Diameter 1,391,000 km Diameter 4878 km Diameter 12,104 km Diameter 12,756 km 6000°C Temperature 427°C Temperature 482°C Temperature 22°C Speed 136 mph Speed 107,132 mph Speed 78,364 mph Speed 66,641 mph 1,989,000 Mass 0.33 Mass 4.86 Mass 5.97 Year of Discovery N/A Year of Discovery 1885 Year of Discovery N/A Year of Discovery N/A The Mercury

Mercury is the closest to the sun, orbiting our at an average distance of 57.9 million kilometres, taking 88 days to complete a trip around the sun. Mercury is also the smallest planet in our . Mercury is the closest planet to the Sun, orbiting The Sun is the star at the centre of our Solar our star at an average distance of 57.9 million Venus is our neighbouring planet. It is Our home, some 4.5 billion years old. Life System. Its mass is approximately 330,000 times kilometres, taking 88 days to complete a trip impossible to state when Venus was appeared on the surface just 1 billion years heavier than our home planet and is 109 times around the sun. Mercury is also the smallest after creation, with human beings appearing wider. The Sun is the largest object in our Solar planet in our Solar System. discovered as it is visible with the just 200,000 years ago. System. .

Diameter 6794 km Diameter 142,800 km Diameter 120,536 km Diameter 51,118 km Temperature -15°C Temperature -150°C Temperature -180°C Temperature -214°C Speed 53,980 mph Speed 29,216 mph Speed 21,565 mph Speed 15,234 mph Mass 0.64 Mass 1898 Mass 568 Mass 86.81 Year of Discovery 1580 Year of Discovery 1610 Year of Discovery 700 BC Year of Discovery 1781

The fourth planet from the Sun. The surface Jupiter is the largest planet in our Solar System. Described as a ‘’ it our Sun at a Saturn is the sixth planet from the Sun and the Uranus was the first planet to be of Mars consists of iron oxide which gives second largest planet in our Solar System. distance of 778,000,000 kilometres. A distinct discovered by a , and is also the planet a red appearance. Mars is feature of Jupiter is the ‘great red spot’ which is a Probably best known for the rings that surround visible to the naked eye. Uranus is approximately half the width of the Earth storm that has lasted for more than 400 years. it, experts believe these rings formed from a and is also a neighbouring planet to us. destroyed millions of years ago. sometimes referred to as an .

Diameter 50,538 km Diameter 3476 km Diameter 5262 km Diameter 5150 km Temperature -220°C Temperature -233 to 123°C Temperature -297 to -171°C Temperature -174°C Speed 12,147 mph Speed 2,300 mph Speed 24,337 mph Speed 12,482 mph Mass 102.43 Mass 0.07 Mass 0.14 Mass 0.13 Year of Discovery 1846 Year of Discovery N/A Year of Discovery 1610 Year of Discovery 1655 The Moon

Neptune is the eighth planet from The moon is roughly one quarter the Titan is a moon of Saturn, the the Sun and is 17 times the mass of size of the Earth. It orbits our Earth Ganymede is a moon of the planet largest that orbits the planet. Titan the Earth. Storms on the planet every 28 days, and is the cause of Jupiter, made of mainly and have speeds of up to 2,100 tides you see on the beach! ice. Ganymede orbits Jupiter every is twice the size of our moon and it kilometres per hour. 7 days and 3 hours. is even larger than Mercury.

Diameter 3642 km Diameter 3138 km Diameter 2324 km Diameter 2300 km Temperature -143°C Temperature -160°C Temperature -230°C Temperature -230°C Speed 38,774 mph Speed 30,735 mph Speed 12,482 mph Speed 7,672 mph Mass 0.08 Mass 0.04 Mass 0.13 Mass 0.01 Year of Discovery 1610 Year of Discovery 1610 Year of Discovery 1930 Year of Discovery 2005

Europa is the closest moon to Pluto was recently declassified as a Another moon of Jupiter, Io the planet Jupiter. Slightly smaller planet in 2006, as scientists observed Eris was only recently discovered. It (pronounced eye-oh) is the second than our moon, many scientists largest moon to orbit the planet, many objects the size of Pluto orbiting is classified as a ‘’ and believe there is a possibility that life our Sun at the same distance. It takes and has over 400 active volcanoes orbits our Sun three times as far may exist here. Pluto 248 years to orbit the Sun. on its surface. away as Pluto.

Phobos Diameter 11.1 km Diameter 6.2 km Diameter 4820 km Diameter 1056 km Temperature -4°C Temperature -4°C Temperature -172°C Temperature -187°C Speed 4,697 mph Speed 2,908 mph Speed 18,342 mph Speed 12,347 mph Mass 0.00000001 Mass 0.00000001 Mass 0.1 Mass 0.001 Year of Discovery 1877 Year of Discovery 1877 Year of Discovery 1610 Year of Discovery 1851

Callisto is the 3rd largest moon in our Solar is one of two that The other of the two moons that System and is almost exactly the same Ariel is one of the 27 moons that orbits orbits the planet Mars. Phobos orbits Mars. Deimos is only 6.2 width as Mercury. The moon is made of Uranus. Composed of rock and ice, this orbits Mars so close that one it rock and ice, and scientists believe that moon orbits Uranus every 2.5 days. Not kilometres wide, making it one of will impact possibly causing a there may be life in oceans that lay beneath much is known about this moon, would you the smallest moons in our Solar care to visit and find out? planetary ring similar to Saturn’s. the ice layer on the surface. System.

RULES Diameter 950 km Diameter 396 km Temperature -38°C Temperature -209°C Solar System 1. THE PLAYER WITH THE Speed 38,027 mph Speed 32,032 mph HIGHEST DIAMETER WINS. Mass 0.0009 2. THE PLAYER WITH THE Mass Year of Discovery 1801 TEMPERATURE CLOSEST1 TOCeres 0.00003 TEMPERATURE WINS. Year of Discovery 1789 Top Trumps 3. THE PLAYER WITH THE HIGHEST PLANET/MOON SPEED WINS. 4. THE PLAYER WITH THEHIGHEST MASS WINS. 5. THE PLAYER WITH THE EARLIEST YEAR OF 1 is the smallest dwarf planet DISCOVERY WINS. in the Solar System. It orbits our 6. IF A PLAYER HAS N/A FOR AN Mimas is a moon of Saturn. It is the 20th ANSWER, THE CARD IS Sun within the belt that is PLACED IN THE MIDDLE AND largest moon in the Solar System. The THE WINNER OF THE NEXT located between Mars and Jupiter most distinctive feature of this moon is TURN RECEIVES THE CARD(S) and is made of ice and clay. the colossal 130 kilometre wide impact FROM THE MIDDLE. THE SAME crater, what could have caused this? RULE ALSO APPLIES TO