Tone, , , and “Boy, watch your when speaking to me”

 Tone: The ’s attitude towards the subject of the piece, the , and self. Also known as, the way feelings are expressed.  Conveyed through the use of:  (the words that the author uses in his/her writing)  Point of View (the author’s view and how it affects his/her writing)  Syntax (the arrangement of words to create sentences)  And, the author’s level of formality (how formal or informal is the piece?)

“Don’t you use that tone of voice with me!”

• Has anyone ever said to you, "Don't use that tone of voice with me?" Your tone can change the meaning of what you say. • Tone can turn a statement like, " You're a big help!" into a genuine compliment or a cruel sarcastic remark. It depends on the context of the story.

Important Tone Words

 Accusatory: charging of wrong doing  Bitter: exhibiting strong animosity as a result of pain or grief  Critical: finding fault  Earnest: intense, a sincere state of mind  Intimate: very familiar  Matter-of-fact: accepting of conditions; not fanciful or emotional  Optimistic: hopeful, cheerful  Reverent: treating a subject with honor and respect  Reflective: illustrating innermost thoughts and emotions  Sarcastic: sneering, caustic  Sincere: without deceit or pretense; genuine  Solemn: deeply earnest, tending toward sad reflection

“Girl, you’re in a mood!”

 Mood: emotion evoked by a text.  use many devices to create the mood in a text:  Dialogue (language between the characters)  (where/when the story takes place, who the characters are, etc.)  (the rise and fall of and events throughout the piece)

Important Mood Words

 The following are examples of moods that a text can cause the reader to feel:   Lonely  Happy  Angry  Anxious  Tense  Suspicious  Excited  Depressed  Scared  Disgusted BEWARE!!

 Tone and mood can very easily be confused!  Tone simply refers to how the author/the author’s characters feel towards the subject, or towards something. You will know what the author’s tone is implying by the words he uses.

 While ‘mood’, refers to the feeling of the atmosphere the author is describing. It is what the author makes you feel when you read his writings. You can read a sentence, and feel sad, happy or angry.

Examples of Tone

 I’d rather stay here and wait, than go into that dark room.  What is the author telling you about how the feels?

 I could feel a headache beginning as a One Direction song came on the radio.

 I called my friend at their house, her brother said she’s not home, but I heard her voice in the background.

Examples of Mood

 The night was dark and stormy.  What feeling does that give you?

 The man kicked and threw the poor cat out of his house.

 There was plenty of food, and the music was playing. Everybody was having a good time.

What is the definition of theme in literature? Theme is the main idea or message about mankind or life conveyed by a piece of literary work. A theme should be expressed by a complete sentence , not one word. Not every piece of literature has a theme. A theme can be the “” of a story, or lesson, but it does not have to be.

How does the reader identify the theme ?  May be stated clearly in the story or implied through the story’s plot.  Might be presented by the actions, thoughts and feelings of the main characters.  Can be deep or difficult to understand.  The reader may slowly come to realize the theme of a story as she processes the text and reads the story in its entirety, all the way through to the end.

What is Motif in a piece of literature?

 Motif is a recurring object, concept, or structure in a piece of literature.  Unlike a theme, a motif can be expressed in a single word or fragment.

How does the reader identify a motif?

 Motifs may be more obvious than themes, because they are repeated throughout the  A symbol is often a form of motif, an object that is repeated throughout a novel that represent more than their obvious meaning  Example: Mirrors and Trees in Speak, both symbolize the motif of identity