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International Conference on Water Resources, Coastal and Ocean Engineering

(ICWRCOE’15)

Aquatic Procedia Volume 4

Mangalore,

12 – 14 March 2015

Part 1 of 2

Editor:

G. S.

ISBN: 978-1-5108-0143-1 Printed from e-media with permission by:

Curran Associates, Inc. 57 Morehouse Lane Red Hook, NY 12571

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Printed by Curran Associates, Inc. (2015)

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Curran Associates, Inc. 57 Morehouse Lane Red Hook, NY 12571 USA Phone: 845-758-0400 Fax: 845-758-2634 Email: [email protected] Web: www.proceedings.com TABLE OF CONTENTS

PART 1

PREFACE ...... 1

A STUDY ON IDENTIFICATION OF SUBMARINE GROUNDWATER DISCHARGE IN NORTHERN EAST COAST OF INDIA ...... 3 Gopal Krishan, M. Someshwar Rao, C. P. Kumar, Sudhir Kumar, M. Ravi Anand Rao

INFLUENCE OF OCEANIC FEATURES AROUND INLET ON THE THERMOHALINE VARIABILITY IN THE COCHIN ESTUARY DURING 2011 AND 2012...... 11 A. Raghunadha Rao, K. Anilkumar

SSC ANALYSIS OF SOUTH MAHARASHTRA COAST: A CASE STUDY FROM VENGURLA COASTAL REGION...... 19 Sathish Sathasivam, K. Rasheed, R. S. Kankara, Manikandan Muthusamy, Arockiaraj Samykannu, Rajan Boopati

INTER-ANNUAL VARIATIONS IN WAVE CHARACTERISTICS OFF RATNAGIRI, NORTHEAST ARABIAN SEA...... 25 Johnson Glejin, V. Sanil Kumar, Jai Singh

STUDY ON SALINE WATER INTRUSION INTO THE SHALLOW COASTAL AQUIFERS OF RIVER BASIN, USING HYDROCHEMICAL AND ELECTRICAL RESISTIVITY METHODS ...... 32 K. S. Anil Kumar, C. P. Priju, N. B. Narasimha Prasad

TIDAL HYDRODYNAMICS ALONG GULF OF KHAMBHAT, WEST COAST OF INDIA ...... 41 S. Sathish Kumar, R. Balaji

MODEL AND DESK STUDIES FOR FEASIBILITY OF SEA ROUTE IN A COMPLEX ESTUARY...... 49 L. R. Ranganath, Boora Krishna, A. K. Singh, M. D. Kudale

THE STUDY OF SEA WATER INTRUSION IN COASTAL AQUIFER BY ELECTRICAL CONDUCTIVITY AND TOTAL DISSOLVED SOLID METHOD IN GURPUR AND NETRAVATHI RIVER BASIN ...... 57 K. J. Sylus, H. Ramesh

APPLICATION OF GEOPHYSICAL AND HYDROGEOCHEMICAL TRACERS TO INVESTIGATE SALINISATION SOURCES IN NAGAPATINAM AND COASTAL AQUIFERS, ...... 65 S. Gopinath, K. Srinivasamoorthy

WAVE TRANQUILITY AND LITTORAL STUDIES FOR DEVELOPMENT OF A MINI FISHING HARBOUR...... 72 K. H. Barve, L. R. Ranganath, M. Karthikeyan, S. Kori, M. D. Kudale

NUMERICAL MODELING OF NEARSHORE WAVE CONDITIONS AT AL HUWAISAT ISLAND, KSA...... 79 Sawsan S. Eissa, Ahmed A. Lebleb

STOCHASTIC SIMULATION OF SEAWATER INTRUSION INTO FRESHWATER AQUIFERS ...... 87 S. K. Pramada, S. Mohan

VARIATION OF WAVE FORCE ON SUBMERGED OBJECT AT SHALLOW WATER: FOURIER SERIES TECHNIQUE ...... 95 Pradip Deb Roy, Rajeev Ranjan

PARAMETRIC STUDIES ON SALTWATER INTRUSION INTO COASTAL AQUIFERS FOR ANTICIPATE SEA LEVEL RISE...... 103 B. N. Priyanka, A. Mahesha

APPLICATION OF NUMERICAL MODEL IN SUSPENDED SEDIMENT TRANSPORT STUDIES ALONG THE CENTRAL KERALA, WEST-COAST OF INDIA ...... 109 N. Sravanthi, R. Ramakrishnan, A. S. Rajawat, A. C. Narayana

SEASONAL VARIATION IN TEXTURAL CHARACTERISTICS AND SEDIMENTARY ENVIRONMENTS OF BEACH SEDIMENTS, COAST, INDIA ...... 117 Sarang J. Kulkarni, Praveen G. Deshbhandari, K. S. Jayappa

A RAPID EXTRACTION OF WATER BODY FEATURES FROM ANTARCTIC COASTAL OASIS USING VERY HIGH-RESOLUTION SATELLITE REMOTE SENSING DATA ...... 125 S. D. Jawak, A. J. Luis

A REVIEW OF QUALITY METRICS FOR FUSED IMAGE ...... 133 P. Jagalingam, Arkal Vittal Hegde

WAVE PREDICTION USING NEURAL NETWORKS AT NEW MANGALORE PORT ALONG WEST COAST OF INDIA...... 143 Deepthi. I. Gopinath, G. S. Dwarakish

SHORELINE TRANSFORMATION STUDY OF KARNATAKA COAST: GEOSPATIAL APPROACH ...... 151 A. Vittal Hegde, B. J. Akshaya

ITERATIVE SPECTRAL INDEX RATIO EXPLORATION FOR OBJECT-BASED IMAGE ANALYSIS OF ANTARCTIC COASTAL OASIS USING HIGH RESOLUTION SATELLITE REMOTE SENSING DATA...... 157 S. D. Jawak, D. A. Raut, A. J. Luis

SATELLITE OCEANOGRAPHY– A REVIEW...... 165 R. Rajeesh, G. S. Dwarakish

ESTIMATION OF SHALLOW WATER BATHYMETRY USING IRS-MULTISPECTRAL IMAGERY OF ODISHA COAST, INDIA ...... 173 Amitansu Pattanaik, Kartik Sahu, M. R. Bhutiyani

SHORELINE CHANGE ANALYSIS OF MANGALORE COAST AND MORPHOMETRIC ANALYSIS OF NETRAVATHI-GURUPUR AND MULKY-PAVANJE SPITS ...... 182 Ateeth Shetty, K. S. Jayappa, D. Mitra

IMPORTANCE OF LOCATION & ALIGNMENT OF GEOTEXTILE TUBES FOR THE COASTAL PROTECTION MEASURES ...... 190 B. R. Tayade, A. V. Mahalingaiah, N. V. Gokhale, M. D. Kudale

DESIGN OF SUBMERGED OFFSHORE REEFS FOR THE COASTAL PROTECTION MEASURES...... 198 A. V. Mahalingaiaha, B. R. Tayade, N. V. Gokhale, M. D. Kudale

INFLUENCE OF RELATIVE DRAFT ON TRANSMISSION CHARACTERISTICS OF FLOATING PIPE BREAKWATER WITH RELATIVE SPACING OF THREE ...... 206 Kiran Kamath, Arkal Vittal Hegde, K. Balakrishna Rao

EFFECT OF RELATIVE TIME PERIOD ON MOORING FORCES OF FLOATING PIPE BREAKWATER WITH RELATIVE SPACING OF THREE ...... 214 Kiran Kamath, Arkal Vittal Hegde, K. Balakrishnarao

EFFECT OF ARTIFICIAL SEA GRASS ON WAVE ATTENUATION- AN EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION...... 221 Beena Mary John, Kiran G. Shirlal, Subba Rao

EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF RESPONSE OF VERTICAL SLENDER CYLINDER UNDER BREAKING WAVE IMPACT ...... 227 R. Manjula, S. A. Sannasiraj, S. Saravanan

RUNUP AND RUNDOWN CHARACTERISTICS OF AN EMERGED SEASIDE PERFORATED QUARTER CIRCLE BREAKWATER...... 234 S. Binumol, Subba Rao, Arkal Vittal Hegde

ANALYSIS OF THE EFFECT OF ANCHOR ROD ON THE BEHAVIOR OF DIAPHRAGM WALL USING PLAXIS 3D ...... 240 Yajnheswaran, H. S. Ranjan, Subba Rao

UNDERWATER DRILLING AND BLASTING FOR HARD ROCK DREDGING IN INDIAN PORTS - A CASE STUDY...... 248 G. R. Tripathy, R. R. Shirke

A REVIEW ON DEVELOPMENT OF MINOR PORTS TO IMPROVETHE ECONOMY OF DEVELOPING COUNTRY ...... 256 Geetha Kuntoji, Subba Rao

EQUIVALENT MONOCHROMATIC WAVE HEIGHT FOR THE DESIGN OF COASTAL RUBBLEMOUND STRUCTURES...... 264 M. D. Kudale, A. R. Bhalerao

A NOTE ON SHORT-TERM WAVE HEIGHT STATISTICS ...... 274 Sashikant Nayak, Vijay Panchang

HYDRODYNAMIC STUDY OF ENERGY DISSIPATION BLOCKS ON REDUCTION OF WAVE RUN-UP AND WAVE REFLECTION...... 281 G. Giridhar, M. G. Muni Reddy

SOIL STRUCTURE INTERACTION ANALYSIS OF A DRY DOCK ...... 287 P. Kavitha, M. Muthu Venkatesh, R. Sundaravadivelu

REVIEW ON THE ROLE OF PORTS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF A NATION...... 295 G. S. Dwarakish, Akhil Muhammad Salim

PERFORMANCE OF VARIABLE SELECTION METHOD FOR THE DAMAGE LEVEL PREDICTION OF RESHAPED BERM BREAKWATER...... 302 Prashanth Janardhan, N. Harish, Subba Rao, Kiran G. Shirlal

CFD SIMULATIONS OF WAVE PROPAGATION AND SHOALING OVER A SUBMERGED BAR...... 308 Arun Kamath, Hans Bihs, Mayilvahanan Alagan Chella, Øivind A. Arntsen

SHORELINE CHANGE ANALYSIS FOR NORTHERN PART OF THE COROMANDEL COAST...... 317 N. N. Salghuna, S. Aravind Bharathvaj

MONITORING LONGTERM SHORELINE CHANGES ALONG , INDIA USING GEOSPATIAL TECHNIQUES...... 325 Usha Natesan, Anitha Parthasarathy, R. Vishnunath, G. Edwin Jeba Kumar, Vincent A. Ferrer

SHORELINE RESPONSE TO COASTAL STRUCTURES ...... 333 A. M. Vaidya, Santosh K. Kori, M. D. Kudale

EFFECT OF MEGA BRIDGE ON HYDRO – MORPHODYNAMICS OF WATERFRONT FACILITIES IN WIDE ESTUARINE HARBOURS- A SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ...... 341 A. A. Purohit, M. M. Vaidya, K. A. Chavan, M. D. Kudale

PHYTOREMEDIATION OF PHOSPHORUS AND NITROGEN WITH CANNA X GENERALIS REEDS IN DOMESTIC WASTEWATER THROUGH NMAMIT CONSTRUCTED WETLAND ...... 349 Samson O. Ojoawo, Gaddale Udayakumar, Pushparaj Naik

CHANGES TO A DRIVE-IN BEACH IN SOUTHWEST INDIA DUE TO SEVERE EROSION AND SUBSEQUENT REFORMATION...... 357 P. K. Abdulla, C. V. Pravya Jayaraj, M. T. Priyalakshmi, K. Chandran, E. J. James

POST-PHAILIN RESTORATION OF GOPALPUR PORT...... 365 R. Sundaravadivelu, S. Sakthivel, P. K. Panigrahi, S. A. Sannasiraj

HOLOCENE RECORDS OF HUMAN DRIVEN GEOLOGICAL IMPACTS IN A RAMSAR WETLAND OF INDIA ...... 373 A. Krishnakumar, P. Saranya, P. Geethu Prasad, C. Rakhi

COASTAL POLLUTION: A REVIEW ...... 381 M. Vikas, G. S. Dwarakish

SYNTHESIS OF TROPICAL CYCLONE TRACKS IN A RISK EVALUATION PERSPECTIVE FOR THE EAST COAST OF INDIA ...... 389 Bishnupriya Sahoo, Prasad K. Bhaskaran

SUITABILITY OF COMPOSITE MATERIAL IN TSUNAMI RESISTANT DESIGN ...... 397 P. L. Meyyappan, C. Sivapragasam, T. Sekar, K. Prakash Marimuthu

NUMERICAL STUDY ON STORM SURGE AND ASSOCIATED COASTAL INUNDATION FOR 2009 AILA CYCLONE IN THE HEAD BAY OF BENGAL...... 404 R. Gayathri, Prasad K. Bhaskaran, Debabrata Sen

COASTAL VULNERABILITY MAPPING USING GEOSPATIAL TECHNOLOGIES IN CUDDALORE-PICHAVARAM COASTAL TRACT, TAMIL NADU, INDIA...... 412 T. Siva Sankari, A. R. Chandramouli, K. Gokul, S. S. Mangala Surya, J. Saravanavel

STROM SURGE VULNERABILITY AND LU/LC CHANGE DETECTION ANALYSIS – IN THE NORTHERN PARTS OF CORAMANDAL COAST, TAMILNADU...... 419 S. Aravind Bharathvaj, N. N. Salghuna

FLOOD FREQUENCY ANALYSIS OF TEL BASIN OF MAHANADI RIVER SYSTEM, INDIA USING ANNUAL MAXIMUM AND POT FLOOD DATA ...... 427 Nibedita Guru, Ramakar Jha

WEATHERING OF OIL SPILL: MODELING AND ANALYSIS ...... 435 Aditya Kumar Mishra, G. Suresh Kumar

NUMERICAL WAVE MODELLING – A REVIEW...... 443 T. Justin Thomas, G. S. Dwarakish

DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT OF DEPTH ACTIVATED INFLATABLE RECOVERY SYSTEM FOR UNDERSEA TOWED SENSOR ARRAYS ...... 449 V. Kiran Govind, S. O. Santosh Kumar, T. S. Sinoj, K. R. Thulasidas, M. Sabu Sebastian

BASE LINE STUDY FOR DETERMINATION OF EFFECT OF STACKING SEQUENCE ON VIBRATION CHARACTERISTICS OF COMPOSITE PROPELLER BLADE ...... 458 M. L. Pavan Kishore, R. K. Behera

QUANTIFICATION OF ACOUSTIC VARIABILITY FROM THERMOHALINE FIELDS IN THE ARABIAN SEA...... 466 Nimmi R. Nair, K. Anilkumar, N. Mohan Kumar

SOLAR ENERGY: REVIEW OF POTENTIAL GREEN & CLEAN ENERGY FOR COASTAL AND OFFSHORE APPLICATIONS...... 473 Vinod Kumar, R. L. Shrivastava, S. P. Untawale

MODELLING AND CFD ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL SNAKE BOATS OF KERALA ...... 481 B. Venkata Subbaiah, Santosh. G. Thampi, V. Mustafa

A 3D NUMERICAL WAVE TANK STUDY FOR OFFSHORE STRUCTURES WITH LINEAR AND NONLINEAR MOORING...... 492 G. T. Shivaji, D. Sen

THREE LEGGED ARTICULATED SUPPORT FOR 5 MW OFFSHORE WIND TURBINE...... 500 Vivek Philip, Anitha Joseph, Chinsu Mereena Joy

EFFECT OF VISCOUS DAMPING ON HYDRODYNAMIC RESPONSE OF SPAR WITH HEAVE PLATE...... 508 A. Subbulakshmi, Jithin Jose, R. Sundaravadivelu, R. Panneer Selvam

CASING TREATMENT OF A WAVE ENERGY EXTRACTING TURBINE...... 516 Paresh Halder, Abdus Samad

WAVE FLUME MEASUREMENT USING IMAGE ANALYSIS ...... 522 K. Viriyakijja, C. Chinnarasri

TIDAL PREDICTION FOR COMPLEX WATERWAYS IN THE BANGLADESH REGION...... 532 Linta Rose, Prasad K. Bhaskaran

FORECASTING OF TIME SERIES SIGNIFICANT WAVE HEIGHT USING WAVELET DECOMPOSED NEURAL NETWORK...... 540 R. Prahlada, Paresh Chandra Deka

EROSION HOTSPOTS ALONG SOUTHWEST COAST OF INDIA...... 548 V. Noujas, K. V. Thomas

SALIENT LONG-TERM OBSERVATIONS OF SST ALONG KERALA COAST AND ITS COMPARATIVE VARIATION WITH LAKSHADWEEP COAST...... 556 A. M. Abhiya, S. Minu, Ramachandrankizhur

AUTOMATIC SHORELINE DETECTION AND CHANGE DETECTION ANALYSIS OF NETRAVATI-GURPURRIVERMOUTH USING HISTOGRAM EQUALIZATION AND ADAPTIVE THRESHOLDING TECHNIQUES ...... 563 Raju Aedla, G. S. Dwarakish, D. Venkat Reddy

ENERGY EFFICIENT TRAJECTORY TRACKING CONTROLLER FOR UNDERWATER APPLICATIONS: AROBUST APPROACH ...... 571 Meenakshi Sarkar, Sambhunath Nandy, Sankar Nath Shome

APPLICATIONS OF REMOTE SENSING IN SATELLITE OCEANOGRAPHY: A REVIEW...... 579 Gayathri K. Devi, B. P. Ganasri, G. S. Dwarakish

IDENTIFICATION OF POTENTIAL SITES FOR DETENTION PONDS ALONG THE VRISHABHAVATHI RIVER ...... 585 P. T. Aravinda, H. B. Balakrishna, K. C. Jayaramu

SYSTEMS APPROACH FOR OPTIMAL OPERATION OF WATER RESOURCES SCHEMES IN KUTTIADI RIVER BASIN, KERALA ...... 593 Amritha Thankachan, A. B. Anitha

ANALYSIS OF TEMPORAL STABILITY OF OBSERVED SOIL MOISTURE UNDER PLANTATION FOREST IN OF INDIA...... 601 B. Venkatesh, Lakshman Nandagiri, B. K. Purandara

QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS OF GEOMORPHOLOGY AND FLOW PATTERN ANALYSIS OF RIVER BASIN USING GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM ...... 609 P. Aparna, K. Nigee, P. Shimna, T. K. Drissia

SUBSURFACE DRAINAGE AND STORAGE PROPERTIES IN THE WESTERN GHATS – A STUDY IN THE BASIN OF NETRAVATI...... 617 Chaitra, Mysooru R. Yadupathi Putty, H. S. Prasanna

NETHRAVATHI RIVER – WATER SUPPLY SCHEME IN DAKSHINA DISTRICT – A CASE STUDY ...... 625 H. C. Chinnagiri Gowda, K. Girisha, Chandan C. Gowda

SUSTAINABILITY OF TANK ECO-SYSTEMS FROM IWRM PERSPECTIVE ...... 633 J. Hemamalini, B. V. Mudgal, J. D. Sophia

EVALUATING METHODS TO PREDICT STREAMFLOW AT UNGAUGED SITES USING REGIONAL FLOW DURATION CURVES: A CASE STUDY...... 641 K. Nruthya, V. V. Srinivas

NEW INDICATOR BASED METHOD SALDIT FOR DELINEATION OF NATURAL GROUNDWATER RECHARGE AREAS ...... 649 A. G. Chachadi

PERMEABILITY OF STRATIFIED SOILS FOR FLOW NORMAL TO BEDDING PLANE...... 660 Javed Alam, Mohd Muzzammil, Himanshu P. Singh, Priyank Gupta

GROUNDWATER SITUATION AT SOUTHWEST COAST OF INDIA –A FIELD STUDY, OVERVIEW, OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES...... 668 Sreenivasulu Dandagala, Nagaraj Gumageri, Paresh Chandra Deka

MODIFIED SCS-CN AND GREEN-AMPT METHODS IN SURFACE RUNOFF MODELLING FOR THE KUNDAHPALLAM WATERSHED, NILGIRIS, WESTERN GHATS, INDIA...... 677 R. Viji, P. Rajesh Prasanna, R. Ilangovan

ASSESSMENT OF GROUNDWATER QUALITY FOR DRINKING PURPOSE IN RURAL AREAS SURROUNDING A DEFUNCT COPPER MINE ...... 685 H. Annapoorna, M. R. Janardhana

ASSESSING SUITABILITY OF GP MODELING FOR GROUNDWATER LEVEL...... 693 C. Sivapragasam, K. Kannabiran, G. Karthik, S. Raja

SIMULATION OF SALTWATER INTRUSION IN A COASTAL AQUIFER IN KARNATAKA, INDIA ...... 700 U. A. Lathashri, A. Mahesha

OCCURRENCE OF GROUND WATER IN HARD ROCK UNDER DISTINCT GEOLOGICAL SETUP ...... 706 J. Sivaramakrishnan, A. Asokan, K. R. Sooryanarayana, S. S. Hegde, J. Benjamin

SPATIAL AND TEMPORAL VARIABILITY OF RAINFALL IN ANAND DISTRICT OF GUJARAT STATE...... 713 Khadeeja Priyan

EFFECT OF GLOBAL TEMPERATURE CHANGES ON RAINFALL FLUCTUATIONS OVER RIVER BASINS ACROSS EASTERN INDO-GANGETICPLAINS...... 721 Aradhana Yaduvanshi, Ashwini Ranade

SURFACE WATER RESOURCES, CLIMATE CHANGE AND SIMULATION MODELING ...... 730 Diva Bhatt, R. K. Mall

ASSESSMENT OF SURFACE WATER DYNAMICSIN BANGALORE USING WRI, NDWI, MNDWI, SUPERVISED CLASSIFICATION AND K-T TRANSFORMATION ...... 739 Vivek Kumar Gautam, Piyush Kumar Gaurav, P. Murugan, M. Annadurai

PIPE BURST RISK ASSESSMENT USING TRANSIENT ANALYSIS IN SURGE 2000...... 747 Preeji John Malppan, K. S. Sumam

DETECTION AND ATTRIBUTION OF CLIMATE CHANGE SIGNALS IN PRECIPITATION IN THE RIVER BASIN, KERALA, INDIA...... 755 N. R. Chithra, Santosh G. Thampi

FORECASTS OF RAINFALL (DEPARTURES FROM NORMAL) OVER INDIA BY DYNAMICAL MODEL...... 764 Jagvir Singh, Saji Mohan Das, Ashok Kumar

RELIABILITY ASSESSMENT OF A STORM WATER DRAIN NETWORK...... 772 R. L. Gouri, V. V. Srinivas

PART 2

MULTISCALE ANALYSIS OF SUSPENDED SEDIMENT CONCENTRATION DATA FROM NATURAL CHANNELS USING THE HILBERT-HUANG TRANSFORM ...... 780 S. Adarsh, M. Janga Reddy

SCOUR PREDICTION AT BRIDGE PIERS IN COHESIVE BED USING GENE EXPRESSION PROGRAMMING...... 789 Mohammad Muzzammil, Javed Alama, Mohammad Danish

EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON SCOUR AT 90° HORIZONTAL FORCED BEND AND ITS PROTECTION USING RIPRAP...... 797 Piya Biswas, A. K. Barbhuiya

DISTRIBUTION OF DEPTH-AVERAGED VELOCITY ALONG A HIGHLY SINUOUS CHANNEL ...... 805 Arpan Pradhan, Kishanjit K. Khatua, Saine S. Dash

BOUNDARY SHEAR STRESS ANALYSIS IN MEANDERING CHANNELS AT THE BEND APEX ...... 812 Sovan Sankalp, Kishanjit. K. Khatua, Arpan Pradhan

PREDICTION OF VELOCITY DISTRIBUTION IN STRAIGHT CHANNEL WITH RIGID VEGETATION ...... 819 K. Panigrahi, K. K. Khatua

FLOW MODELING IN SYMMETRICALLY NARROWING FLOOD PLAINS...... 826 Abinash Mohanta, K. K. Khatua, K. C. Patra

FLOW MODELING IN VARIOUS CYLINDRICAL SURFACES...... 834 Monalisa Mallick, A. Kumar, Anta Murmu

DEVELOPMENTS TO IMPROVE HYDRAULIC COMPETENCE OF SPILLWAYS...... 841 Harinarayan Tiwari, Nayan Sharma

DIFFERENT APPROACH FOR USING TRAP EFFICIENCY FOR ESTIMATION OF RESERVOIR SEDIMENTATION. AN OVERVIEW ...... 847 Arega Mulu, G. S. Dwarakish

DAM BREAK ANALYSIS USING BOSS DAMBRK...... 853 Anila C. George, B. Thulasidharan Nair

NUMERICAL MODELING OF ADVANCING WAVE FRONT IN DAM BREAK PROBLEM BY INCOMPRESSIBLE NAVIER-STOKES SOLVER ...... 861 Parvathy G. Panicker, Arun Goel, Hareesh R. Iyer

ADEQUACY OF SEEPAGE ANALYSIS IN CORE SECTION OF THE EARTHEN DAM WITH DIFFERENT MIX PROPORTIONS...... 868 H. J. Kanchana, H. S. Prasanna

SEEPAGE AND STABILITY ANALYSES OF EARTH DAM USING FINITE ELEMENT METHOD...... 876 Shivakumar S. Athani, Shivamanth, C. H. Solanki, G. R. Dodagoudar

STABILITY ANALYSIS OF DYKE USING LIMIT EQUILIBRIUM AND FINITE ELEMENT METHODS...... 884 A. Shivamanth, Shivakumar S. Athani, M. K. Desai, G. R. Dodagoudar

PROBABLE MAXIMUM PRECIPITATION ESTIMATION FOR CATCHMENTS IN MAHANADI RIVER BASIN ...... 892 Sagar Rohidas Chavan, V. V. Srinivas

FORECASTING ONE DAY AHEAD STREAM FLOW USING SUPPORT VECTOR REGRESSION...... 900 Shreenivas Londhe, Seema S. Gavraskar

GEOMORPHOLOGY BASED SEMI-DISTRIBUTED APPROACH FOR MODELING RAINFALL- RUNOFF MODELING USING GIS...... 908 S. Saravanan, R. Manjula

ANALYZING PRECIPITATION USING CONCENTRATION INDICES FOR NORTH GUJARAT AGRO CLIMATIC ZONE, INDIA...... 917 N. R. Patel, D. T. Shete

FLOOD LEVEL MITIGATION STUDY USING 1-D HYDRODYNAMIC MODELING ...... 925 Raktim Haldar, Rakesh Khosa

FLOW REGIONALIZATION UNDER LIMITED DATA AVAILABILITY – APPLICATION OF IHACRES IN THE WESTERN GHATS...... 933 Yusuf Javeed, K. V. Apoorva

SNOWFALL AND SNOWMELT VARIABILITY OVER HIMALAYAN REGION IN INTER- ANNUAL TIMESCALE ...... 942 Sarita Tiwari, Sarat C. Kar, R. Bhatla

WATER SUPPLY SYSTEM DEMAND FORECASTING USING ADAPTIVE NEURO-FUZZY INFERENCE SYSTEM ...... 950 D. P. Vijayalaksmi, K. S. Jinesh Babu

REGRESSION ANALYSIS OF ANNUAL MAXIMUM DAILY RAINFALL AND STREAM FLOW FOR FLOOD FORECASTING IN VELLAR RIVER BASIN...... 957 P. Supriya, M. Krishnaveni, M. Subbulakshmi

DERIVATION AND ANALYSIS OF DIMENSIONLESS HYDROGRAPH AND S CURVE FOR CUMULATIVE WATERSHED AREA...... 964 G. S. Brunda, Shivakumar J. Nyamathi

USE OF DATA DRIVEN TECHNIQUES FOR SHORT LEAD TIME STREAMFLOW FORECASTING IN MAHANADI BASIN...... 972 Alok Pandey, V. V. Srinivas

MODELLING OF NONLINEAR MUSKINGUM METHOD USING CONTROL SYSTEM CONCEPT...... 979 N. Sajikumar, I. Gyncy, K. S. Sumam

GEOCHEMICAL MODELING OF GROUNDWATER IN CHINNAR RIVER BASIN: A SOURCE IDENTIFICATION PERSPECTIVE ...... 986 C. S. Suma, K. Srinivasamoorthy, K. Saravanan, A. Faizalkhan, R. Prakash, S. Gopinath

STREAM FLOW PREDICTION IN A TYPICAL UNGAUGED CATCHMENT USING GIUH APPROACH ...... 993 J. B. Swain, R. Jha, K. C. Patra

A REVIEW ON HYDROLOGICAL MODELS ...... 1001 Gayathri K. Devia, B. P. Ganasri, G. S. Dwarakish

MODELLING VERTICAL INFILTRATION IN AN UNSATURATED POROUS MEDIA USING NEURAL NETWORK ARCHITECTURE...... 1008 Shamla Rasheed, K. Sasikumar

INFILLING OF RAINFALL INFORMATION USING GENETIC PROGRAMMING...... 1016 C. Sivapragasam, Nitin Muttil, M. Catherin Jeselia, S. Visweshwaran

GROUNDWATER QUALITY ASSESSMENT IN SOME SELECTED AREA OF RAJASTHAN, INDIA USING FUZZY MULTI-CRITERIA DECISION MAKING TOOL...... 1023 R. Srinivas, Prashant Bhakar, Ajit Pratap Singh

EVALUATION OF AQUIFER VULNERABILITY USING DRASTIC MODEL AND GIS: A CASE STUDY OF CITY, KARNATAKA, INDIA ...... 1031 R. Lathamani, M. R. Janardhana, B. Mahalingam, S. Suresha

DELINEATION OF GROUNDWATER POTENTIAL ZONES IN DEEP MIDLAND AQUIFERS ALONG BHARATHAPUZHA RIVER BASIN, KERALA USING GEOPHYSICAL METHODS ...... 1039 H. Yousef Ali, C. P. Priju, N. B. Narasimha Prasad

ESTIMATION OF NITRATE LEACHING IN GROUNDWATER IN AN AGRICULTURALLY USED AREA IN THE STATE KARNATAKA, INDIA, USING EXISTING MODEL AND GIS ...... 1047 P. N. Vinod, P. N. Chandramouli, Manfred Koch

SOFT COMPUTING APPROACH FOR RAINFALL-RUNOFF MODELLING: A REVIEW...... 1054 Vinay Chandwani, Sunil Kumar Vyas, Vinay Agrawal, Gunwant Sharma

ESTIMATION OF LATERAL SUBSURFACE FLOW IN LATERITIC FORMATIONS USING WELL HYDROGRAPH ANALYSIS ...... 1062 G. Udayakumar, S. G. Mayya, Samson O. Ojoawo

RIVER WATER QUALITY MODELLING USING ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK TECHNIQUE...... 1070 Archana Sarkar, Prashant Pandey

STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF QUALITY OF WATER IN VARIOUS WATER SHED FOR KOZHIKODE CITY, KERALA, INDIA...... 1078 Narayanan C. Viswanath, P. G. Dileep Kumar, K. K. Ammad

FLUSHING STUDY FOR ARTIFICIAL ISLAND...... 1086 Ahmed A. Lebleb, Ehab R. Tolba, Elsayed M. Galal

STUDY OF EFFECT OF INTERFERENT IN THE DETERMINATION OF NITRATE IN WATER ...... 1094 Kumar Gaurav, Pooja Devi, Baban Kumar S. Bansod

INFERENCE OF WATER QUALITY INDEX USING ANFIA AND PCA ...... 1099 Mrunmayee M. Sahoo, K. C. Patra, K. K. Khatua

ELECTROCHEMICAL DETECTION OF TRACE AMOUNT OF ARSENIC (III) AT GLASSY CARBON ELECTRODE MODIFIED WITH AU/FE3O4 NANOCOMPOSITES ...... 1107 Sehaspreet Kaur Toor, Pooja Devi, Baban Kumar S. Bansod

ESTIMATION OF SECCHI TRANSPARENCY IN TURBID COASTAL WATERS ...... 1114 Anuj Kulshreshtha, Palanisamy Shanmugam

AN EVALUATION OF HYDROGEOCHEMISTRY OF GROUNDWATER IN UPPER VELLAR SUB – BASIN USING MINERAL STABILITY AND SOLUTE TRANSPORT MODELLING ...... 1119 K. Saravanan, K. Srinivasamoorthy, R. Prakash, S. Gopinath, C. S. Suma

RICE HUSK AND SUGARCANE BAGGASE BASED ACTIVATED CARBON FOR IRON AND MANGANESE REMOVAL...... 1126 Chitaranjan Dalai, Ramakar Jha, V. R. Desai

LOCATION IDENTIFICATION FOR WATER CONSERVATION AND QUALITY ASSURANCE ...... 1134 B. N. Suma, C. V. Srinivasa

SOIL WATER RETENTION CURVE FROM SATURATED HYDRAULIC CONDUCTIVITY FOR SANDY LOAM AND LOAMY SAND TEXTURED SOILS ...... 1142 P. Shwetha, K. Varija

EVALUATION OF THE SMALL STORAGE RESERVOIRS DURING ITS OPERATION IN SERIES FOR NON MONSOON PERIODS ...... 1150 C. Chandre Gowda, S. G. Mayya

PREDICTION OF AIR TEMPERATURE BY HYBRIDIZED MODEL (WAVELET-ANFIS) USING WAVELET DECOMPOSED DATA ...... 1155 B. S. Karthika, Paresh Chandra Deka

IMPACT OF ONSITE SANITATION SYSTEM ON GROUNDWATER IN DIFFERENT GEOLOGICAL SETTINGS OF PERI URBAN AREAS ...... 1162 B. T. Shivendra, H. K. Ramaraju

FLOOD ROUTING IN THE CATCHMENT OF URBANIZED LAKES...... 1173 Sumaiyah Tazyeen, Shivakumar J. Nyamathi

CONTAMINATION OF WATER SOURCES IN MYSORE CITY BY PESTICIDE RESIDUES AND PLASTICIZER – A CAUSE OF HEALTH CONCERN...... 1181 Kanchana Mysore Somashekar, M. R. Mahima, K. C. Manjunath

DOWNSTREAM FLOOD PEAK IMPROVEMENT MODELING FOR A RIVER SYSTEM INCORPORATING UNGAUGED SUBBASINS ...... 1189 Sangita Deb Barman, Parthasarathi Choudhury

CASE STUDIES OF INNOVATIVE IRRIGATION MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES ...... 1197 Pradeep Bhalage, B. B. Jadia, S. T. Sangale

APPLICATION OF FUZZY LOGIC AND NEURAL NETWORK IN CROP CLASSIFICATION: A REVIEW ...... 1203 Sneha Murmu, Sujata Biswas

MODELLING THE CROP WATER REQUIREMENT USING FAO-CROPWAT AND ASSESSMENT OF WATER RESOURCES FOR SUSTAINABLE WATER RESOURCE MANAGEMENT: A CASE STUDY IN PALAKKAD DISTRICT OF HUMID TROPICAL KERALA, INDIA ...... 1211 U. Surendran, C. M. Sushanth, George Mammen, E. J. Joseph

DIVERSIFICATION IN MEASUREMENT METHODS FOR DETERMINATION OF IRRIGATION WATER QUALITY PARAMETERS ...... 1220 Ankit Vyas, A. S. Jethoo

EVALUATION OF THREE SOIL EROSION MODELS FOR SMALL WATERSHEDS...... 1227 T. Chandramohan, B. Venkatesh, A. N. Balchand

EXPERIMENTAL STUDIES ON EFFECT OF WATER AND SOIL QUALITY ON CROP YIELD...... 1235 K. R. Suresh, M. A. Nagesh

DROUGHT INDEX COMPUTATION USING STANDARDIZED PRECIPITATION INDEX (SPI) METHOD FOR SURAT DISTRICT, GUJARAT ...... 1243 Ravi Shah, Nitin Bharadiya, Vivek Manekar

TREND ANALYSIS OF DROUGHT EVENTS OVER UPPER KRISHNA BASIN IN MAHARASHTRA ...... 1250 D. R. Mahajan, B. M. Dodamani

AGRICULTURAL DROUGHT ANALYSIS USING THE NDVI AND LAND SURFACE TEMPERATURE DATA; A CASE STUDY OF RAICHUR DISTRICT...... 1258 S. Sruthi, M. A. Mohammed Aslam

DELINEATION OF ARTIFICIAL RECHARGE ZONES USING GEOSPATIAL TECHNIQUES IN SARABANGA SUB BASIN CAUVERY RIVER, TAMIL NADU...... 1265 M. Vijay Prabhu, S. Venkateswaran

GROUNDWATER POTENTIAL ZONING IN UPPER GADILAM RIVER BASIN TAMIL NADU...... 1275 S. Venkateswaran, R. Ayyandurai

ASSESSMENT OF GROUNDWATER QUALITY USING GIS TECHNIQUES IN VANIYAR WATERSHED, PONNAIYAR RIVER, TAMIL NADU...... 1283 S. Venkateswaran, S. Deepa

SIMULATION OF SEDIMENT YIELD OVER UN-GAUGED STATIONS USING MUSLE AND FUZZY MODEL...... 1291 P. Sundara Kumar, T. V. Praveen, M. Anjaneya Prasad

AN ASSESSMENT OF RESOURCE POTENTIALS FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF MICRO-WATERSHED IN TIRUNELVELI DISTRICT USING GEOINFORMATICS– A CASE OF NAMBIYAR MICRO-WATERSHED IN TIRUNELVELI DISTRICT, TAMIL NADU, INDIA ...... 1299 K. Narmada, K. Gobinath, G. Bhaskaran

ESTABLISHING STRATEGIES FOR SUSTAINABLE GROUNDWATER MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR TYPICAL GRANITIC AQUIFERS-A PILOT STUDY NEAR HYDERABAD, INDIA ...... 1307 Pandith Madhnure, P. N. Rao, A. D. Rao

EVALUATION OF ECONOMIC VALUE OF PILIKULA LAKE USING TRAVEL COST AND CONTINGENT VALUATION METHODS...... 1315 Jala, L. Nandagiri

PRIORITIZATION OF SUB WATERSHED BASED ON MORPHOMETRIC CHARACTERISTICS USING FUZZY ANALYTICAL HIERARCHY PROCESS AND GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM – A STUDY OF KALLAR WATERSHED, TAMIL NADU ...... 1322 S. Abdul Rahaman, S. Abdul Ajeez, S. Aruchamy, R. Jegankumar

SPECTRAL INFORMATION ANALYSIS FOR THE SEMIAUTOMATIC DERIVATION OF SHALLOW LAKE BATHYMETRY USING HIGH-RESOLUTION MULTISPECTRAL IMAGERY: A CASE STUDY OF ANTARCTIC COASTAL OASIS ...... 1331 S. D. Jawak, A. J. Luis

IDENTIFICATION OF HYDROLOGICALLY ACTIVE AREAS IN A WATERSHED USING SATELLITE DATA ...... 1339 B. C. Kumar Raju, Lakshman Nandagiri

GIS –BASED MORPHOMETRIC ANALYSIS OF TWO RESERVOIR CATCHMENTS OF ARKAVATI RIVER, RAMANAGARAM DISTRICT, KARNATAKA ...... 1345 H. Chandrashekar, K. V. Lokesh, M. Sameena, Jyothi Roopa, G. Ranganna

GROUNDWATER QUALITY ANALYSIS IN PRECAMBRIAN ROCKS OF CHITRADURGA DISTRICT, KARNATAKA, INDIA USING GEO-INFORMATICS TECHNIQUE ...... 1354 H. T. Basavarajappa, M. C. Manjunatha

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF IMAGE CHANGE DETECTION ALGORITHMS IN MATLAB...... 1366 S. Minu, Amba Shetty

REMOTE SENSING BASED VEGETATION INDICES ANALYSIS TO IMPROVE WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT IN URBAN ENVIRONMENT ...... 1374 Deepak Kumar

PREDICTION OF LAND SURFACE TEMPERATURE UNDER CLOUDY CONDITIONS USING MICROWAVE REMOTE SENSING AND ANN...... 1381 H. R. Shwetha, D. Nagesh Kumar

APPLICATION OF GEOINFORMATICS FOR THE DELINEATION OF GROUNDWATER PROSPECTS ZONES- A CASE STUDY FOR MELATTUR GRAMA PANCHAYAT IN KERALA, INDIA ...... 1389 V. P. Dinesan, Girish Gopinath, M. K. Ashitha

CROP PATTERN MAPPING OF TUMKUR TALUK USING NDVI TECHNIQUE: A REMOTE SENSING AND GIS APPROACH...... 1397 L. Bharathkumar, M. A. Mohammed-Aslam

LAND USE LAND COVER PATTERN IN THE VICINITY OF MANNAPALLA LAKE, MANIPAL ...... 1405 B. Jagadeesha Pai, K. Narayana Shenoy

STUDY OF LAND USE/LAND COVER DYNAMICS THROUGH CLASSIFICATION ALGORITHMS FOR HARANGI CATCHMENT AREA, KARNATAKA STATE, INDIA ...... 1413 B. P. Ganasri, G. S. Dwarakish

QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS OF CATCHMENT USING REMOTE SENSING AND GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM...... 1421 D. Sindhu, Sadashivappa, A. S. Ravikumar, B. L. Shivakumar

ESTIMATION OF SOIL LOSS USING USLE MODEL FOR KULHAN WATERSHED, CHATTISGARH- A CASE STUDY ...... 1429 C. P. Devatha, Vaibhav Deshpande, M. S. Renukaprasad

MAPPING AGEWISE DISCRIMINATION OF ARECANUT CROP WATER REQUIREMENT USING HYPERSPECTRAL REMOTE SENSING...... 1437 B. E. Bhojaraja, Gaurav Hegde, U. Pruthviraj, Amba Shetty, M. K. Nagaraj

TEMPORAL ANALYSIS OF SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF BUILT-UP AREA IN PERI-URBAN AREAS OF COCHIN, KERALA: CASE-STUDY OF SUB-WATERSHED IN PERIYAR RIVER ...... 1445 Preeti Jacob, G. S. Dwarakish

A COMPARISON OF SOIL TEXTURE DISTRIBUTION AND SOIL MOISTURE MAPPING OF COAST USING LANDSAT ETM+ AND IKONOS DATA...... 1452 S. Vidhya Lakshmi, Jijo James, S. Soundariya, T. Vishalini, P. Kasinatha Pandian

FREE DATA AND OPEN SOURCE CONCEPT FOR NEAR REAL TIME MONITORING OF VEGETATION HEALTH OF NORTHERN KERALA, INDIA ...... 1461 Girish Gopinath

GIS BASED MAPPING OF GROUNDWATER FLUCTUATIONS IN BINA BASIN...... 1469 T. R. Nayak, S. K. Gupta, R. Galkate

MODELLING AND ANALYSIS OF SINGLE SLOPE SOLAR STILL AT DIFFERENT WATER DEPTH ...... 1477 Naga Sarada Somanchi, Sri Lalitha Swathi Sagi, Thotakura Ashish Kumar, Sai Phanindra Dinesh Kakarlamudi, Ajay Parik

EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATIONS ON PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF A SINGLE BASIN SOLAR STILL USING DIFFERENT ENERGY ABSORBING MATERIALS...... 1483 Ravi Gugulothu, Naga Sarada Somanchi, R. Sri Rama Devi, Hima Bindu Banoth

FEASIBILITY STUDY OF INDIGENOUSLY DEVELOPED FLY ASH MEMBRANE IN MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT...... 1492 Maneesh Namburath, Ganapati Joshi, Murali Cholemari, Chandrahas Shet, T. R. Sreekrishnan, Srinivas Veeravalli

WATER SURFACE PROFILE COMPUTATION IN NONPRISMATIC COMPOUND CHANNELS...... 1500 B. Naik, K. K. Khatua

URBAN TANKS FOR FACILITATING REUSE OF MUNICIPAL SEWAGE – A CASE STUDY IN MYSURU, KARNATAKA...... 1508 V. K. Vidya, Mysooru R. Yadupathi Putty, K. C. Manjunath

IMPACT OF MUDBANKS ON COASTAL DYNAMICS...... 1514 K. G. Parvathy, V. Noujas, K. V. Thomas, H. Ramesh

ESTIMATION AND VALIDATION OF OFFSHORE WAVE CHARACTERISTICS OF BAY OF BENGAL CYCLONES (2008-2009)...... 1522 Sisir Kumar Patra, P. K. Mohanty, P. Mishra, U. K. Pradhan

PREVENTION OF TRANSIENT INSTABILITY AND REACTIVE POWER MISMATCH IN A STAND-ALONE WIND-DIESEL-TIDAL HYBRID SYSTEM BY AN ANN BASED SVC...... 1529 Asit Mohanty, Meera Viswavandya, Sthitapragyan Mohanty

MINI/MICRO HYDEL POWER SYSTEM DESIGN AND ITS IMPLEMENTATION IN RAJASTHAN...... 1537 Ankit Vyas, Naveen K. Gupta, S. K. Gupta, Pradeep Gautam, A. S. Jethoo

LONG TERM STUDY OF SEDIMENT DYNAMICS ALONG MANGALORE COAST, WEST COAST OF INDIA USING SEDIMENT TREND ANALYSIS...... 1545 P. Sri Ram Kumar, G. S. Dwarakish, N. Nujuma, Deepthi I. Gopinath

MULTI CRITERIA DECISION ANALYSIS (MCDA) FOR WATERSHED PRIORITIZATION ...... 1553 R. K. Jaiswal, N. C. Ghosh, R. V. Galkate, T. Thomas

EFFECT OF INVERTED T- SHAPE SPLITTER BLOCKS ON THE PERFORMANCE OF STILLING BASIN MODELS...... 1561 H. L. Tiwaria, A. Goelb, S. Sureshc, S. Tiwarid

Author Index