30 30 0 Port Elizabeth 30 -round Scale 1:68,000,000 S o u t h A t l a n t i c Azimuthal Equal-Area Projection

0 500 1000 Kilometers O c e a n 40 Anta rctic 0 500 1000 Miles Co nve Twenty-one of 28 Antarctic consultative countries have rge nc made no claims to Antarctic (although and e the have reserved the right to do so) and they do not recognize the claims of the other countries. Bouvet () PRINCE EDWARD 50 () South and South Sandwich Islands BRITISH (administered by U.K., CLAIM claimed by ) ÎLES Southern CROZET NORWEGIAN CLAIM ARGENTINE undefined limit 60

Falkland Islands CLAIM 60 (Islas Malvinas) Orcadas (administered by U.K., SANAE IV French Southern claimed by ARGENTINA) (ARGENTINA) Neumayer (SOUTH Novolazarevskaya and Antarctic SOUTH ORKNEY (GERMANY) AFRICA) (RUSSIA) ISLANDS () Maitri Syowa (JAPAN) SOUTH () 70 SHETLAND area of Molodezhnaya ARGENTINA ÎLES ISLANDS enlargement Queen (RUSSIA) Enderby KERGUELEN Drake Halley(U.K.) Land Passage Belgrano II (ARGENTINA) Mawson Heard Island and Mac. Robertson () 80 Land McDonald Islands Palmer (AUSTRALIA) Land Ronne Shelf Amery Zhong Shan(CHINA) CHILEAN Progress(RUSSIA) Davis(AUSTRALIA) CLAIM Ellsworth I n d i a n Vinson Amundsen-Scott 90 W (U.S.) 90 E (highest point in , 4897 m) Mirnyy Land 2800 m. (RUSSIA) O c e a n (RUSSIA)

Bentley Subglacial Trench d (lowest point in Antarctica, -2540 m) n a Concordia Ice Shelf M Marie Byrd I (FRANCE AND L S o u t h Land A ITALY) L Ross s C e P a c i f i c Ice Shelf Amundsen Casey k 80 l Sea (AUSTRALIA) N O c e a n i McMurdo A W I Scott (U.S.) L (N.Z.) A R T S average minimum U extent of A

Argentina, , Chile, China, Poland, Dumont d'Urville Russia, South Korea, each have 64 70 (FRANCE) a station on King George Island. Anta Scott rctic Island Esperanza Circle BALLENY

(ARGENTINA) ISLANDS e 120 FRENCH c n 60 e Marambio g 66 Southern N CLAIM r A ve Arturo Prat (ARGENTINA) I n Bernardo N AL o E Ocean C (CHILE) 55 W TR M ic O'Higgins S I ct ZE AU LA ar (CHILE) AL 60 C nt AND A CLAIM Circle

62 (AUSTRALIA) rctic Campbell Graham Anta S o u t h Island () AUCKLAND ISLANDS 65 P a c i f i c (NEW ZEALAND) (U.S.) 60 Vernadsky 50 (UKRAINE) O c e a n Antarctic SNARES ISLANDS Larsen (NEW ZEALAND) Adelaide 30 Ice Shelf Melbourne 30 Peninsula NEW ZEALAND Canberra (NEW ZEALAND) Christchurch Southern Wellington 70 San Martin 40 A U S T R A L I A (ARGENTINA) 180 Ocean 150 Rothera (U.K.) Island 803412AI (R02207) 6-09

64 68