A () albogue tubes in a frame. USE clarinet BT double instrument UF kechruk a-jaeng alghōzā BT USE USE algōjā anklung (rattle) accordeon alg̲hozah USE (rattle) USE USE algōjā antara accordion algōjā USE panpipes UF accordeon A pair of end-blown played simultaneously, anzad widespread in the Indian subcontinent. USE imzad accordion UF alghōzā anzhad BT free reed instrument alg̲hozah USE imzad NT button- accordion algōzā Appalachian lõõtspill bīnõn UF American dulcimer accordion band do nally Appalachian mountain dulcimer An consisting of two or more , jorhi dulcimer, American with or without percussion and other instruments. jorī dulcimer, Appalachian UF accordion ngoze dulcimer, Kentucky BT ensemble pāvā dulcimer, lap accordion orchestra pāwā dulcimer, mountain USE accordion band satāra dulcimer, plucked acoustic BT duct Kentucky dulcimer UF , acoustic algōzā mountain dulcimer folk bass guitar USE algōjā lap dulcimer BT guitar Almglocke plucked dulcimer USE BT plucked USE guitar alpenhorn acoustic guitar, electric USE Appalachian mountain dulcimer USE alphorn USE actor UF alpenhorn arame, da An actor in a non-singing role who is explicitly alpine USE viola d'arame required for the performance of a musical BT composition that is not in a traditionally dramatic arará form. alpine horn A constructed by the Arará people of . BT performer USE alphorn BT drum adufo (singer) arched-top guitar USE USE alto USE guitar aenas archicembalo An alto member of the that is USE arcicembalo USE associated with Western art and is normally aeolian pitched in ♭. archiluth UF eolian harp UF E♭ clarinet (alto) USE BT zither E-flat clarinet (alto) archiphone aeoliphone A microtonal electronic organ first built in 1970 in BT clarinet the . USE wind BT electronic organ A flute in , a fourth below the flute. archlute A that creates through UF (alto flute) the vibration of air without the use of strings or An extended-neck with two peg boxes that membranes. BT flute was principally used in the period, on which the upper courses are tuned like a lute BT instrument alto horn A valved instrument of alto pitch that is and the diapasons are tuned diatonically. NT armpit squeezing similar to a small in shape. UF archiluth balloon UF cavalry horn arcileuto free aerophone E♭ horn arciliuto free reed instrument E-flat horn erzlaute organ liuto attiorbato whistling horn BT lute wind BT arcicembalo A equipped with many divided keys, or UF treble recorder a second manual, to allow more precise tuning of aerostat diatonic, chromatic, and enharmonic notes. BT recorder USE balloon alto UF archicembalo aetherphon BT saxophone BT harpsichord USE alto arcileuto Afghan lute BT trombone USE archlute USE rubāb alto voice arciliuto African hand piano UF alto (singer) USE archlute USE voice arcivioladaslyras agbe BT female voice USE USE cabaca low voice arciviolata aggüé amadinda USE lirone USE cabaca A log xylophone of the Ganda people of Uganda. arciviolatalira agogo USE lirone A conical or mounted on a sprung steel UF madinda BT xylophone armonica hoop. USE glass UF agogo bells American dulcimer USE Appalachian dulcimer armpit squeezing gan gan A performer who traps air in his or her armpit and BT bell American Indian flute creates sound through a squeezing motion. agogo bells USE BT aerophone USE agogo amore, flûte d' body percussion ajaeng USE flûte d'amour UF a-jaeng amplified palette A fretted of the 19th BT bowed string instrument BT electronic instrument century, tuned like a guitar. zither UF ala struck idiophone guitar violoncello USE amzad BT bowed lute albogón USE imzad USE anata A large, narrow, single-headed conical drum from albogue USE . USE alboka angklung (rattle) UF A tuned sliding rattle of and BT drum alboka , or a set of such rattles. A Basque with two pipes played atcheré simultaneously. UF anklung (rattle) USE cabaca UF albogón BT shaken idiophone angklung (xylophone) An East Javanese xylophone consisting of bamboo

MP-1 from the and/or . An end-blown from . USE balo BT plucked lute BT duct flute balafou audeharp USE balo A square button-key accordion popular in South A wooden harp with sixty parallel strings in two America. planes that intersect near the middle. A Russian folk stringed instrument with a long neck BT button-key accordion BT harp and triangular body. audience UF balabayka A plucked wire-strung bass instrument invented in One or more participants in the performance of a balalayka England in the 16th century. musical work, other than the performer() on stage or BT plucked lute UF pandora otherwise presenting the work. balalaika ensemble pandore BT ensemble An ensemble consisting of two or more . BT plucked lute performer BT plucked instrument ensemble bandoura balalaika orchestra USE An ancient reed instrument typically played An ensemble consisting largely or wholly of bandura in pairs by one player. balalaikas and of different sizes, usually A Ukrainian plucked-string instrument which BT instrument including other Russian or Ukrainian folk instruments, combines elements of lute and zither . percussion, woodwinds, and one or more bayans. UF bandoura BT plucked string instrument BT instrumental ensemble BT plucked string instrument zither balalayka bandurria automatic instrument USE balalaika A plucked string instrument from , USE mechanical instrument balaman (double reed instrument) America, and the . automatic musical instrument USE bālabān (double reed instrument) UF bandola USE mechanical instrument balaman (single-reed instrument) mandurria automatic organ USE bālabān (single reed instrument) BT plucked lute USE mechanical organ balaphon bang zi automatophone USE balo USE block USE mechanical instrument baliha bangdi ♭ clarinet (soprano) USE valiha UF duandi USE clarinet balloon gaodi B♭ clarinet UF aerostat BT di zi USE BT aerophone bangu B-flat clarinet (soprano) USE dan ku USE clarinet balo bangzi B-flat contrabass clarinet A West African gourd-resonated frame xylophone. USE wood block USE contrabass clarinet UF bala Bʹ♭ balafo BT plucked lute USE tuba balafon banjo uke babadok balafou USE banjo A small conical drum played by women in Timor- balaphon Leste. BT mallet instrument An instrument combining a banjo body and ukulele UF babadok drum Baltic psaltery tuning. BT drum UF kanklės UF banjo uke babadok drum banjolele USE babadok banjouke baby rattle banjulele A toy rattle usually used to entertain infants, but BT psaltery ukulele banjo sometimes used as a musical instrument. bamboo BT plucked lute BT rattle UF boo (bamboo marimba) banjolele toy instrument BT mallet instrument USE banjo ukulele baganā bamboo banjouke USE USE pipe (musical instrument) USE banjo ukulele bağlama bambuso sonoro banjulele A Turkish long-necked lute. An experimental bamboo organ designed by artist USE banjo ukulele BT saz Hans van Koolwijk. banká bagpipe BT organ USE ekón UF biniou baṃsarī bānsrī cornemuse (bagpipe) USE bānsurī USE bānsurī musette (bagpipe) bāṃsurī bānsurī BT double reed instrument USE bānsurī One of various types of South Asian flutes. NT band UF baṃsarī chiboni A large ensemble consisting primarily of bāṃsurī dudy woodwinds, brass, and percussion. For an ensemble consisting of two or more mixed woodwind or brass bānsrī gaita (bagpipe) instruments, see wind ensemble. For an ensemble bā̃srī mišnice consisting of brass or woodwinds only, see brass bā̃surī Northumbrian small pipe ensemble or woodwind ensemble. halur sordellina UF husor uilleann pipe solor veuze symphonic band BT ductless flute bagpipe band symphonic wind ensemble bariton USE symphonic winds USE bajan wind band baritone (singer) USE wind ensemble (band) USE baritone voice wind orchestra A large 12-string Mexican guitar. wind The baritone instrument of the saxhorn family, BT guitar BT instrumental ensemble pitched in B♭. For the tenor of the tuba family see bala NT euphonium USE balo BT saxhorn bālabān (double reed instrument) drum and corps baritone A traditional cylindrical oboe of the Caucasas. and drum corps USE UF balaman (double reed instrument) BT double reed instrument band, washboard BT saxophone bālabān (single reed instrument) USE washboard band baritone voice A single reed instrument of the Uzbek and Tajik band organ UF baritone (singer) peoples of Central Asia. USE fairground organ BT male voice UF balaman (single-reed instrument) bandir medium voice BT single reed instrument USE bendīr Baroque lute balabayka A lute popular in 17th-18th century that has bandola ten to thirteen courses, and the upper courses are USE balalaika USE bandurria tuned to an open D minor chord. balafo bandolín BT lute USE balo A 15-stringed instrument from that derives

MP-2 Baroque orchestral oboe that is shaped like a large English bell, clock chime USE triple harp horn. USE clock chimes barrel organ UF baritone oboe bell, song A small organ played chiefly by street musicians, in BT oboe USE xylophone which a barrel with pins or staples is activated by a bass bell, tower clock hand crank. USE steel drum USE clock chimes UF Dutch organ bell lyra grinder organ BT recorder USE hand organ bell street organ BT saxophone USE glockenspiel BT mechanical organ bass trombone bells, orchestra NT hydraulic barrel organ BT trombone USE glockenspiel barrel piano bass bells, orchestral A mechanical piano activated by a hand crank, BT trumpet with a pinned barrel or cylinder, played chiefly by USE glockenspiel street musicians. bass tuba bells (glockenspiel) UF cylinder piano USE tuba USE glockenspiel pianette bass benas piano organ USE USE launeddas street piano viola da gamba bendīr BT mechanical piano bass Circular single-headed of North USE with gut snares running across the underside of the barydon head. USE baryton bass voice UF bass (singer) UF bandir baryton BT frame drum An 18th century bowed string instrument similar to BT low voice the bass viol, but with the addition of sympathetic male voice berimbao wire strings which could also be plucked with the left basse Flandre USE thumb. USE bumbass berimbau UF bariton A single-string Brazilian with a gourd that is played with a stick. barydon A clarinet similar to the but with an lyra bastarda extended lower range. UF berimbao paradon BT clarinet berimbau de barriga paridon urucungu pariton BT clarinet BT musical bow viola di bordone basset recorder struck string instrument viola paredon USE recorder berimbau de barriga BT bowed lute USE berimbau basque, tambour de USE continuo bian zhong USE tambourine basso profondo A set of bronze bells of . bā̃srī UF basso profundo UF pien chung USE bānsurī contrabass voice BT bell bass, electric octavist bichromatic USE bass guitar oktavist A quarter-tone harmonium invented by Willi von Möllendorff in the early 20th century. bass (electric guitar) BT low voice USE bass guitar male voice UF harmonium, bichromatic bass (singer) basso profundo BT reed organ USE bass voice USE basso profondo big band A band generally of 10-15 solo instruments, bass (stringed instrument) predominantly winds, and sometimes including a USE double bass BT double reed instrument vocalist, that performs and for bass-baritone (singer) NT social dancing. USE bass-baritone voice UF big bass-baritone voice bā̃surī band UF bass-baritone (singer) USE bānsurī dance orchestra (big band) BT low voice batá jazz band male voice A double-headed hourglass drum of the Afro- jazz orchestra Cuban Lucumí cult. stage band A bass member of the clarinet family that is BT hourglass drum BT band associated with Western art music and is generally bayan pitched in B♭, an below the soprano clarinet. big jazz band A Russian chromatic button-key accordion USE big band BT clarinet developed in the 20th century. bili UF bajan USE BT drum BT button-key accordion bilma bass flute Bayreuth tuba USE A flute pitched in , an octave below the concert USE flute. bilo bazoo An ancient Russian percussion plaque or disc that BT flute USE kazoo is suspended from a tree. bass flute (alto flute) BT percussion idiophone USE alto flute USE kazoo bīṇ bass guitar BB♭ tuba USE vina UF bass, electric USE tuba bin bādy bass (electric guitar) beak flute USE peat electric bass guitar USE recorder bīṇā BT electric guitar beganna USE vina bass guitar, acoustic USE begena biniou USE begena USE bagpipe bass-horn () An Ethiopian lyre with a box resonator. bīnõn An upright serpent, consisting of a 230 cm long UF baganā conical tube, a widely flared bell, and a swan-neck USE algōjā crook, that is generally made out of or brass. beganna birbynė UF corno di basso BT lyre A single-reed of Lithuania. corno di inglese di basso bell BT single reed instrument corno inglesa di basso BT percussion idiophone bisònas English bass horn NT agogo USE launeddas BT serpent bian zhong bass horn (tuba) A pear-shaped Japanese lute. USE tuba chimes UF chikuzen-biwa bass instrument cowbell -biwa BT melody instrument ekón gaku-biwa bass marimba gogen-biwa BT marimba singing bowl heike-biwa bass oboe sistro kōjin-biwa An oboe pitched an octave below the standard tap bell mōsō-biwa nishiki-biwa

MP-3 biwa (Continued) pipes, cauld wind gŭdulka satsuma-biwa pipes, lowland hu qin BT plucked lute pipes, Scotish lowland jouhikko Black Sea Scottish lowland psalmodikon USE kamānche Scottish lowland pipes talharpa Black Sea kemençe BT bagpipe viola da braccio USE kamānche borderpipes bowed stringed instrument bladder and string USE border pipes USE bowed string instrument USE bumbass bouladjèl bowed strings bladder fiddle USE vocal percussion USE bowed string instrument USE bumbass bouzoukee bowl, Himalayan block instrument USE USE singing bowl USE gottuvadyam bouzouki bowl, singing Blockflöte A plucked long-necked lute of the Mediterranean USE singing bowl USE recorder Region. boy blul UF bouzoukee USE boys' chorus A Kurdish and Armenian open wooden end-blown buzuki boy soprano (singer) flute. USE boy soprano voice UF blur BT plucked lute boy soprano voice BT ductless flute bowed guitar A treble voice that is traditionally performed by a blur USE arpeggione male singer. For a child's voice regardless of gender, USE blul bowed instrument see child's voice. boat lute USE bowed string instrument UF boy soprano (singer) USE kudyapi bowed lute soprano, boy (singer) bodhrán An unspecified bowed string instrument of the treble voice BT frame drum Sachs-Hornbostel lute classification. BT child soprano voice body percussion BT bowed string instrument male voice A performer who creates percussive using NT arpeggione boychoir body movements and body parts exclusively. baryton USE boys' chorus BT concussion idiophone campanula boys' chorus NT armpit squeezing cello UF boy chorus body slapping boychoir finger snapping dilrubā BT chorus foot tapping double bass braccio, viola da hand clapping esrāj USE viola da braccio head rapping fiddle braga vocal percussion ghichak USE whistling goge braguinha body slapping USE cavaquinho BT body percussion haegŭm brass band Boehm flute A large ensemble consisting of brass instruments USE flute kamānche and sometimes percussion. bolingozo keyed fiddle BT band USE lira (short-necked fiddle) brass bombarde () lira da braccio USE brass ensemble USE shawm lirica brass ensemble bombardon lirone An ensemble consisting of diverse brass instruments that cannot be described by a more USE tuba morin huur specific term. qobuz UF brass choir A instrument consisting of two rows of rabāb (spike fiddle) horizontal -kettles played with two sticks. ensemble brass instruments BT percussion idiophone bone rattle BT wind ensemble salō̜ NT ensemble USE notched rattle sāraṅgī horn ensemble sārindā trombone ensemble A folk clapper consisting of a pair of animal bones, sō̜ dūang or pieces of wood or similar material, held between trumpet ensemble the fingers. sō̜ sām sāi tuba ensemble sō̜ ū BT clapper (percussion) brass instrument bong lang An unspecified brass instrument. trumpet marine USE kaw law BT wind instrument viol NT cornet viola USE bongos violetta d'amore bongos double-bell euphonium violin A pair of small Afro-Cuban single headed euphonium violo with shells. violotta UF bongo drum horn bowed string ensemble BT drum natural horn A mixed or unspecified ensemble of bowed string bonkó instruments. One of four drums in the ensemble associated with saxhorn the Afro-Cuban Abakwá cult. UF string ensemble string instrument ensemble serpent UF bonkó-enchemiyá trombone enchemí stringed instrument ensemble strings trumpet BT drum tuba bonkó-enchemiyá BT instrumental ensemble NT cello ensemble Wagner tuba USE bonkó brass instrument ensemble boo (bamboo marimba) viola ensemble violin ensemble USE brass ensemble USE bamboo marimba brass instruments boomerang clapsticks bowed string instrument An unspecified string instrument played with a USE brass ensemble USE clapsticks bow. Brazilian lute boomwhacker UF bowed instrument USE viola-de-cocho USE percussion tube bowed stringed instrument harp border bagpipes bowed strings USE harp-lute USE border pipes fretted instrument bronze drum border pipes lira A drum with a bronze instead of a skin A -blown bagpipe of the Scottish lowlands. head. lyra UF border bagpipes BT friction instrument UF bronze kettledrum borderpipes string instrument drum, bronze lowland bagpipes NT ajaeng BT percussion idiophone lowland pipes bowed lute bronze kettledrum cauld wind bagpipes bumbass USE bronze drum cauld wind pipes

MP-4 bûche calchedon cello choir USE epinette des Vosges callichone USE cello ensemble bugle colachon cello ensemble BT natural horn galizona An ensemble consisting of two or more . NT keyed bugle gallichone UF cello choir bulbul tarang gallichon BT bowed string ensemble USE bulbultarang gallizona cellone bulbultarang A large cello-like instrument tuned a fourth lower An Indian zither with a button keyboard. mandorlauten than the cello. UF bulbul tarang colascione (bass lute) BT bowed lute BT zither BT plucked lute bull-roarer USE Irish harp An instrument consisting of a flat, narrow, USE tap bell cembal d'amour elongated object attached to a string that is whirled callichone A large on which the strings are struck overhead. USE calichon by tangents at their precise mid-point. UF calliope BT clavichord BT free aerophone An outdoor mechanical musical instrument cembalo bullroarer consisting of tuned steam . USE harpsichord USE bull-roarer BT mechanical organ cembalo verticale bumba calliope, explosion USE USE bumbass USE çemençe bumbass calliope, fire USE kamānche A European folk instrument consisting of a single USE pyrophone ceṇḍa gut string fastened to a curved stick with an animal- A cylindrical drum used widely in the Kerala and bladder resonator. cambiata voice USE changing voice states of . UF basse de Flandre campanula UF ceṇḍe bladder and string A modern bowed string instrument invented by ceṇṭā bladder fiddle Helmut Bleffert that is like a cello but with 16 chande bumba additional resonating strings. fiddle, bladder BT bowed lute cheṇḍamēḷaṃ Flandre, basse de canzá BT drum poispil USE reco-reco ceṇḍe BT bowed string instrument caracaxá USE ceṇḍa stick zither USE reco-reco ceṇṭā Burmese harp carillon USE ceṇḍa USE saùng-gauk BT bell cervelas USE racket USE button-key accordion casaca cervelat button box (accordion) USE reco-reco USE racket USE button-key accordion cetra button-key accordion BT concussion idiophone USE UF button accordion catá čhakhē button box (accordion) A Cuban percussion instrument consisting of a A plucked zither of with three strings, two hollowed-out tree trunk open at both ends and struck made of silk and the third of brass. BT accordion with wooden sticks. UF ja-kae NT bandoneon UF hueco jàkhây bayan BT percussion idiophone jakhē catacá BT plucked string instrument melodeon (button-key accordion) USE reco-reco buzuki cauld wind bagpipes chalmeye USE bouzouki USE border pipes USE shawm buzuq cauld wind pipes chalmie USE bouzouki USE border pipes USE shawm C clarinet (soprano) caval USE clarinet USE A single-reed instrument related to the clarinet. Cʹ tuba cavalry horn UF mock trumpet USE tuba USE alto horn trumpet, mock cabaca cavaquinho BT single reed instrument UF agbe A small four-stringed plucked instrument of and Brazil. chalumeau (pipe) aggüé USE pipe (musical instrument) UF braga atcheré chalumeau (shawm) braguinha chekeré USE shawm machada gourd (rattle) chamadron guiro (rattle) machete A organ consisting of reed pipes projected sekere machete-de-braga horizontally through louvers in a church tower that shekeré machetinho was invented in the 20th century. BT shaken idiophone BT plucked lute BT organ cabinet organ CC tuba chamber orchestra USE chamber organ USE tuba BT orchestra reed organ celebrant chamber organ A performer who celebrates a rite or special UF cabinet organ caixa occasion and is explicitly required in the performance USE of a musical work. BT organ chande caixa-surda BT performer USE ceṇḍa USE surdo go cajón UF celeste USE changgo A Latin American wooden box drum played with BT keyboard instrument the hands. changgo percussion idiophone A double-headed hourglass drum from . BT percussion idiophone celeste UF chang go calabazo USE celesta changgu USE guiro cell phone calachon A mobile phone used as a musical instrument that seyo go USE calichon is explicitly required in the performance of a musical sŏlchanggo calascione work. BT hourglass drum USE calichon UF mobile phone changgu calchedon BT electronic instrument USE changgo USE calichon cello changing voice calichon UF A male adolescent singer whose voice is in the A bass lute with six to eight courses used primarily violoncello process of changing. for continuo in 18th and 19th century , BT bowed lute UF cambiata voice , and Bohemia. NT BT male voice UF calachon violoncello calascione A small fretted plucked-string instrument of the

MP-5 charango (Continued) UF guitare en bateau BT concussion idiophone Andean region with a bowl made of an armadillo shell BT guitar NT bones or of wood shaped like an armadillo shell. chitarrone jin qian ban BT plucked lute USE clapping, foot chekeré chŏ USE foot tapping USE cabaca USE taegŭm clapping, hand chemical harmonica choir USE hand clapping USE pyrophone USE chorus clapping sticks chenda chorale USE clapsticks USE ceṇḍa USE chorus clapsticks cheṇḍamēḷaṃ chord zither An Aboriginal Australian percussion instrument USE ceṇḍa USE harp zither consisting of a pair of hardwood sticks that are struck together. chi na chordophone USE suo na USE string instrument UF bilma chiboni chorus boomerang clapsticks A droneless bagpipe from the region. An unspecified chorus of voices. clap-sticks UF chimoni UF choir clapping sticks čiboni chorale musicsticks BT vocal ensemble BT concussion idiophone stviri NT boys' chorus percussion idiophone children's chorus clarinet tulumi A soprano member of the clarinet family that is chorus changing voices associated with Western art music, or any BT bagpipe equal voices unspecified or undetermined member of the clarinet chikuzen-biwa girls' chorus family. USE biwa men's chorus UF A clarinet (soprano) child (singer) mixed chorus B♭ clarinet (soprano) USE child's voice spoken chorus B-flat clarinet (soprano) child soprano (singer) chorus C clarinet (soprano) USE child soprano voice women's chorus clarionet child soprano voice chorus changing voices primer clarinet UF child soprano (singer) BT chorus soprano clarinet soprano, child (singer) chŏttae BT single reed instrument BT child's voice USE taegŭm NT alto clarinet high voice chromette bass clarinet NT boy soprano voice USE orkon basset clarinet children's chorus chung juan basset horn BT chorus USE clarinette d'amour child's voice čiboni contra-alto clarinet A child's voice regardless of gender. For a treble USE chiboni contrabass clarinet voice that traditionally is performed by a male singer, see boy soprano voice. çifte sopranino clarinet A Turkish consisting of a melody UF child (singer) pipe and drone pipe. An ensemble consisting of two or more . treble voice UF BT singer UF clarinet ensemble BT single reed instrument BT woodwind ensemble NT child soprano voice chimes clarinet d'amour A guitar-like instrument that has an empty cigar USE clarinette d'amour An unspecified set of chimes. box as a resonator. clarinet ensemble BT bell BT plucked lute USE clarinet choir NT clock chimes clarinette d'amour A Hungarian used in both folk UF clarinet d'amour chimes, orchestral and concert music. clarinetto d'amore USE tubular bells UF (cimbalom) BT clarinet chimes (glockenspiel) cymbalom clarinetto d'amore USE glockenspiel cymbalum USE clarinette d'amour chiming clock hammered dulcimer, Hungarian clarionet USE clock chimes Hungarian hammered dulcimer USE clarinet chimoni kimbalom USE chiboni USE guitar 'in BT dulcimer clavecin vertical USE qin cinema organ USE clavicytherium Chinese lute USE theater organ USE pi pa citaharp A Latin American percussion instrument consisting Chinese tom-tom A zither produced by the Audet Music Co. of of a pair of short, thick, hardwood sticks that are USE tom-tom Boston in the early 20th century. struck together. Chinese wood block BT zither BT concussion idiophone USE wood block plucked string instrument clavi-harp Chinese zither citara USE claviharpe USE zheng USE clavichord () A European keyboard instrument on which the A small pair of hand cymbals from Southeast Asia. A large lyre from ancient . strings are struck by tangents. BT concussion idiophone UF kithara BT keyboard instrument ching (gong) BT lyre struck string instrument A large flat bronze gong of Korea. citharen zither BT gong USE NT cembal d'amour chipendani cither pedal clavichord A mouth-resonated musical bow of the Shona USE zither clavicylinder people of Zimbabwe. cithren A keyboard instrument invented in 1799 that UF tshipendani USE cittern sounds when curved metal rods attached to the keys BT mouth bow cittern contact a rotating wet glass cylinder. plucked string instrument A wire-strung plucked instrument popular in 16th UF euphonium (clavicylinder) chirimía and 17th century Europe. Klavizylinder A double-reed folk instrument played in Spain and UF citharen BT friction idiophone . cithren keyboard instrument UF chirisuya cittharn clavicytherium xirimía BT plucked lute An upright harpsichord with vertical soundboard. BT double reed instrument cittharn UF cembalo verticale chirisuya USE cittern clavecin vertical USE chirimía clap-sticks klaviziterium USE clapsticks klavizitherium A five-course metal-strung guitar of 17th and 18th clapper (percussion) BT harpsichord century . A general term for a percussion instrument that consists of two objects that clap together.

MP-6 claviharpe clapsticks cornet ensemble A 19th century instrument that combines a harp claves An ensemble consisting of two or more . with a keyboard. cymbal BT brass ensemble UF clavi-harp finger cymbals corneta keyed harp conductor USE cornett BT harp A conductor who is also a performer, as explicitly cornett keyboard instrument stated by the . An wind instrument popular in the 16th and 17th clavioline UF director, music centuries that consists of a conical wooden pipe with An instrument invented in music conductor finger holes and a cup . 1947 that was a forerunner to the analog . music director UF cornaboux BT electronic keyboard BT performer cornet à bouquin claviorgan corneta An instrument combining a harpsichord and an A tall, narrow, single-headed Afro-Cuban drum. cornetto organ, in which the strings and pipes sound together. UF conga drum zink UF claviorganum tumbadora BT brass instrument BT keyboard instrument BT drum cornetto plucked string instrument NT (drum) USE cornett zither conga drum corno di basso claviorganum USE conga USE bass-horn (serpent) USE claviorgan continuo corno di inglese di basso clock, musical An instrumental practice of the 17th and 18th USE bass-horn (serpent) USE musical clock centuries in which one or more instruments improvise corno inglesa di basso clock chime bell a chordal from a written bass line. USE bass-horn (serpent) USE clock chimes UF basso continuo cornopean clock chimes USE cornet A clock equipped with carillon or other chiming thoroughbass corps, drum and bugle mechanism. For a clock equipped with a mechanical through bass organ use musical clock. USE drum and bugle corps BT ensemble corps, drum and fife UF bell, clock chime instrument USE fife and drum corps bell, tower clock contra-alto clarinet corps, fife and drum chiming clock A contra-alto member of the clarinet family that is USE fife and drum corps clock chime bell associated with Western art music and is pitched in cortaldi tower clock bell E♭, a fourth higher than the contrabass clarinet. USE racket BT chimes UF contrabass clarinet (E♭) cortalli mechanical instrument contralto clarinet USE racket clock-organ E♭ contrabass clarinet countertenor (singer) USE musical clock E-flat contrabass clarinet USE countertenor voice clog box BT clarinet countertenor voice USE wood block contra-bass clarinet UF countertenor (singer) cloud chamber bowls USE contrabass clarinet BT male voice An instrument invented by that contrabass cowbell consists of tuned glass bowls suspended in a frame. USE double bass A percussion instrument similar to bells worn by BT percussion idiophone contrabass clarinet livestock, but without a clapper. coach-horn A contrabass member of the clarinet family that is UF Almglocke USE associated with Western art music and is pitched in BT bell colachon B♭, two below the soprano clarinet. cristal USE calichon UF B♭ contrabass clarinet B-flat contrabass clarinet A musical instrument constructed of glass rods colascione attached to tuned metal stems that are sounded by An Italian long-neck lute derived from the Middle contra-bass clarinet the friction of moistened fingers rubbed on the glass. Eastern ṭanbūr, in which two or three courses of pedal clarinet strings are played with a . UF BT clarinet crystal organ BT plucked lute contrabass clarinet (E♭) BT friction idiophone colascione (bass lute) USE contra-alto clarinet Cristal Baschet USE calichon USE cristal common flute BT flute USE recorder USE computer BT recorder crot A computer that is explicitly required in the performance of a musical work. USE crwth BT saxophone BT electronic instrument contrabass trombone Small cymbals tuned to a definite pitch. computer printer BT trombone A printer activated by a computer and used as BT percussion idiophone medium of performance. contrabass tuba crouth USE tuba BT electronic instrument USE crwth contrabass voice coṅʻʺ crowd (crwth) USE basso profondo USE saùng-gauk USE crwth contrabassoon coṅʻʺ kokʻ crumhorn UF double bassoon USE saùng-gauk A capped double-reed instrument most commonly BT bassoon concert band used in Renaissance Europe. contralto clarinet USE band UF cromorne USE contra-alto clarinet concert flute krummhorn contralto voice USE flute BT double reed instrument USE alto voice concert grand (piano) crwth USE piano A Welsh lyre that has been bowed since the 11th USE English horn century. concertina cornaboux A button-key accordion on which the button motion UF crot is in the same direction as that of the bellows. USE cornett crouth UF squashbox cornamusa crowd (crwth) BT button-key accordion UF cornemuse (cornamusa) BT bowed string instrument concertina ensemble BT double reed instrument lyre An ensemble consisting of two or more cornemuse (bagpipe) crychord . USE bagpipe BT BT instrumental ensemble cornemuse (cornamusa) crystal organ concussion idiophone USE cornamusa USE cristal An idiophone that consists of two or more cornet csakan complimentary sonorous parts struck against each A valved brass instrument of contralto or soprano A walking stick recorder originating around other. pitch that was developed in the late . in the early 19th century. BT struck idiophone UF cornopean UF csákány NT body percussion BT brass instrument BT recorder castanets cornet à bouquin csákány ching (cymbals) USE cornett USE csakan clapper (percussion) Any of several distinct Latin American or Carribean

MP-7 cuatro (Continued) darboukka BT plucked string instrument instruments of the guitar family. darbuga zither BT plucked lute darbuka cuena darbukka USE didjeridu USE derabucca didjeridoo cuíca derbouka USE didjeridu A Brazilian whose pitch can be derbuga didjeridu changed by applying varying pressure to the drum derbuka An Aboriginal Australian brass instrument. head. derbukka UF didgeridoo UF puíta dumbek didjeridoo quíca BT digeridoo BT friction drum darboukka dijiridu cümbüş USE darabukka BT natural horn BT plucked lute darbuga digeridoo curtal USE darabukka USE didjeridu USE darbuka digital harpsichord cylinder piano USE darabukka USE electronic harpsichord USE barrel piano darbukka digital keyboard cymbal USE darabukka USE electronic keyboard A single cymbal suspended on a stand, or a pair of cymbals struck together. daruan USE ruan USE BT concussion idiophone daul digital player piano percussion idiophone USE tupan An acoustic piano with added digital technology NT jao pa daule allowing for recording and playback of piano jhāñjh performances, as in a player piano. USE dholi cymbal (cimbalom) UF hybrid piano USE cimbalom USE dholi recording and reproducing piano cymbalom BT electronic instrument USE cimbalom A bowed idiophone consisting of a narrow, flat strip player piano cymbalum of wood anchored at one end, invented by Hans dijiridu USE cimbalom Reichel in the 1980s. USE didjeridu D clarinet (sopranino) BT friction idiophone dilrubā USE sopranino clarinet deblek A long-necked, fretted fiddle of Northern India and da kuan hsien USE dümbelek . For the long-necked, fretted fiddle of Bengal, see esrāj. UF daguangxian derabucca BT hu qin USE darabukka BT bowed lute da tong derbouka director, music A type of er hu used in performances of Hunan USE darabukka USE conductor drama. derbuga BT er hu USE darabukka USE di zi derbuka USE taegŭm An African goat skin goblet drum played with bare USE darabukka hands. daegŭm derbukka UF jembe USE taegŭm USE darabukka jenbe descant recorder BT goblet drum USE daff USE djil daff descant viol USE gyil A round single-headed frame drum from the Middle USE East and North Africa. do nally desk bell UF daf USE algōjā USE tap bell ḍaph do-neli devil's fiddle duff USE doneli USE skrzypce BT frame drum do- devil's violin daguangxian USE doneli USE skrzypce USE da kuan hsien dhavul damba USE USE tavil A Ghanaian hourglass drum played at the damba doff al-zinjāri festival. dhimay A double-headed cylindrical drum from Nepal. USE riqq BT hourglass drum UF dhime đàn bâù USE dholi BT drum A single-string zither of Vietnam. dolçaina dhime UF đàn độc huyền USE dulzaina USE dhimay BT plucked string instrument dolceola zither (Caucasian drum) A zither with a keyboard manufactured in the early đàn độc huyền USE dholi 20th century. USE đàn bâù dholi UF dulceola A Caucasian and Middle Eastern double-headed dan pi ku cylindrical drum with laced heads. BT keyboard instrument UF bangu zither UF daule danbigu dolcian davul BT drum USE dulcian dhol (Caucasian drum) đàn tranh dolcino dohol A 16-string board zither of Vietnam. USE dulcian doli doli BT zither doul USE dholi danbigu BT drum dolzaina USE dan pi ku di USE dulzaina dance band USE di zi dolzoni USE big band di zi USE dulcian dance orchestra (big band) A Chinese . USE big band dombäck UF di dancer USE zarb dizi A dancer who is explicitly required by the dombak composer for the performance of a musical work. ti-tse USE zarb BT performer BT ductless flute dombira NT tap dancer NT bangdi USE dömbra ḍaph qudi dömbra USE daff diabelskie skrzypce A long-necked two-string plucked lute of Central darabuke USE skrzypce Asia. USE darabukka diable skrzype UF dombira darabukka USE skrzypce dumbrak A single-headed goblet drum found in the Middle diamond marimba BT plucked lute East and North Africa. BT mallet instrument UF darabuke A long-necked plucked lute of with a round A single-string zither of the rural American South.

MP-8 body and three or four strings. ghaṭa recorder BT plucked lute goblet drum saxoflute doneli hourglass drum Double duct flute of Iranian Baluchistan. kañjirā UF do-neli svirala do-ney mādal tarka doney mridanga tlapitzalli BT duct flute nāykhīṃ whistle doney ngoma ductless flute USE doneli par An unspecified wind instrument that does not have pung an air duct, and instead the player creates a ribbon- dotār shaped stream of air with the lips. USE dutār BT edge-blown instrument double B-flat tuba repinque NT bānsurī USE tuba roto-tom blul double bass rouleur di zi UF bass (stringed instrument) snare drum fife bass viol flute contrabass huang zhong stand-up bass tambou string bass tāshā kaval upright bass tavil kōauau BT bowed lute criollos kurai double bass viol limbe USE tom-tom nāy (flute) double bassoon tumba nōkan USE contrabassoon tupan panpipes double-bell euphonium yaogu quena UF double-belled euphonium yuka ryūteki BT brass instrument drum, bronze double-belled euphonium USE bronze drum sáo USE double-bell euphonium drum, steel double C tuba USE steel drum USE tuba drum and bugle corps šupeljka double contra-alto flute A musical marching ensemble consisting of brass sybyzghy USE subcontrabass flute instruments, percussion instruments, and color guard, but excluding woodwind instruments. taegŭm double reed instrument An unspecified double reed instrument. UF corps, drum and bugle tanso drum corps veṇu BT reed instrument BT band NT alboka drum and fife corps aulos USE fife and drum corps bagpipe drum circle dude bālabān (double reed instrument) A group of people informally gathered, usually in a USE dudy bassoon circle, who play improvised rhythms on world (double reed instrument) percussion instruments. chirimía A double-reed instrument of ancient Armenian cornamusa BT origin. crumhorn drum corps UF duduki duduk (double reed instrument) USE drum and bugle corps BT double reed instrument dulcian duduk (duct flute) dulzaina USE drum set USE svirala English horn duduki Any of a broad range of electronic instruments that USE duduk (double reed instrument) combine the functions of the synthesizer and the guan dudy hautbois de Poitou sequencer in a way specially adapted to the generation of polyphonic percussion patterns. A bagpipe found in Poland and . UF UF dude electronic percussion BT bagpipe koḷ preset rhythm machine duff rhythm machine USE daff mukhavīṇā sampling drum machine dulceola nāgasvaram BT electronic instrument USE dolceola oboe drum set dulcian pī A collection of percussion instruments played by a A Renaissance double-reed in one piece, the pʻiri single player, typically consisting of a snare drum, predecessor of the modern bassoon. practice chanter kick drum, tom-toms, hi-hat, and cymbals. UF curtal racket UF drum kit dolcian rgya-gling drumset dolcino śahnāī trap kit dolzoni trap set dulzian shawm traps BT double reed instrument suo na BT percussion instrument dulcimer tʻaepʻyŏngso drumset A zither whose strings are sounded by striking with tenora USE drum set hammers. zumari duandi UF Hackbrett zūrnā USE bangdi hammer dulcimer doul duct flute hammered dulcimer USE dholi An unspecified wind instrument on which a narrow drum duct directs the air stream against a sharp edge. BT struck string instrument An unspecified drum. BT edge-blown instrument zither BT NT algōjā NT cimbalom percussion instrument atenteben NT arará doneli santūr atabaque dvorgrle ṭambal babadok yang qin bass drum iwabue yanggŭm bongos yoochin (dulcimer) bonkó melody flute dulcimer, American ceṇḍa Native American flute USE Appalachian dulcimer conga dulcimer, Appalachian dan pi ku penny whistle USE Appalachian dulcimer dhimay pinkullu dulcimer, Kentucky dholi pipe (musical instrument) USE Appalachian dulcimer frame drum friction drum

MP-9 dulcimer, lap blowing across an edge. piano-harp USE Appalachian dulcimer BT radio receiver dulcimer, mountain NT duct flute sampler USE Appalachian dulcimer ductless flute sequencer dulcimer, plucked synthesizer USE Appalachian dulcimer suifūkin television set dulcimer ensemble An ensemble consisting of two or more . BT shaken idiophone theremin BT instrumental ensemble ekón dulcitone A bell made from two pieces of metal, lacking a electronic keyboard A tuning fork piano created by Thomas Machell in clapper, and struck on the outside, used by the Afro- UF digital keyboard Cuban Abakwá people. the late 19th century. keyboard synthesizer UF tuning fork piano UF banká BT keyboard instrument BT keyboard instrument ekong synthesizer percussion idiophone BT bell NT clavioline dultzaina ekong Novachord USE dulzaina USE ekón electronic keyboard ensemble dulzaina ekue An ensemble consisting of two or more electronic A double-reed folk instrument of Spain and the An Afro-Cuban single-headed friction drum with a keyboards. loose shaft. Basque region. BT electronics UF bolingozo BT friction drum keyboard ensemble dolçaina electric acoustic guitar electronic organ dolzaina USE electric guitar An organ that produces sounds only through dultzaina electric bass guitar electronic means, or that has electroacoustical or pito USE bass guitar electromechanical elements. BT double reed instrument electric cello UF dulzian UF e-cello BT electronic instrument USE dulcian electronic violoncello organ dumbeg BT cello NT archiphone USE dümbelek electronic instrument Novachord dumbek electric guitar electronic organ ensemble USE darabukka An acoustic or solid-bodied guitar that is BT keyboard ensemble electronically amplified. dümbelek electronic percussion dümbelek UF acoustic guitar, electric USE drum machine A single-headed goblet drum of and . e-guitar electronic piano electric acoustic guitar A piano that produces sounds through digital UF deblek oscillators or through digital synthesis. dumbeg electro-acoustic guitar UF digital piano dümbek electroacoustic guitar BT goblet drum BT electronic instrument BT electronic instrument dumbrak guitar keyboard instrument USE dömbra NT bass guitar electronic trumpet dùndún electric harpsichord USE wind controller USE talking drum USE electronic harpsichord electronic valve instrument dutār electric organ Any one of various types of long-neck fretted USE electronic organ USE wind controller of the and Central Asia. electric piano electronic violin UF dotār USE electronic piano USE BT plucked lute electric violin electronic violoncello Dutch organ An acoustic or solid-bodied violin that is USE electric cello electronically amplified. USE barrel organ electronic wind instrument dvogrla UF e-violin USE wind controller USE dvorgrle electronic violin electronics BT electronic instrument Unspecified electronic sounds, either produced live dvogrle or from a recording. USE dvorgrle violin UF tape (electronics) dvorgrla electrical orchestra BT electronic instrument USE dvorgrle USE Novachord instrumental ensemble dvorgrle electro-acoustic guitar A double flute of Herzegovina. USE electric guitar NT electronic keyboard ensemble electroacoustic guitar live electronics UF dvogrla USE electric guitar pre-recorded audio dvogrle electronic drum processed sound dvorgrla USE drum machine electronium BT duct flute electronic harpsichord UF elektronium dynaphone UF digital harpsichord BT electronic instrument USE telharmonium electric harpsichord keyboard instrument e-cello MIDI-harpsichord elektronium USE electric cello BT electronic instrument USE electronium E♭ clarinet (alto) harpsichord enas USE alto clarinet electronic instrument USE launeddas E♭ clarinet (sopranino) An instrument that produces sounds by outputting enchemí USE sopranino clarinet an electric audio signal. USE bonkó E♭ contrabass clarinet BT instrument English bass horn USE contra-alto clarinet NT amplified palette USE bass-horn (serpent) E-flat clarinet (alto) cell phone English flute USE alto clarinet computer USE recorder E-flat clarinet (sopranino) computer printer English guitar USE sopranino clarinet digital player piano UF cetra E-flat contrabass clarinet drum machine BT plucked lute USE contra-alto clarinet electric cello English horn E-flat horn electric guitar UF cor anglais USE alto horn electric violin tenor oboe E-flat sopranino clarinet electronic harpsichord BT double reed instrument USE sopranino clarinet electronic organ engoma e-guitar electronic piano USE ngoma USE electric guitar electronics enharmonic organ E♭ horn electronium USE organ USE alto horn heliphon ensemble E♭ sopranino clarinet A group that is not named according to number of USE sopranino clarinet MIDI controller performers or a more specific medium of e-violin mouseketier performance. USE electric violin NT audience edge-blown instrument percussion controller continuo A woodwind instrument whose sound is created by

MP-10 instrumental ensemble fife and drum band foot percussion mixed media USE fife and drum corps USE foot tapping pin peat fife and drum corps foot tapping vocal ensemble UF corps, drum and fife UF clapping, foot ëochin corps, fife and drum foot clapping USE yoochin (dulcimer) drum and fife corps foot percussion eolian harp fife and drum band podorhythm USE aeolian harp BT band tapping, foot epinette de Vosges figured bass BT body percussion USE epinette des Vosges USE continuo epinette des Vosges finger cymbals USE piano UF bûche UF zilia frame drum epinette de Vosges zils A struck drum, with or without handles, in which Vosges, epinette des BT concussion idiophone the depth of the body does not exceed the circumference of the membrane. BT psaltery finger snapping equal voices BT body percussion BT drum A chorus in which all the voices parts are for one fire calliope NT bendīr type of voice. USE pyrophone bodhrán BT chorus fire organ daff er hu USE pyrophone par̲ai UF ravanne BT hu qin USE flaviol NT da tong flageolet tambourine zhong hu BT duct flute (drum) erhu flame organ free aerophone USE er hu An aerophone in which the vibrating air is not USE pyrophone confined by the instrument. erzlaute guitar BT aerophone USE archlute USE guitar NT bull-roarer esrāj Flandre, basse de free reed instrument A long-necked, fretted fiddle of Bengal. For the USE bumbass long-necked, fretted fiddle of Northern India and An instrument in which the reeds move freely at Pakistan, see dilrubā. flat-top guitar one end, not overlapping any opening. USE guitar UF israj BT aerophone flauta pastoril BT bowed lute NT accordion USE gaita (pipe) eunuch flute flauto d'amore USE kazoo pitchpipe USE flûte d'amour euphonium reed organ The tenor instrument of the tuba family. For the flauto dolce horn baritone of the saxhorn family see baritone horn. USE recorder USE horn BT brass instrument flaviol fretless zither euphonium (clavicylinder) UF fabiol USE harp zither USE clavicylinder flabiol fretted instrument eVI (electronic valve instrument) fluviol USE bowed string instrument USE wind controller BT pipe (musical instrument) friction drum eVI wind controller flower pot A drum in which the membrane is made to vibrate USE wind controller USE flowerpot through direct or indirect friction. eWI (electronic wind instrument) flowerpot BT drum USE wind controller UF flower pot friction instrument explosion calliope plant pot NT cuíca USE pyrophone BT percussion instrument ekue explosion organ flugelhorn friction idiophone USE pyrophone BT brass instrument BT idiophone fabiol flute friction instrument The flute of European art music. For generic uses NT amplified palette USE flaviol of flute see ductless flute or duct flute. fagottino clavicylinder UF Boehm flute USE tenoroon cristal concert flute fair organ daxophone transverse flute USE fairground organ glass BT ductless flute fairground organ A mechanical organ used for outdoor NT alto flute harmonichord entertainments and circuses. bass flute UF band organ contrabass flute singing bowl fair organ flûte d'amour showground organ hyperbass flute BT mechanical organ piccolo feadóg stáin subcontrabass flute wind machine USE penny whistle friction instrument fêli An ensemble of two or more flutes of any type. An instrument sounded by the use of direct or A single-headed goblet drum with attached metal UF flute ensemble indirect friction to the instrument itself. rattles. BT woodwind ensemble BT instrument BT goblet drum flute clock NT bowed string instrument female voice USE musical clock friction drum UF woman's d'amore friction idiophone BT singer USE flûte d'amour hurdy-gurdy NT alto voice flûte d'amour mezzo-soprano voice A member of the flute family that is associated with USE svirala Western art music and is pitched in A or B♭, between soprano voice the C concert flute and the G alto flute. full orchestra fiddle USE orchestra UF amore, flûte d' BT bowed lute flauto d'amore fiddle, Black Sea USE gŭdulka flute d'amore USE kamānche Gaelic harp Liebesflöte fiddle, bladder USE Irish harp BT flute USE bumbass gagaku-biwa flute ensemble fiddle, devil's USE biwa USE flute choir USE skrzypce gaita (bagpipe) flute-playing clock fiddle, nun's BT bagpipe USE musical clock USE trumpet marine gaita (pipe) fluviol fiddle, straw UF flauta pastoril USE flaviol USE xylophone BT pipe (musical instrument) folk bass guitar fife gaku-biwa USE acoustic bass guitar BT ductless flute USE biwa foot clapping USE foot tapping

MP-11 galizona gnbri USE calichon UF piccolo recorder USE gunibrī gallichon sopranissimo recorder goblet drum USE calichon BT recorder BT drum gallichone garmon NT darabukka USE calichon USE accordion djembe gallizona gayagŭm dümbelek USE calichon USE kayagŭm fêli galoubet gazoo klō̜ng ǣ UF jombarde USE kazoo klō̜ng yāo gazooka zarb BT pipe (musical instrument) USE kazoo goč gamba, viola da gazoota USE tupan USE viola da gamba USE kazoo godie gamba (family of ) ge hu USE goge USE viol A large four-stringed Chinese instrument from the goge 1950s that is tuned like a cello. UF godie A wooden or bamboo xylophone of and UF Indonesia. BT hu qin gonje BT xylophone gehu BT bowed lute gamelan USE ge hu gogen-biwa An ensemble from , Java, and the surrounding gemendze USE biwa areas consisting of various , USE kamānche and drums. gogo (lute) gender USE gunibrī UF gamelang A multi-octave mallet instrument from Java and goje BT instrumental ensemble Bali. USE goge NT BT mallet instrument gom-gom gamelan genggong USE gora gamelan gong gede USE Jew's harp goma ghaṙā USE ngoma gamelan jegog USE ghaṭa gombri gamelan joged bumbung ghaṭa USE gunibrī gamelan semar pegulingan UF ghaṙā gomo gamelan degung ghaṭi A small gamelan ensemble from Sunda. USE ngoma kaṭam gomungo BT gamelan BT drum USE kŏmunʼgo gamelan genggong ghaṭi gong A gamelan ensemble from Bali. USE ghaṭa BT percussion idiophone BT gamelan ghichak NT ching (gong) gamelan gong gede UF gidzhak hsiao luo A large gamelan ensemble associated with gijak tam-tam Balinese temples and old court ceremonies. BT bowed lute UF gong gede gong, rin gidzhak USE singing bowl BT gamelan USE ghichak gamelan gong kebyar gong, gijak USE singing bowl A 20th century gamelan from North Bali. USE ghichak UF gong kebyar gong gede gimbri USE gamelan gong gede BT gamelan USE gunibrī gamelan jegog gong kebyar girls' chorus USE gamelan gong kebyar A gamelan consisting of bamboo from BT chorus West Bali. gonje gjold USE goge UF jegog USE gŭdulka BT gamelan gonrang glass BT instrumental ensemble gamelan joged bumbung A glass of any shape or size manipulated to A gamelan consisting of four or more tingklik with produce sound. gora added flutes, drums and gong, used to accompany UF gom-gom BT friction idiophone social dance. gorah percussion instrument UF gamelan pajogedan gorra glass harmonica joged bumbung gowra UF armonica pejogedan bumbung 'goerra glasses, musical BT gamelan t'gorrah harmonica, glass gamelan pajogedan BT musical bow musical glasses USE gamelan joged bumbung gorah BT friction idiophone gamelan semar pagulingan USE gora glasses, musical USE gamelan semar pegulingan gorra USE glass harmonica gamelan semar pegulingan USE gora verrophone A court gamelan from Bali. gottuvadyam glaw-ng æ UF gamelan semar pagulingan A fretless vina from Southern India. USE klō̜ng ǣ semar pagulingan UF block instrument glaw-ng yao semar pegulingan mahanataka vina USE klō̜ng yāo BT gamelan BT vina gliṅ-bu gamelang gourd (rattle) USE limbe USE gamelan USE cabaca gling-bu gamlka gowra USE limbe USE gŭdulka USE gora glock gan gan grall de pastor USE glockenspiel USE agogo USE gralla glockenspiel gángán gralla UF bell lyra USE talking drum A small shawm-like double-reed instrument from ganzá (scraped idiophone) bell lyre Catalonia and Spain. USE reco-reco bells, orchestra UF grall de pastor gao hu bells, orchestral xaramita A string instrument similar to the er hu, but smaller bells (glockenspiel) xirimita and with a higher tone. chimes (glockenspiel) BT double reed instrument UF glock gran lira high hu lyra, bell USE lirone yue hu lyre, bell grand piano BT hu qin orchestra bells USE piano gaodi orchestral bells USE bangdi BT mallet instrument BT recorder gaohu gmbri grinder organ USE gao hu USE gunibrī USE barrel organ

MP-12 gu zheng Africa. hardingfele USE zheng UF gimbri BT bowed lute guan gmbri Harding fiddle UF bili gnbri USE Hardanger fiddle guan zi gogo (lute) hardingfele guanzi gombri USE Hardanger fiddle kuan tzu guembri canon BT double reed instrument guenbrit A plucked box zither with 44 or 88 strings invented guan zi guimbri by Harry Partch. USE guan guinbri BT plucked string instrument guanzi gumbri zither USE guan gunbri harmonica hejhuj UF mouth harmonica USE guiro BT mouth organ gudastviri BT plucked lute NT USE chiboni harmonica, chemical gŭdulka USE qin USE pyrophone UF gadulka gusla harmonica, glass gamlka USE gusle USE glass harmonica gjold gusle harmonica ensemble kemene A single-string bowed lute of Southeastern Europe. An ensemble consisting of two or more . kopanka For the psaltery from Russia see . tsigulka UF gusla BT instrumental ensemble BT bowed string instrument BT bowed lute harmonichord guembri gusli BT friction idiophone USE gunibrī A psaltery from Russia. For the single-string keyboard instrument guenbrit bowed lute of Southeastern Europe see gusle. harmonium USE gunibrī UF husli USE reed organ guimbri BT psaltery harmonium, bichromatic USE gunibrī gutbucket USE bichromatic harmonium guinbri USE harp USE gunibrī An unspecified chordophone in which the plane of USE zheng strings is perpendicular to the soundboard. For the guiro modern Western , use pedal harp. gyil UF calabazo BT plucked string instrument guayo UF djil BT xylophone NT audeharp ralladera claviharpe rascador Hackbrett USE dulcimer Irish harp BT scraped idiophone kong hou guiro (rattle) haegŭm A two-string spike fiddle from Korea. pedal harp USE cabaca saùng-gauk UF hyegum guitar triple harp BT bowed lute UF acoustic guitar harp bow halur arched-top guitar USE musical bow USE bānsurī classical guitar harp ensemble hammer dulcimer An ensemble consisting of two or more . USE dulcimer flat-top guitar BT plucked instrument ensemble Spanish guitar hammered dulcimer USE dulcimer BT plucked lute A guitar with any number of additional unstopped NT acoustic bass guitar hammered dulcimer, Hungarian strings that can accommodate individual plucking. bajo sexto USE cimbalom BT guitar chitarra battente Hammond Novachord zither electric guitar USE Novachord harp-lute harp guitar hand clapping An unspecified instrument in the Sachs-Hornbostel lyre-guitar UF clapping, hand harp-lute category. resonator guitar BT body percussion UF bridge harp hand organ BT string instrument guitar, harp-lute USE barrel organ NT kamele USE harp-lute guitar hand piano guitar, Portuguese USE mbira harp-lute guitar USE guitarra portuguesa hand piano, African Any one of the family of instruments invented by guitar ensemble USE mbira Edward Light in the late 18th and early 19th centuries that combined aspects of the guitar or lute with an An ensemble consisting of two or more . handbell extended harp-styled neck that held extra strings. UF guitar orchestra A bell with a handle held in the hand for ringing. BT bell UF guitar, harp-lute BT plucked instrument ensemble BT plucked lute guitar orchestra handbell choir An ensemble consisting of two or more . harp-piano USE guitar ensemble A harp-shaped instrument fitted with a keyboard. guitar violoncello UF handbell team BT keyboard instrument USE arpeggione BT percussion ensemble plucked string instrument guitar zither handbell team zither USE harp zither USE handbell choir choir harp zither guitare en bateau A fretless zither with two sets of strings, one tuned USE chitarra battente An ensemble consisting of two or more handchimes. to a scale and the other to complete the chords in the guitarillo key of the melody strings. USE UF handchime team UF chord zither guitarra portuguesa handchime ensemble fretless zither UF guitar, Portuguese BT percussion ensemble guitar zither handchime ensemble MacArthur harp BT plucked lute USE handchime choir guitar zither guitarrón handchime team mandolin harp zither A fretless bass guitar from . USE handchime choir mandolin zither UF guitarrón mexicano handchimes zither harp A chime, usually in the shape of a square tube, BT plucked lute with an external clapper that is rung by hand. BT plucked string instrument guitarrón mexicano BT chimes zither USE guitarrón hankin harpola gulintangan USE BT plucked string instrument USE Hardanger fiddle toy instrument gumbri A traditional violin of Western Norway with four or zither USE gunibrī five sympathetic strings running beneath the harpsichord gunbri . UF cembalo USE gunibrī UF Harding fiddle (harpsichord) gunibrī A plucked lute with one to three strings from North

MP-13 harpsichord (Continued) kotsuzumi ikivuvu BT keyboard instrument talking drum USE inanga plucked string instrument hsiao luo imzad zither UF xiaoluo A single-string rubāb with a high bridge a curved NT arcicembalo BT gong neck. clavicytherium hsien tse UF amzad electronic harpsichord USE anzad pedal harpsichord hu hu anzhad lincea BT hu qin inzad harpsichord ensemble hu qin rabāba (imzad) An ensemble consisting of two or more solo A generic term for a Chinese spike fiddle, usually BT rubāb . with two strings, but sometimes three or four. inanga BT keyboard ensemble UF UF ikivuvu hautbois de Poitou BT bowed string instrument indimbagazo A straight wind-cap shawm from France. NT da kuan hsien langa BT double reed instrument er hu lulanga Hawaiian guitar gao hu nanga USE steel guitar ge hu BT plucked string instrument Hawaiian steel guitar hu hu zither USE steel guitar jing hu indimbagazo head rapping zhui qin USE inanga UF rapping, head huagu indirectly struck idiophone BT body percussion USE yaogu An unspecified or undetermined idiophone in which heckelphone huang zhong the percussion is produced indirectly, such as by shaking or scraping the instrument. A double-reed instrument with a wide and BT ductless flute spherical bell sounding an octave below the oboe. hueco BT struck idiophone BT double reed instrument USE catá NT jawbone heike-biwa humle scraped idiophone USE biwa USE noordsche balk shaken idiophone hejhuj Talerschwingen USE gunibrī USE noordsche balk Hungarian hammered dulcimer in̄goma A valved brass instrument of the tuba family USE cimbalom USE ngoma distinguished by its circular shape, allowing the hunting horn ingomba performer to rest the weight of the instrument on his USE ngoma shoulder. USE horn huqin instrument BT tuba Any unspecified or undetermined solo instrument. USE hu qin heliphon UF musical instrument A MIDI-controlled xylophone in the shape of a hurdy-gurdy double played by striking the keys with An instrument in which a crank-turned rosined unspecified instrument solenoids. wheel vibrates the strings, whose pitches are BT performer BT electronic instrument manipulated on a keyboard or buttons. NT aerophone mallet instrument UF lyra continuo hiang te organistrum electronic instrument USE suo na friction instrument hichiriki vielle à roue idiophone A Japanese oboe made of bamboo and with a BT friction instrument keyboard instrument reverse conical bore. zither mechanical instrument BT double reed instrument husli melody instrument high E♭ clarinet USE gusli membranophone USE sopranino clarinet husor percussion high E-flat clarinet USE bānsurī percussion instrument USE sopranino clarinet huur, morin plucked instrument high hu USE morin huur string instrument USE gao hu hybrid piano toy instrument high treble viol USE digital player piano instrumental ensemble USE pardessus de viole hydraulic barrel organ An ensemble consisting of diverse instruments that high voice BT barrel organ cannot be described by a more specific term. A high-register voice that is not otherwise BT ensemble specified. hydraulic organ NT accordion band BT singer USE water organ balalaika orchestra NT child soprano voice hydraulis band soprano voice USE water organ bowed string ensemble tenor voice hydraulos concertina ensemble Himalayan bowl USE water organ dulcimer ensemble USE singing bowl hydraulus electronics hojŏk USE water organ gamelan USE tʻaepʻyŏngso hyegum gonrang hommel USE haegŭm harmonica ensemble USE noordsche balk hyŏnʼgŭm jazz combo horn USE kŏmunʼgo jug band An orchestral valved or valveless . For hyper bass flute keyboard ensemble an unspecified valveless horn see natural horn. USE hyperbass flute khrū̜ang sāi UF French horn hyperbass flute mahōrī hunting horn UF hyper bass flute orchestra BT brass instrument BT flute percussion ensemble horn choir ichigen-kin pipe band USE horn ensemble USE ichigenkin pīphāt horn ensemble ichigenkin plucked instrument ensemble An ensemble consisting of two or more horns. A single-string Japanese zither. plung orchestra UF horn choir UF hankin string band BT brass ensemble ichigen-kin houleur BT plucked string instrument USE rouleur zither toy orchestra hourglass drum idiophone washboard band A struck drum with a body that is smaller in An unspecified or undetermined instrument that wind ensemble diameter in the middle than at the ends. produces sound through vibration of the instrument zither ensemble BT drum itself. inzad NT batá BT instrument USE imzad changgo NT friction idiophone Irish harp damba plucked idiophone Use for a variety of small, gut-string harps used in struck idiophone Celtic or Celtic-derived music. UF Celtic harp

MP-14 Gaelic harp jhān-jhān kemancha Scottish harp USE jhāñjh kemanche Welsh harp jhāni kemençe BT harp USE jhāñjh Irish organ jhānj kemendze USE uilleann pipe USE jhāñjh kementche ishibue jhāñjh kyamancha USE iwabue UF jhāni Pontian lyra israj jhānj Pontic kemenche USE esrāj jhān-jhān Pontic lyra Italian chromatic harp jhānjha BT bowed lute USE triple harp BT cymbal iwabue jhānjha USE kamānche A small Japanese stone flute. USE jhāñjh kāmanja UF ishibue jin qian ban USE kamānche stone flute A Chinese clapper used in storytelling. kamantcha stone whistle BT clapper (percussion) USE kamānche BT duct flute jing hu kamele ngoni ja-kae A high-pitched hu qin. A six-stringed harp of the Wassolou region of . USE čhakhē UF UF kamale ngoni jabisen BT hu qin BT harp-lute USE jinghu kañcirā jàkhây USE jing hu USE kañjirā USE čhakhē joged bumbung kanjeera jakhē USE gamelan joged bumbung USE kañjirā USE čhakhē jombarde kañjirā USE galoubet A South Indian frame drum. USE jaltarang jorhi UF kañcirā jaltarang USE algōjā kanjeera A set of bowls tuned by filling them with different jorī BT drum levels of water, struck with bamboo sticks. USE algōjā kanklės UF jal tarang jouhikko USE Baltic psaltery jaltarangam A Finnish bowed lyre with two to four strings. kannel BT percussion idiophone BT bowed string instrument USE Baltic psaltery jaltarangam lyre 'anon USE jaltarang jug USE qānūn jamisen BT wind instrument kanonaki USE sanshin jug band USE qānūn jao pa An instrumental ensemble consisting of one or kanoon BT cymbal more jugs used as bass wind instruments that arose USE qānūn jarana de son huasteco among in the early 20th century as popular entertainment for medicine shows and kantele USE picnics. USE Baltic psaltery jarana huasteca BT instrumental ensemble kanun UF jarana de son huasteco jūshichigen USE qānūn jaranita A 17-string bass from . karadeniz kemençesi BT plucked lute BT koto USE kamānche jaranita kā’eke’eke kaṭam USE jarana huasteca BT percussion idiophone USE ghaṭa jaw bone (plucked lute) kaval USE jawbone A boat-shaped plucked lute from Indonesia. A rim-blown flute of Southeastern Europe and jaw harp Turkey. UF kacaping USE Jew's harp UF caval kecapi jawbone kavali BT plucked lute A jawbone used as an idiophone that may be kavall kacapi (zither) struck, rattled, or rubbed. qawūl UF jaw bone A plucked box zither from the Sundanese areas of . BT ductless flute musical jaw bone UF kecapi (zither) kavali quijada BT plucked string instrument USE kaval quijada de burro zither kavall BT indirectly struck idiophone kacaping USE kaval jaw's harp USE kacapi (plucked lute) kaw law USE Jew's harp kaen A vertical log xylophone of northeastern Thailand. jazz band USE khǣn UF bong lang USE big band kæng khō̜lō̜ jazz combo USE lu A small ensemble associated with jazz that usually pong larng consists of 3 to 6 instruments, including piano, bass, kagurabue drum set, guitar, saxophone, trumpet, percussion, or A six- or seven-hole Japanese flute. pōnglāng other instruments. UF yamatobue BT xylophone BT instrumental ensemble BT ductless flute kaya kum jazz orchestra kalimba USE kayagŭm USE big band USE mbira kayago jedina kamale ngoni USE kayagŭm USE svirala USE kamele ngoni kayagŭm jedinka kʻaman A Korean twelve-stringed zither. USE svirala USE kamānche UF gayagŭm jednojka k'amancha kaya kum USE svirala USE kamānche kayago jegog kamānche kayakko USE gamelan jegog A spike fiddle of the Black Sea region, Pontic kayako jembe Greece, and . kayakum USE djembe UF Black Sea fiddle BT plucked string instrument jenbe Black Sea kemençe zither USE djembe çemençe kayakko Jew's harp fiddle, Black Sea USE kayagŭm UF genggong gemendze kayako jaw harp kʻaman USE kayagŭm jaw's harp k'amancha kayakum khomus kamancheh USE kayagŭm trump kāmanja kazoo BT plucked idiophone kamantcha UF bazoo karadeniz kemençesi bazooka eunuch flute

MP-15 kazoo (Continued) klō̜ng ǣ gazoo virginal A large Thai drum used in Buddhist temples. gazooka keyboard percussion instrument UF glaw-ng æ gazoota USE mallet instrument BT goblet drum tommy talker keyboard stringed instrument klō̜ng yāo zarah USE keyboard instrument A Thai drum played with the hands and used in BT singing membrane keyboard synthesizer festival parades. kecapi USE electronic keyboard UF glaw-ng yao USE kacapi (plucked lute) keyed bugle BT goblet drum kecapi (zither) UF bugle ko USE kacapi (zither) Kent horn USE kotsuzumi kechruk royal Kent bugle kōauau USE angklung (xylophone) BT bugle A flute of the Maori people of New Zealand. kei keyed fiddle UF kooauau BT percussion idiophone UF key fiddle BT ductless flute lökkelje kob A banana-shaped metal idiophone of Java that is nyckelgiga A curved brass horn from India. usually used in pairs. BT natural horn UF kenawak Schlüsselfidel kobsa BT percussion idiophone Schlüsselfiedel USE kemancha BT bowed lute kobuz USE kamānche keyed harp USE qobuz kemanche USE claviharpe USE kamānche USE qobuz kemençe BT trumpet kobza USE kamānche khǣn UF kobsa kemenche UF kaen BT plucked lute USE kamānche khen kōjin-biwa kemendze khène USE biwa USE kamānche BT mouth organ kokle kemene kháw-ng wong USE Baltic psaltery USE gŭdulka USE khō̜ng wong koḷ kementche khen A double-reed instrument of the Kota people of USE kamānche USE khǣn India. kena khène UF koul USE quena USE khǣn BT double reed instrument kena-kena khil-khuur kolintang (gong-chime) USE quena USE morin huur USE kulintang kenawak khim kŏmunʼgo USE kemanak A hammered dulcimer of Laos and Thailand that is A six-stringed fretted, plucked, zither of Korea. Kent bugle similar to, but smaller than, the yang qin. UF gomungo USE keyed bugle UF kim (dulcimer) hyŏnʼgŭm Kent horn BT dulcimer kum USE keyed bugle khlui BT plucked string instrument Kentucky dulcimer A bamboo duct flute from Thailand with six or zither USE Appalachian dulcimer seven finger holes and a thumb hole. kettledrum BT duct flute A long-necked, unfretted, three-stringed lute of the USE timpani Kirghiz people of Central Asia. kettledrums USE mridanga BT plucked lute USE timpani khō̜lō̜ kong hou key fiddle USE kaw law UF USE keyed fiddle khomus BT harp keyboard controller USE Jew's harp konghou A MIDI with a keyboard controller. khong vong USE kong hou BT MIDI controller USE khō̜ng wong kooauau keyboard ensemble khō̜ng wong USE kōauau An ensemble consisting of two or more varied A group of bossed gongs set on a circular frame. kopanka keyboard instruments. UF kháw-ng wong USE gŭdulka BT instrumental ensemble khong vong kopuz NT electronic keyboard ensemble BT percussion idiophone UF qopuz electronic organ ensemble khrū̜ang sāi qupuz harpsichord ensemble A instrumental ensemble consisting of strings and BT plucked lute organ ensemble a flute and used in the Thai court. kora piano ensemble UF khrư̄angsāi A 21-string harp-lute of the Mende people of West player piano ensemble BT instrumental ensemble Africa. keyboard instrument khrư̄angsāi BT harp-lute An unspecified or unidentified keyboard USE khrū̜ang sāi koto instrument. kiak A Japanese zither with 13 strings. UF keyboard stringed instrument USE qobuz BT plucked string instrument string keyboard instrument kīkā kila zither stringed keyboard instrument USE steel guitar NT jūshichigen BT instrument kim (dulcimer) koto ensemble NT carillon USE khim An ensemble consisting of two or more koto. celesta kimbalom BT plucked instrument ensemble clavichord USE cimbalom kotsuzumi clavicylinder kisaanj An hourglass drum used in Japanese theater. claviharpe USE mbira UF ko tsuzumi claviorgan kit BT hourglass drum dolceola USE pochette koul dulcitone kithara USE koḷ electronic keyboard USE cithara electronic piano klaviziterium A six-string bowl lyre from Ethiopia and Eritrea. electronium USE clavicytherium BT lyre harmonichord klavizitherium krummhorn harp-piano USE clavicytherium USE crumhorn harpsichord Klavizylinder kuan tzu lute-harpsichord USE clavicylinder USE guan organ klentangan kudyapi orphéal USE kulintang UF boat lute piano klepalo kutiyapi USE sēmantron kutyapi telharmonium BT plucked lute

MP-16 kūḷalu leaf liu sheng USE veṇu One or more leaves from a tree or other plant that USE lu sheng kulintang produces sound through vibration (as in a reed liuto attiorbato instrument). UF gulintangan USE archlute klentangan BT percussion instrument live electronics kolintang (gong-chime) legawka BT electronics kwintangan USE ligawka lökkelje BT percussion idiophone leunéddas USE keyed fiddle kulintang ensemble USE launeddas lõõtspill A Filipino ensemble consisting of two sets of Liebesflöte BT accordion kulintang and a drum. USE flûte d'amour love flute BT percussion ensemble ligawa USE Native American flute kum USE ligawka low voice USE kŏmunʼgo ligawka BT singer kundi A wooden aerophone from the Mazowsze region of Poland. NT alto voice USE qudi bass-baritone voice UF legawka kurachʼŏlsa kum bass voice ligawa USE yanggŭm basso profondo BT natural horn kurai lowland bagpipes likembe An end-blown flute of the Bashkir and Tatar USE border pipes peoples. USE mbira lowland pipes limbe UF kuray USE border pipes qurai A side-blown flute that originated in China and Mongolia. lu sheng BT ductless flute UF gliṅ-bu UF kæng kuray liu sheng USE kurai gling-bu lingbu BT mouth organ kutiyapi lulanga USE kudyapi BT ductless flute lingbu USE inanga kututeng luo gu USE mbira USE limbe linguaphone UF luo gu ensemble kutyapi BT percussion ensemble USE kudyapi USE mbira lionéddas luo gu ensemble kwintangan USE luo gu USE kulintang USE launeddas lira kyamancha BT natural horn USE kamānche USE bowed string instrument lyre lute kytte A fretted plucked-string instrument with a pear- USE pochette lira (lirone) shaped body that was popular in 16th-18th century kyyak USE lirone Europe. For other lute-type instruments, see plucked USE qobuz lira (short-necked fiddle) lute and bowed lute. la pa UF lyra (short-necked fiddle) UF lyra USE suo na BT bowed lute BT plucked lute lambeg drum lira da braccio NT archlute A large double-headed drum associated with the UF lira da spalla Baroque lute Orange Order in Northern and traditionally lira di sette corde Renaissance lute used in parades. lira moderna lute, Brazilian BT drum lyra (lira da braccio) USE viola-de-cocho lamellaphone BT bowed lute lute-clavier USE mbira lira da gamba USE lute-harpsichord USE lirone lute consort USE mbira lira da spalla USE lute ensemble langa USE lira da braccio lute ensemble USE inanga lira di sette corde An ensemble consisting of two or more European USE lira da braccio lutes, often of different sizes. A fretted Norwegian box zither. lira doppia UF lute consort BT psaltery USE lirone BT plucked instrument ensemble lap dulcimer lira grande lute-harpsichord USE Appalachian dulcimer USE lirone A gut-strung harpsichord with a mellow tone similar large orchestra lira in gamba to a lute. USE orchestra USE lirone UF lautenclavicymbel launeddas lira moderna Lautenwerk A polyphonic single-reed instrument with three USE lira da braccio pipes that originated in Southern Sardinia. lirica lute-clavier UF aenas UF liritza theorbo-harpsichord benas BT bowed lute BT plucked string instrument bisònas liritza keyboard instrument enas USE lirica zither leunéddas lirone luthéal lionéddas UF arcivioladaslyras UF piano luthéal sonus de canna arciviolata BT triédda arciviolatalira lyra truédda gran lira USE bowed string instrument truvédda lira (lirone) hurdy-gurdy BT single reed instrument lira da gamba lute lautenclavicymbel lira doppia lyre USE lute-harpsichord lira grande lyra, bell lautenwerck lira in gamba USE glockenspiel USE lute-harpsichord lirone perfetto lyra (lira da braccio) Lautenwerk lyra (lirone) USE lira da braccio USE lute-harpsichord lyra de gamba lyra (lirone) lyra perfecta USE lirone A Turkish plucked lute with tied , popular in the lyrone lyra (short-necked fiddle) early 20th century. BT bowed lute USE lira (short-necked fiddle) UF politiko lirone perfetto lyra bastarda BT plucked lute USE lirone USE baryton lead singer lyra de gamba A performer who sings the main solo vocal A stone or a set of stones that is struck to produce USE lirone portions of a popular song, often as part of a band. sound. lyra perfecta UF lead vocalist BT percussion idiophone USE lirone BT singer liu qin lead vocalist BT plucked lute UF lyro-viol USE lead singer

MP-17 lyra viol (Continued) sticcado pastorale mbira UF African hand piano BT viol xylophone hand piano lyre hand piano, African An unspecified string instrument whose strings are zoomoozophone kalimba attached to a yoke that lies in the same plane as the mallet percussions kisaanj soundtable. USE mallet instrument kututeng UF lira mando-cello lamellaphone lyra USE mandoloncello lamellophone BT plucked string instrument likembe NT begena USE mandoloncello linguaphone cithara marimba (mbira) crwth UF mandolino marímbula jouhikko mandora mbila krar nsansi simsimīyya mandorre sandza surrogate kithara BT mandolin sansa talharpa mandolin sansi lyre, bell UF mandoline thumb piano USE glockenspiel BT plucked lute BT plucked idiophone lyre-guitar NT mandola mechanical clock-organ BT guitar mandoloncello USE musical clock lyro-viol mandolin ensemble mechanical instrument USE lyra viol An ensemble consisting of two or more An unspecified instrument whose sound is lyrone instruments of the mandolin family. produced fully or partially through automated means. USE lirone UF mandolin orchestra UF automatic instrument ma tʻou chʻin BT plucked instrument ensemble automatic musical instrument USE morin huur mandolin guitar zither automatophone MacArthur harp USE harp zither BT instrument USE harp zither mandolin harp zither NT clock chimes machada USE harp zither mechanical organ USE cavaquinho mandolin orchestra mechanical piano machete USE mandolin ensemble metronome USE cavaquinho mandolin zither music box machete-de-braga USE harp zither orchestrion USE cavaquinho mandoline panharmonicon machetinho USE mandolin phonograph turntable USE cavaquinho mandolino violano-virtuoso mādal USE mandola mechanical organ UF mādala mandoloncello An unspecified mechanized organ. BT drum UF mando-cello UF automatic organ mādala mandocello BT mechanical instrument USE mādal BT mandolin organ madinda mandora NT barrel organ USE amadinda USE calichon calliope magnetic resonator piano mandola fairground organ An electronically-augmented acoustic grand piano mandore musical clock using electromagnets to extend the capabilities of the traditional piano without speakers or amplification. USE mandola player organ UF MRP (magnetic resonator piano) mandorlauten water organ BT piano USE calichon mechanical piano An unspecified mechanized piano. mahanataka vina mandorre USE gottuvadyam USE mandola BT mechanical instrument mahōrī mandurria piano An instrumental ensemble originating in Thailand USE bandurria NT barrel piano that combines melodic and rhythmic percussion, Männerchor player piano string, and wind instruments. USE men's chorus mechanical singing-bird box BT instrumental ensemble UF mechanical singing-bird tabatière male voice BT shaken idiophone singing-bird box, mechanical BT singer marching band tabatière, mechanical singing-bird NT baritone voice BT band BT music box bass-baritone voice marimba mechanical singing-bird tabatière bass voice UF USE mechanical singing-bird box basso profondo BT mallet instrument medium voice boy soprano voice NT bass marimba BT singer changing voice marimba (mbira) NT baritone voice countertenor voice USE mbira mezzo-soprano voice tenor voice marimba ensemble megaphone mallet controller BT mallet ensemble A device used to amplify other media in the An electronic instrument that simulates the sound marimba-xylophone performance of a musical work. of a mallet instrument. USE xylorimba BT wind instrument UF xylophone controller marimbaphone NT vamp-horn BT mallet instrument USE marimba mellophone percussion controller marímbula USE alto horn mallet ensemble USE mbira melodeon (button-key accordion) An ensemble consisting of two or more different marine trumpet BT button-key accordion mallet instruments of any type. USE trumpet marine melodeon (reed organ) BT percussion ensemble marovany (box zither) USE reed organ NT marimba ensemble BT plucked string instrument melodica mallet instrument zither A keyboard harmonica. An unspecified mallet instrument of any type. marovany (tube zither) UF scaletta UF keyboard percussion instrument USE valiha BT harmonica mallet percussions Martenot melody flute BT percussion idiophone USE ondes Martenot BT duct flute NT balo Martenot's ondes musicales toy instrument bamboo marimba USE ondes Martenot melody instrument diamond marimba matou qin An unspecified instrument on which more than one gender USE morin huur note can be played. glockenspiel matouqin BT instrument heliphon USE morin huur NT bass instrument mallet controller mbila meloharp marimba USE mbira BT zither

MP-18 membranophone morin huur gora An unspecified instrument whose sound is UF huur, morin mouth bow produced via vibrations of a stretched membrane. khil-khuur musical box BT instrument ma tʻou chʻin USE music box NT drum matou qin musical clock singing membrane matouqin A clock equipped with a mechanical organ. For mendjan BT bowed lute sounds produced by a clock equipped with a carillon or other chiming mechanism use clock chimes. USE mendzan mōsō-biwa mendzan USE biwa UF clock, musical UF mendzang mountain dulcimer clock-organ mendjan USE Appalachian dulcimer flute clock menjyang mouseketier flute-playing clock menzan BT electronic instrument mechanical clock-organ BT xylophone mouth bow BT mechanical organ mendzang BT musical bow musical glasses USE mendzan NT chipendani USE glass harmonica menjyang mouth drum verrophone USE mendzan USE vocal percussion musical instrument men's chorus mouth harmonica USE instrument A chorus of adult male voices. USE harmonica musical jaw bone UF Männerchor mouth organ USE jawbone BT chorus An unspecified mouth organ. musical saw menzan BT free reed instrument UF saw, musical USE mendzan NT harmonica saw, singing meta-harp khǣn singing saw BT plucked string instrument lu sheng BT friction idiophone zither plung struck idiophone metronome sheng musical synthesizer BT electronic instrument shō USE synthesizer mechanical instrument mr̥dang musical toy instrument mey USE mridanga USE toy instrument UF nay (oboe) mr̥daṅga musicsticks BT double reed instrument USE mridanga USE clapsticks mezzo-soprano (singer) mr̥daṅgam nadasvaram USE mezzo-soprano voice USE mridanga USE nāgasvaram mezzo-soprano oboe mridanga USE oboe d'amore Any of several types of double-headed drum used USE nāgasvaram mezzo-soprano voice to accompany devotional music and known by nāgasuram UF mezzo-soprano (singer) various names in different regions of India. USE nāgasvaram BT female voice UF khol nāgasvaram medium voice mirdang UF nadasvaram MIDI controller mr̥dang nadaswaram BT electronic instrument mr̥daṅga nāgasuram NT keyboard controller mr̥daṅgam nâgaswaram wind controller nākasvaram MIDI-harpsichord mirutaṅkam nāyanam USE electronic harpsichord miruthangam BT double reed instrument military band pakhāvaj nâgaswaram USE band pakhawaj USE nāgasvaram mime BT drum UF mime artist mridangam USE nāy (flute) BT performer USE mridanga panpipes mime artist mriqq nākasvaram USE mime USE riqq USE nāgasvaram mirdang MRP (magnetic resonator piano) nal USE mridanga USE magnetic resonator piano USE nāy (flute) mirliton mukha nallari BT singing membrane USE mukhavīṇā USE tʻaepʻyŏngso mirutaṅkam mukhavīṇā nanga USE mridanga UF mukha veena USE inanga miruthangam BT double reed instrument nāqūs (sēmantron) USE mridanga multi-media USE sēmantron mišnice USE mixed media narrator UF mjersnice multimedia USE speaker BT bagpipe USE mixed media Native American flute mixed chorus musette (bagpipe) UF American Indian flute BT chorus USE bagpipe love flute mixed media musette (oboe) Native flute Non-musical elements such as movement, UF musette pipe BT duct flute projected images, audience participation, etc., or BT oboe NT sĭyotanka effects related to electronic music. musette pipe Native American love flute UF multi-media USE musette (oboe) USE Native American flute multimedia music box natural horn BT ensemble UF musical box An unspecified valveless horn. For the orchestral performer BT mechanical instrument valved or valveless French horn, use horn. mjersnice plucked idiophone BT brass instrument USE mišnice NT mechanical singing-bird box NT alphorn mobile phone music conductor bugle USE cell phone USE conductor didjeridu mock trumpet music director kob USE chalumeau USE conductor ligawka Mongolian zither music sampler software lur USE USE software sampler oliphant monochord music synthesizer post horn BT plucked string instrument USE synthesizer Russian horn zither musical bow NT crychord A bow that is played as a musical instrument in its túru (side-blown trumpet) moon guitar own right and not as a device to draw sound from USE yue qin another instrument. USE trumpet moon lute UF harp bow nāy (flute) USE yue qin BT zither UF nai NT berimbau nal

MP-19 nāy (flute) (Continued) nyckelgiga any type. ney USE keyed fiddle BT keyboard ensemble quṣaba nyckelharpa organette BT ductless flute USE keyed fiddle BT player organ nay (oboe) oboe USE mey BT double reed instrument USE portative nāyanam NT bass oboe organino USE nāgasvaram musette (oboe) USE portative nāykhĩ organistrum USE nāykhīṃ oboe d'amore USE hurdy-gurdy nāykhīṃ taille orkon UF nāykhĩ oboe da caccia UF chromette BT drum BT oboe BT recorder new century harp oboe d'amore BT plucked string instrument UF mezzo-soprano oboe BT plucked lute zither BT oboe orphéal ney oboe ensemble An instrument combining aspects of the piano, USE nāy (flute) An ensemble consisting of two or more of organ, and harmonium. ngoma any type, sometimes also including one or more BT keyboard instrument English horns or other double reed instrument. UF engoma goma BT woodwind ensemble UF oude gomo ocarina ʻūd in̄goma BT duct flute BT plucked lute ingomba octavist oude ngomba USE basso profondo USE oud ngomm oktavist oulèr ngomo USE basso profondo USE rouleur BT drum oulère ngomba USE oliphant USE rouleur USE ngoma oliphant ouleur ngomm UF olifant USE rouleur USE ngoma BT natural horn pakhāvaj ngomo ondes Martenot USE mridanga USE ngoma UF Martenot pakhawaj ngoze Martenot's ondes musicales USE mridanga USE algōjā ondes musicales pan, soprano nickelodeon ondium Martenot USE steel drum USE orchestrion BT electronic instrument pan, steel nishiki-biwa ondes musicales USE steel drum USE biwa USE ondes Martenot nō-flute ondium Martenot USE panpipes USE nōkan USE ondes Martenot pan pipes nō-kan ongnyugŭm USE panpipes USE nōkan BT plucked string instrument pandean pipes noardske balke zither USE panpipes USE noordsche balk OOVE BT string instrument USE tambourine USE nōkan ophicleide pandora nōkan BT brass instrument USE bandora UF nō-flute orator pandore nō-kan USE speaker USE bandora nohkan orchestra pandur A large ensemble consisting of bowed string USE tambūrā (drone lute) BT ductless flute instruments and some combination of wind and other noordsche balk types of instruments, or such an ensemble whose panflute Any of several types of zither played in the Low relative size is not specified. For a small orchestra so USE panpipes Countries. specified, use chamber orchestra. panharmonicon UF hommel UF full orchestra BT mechanical instrument humle large orchestra panpipes hummel BT instrumental ensemble UF antara noardske balke NT chamber orchestra nai orchestra, electrical pan flute BT psaltery USE Novachord pan pipes Northumberland small pipes orchestra bells pandean pipes USE Northumbrian small pipe USE glockenspiel panflute Northumbrian small pipe orchestral bells pan's pipes UF Northumberland small pipes USE glockenspiel BT ductless flute Northumbrian small pipes orchestral chimes NT USE tubular bells panpipes ensemble small pipe, Northumbrian orchestrion An ensemble consisting of two or more sets of small pipes, Northumbrian UF nickelodeon panpipes. BT bagpipe BT mechanical instrument BT woodwind ensemble Northumbrian small pipes organ pan's pipes USE Northumbrian small pipe UF enharmonic organ USE panpipes Northumbrian smallpipes par USE Northumbrian small pipe BT aerophone A cylindrical drum that originated in Tamil Nadu, nose flute keyboard instrument India. BT edge-blown instrument NT bambuso sonoro BT drum notched rattle chamadron par-dessus de viole UF bone rattle chamber organ USE pardessus de viole rattle, bone electronic organ paradon rattle, notched mechanical organ USE baryton BT scraped idiophone portative par̲ai Novachord positive organ UF pirai UF electrical orchestra pyrophone BT frame drum Hammond Novachord theater organ pardessus de viole orchestra, electrical organ, cabinet UF descant viol BT electronic keyboard USE reed organ high treble viol electronic organ organ, parlor par-dessus de viole nsansi USE reed organ quinton USE mbira organ ensemble BT viol nun's fiddle An ensemble consisting of two or more organs of paridon USE trumpet marine USE baryton

MP-20 pariton khō̜ng wong spinet USE baryton kulintang square piano parlor organ lithophone piano, toy USE reed organ mallet instrument USE toy piano pastoral oboe percussion tube USE pipe (musical instrument) polopalo USE accordion pāvā ranāt ēk piano ensemble USE algōjā ranāt thum An ensemble consisting of two or more , pāwā sēmantron each of which has one or more performers. USE algōjā slit drum BT keyboard ensemble pedal clarinet steel drum piano-harp USE contrabass clarinet toy piano BT electronic instrument pedal clavichord triangle piano luthéal A clavichord with a pedal-board like that of an USE luthéal organ. piano organ BT clavichord percussion instrument USE barrel piano pedal harp A single unspecified percussion instrument. For piano-player A modern Western harp. For an unspecified one or more unspecified percussion instruments that USE player piano chordophone in which the plane of strings is are often included as part of a larger ensemble see pianoforte perpendicular to the soundboard see harp. percussion. USE piano BT harp BT instrument piccolo pedal harpsichord NT balloon BT flute A harpsichord with a pedal-board like that of an drum organ. piccolo clarinet (sopranino) drum set USE sopranino clarinet UF pedalcembalo flowerpot piccolo recorder BT harpsichord glass USE garklein recorder leaf A piano with a pedal-board like that of an organ. percussion controller BT trumpet UF pedal pianoforte sound effects pien chung BT piano spoils of war (musical instrument) USE bian zhong pedal pianoforte struck idiophone pillana grōvi USE pedal piano struck string instrument USE veṇu thunder sheet pin peat A steel guitar equipped with a pedal that allows for tin can A Khmer classical court ensemble. instantaneous change of tuning. percussion tube UF bin bādy BT steel guitar UF boomwhacker pinn peat pedalcembalo stamping stick USE pedal harpsichord stamping tube BT ensemble pejogedan bumbung pounding stick pin piah USE gamelan joged bumbung BT percussion idiophone USE phia pelittone performer pincollo BT tuba An unspecified participant in a musical work. penny whistle USE pinkullu NT actor pincullo UF feadóg stáin audience pennywhistle USE pinkullu celebrant pincuyllu conductor whistle (penny whistle) USE pinkullu dancer pingullo BT duct flute instrument pennywhistle USE pinkullu mime pinkayllu USE penny whistle mixed media pentacontachordon USE pinkullu signer USE sambuca lincea voice percussion USE pinkullu phia pinkullu One or more unspecified instruments in the USE phin phia percussion family that are often included as part of a An end-blown flute from the region. phin phia larger ensemble. For a single unspecified percussion UF pincollo instrument see percussion instrument. UF phia pincullo phin pīa BT instrument pincuyllu pin piah percussion controller pingullo BT stick zither BT electronic instrument pinkayllu phin pīa percussion instrument pinkillu USE phin phia NT mallet controller pinquillo phonofiddle percussion ensemble BT duct flute BT instrumental ensemble A one-string violin developed by Augustus Stroh and used in early sound recordings. pinn peat NT drum circle USE pin peat handbell choir BT violin phonograph turntable pinpeat handchime choir USE pin peat kulintang ensemble UF turntable, phonograph turntable system (phonograph) pinquillo luo gu USE pinkullu mallet ensemble BT mechanical instrument pī steel band USE pi pa taiko (drum ensemble) BT double reed instrument pi pa pipe (musical instrument) percussion idiophone An unspecified simple end-blown flute with or An unspecified percussion idiophone. UF Chinese lute without finger holes. pipa BT struck idiophone UF bamboo pipe BT plucked lute NT bell chalumeau (pipe) pianette bilo pastoral oboe USE barrel piano bonang shepherd's pipe piano bronze drum symphonet UF concert grand (piano) cajón pipe fortepiano catá BT duct flute grand piano celesta NT flaviol pianoforte clapsticks gaita (pipe) spinet (piano) cloud chamber bowls galoubet spinnet (piano) crotales pipe band cymbal upright piano An ensemble consisting of two or more bagpipes dulcitone BT keyboard instrument and various drums. gong struck string instrument UF bagpipe band jaltarang zither BT instrumental ensemble kā’eke’eke NT magnetic resonator piano pipe organ kei mechanical piano USE organ kemanak pedal piano pipes, cauld wind prepared piano USE border pipes

MP-21 pipes, lowland guitarrón zheng USE border pipes gunibrī zitho-harp pipes, Scotish lowland harp-lute guitar plucked stringed instrument USE border pipes jarana huasteca USE plucked string instrument pīphāt kacapi (plucked lute) plung An instrumental ensemble of Thailand featuring the kobza BT mouth organ pī. komuz plung orchestra UF sep nyai kopuz An ensemble consisting of two or more plungs. BT instrumental ensemble kudyapi BT instrumental ensemble pirai lavta pochette USE par̲ai liu qin UF kit pʻiri lute kytte BT double reed instrument mandolin pocket fiddle pitch-pipe orpharion Taschengeige USE pitchpipe oud treble violin pitchpipe pi pa BT violin UF pitch-pipe qashkarcha pocket fiddle BT free reed instrument ruan USE pochette pito rubāb podorhythm USE dulzaina sanshin USE foot tapping plant pot sanxian poispil USE flowerpot USE bumbass player organ politiko laouto BT mechanical organ saz USE lavta NT organette setār (Iranian instrument) polopalo player piano BT percussion idiophone UF piano-player shudraga reproducing piano sitar USE shawm BT mechanical piano su̜ng pong lang NT digital player piano tambūrā (drone lute) USE kaw law player piano ensemble tambura (fretted lute) pong larng An ensemble consisting of two or more player ṭanbūr USE kaw law pianos. tanburag pōnglāng BT keyboard ensemble tar (lute) USE kaw law plectral instrument theorbo Pontian lyra USE plucked instrument tiple USE kamānche plucked dulcimer Pontic kemenche USE Appalachian dulcimer ukulele USE kamānche plucked idiophone Pontic lyra BT idiophone viola d'arame USE kamānche plucked instrument viola-de-cocho portatif NT Jew's harp yue qin USE portative mbira plucked string ensemble portatif organ music box USE plucked instrument ensemble USE portative plucked instrument plucked string instrument portativ An unspecified plucked instrument of any material. An unspecified plucked string instrument. For an For a plucked string instrument see plucked string USE portative unspecified plucked instrument of any material see portativ organ instrument. plucked instrument. UF plectral instrument USE portative UF plucked stringed instrument portative BT instrument BT plucked instrument NT plucked idiophone A small organ of treble flue pipes carried by a strap string instrument over the player’s shoulder. plucked string instrument NT Appalachian dulcimer UF organetto plucked instrument ensemble autoharp An ensemble consisting of two or more plucked organino instruments of various types. bandura portatif čhakhē UF plucked string ensemble portatif organ chipendani BT instrumental ensemble portativ citaharp NT balalaika ensemble portativ organ claviorgan guitar ensemble portative organ đàn bâù harp ensemble BT organ diddley bow koto ensemble portative organ harmonic canon lute ensemble USE portative harp mandolin ensemble Portuguese guitar harp-piano tambura (fretted lute) ensemble USE guitarra portuguesa harp zither plucked lute Portuguese viola harpola An unspecified plucked string instrument of the USE viola d'arame Sachs-Hornbostel classification. For the fretted harpsichord positive plucked-string instrument popular in 16th-18th ichigenkin USE positive organ century Europe see lute. inanga positive organ BT plucked string instrument kacapi (zither) A movable organ. NT balalaika kayagŭm UF positive bandolín kŏmunʼgo table organ bandora koto BT organ bandurria lute-harpsichord post horn banjo lyre UF coach-horn banjo ukulele marovany (box zither) posthorn biwa meta-harp BT natural horn bouzouki monochord posthorn calichon new century harp USE post horn cavaquinho ongnyugŭm pounding stick charango plucked lute USE percussion tube cigar box guitar psaltery practice chanter cittern qānūn BT double reed instrument colascione qin pre-recorded audio cuatro Sounds generated, captured, or manipulated in cümbüş stick zither advance and later played back as part of the dömbra tambi performance of a musical work. domra valiha UF tape (electronics) dutār vina recorded audio English guitar virginal recorded sound guitar washtub bass BT electronics guitarra portuguesa yatga prepared piano A piano that has been altered by placing objects

MP-22 on and/or between the strings. quena rapper BT piano UF cuena A vocalist who uses semi-spoken rhymes NT luthéal kena declaimed over a rhythmic musical backing. For a vocalist who primarily creates sounds with the mouth prepared violin kena-kena that approximate, imitate, or otherwise serve the A violin that has been altered by attaching wire or quena-quena same purpose as a percussion instrument, see vocal objects on and/or between the strings. BT ductless flute percussion. BT violin quena-quena BT voice preset rhythm machine USE quena rapping, head USE drum machine querequexé USE head rapping primer clarinet USE reco-reco rascador USE clarinet quíca USE guiro processed sound USE cuíca raspador BT electronics quijada USE reco-reco provençal, tambourin USE jawbone rattle USE tambourin quijada de burro BT shaken idiophone Provence, tambourin de USE jawbone NT baby rattle USE tambourin quinto (drum) psalmodicon BT conga rattle, bone USE psalmodikon quinton USE notched rattle psalmodikon USE pardessus de viole rattle, notched UF psalmodicon quiringua USE notched rattle salmodikon USE ravann BT bowed string instrument qupuz USE ravanne zither USE kopuz ravanne psalterion qurai UF ravann USE psaltery USE kurai BT frame drum psaltery quṣaba rbab An unspecified neckless zither. USE nāy (flute) USE rubāb UF ala rabāb (lute) reader psalterion USE rubāb USE speaker salterio rabāb (spike fiddle) (lute) BT plucked string instrument Any of the various spike common in North USE rubāb zither Africa, the Middle East, and other parts of Asia. rebab (spike fiddle) NT Baltic psaltery UF rabāba (spike fiddle) USE rabāb (spike fiddle) epinette des Vosges rabābah (spike fiddle) rebana gusli rebab (spike fiddle) UF rebano langeleik ribāb (spike fiddle) BT drum noordsche balk spike fiddle rebano puíta BT bowed lute USE rebana USE cuíca rabāba (imzad) rebec pullāṅkulal USE imzad A European bowed lute, normally with a vaulted USE veṇu rabāba (spike fiddle) back and tapering outline. pullankuzhal USE rabāb (spike fiddle) UF rebeck USE veṇu rabābah (lute) rebecke pung USE rubāb rebekke BT drum rabābah (spike fiddle) BT bowed lute pyrophone USE rabāb (spike fiddle) rebeca UF calliope, explosion rabeca USE rabeca calliope, fire UF rebeca rebeck chemical harmonica BT bowed lute USE rebec explosion calliope rabob rebecke explosion organ USE rubāb USE rebec fire calliope racket rebekke fire organ UF cervelas USE rebec flame organ cervelat reco-reco harmonica, chemical cortaldi UF canzá BT organ cortalli caracaxá qānūn casaca UF k'anon rankett catacá kanonaki BT double reed instrument ganzá (scraped idiophone) kanoon rackett querequexé kanun USE racket raspador BT plucked string instrument radio receiver reque-reque zither BT electronic instrument BT scraped idiophone qashkarcha rain stick recorded audio BT plucked lute USE USE pre-recorded audio qawūl rainstick recorded sound USE kaval UF rain stick USE pre-recorded audio qeychak BT shaken idiophone recorder USE sārindā ralladera UF basset recorder qin USE guiro beak flute UF ch'in ram's horn Blockflöte guqin USE shofar common flute BT plucked string instrument rana-t ay-k English flute zither USE ranāt ēk flauto dolce qobuz rànaât eèk subcontrabass recorder UF kiak USE ranāt ēk BT duct flute kobuz ranāt aek NT alto recorder kobyz USE ranāt ēk bass recorder kyyak ranāt dhaṃ contrabass recorder qobyz USE ranāt thum csakan BT bowed lute ranāt ēk garklein recorder qobyz UF rana-t ay-k great bass recorder USE qobuz rànaât eèk orkon qopuz ranāt aek USE kopuz ek soprano recorder quadrachord BT percussion idiophone BT string instrument ranāt thum qudi UF ranāt dhaṃ tussefløyte UF kundi BT percussion idiophone recording and reproducing piano BT di zi rankett USE digital player piano USE racket

MP-23 reed instrument daruan sanāī An unspecified reed instrument. USE śahnāī BT woodwind instrument BT plucked lute sānāyī NT double reed instrument rubāb USE śahnāī single reed instrument UF Afghan lute sandza reed organ rabāb (lute) USE mbira UF cabinet organ rabābah (lute) sangen harmonium rabob USE shamisen melodeon (reed organ) rbab śanja organ, cabinet rebab (lute) USE shudraga organ, parlor ribāb (lute) sansa parlor organ robāb USE mbira BT free reed instrument rohbab sanshin NT bichromatic harmonium rubaub A Japanese three-stringed lute. vocalion rubob UF jabisen Renaissance lute BT plucked lute jamisen A lute popular in Europe from the 15th-17th NT imzad BT plucked lute centuries that has five to twelve courses, the upper rubaub sansi courses tuned primarily in fourths. USE rubāb USE mbira BT lute rubob santir repinque USE rubāb USE santūr An Afro-Brazilian medium-sized single-headed drum, sometimes used in pairs. USE vina USE santūr UF repique rudra vīṇā santūr BT drum USE vina A trapezoidal dulcimer of Asia and the . repique Russian horn USE repinque UF santir BT natural horn reproducing piano santoor ryūteki USE player piano sintir (dulcimer) BT ductless flute reque-reque BT dulcimer sà láw USE reco-reco sanxian USE salō̜ A Chinese long-necked lute. resonator guitar UF dobro UF hsien tse A brass instrument operated using a telescopic xian ze resophonic guitar slide that was generally used in the 15th-18th BT guitar centuries. xianzi BT plucked lute resophonic guitar UF sagbut USE resonator guitar sáo shagbut A Vietnamese transverse bamboo flute. rgya gliṅ shakbush BT ductless flute USE rgya-gling BT trombone sape rgya-gling saenap USE sapeh UF rgya gliṅ USE tʻaepʻyŏngso sapeh BT double reed instrument sagbut An Indonesian plucked lute. rhythm machine USE sackbut USE drum machine śahnāī UF sambe ribāb (lute) UF sanāī sampeh USE rubāb sānāyī sampeq ribāb (spike fiddle) shahnāī sampiʹ USE rabāb (spike fiddle) shanai sape rik sapi USE riqq surnai BT plucked lute rikk BT double reed instrument sapi USE riqq saitār USE sapeh rin gong USE setār (Iranian instrument) sāran.gī USE singing bowl salmodikon USE sāraṅgī rindik USE psalmodikon sarang USE tingklik salō̜ USE sārindā A Thai two-string spike fiddle with a separate bow sāraṅgī USE riqq and coconut shell resonator. A South Asian short-necked fiddle. riqq UF sà láw UF sāran.gī A small circular frame drum with jingles. BT bowed lute BT bowed lute UF doff al-zinjāri salterio sārindā mriqq USE dulcimer A South Asian bowed lute. rik psaltery UF qeychak rikk saluang sarang riq An Indonesian open end-blown bamboo flute. sorud BT tambourine BT ductless flute soruz robāb sambe BT bowed lute USE rubāb USE sapeh sarod rohbab sambuca lincea A South Asian short fretless plucked lute. USE rubāb An enharmonic harpsichord. BT plucked lute UF pentacontachordon sarrusophone USE ranāt ēk BT harpsichord A brass instrument played with a double reed. roopill samisen BT double reed instrument BT single reed instrument USE shamisen satāra roto-tom sampeh USE algōjā UF USE sapeh satsuma-biwa BT drum sampeq USE biwa rototom USE sapeh saùng-gauk USE roto-tom sampiʹ A Burmese arched harp. roulèr USE sapeh UF Burmese harp USE rouleur sampler coṅʻʺ rouleur An electronic musical instrument that has no sound coṅʻʺ kokʻ UF houleur of its own, and whose sounds are entirely derived tsaung from recordings. oulèr BT harp oulère UF sound sampler saw, musical ouleur BT electronic instrument USE musical saw roulèr NT software sampler saw, singing BT drum sampler software USE musical saw royal Kent bugle USE software sampler saw dûa-ng USE keyed bugle sampling drum machine USE sō̜ dūang ruan USE drum machine saw-sǎ- sǎi UF chung juan USE sō̜ sām sāi

MP-24 saw û semar pegulingan schalmuse USE sō̜ ū USE gamelan semar pegulingan shalm sax horn semsemiya shalme USE saxhorn USE simsimīyya shalmie saxhorn semsemiyya shalmuse UF sax horn USE simsimīyya BT double reed instrument BT brass instrument sep nyai shehnai NT alto horn USE pīphāt USE śahnāī baritone horn sequencer shekeré saxoflute An electronic device that creates repeatable USE cabaca A toy wind instrument consisting of 15 pieces that sequences of sound. sheng can be connected in various ways. BT electronic instrument BT mouth organ BT duct flute serng shepherd's pipe toy instrument USE su̜ng USE pipe (musical instrument) saxophone serpent shidurgu UF subcontrabass saxophone UF Schlangenrohr USE shudraga BT single reed instrument serpentone shin bone NT BT brass instrument USE tibia baritone saxophone NT bass-horn (serpent) shinbone bass saxophone serpentone USE tibia contrabass saxophone USE serpent shino setā USE shinobue USE setār (Iranian instrument) shinobue setār (Iranian instrument) A Japanese transverse bamboo flute. saxophone choir An Iranian four-stringed plucked long-necked lute. UF shino USE saxophone ensemble UF saitār takebue saxophone ensemble sehtār BT ductless flute An ensemble consisting of two or more setā shō of any type. setór BT mouth organ UF saxophone choir sihtār shofar BT woodwind ensemble BT plucked lute UF ram's horn saz (sitar) BT natural horn A long-necked fretted lute. USE sitar showground organ BT plucked lute setār (tanburag) USE fairground organ NT bağlama USE tanburag shudraga scaletta setór UF śanja USE melodica USE setār (Iranian instrument) shandz scalmuse seyo go shandze USE shawm USE changgo shanz schalmei shagbut shidurgu USE shawm USE sackbut śhuduġu schalmuse shahnāī BT plucked lute USE shawm USE śahnāī śhuduġu scheitholt shakbush USE shudraga USE noordsche balk USE sackbut sico Schlangenrohr shaken idiophone USE siku USE serpent An unspecified or undetermined idiophone in which sicu Schlüsselfidel the percussion is produced by shaking the instrument. USE siku USE keyed fiddle side drum BT indirectly struck idiophone Schlüsselfiedel USE snare drum NT angklung (rattle) USE keyed fiddle signer cabaca Scottish harp A performer who uses sign language. USE Irish harp egg shaker maraca BT performer Scottish lowland bagpipes sihtār USE border pipes rainstick rattle USE setār (Iranian instrument) Scottish lowland pipes siku USE border pipes tambourine shakuhachi UF sico scraped idiophone sicu An unspecified or undetermined idiophone in which A Japanese end-blown bamboo flute. zampoña the percussion is produced by a scraping movement. UF syakuhati BT panpipes BT indirectly struck idiophone BT ductless flute simandron NT guiro shalm USE sēmantron notched rattle USE shawm simple chordophone reco-reco shalme USE zither washboard USE shawm simsimijah sehtār shalmie USE simsimīyya USE setār (Iranian instrument) USE shawm simsimīyah sekere shalmuse USE simsimīyya USE cabaca USE shawm simsimīyya sēmandron shamisen An Arabian bowl or box lyre. USE sēmantron A Japanese three-stringed fretless plucked lute. UF semsemiya sēmantēr UF samisen semsemiyya USE sēmantron sangen simsimijah sēmantērion BT plucked lute simsimīyah USE sēmantron shanai sumsumīyya sēmanthron USE śahnāī BT lyre USE sēmantron shandz singer sēmantron USE shudraga A performer who uses his or her voice to produce A wooden percussion board struck with a hammer shandze musical tone. For an unspecified vocalized part see and used as a call to . USE shudraga voice. UF klepalo shank bone UF vocalist nāqūs (sēmantron) USE tibia BT voice sēmandron shanz NT child's voice sēmantēr USE shudraga female voice sēmantērion shawm high voice sēmanthron UF bombarde (shawm) lead singer simandron chalmeye low voice toacă chalmie male voice BT percussion idiophone chalumeau (shawm) medium voice semar pagulingan pommer singing-bird box, mechanical USE gamelan semar pegulingan scalmuse USE mechanical singing-bird box schalmei

MP-25 singing bowl sō̜ dūang sound sampler A Himalayan metal bowl that is generally struck or A two-stringed Thai bowed lute. USE sampler rubbed with a padded mallet. UF saw dûa-ng sound synthesizer UF bowl, Himalayan BT bowed lute USE synthesizer bowl, singing so la gong, rin USE suo na BT tuba gong, suzu sō̜ sām sāi Spanish guitar Himalayan bowl A three-stringed Thai spike fiddle. USE guitar rin gong UF saw-sǎ-m sǎi speaker suzu gong BT bowed lute A performer who uses a speaking, rather than a Tibetan singing bowl sō̜ ū singing, voice. BT bell UF saw û UF narrator friction idiophone BT bowed lute orator singing membrane soft sampler reader A membrane made to vibrate by speaking or USE software sampler BT voice singing into it. software sampler spike fiddle BT membranophone UF music sampler software USE rabāb (spike fiddle) NT kazoo sampler software spinet mirliton soft sampler BT piano singing saw BT sampler spinet (harpsichord) USE musical saw sŏlchanggo USE harpsichord singing trumpet USE changgo spinet (piano) USE vamp-horn solo vocal ensemble USE piano single reed instrument An ensemble consisting of solo voices. For an spinnet (piano) An unspecified single reed instrument. ensemble consisting of two or more unspecified USE piano BT reed instrument voices see vocal ensemble. spoils of war (musical instrument) NT bālabān (single reed instrument) BT vocal ensemble BT percussion instrument birbynė solor spoken chorus chalumeau USE bānsurī An ensemble of performers who use a speaking çifte sona voice rather than a singing voice. clarinet USE suo na BT chorus launeddas song bell square piano roopill USE xylophone UF square pianoforte saxophone song flute BT piano tárogató USE tonette square pianoforte sintir sonus de canna USE square piano USE gunibrī USE launeddas squashbox sintir (dulcimer) sopranino clarinet USE concertina USE santūr A sopranino member of the clarinet family that is squeezebox sipsi associated with Western art music and is pitched in USE button-key accordion E♭ or D. USE çifte -pastorella sistro UF D clarinet (sopranino) USE sticcado pastorale A series of small mushroom-shaped bells mounted E♭ clarinet (sopranino) stage band in a frame on a handle. E♭ sopranino clarinet USE big band UF timpano musicale E-flat clarinet (sopranino) stamping stick BT bell E-flat sopranino clarinet USE percussion tube sistrum high E♭ clarinet stamping tube BT rattle high E-flat clarinet USE percussion tube sitar piccolo clarinet (sopranino) stand-up bass UF citara BT clarinet USE double bass setar (sitar) sopranino recorder steel band BT plucked lute BT recorder An ensemble consisting of steel drums and rhythm NT sopranino saxophone instruments. siter BT saxophone UF steel orchestra BT plucked string instrument sopranissimo recorder steelband zither USE garklein recorder tinpanny sĭyotanka soprano, boy (singer) BT percussion ensemble BT Native American flute USE boy soprano voice steel drum skrzypce soprano, child (singer) UF bass pan UF diabelskie skrzypce USE child soprano voice drum, steel devil's fiddle soprano (singer) pan, soprano devil's violin USE soprano voice pan, steel diable skrzype soprano clarinet soprano pan fiddle, devil's USE clarinet steel pan BT violin soprano pan tenor pan slide trombone USE steel drum BT percussion idiophone USE trombone soprano recorder steel guitar UF descant recorder UF Hawaiian guitar USE trumpet BT recorder Hawaiian steel guitar soprano saxophone kīkā kila UF swanee whistle BT saxophone BT guitar swannee whistle soprano voice NT pedal steel guitar BT duct flute UF soprano (singer) steel orchestra slit drum BT female voice USE steel band A hollowed-out piece of wood with one or more high voice steel pan slits. sordellina USE steel drum BT percussion idiophone UF surdellina steelband NT teponaztli BT bagpipe USE steel band wood block sticcado small pipe, Northumbrian USE zūrnā USE sticcado pastorale USE Northumbrian small pipe sornai sticcado pastorale small pipes, Northumbrian USE zūrnā UF staccato-pastorella USE Northumbrian small pipe sorud sticcado snare drum USE sārindā sticcado-pastrole UF caixa soruz BT mallet instrument side drum USE sārindā sticcado-pastrole BT drum sound effects USE sticcado pastorale NT surdo Sounds and noises, primarily percussive that are stick zither tabor often produced by noise-making objects not normally A chordophone consisting of a stick bearing a regarded as musical instruments. tamboril string. tambourin BT percussion instrument BT plucked string instrument zither

MP-26 NT bumbass la pa sound synthesizer phin phia so la synth stone flute sona synthesiser USE iwabue su-na BT electronic instrument stone whistle NT electronic keyboard USE iwabue ta ti ta ti straw fiddle wa wa erh USE suo na USE xylophone wu li wa taar street organ BT double reed instrument USE tar (lute) USE barrel organ suona tabala street piano USE suo na USE tabla USE barrel piano šupeljka tabatière, mechanical singing-bird string band UF šupelka USE mechanical singing-bird box An ensemble consisting largely or wholly of string BT ductless flute tabla instruments and often associated with jazz music. šupelka A pair of small, tuned, hand-played drums from BT instrumental ensemble USE šupeljka South Asia. string bass surbahar UF tabala USE double bass BT sitar BT drum string ensemble surdellina table organ USE bowed string ensemble USE sordellina USE positive organ string instrument surdo tabor An unspecified string instrument. For an UF caixa-surda BT snare drum unspecified string instrument played with a bow see tabor pipe bowed string instrument. BT snare drum surlă USE pipe (musical instrument) UF chordophone USE zūrnā tabour stringed instrument surle USE tambourin BT instrument USE zūrnā tabourin NT bowed string instrument surna USE tambourin harp-lute USE zūrnā taegŭm OOVE surnai A transverse ductless bamboo flute of Korea. plucked string instrument USE śahnāī UF chŏ quadrachord zūrnā chŏttae struck string instrument surrogate kithara daegeum zither BT lyre daegŭm string instrument ensemble suzu gong BT ductless flute USE bowed string ensemble USE singing bowl tʻaepʻyŏngso string keyboard instrument sviraja UF hojŏk USE keyboard instrument USE svirala nallari string orchestra saenap An orchestra consisting solely or primarily of string svirala instruments. UF duduk (duct flute) swaenap BT instrumental ensemble frula BT double reed instrument stringed instrument jedina taiko USE string instrument jedinka BT drum stringed instrument ensemble jednojka taiko (drum ensemble) sviraja An ensemble consisting mainly of indigenous USE bowed string ensemble Japanese percussion instruments. stringed keyboard instrument svirale žvegljica BT percussion ensemble USE keyboard instrument taille strings BT duct flute svirale UF taille de hautbois USE bowed string ensemble taille d'hautbois struck idiophone USE svirala swaenap tenor oboe BT idiophone BT oboe percussion instrument USE tʻaepʻyŏngso swanee whistle taille de hautbois NT amplified palette USE taille concussion idiophone USE slide whistle swannee whistle taille d'hautbois indirectly struck idiophone USE taille musical saw USE slide whistle syakuhati takebue percussion idiophone USE shinobue struck string instrument USE shakuhachi sybysghy talempong BT percussion instrument BT instrumental ensemble string instrument USE sybyzghy sybysgy Talerrollen NT berimbau USE Talerschwingen clavichord USE sybyzghy sybyzghy Talerschwingen dulcimer UF Talerrollen piano A Kazakh or Kyrgyz side- or end-blown flute made from wood, reed, or metal. BT indirectly struck idiophone tangent piano UF sybysghy talharpa stviri sybysgy BT bowed string instrument USE chiboni sybyzgy lyre su-na sybyzyk talking drum USE suo na BT ductless flute UF dùndún subcontrabass flute gángán A flute in G, pitched two octaves below the alto sybyzgy flute and two and a half octaves below the concert USE sybyzghy BT hourglass drum flute. sybyzyk tam-tam UF double contra-alto flute USE sybyzghy A large flat gong of indefinite pitch. BT flute symphonet UF tamtam subcontrabass recorder USE pipe (musical instrument) BT gong USE recorder symphonic band ṭambal subcontrabass saxophone USE band BT dulcimer USE saxophone symphonic wind ensemble tambi suifūkin USE band BT plucked string instrument BT edge-blown instrument symphonic winds zither suling USE band tambor BT duct flute synth USE atabaque sumsumīyya USE synthesizer tamboril USE simsimīyya synthesiser BT snare drum su̜ng USE synthesizer tamborim UF serng synthesizer BT frame drum BT plucked lute An electronic instrument capable of producing tambou suo na sounds by generating electrical signals of different A French drum formed from a hollowed frequencies. out tree trunk covered in animal skin. UF chi na UF music synthesizer hiang te BT drum musical synthesizer

MP-27 tamboura tanbureh tenor oboe USE tambūrā (drone lute) BT plucked lute USE English horn tambourin tanburak taille A double-headed snare drum from Provence. For USE tanburag tenor pan the single-headed frame drum, usually with jingles tanbureh USE steel drum hanging loosely from openings in the shell, see tambourine. USE tanburag tenor recorder UF Provence, tambourin de tangent piano BT recorder A keyboard instrument whose strings are struck by tenor saxophone provençal, tambourin slips of wood that resemble harpsichord jacks. tabour BT saxophone BT keyboard instrument tenor trombone tabourin struck string instrument tambourin de Provence USE trombone zither tenor viol tambourin provençal tanpūrā BT snare drum BT viol USE tambūrā (drone lute) tenor violin tambourin de Provence tanso USE tambourin BT bowed lute BT ductless flute tenor voice tambourin provençal tap bell USE tambourin UF tenor (singer) UF call bell BT high voice tambourine desk bell A small single-headed frame drum, usually with male voice jingles hanging loosely from openings in the shell. For BT bell tenora the double-headed snare drum from Provence see tap box BT double reed instrument tambourin. USE wood block tenoroon UF adufo tap dancer UF fagottino basque, tambour de A performer who tap as part of a musical tenor bassoon composition. pandeiro BT bassoon tambur de basque BT dancer téorbe BT frame drum tape (electronics) USE theorbo shaken idiophone USE electronics tepenahuasqui NT riqq pre-recorded audio USE teponaztli tambouritza tapping, foot teponagua USE tambura (fretted lute) USE foot tapping USE teponaztli ṭambūr tar (drum) teponahuaztli USE ṭanbūr BT frame drum USE teponaztli tambur de basque tar (lute) teponaxtle USE tambourine UF taar USE teponaztli tambūrā (drone lute) BT plucked lute teponaztli A South Asian long-necked plucked drone lute. tar pinkayllu UF quiringua UF pandur USE tarka tepenahuasqui tamboura taragot teponagua tambūrī USE tárogató teponahuaztli tampūrī tarakava teponaxtle tanpūrā USE tárogató tinco BT plucked lute tarca tun-kul tambura (fretted lute) USE tarka BT slit drum A Balkan long-necked lute. tarka termenvoks UF tambouritza A wooden duct flute of the Andes. USE theremin UF anata t'goerra tamburitza tar pinkayllu USE gora BT plucked lute tarca t'gorrah tambura (fretted lute) ensemble tharka USE gora An ensemble consisting of two or more tamburas. BT duct flute tharka BT plucked instrument ensemble taro patch fiddle USE tarka tamburak USE ukulele USE tanburag tárogató USE tavil tambūrī UF taragot theater organ USE tambūrā (drone lute) tarakava An organ developed to provide background music tamburica torogoată for silent films. USE tambura (fretted lute) BT single reed instrument UF cinema organ tamburitza taropatch organ USE tambura (fretted lute) USE ukulele BT organ tampūrī tarsa theatre organ USE tambūrā (drone lute) USE tāshā USE theater organ tamtam tarshā theorb USE tam-tam USE tāshā USE theorbo tamukku ṭāsa théorbe USE tāshā USE tāshā USE theorbo tanbirak Taschengeige theorbo USE tanburag USE pochette A large extended-neck lute with two peg boxes that tāshā was used principally in the Baroque period, on which tanbire the upper courses have a and the USE tanburag UF tamukku diapasons are tuned diatonically. tarsa tanbireh UF chitarrone tarshā USE tanburag téorbe ṭāsa tanboor theorb BT drum USE ṭanbūr théorbe tavil ṭanbūr tiorba UF dhavul UF ṭambūr tuorba thavil tanboor tuorbe BT drum tanbura (lute) BT plucked lute television set BT plucked lute theorbo-harpsichord BT electronic instrument tanbura (lute) USE lute-harpsichord telharmonium USE ṭanbūr theremin UF dynaphone tanburag UF aetherphon BT electronic instrument Three-stringed plucked long-necked lute of Iranian termenvoks Baluchistan, used as an accompanying instrument to keyboard instrument thereminvox provide a rhythmic drone. temple drum BT electronic instrument UF setār (tanburag) USE yaogu thereminvox tamburak tenor (singer) USE theremin tanbirak USE tenor voice thoroughbass tanbire tenor bassoon USE continuo tanbireh USE tenoroon through bass tanburak USE continuo USE alto horn

MP-28 thumb piano toy symphony tuba USE mbira USE toy orchestra UF bass horn (tuba) thunder sheet tʼpan bass tuba UF thundersheet USE tupan BB♭ tuba BT percussion instrument transverse flute Bʹ♭ tuba friction idiophone USE flute bombardon thundersheet trap kit Cʹ tuba USE thunder sheet USE drum set CC tuba ti-tse trap set contrabass tuba USE di zi USE drum set double B-flat tuba Tibetan singing bowl traps double C tuba USE singing bowl USE drum set BT brass instrument tibia trautonium NT helicon UF shank bone BT electronic instrument pelittone shin bone treble recorder sousaphone shinbone USE alto recorder tuba ensemble BT woodwind instrument treble viol An ensemble consisting of two or more . timbales criollos BT viol BT brass ensemble BT drum treble violin tuba stentoro-phonica timpani USE pochette USE vamp-horn UF kettledrum treble voice tubaphone kettledrums USE boy soprano voice UF tubuphone timpanum child's voice BT percussion idiophone tympani tres tube zither BT drum BT plucked lute BT zither timpano musicale triangle NT čhakhē USE sistro BT percussion idiophone valiha timpanum triédda tubular bells USE timpani USE launeddas UF chimes, orchestral triple harp orchestral chimes USE tiple A chromatic harp with three parallel rows of BT bell tin can strings. tubuphone BT percussion instrument UF Baroque triple harp USE tubaphone tin whistle Welsh triple harp tulum USE penny whistle Welsh harp (triple harp) USE chiboni tinco Italian chromatic harp tulumi USE teponaztli BT harp USE chiboni tingklik tumba UF rindik USE trumpet marine BT drum BT xylophone trombone tumbadora tinpanny UF slide trombone USE conga USE steel band tenor trombone tun-kul tiorba valve trombone USE teponaztli USE theorbo BT brass instrument tûnbak tiple NT alto trombone USE zarb UF guitarillo bass trombone tuning fork piano timple contrabass trombone USE dulcitone BT plucked lute sackbut tuorba tlapitzalli trombone choir USE theorbo BT duct flute USE trombone ensemble tuorbe toacă trombone ensemble USE theorbo USE sēmantron An ensemble consisting of two or more . tupan toba UF trombone choir UF daul USE tupan BT brass ensemble goč tom-tom truédda toba UF Chinese tom-tom USE launeddas topan BT drum trump tʼpan USE Jew's harp BT drum USE zarb trumpet turntable, phonograph tommy talker UF natural trumpet USE phonograph turntable USE kazoo slide trumpet turntable system (phonograph) tonette valve trumpet USE phonograph turntable UF song flute BT brass instrument túru (side-blown trumpet) BT recorder NT BT natural horn topan keyed trumpet tusse fløyte USE tupan piccolo trumpet USE tussefløyte torogoată trumpet, mock tussefløyte USE tárogató USE chalumeau UF tusse fløyte tower clock bell trumpet, singing BT recorder USE clock chimes USE vamp-horn txalaparta toy instrument trumpet choir BT percussion idiophone An instrument made for children that is often a USE trumpet ensemble txistu simplified or scaled-down version of a conventional trumpet ensemble USE galoubet instrument. An ensemble consisting of two or more . tympani UF musical toy instrument UF trumpet choir USE timpani toy musical instrument BT brass ensemble ʻūd BT instrument trumpet marine USE oud NT baby rattle UF fiddle, nun's uilean pipe harpola marine trumpet USE uilleann pipe melody flute nun's fiddle uileann pipe saxoflute tromba marina USE uilleann pipe toy piano BT bowed lute uilleann pipe toy musical instrument truvédda UF Irish organ USE toy instrument USE launeddas uilean pipe toy orchestra tsaung uileann pipe UF toy symphony USE saùng-gauk BT bagpipe BT instrumental ensemble tshipendani uke toy piano USE chipendani USE ukulele UF piano, toy tsigulka ukelele BT keyboard instrument USE gŭdulka USE ukulele percussion idiophone tsymbaly ukulele toy instrument USE cimbalom UF taro patch fiddle

MP-29 ukulele (Continued) vina prepared violin taropatch UF bīṇ skrzypce uke bīṇā violin choir ukelele rudra veena USE violin ensemble yukelele rudra vīṇā violin ensemble BT plucked lute veena An ensemble consisting of two or more . ukulele banjo veene UF violin choir USE banjo ukulele vīṇai BT bowed string ensemble unison chorus vīṇe violo BT chorus BT plucked string instrument BT bowed lute unspecified instrument zither violoncello USE instrument NT gottuvadyam USE cello upright bass vicitra vina violoncello piccolo USE double bass vīṇai BT cello upright piano USE vina violone USE piano vīṇe UF double bass viol urucungu USE vina BT viol USE berimbau viol violotta valeha An unspecified instrument from the family of BT bowed lute USE valiha fretted, bowed string instruments in use from the virginal 16th-18th centuries. valiha BT keyboard instrument UF baliha UF gamba (family of viols) plucked string instrument marovany (tube zither) viola da gamba (family of viols) zither valeha BT bowed lute visuals valiha-volo NT lyra viol A visual component of a musical performance. pardessus de viole volo vocal ensemble BT plucked string instrument tenor viol An ensemble consisting of two or more unspecified tube zither treble viol voices. For an ensemble consisting of solo voices, valiha-volo viola da gamba use solo vocal ensemble. USE valiha viola d'amore BT ensemble valve trombone violone NT chorus USE trombone viol, bass solo vocal ensemble valve trumpet USE viola da gamba vocal percussion USE trumpet viola A vocalist who creates sounds with the mouth that BT bowed lute approximate, imitate, or otherwise serve the same vamp-horn purpose as a percussion instrument. For a vocalist UF singing trumpet NT who uses semi-spoken rhymes declaimed over a trumpet, singing viola bastarda rhythmic musical backing, see rapper. tuba stentoro-phonica USE lyra viol UF bouladjèl vamping-horn mouth drum BT megaphone USE viola d'arame BT body percussion vamping-horn viola choir voice USE vamp-horn USE viola ensemble vocalion veena viola chuleira BT reed organ USE vina USE viola d'arame vocalist veene viola da braccio USE singer USE vina UF braccio, viola da voice veṇu BT bowed string instrument An unspecified vocalized part. For a performer who A ductless flute used in . viola da gamba uses his or her voice to produce musical tone see singer. UF kūḷalu UF bass viol BT performer pillana grōvi gamba, viola da NT rapper pullāṅkulal viol, bass singer pullankuzhal BT viol speaker vēṇuvu viola da gamba (family of viols) vocal percussion BT ductless flute USE viol volo vēṇuvu viola d'amore USE valiha USE veṇu BT viol Vosges, epinette des verrophon viola d'arame USE epinette des Vosges USE verrophone UF arame, viola da wa wa erh verrophone Portuguese viola USE suo na UF glasses, musical viola braguesa Wagner horn musical glasses viola chuleira USE Wagner tuba verrophon Wagner tuba BT friction idiophone BT plucked lute UF Bayreuth tuba veuze viola de arame Wagner horn BT bagpipe USE viola d'arame BT brass instrument vibra-slap viola-de-cocho washboard USE vibraslap UF Brazilian lute BT scraped idiophone vibraharp lute, Brazilian washboard band USE vibraphone BT plucked lute UF band, washboard vibraphone viola di bordone BT instrumental ensemble UF vibraharp USE baryton washint BT mallet instrument viola ensemble An ensemble consisting of two or more . UF wāšint vibraslap BT ductless flute UF vibra-slap UF viola choir washtub bass BT indirectly struck idiophone BT bowed string ensemble UF gutbucket vichitra vina viola paredon BT plucked string instrument USE vicitra vina USE baryton wāšint vicitra vina viola pomposa USE washint UF vichitra vina BT viola water organ BT vina violano-virtuoso UF hydraulic organ vielle BT mechanical instrument hydraulis USE hurdy-gurdy violetta d'amore A bowed string instrument with five playing and six hydraulos vielle à roue resonating strings developed in Germany in the 20th hydraulus USE hurdy-gurdy century. BT mechanical organ vihuela BT bowed lute NT hydraulic barrel organ UF vihuela comun violin waterphone vihuela de mano BT bowed lute BT friction idiophone BT plucked lute NT electric violin Welsh harp vihuela comun phonofiddle USE Irish harp USE vihuela pochette vihuela de mano USE vihuela

MP-30 Welsh harp (triple harp) xaramita zarah USE triple harp USE gralla USE kazoo Welsh triple harp xian ze zarb USE triple harp USE sanxian UF dombäck whistle xianzi dombak BT duct flute USE sanxian tombak whistle (penny whistle) xiao tûnbak USE penny whistle BT ductless flute BT goblet drum whistling xiaoluo zheng BT aerophone USE hsiao luo UF Chinese zither body percussion xirimía gu zheng wind band USE chirimía guzheng USE band xirimita BT plucked string instrument wind-bell USE gralla zither USE wind chime xun zhong hu wind chime BT ductless flute UF UF wind-bell xylo-marimba BT er hu windchime USE xylorimba zhonghu BT aerophone xylophone USE zhong hu idiophone UF bell, song zhongruan wind controller fiddle, straw USE ruan UF electronic trumpet song bell zhui qin electronic valve instrument straw fiddle BT hu qin electronic wind instrument BT mallet instrument zilia eVI (electronic valve instrument) NT amadinda USE finger cymbals eVI wind controller angklung (xylophone) zils eWI (electronic wind instrument) gambang USE finger cymbals BT aerophone gyil zink MIDI controller kaw law USE cornett wind ensemble mendzan zither Ensemble consisting of two or more mixed tingklik UF cither woodwind and brass instruments. For a large xylophone controller simple chordophone ensemble consisting of brass or woodwind instruments only, see brass ensemble or woodwind USE mallet controller BT string instrument ensemble. For large ensemble consisting primarily of xylorimba NT aeolian harp woodwinds, brass, and percussion, even if called a UF marimba-xylophone ajaeng wind ensemble, see band. xylo-marimba Appalachian dulcimer BT instrumental ensemble BT mallet instrument autoharp NT brass ensemble yamatobue bulbultarang woodwind ensemble USE kagurabue citaharp wind ensemble (band) yanchin clavichord USE band USE yoochin (dulcimer) claviorgan wind instrument yanchir đàn bâù An unspecified woodwind or brass instrument. USE yoochin (dulcimer) đàn tranh BT aerophone yang qin diddley bow NT brass instrument UF dolceola jug BT dulcimer dulcimer megaphone yanggŭm harmonic canon woodwind instrument UF kurachʼŏlsa kum harp guitar wind machine BT dulcimer harp-piano UF aeoliphone yangqin harp zither BT friction idiophone USE yang qin harpola wind orchestra yaogu harpsichord USE band UF huagu hurdy-gurdy wind symphony temple drum ichigenkin USE band BT drum inanga windchime yataga kacapi (zither) USE wind chime USE yatga kayagŭm woman's voice yatga kŏmunʼgo USE female voice UF Mongolian zither koto women's chorus yataga lute-harpsichord BT chorus yatug marovany (box zither) wood block yatuġ-a meloharp UF bang zi yatuga meta-harp bangzi BT plucked string instrument monochord Chinese wood block zither musical bow clog box yatug new century harp tap box USE yatga ongnyugŭm yatuġ-a piano BT slit drum USE yatga psalmodikon wood-wind instrument yatuga psaltery USE woodwind instrument USE yatga qānūn woodblock yoochin (dulcimer) qin USE wood block UF ëochin siter woodwind ensemble yanchin stick zither An ensemble consisting of two or more different yanchir tambi woodwind instruments. BT dulcimer tangent piano BT wind ensemble yue hu tube zither NT clarinet choir USE gao hu vina flute choir yue qin virginal oboe ensemble UF moon guitar yatga panpipes ensemble moon lute zheng saxophone ensemble zitho-harp woodwind instrument BT plucked lute zither ensemble An unspecified woodwind instrument. yueqin An ensemble consisting of two or more . UF wood-wind instrument USE yue qin BT instrumental ensemble BT wind instrument yuka zither harp NT edge-blown instrument BT drum USE harp zither reed instrument yukelele zitho-harp tibia USE ukulele BT plucked string instrument wu li wa zampoña zither USE suo na USE siku zoomoozophone BT mallet instrument

MP-31 USE zūrnā zumari BT double reed instrument zurla USE zūrnā zūrnā UF sorna sornai surlă surle surna surnai zukra zurla BT double reed instrument žvegljica USE svirala