have to 1 wait three minutes before trying another ignition key. NOTICE: See your Buick dealer or a locksmith who can service Your modern Buick doesn’t need an elaborate the PASS-Key% to have a new key made. “break-in.” But it will perform betterin thelong If you’re ever driving and and thePASS KEY light run if you followthese guidelines: comes on and stays on, you will be able to restart your Keep your speedat 55 mph (88 km/h) or engine if youturn it off. Your PASS-Key%I system, less for the first500 miles (804 km). however, is not working properly and must be serviced Don’t drive at any one speed fast or by your Buick dealer.Your vehicle is not protected by -- ’ the PASS-Key%system. slow -- for the first500 miles (804 km). I Don’t make full- starts. If you lose or damage a [email protected] ignition key, see Avoid making hard stops for thefirst your Buick dealer or a locksmith who can service 200 miles (322 km) or so. During this time PASS-Key% to have a new key made. your new brake linings aren’t yet broken in. Hard stopswith new linings can mean premature wear and earlierreplacement. Follow this “breaking-in” guideline every time you get new brake linings. 0 Don’t tow a trailer during “break-in.” See “Towing a Trailer’’ in theIndex for more information.

-~ ~

I 2-14 Ignition Switch LOCK (B): Before you put the key in, your ignition will be in the LOCK position. Thisis the only position R in which you can removethe key. This position locks your ignition, steering wheel and transmission. It's a theft deterrent feature. OFT (C): This position unlocks the steering wheel, ignition ind transmission but doesn't send electrical power to any accessories. Turn the key to theOFF position if you must have your vehicle in motion while the engine off.is RUN (D): This is the position for driving. START (E): This key position starts your engine. A E Note that even if the engine is not running, the positions ACCESSORY and RUN allow you to operate your electrical accessoi-ies, such as the radio and ventilationfan.

With the ignition key in the ignition switch, youcan turn the switch tofive different positions: I NOTICE: ACCESSORY (A): This position lets you use things If your key seems stuck inLOCK ana you can't like the radio and the windshield wipers when the turn it, be sure it is.'alI theway in. If it is, then engine is off. To use the ACCESSORY position, pushin turn the steering wheel left and right while you the key and turn it toward you. Your steering wheel will turn the key hard. But turn the key only with remain locked,just as it was before you insertedthe key. your hand. Using a tool to forceit could break the key or the ignition switch.If none of this works, then your vehicle needs service. Starting Yous Engine ~ Move your shift lever toPARK (P) or NEUTRAL(N). NOTICE: Your engine won't start in any other position-- that's a Holding yourkey in START for longer than safety feature.To restart when you're already moving, 15 seconds at a time will cause your.battery tobe use NEUTRAL (N) only. drained muchsooner. And the excessive heat 'can damage your startermotor. NOTICE: 2. If it doesn't start within 10 seconds, push the Don't try to shift toPARK (P) if your Buick is agcelerator pedal all the way theto floor, while you moving. If you do, you could damage the hold the ignition key inSTART. When the engine transmission. Shiftto PARK (P) only when your starts, let gp of the key and let up on the accelerator vehicle is stopped. pedal. Wait about15 seconds between eachtry to help avoid draining your battery. To start your5.7 Liter LT1 engine: When starting your engine in very cold weather (below For C), do 1. Without pushing the accelerator pedal, turn the 0" -18" this: ignition key toSTART. When the engine starts, let 1. With your footoff the accelerator pedal,turn the go of the key. The idle speed will go down as your ignition key to START and holdit there. When the engine gets warm. engine starts, let goof the key. Use the accelerator pedal to maintain engine speed,if you have to, until your engine has runfor a while.

' 2-16 i To use the coolant heater:

~ 1. Turn off the engine. NOTICE: 2. Open the hood and unwrap the electrical . After you’ve used the coolant heater, be sureto store the cord as it was before to keep it away 3. Plug it into a normal, grounded 110-volt outlet. ! from moving engine parts.If you don’t, it could be damaged.

How long should you keep the coolant heater plugged in? The answer dependson the weather, the kind of oil you have, and some other things. Insteadof trying to list everything here, we ask that you contact your Buick dealer inthe area where you’ll be parking your vehicle. The dealer can giveyou the best advicefor that particular area.

2-1s PARK (P): This locks your transmission drive shaft. It’s the best position to use when you start your engine There are several different because your vehicle can’t move easily. positions for your shift lever.

2-19 Ensure the shift lever is fully in PARK (P) range before NEUTRAL (N): In this position, your engine doesn’t starting the engine. Your Buick has a brake-transmission connect with the wheels. To restart when you’re alreadv shiftinterlock. You have to fully apply yourregular moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only. Also use brakes before you can shift from PARK (P) when the NEUTRAL (N) when your vehicle is being towed. ignition keyis in the RUN position.If you cannot shift out of PARK (P), ease pressure on the shift lever-- push the shift lever all theway into PARK (P) as you maintain brake application. Then move the shift lever into the gear you wish.See “Shifting Outof PARK (P)” in this section. REVERSE (R): Use this gearto back up.

~~ NOTICE: Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your vehicle is movingforward could damage your transmission. Shift to REVERSE(R) only after your vehicle is stopped. ______~~ I I NOTICE: I rTo rock your vehicle back and forthto get outof snow, Damage to your transmission caused by shifting ice or sand without damaging your transmission, see out of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) with the “Stuck: In Sand, Mud,Ice or Snow” in the Index. engine racing isn’t covered by your warranty. AmOMATIC OVERDRIVE (OD): This position is for SECOND (2): This position gives you more power and normal driving. If you need. more powerfor passing; and lower fuel economy. You can use SECOND on hills. It you’re: .. ~, ,... . . , can help control your speedas you go down steep mountain roads, but then you would also wantto use Going less than about 35 mph (55 km/h), push yQur accelerator pedalabout halfway down. your brakesoff and on. FIRST (1): This position gives you even more power Going about 35 mph (55 km/h) or more, push the accelerator all the way down. (but lowerfuel economy) thanSECOND (2). You can use it on very steep hills, or in deep snow or mud. If the You’ll shift down to the..nextgear and have more shift lever is put in FXRST (l),the transmission won’t power. shift into first gear untilthe vehicle is going slowly THIRD (3): This is like OD, but you never go into enough. Overdrive. Here ‘aresome times you mightchoose THIRD (3) NOTICE: instead of OVERDRIVE (0): If your rear wheels can’t rotate, don’ttry to When driving on hilly, winding roads drive. This might happenif you were stuck in When towing a trailer,so there is less shifting very deepsad or mud or were up against a solid between gears object. You could damage your transmission. When going down a steep hill Also, if you stop when going uphill, don’t hold your vehicle there with only the accelerator , pedal. This could overheatand damage the transmission. Use your brakes or shift into PARK (P) to hold your vehicle in position on a hill.

2-21 Limited-Slip Rear Axle (Option) To release the parking brake, hold the regular If you have this feature, your rear axle can give you brake pedal down. Pull the additional traction on snow, mud,ice, sand or gravel. It brake release lever. works like a standardaxle most of the time, but when one of the rear wheels has no traction and the other does, the limited-slip feature will allow the wheel with traction to move the vehicle. Parking Brake The parking brake uses the brakes on the rear wheels. To set the parking brake, hold the regular brake pedal down with your right foot. NOTICE: Push down the parking brake pedal with yourleft Driving with the parking brake on can cause foot. If the ignition is on, your rear brakes to overheat. You may have to the brake system warning replace them, andyou could also damage other light will come on. parts of your vehicle.

If you are towing a trailer and are parkingon any hill, see “Towing a Trailer” in the Index. That section sxplains what to dofirst to keep the trailerfrom moving.

2-22 Shifting Into PARK (P) 2. Move the shift lever into PARK (P) position like this:

0 Pull the lever toward you.

1; Hold the brake pedaldown with your right foot and

, set the parking brake.

2-23 Leaving Your Vehicle With the Engine Running

2-24 Torque Lock Shifting Out of PARK (P) If you are parking on a hill and you don’t shift your Your Buick has a brake-transmission shift interlock. transmission into PARK (P) properly,the weight .of the Yotthave to fully apply your regular brakesbefore you vehicle mayput too much force on the parking pawl in can shift from PARK (P) when the ignitionis in the the transmission.You may find it difficult to pullthe RUN position. See “Automatic Transmission”in the shift lever out of PARK (P). Thisis called “torque lock.” Index. To prevent torque lock,set the parking brake and then shift into PARK (P) properly before youleave the If you cannot shift out of PARK (PI, ease pressureon driver’s seat.To find out how, see “Shifting Into the shiftlever -- push the shift lever all the way into PARK (PI’’ in the Index. PARK (P) as you maintain brake application. Then move the shift lever into the gear you want.If you ever When you are ready to drive, movethe shift lever out of hold the brake pedal dowh butstill can’t shiftout of PARK (P) before you release the parking brake. PARK (P), try this: If “torque lock”does occur, you may needto have 1. Turn the key to OFF. another vehicle push yours a upbill to take some of the pressure from the transmission, so you can pull the 2. Apply and holdthe brake until the endof Step 4. shift lever out of PARK (P). 3. Shift to NEUlXAL (N). 4. Start the vehicleand then shift to the drive gearyou want. 5. Have the vehicle fixed as soonas you can.


Running Your Engine While You’re

Parked .. It’s betternot to paik with the engine running. But if you ever have to, here are some things to know.

Follow the proper steps to be sure your vehicle won’t move. See “Shifting Into PARK (P)” in the Index. If you are parking ona hill and if you’re pulling a trailer, also see “Towing a Trailer” in the Index.

2-27 Power Windows The switch for the driver’s windowhas-an express-down feature. Pull the AUTO switch back all the way. Once engaged, release it and the window will lowerall the way. To stop the. windowfrom lowering, ,pressthe switch forward..To raisk the window, press the switch forward. There are individual switches neareach window. You have a lock out switch.Press LOCK to disable the switches. This will prevent passengers from opening and closingthe windows. The driver can still control allof the windows withthe switch in the locked position. Press UNLOCK to restore normal operation to all passenger window switches.

Your power windows controls are on the armrest. They control eachof the four windows.To open a window, move the switch towardDN. To close it, move the switch towardUP.

2-28 Wagon Rear Vent Windows Tilt Wheel

In the rear area, thereis a vent window on each sideof the vehicle. A tilt steering wheel allows you to adjustthe steering To open, lift the latch and push out.To close, pullin and wheel before you drive. back on the latch. You can also raiseit to the highest level to give your legs more room when youexit and enter the vehicle. Horn To tilt the wheel, holdthe steering wheel and pull the To sound the horn, pressthe pad with the horn symbol lever. Move the steering wheel toa comfortable level, on either side of the steering wheel. then release the lever tolock the wheel in place.

2-29 'hrn SignaVMultifunction Lever Turn Signal and LaneChange Indicator

The lever on the left sideof the steering column The turn signal has two upward(for right) and two includes your: downward (for left) positions. These positions allow you to signal a turn or a lane change. 0 Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator To signal a turn, move the leverall the way up or down. 0 High/Low Beam When the turn is finished, thelever will return 0 WindshieldWipers automatically.

0 WindshieldWasher Cruise Control (Option) I A green arrow onthe If you have a trailer towing option with added wiringfor instrument panelwill flash the trailer lamps, a differentturn signal flasheris used. in the direction of the turn With thisflasher installed, thesignal indicator will flash or lane change. eVeii’ik a him signal;bulb is burned out. Checkthe front and rear turn signal lamps regularlyto make sure they are working. A chime wills~md if your turn signal remains on after having driven halfof a mile, toremind you tq ~LUII dB your signal. Headlamp High/Low Beam To signal a lane change,just raise or lower the lever until the green arrow starts to flash. Hold it there until To change the you complete yourlane change. The lever will return by from low beam to high or high to low, pull the turn itselfwhen you release it. I. signal leverall the way As you signal aturn or a lane change, if the arrows don’t toward you. ‘Then releaseit. flash but just stay on, a signal bulb may be burned out When the high beams are and other drivers won’t’see youi turn signal. on, this blue light on the If a bulbis burned out, replaceit to help avoid an instrument panel will also accident. If the green arrows don’t goon at all when you be on. signal a turn, checkthe fuse (.see “Fuses andCircuit Breakers” in the Index) andfor burned-out bulbs. Windshield Wipers @or a single wiping cycie, turn the bandto -&STi Rdid it there until the wipers start, thenlet go. The wipers will stop after one cycle. Lf you want more cycles, hold the band on MIST longer. You can setthe wiper speed for a long or short delay between wipes. This can be very usefulin light rain or snow. Turn the band to choosethe delay time. The closer to LO, the shorter the delay. For steady wiping at low speed, turnthe band away from you to the LO position. For high speed wiping, turn the band further, toHI. To stop the wipers, move the band to OFF. Be sure to clearice and snowfrom the wiper blades before using them.If they’re frozen to the windshield, carefully loosen or thaw them.If your blades do become damaged, get new blades or blade inserts. You control the windshield wipers by turning thebad marked WI€%R. Heavy snow orice can overload your wiper motor.A circuit breaker will stop the motor untilit cools. Clear away snow orice to prevent an overload.


Note: On the Estate Wagon,if the tailgate windowis not To Set Cruise Control completely closed, the cruise control will not work. 1. Move the cruise control switch to ON.

2. Get up to the speed you want,; 3. Press in the button at the endof the lever and releaseit. The CRUISE light on the instrument panel will come on.

4. Take your foot off the accelerator pedal. 2-35 To Resume a Set Speed To Increase Speed While Using Cruise Suppose you setyour, cruise control at a desired speed Control and then you applythe brakes. This, of course, shuts There are two ways to go to a higher speed. Here’s off the cruise control. But you don’t need to reset it. the first: Once you’re going about25 mph (40 km/h) or more, you can move the cruise control switchfrom ON to 1. Use the accelerator pedal to get to the higher speed. WA .(Resume/Accelerate) for about half a second. 2. Press the button at the endof the lever, then release the button and the accelerator pedal. You’ll now You’ll go right backup,to cruise at the higher speed. your chosen speed and stay there. Here’s the second way to go to a higher speed: Move the cruise control switchfrom ON to WA. Hold it there until you get up the to speed you want, then releasethe switch. To increase your speed in very small amounts, move the switch to WA for less than half a second and then release it. Each time you do this, your vehicle willgo about 1 mph (1.6 km/h) faster. Remember if you holdthe switch.at WA for longer than The accelerate feature will only work after you have set half a second, the vehicle will keep going:.iaster until the cruise control speed by pressing the SET button. you release the switch or apply thebi.&es. Ymcould be startled and evenlose control. So unless you want to go faster, don’t hold the switchat WA.

2-36 To Reduce Speed While Using Cruise Using Cruise Control on Hills Control How well yourcruise control will work on hillsdepenas There are two waysto reduce your speed while using upon your speed,load, and the steepness of the hills. cruise control: When going up steep hills, you may have to step onthe accelerator pedalto maintain your speed. When going Press in the button at the end of the lever until you downhill, you may have to brake or shift to a lower gear reach the lower speed you want, thenrelease it. to keep your speed down.Of course, applyingthe brake To slow down in very small amounts, press the takes you out of cruise control. Many drivers find this to button for less than half a second. Each time you do be too much trouble and don’t usecruise control on this, you’ll go 1 mph (1.6 km/h)slower. steep hills. Passing Another Vehicle WhileUsing To Get Out of Cruise Control Cruise Control There are two ways to turnoff the cruise control: Use the accelerator pedal toincrease your speed. When Step lightly on the brake pedal, OR you take your foot off the pedal, your vehicle will slow down tothe cruise control speed youset earlier. Move the cruise switch toOFF. The CRUISE light will go out. To Erase Speed Memory When you turn off the cruise controlor the ignition, your cruise control set speed memoryis erased. Lamps The LIGHTS knob controls these lamps:

0 Headlamps Pull the knob toward you, to firstthe setting to turn on Taillamps the parking lamps. Pull the knob toward you, to the 0 Parking Lamps second setting to turn onthe headlamps. 0 License Lamps By rotating the knob you can makethe instrument panel lamps bright or dim andturn the courtesy lamps 0 Sidemarker Lamps on or off. 0 Instrument Panel amps Lamps On Reminder 0 Interior Courtesv Lamps If the lamp switch is lefton you’ll hear a warning tone when you turnoff the ignition.You can disable the tone on vehicles without Daytime Running Lampsor Twilight Sentinelby turning the instrument panel brightness all the way down.

2-38 Twilight Sentinel (Option) Your Twilight Sentinel and Daytime Running Lamps The Twilight Sentinel control below your LIGHTS (Canada Only) work with switch twns your headlampson and off automatically by the light sensor on top of sensing how darkit is outside. your instrument panel. To operate it, leave the LIGHTS switchoff and move Doa’t cover it up, if you do, the Twilight Sentinel control to any positionbut off. it will read “dark” ad‘your (The off position is when the white dot on the switch is lamps willcome on. rotated all the way to the left.) If you movethe control all the way to the right, your lamps will remain onfor three minutes after you turnthe ignition to OFF. If you movethe control towardthe left, the lamps will gooff quickly when you turnthe ignition to OFF. You can change this delay timefrom one second to four minutes. When the Twilight Sentinel is turned off, use your LIGHTS switch tooperate the headlamps.

2-39 Daytime ,Running Lamps (CanadaOnly) To idle your vehicle with theDRL off, apply your parking brake before turning on the ignition. Once you Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) makeit easier to ‘see release the parking brake,the DIU cannot be turnedoff the front,of your vehicle during the day.DRL can be ’ ’ as long as the ignitionis on. helpful when it’s raining andin the short periods after dawn and before sunset. Several countries, including As with any vehicle, you shouldturn on the regular Canada, require DRL. headlamp system anytime you need it. A light sensor on top ofthe instrument panel makes the Delayed Illuminated Entry Without DRL work, so be sureit isn’t covered. KeylessEntry / The DRL system willmaKe your low beam headlamps When you open the door,the interior courtesy lamps come on at reduced brightness indayught when: will turn on.,These lamps willgo off automatically after 0 the ignition is on, about 40 seconds, or when the ignition is turned on. They make it easy for you to enter and leavethe vehicle. 0 the headlamp switch is off, and You also can turn these lamps on by rotating the the parking brake is released. LIGHTS switch all the way to the left. When the DRL are on, only your low beam headlamps Delayed Illuminated Entry with the will be on. The taillamps, sidemarker and other lamps won’t be on. Your instrument panel won’t belit up Keyless Entry System either. . As long as the doors are closed and the ignitionis OFF: When it’s dark enough outside, your low beam headlampsIf you press theUNLOCK button on the Keyless will change tofull brightness. The other lamps that come Entry transmitter, the interior lamps will comeon for on with your headlamps will also come on. about 30 seconds or until you st& your engine. When it’s bright enough outside, the regular lamps will If you press the DOOR button on the Keyless Entry go off, and your low beam headlamps change to the transmitter, the interior lamps will come onfor about reduced brightness of DRL. two seconds. 2-40 Wagon Rear Compartment Lamps Rear Reading Lamps There are lamps on the assist handles in the rear area These courtesy lamps turn on when you open the doors. of the station wagon.Press the switch to turn them on or off. To turn on the reading lamps when the doorsare closed, press the topof the switch. Press the bottomof the switch to him them off. Front ReadingLamps

Front seat reading lampsare turned onby pressing the switch located on the rearviewmirror. Electrochromic Mirror (Option) Automatidoff Switch There is an automatic and anoff position. Whenthe button on the bottom of the mirroris pressed up and has a green halo,the mirror is on automatic. Press againto

," turn OB: Time Delay The mirror delays~before changing from the night tothe day position. This delay prevents rapid changingof the mirfof as you drive under lights and through traffic. Reverse Gear Day Mode The reverse modeis another important featureof the automatic mirror. When the shiftlever is placed in REVERSE (R), the mirror shifts to the day mode.This gives you a brightimage in the mirror as you back up. Your Buick may have an automatic inside mirror. The automatic mirror adjustsfor the glare of headlamps Front Reading Lamps behind you. It detects changesin light, and then adjusts There are two reading larnps located onthe rearview for day or night operation. mirror. Press the switch closest to the lamp turn to it on During the day the mirror reflects all the light from or off. behind your vehicle. At night, when theglare is too high, it changes to the night mode. Then,it reflects only part of the light from behind you. Whenthe mirror changes to the night mode,it holds that position until glare is no longer present.

' >I 1...: '_-: .~ ' Convex Outside Mirror Front Storage Armrest (Option)

The armrest between thefiont seats opens intoa storage area.

Convenience Net () Wagon Cargo Cover

t .. 3 The cargo coverallows jhdden storagein the rear area of your vehicle. The

To use the cargo cover: 1. Pull the cargo cover by the center handle all the way to the tailgate. Your vehicle has a convenience net. You’ll it see just I- 2. Put the hooks of the handle into the slots onthe rear inside the back wall of the trunk. pillar trim. Put small loads, like grocery bags, behind the It net. can To return the cover: help keep themfrom falling over during sharpturps or quick starts and ‘stops. 1. Pull on the handle, pullingthe cover up and outof the 4lots. The net isn’tfor larger, heavier loads, Store themin the trunk as far forward as you can. 2. Genfly let the cover roll back to the front. Be careful qpt to let go of the cover before it is fully retracted, You can unhook the netso that it will lie flat when as it could be damaged. you’re not usingit.

Sun Visors Ashtrays and Cigarette Lighter To block out glare, you can swing downthe visors. You can also swing them tothe side. If the visors swing too easily, tighten the screwson the rear of the visors. Lighted Visor Vanity Mirror (Option)

The front center ashtray may be lifted outfor cleaning.

The lighted visor vanity mirror lightsup when the mirror cover is opened. Closing the mirror coverturns off the lamps. . . .. - ......

The cigarette lighteris near the ashtray. To use the lighter, pushit in all the way and let go. When it’s ready, it will pop back by itself.

NOTICE: If you hold a cigarette lighterin with your hand while it is heating,it won’t be able to back away from the heating element -whenit’s ready. That can make it overheat, damaging the lighterand the heating element.

Assist Handles Pull up on the rear ashtrays to remove them for cleaning. A folding handle over each doorcan be used to getin and outof your vehicle. NOTICE: Don’t put papers or other flammable things into your ashtrays.Hot cigarettes or other smoking materials could ignite them, causinga daaging fire. LOW CHANGE LOW OIL OIL WASH LEVEL FLUID LOW TEMP A- COOLANT &- LEVEL HOT




Your instrument panelis designed to let you know ata many other things you'll need to know to drive safely glance how your vehicle is running. You'll know how and economically. fast you're going, how muchfuel you're using, and

2-54 Speedometer and Odometer Trip Odometer Your speedometer lets you see your speedin both miles A trip odometercan tell you per hour (mph) and kilometersper hour (km/h). Your how may miles you have odometer shows howfar your vehicle has been driven, driven since you last setit to in either miles (usedin the United States) or kilometers fl TRIP zero. To reset it, press the (used in Canada). ci> button. Your Buick has a tamper-resistant odometer.If you can see very noticeablebright silver lines between the numbers, someone has probably tried turn to it back. The numbers may not be accurate. You may wonder what happens if a vehicle has to have a new odometer installed.The new one should be set to the same readingas the old one.If that is not possible, then it’s set at zero, and a labelon the driver’s door must show the old reading and whenthe new one was installed. <

2-55 Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators Gages can indicate when there may beis or a problem with one of your vehicle’s functions. Often gages and This part describesthe warning lights and gages that warning lights work togetherto let you know when may be on your vehicle. there’s a problem with your vehicle. Wming lights and gages can signal that something is When one of the warning iights comes on and stayson wrong beforeit becomes serious enough to cause an when you are driving, or whenone of the gages shows expensive repair or replacement. Paying attention to there may be a problem, checkthe section that tells you your wsiraing lights and gages could also save oryou what to do about it. Please follow this manual’s advice. others from injury. Waiting to do repairs can be costly-- and even Warning lights come on when there may beis or a dangerous. So please get to know your warning lights problem with oneof your vehicle’s functions.As you and gages. They’re a big help. will see in the details on the next few pages, some I warning lights come on briefly when you start the engine just to let you know they’re working.If you are familiar with this section,you should not be alarmed when this happens.

2-56 -L

Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light reset the system. If the light still stays on, or comes on again while you’re driving, your Buick needs service.If With the anti-lock brake the regular brake system warning light isn’ton, you still system, this light will come have brakes, but you don’t have anti-lock brakes. If the 1on when you start your regular brake system warning lightis also on, you don’t engine and may stay onfor have anti-lock brakes and there’s a problem with your several seconds. That’s regular brakes. See “Brake System Warning Light” (@I earlier in this part. normal. If the light doesn’t ANTI come on, haveit fixed so it The anti-lock brake system warninglight may also will be ready to warn youif come on when you are driving with a compact spare . LOCK there is a problem. If this happens, thelight means you won’t have anti-lock until you replace the compact spare with a full-size tire. If the warning light stays on after you replace the compactspare with a full-size tire, or if it comes on again when you’re driving, your Buick needs If the light stayson, turn the ignition off. Or, if the light service. comes on when you’re driving,stop as soon as possible and turn the ignition off. Then start the engine again to Engine Coolant Temperature Engine Coolant Temperature Gage Warning Light This gage shows the engine This red light comes on as a coolant temperature.If the bulb check when youstart TEMP -& gage pointer moves into the your engine.This light tells red area, your engineis too you that your engine hot! coolant has overheated. k- F- HOT

That reading means the same thingas the warning light. If you have been operating your vehicle under normal It means that your engine coolant has overheated. If you driving conditions, you should pulloff the road, stop have been operating your vehicle under normal driving your vehicle andturn the engineoff as soon as possible. conditions, you should pulloff the road, stop your Hot coolant can burn your badly! vehicle and turn off the engineas soon as possible. The section “Problems on,theRoad,” in this manual Hot coolant can burn your badly! shows what to do.See “Engine Overheating”in the The section “Problems on the Road,” inthis manual Index. shows what to do.See “Engine Overheating” in the Index. Low Coolant Warning Light Malfunction Indicator Lamp If you havethis amber light Domestic vehicles are and it comes on, the system equipped with this is low on coolant and the malfunction indicator lamp. LOW engine may overheat. SERVICE COOLANT ENGINE LEVEL SOON

Canadian vehicles have this malfunction indicator lamp.

2-61 A computer monitors operationof your fuel, ignition Engine OilPressure Light and emission control systems. This amberlight should come on when youtufa the key to RUN or START as a This red light tells youif check to show you is it working. there could be a problem with your engineoil If the mulfunction indicator lamp does not come on at pressure. all, haveit fixed right away.I€ it stays on, or it comes on w4 while you are driving,the computer is indicating that you have a problem.You should take your vehiclein for OIL service soon.

NOTICE: If you keep driving your vehicle withtis light There are three times this light can come on briefly, on, after a while the emission controls won’t which is normal and doesn’t showa problem. They are: work as well, your fuel economy won’t be as good 0 The light comes on when you turn your keyRUN to and your engine may not run as smoothly. This or START. That’s just a check to be sure the light could lead to costly repairs not covered by your works. If this light doesn’t come on, be sure to have warranty. it fixed so it will be there to warn youif something goes wrong.

0 If you’re “idling” at a stop sign, the lightmay blink on and then off.

0 If you make a hard stop,the light may come on for a moment. LOW OIL L,EV Change Oil Indicator If the CHANGE OIL light stays onfor 20 seconds or more after you turn on tlie ignition, have oilthe The amber CHANGEOL changed. light is activated by the After changing the engineoil, the system must be reset. Engine Oil LifeMoniitor System. The engineoil Me With the ignition keyin the kUN position, but the CHANGE monitor system determind8 engine off, fuiiy push and releasethe accelerator pedal OIL the conditionof the engine three times withinfive seconds. The CHANGE OIL oil and lets you know when light will flash two times confim to you have reset the the oil should be changed. system. If the CHANGE OIL light comes on and stays See “Engine Oil”in the on for five seconds, it did not reset. You’ll need to reset Index. the system again.

It does thi$ by electronically receiving data from the Battery Light Powertrain Control Module.The data it receives When you turn the key to contains information about engine speed (revolutions RUN or START, this red per &), coolant temperatureand vehicle speed.The light will come on briefly, oil life monitor uses this&&q .t,~determine how much to show that your the oil has degraded. and battery charging When to change youroil depend$ an driving habits and systems are working. conditibns because these directly affect engine speed, VOLTS coolant temperature andvehick speed. Becauseof this, the CHANGE OIL light many comeon as early as 2,000 miles or less for harsh conditions.

-. 2-64 If the light stays on, your vehicle needs service, and you Low Washer Fluid Light should take your Buickto the dealer at once.To save your battery until you getthere, turn off all accessories, If this orangelight comes and set your air system toOFF. on, it means you’re low on washer fluid. Gate Ajar Light LOW Your wagon has aGATE WASH AJAR wmhg light. This FLUID red light should comeon when the tailgate is opened GATE as a door. It will stay on AJAR until the tailgate has been fully closed. It does not come on when the tailgate Cruise Control Light has been openedas a gate. This light comeson when you set cruise control.

CRUISE -Low Fuel Light Here are four concerns some owners have had aboutthe fuel gage. All these situations are normal and do not This amber light comeson indicate that anythingis wrong with thefuel gage. briefly as a bulb check At the gas station, the gas pump shutsoff I when you start your engine. before the gage readsF. If this light comes on and p3 stays on, you should get It takes more (or less) gas fill to up than the gage more fuel soon. indicated. For example,the gage may have indicated LOW half full, but it took more -- or less -- than half of FUEL the tank’s capacity tofill it. The gage may move when you turn a corner, speed up, or stop your vehicle. When you turn the engineoff, the gage doesn’t goall :Fuel Gage the way back toE. Your fuel gage shows how much fuel is in your tadc. It FUEL works only whenthe engine is on. When the indicator nears E, you still have a little fuel left. You need to get more right away.


2-66 Section 3 Comfort Controls and Audio Systems

In this part you’ll findout how to operatethe comfort selecting any air choice (except the rear window control systems and audio systems offered with your defogger) andthe HI fan speed. Buick. Be sureto read aboutthe particular system The manual system will recirculatethe air for mainnur n supplied with your vehicle. air conditioning performance when RECIRC is selected. Air Conditioning with Electronic Your Buick’s flow-through ventilation system supplies Controls outside air into the vehicle whenit is moving. When the heater or air conditioningfan is running, outside air will also enter the vehicle. System Controls Fan Speeds The fan control is used to select the airflow. Temperature Control Fresh airfrom outside your vehicleflows through your Slide the temperature control betweenCOOL and Buick when the vehicleis moving. When the vehicle is WARM to change the temperatureof the air coming not moving, you can get outside air to flow through by through your air outlets.

3-1 Air Conditioning Defrost The defrost setting directs most of the air through the defroster vents and some through the heater outlets. Use defrost whenyou want to remove fog or ice from the windshield.

3-2 Rear Window Defogger (Option) The lines you see on the rear window warm the glass. Pressthe button to start warming your window. After 10 minutes, it will go off by itself or pressing the button again during the heating cycle willshut it Off.

If you need additional wanning tirne, press the button again. If you have the heated outside rearview mirrors option,the mirrors will bewarmed when the rear defogger is on. Do not attach anythinglike a temporary vehicle license or decal across the defogger gridon the rear window.

NOTICE: Don’t use a razor blade or something else sharp on the insideof the rear window.If you do, you could cut or damage the warming grid, and the repairs wouldn’t be covered by your warranty.

3-3 Electronic Climate Control (Option) System Controls TEMP: To choose the temperature you want maintained inside the vehicle, use this button. Pressing the TEMP button only once with the exterior temperature displayed will not change the set temperature.

Fromthe AUTO mode, pressing the temperature to .i:

90" F (33" C)will automatically allow the system to ' " select the high blower and FLOOR mode. From the AUTO mode, pressing the temperatureto

60" F (1 6 O C)will automatically allowthe system to select high blower MIDDLE mode and recirculateair. AUTO: When the systemis set for automatic, air will come from the floor outlets, the instrument panel outlets or both. Fan speed will vary (unless an arrow on the FAN button has been pressed) as the system gets to and maintains the temperature setting you have selected. The display will show the selected temperature and blower speed. In cold weather the system will delay turningon the blower, to avoid blowing cold air. The lengthof the delay depends on engine coolant temperature, outside temperature and time since the engine was last started. Pressing an arrow onthe FAN button will override this The blower speed- willgo lower or higher with every delay and turn on the blower. press of the button until the lowestor highest speedis reached. MIDDLE: Pressing this button directs the air through .: . ' ., . , the instrument panel outlets. Defrost BLEND: This setting directsthe airflow to the instrument paneloutlets and the floor outlets. FLOOR: Pressing this settingdirects all airflow tothe floor outlets. DEFOG: This setting directsthe airflow to the windshield andfloor areas. VENT: Use this setting when youdon't want to coolthe air coming into your vehicle.The airflow will come from the instrument panel outlets. OFF: When the system is off, the ventilation allowsair to flow through the heater ducts while the vehicleis moving. Defrost will work betterif any ice and snowis cleared The exterior temperature will showin the display area. from the hood adthe air-inletarea between the hobd and the windshield. Fan Speeds Blower speed will be controlled automatically,or you The speed of the blower fanis controlled automatically can choose another speed by pressingthe FAN button. if you have thefan on AUTO. However, youcan control the fan blower speed withthe FAN button. Rear Window Defogger .(Option) Audio Systems The lines yousee on the Your Delco' audio system has been designed to operate rear window warrn the glass easily and give years of listening pIeqsure. Youwill get to remove fog and ice. Press the most enjoyment outof it if you acquaint yourself witb it first.' Find out what your Delco'system can do and the button to start warming- your window. After how to operateall of its controls, to be sure you're 10 minutes, it will gooff by getting the most outof the advanced engineering that itself, or pressing the button weqt into it. again during theheatin&,!!:I:, , Setting the Clock 1. Press and holdHRS until the correct hour appears. 2. Press and holdMIN until the correct minute appears. If you need additional warming time, press the button again. If you have the heated outside rearview mirrors option, the -mirrors will be warmed when therear defogger is on. 'Do not attach anything like a temporary vehicle license .or decal across the.defogger g$d on the rear window.

~~ NOTTCE:. Don't use a razor blade or something else sharp on the insideof the rear window.If you do, you could cut or damage the warming grid, and the repairs wouldn't be covered by your warranty. AM/FM Stereo Radio with Cassette Tape RECALL: Press the upper knob briefly to recall the station being played orthe clock display. To change Player :. what is normally shown on the.display (stationor time), press the knob until you seethe display you want, then hold the knob untilthe display flashes.If you pressthe knob when the ignitionis off, the clock will showfor a few seconds. Finding a Station Press the lower knob selectto FM1, FM2 or AM. TUNE: Turn the lower knob to [email protected] radio stations. I, \ SEEK: Press the forwardor backward arrow togo to the next higheror lower station.The sound will be muted while seeking. I. SCAN: Press oneof the SEEK arrows for two seconds, and SCAN will appearin the display. Use SCAN to listen to stationsfor a few seconds.The radio will go to Playing the Radio a station, stopfor a few seconds, then go on to the next Turn the VOLUME knob to turn the system on andoff. station. Press oneof the SEEK buttons again to stop scanning. VOLUME: Turn the upperknob clockwise to increase volume. Turn it counterclockwise to decrease volume

3-7 Presets: pesix pushbuttons let you return to your Setting the Tone favorite stations. You %an set up to 18 stations (sixAM, six FM 1 and six FM2). 1. Press AM FM to select the band. 2. Find the station you want. 3. Press and hold oneof the six numbered buttons. 4. The sound will mute. Whenit returns, release the button. Whenever?youpress that numbered button, the station you set ~iilreturn. P SCAN: Press P SCAN to listen to eachof your preset stations for a few seconds. The radio willgo to the first preset station, stopfor a few seconds, thengo on to the next preset station. PressP SCAN again to stop scanning. Playing a CassetteTape SEEK: Press the forward or backward arrow to search for the next or previous selection on the tape. Your tape The longer side with the tape visible shouldface to the must have at least three secondsof silence between each right. The tape will begin playingas soon as you insert selection for SEEK to work. it. If you hear nothingor hear a garbled sound,the tape may not be in squarely. Press EJECTto remove the tape 443): Press this buttonto reverse the tape rapidly. and start over. Press it again to return to playing speed.The radio will While the tape is playing, usethe VOLUME, FADE, play while the tape reverses. BAL, TREB and BASS controlsjust as you dofor the bb(4): Press this buttonto advance quickly to another radio. Other controls may have different functions when part of the tape. Press the button againto return to a tapeis inserted. The display will show an arrow to playing speed.The radio will play while the tape indicate whichside of the tape is playing. advances. If you want to insert a tape when the ignitionor radio is SIDE (5): Press this button to change theside of the off, first press EJECTor RECALL. Note that cassette tape that is playing. tape adapter kitsfor portable compact disc players will (6): Press this button to reduce background noise. not work in yourcassette player. These adapters will The display will show eitherOFF or ON for a few cause an error message in the display, andthe adapter seconds when you pressthe button. cassette will be ejected. [email protected] Noise Reduction is manufactured under Your tape bias is set automatically. license from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation. DOLBYand the symbol are trademarks of Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation. EJECT: Press this button to remove the tape. The radio will play.

3-9 CLN: This message may appear on the display.If it the button until you seethe display you want, then hold does, your cassette tape player needs to be cleaned.It the button until the display flashes.If you press the will still play tapes, but you should cleanit as soon as button when the ignition isoff, the clock will showfor a possible to prevent damage toyour tapes and player.See few seconds. “Care of Your Cassette Tape Player”in the Index. After you clean the player, press and hold EJECTfor Finding a Station five seconds to resetthe CLN indicator. “- - -” will AM FM: Press this button to getAM, FM1 or FM2. :appear in the display to show the indicator was reset. The display shows your selection. A” Stereo Radios with Automatic Tone TUNE: Press the up or down arrow to choose radio Control (Option) stations. If your Buick has a radio with Automatic Tone Control, SEEK: Press the up or down arrow to go to the next the instructions below will explain how to use the radio.higher or lower station.The sound will be muted while To find out if your radio has Automatic Tone Control, seeking. look for a TONE button.If the system has one, you have SCAN: Press one of the SEEK arrows for two seconds, Automatic Tone Control.If not, see the system and SCAN will appearin the display. Use SCAN to explained earlier in this section. listen to stationsfor a few seconds.The radio will go to a station,stop for a few seconds, then go on to the next Playing the Radio station. PressSEEK again to stop scanning. Press the VOLUME knob to turn the system onand off. Presets: The six pushbuttonslet you return to your VOLUME: Turn this knob clockwise to increase favorite stations. You can set up to18 stations (six AM, volume. Turnit counterclockwise to decreasevolume six FM1 and six FM2). You can also set an equalization setting with each preset station. RECALL: Press this button briefly to recall the station being played or the clock display.To change whatis 1. Press AM FM to select the band. normally shown on the display (station or time), press 2. Find the station you want. 3. Press TONE to choose the equalization setting for TREB: Press this button lightlyso it extends. Turn the the station. knob to increase or decrease treble.The middle position 4. Press and hold oneof the six numbered buttons. is a detent. 5. The sound will mute. Whenit returns, release the Push the knobs backin when you’re not using them. button. TONE: This feature allows you to choose preset treble Whenever you press that numbered button, the station and bass equalization settings designedfor classical, and the equalization youset will return. pop, rock,jazz, talk and country/western stations. CLASS will appear on the display when youfirst press AUTO SET Press this button and the system willset TONE.Each time you pressit, another setting will the 12 strongest FM or thesix strongest AM stations on appear on the display. Pressit again afterC&W appears your preset buttons.To return to the stations you and MANUALwill appear. Tone control willreturn to manually set, press the AUTO SET button again. the treble and bass knobs.Also, if you use the treble and P SCAN: Press P SCAN to listen to eachof your preset bass knobs, control will returnto them and MANUAL stations for a few seconds. Theradio will go to the first will appear. preset station, stopfor a few seconds, then go onto the Adjusting the Speakers next preset station. PressP SCAN again tostop scanning. BAL: Press this button lightlyso it extends. Turn the knob to move the sound to leftthe or right speakers. The Setting theTone middle positionis a detent and balances the speakers. BASS: Press this knob lightlyso it extends. Twn the FADE: Press this button lightlyso it extends. Turn the knob knob to increase or decrease bass.The middle positionis to move the sound to thefiont or rear speakers. The middle a detent. position is a detent and balances the speakers. Push the knobs backin when you’re not using them.

3-11 While the tapeis playing, use theVOLUME, FADE, BAL, TREB and BASS controlsjust as you dofor the radio. Other controls may have different functions when a tape is inserted. The display will showTAPE and an arrow to indicate which sideof the tapeis playing. Your tape bias is set automatically. PREV (1): Press this button to searchfor the previous selection on the tape.Your tape must have at least three seconds of silence between each selectionfor PREV to work. NEXT (2): Press this button to searchfor the next selection on the tape. Your tape must have at least three seconds of silence between each selectionfor NEXT to work. Playing a Cassette Tape The SEEK down and up arrowswill also find the The longer side with thetape visible shouldface to the previous and next selections onthe tape. right. The tape will begin playing as soon as you insert it. If you hear nothing or hear a garbled sound, the tape 443):Press this button to reverse the tape rapidly. may not be in squarely. Press EJECT to remove the tape Press it again to return to playing speed.The radio will play while the tape reverses. and start over.If you want toinsert a tape when the ignition is off, first press EJECT or RECALL.

3-12 bb(4):Press this button to advance quickly to another part of the tape. Press the button again to return to playing speed. The radio will play whiie the tape advances. SIDE (5): Press this button to changethe side of the tape that is playing. (6): Press this buttonto reduce background noise. Dolby' B Noise Reductionis manufactured under license from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation. DOLBY and the an symbol are trademarks of Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporatioo. AM FM: Press this button to play the radio whena tape is in the player. SOURCE: Press this knob to changeto the tape Playing a Compact Disc function when the radiois on. TAPE with an arrowwill Insert a disc partway into the slot, label side up. The appear on the display when the tapeis active. player will pullit in. The disc should begin playing. EJECT: Press this button to remove the tape. The radio will play.


[email protected] Noise Reduction is manufactured under license from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation. DOLBY and thedo symbol are trademarksof Dolby Laboratories bicensing Corporation. AUTO [email protected] Press it and the system will set the 12 strongest FM or the six strongestAM stations on your preset buttons.To return tothe stations you manually set, pressthe AUTO PRESET button again. (This button performsthe same function as AUTOSET described above.) EJECT The system has two EJECT buttons. Press the button near the CD slot to remove a disc. Press the button nearthe tape slot to remove a tape.The radio will Play- Combined CassetteKD Player-- Unique Features SOURCE: Press this knob to change theto tape or disc 00:The player automatically reduces background function when the radio is on. If both a tape and a disc noise from [email protected] tapes. are installed, the system will first go to tape play;TAPE will appear on the display.If SOURCE is pressed again, the system willgo to disc play; CD will appear on the display.

3-15 THEFTLOCK’” 4. Press buttons 1 and 4 at $he same heand holq until “- -” shows on the display. Your system has thisfeature if it shows “Theftlock” on - its face. THEFTLOCK” is a theft-deterrent feature that You now have only 15 seconds between eachof the can be used or ignored.If you ignoreit, your system will following steps. $ play normally. If you use it, your systemcan’t be turned 5. Press MIN and “000” will appear onthe display. on if it is stolen becauseit locks anytime battery power‘ is removed. To unlockit, a code must be entered. 6. Press MIN again and-, hold untilthe last two digitsof your code appear.: These instructions will tell you how to enter a code into your system. Theyalso tell you how to unlockthe 7. Press and hold‘HRS until the first digit or digitsof system with your code and how to shutoff the your code appear. THEFTLOCK TM system. 8. Press AM FM after you makesure the code matches the one you wrote down.“rEP” will appear on the Entering a Code display, meadng you should repeat Steps5 through 7. 1. Write down any number from 000 to 1999. This is 9. After you repeat the steps, pressAM FM. SEC your code. should appear onthe display, meaning your systemis 2. Turn the ignition to ACCESSORY or RUN. secured. If your ignition is off, “Theftlock” will flash in the display. 3. Turn the radio off. Store the paper with your code written onin ait safe place.

3-16 Unlocking the System Disabling THEFTLOCK TM If battery power is removed for any reason, LOC will If you want to turnoff THEFTLOCK”, you will need appear onthe display when poweris reapplied. You will to enter your code.If you lose or forget your code, see need to enter your code to unlockthe system. You have your dealer. only seconds between eachof the following steps. 15 1. Press buttons 1 and 4 at the same time and holduntil 1. Turn the ignition on. LOC will appear onthe display. “SEC” shows on the display. 2. Press MIN and “000” will appear onthe display. You now have only 15 seconds between eachof the 3. Press MIN again and hold untilthe last two digitsof following steps. your code appear. 2. Press MIN and “000” will appear on the display. 4. Press and holdHRS until the first digit or digitsof 3. Press MIN again and hold until thelast two digits of your code appear. your code appear. 5. Press AM FM after you make sure the code matches 4. Press and hold HRS until the first digit or digits of the one you wrote down. SEC should appear on the your code appear. display, meaning you can now use your system, and 5. Press AM FM after you make sure the code matches it is secured. the one you wrote down. “- - -” should appear on the display, meaning your system is unsecured.

3-17 Tips About Your Audio System Hearing damagefrom loud noise is alrncst undetectable I NOTICE: until it is too late.Your hearing can adapt to higher Before you add any sound equipment to your volumes of sound. Sound that seems normal can be loud vehicle -- like a tape player,CB radio, mobile and harmful to your hearing. Take precautions by telephone or two-way radio =- be sure you can adjusting the volume controlon your radio to a safe add whatyou want. If you can, it’s very sound level before your hearing adaptsit. to important to doit properly. Added sound To help avoid hearing lossor damage: equipment may interfere with the operationof 1. Adjust the volume control to the lowest setting. your vehicle’s engine, [email protected] or other systems, and even damage them. And, your 2. Increase volume slowly until you hear comfortably vehicle’s systems mayinterfere with the and clearly. operation of sound equipmentthat has been added improperly. So, before adding sound equipment, checkwith your dealer and besure to check Federal rules covering mobileradio and telephoneunits.

3-18 Understanding Radio Reception Your tape player should be cleaned with every50 hours of use to provide optimum performance. Your radio may FM Stereo display CLNto indicate that you have used your tape FM stereo willgive you the best sound, butFM signals player for 50 hours without resettingthe tape clean timer. (See “Playing a Cassette Tape” earlierin this will reach only about10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km). Tall buildings or hills caninterfere with FM signals, causing section.) If you notice a reductionin sound quality, the sound to come and go. regardless of when the tape player was last cleaned, try playing a different cassette tosee if the tape orthe tape AM player is at fault. If the second cassette resultsin no improvement in sound quality,try cleaning the tape The range for most AM stations is greater thanfor FM, player. especially at night.The longer range, however, can cause stations to interfere with each other.AM can also Proper tape player cleaning should bedone with a pick up noisefrom things like storms and power lines. scrubbing action, non-abrasive cleaner cassette. This is a To lower this noise, try reducing the treble level. wet-type cleaning system that uses a cleaning cassette with pads which scrubthe tape head as the hubsof the Care of Your Cassette Tape Player cleaner cassette turn.To properly clean your tape player, follow the instructions with the cleaning cassette.If you A tape player thatis not cleaned regularlyis subject to use this typeof cleaner, the radio may display an error reduced sound quality, ruiningthe cassette, or damaging and eject the cartridge. This is normal and is the result the mechanism. Tape cassettes thatare not properly of an added feature inthe tape player that detects broken stored in theirplastic cases away from contaminants, tapes. If an error occurs, you will needto insert the direct sunlight, and extreme heat may not operate cleaning cassette at least three times to thoroughly clean properly and could cause prematurefailure of the tape the tape player. player. You may prefer to use a non-scrubbing action, wet-type Fixed Mast Antenna cleaner. This typeof cleaner uses afabric belt to clean the tape head.This type of cleaner cassette will not The fixed mast antenna can withstand most car washes cause an error, butit may not cleanthe tape player as without being damaged.If the mast should ever become thoroughly as the scrubbing type cleaner. slightly bent, you can straightenit out by hand. If the mast is badly bent, as it might be by vandals, you should A scrubbing action cleaner is available through your replace it. dealer (GM No. 12344600). Part Check every oncein a while to beSure the mast isstill Cassettes are subject to wear and the sound quality may tightened to the fender. degrade over time. Always verify that the cassette tape is in good condition andthe tape player is clean before Power Antenna Mast Care obtaining serviceon your tape player. Your power antenna will look its best and work well if Care of Your Compact Discs it's cleanedfm.mAme '.t~ tiq~To clean&e .g&e-m-q~. mast: Handle discs carefully.Store them in their original cases x other protective cases and away from direct sunlight 1. Turn on the ignition and radioto raise the antenna. md dust. If the surfaceof a discis soiled, dampen a 2. Dampen a clean cloth with mineral spiritsor :lean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral detergent solution and equivalent solvent. :lean it, wiping from the center to the edge. Be sure never to touch the signal surface when handling discs. Pick up discs by graspingthe outer edges or the 2dge of the hole andthe outer edge.,:

3-20 3. Wipe the cloth over the mast sections, I NOTICE: removing any dirt. Don’t lubricate the power antenna. Lubrication could damage it.

NOTICE: Before enteringan automatic carwash, turn off your radio to make the power antennago down. This will prevent the mast frompossibly getting 4. Wipe dry with a clean cloth. damaged. If the antennadoes notgo down when you turn the radiooff, it may be damaged or 5. Make the antenna go up and down by turningthe need to becleaned. In eithercase, lower the radio or ignition off and on. antenna by hand by carefully pressing the 6. Then repeat if necessary. antenna down.

If the mast portionof your antenna is damaged,you can easily replaceit. See your dealerfor a replacementkit and follow the instructions in the kit.

- 3-21 NOTES I. Section 4 Your Driving and the Road

Defensive Driving I The best advice anyonecan give about drivingis: Drive defensively. Please start with a very important safety devicein your Buick: Buckle up. (See “Safety Belts”in the Index.) Defensive driving really means“be ready for anything.” On city streets, rural roads, or freeways,it means “always expect the unexpected.” Assume that pedestriansor other drivers are goingto be careless and make mistakes. Anticipate what they ,might do. Be ready for their mistakes. Rear-end collisions are aboutthe most preventableof accidents. Yet they are common. Allow enough following distance. It’sthe best defensive driving maneuver, in both city and rural driving.You never Here you’ll find information about driving on different know when the vehicle in front of you is going to brake kinds of roads and in varying weather conditions. We’ve or turn suddenly. also included many otheruseful tips on driving.

4-1 I I of wine or three mixed drinksif each had 1-1/2 ounces (45 ml) of a liquor like whiskey, gin or vodka.

It’s the amount of alcohol that counts. For example, if the same person drank three doublemartinis (3 ounces or 90 ml of liquor each) within an hour,the person’s BAC would be close to 0.12 percent. A person who consumes food just before or during drinkingwill have a somewhat lowerBAC level.


Control of a Vehicle Braking You have three systems that make your vehicle go whereBraking action involvesperception time and reaction you want it to go. They are the brakes, the steering and time. the accelerator. All three systems haveto do their work First, you have to decide to push on the brake pedal. at the places wherethe meetthe road. That’s perception time. Then you have to bring up your foot and doit. That’s reaction time. Average reaction time is about 3/4 of a second. But that’s only an average.It might be less with one driver and as long as two or three seconds or more with another. Age, physical condition, alertness, coordination, and eyesight all play a part.So do alcohol, drugs and frustration. But even in3/4 of a second, a vehicle moving at 60 mph (100 km/h) travels 66 feet (20 m). That could be alot of distance in an emergency,so keeping enough space between your vehicle and others is important. And, of course, actual stopping distances vary greatly with the surfaceof the road (whether it’s pavement or gravel); the conditionof the road (wet, dry,icy); tire tread; and the conditionof your brakes.

Sometimes, as when you’re driving on snowice, or it’s easy to ask moreof those control systems thanthe tires and road can provide. That means you losecan control of your vehicle. 4-5 Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drive in Anti-Lock Brakes (ABS) spurts -- heavy acceleration followed by heavy braking -- rather than keeping pace with traffic. Thisis a Your Buick has an advanced electronic braking system mistake. Your brakes maynot have time tocool between that will help prevent a braking skid. hard stops.Your brakes will wear out much faster if you do alot of heavy braking. If you keep pace with the This light on the traffic and allow realistic following distances, you will instrument panel will come on briefly when eliminate a lot of unnecessary braking. That means you start your vehicle. better braking and longer brake life. If your engine ever stops while you’re driving, brake normally but don’t pump your brakes.If you do, the pedal may get harder to push down.If your engine ANTI stops, you will still have some power brake assist. But you will useit when you brake. Once the power assistis LOCK used up, it may take longer tostop and the brake pedal will be harder to push.

When you start your vehicle and begin to drive away, you may hear a momentary motor or clicking noise.And you may even notice that your brake pedal moveslittle a while this is going on. This is the ABS system testing itself. If there’s a problem with the anti-lock brake system, the anti-lock brake system warning light will stay on. See “Anti-Lock Brake SystemWarning Light” in the Index.

4-6 The anti-lock system can change the brake pressure faster than any driver could. The computeris programmed to makethe most of available tireand road conditions.

Here’s how anti-lock works. Let’ssay the road is wet. You’re driving safely. Suddenlyan animal jumps out in front of you. You slam on the brakes. Here’s what happens withABS. A computer senses that wheelsare slowing down. If one You can steeraround the obstacle while braking hard. of the wheels is about to stop rolling,the computer will As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updateson separately workthe brakes at eachfront wheel and at the wheel speed and controls braking pressure accordingly. rear wheels.

4-7 Remember: Anti-lock doesn’t changethe time you need Steering to get yourfoot up to the brake pedal. If you get too close to the vehiclein hntof you, you won’thave time to apply your brakes if that vehicle suddenly slows or stops. Always leave enoughroom up ahead to stop, even If you lose power steering assist because the engine though you have anti-lock brakes. stops or the system is not functioning, you can steer but it will take much more effort. To Use Anti-Lock Steering Tips Don’t pump the brakes.Just hold the brake pedal down and let anti-lock work for you. You may hearthe Driving on Curves anti-lock pump or motor operate, andfeel the brake It’s important to take curves at a reasonable speed. pedal pulsate, but thisis normal. A lotof the “driver lost control” accidents mentioned on Braking in Emergencies the news happen on curves. Here’s why: Use your anti-lock braking system when you need to. Experienced driver or beginner, eachof us is subject to With anti-lock, you can steer and brake at the same the same lawsof physics when driving on curves.The we.In many emergencies, steering can help you more traction of the tires against the road surface makesit than even the very best braking. possible for the vehicle to changeits path when youturn the front wheels. If there’s no traction, inertia will keep the vehicle goingin the same direction.If you’ve ever tried to steer a vehicle on wet ice, you’ll understand this.

I I The traction you can get in a curve dependson the Steering in Emergencies condition of your tires andthe road surface, the angleat which the curve is banked, and your speed. While There are times when steering can be more effective than you’re in a curve, speed is theone factor you can braking. For example, you come over hill a and find a control. truck stopped in your lane, or a car suddenly pulls out from nowhere, or a child dartsout~from between parked Suppose you’re steering through a sharp curve. Then cars and stops right in frontof you. You can avoid these you suddenly accelerate. Both control systems-- problems by braking -- if you can stopin time. But steering and acceleration-- have to dotheir work where sometimes you can’t; there isn’t room. That’s the time for the tires meetthe road. Adding the sudden acceleration evasive action -- steering around the problem. can demand too muchof those places. You can lose control. Your Buick can perform very wellin emergencies like these. First apply yourbrqes. (See “Braking in What should you doif this ever happens? Ease up on the Emergencies” earlierin this section.) Itis better to accelerator pedal, steer the vehicle the way you wantit remove as much speedas you can from a possible to go, and slow down. collision. Thenstier around the problem, to theleft or Speed limit signs near curves warn that you should right depending on the space available. adjust your speed.Of course, the posted speeds are An emergency like this requires close attention and a based on good weather and road conditions. Under less quick decision.If you are holding the steering wheel at favorable conditions you’llwant.to go slower. the recommended 9 and 3 o’clock positions,you can If you needto reduce your speed as you approach a turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly without removing curve, doit before you enter the curve, while your front either hand. But you have to actgast, steer quickly, and wheels are straight ahead. just as quickly straightenthe wheel once you have &voided the object. Try to adjust your speedso you can “drive” through the curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady speed. Wait to The fact that such emergency situations are always accelerate untilyou are out of the curve, and then possible is a good reason to practice defensive drivingat accelerate gently intothe straightaway. all times and wear safety belts properly. 4-9 Off-Road Recovery Passing You may find sometime that your right wheels have The driverof a vehicle about to pass another on a dropped off the edge of a road onto the shoulder while two-lane highway waitsfor just the right moment, you’re driving. accelerates, moves aroundthe vehicle ahead, then goes If the level of the shoulderis only slightly below the back into the right lane again.A simple maneuver? pavement, recovery should be fairly easy. Easeoff the Not necessarily! Passing another vehicleon a two-lane accelerator and then, if thereis nothing in the way, steer highway is a potentially dangerous move, since the so that your vehicle straddles the edgeof the pavement. passing vehicle occupies the same lane as oncoming You can turn the steering wheel up 114to turn untilthe traffic for several seconds. A miscalculation, an errorin right front tire contacts the pavement edge. Thenturn judgment, or a brief surrender to frustration or anger can your steeriag wheel to go straight down the roadway. suddenly put the passing driverface to face with the worst of all traffic accidents -- the head-on collision. So here are some tipsfor passing: “Drive ahead.”Look down the road, to the sides, and to crossroads for situations that might affect your passing patterns.If you have any doubt whatsoever

LEFT APPROX. about making a successful pass, wait for a better time. QUARTER TURN Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings, and lines. If you can seea sign up ahead that might indicate a turn or an intersection, delay your pass.A broken center line usually indicates it’sall right to pass y/ edge of paved surface (providing the road ahead is clear). Never crosssolid a line on your sideof the lane or a double solid line, even if the road seems empty of approaching traffic.

4-10 Do not get too close tothe vehicle you want to pass Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder, and while you’re awaitingan opportunity. For one thing, start yourleft lane change signal before movingout following too closely reduces your areaof vision, of the right lane to pass. When you arefar enough especially if you’re following a larger vehicle.Also, ahead of the passed vehicle to seeits front in your you won’t have adequate spaceif the vehicle ahead inside mirror, activate your rightlane change signal suddenly slows or stops. Keep back a reasonable and move back intothe right lane. (Remember that distance. your right outside mirroris convex. The vehicleyou just passed may seem to be farther awayfrom you 0 When it looks like a chance to passis coming up, than it really is.) start to accelerate but stayin the right lane and don’t get too close. Time your moveso you will be Try not to pass more than one vehicle at a timeon increasing speedas the time comes to moveinto the two-lane roads. Reconsider before passing the next other lane. If the way is clear to pass, you will have a vehicle. “running start” that more than makes for up the Don’t overtake a slowly moving vehicletoo rapidly. distance you wouldlose by dropping back. Andif Even though the brake lamps are not flashing,it may something happensto cause you to cancel your pass, be slowing downor starting to turn. you need only slow down and drop back again and wait for another opportunity. If you’re being passed,make it easy for the following driver to get aheadof you. Perhaps you If other cars are lined up to pass a slow vehicle, wait can ease a little to the right. your turn. But take care that someone isn’t trying to pass you as you pull out to passthe slow vehicle. Remember to glance over your shoulder and check the blind spot.

4-11 c Driving at Night Here are some tips on night driving. 0 Drive defensively. 0 Don’t drink aad drive. 0 Adjust yourinside rearview mirror to reducethe glare from headlamps behind you. 0 Since you can’t see as well, you may need toslow down and keep more space between you and other vehicles. 0 Slow down, especiallyon higher speed roads.Your headlamps can light up onlyso much road ahead. 0 In remote areas, watchfor animals. 0 If you’re tired,pull off the road in a safe place and rest.

Night driving is more dangerousthan day driving. One reason is that some drivers are likely beto impaired -- by alcohol or drugs, with night vision problems, or by fatigue.

4-13 Night Vision No one can see as well at night asin the daytime. But as we get older these differences increase.A 50-year-old driver may require at least twice as much lightsee to the same thingat night as a 20-year-old. What you do in the daytimecan also affect your night vision. For example,if you spend the day in bright sunshine you are wiseto wear sunglasses. Your eyes will have less trouble adjusting to night. But if you’re driving, don’t wear sunglasses at night. They may cut down on glarefrom headlamps, but theyalso make a lot of things invisible. You can be temporarily blindedby approaching lights.It can take a second ortwo, or even several seconds,for your eyes to readjust to the dark. When you are faced with severe glare (as from a driver who doesn’t lower the high beams, or a vehicle with misaimed headlamps), slow down alittle. Avoid staring directly into the approaching lights.

I :. . I.

I* ;: >, (/I Driving toofast,through large water puddlesor even going through some'car washes can cause problems, too. The water may affect your brakes.Try to avoid gpddles. But if you can't, try to slow down before you hit them.

4-16 Hydroplaning Some Other Rainy Weather Tips Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can buildup Turn on your low-beam headlamps -- not just your under your tires that they can actuallyride on the water. parking lamps -- to help make you more visible to This can happenif the road is wet enough and you’re others. going fast enough. When your vehicle is hydroplaning, Besides slowing down, allow some extra following it has little or no contact withthe road. distance. And be especially careful when you pass Hydroplaning doesn’t happen often. Butit can if your another vehicle. Allow yourself more clear room tires haven’t much tread or theif pressure in one or ahead, and be prepared to have your view restricted more is low. It can happen if a lot of water is standing on by road spray. the road. If you can see reflections from trees, telephone Have good tires with proper tread depth. (See poles, or other vehicles, and raindrops “dimple” the “Tires’’ inthe Index.) water’s surface, there could be hydroplaning. Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds. There just isn’t a hard andfast rule about hydroplaning.The best advice is to slow down whenit is raining.

4-17 City Driving Here are ways to increase yoursafety in city driving: Know the best way to get to where you are going. Get a city map and plan your trip into an unknown part of the cityjust as you would for a cross-country

i trip. 0 Try to use the freeways thatrim and crisscross most large cities. You’ll save time and energy. (See the next part, “Freeway Driving.”)

.I -i Treat a green light as a warning signal.A traffic light .i is there because the corneris busy enough to needit. f When a light turns green, andjust before you st= to move, check both waysfor vehicles that haven.ot , cleared the intersection or may be running the red i [ light. ‘P . I . . ..3: .


One of the biggest problems with city streets theis amount of traffic on them. You’ll want to watch outfor what the other drivers are doing and pay attention to traffic signals. Freeway Driving At the entrance there is usually a ramp that leads to the freeway. If you have a clear viewof the freeway as you drive along the entrance ramp, you should begin to check traffic.Trpi,determine where you expect to blend with the flow.Try to merge intothe gap at close to the prevailing speed. Switchon your turn signal, check your mirrors and glance over your shoulderas often as necessary. Try to blend smoothly with the traffic flow. Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speedthe to posted limit or to the prevailing rateif it’s slower. Stay in the right lane unless you want to pass. Before changing lanes, check your mirrors. Then use your turn signal. Just before you leave the lane, glance quickly over your shoulder to make sure there isn’t another vehicle in your “blind” spot. Once you are moving onthe freeway, make certainyou allow a reasonable following distance. Expect to move Mile for mile, freeways (also called thruways, parkways, slightly slowerat night. expressways, turnpikes, or superhighways) are the safest of all roads. But they have their own special rules. When you want to leave the freeway, move to the proper lane wellin advance. If you miss your exit do not, under The most important advice on freeway drivingis: Keep any circumstances, stop andba&up. Drive on to the up with traffic and keepto the right. Drive at the same next exit. speed most of the other drivers are driving. Too-fastor too-slow driving breaks a smooth traffic flow. Treat the The exit ramp can be curved, sometimesquite sharply. left laneon a freeway as a passinglane. The exit speed is usually posted. Here are some thtngs you can check before a trip: :Reduce your speed according to your speedometer, not e :Is the reservoir full? Are *to your senseof motion. After drivingfor any distance all windows clean inside and outside? ,I 1. ,. : , .1~ ;: .++>$.$i! :at higher speeds, you may tendto think you are going e Wiper Blades: Are they in good shape? :slower than you actually are. Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you checked Before Leaving on a LongTrip all levels? :Make sure you're ready.Try to be well rested. If you e Lamps: Are they all working? Are the lenses clean? rmust start when you're not fresh such as after a day's -- e Tires: They are vitally important toa safe, ,work -- don't plan to make too many miles firstthat part trouble-fiee trip. Is the tread good enoughfor .of the journey. Wear Comfortable clothing and shoes you long-distance driving? Arethe tires all inflated tothe can easily drivein. recommended pressure? 1s your vehicle readyfor a long trip?If you keep it e Weather Forecasts:What's the weather outlook ;serviced and maintained,it's ready to go. Ifit needs along your route? Should you delay yourtrip a short ;service, haveit done before starting out.Of course, time to avoid a major storm system? :you'll find experienced and able service expertsin :Buick dealersall across .They'll be e Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps? ready and willing to helpif you need it. Highway Hypnosis Hill and Mountain Roads Is there actually such a condition as “highway hypnosis”? Oris it just plain falling asleep at the wheel? Call it highway hypnosis, lackof awareness, or whatever. There is something about an easy stretchof road with the same scenery, along with the humof the tires on the road, the droneof the engine, and the rushof the wind against the vehicle that can make you sleepy. Don’tit let happen to you! If it does, your vehicle canleave the road in less than a second, and you could crash and be injured. What can youdo about highway hypnosis? First, be aware that it can happen. Then here are some tips: Make sure your vehicleis well ventilated, with a comfortably cool interior. Driving on steep hills or mountains is different from Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead and to driving inflat or rolling terrain. the sides. Check your rearview mirrorsand,your If you drive regularly in steep country, if or you’re instruments frequently. planning to visit there, here are some tips that can make your trips safer and more enjoyable. If you get sleepy, pull off the roadinto a rest, service, or parking area and take a nap, get some exercise, or Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check all fluid both. For safety, treat drowsiness onthe highway as levels and alsothe brakes, tires, cooling system and transmission. These parts can work hardon an emergency. mountain roads. 4-21 Know how to go down hills. The most important 0 Know how to go uphill.You may want to shift down thing to know is this: let your engine do someof the to a lower gear. The lower gears help coolyour slowing down. Shift to a lower gear when yougo engine and transmission, and you can climbthe hil1 down a steepor long hill. better. 0 Stay in your own lane when driving on two-lane roads in hills or mountains. Don’t swing wideor c1 u t across the center of the road. Drive at speeds that let you stay in your own lane. 0 As you go over the topof a hill, be alert. There could be something in your lane,like a stalled car or an accident. 0 You may see highway signs on mountains that warn of special problems. Examples are long grades, passing or no-passing zones, a falling rocks area, or winding roads. Bealert to these and take appropriate action.

4-22 . .^..I Winter Driving

,. I, . Include an ice scraper, a small brush orbroom, a supply. of windshield washer fluid, a rag, some winter outer Here are some tipsfor winter driving: clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight, a red cloth, and a couple of reflective warning triangles.And, if you will Have your Buick in good shape for winter. Be sure be driving under severe conditions, includesmall a bag your engine coolantmix is correct. of sand, a pieceof old carpet or a coupleof burlap bags You may want to put winter emergency suppliesin to help provide traction.Be sure you properly secure your vehicle. these items in your vehicle.

4-23 Driving onSnow or Ice least traction of all. You can get “wet ice” when it’s about freezing(32” F; 0” C) and freezing rain begins to Most of the time, those places where your tires meet the fall. Try to avoid driving on wet ice until salt and sand road probably have good traction. crews can get there. However, if there is snow or ice between your tires andthe Whatever the condition -- smooth ice, packed, blowing road, you can have a very slippery situation. You’ll have a or loose snow -- drive with caution. Accelerate gently. lot less tractionor “grip” andwill need to be very careful. Try not to break the fragile traction. If you accelerate too fast, the drive wheels will spin and polish the surface under’the tires even more. Your anti-lock brakes improveyour ability to make.a hard stop on a slippery road. Even though youhave the anti-lock braking system, you’ll want to begin stopping sooner than you wouldon- dry pavement. See “Anti-Lock‘’ in the Index.

0 Allow greater following distance on any slippery road. 0 Watch for slippery spots. The road might befine until you hit a spot that’s covered with ice.On an otherwise clear road,ice patches may appear in shaded areas where the sun can’t reach: around clumps of trees, behind buildings, or under bridges Sometimes the surfaceof a curve or an overpassm remain icy when the surrounding roads are clear. If What’s the worst timefor this? “Wet ice.” Very cold you see a patchof ice ahead of you, brake before you snow or ice can be slick and hard to drive on. But wet are on it. Try not to brake while you’re actually on ice can be even more trouble becauseit may offer the the ice, and avoid sudden steering maneuvers. If You’re Caught in a Blizzard cloth to your vehicle to alert police that you’ve been stopped by the snow. Puton extra clothingor wrap a

.blanket I.L.. around you..If you have noblankits or extra clothing, makebody insulators from newspapers, burlap bags, rags, floor mats -- anything you can wrap around yourself or tuck under your clothing to keep warm. You can run the engineto keep warm, but be careful.

If you are stoppedby heavy snow, you could be ina serious situation.You should probably stay with your vehicle unless youknow for sure that you are ne& help and you can hike through the snow. Here are some thmgs to do tosumon help and keep yourself and your passengers safe: Turn on your hazard flashers. Tiea red

4-25 Run your engineonly as long as you must. This saves fuel. Whenyou run the engine, makeit go alittle faster than just idle. That is, push the accelerator slightly. This uses less fuel for the heat that you get andit keeps the battery charged. You will need a well-charged battery to restart the vehicle, and possiblyfor signaling later on with your headlamps. Letthe heater run for awhile. Then, shut the engine off and closethe window almost all the way to preserve the heat. Start the engine again and repeatthis only when youfeel really uncomfortable from the cold. But doit as little as possible. Preserve the fuel as long as you can. To help keep warm, you can get out of the vehicle and do some fairly vigorous exercises every half hour orso until help comes.

4-26 Loading Your Vehicle



Two labels on your vehicle show how much weightit The other label is the Certification label, found on the may properly carry.The Tire-Loading Information label rear edgeof the driver’s door.It tells you the gross found onthe rear edge of the driver’s door tells youthe weight capacityof your vehicle, calledthe GVWR proper size, speed rating and recommended inflation (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating).The GVWR includes the pressures for the tires on your vehicle.It also gives you weight of the vehicle,all occupants, fuel and cargo. important information aboutthe number of people that Never exceedthe GVWR for your vehicle,or the Gross can be in your vehicle andthe total weight that you can Axle Weight Rating (GAWR)for either the front or rear carry. This weightis called the Vehicle Capacity Weight axle. and includesthe weight of all occupants, cargo, and all options not installedin the factory.

. 4-27

If You Do Decide To Pull A nailer 0 Don’t tow a trailerat all during thefirst 1,000 miles If you do, here are some important points. (1 600 km) your new vehicle is driven. Your eng >. axle or other parts could be damaged. 0 There are many different laws, including speedlimit: .. restrictions, having todo with trailering. Make sure 0 Then, duringthe first 500 miles (800 km) that you your rig will belegal, not only where you live but tow a trailer, don’t drive over50 mph (80 km/h) and also where you’ll be driving.A good sourcefor this don’t make starts atfull throttle. This helps your information can bestate or provincial police. engine and other partsof your vehicle wearin at the heavier loads. 0 You should always use a weight distributing (equalizing) hitchif your trailer will weigh more 0 Obey speed limit restrictions when towing a trailer. than 3,000 pounds (1 362 kg). Consider using Don’t drive faster thanthe maximum posted speed sway control if yourloaded trailer will weigh for trailers (or no more than55 mph (90 km/h)) to 3,000 pounds (1 362 kg) or more. save wear on your vehicle’s parts. Avoid continuous operation in mountainous areas that have grades You can ask a hitch dealer about sway controls. greater than2% for longer than5 miles. 0 Trailers that weigh more than1,000 pounds (454 kg) 0 Change axle lubricant annuallyor every 7,500 miles should be equipped with trailer brakes. (12 500 km) of trailer towing, whichever occursfirst. 0 Surge brakes may be used on some trailers(eg boat trailers). However, surge brakes do not work well with most sway control devices. Do not use sway control devices on trailers equipped with surge brakes.

4-31 Three important considerations. havetri do ‘with weight: Weight of the Trailer Tongue Weight of the Trailer The tongue load(A) of any trailer is an important weight to measure becauseit affects the total capacity How heavy can a trailer safely be? weight of your vehicle.The capacity weight includes the It should never weigh more than2,000 pounds (900 kg), curb weight of the vehicle, any cargo you may carry in unless you have the optional5,000 pound (2 250 kg) it, and the people who willbe riding in the vehicle. And trailer towing package. But even that becan too heavy. if you will tow a trailer, you must subtract the tongue load from your vehicle’s capacity weight because your It also depends on how you plan to use your rig. For vehicle will be carrying that weight,too. See “Loading I example,speed, altitude, road grades, outside Your Vehicle” inthe Indexfor more information about i temperature and how much your vehicle is used to pull a your vehicle’s maximum load capacity. trailer are all important. And,it can also depend on any I special equipment that you havk on your vehicle. You can ask your dealer for our trailering information or advice, or you can write us at: Buick Motor Division Customer Assistance Center 902 E. Hamilton Avenue Flint, MI48550. In Canada, writeto: 1 GeneralMotors of CanadaLimited A B Customer Assistance Center 1908 Colonel Sam Drive , L1H 8P7. If you’re using a “dead-weight” hitch, the trailer and sway controlof the proper size. This equipment tongue (A) should weigh10% of the total loaded trailer is very importantfor proper vehicle loading and weight (B). If you have a “weight-distributing,’ hitch, good handling when you’re driving. the trailer tongue (A) should weigh 12% of the total Will you have to make any holesin the body of your loaded trailer weight (B). vehicle when you install a trailer hitch?If you do, After you’ve loaded your trailer, weigh the trailer and then be sureto seal the holes later when you remove then the tongue, separately,to see if the weights are the hitch. If you don’t seal them, deadly carbon proper. If they aren’t, you may be able to get them right monoxide (CO)from your exhaust can get into your simply by moving some items aroundin the trailer. vehicle (see “Carbon Monoxide”in the Index). Dirt and water can, too. Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires @ The bumpers on your vehicle are not intended for Be sure your vehicle’s tires are inflatedtd the hitches. Do not attach rental hitches or other recommended pressure for cold tires. You’llfiid these bumper-type bitches to them. Use onlya numbers on the Certification label at the rear edge of the frame-mounted hitch that does not attach to the bumper. driver’s door or see “Loading Your Vehicle” in the Index. Then be sure you don’t go over GVWthe limit for your Using A Dead Weight Trailer Hitch vehicle, including the weightof the trailer tongue. (Recommended for loaded trailers weighing less than Hitches 3,000 lbs.) It’simportant to have the correcthitch equipment. The trailertongue should weigh 10% of thetotal Crosswinds, large trucks going by, and rough roads are a trailer load (maximum 300 lbs.) or as specified by few reasons why you’ll needthe right hitch. Hereare the trailer manufacturer to minimize sway. some rubsfollow: to Trailersweighthanmorethat 1,000 pounds (454 kg)

@ If you’llbe pulling a trailer that, whe.n loaded,will should be equipped with trailer brakes. weigh more than2,000 pounds (900 kg), be sureto Consider using sway control if your loaded trailer use a properly mounted, weight-distributing hitch will weigh 3,000 pounds (1 362 kg) or more. nailer Hitching Procedure UsingA Weight Attach the trailerto the vehicle. The trailer tongue Distributing (Equalizing) Hitch should weigh 12%of the total loaded trailer weight. (Recommended for loaded trailers weighing3,000 lbs. Level the vehicle with the load leveling spring bars 7,000 lbs.) (equalizers). lbs.) to 7,000 Using a weight distributing hitch without disabling the Leave the fuse out while towing your trailer. Electronic Level Control (ELC) system may defeat the Once you have completed towing your trailer, be sure to purpose of the weight distributing hitch. Also, your rear reinstall the Electronic Level Control (ELC) fuse. tires may become overloaded.A weight distributing hitch should spread the load to all axles.If you use a In Addition weight distributing hitch, always disable the ELC by 0 Use two friction sway controls if your traileris over following,theproper steps. 5,000 lbs. (2 270 kg) loaded weight, and/oris over Your vehicle is equipped with an Electronic Level 24 ft. (7.3 m) long. Control (ELC) feature. When hooking up a trailer using Use at least one fi-iction sway control if your traileris a weight distributing hitch, always use the following over 2,000 lbs. (900 kg) loaded weight, and consider procedure: using one for trailers under 2,000 lbs. (900 kg.) 0 Place the vehicle on a level surface without the 0 Trailers that weigh more than 1,000 pounds (454 kg) trailer hitched. With the ignitionoff, and all doors should be equipped with trailer brakes. closed, allow the vehicleto level automatically. * Surge brakes work with most weight distributing 0 Disable the Electronic Level Control (ELC) by hitches as long as all the equipmentis properly pulling the LEVEL CTRL fuse'#9(30 AMP) from installed. Check withthe hitch manufacturerfor the underhood electrical center located on the advice and installation instructions. passenger side wheel housing in the engine compartment. Remove the coverto gain access. If a trailer is over 5,000 lbs. (2 270 kg), adjust the vehicle rear tire pressureto 35 psi (240kPa) (cold tire pressure).

4-34 ; . . .- . .. Safety Chains Trailer Wiring Harness You should always attach chains between your vehicle The trailer towing package includes five a wire harness and your trailer. Crossthe safety chains under the tongue found in the rear compartment of your vehicle. You can of the trailer so that the tongue will notdrop to the road go to a recreational vehicle facility to haveit installed. if it becomes separatedfrom the hitch. Instructions about safety chains may be provided by the hitch . Driving with a Trailer manufacturer or by the trailer manufacturer. Follow the Towing a trailer requires a certain amountof experience. manufacturer’s recommendationfor attaching safety Before settingout for the open road, you’ll want to get chains and do not attach themto the bumper. Always to know your rig. Acquaint yourself withthe feel of leave just enough slackso you can turn with your rig. handling and braking withthe added weight of the And, never allow safety chainsto drag on the ground. trailer. And always keepin mind that the vehicle you are driving is now a good deal longer and not nearly as Trailer Brakes responsive as your vehicleis by itself. If your trailer weighs more than1,000 pounds (450 kg) Before you start, checkthe trailer hitch and platform loaded, then it needs its own brakes-- and they must be (and attachments), safety chains, electrical connector, adequate. Be sureto read and follow the instructions for lamps, tires and mirror adjustment.If the trailer has the trailer brakesso you’ll be able to install, adjust and electric brakes,start your vehicle and trailer moving and maintain them properly. Because you have anti-lock then apply the trailer brake controllerby hand to be sure brakes, do not try to tap into your vehicle’s brake the brakes are working. Thislets you check your system. If youdo, both brake systems won’t work well, electrical connection at the same time. or at all. During your trip, check occasionally to be sure that the load is secure, and that the lamps and any trailer brakes are still working. Fonowing Distance Making 'hms Stay at least twice asfar behind the vehicle ahead as you would when driving your vehicle without a trailer. This can help you avoid situations that require heavy braking NOTICE: and sudden turns. Making very sharp turns while trailering could cause the trailer to come in contact with the Passing vehicle. Your vehicle could be damaged. Avoid You'll need more passing distance up ahead when making very sharp turns while trailering. you're towing a trailer. And, because you're a good deal longer, you'll need to go much farther beyondthe passed vehicle before you can return to your lane. When you're turning with a trailer, make wider turns than normal. Do this so your trailer won't strike soft Backing Up shoulders, curbs, road signs, trees, or other objects. Avoid jerky or sudden maneuvers.Signal well in Hold the bottomof the steering wheel with one hand. advance. Then, to move the trailer to the left,just move that hand to the left. To move the trailer theto right, move your hand to the right. Always back up slowly and, if possible, have someone guide you. Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer If you are towing a trailer that weighs more than 2,000 pounds (900 kg), you should drive inTHIRD (3) When you tow a trailer, your vehicle has to have a instead of OVERDRIVE (a)or, as you need to, a lower different turn signalflasher and extra wiring.The green gear. This will help your transmission. arrows on your instrument panel willflash whenever you signal a turn orlane change. Properly hooked up, Parking onHills the trailer lamps will alsoflash, telling other drivers you’re about to turn,change lanes or stop. You really should not park your vehicle, with a trailer attached, on a hill.If something goes wrong, your rig When towing a trailer, the green arrows on your could start to move. Peoplecan be injured, and both instrument panel willflash for turns even ifthe bulbs on your vehicle and the trailer can be damaged. the trailer are burned out. Thus, you maythink drivers behind you are seeing your signal when they are not. It’s But if you ever have to park your rig on a hill, here’s important tocheck occasionally to be sure the trailer how to doit: bulbs are still working. 1. Apply your regular brakes, but don’t shift into PARK (P) yet. Driving On Grades 2. Have someone place chocks under the trailer wheels. Reduce speed and shift to a lower gearbefore you start down a longor steep downgrade.If you don’t shift 3. When the wheel chocks are in place, release the down, you might have to use your brakes so much that regular brakes untilthe chocks absorbthe load. they would get hot and no longer work well. 4. Reapply the regular brakes. Then apply your parking On a long uphill grade, shift down and reduce your brake, and then shift toPARK (P). speed to around45 mph (70 km/h) to reducethe 5. Release the regular brakes. possibility of engine and transmission overheating.

4-37 When You Are Ready to Leave After If the TEMP warning light comes on, pull to the ofside Parking ona Hill the road as soon as it is safe to doso. When the vehicle is at a complete stop, shift the transmission selector to 1. Apply your regular brakes and hold the pedal down PARK (P) and allowthe engine to idle. If your while you: Electronic Climate Control system ison, shut it off. Do 0 Start your engine; not turn off the engine or increase engine speed above a normal idle. Within two or three minutes, the system Shift into a gear; and should cool sufficiently, and you can turn on the Release the parking brake. Electronic Climate Control. At that time, resume driving at a reduced speed. Return to normal driving after 2. Let up on the brake pedal. 10 minutes if theTEMP warning light is not displayed. 3. Drive slowly until the traileris clear of the chocks. Maintenance When Trailer Towing 4. Stop and have someone pick up and store the chocks. Your vehicle will need service more often when you're - Engine Cooling When Trailering pulling a trailer. See the Maintenance Schedulefor more on this. Things that are especially important in trailer Your cooling system may temporarily overheat during operation are automatic transmission fluid (don't severe operating conditions such as: overfill), engine oil,axle lubricant, belts, cooling Climbing grades steeper than 4% at temperatures system, and brake adjustment. Eachof these is covered above 90" F (32" C) with a loaded vehicle and in this manual, and the Index will help you find them trailer. quickly. If you're trailering, it's a good idea to review these sections before you start your trip. 0 Stopping after high-speed driving. Check periodically tosee that all hitch nutsand bolts are tight. I 0 Idling for long periods instop and go traffic.

4-38 Section 5 Problems on the Road

Here you’ll find what to do about some problems that Your hazard warning flashers let you warn others. They can occuron the road. also let police knowyou have a problem. Yourfront and rear signal lamps willflash on and o€f. Hazard Warning Flashers turn Press the buttonin to make your front and rear turn signal lamps flash on and Off.

Your hazard warningflashers work no matter what position your keyis in, and even ifthe key isn’tin.


To Jump Start Your hick 3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles.Turn off all lamps that aren’t needed, and radios. Thiswill avoid 1. Check the other vehicle. It must have a 12-volt sparks and help save both batteries. Andit could battery with a negative ground system. save your radio!

NOTICE: NOTICE: If the other system isn’t a 12-volt system with a If you leave your radio on, it could be badly negative ground, both vehicles can be damaged. damaged. The repairs wouldn’t be coveredby your warranty. 2. Get the vehicles close enoughso the jumper cables can reach, but be surethe vehicles aren’t touching 4. Open the hoqds and locatethe batteries. Find the each other. If they are, it could cause a ground positive (+) and negative (-) teknals on each connection you don’t want. You wouldn’t be able to battery. start your Buick, andthe bad grounding could damage the electrical Systems.


5. 11. Try to start the vehicle with the dead battery. If it won’t start aftera few tries, it probably needs service. 12. Remove the cables in reverse orderto prevent 9. electrical shorting. Takecare that they don’t touch each other or any other metal. Followthis order.



10. Now start the vehicle with the good battery and run the enginefor a while.

5-6 Towing YourVehicle If yourvehicle beenhas changed or modifiedsince it was factory-new by adding aftermarket items likefog Tryto have a GM dealeror a professional towing lamps,, aero skirting,or special tires and wheels, these service tow your Buick. The usual towing equipment is kaimctions and ui&-ationsmay not be correct. a sling-type (A) or a wheel-lift(B) or car carrier (C) tow truck. Before you do anything, do you Before truck. turn onwarning the hazard flashers. When you call, tell the towing service: That your vehicle has rear-wheel drive. The make, model, and year of your vehicle. Whether you can still move the shift lever. If there was an accident, what was damaged. When the towing service arrives,let the tow operator know that this manual contains detailed towing instructions and illustrations.The operator may want to see them.

5-7 When your vehicleis being towed, havethe ignition key off. The steering wheel should be clampedin a straight-ahead position, with a clamping device designed for towing service.Do not use the vehicle’s steering column 1ock.forthis. The transmission should be in NEUTRAL (N) and the parking brake released. Don’t have your vehicle towed on the rear wheels, unless you must. If the vehicle must be towed on the rear wheels, don’tgo more~than35 mph (55 km/h) or farther than50 miles (80 km) or your transmission will be damaged. If these limits must be exceeded, thenthe rear wheels haveto be supported on a dolly. 5-9 Rear Towing Hookups Attach T-hook chains to slots in theframe rails just ahead of the rear wheelson both sides. No 4 x 4 beam is needed. Positionthe lower sling crossbar directly underthe rear fascia. Attach a separate safety chain to each sideof the axle inboard of the spring. . Engine Overheating You will find a coolant temperature gage andthe NOTICE: warning light about a hotengine on your instrument If your engine catches fire because you keep panel. You will also find a low coolant warning light on driving with no coolant, your vehicle can be your instrument panel. badly damaged. The costly repairs would not be If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine covered by your warranty. If No Steam Is Coming From Your Engine If you get the overheat warning butsee or hear no steam, the'problem may not be too serious. Sometimes the engine canget a little too hot when you: Climb a long hill on a hot day. Stop after high speed driving. Idle for long periods in traffic. Tow a trailer. If you get the overheat waming withno sim of stem, try thisfor a minuteor so:

1. Turnyou1offconditioner. air ~ 1.,’$ ,*: 2. Turn ,on your heater tofull hot at the highestfan speed and open the window as nei=essasy. 3. If you’re in a trafficjam, shift to NEUTRAL (N); othertvise, shift to the highest gear while driving-- AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (@)br THIRD (3). E you no longer have the overheat warning, you can drive. Just to be safe, drive slower for about ten minutes. If the waniing doesn’t come backon, you can chve normally. If the warning continues, pull over, stop, andpark your When you decide it’s safe liftto the hood, here’s what vehicle right away. you’ll see: , -,

1. CoolantSurge Tank with Pressure Cap ’- If there’s still no sign of steam, you can idle the engine ’. ,<. .F. , 2. Electric Engine Fan(s) .. for two or three minutes whiie you’re parked, seeto if ...... ’ the warning stops.But then, if you still havethe warning, turn ofthe engine and get everyoneout of the vehicEe until it coois down. You may decide not tolift the hood but to get service help right away. 'i How to Add Coolant to the Coolant Surge Tank If you haven’tfound a problem yet, butthe coolant level isn’t at FULL COLD, adda 50/50 mixture of clean water (preferably distilled) and a proper at the coolant surgetank, but be sue the cooling system, including the coolant surge tank pressure cap,is cool before you do it. (See “Engine Coolant”in the Indexfor more information aboutthe proper coolant mix.)

5-14 I NOTICE:

, .In.:cpld weather, Hater can freeze, and crack the engine, radiator, heater core and otherparts. So use the recommended coolant.

5-15 1. You can remove the 1. Then keep tuming the coolant surge tank pressure cap slowly, and pressure cap when the remove it. cooling system, inclufing the coolant surge tank pressure cap and upper radiator hose; is no longer hot.Turn &e pressure cap slowly about one-quarter turn to the left and then stop. 3. Then fill the coolant surgetank with the propermix, up.to FULL COLD. If you hear a hiss, wait for that to stop.A hiss means there is still some pressure left.

5-16 .,,. Then replacethe pressure cap. Be sure the pressure capis tight.

4. With the coolant surge tank pressure cap off,start the engine andlet itrun until youcan feel the upper radiator hose gettinghot. Watch out for the engine fans. By this time, the co-olantlevel inside the coolant surge tank maybe lower. If the levelis lower, add more of the proper mix to the coolant surge tank until the level reachesFULL COLD.

Now you are readyto start using the jack and wheel Attach the wheel wrench to wrench to raise your vehicle. the bolt at the endof the jack.

5-22 ..

Rotate the wheel wrench clockwiseto slightly raise the Position the jack under the vehicle, near theflat tire. lift head. There are two holes inthe frame near each of the Using the wheel wrench, loosenall the wheel nuts. wheels. Raise thejack so the jack head fits into the large Don’t remove them yet. circular hole.

5-23 NOTICE: Raising your vehicle with the jack improperly positioned will damage the vehicleor may allow the vehicle to fanoff the jack. Be sure fitto the Raise the vehicleby rotating the wheel wrench jack lift head mto the proper location before clockwise. Raise the vehiclefar enough off the ground raising your vehicle. so there is enough roomfor the spare tire to fit. Remove all the wheel nuts and takeoff the flat tire. Replace the wheel nuts with the rounded endof the nuts toward the wheel. I Tighten each nutby hand

:3 Remove ayrust or dirt from the wheel bolts, mounting . .. surfaces and spare wheel.Place the spare an the wheel '! mounting surface.

Lower the vehicle by rotating the wheel wrench counterclockwise. Lowerthe jack completely. Don’t try to put a wheel coveron your compact spare tire. It won’t fit. Store the wheel coverin the.trunk or rear area until you havethe flat tire repaired or replaced.

NOTICE: Wheel covers won’tfit on your compact spare.’If you try to put a wheel coveron your compact spare, you could damage the cover or the hpare. On the sedan, replace thejack, flat tire, and wheel wrench and tighten the wing nut on the screw. 1. Wing Nut 2. Wrench P 3. Compact Spare 4. Full-Size Spare 5. Jack Cover (If Provided) P 6. Jack 7. Screw (Hold-down) 8. Floor Bracket

5-27 . 1. Pillar Trim Panel 7. Bolt 2. Flwr Ch.anhel 8. Wing Bolt 3. Cover 9. Wrepch 4. clip 10. Jack 5. Disc 11. Lift Strap 6. Wing Nut

Compact Spare Tire (IfSo Equipped) Although the compact spare was fully inflated when NOTICE: your vehicle wasnew, it can lose air after a time. Check Don’t take your compact spare througnan the inflationpressuTe regularly.It should be BO psi automatic carwash with guiderails. The (420 Wa). After installingthe compact spare on your compact sparecan get caught on therails. That vehicle, you shouldstop as soon as possible and make can damage the tire andwheel, and maybe other sure your spare tireis correctly inflated.The compact parts of your vehicle. spare is made to perform well at posted speed limitsfor distances up to3,000 miles (5 000 km), so you can finish your trip and have yourfull-size tire repaired or Don’t use your compact spare on some other vehicle. replaced where you want.Of course, it’s best to replace And don’tmix your compact spare or wheel with other your spare with a full-size tire as soon as you Your can. wheels or tires. They won’tfit. Keep your spare andits spare will last longer and inbe good shape in case you wheel together. need it again. Your anti-lock brake system warning light may comeon when you are driving with a compact spare. See NOTICE: “Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light” thein Index. Tire chainswon’t fit your compact spare.Using them win damage yourvehicle and destroy the chains too. Don’t use tire chains on your compact spare. If You’re Stuck: In Sand. Mud, Ice or Snow NOTICE: What you don’t want to do when your vehicleis stuck is Spinning your wheels can destroy parts of your to spin your wheels toofast. The method known as vehicle as wen as the tires.If you spin the wheels “rocking” can help you get out when you’re stuck, but too fast while shifting your transmission back you must use caution. and forth, you can destroy your transmission.

For information about using tire chains on your vehicle, see “Tire Chains’’in the Index. Rocking your vehimclme to get it out: First, turn your steering wheelleft and right. That will clear the area around your front wheels. Then shift back and forth betweenREVERSE (R) and a forward gear, spinning the wheelsas little as possible. Releasethe accelerator pedal while you shift, and press lightly on the accelerator pedal whenthe transmission is in gear. If that doesn’t get you out after a few tries, you may need to be towed out.If you do need to be towed out,see “Towing Your Vehicle’’in the Index. NOTES


5-32 Section 6 Service and Appearance Care I I i

Here you will find information aboutthe care of your We hope you’ll wantto keep your GM vehicle all GM. Buick. This section begins with service and fuel Genuine GM parts haveone of these marks: infomation, apd thenit shows how tocheck important fluid and lubricant levels. There is also technical infomation about your vehicle, and a part devotedto its appearance care. Service Your Buick dealer knows your vehicle best and wants Delco you to be happy withit. We hope you’llgo to your - dealer for all your service needs. You’ll get genuine GM parts and GM-trained and supportedservice people.

6-1 Doing Your Own Service Work If you want todo some of your own service work, you’ll want to get the proper Buick Service Manual. It tells you much more about how to service your Buick than this manual can.To order the proper service manual, see “Service Publications’’in the Index. Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting to do your own service work,see “Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Buick” in the Index. You should keep a record with all parts receipts and list the mileage and thedate of any ‘service work you perform. See “Maintenance Record” in the Iridex.

I NOTICE: If you try to do yourown service work without knowing enough about it, your vehicle couldbe danihged.

6-2 Fuel What about gasoline with blending materials that contain oxygen (oxygenates), such as MTBE or alcohol? Use regular unleaded gasoline rated at 87 octaneor higher. It should meet specificationsA-STM D4814,h AfZBE is “methyl tertiary-butylether.” Fuel that is no the United States and CGSB3.5-92 in Canada. These more than 15% WBEis fine for your vehicle. fuels should have the proper additives, so you should not Ethanol is ethyl or grain alcohol. Properly-blendegfuel have to add anything tothe fuel. that is no Tore than 10% ethanol is fine for yoqr In the UnitedStates and Canada, it’seasy to be sureyou vehicle. get the right kindof gasoline (udeaded). You’ll see Methanol is methyl or wood alcohol. UNLEADED right on the pump. And only unleaded nozzles willfit into your vehicle’s filler neck. Be sure the posted octaneis at least 87. If the octane is I NOTICE: less than 87, you may get a heavy knocking noise when Fuel that is more than5% methanol is bad for you drive. If it’s bad enough,it can damage your engine. your vehicle. Don’t use it.It can corrode metql If you’re usingfuel rated at 87 octane or higher and you parts in your fuel system and also damaiF plastic still hear heavy knocking, yourengine needs service. and’rubber parts. That damage woyldn’fpe But don’t worry if you hear alittle pinging noise when covered under your warranty. And even 5%at or you’re acceleratingor driving up a hill. That’s normal, less, there must be “cosolvents’’ and corrosion and you don’t haveto buy a higher octanefuel to getrid ireventers in this fuel to help avoid these of pinging. It’s the heavy, constant knock that means problems. you have a problem. I for Cleaner Air Fuels in Foreign Countries Your use of gasoline with deposit control additives will If you plan on driving in another country outside the help prevent deposits from formingin your engine and U.S. or Canada, unleadedfuel may be hardto find. Do ', fuel system. That helps keep your engine in tune and not use leaded gasoline. If you use even one tankful, your emission control system *working properly.It's your emission controls won't work well or at all. With good for your vehicle, andyou'll be doing your partfor continuous use, spark plugs can get fouled, the exhaust cleaner air. system can corrode, and your engineoil can deteriorate quickly. Your vehicle's oxygen sensor will be damaged. j Many gasolines are now blended with oxygenates. General Motors recommends that you use gasolines withAll of that means costly repairs that wouldn't be covered these blending matei-ials, such as MTBE and ethanol. By by your warranty. doing so, you can help clean the air, especiallyin those To check on fuel availability, ask an auto club, or parts of the country that have high carbon monoxide contact a majoroil company that does businessin the levels. country where you'll be driving. In addition, some gasoline suppliers are now producing You can also write us theat following addressfor reformulated gasolines. These gasolines are specially advice. Just tell us whereyou're going and give your designed to reducevehide emissions. General Motors Vehicle Identification Number (VIN). recommends that you use reformulated gasoline. By doing so, you can help clean theair, especially in those General Motors Overseas Distribution Corporation, North American Export Sales (NAES) I parts of the country that have high ozone levels. 1908 Colonel Sam Drive You sh.ould ask yourservice station operatorsif their Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7 gasolines contain deposit control additives and oxygenates, andif they have been reformulated to

! reducevehicle emissions.

Be careful not to spill gasoline. Clean gasolinefrom painted surfacesas soon as possible.See “Cleaning the The wagon gas capis behind a hinged dooron the Outside of Your Buick” in the Index. driver’s sideof your vehicle. When you put the cap back on, turnit to the right until To take off the cap,turn it slowly to theleft you hear at least three clicks. (counterclockwise). NOTICE: If you need a new cap, surebe to get the right type. Your dealer can get one for you.If you get the wrong type, it may notfit or have proper venting, and your fueltank and emissions system might be damaged. Check'rgThings Under the Hood Lift the hood. To open the hood,first puu a&8, ~h&ndle~~$f&,~~&-j~ .I.: ..,:!:., vehicle. It is located on the lower left side of the instrument panel, nextto the paking brake.


Before closing the hood,be sure all the filler caps are on properly. Thenjust pull the hood down and closeit firrnly. Then go to the front of the vehicle and release the secondary hood release. 6-7

To Check Engine Oil When to Add Oil Pull out the dipstick and cleanit with a paper towel or If the oil is at or belowthe ADD line, then you’ll need cloth, thenpush it back in all the way..Remove .it..again5, to add some oil. But y6u must usethe tight kind. This keeping the tip down, and checkthe level. part explains whatkind of oil to use. For crarikcase capacity, see “Capacities and Specifications”in the Index.

NOTICE: Don’t add too much oil.If your engine hasso much oil that theoil level gets above the cross-hatched area that shows the proper operating range, your engine.couldbe damage&

Just fill it enough to put the level somewherein the proper operating range.Push the dipstickall the way back in when you’re through.

6-9 What Kind of Oil to Use I RECOMMENDEO SAL VISCOSITY GRADE ENGINE OILS Oils of the proper qualityfor your vehicle can be FOR BEST FUEL ECONOMY AND COLD STARTING, SELECT THE LOWEST identified by lookingfor the “Starburst” symbol. The SAE UlSCOSlTY GRADE OIL ‘MRTHE EXPECm TEMPERATURE RANGE. “Starburst” symbol indicates thatthe oil has been ceqified by the American Petroleum Institute(API), and is preferred for use in your gasoline engine. LOOK FOR HOT THIS SYMBOL WEATHER If you change your /QF- .c‘ own oil, be sure you use oil that has the +loo- - t38 FOR ‘ “Starburst” symbol on I +80- - +27 the front of the oil container. +60- -+16 +40- - +b

1 +20---7

0 - --18 I- SM 1W-30

If you have your oil changedfor you, be sure the oil put into your engineis American Petroleum Institute ,w/J certified for gasoline engines. IF NEITHER SMJW-30 NOR SAE low-30 COLD GRADE OILS ARE AVAILABLE, SAE 30 GRADE MAY BE USED AT TEMPERATURES You should also use the proper viscosity oilfor your WEATHER ABOVE 40 DEGREES F (4 DEGREES C). vehicle, as shown in the following chart: DO NOT USE SAE 1OW-40, SAE 2OW-50 OR ANY OTHER GRADE OIL NOT RECQMMENDED As shown in the chart, SAE 5W-30 is best for your When to Change Engine Oil vehicle. However, youcan use SAE 1OW-30 if it’s going See if any one of these is true for you: to be 0” F (- 18O C) or above. These numbers on anoil container showits viscosity, or thickness. Do not use 0 Most trips are less than 5 to 10 miles (8 to 16 km). other viscosity oils,such as SAE 20W-50. This is particularly important when outside temperatures are below freezing. 0 Most trips include extensive idling (spch as frequent NOTIC&: driving in stop and go traffic). 1. Use only engineoil with the American Petroleum Most tripsare through dusty areas. Institute Certified For Gasoline Engines “Starburst” symbol. Failure to use the proper oil 0 You frequently tow a trailer or use a carrier onof top can result in engine damage not covered by your your vehicle. warranty. If any one of these is true for your vehicle, then you need to change youroil and filter every 3,000 miles (5 000 km) or 3 months -- whichever comes first. GM Goodwrench’ oil (in Canada, GM Engine Oil) meets all the requirementsfor your vehicle. If none of them is true, change theoil and filter every 7,500 miles (12 500 km) or 12 months -- whichever Engine Oil Additives comes first. Don’t add anything to youroil. Your Buick dealeris See “Change Oil Indicator” inthe Index for more ready to adviseif you think something should be added. information on when to changethe oil.

;“ 6-11 Engine Coolant Heater Air Cleaner An engine coolant heatercan be a big help you if have to park outside in very cold weather,0” F (- 18’ C) or colder. If your vehicle has this option, see “Engine Coolant Heater” in the Index. What to Do with Used Oil Did you know that used engineoil contains certain elements that maybe unhealthy for your skin and could even cause cancer? Don’tlet used oil stay on your skin for very long. Clean your skin and nails with soap and water, or a good hand cleaner. Wash or properly throw away clothing or rags containing used engineoil. (See the manufacturer’s warnings aboutthe use and disposal of oil products.) Used oil can be reala threat to the environment.If you change your own oil, be sure to drain all free-flowingoil The air cleaneris located on the driver’s sideof the from thefilter before disposal. Don’t ever disposeof oil engine compartment. Td check or replace the filter, by putting it in the trash, pouringit on the ground, into unscrew the wing nuts and pullthe air cleaner open. sewers, or into streams or bodiesof water. Instead, Replace the air filter, close the cover and replace the recycle it by taking it to a place that collects usedoil. If wing nuts, making surethe tabs are properly positioned. you have a problem properly disposingof your used oil, Refer to the Maintenance Scheduleto determine when to ask your dealer, a service station or a local recycling replace the air filter. center for help. See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in the Index.

6-12 i Wait at least 30 minutes before checking the more with the engine off and is used only as a reference. transmission fluid level if you have been driving: Let the engine runat idle for five minutes if outside temperatures are50" F (10" C) or more. If it's colder When outside temperatures are above90" F (32" C). than 50" F (10 " C), you may have toidle the engine At high speed for quite a while. longer. Should the fluid level be low during a cold In heavy traffic -- especially in hot weather. check, youmust perform a hot check before adding fluid. This will give you a more accurate readingof the 0 While pulling a trailer. fluid level. To get the right reading, the fluid should be at normal To check the fluid hot or cold operating temperature, which is180" F to 200" F (82" C to 93" C). 0 Park your vehicleon a level place. Keep the engine running. To check transmission fluid hot:Get the vehicle warmed up by driving about15 miles (24 km) when 0 With the parking brake applied, place the shift lever outside temperatures are above50 " F ( 10" C). If in PARK (P). it's colder than50" F (10" C), drive the vehicle in 0 With your foot on the brake pedal, move the shift DRIVE (D) until the engine temperature gage moves lever through each gear range, pausingfor about and then remains steadyfor ten minutes. Then follow three seconds in each range. Then, position the shift the hot check procedures. lever inPARK (P). check transmission fluid cold:A cold checkis To 0 Let the engine run at idlefor three minutes or more. made after the vehicle has been sittingfor eight hours or

6-14 Then, without shuttingoff the engine, follow these steps: r 1. Flip the handle up and then pullout the dipstick and wipeit with a clean rag or paper towel.


2. Push it back in all the way, wait three seconds and 3. Check both sidesof the dipstick, and read the lower then pull it back out again. level. The fluidlevel must be in the COLD areafor a cold checkor in the HOT areaor cross-hatched area for a hot check. 4. If the fluid level is in the acceptable range, push the dipstick backin all the way; thenflip the handle down to lock the dipstickin place.

6-15 How to Add Fluid Rear Axle Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what When to Check and Change Lubricant kind of transmission fluid to use. See “Recommended I- Fluids and Lubricants” inthe Index. Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determinehow often to check the lubricant and when to changeSee it. Add fluid only after checking the transmission fluid “Periodic Maintenance Inspections”in the Index. HOT. (A COLD check is used only as a reference.) If the fluid levelis low, add only enoughof the proper How to Check Lubricant fluid to bringthe level up to theHOT area for a hot check, It doesn’t take muchfluid, generally less than a If the level is below the bottomof the filler plug hole, pint. Don’t ovefill. We recommend you use only fluid you’ll need to add some lubricant. Add enough lubricant I 1 labeled DEXR0N’-111, because fluid with that label is to raise the levelto the bottom of the filler plug hole. made especially for your automatic transmission. Damage caused byfluid other than [email protected] What to Use 1 not covered by your new vehicle warranty. Standard Differential After adding fluid, recheck the fluidlevel as Use Axle Lubricant (GMPart No. 1052271) or described under “How toCheck.’’ SAE SOW-90 GL-5 gear lubricant. 0 When the correct fluid levelis obtained, push the dipstick back inall the way; thenflip the handle Limited-Slip Differential down to lock the dipstick in place. To addlubricant when the levelis low, use Axle Lubricant (GM Part No. 1052271) orSAE SOW-90 GL-5 gear lubricant. To completely refill after draining, 4add ounces (118 ml) of Limited-Slip Differential Lubricant Additive (GM Part No. 1052358). Thenfill to the bottomof the filler plug hole with Axle Lubricant (GMPart No. 1052271) or SAE SOW-90 GL-5 gear lubricant. Engine CooIant The following explains yo& cooling systemand how to add coolant whenit is low. If you have a problem with engine overheating, see “Engine Overheating”in the Index. The proper coolafit for your Buick will: Give freezing protection down to-340 F (-37” C).

Give boiling protection up to 262’”F (128 O C). Protect against rust and corrosion.

0 Help keep the proper engine temperature.

0 Let the warning lights work as they should. What to Use Use a mixture of one-half clean water (preferably distilled) and one-half antifreeze that meets “GM NOTICE: Specification 1825-M,” which won’t damage aluminum parts. You can also use a recycled coolant conforming to If you use an improper coolant mix, your engine GM Specification 1825-M with a complete coolant flush could overheat and be badly damaged. The and refill. Use GM Engine Coolant Supplement (sealer) repair cost wouldn’t be covered by your with any complete coolantflush and refill.If you use warranty. Too much waterin the mix can freeze this mixture, you don’t need to add anything else. and crack the engine, radiator, heater core and other parts.


If this light comes on, it Surge Tank Pressure Cap means you’re low on coolant. See “Low Coolant Light’’ in the Index. NOTICE: LOW Your surge tang cap is 15 a psi (105 Wa) COOLANT pressure-type tap and must be tightly installed to LEVEL prevent toolad loss and possible engine damage from overhdatiag.

When you replace your surge tank pressurecap, a GM J cap is recommended. To Add Coolant Thermostat If you need more coolant, addthe proper mix at the Engine coolant temperatureis controlled by a thermostat surge tank, but only whenthe engine is cool. in the engine coblant system.The thermostat stops the flow of coolant throughthe radiator until the coolant reaches a preset temperature. When you replace your thermostat, an [email protected] thermostat is recommended.

When replacingthe pressure cap, make sureit is tight.

6-19 Power Steering Fluid How To Check Power SteeringFluid When the engine compartmentis cool, unscrew the cap and wipe the dipstick with a clean rag. Replace the cap and completely tighten it. Then remove the cap again and look at the fluid level onthe dipstick. When the engine compartment is hot, the level should be at theH mark. When the engine compartmentis cool, the level should be at the C mark. A fluid loss in this system could indicate a problem. Have the system inspected and repaired. What to Add Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what kind of fluid to use. See “Recommended Fluids and The power steering cap is to theleft of the engine fan Lubricants” in the Index. when you are facing the engine. I NOTICE: When adding power steeringquid or making a complete fluid change, always use the proper fluid. Failure to use the proper fluid ean cause leaks and damage hoses and seals.


Brakes the fluid level goes back up.The other reasonis that fluid is leaking outof the brake system.If it is, you Brake Master Cylinder should have your brake system fixed, sinceleak a means that sooner or later your brakes won’t work well, or Your brake master cylinderis here. It is filled with won’t work at all. So, it isn’t a goodidea to “top off’ DOT-3 brake fluid. your brake fluid. Adding brakefluid won’t correct a leak. If you add fluid when your linings are worn, then you’ll have too much fluid when younew get brake linings. You should add (or remove) brake fluid, as necessary, only when workis done on the brake hydraulic system.

There are only two reasons why the brakefluid level in your master cylinder mightgo down. The first is that the Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine when to brake fluid goes down to an acceptable level during check your brakefluid. See “Periodic Maintenance normal brake lining wear. When new liningsare put in, Inspections’’ in the Index.

Brake Wear

Continatng to drive with worn-out brake pads I could resuit in costly brake repair.


Halogen BuIbs 2. Remove the screw from the bracket. 3. Remove the lamp Assembly by pulling forward.

Parkin-rn Sighal bnd Cornering Lamp BuIb Replacement 4. Remove the electricalconnectors fkom thelatnp assembly For the proper typeof replacement bulb,see 5. Remove the bulb from “Replacement Bulbs” in the Index. the electrical connectofs. 1. Open the hood.


6. Reverse the stepswith a new bulb.

Taillamp Bulb Replacement (Sedan) For the proper typeof replacement bulb, see “Replacement Bulbs” in the Index. 1. Open the trunk. I 2. Remove the nut from the 3 trunk trim assembly.

4. Remove the electrical connector from the bulb by lifting the lock tab and pullingit away from the plastic base. 3. Pull the taillamp assembly away from the body. 5. To reinstall the headlamp bulb assembly, attach the 4. Disconnect the electrical connectors from the electrical connector to the plastic base-- making taillamp assembly. sure the lock tab is over the lock. Put the small tab into the small notchin the lamp. Putthe retainer on 5. Remove the bulb. and turn it slightly counterclockwiseto lock it into 6. Reverse the steps with a new bulb. place.

6-28 Taillamp Bulb Replacement (Wagon) 4.. .Ftomoutside the vehicle, carefully pull the taillamp assembly away from the body. For the proper typeof replacement bulb,see “Replacement Bulbs” inthe Index.


I 5. Press the bulb housing release lever and turn the housing a quarter-turn counterclockwise to remove 1. Remove the two [email protected] screws. it. 2. For the passenger’s side taillamp, remove the 6. To remove the bulb, pushit in and rotateit housing that coversthe spare tire. For the driver’s counterclockwise. side taillamp, remove thetrim panel. 7. Reverse allthe steps to reassemble the taillamp 3. Unscrew the wing nut. housing. Center High-Mounted Stoplamp Center High-Mounted Stoplamp Replacement (Sedan) Replacement (Wagon) For the proper typeof replacement bulb,see For the proper type of replacement bulb, see “Replacement Bulbs”in the Index. “Replacement Bulbs”in the Index. 1. Open the trunk. 1. Open the tailgate window. 2. Unclip the stoplamp coverfrom the rear windowand 2. Remove the two screws. stoplamp assembly. 3. Remove the bulb. 4. Reverse the steps with anew bulb. 3. Bring down the bulb assembly. For the proper typeof replacement bulb,see “Replacement Bulbs” inthe Index. 1. Remove the screw and pry the housing from the mirror assembly. 2. Remove the socket from the housing.

4. Pull the bulb out of its retainer. 5. Reverse the steps with a new bulb. Front Reading Lamp Bulb Replacement The front reading lampsare part of the automatic 3. 111the bulb from the socket. rearview mirror, if your vehicle hasthis option. 4. Reverse the steps with a new bulb.

I 6-31 Tires We don’t make tires.Your new vehicle comes with high-quality tires made by a leading tire manufacturer. These tires are warrantedby the tire manufacturers and their warranties are delivered with every new Buick.If your spare tire isa different than yourroad tires, you will have a tire warranty folder from eachof these manufacturers.


Tire Inspection and Rotation Tires should be irispected every6,000 to 8,000 miles (10 000 to 13 000 km) for any signsof unusual wear. If I unusual wear is present,rotate your tires as soonas possible and check wheel alignment. Also checkfor dmaged tires or wheels.See “When it’s Timefor New J- Tires” and “Wheei Replacement” later in this sectionfor more information. @

The purposeof regular rotation is to achieve more I uniform wear for all tires on the vehicle. Thefirst rotation is the most important. See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in the Index for scheduled rotation interval& When rotating your tires, always use ofone the correct rotation pgtterns shown here. If your vehicle has a compact sparetire, don’t includeit in your tire rotation.

i 6-34

Buying New Tires To find out what kind and sizeof tires you need, look at the Tire-Loading Information label. The tires installed on your vehicle whenit was new had a Tire Perfomiance Criteria Specification (TPC Spec) number on each tire’s sidewall. When youget new tires, get ones with that sameTPC Spec number. That way, your vehicle will continue to have tires that are designed to give proper endurance, handling, speed rating, traction, ride and other things during normal service on your vehicle. If yourtires have an all-season tread design, the TPC number will be followed by“MS” an (for mud and snow). If you ever replace your tires with those not having a Uniform Tire Quality Grading TPC Spec number, make sure they are the same size, load range, speed rating and construction type (bias, me following information relatesto the system bias-belted or radial)as your original tires. developed by the United States National Highway Traffic Safety Administration which grades tires by treadwear, traction and temperature performance. (This applies only to vehicles soldin the United States.)

6-36 Treadwear Temperature - A, B, C The treadwear gradeis a comparative rating basedon The temperature grades areA (the highest),B, and C, the wear rate of the tire when tested under controlled representing the tire’s resistance to the generationof conditions on a specified government test course. For heat andits ability to dissipate heat when tested under example, atire graded 150 would wear one and a half controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory (1 1/2) times as well on the government courseas a tire test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the graded 100. The relative performanceof tires depends material of the tire to degenerate and reduce tire life, and upon the actual conditionsof their use, however, and excessive temperature can lead to sudden tire failure. may depart significantlyfrom the nom due to variations The grade C corresponds to a levelof performance in driving habits, service practices and differencesin which all passenger car tires must meet underthe road characteristics and climate. Federal Motor Vehicle Safety StandardNo. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levelsof performance on the Traction - A, B, C laboratory test wheel than the minimum required by law. The traction grades, from highest to lowest are:A, B, Warning: The temperature gradefor this tire is and C. They represent the tire’s ability stopto on wet established for a tire that is properly inflated and not pavement as measuredunder controlled conditionson overloaded. Excessive speed, underinflation,or specified government test surfacesof asphalt and excessive loading,either separately or in combination, concrete. A tire marked C may have poor traction can cause heat buildup and possible tirefailure. performance. These grades are molded on the sidewallsof passenger Warning: The traction grade assigned to thistire is based car tires. on braking (straight-ahead) traction tests and does not include cornering (turning) traction.

6-37 ~~ ~~

While the tires available as standard or optional Wheel Replacement equipment on General Motors vehicles may vary with respect to these grades, all such tires meet General Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked,or badly rusted Motors performance standards and have been approved or corroded.If wheel nuts keep coming loose, the wheel, for use on General Motors vehicles. All passenger type wheel bolts, and wheel nuts should be replaced.If the (P Metric) tires must conformto Federal safety wheel leaks air, replace it (except some aluminum requirements in addition to these grades. wheels, which can sometimes be repaired). See your Buick dealerif any of these conditions exist. Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance Your dealer will know the kindof wheel you need. The wheels on your vehicle were aligned and balanc d Each new wheel should have the same load carrying carefully at the factoryto give youthe longest tire tlif capacity, diameter, width, offset, and be mounted the and best overall performance. same way as the oneit replaces. In most cases, you will not needto have your wheels If you needto replace any of your wheels, wheel bolts, aligned again. However, if you notice unusualtire wear or wheel nuts, replace them only with newGM original or your vehicle pullingone way or the other, the equipment parts. This way, you will be sure to havethe alignment may need tobe reset. If you notice your right wheel, wheel bolts, and wheel nutsfor your Buick vehicle vibrating when driving on a smooth road, your model. wheels may need tobe rebalanced.


Tire Chains Appearance Care Remember, cleaning products can be hazardous. Some NOTICE: are toxic. Others can burst into flameif you strike a match or get them on a hot partof the vehicle. Some are Use tire chainsonly where legaland only when dangerous if you breathe their fumesin a closed space. you must. Use only SAE Class ‘W’ type chains When you use anythingfrom a container to clean your that are the propersize for your tires. Install Buick, be sure to followthe manufacturer’s warnings them on the rear tires and tighten themas tightly and instructions.And always open your doors or as possible with the endssecurely fastened. Drive window,s when you’re cleaning the inside. slowly and follow the chain manufacturer’s Never use these to clean your vehicle: instructions. If you can hear thechains 0 Gasoline contacting yourvehicle, stop and retighten them. If the contact continues,slow down untilit stops. 0 Benzene Driving too fast or spinning thewheels with Naphtha chains on will damage yourvehicle. 0 CarbonTetrachloride

0 Acetone

0 PaintThinner 0 Twpentine

0 LacquerThinner

0 Nail Polish Remover They can all be hazardous -- some more than others -- and they can all damage your vehicle, too.

6-40 Don’t use anyof these unless this manual says youcan. 0 Use solvent-type cleaners in a well-ventilated area In many uses, these will damageyour vehicle: only. If you use them, don’t saturate the stained area. Alcohol If a ring forms after spot cleaning, clean the entire LaundrySoap area immediately or it willset.

0 Bleach Using Foam-Qpe Cleaner on Fabric

0 ReducingAgents * Vacuum and brush the area to remove any loose dirt. Cleaning the Inside of Your Buick Always clean a whole trim panel or section. Mask surrounding trim along stitch or welt lines. Use a vacuum cleaner often toget rid of dust and loose dirt. Wipe vinylor leather with a clean, damp cloth. 0 Mix Multi-Purpose Powdered Cleaner following the directions onthe container label. Your Buick dealer has twoGM cleaners, a solvent-type spot lifter and a foam-type powdered cleaner. They will Use suds only and apply with a clean sponge. clean normal spots and stains very well.Do not use Don’t saturate the material. them on vinyl or leather. 0 Don’t rub it roughly. Here are some cleaning tips: As soon as you’ve cleaned the section, use a sponge 0 Always read the instructions on the cleaner label. to remove the suds. Clean up stains as soon asyou can -- before they set. Rinse the section with a clean, wet sponge. Use a clean cloth or sponge, and change to a clean Wipe off what’s left with a slightly damp paper towel area often. Asoft brush may be usedif stains are or cloth. stubborn. Then dry it immediately with a blow dryer or a heat lamp.

6-41 Special Cleaning Problems Greasy or Oily Stains Be careful. A blow dryer may scorch the fabric. Stains caused by grease, oil, butter, margarine, shoe polish, coffee with cream, chewing gum, cosmetic Wipe with a clean cloth. creams, vegetable oils, wax crayon, tar and asphaltcan be removed as follows: Using Solvent-Type Cleaner on Fabric Carefully scrape off excess stain. First, seeif you have to use solvent-type cleaner at all. Some spots and stains will cleanoff better withjust @ Follow the solvent-type instructions described water and mild soap. earlier. If you need to use a solvent: Shoe polish, wax crayon, tar and asphalt will stainif left on a vehicle seat fabric. They should be removed Gently scrape excess soil from the trim material with as soon as possible. Be careful, because the cleaner a clean, dull knife or scraper. Use verylittle cleaner, will dissolve them and may cause them to spread. light pressure and clean cloths (preferably cheesecloth). Cleaning should start at the outsideof Non-Greasy Stains the stain, "feathering" toward the center. Keep obanging to a Fleansection of the cloth. Stains caused by catsup, coffee (black), egg,fruit, fruit juice, milk, soft &inks, wine, vomit, urine and blood can When you clean a stain from fabric, immediately dry be removed as follows: the area with a blow dryer to help prevent a cleaning ring. (SeetliG previous NOTICE.) Carefully scrape off excess stain, then sponge the soiled area with cop1 water. If a stain remains, follow the foam-type instructions described earlier. If an odor lingers after cleaning vomit or urine, Cleaning Leather treat the area with a waterhaking soda solution: 1 teaspoon (5 d)of baking soda to 1 cup (250 ml) Use a soft cloth with lukewarm water anda mild soap or of lukewarm water. saddle soap. If needed, clean lightly with solvent-type cleaner. 0 For stubborn stains, use a mild solutionof 10% isopropyl alcohol (rubbing alcohol) and90% water. Combination Stains 0 Never use oils, varnishes, solvent-basedor abrasive Stains caused by candy,ice cream, mayonnaise, chili cleaners, furniture polish or shoe polish on leather. sauce and unknownstains can be removed as follows: 0 Soiled leather should be cleaned immediately.If dirt Carefully scrape off excess stain, then clean with is allowed to work into finish, it can harmae cool water and allow todry. leather. If a stain remains, cleanit with solvent-type cleaner. Cleaning the Top of the Instrument Panel Cleaning Vinyl Use only mild soap and water to clean the top surfaces of the instrument panel. Sprays containing silicones or Use warm water anda clean cloth. waxes may cause annoying reflectionsin the windshield Rub with a clean, damp cloth to remove dirt. You and even makeit difficult to see through the windshield may have todo it more than once. under certain conditions. Things like tar, asphalt and shoe polish will stainif you don’t get themoff quickly. Use a clean cloth and a solvent-type vinyl cleaner.

.- 6-43

Cleaning the Outside of Your Buick Finish Care The paint finish on your vehicle provides beauty, depth Occasional waxing or mild polishingof your Buick by of color, gloss retention and durability. hand may be necessary to remove residuefrom the paint finish. You can get GM approved cleaning products Washing Your Vehicle from your dealer. (See “Appearance Care and Materials” The best way to preserve your vehicle’s finishis to keep in the Index.) it clean by washingit often with lukewarm or cold Your Buick has a“basecoatklearcoat” paint finish. The water. clearcoat gives more depth and gloss to the colored Don’t wash your vehicle inthe direct raysof the sun. basecoat. Always use waxes and polishes thatare Don’t use strong soaps or chemical detergents. Use non-abrasive and madefor a basecoatklearcoat paint liquid hand, dish or car washing (mild detergent) soaps. finish. Don’t use cleaning agents that are petroleum based, or that contain acid or abrasives. All cleaning agents should be flushed promptly and not allowed to dry on 1 NOTICE: the surface, or they could stain. Dry the finish with a Machine compoundingor aggressive polishing on soft, clean chamois or 100%a cotton towel to avoid a basecoatklearcoat paint finish may dull the surface scratches and water spotting. finish or leave swirl marks. High pressure car washes may cause waterto enter your vehicle. Foreign materials such as calcium chloride and other salts, ice melting agents, roadoil and tar, tree sap, bird droppings, chemicalsfrom industrial chimneys,etc. can damage your vehicle’s finishif they remainon painted surfaces. Wash the vehicle as soonas possible. If necessary, use non-abrasive cleaners that are marked safe for painted surfaces to remove foreign matter. 6-45 Exterior painted surfaces are subject to aging, weather Tires and chemical fallout that can take their toll over a period of years. You can help to keep the paint finish looking To clean your tires, use a stiff brush with a tire cleaner. new by keeping your Buick garagedor covered When applying a tire dressing alwaystake care to wipe whenever possible. off any overspray or splash from painted surfaces. Aluminum Wheels(If So Equipped) Petroleum-based products may damage the paint finish. Your aluminum wheels have a protective coating similar Sheet Metal Damage to the painted surface of your vehicle. Don’t use strong If your vehicle is damaged and requires sheet metal soaps, chemicals, chrome polish, abrasive cleanersor repair or replacement, make surethe body repair shop abrasive cleaning brushes on them because you could applies anti-corrosion material tothe parts repaired or damage this coating. After rinsing thoroughly, a wax replaced to restore corrosion protection. may be applied. Finish Damage Any stone chips, fractures or deep scratchesin the finish NOTICE: should be repaired right away. Bare metal will corrode If you have aluminum wheels, don’t use an quickly and may developinto a major repair expense. automatic car wash that has hard silicon carbide Minor chips and scratches can be repaired with touch-up cleaning brushes. These brushes can take the materials available from your dealer or other service protective coating off your aluminum wheels. outlets. Larger areasof finish damage can be corrected in your dealer’s body and paint shop.


6-46 Underbody Maintenance Chemical Paint Spotting Chemicals usedfor ice and snow removaland dust Some weather and atmospheric conditionscan create a control cancollect on the underbody. If these are not chemical fallout. Airborne pollutants canfall upon and removed, accelerated corrosion (rust) can occur theon attack painted surfaces on your vehicle.This damage underbody parts suchas fuel lines, frame, floor pan, and can take two forms: blotchy, ringlet-shaped exhaust system even though they have corrosion discolorations, and small irregular dark spots etched into protection. the paint surface. At least every spring,flush these materials from the Although no defect inthe paint job causes this, Buick underbody with plain water. Clean any areas where mud will repair, at no charge to the owner, the surfacesof and other debriscan collect. Dirt packedin closed areas new vehicles damaged by thisfallout condition within of the frame should be loosened before beingflushed. 12 months or 12,000 miles(20 000 km) of purchase, Your dealer or an underbody vehicle washing system whichever comes first. can do this for you.

6-47 Appearance Care and Maintenance Materials You can get thesefrom your GM Parts Department.

~ ~ ~ ~ ~ PART NUMBER SIZE DESCRIPTION USAGE 12345343 LiquidGoodwrenchB16 oz. (0.473L) Wax polish Exterior 1052277 12 oz. (0.3543;) Spray-A-SqueakWeatherstrips,SiliconeGrease squeaksStops 1052863 1 02. (0.028kg) 1050172 16 02. (0.473L) Tar and Road Oil Remover Also removes old waxes, polishes

1050173 16 02. (0.473L) Chrome Cleanerand Polish Removes rust and corrosion 1050174 16 oz. (0.473L) White Sidewall Tire Cleaner Cleans white and black tires

1050214 321050214 02. (0.946L) Vinymeather Cleaner Spot and stain removal

1050244 16 02. (0.473L) Fabric Cleaner Spot and stain removal

1050427 231050427 02. (0.680L) Glass Cleaner Also spot cleans vinyls 1050429 6 1050429 lbs. (2.72kg) Multi-Purpose Powdered CIeaner Cleans vinyl and cloth, also, tiresand mats

1052349 12 oz. (0.340kg) Lubriplate (White Grease) For hood,trunk, door hinges and latches 1051055 16 oz. (0.473L) Preservatone Vinyl top dressing

1051398* 61051398* 02. (0.237L) Spot Lifter For cloth

1051515 32 02. (0.946L) Washer Solvent Windshield-washing system 1052870 16 oz. (0.473L) Wash-Wax (cone.) Exterior wash * Not recommended for pigskin suede leather. See your General Motors Parts Departments for these products. See your Maintenance Schedule for other products. Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) trunk lid. It’s very helpfulif you ever need to order parts. On this labelis: your VIN, the model designation, paint information, and ENGINE /--\ ASSEMBLY 0 a list of all production options and special CODE YEARMODEL dk PLANT equipment. Be sure that this label is not removedfrom the vehicle. This isthe legal identifierfor your Buick.It appears on a plate in the front corner of the instrument panel, on the Add-on Electrical Equipment driver’s side.You can see it if you look through the windshield from outside your vehicle.The VIN also appears onthe Vehicle Certification andService Parts ~ NOTICE: labels and the certificates of title and registration. Don’t add anything electrical to your Buick unless Engine Identification you check with your dealer first. Some electrical equipment can damage your vehicle and the The eighth character in your VINis thej engine code. damage wouldn’t be covered by your warranty. This code will help you identify your engine, Some add-on electrical equipment can keep other specifications, and replacemefitparts components from working as they should. Service Parts Identification Label You’ll find this label on the rear comparimef& storagelid Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting to in the wagon. On the sedan, the label is located on the add anything electricalto your Buick,see “Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Buick” in the Index. 6-49 Fuses and Circuit Breakers The other ia in the enginecompamgnt. Open the cover on either of the boxes to exposethe fuses. The wiring circuitsin your vehicle are protected from short circuits bya combination of fuses, circuit breakers, and fusible thermal links in the wiring itself. This greatly reduces the chanceof fires caused by electrical problems. There are two fuse blocksin your vehicle. Oneis at the end of the instrumept panel on the driver’s side.

Look at the silver-colored band inside the fuse. If the band is broken or melted, replace the Befuse. sure you replace a

bad fuse.. - with. a new oneof the correct size and rating. Be sure to usethe correct fuse if you need to replace one. If you ever have a problemon the road and don’t have a spare fuse, you can“borro~” one of the exactly The cover will pullright off, To put the cover back on the same value.Just pick some featureof your vehicle make sure the tabs are insertedfirst. that you can get along without-- like the radio or cigarette lighter-- and use its fuse, if it is of the value you need. Replaceit as soon as you can. Headlamps Power Winbws and Other Power Options The headlamp wiringis-protected by a circuit breakerin Circuit bfialters in the fuse panel protectthe power the lamp switch. An electrical overload will cause the windows and other power accessories. Whenthe current lamps to go on and off, or in some cases to remain off. If load is too heavy, the circuit breaker opens and closes, this happens, have your headlamp wiring checked right protecting the circuit untilthe problem is fixed or goes away. away. Windshield Wipers Lumbar Power Seat Controls The windshield wiper motoris protected by a circuit If you have the lumbar controlsfor the power seat, there breaker and afuse. If the motor overheatsdue to heavy is a fuse under each seat wrappedin tape. Should your snow, etc., the wiper will stop until the motor eools.If seat not work, thisfuse should be checked. the overload is caused by someelectrical problem and not snow, etc., besure to get it fixed.

Y 6-51 k FUSE USAGE CHART Fuse 12


31 EXTLPS 32 HORNS 33 I ,I I 14 15


17 Instrument Panel Fuse Block 18 I FuselUsage I 20 7 Not Used 8 Rear Window Wiper 9 Radio 21 10 Windshield WiperNasher Switch 22 24 '11 Rear Defog Relay, Inflatable Restraint Diagnostic Energy Reserve (with Sensor) Module, Headlamp Switch, I/P Cluster, Rear Defog Switch 26

6-52 Fuse Usage Fuse Usage

~~ 27 Auto Level Control Sensor, Rear Compartment 37 Stoplamp Switch, Hazard Lamp Flasher Courtesy Lamp, MercurySwitch 38 Blower Motor Control Module 28 Cigar Lighter 39 Power Door Lock Relay 29 Remote Control Door Lock Receiver, Liftgate 40 Heated Seat Controls Wiper Latch Switch, Rear Glass Release Switch, 41 Turn Signal Switch, Sidemarker Lamps, Rear Compartment Lid Release Switch, Rear TuMark Lamps Glass Release Relay, Rear Compartment Release Relay 42 Heater and A/C Control, Headlamp Switch, Instrument Cluster, Radio 30 Radio 43 Opera Lamps, License Lamp, Marker Lamps, 31 Headlamp Switch, Headlamp Auto Control Inboard Taillamps, Outboard Tail/Turn Module, Daytime Running Lamps Control Stoplamps, InboardTail/Turn Stoplamps Module 44 Heated Power Mirrors 32 Horn Relay 45 Not Used 33 Warning Alarm, IP Compartment Lamp Switch, UP Compartment Lamp,UP Cluster, Heater and A/C Control circuit Usage 34 Theft Deterrent Module Breakep 35 Courtesy Lamp Relay, Front Door Lock 1 Power Antenna Relay, Power Seats Switches, Front Door Courtesy Lamps, Rear 2 Master Power Window Switch, Power Window Door Courtesy Lamps, Outside Remote Control Switch, Power Window Control Module Rearview Mirror Switch, Inside Rearview Mirror, Sunshade 3 Driver’s and Passenger’s PowerSeat Switches, Illuminated Mirrors,IP Door Lamps, Roof Rail LH and RH Recline Switches,LH and RH Courtesy Lamps Lumbar Switches 36 Rear Window Wiper Motor, Rear Compartment 4 Rear Window Defog Switch, Rear Window Lid Pulldown Actuator Defog Relay i 6-53 Fuse Usage 4 Mass Air Flow Sensor, Secondary Air Pump A 4 6 Relay, EGR Solenoid, Evaporative Emission Solenoid, Oxygen Sensors, Automatic Wgz-pq Transmission

I 5 PCM, Ignition Coil, Electronic Brake Control E F Module NC COMP Fuel Injector Cylinders One, Four,Six, Seven Primary Cooling Fan,A/C Compressor Relay C B Generator, Secondary Cooling AIR PUMP Fan I RELAY 1 Fuel Injector CylindersTwo, Three, Five, Eight

Underhood Electrical Center Relays Usage APrimary Cooling Fan Auto Level ControlAir Compressor BSecondary Cooling Fan Fuel Pump Relay, Fuel Pump Switch and AirPumpC Engine Oil Pressure Sensor,PCM FuelE Pump Secondary Air Pump Relay, Underhood F AirConditioning Compressor Lamp

6-54 I Replacement Bulbs Exterior Front Interior Application NumberApplication Number Cornering ...... 2057 Ashtray ...... 194 Headlamp ...... 9004 Courtesy ...... 168 Parrnurn ...... 2057NA GloveBox ...... 194 Sidemarker ...... 194 Instrumentpanel ...... 194 Underhood ...... 561 LuggageCompartment ...... 920 Reading ...... 192 Exterior Rear Rear Body Pillar Assist Handle ...... 194 Application Number RoofRail Courtesy ...... 192 Backup ...... 2057 High-Mounted Stop Sedan ...... 1141 Wagon ...... 577 License ...... 168 Sidemarker(Wagon) ...... 194 Tail(Sedan) ...... 194 Tail/Stop/Turn ...... 2057NA

6-55 Capacities and Specifications Engine Code P (LT1) V8 MFI (5.7L) Belt Tensions Capacities (Approximate) Automatically controlled by a self-tensioning idler Air Conditioning (R-134a) . . 1.75 pounds (0.97 kg) pulley. Tension adjustments should never be necessary. Not all air conditioning refrigerants are the same. If the air conditioning systemin your vehicle Replacement Parts needs refrigerant, be sure the proper refrigerant is Air Cleaner ...... AC 1096C used. If you’re not sure, ask your Buick dealer. Fuel’Filter ...... GF624K For additional information,see your “Warranty Oil Filter ...... PF52 and Owner Assistance Information’’ booklet. PCVValve ...... CV895C Automatic Transmission Spark Plug ...... AC 906, (0.050 inch Gap) Drain and Refill ...... 10.0 pints (4.7 L) Overhaul ...... 22.4 pints (1 0.6L) Cooling System Without Heavy Duty Radiator 14.3 quarts (13.5L) With Heavy Duty Radiator . , . 14.6 quarts (13.8 L) Crankcase (with Filter) ...... 5.0 quarts (4.7 L) Fuel Tank Sedan ...... 23 gallons ( 87 L) Wagon ...... 21 gallons (79 L) Rear Axle Lubricant ...... 4.3 pints (2.0 L)

6-56 Estate Wagon Dimensions (Approximate) Overall Interior Rear Length ...... 218 inches (5 537 rnm) Leg Room...... 38 inches (965 mm) Width ...... 80 inches (2 032 mm) Head Room ...... 40 inches (1 016 m) Height ...... 60 inches (1 524 mm) Shoulder Room ...... 64 inches (1 626 mm) ...... 116 inches (2 946 mm) Hip Room ...... 57 inches (1 448 mm) Front Tread ...... 62 inches (1 575 mm) Cargo Capacity ...... 92 cubic feet (2.8 m3) Rear Tread ...... 64 inches (1 626 mrn) Passengers Interior Front Front ...... 3 Leg Room...... 42 inches (1 067 mm) Rear ...... 3 Head Room ...... 40 inches (1 016 mm) Thirdseat ...... 2 Shoulder Room ...... 63 inches (1 600 mm) Hip Room ...... 57 inches (1 448 mm) Base Curb Weight ...... 4,572 pounds (2 076 kg)

6-57 Roadmaster Sedan Dimensions (Approximate) OvePall Interior gear Length ...... 216 inches (5 486mrn) Leg Room...... 40 inches (1 016 mm) Width ...... : .... 78 inches (1 981 mm) HeadRoom ...... 39 inches (991mm) Height ...... 56 inches (1 422 mm) Shoulder Room ...... 63 inches (1 600 mm) Wheelbase ...... 116 inches(2 946 mm) Hip Room ...... 63 inches (1 600 mm) Front Tread ...... 62 inches (1 575 mm) Cargo Capacity ...... 21 cubic feet (0.6 in3) Rear Tread ...... 61 inches (1 549mm) Passengers Interior Front Front ...... 3 Leg Room...... 42 inches (1 067 mm) Rear ...... 3 Head Room ...... 39 inches (991 mm) Shoulder Room ...... 63 inches (1 600 mm) Base Curb Weight ...... 4,191 pounds (1 903 kg) Hip Room ...... 56 inches (1 422 mm)

6-58 Section 7 Maintenance Schedule L- I

Introduction IMPORTANT: Your Vehicle and the Environment KEEP .ENGINE 011 AT TH,E PROPER Proper vehicle maintenance not only helps to keep your LEVEL AND CHANGE AS vehicle in good working condition, but also helps the RECOMMENDED environment. All recommended maintenance procedures are important. Improper vehicle maintenance or the removal of important components can significantly This section coversthe maintenance requiredfor your affect the qualityof the air we breathe. Improper fluid Buick. Your vehicle needs these servicesto retain its levels or even the wrong tire inflation can increasethe safety, dependabilitv and emission control performance. level of emissions from your vehicle.To help protect our environment, and to help keep your vehicle in good - condition, please maintain your vehicle properly. I protection I

131'Have you purchased the GM Protection Plan? The Plan supplements your new vehicle warranties. See your Buick dealer for details. 7-1 How This Section is Organized The remainder of this section is divided intofive parts: “Tart A: Scheduled Maintenance Services”shows what to have done andhow often. Someof these services can be complex, so unless you are technically qualified and have the necessary equipment, you should let your dealer’sservice department or another qualified service centerdo these jobs. Part A: Scheduled Maintenance The proper fluids and lubricants to useare listed in Part D. Make sure whoever services your vehicle uses these. Services All.parts should be replaced and all necessary repairs Using Your Maintenance Schedule done before youor anyone else drives the vehicle. We at General Motors want helpto you keep your These schedules arefor vehicles that: vehicle in good working condition.But we don’t know a carry passengers and cargo within recommended exactly how you’lldrive it. You may drive very short limits. You will find these limits on your vehicle’s distances only a few times a week. Or you may drive Tire-Loading Information label. See “Loading Your long distances allthe time in veryhot, dusty weather. Vehicle” in the Index. You may use your vehiclein making deliveries. Or you a are driven on reasonable road surfaceswithin legal may drive it to work, todo errands or in many other driving limits. ways. a use the recommended unleadedfuel. See “Fuel” in Because of all the different wayspeople use their GM the Index. vehicles, maintenance needs vary.You may even need more frequent checks and replacements than you’ll find Selecting the Right Schedule in the schedules in this section.So please read this section and note how you drive.If you have any First you’ll need to decide whichof the two schedules is questions on how to keep your vehiclein good right for your vehicle. Here’s how to decide which condition, see your Buick dealer. schedule to follow: This part tells you the maintenance services you should have done and when you should schedule them.If you go to your dealerfor your service needs, you’ll know that GM-trained and supported service people will perform the work using genuineGM parts.

7-3 Maintenance Schedule

~~ I Schedule I Definition Schedule I .Interval$ Follow Maintenance ScheduleI if any one of these is Every 3,000 Miles (5 000 km) or 3 Months true for your vehicle: Engine Oil and Filter Change Every 6,000 Miles (10 000 km) or 6 months 0 Most trips are less than 5 to 10 miles (8 to 16 km). Chassis Lubrication This is particularly important when outside At 6,000 Miles (10 000 km) - Then Every temperatures are below freezing. 12,000 Miles (25000 km) Tire Rotation Most trips include extensive idling (such as frequent Every 7,500 Miles(12 500 km) driving in stop-and-go traffic). Rear Axle Fluid Change (Vehicles Towing Trailers) At 7,500 Miles (12 500km) 0 ~ Most trips are through dusty areas. Rear AxleFluid Change (Limited-Slip Differential) ’ You frequently tow a traileror use a carrier on topof Every 15,000 Miles (25000 km) + your vehicle. Air Cleaner Filterhspection, if driving in dusty conditions Front Wheel Bearing Repack (or at each brake relining) Schedule I should also be followed theif vehicle is used Every 30,000 Miles (50 000 km) for delivery service, police, taxi,or other commercial Air Cleaner Filter Replacement application. Spark Plug Wire Inspection Fuel Tank, Cap and Lines Inspection Engine Accessory Drive Belt Inspection (or every 24 months) Cooling System Service (or every24 months) Every 50,000 Miles (83 000 km) Automatic Transmission Service (Severe Conditions) Every 100,000 Miles (166000 km) Spark Plug Replacement 7-4 ?i Maintenance Schedule


I MaintenanceSchedule I I 3,000 Miles (5 000 km) 6,000 Miles (10 000 km) Change engine oil and filter (or every 0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occursfirst). 3 months, whichever occursfirst). An Emission Control Service.* An Emission Control Service.* 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, trarwnission shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, underbody contact points and linkage (or every6 months, whichever occurs first). 17 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Indexfor proper rotation pattern and additional information.


Maintenance Schedule.. I 7,500 Miles (12 500 km) 9,000 Miles (15 000 km) 1 I7 Change the rear axle gear lubricantif Change engine oil and filter (or every I vehicle is used to pull a trailer or has 3 months, whichever occurs first). limitid-slip differential. An Emission Control Service.*


7-8 ~~ ~ 1 MaintenanceSchedule I I 12,000 Miles (20 000 km) 15,000 Miles (25 000 km) 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 0 Change engine oil andfilter (or every 3 months, whichever occursfirst). 3 months, whichever occursfirst). An Emission Control Service.* An Emission Control Service.* 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, 0Inspect air cleanerfilter if you are driving transmission shift linkage, parking brake in dusty conditions.Replace filter if cable guides, underbodycontact- points and necessary. An Emission Control Service. linkage (or every 6 months, whichever Clean and repack the front wheel bearings occurs first). (or at each brake relining, whichever occurs first). 0 Change therear axle gear lubricantCf vehicle is used topull a trailer.


I 7-9 I Maintenance Schedule I .I 18,000 Miles (30 000 km) 21,000 Miles (35 000 km) 0Change engineail and filter (or ,every 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first). 3 months, whichever occurs first). An Emission ControlService. * An Emission Conttol Service.* 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, transmission shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, underbody contact points and linkage (or every6 months, whichever occurs first). 0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation’’ in the Index for proper rotation pattern and additional information.


7-10 F 1 MaintenanceSchedule I I 22,500 Miles (37 500 km) 24,000 Miles (40 000 km) 0 Change the rear axle gear lubricant if 0 Change engine oil and filter (or every vehicle is used to pull a trailer. 3 months, whichever occursfirst). An Emission Control Service.* 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, transmission shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, underbody contact points and linkage (or every 6 months, whichever occurs first).


I 7-11 ~ ~ - I Maintenance Schedule I

~ ~~ 27,000 Miles (45 000 km) 30,000 Miles (50 000 km) 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occursfirst). 3 months, whicheveroccurs first). An Emission Control Service? An Emission ControlService. * 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, transmission shiftlinkage, parking brake cable guides, underbody contact points and linkage (or every 6 months, whichever occurs first). 17 Change the rear axle gear lubricant if vehicle is used to pull a trailer. 0Inspect engine accessory drive belt (or every 24 months, whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service. Drain, flush andrefill cooling system (or every 24 months, whichever occursfirst). See “Engine Coolant”in the Index for (Continued)

7-12 I MaintenanceSchedule I I 30,000 Miles (50 000 knz) (Continued) what to use. Inspect hoses.Clean radiator, Inspect fuel tank,cap and lines for damage condenser, pressure cap and neck. Pressure or leaks. Inspectfuel cap gasket for any test the cooling system and pressure cap. damage. Replace parts as needed. An Emission Control Service. An EmisdonControl Service.? 0Clean and repack the fkont wheel bearings (or atRotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and each brake relining, whichever occurs first). Rotation” in the Indexfor proper rotation 0Inspect spark plug wires.An Emission pattern and additional information. Control Service.? Replace air cleaner filter.Replace filter more often under dusty conditions. An Emission Control Service.


I i I MaintenanceSchedule I I 37,500 Miles (62 500 km) 39,000 Miles (65 000 km) 0Change the rear axle gear lubricant if Change engine oil and filter (or every vehicle is used to pull a trailer. 3 months, whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.*


7-15 Maintenance ScheduleI 42,000 Miles (70 000 km) 45,000 Miles (75 000 km) 0Change engine oil and filter (or every Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occursfirst). 3 months, whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service? An Emission Control Service? 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, Clean andrepack the front wheel bearings transmission shift linkage, parking brake (or at each brake relining, whichever cable guides, underbody contact points and occurs first). linkage (or every 6 months, whichever 0Inspect air cleanerfilter if you are driving occurs first). in dusty conditions.Replace filter if 0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and necessary. An Emission Control Service. Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation pattern and additional information.


7-16 -_ I MaintenanceSchedule I I 48,000 Miles (80 000 km) 50,000 Miles (83 000 km) 0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 0 Change automatic transmission fluid and 3 months, whichever occurs first). filter if the vehicle is mainly driven under An Emission Control Service.* one or more of these conditions: 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, - In heavy city traffic wherethe outside transmission shift linkage, parking brake temperature regularly reaches 90° F cable guides, underbody contact points and (32O C) or higher. linkage (or every 6 months, whichever - In hilly or mountainous terrain. occurs first). - When doing frequent trailer towing. - uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service. If you do not use your vehicle under anyof these conditions, the fluid and filter do not require changing.

~ F ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY:I 1 DATE 1 ACTUALMILEAGEISERVICEDBY: I I 7-17 !I I Maintenance Schedule I I 51,000 Miles (85 000 km) 52,500 Miles (87 500 km) El Change engine oil and filter (or every 0Change the rear axle gear lubricant if 3 months, whichever occurs first). vehicle is used to pull a trailer. An Emission Control Service.*


1 7-18 I Maintenance Schedule I I 54,000 Miles (90 000 km) 57,000 Miles (95 000 km) 0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first). 3 months, ,whicheveroccurs first). An Emission Control Service.* An Emission Control Service.* 17 Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, transmission shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, underbody contact points and linkage (or every 6 months, whichever occurs first). Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation pattern and additional information.


I I I 7-19 Maintenance ScheduleI 60,000 Miles (100 000 km) 0Change engine oil and filter (or every to use. Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, 3 months, whichever occurs first). condenser, pressurecap and neck. Pressure An Emission Control Service.* test the cooling system and pressure cap. [7 Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, An Emission Control Service. transmission shift linkage, parking brake Inspect spark plug wires.An Emission cable guides, underbody contact points and Control Service$ linkage (or every 6 months, whichever occurs first). 0Replace air cleaner filter. Replace filter more often under dusty conditions. 17 Clean and repack the fiont wheel bearings (or An Emission Control Service. I at each brake relining, whichever occurs first). 0Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines for damage 0Change the rear axle gear lubricant if or leaks. Inspectfuel cap gasket for any vehicle is used to pull a trailer. damage. Replace parts as needed. Inspect engine accessory drive belt (or An Emission Control Service.? every 24 months, whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service. RATE ACTUAL MILEAGESERVICED BY: 0Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or every 24 .months, whichever occursfirst). See “Engine Coolant’’ inthe Index for what

7-20 I MaintenanceSchedule I I 63,000 Miles (105 000 km) 66,000 Miles (110 000 km) 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occursfirst). 3 months, whichever occursfirst). An Emission Control Service.* An Emission Control Service.* 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, transmission shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, underbody contact points and linkage (or every6 months, whichever occurs first). 0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation pattern and additional information.



7-21 I Maintenance Schedule I I 67,500 Miles (112 500 km) 69,000 Miles (115 000 km) 0 Change the rear axle gear lubricant if 0 Change engine oil and filter (or every vehicle is used to pull a trailer. 3 months, whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.*


'7-22 I MaintenanceSchedule I I 72,000 Miles (120 000 km) 75,000 Miles (125 000 km) 0Change engine oil and filter (or every Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occursfirst). 3 months, whichever occursfirst). An Emission Control Service? An Emission Control Service.* 0Lubricate the suspnsion, steering linkage, 0 Clean and repack the front wheel bearings transmission shii't linkage, parking brake (or at each brake relining, whichever cable guides, uhderbody contact points and occurs first). linkage (or every6 months, whichever 0 Change the rear axle gear lubricantif occurs first). vehicle is used to pull a trailer. 0Inspect air cleaner filter if you are driving in dusty conditions.Replace filter if necessary. An Emission Control Service.


7-23 _~_~ FMaintenance Schedule I I

78,000 Miles (130 000 km) 81,000 Miles$ (135 000 km). 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occursfirst). An Emission Control Sewice. *


7-24. 1 MaintenanceSchedule I I 82,500 Miles (137 500 km) 84,000 Miles (140 000 km) 0Change the rear axle gear lubricant if 0 Change engine oil and filter (or every vehicle is used to pull a trailer. 3 months, whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.* 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, transmission shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, underbody contact points and linkage (or every 6 months, whichever occurs first).


7-25 I ~ ~. ' Maintenance ScheduleI 87,000 Miles (145 000 km) 90,000 Miles (150 000 km) 0Change engine oil and filter (or every Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whicheveroccurs first). 3 months, whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.* An Emission Control Service.* 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, transmission shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, underbodycontact points and linkage (or every 6 months, whichever occurs first). 0Clean and repackthe front wheel bearings (or at each brakerelining, whichever occurs first). 0 Change the rear axle gear lubricant if vehicle is used to pull a trailer. DATE I ACTUALMILEAGE SERVICED BY: Inspect engine accessorydrive belt (or every 24 months, whichever occursfirst). An Emission Control Service. (Continued)

L 7-26 I MaintenanceSchedule I I I Maintenance Schedule I 93,000 Miles (155 000 km) 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs fist). An Ehtis~~~onControl Service. * I MaintenanceSchedule I I 97,500 Miles (162 500 km) 99,000 Miles (165 000 km) 0 Change the rear axle gear lubricantif 0Change engine oil and filter (or every vehicle is used to pull a trailer. 3 months, whichever occursfirst). An Emission Control Service.*


I I I I 7-29 ! - ~~y'ormountainous terrain. - When doing frequent trailer towing. - Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service. 1 MaintenanceSchedule I1 1

The services shownin this schedule up to100,000 miles * Your vehicle has an Engine OilLife Monitor. This (166 000 km) should be performed after 100,000 miles monitor will show you when to change theoil -- usually (166 000 km) at the same intervals. between 3,000 miles (5 000 km) and 7,500 miles (12 500 km) since your lastoil change. Under severe Footnotes conditions, the indicator may come on before The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the 3,000 miles (5 000 km). Never drive your vehicle more California Air Resources Board has determined that the then 7,500 miles (12 500 km) or 12 months withoutan failure to perform this maintenance item will not [email protected] oil change. the emission warranty or limit recall liability prior the to The system won’t detect dustin the oil. So if you completion of vehicle usefullife. We, however, urge that drive in a dusty area, be sure to change youroil every all recommended maintenance services be performedat 3,000 miles (5 000 km) or soonerif the CHANGE OIL the indicated intervals and the maintenance be recorded. light comes on. Remember to resetthe Oil Life Monitor when the oil has been changed.For more information, see “Engine OilLife Monitor” in the Index. 7,500 Miles (12 500 km) 15,000 Miles (25 000 km) 0 Change engine oil and filter (or every Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first). 12 months, whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service. * An Emission Control Sewice? 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, transmission shift linkage, parking brake transmission shift linkage, parkmg brake cable guides, underbody contact points and cable guides, underbody contact points and linkage (or every 12 months, whichever linkage (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first). occurs first). 0 Change the rear axle gear lubricantif vehicle has limited-slip differential. 0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation’’ in the Indexfor proper rotation pattern and additional information. . DATEACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY:

7-32 I Maintenance Schedule I1 ‘1 22,500 Miles (37 500 km) 30,000 Miles (50 000 km) Change engine oil and filter (or every Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first). 12 months, whichever occursfirst). An Emission Control Sewice.* An Emission Control Sewice.* 17 Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, transmission shift linkage, parking brake transmission shift linkage, parkingbrake cable guides, underbody contact points and cable guides, underbody contact points and linkage (or every 12 months, whichever linkage (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first). occurs first). 0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and 0Clean and repack the front wheel bearings Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation (or at each brake relining, whichever pattern and additional information. occurs first). 0Inspect engine accessory drive belt (or every 24 months, whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service. DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: 0Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or every 24 months, whichever occurs first). See “Engine Coolant’’ in the Index for what to use. Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, (Continued) 7-33 1. Maintenance Schedule I1 30,000 Miles (50 000 km) (Continued) 37,500 Miles (62 500 kt) condenser, pressure cap and neck. Pressure 0Change engine oil and filter (or every test the cooling system and pressurecap. 12 months, whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service. An Emission Control Service? 0Inspect spark plug wires.An Emission 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, Control Service.? transmission shift linkage, parking brake 17 Replace air cleaner filter. An Emission cable guides, underbodycontact points and Control Service. linkage (or every 12 months, whichever Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines for damage occurs first). or leaks. Inspect fuel cap gasket for any El Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and damage. Replaceparts as needed. Rotation’’ in the Index for proper rotation An Emission Control Service.? pattern and additional information.


7-34 45,000 Miles (75 000 km) 50,000 Miles (83 000 km) 17 Change engine oil and filter (or every 0 Change automatic transmission fluid and 12 months, whichever occurs first). filter if the vehicle is mainly driven under An Emission Control Service.* one or more of these conditions: 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, - In heavy city traffic wherethe outside transmission shift linkage, parking brake temperature regularly reaches 90" F cable guides, underbody contact points and (32" C) or higher. linkage (or every 12 months, whichever - In hilly or mountainous terrain. occurs first). - When doing frequent trailer towing. - Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service. If you do not use your vehicle under anyof these conditions, the fluid and filter do not require changing. I I I 1 DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BE

7-35 .. b ’, Maintenance ScheduleI1 52,500 Miles (87 500 km) 60,000 Miles (100 000 km) Ch’angeengine oil and filter (or every 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occursfirst). 12 months, whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service. * An Emission Control Sewice. * Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, transmission shift linkage, parking brake transmission shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, underbodycontact points and cable guides, underbody contact points and linkage (or every 12 months, whichever linkage (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first). occurs first). 0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and 0Clean and repackthe front wheel bearings Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation (or at each brake relining, whichever pattern and additional information. occurs first). El Inspect engine accessory drive belt (or every 24 months, whichever occursfirst). An Emission Control Service. 0Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or every 24 months, whichever occursfirst). See “Engine Coolant”in the Indexfor what to use. Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, (Continued) 1,

60,000 Miles (100 000km) (Continued) 67,500 Miles (112 500 km) condenser, pressure cap and neck. Pressure 0Change engine oil and filter (or every test the cooling system and pressure cap. 12 months, whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service. An Emission Control Service.* 0Inspect spark plug wires.An Emission 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, Control Service.? transmission shift linkage, parking brake 0 Replace air cleaner filter. An Emission cable guides, underbody contact points and Control Service. linkage (or every 12 months, whichever Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines for damage occurs first). or leaks. Inspectfuel cap gasket for any 0Rotate tires. See "Tire Inspection and damage. Replace parts as needed. Rotation" in the Index for proper rotation An Emission Control Service.? pattern and additional information.


7-37 75,000 Miles (125 000 km) 82,500 Miles (137 500km) 0 Change engine oil andfilter (or every 17 Change engine oil andfilter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first). 12 months, whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.* An Emission Control Service? 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, transmission shift linkage, parhng brake transmission shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, underbody contact points and cable guides, underbody contact points and linkage (or every 12 months, whichever linkage (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first). occurs first). 0Rotate tires. See "Tire Inspection and Rotation" in the Indexfor proper rotation pattern and additional information.


7-38 r 1. Maintenance Schedule I1 . ‘b 90,000 Miles (1501Y00-m-~ km) 0 Change engine oil and filter (or every test the coolingsystem and pressure cap. 12 months, whichever occursfirst). An Emission Control Service. An Emission Control Service.* 0Replace spark plugs.An Emission Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, Control Service. transmission shift linkage, parkingbrake Inspect spark plug wires.An Emission cable guides, underbody contact points and Control Sew ice.? linkage (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first). 0Replace air cleaner filter.An Emission 0Clean and repack the front wheel bearings Control Service. (or at each brake relining, whichever 0Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines. Inspectfuel occurs first). cap gasket for any damage.’Replace parts as 0Inspect engine accessory drive belt (or needed. An Emission Control Service.? every 24 months, whichever occursfirst).

An Emission Control Service. I I I 3 0Drain, flush andrefill cooling system (or DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: every 24 months, whichever occursfirst). See “Engine Coolant” in the Index for what to use. Inspect hoses.Clean radiator, condenser, pressure cap and neck. Pressure 7-39 I Maintenance Schedule I1 97,500 Miles (142 500 km) 100,000 Miles (144 000 km) I7 Change engine oil and filter (or every 0Replace spark plugs.An Emission 12 months, whichever occursfirst). Control Service. An Emission Control Service.* 0Change automatic transmission fluid and Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, filter if the vehicle is mainly driven under 0 one or moreof these conditions: transmission shift linkage, parking brake - In heavy city traffic where theoutside cabie guides, underbody contact pointsand temperature regularly reaches90’ F linkage (or every 12 months, whichever (32 C) or higher. occurs first). - In hilly or mountainous terrain. 0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and - When doing frequent trailer towing. Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation - Uses such as found in taxi, police or

pattern and additional information. ~ delivery service. I you do not use your vehicle under anyof ese conditions, thefluid and filter donot require changing. DATEACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY:

7-40 Part B: Owner Checks and Services Windshield Washer Fluid Level Listed below are owner checks and services which Check the windshield washerfluid level inthe should be performed at the intervals specified help to windshield washer tank and add the proper fluid if ensure the safety, dependability and emission control necessary. See “Windshield Washer Fluid”in the Index performance of your vehicle. for further details. Be sure any necessary repairsare completed at once. At Least Oncea Month Whenever anyfluids or lubricants are added to your vehicle, make sure theyare the proper ones, as shownin Tire Inflation Part D. Check tire inflation. Make sureures are inflated to the At Each Fuel Fill pressures specified onthe Tire-Loading Information label locatedon the rear edgeof the driver’s door. See It isimportant for you or a sewicestation attendant to “Tires” in the Index for further details. per$orm these underhood checks at each fuel fill. Cassette Deck Engine Oil Level Clean cassette deck. Cleaning should be done every Check the engineoil level and add the properoil if 50 hours of tape play. See “Audio Systems” in the Index necessary. See “Engine Oil”in the Index for further for further details. details. Power Antenna Engine Coolant Level Clean power antenna mast.See “Audio Systems”ip the Check the engine coolant level and add the proper Index for further details. coolant mix if necessary.See “Coolant” inthe Index for further details. 3. Try to ,startthe engine in each gear. The starter should-workonly in PARK p) or NEUTRAL (N). If the starterworks in any other pt%ition, your vehicie needsservice. ’

Brake-’IkansmissimShift Interlock --, BTSI

Starter Switch

1. Before you start, besure you have enoughroom around the vehicle. It should be parkedon a level surface.

1. ,Before you start, be sure you haveenough room around the vehicle. 2. Firmly apply both the parking brake (see “Parking Brake” in the Indexif necessary) and the regular brake. NOTE: Do not use the accelerator pedal, and be ready to turnoff the engine immediatelyif it starts. Steering ColumnLock Park on a fairly steep hill, with the vehiclefacing I downhill. Keeping your foot onthe regular brake, set the While parked, andwith the parking brake set, try toturn the key to LOCK in each shiftlever position. parking brake. 0 To check the parking brake: With the engine running The key should turn to LOCK only when the shift lever is in PARK (P). and transmissionin NEUTRAL (N), slowly remove foot pressure from the regular brake pedal.Do this 0 The key should come out only in LOCK. until the vehicle is held by the parking brake only. Parking Brake and Automatic Transmission To check the PARK (P) mechanism’s holding ability: PARK (P) Mechanism Check Shift to PARK (P). Then releaseall brakes. Underbody Flushing At least every spring, use plain water to flush any corrosive materials fromthe underbody. Takecare to clean thoroughly any areas where mud and other debris can collect.

7-43 I Part D: Recommended Fluids and USAGE FLUIDLUBRICANT Lubricants Hydraulic Brake Delco Supreme [email protected] Brake Fluid NOTE: Fluids and lubricants identified belowby name, System (GM Part No. 1052535 or part number or sy-yification may be obtained from your equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid). GM dealer. Parking Brake Chassis lubricant (GM Part I .~~.~. __ . - .C_- - . --- .., : Guides No. 1052497 or equivalent) or USAGE FLUIDLUBRICANT lubricant meeting requirementsof Engine Oil Engine oil with the American NLGI Grade 2, Category LB or Petroleum Institute Certified For GC-LB. Gasoline Engines “Starburst” symbol of the proper viscosity. To Power Steering GM Hydraulic Power Steering deterrnine the preferred viscosity System Fluid (GMPart No. 1052884 or for your vehicle’s engine, see equivalent). “Engine Oil” in the Index. Automatic [email protected] Automatic Engine Coolant 50/50 mixture of water (preferably Transmission Transmission Fluid. distilled) and good quality ethylene glycol base antifreeze Key Lock Lubricate with Multi-Purpose (GM Part No. 1052753 or Cylinders Lubricant (GM Part equivalent) conforming toGM No. 12345120) or synthetic Specification 1825M or approved SAE 5W-30 engine oil. recycled coolant conforming to GM Specification 1825M. Automatic Chassis lubricant (GM Part Transmission No. 1052497 or equivalent) or Coolant GM Part No. 3634621 or Shift Linkage lubricant meeting~requirements Supplement equivalent. of NLGI Grade2, Category LB or GC-LB.


___ ~~ Chassis Hood Latch Grease, High Tempefature -- Lubrication Assembly, Water Spray Resistant(GM Part Pivots, Spring No. 12345996 or equivalent). Anchor and Release Pawl Front Wheel Hood, Door, Engine oil or Lubriplate Lubricant Bearings Tailgate and Rear (GM Part No. 1050.109). Compartment Lid Hinges, Rear Folding Seat and Rear Axle Fuel Door Hinge (Standard Weatherstrip Dielectric Silicone Grease (GM Differential) i Conditioning Part No. 12345579 or equivalent). Rear Me See "Specifications Chart" in the Index for (Zimited-Slip recommended replacement filters, valves and spark Differential) Plugs-

Windshield Washer Solvent

7-46 Part E: MaintenanceRecord Any additional information from “Owner Checks and Services” or “Periodic Maintenance”can be added on After the scheduled servicesare performed, record the the^ following record pages.Also, you should retainall date, odometer readingand who performed the service maintenance receipts.Your owner information portfolio in the boxes provided after the maintenance interval. is a convenient place to store them.


7-47 I Mpiptenance Record



7-48 Section 8 Customer Assistance Information


Here you will find out how to contact Buickif you need STEP ONE -- Discuss your concern witha member of assistance. This sectionalso tells you how to obtain dealership . Normally, concerns can often service publications and howto report any safety be quickly resolved atthat level. If the matter has defects. This section includes information on: Customer already been reviewed with theSales, Service, or Parts Satisfaction Procedure, Customer Assistancefor Manager, contact the ownerof the dealershipor the Hearing or Speech Imp,aired, BBB AutoLine - General Manager. Alternative Dispute Resolution Program, Reporting STEP TWO -- If after contactinga member of Safety Defects, Roadside Assistance, andService dealership management, it appears your concern cannot hblications. be resolved by the dealership without further help, Customer Satisfaction Procedure contact the Buick Customer Assistance Centerby calling 1-800-521-7300. In Canada, contactGM of Your satisfaction and goodwillare important to your Canada Customer Assistance Centerin Oshawa by dealer and Buick. Normally, any concern with the sales calling 1-800-263-3777 (English) or 1-800-263-7854 transactioq or the operationof your vehiclewill be (French). resolved by your dealer’sSales or Service Departments. Sometimes, however, despitethe best intentionsof all In , call (525)254-3777. In Pyerto Rico,call concerned, misunderstandings can occur.If your 1-800-496-9992 (English) or 1-800-496-9993 (Spanish). concern has not been resolved to your satisfaction, the In the U.S. Virgin Islands, call 1-800-496-9994.In all following steps should be taken: other overseas locations, contactGM North American Export Sales in Canada by callipg 1-905-644-4112.

8-1 Forprompt assistance, please have the following Whencontacting Buick, please remember that your information available to give the Customer Assistance Concern will likely be resolved in the dealership, using the

....: ,p'>,.:,. !i,.f:..y: .),. . :-:..;.:!. ,~~~~~~~~~:~;~~~.~~~~~~~dealership's facilities, equipment and personnel. Thatis why Representative: ..,. ..*'. 8'.. . ,. . - ,. .. , we suggest you follow StepOne first if you have a concern. 0 Your name, address, home and business telephone numbers Customer Assistance for the Hearing e Vehicle Identification Number (This is available or Speech Impaired (TDD) I from the vehicle registration or title,or the plateat the left topof the instrument panel and visible To assist customers who have hearing difficulties, Buick through the windshield.) . has installed special TDD (Telecommunication Devices 0 Dealership name and location for the Deaf) equipment atits Customer Assistance Center. Any hearingor speech impaired customer who 0 Vehicle delivery date and present mileage has access to a TDD or a conventional teletypewriter 0 Nature of concern (TTY) can communicate with Buick by dialing: 1-800-TD-BUICK. (TDD users in Canada can dial We encourage you tocall the toll free number listed 1-800-263-3830.) I previously in order to give your inquiry prompt attention. However, if you wish to write Buick, write to: GM Participation inBBB AUTO Buick Motor Division LINE - Alternative Dispute Customer Assistance Center Resolution Program* 902 E. Hamilton Avenue Flint, MI 48550. *This program may not be available in all states, depending on state law. Canadian owners refer to your Refer to your Warranty and Owner Assistance Warranty and Owner Assistance Information booklet. Information bookletfor addresses of Canadian and GM General Motors reserves the right to change eligibility Overseas offices. limitations and/or to discontinue its participationin this program.

8-2 Both Buick and your Buick dealer are committed to To file a claim, you will be asked to provide your name making sure youare completely satisfied with your new and address, your Vehicle Identification Number(VIN), vehicle. Our experience has shownif athat, situation arises and a statementof the natureof your complaint. where youfeel your concern has not been adequately Eligibility is limited by vehicle age and mileage, and addressed, the Customer Satisfaction Procedure described other factors. earlier in this sectionis very successful. We prefer you utilize the Customer Satisfaction There may be instances where an impartial third-party can Procedure before you resort to AUTO LINE, but you assist in arriving at a solution to a disagreement regarding may contact the BBB at any time.The BBB will attempt vehicle repairs or interpretation of the New Vehicle Limitedto resolve the complaint serving asan intermediary Warranty. To assist in resolving these disagreements Buick between you and Buick.If this is voluntarily participates in BBBAUTO LINE. unsuccessful, an informal hearing will be scheduled BBB AUTO LINE is an out-of-court program where eligible customers may present theircase to an administered by the Better Business Bureau system to impartial third-party arbitrator. settle disputes between customers and automobile The arbitrator will make a decision which you rhay manufacturers. This programis available free of charge accept or reject. If you accept the decision,GM will be to customers who currently own leaseor a GM vehicle. bound by that decision.The entire dispute resolution If you are not satisfied after following the Customer procedure should ordinarily take aboutforty days from Satisfaction Procedure, you may contact the BBB using the time youfile a claim until a decision is made. the toll-free telephone number,or write them atthe Some statelaws may require you to use this program following address: before filing a claim with a state-run arbitration program BBB AUTO LINE or in the courts.For further information, contactthe Council of Better Business Bureaus BBB at 1-800-955-5100 or the Buick Customer 4200 Wilson Boulevard Assistance Centerat 1-800-521-7300. Suite 800 Arlington, VA 22203 Telephone: 1-800-955-5100 8-3 REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS TO THE CANADIAN GOVERNMENT If you live in Canada, and you believe that your vehicle has a safety defect, you should immediately notify Transport Canada, in addition to notifying General Motors of Canada Limited.You may write to: Transport Canada Box 8880 Ottawa, Ontario K1G 3J2. REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS TO GENERAL MOTORS In addition to notifying NHTSA (or Transport Canada) in a situation like this, we certainly hope you’ll notify us. Please call us at 1-800-521-7300, or write to: Buick Motor Division Customer Assistance Center 902 E. Hamilton Avenue Flint, MI 48550. In Canada, please call us at 1-800-263-3777 (English) or 1-800-263-7854 (French). Or, write to: General Motorsof Canada Limited Customer Assistance Center 1908 Colonel Sam Drive Oshawa, Ontario LlH 8P7. 8-4 Courtesy Transportation Roadside Assistance To Buick Motor Division, Quality Means Service-- and Buick Motor Divisionis proud to offer Buick Roadside service means “keeping youon the road.” Assistance to customers for vehicles covered underthe Included with your1995 Buick new car warranty, 36 month/36,000 mile new car warranty (whichever (36 months,or 36,000 miles),is Courtesy comes first). Transportation, a program which will provide Buick Our commitment to Buick owners has always included retail customers with: superior service through our networkof 3,000 Buick - Reimbursement toward a loaner vehicle, courtesyof dealers. Buick Roadside Assistance provides an extra measure of convenience and security. , Buick Motor Division,for up to five days for vehicles requiring overnight warranty repairs. Also, Buick Roadside Assistance: reimbursement upto $30 a day (five days maximum) - Provides owners with access to minor repairs or may be available for the cost of a rental car, or towing for disabled vehicles. even a cab. - Takes the anxiety out of uncertain situations by - A free one-way shuttle ride up to 10 miles from the providing easy access to service professionals trained dealership is availablefor customers whose vehicles to work with Buick owners,24 hours a day, 365 days require same-day warranty repairs. a year, including weekends and holidays. Courtesy Transportationis Buick’s way of extending the For detailsof Buick Roadside Assistance, please consult Premium Service you’ve come to expect for Buick and your Buick Roadside Assistance owner booklet included it’s 3,000 dealers. Please review the Courtesy with your owner’s manual. For needed assistance, call Transportation glove-box card containedin your the Buick Roadside Assistance toll-free hotline: vehicle, or consult your Buick dealerfor details. 1-800-252- 1112. In Canada, please consultyour GM dealer for information on Courtesy Transportation. Canada Roadside Assistance Service Bulletins Vehicles purchasedin Canada have an extensive Service bulletins covering various subjects are regularly Roadside Assistance program accessible from anywhere sent to all General Motors dealerships/retail facilities. in Canada or the United States. Please refer to the GM monitors product performancein the field. When separate brochure provided by the dealer callor service methods are found which promote better service 1-800-268-6800 for emergency services. on GM vehicles, bulletins are created to help the technician perform better service. Service bulletins may Service and Owner Publications involve any numberof vehicles. Some will describe Service manuals, service bulletins, owner’s manuals and inexpensive service, others will describe expensive other service literatureare available for purchasefor all service. Somewill advise new or unexpected conditions? current and many past model General Motors vehicles. and others may help avoid future costly repairs.An important reminder is that service bulletins are meant Toll-free telephone numbersfor ordering information: for qualified technicians. Since these bulletins are issued throughout the model year and beyond, an indexis u. s. 1-800-55 1-4 123 required and published quarterly to help identify specific Canada 1-800-668-5539 bulletins. Subscriptions are available.You can order an index at the toll-free numbers listed previously, or ask a Service Manuals GM dealer to see an index or individual bulletin. Service manuals contain diagnosis and repair information for I all chassis and body systems. They may be useful for ownersOwner Publications who wish to geta greater understanding of their vehicle. Owner’s manuals, warranty folders and various owner They are also useful for owners with the appropriateskill assistance booklets provide owners with general level or training who wish to perform “do-it-yourself” operation and maintenance information. service. These are authentic General Motors service manuals meant for professional, qualified technicians.In some cases they refer to specialized tools, equipment and safety procedures necessary to service the vehicle. 8-6 m

vj U C 3 LL 4 3 .-C UI .-C .-0 W ii o n a a 8 W E i/, i/>z!3 a U .-sw af

o T


ad 0

4 . 5: r Section 9 Index

Adding Antifreeze ...... 6-17 Automatic Transmission Fluid ...... 6- 16 Appearancecare ...... 6-40 BrakeFluid ...... 6-23 Appearance Care and Materials ...... 6-48 ElectricalEquipment ...... 2- 17. 3- 18. 6-49 Armrests. Storage ...... Engine Coolant ...... 6-18 Ashtrays ...... 2-52 EngineQil ...... 6-9 Audio Systems ...... 3-6 Power Steering Fluid ...... 6-20 Automatic Overdrive (@) ...... 2-21 Sound Equipment ...... 3 .1 8 Automatic Pull Down Feature ...... 2-7 Windshield Washer Fluid ...... 2.33. 6-21 Automatic Rearview Mirror ...... 2-43 ...... 1-19 Automatic Transmission ...... 2- 19. 6.13 How Does It Restrain ...... 1-23 Axle.Rear ...... 6-16 How It Works ...... 1-21 Location ...... 1-21 ReadinessLight ...... Battery ...... 4.6.25 Servicing ...... 1-24 Battery Replacement. Remote Keyless Entry ...... 2-6 What Makes It Inflate ...... 1-22 BBB Auto Line ...... 8-2 What Will You See After It Inflates ...... 1-23 Blizzard ...... 4-25 When Should It Inflate ...... 1-22 Brakes AirCleaner ...... 6-12 Adjustment ...... 6-25 Air Conditioning ...... Anti-Lock ...... 4-6 Alignment and Balance. Tires ...... 6-38 Fluid.Adding ...... 6-23 Aluminum Wheels. Cleaning ...... 6-46 Inspection ...... 7-44 AM ...... 3-19 Master Cylinder ...... 6-22 Antenna ...... 3-20 Parking ...... 2-22 Anti-Lock ...... 4-6 PedalTravei ...... 6-24 Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light...... 2.59. 4.6 Replacingparts ...... 6-25 Anti-LockBrakes ...... 4-6 Trailer ...... 4-35 9-1 Trammission S~hift Interlock...... 7.42 Warning Light ...... 2-58 Wear ...... 6-24 SrWg ...... 4.5. 4.8 Break.In. New Vehicle ...... 2-14 BTSI (Brake-Transmission Shift Interlock) 7.42 Bulb Replacement ...... 6-55 Center High-Mounted Stoplamp ...... 6-30 Front Reading Lamps~...... 6-31 Headlamp ...... 6-27 Parking/Turn Signal and CorneringLamp ...... 6-26 Taillmp~...... 6.28. 6.29

Capacities and Specifications ...... 6-56 CarbonMonoxide ...... 4.33 Cargocover ...... 2-48 Carrier. Luggage ...... 2-50 Cassette Tape Player ...... 3.19 Center High-Mounted Stoplamp Bulb Replacement.... 6-30 Certification/Tire Label ...... 4-27 Chains.Safety ...... 4-35 .. Chains. Tire ...... !.6-40 Change Oil Indicator ...... 2-64 Changing a Flat Tire...... 5-18 Checking Automatic Transmission Fluid ...... 6-13 Brake Fluid ...... 6-23 Engine Coolant ...... 6-18 Engineoil ...... 6-9 Power Steering Fluid ...... 6-20 Restraint Systems ...... 1-45 UndertheHood ...... 6-7 9-2 . Cornering Lamp andParkingEurn Signal Freeway ...... 4-19 Bulb Replacement ...... 6-26 Grades ...... 4-37 Courtesy Transportation ...... 8-5 Hill and Mountain Roads ...... 4-21 Cruise Control ...... 2-34 Night ...... 4-13 Erasing Speed Memory ...... 2-38 RainyConditions ...... 4-15 Getting Out of ...... 2-37 Snow and Ice Conditions ...... 4-24 Increasing Speed ...... 2-36 Through Deep Standing Water ...... 2-17 Light ...... 2-65 TrailerAttached ...... 4-35 Passing Another Vehicle ...... 2-37 Winter ...... 4-23 ReducingSpeed ...... 2-37 DrunkenDriving ...... 4-2 Resuming a Set Speed ...... 2-37 Setting ...... 2-36 UseonHills ...... 2-37 Electrical Equipment. Adding ...... Customer Assistance Information ...... 8- 1 Electrochromic Mirror ...... 2-43 Customer Satisfaction Procedure ...... 8-1 Electronic Climate Control ...... 3-4 Engine Exhaust ...... 2-26 Damage. FinisMSheet Metal ...... 6-46 Identification ...... 6-49 Daytime Running Lamps ...... 2-40 Overheating ...... 5-11 DeadBattery ...... 5- 2 Running While Parked ...... 2-27 Defects. Reporting ...... 8-4 Specifications ...... 68 Defensive Driving ...... 4- 1 Starting ...... 2-16 Defog ...... Engine Coolant ...... 6-17 Defrost ...... Heater ...... 2- 17. 6.12 Delayed Illuminated Entry ...... 2-40 Temperature GageNarning Light ...... 2-60 DoorLocks ...... 2-2 Engineoil ...... 6-8 Driving Adding ...... 6-9 BlizzardConditions ...... 4-25 Additives ...... 6-11 City ...... 4-18 Checking ...... 6-9 Curves ...... 4-8 KindtoUse ...... 6-10 Defensive ...... 4-1 Pressure Gage ...... 2-62 Drunken ...... 4-2 UsedOil ...... 6-12 Foreign Countries ...... 6-4 Whentochange ...... 6-11 9-3 Ethanol (In Fuel) ...... 6-3 Gate Ajar Light ...... 2-65 Exhaust ...... 2-26 GAWR (Gross Axle Weight Rating) ...... 4-27 Exhaust System Inspection ...... 7-44 Glass.Cleaning ...... 6-44 Express Down Window ...... 2-28 GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating) ...... 4-27 Extender. Safety Belt ...... 1-44

Ilalogen Bulbs ...... 6-26 Fabric Cleaning ...... 6-42 H:azard Warning Flashers ...... 5-1 Fancontrol ...... 3-1 H:ead Restraints ...... :1-5 FillingYourTank ...... 6-5 Hleadlamp High-Low Beam Changer ...... 2-31 Filter, Air ...... 6-12 H:eadlamps ...... Finishcare ...... 6-45 H:caring or Speech Impaired. Customer Assistance...... 8-2 FinishDamage ...... 6-46 H:eated Outside Rearview Mirror...... 2-44 First(1) ...... 2-21 H:eatedSeats ...... 1-3 Fixed Mast Antenna ...... 3-20 H:eating ...... 3-3 Flashers, Hazard Warning ...... 5-1 Highway Hypnosis ...... 4-21 Flat Tire, Changing ...... 5-1 8 H:ill and Mountain Roads ...... 4-21 FMStereo ...... 3-19 Hitches, Trailer ...... 4-33 FoldingSeatbacks ...... 1-5 H:ood Release ...... 6-7 Foreign Countries, Fuel ...... 6-4.. H ...... 2-29 Guide en Franpis, Guide ...... 11 H:ydroplaning ...... 4-17 Front Reading Lamp Bulb Replacement ...... 6-31 FrontTowingHookups ...... 5-10 Fuel ...... 6-3, 6-56 If You’re Stuck: In Sand. Mud. Ice or Snow ...... 5-31 Door Release, Remote ...... 6-4 Ignition Switch ...... 2-15 FillingYourTank ...... 6-5 Illuminated Visor Vanity Mirror ...... 2-52 Foreign Countries ...... 6-4 InstrumentPanel ...... Gage ...... 2-66 Fuses and Circuit Breakers ...... 6-50 J ack.Tire ...... 5-19 J-Hooks ...... 5-8 Gage. Engine Coolant Temperature ...... 2-60 Jumpstarting ...... 5-2 Gage. Fuel ...... 2-66 9-4 KeyLock Cylinder ...... 7-42 Low Coolant Light ...... 2-61 Keys ...... 2-1 Low Fuel Light ...... 2-66 Low Oil Level Light ...... 2-63 Low Washer Fluid Warning Light ...... 2-65 Lamps ...... 2-38 Lubrication.Body ...... 7-42 Daytime Runtling ...... 2-40 Luggagecarrier ...... 2-50 Lane Change Indicator ...... 2-30 Leaving Your Vehicle ...... 2-4 Engine Running ...... 2-24 Maintenance Light Sensor. Twilight Sentinel ...... 2-39 Normal Replacement Parts ...... 6-56 Lights. Warning Record ...... 7-47 Air Bag Readiness ...... Schedule ...... 7-1 Anti-Lock Brake System Warning ...... 2.59. 4.6 Underbody ...... 6-47 Brake System Warning ...... 2-58 When Trailer Towing ...... 4-38 Changeoil ...... 2-64 Malfunction Indicator Lamp ...... 2-61 Cruise ...... 2-65 Manual Front Seat ...... 1-1 Engine Coolant Temperature ...... 2-60 MemorySeat ...... 1-2 GateAjar ...... 2-65 Methanol (In Fuel) ...... 6-3 LowCoolant ...... 2-61 Mirrors ...... 2-42 LowFuel ...... 2-66 MTBE(InFue1) ...... 6-3 LowOilLevel ...... 2-63 Safety Belt Reminder ...... 1-8, 2-57 Service Engine Soon ...... 2-61 Net. Convenience ...... 2.47. 2.48 Volts ...... 2-64 Neutral (N) ...... 2-20 Lighter ...... 2-53 New Vehicle “Break-In” ...... 2-14 Limited-Slip Rear Axle ...... 2-22, 6- 16 Nightvision ...... 4-14 Loading Your Vehicle ...... 4-27 Lock Out, Rear Window ...... 2-28 Locks Odometer ...... 2-55 Door ...... 2-2 Off-RoadRecovery ...... 4-10 RearDoorSecurity ...... 2-4 Oil. Engine ...... 6-8 Steering Column ...... 7-43 Ordering Owner and Service Publications...... 8-6 Locked Storage Compartment ...... 2-46 Overheated Engine ...... 5-11 Loss of Control ...... 4-12 Owner Checks and Services...... 7-41 P . 9-5 j I safety Belts ...... 1-7 Sound Equipment. Adding ...... 3-18 Adults ...... 1-12 Spare Tire. Location ...... 5-19 Care ...... 6-44 Specifications Chart ...... 6-56 Center Passenger Position ...... 1-26 Speedometer ...... 2-55 Children ...... 1-30 Stains ...... 6-42 DriverPosition ...... 1-12 Standard Differential ...... 6-16 Extender ...... 1-44 Starter Switch ...... 7-42 How to Wear Properly ...... 1-12 StartingYourEngine ...... 2-16 LapBelt ...... 1-26 Steam. If Coming From Your Engine ...... 5-11 Lap-ShoulderBelt ...... 1-12 Steering ...... 4-8 Questions People Ask ...... 1-1 1 ColumnLock ...... 7-43 Reminder Light ...... In Emergencies ...... 4-9 Replacing After a Crash ...... 1-45 Steering and Suspension Inspection ...... 7-44 Right Front Passenger Position...... 1-25 Steering Wheel. Tilt ...... 2-29 Third Seat Position ...... 1-26 Storage Armrests ...... 2-45. 2-46 UseDuring Pregnancy ...... 1-25 Storage of Your Vehicle ...... 6-25 WhyTheyWork ...... 1-8 Stuck. IfYouAre ...... 5-31 Safety Chains ...... 4-35... Sunvisors ...... 2-52 Safety Warnings and Symbols ...... vm Supplemental Inflatable Restraint ...... 1 . 19 Scheduled Maintenance Services ...... 7-3 Surge Tank Pressure Cap ...... 6-19 Seats ...... 1-1 Symbols. Vehicle ...... x Second(2) ...... 2-21 Security System (PASS-Key) ...... 2-13 Service and Appearance Care ...... 6-1 Tailgate ...... 2-9 Service Engine Soon Light ...... 2-61 Taillamps. Bulb Replacement ...... 6.28. 6.29 Service Parts Identification Label ...... 6-49 Tape Player ...... 3.19 Service bblications ...... 8-6 TemperatureControl ...... 3-1 Service Work. Doing Your Own ...... 6-2 Theft ...... 2.12 Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Buick ...... 1-24 Theftlock ...... 3-16 Sheet Metal Damage ...... !...... 6-46 Thermostat ...... 6-19 Shifting ...... 2-19 Third(3) ...... 2-21 Into Park (P) ...... 2-23 Throttle Linkage Inspection ...... 7-44 Out of Park (P) ...... 2-25 Tilt Steering Wheel ...... 2-29 Skidding ...... 4-12 Time.Setting ...... 3-6 .

Tire Chains ...... 6-40 Turn SignMultifunction Lever ...... 2-30 Tire Loading ...... 4-27 Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer...... 4-37 Tires ...... 6-32 Twilight Sentinel ...... 2-39 Alignment and Balance ...... 6-38 ChangingaFlat ...... 5-18 .. Inflation ...... 6-33 underbody Maintenance ...... 6-47 Inspection and Rotation ...... 6-34 Used Replacement Wheels ...... 6-39 Temperature ...... 6-37 Traction ...... 6-37 Vehicle Damage Warnings ...... ix Treadwear ...... 6-35 Vehicle Dimensions Chart ...... 6-57 WheelReplacement ...... 6-38 Vehicle Identification Number FIN) ...... 6-49 TopStrap ...... 1-33 Vehicle Loading ...... 4-27 TorqueLock ...... 2-25 Vehicle Symbols ...... x Torque. WheelNut ...... 5-26 Ventilation ...... 3-3 TowingaTrailer ...... 4-30 Viscosity ...... 6-10 Towing Your Vehicle ...... 5-7 Vision. Night ...... 4-14 Trailer Tongue Weight ...... 4-32 Visor Vanity Mirrors ...... 2-52 TrailerTowing ...... 4-30 Brakes ...... 4-35 DrivingonGrades ...... 4-37 warnine" Devices ...... 5-1.5-2 Driving with a Trailer ...... 4-35 Warning Flashers. Hazard ...... 5-1 Hitches ...... 4-32 WarningLights ...... 2-56 Maintenance ...... 4-38 Washer. Rear Window ...... 2-34 Parkingonfills ...... 4-37 Washing Your Vehicle ...... 6-45 Safety Chains ...... 4-35 Water. Driving Through Deep Standing ...... 2-17 Turnsignals ...... 4-37 Weatherstrips ...... 6-44 Weight of a Trailer ...... 4-32 Wheel Nut Torque ...... 5-26 Weight on YOLKVehicle's Tires ...... 4-33 Wheel Replacement ...... 6-38 WiringHmess ...... 4-35 Windows ...... 2-28 Transmission ...... 2-19,6-13 Windshield Washer Fluid ...... 2-33. 6-21 Transmitters, Matching (RKE) ...... 2-6 Windshield Wipers ...... 2-32. 6-51 Trip, Before Leaving ...... 4-20 Winter Driving ...... 4-23 Trip Odometer ...... 2-55 Wiring.Headlamp ...... 6-51 TrunkRelease ...... 2-8 WreckerTowing ...... 5-7 9-8 .