incidents Although is likely that most incidents go unreported, records show that scores of children are among the more than 275 people who have been injured by captive during dangerous incidents in 43 states since 1990. Children have been attacked and injured by primates while riding their bikes, playing outdoors, visiting local parks, walking their , and shopping at malls and grocery stores. Traumatized youngsters have been bitten by who tested positive for the deadly Herpes B , subjected to painful -protection injections, sent to the hospital to be tested for a variety of frightening , suffered bite that penetrated to the bone, and lost . One woman died after contracting Herpes B from a and others have suffered catastrophic , such as the woman who had to undergo a after she was mauled by a friend’s pet . Following is a partial list of dangerous incidents involving captive primates, with some of the more notable items highlighted.

“Children were July 10, 2013/Independence, Kansas: Two capuchin monkeys at the Ralph Mitchell escaped from a pen when the keeper failed to secure a lock. One was running, falling recaptured and the second one was found dead on zoo property two days later. may have died from high temperatures and recent injuries it had down, screaming. It 1,2 sustained.

was total mayhem.” June 19, 2013/Port Aransas, Texas: A police officer who was handing a driver a One of several mothers speeding ticket through an open truck window was attacked by a trying to protect their who leaped from the back seat and grabbed and bit the officer’s . The man 3 children from a used the monkey to pose for photos with the public for money. rampaging chimpanzee June 18, 2013/Conway, Arkansas: A 30-pound pet macaque monkey escaped who escaped at a from a veterinary clinic where he was being boarded. He broke a lock to get out of roadside zoo in New his cage and then exited the building by opening the clinic’s back door. Police York officers responded to the scene and blocked the road to contain the monkey. As they waited for control and clinic employees to arrive, the monkey climbed onto the of one officer and ultimately followed him back into the clinic.

While trying to get the monkey to go back into his cage, the officer was bitten on

WELFARE CONCERNS the knuckle of his right . Police officers escorted animal control officials into the building so they could sedate the monkey in to return him to his cage. It The complex social, physical took two attempts to sedate the animal. The officer sought treatment at a medical and psychological needs of center for the bite to his thumb and was subsequently sent to Little Rock for primates cannot be met in a observation due to concerns that he had possibly been exposed to Herpes . situation in which the The monkey’s owner acknowledged that the animal was “an escape artist.”4,5,6 are kept as “.” Primates kept as pets are taken from June 8, 2013/Alexandria, Louisiana: A 20-pound Colobus monkey escaped from its their mothers when just hours handler and climbed a tree at the Alexandria Zoo while the monkey was being or days old and raised in moved from an enclosure. The zoo was evacuated and temporarily closed while deprived and inappropriate the monkey was tranquilized and recaptured.7 environments. These animals often develop into mentally disturbed individuals with self- destructive and neurotic behaviors.

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primate incidents “I’ve never seen any June 4, 2013/Miami-Dade County, : A motorist captured a loose monkey on his phone video shortly after the monkey ran across the hood of his car as he animal jump on top was driving. The monkey then darted across school property, climbed a tree, and sprinted through the road. On June 28, 2013, the monkey was spotted again of somebody and just 8,9 running through a condo complex and across power lines. start attacking him.” June 4, 2013/Wise, Virginia: A ran loose for approximately 30 Witness who watched minutes on the University of Virginia-Wise campus before being recaptured. A an Indiana teenager student who was taking care of the monkey for a friend left the animal in a car, 10 being attacked by a pet where he escaped from his cage and then through the open sunroof. patas monkey June 2, 2013/Godfrey, Illinois: A 6- old boy was bitten by a pet java macaque who was taken to a festival at a local park. According to the boy’s friend, the monkey jumped on the victim, grabbed his shirt, “pulled him back and bit his arm.” The boy was taken to the hospital by ambulance and had to undergo several treatments for a bone-deep , which became infected. He also underwent

treatment for possible rabies exposure. The monkey’s owner tried to leave the park and was detained by witnesses who blocked her from doing so. The monkey was quarantined. The owner admitted to an officer that the monkey had previously bitten her several times, including a few hours before the monkey bit the child. The boy’s filed a lawsuit against the monkey’s owner seeking in 11,12,13,14 excess of $50,000 on one count of alleged negligence. May 18, 2013/Neville, Ohio: A small monkey running loose through a neighborhood was deemed a and safety risk and shot and killed by a 15,16 state officer. March 19, 2013/Denver, Colorado: A 17-year-old escaped from her enclosure at the by chewing a hole through the steel mesh of the cage. Zoo-goers were escorted from the building while the monkey sat in a planter 17 box outside the exhibit. She was quickly coaxed back inside with . March 2, 2013/Cheyenne, Colorado: An adult howler monkey named Eva escaped an enclosure at the Cheyenne Mountain Zoo by pulling back some mesh and spent about an hour on top of the monkey house before zoo staff were able to recapture 18 her with a net. March 2013/Pawnee County, Oklahoma: A pet escaped from a cage and was on the loose for a week. The monkey’s owner told sheriff deputies to shoot the animal if they found him because he was afraid the monkey would hurt someone. A woman in her car spotted the monkey running down a rural road and was startled when he jumped onto her car. The vervet then ended up at a nearby

glass company where employees noticed that he had an injured tail and the business owner caught him in a net.19

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primate incidents

February 16, 2013/Minneapolis, Minnesota: A 3-year-old boy was bitten by a WELFARE CONCERNS who was being exhibited by Barry De Voll’s Blue Trunk Educational Series at the Minnesota Convention Center. The lemur was invited to climb up the boy’s August 3, 2011/Madison, arm for a photo and the child was bitten on the hand when he lowered his arm. Wisconsin: Dane County Humane seized a 3-year-old The bite appeared to be mildly infected and medical personnel were concerned that a small cyst between three bite wounds could indicate a Herpes B if who was being kept in a basement laundry room. The the lemur had been housed with macaques (a that commonly carries the baboon’s canine teeth had been Herpes B virus). Although the cyst later tested negative for the deadly virus, the extracted. The baboon’s owner boy was put on anti-viral medication and given rabies prevention shots. The animal had previously lied to authorities handler falsely claimed the lemur only scratched the child.20,21 on two separate occasions about having the baboon, but finally February 11, 2013/Topeka, Kansas: A Golden opened her transport admitted to it when confronted box and escaped outdoors as she was being carried from the Topeka Zoo’s with an inspection warrant issued veterinary hospital to another building. She was captured by zoo staff.22 by a judge. The same man had previously been investigated for January 21, 2013/North Miami Beach, Florida: Two pet escaped and ran keeping alligators and large wild through the neighborhood, charging at neighbors and police. Both lemurs snakes. jumped out of a tree onto a 2-year-old girl who was being carried by her mother and began attacking the girl. The girl was treated at the scene for a scratch to her face, just under the eye, and her mother was treated for a scratch to the arm. 23,24,25 Police and the primates’ owner finally recaptured the lemurs. January 2013/Jackson, Mississippi: A Diana escaped from an enclosure at the and went into a restricted area for the hoofstock at the zoo. The 26 monkey was tranquilized and recaptured. December 4, 2012/Houston County, Texas: A mail carrier sought medical treatment after she was attacked by a resident’s pet lemur when the primate jumped into her vehicle, bit her on the hand and arm, and then jumped out. She sent a text to her supervisor that read, “got bit by the monkey, blood’s

everywhere, come get me.” The lemur, who had jumped on her car weeks earlier and pulled her hair, was placed under quarantine.27

November 2012/Los Angeles, California: Michele Kanan, the wife of General

Hospital star Sean Kanan, was attacked by a monkey who had been brought as entertainment to her birthday party. The monkey leaped out of the handler’s arms, jumped five feet, and bit Mrs. Kanan on the arm. The handler grabbed the monkey as the animal was about to bite her a second time.28

October 2012/Cherokee, North Carolina: A child was bitten by a capuchin monkey who escaped from an island exhibit at Santa’s Land roadside zoo by crossing a water moat and then scaling a fence topped by three strands of electric wire.29

September 29, 2012/Merritt Island, Florida: A pet capuchin monkey named Mookie, whose owner regularly took him out to public places, bit a man on the shin when he and his girlfriend stopped to pet the animal outside a convenience store. Officials ordered the monkey to be quarantined for 30 days at the owner’s home.30

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primate incidents “I had no idea September 9, 2012/Sanford, Florida: A 4-year-old pet pigtail macaque escaped from a backyard cage and ran amok for two hours, and scratching two could people, on cars and chewing on a satellite dish. Animal control officers closed the streets around the area and he was finally captured by his owner. This cause so much 31,32 was the second time the primate had escaped in the last two months. damage.” August 31, 2012/Pueblo, Colorado: Numerous animals exhibited at the Colorado Captain of a fire State Fair by Tammy Thomson’s Camp Junction, ran loose, causing a U.S. department in Department of Agriculture inspector to write, “The animals are at risk of , California, responding being lost or stolen, or of potentially injuring a member of the public …” These to an incident where included two unconfined 3-month-old lemurs who were startled when a cage fell off a table, causing them to bolt and run loose for more than 20 minutes, two chimpanzees approaching members of the public and the food vending area. Another lemur mauled a man who escaped when an employee opened an enclosure was on the loose for at least ten minutes, and an approximately 28-day-old lemur passed through the mesh of an enclosure and into the public area at least twice.33

August 29, 2012/Paso Robles, California: A woman was treated at a hospital after she suffered several severe bites to her arm and fingers from her pet Java macaque. The 22-year-old primate was obese because of an improper diet that included Frosted Flakes and other junk food and was kept inside their trailer in a pet travel crate intended for a small dog. The monkey was confiscated by authorities, taken to a veterinarian to have several tumors on her neck, rump and inspected and to be tested for tuberculosis, and then quarantined for 60 34,35,36 days. It was not the first time the monkey had bitten the woman.

August 15, 2012/Martin County, Florida: A 3-feet-tall, 26-pound pet macaque monkey escaped from a home and attacked his owner who was trying to re-

capture him with a net. The monkey bit the man’s buttocks and thigh and injured

seven tendons and one nerve in his hand, resulting in two, three-hour surgeries on his hand and the need for rehabilitation. The monkey was shot and killed by the man’s friend in order to stop the attack.37

August 12, 2012/Las Vegas, Nevada: After her second escape from a backyard cage in a residential neighborhood, an adult female chimpanzee named CJ was transferred to the facility of magician Dirk Arthur, where she escaped and briefly roamed free during a visit from a veterinarian.38,39

August 11, 2012/Las Vegas, Nevada: For the second time in a month, an adult female chimpanzee named CJ escaped from a backyard cage in a residential neighborhood. She roamed the area while a perimeter of police officers waited for animal control to arrive. CJ became agitated when she saw the animal control officer with a tranquilizer gun. Once she was shot with a tranquilizer, CJ walked 40,41,42 into a nearby vacant home with her handler and fell asleep.

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primate incidents “The right to own a August 8, 2012/Fort Lauderdale, Florida: A paramedic was bitten by a pet monkey belonging to a man who crashed a motorcycle while riding with dangerous animal the monkey in a travel bag. The monkey bit the paramedic on the knuckle, causing 43 without government a small puncture wound and requiring the man to get a tetanus shot. July 12, 2012/Las Vegas, Nevada: A male and female chimpanzee escaped from a interference ends at backyard cage in a residential neighborhood after the male chimpanzee ripped the the word cage from the concrete and then broke through a padlocked gate. Police responded to emergency calls with more than 20 squad cars and issued warnings ‘dangerous.’” to residents and motorists to stay indoors while diverting traffic away from the St. Post-Dispatch area. The chimpanzees were running amok, climbing into cars, pounding on vehicles, and banging on windows of homes. Police gave the owners about 30 editorial board on a minutes to try and capture the chimpanzees, but shot and killed the male when he proposal to require that darted towards a crowd of onlookers. An hour later the female chimpanzee was people in Missouri with tranquilized and captured.44,45,46 pet primates obtain a June 29, 2012/Davidson County, North Carolina: Animal control officers searched license for a crab-eating macaque who escaped from the Wake Forest University Primate Center. The primate was seen in backyards in residential neighborhoods and was finally captured 11 days later after a teenager spotted the monkey in a tree outside her home.47,48

June 17, 2012/Galveston, Texas: A woman was bitten on the hand when she grabbed a cotton-top tamarin at Moody Gardens Pyramid.49

June 9, 2012/Chamberlain, South Dakota: Responding to a report from a motorist

that a monkey was on the loose, a police officer spotted the primate on the corner of an exit ramp off Interstate 90. The officer chased the primate, described as grayish in color and about 2 feet tall, into a fast food restaurant parking lot, but the monkey escaped into some tall grass and disappeared.50

May 14, 2012/Mission, Texas: Animal control officers trapped a patas monkey who had been observed running loose in the area for three weeks and brought the animal to the Gladys Porter Zoo. No one reported a missing monkey and zoo officials suspected the primate got loose just before being smuggled into 51,52 Mexico. May 12, 2012/Bordentown, New Jersey: A 2-year-old girl was bitten by a at the Animal Kingdom Zoo after she crossed the split-rail fence surrounding the monkeys’ enclosure. The girl was grabbed and bitten on the thumb and index by a monkey who wanted the popcorn she was holding. The Health Department ordered all the monkeys quarantined to check for diseases because the animals’ veterinary records could not be located.53,54

May 11, 2012/Dexter, Iowa: The Iowa Department of Services investigated a private residence that offered daycare services after the owner’s 1-year-old capuchin monkey scratched a girl on her hand when it jumped off her lap. The

child was taken to the hospital and advised to undergo rabies shots.55

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primate incidents “Within weeks, 19 May 6, 2012/Asheville, North Carolina: Three people were bitten by a pet marmoset monkey who escaped from a home and into the surrounding monkeys were dead neighborhood. According to a witness, the monkey “freaked out” and started and three jumping on and biting people. One woman was bitten on both , her daughter was bitten on the finger, and another was also bitten on the ears. Two of were sick [from] the the victims were treated with to avoid infection. By the time animal control and police officers arrived at the scene, the monkey had been recaptured first known case of an by her owner, but a search of the house uncovered marijuana, psilocybin mushrooms, hashish and ecstasy and led to a man who lived at the home being adenovirus jumping charged with several drug violations. The monkey was euthanized to be tested for from monkeys to rabies.56,57,58 humans.” May 4, 2012/Chattanooga, Tennessee: Police and animal control were called to capture an escaped pet marmoset after receiving calls from neighbors that a outbreak at the monkey was on the loose.59 California National Primate Research May 1, 2012/Casselberry, Florida: Two people contacted the Fish and Commission with reports of seeing a loose monkey.60 Center in Davis April 29, 2012/Oviedo, Florida: Two people reported seeing a monkey in and near 61 the downtown area. April 24, 2012/Pender County, North Carolina: The sheriff’s office removed a macaque monkey from a private residence after the animal had escaped twice in two months and bit a neighbor once, her son twice, as well as a third unidentified victim. The state veterinarian ordered the monkey euthanized to be tested for diseases.62

April 24, 2012/Sanford, Florida: The Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission 63 received a report of a monkey running loose. April 17, 2012/Gainesville, Florida: The Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission set a trap hoping to capture a Patas monkey who appeared in a Duval 64 neighborhood and was eating from fruit trees. April 5, 2012/Shady Hills, Florida: Pasco County law enforcement searched for more than four hours for a who escaped from a vehicle and ran into a 65 nearby wooded area when the owner stopped at a gas station. April 2012/Rolla, Missouri: A twelve-year-old girl was injured by a vervet monkey at the Cub Creek Science Camp. A staff member had the monkey on a leash when the animal jumped onto the girl, causing a puncture on her hand with either his teeth or nails. The girl received stitches and antibiotics for the wound. The monkey 66 was quarantined for ten days.

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primate incidents “[The monkey] came March 19, 2012/Buffalo, New York: A keeper at the Buffalo Zoo was bitten on the hand and calf by a 400-pound male who escaped his cage and came face to over my shoulder and face with her in an area used by zoo personnel. The keeper took refuge inside just latched onto her another gorilla’s cage, zoo-goers were moved indoors, and a SWAT team secured the area while a veterinarian tranquilized the animal. The SWAT team captain face, and I couldn’t commented, “That was the scariest thing I’ve ever done in my career.”67 get it off.” March 19, 2012/Manatee County, Florida: A business park’s security video captured a primate, believed to be a capuchin monkey, rummaging through Tennessee woman dumpsters. The monkey was suspected of scavenging at the park for the last six whose 3-year-old months.68 granddaughter was March 19, 2012/Ashley, : A young man took the ’s pet java attacked by a macaque on a joyride in a stolen vehicle and the monkey escaped when police neighbor’s “helper” stopped the vehicle. Police warned residents to be on the lookout for a potentially monkey dangerous primate. The monkey, on the loose for hours, was pursued by commission officials and law enforcement from four jurisdictions. The monkey’s owner eventually captured the monkey, who was seized by the game 69 commission. March 2, 2012/Niles, Ohio: A pet store clerk underwent medical treatment for potential diseases after she was bitten by a spider monkey who a customer brought into the store. The health department ordered the monkey 70,71 quarantined. February 19, 2012/Kansas City, Missouri: Two male at the escaped from interior cages which had mistakenly been left unlocked, and into the hallway of the zookeeper area. The keepers hurried into the animals’ outdoor yard and climbed out of the exhibit on a ladder provided by another employee. The

gorillas, who never had access to any public spaces, were coaxed back into a 72 secure area with water hoses.

February 7, 2012/Sanford, Florida: Seminole County Animal Services captured an escaped pet after police had received calls over the last three

weeks from residents reporting a primate on the loose.73

January 23, 2012/Gentry, Arkansas: A rhesus macaque and two other primates had escaped from enclosures and were running loose in the drive-through area of Wild Wilderness Safari, a roadside zoo.74

January 2, 2012/Southern Pines, North Carolina: A 2-year-old pet rhesus macaque escaped after being in a new home for only two weeks. The monkey, whose canine teeth had been removed, was on the loose for five days before being recaptured.

The monkey endured temperatures that dipped into the 20s during two of the nights he was outdoors, lost approximately one pound of body weight, suffered a broken finger, scratches, and chafing from the diaper he was wearing when he escaped and, according to a veterinarian, was traumatized by the ordeal.75,76

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primate incidents “People [in Canada] November 22, 2011/Palm Coast, Florida: State and county authorities, responding to complaints from several residents, discovered a macaque in a neighborhood who work with tree. The primate remained on the loose after an animal conrol officer tried 77 monkeys can no unsuccessfully to tranquilize the animal. November 11, 2011/Dallas, Texas: A spider monkey at the escaped an longer give blood enclosure and climbed on top of the cage. Ten zoo employees recaptured the because of they monkey after approximately one-half hour.78,79 may spread a virus October 25, 2011/Dallas, Texas: An adult chimpanzee escaped from an enclosure through an unlocked door and into a keeper’s area at the Dallas Zoo. Dallas police similar to HIV.” and a tranquilizing team were called to the “Code ” situation and zoogoers were moved to another section of the park. The chimpanzee was sedated and Decision by Health returned to the enclosure.80,81 Canada after determining that about October 18, 2011/Zanesville, Ohio: Fifty animals escaped from Terry Thompson’s 70 to 90 percent of farm when Thompson opened all the enclosures and fences and then killed himself. The sheriff’s office warned residents to stay in their homes and captive-born primates recommended that local schools close, and a sign on the Interstate cautioned are infected with motorists to stay in their vehicles. Forty-eight animals were subsequently shot and Foamy Virus killed by sheriff’s deputies—two wolves, six black bears, two grizzly bears, 18 , three cougars, and 17 African . A baboon was killed by the big cats and a macaque monkey who was released and never found was believed to have been killed and eaten by the big cats. Three , a grizzly bear and two monkeys were taken to the Columbus Zoo. Thompson had just been released from prison after serving a one-year term for weapons offences.82,83

October 14, 2011/Lake Hills, Texas: One of five capuchin monkeys kept as pets escaped from a home and was on the loose for five days before being recaptured. The monkey reportedly attacked a dog and charged at a man, prompting three

people to shoot at the animal.84,85

October 6, 2011/Holly Hill, Florida: A pet cotton-top tamarin escaped from a residence, went to a neighbor’s back porch, then climbed a nearby tree. A police officer was bitten on the finger while capturing the monkey. The monkey was

brought to an animal hospital where it escaped from a cage and “went beserk.” The monkey was later returned to her owner.86

September 29, 2011/Doniphan, Nebraska: A “therapy” monkey who was

temporarily staying at a resident’s home escaped through a doggie door and was recaptured the next day by animal control officers. The monkey was described as scared and hungry.87

September 28, 2011/St. Cloud, Florida: A feral rhesus macaque died from internal

injuries after falling 60 feet from a tree when he was shot with a tranquilizer dart by an animal control officer. Authorities captured the primate due to public safety and health concerns.88

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primate incidents “Everyone was September 2011/Waller County, Texas: A couple released ten capuchin monkeys from cages as wildfires approached and forced an evacuation of the area. A game screaming and when warden with the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department was bitten as she tried to capture one of the escaped monkeys and was treated at a hospital for a bite I tried to run into the 89 wound to her thumb. The loose monkey was shot and killed four days later. garage, I tripped, and August 12, 2011/Springfield, Missouri: An 8-year-old girl was attacked by a pet it jumped onto my macaque monkey who reached out and grabbed her from a car in a store parking lot. The monkey bit and scratched the girl’s forehead and fingers. Antiviral drugs head. I was really and antibiotics were administered to the girl as a precaution.90,91 scared.” August 4, 2011/Shelbyville, Tennessee: A woman was washing a car in her driveway when she was attacked and severely injured by a pet macaque monkey One of three Ohio who had escaped from a neighbor’s home. The woman got the monkey off of her children attacked by a by putting her finger in his mouth, pulling his teeth out of her leg and pushing him neighbor’s pet grivet away. She had to undergo surgery for a deep cut in her calf muscle and doctors monkey told her she was lucky she wasn’t killed. A sheriff’s deputy was also attacked by the monkey who jumped on the officer’s arm and left two deep cuts. The officer shot and killed the monkey. According to police, the animal had also bitten a sheriff’s officer the previous year. Four other monkeys who were discovered living in dog crates and bird cages that were too small for the animals and without access to

food or water were removed from the neighbor’s home.92,93

July 6, 2011/Elk River, Minnesota: A 9-year-old girl was bitten when she approached a caged monkey at Wapiti Park Campgrounds. The monkey, used as a “service” animal, was brought to the park by a visitor.94

June 30, 2011/Jackson, New Jersey: A baboon escaped from Six Flags Great Adventure’s drive-through safari and was on the loose for two days before she was recaptured at a farm approximately 20 miles from Six Flags. A woman who was in

her backyard with her twin 2-year-old daughters and 3-year-old son spotted the baboon about 30 feet away and later expressed concern that Six Flags had not warned nearby residents of the animal’s escape. Citizens reported the baboon’s whereabouts as she traveled through two counties and police helped zoo officials tranquilize the animal when she entered a barn.95,96 June 9, 2011/Fremont, Ohio: A 7-year-old pet grivet monkey escaped from a woman’s home and attacked and scratched three children. Police fired two rounds during a nearly 3-hour chase throughout the neighborhood. The monkey was re- captured by the owner, who was later fined $150 for allowing an animal to run at- 97,98 large. May 31, 2011/Kansas City, Missouri: A red-capped mangabey escaped from a cage at the Kansas City Zoo after a keeper forgot to close a padlock and was loose for 30 minutes. Dozens of visitors were ushered into buildings until the monkey was 99,100 tranquilized and recaptured.

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primate incidents

May 20, 2011/Key West, Florida: After paying $20 to a street performer to have WELFARE CONCERNS her photo taken with the man’s lemur, a New Jersey tourist was bitten twice on the face by the primate.101 June 24, 2011/Lansing, Illinois: A 46-year-old woman was charged April 26, 2011/Surry County, Virginia: A 7-year-old male java macaque attacked a with keeping two capuchin man while he was sleeping in his bed, biting his and arm. The man checked monkeys and five dogs in filthy, himself into a hospital and two weeks later gave up the male macaque and his unsanitary, and neglectful female companion.102,103 conditions. One malnourished monkey was living in a small wire March 24, 2011/McDowell County, North Carolina: A 14-month-old vervet dog cage and the other was in a monkey broke free as he was being walked on a leash. The monkey was spotted 45 large metal bird cage. The cages minutes later 1½ miles away and was still missing a week later.104 were covered in excrement and cigarette butts and none of the March 21, 2011/Amelia, Ohio: A 7-year-old capuchin monkey escaped from a cage animals had food or water. while being taken to the vet. The monkey was loose for three days and spotted near a high school.105

March 15, 2011/West Knoxville, Tennessee: Three police officers, an animal control officer, and a crime-scene technician were dispatched to a local residence after a report that a pet capuchin monkey had been found in a backyard tree. The 4-pound, 46-year-old monkey was captured when her caretaker eventually arrived 106 on the scene. March 11, 2011/Salt Lake City, Utah: All four spider monkeys at the Hogle Zoo briefly escaped from an enclosure and were seen climbing trees and approaching 107 local wildlife. Zoo staff used fruit to lure them back to the cages. March 8, 2011/Belleview, Florida: A 21-year-old capuchin monkey with a history of escaping from his backyard cage got loose and was killed by a neighbor’s Rottweiler.108 March 2, 2011/Fort Madison, Iowa: Authorities discovered that a 10-year-old child who had been taken to the Fort Madison Hospital for a had actually been bitten by a pet macaque.109

January 30, 2011/Reidsville, North Carolina: A woman who was caring for a friend’s capuchin monkey was attacked as the monkey tried to escape from his cage. The monkey “went crazy” and jumped on her head and bit her hand. The woman received medical treatment for bites that “ripped all the way to the bone in several places.” Authorities ordered the monkey euthanized for rabies testing 110,111 after determining the monkey had bitten three people. January 14, 2011/Scottsbluff, Nebraska: A keeper at the Riverside Discovery Center was attacked by an adult chimpanzee when she attempted to pet the animal. When the chimpanzee grabbed the woman’s hand, she began screaming, which attracted another chimpanzee, who also grabbed her hand. The keeper’s index and ring fingers on one hand were bitten off at the knuckles, and the middle 112 finger was lacerated. She was taken to a hospital for treatment.

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primate incidents “It was like a 2011/Dade City, Florida: A member of the public was bitten by a 1-year-old macaque monkey at the Stearns Zoo when he/she was allowed to have close hurricane going contact with the animal.113 through the house.” 2011/Hernando County, Florida: A 2-year-old girl was bitten by a caged lemur at Pennsylvania police Boyett’s Grove attraction. In a separate incident at the same facility, another 114 officer describing the person was bitten by a monkey. scene where an escaped December 26, 2010/Williston, Florida: A resident shot at, and missed, a patas pet monkey bit two monkey who was on corn in a backyard feeder. The man was one of people several residents who had reported seeing a loose monkey in the area over the past few weeks.115

December 22, 2010/Miami, Florida: A pet capuchin monkey escaped and bit a neighbor on the , who was taken to the hospital. The Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission took possession of the monkey to determine if the animal had rabies.116

December 17, 2010/Rogersville, Tennessee: Hawkins County Sheriff’s deputies investigating a residence for methamphetamine production discovered three 20- pound monkeys and one 50-pound monkey in the home. The monkeys were

aggressive toward officers and one ripped the jacket of a Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency officer. The man’s wife was given custody of the primates.117

November 20, 2010/Mauston, Wisconsin: A 20-pound pet monkey escaped from a basement while the owner was trying to get the animal back inside a cage. The

monkey went to a nearby car parts store, charged at an employee and a customer, then jumped onto the back of the employee.118

November 7, 2010/Oneida Castle, New York: An 8-year-old pet capuchin monkey

escaped from a home by opening a screen door. The animal wandered into a neighbor’s yard and attacked a woman who was outside playing with her son. The monkey jumped onto the woman’s arm and then bit her finger when she reached out to keep the monkey away from the child. The woman was taken to the hospital for puncture wounds. The fire department, state police, and sheriff were called to 119 the scene. The monkey was captured and killed in order to be tested for rabies. November 2010/Phoenix, Arizona: A pet rhesus macaque bit a person on the hand and was subsequently killed.120

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primate incidents “There was blood October 19, 2010/Kansas City, Missouri: Mark Archigo’s adult pet chimpanzee, Sueko, escaped from a cage inside a truck and rampaged through a Kansas City everywhere, it was neighborhood for 40 minutes. Sueko charged at two young girls who were out for horrible.” a morning walk, opened the passenger door of a sport utility vehicle that drove into the neighborhood, broke a gate and fence, and pounded on parked vehicles, Husband of an Illinois passing cars, and the front door of a house. As authorities attempted to tranquilize woman upon finding the animal, Sueko charged a police car, pushed a trash can against its front his wife on the floor bumper, climbed onto the car’s hood, pounded on the roof, and kicked the following an attack by windshield, breaking it. Sueko was finally recaptured when she walked into their pet macaque Archigo’s van. Archigo has been in and out of legal trouble over Sueko since 1995 (see 2000/Jackson County, Missouri and 1995/Kansas City, Missouri).121

September 2010/San Antonio, Texas: Three monkeys escaped from Primarily Primates after an enclosure was damaged by a tropical storm. Two monkeys were quickly recaptured but one spider monkey was on the loose for nine days and

traveled at least 6 miles before being tranquilized and recaptured. While he was loose the monkey was spotted near homes and in some garages and at one point he chased a woman into her garage and kept her trapped there for more than an hour.122,123,124

July 31, 2010/Greenwich, New York: A lemur at the Ashville Game Farm bit a 7- year-old boy. The boy was petting the lemur as other people were feeding the animal when the boy was bitten on the thumb. The victim received a series of rabies shots and a judge ordered that three lemurs at the facility be killed and 125 tested for rabies. July 21, 2010/Hamilton County, Indiana: A 40-pound, 3-foot-tall pet patas monkey injured a teenage boy and bit a family dog on the ear after escaping from a cage and running through the family’s house for 20 minutes. Someone in the house called 911 and told the dispatcher that the monkey was a dangerous wild animal. A witness to the attack on the boy remarked that he had “never seen any animal jump on top of somebody and just start attacking him.” Family members locked

themselves in different rooms to avoid the monkey until police, paramedics, and animal control responded to the 911 call.126,127

July 21, 2010/Mechanicsville, Virginia: Six chimpanzees escaped an enclosure at

Windy Oaks Animal Farm when a gate was left open. Two male chimpanzees were

still on the loose when animal control received a call about the incident. At least two hours after animal control was first called to the scene, a sheriff’s deputy shot one of the chimpanzees with a tranquilizer dart and the animal was returned to the enclosure. Windy Oaks did not have knowledgeable staff or equipment to tranquilize the escaped chimpanzees. Animal control officials and sheriff’s deputies searched the compound for the second chimpanzee but could not find him. He was finally recaptured the next day. According to Windy Oaks’ veterinarian, this escape 128,129 was the third such incident at the facility.

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primate incidents “It bit the top of my July 18, 2010/Catskill, New York: A woman was mauled by a pet capuchin monkey who was being kept at the Kaaterskill Lodge. The victim was taking photographs of eyelid and it just kind the monkey when the animal jumped out of the enclosure and attacked her. The of latched onto my woman was left with a scar down her cheek and had to receive rabies shots because Allen Hirsch, the owner of the lodge, disappeared with the monkey after cheek.” the attack.130 A North Carolina July 17, 2010/Wichita, Kansas: Nine chimpanzees escaped an enclosure at the grocery store clerk who Sedgwick County Zoo and were found in a maintenance area when keepers arrived was bitten by a at work in the morning. Eight of the chimpanzees were returned to the enclosure, customer’s pet monkey but one adult male was loose for two hours before being tranquilized and recaptured.131

July 12, 2010/Westfield Township, Ohio: A pet monkey, who was sitting in the cab of a truck, escaped and climbed a utility pole after the driver lost control of the truck and crashed. State troopers coaxed the monkey down and tethered it to a

tree on a long leash.132,133

July 2010/Rising Sun, Maryland: A escaped from an enclosure at 134 the Plumpton Park Zoo and died. April 25, 2010/Clearwater, Florida: A 5-year-old girl and her mother encountered two escaped pet lemurs and began feeding them until rescue workers arrived. The Florida Fish and Wildlife Commission returned the lemurs to the owner, who stated the lemurs escaped by sliding out the trays in the bottom of the cage.135

March 29, 2010/Chesapeake, Virginia: A man was attacked for the second time in two weeks by his capuchin monkey, named Noah. Acquired as a “helper” monkey, Noah reportedly went “berserk” and attacked the man’s legs and bit his left hand, severing his pinky finger. Police, animal control, and paramedics were called to the

scene, and the victim was taken to a hospital, where he underwent surgery for his injuries.136

March 17, 2010/Chesapeake, Virginia: A man was attacked by his helper capuchin

monkey, named Noah, when he accidentally stepped on the monkey’s foot. The

man described the attack as worse than , which he claimed was “a breeze compared to my little fight with [Noah, which] cut the vein, tore ligaments out of my wrists. I’m pumping blood all over.” His injuries were treated at a hospital.137

March 4, 2010/St. Petersburg, Florida: A rhesus macaque was shot twice with tranquilizer darts but managed to elude wildlife officials who were attempting to capture the animal. The monkey had been on the loose for more than a year.138

February 9, 2010/Carencro, Louisiana: A 3-year-old girl was bitten on the hand by

a pet Japanese snow macaque while visiting a friend. The girl was treated at a clinic and the primate was euthanized to be tested for rabies and Herpes B.139

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primate incidents “[T]he monkey February 2010/Palm Harbor, Florida: Two chimpanzees at a roadside zoo called Suncoast Primate Sanctuary escaped from a cage that was not properly secured. lunged at her and One of the animals, described as typically gentle, relentlessly attacked and chased grabbed a hold of her a female volunteer. The victim, who escaped the attack by locking herself in a bathroom, was hospitalized for treatment of serious injuries, including a deep hair and started laceration on the back of her head, damaged tendons in her right hand, and bite wounds on her thigh, back, and abdomen. When a sheriff’s deputy responded to scratching.” the incident, he was denied access and reported that zoo staff were “very 140,141,142,143 Witness describing a 6- uncooperative and intentionally deceptive and evasive.” year-old Oregon girl 2010/Jacksonville, North Carolina: A pigtailed macaque monkey was shot and being bitten on the face killed after attacking and biting the owner of the Lynnwood Park Zoo.144 by a man’s capuchin— November 27, 2009/Shelbyville, Tennessee: A capuchin monkey was found on a the monkey had been road in a busy shopping district and captured by three friends who were Christmas provided by Helping shopping on Black Friday. He had escaped from an SUV of a family vacationing in the area while they were eating at a restaurant.145

November 22, 2009/LaPorte, Indiana: A 10-month-old girl was attacked by a pet Java macaque while visiting a relative’s home. The attack occurred when the girl was held too close to the cage. The monkey grabbed the hood of the infant’s coat, as well as her hair, causing the baby’s head to strike the metal cage repeatedly. The baby sustained a “rope burn” to her neck that was caused by the drawstring on her coat and had red marks on the back of her head as a result of her head hitting the cage.146

November 12, 2009/Tampa, Florida: A macaque was spotted running loose in a residential neighborhood. It was not known where the monkey escaped from or how the animal got loose.147

November 7, 2009/Foley, Alabama: Residents and employees from a local zoo attempted to catch a monkey who was running loose in a neighborhood. The animal was ultimately identified as a capuchin by a man who said he was looking for his pet.148

October 2009/Pine Mountain, Georgia: A mangabey at Wild Animal Safari escaped while staff was moving the animal from one enclosure to another. The monkey 149 was shot and killed by zookeepers after climbing the zoo’s perimeter fence. September 6, 2009/Scottsbluff, Nebraska: Four spider monkeys escaped from an enclosure at the Riverside Zoo while they were being fed. One of the monkeys attacked a zookeeper, who sustained bites to her arms and legs. The bites required multiple stitches. Three of the monkeys were quickly recaptured, but the fourth

monkey remained loose on zoo grounds for approximately five hours.150

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primate incidents “Every time [my 8- September 1, 2009/Los Angeles, California: Two chimpanzees escaped from their crates while they were being unloaded at the Los Angeles Zoo following their year-old son] has a transfer from Wildlife Waystation, which had been threatened by a wildfire. One fever or has a cold it’s chimpanzee climbed over the fence and into Griffith Park, where she was spotted approximately an hour later and secured in the back of a truck. The other going to be off to the chimpanzee remained loose on zoo grounds for 20 minutes before being tranquilized.151 doctor.” August 19, 2009/Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin: A capuchin monkey escaped from the Louisiana mother Irvine Park Zoo after vandals opened her cage. She was captured 15 days later in a worried her child may live trap set at a nearby home. Three porcupines, two coatimundis, and another have contracted a capuchin monkey also escaped, but were quickly recaptured.152 disease after being July 2009/Marion County, Florida: State wildlife officials were looking for a pet bitten by a friend’s pet Patas monkey who had escaped from a Marion County home in July and was still lemur on the loose two months later. Authorities believe this is the same monkey seen running loose by residents in the Williston area in January 2011.153,154

June 20, 2009/Foley, Alabama: A caller reported seeing a primate running loose near Pleasant View Baptist Church. A deputy sent to investigate the incident was unable to locate the primate.155

June 12, 2009/Columbia, South Carolina: A 390-pound gorilla at the Riverbanks Zoo and Garden escaped by grabbing some low-hanging , scaling the 12- foot-4-inch wall of the enclosure, and climbing over two high-voltage security wires. The animal rushed at two food-service employees, pushing one aside and knocking the other down before jumping back into the enclosure. One of the 156 employees was taken to a hospital, where he was treated for cuts and bruises. June 5, 2009/Candia, New Hampshire: A macaque escaped from an enclosure at Charmingfare Farm when a worker left two doors unlocked. The worker was bitten on his calf as he tried to recapture the animal. As a result of his injuries, the worker 157 required medical attention. June 2, 2009/Annapolis, Maryland: A resident looking out his kitchen window spotted a primate sitting next to his car. The primate ran away when he rushed outside for a closer look. County animal control officers searched the streets as 158 well as treetops, but were unable to find the animal. May 26, 2009/Columbus, Ohio: A gorilla at the Columbus Zoo and Aquarium escaped from an enclosure through a door that was improperly secured and walked into a hallway used by zookeepers. Visitors were evacuated from the area, and the zoo’s entrance was closed for approximately 45 minutes. While the

entrance was closed, the gorilla was coaxed back into the enclosure.159

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primate incidents “The pet trade in a May 8, 2009/Pleasant Hope, Missouri: Two Japanese snow macaques escaped from a private menagerie after a fallen tree damaged their cage. One monkey was variety of nonhuman quickly recaptured. The second monkey remained at large for nearly a month and 160,161 primate species, and was discovered dead after apparently being hit by a car. May 2009/Calabasas, California: Two 10-year-old boys spotted a lemur while particularly the eating lunch in one of the boy’s backyard. The lemur jumped from a tree and ran apparent increase in off. County animal control had not received any reports of a lost lemur.162 macaque species as April 21, 2009/ Corpus Christi, Texas: A squirrel monkey bit a man who was transporting the animal to Michigan. Animal control officers planned to quarantine part of this trade, the monkey for three months to test for diseases.163 may constitute an April 18, 2009/Salem, Oregon: A man’s pet capuchin monkey, provided by Helping Hands as a “helper” monkey, bit a 6-year-old girl at a park. The monkey lunged at emerging infectious the girl, grabbed her hair, scratched her, and bit her under the left eye, leaving two puncture marks. The man left the park before authorities arrived. The girl was disease threat in the taken to an urgent care facility, where she was treated.164,165

United States.” April 14, 2009/Springfield, Missouri: A rhesus macaque escaped from an exotic- Emerging Infectious animal menagerie owned by Debby Rose. The macaque went to a nearby home, Diseases, a peer and when the homeowner knocked on a window to scare the animal off, the 166 journal macaque lunged at the window. published by the April 3, 2009/Portland, Oregon: Nine macaques escaped from the Oregon Health Centers for Disease & Science University when a worker left the cage unlocked. It took almost three 167 Control and Prevention days to recapture all the monkeys. March 30, 2009/Winston, Missouri: A 9-year-old chimpanzee named escaped from his 10 foot by 6 foot cage at a private residence and ran loose on a nearby state highway. Sheriff deputies were dispatched to help recapture the chimp who at one point opened a deputy’s patrol car door, grabbed the deputy’s leg, and tried to strike him. When the chimp attempted to attack the man again,

he was shot and killed. The deputy suffered minor injuries and the owners of the chimpanzee suffered cuts and scratches.168,169

March 13, 2009/Fruitland Park, Florida: A spider monkey named Reggie escaped

from the Liebling Family when the circus owner failed to latch the animal’s

leash correctly. The monkey fled into nearby woods and was not recaptured until more than six weeks later.170,171

March 2, 2009/Mineola, Texas: A woman was bitten on the hand by a capuchin

monkey she had for eight as she was placing a toy in the monkey’s cage. She received 12 stitches and decided to place her monkey at a facility in Oklahoma.172

February 25, 2009/Athens, Georgia: An animal-care technician at the University of

Georgia suffered a severe bite to her thumb while cleaning the cage of a capuchin

monkey. She was taken by ambulance to the hospital and later transferred to a hand specialist in Atlanta for additional treatment.173

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primate incidents

February 25, 2009/East Ridge, Tennessee: A 4-year-old boy discovered an obese WELFARE CONCERNS spider monkey wandering through the yard when he looked out his window. The escaped pet was captured by animal control officials and returned to the February 26, 2011/New Orleans, 174 Louisiana: A couple was convicted owners. of cruelty to a patas monkey and February 19, 2009/Oklahoma City, Oklahoma: An named Elok escaped three who were from an enclosure at the Oklahoma City Zoo by climbing into the moat and then confiscated and found in poor over the exhibit wall. Twenty zoo visitors were ushered into buildings until Elok overall health with a diaper rash, 175 dehydration and piercings. The was recaptured approximately 100 feet from his enclosure. monkeys were dressed as pirates February 19, 2009/, : A DeBrazza’s monkey at the and brought to Bourbon Street Park Zoo escaped from an enclosure by swimming across a moat and climbing a just before Mardi Gras where the public was allowed to handle and rock wall. The zoo was evacuated and the monkey was on the loose for pay to have a photo taken with approximately 25 minutes before being tranquilized and recaptured. Other monkeys had previously escaped from the same enclosure.176 the monkeys.

February 16, 2009/Stamford, Connecticut: Herold’s 200-pound, adult pet chimpanzee named escaped from the house and attacked her friend Charla Nash as Nash got out of her car, inflicting massive injuries. The chimp tore off both

of Nash’s hands, her nose, lips, and ears, and she was left blind in both eyes. Herold and two police officers were also injured during the fracas. In an effort to stop the attack, Herold stabbed the chimpanzee repeatedly with a butcher knife. Travis also went after several police officers at the scene, one of whom shot him numerous times when the chimpanzee opened the door to his police cruiser and started to get inside. Travis finally made his way back into the house, where he died. More than two years after the incident, Nash underwent face transplant surgery, but the surgery to replace her hands was not successful. Neighbors

reported that they often saw Travis roaming the streets in the neighborhood, sometimes unleashed, and that he frequently rode around in with his owners. Travis had been involved in at least two previous incidents [see September 2008, October 19, 2003, and 1996/Stamford, Connecticut].177,178,179

February 2, 2009/Flour Bluff, Texas: An escaped or abandoned ring-tailed lemur was discovered when children were seen playing with the animal outdoors. The animal, who had an injured arm and was reportedly biting at the children, was seized by authorities and the owners were ticketed for illegally possessing an 180 exotic animal. January 30, 2009/New Orleans, Louisiana: An orangutan named Berani escaped from his enclosure at the Audubon Zoo by stretching a T-shirt to help him scale a 10½-foot wall. He then wrapped the shirt around an electric wire surrounding the exhibit and finally swung out of the exhibit. The orangutan stood on a boardwalk with zoo visitors nearby for approximately 10 minutes before returning to his exhibit.181

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primate incidents “Here New Albany is January 24, 2009/Naples, Florida: A worker at Gary’s Paradise Gardens was attacked by a capuchin monkey. The monkey escaped through a space that was in a budget crunch created when the worker removed the food bowl from the side of the cage. The woman was bitten on her right leg, lower arm, and hand and required stitches for and we’ve spent a 182 some of the wounds. total of 4 to 6 hours January 13, 2009/Clearwater, Florida: A rhesus macaque, believed to be an on this case yesterday escaped pet, was seen running loose at a strip mall.183 and we’re spending 2009/Davis, California: An adenovirus infected both monkeys and humans at the California National Primate Research Center, illustrating that there may be time again today on more pathogens than previously thought with species-jumping potential. The virus sickened three people and killed 19 monkeys. Researchers suspected the titi the case.” monkeys may have acquired the virus from macaques and passed it on to 184 Frustrated county humans. animal shelter director 2009/Mechanicsville, Virginia: Chimpanzees at Windy Oaks Animal Farm broke in Indiana who was some welds on an enclosure, and two male chimpanzees pushed through a wire forced to spend limited panel, opened a door, and escaped.185 resources investigating November 10, 2008/Carbon County, Montana: A woman was taken to a hospital a pet for treatment after a chimpanzee named Conner latched on to her arm with his incident teeth. The woman lost 6 to 8 inches of skin. Conner was one of two chimpanzees who escaped from the home of Jeanne Rizzotto and ran to a neighbor’s yard, where they were seen chasing cats up trees, swinging from the roof of the house, and getting into cars and trucks. One of the chimpanzees was also seen crossing a highway. The bite victim had been trying to prevent Conner from entering a home. 186 The animals were recaptured, and Conner was quarantined at Rizzotto’s home.

November 3, 2008/Rockville, Maryland: A WTOP reporter was treated at a hospital emergency room after being bitten by pet capuchin monkey. The reporter,

who was at the residence doing a story on the monkey, was attacked while getting recording equipment from a table. The monkey had previously been confiscated by animal control and was returned to the owner following a court case.187

September 24, 2008/Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: An 18-pound macaque monkey—a

type of monkey commonly kept as a pet—bit and then mauled the hand of a University of Pittsburgh laboratory technician. The macaque grabbed a pole that the technician was using to test the animal’s water system, pulled the woman’s hand into the cage, and bit her palm. “My hand was in its mouth,” the woman said. “It was clamping down on it and munching on it for up to a minute. I had no choice but to pull my hand out in shreds.” The animal’s teeth penetrated to the bone and the woman sustained bone, tendon, and nerve damage. She underwent three

surgeries to treat recurring and was released from the hospital after eight days, at which time she still had no feeling in two fingers and was awaiting results of blood tests on the monkey to determine if she had been exposed to B or other infections.188

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primate incidents “I’m never going to September 2008/Stamford, Connecticut: Sandra Herold’s pet chimpanzee named Travis escaped from his cage, prompting Herold to ask the owner of a nearby go out and sit on my private menagerie that he be shot with a tranquilizer gun.189 patio again until August 14, 2008/Michigan City, Indiana: A pet monkey escaped from a home by opening a window and briefly roamed the neighborhood before being they’re gone. Never.” recaptured.190 Nevada woman after August 8, 2008/Bend, Oregon: An intern at Chimps, Inc. was attacked by a 120- the escape of her pound chimpanzee who entered a cage through an unlocked door while the neighbor’s two pet woman was inside cleaning the area. The chimpanzee jumped on the woman’s chimpanzees back and repeatedly hit and bit her—including biting off most of her thumb—and attacked her again as she tried to return to her intern living quarters. The intern 191,192 was treated on the scene by firefighters and then driven to a hospital. August 2008/Cincinnati, Ohio: A white-handed escaped from his cage at the Cincinnati Zoo and made his way to the parking lot where he bit a visitor on the leg. The gibbon was quarantined, and the zoo decided that he would no longer be 193 allowed outdoors. July 18, 2008/Las Vegas, Nevada: A pet spider monkey ran loose inside a bank for 10 minutes. The monkey scaled an employee, ran across desks, dangled from room dividers, and clung to a chair. The owner warned bank employees not to capture 194 the monkey because he will bite. July 4, 2008/Columbia, Missouri: The Boone County Health Department reported that a woman was being tested for a deadly virus after being bitten on the hand by 195 her friend’s pet Japanese snow macaque. July 4, 2008/Richmond, Virginia: A teenage girl was bitten by a pet monkey brought by an unidentified person to July 4 festivities at a park. The health department was seeking help from the public in locating the owner and identifying 196 the type of monkey in order to recommend treatment. July 2, 2008/Clay County, Florida: State wildlife officials were seeking a monkey, believed to be a snow macaque, seen running loose in the Eagle Landing subdivision. The Wildlife Conservation Commission warned the public that, “The 197 monkey has large canine teeth and can inflict a painful bite.” June 27, 2008/Devore, California: A chimpanzee named Moe escaped from his cage at Jungle Exotics, surprised construction workers when he wandered into a house next-door, and then continued on into the San Bernardino National Forest. After more than a month, search efforts were called off because of mounting

expenses. Moe was never found.198,199

June 11, 2008/Michigan City, Indiana: A spider monkey escaped from his enclosure at the Washington Park Zoo by using a garden hose to scale the wall of the moat. The moat had been emptied of water and was being cleaned by workers.

The monkey was recaptured at a nearby boat dealership.200

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primate incidents

June 5, 2008/Queens, New York: A 22-month-old girl had her finger bitten off by a WELFARE CONCERNS neighbor’s pet capuchin monkey when she stuck her fingers through her backyard fence and into the pen of the monkey who was caged next to the fence. Doctors October 1, 2009/Independence, worked for 12 hours attempting to reattach the girl’s finger but were unsuccessful. Kentucky: Acting on a tip, Kenton The monkey was euthanized in order to be tested for rabies.201 County authorities found a 24- year-old baboon—kept in a cage June 2008/Spartanburg, South Carolina: A Rhesus macaque was discovered located in a dark corner of the running loose in the yard at the home of a person being investigated for dumping family’s garage—suffering with toxic waste on local roads. The monkey was captured and taken to the serious health issues including Spartanburg Animal Shelter where she was placed under quarantine after biting diabetes, sores, and bad teeth. two employees.202 The owners said they bought the animal from an Ohio dealer when May 17, 2008/Los Angeles, California: A 29-year-old orangutan at the Los Angeles she was 5½ months old. The Zoo punched a hole in the mesh of his exhibit and escaped into a holding area baboon became aggressive and behind his cage for about 20 minutes. Zoo officials ushered visitors to the zoo exit spent most of her in a cage 203 while the orangutan was sedated by zookeepers. located either in the basement or the garage. The baboon was May 17, 2008/Tampa, Florida: A 10-year-old orangutan escaped from her placed in a sanctuary. enclosure at Busch Gardens by scaling a 12-foot wall and climbing onto the roof of

her exhibit, where she was just feet away from zoo visitors. The public, including a

group of nearby children, was evacuated from the area. The orangutan was lured back to her enclosure nearly one hour after she escaped.204

April 21, 2008/Polk County, Florida: Fifteen patas monkeys escaped from Safari

Wild by swimming across a 60-foot-wide moat and then climbing a 28-foot fence. One monkey was shot to death and it took nearly eight months to recapture the rest of them.205,206

April 11, 2008/Trenton, Michigan: A 6-year-old girl was bitten on the finger by a

pet Java macaque who was being walked on a leash near the church where the girl was playing. The girl had to undergo several tests as a result of the bite, and the monkey was expected to be euthanized.207

April 5, 2008/Addison, Texas: Two lemurs at the Trager Snake Farm were quarantined after biting or scratching a child.208

April 4, 2008/Orlando, Florida: A pet capuchin monkey wearing a diaper escaped from his cage, fled through an open window, and was running loose outside a

condominium complex. The monkey charged at residents who fled into oncoming traffic and jumped on a woman’s back before he was finally captured.209,210

March 21, 2008/Fresno, California: A black-and-white colobus monkey escaped

from his enclosure at the Fresno Chaffee Zoo. The eastern portion of the zoo was closed to the public as zoo staff members attempted to recapture the monkey. Two and a half hours after the escape, he was shot with a tranquilizer dart and taken to the zoo hospital to recover.211

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primate incidents “It’s awful when your March 14, 2008/Virginia: A 6-year-old chimpanzee named Mikey, taken by Party Safari Zoo to a studio to appear in a commercial, injured a woman by biting and/or son can’t ride his scratching her face and shoulder. Mikey had bitten another woman five months 212 bike without this earlier [see October 23, 2007]. March 12, 2008/Bastrop, Texas: A 140-pound, 17-year-old chimpanzee named monkey jumping on Tony escaped from a research center by jumping more than 15 feet to a perimeter him and taking a wall. Tony lunged at an attendant and snatched his tranquilizer dart gun and was eventually shot and killed as he charged a police officer in a threatening manner. chunk out of his This was one of three chimpanzee escapes at the facility in five months.213 arm.” March 2008/New Albany, Indiana: A child visiting a home was bitten by the owner’s pet capuchin monkey. The monkey was quarantined while county officials Missouri mother after worked to obtain information about the animal’s health.214 her 7-year-old son was attacked by a February 29, 2008/Gilbert, Arizona: A 3-year-old boy was bitten on the wrist by his neighbor’s escaped family’s pet lemur. According to a local official, the emergency crew that responded to the incident reported that the bite was down to the bone. The boy rhesus macaque was taken to a hospital for treatment.215

February 28, 2008/Spokane, Washington: A pet macaque monkey who escaped from his owners’ home chased some boys who were walking a dog and bit one of

the boys on the thumb; charged at a woman, grabbed her leg, and bit it; and bit an

18-year-old girl on the leg. The monkey was quarantined to be monitored for disease and ultimately euthanized to be tested for rabies.216

December 2, 2007/Rutherford College, North Carolina: A grocery store clerk was

bitten by a customer’s 18-inch-tall pet monkey when she reached out to pet the animal. The monkey bit and scratched her right cheek just below the eye. The victim was treated at a local hospital for the bite and put on strong antibiotics.217,218

November 18, 2007/Jefferson County, Alabama: A 14-year-old was bitten on the forearm by a lemur.219

November 9, 2007/Bastrop, Texas: A 17-year-old chimpanzee named Jake escaped

from an enclosure at a research center and was loose on the property for several hours before being tranquilized and captured.220

November 8, 2007/Columbia County, Georgia: A 17-month-old boy was bitten by a baboon with the Eudora Farms petting zoo at the Columbia County Fair. The

boy’s father lifted him to feed the animal through the cage and the baboon bit the child’s hand.221

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primate incidents “The monkey has to November 6, 2007/Dripping Springs, Texas: A worker at Sunrise Exotic Ranch, a chimpanzee-breeding facility, was bitten by a chimpanzee named Ginny while she go. He needs to be was handing blankets to the animals through a feeding tray. Ginny reached out of this through a rusted hole in the tray and grabbed the worker’s hand. When the woman was able to pull her hand out of the cage, one of her fingers was gone and neighborhood. There two others were nearly severed. After multiple surgeries, including transplants and skin grafts, her hand is still disfigured and curls into a ball. The victim amassed are a lot of children more than $100,000 in medical bills.222 here. He could very October 23, 2007/Maryland: A 5½ -year-old chimpanzee named Mikey, taken by Party Safari Zoo to a studio to appear in a commercial, bit a woman’s arm while easily have attacked posing for photographs with studio employees.223 one of them.” September 28, 2007/Dallas, Texas: An elderly spider monkey escaped the Florida woman after enclosure she shared with two other monkeys at the Dallas Zoo. The monkey was 224 her 65-pound dog was loose for approximately 20 minutes. severely mauled by a September 22, 2007/Columbia, Missouri: A woman known for carrying her pet neighbor’s pet spider rhesus macaque into stores and to public events took the animal to a local park monkey where the macaque bit a 7-year-old boy and an 11-year-old girl. The woman 225 quickly left the park and was sought by local health officials for questioning. August 13, 2007/Tupelo, Mississippi: For the second time in two weeks, a white- faced capuchin monkey named escaped from the Tupelo Buffalo Park and Zoo. He was found the following day, approximately 4 miles from the park, and returned to the zoo. One man was bitten on the hand during the attempt to capture Oliver. This was Oliver’s third escape [See July 31, 2007 and 2001].226

August 8, 2007/Madison, Wisconsin: A 1-year-old pet capuchin monkey bit a 21- year-old woman on the thumb at a beer garden and then eluded police for an hour before being recaptured. The monkey was declared dangerous by the Madison

Environmental Health Services Department and was quarantined to be monitored for disease, and the owner was ordered to remove the animal from the city upon release from quarantine. The monkey had previously bitten at least one other person [see July 11, 2007].227

July 31, 2007/Tupelo, Mississippi: A capuchin monkey named Oliver escaped from his cage at Tupelo Buffalo Park and Zoo and eluded capture for nearly a week before being recaptured. Zoo staff warned the public that Oliver would bite. This was Oliver’s second escape [see 2001].228

July 23, 2007/Hayward, Wisconsin: An employee at Weber’s Wilderness Walk was bitten on the hand by a primate when he/she entered the animal’s cage.229

July 11, 2007/Madison, Wisconsin: A pet capuchin monkey was placed under 230 home quarantine after biting someone.

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primate incidents “You cannot take a June 30, 2007/Cherokee, North Carolina: A capuchin monkey at Santa’s Land theme park escaped from the island where the monkeys were kept and was loose wild animal and overnight before being recaptured the next evening. It was believed that the animal used low-hanging tree limbs to scale the wall and the high-voltage wire that make it into a baby.” 231 surrounded the island. North Carolina woman who was attacked by a June 19, 2007/St. Louis County, Missouri: Animal control officers, neighbors, and the owners spent five days searching for a 40-year-old escaped pet capuchin friend’s pet capuchin monkey who had been left unsecured in her family’s backyard. The monkey was monkey spotted a mile from home and was eventually captured near the St. Charles Family Arena. The animal had also wandered off several years previously and was on the loose for several months before being recaptured.232,233

June 5, 2007/Rockwell, North Carolina: A colobus monkey escaped from an enclosure at the Metrolina Wildlife Park by running past a worker as she entered the cage. The monkey was chased around the zoo grounds by the zoo owner before being recaptured.234 May 16, 2007/Leetown, West Virginia: Animal control officers searched for, but failed to locate, a loose monkey described as black with a white face and 3-feet tall. A resident had spotted the monkey drinking from a pond, then escaping into 235 nearby woods. April 24, 2007/Rankin County, Mississippi: A pet macaque monkey attacked an IRS agent. Although the monkey’s canine teeth had been removed, the agent sustained bites and scratches on her face and arms.236 April 8, 2007/Otis, Oregon: A 12-year-old pet capuchin monkey escaped from a cage, ran through the neighborhood, attempted to attack residents, and cornered one man in his garage before being recaptured.237

April 2007/Kincheloe, Michigan: An 11-year-old girl was bitten twice on the hand and twice on the arm by her grandparents’ pet rhesus macaque. The monkey became agitated and attacked while she was sitting on a bed with her grandmother. One of the bite wounds became severely infected. Appropriate treatment was delayed because her grandparents instructed her to lie to health officials and say her injuries were caused by a bike accident. The girl was eventually treated with three different antibiotics and had to undergo periodic

blood testing. Another child, a boy, had previously been bitten by the monkey. The monkey was confiscated.238

2007/Olmsted Falls, Ohio: A girl was scratched by a rhesus macaque at Burnette’s

Pet Farm. According to Inspector Stacey Short of the Cuyahoga County Board of Health, 80 to 90 percent of macaque monkeys carry the Herpes Simian B virus, a disease that can be spread through scratches and is almost always fatal to humans.239

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December 25, 2006/French Settlement, Louisiana: An 8-year-old boy was bitten WELFARE CONCERNS twice on the arm and shoulder and suffered cuts and bruises when a pet ringtail lemur leapt from a roof and attacked him. The lemur was kept on a large estate, November 19, 2008/Crosby, where the animal roamed freely and could not be located after the attack. The boy Texas: The Houston SPCA seized a sick and emaciated 23-year-old underwent four rounds of injections to prevent rabies and more than two weeks after the incident still had a fever and periodic headaches.240 male pet chimpanzee named Henry who was living in a garage December 1, 2006/Nahunta, North Carolina: A pet escaped in a 15-square-foot cage littered from a home and was on the loose for almost two months before being recaptured with cigarette butts, soda cans, more than 11 miles away.241 and other trash. He had been living in those conditions for 15 November 5, 2006/Bradley County, Tennessee: A woman was buckling her 3-year- years and was suffering from old granddaughter into a car seat when a neighbor’s “helper” monkey jumped into malnutrition and ailments related the car and attacked the girl, who needed stitches for bite wounds on her face.242 to a lack of exposure to sunlight. October 30, 2006/Liberty Township, Ohio: A man was seriously injured when he was bitten on the hand while feeding a 6-year-old Rhesus macaque he had just purchased from an Idaho woman who advertised the animal for sale on the Internet.243,244

October 28, 2006/Marquette County, Wisconsin: A woman was taken to the 245 hospital after being bitten by a lemur at an exotic animal farm. September 22, 2006/Horn Lake, Mississippi: A 14-year-old pet knocked out the window frame of his cage and escaped into the neighborhood. He ran for one and a half blocks and attacked an animal control officer before being 246 recaptured. August 28, 2006/Chicago, Illinois: A 15-year-old girl was hospitalized in serious condition after being attacked by a pet rhesus macaque monkey. The girl’s arm was reportedly “bitten to the bone.” The agitated monkey attempted to escape 247 from the house as animal control officers worked to recapture him. July 18, 2006/Pewaukee, Wisconsin: A woman called police after seeing a monkey on the edge of her lawn at her condominium complex. The monkey, believed to be an escaped pet, disappeared into a nearby marsh when a responding officer 248 attempted to capture the primate. July 2, 2006/Roanoke, Virginia: A Japanese snow macaque escaped from an unlocked cage during cage cleanings at the Mill Mountain Zoo and was recaptured a week later. The monkey was found in the backyard of a home more than a mile from the zoo.249

June 7, 2006/Sikeston, Missouri: Residents presented a petition with more than 50 signatures asking the Sikeston City Council to look into monkey attacks after a neighbor’s pet vervet monkey had attacked several people. One neighbor reported that the monkey attacked her grandson and another neighbor stated she had been 250,251,252 attacked after the monkey got loose.

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primate incidents “NASPHV/CSTE June 1, 2006/ Naples, Florida: A mustached guenon at the Naples Zoo swam from the island where she and a male companion were housed and escaped to a recommends federal wooded area of the zoo.253 and state legislation March 8, 2006/Bell County, Texas: A person bitten by a pet rhesus macaque was taken to the hospital for treatment. The monkey was killed to be tested for prohibiting: rabies.254

1) private ownership March 2006/Walker, Louisiana: A pet bonnet macaque escaped from a cage, charged across the street, and severely bit a 2-year-old boy who had to undergo of NHP [non- 255 rabies prevention shots.

human primates] February 3, 2006/Columbus, Ohio: A zookeeper at the Columbus Zoo was bitten 2) future commerce while feeding a grape to an adult , also known as a “pygmy chimpanzee.” The zookeeper lost the tip of her finger and was treated at a hospital. All the zoo’s in NHP for the pet were isolated for 14 days to be monitored for health issues.256 trade December 1, 2005/Covington, Kentucky: A pet monkey, believed to be a capuchin, escaped and led authorities on a two-day chase through the neighborhood before 3) privately owned being recaptured. A primate expert was concerned that the animal might suffer ‘grandfathered’ from frostbite while on the loose, and an animal control officer noted that the animal appeared to suffer from a cough. A monkey had been loose on the same NHP from all block one year earlier.257,258 public areas …” November 17, 2005/Gulfport, Florida: A woman having her car serviced at an automobile repair shop suffered a severe scratch wound to her arm requiring 12 Position statement on stitches after she was injured by a leashed lemur displayed at the business. The the private possession woman subsequently filed a $15,000 lawsuit.259 of non-human primates November 14, 2005/Phoenix, Arizona: Several children were attacked and two (NHP), National were bitten when a pet monkey escaped from a cage and tore through a Association of State neighbor’s birthday party.260 Public Health Veterinarians and October 6, 2005/Eureka, California: Bill, the solitary chimpanzee at the Sequoia Park Zoo, escaped after vandals cut a hole in the cage and wandered one and a Council of State and half blocks from the zoo before it was discovered that he was missing. A neighbor Territorial discovered the chimpanzee in his backyard at 10:45 p.m. and called police. Bill was Epidemiologists coaxed back to his cage by one of the zookeepers. This was Bill’s second escape from the zoo―about 10 years previously, the door to Bill’s cage was left open and 261,262 he wandered off.

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September 10, 2005/Royal, Nebraska: Workers at Zoo Nebraska failed to properly WELFARE CONCERNS lock the chimpanzees’ cage after cleaning, and all four made a break for freedom. The chimpanzees confronted zoo visitors, and at least one of the animals—possibly March 8, 2007/Muskegon all four—walked into the town of Royal, where they attempted to enter businesses Heights, Michigan: A 34-year-old woman was charged with killing and where one chimp allegedly chased a 15-year-old boy into his home and another threw a grill at a van. When the animals tried to enter the building where and torturing animals and animal cruelty/abandonment after zoo visitors and employees had taken refuge, three of the four chimpanzees were authorities, responding to a call shot and killed. The surviving chimpanzee was transferred to an exotic-animal from the property manager, dealer in Missouri.263,264 found eight dead or starving animals inside a feces-filled house August 29, 2005/Springdale, Ohio: A capuchin monkey belonging to trainer Phil the woman had rented. A caged Dolci (a.k.a. Hendricks) with the Hendricks Bros. Circus was frightened by a train monkey, along with several dogs, whistle and fled into a nearby wooded area. He was found the next day, damp and was “alive but in wretched hungry, huddled in the roof area of a picnic pavilion at a park.265,266 condition.” The woman pleaded guilty and was sentenced to August 27, 2005/San Antonio, Texas: A young chimpanzee escaped through a hole prison for more than a year. in the chain-link fencing of his cage at Primarily Primates, where many of the cages for the more than 600 primates were secured with only a small piece of wire.267

August 16, 2005/St. Petersburg, Florida: A 35-year-old woman required surgery to 268 her mouth after she was bitten by a caged ring-tailed lemur.

August 2005/Jefferson County, Missouri: A child was bitten by a capuchin monkey who had been brought to a festival for photo ops with the public. The boy was

treated on site by medics and later went to the hospital and underwent rabies prevention shots. Health officials were unable to quarantine the monkey because the owner took the primate to a different county a few days after the incident.269

August 2005/Jefferson County, Missouri: A woman underwent anti-viral

treatment after being bitten by her pet macaque. A county health official stated, “she got really ripped up” during the attack.270

July 20, 2005/Racine, Wisconsin: , a 19-year-old orangutan at the Racine Zoo,

escaped into a hallway that connected to other zoo exhibits and three hours later was lured back to his cage with food.271

July 19, 2005/Turtle Creek, Pennsylvania: The state game commission warned residents that a loose monkey could be very aggressive and carry diseases. The

monkey was spotted by several residents, including a 6-year-old, swinging from trees, making a nest, and running down streets.272

July 11, 2005/Caldwell, Ohio: Two pet monkeys escaped from their cage. One was

recaptured after running loose for several hours. The second, a rhesus macaque, attacked a 20-year-old man who stopped his truck in order to avoid hitting the monkey on the road. The monkey jumped in the truck and bit him on the leg. The man was treated at a hospital and received a tetanus shot. Ten days after escaping, 273,274,275 the monkey remained on the loose.

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primate incidents “He went wild and July 5, 2005/Chicago, Illinois: A 350-pound male silverback gorilla attacked an intern working in the animals’ habitat at the . The gorilla shoved ran all over the room the woman down and “mouthed” her, pressing his lips and teeth against her back. She sustained puncture wounds and scratches as well as a sprained ankle and was knocking over a lamp 276 treated by paramedics before being taken to the hospital.

… he attacked me June 2005/Morehead, Kentucky: A long-tailed macaque reached through a car and I ended up in the window and grabbed and bit a clerk’s hand at the drive-thru window of a Viking BP Mart while his owner, Jamie Dehart, was picking up an order.277,278 emergency room.” May 7, 2005/Huntington, West Virginia: A leashed pet monkey who had been Louisiana woman taken to a shopping center bit a 13-year-old girl in the parking lot. A woman shortly after she holding the monkey’s leash had indicated that the animal was friendly, but when acquired a pet vervet the girl and her father approached to pet the monkey, the monkey jumped on the 279 monkey for $1,400 girl’s leg and bit her kneecap and finger. She was treated at a hospital. March 3, 2005/Caliente, California: Four adult chimpanzees escaped from their cage at Animal Haven Ranch. The two male chimpanzees attacked a couple who were visiting their pet chimpanzee at the facility. The woman’s thumb was bitten off and her husband was severely mauled. The chimpanzees bit off his nose, an eye, part of his cheek, lips, most of his fingers, both and much of the flesh

from his buttocks, face, and left foot. According to a medic at the scene, “His face

was gone.” The chimpanzees who attacked, both former “show biz” chimps raised at Bob Dunn’s Animal Services, were shot and killed. The gunfire frightened the two female chimpanzees who ran into the hills and were on the loose for several hours before being recaptured. Three months and a dozen surgeries later, the man 280,281,282,283 was pulled out of a medically induced coma. December 9, 2004/Detroit, Michigan: A student was bitten by a cinnamon capuchin monkey at a wildlife show-and-tell at Wayne State University. The monkey was part of a menagerie brought by the Chicago-based Bill Hoffman’s 284 Animal Rentals. November 26, 2004/Evansville, Indiana: An ambulance was called to the Hadi Shrine Circus at Roberts Stadium after a circusgoer was bitten on the cheek by a chimpanzee belonging to by Zoppe-Rosaire Chimpanzees while posing for pictures. 285 The patron was treated at the hospital for a puncture wound. November 12, 2004/Palm Springs, California: A 16-year-old chimpanzee from Dan Westfall’s private menagerie escaped from an unsecured cage and ran loose in a residential neighborhood, banging on windows and pounding on doors. Police 286 steered him back to Westfall’s home.

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primate incidents “My first thought November 6, 2004/Girard, Ohio: A woman was picking something up from a restaurant when her pet capuchin monkey escaped from the car and bolted was, ‘Can this through woods, across rooftops, and up utility poles. The monkey’s journey took monkey get through her through a township and a city. Firefighters and police officers were called to help capture the animal who at one point was shocked by an electrical wire and this window?’ When fell 75 feet from a power line. The monkey had recently been purchased at an auction.287 he did get through, October 14, 2004/Fresno, California: The Chaffee Zoo evacuated visitors after an my thought was, ‘I orangutan unraveled the netting on her cage and crawled out. She was loose for 288 have to get out of 10 minutes. October 9, 2004/Gentry, Arkansas: A woman feeding animals at the Wild here.’” Wilderness Drive-Thru Safari was bitten by a chimpanzee who reached through the West Virginia mail bars of the cage, grabbed her, and bit off much of her hand, including two 289 carrier who fingers. encountered an September 20, 2004/Shueyville, Iowa: A capuchin monkey belonging to Susan Rae escaped pet Kriz was seized and quarantined after the monkey bit a utility worker on the arm. chimpanzee Kriz was arrested for interference with official acts when she refused to turn over the monkey to authorities. The monkey was returned to Kriz two weeks later. In 1995, 50 malnourished and dehydrated monkeys living in filthy conditions were

seized from Kriz.290,291

August 1, 2004/Brooklyn, New York: A 5-year-old macaque, used as a so-called “,” attacked and bit a 2-year-old boy being wheeled by his grandparents in a shopping cart at a grocery store.292

July 14, 2004/St. Louis, Missouri: A zookeeper at the Saint Louis Zoo was taken to 293 the hospital after she was bitten by an orangutan while feeding the animal. July 6, 2004/St. Charles, Minnesota: Two people agreed to undergo a series of rabies shots after they were bitten by a capuchin monkey who escaped from the Staples Safari Zoo during an appearance at the Winona County fairgrounds. The 294 monkey was quarantined for 28 days. May 26, 2004/Rochester, New York: A baboon at the Seneca Park Zoo escaped from his cage and climbed into a nearby tree. After more than two hours, and a failed attempt to tranquilize the baboon, he returned to the exhibit area on his own.295

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March 18, 2004/Dallas, Texas: A 300-pound gorilla named Jabari escaped from an WELFARE CONCERNS enclosure surrounded by a 16-foot concave wall at the Dallas Zoo and attacked four people. A 3-year-old boy was critically injured as a result of multiple bites to December 14, 2006/New Caney, his head and chest. The gorilla bit the boy’s mother on her legs and threw her and Texas: Following a home burglary, police found human blood the toddler against the wall. Another woman suffered injuries to her arms when she shielded several children from the gorilla. The fourth injured person was a samples in the cage of two pet monkeys, which indicated that child who was treated at the scene. Police evacuated 300 people and fatally shot one or both of the animals may the gorilla after he charged at officers. Some children had reportedly been teasing have resisted an attempt to take Jabari before the incident.296,297 them. One of the monkeys, a macaque, was apparently January 19, 2004/Los Angeles, California: The Los Angeles Zoo evacuated 9,000 tortured during the burglary, visitors after an 80-pound chimpanzee named Gracie escaped from the enclosure escaped from the home, and was for the fifth time. She was loose for 45 minutes before being tranquilized and found at a nearby house the captured.298 following week. The 9-year-old monkey had been strangled, had January 8, 2004/Denver, Colorado: A gorilla named Evelyn escaped from an scab marks and puncture wounds, enclosure at the Denver Zoo and entered the keepers’ area, where she spent 45 and had lost about 20 pounds. minutes before being tranquilized. Evelyn was originally from the Los Angeles Zoo and had escaped several times while at that facility.299

December 27, 2003/St. Leonard, Maryland: A man was taken to the hospital for treatment after being bitten on the thumb by a pigtailed macaque who was being kept as a house pet.300

October 30, 2003/Savannah, Georgia: Exhibitor Brian Staples was cited by the U.S. Department of Agriculture for the escape of a spider monkey at the Georgia Coastal Fair. The monkey ran through the fair midway, a public area, before being recaptured.301

October 19, 2003/Stamford, Connecticut: A 170-pound pet chimpanzee named Travis bolted from his owner’s sport utility vehicle in a busy downtown street. The chimp chased a passerby, a dozen police cruisers were called to the scene, and police ordered residents with children back into their homes. As police tried to get Travis under control, he charged officers and bystanders, and chased police around a parked car. It took two hours to get him back into his owners’ car. Two police officers were bruised during the ordeal and one of Travis’ owners was scratched.302

September 28, 2003/Boston, Massachusetts: A 300-pound gorilla named Little Joe escaped from an enclosure at the Franklin Park Zoo, grabbed a toddler from a young woman’s arms, threw the child to the ground and jumped on her, bit the woman on the back, and attempted to attack zoo staff members who were

huddled in inside a ticket booth. Little Joe led more than 50 city, state, and environmental police officers, as well as zoo and Animal Rescue League staff members on a massive two-hour chase through darkened woods and along a nearby street outside the zoo. He finally collapsed after being shot repeatedly with tranquilizer darts and was returned to the zoo. The toddler required several stitches for a gash in her head. Little Joe had also escaped during the previous month.303

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primate incidents “Her finger was just August 26, 2003/Rochester, New York: The Seneca Park Zoo evacuated visitors after a 300-pound orangutan escaped from a cage. During his 15-minute escape, hanging there.” the orangutan picked up a zoo volunteer, carried him down a passageway and into 304 New York mother of a the cage, then pushed him back out. toddler whose finger August 13, 2003/Boston, Massachusetts: Little Joe, a gorilla at Franklin Park Zoo, was bitten off by a scaled a 20-foot rock wall and escaped from the enclosure. He was recaptured neighbor’s capuchin 10 minutes later.305 monkey August 8, 2003/Chicago, Illinois: A pet monkey who escaped from her home was chased for much of the day by police and animal control officers before being cornered in a stairwell and captured in a net. An animal control officer was bitten 306 by the monkey during the capture. July 11, 2003/Southborough, Massachusetts: A squirrel monkey escaped from the New England Primate Research Center and was found 17 days later having been struck and killed on a road 10 miles away.307 July 5, 2003/Buckhannon, West Virginia: A pet lemur who had escaped while the owner was out of town was found asleep in a tree and recaptured by police and an animal control officer. The lemur was taken to the animal shelter where it escaped 308 from two separate cages before being moved to a plastic kennel. May 3, 2003/Fountain Hills, Arizona: A pet capuchin monkey broke out of his cage, turned the key on the front door, and took off on a three-day rampage. He was spotted by neighbors in the trees, in garages, and inside several cars.309

April 19, 2003/Green Bay, Wisconsin: A pet capuchin monkey purchased on the Internet escaped when the owner brought him, perched on her shoulder, into a tavern.310

October 6, 2002/Ocala, Florida: The Marion Park was asking for the public’s help in locating a Patas monkey who had escaped from the zoo. The escape was blamed on human error.311

September 10, 2002/Northwest Montana: A pet macaque taken to malls bit at least three people. One incident occurred at a restaurant, a second at a fruit stand, and a third at the owner’s residence. The monkey was quarantined and two victims went for medical treatment.312

September 6, 2002/Hillsboro, Oregon: A female rhesus macaque escaped from the Oregon National Primate Research Center while being transferred between buildings. Police warned area residents not to approach the animal. She was recaptured two days later.313

August 7, 2002/Racine, Minnesota: A volunteer at BEARCAT Hollow animal park was attacked by a spider monkey as she entered the cage. The monkey grabbed her hair and bit her on the finger. The volunteer needed five stitches and rabies shots.314,315

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primate incidents “She had some August 4, 2002/Davenport, Iowa: A monkey with the Texas-based Gerald Eppel’s Monkey Business act performing at the Mississippi Valley Fair went berserk and nightmares last jumped on a woman, hitting her head and biting her as she posed for a photograph. The woman filed a $5,000 lawsuit against the fair and the animal night. She just said 316 exhibitor. the monkey was June 23, 2002/Magnolia, Texas: A pet Java macaque attacked and bit a 9-year-old getting her.” boy and a woman and severely scratched a firefighter, sending all three to the hospital for treatment.317 Aunt commenting on her 6-year-old niece May 13, 2002/Frankfort, Indiana: A lemur jumped on and scratched a keeper’s following an attack by a arm as she retrieved a food dish from the monkey’s cage at a petting zoo at the TPA park. The keeper needed seven stitches in her arm and the monkey was caged baboon in 318 quarantined. Florida April 3, 2002/Honolulu, Hawaii: A Honolulu Zoo employee was attacked by a gibbon as she cleaned the animal’s sleeping area. The woman suffered

cuts and bites to both legs and received 45 stitches.319,320

January 10, 2002/Knox County, Tennessee: A pet Japanese snow macaque escaped from a backyard cage and attacked a neighbor, biting his back and hand. The monkey was later euthanized to test for diseases.321,322

November 23, 2001/, Ohio: A pet capuchin monkey who had been taken to a restaurant attacked, bit, and scratched a patron, inflicting 16 puncture wounds. A subsequent lawsuit seeking more than $25,000 in damages for injuries

and anxiety described the monkey as mischievous, ferocious, and/or vicious.323

September 10, 2001/Danville, New Hampshire: A search party was organized for a monkey after at least ten sightings were reported, including by the fire chief. The monkey, believed to be an escaped or abandoned pet, was seen running across

streets and into bushes and was described as being 8 feet long from his tail to his hands. Experts feared that the monkey would perish if not captured before winter.324

July 27, 2001/Martinsburg, West Virginia: A pet monkey kept in a trailer park,

believed to be a rhesus macaque, escaped and bit two children and a teenager. The bite victims underwent testing for herpes, tuberculosis, HIV, and other conditions.325,326

June 13, 2001/Seattle, Washington: officials euthanized a 20- year-old lion-tailed macaque who tested positive for the herpes B virus.327

June 9, 2001/Omaha, Nebraska: A squirrel monkey roaming freely and mingling with zoo visitors in an exhibit at Henry Doorly Zoo bit a woman’s finger, causing an 328 infection, after she offered the animal a cookie.

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primate incidents “It was worse than May 12, 2001/Lakeland, Florida: Health officials searched in vain for a woman who brought a pet monkey on a leash to a festival after the monkey bit and scratched a war … [The monkey] man on the arm. The man was treated for herpes B for fear that he might have 329 cut the vein, tore contracted the deadly virus. April 22, 2001/Ventura, California: According to a Ventura County ligaments out of my Record, a 2½-year-old male chimpanzee named Mr. P belonging to Sid Yost’s wrists. I’m pumping Amazing Animal Actors was ordered to be quarantined for 30 days after lunging at and biting a 12-year-old boy on the left hand.330 blood all over. … I’m April 19, 2001/Jefferson County, Missouri: Three chimpanzees with Chimparty, a sitting there thinking company owned by Connie and Mike Casey that breeds chimpanzees and supplies primates for parties and TV commercials, escaped from an unlocked cage and ran I’m going to die.” to the front yard of a neighbor two houses away. A teenage boy shot and killed 331 Vietnam veteran who one of the chimpanzees. was attacked by a so- February 6, 2001/Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: A crowd of 250 people cowered for 45 called “helper” monkey minutes inside buildings at the Pittsburgh Zoo & Aquarium after a 150-pound in Virginia female gorilla crossed a moat and scaled a 14-foot wall to escape from an enclosure. The gorilla rummaged through trash cans at the concession stand 332 before zookeepers lured her into a restroom and tranquilized her. January 30, 2001/Las Vegas, Nevada: A 1-year-old female chimpanzee named C.J., belonging to Monica Riddell’s Xotic Stars of Las Vegas, bit a person on the finger 333 during public exhibition. 2001/Tupelo, Mississippi: A capuchin monkey named Oliver escaped and ran amok on the grounds of Tupelo Country Club before being captured and returned 334 to the Tupelo Buffalo Park and Zoo. December 2, 2000/Oklahoma City, Oklahoma: A 5-year-old pet capuchin, who was taken on a shopping trip to Home Depot, attacked and bit a teenage shopper on the leg.335 September 29, 2000/Tulsa, Oklahoma: A 4-year-old girl required hospital treatment after she was bitten or scratched on the cheek by a monkey who had been brought to a motel.336

September 25, 2000/Maryville, Tennessee: A girl was treated at a hospital for a bite wound to her arm inflicted by her stepfather’s pet Japanese snow macaque.337

September 23, 2000/Jarratt, Virginia: Three escaped monkeys threw fruit at

vehicles traveling the interstate. After police arrived at the scene, the monkeys dashed across the interstate and disappeared into the woods.338

August 29, 2000/Washington, D.C.: An orangutan named Junior climbed 40 feet

down a tower at Zoo and wandered approximately 200 feet on zoo grounds for 45 minutes while zoo visitors were ushered away from the area. He was shot with a tranquilizer dart and recaptured.339

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primate incidents “Veterinarians have August 15, 2000/Sprague, West Virginia: A pet chimpanzee escaped from his cage for three hours, biting a teenager on the hand and biting a neighbor who had tried told us it’s not the to restrain the 150-pound animal. The same chimpanzee had escaped in July 1998 and attacked a postal truck, forcing the driver to flee and causing the truck to rabies I’d be worried 340 crash. about. It’s the other August 12, 2000/Jessamine County, Kentucky: A woman who was eight months diseases that these pregnant was hospitalized after one of her two pet rhesus macaques suddenly turned violent while her cage was being cleaned and bit the woman’s nose. The animals may be woman was given an anti-viral medication, which was a hazard to her , in case the monkey tested positive for herpes B. She had been inspired to purchase carrying that I’d be pet monkeys when, as a child, she saw monkeys riding bicycles in a circus.341 worried about.” August 8, 2000/San Angelo, Texas: A capuchin “went crazy” and bit his owner. The Animal control official owner shot the monkey seven or eight times, killing him. The monkey was in Indiana investigating originally acquired as a “helper” monkey. This is the same monkey who bit a 342 an incident where a pet neighbor on January 9, 1998. monkey bit a child August 3, 2000/Southwest Ranches, Florida: A pet spider monkey escaped from his cage and attacked two teenage girls. The girls were treated at the hospital for scratch and bite wounds to their faces, heads, and arms. The monkey was captured the next day. The same monkey had attacked a woman six months earlier.343

August 1, 2000/Dover, Wisconsin: A pet Japanese macaque got loose and attacked two people. The monkey grabbed a neighbor around the waist and inflicted four bite wounds to the leg. Moments later, the monkey bit a postal carrier on the hand and then jumped in the postal truck and tried to attack the carrier again. The

monkey was captured and killed. The owner also had a wolf penned in her backyard.344

July 24, 2000/Dallas, Texas: A chimpanzee was electrocuted after escaping from

her habitat at the Dallas Zoo. She scratched a zookeeper, who required hospital treatment, and climbed a telephone pole. The zookeeper fired at the great ape with a shotgun, and a veterinarian fired a tranquilizer at the animal, causing her to fall. She was electrocuted as she grabbed for a power line.345

July 18, 2000/Jefferson City, Missouri: A 7-year-old boy, riding his bicycle, was attacked by a neighbor’s pet rhesus macaque, who jumped from a tree and bit the boy’s arm. The child was subjected to a two-month ordeal involving doctors, needles, tests, and the fear of contracting the deadly herpes virus. The boy later 346 received a $148,000 settlement from a lawsuit filed by his family. July 2000/Los Angeles, California: Jim, a 13-year-old gorilla, jumped across the 12- foot moat in an exhibit at the Los Angeles Zoo. He started to walk toward a group of schoolchildren and was squirted with water to steer him away from the 347 children.

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primate incidents “Grandma, it hurts! It June 1, 2000/Columbia, Maryland: An escaped 2½-foot-tall spider monkey chased a woman who had just stepped outside her home and bit her on the thigh, then hurts.” ran away.348 2-year-old toddler who May 30, 2000/Pensacola, Florida: An orangutan at The Zoo escaped from an was bitten by a man’s unlocked cage and attacked a zookeeper. The keeper was treated at a hospital for “service” macaque bruises and five bite wounds. The orangutan was lured back to her cage 45 monkey in a New York minutes later with food.349 grocery store May 2000/Tulsa, Oklahoma: A monkey bit a boy in a pet store.350

April 9, 2000/Franklin, Tennessee: A chimpanzee named Angel, brought by Sid

Yost (also known as Ranger Rick Kelly) to Blockbuster Video for photo ops and to

promote a Critter Gitter movie, fiercely bit a 9-year-old girl on the hand after posing for a photograph. The girl’s hand swelled and required stitches. Yost left the state before the chimpanzee could be quarantined and was issued a citation for violating Tennessee’s exotic . Yost failed to show up in court and never paid the fine. The girl’s parents filed a $50,000 lawsuit against Yost, Critter Gitters, and Blockbuster, claiming that the defendants should have been aware of the danger inherent in subjecting Angel to a crowded area with so many children.

None of the parties named in the lawsuit offered to pay for medical expenses.351,352

April 2000/Hueytown, Alabama: A man required medical attention after he was bitten on both hands by a rhesus macaque.353

February 13, 2000/Lansing, Illinois: A pet Java macaque attacked his owner, inflicting 6-inch-deep bites and cuts on her head, arms, and legs and causing her to lose 1½ pints of blood. She underwent three hours of surgery and 12 weeks of

physical therapy. The monkey was killed for rabies tests.354

January 14, 2000/Palm Harbor, Florida: A pet spider monkey escaped from a backyard cage and attacked a dog who was being walked by a neighbor. The dog went into shock and suffered serious artery and tendon damage.355

2000/Jackson County, Missouri: Mark Archigo’s adult pet chimpanzee, Sueko, 356 injured a teenage girl by lifting her by the ankles and tossing her to the ground. December 28, 1999/Des Moines, Iowa: A rhesus macaque found wandering the streets on November 23, 1999, bit an animal control officer.357 December 15, 1999/ Bernardo, California: An escaped 3-foot-tall spider monkey led police on a two-hour chase, frightened residents, and bit a police officer.358

November 1999/Euless, Texas: A pet capuchin monkey attacked and bit an elderly woman.359

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primate incidents “Some animals, such October 4, 1999/Evansville, Indiana: A child was bitten on his finger by a macaque at Mesker Park Zoo. Two of the zoo’s six macaque monkeys selected at random as certain nonhuman tested positive for the herpes B virus.360 primates including September 1, 1999/West Covina, California: A pet chimpanzee bit off the fingertip of a woman visiting the owner’s home. This is the same chimpanzee who attacked certain monkeys, four people on August 19, 1998.361 pose a direct threat; August 3, 1999/Bellevue, Nebraska: A police officer was sent to the hospital after 362 their behavior can be a macaque with a history of biting people bit him on the leg. July 31, 1999/Kissimmee, Florida: A pet capuchin escaped and attacked a boy, unpredictably scratching his leg. The monkey bit one police officer on the leg and pulled the hair aggressive and of another before he was recaptured.363 violent without notice June 20, 1999/Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: An orangutan at the escaped from the exhibit he was in and ran loose in the zoo for 25 minutes before or provocation.” he was tranquilized by a veterinarian.364 Department of Justice May 11, 1999/Idaho Falls, Idaho: A woman went to the hospital after a caged pet explaining its decision monkey bit her.365

to not recognize non- April 15, 1999/Punta Gorda Isles, Florida: A police officer used a 12-gauge shotgun human primates as a to shoot and kill a 2-foot-tall rhesus macaque. The monkey had been running loose “service animal” under and acting aggressively toward residents of a mobile home park for a month.366 the Americans with April 1, 1999/Glen Burnie, Maryland: A 2-year-old Bonnet macaque bit a woman Disabilities Act on the lip at a tavern, touching off a brawl in which two other people were bitten. Animal control had instances on file in which seven other people had been bitten or scratched by the 9-pound pet monkey. The owners ignored animal control orders not to take the monkey out in public. One of the injured parties filed a 367,368 $25,000 lawsuit. February 27, 1999/Salt Lake City, Utah: Chip, Happy, and Tammy, chimpanzees at Hogle Zoo, escaped from a cage and attacked two zoo staff members. One employee, who was in serious condition, was hospitalized for nearly four weeks after one finger, part of a second finger, and part of his nose were bitten off. His left ear was also partially severed, and he suffered severe lacerations on his face,

head, arms, and chest. A second employee was treated for cuts and scrapes. Chip and Happy were shot with shotguns by zoo employees and later euthanized. The USDA issued an official warning against the zoo for failure to securely contain primates. The zoo later settled a lawsuit brought by the seriously injured 369 employee. January 13, 1999/Hillsborough, Florida: A pet capuchin attacked her owner, biting her 50 times on the hands and legs.370

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primate incidents “She was told to lie December 7, 1998/Kansas City, Missouri: A male orangutan named Joe used a tire to climb over the wall of an outdoor pen and escape from an exhibit at the Kansas and say it was a bike City Zoo. Zoo visitors noticed him after he made his way to the sheep barn. He was 371 accident.” tranquilized and recaptured. The aunt of an 11-year- November 28, 1998/Dallas, Texas: A 340-pound gorilla named Hercules escaped old Michigan girl from an open cage at the Dallas Zoo and attacked a zookeeper, dragging her down a hallway and biting her on her arm and side. Hercules was shot with a tranquilizer whose treatment for dart, and the zookeeper was hospitalized. The USDA fined the zoo $25,000 for bite wounds inflicted alleged violations of the federal Act.372,373 by her grandparents’ November 1998/Euless, Texas: A spider monkey bit a student at an elementary pet rhesus macaque school.374 was delayed because she was instructed to October 4, 1998/Slidell, Louisiana: An escaped pet vervet ran wild in a house, lie to health officials knocking over a lamp and attacking two women, biting one on the arm and slashing the legs of another with teeth and . A police officer who responded about the cause of her to the frantic 911 call was also attacked. The monkey threw a picture frame at him, injuries then jumped on him and bit him. Both women needed stitches. The monkey was killed.375

August 19, 1998/West Covina, California: A pet chimpanzee escaped from his cage and went berserk, biting four people and denting a police car with his fists during a three-hour rampage. One officer required three surgeries on his hand at a cost of $250,000.376

July 6, 1998/Sprague, West Virginia: A pet chimpanzee escaped from his enclosure and attacked a postal truck, forcing the driver to flee and causing the truck to crash. The chimp followed the postal worker out of the truck and the two grappled until the chimp’s owner intervened.377

May 1998/Wichita, Kansas: A macaque monkey from Safari Zoological Park bit a teen-age girl at a store’s promotional event.378,379

April 13, 1998/Atlanta, Georgia: The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and

Prevention found that four lab workers who handled monkeys had become infected with monkey .380

January 28, 1998/Los Angeles, California: An employee was bitten by an

orangutan at the Los Angeles Zoo. As the keeper stooped down to speak to the animal, she held onto the chain-link fence between them. The orangutan grabbed her finger and bit the tip, which subsequently required amputation.381

January 9, 1998/San Angelo, Texas: A pet capuchin bit a 19-year-old neighbor 382 man, who underwent rabies shots.

January 5, 1998/Madison, Wisconsin: Henry Vilas Zoo announced that its 150 macaques had been exposed to herpes B. One-third of them were infectious

carriers and were considered to pose a public health risk.383

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primate incidents “The thought of December 28, 1997/Charlotte County, Florida: A 6-year-old visiting Octagon Exotics was attacked by a caged baboon, who pulled out chunks of her hair and having a monkey attempted to bite her.384 sitting in somebody’s December 10, 1997/Atlanta, Georgia: A Yerkes primate researcher died of herpes 385 lap or renting a B after she was splashed in the eye with bodily fluids from a rhesus macaque. October 6, 1997/South Barrington, Illinois: A baboon at a petting zoo bit a 4-year- chimpanzee, which old girl.386 has the potential to August 15, 1997/Elburn, Illinois: A baboon with a traveling zoo scratched a 15- 387 literally kill you, is year-old girl’s leg during a parade. August 6, 1997/Hartford, Connecticut: A pet Java macaque escaped while being not a reasonable taken for a walk and attacked a neighbor. The monkey jumped on her head, 388 thing to do.” grabbed her hair and bit her arm, taking out a small bit of flesh. Environmental July 12, 1997/Glen Burnie, Maryland: A 6-year-old girl who had been bitten in the supervisor for the face by a pet bonnet macaque while at a carnival was treated at a nearby hospital for her wound and received six shots to her face, arms, and legs.389 Jefferson County, Missouri, health July 7, 1997/Bridgton, Maine: State game wardens seized a pet squirrel monkey department after a child after the animal bit and scratched a woman standing in a supermarket checkout 390 and a woman were line. attacked by primates in June 29, 1997/Bourbonnais, Illinois: A vervet monkey with a traveling zoo bit a 3- 391 two separate incidents year-old girl in the face at a festival. May 27, 1997/Little Rock, Arkansas: A 375-pound gorilla named Rocky and a 180- pound gorilla named Tammy escaped from a cage and entered a zoo keepers’ work area at the .392 April 24, 1997/Rockwell, North Carolina: A chimpanzee named Sydney pried back a steel bar on his cage and escaped from the Charlotte Metro Zoo, scaring neighbors as he roamed free for a week. Animal control officers spent 115 hours searching for the great ape. Sydney was finally captured in a neighbor’s yard and taken back to the zoo, but as he was being returned to his cage, he broke free and bit a television news camera operator twice on the arm. The bite went through the

man’s wrist to the bone, severing tendons and damaging nerves; the photographer was permanently injured and suffered excruciating pain for a year.393

March 1997/Houston, Texas: An 8-year-old capuchin turned on his owner and nearly killed her, severing her thumb and part of her index finger and slicing her 394 legs.

September 28, 1996/Los Angeles, California: Actor Elizabeth Hurley reeled back in shock when she was bitten on the ear by a chimpanzee while appearing on Jay

Leno’s Tonight Show.395

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primate incidents “The complainant September 22, 1996/Palm Beach, Florida: A pigtailed macaque who tested positive for herpes B bit a 4-year-old girl on the shoulder while he was being taken advised two (2) for a walk. The pet monkey had been kissed and held by hundreds of people. 396 unknown monkeys Authorities confiscated the animal. June 5, 1996/Manorville, New York: While 500 children were visiting the Long jumped out of a near Island Game Farm, a 140-pound chimpanzee named Barney opened an unlocked by tree and began cage, climbed a fence, and ran amok. Barney bit the owner on the head and arm, severing a vein in his arm, and threw him in the air. When Barney grabbed a child’s attacking his leg, a zoo worker hit him on the head with a wooden fence post. Barney then jumped on the back of an assistant teacher and scratched and hit another woman daughter.” as they were huddled together trying to protect a group of children. As children North Miami Beach, were screaming, falling down, and running for safety towards the parking lot, a Florida, police report park employee shot Barney in the chest three times, killing him. One 5-year-old girl describing two lemurs was so paralyzed with fright, “she had to have her hands removed from the netting 397,398,399 who attacked a 2-year- [on a jungle gym], finger by finger.” old girl May 18, 1996/Staten Island, New York: Four heavily armed emergency service police officers chased a capuchin monkey through a residential neighborhood for 45 minutes. The monkey escaped, fleeing into woods near the Staten Island mall.400

April 15, 1996/Alice, Texas: Two monkeys imported into a research facility from the Philippines were infected with the deadly virus. One monkey died and 401 the other was killed. March 22, 1996/Gainesville, Florida: Residents were warned not to catch, feed, or touch a rhesus macaque who had been exposed to the herpes B virus. The 402 macaque had escaped from a research farm. February 28, 1996/Metairie, Louisiana: A pet vervet was impounded after biting an animal control officer during a home inspection. The monkey had earlier 403 scratched the owner’s 2-year-old son. February 12, 1996/Tulsa, Oklahoma: Six chimpanzees at the Tulsa Zoo escaped from their enclosure by scaling a wall, forcing an evacuation of the zoo that lasted 404 five hours. February 1996/Bridgton, Maine: The same squirrel monkey who attacked a woman on July 7, 1997, in a supermarket bit a child during a school demonstration.405 1996/Stamford, Connecticut: Sandra Herold’s pet chimpanzee named Travis bit a woman and tried to pull her into a car. The woman had to get rabies shots.406

November 14, 1995/Acadiana, Louisiana: A zoo worker at the Zoo of Acadiana was viciously attacked and bitten on the leg by a monkey who escaped during a medical exam. The employee was off work for several days with an infected leg.407

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primate incidents “From a public September 8, 1995/Royal Oak, Michigan: The owner of a 3-year-old spider monkey received 17 stitches in his lower lip after the monkey attacked him.408 health standpoint, July 16, 1995/Los Angeles, California: A Los Angeles Zoo volunteer was placing these wild animals popcorn in the monkey exhibit when a monkey mauled her. She sustained lacerations, puncture wounds, and deep cuts, leaving her disfigured and never make good permanently disabled. A lawsuit was filed against the zoo.409 pets.” July 1995/Hauppauge, New York: Two pet rhesus macaques escaped from a home Louisiana State Public and one of the monkeys bit an animal control officer on the arm.410 Health Veterinarian June 21, 1995/Birmingham, Alabama: A female jogger was attacked by a after a 3-year-old girl neighbor’s pet monkey who had escaped. The monkey jumped on her back, was bitten by a pet scratched her neck, then “chewed up her legs pretty bad” as she attempted to run 411 macaque away. The woman received 23 stitches to her legs and hand. June 3, 1995/Hollidaysburg, Pennsylvania: An escaped pet capuchin monkey grabbed a and cigarette lighter, holding police at bay for nearly two hours. The monkey ran through the house and bit two women. Animal control 412 caught the monkey with a snare. The monkey later died in a cage. April 10, 1995/Asheboro, North Carolina: Tammy, a chimpanzee at the North Carolina Zoological Park, escaped from an enclosure that was surrounded by moats and a 12-foot concrete wall. Tammy chased a zoo employee into a restroom and hundreds of zoo visitors were evacuated as the chimpanzee walked around for 20 minutes before being coaxed back to the enclosure.413

January 7, 1995/Baton Rouge, Louisiana: A chimpanzee named Reggie escaped by pulling a wire on a cage at the Baton Rouge Zoo. Reggie was being transferred to another exhibit after he had been attacked and injured by another chimp. He was tranquilized and recaptured.414

January 1995/Kansas City, Missouri: A pet chimpanzee bit a 7-year-old girl, causing her to have to undergo rabies treatment. Authorities had received numerous complaints that the chimpanzee ran loose and had attacked several


November 30, 1994/Boca Raton, Florida: A 5-inch pet marmoset, smuggled into a 416 restaurant in a bag, escaped and bit a diner on the ear. November 11, 1994/San Francisco, California: Five patas monkeys used a fallen tree to escape from an enclosure at the . One of the monkeys escaped over an exterior zoo fence, prompting zoo officials to alert area residents 417 to be on the watch for the monkey.

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primate incidents

Fall of 1994/Festus, Missouri: A chimpanzee escaped from Mike and Connie WELFARE CONCERNS Casey’s chimpanzee breeding compound and attacked a dog before entering a home in which four adults and three children were sitting on a couch looking at November 17, 2012/Boise, Idaho: photos. The chimpanzee grabbed a 2-year-old girl by her ponytail and dragged her A drunken man broke into Zoo across the floor. A man who attempted to retrieve the girl from the chimpanzee Boise and violently beat to death a resorted to beating the animal on the head with a skillet. The man and the girl Patas monkey. The 22-year-old 418 were both scratched and bruised and treated at the hospital. man pleaded guilty and was sentenced to seven years in prison August 20, 1994/Tulane, Louisiana: Residents began calling authorities after for grand theft and six months for spotting monkeys near their homes. The monkeys were among 28 pigtailed animal cruelty. macaques who had escaped from the Delta Regional Primate Research Center.419

August 9, 1994/Surprise, Arizona: A 4-year-old boy developed an eye infection after being bitten and scratched by two macaques. The boy’s mother had obtained the monkeys as pets three weeks earlier.420

August 1, 1994/New Smyrna Beach, Florida: Five Japanese macaques donated to Ashby Acres Wildlife Park by the Pittsburgh Zoo were infected with Herpes B. One of the monkeys had earlier escaped from the zoo and was loose for six months

while eluding authorities in Pennsylvania, West Virginia, and Ohio. He was 421 recaptured 60 miles west of Pittsburgh.

July 29, 1994/Knoxville, Tennessee: A pet spider monkey escaped in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Park visitors were warned that the animal might


June 30, 1994/Phoenix, Arizona: A pet Java macaque escaped from his backyard cage and ran throughout a residential neighborhood for 17 hours before he was


May 13, 1994/St. Paul, Minnesota: Casey, a 400-pound gorilla, scaled a 15-foot concrete wall and wandered around the for 45 minutes while a group of kindergarten students were ushered to safety. Casey was shot with a tranquilizer

and returned to the enclosure.424

February 1994/Kansas City, Missouri: A pet chimpanzee jumped on a man and bit 425 him, causing injuries that needed medical treatment. July 11, 1993/Rolling Meadows, Illinois: A leashed guenon grabbed an 11-year-old girl’s leg and inflicted three bite wounds that required stitches. Animal control had tried unsuccessfully to confiscate the monkey years earlier after police alleged that the animal had bitten several people.426

July 9, 1993/Niagara, New York: A man was taken by ambulance to a nearby hospital, where he received stitches to close bite wounds from his pet patas 427 monkey.

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primate incidents “The thing that really June 18, 1993/San Diego, California: An orangutan named Indah climbed a wall in an enclosure and entered a viewing deck containing about 30 zoo visitors at the got me was the lady . Indah was tranquilized and recaptured 30 minutes later.428 just tried to leave.” May 17, 1993/Seattle, Washington: A 300-pound orangutan named Towan Mother of an Illinois escaped from an enclosure at the Woodland Park Zoo and into a holding area. He 429 boy describing the was recaptured nearly two hours later, after being shot with a tranquilizer dart. irresponsible actions of January 21, 1993/Los Angeles, California: Three chimpanzees named , the owner of a macaque , and Gracie escaped from an enclosure at the Los Angeles Zoo by scaling a monkey who had just moat using a rope that had been tossed into the enclosure by a visitor. Frightened zoo visitors fled to safety. Two of the chimpanzees were coaxed back into their attacked her child at a cage within 45 minutes, and the third was tranquilized and recaptured after dog park wandering through much of the zoo..430

October 12, 1992/Dripping Springs, Texas: A 180-pound chimpanzee bent the bars of his cage and escaped from Sunrise Exotic Ranch, a chimpanzee-breeding facility.

The animal bit a 15-year-old boy and threw a 77-year-old woman to the ground. Sheriff’s deputies and an animal control officer returned the chimpanzee to the ranch. The boy was treated for a bite to the hand at a minor emergency clinic, and the elderly woman suffered facial injuries.431

September 28, 1992/Miami, Florida: A 400-pound gorilla named Jimmy at the Miami Metrozoo unlatched a lock on a cage, entered a holding area, and harassed and bit a keeper, who required hospital treatment.432

September 28, 1992/Bronx, New York: Kongo, a 500-pound gorilla at the , escaped while he was being transferred from one cage to another. He bit one keeper on the thigh and a second on the shoulder. Both keepers required hospitalization treatment. The gorilla was tranquilized and dragged back into the 433 cage. August 24, 1992/Inman, South Carolina: A 78-year-old woman hanging sheets on a clothesline in her backyard was attacked twice by one of three chimpanzees who had escaped from Hollywild Animal Park. The woman was repeatedly knocked to the ground and rolled around by the 100-pound chimp. She was treated for minor 434 injuries at a medical center. July 15, 1992/New York, New York: A leashed monkey slapped and scratched a subway clerk on the head when a man attempted to bring him into the subway 435 station. July 6, 1992/Miami, Florida: Police warned area residents of rogue rhesus and Java macaques who had bitten a toddler, attacked a police officer, and terrorized a 436 suburban parking lot. One monkey was shot and killed. June 22, 1992/San Diego, California: Memba, a 400-pound gorilla, escaped from an enclosure at the San Diego Zoo through a door and security gate that had been 437 left open and roamed free for two and a half hours before he was tranquilized.

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primate incidents

May 8, 1992/Norcross, Georgia: A 2-year-old squirrel monkey kept in a cage at a pet shop bit a teenager.438

March 23, 1992/Los Angeles, California: For the second time in three days, chimpanzees Pandora, Tota, Judeo, Gerrard used a tree limb to escape from an enclosure at the Los Angeles Zoo. A fifth chimpanzee, named Bonnie, also escaped. The chimps were recaptured within an hour.439

March 21, 1992/Los Angeles, California: Chimpanzees Pandora, Tota, Judeo, and WELFARE CONCERNS Gerrard used a tree limb to escape from an enclosure at the Los Angeles Zoo. The zoo was closed for an hour while the chimps were recaptured.440 December 16, 1995/Shueyville, Iowa: Authorities seized 50 February 1, 1992/Fashion Island, California: A man’s pet monkey bit a woman. malnourished and dehydrated The man was accused of trying to sell and lion cubs from the back of a 441 monkeys, including squirrel convertible. monkeys, monkeys, and capuchins, from Sue Kriz. The 1992/Festus, Missouri: Mike Casey of Chimparty was attacked by an adult severely neglected monkeys were chimpanzee when he entered a cage at his chimpanzee breeding compound. The living in filthy conditions. The chimpanzee grabbed the back of Casey’s head, hit him twice on the shoulders, and monkeys were cared for at the bit off a good portion of his nose. Casey was treated at a hospital, where his nose University of Iowa Animal Care had to be reconstructed by grafting part of his forehead onto it.442 Unit and some required treatment for salmonella and December 29, 1991/Baton Rouge, Louisiana: An 80-pound chimpanzee named . Three died shortly after Candi escaped from a local amusement park for an hour, disrupted traffic, and they were seized. The university injured two people. She was shot with a tranquilizer gun.443 had spent $27,479 caring for the monkeys until they could October 24, 1991/Seattle, Washington: Three frightened Woodland Park Zoo relocated to sanctuaries and . volunteers were trapped for 40 minutes in an exhibit with a 300-pound male The U.S. Department of orangutan named Towan after he, three female , and a baby orangutan Agriculture issued a license to Kriz escaped from a pen. The volunteers were able to escape by using a catwalk, and fifteen months after her monkeys the five orangutans climbed onto the roof of the exhibit, where they stayed for were seized. two hours before being tranquilized and recaptured. Zoo visitors, including 55 children from a local elementary school, were evacuated.444

July 25, 1991/Jefferson, Arkansas: An animal handler filed a $100 million claim against the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services because he allegedly contracted a deadly virus when he was scratched by a macaque while working at the National Center for Toxicological Research.445

June 26, 1991/Tampa, Florida: Nearly 100 visitors were evacuated from the Lowry Park Zoo after Rudy, an 80-pound orangutan, scaled the wall of an exhibit, crossed a sidewalk, and climbed to a nearby rooftop during an escape that lasted 10 minutes. Zookeepers coaxed her from the roof.446

June 10, 1991/Little Rock, Arkansas: At the Little Rock Zoo, two chimpanzees named Kim and Jodie escaped from a cage through an unlocked door. About 800 zoo visitors were evacuated from the premises for 1½ hours.447

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primate incidents

April 23, 1991/Oklahoma City, Oklahoma: A pet monkey was killed for rabies testing after biting a 5-year-old child.448

October 23, 1990/St. Petersburg, Florida: An escaped pet capuchin ran into a neighbor’s home, grabbed food in the kitchen, darted outside, and bit a woman as she grabbed him.449

July 7, 1990/Southeast Portland, Oregon: Two leashed and collared chimpanzees went out of control during a Circus Gatti performance. They dragged the trainer into the stands and pulled a child from her seat and onto the arena floor, then mauled her.450

June 6, 1990/Kansas City, Missouri: A 127-pound orangutan named Cheyenne unscrewed four bolts to escape from a cage at the Kansas City Zoo. Visitors screamed and mothers with children in strollers rushed to exit the building. Cheyenne was tranquilized and taken back to the cage 20 minutes later.451

June 1990/Detroit, Michigan: A chimpanzee escaped from an exhibit at the Detroit Zoo. Zoo visitors were evacuated for an hour while staff members recaptured her.452

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34 Richard Winton, “Illegal monkey living on Frosted Flakes bites woman,” Los Angeles Times, September 8, 2012. 35 AnnMarie Cornejo, “Illegal pet monkey attacks woman in Paso Robles,” The Tribune & SanLuisObispo.com, September 7, 2012. 36 Roberts, “Illegal pet monkey quarantined after biting Calif. Woman,” New York Daily News, September 10, 2012. 37 Alexandra Seltzer, “Martin County man forced to have his pet monkey killed after it attacks,” Palm Beach Post, August 23, 2012. 38 Joyce Lupiani, “Escape artist chimp stuck in Nevada,” KTNV, August 17, 2012. 39 Sergio Avila, “C.J. the chimp leaves for Oregon sanctuary,” KSNV, August 14, 2012. 40 “Chimpanzee is captured after nearly hour-long chase,” KSNV, August 11, 2012. 41 Marco Villarreal, “Chimpanzee’s owner suspects foul play in second escape,” KTNV, August 11, 2012. 42 Michelle Rindels and Paul Foy, “180-pound chimp escapes Las Vegas backyard — again,” Associated Press, August 12, 2012. 43 Alexandra Seltzer, “Martin County man forced to have his pet monkey killed after it attacks,” Palm Beach Post, August 23, 2012. 44 Mike Blasky and Kyle Potter, “Slaying of chimpanzee by Las Vegas police a ‘tragic lesson’,” Las Vegas Review-Journal, July 14, 2012. 45 Kyle Potter, “Las Vegas police kill escaped chimp, capture second,” Las Vegas Review-Journal, July 13, 2012. 46 Marco Villarreal, “Chimp caretaker opens up about animals’ escape,” KTNV, July 12, 2012. 47 Bertrand M. Gutierrez, “Officers track escaped monkey in treetops near Clemmons,” Winston-Salem Journal, July 3, 2012. 48 Scott Gustin, “Wake Forest monkey captured thanks to girl and her dog,” WGHP Television FOX8, July 10, 2012. 49 Chris Paschenko, “Monkey bites woman at Moody Gardens,” Daily News, June 20, 2012. 50 Tom Lawrence, “‘Sure enough ... there was a monkey’ on the loose in Chamberlain,” Daily Republic, June 16, 2012. 51 Neal Morton, “Monkey captured in Mission orchards,” The Monitor, May 16, 2012. 52 “Mission monkey was likely headed to Mexico,” KGBT4TV, May 15, 2012. 53 U.S. Department of Agriculture, Inspection Report, June 26, 2012. 54 “Beleaguered zoo owner lashes out at critics,” The Inquirer, August 3, 2012. 55 “DHS investigates monkey scratch at day care,” KCCI, May 11, 2012. 56 “Monkey that bit 3 will be euthanized,” WLOS, May 7, 2012. 57 Sabian Warren, “Roving Asheville monkey leads to drug charges against owner,” Citizen-Times, May 8, 2012. 58 Casey Vaughn, Aaron Barker, Adrian Acosta, “Monkey euthanized after biting 3 people,” WECT, May 7, 2012. 59 Matt Barbour, “McKamey Officer: ‘We have the monkey in a trap’,” WRCB, May 4, 2012. 60 Gary Taylor, “Monkeys on the loose in Seminole County,” Orlando Sentinel, May 2, 2012. 61 Gary Taylor, “Monkeys on the loose in Seminole County,” Orlando Sentinel, May 2, 2012. 62 John Peaspanen, “Pet monkey in Pender euthanized after biting neighbor,” Star News, May 11, 2012. 63 Gary Taylor, “Monkeys on the loose in Seminole County,” Orlando Sentinel, May 2, 2012. 64 Cindy Swirko, “Patas monkey moves into Duval neighborhood,” , April 19, 2012. 65 Marissa Lang, “Pasco County deputies search for escaped monkey,” Tampa Bay Times, April 5, 2012. 66 Shannon Beck, “Monkey bite is reported,” The Rolla Daily News, April 10, 2012. 67 Neale Gulley, “400-pound gorilla escapes, bites zookeeper at Buffalo Zoo,” Reuters, March 19, 2012. 68 Toni Whitt, “Mystery Monkey Caught on Video in Business Park,” Bradenton Patch, March 20, 2012. 69 Denise Allabaugh and Bob Kalinowski, “Monkeying around lands Ashley man in jail,” Citizens’ Voice, March 20, 2012. 70 “Pet Monkey Bites Niles Pet Store Clerk,” WKBN, March 5, 2012. 71 Raymond L. Smith, “Warren official may testify at animal hearing,” Tribune Chronicle, March 9, 2012. 72 Matt Campbell, “Keepers left doors unlocked before gorillas escaped at zoo,” Kansas City Star, February 21, 2012. 73 Arelis R. Hernández and Jeff Weiner, “Monkey captured in Seminole County neighborhood,” Orlando Sentinel, February 7, 2012. 74 U.S. Department of Agriculture, Inspection Report, Wild Wilderness, 71-C-0151, January 23, 2012. 75 Pet Monkey Loose, Missing In Southern Pines, NC,” WFMY, January 4, 2012. 76 Tom Embrey, “‘Happy ending’: Escaped monkey back home,” The Pilot, January 11, 2012. 77 “Monkey on the Loose in Flagler County: Two more Sightings,” First Coast News, November 22, 2011. 78 Elvira Sakmari, “Spider monkey captured after brief escape,” NBC News, November 7, 2011. 79 U.S. Department of Agriculture, Inspection Report, Dallas Zoo, 74-C-0859, November 2, 2011. 80 Alice Wolke, “Chimp incident closes zoo exhibit,” KDFW, October 25, 2011. 81 U.S. Department of Agriculture, Inspection Report, Dallas Zoo, 74-C-0859, November 2, 2011. 82 “Outbreak fears as monkey remains on the loose in Ohio after animal park owner dies,” Herald Sun, October 20, 2011. 83 “Officials try to contain exotic animals after property owner found dead,” Zanesville , October 19, 2011. 84 Zeke MacCormack, “Rules questioned after monkey’s escape,” Express-News, October 22, 2011. 85 Katrina Webber, “Missing monkey becomes talk of Medina Lake Town,” KSAT, October 17, 2011. 86 Lyda Longa, “Escaped pet monkey captured, but managed to nip Holly Hill cop,” Daytona News-Journal, October 8, 2011. 87 Steve White, “UPDATE: Escaped Monkey Found near Doniphan,” Nebraska.TV, September 29, 2011. 88 Fallan Patterson, “St. Cloud monkey’s death due to internal injuries from fall,” AroundOsceola.com, January 13, 2012. 89 Cindy Horswell, “Monkey on the loose killed after biting game warden,” Houston Chronicle, September 14, 2011.. 90 “Monkey injures girl in store parking lot in Springfield,” KY3 News, August 16, 2011. 91 Kim Carollo, “Couple’s Pet Monkey Bites Missouri Girl,” ABC News, August 19, 2011. 92 Lori Mitchell, “Woman viciously attacked by monkey speaks out,” WKRN-TV, August 8, 2011. 93 Heather Graf, “Escaped monkey shot, killed after injuring woman, deputy,” News Channel 5, August 4, 2012. 94 Joni Astrup, “Monkey bites girl at campground,” Star News, July 8, 2011.

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95 “Captured baboon belongs to Great Adventure safari, park officials say,” Star-Ledger, July 2, 2011. 96 “Escaped baboon, spotted in Jackson and Freehold, remains missing,” Star-Ledger, July 1, 2011. 97 “Fremont woman fined for pet monkey’s escape,” The News-Messenger, June 23, 2011. 98 Henrich, “Monkey attack prompts calls for wild animal pet ban,” ToledoOnTheMove.com, June 10, 2011. 99 Victoria Swoboda, “Kansas City Zoo patrons forced inside after monkey escapes from its holding area,” KSHB, May 31, 2011. 100 “Monkey Escapes Enclosure At Kansas City Zoo,” KAKE, May 31, 2011. 101 L. Neuhaus, “Tourist claims lemur bit her on cheek,” KeyNews.com, June 16, 2011. 102 Lori Crouch, “Pet monkey attacks owner in bed,” WAVY, May 9, 2011. 103 “Update on monkey who attacked his owner,” WTKR, May 11, 2011. 104 Jeff Rivenbark, “Search underway after pet monkey escapes from owner,” WBTV, March 30, 2011. 105 Richard Todd, “Monkey no longer wandering Clermont County,” FOX 19, March 24, 2011. 106 Hayes Hickman, “4-pound monkey coaxed from tree in West Knoxville,” knoxnews.com, March 16, 2011. 107 Alex Cabrero, “Monkeys break free at Hogle Zoo,” KSL, March 11, 2011. 108 Austin L. Miller, “Tragic end for family’s pet ‘escape artist’,” Ocala.com, March 9, 2011. 109 Jim Whitfield, “Macaque monkey bites 10-year-old,” KHQA, March 14, 2011. 110 “Monkey Attacks Woman While Owner Out of Town,” MyFox8, January 31, 2011. 111 Bloom, “Monkey Euthanized After Attacking Pet-Sitter,” WSET-TV, February 1, 2011. 112 Philip Caulfield, “Chimps bite zookeeper’s fingers off in vicious ape house attack,” New York Daily News, January 16, 2011. 113 U.S. Department of Agriculture, Inspection Report, License #58-C-0883, July 27, 2011. 114 Michael D. Bates, “County tallied 503 animal bites in 2011,” Hernando Today, February 16, 2012. 115 Carolyn Ten Broeck, “Hey, hey it’s a monkey,” Williston Pioneer Sun News, December 31, 2010. 116 “Monkey captured after biting man’s ear: Banana wasn’t enough to get him off rooftop,” WAVY-TV, December 22, 2010. 117 Jeff , “‘Monkey Man’ nabbed, charged over meth lab,” , December 21, 2010. 118 “Mauston woman cited for having a monkey in the city,” WRJC, November 30, 2010. 119 “Pet monkey escapes, bites Oneida Castle woman,” WSYR-TV, November 11, 2010. 120 Rynski, “Wildlife belongs in the wild: Arizona monkey bites owner, reinforces primates make bad pets,” , November 22, 2010. 121 Christine Vendel, “Escaped chimpanzee causes a ruckus,” Kansas City Star, October 20, 2010. 122 Eva Ruth Moravec, “9 days of monkey business over: W.C. Fields recaptured,” San Antonio Express-News, September 16, 2010. 123 Joe Conger, “Monkey on loose traps San Antonio woman in her garage,” KENS 5, September 13, 2010. 124 “Escaped spider monkey roaming San Antonio,” NBC News, September 14, 2010. 125 “Report of monkey bite at Greenwich Zoo investigated,” The Post-Star, August 10, 2010. 126 “Pet monkey’s attack was fluke, owner says; Animal experts raise concerns about keeping primates as pets,” Hamilton County Star, July 23, 2010. 127 “Angry pet monkey terrorizes family,” WOAI-TV, July 23, 2010. 128 Hanover County Animal Control, Incident Report, July 24, 2010. 129 Melody Kinser, “Chimps get brief taste of freedom,” The Mechanicsville Local, July 28, 2010. 130 Thomas Zambito, “Queens woman mauled by hotel owner’s pet monkey lodges suit,” New York Daily News, August 31, 2010. 131 Beccy Tanner, “Sedgwick County Zoo chimps enjoy a night outside their exhibit,” Wichita Eagle, July 18, 2010. 132 Pat Galbincea, “Animal carcasses spill out after truck driver loses control,” Cleveland Plain Dealer, July 13, 2010. 133 “Truck driver cited in mishap,” Cleveland Plain Dealer, July 15, 2010. 134 U.S. Department of Agriculture, Inspection Report, Plumpton Park Zoo, 51-C-0021, July 27, 2010. 135 Christopher Collette, “Man cited for escaped lemurs in Clearwater,” WTSP, April 29, 2010. 136 Lauren King, “Service monkey bites Chesapeake man again,” Virginian-Pilot, March 30, 2010. 137 “Chesapeake veteran says attack by his service monkey was worse than combat,” WTKR-TV3, March 24, 2010. 138 “Elusive Fla. Monkey Dodges Captors, Defies Darts,” Associated Press, March 4, 2010. 139 “Three-year-old girl bitten by snow monkey in Carencro,” Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries Press Release, February 11, 2010. 140 “Chimp attacks volunteer at Florida sanctuary,” Orlando Sentinel (AP), February 12, 2010. 141 Stephen Thompson, “Woman recounts chimp attack,” Tampa Tribune, February 16, 2010. 142 Lorri Helfand, “Stalling alleged in chimp attack,” St. Petersburg Times, February, 15, 2010. 143 Lorri Helfand, “Palm Harbor chimp attack victim harbors no hard feelings, “ St. Petersburg Times, February, 16, 2010. 144 U.S. Department of Agriculture, Inspection Report, License #55-C-0001, September 27, 2010. 145 Mary Reeves, “Curious monkey visits Shelbyville square,” Times-Gazette, November 29, 2009. 146 Stan Maddux, “Pet monkey attacks baby at LaPorte home, Zoo official says they’re cute, but too wild to tame,” , November 24, 2009. 147 Keith Morelli, “It WAS a monkey and it’s still missing after Tampa sighting,” Tampa Tribune, November 12, 2009. 148 Ryan Dezember, “Whereabouts of primate spotted on Fort Morgan peninsula unknown,” Press-Register, November 10, 2009. 149 U.S. Department of Agriculture, Inspection Report, License #57-C-0221, October 5, 2009. 150 Rick Myers, “Zoo reopens after Sunday monkey escape, attack,” Star Herald, September 8, 2009. 151 “Chimps evacuating from LA fire tried to escape,” Associated Press, September 1, 2009. 152 “Missing Irvine Park Zoo monkey captured alive,” Leader-Telegram, September 4, 2009. 153 Christopher Curry, “State wildlife officials seek runaway monkey,” Gainesville Sun, September 3, 2009. 154 Voyles, “Report but don’t approach Williston’s speedy Patas monkey,” Gainesville Sun, January 13, 2011. 155 “Monkey sighting reported in Foley,” Press-Register, June 21, 2009.

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156 Pete Iacobelli, “Gorilla injures 1 during brief escape at SC zoo,” Associated Press, June 12, 2009. 157 U.S. Department of Agriculture inspection report, Charmingfare Farm, License # 12-C-0020, June 11, 2009. 158 Margeaux Corby, “Monkey business reported in city,” CapitalGazette.com, June 3, 2009. 159 “Gorilla Strolls Hallway at Columbus Zoo,” 10TV News, May 26, 2009. 160 “Storms assist monkeys’ escape,” News-Leader, May 13, 2009. 161 “Missouri monkey escapee confirmed dead,” Associated Press, June 5, 2009. 162 Joann Groff, “Two boys spot monkey in Calabasas backyard,” The Acorn, May 28, 2009. 163 “Man bitten by squirrel monkey,” KRIS-TV, April 21, 2009. 164 “Monkey Bit Girl At Salem Park, Family Says Girl Says She Was Bitten In Face,” KPTV, April 20, 2009. 165 Michael Russell, “Salem police find owner of monkey in park incident,” The Oregonian, April 21, 2009. 166 Amos Bridges, “Sanctuary for monkeys under review; Neighbor’s complaint leads to investigation of farm,” News-Leader, April 24, 2009. 167 “9 Monkeys Recaptured After OHSU Escape,” KPTV, April 5, 2009. 168 “Authorities: Northwest Missouri puppy mill had primates, too,” News-Leader (AP), April 2, 2009. 169 “Aggressive chimpanzee killed by deputy; $3,000 reward for information leading to recovery of 200 dogs,” Gallatin North Missourian, April 1, 2009. 170 Susan Jacobson, “Spider monkey goes ape at Fruitland Park flea market,” Orlando Sentinel, March 13, 2009. 171 Martin E. Comas, “Missing monkey ‘Reggie’ captured, reunited with circus owner,” Orlando Sentinel, April 21, 2009. 172 “Mineola woman bitten by pet monkey, receives 12 stitches,” Longview News-Journal, March 5, 2009. 173 “UGA technician suffers severe monkey bite,” The Red and Black, February 26, 2009. 174 “Monkey found outside Tennessee home,” NECN, February 25, 2009. 175 “Zookeepers Corral Orangutan after Escape,” myfoxdfw.com, February 20, 2009. 176 Ian Ith, “Woodland Park Zoo shut down briefly by loose monkey,” Seattle Times, February 19, 2009. 177 Stephanie Reitz, “Pet chimpanzee shot, killed by police officer after it attacks woman in Connecticut home,” Associated Press, February 16, 2009. 178 Linda Carroll, “Chimp attack victim’s face ‘looks fantastic’ after historic transplant,” TODAY.com, June 10, 2011. 179 Jeff Capellini and Lee Kushnir, “Bizarre rattles Stamford,” WCBS-TV, February 16, 2009. 180 Dave Fraser, “Animal Care Officers Respond To Exotic Animal Call,” KRIS-TV, February 2, 2009. 181 John Pope, “ESCAPE ARTIST: An Audubon Zoo orangutan boldly goes where no orangutan has gone before -- over the wall,” -Picayune, January 31, 2009. 182 U.S. Department of Agriculture inspection report, Gary’s Paradise Gardens, License # 58-C-0777, February 4, 2009. 183 Jonathan Abel, “Monkey on the loose continues its evasion,” St. Petersburg Times, January 15, 2009. 184 Michael Price, “New Virus Jumps From Monkeys to Lab Worker,” ScienceNOW, July 14, 2011. 185 U.S. Department of Agriculture, Inspection Report, License #52-C-0104, November 5, 2009. 186 Alastair Baker, “Chimps monkey around in Boyd,” Carbon County News, November 14, 2008. 187 “Armani bites reporter before making presidential choice,” WTOP, November 3, 2008. 188 David Templeton, “Monkey bites Pitt lab technician,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, October 3, 2008. 189 Jon Lender, “Chimp attack comes to life In testimony transcripts,” Hartford Courant, August 4, 2012. 190 “Pet monkey finds escape route, runs free in Indiana neighborhood,” Associated Press, August 15, 2008. 191 “Chimp escapes, attacks, bites intern at Chimps Inc.,” KPTV, August 8, 2008. 192 Aimee Green, “Injured intern’s suit against Chimps Inc. sanctuary in Central Oregon can’t go forward, court says,” The Oregonian, August 8, 2012. 193 Peggy O’Farrell, “Ape bites zoo visitor,” Cincinnati Enquirer, August 22, 2008. 194 Abigail Goldman, “Check this account: Invitation puts monkey in the middle at bank,” Las Vegas Sun, July 19, 2008. 195 Matt Grant, “Woman bitten by monkey in Columbia,” ConnectMidMissouri.com, July 10, 2008. 196 “Health officials looking for pet monkey that bit girl,” Richmond Times-Dispatch, July 10, 2008. 197 ““Help needed in finding monkey in OakLeaf,” Florida Times-Union, July 2, 2008. 198 Christina Hoag, “Domesticated chimp is missing in California forest,” Associated Press, July 1, 2008. 199 Thomas Himes, “Hunt for Moe the chimp suspended due to costs,” Whittier Daily News, August 1, 2008. 200 “Monkey uses garden hose to scale moat, flee zoo,” Associated Press, June 14, 2008. 201 Lisa L. Colangelo and Alison Gendar, “Monkey nip nearly takes off tot’s finger,” New York Daily News, June 7, 2008. 202 “Monkey causing quite a stir at animal shelter,” WSPA, June 13, 2008 203 “Orangutan tries to flee L.A. Zoo,” Los Angeles Times blog, May 18, 2008. 204 Beau Zimmer, “Orangutan escape at Busch Gardens caught on tape,” Tampa Bay’s 10 News, May 17, 2008. 205 Keith Morelli, “Chopper Pilot Spots Escaped Monkeys Under Tree In Polk,” Tampa Tribune, April 21, 2008. 206 “Last five of Salisbury’s missing monkeys found,” Tampa Bay Times, December 18, 2008. 207 “6-Year-Old Girl Bitten By Exotic Monkey,” ClickOnDetroit.com, April 11, 2008. 208 U.S. Department of Agriculture, Inspection Report, License #74-C-0755, April 15, 2008. 209 Walter Pacheco, “Monkey gets out of home, chases people into street,” Orlando Sentinel, April 5, 2008. 210 “Escaped Monkey In Diaper Chases, Jumps On People In Neighborhood,” WKMG, April 4, 2008. 211 Marc Benjamin, “Monkey has brief zoo escape,” The Fresno , March 21, 2008. 212 U.S. Department of Agriculture, Inspection Report, License #51-C-0054, April 8, 2008. 213 “Report: UT officer gunned down rampaging, escaped chimp,” Associated Press, April 5, 2008. 214 Shayla Reaves, “Pet monkey quarantined after biting child,” WAVE, March 13, 2008. 215 Nick R. Martin, “Pet lemur bites Gilbert boy to the bone,” East Valley Tribune, February 29, 2008.

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216 “Health District euthanizes Chico,” KXLY, March 10, 2008. 217 “Woman spots monkey attacker from primate lineup,” WSOC-TV, December 4, 2007. 218 Sharon McBrayer, “Monkey business bad for clerk,” The News Herald, December 3, 2007. 219 Jefferson County Department of Health, Animal Bite Report, November 18, 2007. 220 “Chimp escapes from lab,” News 8 Austin, November 9, 2007. 221 Barclay Bishop, “Columbia County Fair Monkey Business, A 17-month-old boy was bitten by a baboon at the Columbia County Fair,” WJBF, November 8, 2007. 222 Jennifer Biundo, “Once bitten,” Hays Free Press, November 17, 2010. 223 U.S. Department of Agriculture, Inspection Report, License #51-C-0054, April 8, 2008. 224 Mitch Mitchell, “A monkey has 20 minutes of freedom,” Star-Telegram, September 29, 2007. 225 “Springfield eyed as home of monkey that bit two kids in Columbia,” Jefferson City News Tribune (AP), November 3, 2007. 226 “Monkey business: Oliver the monkey makes 3rd escape from Mississippi Zoo,” Associated Press, August 15, 2007. 227 Steven , “Biting monkey ordered out of city,” Capital Times, August 14, 2007. 228 “Monkey business: Oliver the monkey makes 3rd escape from Mississippi Zoo,” Associated Press, August 15, 2007. 229 U.S. Department of Agriculture, Inspection Report, License #35-C-0215, July 30, 2007. 230 Steven Elbow, “Biting monkey ordered out of city,” Capital Times, August 14, 2007. 231 U.S. Department of Agriculture, Inspection Report, License #55-C-0040, July 13, 2007. 232 Valerie Schremp Hahn, “Monkey is on the loose in St. Charles County,” St. Louis Post-Dispatch, June 23, 2007. 233 Bill Bryan, “Monkey back in her cage after 5 days on the lam,” St. Louis Post-Dispatch, June 25, 2007. 234 U.S. Department of Agriculture, Animal Care Incident Report, License #55-C-0002, June 8, 2007. 235 Dave McMillion, “Monkey on the loose in W.Va.,” Herald-Mail, May 16, 2007. 236 “Pet monkey bites IRS agent,” WLBT, April 26, 2007. 237 “Escaped Monkey Alarms Neighbors,” kptv.com, April 9, 2007. 238 Scott Brand, “Bite victim tells her story: Kojo’s day in court scheduled for May 21,” The Evening News, April 27, 2007. 239 “Cuyahoga County Board of Health makes recommendations to Burnette’s Pet Farm in Olmsted Township,” News Sun, January 6, 2009. 240 David J. Mitchell, “Lemur attack puts focus on exotic pets,” , January 13, 2007. 241 “Escaped Japanese snow monkey lured into cage on Air Force base,” Goldsboro News-Argus, January 29, 2007. 242 “Monkey Attack,” WDEF, November 6, 2006. 243 “Monkey bite victim no longer wants pet,” Middletown Journal, November 2, 2006. 244 “Monkey bite puts Butler Co. owners over a barrel,” Cincinnati Enquirer, November 2, 2006. 245 “Woman bitten by lemur,” , October 29, 2006. 246 William C. Bayne, “Head-slapping monkey leaves officer red-faced; Escaped critter in Horn Lake takes offense when treats are all gone,” Commercial Appeal, September 23, 2006. 247 “Teenager Attacked By Monkey, 15-Year-Old In Serious To Critical Condition,” NBC5.com, August 29, 2006. 248 Jaqueline Seibel, “A little monkey business,” Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, July 18, 2006. 249 “Roanoke zoo’s monkey is found: Oops is back at Mill Mountain and appears to be in good health,” Richmond Times Dispatch, July 10, 2006. 250 “Sikeston city council hears monkey tale,” Sikeston Standard-Democrat, June 7, 2006. 251 Ryan Tate, “Monkey business stirs up neighborhood,” KFVS12, June 7, 2006. 252 Scott Welton, “Monkey tales: Owner defends Alex’s antics,” Sikeston Standard Democrat, Sunday, June 11, 2006. 253 U.S. Department of Agriculture, Inspection Report, License #58-C-0855, June 1, 2006. 254 “A pet monkey was euthanized after a reported monkey attack ,” KCEN-TV, March 9, 2006. 255 David J. Mitchell, “Lemur attack puts focus on exotic pets,” The Advocate, January 13, 2007. 256 “Zookeeper Loses Fingertip In Bonobo Incident,” NBC4i, February 3, 2006. 257 “Curious little monkey takes Covington tour,” covingtonky.gov, December 3, 2005. 258 “Yes, that really is a monkey,” Cincinnati Enquirer, December 2, 2005. 259 Lane Gregory, “Fonzie’s cool, but the lawsuit isn’t,” St. Petersburg Times, April 16, 2006. 260 “Pet monkey reportedly bites two kids at birthday party,” KTVK-TV, November 14, 2005. 261 Christine Bensen-Messinger, “Bill returned home safely after being let out of cage Thursday night,” Eureka Reporter, October 7, 2005. 262 Chris Durant, “Ape escapes,” Eureka Times Standard, October 8, 2005. 263 Hilary Kindschuh, “Three chimps shot after escape from Zoo Nebraska,” Lincoln , September 12, 2005. 264 “Three Zoo Nebraska Chimps Dead After Escaping,” KTIV, September 11, 2005. 265 “Missing: 2 ft., 8 lb., monkey wearing blue pants; Circus trainer seeks Dillion, who fled when frightened by a train whistle,” Associated Press, August 30, 2005. 266 “Missing Circus Monkey Found; Circus Leaves Town Thursday,” Associated Press, August 31, 2005. 267 “Baby Chimp Escapes from Animal Sanctuary,” WOAI-TV, August 28, 2005. 268 “Even Less-Dangerous Can Cause Injuries,” St. Petersburg Times, November 11, 2007. 269 Chris Campbell, “Monkey bites are no monkey business,” Jefferson County Journal, August 17, 2005. 270 Chris Campbell, “Monkey bites are no monkey business,” Jefferson County Journal, August 17, 2005. 271 Alice L. Chang, “Orangutan hears call of wild, forgets it for food; Primate escapes cage for 3 hours before capture,” Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, July 20, 2005. 272 Jill King Greenwood, “Fugitive monkey still on the loose,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, July 23, 2005.

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273 “Monkey Escapes From Cage, Bites Ohio Man,” Associated Press, July 12, 2005. 274 “Escaped monkey still on the loose in southern Ohio,” Associated Press, July 14, 2005. 275 “Pet monkey, ‘Buddy,’ still missing, despite sighting,” Marietta Times, July 21, 2005. 276 William Mullen, “Gorilla attacks keeper at zoo, Lincoln Park intern suffers minor injuries,” Chicago Tribune, July 6, 2005. 277 “Monkey bites clerk, quarantined,” WKYT, June 24, 2005. 278 “Long-Tailed Macaques; Our residents; Boo,” Primate Rescue Center, http://www.primaterescue.org/index.php/our-residents/the-monkeys/long-tailed- macaques/. 279 Eric Fossell, “Huntington man reports monkey bit his daughter,” Herald-Dispatch, May 10, 2005. 280 Kate MacDonald, “Cause of ‘savage’ chimp attack at Animal Haven still a mystery,” Kern Valley Sun, March 9, 2005. 281 “Chimpanzee attack leaves man in critical condition,” Bakersfield Gateway, March 3, 2005. 282 Karen Rubin, “Attack chimps worked in show business,” Inland Valley Daily Bulletin, March 12, 2005. 283 Karen Rubin, “Chimp attack victim making slow progress, Extent of damage from head injuries still undetermined,” Pasadena Star-News, June 11, 2005. 284 Erika Bey, “CAMPUS : A walk on the wild side: The ‘zoo’ comes to WSU,” The South End, December 10, 2004. 285 Amber Griswold, “Guest bitten by animal at Hadi Shrine Circus,” WFIE, November 29, 2004. 286 Darrell Smith, “Sanctuary’s chimp gets loose, gives neighbor a fright,” The Sun, November 18, 2004. 287 Amy McCullough, “Rescuers give chase to monkey,” Tribune Chronicle, November 9, 2004. 288 Jim Davis, “Orangutan flees zoo exhibit Animal in Sunda Forest returns safely on its own,” Fresno Bee, October 15, 2004. 289 Tracy M. Neal, “Woman sues after monkey bites off fingers,” The Benton County , January 28, 2005. 290 Mike McWilliams, “Monkey bite ends in arrest,” Iowa City Press-Citizen, September 24, 2004. 291 “Healthy monkey can be kept by owner,” Obesity, Fitness & Wellness Week, November 6, 2004. 292 Dareh Gregorian, Jamie Schram, and Lorena Mongelli, “Macaque attack, monkey bites boy, 2, in Brooklyn Supermarket,” , August 3, 2004. 293 Erin O’Neill, “Orangutan bites zookeeper,” KSDK, July 14, 2004. 294 Jeff Dankert, “Monkey chase leads to quarantined animal and two people seeking rabies shots,” Winona Daily News, July 8, 2004. 295 James Goodman, “50-pound baboon gets loose at the zoo,” , May 27, 2004. 296 “A gorilla attack at the Dallas Zoo leaves four people injured,” Associated Press, March 19, 2004. 297 “Gorilla shot to death after escaping Dallas Zoo, hurting 4,” Associated Press, March 19, 2004. 298 “Chimp Escapes From Zoo, Forces Evacuation,” , January 20, 2004. 299 Jim Sheeler, “Move over Emeril: Fugitive ape stars in ‘Evelyn Live’; Gorilla kicks it up a notch as she enters Denver Zoo kitchen,” Rocky Mountain News, January 9, 2004. 300 Joshua Partlow, “Pet monkey bites the hand that feeds her,” Washington Post, January 1, 2004. 301 U.S. Department of Agriculture, Inspection Report, License #91-C-0060, October 30, 2003. 302 Louis Porter and Gabrielle Birkner, “Chimp ties up Stamford roads,” Stamford Advocate, October 20, 2003. 303 Brian MacQuarrie, Douglas Belkin, “Franklin Park gorilla escapes, attacks 2,” Boston Globe, September 29, 2003. 304 Jeffrey Blackwell,”Escape a simple case of monkeying around,” Democrat & Herald, August 27, 2003. 305 Jonathan Hill, “Gorilla escapes exhibit,” Boston Herald, August 14, 2003. 306 “Monkey Business: Police catch loose pet,” WBBM news radio, August 9, 2003. 307 Richard K. Lodge, “Sad end for lost monkey,” Milford Daily News, August 2, 2003. 308 “Furry primate caught in Buckhannon,” Associated Press, July 8, 2003. 309 Kate Nolan, “3 days of monkeyshines enough, Coolio returns,” , May 3, 2003. 310 “Monkey missing after trip to bar,” Associated Press, April 21, 2003. 311 “Rare African Monkey Escapes Marion Nature Park,” clickorlando.com, October 7, 2002. 312 Cheryl Sabol, “Monkey bites investigated,” Daily Inter Lake, September 10, 2002. 313 “Researchers recapture their loose monkey,” Associated Press, September 8, 2002. 314 “Monkey bites volunteer at Southern Minnesota animal park,” Associated Press, August 7, 2002. 315 Kerry Klatt, “Sanctuary struggles continue,” KTTC, April 2009. 316 “Alleged monkey attack sparks lawsuit,” Associated Press, July 20, 2003. 317 “Charges mulled in monkey attack,” Associated Press, June 26, 2002. 318 Martha Fulkerson, “Monkey injures keeper at TPA Park,” The Times, June 3, 2002. 319 “Zoo employee injured in ape attack,” Associated Press, April 4, 2002. 320 “Ape attacks Honolulu Zoo Worker; woman needed 45 stitches,” KITV-4, April 3, 2002. 321 Bryan Mitchell, “Monkey escapes pen, attacks; ‘Vicious’ Mickey may be euthanized after biting man,” Knoxville News-Sentinel, January 10, 2002. 322 Cyndee Speers, “MONKEY PUT TO SLEEP - Mickey the runaway monkey has been put to sleep,” WBIR, January 14, 2002. 323 John F. Hagan, “Monkey business leads to lawsuit; Diner says primate bit her,” Plain Dealer, June 8, 2002. 324 Jason Schreiber, “Danville monkey eluding manhunt,” Union Leader, September 10, 2001. 325 Andrew Schotz, “W.Va. women says pet monkey bit kids,” Herald-Mail, August 9, 2001. 326 Andrew Schotz, “Police still don’t know who owns monkey,” Herald-Mail, August 13, 2001. 327 “A lion-tailed macaque at zoo is euthanized,” Woodland Park Zoo news release, June 13, 2001. 328 “Omaha woman bitten while feeding monkey in Lied Jungle,” Associated Press, June 15, 2001. 329 Eric Pera, “Michael Butler will undergo treatment for rabies unless the monkey is found; Man bitten by monkey at Mayfaire,” , May 16, 2001. 330 Ventura County Animal Bite Record, April 26, 2001. 331 Chris Carroll, “Escaped chimp is shot to death in Jefferson County,” Post-Dispatch, April 20, 2001.

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332 “Gorilla goes ape for junk food at zoo,” Chicago Sun-Times, February 6, 2001. 333 U.S. Department of Agriculture, Inspection Report, License #88-C-0131, January 30, 2001. 334 “Monkey escapes from Tupelo zoo again,” Associated Press, August 14, 2007. 335 “Animal workers encounter problems in taking monkey from business,” Associated Press, December 7, 2000. 336 “Monkey is ‘jailed’ at shelter after run-in with child,” Tulsa World, September 29, 2000. 337 “Girl bitten by Japanese monkey,” Maryville Times, September 25, 2000. 338 Gerald Mizejewski, “Southside going ape over simian sightings,” Washington Times, September 23, 2000. 339 Jennifer Andes “Orangutan gets loose on National Zoo,” Associated Press, August 29, 2000. 340 “Herbie strikes again; Chimpanzee on the loose in West Virginia,” Associated Press, August 15, 2000. 341 David Wheeler, “Primate Center quarantines monkey that bit owner,” Jessamine Journal, August 24, 2000. 342 “Ted E. Bear, infamous Texas ‘death row’ monkey, bites the grass,” Deutsche Presse-Agentur, August 8, 2000. 343 “Monkey captured following attack,” Sun-Sentinel, August 5, 2000. 344 Dave Cole, “Pet monkey attacks man, letter carrier,” Journal Sentinel, August 3, 2000. 345 Selwyn Crawford, “Chimpanzee electrocuted in escape from Dallas Zoo,” Dallas Morning News, July 24, 2000. 346 Bill Graham, “Settlement ends monkey bite case,” Kansas City Star, February 12, 2003. 347 Jason Hribal, “The True Story of Little Joe and the Franklin Park Zoo; No One Likes the Zookeeper,” Counterpunch, July 8-10, 2011. 348 “Monkey on the run in the Columbia,” Associated Press, June 1, 2000. 349 “Unlocked cage allows orangutan to go free,” , May 31, 2000. 350 “Recent nonfatal incidents involving exotics,” Tulsa World, November 6, 2000. 351 Janet Lethgo, “Parents sue after girl bitten by chimp; Daughter injured on hand during film promotion,” , May 31, 2001. 352 Janet Lethgo, “Family of chimp bite victim seeks $50,000; Incident left child with stitches, swelling and suspicion,” The Tennessean, May 31, 2001. 353 “F.Y.I. FOR YOUR INFORMATION - ANIMAL BITES,” Birmingham News, May 3, 2000. 354 Anne Bowhay, “Monkey put down following attack; Lansing pet had to be tested for diseases,” Daily Southtown, February 23, 2000. 355 Rob Shaw, “Runaway pet monkey mauls neighbor’s dog,” Tampa Tribune, January 15, 2000. 356 Christine Vendel, “Escaped chimpanzee causes a ruckus,” Kansas City Star, October 20, 2010. 357 Tom Alex, “Monkey adoption delayed; ‘Nicky’ nipped a handler, leading to a quarantine, but now his chances look good,” Des Moines Register, December 28, 1999. 358 Joe Hughes, “Monkey leads police on chase, bites officer,” San Diego Union-Tribune, December 15, 1999. 359 “Capuchin caper: Couple wants Euless to amend law so they can keep their pet monkey,” Dallas Morning News, November 27, 1999. 360 Ella Johnson, “Health official says chances are monkey not contagious,” Evansville Courier & Press, October 23, 1999. 361 “Chimp taken from owners and placed in wildlife center,” Associated Press, September 4, 1999. 362 Jeremy Olson, “Officer bitten by monkey,” Omaha World-Herald, August 5, 1999. 363 Lenny Savino, “Call him ‘Furious George;’ Monkey’s escape is a barrel of trouble,” Orlando Sentinel, July 31, 1999. 364 Sandy Bauers, “Zoo escapes by orangutans make keepers look like monkey’s uncles,” Houston Chronicle, June 20, 1999. 365 “Police Log,” Idaho Falls Post Register, May 11, 1999. 366 James Roland, “Policeman shoots monkey that scared Park residents,” Sarasota Herald Tribune, April 16, 1999. 367 TaNoah Morgan, “Appeals board holds hearing on custody of aggressive monkey; Couple want it back; witnesses call it dangerous, not a good pet,” Baltimore Sun, November 11, 1999. 368 TaNoah Morgan, “Case of monkey is sent back to Animal Control; District judge says he has no jurisdiction as couple tries to get macaque back,” Baltimore Sun, May 12, 1999. 369 “U. Hospital Reports Wrong Condition of Zoo Keeper who was Injured by Chimp,” Salt Lake Tribune, March 2, 1999. 370 Amy Herdy, “Moody pet monkey bites owner 50 times,” St. Petersburg Times, January 14, 1999. 371 Matt Campbell, “Ape on the run,” Kansas City Star, December 8, 1998. 372 “Zoo keeper recovers from gorilla attack,” United Press International, November 30, 1998. 373 “Gorilla slightly injures keeper,” Associated Press, November 29, 1998. 374 “Capuchin caper: Couple wants Euless to amend law so they can keep their pet monkey,” Dallas Morning News, November 27, 1999. 375 Gilda Perkins, “Model’s love of monkeys turns into painful lesson,” Sentry-News, October 4, 1998. 376 “Big Moe goes ape; Escaped chimpanzee goes berserk,” The , August 19, 1998. 377 Greg Stone, “Escaped chimp goes postal ‘Herbie’ chases mail carrier from his appointed rounds,” Charleston Gazette, July 8, 1998. 378 “Tiger bites 5-year-old,” Associated Press, January 9, 1999. 379 Upchurch, “Zoos ask, please don’t touch the animals,” Wichita Eagle, May 22, 1998. 380 “Transmission study finds monkey viruses infect people,” AIDS Weekly Plus, April 13, 1998. 381 U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety & Health Administration, Inspection 120047642, Los Angeles Zoo, February 4, 1998. 382 “Monkey bite victim agrees to take rabies vaccinations,” San Antonio Express-News (AP), January 18, 1998. 383 Jason Shepard, “Monkeys at zoo are health risk; carry deadly herpes virus,” Capital Times, January 5, 1998. 384 Charlotte Englewood, “Girl, 6, gets too close to ,” Sarasota Herald-Tribune, December 30, 1997. 385 Steve Visser, “Research center worker killed by virus from monkey,” Associated Press, December 11, 1997. 386 Andis Robeznieks, “Baboon bites girl,” Barrington Courier-Review, October 9, 1997. 387 Elburn Police Department Field Report, August 15, 1997. 388 Ken Byron, “Pet monkey bites neighbor; will be quarantined, observed for 14 days,” Hartford Courant, August 8, 1997. 389 Paul Stephens, “Bite from monkey forces girl to receive rabies shots,” The Capital, July 21, 1997.

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390 “Monkey is seized after allged bite at market,” Boston Globe (AP), July 14, 1997. 391 Kankakee County Animal Control Department, Animal Bite Report, June 29, 1997. 392 “Gorilla escape is a mystery,” Associated Press, June 17, 1997. 393 Melissa Draper, “Unhappy chimp faces new setting,” News and Observer, February 2, 2001. 394 Maryann Struman, “Selling primates as pets sparks animal-welfare concerns Summit to address issue next month,” Denver Post, May 16, 1997. 395 “Chimp chomps Liz; Sexy star is mauled on live TV,” Daily Record, September 28, 1996. 396 Christine Stapleton, “Monkey bite lands owner in court,” Palm Beach Post, October 17, 1997. 397 Paul Vitello, “3 Women Who Saved the Day,” , June 9, 1996. 398 Beth Whitehouse, “‘Whole Different Animal’ / Keeper says Barney ‘out of character’,” Newsday, June 7, 1996. 399 Larry Sutton, “Error Led to Chimp Shooting,” New York Daily News, June 7, 1996. 400 John Marzulli, “S.I. Primate Makes Monkey Out of Cops,” New York Daily News, May 18, 1996. 401 Lauren Neergaard, “Ebola found in imported Texas monkeys,” Associated Press, April 15, 1996. 402 “International News,” Associated Press, March 23, 1996. 403 Bob Ross, “Metairie monkey finds new home at Alabama Zoo,” Times-Picayune, February 28, 1996. 404 Nicole Marshall, “Chimps monkeying around close zoo,” Tulsa World, February 13, 1996. 405 “Monkey is seized after allged bite at market,” Boston Globe (AP), July 14, 1997. 406 “Chimp in vicious attack had unusual bond with owner,” Associated Press, February 19, 2009. 407 Calvin Lear, “Former employee sues Zoo of Acadiana,” The Advocate, February 6, 1997. 408 “Detroit Zoo warns against keeping monkeys as pets,” PR Newswire, September 8, 1995. 409 “Monkey Attack,” City News Service, July 16, 1996. 410 Letta Tayler, “Trade in Exotic Animals Thrives Weak laws, enforcement cited,” Newsday, July 22, 1995. 411 Vickii Howell, “Pet monkey escapes, bites passing jogger,” Birmingham News, June 22, 1995. 412 Tom Gibb, “Knife-waving monkey dies after rampage thorugh home,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazaette, June 2, 1995. 413 Trish Wilson, “Tammy’s back in her cage after walkabout,” News & Observer, April 12, 1995. 414 “BR Zoo briefly closes after chimp escapes,” Baton Rouge Sunday Advocate, January 8, 1995. 415 Matt Campbell, “Dangerous chimp released to owner,” Kansas City Star, September 12, 1995. 416 Jose Luis Sanchez Jr., “Woman with pet makes a monkey out of Boca diner,” Sun-Sentinel, November 30, 1994. 417 Myra Salcedo, “Monkey on loose near Lake Merced,” , November 11, 1994. 418 William Stage, “Going Ape: Suzy the Chimp is dead, her teenage killer faces charges and there’s bad blood all around,” Riverfront Times, June 27, 2001. 419 Stacy Willits, “Monkeys swinging in trees near home,” Times-Picayune, September 1, 1994. 420 Carol Sowers, “Boy likely free of deadly virus; tests negative on monkeys that bit, scratched child,” The Arizona Republic, August 9, 1994. 421 “Roaming monkey moves to state,” Associated Press, August 2, 1994. 422 “Pet spider monkey loose in national park,” Knoxville News-Sentinel, August 2, 1994. 423 Brady Prauser, “Capture ends monkeyshines; runaway pet tastes freedom, eats bananas,” Phoenix Gazette, June 30, 1994. 424 “Gorilla greets spring by departing St. Paul Zoo,” Associated Press, May 14, 1994. 425 Matt Campbell, “Dangerous chimp released to owner,” Kansas City Star, September 12, 1995. 426 Mark Shuman, “Girl knows what guenon is, has stitches to prove it,” Chicago Tribune, July 17, 1993. 427 “Niagara man bitten on hands by pet monkey,” Buffalo News, July 9, 1993. 428 “Orangutan escapes exhibit, mingles with zoo visitors,” Associated Press, June 19, 1993. 429 “Orangutan briefly escapes zoo cage,” Seattle Times, May 17, 1993. 430 Anne Burke, “L.A. Zoo visitor abets chimps’ brief escape,” Los Angeles Daily News, January 22, 1993. 431 “Wayward chimp returns,” Houston Chronicle, October 18, 1992. 432 “Gorillas Escape Cages, Then Go After Keepers,” Seattle Post-Intelligencer, September 29, 1992. 433 Ian Fisher, “Gorilla Bites Two Keepers In Ape House at Bronx Zoo,” New York Times, September 29, 1992. 434 “Runaway chimp finds unwilling playmate,” Chicago Tribune, August 26, 1992. 435 “New York subway clerk slapped by pesky pet,” Associated Press, July 15, 1992. 436 “Marauding monkeys plague Miami,” United Press International, July 5, 1992. 437 “400-pound gorilla briefly escapes at San Diego Zoo,” Associated Press, June 23, 1992. 438 Rob Johnson, “Michael a free monkey finger-biting case comes to a close,” Atlanta Journal-Constitution, May 8, 1992. 439 Beth Laski, “Chimps escape zoo confines; second time in three days,” Daily News, March 24, 1992. 440 “Chimps make a break for it at L.A. Zoo,” Los Angeles Times, March 22, 1992. 441 Kim Christensen, “OC man is accused of neglecting tiger cubs,” Orange County Register, August 12, 1992. 442 State of Missouri vs. Jason Coats, deposition of James Michael Casey, December 3, 2001. 443 “Chimp escapes, slightly injures two,” Associated Press, December 28, 1991. 444 Richard Seven, “Great makes for a wild day,” Seattle Times, October 25, 1991. 445 “Monkey handler seeks $100 million for bite,” Associated Press, July 25, 1991. 446 Cesar Alvarez III, “Monkey business takes over at Lowry Park Zoo,” St. Petersburg Times, June 28, 1991. 447 “Two naughty chimps raid refrigerator, force zoo evacuation,” Associated Press, June 13, 1991. 448 “News,” USA Today, April 25, 1991. 449 Mark Journey, “Capturing monkey is serious business,” St. Petersburg Times, October 23, 1990. 450 “Drop wild-animal act,” Oregonian, July 19, 1990.

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451 “Orangutan unscrews bolts, escapes zoo cage,” Washington Times, June 8, 1990. 452 “Detroit Zoo to remodel and renovate chimp exhibit,” Associated Press, March 20, 2003.

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