Landforms Glossary - Illustrated Glossary: Landforms and Bodies of


A butte is a An archipelago is a An atoll is a ring (or A bay is a flat-topped or group or chain of partial ring) of that that is partly enclosed by formation with clustered together in a forms an in an (and is usually steep sides. or . ocean or sea. smaller than a ).

A channel is a body of water that connects two larger A cave is a large bodies of water (like the hole in the A canyon is a deep A cape is a pointed English Channel). A channel ground or in the with very steep sides - piece of land that sticks is also a part of a or side of a hill or often carved from the out into a sea, ocean, that is deep enough . by a river. , or river. to let sail through.

col The land mass on Earth is A divided into . The mountain seven continents are A cove is small, horseshoe- A cliff is a steep face pass. , , , shaped body of water along the of rock and . , , North ; the water is surrounded America, and . by land formed of soft rock.

delta A delta is a low, watery land formed at the A dune is a hill equator

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mouth of a river. It is formed from the , or a made The equator is an and small rocks that flow downstream of sand. imaginary circle in the river and are deposited in the delta. A A desert is a are shaped by the around the earth, delta is often (but not always) shaped like a very dry wind, and halfway between triangle (hence its name, delta, a Greek letter area. change all the the north and south that is shaped like a triangle). time. poles.

Geomorphology is the scientific An estuary is field that investigates how A geyser is a natural A fjord is a long, where a river landforms are formed on the hot that narrow sea that is meets the sea Earth (and other planets). occasionally sprays bordered by steep or ocean. water and steam above cliffs. the ground.

hill island A glacier is a gulf A hill is a raised An island is a piece slowly moving A gulf is a part of the ocean (or sea) area or mound of of land that is river of . that is partly surrounded by land (it is land. surrounded by water. usually larger than a bay).

latitude A lagoon is a Latitude is the angular distance lake north or south from the equator shallow body A lake is a large body to a particular location. The of water that is of water surrounded An isthmus is a narrow equator has a latitude of zero located by land on all sides. strip of land connecting degrees. The North Pole has a alongside a Really huge are two larger landmasses. An latitude of 90 degrees North; coast. often called . isthmus has water on two the South Pole has a latitude of sides. 90 degrees South.

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longitude Longitude is the angular distance east or west from the north-south A marsh is a type of mountain line that passes through Greenwich, freshwater, brackish A mountain is a , to a particular location. water or saltwater A mesa is a land very tall high, Greenwich, England has a longitude that is formation with a natural place on of zero degrees. The farther east or found along , flat area on top and Earth - higher west of Greenwich you are, the , lakes and steep walls - than a hill. The greater your longitude. Midway . Marsh plants usually occurring in tallest mountain Islands (in the Pacific Ocean) have a grow up out of the dry areas. on Earth is Mt. longitude of 180 degrees (they are on water. Everest. the opposite side of the globe from Greenwich).

ocean are flat A plateau is a large, flat An ocean is a large body of that have area of land that is salt water that surrounds a A peninsula is a body only small changes higher than the continent. cover more of land that is in . surrounding land. the two-thirds of the Earth's surrounded by water surface on three sides.

prairie sea pond A prairie is a wide, river A sea is a large body of salty A pond is a small body relatively flat area of A river is a large, water that is often connected of water surrounded by land that has grasses flowing body of water to an ocean. A sea may be land. A pond is smaller and only a few trees. that usually empties partly or completely than a lake. into a sea or ocean. surrounded by land.

A sound is a wide inlet source of the sea or ocean that A source is is parallel to the the coastline; it often beginning of A strait is a narrow body A swamp is a type of freshwater separates a coastline a river. of water that connects wetland that has spongy, muddly from a nearby island. two larger bodies of land and a lot of water. Many

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trees and shrubs grow in water. .

A tributary is a or river valley that flows into a larger river. A valley is a low place between . A tundra is a cold, treeless area; it is the coldest biome.

wetland A volcano is a mountainous A wetland is an area of land that is often wet; the soil When a river vent in the Earth's . in are often low in oxygen. Wetland plants falls off When a volcano erupts, it are adapted to life in wet soil. There are many types steeply, there is spews out , ashes, and of wetlands, including: swamp, , fen, , a waterfall. hot gases from deep inside marsh, moor, muskeg, peatland, bottomland, the Earth. delmarva, mire, wet meadow, riparian, etc.

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