150 route de Ferney, P.O. Box 2100 1211 Geneva 2, Switzerland

Tel: 41 22 791 6033 Fax: 41 22 791 6506 Appeal E-mail: [email protected]

Coordinating Office – Follow-on Tsunami Project (year 2)

Disaster Risk Reduction & Social Empowerment – IND093

Appeal Target: US$ 890,239 Contributions/pledges received: US$ 492,386 Balance requested: US$ 397,853

Geneva, 28 September 2009

Dear Colleagues,

Under the Tsunami Response ACT Appeal ASRE51, the Lutheran World Service India (LWSI), responded to the needs of the Tsunami victims in and Pondicherry. Under this project the main activities were construction of hazard resistant permanent housing, community infrastructures, environmental regeneration and community based disaster preparedness and psycho social care capacity building, which has been implemented in a total of 25 communities, four of which are exclusively for the deprived communities of the dalits. These four communities were covered under a permanent housing programme also. Eight other fishing communities were also covered under the permanent housing programme.

Most of the relief and rehabilitation assistance from the government and NGOs has initially benefited only the fishing communities as they were directly affected by the tsunami, while dalits and other poor and marginalised families living in the area were left out. During the rehabilitation phase, LWSI identified a number of villages with resource poor, non-fishing communities, whose livelihood opportunities are also directly or indirectly affected by the tsunami and the floods. These are mostly unskilled daily labourers in the fish processing sector, agricultural fields or construction sites who are forced to migrate to the neighbouring towns and states in search of employment. They are even less privileged, marginalized and unorganized compared to the fishing communities and have been also affected by the tsunami, though not directly by the tsunami waves. Because of caste bias, low social status and lack of land ownership, these communities did not received any assistance. Reduction in agricultural production and inland fishing has affected these communities hard.

The overall aim of this project is to ensure the linking of relief and rehabilitation to development (LRRD) through five components: Support to Community Based Disaster Risk Management, housing and community infrastructure, livelihood, environmental protection and strengthening of organisational community capacity.

ACT is a global alliance of churches and related agencies working to save lives and support communities in emergencies worldwide. The ACT Coordinating Office is based with the World Council of Churches (WCC) and The Lutheran World Federation (LWF) in Switzerland. India - DRR & Social Empowerment 2 Appeal IND093

It is to reach about 7,865 households in 80 villages in Cuddalore and district, out of which 50 villages have already benefited. LWSI has received assurance from three of its core resource partners, namely FinChurchAid, Church of Sweden and the Canadian Lutheran World Relief (CLWR) that it can divide their contribution to the funding over a period of three years, pledges which are taken into account in the present appeal. The activities in this proposal are scheduled for a period of one year. This proposal is the second part of a 3-year project that started 1 April 2008. It will be revised again before completion of the activities of the second year.

Project Completion Date: Second year - 30 September 2010

Reporting schedule: Interim narrative & Final narrative & Audit Reports due ACT CO financial financial

LWSI 30 April 2010 30 November 2010 31 December 2010

Summary of Appeal Targets, Pledges/Contributions Received and Balance Requested

US$ Appeal Target 890,239 Less: Pledges/Contr Recd 492,386 Balance Requested from ACT Alliance 397,853

Please kindly send your contributions to either of the following ACT bank accounts:

US dollar Account Number - 240-432629.60A IBAN No: CH46 0024 0240 4326 2960A

Euro Euro Bank Account Number - 240-432629.50Z IBAN No: CH84 0024 0240 4326 2950Z

Account Name: ACT - Action by Churches Together UBS AG 8, rue du Rhône P.O. Box 2600 1211 Geneva 4, SWITZERLAND Swift address: UBSWCHZH80A

Please also inform the Finance Officer Jessie Kgoroeadira ([email protected]) and the Programme Officer, Michelle Yonetani ([email protected]) of all pledges/contributions and transfers, including funds sent direct to the implementers, now that the Pledge Form is no longer attached to the Appeal.

We would appreciate being informed of any intent to submit applications for back donor funding and the subsequent results. We thank you in advance for your kind cooperation.

For further information please contact: ACT Director, John Nduna (phone +41 22 791 6033 or mobile phone + 41 79 203 6055) or ACT Program Officer, Michelle Yonetani (phone +41 22 791 6035 or mobile phone +41 79 285 2916)

John Nduna Director, ACT Co-ordinating Office India - DRR & Social Empowerment 3 Appeal IND093 I. REQUESTING ACT MEMBER INFORMATION

The Lutheran World Federation/Department of World Service- India (LWS India)

II. IMPLEMENTING ACT MEMBER AND PARTNER INFORMATION

Since its inception in 1974 the Lutheran World Federation / Department for World Service-India Programme (LWSI/ACT) has been working with the mandate to alleviate the sufferings of the distressed and disadvantaged groups irrespective of caste, creed, gender or political affiliation. LWSI/ACT has been implementing Disaster Response, Community Based Disaster Preparedness (CBDP) and Development programmes in several states of India in close cooperation and co- ordination with the state governments and INGOs, NGOs and local organizations. Inspired by love for humanity LWSI challenges and responds to the causes and consequences of human suffering and poverty with commitment to injustice and dignity for all. LWSI emphasises on active participation of the most marginalized sections of our country in their development, disaster response and disaster risk reduction efforts. LWF, being one of the sponsoring organisations of the ‘Code of Conduct for International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) in Disaster Relief’, designs its disaster response intervention according to the set norms of the code. LWS India always tries to adhere to the SPHERE standards in its implementation of disaster response programmes.

III. DESCRIPTION of the EMERGENCY SITUATION

Background Almost all the countries situated around the Bay of Bengal were affected by the tsunami waves in the morning hours of 26 December 2004 (between 0900 – 1030 hrs IST). The killer waves were triggered by an earthquake measuring 8.9 on the Richter scale that had an epicentre near the west coast of Sumatra in Indonesia. In India, the Tsunami caused extensive damage to human life and property in the Union Territories (UT) of Andaman & Nicobar Islands and Pondicherry, as well as in the coastal districts in the States of Andhra Pradesh, Kerala and Tamil Nadu, affecting approximately 2260 kilometres of coastline. The tidal waves that struck the mainland varied between 3 to 10 meters in height. On the mainland, the waves penetrated up to 3 kilometres inland in places like Nagapattinam, Cuddalore, Chennai and Machilipatnam. According to Government reports, the Tsunami led to the deaths of 12 405 people and injured 6 913 people and displaced 64 799 people. These reports are generally considered to be underestimates, particularly with regard to the Andaman and Nicobar Islands which are home to a large number of undocumented inhabitants.

Along the Indian coast, an estimated 1 089 villages were affected, with 157 393 houses were destroyed. The total estimated value of damages is US $2.56 billion (Approx. INR 11,300 Cr) and total estimated need for long-term recovery US $2.1 billion (Approx. INR 9,240 Cr). After the Andaman and Nicobar islands, the state of Tamil Nadu was the worst affected. The devastating waves that lashed several coastal districts of the state (Chennai, Tiruvalur, Kanchipuram, Cuddalore, Nagapattinam, Tiruvallur, Thanjavur, Thoothukudi, Ramanathapuram, Tirunelveli, Kanniyakumari, Pudukottai and Viluppuram) left at least 7 995 dead and rendered thousands homeless. Most of the deceased were the elderly, the infirm, as well as women and children. More than one million people were directly or indirectly affected in Tamil Nadu. The majority of those affected had fishery and agriculture based livelihoods or were employed in associated activities. India - DRR & Social Empowerment 4 Appeal IND093

Impact on Human Life due to the Tsunami Area No. Population Population Human Persons Orphaned Women villages affected Evacuated lives injured children widowed affected Lost Tamil Nadu 230 1 068 564 471 585 7 995 3 960 197 561 India 876 3 415 000 647 599 10 136 NA 480 787

Source :http://www.tn.gov.in/tsunami/,2006

IV. DESCRIPTION of the SITUATION in the AREA of PROPOSED RESPONSE

Current situation in the area of proposed response A collective effort by NGOs, INGOs, Government, CBOs and other stakeholders brought forth new structures in the affected costal villages and changed the life style of the tsunami hit fisher folk. The population has started on new and viable employment opportunities that included adapted modern fishing technology, women became more opportunities to participate in the development, new infrastructure was set including modern and decent housing. The survivors have been granted a new start.

Under the Tsunami Response ACT Appeal ASRE51, LWSI responded to the needs of the Tsunami victims in Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry with support from ACT International. Under this project the main activities were construction of hazard resistant permanent housing, community infrastructures, environmental regeneration, community based disaster preparedness and psycho social care capacity building, which has been implemented in a total of 25 communities, four of which are exclusively for the deprived communities of the dalits. These four communities were covered under a permanent housing programme also. Eight other fishing communities were also covered under the permanent housing programme.

Most of the relief and rehabilitation assistance from the government and NGOs have initially benefited only the fishing communities as they were directly affected by the tsunami, while dalits and the poor and marginalised families living in the area were left out. During the rehabilitation phase, LWSI identified a number of villages with resource poor, non-fishing communities, whose livelihood opportunities are also directly or indirectly affected by the tsunami and the floods. These communities are less privileged, marginalized and unorganized compared to the fishermen communities and were also affected by tsunami, though not directly by the tsunami waves. Reduction in agricultural production and inland fishing, reduction in agricultural labour and other allied livelihood have affected these communities hard. Annual flooding also affects these poor communities adversely. These families living far below the poverty line live in mud-walled thatched houses which need repairing every year.

In a parallel project, funded by DCA, LWSI initiated CBDP and livelihood support projects in 50 deprived communities of the dalits in two districts of Tamil Nadu, namely Nagapattinam and Cuddalore. The intervention has brought meaningful change in the life of the tsunami survivors and has been successful to a large extent in restoring normal life. The project has made best use of the resources and could achieve tangible change in the operational area. The project tried to encourage communities to prepare themselves against probable disasters and at the same time work for holistic community development.

In most of the communities population growth and environmental degradation have accelerated incidence and intensity of natural as well as man made hazards. Exploitation by landlords, money India - DRR & Social Empowerment 5 Appeal IND093 lenders and other influential persons over a considerable period of time has also added to the misery. Under the above circumstances, LWSI proposed an extended rehabilitation programme as a follow-on project of ASRE51.

In 2008, in continuation of previous interventions under the appeal ASRE51 and Community Based Disaster Prevention and Livelihood projects supported by Danish Church Aid, a three year project was planned.

The overall aim of this project is to ensure the linking of relief and rehabilitation to development (LRRD) through five components: Support to Community Based Disaster Risk Management, housing and community infrastructure, livelihood, environmental protection and strengthening of organisational community capacity. It is to reach about 7,865 households in 80 villages in Cuddalore and , out of which 50 villages have already benefited. LWSI has received assurance from three of its core resource partners, namely FinChurchAid, Church of Sweden and the Canadian Lutheran World Relief (CLWR) that it can divide their contribution to the funding over a period of three years.

The targeted families belong to dalit and marginalized communities, who are socially and economically deprived and excluded from the immediate support system. Almost all the families are landless/ marginal land holders and daily labor categories with income below the poverty line. Through this three year project, to achieve its overall goal, project will organize special skills development training for disaster preparedness for interested persons from the operational communities to form Disaster Management Taskforce (DMT) and Disaster Management Committees (DMC). Besides, Self-Help Groups (SHG) will be formed / strengthened for initiating income generation ventures of their choice. Dalit marginalized families living in vulnerable thatched huts will be assisted with low-cost houses. Project will conduct gap analyses and extend necessary support within the scope of this project, while providing accompaniment support in the LWSI operational villages of ASRE51. Dalit families who have no legal ownership of their homestead will be supported to purchase homestead land for house construction, in case government shows indifference in providing them land for housing.

For the whole project, it was initially planned to cover 80 villages including 30 new villages and 50 existing operational villages, to conduct gap analyses and extend necessary support within the scope of this project, while providing accompaniment support in the LWSI operational villages of ASRE51. However, based on a needs assessment, it was decided to take up 45 communities including 30 new villages and 15 existing operational villages in the first year intervention. All the selected communities are spread across the coastal belt and are exposed to floods, cyclones and tsunami.

The first phase of the intervention that started in April 2008 under ACT Appeal ASIN82, was due to various factors extended twice and is to be concluded on 30 September 2009.

The first phase under ACT Appeal ASIN82 In the 30 new communities taken up in the first year intervention project focused more on building the capacity of these communities. IEC materials were developed incorporating ideas drawn from the villages. Local folk media groups were assisted to work for generating awareness on disasters and other social issues. Project prepared the communities to face multiple disasters.

Project guided the villagers, in identifying volunteers to form DMT in their community. Individual skills and capabilities were considered while selecting DMT members. It was encouraging to find many women coming forward to join the DMTs. As many as 30 MDT’s were formed during the first year intervention. The project organized necessary skills development training sessions for the India - DRR & Social Empowerment 6 Appeal IND093 DMT task force members. Mock drill sessions were organized to access the effectiveness of these trainings.

The project support poor farmers with agriculture inputs in the form of paddy seeds and agriculture implements. Fruit saplings like Guava, Mango, Sapota were distributed to families who had land for homestead plantation. Resource poor families having some land were also given vegetable seeds for kitchen gardening. 78 most vulnerable families were supported with locally viable alternative livelihood schemes like grocery business, Ice tray for fish selling, nets for inland fishing to improve their economic situation. Group income generation schemes like vessel renting etc were also supported through SHGs and VDCs. Unemployed youths were provided vocational training like, tailoring, Driving etc. Those who have successfully completed the Motor driving training, have received license and are now able to generate income by driving tractors, auto rickshaw etc.

In the new communities 7 community centres were also constructed in villages prone to floods as they are situated in low laying areas. During floods and other emergencies people from these villages had to travel miles in search for safe shelter. These centres will be utilized for multipurpose use like conducting meeting, conducting classes for school dropout etc. Besides, they now have a safe place within the community where they can take shelter during floods and other disasters. These community centres were handed over to VDC and local Panchayat for maintenance and proper utilization. Lack of portable drinking water is a serious problem in most of these operational villages. The crisis for drinking water is further aggravated during disaster. Based on the need installation of Tube-well for ensuring safe drinking water, renovating the water sources, building water tanks etc was done in 10 villages.

In the 15 old communities, those that had been taken up in the intervention under ASRE51 and DCA supported CBDP and livelihood projects, the project focused more on providing handholding support by strengthening the Disaster Management Task Forces (DMT) and Village Development Committees (VDC). Existing and some newly formed DMTs at community levels were trained and equipped to carry out different roles and responsibilities both during pre and post-disaster situations. VDC supports these task forces and oversees the coordination of the disaster management teams. Leadership training was provided to selected community leaders to enhance the leadership quality.

Families in all the 15 old communities lived in unsafe traditional houses, with mud walls and thatched roof on small plots of land (200-300 sqft) provided by the landlords for whom the earlier generations have been working as bonded labourers in the agriculture fields. Every year after the monsoon they spend considerable amounts to repair or reconstruct the houses. The project identified and provided permanent low cost disaster resistant houses to 255 resource poor families. During initial assessment for housing, it was found that many of these dalit families did not possess proper landholding documents. The project has therefore assisted 120 such families in obtaining proper land documents for their house. In order to promote safe sanitation practices 280 family toilets were constructed. The project educated the communities on the importance of proper and safe sanitation practices through mass awareness campaigns.

The project also organised awareness programs on legal rights, National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGA) amongst others, and facilitated the process of linking the village level institutions with banks and other financial institutions. Thrift and credit, individual and community savings was also encouraged as part of future preparedness.

The project has stressed the need to strengthen the communities in the capacity to claim their rights. Coastal dalit communities because of their social exclusion and illiteracy do not have proper democratic institutional set up to uphold the rights. Through ASIN 82 project is making the initial India - DRR & Social Empowerment 7 Appeal IND093 attempt to organizing the people to build effective institutional body. In the first year intervention project was successful in forming the institution, equal representation of women inclusion was accepted after several attempts.

In DMT’s equal representation of women is also ensured because during emergencies women are the most vulnerable and trained women DMT members can play a big role in safeguarding the lives of the affected women and children.

V. TARGETED BENEFICIARIES

The project in the second year intervention proposes to include another 20 new communities in addition to the 45 operational communities of first year intervention. All the 65 communities were severely affected by Cyclone “Nisha” towards the end of last year. The 20 new communities are composed of dalit and marginalised people, who are socially and economically deprived and excluded from the immediate support system. Almost all the families are landless or marginal land holders and daily labour categories with income below the poverty line. These families dwell in huts with mud wall thatched by coconut leaves. Water in these areas is contaminated that too also are scarcity during summer. People depend upon seasonal agricultural and NREGA for livelihood. During an initial base line survey it was found that the concept of CBDP is unheard off in these communities. Hence special skills development training for disaster preparedness will be organised for interested persons from the operational communities to form Disaster Management Taskforce (DMT) and Disaster Management Committees (DMC). Self-Help Groups (SHG) will be formed/ strengthened for initiating income generation ventures of their choice. Most deserving families will be provided livelihood support.

The project has plans to construct about 300 low-cost houses for dalit marginalised families. For receiving direct support of high investment activities like housing, livelihood assistance etc beneficiaries selection was carefully done as per agreed criteria. However, under the capacity building activities many families benefited directly and indirectly from more than one activity. In first year intervention 18,240 beneficiaries directly benefited through our project intervention out of which 7200 were women. 3500 community people from the 45 operational villages benefited indirectly through our project intervention.

In the proposal for year 2 intervention nearly 19,200 beneficiaries including 7620 women will get direct benefits through project interventions. Similarly, 7236 community people from the 65 villages are expected to receive indirect benefit through our intervention. The project aims to reach about 26,400 people from 65 villages in the course of three years.

Geographical focus: The second year intervention will be implemented in 65 villages listed below from Nagapattinam and Cuddalore districts of Tamil Nadu.

Statistical details of the villages for year two intervention: SL. Population No Village District Taluka Block HH M F Total Operational villages of 1st year intervention List of New villages 1 Nagapatti Menairuppu Sirkali Kollidam 115 202 260 nam 462 2 Achankadu - do - - do - - do - 90 262 188 450 3 Nariyentheru - - do - - do - - do - 105 301 224 525 India - DRR & Social Empowerment 8 Appeal IND093

East 4 Nariyentheru - - do - - do - - do - 65 175 150 West 325 5 Kuthuvakarai - do - - do - - do - 64 168 152 320 6 Pillpadugai - do - - do - - do - 110 243 245 488 7 Nanalpadugai - do - - do - - do - 100 236 217 453 8 Mudalaimedu - do - - do - - do - 88 162 159 321 9 Manaveli - do - - do - - do - 64 144 197 341 10 Iruvakollai - - do - - do - - do - 29 68 74 South 142 11 Keelagaram - do - - do - - do - 120 266 250 516 12 Mahendrapalli - do - - do - - do - 190 595 615 1210 13 Mudalaimeduthitt - do - - do - - do - 48 101 89 u 190 14 Kaduvetti - do - - do - - do - 100 263 248 511 15 Vettanthankarai - do - - do - - do - 139 246 233 479 16 Chidamba Parankipat Nedunchi Cuddalore 62 166 169 ram tai 335 17 Kuchipalayam - do - - do - - do - 147 238 298 536 18 N.M.Valkai - do - - do - - do - 147 150 162 312 19 Keelachavadi - do - - do - - do - 128 193 205 398 20 Kottavam - do - - do - - do - 119 142 155 297 21 Vadakkuchavadi - do - - do - - do - 78 151 165 316 22 Chinnatheru - do - - do - - do - 37 146 152 298 23 Kaduvetti - do - - do - - do - 44 154 155 309 24 Sethukollai - do - - do - - do - 45 164 161 325 25 T.S.Pettai - do - - do - - do - 63 167 170 337 26 Keelaperambai - do - - do - - do - 72 169 176 345 27 Rengantheru - do - - do - - do - 65 180 182 362 28 Radhavilagam - do - - do - - do - 70 151 166 317 29 U.C.Mangalam - do - - do - - do - 80 210 167 377 30 Kilinjal Colony - do - - do - - do - 42 148 156 304 List of old villages from DCA-CBDP / LHP 31 Nagapatti Iruvakkollai Sirkali Kollidam 81 158 150 nam 308 32 Kattur - do - - do - - do - 110 260 320 580 33 Subrayapuram - do - - do - - do - 86 212 218 430 34 Varisapattu - do - - do - - do - 115 225 218 443 35 K.P.S Nagar - do - - do - - do - 22 32 31 63 36 Kumaranatham - do - - do - - do - 78 118 125 243 37 Vembadi - do - - do - - do - 62 118 115 233 38 Vadi - do - - do - - do - 120 238 226 464 39 Cuddalore Cuddalore Kurichpad Thanoor 35 76 69 ai 145 Athinarayanapura 40 - do - - do - - do - 85 174 168 342 m- West Athinarayanapura 41 - do - - do - - do - 181 237 315 552 m- East 42 Thirthanagari - 1 - do - - do - - do - 75 135 146 281 43 Thirthanagari - 2 - do - - do - - do - 303 599 596 1195 44 Pallineerodai - - do - - do - - do - 94 192 165 357 India - DRR & Social Empowerment 9 Appeal IND093

North 45 Pallineerodai - - do - - do - - do - 64 156 140 South 296 Sub Total 2 District 3 Taluka 3 Block 4137 8891 8942 17833 List of New Villages to be taken up for 2nd year

intervention 46 Kundumedu Cuddalore Chidamba Parangipat 110 243 230 473 ram tai 47 Natarajapuram - do - - do - - do - 35 137 125 252 48 Kanagarapattu - do - - do - - do - 80 221 195 416 49 Vasapathur - do - - do - - do - 80 239 230 469 50 Pinnathur - do - - do - - do - 120 323 300 623 Pinathur 51 - do - - do - - do - 46 124 89 223 (Mariamman koil) 52 Sindhampalayam - do - - do - - do - 76 142 159 301 53 Karakattuchavadi - do - - do - - do - 50 156 155 311 54 Thaikal theru - do - - do - - do - 45 143 137 280 55 Kallimedu - do - - do - - do - 86 222 208 430 56 Kaval Maniyam Nagapatti Sirkali Kollidam 96 304 176 480 nam 57 Vellamanal - do - - do - - do - 64 221 199 420 58 Ayyampet - do - - do - - do - 45 122 103 225 59 Mani Iruppu - do - - do - - do - 40 109 91 200 60 Sengamedu - do - - do - - do - 175 459 416 875 61 Anumanthapuram - do - - do - - do - 160 440 360 800 62 Thittu padugai - do - - do - - do - 65 200 125 325 63 Kothandapuram - do - - do - - do - 68 188 152 340 Achalpuram 64 - do - - do - - do - 118 323 267 590 Keela theru 65 Ichiladi Theru - do - - do - - do - 100 290 280 570 Sub Total 2 district 2 taluka 2 block 1659 4606 3997 8603 Grand Total 2 district 3 taluka 3 block 5796 13497 12939 26436

Criteria for selection of beneficiaries The targeted communities are among the most vulnerable, mostly deprived of their legitimate dues from the state and other actors. Unaware of their rights and entitlements, they are caught in the vicious cycle of illiteracy, poverty, malnutrition, alcoholism, indebtedness and under-employment. All the proposed operational areas are spread across the coastal belt and are exposed to floods, cyclones and tsunami.

Erratic, excess or scanty rainfall, combined with lack of flood protection and irrigation facilities makes agriculture a risky venture for the land-poor farmers. The marginal land holders are unable to desalinate their agricultural land. They lack access to institutional credit facilities, alternative skills for income generation, and are ignorant of various government schemes. With no other livelihood options open to them the landless labourers and poor farmers either borrow money or migrate to neighbouring states in search of livelihoods. Thus the target groups are economically, geographically and socially vulnerable and live in structurally vulnerable and unstable houses.

Criteria for identifying new village/ community: • Population living in vulnerable structures • Areas with unfavourable geographic location: vulnerable to water logging and floods. India - DRR & Social Empowerment 10 Appeal IND093

• Villages and households with poor sanitation and lack of potable water • Households with low income / unsustainable income sources • Families with illiterate and are first generation learners. • Families in poor housing conditions, inadequate supply of safe water, poor sanitation habit, lack of awareness on environment.

Criteria for selecting beneficiaries are: • Widow, divorced & Women headed families. • Families with children, elderly particularly those without care givers and differently able persons. • Dalits • Child headed families • Landless poor families

The beneficiary selection procedure will be transparent and will be done in consultation with concerned authorities and village development committee. The local Panchayat will also be involved in selecting the beneficiaries especially for components like housing, toilet construction, etc

Code of Conduct and Sphere Standard The Code of Conduct of International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and Non- Governmental Organizations (NGOs) in Disaster relief will be adhered by the project. While implementing the project ACT guidelines on prevention of sexual abuse, corruption and gender will be followed throughout the project. Utmost priority will be given to attain the sphere minimum standards in all the project deliverables. The project staff will be adequately sensitized all these code of conduct and standards.

VI. PROPOSED EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE & IMPLEMENTATION

Goal

The proposed project aims to “Reduce disaster and poverty related vulnerabilities through empowering the socially and economically marginalized people and develop an effective responsive capacity within the communities.”

Strategic objective The project’s strategic objective is to empower the vulnerable and the marginalised people and to increase disaster resilience of the communities.

Objectives

1) Set up Community Based Disaster Risk Management support 2) Improve housing of families and community infrastructure 3) Reduce economic vulnerabilities and enhance quality of life through livelihood support 4) Mitigate environmental vulnerabilities and strengthen environmental protection 5) Reduce social vulnerabilities India - DRR & Social Empowerment 11 Appeal IND093

Activities

Objective 1: Set up Community Based Disaster Risk Management support

Project introduction and establish rapport with community: Project staff will visit each of the 20 new communities and establish credible rapport with the people, community leaders, and other CBOs functioning in the villages.

Organise mass awareness sessions on Disaster Preparedness (DP): In the first year intervention project through mass awareness programmes was able to sensitize the communities on the importance and need of disaster preparedness. In year two intervention, project has further plans to conduct mass awareness sessions in the new communities to sensitize them on the importance and need of disaster preparedness. Developed IEC material will be distributed and information on DP will be disseminated. Project will try to identify the traditional coping mechanism during disaster, revamp the methods, and incorporate them in the CBDP plan.

Preparing the communities to create multi purpose maps though PRA exercises: In the first year participatory rural appraisal tools were used in all the operational villages. Multipurpose maps were developed to identify the vulnerabilities and plans were developed to make them disaster resilient communities. The developed PRA maps were displayed in public places; it enables community to identify the vulnerable areas and seasons, available resources, issues and safest places in the community. Since constant changes are happening in the community there is a need for periodical PRA mapping. Hence in the second year intervention project will be conducting Panchayat Raj Institution (PRI) exercise in all the 65 operational villages including the new ones.

Project will facilitate the community to apply PRA tools to depict the village situations through various maps like seasonality maps, vulnerability maps, resource maps, etc to make them aware of their resources, vulnerability areas, hazards, etc. Mapping will be displayed in public places so that the entire village is well informed of the village situation. Mixed group of selected Volunteers from the village including children will be trained on mapping and managing the people while doing the mapping. A comparison with available secondary data (already collected from VAO, Anganwadi Worker, Agri Dept, and others) will be made. Final List will be prepared and displayed for Public Reference in a Common Place for 7 Days. After modification if any, the same will be submitted in the Grama Sabha for approval. Findings from the PRA will help to develop plans for reducing future vulnerability. All sections of the community- youth, the elderly, women and children will participate in the PRA exercise. PRA exercise will be executed in 65 villages and project will make the PRA exercise a process and periodical activities of the community.

Motivational training to community volunteers on DP: As a result of mass awareness programme many volunteers from the community came forward to form DMTs. In the first year intervention project was able to establish 31 DMTs by imparting motivational training on disaster preparedness to 1073 volunteers. In the second year project has plans to promote 20 new DMTs in the new operational villages. Training on CBDP will be imparted to the volunteers to enhance and develop their skills and capacities. Role and responsibilities, concept amplification on CBDP and strategy will be elaborately explained by LWSI Team during the course of the trainings. With capacitated knowledge, the volunteers will address the micro issues and facilitate the community to take part in CBDP. Exchange of volunteers from one community to another will gear up their knowledge and enable them to visualize the impacts of the programme. Volunteers will identify the active disaster management team’s taskforces in the community and motivate the DMT task force to take part in India - DRR & Social Empowerment 12 Appeal IND093 the CBDP. Three hundred (300) volunteers from the new operational area will be motivated in various village level trainings.

Promotion and strengthening of VDC/VC: In the first year project utilized its competency to establish 45 VDC in the communities. Consequently new leaders were identified to take the lead in organising the unorganised communities. Periodical motivational trainings are required for sustainability and smooth functioning of these VDCs. In the second year project has plans to promote 20 new VDCs comprising of traditional leaders, youths and women SHG leaders in the new communities. The 45 VDC established in the first year will be further strengthened to take up leadership role in their respective communities.

Promote DMTs and train DMT members including mock drill: In the first year project promoted 31 DMT’s in the operational communities. Task forces were formed and assigned to carry out activities to address problems arising during disasters. 1251 DMT task force members received necessary skills development training on warning dissemination, evacuation, search, rescue; water and sanitation; First Aid and Psychosocial care; shelter and relief management; networking and assessment and other activities as per the community’s specific needs. In the second year project plans to organize refresher trainings for the established DMTs to further enhance their skills on preparedness. New DMTs will be promoted in the 20 new villages as part of CBDP and periodical skill development trainings will be provided to the members. Periodical mock drills sessions will be organised to keep the task force active and prepared for any disaster.

Gaps identified in the old DMTs will be addressed and members of both old and new DMTs will be provided necessary skills development training on warning dissemination, evacuation, search, rescue; water and sanitation; First Aid and Psychosocial care; shelter and relief management; networking and assessment and other activities as per the community’s specific needs. Good health, good physique, good psychic, inclusion of disabled for certain task, preference to women, etc are some of the requirement for DMT members. Following selection of DMT members, based on their physic, interest, Knowledge, task forces will be established. The number of DMT members will depend on the number of households in each community but, in general, each DMT will have 20 to 30 members. 600 new DMT members will receive the skill training during the project period. LWSI staff members and outside resource persons will facilitate the training sessions. The trained task force will be responsible for assigned task during disaster. The project proposes to provide refresher trainings to 1251 participants from the previous task forces established in the previous phase along with training to 99 new particpants in the second year intervention. The total numbers of participants will 1350. Responsibilities of each Task Force will remain the same as defined in the first proposal.

Prepare community based disaster risk management plan: All the operational villages of first year intervention have prepared contingency plans detailing all the practical aspects for facing future hazards. In the second year, these communities will incorporate the changes that have taken place within the community into the contingency plan. Similarly the DMTs in the new communities will be guided to prepare contingency plans detailing all the practical aspects for facing future hazards. Project aims at preparing twenty new village level contingency plans during the project period which will be compared with Government records and data to develop further plans for reducing future vulnerability. This disaster risk management plan will contain names of the task force members, their responsibilities and timelines before, during and after the hazard strikes the area. This document will also have the PRA maps prepared by the community.

Exposure and exchange visits of DMT/VDC: The trained DMT members will visit another affected community in other States of India prone to similar disaster for exposure and exchange of ideas. Project will arrange exposure visits for twenty selected DMT team members from the India - DRR & Social Empowerment 13 Appeal IND093 operation area who will after returning share the learning with the other DMTs in their surrounding operational villages.

Train community leaders, members and Panchayat representatives: The proposal includes actions for advocacy with the local and state government institution for Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) practices. The budget line “training community leaders, members and Panchayat representatives and Networking with government and other extension agencies” is aimed at educating the local and state government on their responsibility in DRR practices. It will also emphasise the local and state government mandatory steps for DRR as per recent Disaster management act, 2005.

In the first year, project trained 134 leaders; members and Panchayat representatives as a result of which better relationship between the community and PRI members prevails. Such trainings are conducted to motivate the PRI members and community members and keep them abreast of the various changes in the global context. PRI members are the link between the community and the Government. PRI members have poor knowledge about the social schemes of the government and CBDP hence need to be educated. Project will provide training to PRI members on various social schemes of the state government, needs of CBDP, role and responsibilities of PRI members in the CBDP with community leaders. A platform will be set up to share their ideas and best practices. PRI members will be motivated to take part in CBDP and contingency plan. Communities will be encouraged to observe different significant days and understand their relevance. Training and empowerment will establish strong rapport between the community and the PRI members and Government officials. This will result in better implementation of government schemes and better communications. Seventy Five (75) Local Panchayat representatives will receive training on aspects of disaster preparedness during the project period.

Training on DP to disabled: Disable persons are the most vulnerable during any disaster. They are heavily dependent on others for rescue. A specialised approach will be adopted for the training of disabled. The training aims at organising and empowering the disabled to establish their rights and utilize the facilities available in the government. Project will promote 15 SHGs consisting of disables and 100 disabled will receive training on Disaster Preparedness.

Training and Support for Grain Bank: The targeted communities are among the most vulnerable. Since they do not have any sustainable income sources they cannot think of saving whether cash or food grain. They have developed the habit of borrowing money from landlords and or money lender. To cultivate the habit of savings, project will promote trainings on grain saving for meeting future needs and create a grain bank in the community which will support the community kitchen and minimize the dependency during disaster. Sixty Five (65) Storage Vessels for collecting grains will be distributed to each community in the second phase of intervention.

Installations of early warning systems in selected villages (Pilot): The project has plans to install early warning systems in four thickly populated communities which will have a net work with District administration and metrology departments and will be able to disseminate information as quick as possible. Early warning system will broadcast authentic information and news whereby enabling the community to prepare and move to safer place quickly.

DRR programme integrated into the school curriculum: As per the recent disaster management act, 2005 the state is committed to introduce Disaster Management in the curriculum in school. Through participation in the State and District management committee meetings project along with the like minded NGO’s is following up on the integration of disaster management in school curriculum.

India - DRR & Social Empowerment 14 Appeal IND093 DRR programme for school children: Experience from past disasters reveal that, children are the most vulnerable as they are not aware of the needs of the situation. Project identified the need to reduce the vulnerability of children. Project will educate and train children on disaster risk reduction. Since home and schools are the safest place for children, parents and teachers will also be educated to prepare the children from the risk of disaster.

Awareness on Disaster Preparedness to school children and teachers: In the first year 1520 participants (children and teachers) were made aware of techniques of disaster preparedness through awareness programmes. Students being good recipients of knowledge will be trained in disaster preparedness at different levels. This programme will identify volunteers in the school and promote task forces in the school levels. Thirty schools in project operational areas will be utilized to give awareness on disaster preparedness. IEC materials will be distributed during the programme.

Sensitisation of School Children through Puppet Show & Film show: Puppet shows and film shows are effective tools to carry out awareness on DRR for children and can be executed at grass root level. Professional puppet show group will be hired to perform in the schools, simultaneously train the project staffs and the community. Children will be educated on the preventive aspects on disaster through film shows.

Formation and training school safety task forces: School children selected as volunteers will form the safety taskforces and will be trained on school safety measures. Like DMT task forces, project will train the children in five concepts and school teachers will be made responsible to manage the task forces. A special module and work book will be prepared for the school children. Project will establish children task forces in thirty schools and train them based on their assigned tasks.

Training for teachers on Disaster Preparedness: Past experience reveal that teachers have struggled to rescue the children during disaster because of lack of knowledge on disaster preparedness. Hence there is a need to train the teachers on disaster preparedness for safeguarding themselves as well as to rescue the children in risk. A special module will be prepared for the trainings. Training on DP will be conducted for the teachers and they will be motivated to actively lobby for including DRR in the curriculum. One hundred twenty five teachers will benefit from this programme.

Training on DM for National Cadet Corps (NCC) /National Students Service Scheme (NSS)/ Junior Red Cross (JRC)/ Scouts: During disaster, NCC/NSS/JRC/Scout students are found to be very active in rescue and relief activities. However, they lack the skills and knowledge of disaster preparedness. Special camps will be organised to train them on disaster preparedness, relief and rescue activities. 200 students will benefit out of the training and get knowledge about DRR and planned intervention during and after disaster.

Objective 2: Improve Housing of Families and Community Infrastructure Construct Community Infrastructures: Majority of the people in the low lying operation communities are living in unsafe traditional houses, with mud walls and thatched roof. Each year after the monsoon they spend considerable amounts to repair or reconstruct the houses. During flood and other emergencies people are compelled to flee the village in search of safe shelter as they don’t have any common safe shelter within the community. Based on the identified need project will construct eight multipurpose emergency shelters. In the first year, seven multipurpose community centres and other infrastructures like bath ghat, water tank platform were provided to the communities. The constructed community infrastructures were handed over to VDC and local Panchayat for development and maintenance.

India - DRR & Social Empowerment 15 Appeal IND093 Construct low cost disaster resistant house: All the operational villages are geographically vulnerable to water logging and floods. Majority of the people are living in unsafe traditional houses, with mud walls and thatched roof. Every monsoon the villagers move from their villages due to prolonged water logging and fear of the unsafe structures collapsing Last year due to cyclone Nisha, followed by heavy flooding, all the houses were washed away and damaged. To rebuild and renovate these mud houses these poor families are compelled to take loan from money lenders who charge exorbitant rates of interest. Seasonal employment in agricultural sectors does not permit them to repay the loan and ultimately they became bonded labour.

In the first year project identified 255 such vulnerable families in four villages of Cuddalore and Nagapattinam and provided them with permanent low cost disaster resistant houses. Since there are many more families facing the same problem, project proposes to assist another 230 dalit families with low cost disaster resistant houses to improve their quality of life.

Construction of Toilet: In the first year awareness programmes were carried out to sensitize the community on the issues of health and sanitations and create a healthy environment. Women have been found to be most vulnerable during disasters. In this backdrop project will construct Low cost toilets for 300 families to promote safe health and hygiene practices.

Mason Training on Hazard Resistant construction practice: Working in agricultural fields as unskilled labourers is the primary livelihood of the dalit and marginal communities. They also work as semi skilled and unskilled workers in construction sites. The skilled masons are better paid. In order to improve the local mason’s skills and capacities on disaster resistance construction practice, project has plans to provide skill development training on hazard resistant construction. In the first year 53 mason received this training. In the second year project propose to train forty masons on multi hazard resistant construction practices.

Creation/ Renovation of water resource: Lack of portable drinking water is a serious problem in most of the operational villages. The crisis of drinking water is further aggravated during disaster. In the first year project created safe water sources by installation of tube wells and repairing and renovation exciting wells in 20 villages. In the year two intervention, based on the need project proposes to provide safe drinking water, renovation the water sources, building water tanks etc in 15 new villages to ensure safe drinking water.

Organisational methodology: Housing support is provided to the resource poor dalit families who are living in hazard prone areas: close to the backwaters, flood prone, low lying areas, near to sea, etc. Criteria’s for eligibility for housing support are

1. Preference to families living in vulnerable mud houses and thatched houses. 2. Families living in low lying areas 3. Destitute widows and families with physically challenged dependents. 4. Women headed families 5. Families with low income/ unsustainable income sources

Before starting the construction work project convene community meeting to share the design and get the opinion of the beneficiaries. The beneficiary list is also shared to avoid social unrest between selected and not selected families. The project and the Village development committees explain the reason for selection and non selection. VDCs are involved in supervising the quality of the building materials, guarding the materials, allocating place for storing the materials etc. Each beneficiary is expected to contribute ten percent of the total estimated cost of their house either by cash or kind. All houses are covered under insurance for future safety and security. India - DRR & Social Empowerment 16 Appeal IND093 Experiences and qualified project staffs and the Village Development Committee are responsible for supervising, coordinating and overseeing the construction work.

The project has a team of qualified professional comprising of a chief civil engineer who is assisted by two engineers who are directly responsible for the construction work in the community. The project hired a qualified architect for preparing the design and estimates of the low cost multiple disaster resist house in consultation with the community. Culture and habits like avoiding attached toilets, kitchen on the eastern part of the house were taken in to account while designing the houses. Trained masons were engaged for constructing the houses. Semi and unskilled work is done by the beneficiary. Project procurement committee monitors the purchase of every material. All purchases are done after obtaining approval of procurement committee and project accounts officer is responsible for maintaining the stocks. Only quality certified materials used for the construction. Community volunteer ensure participation of the community in this intervention. Above all, project consults and involves local self government in the entire process. The UN construction guidelines and Sphere Standards are strictly followed.

All the proposed operational communities for housing are spread across the coastal belt and are exposed to floods. Targeted families are living on small plots of land (200 to 300 sqft) whereas a monkey is kept in rooms of size 400 – 500 sqft in the zoo. Each year after the monsoon they spend considerable amounts to repair or reconstruct the houses. This has often pushed them into the hands of the money lenders who charge exorbitant rates of interest.

LWSI contribution is mentioned in the budget and each beneficiary is expected to contribute ten percent of the total estimated cost of their house either by cash or kind.

Objective 3: enhance quality of life through livelihood support

Formation and strengthening of Self Help Groups (SHG): SHG federation is an alliance of all the SHG established by the project. The promotion of SHG federation will provide individual autonomy and self sustainability to the SHG’s. The office bearers of the federation have started mobilizing the resources from various resource agencies and are also monitoring the functions of alliance SHG’s. Establishing a small scale industry will provide livelihood to the member of SHG’s and bear the maintenance expenses of the federation. Effective function of SHG federation is what we are aiming at for a smooth exit after three years.

In the first year project promoted 32 SHGs specially women groups and encouraged them for savings and credit operations. Existing and new VDCs/VCs, and SHGs were supported to develop their action plans, set targets and work collectively for the development of their communities.

In the second year, the SHG will be further strengthened and motivated to establish federation and prepare them to combat social evils like alcoholism, dowry system, caste system existing in the community.

The project proposes to promote new women SHGs in the new operational areas and will also emphasise on strengthening the existing women SHGs for savings and credit operations. 50 new SHGs will be promoted. The concept of SHGs, role and responsibilities, activities, etc will be explained through trainings. New SHGs will visit the successful SHGs of other communities for exposure and to learn the best practices. Project will motivate the SHGs for savings and make them aware of their social responsibilities. Bank linkage will be arranged for the SHGs and linkage with District Rural Developmental Agency (DRDA) will be facilitated. Apart from economical activities, SHGs forces will be facilitated to address the social issues of their communities. SHGs will be India - DRR & Social Empowerment 17 Appeal IND093 equipped to do advocacy and lobbying work on Alcoholism. SHG members will be given opportunities to participate in vocational training.

Support to VDCs/SHGs/Youth groups /DMTs: In the first year, project supported 98 groups with income generation schemes like coir making unit, petty shop, goat rearing etc for sustainability and income generation. The main objective of the programme was to make the CBOs Self reliance. Successful ventures will be replicable in the new areas of intervention. In the second year, project will identify and support the existing weaker CBOs and as well as new CBOs for their sustainability and economic growth. Project will support economic activities like renting audio video equipment, renting cooking vessels etc. to link it with disaster preparedness. Incomes from the activities will be used for community development activities. Twenty five Community Based Organisations (CBOs) will benefit from this support.

Promote and assist SHG Federations: All the women SHGs promoted and supported by the project will be motivated to establish federation according to their interest, available sources and in consideration to the geographical areas. Project has plans to form one federation in each district which will be register under societies registration act. Members will elect the officer bearers through annual election. The federation will be supported to start small scale industries in their area which will fetch additional income. The profits will be equally shared by the SHGs. Project will support the federation to determine their priorities and develop action plans. Federation will be motivated to do lobbying and advocacy on social issues especially on alcoholism.

Families assisted with Livelihood: 185 most vulnerable families were supported with locally viable alternative livelihood schemes to improve their economic situation. All the supported families are able to generate additional income from the livelihood programmes. However, there are still many more resource poor families who need to be supported with livelihood schemes to provide steady income for the family. Apart from the SHG’s /VDC’s/DMT’s, individual vulnerable person like disabled, old aged, widows and families with differently challenged dependents will be assisted to start income generation. In consultation with the village development committee, seventy such families will be assisted for livelihood.

Provide agricultural assistance/ livelihood support: In the first year project promoted sustainable agricultural practices and supports 610 marginal families with agricultural seeds and implements. Services of government agriculture extension agencies and officials were used to organize training programs for 112 farmers. Objective of the training was to disseminate the information on the changes in agricultural practices and educate them on ways to manage their small farms, improve the fertility of the soils, to conserve water, to improve the quality of land and soils, and to use more organic manure.

In the year two intervention project will support another 150 poor marginal farmers with agriculture inputs in the form of seeds and agriculture implements. Seventy of the most vulnerable families will be supported with locally viable alternative livelihood schemes to improve their economic situation. Necessary training will also be organised for 100 families in implementation of the agricultural and non-farm livelihood schemes, such as vermin compost, livestock, lime production, bricks making, etc.

Facilitate generation of Community Funds: In order to meet the immediate needs during and after disasters, the communities will be motivated and guided to generate common funds through contribution from the community members, organising cultural programmes, facilitating community activities, etc.

India - DRR & Social Empowerment 18 Appeal IND093 Objective 4: Mitigate environmental vulnerability / or strengthen environmental protection

Distribute seedlings for community plantations: The operational communities being located in highly environmentally challenged areas susceptible to frequent occurrence of flood, project carried out intensive programs on creating awareness on sustainable environment.

Trees are integral part of human existence. Hence sapling plantation ought to be an integral part of our life in order to protect life and environment. Project plans to promote community plantation in the year two intervention. Fruit saplings as per choice of the beneficiaries will be distributed to those families who have land. Wherever possible, community plantations will be taken up. Vegetable seeds will be provided to families who have small plot of land to take up kitchen garden. School children will be involved in tree plantation activities. The project will take up awareness programs on protection of the environment. Awareness on preservation of existing water sources and use of surface water will be stressed. The project will take conscious steps to encourage activities related to rain water harvesting.

Vocational training/gradation support to deserving youth: In the first year based on identified needs of the target communities, vocational training such as carpentry, computer education, embroidery, tailoring, and four wheeler driving was provided for 152 youth in various ventures. 60% of the trained youth are employed and are fetching income for their families. In year two also project will provide vocational training to needy youths. Project will also target girls and boys in upgrading their qualifications through distance learning and other modes of higher education.

Provide water and sanitation support: The project plans to organise up to 30 awareness sessions on each health aspects and water & sanitation aspect. To develop water and sanitation it is planned to create 15 safe water sources created in 15 of the operational villages, where water problem prevail. Up to 230 house holds will be motivated to construct low-cost latrines and most needed families are provided with funding support to construct low cost latrines.

Objective 5: reduce social vulnerabilities

Network with government and other extension agencies: In the first year intervention, apart from inviting government officials as resource person and chief guest to different awareness and training programs, project organized 5 special networking meetings to establish links between community and government authorities at different levels. Project will engage extension agencies, such as local Panchayat, Village Development Committees (VDC) in its activities and this will enable access to government schemes and resources for economic and social development. As advocacy and networking are critical inputs in disaster response, networking with Government will help to sustain the CBDP in the community. Periodic joint meetings of community leaders, self-government members and LWSI personnel will be organized. The villagers will be made aware of the roles and responsibilities of local self- government representatives. It will increase efficiency and accountability of the local self- government personnel. The project will try to motivate local self-government members to incorporate disaster preparedness components in development activities.

Training to community leaders and PRI members on PRI system in Tamil Nadu: During survey it was found that majority of the PRI members were not aware of PRI acts and their roles and responsibilities. Because of their ignorance they were exploited and dominated by government officials. In order to make them aware of the different functions of PRI, project trained 107 community leaders and PRI members on PRI system. In the second year also project has plans to organize Training on PRI System and Act for community leaders and elected Panchayat leaders India - DRR & Social Empowerment 19 Appeal IND093 especially in the new communities. In the trainings, more focus will be given on role of PRI members during disaster.

Establishing Non Formal Education centres: Education is the prerequisite for development. However, in he operational Dalit communities, it has been found that children are not getting proper education in rural schools and their illiterate parents are also not able to guide them. As a result children are loosing interest in continuing studies which is leading to increased dropout. The non formal education center will bridge the gap, encourage and guide the student’s to continue education in schools. Besides, adult and elderly illiterate women can be introduced to the basics of education. Non formal education centres and community study centres will be set up for promoting literacy. Literate local youth are trained to operate and manage non-formal education centres under the supervision of CBOs and SHGs. In the year two intervention project has plans to establish forty non-formal education Centres (NFE) where ever needed to help / guide the children to continue education.

Educational support to most deserving school children: In the first year project provided educational supported to 2949 children from Dalit families. In the second year, the project will provide educational support by way of school students’ kit and uniform to 800 students.

Legal support to excluded families: In the first year project organised a legal support programme with free legal aid counselling. 178 families benefited from the program. In year two intervention, education on laws to promote basic rights will be organised for excluded families as most of the families are not aware of their rights and Indian laws. IEC materials will be distributed during the programme. Few families will be supported to have legal interventions.

Awareness sessions on right to information, advocacy & lobbying, violence against women, human rights: People of the disadvantaged communities are not aware of human rights, entitlements and as a result deprived and exploited. Project will organize training on women rights, dalit rights and human rights. Emphasis will be given to Right to information Act to enhance advocacy and lobbying. People will be made aware of different government schemes from which they can get benefit.

Awareness programme on environment / rain water harvesting: In the first year project conducted 62 awareness programmes on environment / rain water harvesting to sensitize the people on the need to use water judiciously. Awareness programme on rain water harvesting will be organised for the communities. Tree plantation and homestead garden will be encouraged through awareness programme. Project has plans to conduct rally on global warming and climate change in each community to create awareness on environment and specially to avoid plastics.

Organise gender sensitization programme: No development can be sustainable unless and until there is gender justice. Gender awareness for the project is of paramount importance. Empowering women through access to and control over resources and participation of women in decision making are of primary concern. Accordingly in the first year 28 gender sensitization programs were conducted to address issues of gender discrimination and promote gender equity. Project will continue to address gender discrimination and poor participation of women in community activities through gender sensitization programme. This programme is expected to enhance more participation of women in the CBDP thus minimizing gender discriminations in the operational communities. Awareness programs will be conducted in 30 communities to address issues of gender discrimination and promotes gender equity. The project will apply the ACT Gender Policy and Principles.

India - DRR & Social Empowerment 20 Appeal IND093 Organise awareness sessions on HIV/AIDS: As a result of seasonal migration for agricultural employment HIV/AIDS prevalence is high in Tamil Nadu. Hence 31 awareness programmes were organised in the first year to disseminate the messages of HIV prevention. Awareness on reproductive and child health will be organised with the help of local government healthcare personnel. Adolescent health issues and family level health education will be organized especially for adolescents. Training on HIV/AIDS will be organised for 40 selected community members, who will continue to disseminate the messages of HIV prevention. The Appeal response will take into account and apply the ACT Policy on HIV in Humanitarian Emergency Assistance Programmes. Anti-alcoholism campaign: Most people in the operational areas are addicted to illicit liquor and major part of their income goes for consuming alcohol. Project organised and motivated SHG’s to curb selling of illicit liquor in the community. The project will also develop skills among the community volunteers to use street plays to spread awareness of the impact of alcoholism and other social issues on the community. Trained volunteers will disseminate the knowledge to the communities. Project will motivate the women SHGs to campaign against alcoholism and violence against women.

Awareness on psychosocial care and trauma counselling; special care for vulnerable sections of the community including those who are physically and/or mentally challenged: As most of the operational communities were severely affected by cyclone NISHA, there was urgent need for psycho social care in these communities. Sudden disasters causes’ mental stress and people affected require psycho social care and trauma care to get back to normalcy. Disabled need special care and attention during and after disasters. In the first year project organised 8 awareness programmes on psychosocial care and trauma counselling. In the year two intervention, project will organize the same awareness programme in new villages only. 20 people from the community will be trained on psycho social care and trauma counselling.

Training on NREGA & other Government schemes: Training will be organised for the community on Government schemes, through which information on all government schemes and departments will be disseminated. NREGA will be given much focus, since community depend upon the NREGA for their livelihoods. To build a rapport between Government departments and communities, Project will engage Government officials as resource persons for these trainings.

Organise awareness on community health and environmental sanitation: Awareness programmes are effective tool to disseminate information and bring about behavioural changes. In the first year 56 sanitation awareness programmes on health and hygiene were carried out to sensitize the community on the issues of health and sanitations and create a healthy environment. Project has plans to continue the awareness programme on health and sanitations in the second year too. In India, 51% do not have toilets and are not aware of the importance of toilets. In the operational communities of the project 90% do are not have toilets and are not aware of the importance. Open air defecation is a common sight in theses areas. In order to bring behavioural change in their habit, several campaigns will be organised by using folk media and other mass communication methods. During the campaign, IEC materials will be distributed to disseminate the information on sanitation.

Awareness on water and sanitation facilities: Water is essential for life. With growing environment degradation, water needs to be used judiciously. During summer season, water scarcity is a big challenge and serious issue in the project operational areas. Most of the diseases reported are water borne diseases which are more aggressive during disaster. With coordination of local Primary Health Centre (PHC), awareness on safe drinking water and water borne diseases will be organised..

India - DRR & Social Empowerment 21 Appeal IND093 Observation of different significant days: Significant days like Republic day, Independence Day, International Women’s day, World environment Day, World Health Day, Literacy Day, Human Rights Day and World Aids day in all the operational communities.

Sl Objective/ Activity Output Objective 1: Community Based Disaster Management 1 Project introduction and rapport • 20 new additional feasible villages will be building selected for new interventions. 2 Organise mass awareness sessions on • In all the new villages 20 awareness DP programs organised 3 • Selected new villages and previous villages, Conduct PRA exercise PRA exercises will be conducted. 4 Train community volunteers on DP • 300 volunteers trained • 20 DMTs are formed • 600 participants of DMT task force members are trained • mock drill demonstration are undertaken in Promote DMTs and train (including 5 all the operational villages mock drill) DMT members and refresh trainings • First aid and DMT kits are provided to 20 communities and schools. • Previous DMTs are revitalized and motivated. 1350 people are benefited by Refresh training • All the operational villages are initiated in the preparation of community based disaster Prepare community based disaster risk risk management plan documents. 6 management plans • Community funds are raised through contribution from among the community members to meet emergency needs. • DMTs formed under this project working 7 Train community leaders, members and effectively Panchayat • 75 The concerned community leaders, Panchayat members trained 8 • 20 VDC leaders are learnt best practices of Exposure and exchange visits of DMT CBDP. 9 Training and Support for Grain bank • 65 VDC leaders are trained 10 Networking with Government and other • Rapport created between community and extension agency government 11 • Protected from hazards and minimize the Wind breaker trees/ saplings for green damages during disaster. 5000 trees are coverage planted. 12 • Vulnerable 100 disabled are empowered to Training on DP to disabled face the disaster 13 Installation of Early warning • 4 villages acquired with communication system(Pilot) system. DRR for School children 14 Sensitisation of School Children through • Children and teachers from 30 schools are Puppet Show & Film show and aware of importance of disaster awareness on DP to children and preparedness. teachers India - DRR & Social Empowerment 22 Appeal IND093

15 Formation and training school safety • Established DMT task force for schools in task forces 30 schools 16 Training for teachers on Disaster • 125 school teacher equipped with Management knowledge of CBDP 17 • Trained 200 school children geared up for Training on DM for NCC /NSS/ Scout future disaster. Objective 2: Improve housing 18 Mason Training on Hazard Resistant • 40 mason trained for hazard resistant construction practice construction practice 19 • Up to 230 improved houses provided Construct low-cost houses for selected depending on the availability of funds. 15 dalit/ marginalised families water sources and 300 latrines will also be constructed. 20 • Up to 8 community infrastructures provided Construct community centres and other based on assessment and depending on community infrastructures availability of funds Objective 3: Livelihood 21 • The operational villages are facilitated for functioning of up to 20 VDCs/DMCs Promote VDCs/DMCs/SHGs/Youth additional to established VDCs/DMCs groups and assist • 50 SHGs organised/ strengthened additional VDCs/DMCs/SHGs/Youth to established 32 SHGs groups/DMTs • 25 VDCs/DMCs/SHGs/Youth groups/DMTs are assisted to generate community funds. 22 • Network meetings conducted Network with government and other

extension agencies • Factitive to bridge the community and Government 23 • 100 poor get employment • Two district level federation Supported to Federations for Livelihood • Improved economical status • Involvement in social activities 24 • 100 Representatives from the concerned families are trained on agriculture and other Provide agricultural assistance/ livelihood schemes livelihood support • Most needy farmers provided agricultural assistance (150) • 70 non-farm income generating activities Objective 4: Mitigate environmental vulnerabilities 25 • The community members are assisted with saplings and motivated to take care of them. Distribute seedlings for community • 1,700 selected families supported with seeds plantations for homestead nutrition garden

• Awareness programs on environment, rainwater harvesting organised 26 • Provide vocational training in carpentry, Provide vocational training/gradation computer education, embroidery, tailoring, support to deserving youth and driving • Up grade qualification through distances learning 27 Organise awareness sessions on health • 30 Awareness sessions on health aspects India - DRR & Social Empowerment 23 Appeal IND093

and water & sanitation organised • 30 Awareness programs on water & sanitation organised 28 • safe water sources created in 15 of the operational villages • Up to 230 house holds are motivated to Develop water and sanitation facilities construct low-cost latrines • most needed families are provided with funding support to construct low cost latrines. Objective 5: reduce social vulnerability 29 • 75 community opinion leaders will be Training of community leaders trained 30 • 20 VDC/VC will be promoted and 45 VDC Promotion of VDC/VC will be strengthened 31 Awareness programmes on • 30 awareness programmes will be organised environment, rainwater harvesting 32 Organize awareness sessions on right to • 30 Awareness sessions on right to information, advocacy & lobbying, information, advocacy & lobbying, violence violence against women, human rights against women, human rights organised 33 • 30 Programs on gender sensitization Organize gender sensitization program organised 34 • 50 Awareness sessions on HIV/AIDS Organise awareness sessions on organised HIV/AIDS • 40 Community members trained on HIV/AIDS prevention related issues 35 • Community aware of government schemes Awareness on Government Schemes and and NREGA activities are monitored by the NREGA community. 200 participants 36 Organise awareness sessions on psychosocial care & trauma counselling; • 20 Sessions on community based special care for vulnerable section of the psychosocial care & trauma counselling community including people with organised abnormality 37 • 40 centres minimize the dropouts and NFE Centre motivate to continue school education. 800 children. 38 • Cultural troops are equipped to conduct 50 Organise anti-alcoholism campaign: awareness campaigns. 39 Vocational Training to village youths • 200 youths equipped with different skills . 40 Legal support to families having no • In all the villages legal support will be household land ownership documents provided 41 Educational support • 800 children are benefited

Project implementation methodology:

Project implementation design and strategies:

1. Induction/ Orientation to project team 2. Interface and association with village Panchayat and community 3. Sensitization of general community, traditional leaders, CBOs and Panchayat bodies, etc. India - DRR & Social Empowerment 24 Appeal IND093 4. Participatory community planning process 5. Orientation and capacity building to the target people, specially to the vulnerable handicapped, widows and special groups 6. Contingency plan Preparation 7. Mock drills 8. Networking block level coordination 9. Interface with the District administration 10. Process documentation and dissemination.

Process Working with Community demanded a series of process to be followed. The list of the process adopted during the project period is listed below: • Studying and assessing the survivors’ needs. • Prioritizing the needs. • Planning with community. • Identifying the key person. • Mobilizing the target group of beneficiaries. • Resource mobilization. • Planning with the participation of target group. • Carrying out the planned task. • Reviewing of activities carried out. • Monitoring the activities.

The project will be implemented with participation of the community. Project is planned and designed in a systematic and scientific manner. The complete design will be explained and planned with the community. Project will prompt communities to have long-term sustainability, in the following:

• Mobilizing local resources like men and materials. • Referral services to Government and NGOs. • Enabling the self-help groups to support the programmes • Mobilizing support from corporate sectors • Motivating the community based organizations to handle the programmes. • Advocacy and lobbying with community. • Stimulating the youth to assist the project

Project Principles

The project will be community based and strengthen the ownership of community groups and institutions. To be effective, it will cooperate with the local government and build strong links with regional and district authorities. Since it is a follow-on appeal of the ASRE51 Tsunami, it will focus both on humanitarian aid and development aspects.

Community based: The project considers the community organizations as the primary agents of change. Therefore attempts will always be made to implement all activities through these community organizations such as VDCs/DMCs, DMTs, SHGs, youth groups and occupational groups such as those of farmers clubs, etc. From inception, the project will motivate people to develop their own support systems, build organizational capacity and work collectively to address the problems of their communities. VDCs/DMCs will coordinate disaster management related activities as well. Disaster Management Taskforces (DMT) will work under the guidance of VDC/DMC, who will have the responsibility of establishing links with external resource agencies. India - DRR & Social Empowerment 25 Appeal IND093 The project will facilitate the process of linking the village level institutions with banks and other financial institutions. Thrift and credit, individual and community savings will be encouraged as part of future preparedness. Through alliance building and networking the project will try to ensure that the village level institutions are recognized as the primary actors for reducing disaster related vulnerabilities.

Empowerment: The project will work to empower communities, strengthen community organisations such as Village Development Committees (VDC)/ Disaster Management Committees (DMCs), Disaster Management Taskforces (DMT), Self Help Groups (SHG), Youth groups, etc. In many of the targeted communities some sort of village committee or traditional leadership exists. The project will always try to build on those existing structures. Enabling conditions will be created for these groups and institutions to take over and manage the community based disaster risk reduction initiatives.

This approach will help to enable the communities to carry forward all our efforts after our withdrawal at the end of the third year. VDC’s are trained and supported to enable the DMT members to perform their responsibilities. The project will organize necessary skills development training sessions on warning dissemination, evacuation, search, rescue; water and sanitation; First Aid and psychosocial care; shelter and relief management; networking and assessment and other activities as per the community’s specific needs.

Refresher training on leadership development, accounts maintenance, information on the different government social security schemes will be effectuated to make the DMT members empowered and confident to becoming an effective transparent institution in the village after our exit.

To strengthen and create opportunities for livelihood the project will promote SHGs, feasible agriculture activities and viable income generation schemes. DMTs, youth groups, SHGs will also be encouraged to take up viable income generation schemes.

Cooperation with local government: The project will target the duty bearers and try to motivate them to address the problems such as poverty and issues of livelihood. Project will maintain good working relations with government officials at district and block levels. The project will organize awareness programs and trainings for the duty bearers.

Linking Disaster to Development: Disaster management will be linked with other programs designed to improve the quality of life of local communities. The approach recognises human dignity, traditional coping mechanism, local wisdom and community capability to deal with disasters. The project targets the most disadvantaged groups but has elements in place to motivate the advantaged in the community to help the vulnerable groups and strengthen their capacities. The project will adhere to the principles of humanitarian aid of ACT and will assist the communities on the basis of need, irrespective of the affiliation to faith, colour sex.

Fighting HIV/ AIDS: The HIV/AIDS prevalence being high in Tamil Nadu, the project will try to educate the communities on the risks of HIV/AIDS through mass awareness programmes and trainings. Community Health, Educational and environmental issues will be addressed through appropriate support mechanism.

Inputs for project implementation Project inputs will be in the form of training and awareness to build leadership capacities in the communities and promote self-sustaining community institutions. Training and awareness will also focus on building awareness, strengthening the knowledge base and changing attitudes and practices. “Knowledge is preparedness”- working on this principle, the project will try to make India - DRR & Social Empowerment 26 Appeal IND093 communities aware of their vulnerabilities. Communities will be guided to explore their strengths in fighting disasters in the future. Skills development training will be organised for DMT members. Community leaders, SHG members, PRI members, youth etc. will also be given different training.

Sl no Human and Material Resources No 1 Project Coordinator 1 2 Project Officer 2 3 Documentation cum monitoring officer 1 4 Technical officer 2 5 Community Organiser 12 6 Accounts officer cum stores in charge 2 7 Driver 1 Sl no Human and Material Resources No 7 Volunteers 10 8 Animators cum NFE teachers 40 9 Two wheeler* 10 10 Four Wheeler * 1 The project expects to use the two wheelers and four wheelers, procured under ASRE51, for which repair and maintenance costs are considered in the budget of this project.

Planning assumptions, constraints and prioritisation o Communities understand and accept the need for disaster preparedness and are prepared to work collectively and participate in the project. o LWSI continues to have the necessary permission from the government of India to operate in the country. o Transition to local arrangements and the consequent change in the management of the project does not affect funding and the quality of the program. o Repeated natural calamities do not affect the continuity and sustainability of the project. o Bureaucratic systems in government make delay in getting approval for certain activities. o LWSI receives the necessary support from Government of Tamil Nadu and concerned district officials. o Construction material and other project inputs price hike. Constraints o India continues to be identified as a priority country for development aid by resource partners and their back donors and lack of funding does not pose a threat to the continuity of the project. o Government has come out with very specific and narrow minded policies. o Poor co-ordination from the government in the implementation of schemes. o Inference of local politicians in implementation of programmes. o Expectation of the people is higher than the project capacity o Continued Economic recession pose a threat for getting the appeal target money. o Variation in US dollar conversation rates o Constrains to get allocated the land for construction

Implementation Timetable The activities in this proposal are scheduled for a period of one year. This is the second part of a 3- year project which starts from 1 October 2009 and will be revised after the end of the second year in 30 September 2010.

India - DRR & Social Empowerment 27 Appeal IND093 Transition and Exit strategy

Future Collaboration: Project will work in the communities for a period of three years by the end of which it is expected that self sustaining VDCs/DMCs, DMTs would assume responsibilities for taking forward the initiatives. Right from the inception, conditions are created for the VDCs/DMCs to progressively assume responsibilities for disaster preparedness and development interventions. As the involvement of VDC/DMC grows, there would be a corresponding decrease in the project’s direct involvement in community based actions.

The project will work with the VDCs/DMCs which will coordinate all activities in the community including those of the DMT and other village level bodies. The project will assist VDCs/DMCs to raise resources from government and other resource partners. VDCs/DMCs, SHGs and DMTs will be linked to departments of state and local government bodies and other institutions under the Panchayat Raj System to help them take the initiative forward.

All the activities proposed in this appeal are aimed at helping the individuals, families and communities to improve the quality of life and mitigating the negative impact of hazards and reduce the risk of disaster. Through LWSI continuous accompaniments over a period of 3 years, the communities will be enabled to sustain the community initiatives and guide the neighbouring communities. Project has not ruled out the possibility of taking up further development initiatives after the proposed project period.

Sustainability The project offers the communities the opportunities to come together and work collectively to address common problems. Human resource and financial resource are the key factors influencing sustainability of VDC/DMC, DMT and SHGs. To develop the human resource the project will train community leaders and help them work according to democratic norms ensuring transparency and accountability to the communities. Rotation of leadership and formation of second line leadership will be introduced. Networking will be established among the village level institutions and government departments. For financial sustainability, the project will encourage the VDCs/DMCs, DMTs, SHGs and youth groups to create their own funds through members’ subscription, savings etc. Project will facilitate linkage among the SHGs and financial institutions, so that they can access credit facilities. Feasible income generation ventures will also be supported. Therefore, for financial sustainability, LWSI will: a) Encourage target group to collect subscriptions, deposit small savings, borrow and repay loans with interest and invest money in productive schemes. b) Invite banks and other partners to support micro-credit functions. c) Support selected needy families with agricultural assistance and locally viable income generation schemes; the value of such assistance will be repaid to the community and or group funds.

Experience shows that some groups do not survive, mainly because of poor leadership, caste factors etc. Project’s method of organising and training will minimize this risk.

Implementation plan: Activities are planned for implementation in the second year (2009 October – 2010 September) of three year project period. Each quarter wise implementation plan given below. India - DRR & Social Empowerment 28 Appeal IND093

Major and broad activities Months 2st year Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Project introduction and rapport building x X Organise mass awareness sessions on DP x X Conduct PRA exercise X X X Train community volunteers on DP X X Refresh training X X X Promote DMTs and train (including mock drill) DMT members X X Prepare community based disaster risk management plans X X Train community leaders, members and Panchayth X X Training to disabled X X Train school teachers and students on disaster preparedness X X Training and Support for Grain bank X X Installation of Early warning system(Pilot) X Sensitization of School Children through Puppet Show & Film X show Formation and training school safety task forces x X Training for teachers on Disaster Management X X Training on DM for NCC /NSS/ JRC's / Scout X Construct low-cost houses for selected dalit/ marginalised X x X families Construct community centres cum disaster shelters and other x X community infrastructures Develop water and Sanitation facilities X Promote VDCs/DMCs/SHGs/Youth groups and assist x X VDCs/SHGs/Youth groups/DMTs Network with government and other extension agencies x X x X Provide agricultural assistance/ livelihood support x X Environmental re-generation related activities X X Organize awareness sessions on right to information, advocacy & X x X lobbying, violence against, human rights Training on NREGS X X Organize gender sensitization programme X Organise awareness sessions on HIV/AIDS X Organise awareness sessions on health and sanitation x X Organise awareness sessions on psychosocial care & trauma counselling; special care for vulnerable section of the community x X including people with abnormality NFE centre x X X X Carrier guidance / vocational training to deserving youth X x X

VII. ADMINISTRATION and FINANCE

The overall financial management and program coordination and control will be with the LWSI Headquarters.

At the project level, the Project Coordinator will have the overall responsibility for project development, management in consultation with the Program Manager at Headquarters and budget control of the project activities and coordination with support from other staff members. In India - DRR & Social Empowerment 29 Appeal IND093 consultation with HO, the coordinator is also responsible for project implementation, financial, material and personnel management as well as for liaison with local government officials.

The village plans emerge out of the discussions with community members, representative bodies and groups. Village groups discuss plans with Project staff responsible for the particular village. Technical resource personnel from the project units participate in assessing the viability and feasibility of the schemes. The project units compile the village plans, study the financial implications and allocate funds. The annual action plan and budget for each unit is submitted to the head office, where program development personnel review the plans and budgets and provide feedback. In case of major changes or revision, the plans are amended in consultation with the villagers.

The Disaster Risk Management and Disaster Preparedness unit from the HO guides and assists the project. The primary data generated and consolidated at the field level is used by the HO Unit for overall monitoring and review redesign of plans and activities and for assessing the impact of the programme.

Project Implementation period and budget utilization plan: Depending on the forthcoming funds in response to this appeal, hard-ware activities will be implemented on the basis of priority. Initially the staffs, who were working under ASIN 82 first year project and who are currently available are being retained to work with the old and new communities. After thorough assessment of the needs, the project will prioritize the community needs mainly software assistance with the funds already assured. As and when more assurance of funds is forthcoming, project plans to take up hardware items as community infrastructures including individual housing. In order to ensure sustainability and impact on the soft-ware support for community and individual families, including community capacity building for preparing them disaster resilient. Project request to carry forward the unspent funds of first year to the second year with the approval from the donors.

VIII. MONITORING, REPORTING and EVALUATIONS

Monitoring: Qualitative and quantitative achievements of the project will be regularly monitored by the Program Coordinator at Headquarters through field visits in consultation with Director. The Project Coordinator will coordinate and supervise the activities of the frontline staff to ensure that all the committed activities are carried out according to plan. In addition, monitoring will be carried out by the Head Office staff through periodical visits and interaction with project staff and communities.

The design of the monitoring system reflects the participatory bottom-up planning and implementation strategy, which ensures that the ownership of all activities remains in the hands of the communities.

At the village level, the village and community representatives monitor the progress of various activities on a day-to-day basis. Project personnel, the community organisers and volunteers posted in villages, interact with the communities and representatives of VDCs/DMCs, DMTs to monitor the work on a regular basis. At the project level, project management along with the frontline staff monitors progress on a day to day basis, analyse the progress of activities in the light of the agreed targets and indicators for the programme objectives. Reporting on output targets will be done quarterly and impact indicators annually. The Programme unit staff from Headquarters will conduct periodical review of the project developments, visit the project fields and discusses progress with project management and frontline staff and monitor the development through field visits in order to ensure that problems are addressed, and experience utilized in the overall programme development. India - DRR & Social Empowerment 30 Appeal IND093 Project would welcome any expert advice from the resource partners during their planned visits to the project.

At the organizational level, external and internal audit and internal evaluation will be conducted during the project period.

Audit and Evaluation: The project activities and financial transactions will undergo an audit every year, as part of LWSI annual audit. The external auditors will conduct field visits to verify the activities and records. At the end of the project, the cumulative financial statement will also be audited. The project activities will be reviewed periodically and based on the findings, necessary revision restructuring will be considered if required.

IX. CO-ORDINATION

All the Project activities in the Tsunami areas are carried out in consultation and co-ordination with the district level government authorities. This new project will also follow the same. Project will actively take part in the coordination mechanism initiated among the concerned line departments of the government and the district level coordination cell in relation to the proposed activities.

Other ACT Implementing members in the area namely CASA and UELCI are consulted while finalising the proposed villages under this new appeal project. The coordination mechanism will continue to be encouraged at different levels. In addition to ACT India members’ coordination, Project will take active part in other Inter Agency Groups at district, state and national level, which include coordination between the Government and Non Government Organisations.

X. BUDGET

No of Unit Cost USD Description INR Total Unit units (INR) Total

INCOME - through ACT Geneva

National Christian Council of Churches in Australia ( 204,515.68 - 55,642.21 ) 148,873 Diakonisches Werk - Germany ( 101,281.87 + 5,431.15 ) 106,713 FinChurchAid 67,000 Euro 93,800 Church of Sweden 1,000,000 SEK 143,000 CLWR (to be confirmed) TOTAL 492,386

DIRECT ASSISTANCE COMMUNITY BASED DISASTER MANAGEMENT Mass awareness sessions on Disaster Preparedness (DP) events 20 300 6,000 130 PRA exercises Number 65 1,000 65,000 1,413 Motivational training to community volunteers on DP Participants 300 45 13,500 293 Promotion of VDCs/VCs Number 20 400 8,000 174 Promotion & Strengthening DMTs Number 20 500 10,000 217 Skills training to DMT task force members Participant 600 250 150,000 3,261 Refresher Training to DMT task force members Participants 1,350 150 202,500 4,402 India - DRR & Social Empowerment 31 Appeal IND093

No of Unit Cost USD Description INR Total Unit units (INR) Total Community Preparedness Plan introduction / Mock drill Number 30 2,500 75,000 1,630 Community Contingency Plan document preparation Number 30 600 18,000 391 Exposure and exchange visits of DMT Participants 20 5,000 100,000 2,174 Training on DP to PRI members Panchayat leader,etc Participants 75 150 11,250 245 Training on DP to disable Number 100 100 10,000 217 Training and Support for Grain Bank Community 65 5,000 325,000 7,065 Installation of Early warning system (Pilot) Community 4 50,000 200,000 4,348 Documentation and Case Studies LS 1 100,000 100,000 2,174

CBDP for School children Awareness on DP to school children and teachers school 30 3,000 90,000 1,957 Sensitization of School Children on DRR through Puppet Show & Film show Number 30 1,500 45,000 978 Formation and training school safety task forces Number 30 2,000 60,000 1,304 Training for teachers on Disaster Management Number 125 100 12,500 272 Training on DP for NCC /NSS/ JRC's / Scout Number 200 150 30,000 652 Sub-total 1,531,750 33,299

INFRASTRUCTURE SUPPORT Construction of Community Infrastructure Number 8 500,000 4,000,000 86,957 Construction of low cost multi hazard resistant house House 230 100,000 23,000,000 500,000 Construction of family toilets Number 300 6,000 1,800,000 39,130 Mason Training on Hazard resistant construction practices Number 40 2,000 80,000 1,739 Creation/ renovation of water sources Villages 15 15,000 225,000 4,891 Sub-total 29,105,000 632,717

LIVELIHOOD Formation / strengthening of SHGs Number 50 1,000 50,000 1,087 Support to VDCs/SHGs/Youth groups /DMTs Number 25 15,000 375,000 8,152 Promotion / strengthening of SHG federation Number 2 50,000 100,000 2,174 Support to federation for livelihood Number 2 150,000 300,000 6,522 Families assisted with livelihood Family 70 5,000 350,000 7,609 Support to marginal agriculture Families Family 150 1,000 150,000 3,261 Training on agriculture & livelihood Participant 100 80 8,000 174 Support for homestead nutrition garden Family 1,700 70 119,000 2,587 Wind breaker trees/Saplings for green coverage Number 5,000 30 150,000 3,261 Career up gradation / Vocational Training to village youths Number 200 2,000 400,000 8,696 Network with government and other extension agencies Meeting 6 1,500 9,000 196 Sub-total 2,011,000 43,717

COMMUNITY CAPACITY BUILDING/ INSTITUTIONAL STRENGTHENING India - DRR & Social Empowerment 32 Appeal IND093

No of Unit Cost USD Description INR Total Unit units (INR) Total Training to community leaders, members and panchayat representatives on PRI system in Tamil Nadu Participant 30 200 6,000 130 NFE center Number 40 2,000 80,000 1,739 NFE teacher cum village animators (40 x 1500) Month 12 60,000 720,000 15,652 Educational support to formal school children Number 800 300 240,000 5,217 Legal support to excluded families LS 20,000 20,000 435 Awareness sessions on right to information, advocacy & lobbying, violence against women, human rights Number 30 300 9,000 196 Awareness programs on environment, rainwater harvesting organized Number 30 300 9,000 196 Gender sensitization programs Number 30 300 9,000 196 Awareness sessions on HIV/AIDS & Campaign support for Anti-alcoholism Number 50 300 15,000 326 Training on HIV/AIDS Participant 40 100 4,000 87 Awareness sessions on psychosocial care & trauma counseling Number 20 300 6,000 130 Training on NREGA - rights and entitlements Participant 200 100 20,000 435 Training on Government schemes Participant 200 100 20,000 435 Awareness sessions on health aspects Event 30 1,000 30,000 652 Awareness sessions on water & sanitation Number 30 350 10,500 228 Observation of different significant days Community 65 400 26,000 565 Sub-total 1,224,500 26,620

TOTAL DIRECT ASSISTANCE 33,872,250 736,353

CAPITAL ASSETS LCD projector Number 1 60,000 60,000 1,304 Laptop Number 1 40,000 40,000 870 Computer peripherals like printer, scanner etc LS 20,000 20,000 435 Two wheelers for female staff Number 2 35,000 70,000 1,522 Furniture LS 10,000 10,000 217 Sub total 200,000 4,348

INDIRECT COSTS: PERSONNEL, ADMINISTRATION, OPERATIONS & SUPPORT Staff salaries Project Coordinator (1 x 22,000) Month 12 22,000 264,000 5,739 Project Officer (2 x 13,000) Month 12 26,000 312,000 6,783 Accounts & Stores Officer (2 x 12750) Month 12 25,500 306,000 6,652 Technical Officers (2 x 13,000) Month 12 26,000 312,000 6,783 Documentation Officer cum Monitoring officer (1 x 13,000) Month 12 13,000 156,000 3,391 Community Organiser (12 x 10,000) Month 12 120,000 1,440,000 31,304 Driver (1 x 13,000) Month 12 13,000 156,000 3,391 Local Volunteers (10 x 4000) Month 12 40,000 480,000 10,435 Meetings India - DRR & Social Empowerment 33 Appeal IND093

No of Unit Cost USD Description INR Total Unit units (INR) Total Networking meetings and workshop Number 4 10,000 40,000 870 Monthly progress review & staff Meeting Meeting 12 1,500 18,000 391 Staff development - benefits Staff Capacity Development Training Staff No 10 10,000 100,000 2,174 Exposure Visit (staff) Staff No 5 5,000 25,000 543 Office operations Coordination & Zone offices rent (4 x 2000) Month 12 8,000 96,000 2,087 Electricity (4 x 500) Month 12 2,000 24,000 522 Telephone / Fax/ E-mail ( 4 x 1750) Month 12 7,000 84,000 1,826 Office maintenance / provisions Month 12 15,000 180,000 3,913 Stationeries, printing, xerox, etc. Month 12 2,500 30,000 652 Transport / travels Jeep maintenance and running costs Month 12 8,000 96,000 2,087 Motor Cycles maintenance & running costs(10x1200) Month 12 12,000 144,000 3,130 Travel /perdiem (project personnel within India) Month 12 15,000 180,000 3,913 Sub-total 4,443,000 96,587

Allocation for local Head Quarter Director - 10 % of 150,000 Month 12 15,000 180,000 3,913 Program Manager 15% of 45,000 Month 12 6,750 81,000 1,761 Finance Manager 15% of 45,000 Month 12 6,750 81,000 1,761 Program Support Team 20% of 60,000 (4 staff) Month 12 12,000 144,000 3,130 Procurement Unit Staff 10% of 35,000 Month 12 3,500 42,000 913 Personnel & Finance staff 5% of 250,000 (12 staff) Month 12 12,500 150,000 3,261 Drivers and other subordinate staff 5% of 100,000 Month 12 5,000 60,000 1,304 10% of Head office operational and admin costs Running cost of vehicle of Director & Finance Manager Month 12 4,200 50,400 Travel cost of H.O. staff Month 12 6,000 72,000 Share of Rent & maintenance cost of H.O. Month 12 7,800 93,600 Share of Printing & stationary cost of H.O. Month 12 3,000 36,000 Share of Communication (Postage/Telephone) cost of H.O. Month 12 6,000 72,000 Share of Office Provisions/Miscellaneous cost of H.O. Month 12 3,000 36,000 Sub total Head office operational and admin costs Month 12 30,000 360,000 7,826 Sub total allocation for local Head Quarter 1,098,000 23,870

TOTAL INDIRECT COSTS: PERSONNEL, ADMINISTRATION, OPERATIONS & SUPPORT 5,541,000 120,457

VISIBILITY Visibility/ Publicity LS 1 50,000 50,000 1,087

AUDIT AND MONITORING Internal & External Audits Number 1 45,000 45,000 978 Project review Number 1 50,000 50,000 1,087 Sub total 95,000 2,065 TOTAL EXPENDITURE 39,758,250 864,310

ACT CO Appeal Fee 3% 1,192,748 25,929 India - DRR & Social Empowerment 34 Appeal IND093

No of Unit Cost USD Description INR Total Unit units (INR) Total

TOTAL ESTIMATED EXPENDITURE 40,580,198 890,239 BALANCE OF FUNDS AVAILABLE 492,386 BALANCE OF FUNDS REQUESTED 397,853 Exchange rate USD 1 – INR 46