Seed Quick Review

What are two main groups of plants? Who lives in each group? Describe a ? What is the job of vascular ? What moves water up? What moves down? Plants

Gymnosperms: Angiosperms: on the seeds protected outside by Characteristics of Seed Plants

1. Seed plants produce seeds 2. Seeds nourish and protect young ** These allow them to live anywhere, which makes seed plants the most common on Earth ** (Baby plant)

(food) The Structure of Seeds

Seed = sperm + (fertilization) Seeds have three parts 1. (young plant; ) 2. Stored food (called a ) 3. Seed coat (protection) Advantages of Seeds

Why are seeds an advantage over seedless plants? Seed is a food source to help them grow (seedless plant don’t have stored food) Seeds can be spread by animals, which is better than spores relying on the wind

No or Have seeds on the outside of a plant Usually protected by a cone 4 groups: Ginkgoes (only one species left) Gnetophytes (NEE toh fiets) Gymnosperms: Life Cycle

There are two types of cones: male & female Each cone has spores that become plant cells () Male cone has , which contains sperm Female cone has . A fertilized egg develops into a young plant (sporophyte) inside the female cone The sporophyte is surrounded by a seed and eventually released Angiosperms

Vascular plants that produce flowers and fruits Most abundant plants today Can be found in almost every land ecosystem Angiosperm

Flowers and fruits attract animals Animals pollinate flowers or eat fruits and spread seeds Two Kinds of Angiosperms Monocots Vs. Dicots


LEAVES Parallel veins Branched veins

FLOWERS Floral parts in Floral parts in multiples of 3 multiples of 4 or 5 STEMS Vascular bundles Vascular bundles scattered arranged in a ring

ROOTS Fibrous Taproot Importance of Angiosperms

Provide animals with food for survival People use major food crops (corn, and ) Building materials ( ) Clothing ( & ) Medicine!