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Fact Sheet (Where in the World is Georgia?)

SS8G1a – Locate Georgia in relation to , nation, and hemispheres.

Cardinal directions are the points of (N), (S), East (E), and West (W).

Intermediate directions are the compass points between the cardinal directions. They are: Northwest (NW), Northeast (NE), Southwest (SW), and Southeast (SE).

Absolute location is the exact spot on the ’s surface where a place can be found. Absolute location is found using lines of and lines of . This is the system used for the Global Positioning System (GPS).

Relative location is the location of one place in relation to another place. Example: Sam’s desk is located to the right of Mary’s desk.

Lines of latitude are imaginary lines on the earth’s surface extending in a east-west direction. Lines of longitude are imaginary lines on the earth’s surface extending from the North to the South Pole in a north-south direction. Lines of latitude and longitude are used to determine absolute location on the earth.

A sphere is a round body (such as the earth or a ball). “Hemi” means “half”. A hemisphere, therefore, is one-half of a sphere.

The is an imaginary line on the earth that extends around the earth in an east-west direction at 0 degrees latitude. The equator separates the earth into a northern hemisphere and a .

The prime is an imaginary line on the earth’s surface that extends from the to the South Pole in a north-south direction at 0 degrees longitude. The separates the earth into an and a .

Continents are large landmasses on the earth’s surface. There are 7 on the earth. They are: , , , , , , and .

The North American continent is the continent on which you live. The country in which you live, the , is located on this continent. The United States shares a common border with two other countries on this continent. The country located to the north of the United States is called . The country located to the south of the United States is .

A region describes an area of the earth with shared characteristics that make it different from other areas on the earth. have no set boundaries. You live in the southeastern region of the United States. This region is also known as: The South, The ; The Southeast; The Sunbelt, and the .

Georgia is located in the southeastern region. Georgia shares a common border with five states and one . Tennessee borders Georgia to the north and northwest. North Carolina borders Georgia to the north and northeast. South Carolina borders Georgia to the east. Alabama borders Georgia to the west. Florida borders Georgia to the south. Georgia also has a common boundary with the to the southeast.

1. What is the name of the country in which you live? ______

2. What is Georgia bordered by on the southeast? ______

3. On which continent is Georgia located? ______

4. Name the two hemispheres in which Georgia is located. ______

5. Name the five states in the southeastern region with which Georgia shares a common border. ______

6. What separates the earth into a northern hemisphere and a southern hemisphere? ______

7. What separates the earth into an eastern hemisphere and a western hemisphere? ______

8. Gateway bank is located on Highway 27 west of the Krystal restaurant. Is this an example of absolute location or relative location? Why? ______

9. Give an example of a . ______

10. Give two other names by which the southeastern region of the United States is known. ______