Indo-US Science and Technology Forum

Indo-US Science and Technology Forum

Annual Report 2014-2015 Indo-US Science and Technology Forum An autonomous organization jointly established by the Department of Science & Technology, Govt of and US Department of State. Catalyzing Indo-US Science, Technology and Innovation Collaborations for 15 years!

Annual Report 2014-2015 Contents

From the Executive Director’s desk 06

History of Indo-US S&T Cooperation 10

Objectives of IUSSTF 11

The Indo-US Science and Technology Forum (IUSSTF) established Structure of IUSSTF 12 under an agreement between the Governments of India and Composition of the Governing Body 13 the United States of America in March 2000, is an autonomous, bilateral organization jointly funded by both the Governments 15th Governing Board Meeting 14 that promotes science, technology, engineering and biomedical Programmatic Activities research and innovation through substantive interaction among Flagship Programs 17 government, academia and industry. The Department of Science & Technology, and the U.S. Department of Strategic Programs State are the respective nodal departments. y Indo-US Joint Clean Energy Research and Development Center 41 y United States - India Science and Technology Endowment Fund 53

Indo-U.S. S&T Partnerships 75

Innovation Programs 87

Visitation Programs 93

Bilateral Workshops 115

Indo-U.S. Virtual Networked Centers 131

Indo-US Science and Technology Forum From the ED’s Desk From the ED’s Desk

and technologists by convening the flagship opportunities for scientific as well as cultural Frontiers of Science and Frontiers of exposure to each others countries and help in Engineering Symposium in partnership developing long term linkages between young and with the U.S. National Academies. budding scientists. During the reporting year over Lately IUSSTF has also been focusing on sectors 150 Indian and US student exchanges took place in line with national priorities such as Renewable through various internships namely S N Bose Energy, Women Scientists and Entrepreneurs, Scholar Program, Khorana Scholar High School Student innovators, etc. This report Program, Viterbi-India Program, includes these and many other programmatic Research Internship in Science and activities carried out during the Indian fiscal year Engineering, Advance Solar 2014-15. The following are the Salient Outcome Energy Research Fellowships and and Achievements during the report period. Graduate Research Opportunities World Wide (GROW). The Indian Science and Recognizing the importance of networking of Engineering Research Board (SERB), Department scientists and professions for exchange of ideas, of Science and Technology (DST) and Department 16 Workshops/ Symposia were supported of Biotechnology (DBT) and the National Science in the areas of Nano Engineering and Science, Foundation (NSF) of US supported these Healthcare, Cancer Prevention, Proteomics, fellowships/ internships. Algorithms, Big Data, Forest & Land Conservation. Participation of over 300 Indian scientists and 150 IUSSTF also has arrangements with the US scientists was directly supported by IUSSTF. American Physical Society (APS) and American Society for Microbiology In an effort to promote long-term interactions (ASM) to support exchange visits of scientists between scientific groups/ institutions on common and students. During the reporting period IUSSTF areas of interest, IUSSTF supports Virtual R&D supported visits of 13 Indian and US faculty and Network Centers for a duration of 2-3 years. students under these programs. Under this mechanism 4 new joint centers were initiated and activities continued under 15 on-going To foster linkages between the outstanding next IUSSTF has a dynamic program portfolio that has Joint centers. Altogether, more than 70 Indian generation of scientists and technologists from India and the US, the 5th Programmatic activities been developed keeping in mind the requirements and US scientific groups/ institutions and similar Indo-American of Indian and US scientific and technological number of young scientists/ students are at present Frontiers of Engineering Symposium such as workshop/ communities as well as the common priorities of jointly working in the areas of nano technology, was organized in Mysore. Over 80 young symposia and network both the countries. The IUSSTF program portfolio energy, materials science, health sciences, researchers from India and US participated and center have led to the covers activities catering to a large section of physical sciences, chemical sciences, atmospheric shared the research trends in various emerging scientific communities. These include support areas of engineering. interaction of over 800 sciences, astronomy and astrophysics, etc under for bilateral symposia and workshops this mechanism of collaboration. 24 joint research Women in Science and Innovation- US and Indian scientists on thematic and applied areas including areas of publications in international journals emanated IUSSTF in partnership with the Department of and technologists strategic interest; visitation and fellowship from these collaborations and about 150 reciprocal Science and Technology, Govt. of India, the programs for researchers; student exchanges student and faculty exchanges took place. Embassy of the United States of America and creating several new through internships; advanced training IUSSTF’s programmatic activities such as COACh USA convened two workshops and training opportunities and schools for human resource development and programs in September 2014 at New and collaborative R&D through joint networked workshops/symposia and network centers have paving the way to led to the interaction of over 800 US and Indian respectively, on topics such as effective sustained collaborations centers. As a part of academia-industry negotiation skills, successful leadership methods, connect programs, IUSSTF actively reaches scientists and technologists creating several new opportunities and paving the way to sustained science communication, best practices, publishing in diverse areas of out to industries to generate events on technology in respected journals, grant writing, etc. A workshop science, technology opportunities for business development that collaborations in diverse areas of science, technology and innovation. on Women in STEM was jointly organized with NSF and innovation. fosters innovation and enterprise. IUSSTF and DST as partners. nurtures inter-disciplinary contacts between Fellowships for young scientists and internships leaders of the next generation of scientists for undergraduate/ postgraduate students provide In addition to promotion of collaborative activities in basic science and engineering areas of mutual

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Indo-US Science & Technology Forum Annual Report | 2014 - 2015 From the ED’s Desk From the ED’s Desk

interest, IUSSTF has been actively promoting technologies and their rapid deployment with sector; and, bring together leaders from all sectors the greatest impact. For this program, both – government, industry, research, and academia – culture of innovation and entrepreneurs through The year 2014-15 thus has two programmatic activities. Under the DST- governments have pledged $5 million (about Rs. for high level policy discussions. been a very successful Lockheed Martin India Innovation 26 crore) per year for five years, with matching The IUSSTF showcased its various programmatic Growth Program (IIGP) funded by DST year for the IUSSTF in private sector funding. This first-of-its-kind initiative forging new linkages activities in the Tech Summit with its pavilion and Lockheed Martin Inc, 50 Indian innovators has brought together more than 100 Indian and US receiving a large number of dignitaries and other were trained through a boot camp by the faculty between individuals, institutional and industrial partners to work jointly visitors including Indian and US policy makers, of Stanford Graduate School of Business. Of institutions and funding in the space of clean energy research in the three students, researchers, industry etc. In addition, these 30 innovators were shortlisted through agencies. Its activities priority areas: Solar Energy, Second Generation the IUSSTF also organized three events under a competition and were provided hand holding touched a large section Biofuels and Energy Efficiency of Buildings. the aegis of the Technology Summit with wide by our program partners - Federation of Indian of students, scientists and Under JCERDC, more than 70 high quality joint participation of Indian and US experts - Indo- U.S. Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI) publications in eminent peer reviewed journals Tech Women & Women Entrepreneurs Workshop; and IC2 Institute of University of Texas Austin. professionals, ranging from high school students to have emanated and a large number of conference IUSSTF Round table on Collaborative R&D in Further, IUSSTF also organised an experiential proceedings have been brought out. Clean Energy and IUSSTF Round table on Water visit of a team of 20 innovators, incubator young scientists to senior Challenges. managers and innovation/ entrepreneurship scientists in India and the India-U.S. Grand Challenge: Affordable promotion agency officials to the Silicon Valley US. It has programs ranging Blood Pressure Measurement The year 2014-15 thus has been a very successful year for the IUSSTF in forging new linkages and Washington DC with support of The Indigo from promotion of basic Technologies for Low-Resource Settings in India and the US is an activity between individuals, institutions and funding Entrepreneurs (TiE) and other program partners. sciences to technology IUSSTF is also proud to be a partner in the catalyzed by the IUSSTF in its endeavor to bring agencies. Its activities touched a large section of Stanford-India Biodesign Program for development to innovation together Indian and US science funding agencies. students, scientists and professionals, ranging biomedical innovation, under which several and entrepreneurs. In its Under this program Indian Science & Engineering from high school students to young scientists entrepreneurs have been trained and a number endeavor to keep with the Research Board (SERB), Department of Science to senior scientists in India and the US. It has of affordable biomedical devices and aids have time, IUSSTF has developed & Technology, Government of India has partnered programs ranging from promotion of basic been developed and commercialized. several programmatic with the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and sciences to technology development to innovation activities for students in Bioengineering (NIBIB, NIH), USA. In Total 6 projects and entrepreneurs. In its endeavor to keep The US-India Science & Technology have been supported under this program in India. with the time, IUSSTF have developed several Endowment Fund (USISTEF) has STEM, young innovators programmatic activities for students in STEM, now become a well-known program for and entrepreneurs and The IUSSTF has played a significant role in developing the concept and planning and young innovators and entrepreneurs and women promotion of Innovation and Entrepreneurship women scientists and scientists and entrepreneurs. Details of these organizing the first ever India-US Technology collaboration between Indian and US technology entrepreneurs. activities are provided in the following pages. Summit. The objectives of the Technology entrepreneurs through grant to joint projects for This has been possible due to a very supportive commercializing science and technology based Summit were to provide a platform for industries, institutions, and government agencies from India Governing Board, India and US Government innovations for societal benefit. In its fourth year, agencies, partnering organizations and the active 4 new bilateral Indo-US teams were awarded As part of promoting the bilateral teams, USISTEF and the United States to exchange ideas and showcase their expertise; forge new partnerships interest shown by the stakeholders in its activities. joint projects and support was continued for 11 participated in various innovation events and We are thankful to them for this great support. ongoing joint projects in the areas of affordable provided expo space for USISTEF supported to increase trade and investment in the knowledge biomedical devices, diagnostics, water, sanitation, teams in these events including TiEcon 2014 clean energy, cold chain, financial inclusion, Silicon Valley, US, one of the largest conferences Rajiv Sharma prosthetics, etc. A few products developed under focused around entrepreneurship and Indo-US Executive Director, IUSSTF the initial year of the program have received Tech Summit. various required clearances and are now very near to commercialization. Like earlier calls, a The Indo-U.S. Joint Clean Energy large number of proposals (about 120) were Research and Development Center received under the Fifth Call for Proposals and 5 (JCERDC) is another strategic program new proposals were shortlisted for due diligence entrusted to IUSTSF for implementation in India. process. A total support of up to Rs. 350 million This is a joint initiative of the Government of India (about US$ 5.5 million) has been committed for and the US Department of Energy to facilitate these projects so far. joint research and development on clean energy

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Indo-US Science & Technology Forum Annual Report | 2014 - 2015 History of Indo-US S&T Cooperation Objectives of IUSSTF

Catalyst to facilitate, seed and promote US-India bilateral y Green revolution facilitated with the U.S. PL 480 Rupee Funds 1950s y Establishment of Land Grant Colleges collaboration in science, technology, engineering & biomedical research and innovation through substantive interaction among y Establishment of IIT, Kanpur academia, R&D laboratories, industry and government. y Establishment of NCERT,  1960s y Nuclear Cooperation Agreement Support exciting and enabling science and technology program portfolio that paves y Tarapur Power Plant way for sustainable interactions and potential collaborations through networking. Promote and strengthen strategic partnerships in science and technology under y NASA-ISRO–SITE ( Instructional Television Experiment) various intergovernmental initiatives and declarations. 1970s y Indo-US S&T Subcommission Create awareness through exchange and dissemination of information and opportunities toward promoting bilateral scientific and technological cooperation. y STI (Science & Technology Initiative) 1980s y USIF (US-India Fund) Encourage public-private partnership and technopreneurship to foster elements of innovation and enterprise through knowledge networking between academia and y Indo-US Fellowships Program industry. y ICAR MoU y Indo-US Vaccine Action Program Capitalize on the scientific and technological synergy on issues of common concern leading 1990s y DST-NSF Program to long-term partnership based on shared value. y NASA/NOAA-ISRO/DST MoU y DBT/ICMR-NIH/CDC Health & Medical Sciences Program Explore new frontiers by nurturing contacts between young and mid-career scientists and technologists to develop mutual trust, leadership and fraternity in research and development. y Indo-US Science & Technology Forum y Indo-US Science & Technology Agreement • Indo-US Binational S&T Commission y High Technology Cooperation Group (HTCG) y Indo-US Strategic Partnership • Information & Communication Technology • Knowledge Initiative in Agriculture • Space Cooperation • Energy 2000s • Safety & Security • Health Sciences y Indo-US S&T Agreement / Joint S&T Commission y NASA-ISRO Agreement / MOES-NOAA Agreement y Indo-US Nuclear Agreement y MoU on Energy Security, Energy Efficiency & Clean Energy and Climate Change y Indo-US Endowment fund for Innovation y Indo-US Joint Clean Energy Research & Development Centre

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Indo-US Science & Technology Forum Annual Report | 2014 - 2015 Structure of IUSSTF Composition of the Governing Body

Management Indian Co-Chair US Co-Chair The IUSSTF functions as Autonomous K. VijayRaghavan Jonathan Margolis Bilateral Secretary, Department of Biotechnology, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Science, Government of India and Additional Charge Space and Health, Bureau of Oceans and Nongovernmental Secretary Department of Science and International Environmental and Scientific Not-for-profit society Technology, Government of India Affairs, U.S. Department of State (May 2014 - Dec. 2014)

To ensure that the activities undertaken by the IUSSTF conform to the highest standards of excellence, a joint Ashutosh Sharma Governing Body consisting of seven Indian and seven American eminent scientists provide leadership to IUSSTF. Secretary, Department of Science & Technology, Government of India The Executive Director manages the IUSSTF affairs from its headquarters at the Fulbright House, New Delhi. (Jan. 2015 - Present) Funding Annual interest earning from the endowment created by the US Government with matching contribution from Indian Members US Members Government of India through the Department of Science and Technology provides regular funds to administer the IUSSTF programs. Roderic Pettigrew T.S. Rao Director The IUSSTF also has the freedom to receive grants, gifts, donations or other contributions from industries, Sr. Adviser, Department of Biotechnology, National Institute of Biomedical foundations and private benefactors. Contributions to IUSSTF are tax-exempted under Section 80G of the Indian Government of India Imaging and BioEngineering, NIH IT Act. Toward furtherance of its objectives, the IUSSTF welcomes fund contributions both in India and USA. As a 501(c)(3) entity, INSTP serves to raise funds in USA to complement support for bilateral S&T activities.

J.B. Mohapatra Joint Secretary and Financial Advisor, Phyllis G. Yoshida Deputy Assistant Secretary Department of Science and Technology, US Department of Energy Co-Chair Governing Co-Chair Government of India India Body U.S.

Amitava Bandopadhyay Chief Scientist & Head, Mark Coles Expert, Division of Physics, International Directorate, Council of Scientific National Science Foundation Executive Director and Industrial Research

Leo M. Chalupa Indranil Manna Vice President for Research Director, Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur George Washington University, Washington D.C Finance and Scientific US Outreach and Administration Unit Programs Unit Support Unit Ambuj D. Sagar Professor of Policy Studies Norman P. Neureiter Member and Public Welfare Medalist, Dean, Alumni Affairs & International Programs National Academy of Sciences Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi Core Activities Extramural

Ray O. Johnson Vijay Chandru Senior Vice President and Chairman & CEO Chief Technology Officer Strand Life Sciences Lockheed Martin Corporation

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Indo-US Science & Technology Forum Annual Report | 2014 - 2015 15th Governing Board Meeting 15 November 2014, New Delhi 15th Governing Board Meeting

The Extraordinary Meeting of the Governing In the GB business meeting, the Executive The Governing Body put on record their T. Ramasami, and thanked them for their Body (GB) of the Indo-U.S. Science and Director, IUSSTF highlighted the ongoing acknowledgement of the efforts of past guidance and support to IUSSTF. Technology Forum was held at IUSSTF under and several new programs implemented and Co-Chairs Dr. Norman Neureiter and Dr. the Co-Chairmanship of Dr. VijayRaghavan, launched during the year, most of which were Secretary, Department of Biotechnology in partnership with government agencies, and Secretary, Department of Science & professional societies, industry and academia. Technology (Additional Charge), Govt. of India The Governing Body expressed its unanimous (Indian Co-Chair) and Dr. Jonathan Margolis, appreciation of the role that has been played by Deputy Assistant Secretary, Bureau of Oceans IUSSTF to forge and catalyze a wide variety of and International Environmental and Scientific bilateral S&T collaborations since its inception Affairs, U.S. Department of State (U.S. Co- in 2000. Chair), on 15 November 2014.

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Indo-US Science & Technology Forum Annual Report | 2014 - 2015 Flagship Programs 5th Indo-American Frontiers of Engineering Symposium 18 - 21 May 2014 Indo-American Frontiers of Engineering Symposium - 2014

Contact Persons

Upadrasta Ramamurty Lisa Alvarez-Cohen Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore University of California, Berkeley

The fifth Indo-American Frontiers of Engineering and approaches across disparate engineering fields, and (IAFOE) Symposium was convened by the Indo- encourages the creation of a transatlantic network of world- US Science and Technology Forum (IUSSTF) as its class engineers. annual flagship event in partnership with the US National Academy of Engineering (NAE) from May 18th to 21st at the The IAFOE began with welcome and opening remarks by Infosys Campus in Mysore, India. About 60 outstanding Venkatesh Narayanamurti (Foreign Secretary, US engineers under the age of 45 met to discuss cutting- National Academy of Engineering), Ray O. Johnson (Chief edge developments in four areas: Biomaterials, Water Technology Officer, Lockheed Martin Corporation), Rajiv Resource Management in the Face of Climate Sharma (Executive Director, Indo-US Science and Technology Change, Green Approaches to Communications, Forum), Indian Co-Chair Upadrasta Ramamurty (Indian and Engineering in the Context of Big Data. The Institute of Science, Bangalore) and US Co-Chair Lisa event facilitates international and cross-disciplinary research Alvarez-Cohen (University of California, Berkeley). collaboration, promotes the transfer of new techniques

Session I about Energy Efficiency in Cellular Networks. Joseph Turner (MiserWare) gave a talk about the Challenges The first session on Green approaches to and Opportunities in Mobile Software Power Management. was co-chaired by Kirk W. Cameron communications Neelesh Mehta (Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore) (Virginia Tech) and Kumar N. Sivarajan (Tejas Networks ended the session with a talk on Energy Harvesting-Based Ltd.). They flagged four new approaches in wireless networks: Green Wireless Communication Systems. Power-optimized mobile handsets, Energy-efficient cellular architectures, Software power management and Energy harvesting in wireless sensors. The first speaker was Vijay Janapa Reddi (University of Texas at Austin) who spoke Session II about Mobile Processor Architectures: Design Implications The session on Water resources management in and Challenges for Energy Efficiency. Radhakrishna the face of climate change was co-chaired by Sharad Ganti (Indian Institute of Technology, Madras) spoke Jain (National Institute of Hydrology, Roorkee) and

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Indo-US Science & Technology Forum Annual Report | 2014 - 2015 Women in Science Indo-American Frontiers of Engineering Symposium - 2014 Entrepreneurship and Research

Mark Tompkins (NewFields). The co-chairs highlighted the Session IV fact that although the earth is a blue planet, accessibility to The session on was co-chaired by Debra water is affected due to several reasons such as remoteness, Biomaterials Women in Science, Entrepreneurship Auguste (City College of New York) and Ashok Raichur inability to store seasonal flows, socio-political preferences (Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore). Dhirendra Katti and capacity etc. The lead speaker in the session was V. V. (Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur) began the session Srinivas (Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore) who gave and Research (WISER) with a talk on Glimpses into the exciting world of biomaterials a talk on Climate change causes and hydrologic predictive through drug delivery systems. Rinti Banerjee (Indian capabilities. Balaji Narasimhan (Indian Institute of Institute of Technology, Mumbai) spoke about Stimuli Technology, Madras) spoke about the Emerging water responsive lipid and biopolymeric biomaterials for drug Contact Person resources modeling technologies to understand climate delivery and tissue engineering. Suzie Pun (University change impacts on various sectors and develop adaptation of Washington) gave a presentation on Biomaterials for strategies. Kristin Gilroy (US Army Corps of Engineers) Smriti Trikha targeted drug delivery. Taking the learnings from the previous presented the interactions and adaptations of natural and Indo-US S&T Forum, New Delhi talks and sessions forward – the final talk of the symposium E-mail: [email protected] constructed elements of water resources systems. Finally, was presented by John Santini (ApoGen Biotechnologies) Peter Wijsman (Arcadis) spoke about Adapting to on Transforming biomaterials with novel therapies - from rising tides with the power of information technology – San science to entrepreneurial start-ups. He spoke about Francisco Bay Area and beyond. entrepreneurship and startups; what makes an entrepreneur; “Women in Science” is one of the priority areas for engagement in Science. Since 2009, IUSSTF partnered with the U.S. and the key ingredients and lessons to keep in mind while between the United States and India. Both countries share a Embassy and the Department of Science and Technology starting a company. common goal of promoting, enabling and retaining women in (DST), Government of India to organize four annual Session III science, and increasing access to science and technology for workshops and several round tables on women in science. Jennifer Dy (Northeastern University) and Sriram In addition to the technical talks given at the symposium, women. The Governments of India and USA are committed Raghavan (IBM-India) co-chaired the session on attendees had the opportunity to present their work in to collaborate on issues of leadership, mentoring, and With the objective to study and co-develop programs th Engineering in the context of big data. Keeping an afternoon poster session on May 19 . These posters networking of women scientists in both countries. to promote and facilitate Women in Science, in mind the facts that manufacturing is a $2 Trillion sector, were displayed throughout the meeting and provided an Entrepreneurship and Research (WISER), an discrete manufacturing provides products for consumers and opportunity for every participant to share information about Over the years, the Indo-US Science and Technology Forum Indian delegation comprising of senior government officials, the supply chain, there is a high potential for productivity his/her work. (President, Indian National (IUSSTF) has been actively engaged in promoting Women and scientists who have been promoting women in science, improvement, and manufacturing generates a very large Academy of Engineering) gave a Pre-Dinner Speech titled A amount of data; Athulan Vijayaraghavan (System Perspective on Technological Challenges in India. Insights) spoke about the Internet of Manufacturing Things. Composition of the Indian Delegation Pankaj Dayama (IBM Research) gave a talk on Predictive Another unique dimension of the IAFOE Symposium is the analytics for industrial applications. Nirmal Keshava Frontiers of Engineering Awards that have been (Astra Zeneca) spoke about the Intersection of healthcare, instituted by IUSSTF. The award consists of USD 10,000 drug discovery, and big data. Kiri Wagstaff (Jet Propulsion to be shared between the partnering Indian and American Laboratory) spoke about modeling the human, not the data, awardees, spread over a period of two years. to facilitate discovery in her talk on Facilitating discovery in big data sets. Paramjit Khurana Shobhana Narasimhan Anita Gupta Jyoti Sharma University of Delhi, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre Associate Head, National Principal Scientific Officer, South Campus, Foreign for Advanced Scientific Science and Technology In-Charge, DISHA Women Secretary, National Research, Bangalore Entrepreneurship Board, Fellowships, Science for Academy of Sciences of Department of Science Equity empowerment and India and Technology, Delhi Development (SEED), Department of Science and Technology, Government of India

Rajiv Sharma Rama Lakshmi Datta Smriti Trikha Executive Director Joint Director Senior Science Manager Indo-U.S. Science and Technology Vivekananda Institute of Indo-U.S. Science and Technology Forum (IUSSTF) , New Delhi Biotechnology, Nimpeth Forum (IUSSTF), New Delhi

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Indo-US Science & Technology Forum Annual Report | 2014 - 2015 Women in Science Women in Science Entrepreneurship and Research Entrepreneurship and Research

entrepreneurship and research in India visited USA from at the National Science Foundation, Arlington VA; U.S. 14-18 July 2014. The goal of the visit was to facilitate Department of State, Washington DC, Lockheed Martin, research and educational partnerships between women Global Vision Center (GVC), Crystal City, Intel, Santa Clara, scientists and to co-develop joint programs to promote TiE Silicon Valley, Anita Borg Institute (ABI), Palo Alto and leadership, mentoring, and networking of women scientists University of California, Berkeley. The members of the and entrepreneur in both countries. Aim of the visit was also delegation will continue to work with key stakeholders to to launch some joint programs for Women in Science and organize and execute joint programs for Women in Science Women entrepreneurs for consideration of US - India Joint and Women entrepreneurs for consideration of US - India in partnership with National Science Foundation, Faculty scientists, technologists and entrepreneurs, many programs Commission Meeting (JCM) on S&T Cooperation scheduled Joint Commission Meeting (JCM) on S&T Cooperation fellowships for women in science in partnership with Department to promote women entrepreneurs through capacity building in mid-November 2014. scheduled in mid-November 2014. of Science and Technology, Executive education program on programs in partnership with Anita Borg Institute, TiE Silicon leadership for women in science in partnership with industry Valley and industry and Industry sponsored programs to promote The visit of the delegation was supported by the Department During the interactions with various stakeholders several areas or Department of State to build mentoring networks for women Women in STEM. of Science and Technology, Government of India. The of possible collaborations were identified such as Round table delegation had very successful engagements and meetings to catalyze researcher-to-researcher collaborations in STEM

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Indo-US Science & Technology Forum Annual Report | 2014 - 2015 Women in Science Women in Science Entrepreneurship and Research Entrepreneurship and Research

Training Program in Leadership and Career Advancement for Indian Women Scientists and Engineers

Contact Persons

Smriti Trikha Geraldine Richmond Jyoti Sharma Indo-US S&T Forum, New Delhi Presidential Chair and Professor of Department of Science and Technology, E-mail: [email protected] Chemistry, University of Oregon Government of India E-mail: [email protected] E-mail: [email protected] Session I: Career Launch and methods for research and teaching presentations, building a Acceleration strong CV and developing a strong internet presence. As a part of the continued efforts to promote Women in Advancement of Science, Founder and Chair of COACh This session provided techniques necessary for an effective Science, the Indo- US Science and Technology Forum International, Laura Greene, University of Illinois, Professor career launch in STEM fields. Discussion, role-playing and Session II: The Art of Effective (IUSSTF) in partnership with the Department of Science and of Physics, Pushpalatha Murthy, Professor of Chemistry, group problem solving were a few important components of Negotiation Technology, Government of India and COACh International Michigan Technological University and Program Director in the session. The session included identifying participants’ This session taught the fundamentals of negotiation relevant organized the Training Program in Leadership and Career the Division of Graduate Education at the National Science strengths and interests, common mistakes of graduate to a variety of one-on-one conversations and group settings. Advancement for Indian women scientists and engineers. Foundation and Jean Stockard, Professor Emeritus at the students/faculty/researcher and ways to avoid them, effective Topics included the importance of negotiation to advance Two training programs were successfully organized on University of Oregon. in-person and cyber interviews, effective communication research and career objectives, identification of negotiables September 1-5, 2014, Delhi and September 8-12, 2014, including start-up packages, space, authorship, supplies, Dr. Manju Sharma, Former Secretary, Department of Bangalore. The women scientists were trained on topics etc., necessary elements of a successful negotiation, the such as effective negotiation skills, successful leadership Biotechnology, Government of India, Mr. John Beeds India Mission Director, USAID, Ms. Kumud Srinivasan, President, importance of developing alternatives to an agreement, methods, communicating science effectively, working in a Intel India, Prof. Baldev Raj, National Institute of Advanced techniques for handling difficult people and conversations, the team environment, consensus building, establishing a strong Studies, Bangalore, Prof. Vijayalakshmi Ravindranath, importance of listening and appreciating different viewpoints in-person and internet presence, and publishing in respected Chairperson, Centre For Neuroscience, Indian Institute and identification of short and long-term negotiation goals. journals, grant writing, and the job search. of Science, Bangalore and Dr. Renu Swarup, Advisor, Department of Biotechnology shared their valuable The training sessions were conducted by Prof. Geraldine perspective. Several highly accomplished and eminent Indian Session III: Publishing Research Work Richmond, President Elect, American Association for the women scientists and technologists participated in various in Peer Reviewed Journals panel discussions organized during the training programs. This session provided advice and training on publishing scientific and technical results in peer-reviewed English

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Indo-US Science & Technology Forum Annual Report | 2014 - 2015 Women in Science Women in Science Entrepreneurship and Research Entrepreneurship and Research

language journals. Topics included publication and review Session VI: Mentoring for Success process for many journals, organizing a paper, determining This session included an assessment of participants’ when and where to publish results, identifying data to include Indo-US Workshop on Advancing interest in mentoring activities, an assessment of previous in the publication, organizing the material, working with mentors, responsibilities of the mentor and mentees, and editors, on-line submissions and responding to reviews. skills identification for increasing the quality of interactions Women Faculty in STEM between mentor and mentee including effective listening Session IV: Persuasive Scientificand communication methods. This session includes an Presentations assessment of participants’ interest in mentoring activities, Contact Persons This session provided training on how to present research an assessment of previous mentors, responsibilities of the results in a manner that maximizes the ability of the audience mentor and mentees, and skills identification for increasing Smriti Trikha Beth Mitchneck Jyoti Sharma to understand why the work was conducted, the methods the quality of interactions between mentor and mentee Indo-US S&T Forum, New Delhi National Science Foundation Department of Science and Technology, used, the results obtained and impact of the research on the including effective listening and communication methods. E-mail: [email protected] E-mail: [email protected] Government of India field. The content of the session was based on research that E-mail: [email protected] has examined factors that maximize audience retention of Session VII: Proposal Writing and information by making a clear, concise and compelling oral/ Grantsmanship visual presentation. The workshop was conceptualized during the visit of the in Science workshops organized by US Embassy New This session module provided training in effective techniques WISER delegation in July 2014 and through a series of Delhi, the Department of Science and Technology, and the for writing proposals to gain research support for a scientific or interactions between the Indo-US Science and Technology Indo-U.S. Science and Technology Forum. The Workshop Session V: Leadership and Networking engineering project. Topics included identifying the priorities Forum (IUSSTF), the Department of Science and Technology was organized in conjunction with the 3rd Indo-US Joint Skills for Women in Science and of the agency or program solicitation, determining criteria for (DST), and the National Science Foundation (NSF). It Commission Meeting on Science and Technology scheduled Technology assessment and writing to the criteria, developing a format was also organized as a follow up of the earlier Women on 14 and 17 November 2014, New Delhi. The session included presentations by the facilitator, small for the proposal following known guidelines, identifying the group discussion and experiential learning. This session was objectives of the research project, developing a budget designed to give participants the basic concepts of leadership, and cost assessment, interacting with program officers and describe recent research on leadership qualities that lead to agencies, and developing research partnerships. success and failure, discuss effective leadership styles for women in different cultures, conduct a self-assessment to For each of these training programs the participants drawn identify areas for skills enhancement, provide techniques were the mid career Indian women scientists and trainers. Over 100 Indian women scientists across universities, R & D and strategies for career advancement into leadership roles, institutions were trained during these two training programs. and assist in developing and maintaining strong leadership networks.

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Indo-US Science & Technology Forum Annual Report | 2014 - 2015 Women in Science Women in Science Entrepreneurship and Research Entrepreneurship and Research

The focus of the Workshop was on leadership, mentoring, The workshop was attended by the eminent women scientists and evaluation with special emphasis on using evidence and researchers from both US & India. The US participants and data-based research to develop, implement and refine were university researchers funded by NSF’s ADVANCE research-based programs related to promoting gender Program. equity and STEM. The goal of the workshop was to initiate partnerships with Indian researchers on topics of mutual The interactions enabled sharing of best practices and interest that promote the advancement of women in STEM exchange of ideas and information on ways to change fields and catalyze new research collaborations between university structures and cultures to assure that women India and the United States. Dr. Jonathan Margolis, Deputy faculty in STEM enjoy more productive, successful, and Assistant Secretary for Science Space & Health, Bureau of satisfying careers. Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs, U.S. Department of State, Dr. Renu Swarup, Senior Advisor, Various areas of collaboration were identified during the Department of Biotechnology, Government of India and Dr. workshop including creating mentoring networks for Women Chandrima Shaha, Director, National Institute of Immunology, Scientists, Leadership Training Programs and workshops on Delhi shared their perspectives during the inaugural session. program/project evaluation.

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Indo-US Science & Technology Forum Annual Report | 2014 - 2015 Women in Science Women in Science Entrepreneurship and Research Entrepreneurship and Research

contest for a week long experimental learning visit to Silicon annual Grace Hopper Celebration of Women in Computing Valley, USA. During this visit women entrepreneurs will be India (GHCI), Bangalore. WEQ provided an excellent Silicon Valley Experiential Learning provided with extensive mentoring, networking opportunities platform for the women entrepreneurs to showcase their and access to capital, which is one of the biggest obstacles business ideas and receive feedback from an eminent panel to growth for women entrepreneurs. The effort is to support of judges, who evaluated the viability of the business plans. Program for Women Entrepreneurs networking amongst women entrepreneurs, connect them The partnership was launched at the Finals of WEQ. Top 6 with government agencies and other support organizations. women entrepreneurs were identified and recognized at the The finale of WEQ 2014 was organized by the Anita Borg Award Ceremony. Sreepriya Koppula Turnaround Systems Contact Persons Institute on 21 November, 2014 at Bangalore during the Private Limited was announced the winner of WEQ 2014 and received a grand cash prize of Rs. Five lakhs. Smriti Trikha Anita Gupta Telle Whitney Indo-US S&T Forum, New Delhi Department of Science and Technology, Anita Borg Institute, Palo Alto E-mail: [email protected] Government of India E-mail: [email protected] E-mail: [email protected]

The Indo-US Science and Technology Forum (IUSSTF) Quest (WEQ). WEQ is a unique business plan competition for partnered with the National Science & Technology women entrepreneurs in technology. It is designed to reach Entrepreneurship Development Board (NSTEDB), Department out and identify talented women in technology in the founding of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India or leadership team of early stage startups, who have applied and the Anita Borg Institute (ABI), a non-profit organization technology in innovative ways to solve meaningful business focused on the advancement of women in computer science problems. The partnership was announced at the Indo-US and engineering to enhance the entrepreneurial ecosystem Joint Commission Meeting, 17 November, New Delhi. for women entrepreneurs in India. The joint partnership was This partnership program envisages providing a unique established in synergy with the Women Entrepreneurship opportunity to top 6 women entrepreneurs from the WEQ 2014

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Indo-US Science & Technology Forum Annual Report | 2014 - 2015 Women in Science Women in Science Entrepreneurship and Research Entrepreneurship and Research

Top women entrepreneurs at WEQ Vineeta Singh is the Founder and CEO of Vellvette Lifestyle Private Limited. Her company FAB BAG is a monthly beauty subscription service and e-Commerce platform that Sreepriya is a seasoned technologist and has worked at various IT start-ups (YASU - leverages internet and social media to disrupt the way beauty and grooming products are acquired by SAP, Ketera Technologies - acquired by Deem Inc.) as a software engineer purchased and sold in India. Through a unique affordable monthly “beauty bag” model, Fab before starting her own venture, Turnaround. She founded Turnaround, an Image-tech Bag reaches existing and underserved markets to spread awareness about premium and prestige, global and Indian brands. Fab Bag was launched as Vellvette.com in July 2012 software product company with solutions for high quality images in e-commerce. It is a Vineeta Singh platform built using Image Processing technology to solve time consuming problems and started selling subscriptions and e-Commerce products in September 2012. After a Founder and CEO successful year of scaling up revenues, Vellvette changed the brand and domain name to for online retail. Sreepriya is passionate about building products and their go-to market Vellvette Lifestyle Private an easy-to-remember-and-recommend “FabBag.com”. In a little over 2 years, the business Sreepriya Koppula strategies. Limited Founder and CEO http://www.fabbag.com/ has scaled from 200 paying subscribers in December 2012 to 10,000+ paying subscribers Turnaround Systems Private Sreepriya is an alumni from IIT Kharagpur and is a part of the Startup Leadership Program and more than 100 brands. Limited (SLP) - a peer to peer entrepreneurial learning community. In 2014, she graduated from http://goturnaround.com Ignite Program for Innovation & Entrepreneurship by Stanford Business School. She is Naiyya Saggi is the CEO and co-founder of BabyChakra.com, a platform that helps parents the winner of the popular Women Entrepreneur Quest 2014 organized by the Anita Borg discover and decide on the best local services, right from when they are expecting a baby Institute during the annual Grace Hopper Celebration India conference. to when their child is five. As CEO, Naiyya is in charge of fundraising, strategic partnerships, product and team building. Naiyya is a Fulbright and JN Tata Scholar. She has an MBA from Ashwini Asokan is the CEO and co-founder of Mad Street Den, an Artificial Intelligence the Harvard Business School, Boston. Prior to her MBA she worked at McKinsey & Company & Computer Vision start-up in India. Until recently, she was leading the mobile innovation as a consultant and at the Public Health Foundation of India on secondment from McKinsey. Naiyya Saggi team at Intel’s Interaction and Experience Research Lab (IXR) in Silicon Valley driving the She did her undergraduate degree in Law from The National Law School of India University (Bangalore), where she was elected University President. Over the last six years, she has CEO & Co-founder - development of new products using machine learning, sensing & AI related technologies. BabyChakra.com; Director Ashwini has always wanted to change the narrative on artificial intelligence from killer robots, worked extensively in healthcare and education. She is the author of multiple national and - Infomoko Technology Pvt. international articles including an HBS case study on scaling oncological interventions. She cops in flying cars, and machines taking over the world to a more positive, meaningful and Ltd. Ashwini Asokan fun one. She was inspired to bring AI out of successful labs of the world into the mainstream has been featured in The Economic Times, India’s leading financial publication, as a young www.babychakra.com consumer market and that idea compelled her to move back to , her hometown in CEO leader. Mad Street Den India, to found Mad Street Den. The company is a Computer Vision and Artificial Intelligence http://www.madstreetden.com/ start-up enabling businesses with its cloud based platform, MAD Stack.

Lavina heads the Design team at Lumos Design Technology. Her role within Lumos centers is the integration of electronics into apparel and accessories in a seamless manner. She brings in six years of design experience as an apparel designer for the Landmark group and Arvind Lifestyle Brands Ltd. During her stint, she handled various successful brands such as Ginger Ed Hardy and Flying Machine. Lavina is a Gold Medalist from National Institute of Fashion Technology (India’s leading college for fashion technology). She was selected by Lavina Mahbubani the Fashion Design Council of India to represent India at the prestigious World of Wearable Co-founder, Head of Design Arts 2009, in New Zealand. She has also recently been nominated by Femina Women Lumos Design Technology Awards 2015 as an achiever in the Science & Innovation category. Pvt. Ltd www.lumos.co.in www.iwearlumos.com

Pooja heads the technical team of White Sepals Services (P) Ltd. She completed her Post Graduation in Computer Science from the University of Rajasthan and then did her six months training from the Department of Information Technology and Communication (DOIT&C), Rajasthan. During her college days Pooja had some idea of Feepal, but due to the lack of resources and business experience she was not able to move ahead. In 2011, she came to New Delhi and joined a start-up mainly because of two reasons: firstly, to have some experience in technology and secondly to know how to manage start-ups. In 2013 she got the chance to Pooja Sharma meet a few educationists who appreciated her idea. They joined together and co-founded White Founder and Product Head White Sepal Services Sepal Services (P) Ltd. in September 2013. Pooja takes care of the product and technology functions of the company White Sepal Services (P) Ltd. As an entrepreneur she has developed Private Limited www.feepal.in technological products for companies like Deloitte, Dabur, Clean and Clear etc. The technology and aggregation model behind Feepal is her brain child.

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Indo-US Science & Technology Forum Annual Report | 2014 - 2015 Team India 2014: Team India 2014: Intel® International Science and Engineering Fair (ISEF) Intel® International Science and Engineering Fair (ISEF)

Contact Persons

Smriti Trikha B. P. Singh Shweta Khurana Indo-US S&T Forum, New Delhi Department of Science and Technology, Intel India E-mail: [email protected] Government of India E-mail: [email protected] E-mail: [email protected]

The Indo-US Science and Technology Forum partnered with International Science and Engineering Fair (ISEF), Los the Department of Science and Technology, Government of Angeles, USA, the world’s largest pre-collegiate high school India and Intel to support 18 Indian high school students for science research competition; and also participated in a a two week-long scientific exposure to the United States of week-long exposure trip to science, research and technology America, from 11 – 22 May 2014. TEAM India comprised of based activities in museums, universities, high schools high school students who were winners at the Initiative along with meeting Nobel laureates, eminent scientists and for Research and Innovation in Science (IRIS) scholars. a research based science fair initiative for school students held in India annually. IRIS is a public – private partnership The TEAM India was flagged off by Dr. T. Ramasami, heralded by the Department of Science & Technology (DST), Secretary, Department of Science and Technology, Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) and Intel Education for Government of India and the United States Ambassador to empowering the next generation of innovators. The students India, Ms. Nancy J. Powell. were selected after a rigorous process of support camps and various elimination rounds across the country. TEAM India got an opportunity to meet and interact with Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam, former on 9 May 2014 at TEAM India participated and competed at the Intel® his residence during the pre-departure orientation.

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Indo-US Science & Technology Forum Annual Report | 2014 - 2015 Team India 2014: Team India 2014: Intel® International Science and Engineering Fair (ISEF) Intel® International Science and Engineering Fair (ISEF)

ISEF 2014 was held from 12 - 17 May 2014 at Los Angeles, USA TEAM India visit post ISEF 2014 During these 5 days, ‘Team India’ visited some of the best Hydrocarbon Research Institute, University of Southern wherein 12 Indian projects participated and after competing with Team India also got an opportunity to become the first set of universities, science museums; interacted with scientists California. more than 1700 participating science and research projects from ISEF India Finalists to get an additional 5 day exposure visit at University of Southern California, school education 78 countries won 13 Special and Grand Awards for themselves practitioners and students of same age group at Lynbrook after ISEF in USA. The visit was an immersive experience TEAM India visits the Maker Faire, San and for the country. of the scientific and the entrepreneurial culture of USA. High school; participated in various hands on activities at the Exploratorium, California Academy of Sciences, NASA’s Mateo Winners Ames Research Center and Maker Faire at San Mateo, Team India attended the Maker Faire being held at San California, USA. This visit was jointly organised by the Indo- Mateo, 18 May. At the faire they were greeted by a giant , Maharaja Agrasain Public School, Delhi. Abhishek Verma & Daksh Dua US Science and Technology Forum (IUSSTF) in partnership metallic octopus that spewed fire from its tentacles and smiled Animal Sciences Subject category: with DST and Intel. Such an exposure encouraged students, grotesquely through metallic teeth! The Maker Fair gave them Rubusellipticusan effective solution against Giardiasis Project: created excitement of creative pursuits of STEM education, an opportunity to meet with innovators working with all kinds Intel ISEF Best of Subject Category Award (cash prize 5000US$) Awards: motivated young students to undertake research in the of mediums to produce gadgets and designs that left one Intel ISEF First Grand Award (cash prize 3000US$) Intel Foundation Cultural frontier areas of science & technology and also developed spellbound. Team India also got a chance to try their skills at and Scientific Visit to China Award Minor planet named after each one of them a spirit of innovation and entrepreneurship. The site visits, making small gadgets with LED lights and to observe 3D printers as part of ISEF First Grand Award. not only showcased the scientific landscape of USA but also work their magic. provided an opportunity to the students to assimilate a wider Deeksha P. Hebbar, Vivekananda English Medium School, Puttur, perspective for future studies and possibilities of participating TEAM India visits the Stanford Subject category: Animal Sciences in collaborative research programs. Project: Effective treatment for Cattle Dermatitis by using Cashew Tree (Anacardium University occidentale). Team India visited the University of Southern Next up was a visit to Stanford and a chance to get a feel Intel ISEF Fourth Grand Award (Cash prize 500US$) and a Special award from Awards: California, Los Angeles and interacted with professors of its amazing 8000 acre campus. The students visited the Ashtavadhani Vidwan Ambati Subbaraya Chetty Foundation (Cash prize 500US$) and scientists from various departments - Robotics, Life Stanford Chapel and also craned their necks backward to see if they could take in the majestic Stanford tower in one Shreya Nandy and Kopal Gupta, Amity International School, Mayur sciences, Biomedical Microsystems Lab etc. They also got shot and capture it in their memories. Vihar, New Delhi an opportunity to interact with Prof. G. K. Suryaprakash, Subject category: Chemistry Professor and George A. and Judith A. Olah Nobel Laureate Project: Unique Kit for detection and removal of pesticides and insecticides Chair in Hydrocarbon Chemistry and Director, Loker from the surface of fruits and vegetables. Awards: Intel ISEF Fourth Grand Award (Cash prize 500US$) Rob and Melani Walton Sustainability Solutions Initiatives award (cash prize US $2500 & trip to Arizona, USA). Animesh Tripathi, Sanskriti School, New Delhi Subject Category: Computer Sciences Project: Optimizing Digital Content for Color-Blind Audiences Enhancement Algorithms by 7. Awards: Intel ISEF Fourth Grand Award (Cash prize 500US$) Google CS Connect Award (Cash Prize 5000US$).

Amrit Sahu, DAV Public School, Bhubaneswar, Odisha Subject Category: Engineering - Electrical and Mechanical Project: VOICE-O-NATOR - An Aid for the Speech Impaired Award: Intel ISEF Fourth Grand Award (Cash prize 500US$)

Jaya Sagar, Government Senior Secondary School, Manali, Himachal Pradesh Subject Category: Plant Sciences Project: Brassica Juncea (Mustard) Flowers can be used to Attract Pollinators for Better Malusdomestica (Apple) Yield. Awards: Intel ISEF Fourth Grand Award (Cash prize 500US$) Special award from Ashtavadhani Vidwan Ambati Subbaraya Chetty Foundation (Cash prize 500US$) Debapratim Jana, South Point High School, Kolkata, West Bengal Subject Category: Engineering: Materials and Bioengineering Project: Alternative Materials for Solar Cell Development Award: Special award from Patent and Trademark Office Society (Cash prize 500US$)

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Indo-US Science & Technology Forum Annual Report | 2014 - 2015 Team India 2014: Team India 2014: Intel® International Science and Engineering Fair (ISEF) Intel® International Science and Engineering Fair (ISEF)

TEAM India interacts with students & Team India visits NASA AMES Research TEAM India visits the Exploratorium, teachers at the Lynbrook High school, Centre San Francisco San Jose A short scenic journey brought the group to the NASA AMES The Exploratorium at Piers 15/17 was a wonder world of fun A visit to Lynbrook High School on 19th May, for an interaction Research Centre; where they explored the museum and plied facts and amazement. Team India split up to try and take with students of their own age saw Team India making the resource people with questions. The students enjoyed in every single exhibit and working model and yet came new friends and comparing notes on the way their schools the exhibits and activities that cover NASA-themed science out wanting more time to devote at this hub of science and matched up. They also took a tour of the school campus and topics, NASA Space Station exhibit, flight simulator,and discovery. commended the Principal and teachers on the vast space and the real moon rock. amenities. Team India joined for a biology class and science club activities. Team India presented an overview about their projects to the Lynbrook students.

TEAM India visits Intel Museum, Santa Clara Team India visited the Intel Museum at Santa Clara, and got to know how the first Intel Chip was created; what a Silicon nugget looks like and how Intel technology has now evolved to producing Nano chips and microprocessors. While at the Intel Museum, they also got a chance to do a hands- on workshop which focused on design, instruction and collaboration.

TEAM India visits the California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco On 21 May, the Team India visited the California Academy of Sciences, one of the largest museums of natural history in the world that brings the whole universe under one roof- an aquarium, a planetarium, a natural history museum and more! The 412,000 square feet structure is not only physically impressive, but probably the greenest museum on the planet, with a 2 ½ acre living roof, an expansive solar canopy and an extensive water reclamation system and walls insulated with recycled blue jeans.

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Indo-US Science & Technology Forum Annual Report | 2014 - 2015 Team India 2014: Intel® International Science and Engineering Fair (ISEF)

Consulate General of India hosts an San Francisco. Team India eagerly shared their experiences evening for TEAM India and their views on and discussed about opportunities in India The grand finale of the trip was a reception at the residence and USA. of Mr. N. Parthasarathi, the Consulate General of India,

Strategic Programs

Indo-US Joint Clean Energy Research and Development Center


Indo-US Science & Technology Forum Indo-US Joint Clean Energy Research and Development Center Indo-US Joint Clean Energy Research and Development Center

Contact Persons is being administered in India by the Indo-U.S. Science and In September-October 2014, Project Monitoring Committee Technology Forum (IUSSTF). On the basis of a rigorous (PMC) review meetings were held for all three consortia to binational review and evaluation process, three consortia monitor their progress in conformity with the outputs, milestones, Ariadne Ben Aissa Nishritha Bopana were selected for award. The awards were announced in targets and objectives of the Project. The PMC for each U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, DC Indo-US S&T Forum, New Delhi April 2012. consortium comprises of eminent experts from the relevant field E-mail: [email protected] E-mail: [email protected] and members of the Government of India and IUSSTF.

2 Continents 2 Nations 3 Research areas Recognizing the need to address climate change, ensure use of renewable in electricity generation consistent with its 65 Research tasks ~316 Researchers mutual energy security, and build a clean energy economy intended goal to increase India’s solar target to 100 gigawatts that drives investment, job creation, and economic growth; by 2022. India and the United States launched the U.S.-India CONSORTIUM REVIEW and MANAGEMENT MECHANISM Partnership to Advance Clean Energy (PACE) on The Joint Statement clearly builds upon the success of the November 24, 2009 under the U.S.-India Memorandum of JCERDC by taking its activities and progress to the next Understanding to enhance cooperation on Energy Security, level. To quote the Joint Statement – “The United States Energy Efficiency, Clean Energy and Climate Change. intends to support India’s goal by enhancing As a priority initiative under the PACE umbrella, the U.S. cooperation on clean energy and climate change, India Steering Committee Department of Energy (DOE) and the Government of India to include expanding the Partnership to Advance signed an agreement to establish the Joint Clean Energy Clean Energy Research (PACE-R): A renewed Research and Development Center (JCERDC) commitment to PACE-R, including extending on November 4, 2010. The JCERDC is designed to promote funding for three existing research tracks of solar clean energy innovation by teams of scientists and engineers energy, building energy efficiency, and biofuels for High-Level Experts Panel from India and the United States. an additional five years and launching a new track on smart grid and grid storage.” According to the Joint Statement issued on January 25th Oversight 2015 - ‘’Shared Effort; Progress for All’’; Prime The overall aim of the JCERDC is to facilitate joint research Committee Minister Modi and President Obama emphasized the critical and development on clean energy to improve energy access India importance of expanding clean energy research, development, and promote low-carbon growth. To achieve this objective,the manufacturing and deployment, which increases energy Indo-US JCERDC supports multi-institutional network Inter-Ministerial access and reduces greenhouse gas emissions. The leaders projects using a public-private partnership model of funding. Implementation announced actions to advance India’s transition to a low The JCERDC is funded by the Indian Ministry of Science and Committee carbon economy. India intends to increase the share of Technology and the U.S. Department of Energy. The program India Secretariat IUSSTF collates information from all 3 PMCs

Building Solar PMC Biofuel PMC Energy PMC

Solar Energy Second Generation Building Energy Consortium Biofuels Consortium Consortium (SERIIUS) (SALBS) (CBERD)

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Indo-US Science & Technology Forum Annual Report | 2014 - 2015 Indo-US Joint Clean Energy Research and Development Center Indo-US Joint Clean Energy Research and Development Center

A brief summary on the progress thus far of the projects The achievements of the project thus Project Monitoring Committee, India awarded in the space of Solar Energy, Building far include the following: Solar Energy Research Institute for India and the United States (SERIIUS) Energy Efficiency and Second-Generation Consortium research projects were initiated following Biofuels are as follows: the SERIIUS 10-Point Work Plan, developed through an all-SERIIUS consensus process for the Sustainable PV, Multiscale CSP, and SEI Research Thrusts. Each thrust SOLAR ENERGY has several sub tasks, which are closely monitored by The Solar Energy Research Institute for India the Project Monitoring Committee. and the United States (SERIIUS) is co-led by the SERIIUS Web Gateway (www.SERIIUS.org) is in full Indian Institute of Science (IISc)-Bangalore and the National (Chairman), INAE Chair operation, providing information about the Consortium of Engineering Eminence, Bhabha Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)-Golden. to the public, establishing a special and secure Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai “Consortium Collaboration Tool” for sharing research SERIIUS carries out fundamental and applied research, information among SERIIUS partners, and social media analysis and assessment, outreach, and workforce links (Facebook and Twitter). development through specific bi-national projects in three Inter-SERIIUS-partner organization visits have Research Thrusts - Sustainable Photovoltaics (PV), blossomed, and are key to ensuring research interactions, Multiscale Concentrated Solar Power (CSP), and Solar sharing of results, fostering relationships, and maintaining Energy Integration (SEI). The vision is to ready these solar the enthusiasm for SERIIUS among members. electricity technologies toward the long-term success of Two Project Monitoring Committee Meetings have thus R. Banerjee Suresh Chand Vikram Kumar S. C. Mullick K. S. Narayan Reji K. Pillai India’s Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Energy Mission and Indian Institute National Physical Indian Institute of Indian Institute of Jawaharlal India Smart Grid far, closely monitored and evaluated the advancement the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) SunShot Initiative. of Technology, Laboratory, New Technology, Delhi Technology, Delhi Nehru Centre Forum, New Delhi of the project. Bombay Delhi for Advanced Scientific Research, Bangalore Seriius Partners Collaborating Institutions, India Collaborating Institutions, USA Lead Institution: Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore Lead Institution: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Other Academia Partners Other Academia Partners 1. Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay 1. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory B.V.S.S. Prasad C. A. K. Bhim Singh J. Srinivasan K. Vijaymohanan 2. Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Kolkata 2. Arizona State University Indian Institute Ranganayakulu Raychaudhuri Indian Institute of Indian Institute Central Electro of Technology, Aeronautical S.N. Bose National Technology, Delhi of Science, Chemical 3. ARCI, Hyderabad 3. Carnegie Mellon University Madras Development Centre for Basic Bangalore Research Institute, 4. Solar Energy Center, Gurgaon 4. Colorado School of Mines Agency, Bangalore Sciences, Kolkata Karaikudi 5. Indian Institute of Technology, Madras 5. Massachusetts Institute of Technology 6. CSTEP, Bangalore 6. Purdue University 7. Stanford University A biannual Internal Review Meet of the consortium Phase purity was achieved by optimizing the annealing 8. University of Central Florida partners help in synchronizing the advancement of the condition and devices are being made and in process 9. University of South Florida group and sketching the roadmap for the future. of testing; 8.0% (7% average) CIGS nanoparticle 10. Washington University based solar cell has been fabricated on flexible Corning » ® 11. RAND Corporation » Number of Partnering Institutions: 32 (India and the Willow Glass. This efficiency has been achieved by United States) rapid thermal processing (RTP) of the coated CIGS 12. Sandia National Laboratories »» Research papers in peer-reviewed journals nanoparticle film in selenium. y Published: 74 Two new OPV materials with absorption > 650 nm have Other Industry Partners Other Industry Partners y Published conference proceedings: 142 been designed at NREL and synthesized at IISc; a > 4% 1. Thermax Ltd 1. Corning Incorporated »» Patent Disclosure: 1 OPV module has also been developed. 2. Clique Developments Ltd 2. SunEdison. LLC DSSCs with 8% efficiency have been fabricated as 3. Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Ltd. 3. Solarmer Energy Inc. Sustainable Photovoltaics reported earlier; Si nanowire fabrication has been standardized, and fabrication of preliminary Si nanowire 4. Moser Baer India Ltd An 8.0 % CZTS solar cell on flexible Willow® glass based solar cells has been initiated. 5. Wipro Ltd from Corning has been achieved; Phase pure CZTS is As reported earlier, solar cells have been fabricated with 6. Bharat Heavy Electrical Ltd. achieved on FTO and Mo coated glass substrates; Single phase CIGS films were achieved by electrodeposition; 15.9% efficiency on 6” wafers received from Sun Edison;

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Indo-US Science & Technology Forum Annual Report | 2014 - 2015 Indo-US Joint Clean Energy Research and Development Center Indo-US Joint Clean Energy Research and Development Center

Process of recovery of silicon from kerf dust is being Optimization of scroll geometries for small-scale ORC is optimized. As reported earlier, a series of co-ordinated complete. Completed Machining of scroll elements for SERIIUS Quarterly Newsletters were compiled and BUILDING ENERGY EFFICIENCY uploaded on SERIIUS web site for informing the measurements and simulations have been made on HIT first prototype is complete. A ‘burn-in’ test rig is being The consortium about SERIIUS activities, government’s U.S.-India Joint Centre for Building Energy solar cells obtained from Moser Baer. designed to improve tolerances on scroll elements. will conduct solar policies and solar news in general. Research and Development (CBERD) Corning’s flexible Willow® glass continues to be shipped. Assessment of thermal performance of dual-media collaborative research and promote clean energy innovation A detailed technical assessment of thin film solar cells It has been used to fabricate CZTS and CIGS solar cells. thermocline tanks, with quartzite rock as filler material, in the area of energy efficiency in building with measurable based on CIGS, CZTS and perovskite materials was  and single-media thermocline tanks with only molten salt results and significant reduction in energy use in both Modelling work on PV from materials to devices to carried out. The study reviewed the three solar cell as high temperature thermal storage options for CSP. nations. CBERD is co-led by CEPT University-Ahmedabad modules is under way, including: Band structure technologies based on these materials, their fabrication Completed design of a laboratory scale molten-salt-loop and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. CBERD calculations; modelling and simulation of HIT cells from processes and final device properties. Moser Baer; modelling improvement in efficiency for system to test storage option for high temperature CO2 focuses on the integration of information technology with A computational tool, CSTEM (CSTEP’s Solar Techno- perovskite solar cells. Brayton cycles. building controls and physical systems for commercial/high- Economic Model) for estimating the optimized solar A new Core project (CSP-Core2) with BHEL has rise residential units. Field data obtained from installations in different multiple for Parabolic Trough plants was made available commenced, on the development of a ceramic climatic zones in India and USA continues to be taken through the SERIIUS website. A comprehensive review volumetric receiver for S-CO . The financial resources and analysed; solar PV development for rural and 2 of the Solar Tower technology was conducted with The highlights of the project includes allocated to IISc for CSP-Core 1 is being utilized in CSP- commercial application continues. respect to the performance, cost, merits and de-merits Core 2. In CSP-Core 2, a design concept of a volumetric the following: Work on improved encapsulants with improved WVTR; of different variants under Indian conditions and report receiver with SiC ceramic as the absorber material is CBERD organized the first joint CBERD forum in India. Al doped ZnO films developed for TCO applications; based on this work-’’ Global Review of Solar Tower th finalized, geometric modelingcompleted and a test On 17 November 2014 R&D leaders from both countries Work on dust mitigation. Technology’’, was submitted and also published as material is fabricated. A laboratory scale open cycle met and discussed progress towards milestones defined a journal article. A detailed engineering model for the test s-CO loop for testing the receiver module has been earlier. Multi scale Concentrated Solar Power 2 reflected image from the heliostat was developed. designed source. Afte Optimization of ORC and Supercritical CO -based A detailed report on ‘’Energy Storage for RE Deployment  r this joint meeting, US CBERD R&D leads visited 2 Indian organizations located in various parts of India. cycles, based on thermodynamic analysis; Completed Solar Energy Integration in India: Potential, Economics and Technology Options’’ technical design of a research (laboratory scale) (New Delhi, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, Jaipur, Mumbai, Report on resource assessment and technology was completed. This study included storage requirement supercritical CO test loop for closed Brayton cycle; Bangalore) Their visit included meeting with industry 2 roadmap frameworks for PV and CSP in India. A detailed estimation and economics for rural microgrid, telecom procurement of components is in progress; Design partners at CBERD sites, working with team members report on ‘’Solar Resource Assessment and Technology sector, roof-top PVs and Power grid. of a tubular serpentine receiver; CFD model predicts  at labs and joint technical sessions. Their visit took place Roadmap’’ was submitted. Projections of solar power Assessment of options to enhance the life of sodium- st efficiency > 90% is ready at Sandia National Labs. during 18-21 November 2014. capacity in India in 2031-32 were made based on sulfur rechargeable battery. 2 All India and US R&D team leads met at CEPT University, Development of the first 4 m heliostat prototype with three scenarios-Planning Commission’s low carbon Studies of Li-ion, Supercapacitor and Unitized Ahmedabad on 22nd November 2014 to share their notes 2-axis tracking, with high reflectivity AlS glass, linear Growth study, steady Renewable Purchase Obligation Regenerative Fuel cells (URFC) for grid scale and present their plans for next phase of CBERD. The actuator for elevation, and geared motor for azimuth growth and ICF International’s Green scenario. Further, applications. A few experimental as well as modelling session included valuable sharing of project insights motion. First heliostat prototype gives us insight to a detailed policy overview of solar energy in India studies on Li ion battery cathodes and anodes of select and lessons learnt from the past 2 years of work; and the actual cost, weight, and other requirements of a including central and state policies for grid connected chemistries were completed and published in high delineation of next steps at both the program and task heliostat. plants, roof top PV, rural electrification schemes and quality journals. levels. The US CMO had an extensive work-session Development of a (Cu-Sn)-based novel hemispherical decentralized solar applications was completed along Development of Novel Storage Materials for Solar- with PACE-D partner Nexant-the key organization that highly reflective intermetallic mirror material with > with identification of policy gaps and recommendations Hydrogen Produced by PV Electrolytic System:Metal handles the PACE program’s deployment work in India. 93% reflectivity; Development of High thermally stable to bridge these. A study on innovative financing schemes Organic Framework (MOF) materials to store hydrogen absorber coating with high corrosion resistant property for solar projects in India was also carried out. studied. A few benchmark MoF compounds were is achieved. synthesized and characterized.

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Cberd Partners Project Monitoring Committee, India Center for Building Energy Research and Development (CBERD) Collaborating Institutions, India Collaborating Institutions, USA Lead Institution: Center for Environmental Planning and Lead Institution: Lawrence Berkeley National Technology (CEPT) University, Ahmedabad Laboratory Other Academia Partners Other Academia Partners 1. International Institute of Information Technology, Hyderabad 1. Oak Ridge National Laboratory 2. Malaviya National Institute of Technology, Jaipur 2. University of California Berkeley Nagesh R. Iyer (Chairman), Distinguished Emeritus 3. Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay 3. Carnegie Mellon University Professor, Former Acting Director, 4. Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad 4. Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (AcSIR), Chennai 5. Auroville Center for Scientific Research 6. Indian Green Building Center, CII 7. Indian Society of Heating Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Engineers 8. Rajasthan Electronics and Instruments Limited 9. Indian Society of Lighting Engineers N. Sarat B.G. Fernandes Y. K. Jain Subrata Kar Ajay Khare Chandra Babu Indian Institute School of Indian Institute of School of Other Industry Partners Other Industry Partners Centre for of Technology, Planning and Technology, Delhi Planning and 1. Asahi India Glass 1. Autodesk, Inc. Development Bombay Architecture, Architecture, of Advanced New Delhi Bhopal 2. Biodiversity Conservation India 2. California Energy Commission Computing, 3. Infosys Technologies. 3. Delphi Bangalore 4. Neosilica Technologies 4. enLighted Inc. 5. Oorja Energy Engineering Services 5. Honeywell 6. Paharpur Business Centre/Green Spaces 6. Infosys Public Services 7. PLUSS Polymers 7. Ingersoll-Rand/Trane 8. Philips Electronics India 8. Lighting Science Group Corp 9. Saint Gobain Corp 9. Nexant Mahua K. Ramamritham B. V. Sanjay Seth S. G.N. Tiwari 10. Schneider Electric India 10. Saint Gobain Corp Mukherjee Indian Institute Venkatarama Bureau of Energy Srinivasamurthy Indian Institute of 11. Sintex Industries Limited 11. SAGE Electrochromics Indian Institute of Technology, Reddy Efficiency, Indian Institute Technology, of Technology, Bombay Indian Institute New Delhi of Science, Delhi 12. Skyshade Daylights 12. SynapSense Roorkee of Science, Bangalore 13. Wipro EcoEnergy 13. The Weidt Group Bangalore 14. Glazing Society of India 14. Bay Area Photovoltaic Consortium 15. City of San Jose - a cross disciplinary exhibition of Carnegie Mellon buildings in Bangalore, and MSEDCL utility building in University on April 9, 2015. Nagpur. 16. HOK Architects The TBL methodology was presented in a Master Class Daylighting equipment: Conceptual design of the large- 17. Natural Resources Defense Council associated with the Australian Green Building Council’s scale outdoor goniophotometer completed. Sustainable Cities Conference in Melbourne on March Web-Based Indoor Environmental Quality and Thermal »» Number of Partnering Institutions: 41 (India and the would enable Indian partner CEPT to become a regional 19, 2015. Comfort Surveys deployed in three new buildings in United States) aggregator for the International Glazing database (IGDB) India and data collection is in progress; will be ramped and Complex Glazing Shading Database (CGDB). Technology Demonstrations/ test beds »» Research papers in peer-reviewed journals: up to include more buildings. The triple bottom line (TBL) methodology has been used and data analysis y Published: 4 as instructional material for a Carnegie Mellon graduate Launch of demonstration EIS Springboard Program Industry collaboration progress: y Published conference proceedings: 22 elective course in the MS in Sustainable Design and the (ESP): Recruitment of two hotel chains- ‘Fern’ and Industry partners continued to provide ongoing engagement »» Patent Filed: 1 MS in Building Performance and Diagnostics with 15-20 ‘Ginger’ for demonstration of Energy Information and value, as highlighted through the examples below: »» Software generated: 9 students per year. Two faculty, four MS and one PhD Systems (EIS) packages in hotels, based on the CBERD defined packages. Initial work on Project Dasher with Autodesk: LBNL »» New process development: 7 student were engaged in developing the framework and in customizing the first set of proof sets to the Indian Continued operations and collection of performance and AutoDesk Research recently started planning baseline. data from the installed open-API lighting control system collaborative work due to start in FY16, focused on Scientific/ Educational Exchanges integrating real-time energy performance assessment The TBL methodology for evaluating building from industry partner EnLighted at LBNL. Development of a framework of Regional Data Glazing into the Project Dasher visualization tool for IEQ in investments was presented at “Innovation with Impact” Continued cool roofs monitoring at Infosys office and Shading Aggregator (RDA) concept by LBNL that larger occupied spaces.

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EIS demonstrations with two industry partners, the Indian Institute of Chemical Technology-Hyderabad and locations in Gujarat) during rainy season of Schenider Electric and Wipro. These two partners the University of Florida-Gainesville. 2014. Data analysis is under progress. will engage significantly in the EIS package product The project comprises of three work packages – WP-1 involves Thirty-two trials on farmer’s fields (6 identified demonstrations, bringing in relevant expertise in product the feedstock development and supply, WP-2 focuses on the pearl millet high biomass OPVs/germplasm) development and as service provider respectively. conversion technologies, and WP-3 addresses sustainability, were conducted in Madhya Pradesh and Cool Roof monitoring experiments and demonstration marketing and policy. Gujarat. Data analysis is under progress. with partners by Saint Gobain Research India: SGRI Abellon has collected 20 different bamboo and Indian partner IIIT-H are conducting a controlled The highlights of project progress thus germplasm from various parts of India after experiment for estimating the energy saving potential of consulting with National Bamboo Mission high albedo surfaces on flat concrete roofs in identical far are as follows: (NBM). Six out of 20 germplasm lines have  test huts specifically constructed by SGRI in four High biomass sorghum genotypes were screened for been established at Modasa for further different climatic zones of India. various agronomic traits (plant height, fresh yield, stover studies, while others are in the process of Saint Gobain Glass and ASAHI Glass are actively yield, etc.) during the post-rainy season for potential being established. high biomass producing lines. Thirty-six HBM genotypes helping to conduct Thermal Comfort Survey  were identified, out of which 10 showed superior stalk A stress tolerance study of existing Industry partner Delphi’s sample components are being yields. Bambusa balcooa under in-vitro and used for integration of MCHX evaporator in 1.5TR in-vivo conditions is ongoing. Genetic Large-scale demonstration trials of farmers preferred air-conditioning unit at Indian partner IIT-B’s team variation studies conducted on 6 varieties cultivars were conducted in Gujarat, MP and Tamil experimental setup. of Bamboo using molecular approaches Nadu. Data collection is in progress. showed Bambusa balcooa to be the A total of 40 biomass lines are being screened for salinity most diverse variety. Pre-processing and SECOND GENERATION BIOFUELS tolerance (10 dsm-1). commutation of 5 lignocellulosic biomass The U.S.-India Consortium for development A total of 28 advanced breeding progenies in brown samples of sorghum and pearl millet was of Sustainable Advanced Lignocellulosic midrib background were evaluated for biomass quantity optimized at HPCL and the commuted Biofuel Systems emphasizes on sustainable feedstock and the entry (CSV 15 × IS 21891-1-1-1) × (HC 260 × B biomass was dispatched to the WP-2 cultivation and supply, biochemical conversion technologies 35)-2-1-1-1 with dry biomass of 29.9 t ha-1 recorded the partners involved in conversion technology. for production of second generation biofuels with minimal highest yield in the trial. The biomass of promising HBM sorghum environmental impact, and analysis of overall sustainability Fifty pearl millet hybrids were evaluated at 8 locations and pearl millet lines were supplied to WP2 Madhya Pradesh involving ICRISAT, DSR and RVSKVV and supply chain of feedstock. The consortium is co-led by (ICRISAT, 2 locations in Madhya Pradesh, and 5 partners. scientists. Sites for conducting MLT’s for sorghum Land survey for the cultivation of coarse cereals as and pearl millet were identified as well. Preliminary interactive survey with local farmers with regards to Salbs Partners well as sorghum was conducted in various areas of Collaborating Institutions, India Collaborating Institutions, USA Project Monitoring Committee, India Lead Institution: Indian Institute of Chemical Lead Institution: University of Florida US-India Consortium for development of Sustainable Advanced Lignocellulosic Biofuel Systems (SALBS) Technology, Hyderabad Other R &D Institutions and Academia Other R & D Institutions and Academia Partners Partners 1. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid 1. University of Missouri Tropics- Hyderabad 2. Virginia Tech 2. Directorate of Sorghum Research-Hyderabad 3. Montclair State University K. Gurumurthi (Chairman), Former Director, Institute 3. Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University-Hyderabad 4. Texas A&M University of Forest Genetics and Tree Breeding- 4. Tamil Nadu Agricultural University Coimbatore 5. Rajamatha Vijayaraje Sindia Krishi Vishwa Vidyalay, Gwalior 6. Centre for Economic and Social Studies 7. Indian Institute of Technology-Delhi 8. Indian Institute of Technology-Chennai

Jayant Modak K. J. Mukherjee A.K. Panda V. V. Ranade Industry Partners Industry Partners Indian Institute Jawaharlal Nehru National Institute National Chemical of Science, University, of Immunology, Laboratory, 1. Abellon Clean Energy 1. Show Me Energy Bangalore New Delhi New Delhi Pune 2. Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited 2. Green Technologies

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cultivation of sorghum and pearl millet for biomass specific adsorption of cellulases increased with an production was conducted by CESS group. increase in lignin content in the material. The highest Cellulolytic fungi from various biosphere zones were saccharification yield (94%) was achieved in case of isolated and 21 fungal cultures were identified at TNAU. pure cellulose (obtained from caustic-carbonic cooking). Standardization of alcohol fermentation to establish The Langmuir adsorption isotherm of high lignin (12%) base levels on glucose substrate using in-house containing material showed maximum bound enzyme -1 Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been initiated at IIT-D. (protein) concentration as 316 mgg (Ebm) with an Similarly, standardization of pre-treatment variables of adsorption rate constant of 0.0083 (Ka). the biomass samples, isolation of microbial strains from Abellon has reviewed and compiled globally available various biosphere zones, and screening of biomass documents on certification systems. They have degrading-enzymes (xylanase and cellulase) have been consulted three independent experts working in initiated at I ICT. the fields of social/woman development, extension Commercial cellulotic enzymes have been procured education, CESS, and an NGO group for their inputs on from various sources and analyzed for their efficacy to the design of the baseline survey forms. Second round hydrolyze pretreated biomass. of Focussed Group Discussions (FGD) with farmers has An algorithm based on various parameters/benchmarks been conducted at Khas and Modasa. available in literature has been designed by JNTU team Similarly, primary and secondary data with respect for assessing the suitability of pre-treated biomass for to non-food based biofuels has been reviewed and ethanol fermentation. compiled. CESS has independently compiled a Pre-treatment experiments were undertaken with questionnaire for the baseline survey after a preliminary sorghum biomass (1 Kg, <10 mm particle size) with visit to the field sites of Indore and Gwalior in Madhya different combination pre-treatment’s such as (a) Pradesh. only Steam explosion, (b) Alkali treatment and Steam »» Number of Partnering Institutions: 18 (India and the explosion, (c) Acid treatment and Steam explosion and United States) (d) peroxide with Steam explosion under the operating »» Research papers in peer-reviewed journals conditions of pressure (10 Kg/cm2), temperature y Published: 9 (180°C), and residence time (20 min). y Published conference proceedings: 61 The saccharification results showed that non- »» Intellectual property generated: 2 Strategic Programs

United States - India Science and Technology Endowment Fund


Indo-US Science & Technology Forum United States - India Science and Technology Endowment Fund United States - India Science and Technology Endowment Fund

program are (1) Healthy Individual (HI) with a focus societal impact in areas such as water, agriculture, financial Contact Person on affordable biomedical devices, diagnostic/ preventive/ inclusion, and education. curative measures, or food and nutrition products to improve Smriti Trikha health, and (2) Empowering Citizens (EC) with a Given below are the Joint U.S.-India entrepreneurial projects Indo-US S&T Forum, New Delhi focus on reducing the digital/technology divide including supported by the U.S.-India S&T Endowment Fund: E-mail: [email protected] others, information and communication technologies with

S. No. Project Title Lead US Partner Lead Indian Partner 1. A fair price for healthy fruits & vegetables: Sorin Grama Rustom Irani The United States–India Science & Technology Technology Endowment Fund through a competitive grant Helping farmers access cold-storage Promethean Power Systems, Icelings-Chirag Ice Factory Pvt. Ltd., Navi Endowment Fund (USISTEF) was established in program, selects and financially supports promising joint technology Boston Mumbai 2009 by the Governments of the United States of America U.S.-India entrepreneurial initiatives by providing grants 2. Mobile phone based HbA1C analyzer Stephen Chen Sidhant Jena (through the Department of State) and India (through the up to Rs. 2.50 crores or approx. USD 400,000 (subject to Teco Diagnostics, Anaheim Janacare Solutions Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi Department of Science & Technology). The fund envisages prevailing exchange rate) to support and foster joint applied R&D to generate public 3. A novel way to manage fecal incontinence Matt Durack Nishith Chasmawala in non-ambulatory patients Lunar Design, San Francisco Consure Medical Pvt. Ltd. , Surat good through commercialization of technology achieved Fifteen promising innovative projects have currently been through sustained partnerships between US and Indian funded by the US- India Science and Technology Endowment 4. Branchless banking and financial services Angela Schmuck Abhipriya Gupta researchers and entrepreneurial initiatives. These initiatives Fund. A funding of over 35 crores (approx 5.5 million dollars) for the unbanked and under-banked IDmission LLC, Mesa AZ Eko India Financial Services Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi can originate from government, academic, non-governmental has been committed to support these projects. or commercial entities, and any combination thereof provided 5. Commercialization of cultivated sea Ganesh Vishwanath Abhiram Seth they focus on applied R&D, incorporate a business plan and The program is coordinated and administered through the plants based organic bio-stimulants for GloBridge Ventures LLC Aquagri Processing Pvt. Ltd., proof of commercial concept, and have significant sustainable bi-national Indo-U.S. Science and Technology applications in the USA New Delhi commercial potential. The United States - India Science & Forum (IUSSTF). The areas covered under the 6. Solar electric tractor- agriculture and power Keith Rutledge Parimal Shah Solectrac LLC, CA Lovson Enterprises Pvt. Ltd, Ahmedabad Structure of the Endowment Fund 7. Affordable, clean cookstove and electric Aleksandr Kushch Neha Juneja power sources for rural India Hi-Z Technology Inc., San Greenway Grameen Infra Pvt. Ltd., Navi Diego Mumbai 8. OneBreath: Affordable mechanical ventila- Matthew Callaghan Ashwin Naik tion for India OneBreath, Inc., Palo Alto Vaatsalya Healthcare, Bangalore U.S Co- Indian Co- U. S.-India S&T Chair Chair 9. Commercializing a scalable low-cost Shashi Buluswar Joyashree Roy Endowment Board arsenic remediation technology for societal LIGTT Corp., Oakland Jadavpur University, Kolkata and Raja impact Ashok Gadgil Mohanty LBNL, Berkeley, CA LWT Pvt. Ltd., Gurgaon

10. Affordable and user-centric knee joints to Krista Donaldson Pooja Mukul remobilize above-knee amputees in India D-Rev (Design Revolution), San Bhagwan Mahaveer Viklang Sahayata Samiti and globally Francisco (BMVSS), Jaipur IUSSTF-Executive 11. Easy to use, integrated neonatal Dan Harden Avijit Bansal Secretariat resuscitation solution Whipsaw, San Jose Windmill Health Technologies, Anurag Mairal, Stanford New Delhi Global Biodesign, CA 12. Transforming arsenic and fluoride crisis in Mike German Abhijeet Gaan drinking water into an economic enterprise WIST Inc., Brighton, MA Rite Water Solutions (I) Pvt. Ltd., Nagpur Arup K Sengupta Society for Technology with a Human Face, Kolkata Joint 13. Development of a low-cost, portable auto- Shivang Dave Sriram Ravilla Expert refractor PlenOptika, Somerville, MA Aurolab, Madhurai Panels 14. Commercializing a transformational modular Shashi Buluswar Hasit Ganatra roofing solution for low-income urban LIGTT Corp., Oakland, CA Re-Materials, Ahmedabad homes Due Project Diligence Monitoring 15. Developing novel biological seed treatments Rusty Rodriguez Anup Karwa Commitee Committee to confer abiotic stress tolerance in crops Adaptive Symbiotic Technologies, SFPL Crop Life Sciences Pvt. Ltd., Krishidhan Seattle, WA Seeds, Jalna, Maharashtra

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Progress of the Ongoing Projects Mobile phone based HbA1c analyzer A fair price for healthy fruits & vegetables: Helping farmers access cold-storage technology

Stephan Chen Sidhant Jena Teco Diagnostics, Anaheim Janacare Solutions Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi

Sorin Grama Rustom Irani The Problem: phone’s camera to analyze the test strip. Additionally, Promethean Power Systems, New Delhi Icelings-Chirag Ice Factory Pvt. Ltd., Navi Mumbai There is an acute need for a low-cost and portable the software application can provide automated decision Hb1Ac monitor top screen and manage diabetes in the support and transmit data to remote specialists, thus The Problem: Accomplishments: developing world. However, most standardized HbA1c enabling millions of field health workers to screen and Nearly $10 billion of agricultural produce is lost in India The team have successfully developed, deployed a fully monitors are expensive, bulky and assay based systems manage diabetes in even the most remote communities. and thus not suited for mass adoption. every year due to inadequate cold storage. operational 20 feet solar- hybrid cold room at Green Tokri, a Accomplishments: farm outside Pune. The team has also developed an 8 feet The Solution: The Solution: The team has successfully developed a low-cost mobile container which is fully operational with four compartments, The teams of Promethean Power Systems and Icelings The team is co-developing a low-cost mobile phone phone platform to measure HbA1c which has been capable of each being maintained at a different temperature. Chirag have co-developed an off-grid refrigerated container, platform to measure HbA1c. Their novel platform fully integrated with a software application DX-Phone which will be installed on small farms and remote villages The final tranche will be released to the project team on comprises of two components- a colorimetric test strip device with very encouraging clinical data. The project throughout India. This will increase the farmer’s incomes by the basis of recommendations received from the Project for HbA1c and a software application that uses the is undergoing with the third milestone activities. eliminating costly spoilage while allowing them to sell the Monitoring Committee and site inspection meetings. produce at a fair price independent of harvest timing. The system does not use an on-board refrigeration compressor for cooling and therefore will not release harmful refrigerant gas into the atmosphere. Additionally, it also reduces capital and operating costs.

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A novel way to manage fecal incontinence in non-ambulatory Affordable and user-centric knee joints to remobilize above-knee patients amputees in India and globally

Matt Durack Nishith Chasmawala Krista Donaldson Pooja Mukul Lunar Design, San Francisco Consure Medical Pvt. Ltd., Surat D-Rev (Design Revolution), San Francisco Bhagwan Mahaveer Viklang Sahayata Samiti (BMVSS), Jaipur

The Problem: Accomplishments: The Problem: Accomplishments: Fecal incontinence, the inability to control the release of The team has received the following: Over 1.9 million people in India are above-the-knee The team has co-developed a radically affordable Re- stool, is a ubiquitous clinical problem that affects more than amputees and unable to live productive lives. With 77% motion knee version 3 which is designed and optimized y FDA 510 (k) clearance for first product received. 50 million patients globally. The absence of an adequate of India’s population living under $2 a day, amputees to meet the occupational, environmental and socio- management solution for fecal incontinence leads to y Core patent granted (with all original claims) in rarely receive rehabilitation and have no access to cultural needs of low resource users. Re-motion knee increased utilization of hospital resources and adversely USPTO, EPO, Japan and Singapore. quality prostheses. v3 aims to restore mobility, dignity and autonomy of impacts the mortality by 7%. amputees across the world. It will retail at less than $80, y Consure Medical will be commencing a pilot launch of The Solution: yet designed to perform on par or better than expensive The Solution: the product at a reputed hospital in Bangalore. The team is co-developing Re-motion knee version 3 polycentric knees, which usually start at $1,400. The team has developed a self-expanding device i.e. a high-performance, low-cost prosthetic knee joints y Company has obtained requisite approvals for piloting with a unique placement, deployment and withdrawal for above-knee amputees that address problems seen The team has successfully fitted 70 patients with the the product at two hospitals in USA as part of Tranche mechanism. The device requires minimal training and can with prosthetics clinics: successful fitting, follow-up and v3 ReMotion Knee at BMVSS in Jaipur. Currently, the II deliverable be administered without the need for imaging and works on reporting of amputees. The goal for ReMotion Pilot team is analysing the data along with data from other all patients, irrespective of their stool type or sphincter tone. y Scalable manufacturing process established and Program is to become a global model of the delivery of high clinics around the world to improve their data collection The product offers a hygienic insertion mechanism and is COGS targets will be achieved by end of this year. performance affordable medical products targeting low- methods before they start the India Pilot Program. The overall very sanitary and patient friendly. income patients. This partnership will place India and the third tranche will be released to the team in which 430 y The project is undergoing with the third milestone US at the forefront of affordable quality medical products patients will be fitted as a part of the final milestone activities. design and implementation, and is the first step in global activities. scaling and commercialization of the ReMotion Knee.

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Affordable, clean cookstove and electric power sources for rural Commercialization of cultivated sea plants based organic bio- India stimulants for applications in the USA

Aleksandr Kushch Neha Juneja Ganesh Vishwanath Abhiram Seth Hi-Z Technology Inc., San Diego CA Greenway Grameen Infra Pvt. Ltd., Navi Mumbai GloBridge Ventures LLC, CA Aquagri Processing Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi

The Problem: Accomplishments: The Problem: to market and distribute the products/solutions with a Over 160 million households constituting 70% of India’s The team is co-developing low cost thermoelectric There are two fundamental problems that are attempted focus on organic segments that improves efficiency, population are cooking on polluting cookstoves/indoor modules, generators; in-design and distribution of products the endemic poverty in India and the rising consumer lowers cost and improves the health of livestock and open fires. Over 50 million households do not have access for cookstoves that can generate electricity from the stove demand for organic products in the US Market. crop productivity. to reliable electricity. during cooking. These generators have been integrated into two distinct products providing on demand clean energy. The Solution: Current Status: The Solution: Aquagri has pioneered seaweed cultivation in India with The team have developed bio-stimulants products HI-Z Technology has the experience in developing low cost The project aims to provide a complete household energy a prime focus on creation of livelihood opportunities for and have registered their product with United States thermoelectric modules and generators and Greenway solution that combines clean cooking and reliable, on- the coastal communities and to enhance its sustainability Department of Agriculture (USDA) under their National owes expertise in design and distribution of products for demand power generation. The project aims to develop by developing a wide range of value added products. Organic Program (NOP) and California Department of rural markets. A first run of biomass cook stoves has been a stove called “The Greenway Power Stove” which will Agriculture (CDFA). They have successfully shipped the successfully completed in December 2014. While this Aquagri through sea plant cultivation would help employ a novel clean combustion technology and a low product to the US market. Second milestone activities project does focus on manufacturing the thermoelectrics in expanding the cultivation base itself. GloBridge cost thermoelectric module to generate electricity from the are ongoing. for the stove, after six months of 24/7 living at the facility, Ventures LLC plans to work in collaboration with Aquagri stove during cooking for mobile phone charging. Greenway has manufactured its own regular stove.

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Solar electric tractor- agriculture and power OneBreath: Affordable mechanical ventilation for India

Keith Rutledge Parimal Shah Matthew Callaghan Ashwin Naik Solectrac LLC, CA Lovson Enterprises Pvt. Ltd, Ahmedabad OneBreath, Inc., Palo Alto Vaatsalya Healthcare, Bangalore

The Problem: energy or it can be charged at low cost from the electric The Problem: and semi-rural hospitals treating a range of respiratory Rising diesel prices make it very difficult for subsistence utility grid at off-peak rates. Solectracs use patented “quick Respiratory illness is a leading cause of hospitalization patients. The cost, durability and ease of use are critical farmers in less developed countries to afford tractors to change” battery packs to extend operational periods. and death in developing nations. Each year thousands factors to be considered. increase agricultural production. of patients die because of lack of early access to Current status: Current status: mechanical ventilation. The Solution: The team has co-developed the improved Pre-Production Based on the feedback from doctors, the team has The Solar Electric Tractor (Solectrac) is a full function Prototype (PPP) tractor and next generation of electric The Solution: finalized product specifications and industrial and agricultural tractor that operates with up to 5 times the tractor which are currently being tested in the US. The solar In this project, the team of Vaatsalya and OneBreath will interface designs of mechanical ventilator for emerging efficiency of a diesel tractor performing the same farming electric tractor utilizes solar energy replacing fossil fuel; develop and commercialise a novel ventilator specifically markets including India that will meet safety and tasks. The solar electric tractor with a battery-inverter reduces food cost and empowers farm communities by addressing the need for high quality pre-hospital and regulatory requirements. Second milestone work is system provides electric power anywhere anytime. combining Solectrac’s expertise in electric vehicle design emergency care in India’s lower income populations. ongoing. Solectracs can also be used for portable power, water with Lovson’s tractor and implement manufacturing to The designed ventilator will specifically appeal to rural pumping and mechanical functions as well as hauling produce a cost-effective farm tractor for both US and Indian and transportation needs. Since the Solectrac is electric, markets. The team has shipped tractor component to the its batteries can be charged directly by clean renewable US.

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Easy to use, Integrated Neonatal Resuscitation Solution Commercializing a scalable low-cost arsenic remediation technology for societal impact

Dan Harden Avijit Bansal Anurag Mairal Whipsaw, San Jose, CA Windmill Health Technologies, New Delhi Stanford Global Biodesign, Palo Alto, CA Shashi Buluswar Joyashree Roy Ashok Gadgil Raja Mohanty LIGTT Corporation, Oakland, Jadavpur University, Kolkata Lawrence Berkeley National Luminous Water Technologies The Problem: It will empower front-line health workers such as medical CA Laboratory , Berkeley, CA Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi Five out of every hundred babies born (6 million worldwide, professionals, community health workers, midwives and 1.3 M in India every year) have birth asphyxia. In fact, other skilled birth attendants to perform basic neonatal The Problem: public-private partnership would ensure that the plant 904,000 children (210,000 in India) will die and an equal resuscitation effectively with minimal training. Thus, About 60 million individuals in West Bengal and is not abandoned due to failed maintenance that has number will be disabled for life every year. 811, 000 die impacting birth asphyxia the third largest cause of newborn Bangladesh, along with millions more in China, Nepal, plagued other implementations. annually from Birth Asphyxia, largely preventable by basic deaths. and Cambodia, are exposed to high levels of naturally Current status: resuscitation. Current devices are difficult to use, ineffective occurring arsenic every time they drink from their local Current status: The team has identified the site for installation of especially in developing world. well. Based on the interaction with the Clinicians, the team has 10,000 LPD ECAR prototypes. They have designed The Solution: developed a final product specification, conducting bench and integrated a tube-settler in the ECAR to promote TM The Solution: The innovation NeoBreathe is a first-of-its-kind, easy to testing to create prototypes. Second milestone work is The team have developed and patented Electro- rapid settling and removal of ECAR particles, increasing use, integrated neonatal resuscitation solution (combining ongoing. Chemical Arsenic Remediation (ECAR) which enables throughput significantly. The team has conducted functions of multiple devices) suitable for field conditions. low cost affordable arsenic-remediation of water, within additional tests of reactor components as needed a sustainable service delivery model. Under this model, to facilitate ECAR reactor design. Second milestone safe water would be provided to school children while activities would start by April 2015. excess may be sold at a low cost affordable price. This

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Branchless banking and financial services for the unbanked and Fourth Call for Proposals On the basis of the Joint Expert Panels reviews and further In the Fourth Call for proposals, over 192 executive summaries approval received from the US-India S&T Endowment Board under-banked (83 in Empowering Citizens and 109 Healthy Individual following 4 entrepreneurial teams (2 in Empowering Citizens and categories) were received from the U.S./Indian binational teams. 2 in Healthy Individual categories) were awarded under the call. Transforming arsenic and fluoride crisis in drinking water into an economic enterprise

Angela Schmuck Abhipriya Gupta IDmission LLC, Mesa AZ Eko India Financial Services Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi

The Problem: portal application, transfer money into any bank account for A large section of the Indian population (~500 million) still walk-in or registered customers through NEFT or instantly remains without access to banking services. Traditional through IMPS (Immediate Payment Service). Mike German Abhijeet Gaan Arup K Sengupta financial service delivery models have failed to serve low WIST, Inc, Brighton, MA Rite Water Solutions (I) Pvt. Ltd., Nagpur Society for Technology with a Human This has been recently in the market. The team has also income populations. Face, Kolkata developed a faster, more intuitive and more engaging The Solution: mode of transaction on the smart phone leading to The Problem: calls the crisis the “largest mass poisoning in human Building a low-cost payment infrastructure for instant small smoother transactions for Bank agents. The team had Over 100 million people across 18 of India’s 23 states history.” value financial transactions by leveraging existing retail also tied up with CKS (Center for Knowledge Studies) to experience arsenic and fluoride poisoning by drinking The Solution: shops, tele-connectivity and banking infrastructure to design a mobile phone accessory that would enable any contaminated groundwater, resulting in hundreds of Drinkwell is a for-profit social enterprise poised to transform extend branchless banking services to the common man. smart phone to act as a quality scanner in order to enable thousands of people suffering from cancers, bone the water crisis into economic opportunity by blending a The project aims to deliver financial services efficiently and E-KYC for all CSPs with any type of smart phone. This has deformities, and early death. The World Health Organization at scale through smart phone based application mechanism been launched in the market. The team has completed novel, locally-sourced Donnan Principle-based arsenic and integrating with the Unique Identity (UID). the production of some prototypes, which were tested by 10 CSPs (Customer Service Points) for two months in the Current status: market. The response of the proto-type by the CSPs was The team has launched a front-end Android application that satisfactory. They are planning to launch the stand across would enable E-KYC of customers through a web-based more CSPs in the near future.

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fluoride adsorbent (Donna-AFSorb) with a micro-franchise Developing novel biological seed treatments to confer abiotic business model providing appropriate community-based or domestic water filters to villagers. A second-generation, stress tolerance in crops multi-contaminant adsorbent has been developed that can be locally produced. The synthesis of Donna-AFSorb has been optimized at the lab-scale for treatment of arsenic, fluoride, phosphate, nitrate, selenite and uranium.

Rusty Rodriguez Anup Karwa Adaptive Symbiotic Technologies, Seattle, WA SFPL Crop Life Sciences Private Limited Development of a low-cost, portable auto-refractor Krishidhan Seeds, Jalna, Maharashtra

The Problem: Only 9% of the planet landmass is designed to improve the tolerance of plants to abiotic conducive for crop production, while 91% is under abiotic stresses such as drought, salinity and temperature is and biotic stresses (drought, salinity, temperature) which envisaged for commercialization. BioEnsure enables a are further likely to increase due to land degradation, broad-spectrum of agricultural crops to flourish under areas urbanization andHigh climate change. resolutionof drought, extremenon temperatures-confidential and saline soils. The photos of your team intends to deploy BioEnsure in India and the U.S. The Shivang R. Dave Sriram Ravilla The Solution: Through a proprietary novel seed PlenOptika, Somerville, MA Aurolab, Madurai team will develop products for unique soils and climates

treatment called BioEnsure developed by the project occurring inproject India. activities team by harnessing natural symbiotic microorganisms The Problem: There is an acute shortage of trained optometrists to prescribe eyeglasses and current technologies for measuring +B (40 cm) Tomato a prescription requires intensive training to use or are too Heat stress expensive for widespread use. The Solution: Through the project partnership, PlenOptika-Aurolab aims to reduce the barriers to obtaining eyeglasses by commercializing -B (20 cm) the QuickSee which is an innovative, inexpensive, hand held device developed by PlenOptika that helps eye care Highprofessionals to quickly resolution prescribe eyeglasses. This disruptive non-confidential photos of your technology breaks the trade-off between price and training 38 40 46 50(°C) 38 40 46 50 requirements that prohibits current devices from improving the project activities prescription process in low-resource settings. +B -B Watermelon Heat Stress

+B (40 cm) Tomato Tomato DroughtHeat Stress stress

-B (20 cm)

38 40 46 50(°C) 38 40 46 50 +B -B Watermelon Heat Stress

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Fifth Call for Proposals and 7 in the Empowering Citizens categories) were shortlisted Commercializing a transformational modular roofing solution for The United States-India Science and Technology Endowment for the Stage II: detailed Business Plan and Presentation. The low-income urban homes Fund (USISTEF) have announced Fifth Call for Proposals in five bi-national teams shortlisted for Stage III (Due Dilligence June 2014. Over 141 executive summaries were received and Budget Discussion) are given below: in the two broader categories of Healthy Individual and Empowering Citizens. The number of executive summaries On 11-12 February 2015, the Joint Expert Panel meeting were received in the Empowering Citizens category was 53 held to review the detailed business plan and presentation by and 88 in the Healthy Individual category from the U.S./ the shortlisted teams at Sunnyvale, Silicon Valley, CA. After India bi-national teams. Four expert panels were formed the detailed business plan, presentation and interaction with in U.S. and India, one in each category and each country the bi-national project teams, five promising proposals (3 in Shashi Buluswar Hasit Ganatra respectively, comprised of technical experts, entrepreneurs, Healthy Individual and 2 in Empowering Citizens categories) LIGTT Corporation, Oakland, CA Re-Materials, Ahmedabad venture funding agencies and Board members. These expert were identified for the next round of Stage III: Due Diligence

panels independently evaluated the executive summaries. and Budget Discussion meeting. The project teams were The Problem: The majority of the houses in slums asbestos cement sheets, or clay tiles. The families suffer Subsequent to the Joint Indian and U.S. panel co-chairs asked to submit the financial budget and related documents. have inadequate roofs made of corrugated metal, from unbearably hot living spaces, high maintenance meeting, 17 executive summaries (9 in the Healthy Individual The IUSSTF would conduct the Budget Discussion meeting costs, frequent leaks, difficult installation, and for these finalist project teams. a high risk of injury if the house collapses. S. No. Proposal Title Lead U.S. Partner Lead Indian Partner The Solution: The start-up team is committed to provide high quality shelter Healthy Individual (HI) Category to families in slums and villages around 1 Handheld forced oscillation device for Ashutosh Sabharwal Anurag Agrawal the world. To achieve this, the team has improved detection and monitoring of Cognita Labs and Rice University, CSIR-Institute of Genomics and developed a modular roofing product made airway disease Houston, TX Integrative Biology, Delhi from recycled materials. This solution is superior to widely used cement and metal 2 Jaipur belt (Belt system for body Paul Scott Ganesh Ram Jangir Newndra sheets that cause poor living conditions. support) MedSpark, LLC, Obispo, CA Innovations Pvt Ltd, Jaipur Currently, the team has several ongoing pilots with families in slums in Ahmedabad. 3 Moving beyond the pavement: Tish Scolnik Sudhir Mehta Affordable mobility for users around GRIT, Cambridge, MA Pinnacle Industries Ltd, Pithampur the world

Empowering Citizens (EC) Category 4 Agriculture technology access Mukul Varshney Rohtash Mal John Deere EM3 AgriServices Private Limited, Noida

5 Low cost device for point of use Swomitra Mohanty Himanshu Sant sensing and mitigation of pathogens in University of Utah, Salt Lake City Espira (India) Inc., Goregaon West drinking water UT Mumbai

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Other Programmatic Activities 3rd Indo-U.S. Joint Commission Meeting, Government of India, Dr. Jonathan Margolis, Deputy 17 November 2014, New Delhi Assistant Secretary for Science, Space, and Health; Bureau TiECon 2014-Fostering Entreprenuership Six binational entrepreneurial teams supported by the of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific May 16 & 17, Silicon Valley, Santa Clara, United States-India Science and Technology Endowment Affairs; Dr. George N. Sibley, Minister Counselor, Economic, CA Fund were felicitated at the 3rd Indo-US Joint Commission Environment, Science & Technology Affairs, U.S. Embassy, Meeting (JCM) held on 17 November 2014, New Delhi by Dr. New Delhi and U.S. Co-Chair, USISTEB and Dr. Arabinda The U.S.-India Science and Technology Endowment Fund Mitra, Advisor & Head International Cooperation (Bilateral), team participated in two days full-track conference “TiECon John P. Holdren, Assistant to the President for Science and Technology, Director of the White House Office of Science Department of Science and Technology, Government of 2014-Fostering Entreprenuership” organised at the Santa India and Indian Co-Chair, USISTEB. Some of the salient Clara Convention Center, Silicon Valley on May 16-17, 2014. and Technology Policy, and Co-Chair of the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST); accomplishments of the Endowment Fund Awardees were TiEcon is one of the largest & longest ongoing conferences highlighted in the presentation made by the Co-Chairs of the focused around entrepreneurship and tech innovation. The Prof. K Vijay Raghavan, Secretary, Department of Science and Technology and Secretary, Department of Biotechnology, US-India Science & Technology Endowment Fund during the objective of participating in TiEcon 2014 was to provide JCM. larger visibility and outreach to the USISTEF activities on an international level and to spark discussion and innovative Jaipur for the session. The session included different aspects of the funding in areas of Healthcare, Empowering Citizens and Technology. The session also briefed about vision and mission of the Endowment program and how it focuses on commercialization and how in future the product and the technology would benefit the society. One of the Endowment Fund grantee; OneBreath Inc. for their work in the field of Life Sciences was also awarded in the Tie50.

IIT Kanpur- TechKriti 2015, March 19-22 Kanpur The U.S.-India Science and Technology Endowment Fund through the IUSSTF also participated as a “Title Sponsor” in the TechKriti 2015 between March 19 to 22 - the annual festival of the IIT Kanpur focussed on the technological and ideas around the latest industry trends. On the sidelines of the entrepreneurial. On the sidelines of the festival, a tech expo conference, a Tech Exposition was also running where the was also organised where various programmatic activities of Endowment Project Awardees showcased their product and the IUSSTF were placed that provided awareness and great technologies that have been supported under the fund. The opportunity to the undergraduate and postgraduate students Tech Expo offered unique opportunity to network with industry of engineering to know about the visitation programs. The luminaries, VCs, successful entrepreneurs and seasoned Expo also encouraged the interested student to apply in executives at the TiEcon. On May 17, the USISTEF also had the future calls of Viterbi, S N Bose scholars and Khorana a great panel session on “Cross-Border Innovation spurs programs. The USIST-Endowment Fund was able to Entrepreneurship”, with the panellist Mr. H K Mittal, Head showcase their innovative technologies and products. It also & Advisor, National S&T Entrepreneurship Development encouraged the start-ups to know more about the program Board, Mr. Nilesh Shah, S&T Officer, US Embassy, New Delhi and Dr. Pooja Mukul, Technical Coordinator, BMVSS, and related call announcements.

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The following six US-India Science and Technology Endowment Fund Awardees were felicitated during the 3rd India-U.S. Joint Commission Meeting on Science & Technology Cooperation.

S. No. Title of Proposal Lead Partners 1. Commercializing a scalable low-cost arsenic Joyashree Roy, Jadavpur University, Kolkata remediation technology using patented Electro- Shashi Buluswar, LIGTT Corporation, Oakland, Chemical Arsenic Remediation (ECAR) that enables locally CA affordable arsenic remediation of water, within a sustainable service delivery model. Ashok Gadgil, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA Raja Mohanty, Luminous Water Technologies Pvt. Ltd., Gurgaon 2. One-Breath: Affordable mechanical ventilator Develop Ashwin Naik, Vaatsalya Healthcare, and commercialize a novel ventilator specifically addressing the need Bangalore for high quality pre-hospital and emergency situations. Matthew Callaghan, OneBreath, Inc., Palo Alto. 3. Transforming arsenic and fluoride crisis in drinking Abhijeet Gan, Rite Water Solutions (I) Pvt. Ltd., water using novel arsenic and fluoride adsorbent (Donna-AFSorb) Nagpur and by adopting a micro-franchise business model. Mike German, WIST Inc., Brighton, MA Arup K SenGupta, Society for Technology with a Human Face, Kolkata 4. Development of a low-cost, portable auto-refractor Sriram Ravilla, Aurolab, Madhurai providing improved eye care through an innovative, inexpensive, hand , PlenOptika, Somerville, MA. held device that quickly prescribes corrective eyeglasses with the click Shivang Dave of a button. 5. Modular roofing solution for low-income urban homes Hasit Ganatra, Re-Materials, Ahmedabad compressed recycled cardboard. Shashi Buluswar, LIGTT Corporation, Oakland, CA. 6. Novel biological seed treatments to confer abiotic Anup Karwa, SFPL Crop Life Sciences Pvt. Ltd., Indo-U.S. S&T stress tolerance in crops. The team intends to commercialize Krishidhan Seeds, Jalna a propriety novel seed treatment called BioEnsure which contains a mixture of beneficial fungal endophytes designed to improve the Rusty Rodriguez, Adaptive Symbiotic tolerance of plants to abiotic stresses such as drought, salinity and Technologies, Seattle. Partnerships temperature.


Indo-US Science & Technology Forum India-U.S. Technology Summit 18-19 November, 2014 India-U.S. Technology Summit

st IUSSTF organized the following Session I: Panel discussion on “Nothing really Tackling 21 century challenges together! three events under the aegis of the can stop women from being successful tech Technology Summit: leaders” with moderator Dr. Anju Jain, India Country HR Manager, Caterpillar, and Founder, Chai Pe and Panellists as The Indo- U.S. Tech Women & Women Ms. Shweta Khurana, Head, K12 Education, Corporate Affairs The robust partnership between India and the United States Govt. of India; Dr. John P. Holdren, Assistant to the Entrepreneurs Workshop was organized by Indo-U.S. Group, Intel South Asia; Ms. Diane Farrell, President, U.S.- in science, technology, and innovation has benefited both President for Science and Technology, Director of the White Science and Technology Forum (IUSSTF) as a part of the India Business Council (USIBC); Ms. Elizabeth Hernandez, countries immensely. Our collaboration has been vital in House Office of Science and Technology Policy and Co- Indo-U.S. Technology Summit 2014 at Greater Noida, Delhi Vice President, Corporate Affairs, Asia Pacific and Japan, achieving shared goals, including creating economic growth Chair of the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and NCR on 18 November. Leading Indian and U.S. women tech HP; Ms. Kalpana Margabandhu, Director - India CIO Lab and and jobs, helping people live longer and healthier lives, Technology; Ambassador Kathleen Stephens, entrepreneurs and leaders came together on one common BT/IT Location Executive, IBM India; Ms. Eve Psalti, Global finding solutions to challenges affecting both societies and Charge d’affaires, Embassy of the United States of America; platform to address aspiring women professionals on building Director, Education Audience Strategy, Microsoft Corporation. with global benefits. In November 2014, the Confederation and, Prof. K. VijayRaghavan, Secretary, Department careers in science & technology and reaching to the top. of Indian Industry and the Indian Department of Science of Biotechnology and Department of Science & Technology th Panel discussion on & Technology partnered with the United States for the 20 (Additional Change), Govt. of India. Ambassador Kathleen Stephens, Chargé d’affaires, a.i., Session II: “Tech women with Technology Summit and Technology Platform. The event was US Embassy, Dr. Jonathan Margolis, Deputy Assistant leaders as mentors – how to get there?” Ms. Meera Kaul, Chairperson, Meera Kaul Foundation as held from 18-19 November, 2014 in India. The focus areas of the Summit included Manufacturing, Secretary for Science, Space, and Health; Bureau of Oceans the moderator and Ms. Deepanwita Chattopadhyay, MD & Pharmaceuticals, Biotechnology, Healthcare, Clean & and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs, CEO, ICICI Knowledge Park; Dr. Telle Whitney, CEO and The objectives of India-U.S. Technology Summit were to Renewable Energy, Sustainable Cities, Earth Sciences, Mr. H.K. Mittal, Head, National Science and Technology President, Anita Borg Institute for Women and Technology; provide a platform for industries, institutions, and government IT Hardware & Software, Embedded Systems, Internal Entrepreneurship Board, Department of Science and Dr. Ellen Stofan, NASA Chief Scientist and Dr. Amy DuBois, agencies from India and the United States to exchange Security, Cyber Security, Agriculture, Water & Sanitation, Technology, Government of India and Dr. Renu Swarup, Health Attache and Regional Representative for South Asia, ideas and showcase their expertise; forge new partnerships Robotics & Automation, Science & Technology, Research Senior Advisor, Department of Biotechnology, Government of US Embassy, New Delhi as the members of the panelist. to increase trade and investment in the knowledge sector; and Development, Higher Education, Intellectual Property India participated in the opening session of the Workshop. and, bring together leaders from all sectors – government, Rights, Design, Innovation & Entrepreneurship. A large number The workshop had an excellent line up of speakers from the Session III: Panel discussion on “Networking women industry, research, and academia – for high level policy of stakeholders from industry, government, and research industry. There was a tremendous amount of interest from the tech professionals and women entrepreneurs” discussions. participated at this event as exhibitors, speakers, and delegates. industry to partner on Women in Science initiatives. There with moderator as Ms. Padmaja Ruparel, President, Indian Events included policy dialogues, business presentations, were focused panel sessions on sharing of success stories, Angel Network and panelist Ms. Nidhi Saxena, Founder, The Summit was inaugurated by Dr. Harsh Vardhan, round table discussions, networking opportunities, and and creating mentoring and networking opportunities for Chairman & CEO, Karmic Lifesciences; Dr. Shikha Sharma, Minister for Science & Technology & Earth Sciences, exhibitions of technology products and services. women in science & technology and also develop plans for Managing Director, Nutri Health Systems Pvt. Ltd.; Dr. future collaborations. Three Panel sessions were organized.

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IUSSTF Round table on Collaborative R&D in Clean Energy: Keeping in mind the fact that science and technology have since long been an important cornerstone of cooperation between India and the United States; both nations recognize the fact that further collaboration can and would enhance our shared understanding of the planet’s climate by expanding efforts to develop new programs to meet environmental and climate challenges. The Round table discussion on Collaborative R&D in Clean Energy was built on the successful Indo-U.S. Joint Clean Energy Research and Development Center (JCERDC) as a starting point. The activities of the JCERDC would contribute greatly to the sustainability and prosperity of not only our two Nandini Tandon, Vice Chairman of the Board of El Camino India Science and Technology Endowment Fund- Dr. Pooja countries but the world at large by helping diversify energy and, Solar Energy Integration (identifying and assessing key Hospital, Silicon Valley, California and Ms. Priya Tandon, Mukul, Technical Consultant, Bhagwan Mahaveer Viklang supply and accelerate the transition to a low-carbon economy. technical, economic, environmental, and policy barriers to Founding Partner, Tenacity Group Inc. Sahayata Samiti on her awarded project “Affordable and enable a research agenda for technical readiness in India user-centric knee joints to remobilize above-knee amputees The session began with invited speakers from India and and to benefit the United States). The vision they described The workshop also provided a platform to several women in India and globally”; Dr. Ayesha Chaudhary, Co-Founder, the United States sharing their views on the importance of is to ready these solar electricity technologies toward the entrepreneurs awarded under the U.S.-India Science and Windmill Health Technologies for her project title “Easy to collaboration and identifying key areas of mutual benefit. long-term success of India’s Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Technology Endowment Fund to present their innovative use, integrated neonatal resuscitation solution” and Dr. This was followed by the principal investigators of the three Energy Mission and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) technologies. Presentation were given by women innovators Susan Amrose, Project Scientist and Lecturer, UC Berkeley JCERDC Projects – Solar Energy, Second Generation Sun Shot Initiative. and entrepreneurs - Dr. Jaya Singh, Director, BKC Weather for her project title “Commercializing a scalable low- Biofuels and Energy Efficiency of Buildings – sharing their Sys Pvt. Ltd. on “Knowledge-based agro advisories: Going cost arsenic remediation technology for societal experiences about the program and their respective projects. Prof. Ashok Gadgil (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) beyond rainfall prediction” and project awardees of the US- impact”. and Prof. Rajan Rawal (CEPT University-Ahmedabad) The Lead Principal Investigators of the Solar Energy presented the progress of the U.S.-India Joint Centre Research Institute for India and the United for Building Energy Research and Development States (SERIIUS) project – Prof. Kamanio Chattopadhyay (CBERD) project. The consortium conducts collaborative (Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore) and Dr. David research and promotes clean energy innovation in the area Ginley (National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden) – of energy efficiency in building with measurable results and described the work carried out by SERIIUS. This includes significant reduction in energy use in both nations. CBERD fundamental and applied research, analysis and assessment, focuses on the integration of information technology with outreach, and workforce development through specific bi- building controls and physical systems for commercial/ national projects in three Research Thrusts: Sustainable high-rise residential units. The R&D tasks are intended Photovoltaics (developing next-generation materials, devices, for technology acceleration and include building energy and manufacturing processes tailored to both countries’ modelingand simulation; monitoring and benchmarking of needs, environment, and resource availability); Multiscale buildings; communication and controls integration; building Concentrated Solar Power (overcoming critical science and envelope and passive design; advanced HVAC (heating, engineering challenges for reliable, multiscale CSP systems); ventilation, and air conditioning) and lighting technologies;

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thermal comfort; grid responsive buildings; renewable energy The round table began with a brief introduction by Dr. Kshipra The 1993 Outbreak of Cholera in Bengal was brought up as water-energy-agriculture nexus. The Round-table concluded source integration in buildings; and, scientific collaboration Misra (Additional Director, Defense Institute of Physiology an example of water borne epidemics and the importance that collaboration should focus on doing things hitherto not between U.S. and India. and Allied Sciences, New Delhi), Coordinator of the round of clean water sources. Any solution that is to be developed done and promote research endeavours for pursuing novel table. Dr. Sanjay Bajpai (Director/ Scientist ‘F’, Technology would have to be effective, robust, affordable and profitable ideas and innovations. The U.S.-India Consortium for development of Mission Cell Water & Solar Energy, Department of Science to the end users. During the discussion, the need to identify Sustainable Advanced Lignocellulosic Biofuel and Technology, Govt. of India) delivered the special the scope and opportunity of a development partner in this The Indo-U.S. Science and Technology Forum Systems works on sustainable feedstock cultivation and address. He highlighted DST’s association with research in scenario was brought up. also showcased its wide program manifesto that helps create supply, biochemical conversion technologies for production the area of Water which had begun from the year 2007. He linkages between India and the United States through the of second generation biofuels with minimal environmental also highlighted the need for both the countries to collaborate The participants felt that in the current Indian context, exchange and dissemination of information and opportunities impact, and analysis of overall sustainability and supply chain and develop solutions with respect to common problems the need for low-cost technologies is critical. Most of the in promoting bilateral scientific and technological cooperation. of feedstock. The progress of this consortium was presented regarding water issues. Dr. Pushpito Ghosh (Former Director, technologies that are funded and developed do not percolate The IUSSTF booth was well appreciated by both delegates by the Principal Investigators Prof. Ahmed Kamal (Indian CSIR-Central Salt & Marine Chemicals Research Institute), to low-resource settings. Hence the focus of any collaborative and dignitaries. Visitors to the booth included Dr. Harsh Institute of Chemical Technology-Hyderabad) and Prof. Moderator of the session gave a brief on the usability of water development in this area should be to reach out to the rural Vardhan, Minister for Science & Technology & Earth Pratap Pullammanappallil (University of Florida-Gainesville). in the Indian context, the Challenges faced and how there populations. It was agreed by the panel and the round table Sciences, Govt. of India; Dr. John P. Holdren, Assistant to is a need to broaden our perspective and take these issues members that there is a requirement for capacity building the President for Science and Technology, Director of the After this the session moderator, Dr. (Energy to the next level and develop solutions which could help the initiatives in the water resources technology area. In order White House Office of Science and Technology Policy and Efficiency Ambassador - Vice President, Schneider Electric, population of both the countries. The discussion was then to achieve this, it was suggested that DST and agencies like Co-Chair of the President’s Council of Advisors on Science Global Operations, and, Chairman, Alliance for Energy directed to the panelists for the session. IUSSTF attempt to develop a dynamic visitation program and Technology; Ambassador Kathleen Stephens, Charge Efficient Economy) opened the floor for a discussion. The in the priority area of Water. It was envisaged that such an d’affaires, Embassy of the United States of America; Prof. round table participants deliberated upon several issues that Taking into account that the purification systems we have interaction would enable the creation of sustainable and K. VijayRaghavan, Secretary, Department of Biotechnology included the vision to continue research collaboration under are centralised, the accessibility of this to remote and rural vibrant linkages between the two nations, as well as build long and Department of Science & Technology, Govt. of India; Mr. the current JCERDC beyond its tenure; additional priority populations remains a major hurdle; 30% of our population term Indo-American science and technology relationships. Charles H. Rivkin, Assistant Secretary of State for Economic areas in clean energy for bilateral engagement; mechanisms still has access only to contaminated water resources. Hence Prof. Thomas E. Clemente from the University of Nebraska- and Business Affairs; Dr. Ray O. Johnson, Chief Technology to strengthen engagement with various stakeholders including there is a pressing need for affordable and newer technologies Lincoln expressed his willingness to partner with Indian Officer, Lockheed Martin Corporation; and, Dr. Jonathan industry; success of JCERDC model (multi-institutional to come through social marketing systems and the need agencies to develop such an initiative. This collaboration Margolis, Deputy Assistant Secretary, Bureau of Oceans network projects using a public-private partnership model for decentralised/small scale water purification systems for would develop capabilities to address both static challenges and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs, U.S. of funding); ways to economically incentivize technology the rural population. The panelists noted that an integrated as well as evolving challenges particularly in the area of Department of State. transfer; means to improve technology leapfrog capability; approach should be to bring in the state departments as a financing options; and, policies and programs for faster task force. Any step taken to solve these issues should try deployment of technologies. to customise solutions demographically. Another step would be to position the existing technologies to accommodate the IUSSTF Round table on Water Challenges: needs of the rural population. A critical analysis of various Recognizing that water is of fundamental importance for available technology options was important and needs to be human development, the environment and the economy and taken up. A basket of technology options needs to be evolved therefore needs to feature prominently in the development to enable users identify and select the most appropriate one agenda of both India and the United States; cooperation suited to their requirements. Water salinity and hardness between our countries is critical in tackling water-related remains a major issue with regard to water quality and in this issues. This discussion was aimed to deliberate on various context it was discussed that as India has a long coastline, it issues related to water quality and water management as could be used to our advantage through Desalination of Sea well as explore new avenues for India-U.S. Collaboration in water. these critical areas.

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leads to clinicians spending more time diagnosing patients using an invasive probe. Alternately, a cuff can be used to Affordable Blood Pressure Measurement Technologies and seeing less number of patients. Blood pressure occlude the brachial artery (or radial artery) for oscillometric is currently measured using a sphygmomanometer. measurement. Arterial tonometry is another competing Sphygmomanometers need routine calibration checks and technique for BP measurement. Arterial tonometry is best for Low-Resource Settings in the U.S. and India regular preventive maintenance which makes them less suited for beat to beat measurement of BP. On the other user friendly. There is also a risk of these devices losing hand, tonometry provides a ‘relative BP’measurement with their calibration in case they are dropped or bumped during some amplification factor that depends on the specific Contact Persons usage. The team is attempting to build a next generation sensor and appliedpressure distribution.The objective is blood pressure monitoring device which can help ease to build a low cost arterial tonometry based bloodpressure Nishritha Bopana J.B.V. Reddy difficulties faced by clinicians as well as personal users. monitoring device. Indo-US S&T Forum, New Delhi Science & Engineering Research Board (SERB), The best way to measure ‘absolute’ peripheral BP is by E-mail: n[email protected] Government of India E-mail: [email protected]

Hypertension diagnosis and management is a critical and which can automatically provide frequent data recording healthcare issue. But, the approach for measuring Blood and reporting to healthcare workers as well as feedback to Pressure has remained the same for the past several the patients. decades and therefore this area is now ready for disruptive innovation. The Science & Engineering Research SERB and NIBIB have launched two separate and Arterial compliance probe for cuff-less blood pressure Board (SERB), Government of India has partnered with parallel, but fully coordinated, funding opportunity measurement the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging announcements in India and the U.S. respectively to and Bioengineering (NIBIB, NIH), USA to announce promote research in this area and generate alternate the Indo-U.S. Grand Challenge Initiative on scientific approaches and technological options. It is Affordable Blood Pressure Measurement expected that this partnership between the two countries will Technologies for Low-Resource Settings in leverage knowledge and material resources to develop new India and the U.S. The purpose of the initiative is to technologies which are relevant for low resource settings encourage collaborative research within and between both not only in their respective political domain but other similar the countries to propose new approaches to the measurement settings all over the world. Mohanasankar Sivaprakasam Boby George of Blood Pressure that are unobtrusive or passive, low cost (Principal Investigator) (Co-Investigator) Healthcare Technology Innovation Centre, Indian Institute of Indian Institute of Technology-Madras, Chennai FIRST CALL Technology Madras, Chennai Against the announcement of the first call for Expressions for detailed proposal submissions. After an in-depth review of Intent (EOI) on the Indian side, IUSSTF received 57 and evaluation process, the following 3 proposals were project EOIs and the Expert Committee shortlisted 14 EOIs selected for support.

Development of a low cost arterial tonometry based blood Jayaraj Joseph V. Jagadeesh Kumar pressure monitoring device (Co-Investigator) (Co-Investigator) Healthcare Technology Innovation Centre, Indian Institute of Indian Institute of Technology-Madras, Chennai Technology Madras, Chennai

The team is developing a novel method and device for blood measurement. The technique is based on fundamental pressure evaluation, based on real time measurements of principles of arterial pressure-flow thereby creating a vessel wall properties using a vascular compliance probe method that is independent of patient or population that can be used to quickly obtain accurate readings specific calibration constants. The project aims to deliver in minimally obtrusive manner. The technique utilizes a field validated technology for calibration free, cuff-less Santosh Noronha C. S. Pramesh (Principal Investigator) (Co-Investigator) ultrasound transducers and plethysmograph sensors to evaluation of blood pressure amenable for use in resource Indian Institute of Technology-Bombay Tata Memorial Centre quickly perform cuff-less, non-invasive blood pressure constrained settings. Mumbai Mumbai

Hypertension is a leading risk factor for cardiovascular close to a 1000 patients on an average. A clinician spends disease and a significant cause of morbidity and mortality 3-­5 minutes for taking a blood pressure measurement of in both India and US. A rural healthcare camp in India gets an individual patient using a sphygmomanometer. This

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Indo-US Science & Technology Forum Annual Report | 2014 - 2015 India-U.S. Grand Challenge India-U.S. Grand Challenge

Blood Pressure Measurement Device based on Flexible Organic thin film transistors Rapid real time blood pressure measurement and hypertensive predisposition diagnostics using pulse transit time and blood In recent years, there has been significant advancements where continuous, non-invasive and cuff less monitoring of blood pressure is done by devices that can be worn like a pressure variability watch, band or finger- ring. Along this perspective, flexible and stretchable light weight pressure sensors using organic thin film transistors (OTFT) have high potential to become mainstream technologies. These devices have advantages of using biocompatible organic semiconductor materials, flexibility, stretch ability, combined electronic and ionic transport, Dipti Gupta higher sensitivity, multi-parametric sensing and simultaneous switching and sensing (Principal Investigator) (amplification) functioning. The aim of this project is to develop simple, low cost, and easy Indian Institute of Technology-Bombay, to use OTFT based sensors for non-invasive, cuff-less and continuous monitoring of blood Mumbai pressure. The approach will be to improvise the Gate electrode and the insulating layer in Bala Pesala Anurag Agrawal Tavpritesh Sethi such a way that it measures even a small pressure fluctuation and reflects it in significant (Principal Investigator) (Co-Investigator) (Co-Investigator) signal amplification. This will involve using conducting flexible/stretchable substrate and CSIR-Central Electronics Engineering CSIR-Institute of Genomics and CSIR-4PI (Fourth Paradigm Institute) Research Institute (CSIR-CEERI), Integrative Biology New Delhi patterned dielectric layers along with different kinds of organic semiconducting materials Chennai New Delhi as active layers. The project will also investigate device designs so that it allows monolithic fabrication on the flexible/stretchable substrate and also better pressure sensitivity. The The proposed wearable device would consist of electro- error-correction algorithms and models that utilize the large developed sensor will be used to measure human pulses from several areas, including active polymer wrist band for automatic recalibration of amount of gathered BP data and blood pressure variability carotid, brachial, finger, ankle, radial artery, and the apical region. The efforts will also be put BP and corrections using accelerometers/sensors to studies to minimize the need for frequent recalibration. on to develop low voltage operating devices so as to reduce power consumption.

compensate for errors due to the motion; and, improved

Cuffless Noninvasive Blood Pressure Measurement using Radial Arterial Pressure Patch SECOND CALL IUSSTF received 35 Expressions of Intent (EOI)’s in Intent for further submission of detailed proposals. After response to the second call for EOIs announced in February an in-depth review and evaluation process, the following 3 2014. The Expert Committee shortlisted 8 Expressions of proposals were selected for support. Sitikanta Roy A. L. Vyas Anamika Prasad (Principal Investigator) (Co-Investigator) (Co-Investigator) Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi A Low Cost and Easy to use Cuff-less Blood Pressure Measuring New Delhi New Delhi New Delhi Device using Pulse Transit Time and Pre-ejection Period

Non-invasive and cuff-less measurement of arterial blood pressure (BP) is desirable for continuous patient monitoring. Among the various possible techniques Pulse Transit Time (PTT) based approach for estimation of BP is the most promising one. But change in BP is reflected both in PTT and Pre-ejection Period (PEP). The project proposes to measure PTT K.K. Deepak Suneet Tuli using multiple photoplethysmograph (PPG) and PPG-ECG combination recorded at two (Co-Investigator) (Co-Investigator) different sites along the same artery and argue that this approach will eliminate a number All India Institute of Medical Sciences Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi New Delhi New Delhi Sujay Deb of assumptions like constant PEP, involved in the most common method of measuring PTT (Principal Investigator) using QRS complex as timing reference. This approach can help in finding an appropriate Indraprastha Institute of With cardiovascular disease incidence and related less method. The device electronics is being developed BP calibration methodology since true PTT can be measured by this technique. The Information Technology mortality in rise in India, early hypertension monitoring of using open-source Aurdino platform. Data is stored locally proposed BP monitoring device will be low cost, wearable and easy to use for both regular (IIIT), New Delhi large population via a robust and maintenance free device on removable SD card, which can be read at a doctor’s monitoring at home environment and small health-care centers.

has large implication in early detection and treatment of office post the monitoring period. The project team from cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and is the driving force IIT Delhi collaborates closely with AIIMS-New Delhi for the behind the team’s work. Here, BP is measured via recording development, and later for calibration and testing. and calibrating radial artery pressure waveform via cuff

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Indo-US Science & Technology Forum Annual Report | 2014 - 2015 Innovation Programs DST-Lockheed Martin India Innovation Growth Program DST-Lockheed Martin India Innovation Growth Program

Contact Persons The following innovations were announced as the winners of the 2014 competition:

Anita Gupta Nirankar Saxena R. Varadarajan Innovation Organization Name Innovators National Science & Technology Federation of Indian Chambers of Indo-US S&T Forum, New Delhi Entrepreneurship Development Board Commerce and Industries, New Delhi E-mail: [email protected] Non-invasive oral cancer detection device Innobreeze Communication Technologies K R Suresh Nair Department of Science and Technology, GOI E-mail: [email protected] Pvt. Ltd. Email: [email protected] ECG using an android smartphone Kallows Engineering India Pvt. Ltd. Gajanan Nagarsekar Technology platform for producing proteins and viral Seagull Biosolutions Pvt. Ltd. Vishwas D Joshi The DST-Lockheed Martin India Innovation The Program is open to technologies in areas such therapies Growth Program (IIGP) was launched in 2008 to as aeronautics, agriculture, biotechnology, chemistry, Low cost automated web security solution Ironwasp Information Security Solutions Pvt Lavakumar Kuppan enhance the growth and development of entrepreneurial communications, computing, defence, electronics, Ltd economy in India by adopting the prevalent best practices environment, IT, manufacturing, marine, materials, medical/ Hurdle technology for processing of shelf stable ICAR R. Thomas both in US and India. IIGP is designed as an accelerated life sciences, nanotechnology, etc. meat products technology assessment and commercialization initiative Low cost solar parabolic dish concentrator Solwedish Solar Pvt. Ltd. G Madan Mohan Reddy through a business plan competition involving commercial Underlining the program commitment to enhance the growth assessment of technology; business development; and finally and development of India’s entrepreneurial economy, The Advanced PCM heat exchanger for cold storage Thermal Energy Service Solutions Pvt. Ltd. Rajat Gupta technology commercialization through structured mentoring. DST-Lockheed Martin India Innovation Growth Program organized pan-India roadshows conducted in 20 cities Low cost, no consumable waterless urinal technology Ekam Eco Solutions Pvt. Ltd. Uttam Banerjee The program is a joint initiative of the Department of Science including Jaipur, Goa, Ahmedabad, Guwahati, Indore, Patna, Visually challenged ergonomic footwear Gitam University Krishna Sai Inkoolu and Technology, Govt. of India; Lockheed Martin Corporation; Ranchi, Chennai, Bangalore, Chandigarh, Mumbai, Pune, Indo-US Science and Technology Forum, Federation of Indian Vadodara, Delhi, Kolkata, Bhubaneshwar, Hyderabad, Solar boiler using linear fresnel technology for Promethean Energy Pvt. Ltd. K.P.Ashwin Krishna Chambers of Commerce and Industry; Stanford Graduate Nagpur, and Cochin with an aim to scout the process heat School of Business and the IC2 Institute at the University of best innovations from the country. The IIGP received an Converting shuttle loom to rapier loom Shreenidhi Green Services Ravinder Vannam Texas. overwhelming response from the innovators in 2014. Bhungroo- both waterlogging & irrigation solution Naireeta Services Biplab Ketan Paul Broad spectrum root canal filling composition for Goa Dental College and Hospital Rajdeep Pavaskar endodontic usage

Multifunctional finishing of textiles using eco-friendly The Bombay Textile Research Association Shital S Palaskar Medical diagnostic test kit Thrombochek Labs Private Limited Vikrant Vaidya Nutrient sequestration from waste water and reuse West Bengal University of Technology Shaon Roy Chaudhri Swajal smart water station Saurya EneerTech Vibha Tripathi Geothermal cooling technology GIBSS Arun Shenoy Bio-adhesive CSIR-Central Leather Research Institute A. Gnanamani Pest-repellent food protecting sheets Leela Holdings Sudhir Reddy Smart coatings for corrosion protection CSIR-National Physical Laboratory S.K. Dhawan Assisted respiration OneBreath India Pvt. Ltd. Cyja Jose CardioTrack - Remote ECG diagnostics Uber Diagnostics Private Limited Avin Agarwal Emergency labour cot RITE Products Gayathree Mohan Ultra-light-weight electric-assist bike Individual Jaspreet Singh ICT intervention to empower maternal healthcare IIT Guwahati Saurabh Srivastava Keyur Sorathia Companian diagnostics for diabetes Affigenix Biosloutions Pvt Ltd. Arumugam Muruganandam

E-waste recycling and metal separation plant Respose Waste Management and Re- Rupal Fadia search Pvt. Ltd.

Mosquito breeding disruptive device-TAKE IT EAZZY Individual E C Thomas

Redox engineering for 3-Hydroxypropionic acid SVBIOTECH Sathyavrathan Pathanjali

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Indo-US Science & Technology Forum Annual Report | 2014 - 2015 DST-Lockheed Martin India Innovation Growth Program Stanford India Biodesign Fellowships

Contact Persons

Balram Bhargava Paul Gordon Yock All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford E-mail: [email protected] E-mail: [email protected]

The Stanford-India Biodesign (SIB) Fellowship a multidisciplinary team-based fellowship where SIB fellows is a leadership training program in biomedical technology will work with other young innovators with a combination of innovation initiated by the Indian Department of Biotechnology engineering, medical and industry backgrounds. The team (DBT), Govt. of India, and Stanford University in partnership will examine clinical needs within the Indian setting, identify with IUSSTF. The goal of this program is to train the next opportunities for biomedical technology innovation with the generation of biomedical technology innovators in India goal to potentially invent, prototype, develop and patent one through a fellowship to be held jointly at Stanford University, or more new technologies. Fellows will also be mentored by the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT)-Delhi, and, All India “real-world” experts from the biomedical technology, legal Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi. This and venture capital industries both in the United States and A record total of 1346 applications were received from sectors the United States. At the end of the competition, 30 best program is directed to candidates with advanced degrees India. The program would also include exchange of faculty as diverse as healthcare, textiles, agriculture, defence and innovations were awarded. in engineering, medicine or business who could be potential between the academic institutions. food processing. Each application was thoroughly examined innovators in early-stage development of new biomedical by a team of experts from FICCI and external subject matter The awards ceremony was presided over by Prof. K. technologies for emerging healthcare needs. In May 2014, the Jaipur Knee, a project funded through experts to select the best 100 innovations. These applications VijayRaghavan, Secretary, Department of Science and Biodesign to provide a low-cost prosthetic knee for India, was and technologies were shared with all partners for further Technology, Government of India. Over the course of the one-year program, approximately half deployed in 6000 patients. In September 2014, a case study short-listing. of the Fellows’ time will be spent in India and the other half of SIB 2011 fellows’ biopsy device was covered by Ernst & The top 10 Innovators selected from the IIGP- 2014 were at Stanford University. The core objective of the program is Young in their “Innovation in Healthcare” report. A Technology Commercialization & taken to Silicon Valley and Stanford Graduate School of Entrepreneurship Workshop was held from April 20- Business for learning the best practices of Innovation/ 25, 2014 wherein the selected 44 innovators were provided startups and successful commercialization. 20 Innovators Individuals selected for the 2015 SIB Fellowship: training in basic principles of product commercialization, were also presented with a cash prize of Rs. One Lakh each. Name Background readiness for market, business models, IP rights, competitive Debayan Saha Manufacturing engineering and industrial management. positioning, and mechanisms for revenue by experienced Two technology expositions were organized in 2014 (in Goa faculty members from the Stanford Graduate School of on 25 September 2014 and in Jaipur on 4 December 2014) to Business. The Innovators’ Competition and showcase the commercialization deals signed by the Indian Awards function was held from May 20-23, 2014. The innovators with leading industry partners. The innovators top 44 innovators presented their innovations to a panel of also got a platform to exhibit their technologies at these technologists and commercialization experts from India and expositions to potential industry partners, investors and other Harsh R. Sheth Plastic and reconstructive surgery, minimally invasive surgery and start- ups. robotic surgery.

Shashi Ranjan Microfluidics, microfabrication and nanotechnology.

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Indo-US Science & Technology Forum Annual Report | 2014 - 2015 Visitation Programs Visitation Programs Visitation Programs

American Society for Microbiology (ASM) IUSSTF-American Physical Society - IUSSTF Professorship in Microbiology (APS) Fellowships

Contact Persons Contact Persons

Smriti Trikha Kirsten Bartlett Amy K. Flatten Michele Irwin Nishritha Bopana Indo-US S&T Forum, New Delhi American Society for Microbiology, Washington DC The American Physical Society, The American Physical Society, Indo-US S&T Forum, New Delhi E-mail: [email protected] E-mail: [email protected] College Park, Maryland College Park, Maryland E-mail: nbo[email protected] E-mail: [email protected] E-mail: [email protected]

Under an arrangement between IUSSTF and American Society The program enables: IUSSTF and the American Physical Society (APS) have of the Visiting Professorship is to enable physicists to build for Microbiology (ASM), the Indo-US Professorship Microbiologists in India and the United States to visit partnered to support a bilateral exchange program that strong collaborative linkages in physics education and Awards in Microbiology were instituted in 2003 with institutions in the two countries to teach an interactive includes the Indo-US Professorship Awards in research between the scientific communities of US and India. the aim to foster scientific cooperation, education, training short course on a topic in any of the microbiological Physics which will be awarded to faculties and scientists and capacity building at individual and institutional levels disciplines (Teaching Professor) from India and USA every year to teach short courses or The Physics Student Visitation Program aims to mostly support through exchange visitation. The ASM-IUSSTF Visiting Microbiologists in India to participate in an interactive short provide physics lecture series and, the Indo-US Physics upto 4 graduate student travel to India by US citizens, while Professorships award is administered parallel with the ASM course on a topic in any of the microbiological disciplines, or Student Visitation Program for student exchange still enabling some students of Indian citizenship to travel to International Professorship Program. conduct a research project in partnership with colleague in every year. The program was launched in 2008. the United States. These studentship programs will help to a research facility in the US (Research Professor) build early career relationship between the next generation ‘Professorships and Lectureships’ consist of 1-2 week of physicists from US and India. The students can apply for The following microbiologists were awarded in 2014-15: courses or a lecture series delivered at an Indian or US this visitation program to attend a short-course, or summer Avery August from Cornell University, Ithaca, NY was awarded the Research Professorship to implement the institution. Upto 4 recipients are selected by a joint APS- training; to visit with a professor in his/her field of study; to research project titled Anti-Inflammatory agents in Mastitis at the University of Hyderabad with Dr. Pallu IUSSTF review committee, with a call for proposals twice work temporarily in a lab; or for any other opportunity that the Reddanna. each year. Awards are typically used for travel, materials student/professor feels is worthy of support. and expenses associated with course delivery. The objective

Gurdeep Rastogi from Chilika Development Authority, Dept. of Forest and Environment, Bhubaneswar was Recipients of Indo-US Professorship Awards-2014: awarded the Research Professorship to implement the research project titled Spatiotemporal analysis of Name University Host Subject area picophytoplankton communities in a brackish water estuary at the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research B. Muralidharan Indian Institute of Michigan State University Lecture series on “Nano and Institute (MBARI) with Dr. Alexandra Worden. Technology-Bombay Spin Caloritronics”

Jayanthi Shastri from T N Medical College & Nair Hospital, Mumbai was awarded Teaching Professorship to deliver a short course on Vector borne Diseases: Diagnosis, Prevention & Control at the University of South Florida, hosted by Dr. Cathy Pettii.

Dan Liu University of New Parvatibai Chowgule College, Margao Lecture series on “Statistical Haven Mechanics” Peter Uetz from Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA was awarded Teaching Professorship to deliver a short course on The Two-Hybrid System: from interactome to metabolome at the DBT-ICT- Centre for Energy Biosciences, hosted by Dr. Rupali Walia.

Mark M. Wilde Louisiana State Naresh Sharma, Tata Institute of Lecture series on “Quantum Ralph Keil from Pennsylvania State University, Hershey, PA was awarded Teaching Professorship to implement University Fundamental Research, Mumbai Information Theory” the short course on Molecular Genetic Analysis of Signaling Pathways at Bose Institute, hosted by Dr. Srimonti Sarkar.

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Indo-US Science & Technology Forum Annual Report | 2014 - 2015 Visitation Programs Visitation Programs

Recipients of Indo-US Physics Students Visitation program-2014: Name University Host Research area Research Internships in Science Amit Kumar Indian Institute of Samarendra Mohanty, University of Optogenetic Manipulation of Science Education Texas, Arlington Cells and Research, and Engineering (RISE) Kolkata

Ananya Ghatak Banaras Hindu Carl M Bender, Washington University, St. Non-linear PT-symmetric Contact Person University, Varanasi Louis differential equations Smriti Trikha Indo-US S&T Forum, New Delhi E-mail: [email protected] D. Vigil-Fowler University of California, Manish Jain, Indian Institute of Open-shell optical absorption Berkeley Science, Bangalore using the Bethe-Salpeter equation (BSE) methodology The Indo-US Science and Technology Forum supported exposure to Indian S&T milieu, gain practical skills and Research Internships in Science and develop collaborative networks. Internships are envisaged G. Ozturkler University of New Chowgule College, Margao Tour and discussions at Physics Engineering (RISE) program provides unique as a source of mutual cultural and professional enrichment Haven and Biotechnology Department opportunities for science, technology, engineering and for both the interns and their host institutions. along with attending seminar on medical students from the United States to undertake Indian and American citizens currently enrolled at a theory and practice of statistical and internships in national laboratories, federal research centers, recognized institution of higher education pursuing Doctoral condensed matter physics academic research institutes, and private R & D laboratories programs in science, engineering, technology and medical in India. Objectives of the internships are to provide students disciplines are eligible to apply for the internship.

The following 5 students interned in India under the RISE Program in 2014-2015: Name University Mentor Subject area Gareth G. University of Sumathy Krishnan, Technology Informatics Civil Engineering/ International Westler Minnesota Design Endeavour (TIDE) India, Bangalore Development

Garima Singh North Carolina State S.N. Singh, Indian Institute of Controller Design and Stability University Technology, Kanpur Analysis of VSC-HVSC Power System

Lalita Emory University Anmol Chandele, ICGEB, Delhi Microbiology and Molecular Priyamvada Genetics

Rohit Singh University of GV Ramana, Indian Institute of Geotechnical Engineering Massachusetts, Technology, Delhi Program Lowell

Jack Andrew Cornell University Suhas P Wani, International Crops Modeling Farming Systems in McCracken Research Institute for the Semi-Arid the Semi-arid Tropics of India Pringle Tropics, Telangana

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Indo-US Science & Technology Forum Annual Report | 2014 - 2015 Visitation Programs Visitation Programs

Name Parent U.S. Mentor Subject Area Bhaskara Advanced Solar Energy Institute Pradeep K. Sundaraj Shiv Nadar David Ginley Development of a novel standalone University, Noida National Renewable Energy solar vapor absorption thermoelectric (BASE) Fellowship Program Laboratory, Golden generator

Contact Person Rahul Singh Sharda University, Muhamad Ashraful Alam Modeling, simulation, design and Noida Purdue University, West preparation of dye sensitized solar Lafayette cell Nishritha Bopana Indo-US S&T Forum, New Delhi E-mail: [email protected] Samir K. Sarkar Indian Institute of Christine K. Luscombe Donor-acceptor based organic Science, Bengaluru University of Washington, molecules for dye sensitized Seattle Recognizing that climate change, clean and efficient energy To nurture future innovators and thought leaders in Solar and environmental protection are among the biggest Energy, the Bhaskara Advanced Solar Energy challenges facing India and the United States; the Department (BASE) Fellowship Program - a dynamic and of Science and Technology, Govt. of India through its Solar transformative program has been developed to foster Sonali Das Indian Institute Debashis Chanda Design and fabrication of ultra-thin, Energy Research Initiative, and the Indo-U.S. Science and contacts between students and scientists from India and the of Engineering University of Central Florida, high efficient monocrystalline silicon Science and Orlando solar cells based on plasmonic light Technology Forum (IUSSTF) are committed to tackling these United States. Technology, trapping effects issues by building capacity in these frontier areas. Shibpur

Student Internships 2015: Vishal Bharti National Physical Yang Yang Polymer & perovskite solar cell Laboratory, of California, Los Name Parent U.S. Mentor Subject Area Angeles Institute Abhishek Swarnkar Indian Institute of Joseph M. Luther Solution processed all-inorganic Science Education National Renewable Energy colloidal quantum dots for solar cell and Research, Laboratory Venkata National Institute of Marcelo Godoy Simões Development of control strategies Pune Subrahmanya Technology,Warangal Colorado School of Mines, for multifunctional grid connected Raghavendra Vara Golden photovoltaic inverter systems Prasad Oruganti Devika Choudhury Indian Institute Jeffrey W. Elam Synthesis and characterization of of Technology Argonne National Laboratory, transparent conducting films for Bombay Argonne photovoltaics using atomic layer R. Venkatkarthick CSIR-Central Shannon W. Boettcher Design and synthesis of photo deposition Electrochemical University of Oregon, Eugene anodes for solar hydrogen Research Institute production by water splitting Karaikudi Kinjalben K. Patel S. V. National Neelkanth G. Dhere Optimization of processes for fabrication Institute of Florida Solar Energy Center, of czts thin film soar cells Technology, Surat University of Central Florida

T. Logu Madurai Kamaraj Pratim Biswas Preparation and characterization of University, Madurai Washington University Missouri i-iii-vi2 ternary semiconductor nano structure thin films for photovoltaic applications

Neha Chaturvedi Indian Institute of Alex K-Y.Jen Development of innovative devices Technology Delhi University of Washington, for energy applications Seattle

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Indo-US Science & Technology Forum Annual Report | 2014 - 2015 Visitation Programs Visitation Programs

Fellowships 2015: Name Parent U.S. Mentor Subject Area Khorana Program for Scholars Institute Balachander PSG Institute of Pradeep Haldar Flexible cigs solar cells using roll- Krishnan Advanced Studies, SUNY Polytechnic Institute, to-roll fabrication technique Contact Persons Coimbatore, Tamil Albany Nadu Aseem Z. Ansari Nishritha Bopana University of Wisconsin-Madison Indo-US S&T Forum, New Delhi Bharat S. Indian Institute of Lingfeng Wang Smart energy management system E-mail: [email protected] E-mail: [email protected] Rajpurohit Technology, Mandi University of Wisconsin- for dc micro-grid Milwaukee

The Khorana Program for Scholars is a tripartite arrangement The Khorana Program is envisaged to: Milind S. Dangate Amrita School of W.S. Sampath Conductive polymer binders for between the Department of Biotechnology, Govt. of India, Provide encouragement to young scholars to undertake Arts & Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort CdS/CdTe devices the University of Wisconsin-Madison [representing partner Kerala Collins R&D US Universities], and the Indo-US Science and Technology Enable students to carry out research at a premier Forum in order to nurture contacts between students in the University in the United States field of biotechnology and biomedical sciences from India  Mukesh Kumar Indian Institute of Qiquan Qiao Nanoscale charge transport studies and the US. The program is named in honor of Dr. Har Transform research into societal benefits Technology Ropar South Dakota State University, on cu-zn-sn-s/se (czts) thin film Gobind Khorana who won the Nobel Prize for his work at the Build a seamless scientific community between India Brookings solar cell interface of chemistry and biology in 1968 while a member of and the United States the UW faculty. Keeping in mind the success of the program so far and the Prabodh Bajpai Indian Institute Anurag K. Srivastava An approach to resilient power The Khorana Program is a summer internship program large pool of quality applicants available, we have expanded of Technology, Washington State University, system with multiple microgrids for Indian students (currently enrolled in B.Tech., M.Tech. the Khorana Program to several premier US Universities Kharagpur Pullman and M.Sc. programs in Biotechnology and allied areas) to (University of Iowa, University of Illinois, University of undertake a research internship at UW and partner U.S. Michigan, University of Minnesota, Michigan State University, Universities for a period of 10-12 weeks. Out of a pool of Indiana University, Georgetown University, MIT and University Shaibal K Sarkar Indian Institute Maikel Van Hest Novel hole scavenging layers for more than 500 applicants each year, 12 students interned of Wisconsin-Madison) to enable a larger number of students of Technology, National Renewable Energy higher stability in perovskite solar under the Khorana program in 2009 and 15 students were to gain a transformative international experience. In 2014, the Bombay Laboratory cells selected in 2010 and 2011 respectively. following 30 students were selected under this program:

Name Parent Advisor and Host Subject Area Sanjay Agrawal Rajit Gadh Grid connected hybrid solar National Open University of California, Los photovoltaic thermal/wind systems Institute University University, New Angeles Aayushi Jain Indian Institute of Ernest S. Burgie Phytochrome structure and Delhi Technology, Delhi University of Wisconsin-Madison function.

Sanjoy Kumar Indian Institute of Joseph Ojo Development of control strategies Parida Technology Patna Tennessee Tech University, to improve the dynamic Cookeville performance of a solar pv microgrid system Ameya P. Jalihal SASTRA Oleg Igoshin Computational systems University, Rice University biology/bioengineering Surya Prakash CSIR-Indian Guillermo C. Bazan Design & development of novel Thanjavur Singh Institute of Chemical University of California, Santa donor and acceptor materials for Technology, Barbara organic photovoltaic solar cell Hyderabad Amrita S. Gokhale University of Sheba M. J. MohanKumar Understanding the Vari Sivaji Reddy National Institute of Antonio Facchetti Plasmonic effects of metal Pune, Institute Michigan State University mechanisms of adipose Technology Calicut Nothwestern University, nanostructures for high of Bioinformatics tissue expansion in Diet- Evanston performance polymer solar cells and induced obesity after prenatal Biotechnology stress

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Indo-US Science & Technology Forum Annual Report | 2014 - 2015 Visitation Programs Visitation Programs

Name Parent Advisor and Host Subject Area Name Parent Advisor and Host Subject Area Institute University Institute University Amrita Singh IIT Kanpur Xin Huang Neurosciences Gagan Sharma Indian Institute Michael J. Schnieders Protein structure predictions University of Wisconsin-Madison of Technology, University of Iowa using ensemble rotamer (BHU) Varanasi optimization with the use of AMOEBA force field

Anjani S. Chakrala IIT Madras Eric V. Shusta Tissue engineering/blood- Garima BITS Pilani Chi Zhang Bioinformatics and University of Wisconsin-Madison brain barrier research University of Nebraska-Lincoln computational biology

Ankita Gupta BITS Pilani Rohit Bhargava Computational structural Himani A. Galagali Indian Institute Supriya G. Prasanth Study the dynamics of Orc1 University of Illinois, Urbana- biology of Science, University of Illinois Urbana- phosphorylation during the Champaign Bangalore Champaign cell cycle in human cells

Ann David Christian Medical Yih-Kuen Characterization of upper Indrashis Datta Indian Institute Heedeok Hong Folding of β-barrel outer College, Vellore University of Illinois, Urbana- limb muscle activation pattern of Science, Michigan State University membrane proteins from E. Champaign during joystick control for Bangalore coli power wheelchair driving

Anu Thomas Indian Institute of K.V. Prasanth Cancer biology Meghana Cyanam University of Sushmitha Roy miRNA networks and their Science Education University of Illinois, Urbana- Hyderabad University of Wisconsin-Madison role in Cancer and Research, Champaign Thiruvananthapuram

Archana P. V. Amrita School of Susan Conrad Breast cancer research Prateek Garg UM DAE - Centre Danny Ducat Studying evolution via Biotechnology, Michigan State University for Excellence in Michigan State University artificial life and digital Amrita Vishwa Basic Sciences organisms Vidyapeetham, Kollam Ashna Alladin VIT University Matthew L. Bochman DNA helicases Preeti Sahu National Institute Jared Cochran Molecular dynamic Indiana University of Science Indiana University simulations Education and Research, Bhubaneswar Charu Jain IISER Pune William C. Pomerantz Molecular mechanisms of Prerna Amity University Greg M. Swain Electrochemical studies of University of Minnesota epigenetics Priyadarshani Rajasthan Michigan State University glassy carbon, diamond and diamond microelectrode arrays

Deepshikha Dogra IIT Delhi Jeroen Saeij Characterization of the Sakshi Gupta Delhi Jeffrey P. Mower Comparative genomics Massachusetts Institute of sub-cellular location of Technological University of Nebraska-Lincoln and molecular evolution of Technology Toxoplasma proteins using University, Delhi vascular plant plastids CRISPR

Eeshit D. Vaishnav IIT Kanpur Adam C. Martin Computational modeling Sanika Hakim University of Julia van Kessel Molecular genetics, Massachusetts Institute of of mechanical forces Pune, Fergusson Indiana University biochemistry Technology responsible for gastrulation College during embryogenesis using confocal Imaging data

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Indo-US Science & Technology Forum Annual Report | 2014 - 2015 Visitation Programs Visitation Programs

Name Parent Advisor and Host Subject Area Institute University Viterbi – India Program Sanjan Thallam IIT Madras Jennifer L. Reed Biotechnology Prasad Gupta University of Wisconsin-Madison Contact Persons

Cauligi Raghavendra Nishritha Bopana NIT Warangal Analysis of mutations and Shivani V. Malepati Stephen D Bell USC Viterbi School of Engineering, Indo-US S&T Forum, New Delhi Indiana University gene expression in cancer University of Southern California E-mail: [email protected] E-mail: [email protected]

Shruti Mohan SASTRA Cheng Kao Immunology, cell signaling An important aspect of engineering education in the 21st The Viterbi-India Program is a dynamic student internship University Indiana University century is to provide the experience of international research program between Indian institutions and the Viterbi School to young scholars and a practical way to achieve this would be of Engineering that would create long-term, sustainable to foster their participation in international research programs. and vibrant linkages between the two nations. The program Such initiatives would offer them an array of experiences provides an opportunity for Indian students pursuing a Shubham K. Jaiswal IISER Bhopal George Phillips Structural biology both academic and social that would help them gain a Bachelors or Master’s degree in Electrical Engineering, Rice University global perspective and prove invaluable in their professional Computer Sciences and Computational Sciences at a careers through a cross-cultural exposure. To address this recognized institution of higher education and learning in need for human resource development and capacity building India to undertake a research internship at the Viterbi School in the field of computer sciences and electrical engineering, of Engineering for a period of 8 weeks. The Indian students Shubham Tripathi IIT Kanpur Michael W. Deem Plant biology IUSSTF and the Viterbi School of Engineering at the who came to USC were typically toppers from high-ranking Rice University University of Southern California partnered to support the Institutions in India and were able to conduct outstanding Viterbi-India Program between Indian institutions and research in a short amount of time. the Viterbi School of Engineering.

Vaisakh N. Joy IIT Kharagpur Thomas R. Mackie Medical biotechnology University of Wisconsin-Madison Students selected for the program year 2014: Name Institution Mentor Subject Aditya Kamath Indian Institute Minlan Yu Implementation of Open Sketch in of Technology, Open VS witch Viswarup Misra IIT Kharagpur Federica Brandizzi Plant biology Hyderabad Michigan State University

Ajay Singhvi Birla Institute of Peter A. Beerel Design and analysis of delay elements Technologys & for 2-phase bundled data asynchronous Science, Pilani circuits

Apratim Jamia Milia Islamia, Urbashi Mitra Thread count analysis of paintings Mukhopadhyay Delhi using 2-D discrete wavelets

Ashwini Pokle Birla Institute of Yan Liu Robust stochastic optimization Technology & Science, Pilani

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Indo-US Science & Technology Forum Annual Report | 2014 - 2015 Visitation Programs Visitation Programs

Name Institution Mentor Subject Name Institution Mentor Subject Asim Anand Indian Institute Richard Leahy Cortical changes in autism Sidharth Gupta Indian Institute of Kristina Lerman The friendship paradox in egonets of Technology, Technology, Kanpur Kharagpur

Dheeraj M N Indian Institute of Todd A Brun Quantum walks over graphs Soham Rajesh Indian Institute of Rahul Jain Freeway traffic modelling using queue- Technology, Madras Phade Technology, Bombay ing theory

Dhruva Kartik Indian Institute Urbashi Mitra Sampling and navigation cost for target Sudipta Biswas Indian Institute Hossein Hashemi Improving isolation in wireless Mokhasunavisu of Technology, localization using mobile agents of Technology, transceivers capable of simultaneous Guwahati Kharagpur transmit and receive

Goutham College of Stephen Cronin Analyzing the behavior (optical and Sukanya V. Indian Institute of Alice Parker Circuit implementation of neural

Ezhilarasu Engineering Guindy, electrical) of 2D nanocrystals of MoS2 Patil Technology, Bombay network responsible for locomotion in Anna University, when placed on different substrates C. elegans Chennai and also fabricating opto-electronic devices based on these characteristics

Vaibhav Gandhi Indian Institute Viktor K Prasanna High-performance online traffic of Technology, classification using FPGA Radhika Natesh National Institute Paul Bogdan SPH modelling; Analysis of social Gandhinagar of Technology, interaction of Shewanella bacteria using Surathkal image processing

Vaishnavh Indian Institute of Milind Tambe Multi-agent team playing for computer Nagarajan Technology, Madras go domain Raktim Pal National Institute of Bhaskar SINR optimization with mobile robotic Technology, Trichy Krishnamachari nodes

Ramnandan S. Indian Institute of Craig Knoblock Assigning semantic labels to data Krishnamurthy Technology, Madras sources

Ranjan Birla Institute of Murali Annavaram Speeding up massive graph Anantharaman Technology & applications on GPGPU Science, Hyderabad

Sanjana Birla Institute of Mike Chen Linearization techniques in voltage Singireddy Technology & controlled oscillator based analog-to- Science, Hyderabad digital converters

Shrihari Indian Institute Gerard Medioni Structured sampling for 3D face Amarendra of Technology, recognition Bhatt Kharagpur

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Graduate Research Opportunities S. N. Bose Scholars Program Worldwide (GROW) Program

Contact Person Contact Persons

Nishritha Bopana Aseem Z. Ansari Nishritha Bopana Indo-US S&T Forum, New Delhi University of Wisconsin-Madison Indo-US S&T Forum, New Delhi E-mail: [email protected] E-mail: [email protected] E-mail: [email protected]

The Graduate Research Opportunities the program helps foster long-term interactions To address the need for human resource development and Masters programs in Atmospheric and Earth Sciences; Worldwide (GROW) program is a partnership between between the next generation of innovators capacity building in science and technology, the Science Chemical Sciences; Engineering Sciences; Mathematical the Science and Engineering Research Board and thought leaders from India and the United & Engineering Board (SERB), Department of Science and Computational Sciences; and, Physical Sciences.) to (SERB), Department of Science and Technology (DST), States and contributes to the prosperity of not and Technology (DST), Govt. of India, the Indo-U.S. undertake a research internship each summer for a period of Govt. of India and the National Science Foundation only our respective countries but the world at Science and Technology Forum (IUSSTF) and 10-12 weeks in each other’s countries. (NSF) to provide NSF Graduate Research Fellows with large.” Dr. Cora Marrett remarked, “GROW fosters WINStep Forward have developed a dynamic and opportunities to enhance their professional development increased collaboration between Graduate transformative student exchange program between premier The broad objectives of the program through research collaborations at top-caliber science Research Fellows and their peers around the institutions in India and the United States. This program is are to: and engineering research sites in India. National Science world. Connecting them to leading scientists and named the S.N. Bose Scholars Program after the Provide an opportunity to best and brightest Indian Foundation (NSF) Acting Director Cora B. Marrett signed research infrastructure outside of the U.S. will help late Prof. , a visionary Indian physicist this new research partnership with T. K. Chandrashekar, students to gain exposure and access to world class them engage successfully in the global research best known for his work on quantum mechanics in the early Secretary of the Science and Engineering Research Board enterprise.” research facilities in U.S. academia and labs; 1920s, providing the foundation for Bose–Einstein statistics (SERB). The objectives of the program are to promote and the theory of the Bose–Einstein condensate. A Fellow Promote research and capacity building in frontline research and capacity building in frontline areas of science The recipient of the first GROW award in 2014 was of the Royal Society, he was awarded India’s second areas of science and technology; and technology; to pave way for the next generation scientists Joanna Yang from Mayo Clinic. Joanna completed her and technologists from the United States to interact with their 3-month internship at CSIR - Institute of Genomics and highest civilian award, the in 1954 by Encourage and motivate outstanding students to take Indian peers, thus helping to build long-term R&D linkages Integrative Biology (IGIB) under the mentorship of Sridhar the Government of India. He made important contributions up research as a career path; to the field of quantum physics in the 1920s that changed and collaborations; and, to bring talented American students Sivasubbu and Adita Joshi. The aim of her study was Pave the way for the next generation scientists and to test the hypotheses that a modern science curriculum how particle physics has been studied ever since. The class to research laboratories and academic institutions in India to technologists from India to interact at an equal footing build a deeper appreciation of the culture of innovation and will improve student science and increase knowledge, of particles that obey Bose-Einstein statistics, Bosons, was with American peers, thus helping to build long-term long-standing tradition of scientific enquiry in India. improve preventative health attitudes, and facilitate intents named after him. The Program honors an Indian scientist’s R&D linkages and collaborations; and, of increased health-conscious behaviours. The project was fundamental contribution to the completion of the Standard In his statement Dr. Chandrashekar said “The GROW aimed toward revamping the science curriculum through Model of the Universe. Bring talented American students to research Initiative provides an excellent opportunity to a strong foundation in the Nature of Science and student- The S.N. Bose Scholars Program provides an opportunity laboratories in India to build a deeper appreciation of introduce talented American students to the directed learning. Another aim of her work was to partner with to Indian and U.S. students (enrolled in Bachelors and the culture of innovation and long-standing tradition of S&T landscape and the long-standing tradition graduate school programming to facilitate research alignment scientific enquiry in India. of scientific inquiry in India. We also hope that with broader societal value(s).

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In 2015, the following 56 Indian students were selected: Name Parent Institution U.S Mentor Subject Area Name Parent Institution U.S Mentor Subject Area Kartikeya Singh University of Delhi W. Berry Lyons Earth Science 21 Aashiq Muhamed Indian Institute of Technology Sanjiva Lele Mechanical Engineering Sangwan Ohio State University 1 Roorkee Stanford University Kazi Ranjibul Islam Indian Institute of Science Mikhail Lukin Physical Sciences 22 Aashish Bhardwaj Indian Institute of Technology Ropar Dennis M. Kochmann Mechanical Engineering Education and Research, Kolkata Havard University 2 California Institute of Khyathi Raghavi International Institute of Information Ani Nenkova Computer Science 23 Technology (Caltech) Chandu Technology Hyderabad University of Pennsylvania Abhishek Kumar National Institute of Technology J Hong Industrial Engineering Koushik Chatterjee Indian Institute of Technology Philip Kaaret Physics 3 24 Jamshedpur University of Minnesotta Kharagpur University of Iowa Aditi Chatterjee Indian Institute of Technology John M. Eiler Geology Lois Thomas Savitribai Phule Pune University. Wojciech W. Grabowski Atmospheric Science 4 Kharagpur California Institute of 25 National Center for Atmospheric Technology (Caltech) Research (NCAR) Aditi Raghunathan Indian Institute of Technology Percy Liang Computer Science Partha Pratim Dutta Indian Institute of Engineering Yogesh B. Gianchandani Electrical Engineering 5 26 Madras Stanford University Science and Technology, Shibpur University of Michigan Aishwarya Mahant Sardar Vallabhbhai National Mitul Luhar Mathematics Phalguni Shishir University of Mumbai- Department Lionel Levine Physics 6 Kumar Rath Institute of Technology, Surat Univeristy of Southern 27 Shah of Atomic Energy, Centre for Cornell University California, Los Angeles Excellence in Basic Sciences Akshat Jain Panjab University Pattie Maes Electronics and Poulami Chakraborty Indian Institute of Technology John M. Carrol Design 28 7 Massachusetts Institute of Communication Guwahati Pennsylvania State University Technology Engineering Pranav Gupta Birla Institute of Technology and Craig Knoblock Computer Science Alok Sharma Faculty Of Mathematical Sciences, Julie C. Mitchell Mathematics 29 Science Pilani Univeristy of Southern 8 Delhi University University of Wisconsin- California, Los Angeles Madison Priyanga Ganesan National Institute of Science Jeffrey Schenker Mathematics Apala Chaudhuri Indian Institute of Technology Taekjip Ha Chemistry 30 Education and Research Michigan State University 9 Kanpur University of Illinois-Urbana Bhubaneswar Champaign Rajath Kantharaj Birla Institute of Technology and Timothy S. Fisher Mechnanical 31 Apoorva Joshi Vellore Institute of Technology Milan Sonka Electronics and Science Pilani Purdue University Engineering 10 University of Iowa Communication Birla Institute of Technology and Electronics & Engineering Ramudu Kolisetty Paul Bogdan 32 Science Hyderabad Univeristy of Southern Communications Aprameya Ganesh National Institutes of Technology Yoon Yeo Chemical Engineering 11 California, Los Angeles Prasad Surathkal Purdue University Ravi Srivastava Indian Institute of Technology Uttam K. Tambar Chemistry Arjun Vijeta Indian Institute of Science Marisa C. Kozlowski Chemistry 12 33 Gandhinaghar UT Southwestern Medical Education and Research Pune University of Pennsylvania Center Ashish Daga Indian Institute of Technology Suresh V. Garimella Mechanical Engineering 13 Rishav Choudhary Indian Institute of Technology Ahmed Ghoniem Aerospace Engineering Kharagpur Purdue University 34 Kanpur Massachusetts Institute of Ayush Tomar Delhi Technological University Juergen Pfeffer Computer Science and Technology 14 Carnegie Mellon University Engineering Rishav Roy Indian Institute of Technology Dino Di Carlo Mechanical Engineering Bhagyashree College of Engineering Pune Krishnan Suresh Mechanical Engineering 35 Kharagpur University of California, Los 15 Chandrakant University of Wisconsin- Angeles Prabhune Madison Robin Singh National Intitute of Technology Raj Kothapalli Mechanical Engineering 36 Brinda Kuthanazhi, Indian Institute of Science Timothy S. Fisher Purdue Physics Surathkal Stanford University 16 Education and Research, University Samprit Ghosh Indian Institute of Technology Jerome William Hoffman Mathematics 37 Thiruvananthapuram Bombay Lousiana State University Chandrachur Jadavpur University Asok Ray Mechanical Engineering 17 Shalini Gupta Indian Institute of Technology William DeGrado and Chemistry Bhattacharya Pennsylvania State University Kanpur Michael Grabe 38 Ishan Manjani Indraprastha Institute of Information Kevin W. Bowyer Computer Science and University of California, San 18 Technology,Delhi University of Notre Dame Engineering Francisco Jatindeep Singh, Indian Institute of Technology Sreeram Kannan Electrical Engineering Shashwat Kumar Indian Institutes of Science Education and Max Bezada Earth Science 19 39 Gandhinagar University of Washington Singh Research Kolkata University of Minnesota Kalind Baraya Indian Institute of Technology John M. Pfotenhauer Mechanical Engineering Shaurya Garg Punjab Engineering College Rakesh K. Kapania Aerospace Engineering Guwahati University of Wisconsin- University of Technology, Virginia Polytechnic Institute 20 40 Madison Chandigarh and State University

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Name Parent Institution U.S Mentor Subject Area The following U.S. Students were selected: Shelly Aggarwal Indian Institute of Technology Amit Lal Electronics and Name Parent Institution Indian Mentor Host Institution 41 Madras Cornell University Communication 1 Anna Barker University of Wisconsin-Madison Pooja Sharma Medanta Medicity, Gurgaon Engineering Shilpa Vijay College of Engineering Pune, Mitul Luhar Civil Engineering 2 Christopher B University of Wisconsin-Madison Sunita Grover National Dairy Research 42 Univeristy of Southern Johnson Institute, Karnal California, Los Angeles 3 Daniel Patrick University of Wisconsin-Madison Praveen C Tata Institute of Fundamental Shristi Singh National Institute of Technology Gerald Fuller Chemical Engineering 43 Howard Research, Bangalore Warangal Stanford University 4 Debayon Dutta State University of New York Suddhasatwa Basu Indian Institute of Technology Shruthi Tiruchirapalli CSIR – Central Electrochemical Nicholas Leventis Chemical & Delhi 44 Kumarraj Research Institute, Chennai Missouri University of Science Electrochemical & Technology, Rolla Engineering. 5 Hannah M Lider University of Wisconsin-Madison Vatsala Thirumalai National Center for Biological Sciences, Bangalore Sidhyansh Saxena Indian Institute of Technology Ashutosh Sabharwal Biological Engineering 45 Madras Rice University 6 James Olson University of Wisconsin-Madison Ashitava Ghosal Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore Sooraj Ben K.R. Indian Institutes of Science Prashant V. Kamat Chemistry University of California, Berkeley CEPT University, Ahmedabad 46 Education and Research University of Notre Dame, 7 Jared Paul Rajan Rawal Thiruvananthapuram Indiana Landsman 8 K University of Wisconsin-Madison Medanta Medicity, Gurgaon Soumya Kamal National Institute of Science James P. Shaffer Physics elli E Verhoeven Pooja Sharma 47 Kanungo Education and Research The University of Oklahoma 9 Lucas L Holiday University of Wisconsin-Madison Suhita Nadkarni Indian Institute of Science, Bhubaneswar Education and Research, Pune Soumya Ranjan National Institute of Technology Dominik Schillinger Chemical Engineering 10 Tenzin N Paljor University of Wisconsin-Madison Avadhesha Surolia Indian Institute of Science, 48 Sahoo Rourkela University of Minnesotta Bangalore Soumya Wadhwa Indian Institute of Technology Srinivasan Parthasarathy Mathematics and 49 Guwahati Ohio State University Computing Srishti Bhutani National Institute of Technology Arturo E.Schultz Civil Engineering 50 Kurukshetra University of Minnesotta Subrata Singha Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad Mrinal K Sen Geophysics Jackson School of In 2015, IUSSTF, WINStep Forward and the Chandrashekar, Secretary of the Science and 51 Geosciences, The University of Consulate General of India, Chicago, co-hosted Engineering Research Board (SERB), Dr. Rajiv Texas at Austin the 2015 S.N. Bose Scholars Orientation event Sharma, Executive Director of the Indo-US at the Indian Consulate in Chicago. The Consul Science and Technology Forum (IUSSTF), and Suman Ghosh Jadavpur University Jeffrey Bigham Electronics and 52 Carnegie Mellon University Telecommunication General of India, Dr. Ausaf Sayeed, welcomed via the internet Dr. VijayRaghavan, Secretary Engineering the scholars to the United States and with great of The Department of Biotechnology (DBT). Dr. warmth asked them to consider themselves Aseem Ansari, Director Khorana and Bose Ujash Dipak Kumar Birla Institute of Technology and Arezoo Ardekani Mechanical Engineering 53 as part of his own family. Speaking to the Bose Programs and Professor, Synthetic Biology and Shah Sciences Goa Purdue University Scholars at the Orientation were the leaders of Genomics, University of Wisconsin Madison, Venkatachalam Indian Institute of Technology Christos T. Maravelias Chemical Engineering the major Indian scientific agencies: Prof. T.K. encouraged the scholars to make the most of 54 Avadiappan Madras University of Wisconsin- Madison Vivek Pandey Indian Institute of Technology Hatsuo Ishida Polymer Science and 55 Roorkee Case Western Reserve Technology University Vusirikala Venkata Indian Institute of Technology Lixia Zhang Computer Science and 56 Satyanarayana Guwahati University of California, Los Engineering Angeles

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this unique opportunity and challenged them to society as well as sparking a strong appreciation become the next transformative thought leader of science in the general non-scientist population. such as Khorana, Bose or Swaminathan. “All Dr. Nevan Hanumara also had a similar message of us have great expectations of you and look of using science to benefit society. Dr. Hanumara forward to seeing your careers blossom and the manages MIT’s Tata Center in Cambridge, MA. transformative changes you bring about in the He and his students are currently trying to solve future,” Dr. Ansari told the scholars. societal problems in India using their expertise in design improvement through mechanical Prof. Bassam Shakhashiri, a world-renowned engineering. He encouraged the young Scholars US educator who has promoted strong science to place emphasis on utilizing their future research education policies during his tenure as director of to solve tackle societal issues. Representatives of the American Chemical Society and earlier at the major Midwestern universities as well as other National Science Foundation also addressed the universities interested in hosting Bose scholars students. He spoke to the Scholars about using also participated in the event. their love of science to promote development of

Bilateral Workshops


Indo-US Science & Technology Forum Bilateral Workshops Bilateral Workshops

Recent advances on modeling rare Conservation and restoration of events: Methods and applications ecosystem services in a time of climate change 29 May-01 June 2014 Kumarakom, India 28-29 June 2014 Dehradun, India

evelopment of molecular simulation algorithms to he Himalayas are among the most important eco- Principal Investigators model rare events is an active field of research. regions of the world, sustaining a large part of humanity Principal Investigators DMany of the interesting processes such as chemical Tthrough the ecosystem services that they provide reactions, phase transitions, nucleation, protein folding and through climatic and hydrological modulation, nutrient Nisanth N. Nair conformational changes in molecules are examples of rare cycling and provisioning biodiversity, thus supporting Ghazala Shahabuddin Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, India Centre for Environment, Development and Research Email: [email protected] events in computer simulations. Modeling of such processes millions of agricultural and forest-dependent livelihoods. The Dehradun, India continues to be challenging and novel methods have to ecosystem services hinge upon the varied and extensive Email: [email protected] be designed to overcome the problems related to limited forest cover across this region, that is under increasing sampling. In order to bring experts from the United States threat of degradation from over-exploitation, infrastructure Mark E. Tuckerman and India to discuss the latest progress in this field,Nisanth development and climate change. Timothy Gregoire New York University, USA N. Nair (Indian Institute of Technology-Kanpur) and Mark Yale University, New Haven, USA Email: [email protected] In order to create a scientific understanding of the causes Email: [email protected] (New York University) organized an Indo- E. Tuckerman of forest degradation, its conservation and restoration, with US workshop titled Recent advances in modeling a special reference to the Western Himalayas, Ghazala rare events: methods and applications. The Shahabuddin (Centre for Ecology, Development and symposium was focused on the recent advances in modeling Research, Dehradun) and Timothy Gregoire (Yale chemical reactions, structural transformations, protein University, New Haven) organized an Indo-US workshop titled folding, nucleation etc. Detailed discussions were made on Forests of the Western Himalaya: conservation the novel techniques and the current challenges. and restoration of ecosystem services in a time of climate change. The workshop aimed at building multi-disciplinary and multi- institutional research collaborations on Himalayan ecology issues, increasing opportunities for training and learning through institutional collaborations and strengthening ties between scholars and conservation practitioners.

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Epidemiology and prevention of Recent advances in structure cancer biology and drug discovery

07-09 October 2014 Chennai, India 09-11 October 2014 Roorkee, India

ystematic cancer registration has long been practiced tructural biology has witnessed rapid advancements Principal Investigators in India through the National Cancer Registry Program. in the past few decades. X-rays have played Principal Investigators SOver the last 20-30 years, there has been a progressive Scrucial roles in some of the most important scientific increase in the incidence of cancer within India although rates breakthroughs since their discovery by Roentgen in T.S. Ganesan are generally lesser than in the US. Geographical variation 1895. Modern advancements in the three major structure Pravindra Kumar Cancer Institute (WIA), Chennai, India Indian Institute of Technology-Roorkee, India Email: [email protected] in the incidence of cancer is well known. India and the US determination techniques - X-ray crystallography, nuclear Email: [email protected], [email protected] [email protected] have people of diverse genetic backgrounds and large magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and cryo-electron populations. Such large and genetically diverse populations microscopy have made it possible to obtain three-dimensional are an important asset for epidemiological studies aimed at structural information on various biological processes and Ernest Hawk identifying the etiological factors of a complex, multi-factorial systems with much less effort than in the past. Lately, the field Richard J. Kuhn The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas, USA disease like cancer. of drug discovery has seen a paradigm shift with structure- Bindley Biosciences Center, Purdue Discovery Park, USA Email: [email protected] Email: [email protected] based drug design making a comeback while traditional The Indo-US workshop on Epidemiology and high-throughput screening methods have persistently prevention of cancer organized by T.S. Ganesan produced disappointing results. An Indo-US workshop on (Cancer Institute, Chennai) and Ernest Hawk (The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston), Recent advances in structure biology and was organized by facilitated a useful exchange of valuable information in these drug discovery Pravindra Kumar (Indian Institute of Technology-Roorkee), areas of research, examining the feasibility of implementing Richard J. (Purdue Discovery Park), (Indian them and allowing the framing of questions and outlining Kuhn Shailly Tomar Institute of Technology-Roorkee), (Purdue potential future research in these areas for the mutual Carol B. Post University) and (Purdue University) to benefit of both countries. The expertise that US investigators Jeffrey T. Bolin provide a common platform for interaction between scientific brought to the workshop would enhance and support the and technical representatives from both nations in the context level of research that is possible in a diverse country like of projects that focus on problems of mutual interest in the India. Similarly, the expertise of Indian investigators working area of structure based drug designing, virus crystallography to advance public education, cancer screening, and cancer and bioremediation. prevention in India (i.e., a lower-resource setting) would assist and inform American efforts to tailor effective programs which might better meet the needs of poor and underserved sectors of the American population. Thus, the conference helped facilitate bi-directional learning to benefit all participants, and more importantly, the health of the populations they serve.

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Best practices and eco-restoration Molecular modeling and informatics technologies for enhancing functional in drug design quality of urban landscapes 03-05 November 2014 Bengaluru, India 03-06 November 2014 Mohali, India

he rapid growth of cities in India and the United States he discovery of new medicines is a cumbersome Principal Investigators has focused attention on the role of ecological services, process – hugely expensive in terms of time, money, Principal Investigators Tthe ways that natural resources and habitats in cities Tefforts and human resources. With the advent of help improve environmental and human health. New science- cutting-edge science and technologies for solving the S. Natesh based solutions for improving urban conditions can help problems related to biology and chemistry, the process of Prasad V. Bharatam National Institute of Immunology New Delhi , India National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Email: [email protected] augment air and water quality, liveability, and sustainable discovery has been hastened manifold, and now allows Research (NIPER), Mohali, India biodiversity for our burgeoning urban populations. S. scientists to rationally design drugs by understanding E-mail: [email protected] Natesh (National Institute of Immunology, New Delhi) and their targets at an atomistic level and tailored them to Steven N. Handel (Rutgers University, New Brunswick) specific diseases. This facilitates the development of Alexander Tropsha Steven N. Handel organized an Indo-US Workshop on Ecorestoration drug molecule with better efficacy and less side effects/ UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy, University of Rutgers University, New Brunswick, USA technologies and best practices for enhancing toxicity as their properties and possible interactions North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA Email: [email protected] functional quality of urban landscapes at are better understood at the earlier stages. The use of E-mail: [email protected] Bangalore. This workshop was an integral part of the computational techniques and validated software in drug International Congress on Green Urban Futures which was discovery are gaining popularity, and are routinely being organised by Center for Urban Green Spaces, New Delhi implemented to complement experimental studies. Hence, and co-hosted by Government of Karnataka and Ministry of the future of drug discovery shall strongly depend on the Urban Development, Govt. of India. integration of informatics and pharmaceutical sciences. An Indo-US workshop on The objective of the workshop was to join research and Molecular modeling was organized results from case studies in both countries’ urban centers into and informatics in drug design by (National Institute of a new framework for improving cities’ ecological conditions, Prasad V. Bharatam Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Mohali) and and identify specific research areas needing more attention (University of North Carolina at and focus. Key issues discussed included urban waterways, Alexander Tropsha Chapel Hill) with an aim to provide a platform for group-to- urban agricultural zones, the value of small urban habitat group coordination, with a focus on strengthening graduate parcels, biotechnological approaches in urban restoration, education in the interdisciplinary area of informatics and and the increased understanding of urban forestry for drug discovery in India and the United States. improving human conditions in our cities. More than 180 participants attended the workshop including scientists, foresters, officials of urban local bodies from across the country, pollution control professionals, senior officers from various departments associated with urban sanitation & water supply and civil society professionals. The deliberations during the workshop pointed at the need for a multi-agency framework to identify and restore landscapes with clear outcomes at the initiation stage itself. Several case studies of eco-restoration projects in India, US and other countries were presented during the meeting and prompted focused discussions. It was decided to develop a few pilot projects in India in collaboration with state pollution control boards, R&D organisations and civil society groups. Center for Urban Green Spaces, New Delhi and Rutgers University agreed to collaborate to develop a long term program on eco- restoration demonstration projects in various parts of India.

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Genomic insights into human Proteomics for translational morphogenesis: Prenatal, postnatal research and molecular dysmorphology 07-09 November 2014 Hyderabad, India 06 December 2014 Mumbai, India

he relative contribution of congenital malformations to ue to the rapid advancement in state-of-the art Principal Investigators neonatal mortality and morbidity is being increasingly proteomics technologies, continuous expansion of our Principal Investigators Trecognized in India following improvements in Dscientific understanding, and challenges associated immunization programs and perinatal care. Hence, the with translational research, it has become necessary to keep Ashwin Dalal need for the care of malformed children and genetic up with current trends and advances in proteomics research. Sanjeeva Srivastava Centre for DNA Fingerprinting and Diagnostics Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, India Hyderabad, India counselling for such families is gaining attention. Further, In spite of versatile global proteomics research endeavors, Email: [email protected] Email: [email protected] the recent availability of advanced molecular techniques there is a serious bottleneck between promising laboratory like microarray and next-generation sequencing have findings and their successful translation into real clinical made it possible to identify the causative gene/mutation in applications. Additionally, analysis and management of large John C Carey a number of malformation syndromes. However, we still do datasets obtained from the high-throughput proteomics Philip Andrews University of Utah Healthcare-Pediatric, Salt Lake City, USA not have information regarding genetic etiology of a number research is also a formidable challenge. An Indo-US workshop University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA Email: [email protected] Email: [email protected] of malformation syndromes and a lot of research interest on Proteomics for translational research was is being diverted to this aspect. Proper clinical delineation, organized by Sanjeeva Srivastava (Indian Institute of genetic counselling, prenatal diagnosis and research Technology-Bombay) and Philip Andrews (University aimed towards identification of genes will go a long way to of Michigan, Ann Arbor) to bring together the top proteomics decrease disease burden in society due to these conditions. researchers of the US and India to discuss many of the Towards this end, the Indo-US workshop on Genomic existing technological limitations for translational proteomics insights into human morphogenesis: prenatal, research and make recommendations for future collaborative postnatal and molecular dysmorphology research projects to overcome such limitations. This event organized by Ashwin Dalal (Centre for DNA Fingerprinting witnessed participation of the most prominent scientists form and Diagnostics, Hyderabad), John C. Carey (University US involved in path breaking research in Proteomics and of Utah, Salt Lake City), Shubha R. Phadke (Sanjay pioneers from the Human Proteome Organization (HUPO) Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, including Prof. Gilbert Omenn (Ex-US HUPO President), Lucknow) and Prajnya Ranganath (Nizam’s Institute of Prof. Samir Hanash (Ex-HUPO President), Prof. Catherine Medical Genetics, Punjagutta, Hyderabad), brought together Fenselau (Ex-President US-HUPO and American Society eminent clinicians and scientists from India and the US to for Mass Spectrometry (ASMS)), Prof. John Yates, Dr. Philip deliberate on various aspects of normal and abnormal human Andrew, Dr. Andrew Link, Dr. Robert L. Moritz and many morphogenesis: developmental genetics, clinical evaluation others. In addition, the valuable presence of Dr. Sudhir and prenatal imaging for malformations/ malformation Srivastava, the Chief, Cancer Biomarkers Research Group, syndromes, diagnostic testing, pathophysiology, treatment, National Cancer Institute, NIH and Dr. Michael Boyne, from the supportive care, genetic counselling, prevention and prenatal US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) provided imperative diagnosis, use of advanced techniques like microarray, next guidelines regarding biomarker and drug discovery research. generation sequencing for elucidation of genetic etiology etc. Specifically, the objectives were to build long-term bilateral collaborative research work and provide recommendations for joint proteomics projects for translational research. Most of the participants felt that this Indo-US bilateral workshop had exceeded expectations, and successfully accelerated an alleyway for enduring collaborative research projects, joint educational course development and student exchange programs among the scientists/institutes from these two countries.

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Nano-engineering in medicine Recent trends in thermoelectric materials: Fundamentals to applications 17-19 December 2014 New Delhi, India 13-15 December 2014 New Delhi, India

n Indo-US workshop on Nano-engineering in hermoelectricity involves the conversion of a thermal Principal Investigators medicine was organized by Amit Kumar Dinda gradient into electricity and vice versa. Although it is Principal Investigators A(All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi), Tof great interest to develop conventional renewable Rupak Banerjee (University of Cincinnati), Ashok and carbon neutral energy sources, such as, wind, solar, Amit Kumar Dinda Kumar Ganguli (Institute of Nano Science & Technology, and biomass; there is a potentially large source of energy Ramesh C. Budhani All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India IIT, Kanpur previously affiliated with Email: [email protected] Mohali) and Kunal Mitra (Florida Institute of Technology) in the form of heat, which can also similarly be used to CSIR-National Physical Laboratory, New Delhi , India at All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 17 – 19 generate electricity. Owing to its green technology, there Email: [email protected] December, 2014, with the objective of bringing medical and has been a renewed interest in thermoelectric-based waste nonmedical experts from the leading institutions of the two heat recovery systems for energy generation; however, Rupak Banerjee countries on a common forum to facilitate discussions on currently the main impediment in this direction is their Donald T. Morelli University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, USA successful application of nano-engineering in medicine. The limited thermoelectric efficiency. An Indo-US workshop on Michigan State University, East Lansing, USA Email: [email protected] Email: [email protected] workshop was planned considering the need of translational Recent trends in thermoelectric materials: focus for nanotechnology research in medicine such that new fundamentals to applications was organized by and innovative technology can be transferred from bench Ramesh C. Budhani (Indian Institute of Technology, to bedside. The hypothesis was that such workshop would Kanpur; previously affiliated with CSIR-National Physical be an effective platform for efficient exchange of research Laboratory, New Delhi) and Donald T. Morelli (Michigan ideas between diverse institutions involving complex topics State University, East Lansing) to focus on fundamentals and of Nanoengineering modulating specific functions and safety applied research in the area of thermoelectric materials and of the nanomaterials for in-vivo diagnostic or therapeutic devices thereof. Effective solutions to the major challenges, applications. This would help in determining the unmet needs currently inhibiting the use of thermoelectric devices for and central challenges while identifying synergies between energy generation, which includes enhancement of the the two nations in this field which can transform medical thermoelectric conversion efficiency (figure of merit) and the practice worldwide. use of cost-effective and non-toxic materials was deliberated upon at the workshop.

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Learning, algorithms and Big data analysis and translation in complexity disease biology

05-09 January 2015 Bangalore, India 18-22 January 2015 New Delhi, India

lgorithms and computational complexity theory form ue to recent technological developments in DNA Principal Investigators the theoretical foundations and backbone of all sequencing, the medical research sector is producing Principal Investigators Aof computer science. Increasingly, computational Dhuge volumes of complex data which can be labeled problems for which algorithms must be developed involve as Big Data. Together with the technology, bioinformatics Arnab Bhattacharyya analyzing and learning from massive amounts of data. tools continue to advance our ability to analyze the massive Indira Ghosh Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India Email: [email protected] Consequently, it is critical both for machine learning scientists amount of the sequence data that is generated by sequencing Email: [email protected] to be aware of recent developments in algorithms and machines. The whole-genome sequencing and its analysis computational complexity theory, so that they can incorporate is a window to unveil medical information embedded in the rigorous theoretical and algorithmic thinking into the design of individual genomes to be incorporated for personalized, Ronitt Rubinfeld machine learning algorithms -- and conversely, for theoretical predictive, diagnostic and therapeutic gain. Over the past Marylyn D. Ritchie Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, USA computer scientists to be aware of developments in machine few decades, research has shifted from producing data to Pennsylvania State University, USA Email: [email protected] Email: [email protected] learning and learning theory, so that they can help build making sense of data, hence the importance of data-driven the theoretical foundations for learning algorithms that will research. The symposium on Big data analysis and be used to analyze vast amounts of data in the future. The translation in disease biology organized by Indira Indo-U.S. symposium on Learning, algorithms and Ghosh (Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi), Punit complexity organized by Arnab Bhattacharyya Kaur (All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi) (Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore), Shivani Agarwal and Marylyn D. Ritchie (Pennsylvania State University) (Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore), Ronitt Rubinfeld aimed to bring together clinicians and researchers from both (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge) and the US and India to discuss the advances and challenges in Sanjeev Arora (Princeton University), brought together the analysis of the huge amount of biomedical data presently leading researchers in the areas of learning, algorithms and available. The symposium focussed on technologies complexity to present and discuss the latest developments in generating medical data, big data storage and maintenance, these critical areas, with a goal of catalyzing interactions and data integration, analysis and visualization and big data collaborations, brainstorming on new research directions, sharing tools and policies and provided hands on training on and exciting the next generation of computer scientists in the basic practical knowledge on management, interpretation India to think across boundaries. Such strong collaborations and application of big data. The focal point of the symposium and cross-boundary thinking will be necessary for facilitating was the genetic and genomic analysis of diseases with the development of powerful, scalable, and theoretically specific reference to cancer, genetic disorders and infectious well-founded computational methods that can address the diseases. challenges arising from the need to learn from large-scale More information available at http://ccbb.jnu.ac.in/ data in domains ranging from medicine to finance and from IUBDDJan2015/ environmental modeling to defense.

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Modeling and managing flood risk Frontiers of structural materials in mountain areas research

17-19 February 2015 Folsom, USA 22-26 February 2015 Coorg, India

espite efforts to reduce flood risk and losses over a tructural materials such as advanced steels, Ti, Zr, Principal Investigators century, floods remain among the most widespread and Mg, Al alloys, composites, structural ceramics, shape Principal Investigators Ddamaging natural disasters, particularly in mountains. Smemory alloys, metallic glasses, metallic foams, etc. Floods generated in mountainous areas are different form an important class of engineering materials. Scientific Sharad Jain from those that accumulate in plains in ways that hinder progress towards understanding these materials is invariably U. Ramamurty National Institute of Hydrology, Roorkee, India Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India E-mail: [email protected]; [email protected] forecasting, response, and recovery. Mountains are areas linked to technological progress in various sectors, especially E-mail: [email protected] of various complexities that lead to a broad range of poorly- strategic sectors like energy and aerospace. While the era understood flood generation processes associated with of 1950 to about 1990 saw a great deal of emphasis in localized, extreme events, such as cloudbursts, landslides, understanding and developing advanced structural materials, Desirée Tullos and glacial lake outbursts. In addition, remoteness, poor emphasis in the last two decades has somewhat moved to Jan Schroers Oregon State University, USA communication networks, and inadequate governance make other areas such as nano- and bio-materials, especially in Yale University, New Haven, USA E-mail: [email protected] Email: [email protected] it difficult to establish effective forecasting and response the USA, which has been a leader in structural materials systems in mountain areas. research. There has been a renaissance of sorts in this area for the past five years or so worldwide. In the Indian context, To identify the science and management challenges and progress in this area is absolutely critical for technological solutions for reducing flood losses in mountain areas, an advances, especially, since ours is a developing economy. international group of hydrologists, engineers, and managers In keeping with this, an Indo-US workshop on Frontiers of participated in an IUSSTF supported workshop in Folsom, structural materials research was organized by U. Ramamurty USA, to share ideas, techniques, and experiences on (Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore) and Jan Schroers Modeling and managing flood risk in mountain (Yale University, New Haven) wherein the current status of areas. each of material class was reviewed and future prospects From a science perspective, we need better understanding were identified. of atmospheric processes and their interactions with the mountain landscape. We also need to develop affordable instruments and wider monitoring in mountain areas. Flood forecasting and early warning systems need to be set up and operationalized. Resources must be dedicated to map high hazard areas, implement monitoring, develop disaster response plans, and engage local communities. Scientists and managers need to acquire and communicate reliable information. Basin-scale hazard assessment and disaster response planning should be conducted in mountainous areas. Mitigation measures, including infrastructure, land planning, and regulation should be implemented by involving local people and officials. The workshop principle investigators are Desirée Tullos (Oregon State University) and Sharad Jain (National Institute of Hydrology, Roorkee). More information can be found at the working group website:http://rivers.bee.oregonstate.edu/research/ ModelingandManagingFloods

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Transforming storm water into a resource: Design, risks and benefits 16-20 March 2015 New Delhi, India

ustainably managing scarce water resources is a Principal Investigators global challenge that will likely become tougher as the Spopulation increases, the economy grows, and climatic changes make current water infrastructure obsolete or more M. L. Kansal vulnerable. Storm water discharges from the built environment Indian Institute of Technology-Roorkee, India E-mail: [email protected] ; [email protected]; [email protected] are one of the main causes of water quality impairment, yet storm water could be a valuable resource especially in urban environments, such as cities in India and Southern California. Ashmita Sengupta The objective of the Indo-US workshop on Transforming Southern California Coastal Water Research Project, Costa Mesa, stormwater into a resource: design, risks and California, USA Email: [email protected] benefits organized by Ashmita Sengupta (Southern California Coastal Water Research Project, Costa Mesa) and M.L Kansal (Indian Institute of Technology-Roorkee) was to explore the potential value of low impact developments (LIDs) for reclaiming storm water not only from the point of view of the quality of the treated water but also in terms of pathogen risks for public health, ecological and environmental impacts, as well as amenity values. In the workshop, participants Indo-U.S. Virtual explored the role of large-scale biolfilter implementation, as a LID strategy, in three different ways: new assessment tools, integrated assessment framework, and direct partnership Networked Centers with implementing agencies. The workshop brought together experts with backgrounds in engineering, economics, and social sciences to provide a more holistic evaluation of the transformation of these water stressed urban centers to water sensitive cities.


Indo-US Science & Technology Forum Indo-U.S. Joint Center Monitoring Workshop 19-20 March 2015, Bangalore Indo-U.S. Joint Center Monitoring Workshop

Chemical Laboratory, Pune) ; and, Dr. Charusita Virtual Collaborations Chakravarty (Indian Institute of Technology Delhi) Thin films and nanostructured coatings: Dr. Ganpati D. Yadav (Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai) and IUSSTF supports the Indo-US Virtual Networked Bangalore. This was the first monitoring workshop organized Dr. Sarbajit Banerjee (Texas A&M University) Centers initiative to enable Indian and American scientists and PIs of 18 such JCs were invited to make presentations Advanced materials research: Prof. Umesh Waghmare from academia and laboratories to carry out a joint research (for about 20 min) to an Expert Panel of Reviewers and peers (Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advance Scientific activity by leveraging existing infrastructure and funding on updated developments of the Joint Center activities which Research, Bangalore) and Prof. Vinayak P. Dravid available with the partners through a linkage established by was followed by a Q&A session. (Northwestern University) a virtual center. These centers aim to encourage joint project The inaugural session began with a welcome address by Dr. Functional oxides: Dr. D. D. Sarma (Indian Institute of implementation on focal areas of mutual interest through Rajiv Sharma, Executive Director, IUSSTF. Prof. T. K. Science, Bangalore) networking, thus paving way to sustainable interactions Chandrashekar, Secretary, Science and Engineering  and developing long-term partnerships. Over the years, Theoretical studies of the correlated electronic structure Research Board addressed the workshop participants and IUSSTF has supported about 50 Virtual Networked Centers. of graphene and its fragments: Prof. S. Ramasesha also released the Compendium on Joint Centers At present, support continues for 15 on-going Joint Centers (Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore) highlighting the collaborative work that has been carried out involving over 50 Indian and US Institutions in the areas of 3D engineered electrodes for electrochemical energy by the Virtual Networked Centers supported by IUSSTF. The nano-technology, energy, materials science, health sciences, storage: Dr. Vijayamohanan K. Pillai (CSIR-Central two-day event was an attempt to review the accomplishments physical sciences, chemical sciences, atmospheric sciences, Electro Chemical Research Institute, Karaikudi) of the Joint Centers based on indicators such as new capacity astronomy and astrophysics, etc. SESSION I: Physical, Chemical and developed, new strengths generated, joint publications, Materials Sciences SESSION II: Medical/Health Sciences In an endeavor to provide a platform to Indian and US reciprocal exchange visits and deliverables achieved vis-à- Nanomaterials for energy: Prof. G.U. Kulkarni Inflammatory bowel diseases: Dr. Vineet Ahuja (All India scientists for a meaningful exchange of ideas based on the vis the original objectives. (Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advance Scientific Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi) and Dr. Amit joint project implementation carried out under the aegis of the The workshop consisted of the following five technical Research, Bangalore) and Prof. Timothy S. Fisher (Birck Awasthi (Translational Health Science and Technology Joint Centers (JC), and showcasing the outcomes of these sessions where presentations were made by Indian and/or Institute, Gurgaon) linkages; IUSSTF organized an Nanotechnology Centre, Purdue University) Indo-US Joint Center US Principal Investigators: Monitoring Workshop on 19-20 March 2015 at Novel magnetic structures and excitations in multilayers, Nanomedicine for head and neck cancer: Dr. Surinder P. interfaces, nanoparticles and bulk: Prof. R. C. Budhani Singh (National Physical Laboratory, New Delhi) (Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur) Climate change and health adaptation: Dr. Dileep From fundamentals to applications of nanoparticle Mavalankar (Indian Institute of Public Health- assemblies: Prof. Sanat K. Kumar (Columbia University, Gandhinagar) New York); Dr. Guruswamy Kumaraswamy (National

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Optometry and ophthalmology: Dr. R. Krishna Kumar structural fire engineering: Prof. S. K. Bhattacharyya (Elite School of Optometry, Chennai) and Dr. P. Sarita (Central Building Research Institute, Roorkee) Soni (Indiana University, Bloomington) SESSION V: Astronomy and Astrophysics SESSION III: Mathematical Computational Astronomical object and feature characterization and and Atmospheric Sciences classification: Prof. Ajit Kembhavi (Inter-University Centre Advanced research in machine learning, game theory, for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pune) and Dr. Ashish and optimization: Dr. Shivani Agarwal (Indian Institute of Mahabal (California Institute of Technology, Pasadena) Advanced Materials Research Science, Bangalore) Analysis of variable star data: Dr. H. P. Singh (University of Delhi, New Delhi) and Dr. Shashi M. Kanbur (State Advanced modelling of tropical land-atmosphere-ocean University of New York at Oswego) system: Dr. Sundararaman. G. Gopalakrishnan (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Miami) and The Workshop enabled the PIs to share their thoughts, Prof. U.C. Mohanty (Centre for Atmospheric Sciences, research and experiences with the funding agency, program Indian Institute of Technology- Bhubaneshwar) administrators and fellow Joint Centers PIs and was a successful networking opportunity for all. The participants SESSION IV: Engineering Sciences unanimously commended the dynamic exchange facilitated Principal Investigators Elasto-hydrodynamic lubrication studies: Dr. Gananath by the Joint Networked Centers and its ability to nurture D. Thakre (Indian Institute of Petroleum, Dehradun) collaborative research, value addition and long-term Fire center for advancing research and education in relationships between the scientific community in India and the United States. Umesh Waghmare Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Vinayak P. Dravid Scientific Research (JNCASR), Bangalore Northwestern University, Evanston Email: [email protected] Email: [email protected]

Partnering Institutions India • Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Bangalore • Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore USA • Northwestern University, Evanston • Argonne National Laboratory, Lemont

The goal of this Joint Centre is to help build a strategic partnership between India and USA in “Advanced Materials Research” under the DST–IUSSTF Program. The short-term objectives of the Joint Centre are to (a) establish grass-root collaborations and cross institutional bridge, (b) identify and focus on the grand challenge problems with out-of-the-box ideas, and (c) develop initiatives for longer-term sustainable interaction involving global education, training and outreach programs. The proposed research areas of collaboration spanned a broad range of emerging materials critical for advances to the next generation Information Technology (IT), Energy and Environment and Biotechnology, which include positioned the Joint Center for tangible output and scholarly Nanomaterials, Soft Matter, Molecular Electronics, Materials initiatives. The Joint Centre supported the exchange of for Energy Conversion, Structure-Property Relationships graduate students (PhD), post-doctoral fellows and faculty and Computational Materials Science. The project period members between JNCASR and NU and other partnering witnessed enhanced joint activities between JNCASR (and institutions. Through exchange visits of faculty members and IISc) and Northwestern University with Argonne National brain-storming discussions during JNCASR-NU workshops, Laboratory (ANL) representation. These activities have longer visits of students and postdocs were effectively

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Key Faculty Participants Exchange Visits during 2014: Prof. C N R Rao, Prof. Matthew Grayson S.No. Name and Affiliation Institute visited Duration JNCASR, Bangalore, INDIA Northwestern University, USA Ramakrishna Matte March 10, 2013 – March 9, 1 Northwestern University Prof. Chad Mirkin Prof. Chandrabhas Narayana (Postdoc) JNCASR 2014 Northwestern University, USA JNCASR, Bangalore K.S.Subrahmanyam March 30, 2013 – March 26, 2 Northwestern University Prof. Kenneth Poeppelmeier (Postdoc) JNCASR 2014 Northwestern University , USA Prof. Tobin Marks Northwestern University, USA Prof. K S Narayan Theme 2: 2-dimensional Nano-materials Other Significant Accomplishments: JNCASR, Bangalore Prof. K Biswas Faculty Participants: Jiaxing Huang, C. N. R. Rao, V. Kanishka Biswas (trained at NU partly through JNCASR, Bangalore Prof. S. M. Shivaprasad P. Dravid, U. V. Waghmare, M. Eswaramoorthy, M. Grayson, activities of the Joint Centre) joins the faculty of JNCASR, Bangalore Prof. George Schatz M.C. Hersham JNCASR, Bangalore (area: thermoelectrics and other Prof. Mark Hersam Northwestern University, USA Theme 3: Molecular Electronics, semiconductors). Northwestern University, USA Prof. C Narayana Faculty participants: T. J. Marks, K. S. Narayan, M.C. D Late (trained at NU through activities of the Joint Prof. Jiaxing Huang JNCASR, Bangalore Hersham Centre) joins as a Ramanujan Fellow at NCL, Pune Northwestern University, USA (area: nano-electronics based on 2-D materials). Prof. A Sundaresan Prof. G U Kulkarni Theme 4: Nano-lithography M Dey (trained at JNCASR & NU through activities JNCASR, Bangalore JNCASR, Bangalore Faculty Participants: G. U. Kulkarni, C. A. Mirkin of the Joint Centre) joins the faculty of Inorganic and Prof. Mercouri Kanatzidis Prof. Richard P. Van Duyne Physical Chemistry Department of IISc, Bangalore (area Northwestern University, USA Northwestern University, USA Theme 5: Interaction of nano-particles and Nano-bio). graphene with biomolecules JC liaised and brokered collaborative program and used to accomplish important milestones of research in the nanolithography, polymer pen lithography, development Faculty Participants: C. A. Mirkin, Mrinmoy De, V. P. access to Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) at Oak following areas: of better tips, nano-particle superlattices and cantilever- Dravid Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), TN free nano-printing and patterning. Similar efforts are ongoing for access to and  Materials for Energy and Environment, Interaction of nano-particles and graphene Theme 6: Chemistry of Materials collaborations with ANL-APS/CNM. C N R Rao, George C. Schatz, covering photovoltaics, hydrogen generation with biomolecules. Faculty participants: thermoelectrics and gas sensing. V. P. Dravid, Richard P. Van Duyne, J. Fraser Stoddart, K. R.  Significant collaborative efforts have led to a chapter ina Chemistry of Materials, covering non-centro- Poeppelmeier, U. V. Waghmare 2-dimensional Nano-materials with focus on symmetric oxyfluorides. book and a good number (~33) of publications in reputed (a) basic science and characterization of graphene journals in many areas of current relevance. More than and group VI transition metal chalcogenides, and (b) Other activities accomplished under 14 faculty members each from JNCASR and NU worked SCOPE OF ACTIVITIES their use in nanoelectronic devices such as field effect the Joint Center over the past years: together in teams of three or more research groups at a time. transistors. Theme 1: Materials for Energy and Environment Three of the junior researcher participants have taken up Jiaxing Huang, T. J. Marks, K. (Workshops/Training Programs/Course delivery) Molecular Electronics, covering fast, low power Faculty Participants: faculty positions in three different institutions (NCL, IISc and JNCASR-Northwestern Univesity Workshop in January flexible devices based on polymers. S. Narayan, K. Biswas, C. Wolverton, V. P. Dravid, M. G. JNCASR) in India. In the course of last four years, both the Kanatzidis, David N. Seidman, U. V. Waghmare, C. N. R. 21-22, 2013 (Venue: JNCASR). partner institutions have learnt how to work together efficiently. Nano-lithography, covering dip-pen Rao.  A short course and Indo - US Workshop on “Basics of Researchers from NU and JNCASR have a number of joint Nanomaterials and Applications in Energy Conversion, projects presently continuing through other funding, and they Transport and Storage” (20 – 21 August, 2010, Venue: are keen to plan a stronger and more effective Joint Centre to JNCASR) support their research activity that has involved optimal use of complementary skills from both the institutions.

Collaborative Publications (In total: 33 papers and a chapter in a book have been published so far) The Publications in the year 2014 are enlisted below: Alexander J. Smith, Yung-Huang Chang, Kalyan Raidongia, Tzu-Yin Chen, Jiayan Luo, Lain-Jong Li, and Jiaxing Huang, (2014) Molybdenum Sulfide Supported on Crumpled Graphene Balls for Electrocatalytic Hydrogen Production. Advanced Energy Materials, accepted for publication.

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M. Manos, G. S. Papaefstathiou, K. S. Subrahmanyam, C. D. Malliakas, G. S. Armatas and M. Kanatzidis, (2014) A unique microporous copper- trimesate selenite with high selectivity for

CO2. CrystEngComm, 16, 3483–3486. Deepti Krishnan, Kalyan Raidongia, Jiao-jing Shao, Jiaxing Huang, (2014) Graphene Oxide Assisted Nanomaterials for Energy Hydrothermal Carbonization of Carbon Hydrates. ACS Nano, 8, 449. http://pubs.acs.org/doi/ abs/10.1021/nn404805p D. J. Late, S. N. Shirodkar, U. V. Waghmare, V. P. Dravid, C. N. R. Rao, (2014) Thermal Expansion, Anharmonicity and Temperature Dependent Raman Spectra of Single-and Few-layer Justin P. Wiens, Gilbert M. Nathanson, William A. MoSe2 and WSe2, Chem. Phy. Chem. 15: 1592-1598. Alexander, Timothy K. Minton, Lakshmi Sankaran, Website:http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ George C. Schatz. Collisions of sodium atoms Principal Investigators cphc.201400020/full with liquid glycerol: insights into solvation and Senanayak, S.P.; Sangwan, V.K.; McMorrow, J.J.; ionization, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 136, 3065-74 (2014). G. U. Kulkarni Everaerts, K.; Chen, Z.; Facchetti, A.; Hersham, M.C.; DOI:10.1021/ja4106144. Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advance Timothy S. Fisher Marks,T.J.; Narayan, K.S. (2014) Self Assembled A K Mishra, M R Marvel, K R Poeppelmeier and UV Scientific Research (JNCASR), Purdue University, IN, USA Nanodielectrics for Fast-Switching Low- Waghmare, (2014) Competing Cation-Anion Bangalore, India Email: [email protected] Email: [email protected] Voltage Polymer Logic Circuits, (manuscript Interactions and Noncentrosymmetry in Metal under review). Oxide-Fluorides: A First-Principles Theoretical Radha, Boya; Senesi, A.J.; O’Brien, M. N.; Wang, Study. Crystal Growth & Design 14, 131. Partnering Institutions M.; Auyeung, E.; Lee, B.; Mirkin, C. A. (2014) India Reconstitutable Nanoparticle Superlattices. Book Chapter • Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advance Scientific Research, Bangalore Nano Letters, 14, 2162-2167, doi: 10.1021/nl500473t. • GE India Technology Centre, Bangalore Graphene Oxide: New Insight into an Old Material. O’Brien, M. N.; Boya, Radha; Brown, K. A.; Jones, Kalyan Raidongia, Alvin Tan, Jiaxing Huang in “Carbon M. R.; Mirkin, C. A. (2014) Langmuir Analysis of Nanotubes and Graphene,” 2nd Edition, Elsevier, UK. USA Nanoparticle Polyvalency in DNA-Mediated (Under revision). • Purdue University, West Lafayette Adsorption. Angew. Chem., submitted.

The objectives of the joint center are: Organization and hosting of summer schools and related tutorial materials offered annually to attract strong Development of a new cohort of globally engaged participation from industrial and academic participants. researchers in nanotechnology and energy with appreciation for diverse professional and international Strengthening of links between academics and global cultures. technology companies with R&D centers in the US and India. Creation of joint research programs of both academic- academic and industry-academic types leading to new discoveries at the interface between nanotechnology Work Plan/Methodology and energy. Information to be made available on the web and also Enhancement of collaborative use of cyber through personal interactions to all possible applicants infrastructure research and educational resources from JNC/ICMS, Purdue and GE. such as nanoHUB.org and thermalHUB.org. These Based on the discussions among the PIs and the Co- resources will support global collaborations through the PIs involving colleagues from both sides, the suitability use of web-based computational tools, online lectures/ of a prospective visitor is evaluated and the concerned tutorials, collaborative user/project groups, and material is invited. databases. After scrutinizing the work proposal and obtaining

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microwave plasma CVD. Results reveal that the petals formation of micron-sized, faceted particles which inhibits water purification and for chemically-triggered storage and grow from the fiber surface layers while preserving graphitic hydride formation because of poor inter-particle heat release of compounds toward-drug delivery applications. continuity from fiber to the petals. Subtraction of Raman conduction that increases the bed’s temperature during signatures from pristine and decorated fibers reveals a exothermic hydriding reactions. This work involves the convolution of two underlying peaks at 2687 and 2727 cm-1 development of a model for generating loose configurations Other activities accomplished under that are consistent with profiles of multilayer graphene flakes of metal hydride powder and for assessing the commensurate the Joint Center during 2014-2015: between 5 and 25 layers. Such structures offer the possibility quasi-static loading characteristics. Triaxial strain is applied (Workshops/Training Programs/Course of minimizing interfacial losses in transport applications, to simulate evolution of the solid fraction, coordination delivery) improved interactions with surrounding matrix materials in number, force network connectivity, and internal pressure as composites, and a route toward substrate independence for consolidation occurs in the absence of interparticle friction. Joint Networked Centre on Nanomaterials for Energy Line width proporational to number of collaborative papers on Joint Centre projects device applications. These modeling elements form the mechanical basis of a (JNCNE) at Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN USA model that will ultimately predict the thermo-mechanical during 17-18 September 2014. concurrence from the host, a bilateral or a trilateral Liquid nanosolder for electrical contacts and behavior of metal hydride powders and compacts. JNC-Purdue Workshop during March 2015, JNCASR, exchange visit is formally approved by the PIs. thermal interfaces India. The joint Centre members also assist in logistics related An easy and elegant method of CNT nanocircuit fabrication Behavior of Attolitre water droplets to visa, travel and stay. Usually, the exchanges produce using a metal organic precursor of Pd, namely, Pd Working with a biased atomic force microscope (AFM) tip in Publications publication(s) based on the joint work carried out. This hexadecanethiolate, is presented. This precursor directs the the tapping mode under ambient atmosphere, attoliter (10-18 Smith, KC; Srivastava, I; Fisher, TS; Alam, M. (2014) self-assembly of individual CNTs spanning a gap between Au serves as a report of the visit. L) water droplet patterns have been generated on a patterned Variable-cell method for stress-controlled electrodes. This is achieved by first, patterning the precursor carbonaceous surface. jamming of athermal, frictionless grains. Phys- along the edges or the gap electrodes, as it enables direct Achievements ical Review E, 89, 4: 042203 (DOI: 10.1103/Phys- patterning by e beam. Further, thermal activation of the Topics of collaborative research include: Au Nanoparticle-PDMS Composites RevE.89.042203) precursor at 250 degrees C leads to metallization and A simple, green synthesis technique for preparing Au Metal-semiconductor superlattice thermoelectrics the ohmic electrical contact between the CNTs and the Gupta, R; Reifenberger, RG; Kulkarni, GU (2014) Cell- nanoparticle-PDMS composites is described. The solid To understand the microscopic aspects of ScN, ZrN, and electrodes beneath. A resistive fuse action of the soldered phone Camera Imaging of a Periodically Pat- solution nature of the PDMS combined with the surface HfN relevant to the thermoelectric properties of nitride metal/ CNTs is observed as well. terned Chip as a Potential Method for Point- properties of the nanoparticles imparts unique properties to semiconductor superlattices, the electronic structure was of-Care Diagnostics. ACS Applied Materials & this composite. We demonstrate the utility of this material for determined, vibrational spectra and thermal properties using Integration of carbon nanotubes for solar, thermal Interfaces, 6, 6: 3923-3929 (DOI: 10.1021/am4050426) first-principles calculations based on density functional theory and lighting applications with a generalized gradient approximation of the exchange Interaction of single-walled carbon nanotubes with electron- Exchange Visits correlation energy. There had been found a large energy donor and -acceptor molecules causes significant changes gap in the phonon dispersions of metallic ZrN and HfN, but a in the electronic and Raman spectra. Electron-donating Sl.No. Name and Affiliation Institute Visited Duration of Stay gapless phonon spectrum for ScN spanning the same energy molecules such as tetrathiafulvalene and aniline cause Students Visits range, this suggests that a reduced thermal conductivity, changes opposite to those caused by electron-withdrawing suitable for thermoelectric applications, should arise in molecules such as nitrobenzene and tetracyanoethylene. Sridhar Sadasivam 1 JNCASR Jan 07 – June 09, 2014 superlattices made with ScN and ZrN or ScN and HfN. To Thus, a proportion of the semiconducting SWNTs become Purdue University obtain an electronic energy band gap of ScN comparable to metallic on electron donation through molecular charge Soumik Siddhanta experiment, a Hubbard correction with a parameter U (=3.5 transfer. Electrical resistivity measurements reveal a 2 Purdue University July 15 – Dec 15, 2014 JNCASR eV) was used. systematic variation with electron-donating or -withdrawing power of the interacting molecules. Faculty Visits Exfoliated graphite/graphene materials for enhanced interfacial transport Arvind Raman Solid-state hydrogen storage 1 JNCASR 06-11 January 2014 Purdue University There is a catalyst-free synthesis of cantilevered carbon Cyclic strain caused by addition and depletion of hydrogen in nanosheet extensions, or petals, from graphite fibers by Peter Bermel metal hydride beds results in brittle fracture and subsequent 2 JNCASR 07-13 January 2014 Purdue University

Kaushik Roy 3 JNCASR 08-12 January 2014 Purdue University

Graham Cooks 4 JNCASR 08-14 January 2014 Purdue University

G.U. Kulkarni 5 Purdue University 18-22 July 2014 JNCASR

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Exchange Visits during the year 2014: Advanced Research in S.No. Name and Affiliation Institute visited Duration David Parkes 1 IISc, Bangalore Jan 2014 Harvard University Devavrat Shah 2 IISc, Bangalore Jan 2014 Machine Learning, Game MIT Avrim Blum 3 IISc, Bangalore Jan 2014 CMU Theory, and Optimization John Santerre 4 IISc, Bangalore Jan 2014 University of Chicago Bo Waggoner 5 IISc, Bangalore Jan 2014 Harvard University Jasper Snoek 6 IISc, Bangalore Jan 2014 Principal Investigators Harvard University Alex Kulesza 7 IISc, Bangalore Jan 2014 University of Michigan Shivani Agarwal Shivani Agarwal 8 Harvard University March 2014 Indian Institute of Science David Parkes IISc, Bangalore Bangalore, India Harvard University, Cambridge, USA Shivani Agarwal 9 Harvard University May 31 - July 26, 2014 Email: [email protected] Email:[email protected] IISc, Bangalore Harikrishna Narasimhan 10 Harvard University Sep 1 - Dec 7, 2014 Partnering Institutions IISc India Shivani Agarwal 11 Harvard University Sep 6 - Dec 27, 2014 • Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore IISc, Bangalore • Microsoft Research India, Bangalore Continuing joint interactions and upcoming publications. Shivani Agarwal. Surrogate regret bounds for bipartite USA Following interactions facilitated by the Joint Centre, ranking via strongly proper losses. Journal of Machine Learning Research, 15:1653-1674, • Harvard University, Cambridge some of the PIs together with their current and former • Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh PhD students/postdocs (namely Shivani Agarwal, David 2014. • Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Boston Parkes, Devavrat Shah, Hossein Azari, Guy Bresler, Harish G. Ramaswamy, Balaji S. Babu, Shivani Agarwal Sewoong Oh and Arun Rajkumar) jointly organized and Robert C. Williamson. On the consistency of output a NIPS 2014 Workshop titled `Analysis of Rank Data: code based learning algorithms for multiclass learning In today’s knowledge economy, leadership positions will be between Indian and US institutions in the mathematical and Confluence of Social Choice, Operations Research, and problems. In Proceedings of the 27th Annual occupied by countries that can parse the deluge of data that engineering sciences. Machine Learning’ at the prestigious Neural Information Conference on Learning Theory (COLT), 2014. is being generated in almost every field and can transform Processing Systems (NIPS) 2014 conference in Arun Rajkumar and Shivani Agarwal. A statistical The objective of the joint centers is to facilitate high quality this data into meaningful scientific conclusions. Machine Montreal, Canada in December 2014. convergence perspective of algorithms for rank learning, game theory, and optimization are three fields that research at the interface of machine learning, game aggregation from pairwise data. In Proceedings of are critical for analyzing and understanding large-scale data theory and optimization, and to help establish long-term Publications in the year 2014: the 31st International Conference on Machine and complex systems. While each field has been studied collaborations between Indian and US institutions in these Harish G. Ramaswamy and Shivani Agarwal. Convex Learning (ICML), 2014. and developed separately over the last several decades, disciplines. calibration dimension for multiclass loss matrices. In Hossein Azari Soufiani, David Parkes, and Lirong Xia. the future lies at the intersection of these three fields, hence submission, 2014. creating an urgent need to develop capacity at the interface. Computing Parametric Ranking Models via Rank- Achievements  To this end, this Indo-US joint center brings together core Harikrishna Narasimhan, Rohit Vaish and Shivani Breaking. In Proceedings of the 31st International Training and mentoring of several research students. Agarwal. On the statistical consistency of plug- strengths in the fields of machine learning, game theory Conference on Machine Learning (ICML), 2014. Several high-impact publications. in classifiers for non-decomposable performance and optimization at IISc, Microsoft Research India, Harvard, Hossein Azari Soufiani, Denis J. Charles, David M. MIT, and Carnegie Mellon University in order to facilitate the Organized Indo-US Lectures Week in Machine Learning, measures. In Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems (NIPS), 2014. Chickering, and David C. Parkes. Approximating highest quality research at the interface of these disciplines, Game Theory and Optimization at IISc, Bangalore in the Shapley Value via Multi-Issue Decomposition. and to help define the techniques that will be used to analyze January 2014; all lecture materials publicly available Arun Rajkumar and Shivani Agarwal. Online decision- In Proceedings of the 13th International data in the future. Team anticipates that in the longer term, online at http://drona.csa.iisc.ernet.in/~indous/activities. making in general combinatorial spaces. In Advances Conference on Automonous Agents and the joint center will also help to establish stronger ties html. in Neural Information Processing Systems (NIPS), 2014. Multiagent Systems (AAMAS), 2014.

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Fire Center for Advancing Research and Education in Structural Fire Engineering

Principal Investigators

S. K. Bhattacharyya Venkatesh Kodur Central Building Research Institute, Michigan State University Roorkee, India East Lansing, USA Email: [email protected] E-mail: [email protected] Avrim Blum, Nika Haghtalab, and Ariel Procaccia. Lazy Emmanouil A. Platanios, Avrim Blum, and Tom Defenders are Almost Optimal against Diligent Attackers. Mitchell. Estimating Accuracy from Unlabeled Data. In Partnering Institutions In Proceedings of the 28th AAAI Conference Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence (UAI), 2014. India on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI), 2014. • Central Building Research Institute, Roorkee, India • Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi

USA • Michigan State University East Lansing, USA • University of Texas, Austin

Michigan State University in collaboration with University of tools and guidelines for performance based structural fire Texas at Austin, CSIR-Central Building Research Institute, safety design. Under the virtual fire research center, the team Roorkee and Indian Institute of Technology – Delhi, will focus on exchanging and sharing research expertise, established an “US-India Virtual Fire Center” for enhancing experimental facilities and test data for improving fire safety in fire safety in built infrastructure. The research teams at two countries. Specifically, the team will develop engineering these institutions are developing methodologies, design guidelines and solutions for overcoming fire problems in

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reinforced concrete beams. In addition the proposed center For the fire performance assessment of structural elements preloaded with two point loads to a fixed percentage of will help in knowledge dissemination among the academia, modeling studies will be carried out. For the validation of ultimate strength at room temperature. After applying the design professionals and construction industry through models required test data is to be generated. Experimental loads on the beams, the beams were exposed to standard seminars and workshops. studies have been carried out and the test data has been heating conditions. During the entire period of fire exposure generated on the fire performance of beams under loading the predefined load was maintained. The temperature of the The main aim of the “Indo-US Virtual Fire Center” is to conditions. furnace as well as that in concrete and rebars and deflection establish collaboration among the partnering institutes in of beams were recorded during fire exposure. US and India for exchange and dissemination of information To study the fire performance of reinforced concrete (RC) in fire safety field with respect to fire research, education, beams under loading conditions, experiments were carried On comparison of the results of normal and high strength training and technology transfer activities in India to improve out through a well-designed experimental set-up. The concrete beams it was found that the temperature at all overall fire safety in built environment. The center will facilitate experimental set-up consists of a floor furnace to produce locations in high strength concrete beam was higher as exchange of students, scientists as faculty amongst partner temperature and a reaction frame for applying loads, to compared to normal strength concrete beam during the entire Institutions. from across the world will take part in this workshop through which a structural member might be exposed during a fire period of fire exposure. contributory research participation. in practice. In order to exchange and disseminate the information in the Similarly for the same loading of 15kN during fire exposure, field of fire safety and the experience gathered during last one Work is in progress for the development of a dedicated fire The tests include a series of eight experiments on normal and the fire resistance rating of normal strength concrete beam year of this project, an exchange meet had been organised resource website. The basic purpose of the website is to high strength concrete beams. To study the flexural behaviour was higher as compared to high strength concrete beam. during 09 – 10 March 2015 at CSIR-CBRI Roorkee, India. provide information to the users working for the promotion of of RC beams, two reference specimens of two different The topic of the meet was “Fire Safety in Buildings: Structural fire safety in built environment. Accordingly a site-map of the grades namely M30 and M60 were tested under two point To develop high temperature properties of concrete the and Passive Fire Protection Issues & Challenges”. The website has been finalised and it will include: loadings. The observations were made for the first cracking material property tests are planned. The material properties researchers from different Institutes of India and US who load, ultimate load and load at permissible deflection. that may have significant influence on fire resistance and are working in the area of Fire Engineering were invited to  Details of codes/ standards/ perspectives (adhering spalling are high temperature thermal and mechanical participate in the meet. Also experts from Industries who are to copyright laws and regulations); Further to determine the fire resistance rating, the experiments properties. The specimen of cubes and cylinders are were carried out by exposing the reinforced concrete beam under preparation at CBRI and will be shipped to IIT-D for involved in the fire safety issues were invited for effective  Technical awareness on: analysis/ design procedures specimens to standard ISO 834 fire. The beams were undertaking property tests. interactions amongst the researchers and the professionals. and software simulations;  Test data sharing for possible benchmarking; “PROTECT 2015- Fifth International Workshop on  Performance, Protection and Strengthening of Structures Publications (details, direct links of textbooks, under Extreme Loading” is planned for June - July, 2015 at journals, SIF proceedings etc.); Michigan State University, USA. Researchers from Indian  Up-coming events in the area of structural fire Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi and Central Building engineering; and Research Institute (CBRI) Roorkee will attend this workshop  Suggestions and comments by the visitors. and will deliver presentations. It is expected that researchers

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Advanced Modeling of Tropical Land-Atmosphere- M 30 BEAM AFTER FAILURE CLOSE VIEW of M 30 BEAM AFTER FAILURE Ocean Systems

Principal Investigators

U.C. Mohanty Frank Marks Indian Institute of Technology, National Oceanic and Atmospheric M 60 BEAM AFTER FAILURE CLOSE VIEW of M 60 BEAM AFTER FAILURE Bhuwaneshwar, India Adminstration, Miami, USA Email: [email protected] Email: [email protected]

Exchange Visits Partnering Institutions Sl. No Name and Affiliation Institute visited Duration of stay 1. Pratik Bhatt Michigan State University 25th Feb-25th April 2014 India Research Student, IIT-Delhi (MSU) • Indian Institute of Technology, Bhuwaneshwar, India • Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS), Hyderabad 2. Vasant Matsagar Michigan State University 1st July-15th July, 2014 IIT Delhi (MSU) 3. S. K. Bhattacharya Michigan State University 29th September-12th USA Director, CSIR-CBRI, Roorkee (MSU) October 2014 • National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Miami, USA • Purdue University, West Lafayette 4. Suvir Singh Michigan State University 29th September- 19th • National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Maryland Senior Principal Scientist, CSIR-CBRI, (MSU) October, 2014 Roorkee 5. Venkatesh Kodur IIT, Delhi July 2014 The Center addresses the problem of improved forecasts Center (EMC) and the Hurricane Research Division (HRD) Michigan State University of severe weather events over tropical regions within the of NOAA’s Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Framework for India-U.S. Cooperation on Weather and Laboratory (AOML) and implemented at the National Centers Climate Forecasting and Agriculture. The aim of the center is for Environmental Prediction (NCEP), has shown comparable to advance the Hurricane Weather Research and Forecasting and at times superior TC intensity forecast skills compared System to a Regional Tropical Prediction System over India to the best performing statistical models. The HWRF model for improved forecasts of high impact weather events. is now paving the way for removing the roadblocks to improvements in the operational TC intensity forecasts, which have had virtually stagnant skill for the last two decades (http:// During the past two-three years, significant progress has been www.emc.ncep.noaa.gov/HWRF/IWTC_VIII/IWTC.html). accomplished in the tropical cyclone (TC) track, intensity and This modeling system was implemented in operations at the structure forecasts under the auspices of and support from India Meteorological Department under the implementation the United States (US) National Oceanic and Atmospheric agreement (IA) between MOES and NOAA. In order to share Administration (NOAA)’s Hurricane Forecast Improvement NOAA’s advanced understanding and forecasting techniques Project (HFIP, Gall et al. 2013). In particular, for the first acquired in the last few years, an Indo-US workshop on time, a very high-resolution (3 km) deterministic numerical Advanced modeling and data assimilation for tropical cyclone weather prediction (NWP) model, known as the Hurricane predictions with special reference to the hurricane weather Weather Research and Forecast (HWRF) modeling system, research and forecasting (HWRF) system was organized developed as a joint project by the Environmental Modeling

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over the Bay of Bengal itself before making landfall. The characteristics (soil moisture and temperature profiles rarest track and intensity evolution (maximum intensification with depth) when a cyclone start interacting with the land to VSCS and dissimilation over the Bay of Bengal without for better structure of wind and rainfall during landfall. landfall) of Madi was also predicted more accurately. Coupling of ocean model with atmospheric HWRF model for North Indian region Scientific value addition The basin scale HWRF system has scientific capabilities Exchange Visits To study multi-scale interactions such as large scale – Thanks to travel support from Indian Institute of Technology, storm scale and storm scale – storm scale. New Delhi and NASA’s jet propulsion lab, two visits, both As quality of initial conditions (storm intensity, position related to the above effort were completed by Indian scientists and structure) are important, this system has state-of- in the past 6 months paving a way for future exchange the-art vortex initialization and relocation technique to visits under the Indo-US network proposal and accelerated correct initial intensity, position and structure based on advancement of this project. Prof.U.C. Mohanty visited HRD observations. for 4 days in July, 2014 to discuss strategy related to the future Assimilation of environmental and storm scale directions for the project and Dr. Krishna Kishore visited HRD observations can be done within this system using for about 2 months to learn the Basin Scale HWRF system. Figure 1: Basin scale HWRF intensity predication in terms of advanced Hybrid EnKF data assimilation system which Dr. Kishore has been instrumental in implementing an Indian 10m maximum wind speed in knots for (a) Phailin (b) Lehar configuration of the Basin Scale HWRF system. and (c) Madi, along with IMD observed intensity provides background error flow. Provides guidance much in advance whether the West Pacific/China Sea typhoons are emerging into Bay of Publications Bengal and its movement and intensity. Apart from advanced man power generation from the Bhubaneswar workshop, another significant outcome of that Provides sufficient large scale environment at high workshop was the compilation of lectures that has led to the resolution. text book entitled “Advanced Modeling and Data Assimilation by U.C. Mohanty (IIT, Bhubaneswar) and Sundararaman Initial testing and experimental runs have been conducted Techniques for Tropical Cyclone Predictions over Indian Gopalakrishnan (NOAA). The Indo-US Science & Technology with the recent very severe cyclonic storms (VSCS), Phailin Way forward Seas (Editors: Prof. U. C .Mohanty and Sundararaman Forum (IUSSTF) provided support to hold a joint workshop in (Oct’ 2013),Lehar (Nov’ 2013)and Madi (Dec’ 2013) over Bay Initial testing is underway to study the sensitivity of Gopalakrishnan)” has been reviewed and is under printing. Bhubaneswar, on July 09-14, 2014. This workshop seeded of Bengal. This model clearly showed overall superiority at updating SST (6hrly) during model integration on model the research effort for advancing HWRF developments in longer range forecast (4-5 days) in terms of track, intensity, performance. A couple of manuscripts are under preparation on (i) Impact India. In the meanwhile the scientists at HRD have developed size and structure. In all the cases, HWRF showed significant Hybrid data assimilation of advanced vortex initialization and relocation over Bay a more advanced version of the HWRF. This version, dubbed improvements in the evolution of intensity (Figure 1). Figure  of Bengal using High resolution HWRF modeling system as the basin scale HWRF, has the potential to be used for 2a provides wind swath of Phailin demonstrating that the Development of customized land surface data assimilation system for Indian region to represent and (ii) Improvements in model predictions with cold and cyclic forecast applications beyond tropical cyclones. In Indian system made landfall with very severe cyclonic storm vortex initialization. context, this system will be extended to severe weather intensity in advance of 3 days.The rainfall amount and forecast applications with a very high potential for research structure is improved significantly, in case of Phailin showing to operations (R2O). Since the IMD is using one version of peak rainfalls activity over Northern parts of Odisha as the HWRF system, it is envisioned the R2O process may be observed (Figure 2b). In case of Lehar, model indicated the a seamless one. dry air incursion into TC environment when the TC started interacting with the land which causes weakening of Lehar Achievements Based on the 2013 version of operational HWRF system, the Hurricane Research Division (HRD) of the Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory (AOML) with its partners at Environmental Modeling Center (EMC), National Centers for Environmental predictions (NCEP) have developed a basin scale HWRF system that can operate with multiple moving nests spanning at resolution down to 3 km over the Atlantic Ocean. We have configured the Figure 2: HWRF forecast of (a) 10m maximum wind speed in m s-1 and (b) rainfall swath in cm lines represent the JTWC best and HWRF model same system for North Indian Ocean [outer domain covers track respectively. Rainfall swath accumulated over 126 hr of forecast is Westpac, north Indian Ocean) with the help of US counter zoomed over the rectangular region highlighted in (a) and the numbers in (b) represents the IMD station-observed accumulated rainfall for the partners. landfall day (03UTC 12-13 Oct 2013) period.

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3-D Engineered Electrodes for Electrochemical Energy Storage

in applications like military and defense tools, and graphene oxide and their electrical transport properties. medical implants. We have demonstrated a single-step This was primarily a fundamental study with an aim for Principal Investigators strategy capable of improving specific capacity, power the use of these inks in electrochemical devices after density and faradic yield of a Li/CFx battery system using patterning them over substrates. This work has been fluorinated graphene. The excellent electrochemical reported in the journal 2D Materials. Vijayamohanan K. Pillai performance achieved using fluorinated graphene with Pulickel M. Ajayan a very low fluorine content (x = 0.22) could lead to the Way Forward Central Electrochemical Research development of highly efficient primary battery systems Institute, Karaikudi, India Rice University, Houston, USA Research activities in the area of 3D perhaps with low cost and minimum environmental Email: [email protected] Email: [email protected] nanoarchitectures are being carried out for their impact. application as efficient electrodes in energy storage  Partnering Institutions Synthesis of vertical arrays of TiO2/ devices such as electrochemical supercapacitors CoFe O hybrid nanowire electrodes India 2 4 and rechargeable batteries. Some of the on-going for 3-D microbatteries: We have synthesized and future works are summarized below: • CSIR-Central Electrochemical Research Institute (CSIR-CECRI), Karaikudi vertical arrays of TiO /CoFe O hybrid nanowires • Indian Institute of Science Education & Research, Thiruvananthapuram 2 2 4 • Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore using a combination of electrochemical anodization Development of 3-D scaffolds of graphene based nanostructures for supercapacitor applications. USA Various morphologies of 2-dimensional layered • Rice University, Houston, USA nanocrystals (MoS2, WS2 and their hybrids) are being • University of Houston, Houston synthesized using different approaches (Chemical • Southern Illinois University Carbondale vapor deposition, liquid phase exfoliation) and it will be interesting to study the lithium diffusion in these The objective of the center is to carry out cutting edge physical phenomena of the hybrid configuration of the nanostructured materials. collaborative research between the partners on innovative devices. 3-dimensional nanoarchitectures using different ideas to design and build 3-D architectures using various metal oxide/polymer will be fabricated using template nanostructures (including graphene, carbon nanotubes, Model/simulate optimized hybrid nanostructures for approach and their electrochemical performance will polymers, metal oxide nanowires/clusters etc.) in order improved electrochemical energy storage. be studied using cyclic voltammetry, Galvanostatic to incorporate them as active electrode components in charge-discharge and electrochemical impedance Explore new configurations/designs for these devices to electrochemical energy storage devices. Specific research spectroscopy. obtain vastly improved performances. goals to be met by the center are: and hydrothermal techniques. These hybrid nanowires In addition to the electrochemical measurements, Obtain easily integrated designs to build hybrid are being tested for their electrochemical performance temperature dependent electrical transport studies will Development of conformal and space filling methods devices between storage formats based on battery and as efficient anodes for 3-dimensional microbattery be carried out in detail for these materials. for fabricating 3-D engineered architectures for thin film supercapacitors. applications. Theoretical modeling of different materials and batteries and supercapacitors. electrode designs are being performed with a focus on Electrical transport studies on disordered  the electrode/electrolyte interface. Characterization of resulting devices in terms of their Achievements reduced graphene oxide: A collaborative microstructures with particular reference to their Fluorinated graphene based high research between Central Electro Chemical Research Planned to organize an international workshop on electrode-electrolyte interfaces. performance electrodes for primary lithium Institute (CECRI) and Southern Illinois University ‘Advanced Electrode Materials for Electrochemical battery: Although rechargeable Li ion batteries Energy Storage’ under the auspices of the joint R&D Investigation of Electrochemical performance of these Carbondale (SIUC) has been conducted on the have become the dominant power source for portable development of stable conductive inks of reduced virtual center, in 2015. devices, analysis and understanding the underlying electronics applications, primary batteries are still used

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Under the auspices of Indo-US joint R&D Network Center 15 invited talks by experts from India and USA, 6 short talks by on ‘3D Engineered Electrodes for Electrochemical Energy Ph.D students and about 30 poster presentations. The workshop Storage’, an Indo-US workshop on “Engineered Electrodes was well balanced with discussions on both experimental and for Electrochemical Energy Storage” has been organized theoretical aspects of the topic. Three best poster prizes and during April 3-4, 2014, at Chennai. The workshop was aimed one best oral presentation prize have been awarded to the at bringing the experts in electrochemical energy storage students during the concluding session. From various feedbacks devices, from both the countries, particularly those who work expressed by the participants, the workshop is believed to be in the novel aspects of electrode materials, to a common well received and very successful. All the participants, especially platform and to discuss their views in novel designs and the students and young researchers have been benefitted and materials for electrochemical energy storage applications. were well exposed to several new directions in the materials science and electrochemistry of 3D engineered electrodes for In addition to the invited talks from experts, there were oral energy storage. and poster presentations by young scientists as well as Ph.D. 3. students related to a variety of energy related issues. There were Publications Jaison M.J., Vikram K., Narayanan T. N., and 1. Muchharla B., Narayanan T. N., Balakrishnan K., Vijaymohanan K. Pillai (2014) Electric Field Induced Exchange visits Ajayan P. M. and Talapatra S. (2014) Temperature Transformation of Carbon nanotube to dependent electrical transport of reduced Graphene Nanoribbons Using Solid Polymer The Indo-US center has undertaken exchange visits of graduate students and PIs across the partnering institutes in the last graphene oxide. 2D Mater 1: 011008 Electrolyte. Appl. Phys. Lett. 104: 153111. one year, as detailed below. The short stay undertaken by the students in different institutes has been very fruitful in terms of 2. Vinod S., Tiwary C. S., Autreto P. A., Tijerina J. T., 4. D. Gopalakrishnan, D. Damien, B. Li, H. Gullappalli, newer ideas and exposure. Ozden S., Chipara A. C., Vajtai R., Galvao D. S., Vijayamohanan K. Pillai, P. M. Ajayan and M. M. Narayanan T. N. and Ajayan P. M. (2014) Low-desnity Shaijumon (2015) Electrochemical synthesis Sl. No Name and Affiliation Institute visited Duration of stay 3-dimensional foam using self-reinforced of Luminescent MoS2 Quantum Dots. Chem. 1. P. M. Ajayan (US-PI) - CECRI, Karaikudi 1 week hybrid 2-dimensional atomic layers Nat. Commun., DOI:10.1039/C4CC09826A Rice University, Houston, USA - IISER Thiruvananthapuram Commun 10: 1038/ncomms5541 2. Saikat Talapatra (US-PI) - IISER Thiruvananthapuram 1 week SIUC, USA 3. M. M. Shaijumon (Indian-PI) - Rice University, USA 2 weeks IISER Thiruvananthapuram 4. Abhishek K. Singh (Indian-PI) - Rice University, USA 2 weeks IISc Bangalore 5. Sujoy Ghosh (US-student) - CECRI, Karaikudi 1 month SIUC, USA - IISER Thiruvananthapuram 6. Mohamed Kabbani (US-student) - IISER Thiruvananthapuram 1 month Rice University, Houston, USA 7. Soumya Vinod (US-student) - IISER Thiruvananthapuram 1.5 months Rice University, Houston, USA 8. Dijo Damien (Indian-student) - Rice University, USA 1.5 months IISER Thiruvananthapuram - SIUC, USA 9. Deya Das (Indian-student) - Rice University, USA 1.5 months IISc Bangalore 10. Sumana Kundu (Indian-student) - Rice University, USA 1.5 months CECRI, Karaikudi - SIUC, USA

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Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication Studies

Figure 1: Rough surface EHL line contact geometry under study Principal Investigators the contact pressures within the contact under different The study undertaken has revealed that the speed, material operating conditions. The generalized operating parameter and the power law index have significant influence Satish Chandra Sharma Q. Jane Wang parameters viz. Load, Speed and Material property on the performance of the EHL contact as these parameters forms the input to the model. Figure 2 shows the film significantly influences the fluid film thickness. The sample Indian Institute of Technology Northwestern University Roorkee, India Evanston, USA thickness and pressure distribution within the contact for results of this study are given in figure 3. Email: [email protected] Email: [email protected] a shear thinning fluid.

Partnering Institutions India • Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, India • CSIR - Indian Institute of Petroleum, Dehradun

USA • Northwestern University, Evanston, USA • University of Akron, Akron

Elastohydrodynamic lubrication (EHL) is a common strengthening and augmenting the strengths of the partnering phenomena occurring within the non-conformal contacts institutions. of bearings, gears, cam-follower, valves etc. These tribological components are very critical and are of significant Achievements Figure 2: The film thickness and pressure distribution for (W=50x10-6, U=50x10-12, G=3000, SRR=0.8) importance in the functioning of the elite mechanical A generalized mathematical model for one-dimensional systems. However, even after appropriate maintenance EHL line contacts has been developed using the Finite practices, these components fail unwarrantedly leading to Difference and Discontinuous Galerkin techniques. severe loses. Hence, the IUSSTF funded Joint Centre on The generalized EHL line contact model represents Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication envisages understanding the contact geometry in roller bearings, gears, cam- the untouched domains of EHL and developing perspective followers etc. methodology to understand the failure phenomenon in the elastohydrodynamic lubricated contacts. The initial smooth surface EHL line contact model was upgraded to the rough surface EHL line contact The Joint centre established in 2013 in collaboration/ lubricated with non-Newtonian lubricants. The surface participation between IIT – Roorkee, CSIR – IIP Dehradun, roughness in the model has been incorporated using Northwestern University and University of Akron has stochastic and deterministic approaches as shown in grown one year old. During the one year span significant figure 1. The non-Newtonian rheology of the lubricants achievements has been attained by the centre in terms is represented by Power-law lubricants. of gaining new knowledge pertaining to EHL and also The model provides the film thickness distribution and Figure 3: Influence of dimensionless load on the central and minimum film thickness at different (a) Speed parameter and (b) Material parameter

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models and the incorporation of real surface roughness into Publications the investigation are planned for the second year. Further Thakre G. D, Sharma Satish C, Harsha S.P, Tyagi a joint collaborative workshop in order to disseminate the M.R. (2014) A parametric investigation on the findings of the center is planned in the second year. microelastohydrodynamic lubrication of power law fluid lubricated line-contact. Proc. of IMech E Part J. (Communicated, Under Review).

Figure 4: Pressure & Velocity distribution for Power law index n=0.8

A CFX based model has been developed for a bump Scientific value addition shaped asperity in an EHL contact. The contact pressure The outcome of the Joint center in the first year has resulted and the deformations have been investigated. The non- into development of theoretical model of EHL which has been Newtonian rheology of lubricant has been employed upgraded to investigate more realistic contact conditions. using the Power Law concept. Figure 4 shows the The CFX approach followed is for the first time in the EHL results on the pressure distribution and velocity profile studies. These studies will be of immense help in design and of the contact under investigation. development of tribo-components and also to understand the failure phenomena associated with these components. During the first year of the Joint center the research team from India visited the Northwestern University and University of Akron. During the visit the researchers Way forward discussed the plan of work and the future course of The Joint center is determined to bring into more realistic action of the center for successful attainment of the approaches of mechanical systems with the help of deliverables. theoretical models and experimental validation. As a way forward the activities pertaining to the development of failure

Exchange Visits Sl. No Name and Affiliation Institute visited Duration of stay 1. Satish C. Sharma Northwestern University and 15 days Prof., IIT- Roorkee University of Akron 2. S. P. Harsha Northwestern University and 15 days Associate Prof., IIT- Roorkee University of Akron 3. G. D. Thakre Northwestern University and 45 days Research Scholar, IIT- Roorkee University of Akron

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Indo-US Science & Technology Forum Annual Report | 2014 - 2015 Key Contacts

Rajiv Sharma R. Varadarajan Executive Director Controller (F&A) Indo-US Science and Technology Forum Indo-US Science and Technology Forum Fulbright House, 12 Hailey Road Fulbright House, 12 Hailey Road New Delhi 110 001, India New Delhi 110 001, India E-mail: [email protected] E-mail: [email protected]

Michael Cheetham Smriti Trikha Head U.S. Outreach Office Senior Science Manager American Association for the Indo-US Science and Technology Forum Advancement of Science Fulbright House, 12 Hailey Road 1200 New York Avenue NW New Delhi 110 001, India Washington, DC 20005, USA E-mail: [email protected] E-mail: [email protected] Nishritha Bopana George N. Sibley Principal Science Officer Minister-Counselor for EEST (Economy, Environment, Indo-US Science and Technology Forum Science & Technology) Fulbright House, 12 Hailey Road Embassy of the United States of America New Delhi 110 001, India Shanti Path, Chanakyapuri E-mail: [email protected] New Delhi 110021, India E-mail: [email protected]

Tarun Mohindra Counselor for Science and Technology Indian Embassy 2536 Massachusetts Avenue, NW Washington DC 20008, USA E-mail: [email protected]


Indo-US Science & Technology Forum Indo-U.S. Science & Technology Forum Fulbright House, 12 Hailey Road, New Delhi-110 001 www.iusstf.org

An autonomous organization jointly established by the Department of Science & Technology, Govt. of India and the U.S. Department of State.

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