Figure 1. MIDWEST NORTHEAST AK Map of the West East Middle New , Central North Central Showing Divisions and ME MN ND MT North VT WI NY NH OR New MA SD MI ID RI Rhode PA WY CT IA NE OH NJ New IN NV IL West UT DE KS MO CA CO MD W VA KY V Virginia Washington, DC NC TN AZ NM OK AR New SC MS South GA HI Carolina AL TX LA FL West East South South South Atlantic Central Central Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census SOUTH Features

Guide to tabular presentation p. x contacts p. xii *New for 1995— Industrial Outlook p. 882 Guide to sources of p. 925 Guide to statistical abstracts p. 954 Guide to foreign statistical abstracts p. 958 Metropolitan concepts and components p. 960 Index by subject p. 993 115th Edition Statistical Abstract of the United States 1995

The National Book

Issued 1995

U.S. Department of Commerce Ronald H. Brown, J. Barram, Deputy Secretary and Statistics Administration Everett M. Ehrlich, Under Secretary for Economic Affairs BUREAU OF THE CENSUS Martha Farnsworth Riche, Director Economics and Statistics BUREAU OF THE CENSUS ąAdministration Martha Farnsworth Riche, Director Everett M. Ehrlich, Under Harry A. Scarr, Deputy Director ąSecretary for Economic Affairs Philip L. Sparks, Assistant Director for Communications



Glenn W. King, Chief, Statistical Compendia Staff, responsible for general supervision and compilation of this volume. Lars B. Johanson was responsible for technical supervision and coordination. Assisting in the and analytical phases of assigned sections and in the developmental aspects of new tables were Rosemary E. Clark, Edward C. Jagers and David J. Fleck. Geraldine W. Blackburn provided primary editorial assistance. Other edito- rial assistance was rendered by Linda Beard, Patricia S. Lancaster, Catherine Lavender, and Joyce Mori.

The staff of the Administrative and Publications Services Division, Walter C. Odom, Chief, per- formed publication planning, editorial review, design, composition, and printing planning and procurement. Patricia Heiston, assisted by Gloria Davis, provided publication coordination and editing. Shirley A. Clark provided design and graphics services, and Richard Kersey provided printing services.

The cooperation of many contributors to this volume is gratefully acknowledged. This we want to especially acknowledge the assistance of many staff members at Administration in the Department of Commerce and the help of John J. Bistay and Rebecca A. Krafft in the creation of our new section, “Industrial Outlook.” The source note below each table credits the various and agencies which have collabo- rated in furnishing for the Statistical Abstract. In a few instances, contributors have requested that their data be designated as subject to copyright restrictions, as indicated in the source notes to the tables affected. Permission to use copyright material should be - tained directly from the copyright owner.

Library of Card No. 4–18089

SUGGESTED CITATION U.S. Bureau of the Census, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 1995 (115th edition.) Washington, DC, 1995

For sale by Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402, Tel. 202–512–1800. (Paper) ISBN 0-16-042046-6 (Cloth) ISBN 0-16-042047-4 v Preface The Statistical Abstract of the United historical data, are available in various States, published since 1878, is the supplements to the Abstract (see inside standard summary of statistics on the back cover). social, political, and economic organiza- Changes in this edition.—As many tion of the United States. It is designed to of our users know, the very popular serve as a convenient volume for statisti- U.S. Industrial Outlook no longer is being cal reference and as a guide to other published by the Commerce Depart- statistical publications and sources. The ment’s Administration latter function is served by the introducto- (ITA). The loss of the data series con- ry text to each section, the source note tained in the Outlook has been of con- appearing below each table, and Appen- cern to many of our users. With the help dix I, which comprises the Guide to of the ITA staff, we are able to present in Sources of Statistics, the Guide to State section 31 updates of 92 data series pre- Statistical Abstracts, and the Guide to viously published in the Outlook. Foreign Statistical Abstracts. We hope to be able to continue to update these “Trends” tables in future editions of This volume includes a selection of data the Abstract. To help accomodate these from many statistical publications, both extra pages for this section, we have government and private. Publications eliminated the front matter “State Rank- cited as sources usually contain addition- ings.” These will be available separately al statistical detail and more comprehen- in the fall and as a section on the sive discussions of definitions and con- CD-ROM version of the book. cepts than can be presented here. Data not available in publications issued by We have introduced 76 new tables the contributing agency but obtained throughout the other sections of the from unpublished records are identified Abstract. These include many from the in the source notes as “unpublished 1992 Economic and Cen- data.” More information on the subjects suses. Other topics include estimates of covered in the tables so noted may gen- undocumented immigrants, use of com- erally be obtained from the source. puters, ratings for States and , union membership by State, net worth, Except as indicated, figures are for the mutual funds, and homeownership rates. United States as presently constituted. See Appendix VI, pp. 990-992 for a Although emphasis in the Statistical Ab- complete list of new tables introduced stract is primarily given to national data, in this edition.) many tables present data for regions and Statistics in this edition are generally for individual States and a smaller the most recent year or period available for metropolitan areas and cities. Appen- by 1995. Each year almost 1,500 dix II, Concepts and tables and charts are reviewed and eva- Components, presents explanatory text, luated; new tables and charts of current a complete current listing and population are added, continuing series are data for metropolitan statistical areas updated, and less timely data are con- (MSA’s), the primary metropolitan statisti- densed or eliminated. Text notes and ap- cal areas (PMSA’s), and the consolidated pendices are revised as appropriate. metropolitan statistical areas (CMSA’s) USA Statistics in Brief, 1995, a pocket- defined as of 30, 1993. Table 43 size pamphlet highlighting many statisti- in section 1 presents selected population cal series in the Abstract, is available characteristics for MSA’s with population separately. Single copies can be ob- of 250,000 or more. Statistics for the tained free from U.S. Bureau of the Cen- of and for sus, Customer Services, Washington, outlying areas of the United States are DC 20233 (telephone 301-457-4100). included in many State tables and are supplemented by information in section Historical statistics.—Specific - 29. Additional information for States, note references in this Abstract link many cities, counties, metropolitan areas, and tables to earlier data shown in Historical other small units, as well as more Statistics of the United States, Colonial vi

Times to 1970. (See Appendix IV, which it collects. The responsibility for pp. 985 and 986). selection of the material and for proper presentation, however, rests with the Statistics for States and metropolitan Bureau. areas.—Data for States and metro areas may also be found in the State and Met- For additional information on data ropolitan Area Data Book, 1991. presented.—Please consult the source Statistical reliability and responsibil- publications available in local libraries ity.—The contents of this volume were or write to the agency indicated in the taken from many sources. All data from source notes. Write to the Bureau of the either and surveys or from ad- Census only if it is cited as the source. ministrative records are subject to error arising from a number of factors: - Suggestions and comments.—Users pling variability (for statistics based on of the Statistical Abstract and its supple- samples), reporting errors in the data ments (see inside back cover) are urged for individual units, incomplete coverage, to make their data needs known for con- nonresponse, imputations, and proces- sideration in planning future editions. sing error. (See also Appendix III, Suggestions and comments for improv- pp. 970-984.) The Bureau of the Census ing coverage and presentation of data cannot accept the responsibility for the should be sent to the Director, U.S. accuracy or limitations of the data Bureau of the Census, Washington, presented here, other than those for DC 20233.