If you need to limit Use healthy tips to shop, plan, phosphorus and prepare meals with less phosphorus At home Phosphorus is a found in . Along with , • Use nondairy creamers and milk substitutes in place of milk phosphorus helps build strong, healthy bones, and keeps other in cereals, coffee, and many sauces. parts of your body healthy. • Serving size is very important because most have phosphorus. Remember, a large amount of a low-phosphorus Why limit phosphorus? can turn into a high-phosphorus food. Too much phosphorus in your blood can cause changes that pull • Watch out for food additives containing phosphorus. They are calcium out of your bones, making them weak. High phosphorus often found in baking powder, cake donuts, cake mixes, and calcium levels also to dangerous calcium deposits in products, and puddings. your blood vessels, lungs, eyes and heart. At restaurants How much is okay to eat? • Choose restaurants best suited to your or where food is made to order. Call ahead and explain that you are following Your doctor recommends eating less than a special diet. Ask about the menu and how their food is pre- ______mg per day. pared. Many restaurants have websites with menus posted. • Avoid mixed dishes or casseroles, which are usually higher in sodium and phosphorus. Read food labels • For desserts, choose from those that have simple to find the best choice for your diet preparations to avoid “hidden” phosphorus and potassium. • Avoid desserts with , cream , ice cream or nuts. They will be much higher in potassium and phosphorus. Serving size tells you what a single portion is. Ethnic foods Servings per container For French food lists how many portions • Be careful – French foods can be high in phosphorus. per container. • Avoid foods prepared in heavy butter, cheese, or cream sauces.

% Daily value is based on For Mexican food a 2,000 calorie daily diet. This • Order a la carte or select entrees that are not served with number helps you know if a beans or excess cheese. food is high or low in a , even if you eat more than 2,000 For Asian and Indian food calories. • Be careful – Asian and Indian foods can be high in phosphorus. • Avoid the , and remember that many Indian desserts Phosphorus is not required to contain milk and will be high in phosphorus. be listed by law. It is listed here, but may not be listed even if the For Soul food product contains phosphorus. • Be careful – Soul food is often high in phosphorus. • Limit the phosphorus-rich foods like dried beans, black-eyed Ingredients are listed in order of weight, with the item of the and organ , such as chitterlings/chitlins. most weight listed first.

In general, % daily value of phosphorus is: • Low = less than 5% or under 50 mg • Medium = 5–10% or 51–100 mg • High = over 10% or over 100 mg

Here the daily value of phosphorus is 10%, so it may not be a good choice for you.

© 2011 National Kidney Foundation, Inc. All rights reserved. 02-10-0411_ABB What are high-phosphorus foods? What are low-phosphorus foods?

• Dairy products such as milk, cheese, custard, • Fresh fruits such as , , cottage cheese, yogurt, ice cream, pudding blackberries, , , , , , and • Nuts, seeds, butter • Fresh vegetables such as , , , , green beans and • Dried beans and peas such as baked beans, black beans, chick peas, garbanzo beans, kidney beans, , limas, northern beans, • , crackers and beans, split peas and  cereal • Bran cereals, whole grain products • Sherbert, sorbet

• Beverages such as cocoa, ale, , chocolate drinks, and dark • Coffee or tea without milk, light-colored cola drinks sodas (such as ale), fruit juices

What is a common serving size?

Food groupS Serving sizes Food groups Serving sizes , fish or poultry Fruits Meats, poultry, fish 1 oz cooked Fresh 1 small or 1/2 large Dairy Canned or frozen fruit 1/2 cup Milk or 4 oz or 1/2 cup Juices 4 oz or 1/2 cup 1 egg or Berries 1 cup Egg 1/4 cup egg substitute Grapes, 12 Cheese 1 oz Dried fruit 1/4 cup Grains Fats and oils Cooked pasta, rice 1/3 cup Oils, 1 teaspoon Cereal, cooked 1/2 cup Mayonnaise 1 tablespoon Cereal, ready-to-eat 1 cup Salad dressing 2 tablespoons Bread 1 slice Sweets Hamburger bun 1/2 bun Cookies 1 cookie Vegetables Ice cream, sorbet, gelatin 1/2 cup Cooked 1/2 cup Cake, 2 x 2 inches 1 piece Raw 1 medium or 1 cup cut up Fruit pie 1/6 of 8-inch pie Juices 4 oz or 1/2 cup , jelly, jam 1 tablespoon Dietitians who specialize in kidney disease can tell you how many Nuts, seeds, and legumes servings from each food you are allowed at each meal. Nuts 1/4 cup or 1 oz Depending on your diet prescription and preferences, you may be Seeds 2 tablespoons allowed to eat more than one. Cooked legumes, dry beans, peas 1/2 cup 2 tablespoons www.kidney.org www.litholink.com