Knowledge Organiser Examples of Year 9 – Autumn

An Art Movements are the collective Surrealism began as a philosophical movement that said the way to find titles that are given to artworks truth in the world was through the subconscious mind and , rather which share the same artistic than through logical thought. The movement included many artists, , and writers who expressed their theories in their work. or technical approaches. There is no fixed rule that determines what an When was the Surrealism movement? is. Below are a list of the most common art movements. The movement began in the mid- in and was born out of an earlier movement called Dadaism from . It reached its peak in • Symbolism -1860 the . • – 1860 • – 1905 What are the characteristics of Surrealism? The Persistence of Memory (Salvador Dali) • – 1912 • Dadaism -1916 Surrealism images explored the subconscious areas of the mind. The Perhaps the most famous of all the great Surrealist , the • Surrealism 1920 artwork often made little sense as it was usually trying to depict a Persistence of Memory is known for the melting watches as well as • 1937 or random thoughts. the clarity of the art. The gives you sense that you are • - 1960 dreaming and that time is irrelevant. • – 1962 • – 1970 (Giorgio de The Son of Man (Rene Magritte) Chirico) Surrealist Artists The Son of Man is a self-portrait of This painting is one of the earliest Rene Magritte. However, we can't • examples of Surrealist art. It was •Salvador Dali see his face as it's covered by an painted by de Chirico in 1914, apple. The painting shows a man • before the movement really in a bowler hat standing in front of • began. It combines a number of a wall by the ocean. The sky is • unrelated objects such as the cloudy and, oddly enough, the • green ball, giant rubber glove, and man's face is obscured by the the of a Greek statue. De apple. If you look close enough, •Rene Magritte Chirico was trying to explain his •Joan Miro though, you can see the man's feelings for the ridiculousness of eyes. So perhaps he can see you. • through this painting