REG. NO 162202006







Universitas Sumatera Utara 2

Universitas Sumatera Utara


Universitas Sumatera Utara AUTHOR’S DECLARATION

I, MOUZA RIZIZKA, declare that I am the sole writer of this paper.

Except where the references in made in the text of this paper, this paper contains no material published elsewhere or extracted in whole or in part from a paper by which I have qualified for awarded another degree.

No other person‟s work has been used without due acknowledgement in the main text of this paper. This paper has not been submitted for the award of another degree in any tertiary education.

Signed :

Date : JULY, 2019

i Universitas Sumatera Utara COPYRIGHT DECLARATION




Qualification : D-III / Ahli Madya

Study Program : English

I am willing that paper should be available for reproduction at the direction the

Librarian of Diploma-III English Study Program of Culture Study USU on the understanding that users made aware to their obligation under law of the Republic of Indonesia.

Signed :

Date : JULY, 2019

ii Universitas Sumatera Utara ABSTRACT This paper, entitled A Description of Moral Values in Mariah Carey’s Selected Song Lyrics. This paper aimed to describe the moral values and benefits of the moral values in the life portrayed in Mariah Carey song lyrics. In writing this paper, the method used in this paper is descriptive analysis method. The data source of this paper are Mariah Carey‟s 4 selected song entitled Hero, , , There’s Got To Be Away, library research for literature study to collect data information by using several books and internet related to the problem about the moral values from Mariah Carey‟s selected song lyrics. The technique used to collect the data by performing a few steps, among others, (1) listen and read to 4 selected song lyrics of Mariah Carey, (2) understand the content of Mariah Carey‟s selected song lyrics, and (3) describe kinds of the moral values and the significance of the moral values in Mariah Carey‟s selected song lyrics.

Keyword: Moral Values, Significance, Song Lyrics, Mariah Carey

iii Universitas Sumatera Utara ABSTRAK

Kertas karya ini berjudul, A Description of Moral Values in Mariah Carey's Selected Songs. Tujuan dalam penulisan kertas karya ini adalah untuk mendeskripsikan nilai-nilai moral dan manfaat dari nilai moral tersebut dalam kehidupan yang digambarkan dalam lirik lagu Mariah Carey. Dalam penulisan kertas karya ini, metode yang digunakan adalah Deskriptif Analisis. Sumber data penelitian ini adalah lagu Mariah Carey yang terdiri dari 4 lagu yang berjudul: Hero, When You Believe, Through The Rain, There’s Got To Be Away, penelitian ke perpustakaan untuk studi kepustakaan untuk mengumpulkan data informasi dengan menggunakan beberapa buku dan internet yang berkaitan dengan masalah tentang nilai-nilai moral yang ada dalam lagu Mariah Carey. Teknik yang digunakan untuk mengumpulkan data yaitu dengan melakukan beberapa langkah, antara lain (1) mendengarkan dan membaca 4 lirik lagu Mariah Carey, (2) memahami isi dari lirik lagu Mariah Carey, dan (3) mendeskripsikan nilai-nilai moral serta manfaat dari nilai moral tersebut dalam kehidupan yang digambarkan dalam lirik lagu Mariah Carey.

Kata kunci: Nilai Moral, Manfaat, Lirik Lagu, Mariah Carey

iv Universitas Sumatera Utara ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Alhamdulillahi rabbil „alamin, I praise to the Almighty God Allah SWT who always blessing and give me health, convenience, ability and opportunity to complete this paper. Then, invocation and greetings I deliver to the great Prophet

Muhammad SAW. The author also like to say thank to people who help during finishing this paper, they are :

1. I would like to thank to Dr. Budi Agustono M.S. as the Dean of Faculty of

Cultural Studies.

2. I would like to thank to the Head of Diploma III English Study Program, Dra.

Swesana Mardia Lubis, M.Hum. who gives me her time to share her

knowledge in writing this paper and in the learning process.

3. I would like to express my special gratitude to my Supervisor Drs.

Parlindungan Purba, M.Hum. for his time, advice, and guidance to correct

this paper during the process of writing.

4. I would like to thank to all lecturers in English Diploma Study Program for

share their knowledge, experience, and skills in the process of my study.

5. The most greatest and special thank I dedicated to my beloved family,

especially for my great Father Anthony Heryanto Sual. and my dearest

Mother Ernie Samiran who always pray all the best for me and give me their

loves, cares, advices, supports, motivation, financial and attention.

6. I also would like to thank to my kindly best friend Sarah Matondang,

Miftahul Adzura, and Jihan Humaira who give me advice and sharing

about doing this paper.

v Universitas Sumatera Utara 7. Thank to my special bestfriends Sarah, Nadya, Tita, Windy, Ichsan, and

Maya in Butuh Biaya Family Group for all their support.

8. Thank to my Junior High School friends Yasmin, Nurul, Karina and Lia for

their prays. My cousins Givani , Kak Putri, and Kak Eka for their supports.

9. Thank to my friends Zura, Andi, and Enrico for her availability when I have

something to ask.

10. Thank Kak Dede for her advice and her help. And to a group of SOLIDAS16

group, thank you for the time that we through together, this class is so good

and fun.

11. The last, thank you to Mariah Carey who inspired me to write a paper about

his songs. And I thank to the reader for the time to read this paper, I realize

that this paper is still not perfect. I welcome any suggestion about this paper.

Medan, July 2019

The Author,

Mouza Rizizka

Reg. No. 162202006

vi Universitas Sumatera Utara TABLE OF CONTENT


CHAPTER I : INTRODUCTION ...... 1 1.1. Background of the study ...... 1 1.2. Problem of the study ...... 3 1.3. Objective of the study ...... 3 1.4. Scope of the study ...... 3 1.5. Significance of the study ...... 4 1.6. Method of the study ...... 5 CHAPTER II : REVIEW OF LITERATURE ...... 6 2.1. Literature ...... 6 2.2. Definition of Moral Value ...... 9 2.3. Types of Moral Values...... 13 2.4. Song Lyrics ...... 17 CHAPTER III : DESCRIPTION OF PAPER TOPIC ...... 18 3.1. The Description of Moral Values ...... 18 3.2. The significance of Moral Values in Live Portrayed ...... 23 CHAPTER IV : CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION ...... 25 4.1. Conclusion ...... 25 4.2. Sugesstion ...... 26

BIBLIOGRAPHY ...... 27 APENDIX ...... 29

vii Universitas Sumatera Utara CHAPTER I


1.1. Background of the Study

Music is an entertainment that tells a story by mental image that giving the illusion and it is necessary because it becomes part of human life in this modern era. Globalization brings both positive and negative effect. It gives great development in science, technology, economy, education and art. The development of art runs fast and music or song is one of the branches of art that has big influence for the people. As William (1824:2) said “The only reality in music is the state of mind which it induces in the listener”. Music may represent the bad or good of human feeling; it is able to express their thoughts, experiences, emotions, and faith. Besides that, music also invites the hearer to come into the new world or new life, when they are listening to the lyrics of the songs. The effects of the music are not only influencing the people‟s emotion but it is also changing brain waves and make the brain more receptive in learning. In addition, music is a part of literary work. Literary work is the art of written work.

Literary work is commonly classified into two major forms; fiction and nonfiction. The kind of literary works are poem, song lyrics, novel, movie, drama, and etc. Music and literary works are very useful since they have various values such as moral, religious, educational, and sociological values.

Moral values can not only be obtained by discussion in formal situation or books, but also people can use songs to deliver the moral message of the songs. In this case, people will get bored when they get moral values from textbooks and the

1 Universitas Sumatera Utara advice from their teachers or parents. Moral values can be well delivered by using music, because many people use song to express their feeling at the moment. It can give enjoyment, fun, and pleasure in studying. As Ursery (2002:1) stated

“moral values are people beliefs about what is important in life”.

This paper aims to examine the moral values found in Mariah Carey‟s songs.

The reason for choosing this topic is because the writer wants to find out what kind of moral values that Mariah Carey consistently uses in her songs, and analyze the messages conveyed through the use of in the lyrics. In writing her song lyrics, Mariah Carey always focusing the poetical features to fill her songs.

In addition, she includes various themes in the , for example hero song lyric contains :

Bravery : And you cast your fears aside, and you know you can survive.

Self-confidence : So when you feel like hope is gone, look inside you and be strong. And you’ll finally see the truth, that hero lies in you. One thing that is interesting about her songs is the consistent use of the strong moral values in the lyrics because actually this song a lot of morale things we could take.

1.2. Problem of the Study

Based on the background that has been explained, the problem of this study :

1. What moral values are found in Mariah Carey‟s selected song lyrics?

2. What are the significances of moral values in life portrayed in the song



Universitas Sumatera Utara 1.3. Objective of the Study

Based on the background of choosing the subject, the question that are relevant.

To the problem are:

1. To described the moral values in Mariah Carey‟s Selected Song lyrics.

2. To described the significance of moral values in life portrayed in the lyrics.

1.4. Scope of the Study

The writer need to describe only in the description of moral value in Mariah

Carey‟s songs. The moral values that are going to be discussed in this context are that Mariah Carey‟s wants to make all people feel strong. The writer restricts the description of moral values in terms of bravery, self-confidence , strong believe and etc from Mariah Carey as a person or an individual. Mariah Carey has much songs , so it is interesting to select the song lyrics that reflect to the moral values.

The writer chooses four best songs from Mariah Carey‟s songs : Hero, Through

The Rain, When You Believe, There’s Got To Be Away.

1.5. Significance of the Study

The writer hopes that the result of this study will be beneficial both theoretically and practically.

1. Theoretically

The writer expects the result of this study can be advantageous to the world of literature as complement the study of song and contribute the development of moral values as reflected in Mariah Carey‟s album.


Universitas Sumatera Utara 2. Practically

1) To build the appreciation for the people towards the song lyrics and the moral values contained in it.

2) To widen the horizon of students about values and other aspect from lyrics.

3) To get inspiration from the moral values for all students, and to build good character in each person.

1.6. Method of the Study

Descriptive analysis method in applied in this study. According to Ratna

(2004 in Lisa, 2014: 12): “Metode deskriptif analisis dilakukan dengan cara mendeskripsikan fakta-fakta yang kemudian disusul dengan analisis.”

(Descriptive analysis method is done by describing the facts then followed by analysis). From the method can be described and explain the kinds of moral values and the purpose of values found in the lyrics. In analysis song lyrics of

Mariah Carey also conducted by library research. The writer reads some books and references that related to the subject matter and listening the songs, the writer collects and selects the relevant data. Besides that, some information are searched through wed sites.


Universitas Sumatera Utara CHAPTER II


2.1 Literature

Literature is one of the greatest creative and universal meaning in communicating the emotional, spiritual or intellectual concerns of mankind. In this book, Understanding the Elements of Literature, Taylor (1981: 1) says that

“Literature is essentially an imaginative act, which is an act of the writer‟s imagination in selective ordering and interpreting life experience.” Literature is an art of living together communication language. Without language there would be no literature. Through language, it can manifest itself in the form of oral and written literature. Abrams (1981) (in Selidik, 2013:1) Says “literature is seen as a means to convey a specific purpose, such as values or teachings to the reader”.

The definition above, it means that literature is an art form both oral or written that contains values and other elements that are imaginative. Peck (1984 :41) in his book Literary Terms and Criticism says that, lyrics is “a poem in which the poet writes about his thought and feelings. The basic type is the song”. It means that, the lyric as the type of poetry and the lyric as made by the song writer are the same, because the song is the type of the lyric, and nowadays the words content in a song called the lyric. Delise (1971:149) added that “originally the lyric was a poem composed if being sung, or at least so constructed as to be appropriate for ”. It expresses the personal feelings of the one who wrote it, translated into words and word patterns that would effectively communicate those feelings.

5 Universitas Sumatera Utara A. Values in Literature

The theory of value begins with a subject matter. It is hard to specify in some general way exactly what counts, but it certainly includes what people are talking about. According to Ursery, (2002:1) states that “value is belief or attitude about what is good, right desirable, worthwhile and value system the ways people organize rank, prioritize, and make decision”. The writer concludes, people beliefs about what is important in life. Some values refer to how one should act. Other values refer to what one wants to accomplish or obtain in life. Schroeder, (2012:2) gives some distribution of value in daily life, he explains pleasure is good or bad; it would be good or bad if people did that. He gives another examples of value those are too much cholesterol is good or bad for health; it is better or worse for it to end now, than for us to get caught later.“Value are guidance to act or behave which coming from ourselves, principles about to live a life and to make a decision” Buzan, (2003:28). Values are moral and nature of behavior which desides for ourselves, involved the concept of universal truth, honesty, fair, justice and honor.

According to Earle (1992:297), value is positive quality of anything where by it is desirable, useful, interesting, good, and important. Only a few of the terms is available for the expression of positive values. Whether values are part of the intrinsic nature of things or simply a matter of how humans respond to things is controversial. It is clear that, the values influence what people will determine as ethical.


Universitas Sumatera Utara Related to the contents of literary work, Amir (in Rahayu, 2005:7-8) said that

“a good literary work should have the integrity and alignment, such as an aesthetic

(cultural Values), ethical (moral values), philosophical (educational values), and the sense of religious (religious values)”. a) Cultural Values

The values associated with the customs / traditions prevailing in the society.

As the complexity of values, culture includes various types of values. for example: truth, goodness, and beauty. Culture is also inner perfection. It can be interpreted that, the cultural values guide a person to reach the perfect life. Perfect in question is the perfection of human life as God's creatures, both religious dimensions, social and human person.

b) Religious Values

Lathief, (2008) (in Santoso 2011:6) argues that all literature is religious. The word religious taken from Latin “Relego”, intended to “scale back” or are

“concerned about (something)”.A religious can be interpreted as a human, which means, that conscience serious, devout, conscientious, and full of spiritual discernment. Religiosity is seeing aspects 'in my heart', moving in the deep hart, ripple vibration personal conscience, personal attitude a little much a mystery to others. Moral Values Moral refers to what is good or bad people‟s relation to others. In other words, understanding the morality is good or bad and right or wrong. Social relationship can be judged by standards such as efficiency or produce (Sternberg,1994:938).


Universitas Sumatera Utara c) Social Values

Social value is the value of the underlying, guiding and the goal of human action and social life in the hold, retain and develop human‟s life. Social norms are rules of human relationships, which according Goeman (1992) (inWardani,

2011:4) is a principle which underlies the human to adapt to the geographical environment, human beings, and cultural environment. It is understood that the social value is the general guidelines in the community.

From the explanation above, the writer can conclude that values is close relationship between right or wrong behaviours and how the people evaluate the behaviour of others base on the social , religious, cultural and moral values. So , literature is one of media to show some of the meaning, one of them is moral values that presented by author. By the songs, poems, movie, or the other literary works, the author tries to teach and deliver good moral for the audiences.

2.2 Definition of Moral Value

A. Moral

Moral comes from Latin word “Mores”, it has meaning of custom and folkways. Moral behavior means behavior in conformity with the moral code of the social group. Moral development has both an intellectual and an impulsive aspect, people must learn what is right and wrong and given explanation of why this is right and wrong Hurlock (1985:386).

According to Barcalow (1994: 3), moral issues involve a way of behaving and having character, they are unavoidably coming in all shapes and sizes.


Universitas Sumatera Utara Fundamentally, moral issues arise when the choice that people take will affect the good attitude of other by increasing or decreasing. For example, when other people are watching news in program television about criminal, it is can be a source to be more careful and getting on the ball with criminal. The negative or decreasing attitude is when the other people make it to be the source of their criminal.

Edward (1967:151) says, there are three kinds of motives which lead men to act morally, that is, to obey the moral rules of their society, enlightened selfinterest, respect for rules, and other regarding motives. Morals are the standards by which behaviours are evaluated for their morality –their rightness or wrongness. Morality is something that must be owned by human because without morality human will not be respected by other people. They will be easy to socialize with people around them and will be accepted in the community.

Someone who has moral should have the ability to consider good and bad behavior because no one can live without other person.

B. Value

Value (ethic) is a person principle or standards of behavior. Value is important to social human. Its can described as treating actions . Pepper (1958:7) stated that values is everything about good or bad. According to Kluckhohn

(1951:399) values as concepts that regulate “impulse satisfaction in accord with the whole array of hierarchical, enduring goals of the personality and sociocultural system for order, the need for respecting the interests of others and of the group as a whole in social living”.


Universitas Sumatera Utara Based on Benninga (1991:131), the term “values” may suggest that judgments of right and wrong, lofty and base, just and unjust, and more personal preferences, that thing are useful as individuals happens to value them.

C. Moral Value

Moral is a knowledge that involved a human character within cultured, always associated with values, but not all values are moral values can be said as a rule in society life that used as guidelines in daily activity or life. It concern with a right or wrong relationship of people with each other. Based on Oxford Advances

Learner‟s Dictionary by Hornby (2010:959), moral relates to the standard or principles of a good behavior. So, moral value formed to make people had a good personality.

There are four characteristic of moral value. There are as following: a) Moral value is related with responsibility

Moral value is related with human personality, but beside moral value also automatically can say other values. Moral value makes people wrong or not, because he/she has responsibility. Especially moral value is related with human personality of responsibility. Moral value just can be real inaction wholly if it became responsibility of the involved person. b) Moral value is related with pure heart

All values need to make it real. Because it has persuasive power, it should be practice. For example, aesthetic value, it should be practiced, play music composition or others. After that the result of it, painting want to be showed, and


Universitas Sumatera Utara music want to be listened. To make moral value to be real, It‟s can be appealed from pure heart. One of special characteristics of moral values is this value will effect voice of pure heart to accuse us if oppose moral value and praise us if make moral value. c) Obligation

Moral value obligates us absolutely and it can‟t be compromised. Other values need to be real and admitted, for example, aesthetic value. Educative and cultural person will admit and enjoying aesthetic value. But indifferent people can‟t we blame. Moral value obligates us as such, without requirement. For example, honesty orders us to return thing that borrowed, like or not, because moral value contains an imperative category. In other value for example, if badminton player want to be champion, he/she must try hard. It‟s a must to be champion, but there is a limitation. d) Formality

Moral value is not stand-alone without other value. Although moral value is top value that we must appreciate, but it is not in top without other value. Moral values did not separate with other values. For example, a seller applies moral values all at once with apply economic values. Moral values are nothing without other values. It is form of formality.(Bertens,2000:143-147).


Universitas Sumatera Utara 2.3 Types of Moral Values

According to Webster (1981) there are twelve types of moral values :

1. Bravery

Bravery is face (something involving possible unfortunate or disastrous consequences) or endure (as hardship) use with self-control and mastery of tear and often with a particular objective in vie. Bravery is able to meet danger or endure pain or hardship without giving in to fear. Bravery is arising from or suggestive or mastery of fear and intelligent use of faculties especially under duress. (Webster: 1981 p.269).

2. Enthusiasm

Enthusiasm is strong excitement of feeling on behalf of a cause of subject, something that inspires or is pursued or regarded with ardent zeal or fervor.

Enthusiast is a person who is or believes to himself to be inspired or possessed by divine power or spirit, or a person who is visionary, extravagant, or excessively zealous in his religious views or emotion. While enthusiastic is relating to enthusiasm or inspired preaching. Enthusiasm is having an ardent, reception, responsive, temperament or tending to give oneself wholly to whatever engages one‟s interest or liking. (Webster: 1981 p.757).

3. Kindhearted

Kind is the equivalent of what has been offered or received. Kind is applying more often to the disposition to sympathy and helpfulness. Kindly is stressing more the expression of the sympathetic, helpful nature, mood or impulse (a kind person with a kindly interest in the problem of other). Kindhearted is having


Universitas Sumatera Utara sympathetic nature: Humane, compassionate. Kindheartedness is the quality or state of being kindhearted. (Webster: 1981 p.1243).

4. Honesty

Honesty is estimable character; fairness and straight forwardness of conduct or adherence to the fact. Honesty is freedom from subterfuge or duplicity, truthfulness, and sincerity. (Webster: 1981 p.1086).

5. Love and Affection

Love is fell affection for. Love is a communications code word for the letter.

Love is fell referent adoration for (God). (Webster: 1981 p.1340). Affection is action of affection or state of being affected. Affection is kind feeling tender attachment: love, good, will. Affection is a strong emotion or passion (as anger, fear or hatred); feeling aspect of consciousness (as in pleasure or displeasure); to bend of mind: feeling or natural impulse swaying the mind: propensity, disposition.(Webster: 1981 p.35)

6. Loyalty

Loyalty is loyal manner. Loyalness is the quality, state, or an instance of being loyal; fidelity or tenacious adherence. Loyal is faithful and the devoted to a private person; faithful or tenacious in adherence to s cause, ideal, practice or custom. (Webster: 1981 p.1342)


Universitas Sumatera Utara 7. Peace-Loving

Peace is harmony in human or personal relation. A mental or spiritual condition marked by freedom from disturbance or oppressive thoughts or emotion.(Webster: 1981 p.1660) Loving word is from love, a lover section or attitude.(Webster: 1981 p.1340)

8. Perseverance

Perseverance is the action or the fact or an instance of persevering, continued or steadfast pursuit or prosecution of an undertaking or aim. Perseverance is the condition or power of persevering, persistence in the pursuit of objectives or prosecution of any project. Perseverant is able or willing to persevere.

(Webster:1981 p 1685)

9. Sacrificing for Other

Sacrifice is something consecrated and offered to God or to a divinity or an immolated victim or an offering of any kind laid on an altar or other wise presented in the way of religious, thanksgiving, atonement, or conciliation.(Webster: 1981 p.1996)

10. Self-Confidence

Self-Confidence is Confident in one self. Self-confident is confident of one‟s own strength or ability. (Webster: 1981 p.2059)

11. Sincerity

Sincerity is the quality or state of being sincere; an expression of a sincere feeling.(Webster: 1981 p.2122)


Universitas Sumatera Utara 12. Strong Belief

Strong is able to bear or endure; able to with-stand stress or violence; having or exhibiting moral or intellectual force, endurance or vigor.(Webster: 1981 p.2265). Belief is a state or habit of mind in which trust, confidence, reliance, is place in some person or thing. Belief is something believed, statement or body of statement held by the advocates of any class of views; conviction of the truth of some statement or the reality of some being or phenomenon, especially when based on an examination of the ground for accepting it as true or real.

(Webster:1981 p.200)


Universitas Sumatera Utara 2.4 Song Lyrics

Song is a part of literature. Based on English Oxford Dictionary, song is short poem or other set of words set to music or meant to be sung. Song also contains a lyrics. According to Little (1970:174) lyric derived from Greek “Lyricos” meaning “singing to the lyres”, “the rhythm of the entire globe written out like poetry”. The song lyric is specifically intended for singing. This intention affects diction, content and stanza form. The song lyric is particularly unified and simple.

A tune has its own emotional character, and it is words will need to be of wordsand music.


Universitas Sumatera Utara CHAPTER III


3.1 Moral Values

3.1.1 Bravery

You don't have to be afraid

Of what you are

(Hero-first stanza, 3rd and 4th line)

These lyrics is telling her that she doesn‟t have to be afraid of what she is and she need to embrace herself. She doesn‟t have to be afraid of anything because her soul is strong enough to melt all of her sorrow.

I can make it through the rain

I can stand up once again on

(Through The Rain-second stanza, 1st and 2nd line)

In this song the word “rain” is a reference to a problem that the writer going through and no matter how hard the rain (problem) is she makes sure that she can stand up on her own to face her problems on her own.

17 Universitas Sumatera Utara Now we are not afraid

Although we know there’s much to fear

(When You Believe-second stanza, 1st and 2nd line)

These lyrics telling us that how obstacle we have been through we may not afraid because there‟s always away if we believe.

To unite this human race

And together we’ll bring on a change

(There‟s Got To Be Away-second stanza, 5th and 6th line)

These lyrics is show us that the song want to tell us that if we brave enough to make a change. We can unite the human race and bring on a change.

3.1.2 Self-Confidence

And you'll finally see the truth

That a hero lies in you

(Hero-second stanza, 7th and 8th line)

This lyrics show that if we look inside us and just be strong we will finally see the hero that lies in our self and there we can survive on our own with the hero version of our self helping us through the sorrow.


Universitas Sumatera Utara

I can stand up once again on my own

And I know that I’m strong enough to mend

(Through The Rain-second stanza, 2nd and 3rd line)

These lyrics is telling about someone who is facing a difficult trial of life and she believes in herself to be able to rise up with her own strength and no matter how hard the problem is faced just by holding fast to belief, someone can certainly handle it alone.

You can achieve

When you believe somehow you will

(When You Believe-fourth stanza, 2nd and 3rd line)

This lyrics show us that if we believe of what we can do, what we can achieve and we convince our self then somehow some way everything we want just can happen.


Universitas Sumatera Utara There’s got to be away

To connect this world today

(There‟s Got To Be Away-second stanza, 1st and 2nd line)

This lyrics told us that the writer confidence to herself that one day in future there is really gonna be away to connect this world to connect all of us today.

3.1.3 Strong Belief

And you cast your fears aside

And you know you can survive

(Hero-second stanza, 4th line)

This lyrics show us that no matter how afraid we are, no matter how big our problems are if we cast aside our fear we know we will strong enough to survive.


Universitas Sumatera Utara And you feel so far away that you just can't find your way home

You can get there alone, it's okay, what you say is

(Trough The Rain-first stanza, 4th line)

In this lyrics the word “home” is a reference to something that can make us feel comfortable feel safe, love, etc the song want us to believe that even though we are alone, far away from what we call home. If we just believe that we can make there no matter how many obstacles and problem that we face we can get there alone to our home if we just believe in our self.

There can be miracles

When you believe

(When You Believe-third stanza, 1st and 2nd line)

These lyrics is telling about the power of hope and belief that is able to pass everything, believes a miracle will happen when we believe. Believe strongly in every of our dreams and surely God will give us that miracle.

And maybe then the future will be a time

Without war, destitution and sorrow and hungry children won't have to die

(There‟s Got To Be Away-fifth stanza, 1st and 2nd line)

This lyrics show us that the song believe that maybe then the future will be a time without a war, destination and sorrow also the hungry children won‟t have to die.


Universitas Sumatera Utara 3.2 The Significance of Moral Values in Live Portrayed in The Lyrics.

In this chapter, the writer would like to discuss about the significance of moral values in life portrayed in the Mariah Carey‟s Selected Song Lyrics. The significance of moral values is portrayed which reflected to strong belief, self- confidence, and bravery. The significance of social doctrine teaching in human‟s life portrayed in the Mariah Carey Selected Song Lyrics :

1) Provide guidance and teach the human‟s life.

A human without social doctrine is a human who does not have purpose in life. In social doctrine, human is guided in order to worship the God and do good in life, both for human being and a nature. Human are taught by social doctrine to help each other, mutual tolerance in accepting human‟s diversity.

2) Introduce the Bad and Good

Basically, people want to get all the things in this world because of their passion. Anyway, it would lead human into geediness. By learning from social doctrine, people will know which things should be done and which ones should not be done.

3) Provide Answer for Human‟s Problem

Socialize is way human need to life . In this world, there is a lot of things and events that can‟t be faced by human without other's help. For example, in the lyric of "There‟s Got To Be Away" which reveals someone is struggle to solve her problems and the writer clearly suggest us to help such people that need us to be a part in solving their problems. It is successful because of human help each other.


Universitas Sumatera Utara 4) Love to Human

If we love each other, God will mercy us. As Allah says in Qs. Al-

Hujuraat:10 “orang yang beriman itu sesungguhnya bersaudara”( the believers are truly brothers). So, we will get the peace relationship between human, nations, and states.


Universitas Sumatera Utara CHAPTER IV


4.1 Conclusion

The present research has shown that all the three types of moral value. Strong belief, bravery, and self confidence in Mariah Carey‟s selescted song lyrics.

The significance of Moral Values in human‟s life portrayed in Mariah

Carey‟s selected song lyrics is socialize teaching. We as a person who living this complicated life need to be confident to our self. We need to believe that we can solve every problem that come to our live perfectly if we just believe in our self.

Sometimes we don‟t need anyone to tell us what to do, what not to do. We just need us to be confident and embrace our self bravely, because no one will value our self if we even don‟t do that. This song can guide us to be such a confident

,strong, and brave person if we just listen to each word and understand each lyrics of it.

So, the make this song to make us feel confident, strong, and brave for our self which is useful as a guidance in human‟s life, specially for the young generation. It can change the human‟s life. So, people may have a good personality. In addition, the depiction of moral values found in the song lyrics are usually close with from the singer‟s life. From the case, it can describes the society‟s behavior, which is good or bad. Furthermore, moral value refers to what is good or bad. People may life their life peacefully by embracing whatever they have in their self as a confident guidance to their lifestyle. So, confident is the good way to get a good life. Just be yourself and believe of what you are.

24 Universitas Sumatera Utara 4.2 Suggestion

Mariah Carey‟s selected song lyrics are interested song, they are full with insights of humanity. There is a lot of moral values conducted shared to the hearer. The description of moral values which done in this study is only some of many values it may give. The writer thinks that the students of English

Department may study this lyric more deeply in order to have literary insights. Do not just listen a music, feel the song and read the lyrics. Because every song had their own meaning.


Universitas Sumatera Utara BIBLIOGRAPHY

A.S, Hornby. 2010. Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary. Oxford : University


Benninga S, Jacques.1991. Moral, Character, And Civic Education In The

Elementary School. : Teachers College Press.

Edwards, Paul. 1967. The Encyclopedia of Philosophy. New York : Macmillan.

Kluckhohn, C. 1951. Values and Value Orientations in The Theory of Action : An

Exploration in Definition and Classification. New York : Free Press.

Little, Graham.1970. Approach to Literature. Sydney : Science Press.

Risdianto, Faizal. 2011. An Introduction of Literature. Yogyakarta : Trus Media


Sigelman, C.K. and Shaffer, D.R. 1991. Life-Span Human Development, Second

Edition. California : Pacific Groove.

W. Poespropodjo. 1999. Filsafat Moral. Bandung : CV Pustaka Grafika.

Webster, Merriam. 1981. Webster New Collegiate Dictionary.

Wellek, Rene and Austin, Warren, 1963. Theory of Literature. New York :

Harmondsworth, Penguin Books.

26 Universitas Sumatera Utara https://www.azlyrics.com/lyrics/.html https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mariah_Carey https://www.biography.com/musician/mariah-carey


Universitas Sumatera Utara APPENDIX

Biography of Mariah Carey

Mariah Carey was born March 27, 1970, in Huntington, , New

York, to Alfred Roy Carey, a Venezuelan aeronautical engineer; and Patricia

Carey, a voice coach and opera singer. She has two older siblings: a brother,

Morgan, and a sister, Alison. Carey's parents divorced when she was three years old. She stunned her mother by imitating her operatic singing as early as age two, and was given singing lessons starting at age four. Eventually, Carey would develop a voice that spanned five octaves. After graduating in 1987 from

Harborfields High School in Greenlawn, New York, Carey moved to Manhattan where she worked as a waitress and a coat check girl and studied cosmetology, while writing songs and actively pursuing a music career at night.


Universitas Sumatera Utara When she was 18 years old, Carey and her friend, singer Brenda K. Starr, went to a party hosted by CBS Records. Starr convinced Carey to bring along one of her demo tapes. She intended to give the tape to Columbia's Jerry Greenberg, but , the president of (later Sony), intercepted it before she could hand it to Greenberg. After listening to the tape on the way home from the party, Mottola signed Carey immediately and set her to work on her first album, Mariah Carey (1990), which included four No. 1 singles: "," "," "Some Day," and "I Don't Wanna Cry”. Her second album, Emotions, was released in 1992; the title track became her fifth No.

1 single, and included the hits "Can't Let Go" and "Make it Happen."

In March 1992, Carey appeared on MTV's Unplugged. This performance was released as an album and a home video, resulting in another No. 1 single (a cover of The Jacksons' "I'll Be There"). Her next album, Music Box (1993), cut back a bit on the lavish studio production techniques heard in her previous , and included the No. 1 singles "Dreamlover" and "Hero." Her November

1994 release, Merry Christmas, combined traditional Christian hymns with new songs. In 1995 she released Daydream; its first single, "Fantasy," debuted at No.

1. It also included collaborations with R&B and hip-hop artists such as Wu-Tang

Clan and Boyz II Men (""). Her 1997 album, Butterfly, included

11 compositions written by Carey, and demonstrated her continued interest in hip- hop and R&B, including the Sean "Puffy" Combs-produced "Honey," her 12th

No. 1 hit. Carey's 1998 album, #1's, featured her 13 previous chart-topping singles


Universitas Sumatera Utara as well as the Academy Award-nominated " (When You

Believe)," a with fellow pop diva .

In July 2001, Carey was admitted into a New York-area hospital and put under psychiatric care after suffering what her publicists called a "physical and emotional collapse." Carey had been preparing to promote her upcoming feature film debut, , and its accompanying soundtrack album, but cancelled all public appearances. The release of Glitter was subsequently pushed back from late August to late September 2001. Carey was released from the hospital after two weeks. In January 2002, Carey and EMI (the corporate owner of Virgin

Records, with whom Carey had signed a reported $80 million contract in April

2001) severed their relationship. Though the film and soundtrack for Glitter failed to generate the desired box office and sales totals, Carey reportedly walked away from Virgin with nearly $50 million as part of her severance agreement. In May

2002, she signed a deal with 's Island/Def Jam Records.

In December 2002, Carey released her eighth album, , which debuted in third place on the charts. The record's accompanying tour, her first in more than three years, launched in June 2003. She followed up with her

10th studio album, , which became the best-selling album in the U.S. in 2005. With 2008‟s (from her 11th studio album, E=MC²), Carey surpassed to become second only to for the most No. 1 hit singles in the . Other albums include Memoirs of an Imperfect Angel (2009), Merry Christmas II You (2010), her second holiday album, and Me. I Am Mariah . . . The Elusive


Universitas Sumatera Utara Chanteuse (2014). The singer proved she remained one of the top acts in the business with the release of her 15th studio album, Caution (2018), which debuted at No. 5 in the U.S. and earned mention on numerous "albums of the year" lists.

Carey has sold more than 200 million albums worldwide. She is the third best- selling female artist of all time, according to the Recording Industry Association of America.

In 2012, Carey was chosen as a new judge for season 12 of the popular

FOX television show , taking a seat alongside Randy

Jackson, and . In 2013, she appeared in a small role in , ' biopic about butler Eugene Allen, and she voiced a character on the animated television series American Dad!

In January 2015, Carey inked a deal to to take up residency in beginning in May 2016. To coincide with her Vegas show, #1 to Infinity, at

Caesar's Palace, she released a greatest hits collection, featuring her No. 1 tracks.

In 2015, she also starred in and directed , a holiday movie on the . In 2016, Carey launched The Sweet Sweet Fantasy

Tour and Mariah's World, a television docu-series on E!, which followed her

European tour. She took on another movie role, voicing the mayor in 2017's animated .

In an April 2018 cover story for People, Carey shared the story of her longtime, secretive battle with bipolar II disorder. First diagnosed in 2001, after being hospitalized for her breakdown, the singer said she refused to acknowledge


Universitas Sumatera Utara it for years. "Until recently I lived in denial and isolation and in constant fear someone would expose me‟, she said."It was too heavy a burden to carry and I simply couldn‟t do that anymore”. Mariah Carey said she turned things around after finally reaching out for help, and that she began undergoing therapy and taking medication regularly. "I'm just in a really good place right now, where I'm comfortable discussing my struggles with bipolar II disorder," she told People.

"I'm hopeful we can get to a place where the stigma is lifted from people going through anything alone. It can be incredibly isolating. It does not have to define you and I refuse to allow it to define me or control me."

In June 1993, Carey married Mottola in a spectacular ceremony at

Manhattan's St. Thomas Episcopal Church. The couple divorced in 1998. Carey then dated Latin singer for three years, but their relationship reportedly ended in the summer of 2001. Mariah Carey began a relationship with rapper/actor after he appeared in her for "Bye Bye."

After dating for less than two months, the couple married on April 30, 2008, in a secret ceremony in . In 2011, Carey and Cannon welcomed

Moroccan and Monroe. The couple announced their separation in August 2014, after six years of marriage, and their divorce was finalized in 2016.

In January 2016, Carey became engaged to Australian businessman James

Packer in , but in October of that year, it was announced that the couple had split. After Carey's engagement with Packer ended, she began a relationship with backup dancer Bryan Tanaka, who was also featured in her reality show Mariah's World. Outside of her music career, Carey is active in


Universitas Sumatera Utara fundraising for The Fresh Air Fund, a nonprofit agency that provides free summer vacations to disadvantaged children in New York City, and is the co-founder of Camp Mariah, one of the organization's initiatives.


Universitas Sumatera Utara “Hero”

There's a hero If you look inside your heart You don't have to be afraid Of what you are There's an answer If you reach into your soul And the sorrow that you know Will melt away And then a hero comes along With the strength to carry on And you cast your fears aside And you know you can survive So when you feel like hope is gone Look inside you and be strong And you'll finally see the truth That a hero lies in you It's a long road When you face the world alone No one reaches out a hand For you to hold You can find love If you search within yourself And that emptiness you felt Will disappear And then a hero comes along With the strength to carry on And you cast your fears aside And you know you can survive So when you feel like hope is gone Look inside you and be strong And you'll finally see the truth That a hero lies in you, oh, oh Lord knows Dreams are hard to follow But don't let anyone Tear them away, hey yeah Hold on There will be tomorrow In time you'll find the way And then a hero comes along With the strength to carry on And you cast your fears aside And you know you can survive


Universitas Sumatera Utara So when you feel like hope is gone Look inside you and be strong And you'll finally see the truth That a hero lies in you That a hero lies in you Mmm, that a hero lies in you

“Through The Rain”

When you get caught in the rain with nowhere to run When you're distraught and in pain without anyone When you keep crying out to be safe but nobody comes And you feel so far away that you just can't find your way home You can get there alone, it's okay, what you say is I can make it through the rain I can stand up once again on my own And I know that I'm strong enough to mend And every time I feel afraid I hold tighter to my faith And I live one more day and I make it through the rain And if you keep falling down, don't you dare give in You will arise safe and sound, so keep pressing on steadfastly And you'll find what you need to prevail, what you say is I can make it through the rain I can stand up once again on my own And I know that I'm strong enough to mend And every time I feel afraid I hold tighter to my faith And I live one more day and I make it through the rain And when the wind blows, as shadows grow close Don't be afraid, there's nothing you can't face And should they tell you you'll never pull through Don't hesitate, stand tall and say I can make it through the rain I can stand up once again on my own And I know that I'm strong enough to mend And every time I feel afraid I hold tighter to my faith And I live one more day and I make it through the rain I can make it through the rain And stand up once again And I live one more day and night I can make it through the rain


Universitas Sumatera Utara (Yes you can) You're gonna make it through the rain

“When You Believe”

Many nights we prayed With no proof anyone could hear In our hearts a hope for a song We barely understood Now we are not afraid Although we know there's much to fear We were moving mountains Long before we knew we could, whoa, yes There can be miracles When you believe Though hope is frail Its hard to kill Who knows what miracles You can achieve When you believe somehow you will You will when you believe Mmmyeah In this time of fear When prayer so often proves in vain Hope seems like the summer bird Too swiftly flown away Yet now I'm standing here My hearts so full, I can't explain Seeking faith and speakin' words I never thought I'd say There can be miracles When you believe (When you believe) Though hope is frail Its hard to kill (Mmm) Who knows what miracles You can achieve (You can achieve) When you believe somehow you will You will when you believe (Hey) (Ooh)


Universitas Sumatera Utara They don't always happen when you ask And its easy to give in to your fears But when you're blinded by your pain Can't see the way, get through the rain A small but still, resilient voice Says hope is very near, oh (Oh) There can be miracles (Miracles) When you believe (, when you believe, yeah) (Though hope is frail) Though hope is frail (Its hard) Its hard to kill (Hard to kill, oh, yeah) Who knows what miracles You can achieve (You can achieve, oh) When you believe somehow you will (Somehow, somehow, somehow) Somehow you will (I know, I know, know) You will when you believe (When you) (Oh oh)

“There’s Got To Be Away”

A broken man without a home Desperate and so alone A victim of society No one really wants to see Some of us don't even wonder Some of us don't even care Couldn't we just help each other Isn't there enough to share There's got to be a way To connect this world today Come together to relieve the pain There's got to be a way To unite this human race And together we'll bring on a change In another land they still believe Color grants supremacy I don't understand How there can be Regulated bigotry Some of us don't even wonder Some of us don't even care


Universitas Sumatera Utara Couldn't we accept each other Can't we make ourselves aware There's got to be a way To connect this world today Come together to relieve the pain There's got to be a way To unite this human race And together we'll bring on a change And maybe then the future will be a time Without war, destitution and sorrow And hungry children won't have to die If we work together today We'll save tomorrow Some of us don't even wonder Some of us don't even care Couldn't we just love each other Isn't there enough to share There's got to be a way To connect this world today Come together to relieve the pain There's got to be a way To unite this human race And together we'll bring on a change There's got to be a way To connect this world today There's got to be a way To unite this human race


Universitas Sumatera Utara