US EPA Source Reduction Assistance Grant X9-96479407-0 SRAG - 1000

A publication of the Louisville Water Company, Local Planning Team for the Wellhead Protection Plan Pocket Field Guide -

US EPA Source Reduction Assistance Grant X9-96479407-0 Recognizing Pests SRAG - 1000

Louisville Water Company rd 550 S. 3 Street Louisville, KY 40202 502-569-3600

For additional copies, or more information, contact: Marsha Taylor Meyer Wellhead Protection Coordinator American Louisville Water Company

Winner of the Exemplary Source Water Protection Award, 2009, American Water Works Association 2009 Outstanding Watershed Project Kentucky-Tennessee Water Environment Association

Page 12 Page 1 What is an insect ? The concept of a pest is based on human purposes and perceptions. Under this criterion, a pest is an organism that has characteristics regarded by humans as injurious or unwanted. Usually, an organism is identified as a pest because it is harmful to agricultural activities or the ecosystem, or carries germs within human habitats. Examples include those organisms that Face Green Bottle Fly House Fly human , such as rats and mosquitoes. The term may also include fungi and . This Pocket Guide lists some of the common insect pests found in the home and in the lawn for identification purposes. Control options are not discussed in this guide. Some of these Louisville Water Company 550 S. 3rd Street may not be considered to be a pest in the lawn and garden, but Louisville, KY 40202 are certainly a pest in the home, while others are considered to 502-569-3600 be pests wherever they may be located. Weevil This list is not at all complete, but offers a starting point for Once the pest has been identified, and the extent of the identification by the homeowner. If you have encountered a pest noted, various methods of control can be applied. that is not listed within this table, contact your local Cooperative Methods of control can include the use of , but also Extension Agent, the regional university, your nursery, or a include cultural, biological, or other non-chemical means of Certified Applicator for identification purposes. control. Once you have a strategy set up to identify and manage the pests—watch them, determine if the pest has become a Again, as noted above, some problem that must be addressed, if only to prevent further insects that are commonly damage, select methods of control, and monitor the results of considered to be pests are benign your actions. or even beneficial. If, during your SRAG-1100 lists non-chemical controls of some of the insect pest survey, you discover a pest pests listed in this booklet. and its predator, you will have to decide whether the damage When a chemical control is recommended by the Kentucky caused by the insect can be Department of Agriculture, Cooperative Extension Service, or the accepted until the predator can University of Kentucky’s Entomology Facts, or a Certified the pest, according to its Control Operator, the homeowner uses the product at his own risk. nature. Remember that using a pesticide often kills not only the Clover on leaf. For a copy on disk of the Homeowner’s Guidebook of Native pest, but the beneficial predator. Plants, Integrated Pest Management, and Pollution Prevention, Insects can damage plants, (flowers, landscape trees and shrubs, contact Marsha Meyer of the Louisville Water Company, as lawn grass, etc.), in a variety of ways. These are listed below. described on the next page.

Page 2 Page 11 1. Chewing – Devouring, notching, or mining leaves; , bark, roots, stems, fruit, seeds; 2. Sucking – Removing sap and cell contents and injecting toxins into the plant; 3. Vectors of Disease – Carrying from plant to plant,

Gray Field Spotted Garden Slug Black Widow Spider e.g. elm bark carry Dutch Elm disease, various are vectors of certain viral diseases; 4. Excretions – deposits lead to the growth of sooty mold, and the leaves can not produce foot through photosynthesis. 5. Formation – Forming on leaves, twigs, buds, and roots. Brown Recluse Spider Mormidea Stink Bug Red-shouldered Stink 6. Ovipositor Scars – Forming scars on stems, twigs, bark, or Bug fruit; and 7. Injection of Toxic Substances – Some insects inject substances into the plant to aid in digestion of the plant to the insect. When various pest management strategies—exclusion of the pest, prevention, sanitation methods, etc.—are used in conjunction with Rice Stink Bug American Dog regular inspections of the home and lawn environment to monitor and manipulate pest activity, the process is called Integrated Pest Management. In most cases, an IPM approach is considered sensible, environmentally sound, and will keep pest levels and damage at levels that do not create economic problems or aesthetic problems.

Lone Star Tick Horse Fly Blow Fly It is extremely important to remember that total eradication of a pest population is not the goal in most cases. In most cases, the goal is to keep pests at

reasonable levels. Termite damage Blue Bottle Fly Cluster Fly Deer Fly . For example, eradication is extremely desirable when are damaging a home, or a pest presents the possibility of disease transmission to people or pets. Effective pest management and

Page 10 Page 3 reduced use of pesticides are compatible. Pesticides used correctly and judiciously are good tools for pest control. However, pesticides should not be used if non-pesticidal approaches can solve the problem. The first step in any pest control program is to identify the pest. This listing shows some of the common insect pests found in Kentucky’s home and gardens. The pests shown below are color- Waved Sphinx Clouded Plant Bug Four-lined Plant bug coded by family types. Common Home and Garden Insect Pests of Kentucky

Tarnished Plant Bug Chinese Mantid Chinch Bug

Allegheny Mound Carpenter Ant

Oedoncala Seed Bug Stilt Bug Calico Scale Large Yellow Ant Odorous House

Cottony Maple Scale Euonymus Scale Magnolia Scale

Bagworm Bedbug Carpenter

Honey Bee European Hornet Hornet Oystershell Scale Tuliptree Scale

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Yellowjacket Paper Blister Parasitic Mites - Chigger Spider Mites – Red Spider Spider Mites – Spruce

Colorado Beetle Confused Spider Mites – Two- Angoumois Grain Cankerworm, spotted Spider Mite (Inchworm)

Clothes Moth Saw-toothed Grain Cigarette Beetle Drugstore Beetle Beetle

Forest Tent Caterpillar Gypsy Moth Caterpillar Hornworm- Carpet Beetle Elm Leaf Beetle Beetle Carolina Sphinx Moth

Catalpa Worm Clearwing Sphinx Tomato Hornworm, Five- Caterpillar spotted Hawk Moth Japanese Beetle Asian Lady Beetle Mexican Bean Beetle Page 8 Page 5

Powderpost Beetle Squash Beetle Southern Pine Beetle Oriental Cockroach Drain Fly

Striped and Spotted Banded Ash Borer Lilac Borer, (Ash Borer) Flea Fruit Fly Galls - symptom Cucumber Beetle

Cyclamen Gnat Dogwood Borer Lesser Tree Borer Peachtree Borer

Whiteflies Head Lice Clover Mite

Bronze Birch Borer Flatheaded Appletree Maple Petiole Borer Borer

Grain Mite House Dust Mite, Parasitic Mites – and (microscopic) Mice Boxelder Bug American Cockroach Brown-banded Cockroach Page 6 Page 7