Literary Term Of The Week With Modern Examples © Presto Plans Allegory is a symbolic device in which characters or events in a story represent or symbolize ideas and concepts.

Many people believe that Aslan's death in The Lion, The Witch And The Wardrobe is an allegory for Christ's crucifixion in the Christian Bible. Click HERE to watch the scene http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jpsdcj3pFtQ Allegory Why do people think it is an allegory for Christ's death?

Chronicles Of Narnia The Christian Bible

Aslan is a lion. Christ is called 'The Lion of Judah' in the Bible.

Aslan sacrifices Christ sacrifices himself himself for Edmund, a for sinners in the Bible. traitor, in the story.

Aslan is killed brutally Christ is killed brutally and is resurrected in and resurrected in the the story. Bible. Alliteration The repetition of an initial consonant sound. This literary term is often used in Consider Carrie Underwood's use of alliteration in her song Blown Away.

Shatter every window 'Til it's all blown away. Every brick, every board, Every slamming door blown away. Alliteration Alliteration is also often used in tongue twisters. Try a few of these out!

If Freaky Fred Found Fifty Feet of Fruit And Fed Forty Feet to his Friend Frank. How many Feet of Fruit did Freaky Fred Find?

Silly Sally swiftly shooed seven silly sheep. The seven silly sheep Silly Sally shooed shilly-shallied south.

An allusion is a where the author refers to a subject matter such as a person, place, event, or literary work in a passing reference. It is up to the reader to make a connection to the subject being mentioned.

Taylor Swift alludes to Shakespeare when she sings the following from her song "Love Story":

That you were Romeo, You were throwing pebbles And my daddy said Stay away from Juliet. Allusion Swift's song alludes to other parts of Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet as well. She mentions disapproving families and the famous balcony scene from the . This is allusion because she mentions the names and aspects of Romeo and Juliet in passing.

Click HERE To See The Video For This Song

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8xg3vE8Ie_E Anagram Anagrams are an extremely popular form of literary device wherein the writer jumbles up parts of the word to create a new word. It is a type of wordplay!

The plot of the and movie The Da Vinci Code by Dan Brown uses anagrams!

Can anyone remember how anagrams are used in this novel/movie? Anagram In the novel and movie The Da Vinci Code, the following was written on the floor of the Louvre next to a dead man: "O Draconian devil Oh lame saint.". The main characters discover that it is an anagram for "Leonard Da Vinci. The Behind The Mona Lisa they Mona Lisa"! find another anagram "so dark the con of man". By re- arranging the letters, they came up with "Madonna of the Rocks", another of Da Vinci's paintings. Click HERE To See A Clip From The Movie http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F_HKGZRUroE Analogy A comparison between two things for the purpose of explanation or clarification.

Click HERE to see Barrack Obama's Analogy. He is comparing the economic recession to driving a car into a ditch.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QKv-dXHhtMs The antagonist of a story is a , group of characters, or institution that opposes the or main character.

In the novel and movie , Voldemort is the main antagonist. He opposes the main character - Harry.

Click HERE to see the protagonist (Harry), and antagonist (Voldemort) in opposition http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=haZEcPbF1T0 Anti-Hero In literature, an is a central character who lacks conventional heroic qualities. They blur the line between hero and villain. Why Are They Anti-Heroes?

T V SHOW: Dexter TV SHOW: Dexter is a serial killer who kills other murders. He lacks normal heroic qualities, yet the In Breaking Bad, Walter White is a struggling show is constructed so you high school chemistry are on his side. teacher who is diagnosed with MOVIE: Shrek inoperable lung cancer at the beginning of the Shrek is an unconventional hero. series. He turns to a life Most of the other characters of crime, producing and find him ugly, rude, or selling drugs with a frightening, but he blurs the lines former student. between hero and villain with his irresistible humour. Anthropomorphism Anthropomorphism occurs when a human quality, emotion or ambition is given to a non- human object or being.

The novel, Alice In Wonderland, by Lewis Carroll uses numerous examples of anthropomorphism! This novel was made into a Disney animated movie in 1951 and a film by Tim Burton in 2010. Click HERE to see an example from the ORIGINAL film

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KLIqErnQCuw Click HERE to see an example from the NEW film http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3ppsDNkBLGY Antithesis An antithesis is used when the writer puts two sentences of contrasting meanings close to one another.

Consider Katy Perry's 'Cause you're hot then you're cold use of antithesis in her You're yes then you're no song Hot n Cold You're in then you're out You're up then you're down You're wrong when it's right It's black and it's white We fight, we break up We kiss, we make up. Apostrophe A figure of speech in which the speaker addresses an object, concept, or person (usually absent) that is unable to respond.

Consider in the film I Am . Will Smith, the last man on earth, seeks comfort in attempting to speak to a mannequin.

Click HERE to see the scene. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yEs1gi9Dmqc An archetype is a concept, a person or an object that has served as universally understood prototype of its kind. are immediately identifiable and sometimes overused.

The T V show Glee uses a number of high school archetypes!

Click HERE to see some examples of the characters in the show.

Can you think of the archetypes they represent? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sefQqCMusJI Archetype Check out some of these archetypes!

Quinn Febray is an Puck is an archetype for Sue Sylvester is an archetype for a high a high school jock. He is archetype for the 'tough school cheerleader. good-looking, athletic, coach'. She is arrogant, She is blonde, skinny, and popular. strong, and bossy. and popular. Atmosphere

Atmosphere is created when the or scene creates an emotional response in the reader/viewer.

In the gloom the courtyard looked of considerable size, and as several dark ways led from it under great round arches... I have not yet been able to see it by daylight.

- Bram Stoker's Dracula Atmosphere In the gloom the courtyard looked of considerable size, and as several dark ways led from it under great round arches... I have not yet been able to see it by daylight. What emotion does the reader feel when they read this description? Catharsis Catharsis is the process of releasing, and thereby providing relief from, strong or repressed emotions. It is usually felt by the / reader while exposed to a story that brings about great sorrow, pity, laughter etc. The novel and film The Notebook, by Nicholas Sparks uses catharsis.

For those who have seen it, how do you think it does this? Catharsis For example, in The Notebook by Nicholas Sparks, the audience is able to cry when Ryan Gosling finally kisses Rachel McAdams in the rain. This display of emotion would be otherwise inappropriate or difficult to face, but watching the movie is a cathartic experience because the audience is able to let go of repressed feelings! Caricature A caricature is a simple image showing the features of its subject in a simplified or exaggerated way. In literature, a caricature is a description of a person using exaggeration of some characteristics and oversimplification of others. Cliche A cliché or cliche is an expression, idea, or element of work which has become overused to the point of losing its original meaning, even to the point of being trite or irritating. What are some sports cliches? Cliche

Slam Dunk! Hole In Play Hard One! Ball Keep Your Eye Knock It Out On The Ball Of The Park A cliffhanger or cliffhanger ending is a in which features a main character in a precarious or difficult dilemma, or confronted with a shocking revelation at the end of an episode of serialized fiction. A cliffhanger is used to ensure the audience will return to see how the characters resolve the dilemma.

Soap Operas are known for using the cliff hanger technique to hook their audience. Character (Dynamic or round) A dynamic or round character goes through change or growth in the story.

Why would The Grinch be considered a dynamic character? Character (Dynamic or round) The Grinch starts out as a miserable Christmas hating character, but changes to be more caring and giving. This makes him a dynamic round character.

Click HERE to see the Grinch as a dynamic character! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hE3jShGPscQ Character (Static or flat) A static or flat character remains the same through the story - does not experience change.

Sheldon Cooper from The Big Bang Theory would Big Bang be considered to be (for Theory the most part) a flat/static character. Why do you think this is? Character (Static or flat) Sheldon Cooper is an intelligent Theoretical Physicist who adheres strictly to routine, lacks social skills or empathy, and is narcissistic. Although he sometimes steps outside of this role, he always reverts back to his "normal" self unchanged. This makes him a static or flat character.

Click HERE to see a video of Sheldon's character

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fjR4mpBp4UY The climax is a part of any basic plot line. It is the the most exciting or intense part of the plot. Stories build up to the climax. Climax Consider the movie Titanic. You could argue that the climax occurs either when the ship hits the iceberg, or when the ship goes under the water. These are both intense/exciting moments that are built up to in the plot. In a story, conflict is the struggle between opposing forces. There are 4 types of conflict: Consider the following movies. uses human vs human Conflict conflict (Batman vs Joker)

127 Hours uses human vs self conflict (man must mentally and physically overcome being trapped for 127 hours)

2012 uses human vs environment conflict (human race vs environmental apocalypse)

Coach Carter uses human vs society conflict (Coach using new coaching techniques which are not approved by the community) Connotation A word that has a connotation has, in addition to its straightforward dictionary meaning, a secondary meaning. A word's connotations can usually be formulated as a series of qualities, contexts, and emotional responses commonly associated with it.

For example, Simon Cowell could be described with two words that have very different connotations: Strong Willed or Pig-Headed What connotations do these words hold? Connotation Although strong-willed and pig-headed have the same literal meaning (i.e. stubborn), strong-willed connotes admiration for the level of someone's will, while pig-headed connotes frustration in dealing with someone. Dark Comedy A black comedy, or dark comedy, is a comic work that uses black humor, which, in its most basic definition, is humor that makes light of otherwise solemn subject matter

Does anyone know why Sweeney Todd is considered a dark comedy?

Click HERE to see the trailer!

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L_hgrfZVlJA Dark Comedy Sweeney Todd is a musical about a barber who kills his customers. He disposes of his victims by pulling a lever that makes them fall into a trap door leading to the basement. This is a dark comedy! Denotation The literal or primary meaning of a word, in contrast to the feelings or ideas that the word suggests. It is the dictionary definition of a word.

Definition of stupendous adjective - extremely impressive:

This is the denotative meaning of the word stupendous An imagined setting in which everything is unpleasant or bad. This could be a totalitarian, apocalyptic, or environmentally degraded society.

Zombie Takeover in Technological The Walking Dead Dystopia in iRobot Dystopia The Hunger Games falls in the dystopian !

Unpleasant setting Click HERE to Totalitarian government See The Trailer!

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FovFG3N_RSU Epithet An epithet is used as a descriptive device. It is usually used to add to a person or’ places regular name and attribute some special quality to the same. Epithets are remarkable in that they become a part of common usage over time.

Alexander The Great Euphemism The term euphemism is used to refer to the use of a comparatively milder or less harsh form of a negative description instead of its original form. This device is used when writing about matters such as sex, violence, death, crimes and anything "embarrassing".

Why is this a euphemism? Euphemism

Passed away is a euphemism for died. Using passed away is less harsh and makes a more positive association than the word died. A literary or cinematic device in which later events interrupt the normal chronological order of a narrative. This device is often used to give important about what may happen later in the plot.

The show, How I Met Your How I Met Mother, employs Your Mother forwards often in the series. Can anyone who has seen the show explain how this is done? Flashforward

Click HERE to see a video which shows how flashforward is used in one of the episodes.

The characters are shown in the future as retired seniors

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3C7Oqtd5tZU A literary or cinematic device in which an earlier event is inserted into the normal chronological order of a narrative. This device is often used to give background information that is important to the plot. The T V series LOST, uses in the show's later seasons. In one episode, Jin and his wife Sun are getting an ultrasound and the narrative flashes back to their relationship on the island.

Click HERE to see the scene!

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5X2-5IIWUtY The term ‘foil’ refers to a literary device where the author creates a character whose primary purpose is to create a contrast to another character by laying emphasis or drawing attention to the differences in character.

Dr. Jekyll is a seemingly prosperous man, well established in the community, and known for his decency and charitable works. Mr Hyde is a strange, repugnant man who looks faintly pre-human. Hyde is violent and cruel, and everyone who sees him describes him as ugly and deformed. The literary device foreshadowing refers to the use of words/phrases that give hints to the reader of something that is going to happen without revealing the story or spoiling the . Foreshadowing is used to suggest an upcoming outcome to the story. FYI - MOVIE SPOILER AHEAD! The movie The Sixth Sense has a surprising twist at the end. If you go back and watch the movie, there are lots of hints that many people did not catch until after they watched it! Foreshadowing At the end of this movie, Bruce Willis comes to the realization that he has died and he is actually a ghost!

Click HERE to see some flashbacks to moments of foreshadowing in the film.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z-TTEVwWPd0 Genre A category of artistic composition, as in music or literature, characterized by similarities in form, style, or subject matter. Hubris Hubris is another way of saying overly arrogant. You can tell the difference of hubris and just regular arrogance or pride by the fact that the character has seemed to allow reality slip away from them. The character portraying hubris has a false belief that they are “ untouchable ”. On his way to winning 14 Majors, Tiger felt like he was "untouchable". His arrogance led to his downfall when he was caught in the middle of a cheating scandal with many women. He did it because he believed he could do it and no one would catch him and, if someone did somehow catch him, they wouldn't dare out him. This is hubris. Hyperbole Hyperbole is an exaggeration in writing that is used for effect.

Bruno Mars:

I'd catch a grenade for ya. Throw my hand on the blade for ya. I'd jump in front of a train for ya. You know I'd do anything for ya. Idiom An expression that is peculiar to itself grammatically or cannot be understood from the individual meanings of its elements, but is understood by most people.

Gloria Delgado on Modern Modern Family family is known for using English idioms improperly! Idiom A few idioms she has trouble with include:

WeGloria live Delgado in a dog-eat-dog on Modern family world is knownBlessings for using in English disguise idioms Click HEREimproperly! to watch a video! (from beginning to 1 min A few mistakes20sec) she makes include:

http://www.movieweb.com/tv/TEDbd9rXVJjiGM/baby-jesus Doggy-Dog World In literature, one of the strongest device is imagery, wherein the author uses words and phrases to create “mental images” for the reader using the 5 senses. Imagery helps the reader to visualize, and therein, more realistically experience the author’s writings and awaken the readers’ sensory perceptions.

Don MacLean, singer of the song American Pie, sang a song called "Vincent" about Van Gogh's painting 'Starry Starry Night"with the same name. The lyrics use a great deal of imagery. Imagery

Click HERE to listen to the song and see some of Van Gogh's paintings.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dipFMJckZOM Internal Rhyme

In literature the internal rhyme is a practice of forming a rhyme in only one line of verse. An internal rhyme is also known as the middle rhyme because it is typically constructed in the middle of a line to rhyme with the word at the end of the same line. Internal Rhyme

His palms are sweaty, knees weak, arms are heavy. EMINEM There's vomit on his sweater already, mom's spaghetti. He's nervous, but on the surface He looks calm and ready to drop bombs, but he keeps on forgetting what he wrote down. The whole crowd goes so loud. He opens his mouth, but the words won't come out. He's choking how, everybody's joking now. The clock's run out, times up, over, plow (verbal) Verbal irony (also called sarcasm) occurs when a writer makes a statement in which the actual meaning differs from the meaning that the words appear to express.


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IiR-bnCHIYo Irony (situational) Situational irony occurs when the reader is led to believe that one thing will occur but, in fact, the opposite occurs. This can be humorous or tragic.


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tqg6RO8c_W0 Irony (dramatic) Dramatic irony occurs when the reader/ audience knows something, but the characters within the story do not.

How do horror movies use dramatic irony? Irony (dramatic) In horror movies, the audience often knows that the killer is present, when the characters do not! Can you think of any examples in movies you have seen? Kenning The use of Kennings in literature is characteristically related to works in Old English poetry where the author would create a new poetic compound-phrase to describe a familiar person, place, or idea. These are some examples of Kennings! Malapropism Malapropism in literature refers to the practice of misusing words by substituting words with similar sounding words that have different, often unconnected meanings, and thus creating a situation of confusion, misunderstanding and amusement. For example, someone might accidentally say "well, we'll burn that bridge when we come to it" or "I'm getting a prescription for Cosmopolitan Magazine." A metaphor is an implied comparison is made between two unlike things that actually have something important in common.

One Direction in their song "One Thing" sing the following:

You're my kryptonite You keep making me weak

Why is this a metaphor?


Although at first glance, kryptonite and love don't seem to have much in common, but they actually do! Kryptonite makes superman feel weak like love makes the man in the song feel weak. This is a direct comparison between two unlike things that have something in common. Metonymy Metonymy in literature refers to the practice of not using the formal word for an object/subject and instead referring to it by using another word that is somehow linked to the formal name/word. It is the practice of substituting the main word with a word that is closely linked to it.

Why is this metonymy? Metonymy

The word pen in this phrase stands for the written word. The phrase puts one word in place of another because of close association! Mood is the author's emotional perspective towards the subject of the literary work. It refers to the mental and emotional disposition of the author towards the subject, which in turn lends a particular character or atmosphere to the work.

Miranda Lambert's song The House That Built Me tells the story of going back to her childhood home. The song demonstrates the author's longing to find comfort and peace. The mood of this song is nostalgic and the author is searching to be healed.

Click HERE to listen to the song.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DQYNM6SjD_o A motif is a specific that dominates a literary work. Motifs are very noticeable and play a significant role in defining the nature of the story, the course of events and the very fabric of the literary piece.

What would be one of the dominant themes (motifs) of ?

Click HERE to see the trailer!

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aStYWD25fAQ Motif One reoccurring theme (or motif) from The Lord Of The Rings is temptation. The temptation of the ring is the motivating force behind every in this trilogy, whether characters are fighting the temptation, nurturing it, denying it, or preventing someone else from giving in to it. Characters of every race pursue the ring. Nemesis A nemesis is a bitter enemy, especially one that seems unbeatable.

For example, Superman's nemesis is the Lex Luthor. Onomatopoeia The term onomatopoeia refers to words that imitate or represent a sound.

Nicki Minaj:

Boy you got my heartbeat runnin' away Beating like a drum and it's coming your way Can't you hear that boom, badoom, boom Boom, badoom, boom bass? Oxymoron Oxymoron occurs when opposite words are placed together in a manner that actually ends up making sense.

Consider the following movie titles that use oxymoron! Paradox A seemingly absurd or self-contradictory statement or proposition that when investigated or explained may prove to be well founded or true.

Why is this a paradox? Paradox

If "this sentence is false" is true, then the sentence is false, which would in turn mean that it is actually true, but this would mean that it is false, and so on without end.

Similarly, if "this sentence is false" is false, then the sentence is true, which would in turn mean that it is actually false, but this would mean that it is true, and so on without end. An of the style of a particular writer, artist, or genre with deliberate exaggeration for comic effect.

Think of the film "Scary Movie" It is a parody for all other scary movies! Pathos Pathos is used in literature and film. It represents an appeal to the audience's emotions Disney frequently uses pathos to appeal to the audience's emotions.

(Lion King) Sadness for () Sympathy Mufassa's death. for a boy in poverty Click HERE To See Some Examples http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g6jns7g2VqI Pathetic Fallacy The pathetic fallacy is the treatment of inanimate objects as if they had human feelings, thought, or sensations.In the discussion of literature, the pathetic fallacy is similar to personification. Pathetic fallacy is most often used to describe weather in a story.

For example, the band My Chemical Romance sings "So bright the sun is ashamed to rise" in their song The Sharpest Lives. Personification Personification is one of the most commonly used and recognized literary devices. It refers to the practice of attaching human traits and characteristics with inanimate objects, phenomena and animals.

Michael Buble: When marimba rhythms start to play Dance with me, make me sway Like a lazy ocean hugs the shore Hold me close, sway me more Like a flower bending in the breeze Bend with me, sway with ease Plot The plot usually refers to the sequence of events and happenings that make up a story. There is usually a pattern, unintended or intentional, that threads the plot together. Plot Consider the plot of Little Red Riding Hood: What big teeth you have! The Wolf chases little red Little Red goes into the around and tries to eat her! woods and meets the wolf. The wolf decides to trick her and go off to her grandmas. The woodsman hears He ties grandma up and the noise and comes dresses up as her. to the rescue.

We meet the characters and the setting The wolf is killed and is established (setting/Little Red) everyone is okay! Point Of View (First Person) With first person point of view, the story is told by the narrator from his/ her point of view. It is easily identified by the use of "I" or "Me".

The Diary of A Young Girl is written from the first person perspective. It tells the true story of Anne Frank, who lived in hiding during the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands. Point Of View (second Person) You use the second-person point of view addresses the reader. The second person uses the pronouns “you,” “your,” and “yours.” Click HERE to listen to the introduction to an old T V series called The Twilight Zone. It uses second person !

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NzlG28B-R8Y Point Of View (Third Person) With third person point of view, the narrator does not participate in the events of the story and tells the story by referring to all characters and places in the third person with third person pronouns and proper nouns (he, she, they).

The movie Stranger Than Fiction is narrated in the third person omniscient (all knowing narrator). Click HERE to see the trailer for the movie!

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fj4MC8Nqpjg Prologue A prologue is an introduction to a story that usually sets the and acts as a bit of a backgrounder or a “sneak peek” into the story. Prologues are typically a narrative ‘spoken’ by one of the characters and not from the part of the author.

The first few minutes of the movie National Treasure is a prologue. The young Ben, while in his grandfathers attic, hears the story of the treasure and the family legacy. The next thing you know it's 30 years later and a full grown Ben is looking for a sunken boat in the snow. Click HERE to see part of that prologue. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=by2yMNLmCDs Protagonist The leading character or a major character in a drama, movie, novel, or other fictional text.

For example, the protagonist of the novel or movie Twilight is Bella Swan TWILIGHT Pun A play on words, sometimes on different senses of the same word and sometimes on the similar sense or sound of different words.


But you lied again, now you get to watch her leave out the window Guess that's why they call it window pane Rhyme Scheme The rhyme scheme is the practice of rhyming words placed at the end of the lines in poetry. Rhyme scheme refers to the order in which particular words rhyme. If the alternate words rhyme, it is an “a-b-a-b” rhyme scheme, which means “a” is the rhyme for the lines 1 and 3 and “b” is the rhyme affected in the lines 2 and 4.

Find light in the beautiful sea I choose to be happy You and I, you and I We ’re like diamonds in the sky

What is the rhyme scheme of this stanza from Rihanna's song Diamonds? Rhyme Scheme

Find light in the beautiful sea I choose to be happy You and I, you and I We ’re like diamonds in the sky

The rhyme scheme is AABB Satire occurs when a piece of writing is making fun of a human weakness or . In general, even though satire might be humorous and may “make fun”, its purpose is not to entertain and amuse but actually to derive a reaction of contempt from the reader. The Hunger Games

We already discussed that The Hunger Games is a dystopian novel, but it also uses satire. What human weakness or character flaws are being criticized in this novel/movie? Satire The Hunger Games Some criticisms include:

Our need to be constantly entertained, even if it is at the expense of others. In this novel/movie District 12 is willing to watch people fight to the death for their own entertainment.

Desensitization to violence on T V.

The division of class and wealth. One district lives in complete wealth, while the others struggle to survive. Setting The setting is the time and place of the events of the story. It basically helps in establishing where and when and under what circumstances the story is taking place.

For example, this SURVIVOR season of the show Survivor was set on the island of Caramoan in the Phillipines Simile Similes are comparisons between two unrelated and dissimilar things using like or as (and sometimes than).

You can break everything I am Like I'm made of glass Like I'm made of paper Go on and try to tear me down Click Lyrics To I will be rising from the ground Hear The Song! Like a skyscraper -Demi Lovato http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r_8ydghbGSg But lately her face seems Slowly sinking, wasting Crumbling like pastries -Ed Sheeran Spoonerism Spoonerism refers to the practice of interchanging the first letters of some words in order to create new words or even to create nonsensical words in order to create a humorous setting. While they are often unintentional and known as a “slip of the tongue”, in literature they are welcomed as witty word-play.

Fighting A Liar Lighting A Fire Stanza The term stanza refers to a single, related chunk of lines in poetry. It basically refers to one unit or group of lines, which forms one particular section in poetry. I’ve been a walking heartache I’ve made a mess of me The person that I’ve been lately 2 Stanzas Ain’t who I want to be (1st - Quatrain, 2nd - Triplet) But you stay here right beside me Blake Shelton Watch as the storm goes through God Gave Me You And I need you Suspense Suspense is the intense feeling that an audience goes through while waiting for the outcome of certain events. It basically leaves the reader holding their breath and wanting more information. The amount of intensity in a suspenseful moment is why it is hard to put a reading down.

PRISON 24 BREAK Symbol A symbol is an object that represents something else, usually something more meaningful. Symbol In a literary piece, a symbol means the same thing. Consider this possible symbol:

Perhaps a light in the story could represent hope!

Synecdoche A synecdoche is a literary devices that uses a part of something to refer to the whole.

THE BEATLES What would you think If I sang out of tune. Would you stand up And walk out on me.

Lend me your ears, And I'll sing you a song. And I'll try not to Sing out of key. Theme The theme of any literary work is the base topic or focus that acts as a foundation for the entire literary piece. The theme links all aspects of the literary work with one another and is basically the main subject. The movie Avatar has many important themes that connect with the world today. Click HERE AVATAR to watch the trailer.

What do you think some of the themes might be? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d1_JBMrrYw8 Theme Some of the possible themes of Avatar are:

Imperialism Militarism Anti-Americanism Civilization Race Environment Religion Spirituality Tone The tone of a literary work is the perspective or attitude that the author adopts with regards to a specific character, place or development. Tone can portray a variety of emotions ranging from solemn, grave, and critical to witty, wry and humorous. Tone helps the reader ascertain the writer’s feelings towards a particular topic and this in turn influences the reader’s understanding of the story.

Forest Gump tells the amazing story of a simple man with good intentions. Forest Gump For those who have seen the film, what kind of tone do you think the film Forest Gump uses? Tone

Forest Gump has an optimistic tone. It is clear that the authors perspective and attitude about Forrest is a positive one. The film portrays a light- hearted and hopeful perspective, and shows that the writer feels optimistic about the subject at hand. In literature, the concept of tragedy refers to a series of unfortunate events by which one or more of the literary characters in the story undergo several misfortunes, which finally culminate into a disaster of proportions.

The movie Titanic is a modern day tragedy. The main characters must face a number of unfortunate events that eventually lead to the sinking of their ship.

Click HERE to watch the trailer for this movie http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NvuM32DBXk4 Tragic Flaw The character flaw or error of a that leads to a character's downfall. Dr. Gregory House from the T V show House—his addiction is his tragic flaw. Although he is a , he manages his pain through the HOUSE habitual use of Vicodin. This tragic flaw causes his downfall, especially as the seasons go on.

Click HERE to see a clip demonstrating Dr. House's tragic flaw. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XUDcAo2SPGQ Understatement An understatement draws attention to a fact that is already obvious and noticeable in a sarcastic or ironic way. Understating something is akin to exaggerating its obviousness as a means of humor.

Click HERE to listen to Charlie's understatement about cannibalism in Charlie and the Chocolate Factory.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fkxp-KYBEO4 A piece of utopian fiction is set in an ideal or perfect community.

The setting of the movie Pleasantville is at first considered to be ideal or perfect. By the end of the movie; however, we learn that it isn't as perfect as it seems.

Click HERE to see the trailer for the film

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nrEAfkY9ods Wit Wit is a form of intelligent humour, the ability to say or write things that are clever and usually funny. A wit is a person skilled at making clever and funny remarks.

Captain Jack Sparrow from The Pirates of the Carribean films is known for his witty remarks.

Click HERE to see some examples of Jack's witty comments.