MA74-ZAB MA150-XAA RAMJET Prime Contractor: The Marquardt Corporation Prime Contractor: The Marquardt Corporation

Remarks Remarks Developed for Army use, the MA 74-ZAB is a na­ The MA150-XAA is a -type subsonic and celle-type subsonic and supersonic ramjet supersonic ramjet engine with normal shock inle~. with normal shock inlet. It is the cruise It provides the cruise propulsion for the Army s source for the North American Redhead/Roadrunner North American Advanced Redhead/ Roadrunner tar­ target system for low altitude application. get missile system for high an?· low altitude applica­ tion. Specifications Specifications Length 90.7 inches; diameter 16.5 inches; weight 110 pounds; fuel JP-4; convergent sonic exit. Length 104.5 inches; diameter 19.0 inches; weight 165 pounds; fuel JP-4; convergent sonic exit. Performance 1,790 pounds net jet. Performance Thrust 2,300 pounds net jet at low altitude; 575 pounds net jet at high altitude.

480 ------


T53 E NGINE Prime Contractor: Lycoming Division, Avco Corpor­ ation

Remarks T53 GAS TURBINE E NGINE With over 1,500,000 hours of flight experience under Prime Contractor: Lycoming Division, Avco Corpor­ all environmental conditions, accumulating more ation than 11 ,000 hours monthly in Vietnam alone, the T53 turboshaft e ngine is the most experienced in its Remarks class in the world. Configurations of this engine powe r the Army's versatile Bell UH-1 " Huey" The latest version of the turboprop T53, designated tactical and the Air Force's Kaman HH- the L-7, powers the Army's twin engine 43B "Huskie" rescue helicopter, as well as the Cana­ OV -1 " Mohawk" high speed observation dair CL-84 tilt-wing V/ STOL aircraft under devel­ which has a capability for short field operation. opment. All T53' s are designed under a modular Growth versions of the engine are in advanced construction concept which facilitates rapid simple development. field maintenance. Specifications Specifications Length 59 inches; diameter 23 inches; weight 555 Length 48 inches; diame ter 23 inches; weight 496 pounds; stages 5 axial, 1 centrifugal, pounds; compressor stages 5 axial, 1 centrifugal, pressure ratio 6:1; turbine stages 1, axial free turbine pressure ratio 6: 1; turbine stages 1, ax ial free turbine compressor. (The advanced version has a 2-stage gas . producer and a 2-stage power turbine.)

Performance Performance Rating 1,100 shaft horsepower; specific fuel con­ Rating 1,100 shaft horsepower; specific fuel con­ sumption .68 pounds per horsepower per hour. sumption .67 pounds per horsepower per hour.


T55 TURBOSHAFT GAS TURBINE ENGINE Prime Contractor: Lycoming Division, Avco Corpor­ ation

Remarks The same design configuration philosophy as the proven T53 was maintained in the T55, the higher T55 TURBOPROP GAS TURBINE ENGINE powered of Lycoming's 2 gas turbine engine fam­ ilies. Twin T55' s power the Army's -Vertol Prime Contractor: Lycoming Division, Avco Corpor­ CH-47 A "Chinook" medium helicopter ation and the Curtiss-Wright X-19 tri-service VTOL air­ craft. The L-7 version provides the highest power­ Remarks to-weight ratio· in its class. Current development Among the turboprop T55- is the will increase output of the basic engine to approxi­ North American YAT-28E, now being evaluated by mately 3,400 shaft horsepower. Another advanced the Navy for trainer missions. Advanced-stage de­ T55 development is the design of a 6:1 high bypass velopment will provide this engine with output in ration in the 5,200-pound-thrust class for the 3,400 shaft horsepower class. subsonic long range mission applications.

Specifications Specifications Length 44 inches; diameter 24 1/ 4 inches; weight Length 62 inches; diameter 24 1/ 4 inches; weight 580 pounds; compressor stages 7 axial, 1 centrifugal, 795 pounds; compressor stages 7 axial, 1 centrifugal, pressure ratio 6:1; turbine stages 2, axial free turbine pressure ratio 6:1; turbine stages 2, axial free tur­ combustor. bine combustor.

Performance Performance Rating 2,650 shaft horsepower; specific fuel con­ Rating 2,445 shaft horsepower; specific fuel con­ sumption .61 pounds per horsepower per hour. sumption .62 pounds per horsepower per hour.


T50 MILITARY TURBO SHAFT Prime Contractor: The Boeing Company

Remarks Configurations of the T50 military turboshaft engine powe r the Navy/ Gyrodyne QH-50 series drone anti­ }65-W-7 ENGINE submarine . Prime Contractor: Curtiss-Wright Corporation Specifications (T50-B0-10) The J65-W-7, used by the military in the F / RF84F aircraft, is a single spool axial flow compressor type Length 37.5 inches; diameter 22.5 inches; weight jet power plant. 244 pounds; 5.74:1 ; axial flow 2-shaft engine; compressor 1 axial, 1 centrifugal; Specifications turbine stages 2, 1 gas producer, 1 power output Dry weight 2,795 pounds; length 115.0 inches; dia­ Performance meter 37.5 inches; type fuel JP-4.

Rating 330 shaft horsepower at 90 degrees Fahren­ Performance heit sea level (-10 model); 300 shaft horsepower at Take-off power at sea level7,800 pounds thrust. 60 degrees Fahrenheit sea level (-8A model).



}65-W-18 TJ60 GAS TURBINE ENGINE Prime Contractor: Curtiss-Wright Corporation Prime Contractor: Curtiss-Wright Corporation

Remarks Remarks A single spool, axial flow compressor type jet power Called the "building block" for a new generation of plant with , the ]65-W-18 powers the jet engines to boost both range and p§yload of sub­ F -11 series military aircraft. sonic and , the TJ60 is a new ex­ perimental gas turbine engine under development for Specifications the USAF's Aero Propulsion Laboratory. The basic power plant can be adapted and used as a Length 181.0 inches; diameter 37.5 inches; weight or turbofan engine for cruise and lift applications. approximate dry 3,485 pounds; fuel JP-4. Features of the new TJ60 concept to increase effi­ ciency and performance are transpiration-cooled Performance turbine blades, a new compressor, a new combustor Take-off rating at sea levell0,500 pounds thrust. and variable turbine stator blades.


T76 MILITARY TURBOPROP Prime Contractor: The Garrett Corporation, AiResearch tvlanufacturing Division of

Remarks The T 76 is a military turboprop e ngine in initial production a nd fli ght testing for use on the North American O V- lOA (COIN ) aircraft. A commercial version designated TPE-331 is being produced for the Aero Commander-Turbo Commander, the YJ93 MILITARY TURBOJET Mitsubishi MU-2, Volpa r Beech 18 modification Prime Contractor: Company a nd the Fairchild Hiller Turbo-Porter. Among the features of this engine are rapid thrust reverse; Remarks counter-rotating props for dual engi ne installations; The YJ93 is a Mach 3 engine designed to power the landing and take-off at constant engine speeds; and Air Force XB-70 (North American ) at a immediate response to load requireme nts. speed of 2,000 miles per hour above 70,000 feet. Specifications Specifications Length 46 inches; width 21.10 inches; height 24.7; Length 237 inches; maximum diameter 52.5 inches; weight 286 pounds; compressor 2-stage centrifugal; thrust to weight ratio above 5:1 ; turbine stages 2. turbine 3-stage axial. Performance Performance Thrust class (sea level static) 30,000; speed capa­ Rating 660 shaft horsepower (T76); 605 shaft horse­ bility sustained Mach 3. power (commercial version ).


J85 MILITARY TURBOJET Prime Contractor: General Electric Company

Remarks }79 MILITARY TURBOJET Powerplant for hig h performance aircraft and air Prime Contractor: General Electric Company breathing , the J85 turboje t is available in both afterburning and non-afterbu_rning configura­ Remarks tions. It has the highest powe r-to-weight ratio of A military turbojet engine, the ]79 is widely used any production engine in its class in the free world. on Air Force, Navy and NATO aircraft-the Lock­ This engine provides power for Northrop's F -5 and heed F-104, B-58, North American RA-5C T-38A and Fiat's G91 Y. An advanced versi on, with and the McDonnell Phantom operational ]79-8 5,000 pounds of thrust, is d e sign a t e ~;I"" J 8 5 / J lA. and }79-15 operational engines. Specifications (J85-13) Specifications Length 108.9 inches; flange diameter 21 inches; Length 208.69 inches; diameter 39.6 inches; weight weight 587 pounds; thrust to weight ratio 6.95:1; 3,800 pounds; compressor stages 17; turbine stages 3. compressor stages 8; turbine stages 2.

Performance Performance Thrust with afterburner 17,900 pounds. Maximum thrust 4,080 pounds.


CF700 COMMERCIAL T URBOFAN Prime Contractor: General Electric Company

Remarks CJ610 COMMERCIAL TURBOJET An aft fan version of the J85/ CJ610 turbojet family, Prime Contractor: General Electric Company the CF700 is now being produced in volume for commercial aircraft. Applications include the Das­ Remarks sault Mystere 20/ Fan Jet 10 passenger a ircraft . It is also used in the Bell lunar landing The CJ610 is a derivative of the J85 turbojet and is research to equalize the forces of gra vity and available in 2 configurations. Twin CJ610 engines rocke ts for p~lot control movements . power the Aero Commander Jet 1121 , HFB 320 Hansa and the Lear Jet . Specifications Specifications (CJ610-l) Leng th 53.6 inches; fan diameter 33. 1 inches; weight 710 pounds; compressor stages 8, ax ial flow ; Length 51.1 inches; flange diameter 17.7 inches; turbine stages 2, axial flo w. weight 339 pounds; thrust to weight ratio 7.1 4 : 1; compressor stages 8; turbine stages 2. Performance Performance Take-off thrust 4,200 pounds; maximum continuous thrust 4,000 pounds. Take-off thrust 2,850 pounds.


T64 MILITARY TURBOSHAFT /TURBOPROP Prime Contractor: General Electric Company

CT64 COMMERCIAL TURBOPROP/DIRECT Remarks DRIVE The T64 is a free turbine power plant for helicopter and V/ STOL aircraft. The basic engine is desig­ Prime Contractor: General Electric Company nated T64-6. With a single reduction gearbox added it is the T64-2. Addition of a planetary reduction Remarks gear creates the turboprop configuration with the Configurations of the T64 commercial turboprop T64-4 two stage gearbox below the engine center­ and direct drive engines are in production and line and the T64-8 gearbox above the engine certified for civil use. The CT64-410-l and CT64- centerline. Military applications of the T64 in­ 8IO-l are turboprop engines and the CT64-610-l is clude: deHavilland CV-7A, Sikorsky CH-53A, a direct drive powerplant. / Hiller/ Ryan XC-142A ana Hughes XV-9A .

Specifications (CT64-810-l Turboprop) Specifications (T64-8) Length ll2.9 inches; maximum height 46 inches; Length 112.9 inches; maximum height 46 inches; weight 1,167 pounds; compressor stages 14; turbine horsepower/weight ratio 2.45:1; compressor stages stages 4. 14; turbine stages 4; weight 1,161 pounds.

Performance Performance Maximum shaft horsepower 2,850. Maximum equivalent shaft horsepower 2,850.


T58 MILITARY TURBOSHAFT There are curre ntly in production several configura­ tions of the T58 turboshaft engine, powerplant for a wide vari e ty of heli copters and \ TOL aircraft. Applications include Sikorsky SH-3A, Kaman UH-2A, Boeing-Vertol CH--t6A, Sikorsky HH-52A, Sikorsky CH-3C, Bell UH-1 F, Piasecki 16-1A, Kaman U H-2, Be ll 204-B and Be ll X-22A. The CT58-ll0 configuration powers a va riety of com­ mercial helicopters and production of the higher rated CT58-l40-1 is under way. X353-5B LIFT FAN SYSTEM Prime Contractor: General Electric Company Specifications Length 59 inches; maximum width 18.8 inches; Remarks weight 335 pounds; compressor stages 10; turbine A convertible propulsion system, the X353-5B is stages 3. designed to power highspeed Vertical Take-Off and Landing aircraft. The fan system consists of 2 Performance wing-mounted lift fans and a nose fan to control Rating 1,500 horsepo,ver (military application); pitch of the aircraft. The Lift Fans installed in the ta ke-off horsepower 1,250 (CT58-ll0), 1,400 XV-SA Army VTOL research aircraft treble the (CT58-140). gas generator thrust of the twin }85 power plants.


GEl MILITARY/COMMERCIAL TURBOJET Prime Contractor: General Electric Company

CJ805-3/-23 COMMERCIAL Remarks TURBOJET/TURBOFAN The GEl Building Block approach provide:; for one gas generator as the basis of a family of ad­ Prime Contractor: General Electric Company vanced propulsion systems. Building Block com­ ponents-, , Remarks devices-are added to the GEl gas generator to The CJ805-3 turbojet powers the trans­ provide performance and configurations tailored to port in service with 10 ; the CJ805-23 aft-fan specific aircraft missions and designs. The GEl version is in commercial service with 7 airlines features application versatility," time and cost using the Convair 990 transport. savings and hardware standardization.

Specifications Specifications CJ805-3: length (with reverser) 181.93 inches; diam­ The GEl compared with the eariier J47 engine rep­ eter 31.6 inches; weight 2,817 pounds; axial flow resents a 51 per cent reduction in length, 79 per jet; compressor stages 17; turbine stages 3. CJ805- cent reduction in volume plus reduced weight 23: length 149.6 inches; maximum fan diameter and fuel consumption. 53.34 axial flow fan; weight 3,776 pounds; com­ pressor stages 17; turbine stages 3/l. Performance The GEl is in the same thrust class as the J47 (6,000 Performance pounds) and has a versatility of thrust size spanning CJ805-3: thrust 11 ,650 pounds. a range of almost six times the basic gas generator CJ805-23: thrust 16,100 pounds. thrust.


LM100 GAS TURBINE GE4/J5 COMMERCIAL TURBOJET Prime Contractor: General Electric Company Prime Contractor: General Electric Company Remarks Remarks Derived from the T58 , the turboshaft The GE4/ J5 is a engine in­ LMlOO is a for marine and industrial corporating design features of the J79 and YJ93 uses, developing up to 3 horsepower per pound of engines and advanced technology. Full-scale en­ weight. It occupies less than 10 cubic feet and can gine testing will begin in mid-1966. be installed in many places where a of comparable power would not fit. At sea Specifications (Preliminary) the LMlOO provides maneuvering and docking power for the H . S. Denison hydrofoil of the Length 328 inches; maximum diameter 71 inches; Maritime Administration and the H . S. Victoria weight (for Mach 2.7 ) 8,100 pounds. passenger hydrofoil. Industrially, it drives a liquid for oil well, fracturing treatment, provides Performance emergency generating power for a telephone com­ Thrust class 50,000 pounds. pany, and drives a gas pipeline compressor.


LM1500 GAS TURBINE Prime Contractor: General Electric Company LM175 GAS TURBINE Remarks Prime Contractor: General Electric Company Available as a shaft power engine or a gas genera­ Remarks tor, the LM 1500 is derived from the ]79 aircraft engine. It supplies main propulsio·n for the Maritime A jet engine for emergency generator packages Administration's 60-knot H.S. Denison hydrofoil, developing 1,000 kilowatts of emergency power, the powers a 300-ton Navy hydrofoil ; provides launching LM 175 is a 1, 750 horsepower class, lightweight power when used as an , boost turboshaft engine suitable for marine and industrial propulsion for Navy patrol gun motorboats, and applications similar to those of the LM 100. reserve e lectrical power.



Prime Contractor: Allison Division of General 250-Cl8 COMMERCIAL TURBOSHAFT Motors Prime Contractor: Allison Division of General Remarks Motors

The 501-D13D is the powerplant for the Convair Remarks 580 operating with 3 airlines, 13 corporations and the Federal Aviation Agency. A similar engine Model 250 powers the Hiller FH-1100 and Hughes powers the Lockheed Electra. 500 light helicopters.

Specifications Specifications Length 145 inches; width 30 inches; height 43 Length 40 inches; diameter 22.5 inches; weight 136 inches; weight 1, 756 pounds; compression ratio pounds; compression ratio 6.2:1; compressor stages 9.25:1 ; compressor stages 14 ; turbine stages 4. 6 axial, 1 centrifugal; turbine stages 4.

Performance Performance Rating 3,750 shaft horsepower. Rating 317 shaft horsepower.


501-D22 COMMERCIAL TURBOPROP T63-A-5A MILITARY TURBOSHAFT Prime Contractor: Allison Division of General Prime Contractor: Allison Division of Motors

Remarks Remarks

The 501-D22 turboprop engine powers the Lockheed The T63-A-5A powers the Army OH-6A light 382 B, commercial version of the military Hercules. observation helicopter.

Specifications Specifications

Length 146 inches; width 27 inches; height 39 Length 40 inches; diameter 22.5 inches; weight 136 inches; weight 1,833 pounds; compression ratio pounds; compression ratio 6.2:1; compressor stages 9.65:1; compressor stages 14; turbine stages 4. 6 axial, 1 centrifugal; turbine stages 4.

Performance Performance Rating 4,050 shaft horsepower Rating 317 shaft horsepower.


T56-A-7 MILITARY TURBOPROP Prime Contractor: Allison Division of General Motors T56-A-10W MILITARY TURBOPROP Remarks Prime Contractor: Allison Division of General Motors The T56-A-7 is a military engine operational in various versions of the Lockheed C-130 Hercules Remarks serving the Air Force, Coast Guard, Marine Corps, Military Air Transport Service and the Navy, as The T56-A-10W is the powerplant of the Lockheed well as governments of 11 foreign nations. T56-A-8 P3A anti-submarine warfare plane in Navy service. is used in the Grumman E2A and C2A aircraft. Specifications Specifications Length 147 inches; width 27 inches; height 44 Length 146 inches; width 27 inches; height 39 inches; weight 1,853 pounds; compression ratio inches; weight 1,833 pounds; compression ratio 9.65 :1; compressor stages 14; turbine stages 4. 9.65:1 ; compressor stages 14; turbine stages 4. Performance Performance Rating 4,050 shaft horsepower dry; 4,500 shaft horse­ Rating 4,050 shaft horsepower. power augmented.


T56-A-15 MILITARY TURBOPROP T56-A-14 MILITARY TURBOPROP Prime Contractor: Allison Division of General Prime Contractor: Allison Division of General Motors Motors Remarks Remarks The T56-A-15 is in Air Force service as powerplant The T56-A-14 is a follow-on military engine for for the Lockheed HC-130H search, rescue, recovery the Lockheed P3A anti-submarine warfare plane. aircraft.

Specifications Specifications Length 147 inches; width 27 inches; height 44 Length 146 inches; width 27 inches; height 39 inches; weight 1,895 pounds; compression ratio inches; weight 1,825 pounds; compression ratio 9.65:1; compressor stages 14; turbine stages 4. 9.65:1 ; compressor stages 14; turbine stages 4.

Performance Performance Rating 4,910 shaft horsepower. Rating 4,910 shaft ho~sepower.


T78-A-2 REGENERATIVE MILITARY TURBOPROP Prime Contractor: Allison Division of General T56-A-18 MILITARY TURBOPROP Motors Prime Contractor: Allison Division of General Motors Remarks Remarks The first regenerative turboprop en­ A growth version of the T56 engine, T56-A-18 is gine for Navy antisubmarine warfare applications, being developed for Navy use. T78-A-2 is in developmental status.

Specifications Specifications Length 115 inches; width 29 inches; height 45 Length 160 inches; maximum diameter at regenera­ inches; compressor ratio 9.65:1; compressor stages tor 35 inches; weight 1,565 pounds; compressor 14; turbine stages 4 with air-cooled first and second stages 14 with variable geometry vanes; turbine stage blades and vanes. stages 4.

Performance Performance Rating 5,000 shaft horsepower. Rating 4,125 shaft horsepower.





Prime Contractor: Pratt & Whitney Aircraft Prime Contractor: Pratt & Whitney Aircraft

Remarks Remarks Development of the T34 (PT2) axial flow turboprop A turboshaft adaptation of the JT12 engine, the engine began in 1945. The engine was put into JFTD12 has a 2-stage free turbine added in the production in 1953. It powers the Douglas C-133 rear. Two of these engines power the Sikorsky S-64 Cargomaster. Skycrane, an all-purpose heavy-li£t transport helicopter. Specifications Specifications Length 155.12 inches; diameter 34.06 inches; weight 2,870 pounds; compression ratio 6.25:1; axial flow, Length 108 inches; diameter 21.9 inches; weight single rotor; compressor stages 13; turbine stages 882 pounds; compression ratio 6.5:1; free turbine 3. drive; compressor stages 9; turbine stages 4.

Performance Performance Thrust 7,500 shaft horsepower wet, 6,500 dry. Rating 4,050 shaft horsepower.



Prime Contractor: Pratt & Whitney Aircraft


In 1950 Pratt & Whitney completely redesigned and re-engineered the Rolls-Royce Tay engine, pro­ }58 MILITARY TURBOJET ducing under license the most powerful jet power­ Prime Contractor: Pratt & Whitney Aircraft plant developed at that time. The engine is out of production but still used in the Grumman F-9J and Remarks F-9F Cougars. A total of 4,108 J48's were built. The J58 powers the twin-engine Mach 3 Lockheed YF-12A interceptor and the SR-71 strategic re­ Specifications connaissance aircraft. Length 109.75 inches; diameter 50.50 inches; weight 2,080 pounds; compression ratio 3.5 :1; centrifugal­ Specifications flow single rotor; compressor stages 1; turbine Classified. stages 1. Performance Performance Thrust in the 30,000-pound class. Thrust 7,250 pounds. ..


}75 MILITARY TURBOJET }57 MILITARY TURBOJET Prime Contractor: Pratt & Whitney Aircraft

Prime Contractor: Pratt & Whitney Aircraft Remarks

Remarks Design work on the ]75 (JT4 commercial) began in 1952. To design an engine with 50 per cent more The }57 turbojet which put American military air­ output but only slightly larger than the similar J57 craft into supersonic flight was· produced from 1951 (JT3) at the time, engineers took the advanced step to 1965. Winner of the 1952 , it was of increasing the hub to tip ratio. This essentially also the first engine to reach 10,000 pounds of thrust. reduced the diameter of the hub which reduced Among the craft it powers are: the Boeing B-52 weight and increased the airflow. The engine is , KC-135 tanker-transport and C-135A trans­ used in the Republic F-105 and GD/Convair F-106. port; the North American F-100, McDonnell F-101, More than 1,500 engines were shipped between Convair F-102, Ling-Temco Vought F-S, Douglas April, 1957, and July, 1964. F-6 and A-3. Over 33,000,000 operating hours have been accumulated by the more than 21,000 }57's Specifications ·produced. Length, ]75-P-17, 237.6 inches; P-19W, 259.3 Specifications (}57-P-43 WB) inches; diameter 43 inches; compression ratio 12:1; axial flow, dual rotor; compressor stages 15; tur­ Length 167.3 inches; diameter 38.9 inches, compres­ bine stages 3; total weight, P-17, 5,875 pounds; sion ratio 13; weight 3,870 pounds, axial flow, P-19W, 5,960 pounds. dual rotor; compressor stages 16; turbine stages 3. Performance Performance Thrust, afterburning P-17, 24,500 pounds; Thrust 13,750 pounds; afterburning versions 18,000 afterburning plus P-19W, 26,500 pounds. pounds.


JT3 COMMERCIAL TURBOJET }52 MILITARY TURBOJET Prime Contractor: Pratt & Whitney. Aircraft Prime Contractor: Pratt & \Vhitney Aircraft Remarks Remarks On October 26, 1958, the JT3 Turbo Wasp ushered Similar in design to the larger J57 and ]75, the J52 in the American commercial jet age. A commercial was introduced in 1957. Configurations of this version of the J57, this engine was produced from engine power the 'Douglas A-4E Sk) hawk and T A- 1958 to 1961. Configurations are in wide service 4E, the Grumman A-6A and the North American on the -120 and 720, and the Douglas Hound Dog missile. DC-8-10.

Specifications Specifications (JT3C-6) Length 116.9 inches; diameter 30.15 inches; weight Length 128 inches; diameter 38.8 inches; weight (P-8A) 2,118 pounds; axial flow , dual rotor; com­ 4,234 pounds; compression ratio 13; axial flow, dual pressor stages 12; turbine stages 2. rotor; compressor stages 16; turbine stages 3.

Performance Performance Thrust (P-8A) 9,300 pounds. Thrust 13,500 pounds with water injection .



JT12/J60 TURBOJET JT4 COMMERCIAL TURBOJET Prime Contractor: Pratt & Whitney Aircraft Prime Contractor: Pratt & Whitney Aircraft Remarks Remarks The JT12A-6A (military designation J60), smallest in A larger, advanced configura tion of the JT3, the the company' s jet engine famil y, powers the 4- JT4 (military version ]75) is used in the long-distance engine Lockheed JetStar and twin-engine North Boeing 707-320 and Douglas DC-8-20, -30 . American Sabreliner business aircraft. J60 also Built between 1959 and 1961 , it attained the longest powers the XV-4A VTOL. time between overhaul (TBO) ever authorized any e ngine by the Federal Av iation Agency-6,400 hours. Specifications (JT -12) Length 78 inches; diameter 21.9 i'nches; weight 448 Specifications (JT4A -9) pounds; compression ratio 6.5:1; axial flow, single Length 144.1 inches; diameter 43 inches; weight rotor; compressor stages 9; turbine stages 2. ]60 5,050 pounds; compression ratio 12; axial flow , dual same except for length: 77.9 inches in P-3-5 versions, rotor; compressor stages 15; turbine stages 3. 70.6 inches in P-6, -4.

Performance Performance Thrust 16,800 pounds. Thrust 3,000 pounds, either version.


JT3D COMMERCIAL TURBOFAN JT8D COMMERCIAL TURBOFAN Prime Contractor: Pratt & Whitney Aircraft Prime Contractor: Pratt & Whitney Remarks Remarks The world's most widel) used turbofan engine, win­ ner of speed and endurance records, the JT3D The company-financed JT8D. was designed and de­ evolved from the J57. It features improved thrust veloped from the outset for application to short and ratings and lower fuel consumption. Configurations medium range aircraft. Approximately a year and a of this engine power the Boeing 707-120B, 720B, half after entering commercial service, it reached a 707-320B and C; the Douglas DC-8-50, DC-8-60, time between overhaul (TBO) of 3,200 hours. The and DC-8F. The most advanced model is scheduled JT8D turbofan engine powers the and as powerplant for Lockheed's projected L-300B, 737, the twin-engine Douglas DC-9 and the Sud commercial version of the C-141 military transport. Aviation Super Caravelle lOB and lOR.

Specifications (JT3D-3, -3B) Specifications Length 134.4 inches; diameter 53 inches; weight Length 119.8 inches; diameter 44 inches; weight 4,190 pounds; compression ratio 13; axial flow, dual 3,096 pounds; compression ratio 16:1; axial flow , rotor; compressor stages (including fan ) 15; turbine dual rotor; compressor stages including fan 13; turbine stages 4; full-length fan duct. stages 4.

Performance Performance Thrust 18,000 pounds. Thrust 14,000 pounds.


TF33 MILITARY TURBOFAN Prime Contractor: Pratt & Whitney Aircraft


TF30 MILITARY TURBOFAN Configurations of the TF33-P-3 . (JT3D-1 in the commercial version) power the Boeing B-52H mis­ Prime Contractor: Pratt & Whitney Aircraft sile platform bomber, the C-135B and KC-135B, as well as the Lockheed C-141A. Remarks The 20,000-pound-thrust TF30 was the first after­ Specifications (TF33-P-3) burning turbofan engine to complete an official 150- Length 136.3 inches; diameter 53 inches; weight hour qualification testing. Configurations of this 3,900 pounds; compression ratio 13 : 1; axial flow, engine power the twin-engine dual rotor; compressor stages (including fan) 15; F-1llA variable sweep wing supersonic fighter devel­ turbine stages 4. oped for the Air Force, and the Navy F-1llB pro­ duced by Grumman. A non-afterburning version is Performance the powerplant for Ling-Temco-Vought's new light attack Navy craft. Specifications are classified. Thrust 17,000 pounds . .



S-140 GAS TURBINE Prime Contractor: Solar, A Division of International Harvester Company

Remarks T62T GAS TURBINE ENGINE The Solar S-140 GTSS is a lightweight free-turbine Prime Contractor: Solar, A Division of International type direct drive which mounts directly on Harvester Company aircraft main propulsion engines and operates on the same fuel as the aircraft. Developed by Solar Remarks unde r contract to the Navy Bureau of Weapons, it provides safe, reliable starts and eliminates the in­ Used as the in every major herent inefficiencies of transferring starting to the American military cargo helicopter program, the main engines through pneumatic, hydraulic or elec­ T62T is an extremely rugged and compact tric means. Use of the GTSS will give the pilot gas turbine engine. The Titan turbine auxiliary complete cockpit control of main engine starting power unit provides the power necessary to start and eliminate the ground support equipment nor­ main engines and operate all hydraulic and electri­ mally required for this purpose. The GTSS is cal systems, allowing aircraft operation completely capable of starting all major aircraft engines within independent of ground support equipment. Operat­ 25 to 35 seconds. ing on a wide variety of liquid fuels, the engine starts quickly under extreme environmen­ Specifications tal conditions ranging from - 65 Fahrenheit to 130 Fahrenheit. Length 21 inches; nominal diameter 9 inch ~ s ; 75 pounds; 2 shaft; radial flow gas producer wei~ht Specifications turbme and single stage axial flow power turbine; minimum overhaul life of 1,200 starts plus 1,000 Length 26 inches; diameter 12.5 inches; weight 70 hours of main engine overrunning. pounds; radial flow; electric or hydraulic starting.

Performance Performance Rating 140 horsepower. Rating 80 to 105 horsepower.


505 SOUNDING Listed under system contractor: manufacturer's nomenclature, type, stages and thrust, launch weight and overall length, perform­ ance, remarks and using organizations. (CourteS IJ Miss iles b Rockets maga:::in e)

ARGO B-9 Two-stage research , 1st-Hercules M-5 Nike (48,700-lb. thrust), 2nd-Thiokol Yardbird TE-289 (17,100-lb. thrust); weight 1,800 lbs.; length 24ft.; 100-lb. payload to altitude of 130 n. mi .; under development; AF

Nike- ARGO B-11 Boosted two-stage solid research rocket, lst­ Thiokol Castor TX-33 w / two Thiokol Recruit AEROLAB DEVELOPMENT COMPANY TE-29' s (122,000-lb. total thrust), 2nd-Hercules X-259 (21,350-lb. thrust); weight 13,200 lbs.; length ARGO A-2 (PERCHERON) 34 ft.; 1,000-lb. payload to altitude of 450 n. mi; under development; NASA Boosted single-stage solid research rocket, Thiokol Castor TX-33 with two Thiokol Recruit TE-29' s ARGO B-13 (122,000-lb. total thrust); weight 10,000 lbs.; length Two-stage solid sounding rocket, 1st-Hercules 21 ft. ; 500-lb. payload to altutide of 200 n. mi. ; first M-5 Nike (48,700-lb. thrust), 2nd-Thiokol Apache stage Shotput; NASA TE-307 (5,000-lb. thrust); weight 1,600 lbs.; length 27 ft .; 60-lb. payload to altitude of 135 n. mi. ; opera­ ARGO A-3 tional; NASA Single-stage solid research rocket Hercules M -6 Honest John (86,000-lb. thrust); w~ight 5,910 lbs.; ARGO B-21 length 21ft. ; 2,000-lb. payload to altitude of 10 n. mi.; Boosted two-stage solid research rocket, 1st- used in Goodyear/ USAF-ASD ballute tests; AF Thiokol Castor TX-33 w/two Thiokol Recruit TE- 29' s (122,000-lb. total thrust), 2nd-Thiokol Subroc ARGO B-1 TX-261 (57,000-lb. thrust); weight 13,000 lbs.; length Two-stage solid sounding rocket, 1st-Hercules M-5 42 ft .; 1,300-lb. payload to altitude of 250 n. mi.; Nike (4 8,700-lb. thrust), 2nd-Thiokol Cajun TE-82 under development (in-house) .. {9,600-lb. thrust); weight 1,540 lbs. ; length, 23 ft.; ARGO B-23 50-lb. payload to altitude of 100 n. mi. ; NASA, AF Two-stage solid sounding rocket, 1st-Hercules M-5 Nike (48,700-lb. thrust), 2nd-United Tech. ARGO B-7 Ctr. FW-3 (6,000-lb. thrust); weight 2,160 lbs, Two-stage solid research rocket, 1st-Hercules M-6 length 22 ft .; 100-lb. payload to altitude of 360 n. Honest John (86,000-lb. thrust); 2nd-Hercules M-5 mi.; under development; Navy Nike (48,700-lb. thrust); weight 5,900 lbs.; length 31 ft. ; 400-lb. payload to altitude of 40 n. mi.; used in Goodyear/ USAF-ASD ballute tests; AF ARGO C-23 Three-stage solid sounding or research rocket,- lst­ ARGO B-8 Thiokol TX-33 with two Thlokol TX-77's (147,000- Two-stage solid research rocket, 1st and 2nd-Her­ lb. total thrust), 2nd-Thiokol TX-261 (57,000-lb. cules M-5 Nike (48,700-lb. thrust each); weight thrust), 3rd-Thiokol TX-306 (llKS-13430); weight 28,000 lbs.; length 27 ft.; 400-lb. payload to altitude 14,300 Jbs.; length 41.3 ft.; 150-lb. payload to alti­ of 30 n. mi.; used in Goodyear/ USAF-ASD ballute tude of 2,000 n. mi., Mach 21; in development for tests ; AF AF


.-\.RGO D-4 (JAVEL!:\) weight 65 lbs.; length 6.6-9.1 ft.; 12-lb. payload to altitude of 40 mi.; all services and NASA Four-stage solid research rocket, 1st-Hercules M-6 Honest John (86,000-lb. thrust), 2nd & 3rd-Her­ ARCAS, BOOSTED cules t\1-5 Nike (48,700-lb. thrust each), 4th-Her­ Two-stage solid sounding rocket, 1st-ARC IKS- cules X-248 (3.000-lb. thrust); weight 7,-!00 lbs.; 2200, 2nd-ARC Areas 29KS-336; weight 100 lbs.; length 48.7 ft.; 100-lb. payload to altitude of 550 length 10.5 ft.; 12-lb. payload to altitude of 50 mi.; all n. mi.; NASA, AF services, NASA, Canada,

ARGO D-8 (JOUR:\EYMA:\ A) ARCHER Four-stage solid research rocket: 1st-Thiokol Single-stage solid sounding rocket, ARC 35KS-1375; XM-20 w/two Thiokol L5KS-3500 Recruits weight 330 lbs, length 12.8 ft.; 40-lb. payload to (121.000-lb. total thrust). 2nd & 3rd-Lockheed altitude of 90 mi.; all services and NASA Lance (47,000-lb. thrust each). 4th-Hercules X-248 (3,000-lb. thrust); weight 14,000 lbs.: length 62.0 ft.; ATHE.NA 135-lb. payload to altitude of 1.260 n. mi.; l\lach 24; holds record for highest altitude (1,269 n. mi.) for Two three or four-stage research rocket, lst­ recovered payload; NASA Thio,kol Ca~tor TX-33 w/ two Thiokol Recruit TE- 29' s (122,000 lb. total thrust), 2nd-either H:rcules ARGO E-5 (JASO:'\) X-259 (19,000-lb. thrust) or Thiokol TX-261_ (::>7,000- lb. thrust) depending on trajectory reqmrements, Five-stage solid sounding rocket, 1st-Hercules M-6 3rd- 30KS-8000, 4th-Hercules BE-3; Honest John (86,000-lb. thrust). 2nd & 3rd-Hercu­ "e•gr • ht 16 , 000 lbs .. , length 50 ft.; 50 to 300-lb. .payload -n les M-5 Nike (48,700-lb. thrust each), 4th-Thiokol to altitude of 200-500-mi.; four-stage versiOn WI TX-77 (46,000-lb. thrust). 5th-Thiokol T-55 employ two stages going up, fin stabilized, and two (4,650-lb. thrust); weight 7,250 lbs.; length 56.5 ft.; stages d own, WI'th guidance in 3rd stage; pre-selectede· h 50-lb. payload to altitude of 500 n. mi.; Mach 12.5; angle-of-attack control 0 degrees ::1:: 5 degrees; Ig t AF • ~ d1stance. ~ 1 1 n. m1.,· . re-entrv- velocities from 16,000 to 23,000 fps; for advanced reentry research and TRAILBLAZER I plasma-sheath studies; AF, ARPA Six-stage (incl. three downward-thrust packaged in reverse in 3rd stage) solid research rocket, 1st-Her­ HONEST JOHN-NIKE-NIKE cules M-6 Honest John (86,000-lb. thrust), 2nd-Her­ T h ree-stage so I1'd sounding rocket, 1st-Hercules cules M-5 Nike (48,700-lb. thrust), 3rd-either Lock­ M-6 Honest John (86,000-lb. thrust), 2nd ~nd 3rd- heed Lance (47,000-lb. thrust) or Thiokol TX-77 Hercules M-S Nike (48, 700-lb. thrust); weight 6,500 (46,000-lb. thrust), 4th-Thiokol T-40, 5th-Thiokol lbs.; length 47 ft.; 250-lb. payload to altitude of 135 T-55 (4,650-lb. thrust), 6th-NASA/Langley 5-in. mi.; Army, AF, NASA spherical motor; weight 7,500 lbs.; length 56 ft.; three stages up to altitude of 200 n. mi.; three stages down HYDRA-IRIS attain 24,000 fps (a" gun-fired" pellet fired dowmvard has reached 35,000 fps); NASA T wo-s t age so 11-d sounding rocket,, 1st-threelb clustered A _. t Sparrow 1.8-KS-7800 s (22,400- . total era Je . h 1 3~0 lb thrust), 2nd-ARC 52KS-4375; w~Ig t , <> s.; AMERICAN MACHI:\TE length 24 ft.; 100-lb. payload to altitude of 200 mi.; AND FOUNDRY COMPANY Navy PURR KEE, ADVANCED IRIS Two-stage sounding rocket, 1st-Hercules M-5 Nike (48,700-lb. thrust), 2nd-Hercules X-200 (6,400-lb. Single-stage solid sounding ro~ket, ARC 52KS-4375; thrust); length 6ft.; in development for Navy weight 1,350 lbs.; length 24 ft.; 100-lb. payload to altitude of 200 mi.; all services and NASA

ATLANTIC RESEARCH CORP. (ARC) METROC Single-stage solid sounding rocket, ARC l6KS-l40; ARC AS weight 15 lbs.; length 4.6 ft.; 2-lb. payload to altitude Single-stage solid sounding rocket, ARC 29KS-336; of20 mi.; all services and NASA


METROC, BOOSTED HERCULES POWDEH CO. Two-stage solid sounding rocket, 1st-ARC Metroc 16KS-140, 2nd-2.75 FFAR (Navy rocket, 720-lb. DEACON (POGO-HI) thrust); weight 26lbs.; length 8.8 ft.; 2-lb. payload to Single-stage Hercules X-220 solid motor (6, 100-lb. altitude of 52 mi.; all services and NASA thrust); weight 155 lbs.; length 9.2 ft.; payload weight vs. altitude varies with each program; Army, Navy, NIKE-APACHE NASA, ARPA Two-stage solid sounding rocket, 1st-Hercules M-5 Nike (48,700-lb. thrust), 2nd-Thiokol Apache TE-307 (5,900-lb. thrust); weight 1,550 lbs.; length LANGLEY RESEAHCH CENTER, NASA 23 ft.; 50-lb. payload to altitude of 130 mi.; all serv­ ices and NASA SIMULATION VEHICLE (1) (Modified Trailblazer I I); Six-stage solid research NIKE-ARCHER rocket; 1st-Thiokol Castor TX-33 w/two Thiokol Two-stage solid sounding rocket, 1st-Hercules M-5 Recruit TE-29' s (122,000-lb. total thrust), 2nd­ Nike (48,700-lb. thrust), 2nd-ARC Archer 35KS- Lockheed Lance (47,000-lb. thrust), 3rd-Hercules 1375; weight 1,650 lbs.; length 25ft.; 40-lb. payload Altair X-248 (3,000-lb. thrust), 4th-NASA Cygnus- to altitude of 230 mi.; all services and NASA 15 (3,200-lb.-thrust, 15-in.-dia. spherical), 5th­ NASA Cygnus-5 (550-lb.-thrust, 5-in.-dia. spherical), NIKE-CAJUN 6th-Army Research Lab. shaped-charge Two-stage solid sounding rocket, 1st-Hercules M-5 accelerator and re-entry pellet; ARC spin-stabilized Nike (48,700-lb. thrust), 2nd-Thiokol Cajun TE-82 velocity package contains last four stages; 13,500 lbs., (9,600-lb. thrust); weight 1,550 lbs.; length 23 ft.; 51.5 ft.; two stages up to 300 km altitude, remaining 50-lb. payload to altitude of 100 mi.; all services and stages packaged in reverse to achieve 20 km-sec. NASA re-entry velocity, 15 deg. off vertical at 75-km alti­ tude; NASA SIDEWINDER-HV ARCAS Two-stage solid sounding rocket, 1st-Naval Propel­ METEOR SIMULATION VEHICLE (2)

lant Plant Si'tlewinder 1A, 2nd-ARC high-velocity (Modified Nike-Cajun); Four~stage solid research Areas 29KS-336; weight 168 lbs.; length 13.8 ft.; 12- rocket; 1st-Hercules Nike (53,000-lb.-thrust), lb. payload to altitude of 81 mi.; all services 2nd-Thiokol Cajun TE-82 (8,600-lb.-thrust), 3rd­ NASA Cygnus-5 (550-lb.-thrust, 5-in.-dia. spheri­ SPARROW-HV ARCAS cal), 4th-Army Ballistics Lab. shaped-charge ac­ Two-stage sounding rocket, 1st-Aerojet Sparrow celerator and re-entry pellet; Zimmey Corp. spin­ 1, 2nd-ARC high-velocity Areas 29KS-336; stabilized velocity package which contains two sets of weight 206 lbs.; length 13 ft.; 12-lb. payload to alti­ the 3rd and 4th stages mounted in reverse; 1,575-lbs., tude of 100 mi.; all services 27.5 ft.; two stages up to 120-km. altitude, two separate re-entries of different pellet materials each SWIK with 11 km/ sec. re-entry velocity, 15 degrees off verti­ Two-stage solid research rocket, 1st-Thiokol Castor cal at 75-km altitude; NASA TX.-33 (55,000-lb. thrust) 2nd-Hercules X-254 (14,100-lb. thrust); weight 13,200 lbs.; length 35ft.; 300-lb. payload to altitude of 675 mi.; Army, AF NAVY MISSILE CENTER, POINT MUGU, CALIF. TRAILBLAZER II Four-stage solid research rocket, 1st-Thiokol Cas­ SPAROAIR tor TX-33 with two Thiokol Recruit TE-29' s Air-launched two-stage research rocket for use on (122,000-lb. total thrust), 2nd-Lockheed Lance F3B or F6B ; Mach 0.8 at 32,000 ft., 1st (47,000-lb. thrust), 3rd-Hercules Altair X-248 and 2nd-Aerojet Sparrow 11 1' s; 35-lb. payload to (.'3,000-lb, thrust), 4th-ARC/NASA 15-in. spherical altitude of 65 n. mi.; used in Projects Tee Pee, Jane, (.5,000-lb. thrust); weight 13,344 lbs.; length 50 ft.; and Night Owl for plasma generation, infrared and two stages up, two stages downward to achieve re­ ultraviolet research, respectively; Navy, Army, Gen­ entry velocity of 22,000 fps; NASA, Army, AF eral Motors Corp.


:\AVAL ORDI\A:\CE TEST STATION (NOTS, KISHA-JUDI CHI:\A LAKE. CALIF.) Two-stage solid sounding rocket; lst-RPI 4.4KS- 4800 Kisha-1, 2nd-RPI 1.9KS-2100 Judi-III; weight, HOVERI.:\G ROCKET SYSTEM 221 Jbs.; length, 14 ft.; 16-lb. payload to altitude of Two-stage research rocket, 1st-Thiokol Pershing 480,000 ft.; Sandia Corp. TX-175 2nd stage, 2nd-NOTS to develop 19 x 3-ft.­ dia. liquid engine (8,000-lb. thrust); weight, 700-lbs.; ORIOLE length, 27 ft.; recoverable payload to altitude of Single-stage RPI 5.5KS-6100 Kiva-1 solid motor; 65,000-50,000 ft.; 2nd stage carries command guid­ weight 236 lbs.; length 13.6 f~.; 10-lb. payload t~ ance, capable of stabilized 120-30 sec. hovering; two 473,000 ft. (Dart with 81.5 cu. m. payload volume), in development for upper-atmosphere re­ all services search measurements and possibly surveillance use; Defense Atomic Support Agency PHOENIX-I Two-stage solid sounding rocket; lst-~PI 5.5.KS- DIV., NORTH AMERICAN 6100 Kiva-1, 2nd-RPI 3.0KS-4000 Hopl-ll;. weight AVIATION, 11\C. 320 lbs.; length 18ft.; 10-lb. payload to altitude of AEOLUS 1-90 225 mi.; all services Single-stage solid sounding rocket (315-lb. thrust); RAVEN weight, 41 lbs.; length, 4.25 ft.; 6-lb. payload to alti­ . I RPI 8 "'KS-1800 solid motor; weight tude of 90,000 ft.; launched from 5-in. gun or rein­ Smg e-stage .o:> l d to altitude of forced plastic shipping container; Navy 100 lbs · length 10.8 ft.; 10-lb. pay oa I . I ., I t f meteoro oglca 250.000 ft.; under deve opmen or AEOLUS 1-200 use by all services and NASA Single-stage solid sounding rocket (500-lb. thrust); weight, 69.6 lbs.; length, 7.39 ft.; 6-8 lb. payload to SIDEWINDER-RAVEN altitude of 200,000 ft.; Navy . k t· 1st-Naval Propel- Two-stage solid soun dmg roc e , I 8 5KS-1800; !ant Plant Sidewinder lA, 2nd-RP I. d t It' ROCKET POWER. INC. (RPI) weight 20S lbs.; length 17 ft.; 20-lb. pay oa o a I- HOPI CHAFF DART tude of 400,000 ft.; all services

Single-stage RPI 3.0KS-4000 Hopi-It solid motor; weight, 93 lbs.; length, 11 ft.; 11.5-lb. payload to -4800 solid motor; weight 15 5 altitude of 300,000 ft.; NASA Single-stage RPI f K 35 lb pavload to altitude of 445lbs.; length 16 t.; - · f~rNavv JUDI BALLOON DART 620,000 ft.; under development . Single-stage RPI 1. 9KS-2100 Judi-I solid motor; SANDIA CORP. weight, 33.7 lbs.; length, 9ft.; 10-lb. pavload (std. AF NITEHAWK9 Mylar Robin Sphere) to 200,000 ft.; all services and d' rocket 1st-Hercules foreign governments Two-stage solid sounh mg) 2 d~ Thiokol TE-416 M-5 Nike (48,700-lb. t rust' n . . . d 000-lb thrust); 9-m.-dla. payloa JUDI CHAFF (OR PARACHUTE) DART To~aha,4v0k 60(IO!b, pavl~ad to 200 mi. altitude; Mach sectwn· - · · Single-stage RPI 1.9KS-2100 Judi-1 solid motor; 8.5; At~mic Commission weight, 30.3 lbs.; length, 8.6 ft.; 10-lb. payload to SPACE-GENERAL CORP. altitude of 240,000 ft.; all services, NASA and foreign governments AEROBE£ 100 . Boosted single-stage sounding rocket; sustamer- JUDI INSTRUMENTED DART liquid IRFNA & JP-4 engine (2,600-lb. ~hr.ust for 4~ c) -Aerojet 2.5-KS-18,000 sohd motor, Single-stage RPI 1.9KS-2100 Judi-1 solid motor; ::elg,ht 1,470 lbs.; length 25.75 ft.; 70-lb. payload. to weight, 33.7 lbs.; length, 9 ft.; 10-lb. payload to altitude of 80 mi.; tower-launched; max. acceleratwn altitude of 220,000 ft.; all services and foreign gov­ 15.2 g; NASA, AF ernments

509 ~------


AEROBEE 150 & 150A THIOKOL CHEMICAL CORP., Boosted single-stage sounding rocket; sustainer­ liquid IRFNA and aniline-furfuryl-alcohol mixture ASTRO-MET DIV. engine (4, 100-lb. thrust for 51.8 se~. ), booster-Aero­ jet 2.5KS-18,000 solid motor; weight (150), 1,943 lbs.; ADVANCED TERRIER-TOMAHAWK length (150), 29.67 ft.; weight (150A), 1,941 lbs.; Two-stage solid sounding rocket, 1st-Hercules BT-3 length, (150A), 30 ft.; 150-lb. payload to altitude Advanced Terrier ( 17,000-lb. thrust), 2nd-Thiokol of 152 mi.; max. acceleration 10.3 g; tower-launched; TE-416 Tomahawk (10,000-lb. thrust); weight 2,820 150 version has 3 fins, 1.50A has 4 fins; altitude control Ihs.; length 29.8 ft.; 200-lb. (12-in. clia.) payload to and recovery systems available in both vehicles; altitude of 18.5 mi. or 7E>-lb. (9-in. dia.) payload to NASA, AF, Navy, Kitt Peak Observatory altitude of 350 mi.; in development

AEROBEE 300 & 300A NIKE-APACI-IE Two-stage sounding rocket; 1st-Aerobee 1.50 or Two-stage solid sounding rocket, 1st-Hercules, M-5 150A, 2nd-solid Aerojet Sparrow l.8KS-7800; Nike (48,700-lb. thrust), 2nd-Thiokol Apache weight 2,103lbs.; length (300), 33.00 ft., (300A), 33.30 TE-307 (.5,900-lb. thrust), weight 1,9.50 lbs.; length ft.; 35-lb. payload to altitude of 300 mi.; max. ac­ 23ft.; 50-lb. payload to altitude of 130 mi.; all serv­ celeration 63.8 g; 300A has 4 fins; NASA, AF ices and NASA

AEROBEE 350 NIKE-TOMAHAWK Design goal 150-lb. payload to altitude of nearly 300 Two-stage solid sounding rocket, 1st-Hercules M-5 mi.; under development for NASA Nike (48, 700-lb. thrust), 2nd-Thiokol TE-416 Tom­ ahawk (10,000-lb. thrust); weight 1,977 lbs.; length ASTROBEE 200 29.7 ft.; 125-lb. payload to altitude of 200 mi.; all Two-stage solid sounding rock services and NASA Nike (48,700-lb. thrust) 2 d et, 1st-:-Hercules M-5 weight 2,601 lbs.; length'26 ~ 2-;-Aero]et 30KS-8000; TOMAHAWK altitude of 170 mi. rna · It.; 150-lb. payload to ., x. acceerar 18 launched; NASA, AF Ion .9 g; boom- Single-stage solid sounding rocket, Thiokol TE-416 Tomahawk (10,000-lb. thrust); ~eight 575lbs.; length ASTROBEE 250 16.25 ft.; 45-lb. payload to altitude of 100 mi.; fin stabilized; all services and NASA Single-stage solid sounding k - roc et· Ae . t 2 5 I ,000, optional auxiliaries-two , . role . 8KS- TOMAHAWK DART 35,000; weight 10 358 lbs . I h Th10kol l.5KS- , ·' engt ·'34 17 f 1,000-lb. payload to altitudes b t · t.; 400- Single-stage solid sounding rocket; Thiokol TE-416 max acceleration 13 g; boom-! e wehen 190-120 mi.; Tomahawk (10,000 lb. thrust); weight 677lbs., length N avy aunc ed; NASA , AF , 19.25 ft.; 125-lb. payload to 60 mi. altitude; all serv- ices and NASA ASTROBEE 1500

Two-stage solid sounding rocket 1st-A . 57,000 with two Thiokoll.5Ks-35 000 ero1et 28KS- 30KS-8000· weight 11 493 lb . I ' ' 2nd-Aerojet ' ' s., ength 34 17 f lb. payload to altitude of 1,300 . . · t.; 130- tion 37 g; boom-launched; und;Id ma,x. accelera- NASA AF S d. r eve opment for , ' an Ia (replacement f Journeymen A) or NASA

510 l

How Solar gas eliminate ground support equipment

Low cost main engine starting, vides power for system checkout and auxiliary power and air condi­ main engine starting on the ground. The Solar Gas Turbine Self-Con­ tioning on the ground are pro­ tained Starter ( GTSS) is a light vided by for both weight, free-turbine type direct drive military and commercial aircraft starter which mounts on aircraft main propulsion engines, and operates on T~e extremely rugged and compact the same fuel as the aircraft. It is con­ Tltan® gas turbine engine is used as servatively estimated that the Solar Solar GTSS cuts jet engine cost­ ~he auxiliary power unit in every ma­ GTSS will reduce aircraft turbine en- per-start in half. JOr U.S. military cargo helicopter pro­ gram, including the CH-46A CH-47A Solar gas turbine-driven electrical C~-3C, CH-53A, and CH-S4A. Th~ power generation systems now in pro­ Tztan turbine APU provides the duction provide a wide range of con­ power necessary to start main en­ tinuous duty or standby electrical gines . and operate all hydraulic and power from 20 kw to 750 kw. The electncal systems, thus allowing air­ family of gas turbine generator sets craft operation completely independ­ inCludes the ® gas turbine 750 e~t of grou?d support equipment. The kw generator. set, the T -350 gas tur­ Tztan turbme operates on a wide va­ bine 200 kw generator set and the riety of !iquid petroleum fuels, and Titan gas turbine generator set with starts qUickly under extreme environ­ outputs of 20 kw o:r 30 kw. All Solar Solar Titan gas turbine now used mental conditions ranging from -65F in alz' major U. S. military helicopters generator sets are compact and light to 130F. The engine is certified by the weight, and are completely factory Federal Aviation Agency for use as gine starting from one-half to o_ne­ packaged. They are designed for low an essential power APU. eighth the cost of other systems now cost and ease of installation, mainte­ Commercial aircraft and business available. A complete gas turbine en­ nance and operation, and can be sup­ jets, including the F-27 FH-227 Fal­ gine in itself, the starter provides safe, plied as completely mobile units if con and Jet Star, are u~ing a lo~ cost reliable starts and eliminates the in­ desired. integrated auxiliary power and air herent inefficiencies of transferring For further information on Solar conditioning system composed of a starting energy to the main engines gas turbines and their many cost­ Solar Titan gas turbine engine and a through pneumatic, hydraulic or elec­ saving applications in the aircraft Stratos vapor cycle cooling system. tric means. Use of the GTSS will give field, write: Solar, Department 0-391, The compact assembly produces D.C. the pilot complete cockpit control of San Diego, California 92112. or A.C. electrical power concurrently main engine starting, and eliminates with cabin cooling or heating. The the ground support equipment nor­ system is designed to pull down a mally required for this purpose. The heat-soaked environment to a com­ GTSS is capable of starting all major fort level within minutes under ex­ aircraft jet engines within 25 to 35 treme ambient conditions. On the seconds, including the J-57, J-75, VsoLARO. F-27 and FH-227, the unit also pro- J-79, TF-30 and TF-33. A Division of Intern ational Harvester Company Aero commander means businessl Any way you read it, that's what we mean. The initial Aero Commander concept was that of a twin engine designed, engineered and built to meet business transportation requirements. And we built an air­ craft business on that premise. The same concept, at the outset, was applied to the Jet Commander. Today the -Jet Commander is big busi­ ness. Because it's lower priced and operates at less cost than any other business jet in the world that's FAA­ certified to commercial jetliner standards of safety and reliability. When we added our single engine models we meant business. The Aero Commander 200 is- by any com­ parison - the finest, most sophisticated 4 -place, single engine aircraft in production today. And - by any comparison - the Aero Commander 100 is the lowest priced, full size 4-place, all-.rTietal airplane in production anywhere. Both are designed to meet specific requirements of business and professional people who free themselves from the restrictions of surface and scheduled transportation. And now we're serving the business of agriculture with the biggest, safest and most efficient Ag-plane in the business. The Snow Commander S-20 covers more acres faster at less cost than any other aerial applicator. Compare the entire line- or each model -with that of any other manufacturer in the world. And any way you read it, Aero Commander means business! Come fly with us and see for yourself. JET COMMANDER, pure jet twin, 525 mph cruise, pressurized, air conditioned, 2 pilots, 4-7 passengers, 16,800 lbs. gross, $595,000 FAF Bethany • TURBO COMMANDER, prop-jet twin, 285 mph cruise, pressurized, air conditioned, 2 pilots, 4-8 passengers, 8,500 lbs. gross, $299,950 FAF Bethany • GRAND COMMANDER, twin 380 hp engines, 230 mph cruise, 5-11 places, 8,500 lbs. gross, $146,900 . .. with pressurization, air conditioning, $199,950 FAF Bethany • AERO COMMANDER 500U, twin 290 hp piston engines, 218 mph cruise, 4-7 places, 6 ,750 lbs. gross, $94,500 FAF Bethany • AERO COMMANDER 200, 285 hp, 210 mph cruise, 4 places, 3,·000 lbs. gross, $29,500 FAF Albany • AERO COMMANDER 100, 150 hp, 128 mph cruise, 4 places, 2,250 ibs. gross, $8,500 FAF Albany • SNOW COMMANDER S-2D, 600 hp, working speeds 85-110 mph, 6,000 lbs. gross, $26,330 FAF Olney.


AERO COMMANDER DIVISIONS, ROCKWELL-STANDARD CORP. THE SNOW COMMANDER ALBANY, GEORGIA: BETHANY, OKLAHOMA: OLNEY. TEXAS The fastest objects flying in the atmosphere overcome violent extremes of pressure, temperature and. dynamic forces with new materials developed by ·Martin. Future progress in space and defense depends on understand­ ing and creating new materials. Materials development is a major strength in Martin's total systems capability.

Creative engineering at Martin makes things happen.

MARTIN COMPANY A DIVISION OF MARTIN MARIETTA CORPORATION BALTIMORE. ORLANDO. DENVER. CANAVERAL is taking half-mile wide pictures of the ocean bottom with sound? is developing the first nuclear rocket reactor for space? is the country s leading designer and manufacturer of airborne fire control radar? is building the world's first space radar for rendezvous missions? is manufacturing electrical systems for today's most advanced aircraft? is working on a worldwide super communications system? is designing the nuclear reactors, turbines and generators for our fleet? has a tiny TV camera for use on the moon

You can be sure if it's Westinghouse

j 0 2J fl !> ATOMIC, DE FENSE AND SPACE GROUP ~~Advanced technology is the cornerstone of our business."" J. D. Wright, Chairman

TRW stands for growth through technology. You will find evidence of it in your , in your TV, on the last jet you took- and in a satellite orbiting around the sun. TRW's contribution to the industry places it into the pioneering class of companies that actually helped launch the space age. Almost 90% of U.S. spacecraft owe some or all of their success to TRW. Applications of our technology range from microminiature diodes and communications satellites to giant rocket and jet engine components.

TRW is 50,000 people who specialize in turning advanced concepts into practical products and services for aerospace, automotive, electronic and industrial customers. TRW INC.- headquarters in Cleveland, operations in 170 other locations throughout the world. TRWFormerly Thompson Ramo Wooldridge Inc, THE PATTERN OF GROWTH AT FAIRCHILD HILLER

Look to Fairchild Hiller and our seven divisions, where contri­ butions to the national purpose are so diversifi ~~ their only common denominator is technical excellence.

Today, we are sharply accelerating our planned program of growth. Focal point: the new Technology Center (above), now taking shape in suburban ~ashington, D .C. at Germantown, Md.

At this complex of laboratory and administrative facilities, we will originate new concepts, new approaches, new applications of i'!genuity for tomorrow's products and technologies.


.6.1~CRA F T V/STOL S Y STEM S El-ECTRONICS From Kitty Hawk to Cape Kennedy. • • In 146 Dramatic Full-Color Paintings

THE FIRST PICTORIAL HISTORY IN ART OF THE U.S. AIR FORCE This unique new volume presents Luke, "Rick" Rickenbacker and his • LAVISHLY ILLUSTRATED with Hiroshima ... up through the dra­ the whole incredible panorama of 26 kills, flamboyant the cream of the priceless Air Force matic and tragic moment of Presi­ aer_ospace history in America, set Billy Mitchell, Doolittle, Arnold, Art Collection - 146 breath-taking dent Johnson's somber inauguration ag~~st a stunning background of 146 Spaatz, LeMay, Vandenberg, Twi­ full color paintings chosen from on and beyond, to offlci:U U. S. Air Force paintings in ning, White, and many others who over 2,500 canvasses-and repro­ the incredible manned and un- ~a~zhng color. Years in the making, put the goal of man's domination duced here for the first time any­ . manned scientific probes of the It IS .a monumental, authoritative of the skies at the very core of where. skies. These vibrant canvasses--the class1c, developed with the unquali­ their lives. And the ... works of 79 great world renowned fied cooperation of the u. S. Air • DELUXE ART BOOK FORMAT. illustrators-will show you the thrills Force. the Loening COA-l, Tri­ 1 270 large 8 12" x 11" pages of art of aviation as you have never seen Motor Curtiss JN-4D "Jenny," Brit­ paper and exquisite calor fidelity. AN ACTION-FILLED, ish DeHavilland-4, them. UNFORGETTABLE SAGA 0/ 400, P-47, P-58, the heavy SIX DECADES OF AIR FORCE THE U.S. AIR FORCE IN ART will from the ill-fated Model 299 to the HISTORY IN FULL COLOR The former Chief of the Army Air B-29 Superfortress which carried so keep you spellbound as it graphi­ This handsome volume is a veritable Corps, Major General Benjamin Foulois cally, dramatically, and colorfully many gallant fliers to glory. - a man who made much of the history Metropolitan Museum of official shown here - says: reveal.s the crucial turning points in A MAGNIFICENT GIFT Air Force paintings. In glorious, life­ the h1story of aviation which, so like color they recapture the epic This book presents a new and exciting view of a great saga. often, transformed the history of THE U.S. AIR FORCE IN ART is moments of Air Force achievements the United States and the world! an extraordinary volume of such The crisp text provides an effec­ . .. the fledgling trials of 1907 ... the tive backdrop for the excellent From th~ frustrating battle fought unsurpassed btiauty, such vivid, dog fights of World War I ... Doo- authoritative and exciting Ameri­ art and the expressive brushes by the au-borne pioneers for gov­ little on his momentous raid over of the artists lend an added cana, with such remarkable, exciting ernment recognition of the tiny air Tokyo ... the fateful missions over dimension of depth. I think that arm with the giant potential ... to paintings, it will be enthusiastically this unique volume will bring to the dismal failure of the infant Air welcomed - not only by airmen and its reader a greater appreciation Force's first combat air operation ex-airmen, but by all who respond THE PERFECT GIFT of what the Air Force is and in Mexico ... the magnificent climb with pride to the valor, the courage FOR EVERYONE IN THE what it means to the nation. to devastating air power in World and thrilling adventure of man's War II . .. the "wild blue yonder push toward the heavens. AEROSPACE INDUSTRY boys" who set and broke records, • SUPERBLY WRITTEN after years Just imagine the pleasure that all personnel in the aerospace industry carried the mail, performed dare­ of painstaking research by a re­ would derive from a gift of this unique book. Your company, personnel, devil stunts before the bedazzled nowned historian and scholar and customers and suppliers will be proud to own THE U.S. AIR FORCE: A eyes of the Twenties, and gloriously former airman. ' PICTORIAL HISTORY IN ART. defended our country wherever the need arose ... it's all here, and • FULLY AUTHENTICATED. The QUANTITY DISCOUNTS AVAILABLE TO AEROSPACE COMPANIES much more. encyclopedic coverage of Air Force facts, figures, dates, people and Publishers' List Price- $14.95 AVIATION'S IMMORTALS places was reviewed by the Office Published by Here too are the heroes - Foulois, of Information, Dept. of the Air Dargue, Eaker, Whitehead, Fair- Force, to make this the unchallenged BOOKS INCORPORATED r.hilrt nnoo a rlo 110...,]1 ,...,...... , D~ ~,.. L..,._Il _,.....£ ~-~ -~~ ~ .... I\~ ... (;',....,...,..,.. '&-.; ...... t:~ n n.-.-1 /\ __ --- n CHRONOLOGIES of 1962-1964 Highlights of the years in which the Aerospace Year Book was not published are included here.

1962 e0ctober3 Walter M. Schirra, Jr., completes six-orbit flight in Mercury­ l: JA:\"UARY Atlas8. •January 27 The 500 mile-per-hour. six-place executive aircraft, Jet Com­ •October 18 mander. built by Aero Commander, Inc.. makes its first Hight. Ranger V is launched and later passes within 450 miles of the moon without a mid-course correction, although it fails to receive II FEBRUARY solar power and transmits no useful data. eFebruary 8 "'' i e0ctober27 Tiros I\' meteorological satellite is launched. Explorer XV scientific satellite investigates the artificial radiation eFebruarv 20 belt created by the July 9 high altitude nuclear explosion over In the ~lercury- 6 spacecraft, John H. Glenn, Jr., becomes the Pacific. the first American to orbit the earth, completing three orbits at an altitude of 100/163 miles. NOVEMBER •November 27 MARCH Boeing 727, 70-to-114 passenger, 600 mile-per-hour jetliner is unveiled. el\ 7 NASA's 440-pound OSO {Orbiting Solar Observatory) is launched into a 344/370 mile orbit to study ultra-violet, gamma, and X-ray DECEMBER radiations from the sun. •DecemberS Bell Model 206 helicopter, prototype of the Army's OH-4A APRIL Light Observation Helicopter, begins ground and Hight tests. •April26 •December 14 Ranger IV lunar research vehicle impacts the moon after a 64- Mariner II reports important scientific data on Venus as it passes hour flight. but cameras and instrumentation failed to function. within 21,000 miles of that planet on its 109-day space voyage. MAY e.Mav9 Sikorsky S-64 Skycrane helicopter. capable of lifting loads up to 1963 10 tons, takes to the air for the first time. FEBRUARY e.May 24 eFebruary9 M. flies Mercury-Atlas 7 mission. Pratt & Whitney's JT-8D turbofan engine reaches flight status in JUNE the Boeing 727. •June 19 •February 14 Tiros V meteorological satellite is launched. Syncom I communications satellite is launched and achieves syn­ chronous orbit, but loses communication. JULY APRIL •July 10 Telstar I, the world's first commercial communications satellite, eApril2 is launched into orbit to carry out telephone and television exper­ Explorer 17 satellite, a 400-pound stainless steel Hying laboratory iments between the U.S. and Europe. equipped with eight primary detectors for direct measurement of the structure of the earth's upper atmosphere, begins its voyage. •July 18 executive twin Model411 completes its first Hight. eApril18 Northrop's X-21A laminar How control demonstration aircraft, SEPTEMBER with air-inhaling wings to reduce and powered by General Electric }79 engines, begins series of flight tests. •September 18 Tiros VI is launched for further meteorological exploration. MAY

OCTOBER eMay7 Telstar 2 active-repeater communications satellite is sent into e0ctobcr2 Explorer XIV scientific satellite is launched to study radiation. orbit and successfully handles radio, TV, telephone and facsim­ solar particles and solar winds, and magnetic winds. ile transmissions.

519 eMay 15 •October :31 L. , Jr., begins Mercury-Atlas 9 space flight, Army's Hiller OH-23G observation helicopter reaches speed of which is to last 34 hours and 20 minutes. Mission highly success­ 123.77 miles-per-hour, a new record. ful from the standpoint of landing and insertion into orbit. 1\0VEMBER JUNE e:\'ovember 7 •June 10 Northrop Corporation's three-parachute Iandin)! S\'Stt•m for the The two-seat Republic F-105F, designed as a mission trainer as Apollo command capsule is tested sueccssfully at \\'bite Sands. well as a combat fighter-bomber, takes to the air for the first time. •November 20 •June 19 Lockheed XV-4A Hummingbird makes its first transition fli),!ht. Tiros 7 meteorological satellite is launched and is as highly suc­ cessful as its predecessors in gathering cloud cover data for the •November 27 U.S. Weather Bureau. Centaur two-stage booster test flight marks major step in develop­ ment of large launch vehicles and first test flight usc of liquid hy­ JULY drogen as a rocket fuel. •July 20 •November 27 United Technology Center successfully tests 120-inch-diameter, Explorer 18 satellite. compact physics laboratory designed to 1,000,000-pound thrust, strap-on solid rocket for the Titan 111-C measure magnetic fields, cosmic rays. and solar winds in inter­ . planetary space, is launched successfully.

•July 26 DECEMBER Syncom II communications satellite is launched, achieves syn­ chronous position over Brazil, and conducts a number of success­ •December 5 ful experiments. Navv's Transit satellite, designed as a navigation aid for Polaris­ carr~ing submarines, is sent into orbit for the sixth time. AUGUST •August 15 •December 5 USAF ~v1ajor Hobert A. Hushworth tops Mach 6 for the first Northrop Norair' s 1,000 mile-per-hour twin-jet F-5A, which can time Hying NASA/USAFX-1.5. operate as an interceptor, fighter-bomber or reconnaissance plane, makes its first flight. eDcccmber 17 Initial test flight is conducted of C-141 StarLiftcr, a fan-jet pow­ •August 22 ered cargo/personnel transport built by Lockheed-Georgia Com­ North American-built NASA/USAF X-1.5 is flown to a record al­ titude for winged craft of 354,200 feet. pany. Pratt & Whitney's TF33 turbofan engine reaches flight status in •August 28 the Lockheed C-141 StarLifter transport. II, booster for the sub-orbital phase of the Apollo test program, makes its first test Hight at White Sands Missile Range. •December 19 Explorer 19 satellite is launched into orbit to perform experi- SEPTEMBER ments in air density measurement. •September 18 Nonorbiting test of ASSET re-entry vehicle is conducted from •December 21 Cape Kennedy. Tiros 8 successfully launched on weather reporting mission.

OCTOBER 1964 eOctober 16 Air Force's B-58, built by Fort Worth Division of General Dy­ JANUARY namics Corporation, sets world performance record by making t~e longest supersonic flight in history, from Tokyo to London in •January 11 . eight hours and 35 minutes at an average speed of 1,092 miles Greb 5 piggyback radiation measuring satellite is launched mto a per hour. 500/600 mile orbit.

•October 25 •January 21 Titan II launch vehicle is formally accepted by NASA and sched­ Relay 2 active repeater communications satellite is sent into its uled to boost first unmanned Gemini capsule in 1964. Powered 1300/4600 mile orbit to conduct intercontinental microwave ex­ by hypergolic fuels-those which ignite on contact-it permits periments between the U. S., , Brazil. , shorter count-down time than earlier launch vehicles. , and Japan. eOctober 26 •January 25 Rocketdyne Division of delivers the Echo 2, the balloon-type passive communications satellite, the first production model of the 1,.500,000-pound thrust F-1 engine, first cooperative experiment of the U. S. and the Soviet Union, which is to power the first stage of the booster. is launched into a 622/833 mile orbit.

520 •January 29 SEPTEMBER Saturn I super-booster, complete with a live upper sta~te. is suc­ •September I cessfully launchl•d for the first time, lifting a weight of 37,700 First test launch of the Titan III-A is conducted. pounds-the heaviest wei~tht sent into orbit during the first seven years of manned space research. •September 4 OGO (Orbiting Geophysical Observatory), an unmanned space­ APRIL craft weighing over half a ton and capable of carrying as many as 20 experiments covering such subjects as radio propagation, eApril S astronomy, magnetic fields, atmospheric measurement and en­ First of two unmanned fli~thts for the Gemini program, the GT-1 ergetic particles, is launched into its highly eccentric orbit with boilerplate Gemini is launched into a 99/204 mile orbit. an apogee of 93,000 miles and a perigee of only 176 miles.

MAY •September 29 The X-I42, a tri-service V/STOL transport designed to carry 32 e:\lay 25 combat troops over an operational radius of 230 to 470 miles, General Electric-Ryan X\"-5A Army \"TOL makes its first com•en• makes its first flight as a result of a joint project of LTV, Hiller tional fli)!ht. Aircraft, and Co.

OCTOBER JULY •October I4 •July 1 The Sikorsky S-65A (CH-53A) helicopter, designed for heavy as­ Curtiss-Wright X-19 tri-service VTOL. which features four tilt- sault transport use by the Marine Corps, makes its first flight. ing, interconnected propellers on two short wings and is designed for a speed range from 0 to 400 miles per hour, completes its •October 28 first test flight. Suborbital flight of re-entry vehicle for ASSET, a program de­ signed to test various materials at high-speed re-entry into the •July I7 atmosphere, is launched. TRS-6 (Tetrahedral Research Satellite), a 4 1/2-pound space­ craft designed to measure the intensity of charged particles in a NOVEMBER large portion of the magnetosphere, is sent into a highly ellipti­ c-al orbit of 120 to 65,000 miles after going aloft as a piggyback •November I7 passenger on the Atlas-Agena D which launched the two NOS General Electric-Rvan XV-SA Armv VTOL makes its first com­ satellites. plete transition fro~ vertical to forn;ard flight.

•July I7 •November 28 Two 20-sided. 500-pound Nuclear Detection Satellites (third and Mariner 4 is sent into proper trajectory on a 350,000,000 mile fourth of a series of 10), dcsi~tned to aid in enforcing the atomic flight, passing within 6,000 miles of Mars and sending back to test ban by detecting atomic explosions in space, are launched earth 21 close-up photos of that planet. into high altitude orbits (58,000 to 70,000 miles). DECEMBER •Julv28 •December II R~nger 7 is launched from Cape Kennedy and sends back to Centaur 4 (consisting of an Atlas D lower stage with 360,000 earth the first close-up photos of the moon's surface before im­ pounds thrust and an upper stage composed of two liquid hydro­ pacting the moon 68 hours and 35 minutes later. gen engines producing 30,000 pounds thrust) is launched, achieves its test objectives, and is scheduled for operational use AUGUST in 1965.

•August I9 •December 12 Syncom 3 synchronous comsat is launched and 10 days later is In a 130-second static test, the Thiokol 156-inch solid rocket directed into orbit over the International Date Line, where it motor featuring a gimbaled generates almost I,500,000 relays to the U. S. live television of the Olympic Games in Japan. pounds thrust.

•August 28 •December 31 Nimbus weather satellite is launched to photograph cloud cover The Turbo Commander, a turboprop aircraft built bv Aero Com­ on its near-polar circular orbit, where its cameras are to return mander, Inc., with cruising speed of 280 miles per .hour, makes about 1,000 photos daily. its first flight.


Aero-Commander, Div. of Rockwell-Standard Corp., 512-513 Aeronutronic, Div. of Philco Corp., 185 Allison Division, General Motors Corp., 245 Avco Corporation, 210 Beech Aircraft Corporation, 61-64 Boeing Company, 249 Books, Incorporated, 518 Curtiss-Wright Corporation, 247 , Inc., 71 Fairchild Hiller Corporation, 517 Garrett Corporation, 65 General Electric Corporation, 182 General Precision, Incorporated, 186-187 Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation, 42-43 Hercules Incorporated, 66 Lear Siegler, Incorporated, 41 Ling-Temco-Vought, Incorporated, 70 Lockheed Aircraft Corporation, 184 Marquardt Corporation, 246 Martin Company, 514 McDonnell Aircraft Corporation, 45 North American Aviation, Incorporated, 67 Northrop Corporation, 68-69 Radio Corporation of America, 248 Rohr Corporation, 212 Ryan Aeronautical Company, 44 Solar, Div. of International Harvester Co., 213, 511 Sperry Gyroscope Co., Div. of Sperry Rand Corp., 183 TRW Incorporated, 516 United Aircraft Corporation, 211 Westinghouse Electric Corporation, 515 INDEX

Airport Surveillance Radar, 448 Argo B-1, 506 A , 218-219 Argo B-7, 506 Acceptam:e Checkout Equipment (ACE), Alaska Coastal-Ellis Airlines, 219 Argo B-8, 506 416 Alfa Surface-to-Underwater \Veapon, 347 Argo B-9, 506 ADC-600 for F-Ill, Allegheny Airlines, 220 Argo B-ll, 506 402 Allison Division of General Motors, 76- Argo B-13, 506 Advanced Orbiting Solar Observatorv Argo B-21, 506 ( AOSO), 389 , . 78, 493-495 501-D13D Commercial Turboprop, Argo B-23, 506 Advanced Technological Satellite, 384 493 Argo C-23, 506 Advanced Terrier Shipboard Antiaircraft 501-D22 Commercial Turboprop, Argo D-4 (Javelin), 507 :Missile, 351 494 Argo D-8 (Journeyman A), 507 Advanced Terrier-Tomahawk, 510 T56-A-7 Military Turboprop, 495 Argo E-5 (Jason), 507 Aeolus 1-90, 509 T63-A-5A Military Turboshaft, 494 Army aviation awards, 40 Aeolus 1-200, 509 250-C18 Commercial Turboshaft,493 ASROC/Terrier, 348 Aerobee 100, 509 Aloha Airlines, 220-221 ASSET, 394 Aerobee 150 & 150A, 510 ALOTS Airborne Lightweight Optical Astor Mark 45 Guided , 347 Aerobee 300 & 300A, 510 Tracking System, 426 Astrobee 200, 510 Aerobee 350, 510 Aluminum Company of American, 78-81 Astrobee 250, 510 Aero Commander Division Rod.-well :\nll'rican Airlinl's, 220 A - 220 B Standard Corporation, 20, '252-254 Astrobee 1500, 510 American Brake Shoe Company ( ABEX), Maneuvering Unit, 425 Aero Commander-100, 252 81-82 Athena, 507 Aero Commander-200, 252 American Helicopter Society awards, 39 Atlantic Research Corp. (ARC), 507-508 Grand Commander, 253 American and Foundry Com­ Jet Commander, 253 pany, 507 Atlas ICBM (Series D, E, and F), 339 Turbo Commander, 20, 254 AN/APN-153 Doppler Navigation Radar, Atlas SLV -3, 371 Aerodex, Inc., 124 A 416 Atomic Energy Commission, 189-190 Aerojet-General Corporation, 26, 31, 74- AN/FPQ-6 Tracking Radar, 437 Automatic Picture Ground 75, 452-455 AN/FPQ/10 Radar System, 447 System, 407 Apollo Service Module Engine, 454 AN/FPS-16 Precision Instrumentation Autonetics Division, North American Avi­ ation, 431-433 M-1 Rocket En­ Radar, 437 gine, 453. AN/FPS-85 Space Track Radar System, Auxiliary Data Annotation Set ( ADAS), 407 Minuteman II Second Stage Engine, 404 454 AN/GSM-133 Programmer Comparator, Avco Corporation, 82-83, 124 A- 124 B Aerostructures Division, 124 A NERV~ (Nuclear Engine for Rocket 404 Vehicle Application), 453 AN/MRC-98 Tropospheric Scatter Com­ Electronics Division, 124 A Polaris Motors, 455 munications System, 405 Everett Research Laboratory, 124 A Probe, 31 Anti-Satellite Weapons, 353 Lycoming Division, 82-83, 481-482 Titan II First Stage Engine System, AN/TRC-97 Tropospheric Scatter Radio, Ordnance Division, 124 B 452 438 Research and Development Division, Titan II Second Stage Engine, 452 AN/TSQ-47 Air Traffic Control System, 124 B Tulsa Division, 124 B 260-Inch Solid Rocket, 26 438 AN/USQ-28 Aerial Surveying and Map- Aerolab Development Company, 506-507 ping System, 423 8 Aeronca Manufacturing Corporation, 75 Apollo, 4, 376 Aerospace Corporation, 75-76 BANC-660 Navigation Computer System, Apollo Earth Landing System, 435 AF37A-T27 Trainer, 418 403 AQM-37A Target Drone, 362 Agena, 375 Beech Aircraft Corporation, 83-85, 254- AQM-38B Target Aircraft, 365 259, 361-362 AlA leadership, 32 B55 and C55 Baron, 256 AIAA awards, 40 Areas, 507 C33 and C33A Debonair, 255 Air Canada, 217-218 Areas, Boosted, 507 Custom III, 254 Air Conditioner Model VEA4-3, 413 Archer, 507 D95A Travel Air, 256 Air Conditioner Model VEA4-5, 4ll Argo A-2 ( Percheron), 506 King Air, 258 Air Conditioner Model VEA4-6, 409 Argo A-3, 506

523 Model45 Mentor, 259 Bonanza Air Lines, 221-222 R1820-84 Engine (C9), 474 Musketeer Sport III, 254 Braniff International, 222-223 H3350-32\ (TC18), 474 Queen Air 65, 257 Brewer Trophy, 38 HC2-60 Hotating En- Queen Air 88, 257 Bull pup A ( AGM 12-B), Bullpup B gine, 475 Super H18, 258 ( AGM 12-C) and Nuclear Bull pup TJ60 Gas Turbine Engine, 484 Super III, 254 ( AGM 12-D) Missiles, 355 X-19 VTOL Aircraft, 282 T -42A Instrument Trainer, 259 V35 and V35TC Bonanza, 255 D Bell Aerosystems Company, 31, 85-87, c 260-262, 455-456 Deacon (Pogo-HI), 508 C-141A Aircraft Flight Simulator, 417 Deep Space Network, 422 Agena Engine, 456 Canadian Pacific Air Lines, Limited, 223- Dccpstar, 31 Air Cushion Vehicle, 31 224 Del Mar Engineering Laboratories, 361 Lunar Excursion Module Ascent En- Centaur, 11, 372 , 373 gine, 455 Cessna Aircraft Company, 20, 95-96, 275- , 225-226 SK-I Hydroskimmer, 260 281. Department of Defense, 190 SK-3 Carabao, 260 Agwagon, 20 Air Force, 190-193 SK-5, 261 Cessna 172, 275 Anny, 193-196 X-14A VTOL Research Aircraft, 262 Cessna 180, 276 Navy, 196-199 X-22A V/STOL Research Aircraft, Cessna 182 and Skylanc, 279 261 DI-I-2C Drone Helicopter, 361 Cessna 185, 277 DH\IATE, 439 Bell Helicopter Company, 87-88, 2~2-267 Cessna 310J, 278 47G-3B-l Helicopter, 263 Executive 411, 279 Douglas Aircraft Company, Inc., 16-17, 100-101, 282-286 47G-4 Trooper Helicopter, 262 Modell50, 275 A-3 Skywarrior, 282 47J-2A Ranger Helicopter, 263 Model 210 Centurion, 277 OH-13S Sioux Helicopter, 264 A-4E and TA-4E Skyhawk Trainer- Skyhawk, 276 Attack Bomber, 283 TH-13T Helicopter, 265 Skynight, 278 204B Helicopter, 264 B-66 Bomber, 283 Super Skylane, 280 UH-IB iroquois Helicopter, 265 C-124 Globemaster, 284 Super Skymaster, 280 UH-ID Iroquois Helicopter, 266 C-133 Heavy Cargo Transport, 284 Super Skywagon, 281 DC-3, 16 UH-IE Iroquois Helicopter, 266 T-37B Military Trainer, 281 UH-IF Iroquois Helicopter, 267 DC-6 ( C-118 Liftmaster), 285 Chandler Evans, Inc., Control Systems DC-7 Commercial Transport, 285 YUH-IB Compound Helicopter, 267 Division of Colt Industries, Inc., DC-8 Jet Transpor.l:: 17, 286 Bendix Corporation, The, 88-92, 397-405 124 B- 124 C DC-9 Jet Transport, 17, 286 Bendix Landing System, 30 Chaparral Air Defense Guided Missile Biosatellite, 8, 385 System, 15, 353 BIRDiE (Battery Integration and Radar Corporation Missile Division, E 405 Display Equipment), 430 Early Bird, 6, 380 Cold Gas Supply Unit Model GTU-1, 411 Boeing Company, The, 25, 92-95, 268- Eastern Airlines, 226-227 274, 483 Collier Trophy, 37 Echo II, 396 B-47E , 268 Condor Air-to-Surface Missile, 356 Electronic Switching System, 436 B-52H Missile Platfo!m Bomber, 268 Continental Airlines, 224-225 Emerson Electric Company/Electronics CH-46A Sea Knight Helicopter, 272 Continental Motors Corporation, 96-98 and Space Division, 406 CH-47A Chinook Helicopter, 273 Convair Division of General Dynamics Enstrom F -28, 21 CH-113 RCAF Helicopter, 274 Corporation, 18, 107-108, 288-290 Environmental Research Satellites, 385. KC/C-135 Tanker/Transport Series Charger, 288 Explorer Series, 384 272 ' Convair 600, 289 Model 551, 25 Convair 880 and 880-M, 290 107 Twin-Turbine Transport Heli- Convair 990A, 291 F copter, 273 F-102A All-Weather Interceptor, 289 F -4C Flight Trainer, 418 707-120 Series Jetliners, 269 F-106A Advanced All-Weather In- F-105/R14A Multimode, Monopulse 7 07-320 Series Jetliners, 269 terceptor, 290 Radar, 433 720/720B Jetliner, 270 F-111, 18 F-106/MA-1 , 419 727 Short-to-Medium-Range Cook Electric Co., 124 C - 124 D Fairchild Hiller Corporation, 20-21, 102- Jetliner, 270 105, 287-288, 295-296, 407-408 Corporal Surface-to-Surface Missile, 341 737 Short Range Jetliner, 271 F -27J Prop jet Transport, 287 Curtiss-Wright Corporation, 98-100, 282, Supersonic Transport, 271 406, 474-475, 483-484 FH-227 Propjet Transport, 287 T.50 Military Turboshaft, 483 }65-W-7 Engine, 483 Turbo-Porter, 288 UH-46A Medium Transport Heli- J65-W-18 Model Engine (with Falcon Air-to-Air Missiles, 358 copter, 274 Afterburner), 484 Federal Aviation Agency, 199-202

524 Hound Dog ( AGM-28) Missile, 355 FIRE Re-Entry Spacecraft, 395 Geodetic SECOR (Sequential Collation Fort \Vorth Division of General Dvnamics of Range) Satellite Surveyor, 382 Hovering Rocket System, 509 Corporation, 107-110, 291-292' GEOS, 8, 383 Hughes Aircraft Company, 125-127, 419 B-58 Hustler Bomber, 291 B. F. Goodrich Co., 124 E- 124 F Hughes Tool Company, 127-128, 297-298 F-111 Variable-Wing Fighter, 292 Goodyear Aerospace Corp., 124 F- Models 200, 200 Deluxe, 300 and 300 AG, 297 Frontier Airlim·s, 227-228 124G Gravity Gradient, 414 OH-6A Light Observation Helicop­ ter, 298 Ground Air Conditioner Model GEA50-l (A/M32C-10), 410 TH-55A Helicopter Trainer, 297 G Ground Prelaunch Cooling Unit Model Hydra-Iris, 507 Garrett Corporation, The, 105-107, 413, GLC-1, 412 485 Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corpora- I T76 Military Turboprop, 485 tion, 124 G- 124 H, 293-295 IBM Data Processor and Data Storage for Gemini, 2, 378 Ag-Cat, 124 G Orbiting Astronomical Observatory, Gemini Environmental Control System, A-6A Intruder. 295 419 413 C-2A Greyhound, 124 G Improved Thor, 373 Gemini Fuel Cells, 414 E-2A Hawkeye, 294 Inertial for Pershing Gemini Guidance Computer, 421 Gulfstream I, 124 H Missile, 398 Gemini Parachute Landing System, 434 Gulfstream II, 124 H International Business Corpo­ Gemini-Titan II Launch Vehicle, 370 HU-16B Albatross, 293 ration, 124 I- 124 J, 419-422 General Dynamics Corp., 18, 107-110, OV-1 !vlohawk, 294 Federal Systems Division, 124 I - 124 D - 124 E, 288-292 124 J S-2A Tracker, 293 Iris, 507 . Convair Division, 107-108, 2-88-290 Guidance Computer for NASA's Saturn ITT.Federal Laboratories, 128-129 Electronics Didsion, 108 lB/V, 422 Fort Worth Division, 124 D - 124 E Guidance Computer for Saturn I, 420 Pomona Division, 109 Guidance Computer for Titan II, ICBM, J Limited, 110 420 Laboratory, California In- GP-neral Electric Company, 24, 111-118, Guided Missile Svstem Radar Simulator stitute of Technology, 422 414-416, 486-497 Stations for Nike Hercules ~lissile, 400 Judi Balloon Dart, 509 CF700 Commercial Turbofan, 487 Gyrodyne Company of America, Inc., 120 Judi Chaff (or Parachute) Dart, 509 CJ610 Commercial Turbojet, 487 Gyrodyne Dash Drone, 22 Judi Instrumented Dart, 509 CJ805-3/-23 Commercial Turbojet/ Turbofan, 490 H CT64 Commercial Turboprop/Direct , Division of United K Drive, 488 Aircraft Corporation, 120-122, 449-451 GEl Military/Commercial Turbojet, Kaiser Aerospace & Electronics Corp., Harmon trophies, 38 24, 490 124 J- 124 K Harvey Aluminum, 122 GE4/J5 Commercial Turboj'et 24, Kaman Aircraft Corporation, 129-130, 491 , Hawaiian Airlines, 228 298-299 J79 Military Turbojet, 486 Hawk Anti-Aircraft Missile, 350 HH-43B, HH-43F Rescue/Utility Helicopter, 298 J85 Military Turbojet, 486 Haystack 120-Foot Microwave Aritenna UH-2A/B Utility/Rescue Helicopter, LMlOO Gas Turbine, 491 System, 430 299 Uvll75 Gas Turbine, 492 Head-Up Electronic Windshield Display, 447 Kisha-Judi, 509 LM1500 Gas Turbine, 492 Hercules Powder Company, 122-123, 456 Kollsman Instrument Corporation, 130- T56-A-10W Military Turboprop, 495 Hercules Solid Rocket Series, 456 132, 423 T56-A-l4 Military Turboprop, 496 Company, Subsidiary of T56-A-15 Military Turboprop, 496 Fairchild-Hiller Company, 20-21, 103- L T56-A-18 Military Turboprop, 497 104, 295-296 Lake Aircraft Corporation, 299 T58 Military Turboshaft, 489 E4 Helicopter ( OH-23F), 296 LA-4 Amphibian, 299 T64 Military Turboshaft/Turboprop Heli-Porter, 20 Lance Surface-to-Surface Missile, 15, 343 488 , Hiller llOO, 21 Lear Jet Corporation, 132-133, 300 T78-A-2 Regenerative Military Tur­ SL4 Helicopter, 296 !\'lodel23 Business Jet Aircraft, 300 boprop, 497 12E Helicopter, 295 Lear Siegler, Inc., 133-136, 423-424 X353-5B Lift Fan System, 489 Honest John-Nike-Nike, 507 LEM Environmental Control System, 450 YJ93 Military Turbojet, 24, 485 Honest John Surface-to-Surface Rocket, LE!\1 Systems, 436 General Precision, Inc., 118-120, 416-418 345 Ling-Temco-Vought, Inc., 136-137, 300- Inc., 123-125 General Purpose Automatic Test System 301, 360, 425-426 (GPATS), 406 Hopi Chaff Dart, 509 Little Joe II, 374 Genie Air-to-Air Rocket, 359 Hornet Air-to-Surface Missile, 356 Little John Surface-to-Surface Rocket, Geocentric Vertical Reference System, Hound Dog Guidance and Control Sys­ 344 424 tems, 433

525 Lockheed Aircraft Corporation, 16-33, ~lode! 1025 Target Drone, 361 137-140, 302-311, 457-458 M Model 1025 TJ Turbojet Target i\lissile, Apollo Launch Escape Motor, 458 362 !\12-F:2 Lifting Body Vehicle, 394 C-5A, 16 !\lohawk Airlines, 229-230 MacL· Surface-to-Surface i\·fissile, 34:2 C-130A Hercules Transport, 308 Mooney Aircraft, Inc., 317-319 i\Ltgnctometer ami Magnetic Gradient C-130B Hercules Transport, 308 Mark 21, 317 Meter, 441 C-130E Hercules Transport, 309 ~lark 22 Mustang, 318 i\lagnetron Tuning Syste1n, 444 C-140 JetStar Executive and Military t-.lasll'r, 319 ~fanned Aerospace Flight Simulator, 426 Jet Transport, 311 Super 21, 318 Manned Orbiting Laboratory, 4, .378 C-141 StarLifter Cargo-Troop Car­ i\I<{~I-42A C:uided Target Missile, 360 i\farinc Star Tracker, 434 rier, 310 MQM-57 A Surveillance Drone, 364 Mariner-Mars, 5, 392 F-104G Super Starfighter, 302 Multisystem Test Equipment, 439 HC-130H Hercules Extended Hangc Mark 46 Antisubmarine Torpedo, 347 Search, Rescue and Recovery Air­ i\farquardt Corporation, The, 27, 140- plane, 309 142, 459-460, 479-480 H ydac Solid Propellant Sounding MA 7 4-ZAB Hamjet, 480 N Rocket Motor, 457 MA109, 459 National Aeronautics ancl Space Adminis­ Lockheed 156-Inch Solid Motor, 458 MAllS, 459 tration, 203-209 Lockheed 382B Hercules Commer- MA124-XAA, 460 N alional Airlines, 230-231 cial Airfreighter, 310 MA1.50-XXA Hamjet, 480 Naval Ordnance Test Station ( NOTS, Model 286 Utility Helicopter, 307 Marquardt Control Engine, 27 Lake, Calif.), 509 P2V -7 Neptune, 302 HJ-43-MA-3 Military Hamjet, 479 Navigation Satellite (Transit), 382 P-3 Orion, 303 HJ-43-MA-ll Military Hamjet, 479 Na\'y Missile Center, Point Magu, Calif., SR-71 Long Range Strategic Recon­ 508 naissance Aircraft, 303 Martin Company, 142-147, 312-313, 427- 430 Nike-Apache, 508, 510 T-33A Jet Trainer, 304 B-.57 Bomber, 313 Nike-Archer, 508 WV-2 and RC-121 Early Warning Martin 2-0-2 , 312 Nike-Cajun, 508 Aircraft, 305 Nike Hercules Air Defense Missile, 349 Martin 4-0-4 Airliner, 312 XH-51A Compound Rotorcraft, 306 SP-.5B Marlin Patrol Seaplane, 31.3 Nikc-Tomahawk, 510 XH-.51A Helicopter, 305 Antimissilc Missile, 349 XH-51N Research Helicopter, 306 MAW (Medium Antitank W capon), 346 Nimbus, 6, 379 XV-4A Hummingbird, 311 McDonnell Aircraft Corporation, 147, Nitehawk 9, 509 YF -12A Advanced Interceptor 33 314-316 304 , , Norden Division of United Aircraft F -4B Phantom Air Superiority Corporation, 148-149 Fighter, 314 Lockheed Ejectable Recording System North American Aviation, Inc., 19, 47, 427 , F -4C Phantom Fighter-Bomber, 315 149-152, 319-322, 360, 430-433, 460- Loran-C Navigation System, 446 F-101B Voodoo Interceptor, 316 467, 509 Loran-D Radio Navigation System, 446 188E STOL Transport, 317 OV-10A Light Am1ed Reconnais­ Airways, 228-229 RF -4B Phantom Heconnaissance sance Aircraft, 19, 321 Fighter, 315 RA-5C Attack/Tactical Reconnais- LTV Aerospace Corporation, A Subsidi­ ary of Ling-Temco-Vought, Inc., 300- RF -4C Phantom Reconnaissance sance Vehicle, 321 301, 360, 42.5-426 Aircraft, 316 T-2A Basic Jet Trainer, 322 A-7 A Corsair II, 300 Menasco Manufacturing Company, 147- T-2B Basic Jet Trainer, 19, 322 F -8 Crusader, 301 148 T-39 Sabreliner, 320 XC-142A V/STOL, 301 Meteorological Data System, 444 X-15 Heseareh Aircraft, 23, 320 Meteor Simulation Vehicle ( 1 ) , 508 XB-70A Research Aircraft, 18, 319 Lunar Landing Research Vehicle (LLRV), 396 Meteor Simulation Vehicle ( 2), 508 Northrop Corporation, 18, 23, 152-155, 323-324, 363-365, 426, 434-435 Lunar Mission Simulator, 429 Metroc, 507 F -5 Tactical Fighter, 323 Lunar Orbiter, 391 Metroc, Boosted, 508 MHD Power Generation, 415 HL-10, 23 Lunar Television Camera, 451 Micro-Thrust Stand, 441 M2-F2, 23 Lycoming Division, Avco Corpor t' 82-83, 481-482 a Ion, Microvision, 401 T-38 Talon Trainer, 323 MICHO-VUE, 443 X-21A Laminar Flow Control T5.3 Turboprop Gas Turbine Engine Aircraft, 324 481 , Military Comsat, 381 Northern Consolidated Airlines, Inc., 231 Minuteman I ( LGM-30B) Guidance and T53 Turboshaft Gas Turbine Engine 481 , Control System (AN-DJW-16), 431 Northwest Orient Airlines, 231-232 Minuteman II ( LGM-30F) Guidance and Nuclear Detection Satellites (), 383 T55 Turboprop Gas Turbine Engine 482 , Control System (AN-DJW-26), 431 NV -101 Autogyro Drone Aircraft, 363 Minuteman ICBM, 13, 337 NV -104 Advanced Surveillance Drone, T.55 Turboshaft Gas Turbine Engine, Mobile Hadar Weather System AN/TPS- 366 482 41,442 NV -10.5 Target Drone, 363

526 0 J57 r-.tilitary Turbojet, 500 Rendezvous Radar, 28 J58 ~lilitary Turbojet, 25, 499 Hepublic Aviation Division, Fairchild 0<~-Hl Aerial Target, 365 J75 Military Turbojet, 500 Hiller Corporation 330, 440-444 Orbiting Geophysical Observatory, 7, 389 JFTD12 Commercial Turboshaft, F -84F Thunderstreak Fighter Orhiting Solar Observatory, 7, 388 498 Bomber, 330 Oriole, 509 JT3 Commercial Turbojet, 501 F-105 Thunderchid Fighter Bomber, 330 OV -1 (Aerospace Hesl'arch Satellite), JT3D Commercial Turbofan, 25, 503 386 Hockctdvne A Division of North Ameri­ JT4 Commercial Turbojet, 502 can Inc., 27, 149-152, 460- OV2 Satellite, 387 Avia~ion, JT8D Commercial Turbofan, 25, 503 467, 509 Ozark Air Lines, 232-233 JT12/J60 Turbojet, 502 AR2-3, 465 Pratt & \\'hitney Fud Cell, 29 Atlas ~IA-5 System, 464 R98.5 l\lilitary-Commercial Recipro- F-1, 464 p cating Engine, 475 H-1 Engine, 463 R 1340 Reciprocating Engine, 476 J-2 Engine, 26, 463 Pacific Air Lines, 233 R1830 Heciprocating Engine, 476 Mark 2/3 Tartar/Terrier Gas Gener­ Paeific Ainnotive Corporation, 155-156 R2000 Heciprocating Engine, 477 ators, 460 Panagra (Pan American-Grace Airways), R2180 Hcciprocating Engine, 477 t-.lark 36, t-.lod 2 Sidewinder Rocket 233-235 R2800 t-.lilitarv-Commercial Recipro- t-.lotor, 461 Pan American \\"oriel Airways, 235-236 cating Engi~e, 478 P4-1 Drone Engine, 466 PB-60 A~1tomatic Flight Control Svstem l\4360 Military-Commercial Recipro- Rocketdvne Gemini Thruster, 27 for C-141, 402 cating Engine, 478 Rocketd;•ne Solid t-.lotors, 462 Pegasus, 7, 386 RL10 Hocket Engine, 467 SE-6 Control Thruster, 466 Pendulous Integrating Gyro Acceler­ T34 Military Turboprop, 498 ometer for t-.linutcman .Missile, 399 SE-7, SE-8, SE-9, 467 TF30 Military Turbofan, 504 Pershing Surface-to-Surface \\'capon Shrike Rocket Motor, 462 System, 340 TF30P-1, 25 Sparrow Ill Rocket Motor, 461 Philco Corporation-A Subsidiary of Ford TF33 Military Turbofan, 504 Thor :MB-3, 465 r-.totor Company, 156-157 Precision Approach and Landing System, Rocket Power, Inc. ( RPI)' 509 400 Phoenix Air-to-Air Missile, 358 Rockwell-Standard Corporation, 20, 164- Phoenix-I, 509 PRI~IE SV -5D (Precision Recovery In­ 165, 252-254 dueling Maneuvering Entry), 393 Piasecki Pathfinder II, 22 Rohr Corporation, 165-166 Purr Kee, Advanced, 507 Piedmont Aviation, Inc., 236-237 Holler Drh·e and Roller Gear Drive, 448 Pyrolytic Graphite Rocket Nozzles, 406 Pioneer, 9, 392 RP 76_4 Rocket Target Aircraft, 364 Pipt>r Aircraft Corp., 124 K- 124 L, 324- Ryan Aeronautical Company, 166-167, 329 Q 331 Apache 235, 328 Fircbcc, 366 Aztec "C" and Turbo Aztec "C," 329 Quail (ADt-.!-20C), 354 XV-SA V/STOL Vertifan, 331 Cherokee "C," 325 XV-SA Fleep, 331 Cherokee 6, 326 Cherokee 140, 325 R Cherokee 235, 326 HADA (Random Access Discrete Comanche B, 327 Address), 427 s PA-18 Super Cub, 327 Radar Simulator, 445 PA-25 Pawnee "B," 324 Radiating Facility ( RADF AC), 443 S-Il Stage, 368 PA-31 Navajo, 329 Hadio Astronomy Explorer, 396 S-IVB Stage, 368 Twin Comanche B, 328 Radio Corporation of America, 161-164, SAM-D, 14 Plasma Pinch Engine, 440 435-439 SAM OS/Alarm, 396 Plasma Propulsion, 415 Range Indicator for Lunar Excursion Sandia Corp., 509 Pneumo Dynamics Corporation, 157-158 Module, 399 Satellite 1963 38C, 387 Polaris/Poseidon Fleet Ballistic Ranger, 5, 390 Satellite 1964 83C, 388 Missiles, 340 Raven, 509 Saturn Grotln• d Computer Svstem,• 435 Polaris Ship's Inertial Navigation Systems RCA Recorder, 28 Saturn I, 11, 369 (SINS), 432 Real-Time Computer Complex Systems Saturn IB, 13, 369 Portable Life Support System for Apollo (RTCC), 421 Saturn V, 13 Space Suit, 451 Hedstone Surface-to-Surface Missile, 342 SAVAC, 405 Poseidon, 14 Hegulus I and II Drones, 360 Scanner, 395 Pratt & \Vhitney Aircraft, Division of Hcgulus I Surface-to-Surface Missile, 343 , 375 United Aircraft Corporation, 25, 29, HEINS (Hadar Equipped Inertial Navi- SECOR, 9 158-161, 467, 475-478, 498-504 gation System) Automatic Bombing J48 Military Turbojet, 499 Navigatio.n System (AN-ASB-12), 432 Sergeant Smface-to-Surfacc l\tissile, 341 Inertial Navigation System, 445 J52 Military Turbojet, 501 Belay, 381 ~GN-10

527 Shillelagh Surface-to-Surface Missile, 344 Talos Shipboard Missile, 351 United Aircraft Resea rch Laboratories, Shrike Missile, 354 Tartar Shipboard Antiaircraft Missile, 350 176 Sidewinder-HV Areas, 508 T elstar, 381 United Air Lines, 239-240 Sidewinder 1-C Air-to-Air Missile, 357 Temperature Control Set Models United Technology Center, Division of Sidewinder-Raven, 509 CTS25-1, CT826-1, CTS27-1, and United Aircraft Corporation, 26, 177- SIFTER, 442 CTS28-1, 408 178, 472-473 , Division of United Air­ Temperature Control System Model F720L8.0K Advanced Upper-Stage craft Corporation, 21-22, 167-169, 332- CTS65-1, 412 Liquid Engine, 472 335 Texas Instruments Incorporated, 448 FW-4S Upper-Stage Solid-Propellant CH-53A Heavy Assault Transport, Thern1ionic Diode, 440 Rocket, 472 21,335 Thiokol Chemical Corporation, 173-17 4, 120-Inch Solid Hocket, 26 S-58 Transport Helicopter, 332 468-469, 510 UA 1205 Segmented Solid Propellant S-61N Helicopter Airliner, 333 TD-339 Surveyor Vernier Engine, Rocket, 473 S-61R Transport Helicopter, 333 468 Urine Disposal Lock, 410 S-62 Search & Rescue Helicopter, Thiokol Solid Rockets, 469 USAF Parasail, 30 334 YLR99-RM-1 Pioneer Turborocket, S-64 Skycrane, 22, 334 468 SH-3A Antisubmarine Helicopter, Thrust Augmented Delta, 374 v 332 Thunderbird, 509 SLV-3X, 372 Tiros, 6, 379 Vapor Cycle Ajr Conditioners for Ground SNAP-8 Nuclear Electrical Power Gener­ Titan II ICBM, 10, 338 Support, 408 ating System, 397 Titan III, 370 Vapor Cycle System Model VEA6-1, 409 SNAP-9A Radioisotope Thermoelectric Titan III-C, 10, 370 Generator, 429 Vector, Division of United Aircraft Cor­ Titan III Transtage, 371 poration, 178 SNAP-19 Radioisotope Thermoelectric Tomahawk, 510 Generator, 428 Vertical Scale Engine Instrument System, Tomahawk Dart, 510 SNAP Radioisotope Thermoelectric 423 Generator, 428 TOW Antitank Missile, 345 Vertical Scale Flight Indicators for F-111, Snapshot, 8 Trailblazer I, 507 401 Solar, A Division of International Trailblazer II, 508 Vickers Incorporated, Division of Sperry Rand Corporation, 444 Harvester Company, 169-170, 505 Trans-Texas Airways, 237 Video Film Converter, 417 S-140 Gas Turbine Self-Contained , 237-239 Starter, 505 TRW Inc., 174-176, 448,469-471 Voyager, 9, 393 T62T Gas Turbine Engine, 505 C-1 Multipurpose Engine, 469 Space Environment Simulator, 425 Ion Engine, 471 w Space-General Corp., 509-510 Lunar Excursion Module Descent Sparoair, 508 Engine, 470 Walleye Guided Bomb, 356 Sparrow Air-to-Air Missile, 357 MIRA 180 Surveyor Engine, 470 Washington-New York Record, 33 Sparrow-HV Areas, 508 Snapoodle Radioisotope Thruster, WASP Rocl:et, 356 Sperry Rand Corporation, 170-173 471 Western Air Lines, 240-241 444-447 , Westinghouse Ele.ctric Corporation, Sprint Anti-Missile, 14, 348 178-181, 451 SRAM, 13 u vVestinghouse Oxygen Maker, 30 Stabilized Platform System for Saturn Wind Memory Computer, 403 Rocket, 398 United Aircraft Corporate Systems Cen­ W oriel records, 34 Standard Shipboard Missile, 15, 353 ter, Division of United Aircraft Cor­ Wren Aircraft Corporation, 336 poration, 176-177 Star Tracker for Orbiting Astronomical Wren-460 STOL Airplane, 336 Laboratory, 397 United Aircraft Corporation, 21-22, 25, Division, Curtiss­ 26, 29, 120-122, 148-149, 158-181, Subroc Antisubmarine Missile, 346 Wright Corporation, 406 167-169, 176-178, 332-335, 449-451, Memorial Trophy, 37 Sundstrand Aviation Division of Sund­ 467, 472-478, 498-504 strand Corp., 124 L Surveyor, 391 Pratt & Whitney Aircraft, 25, 29, 158-161,467, 475-478,498-504 Swearingen Aircraft, 335 X Hamilton Standard, 120-122, 449-451 SA-26T Corporate Aircraft, 335 X-22A System, 449 Swik, 508 Sikorsky Aircraft, 21 -22, 167-169, 332-33.5 XB-70 Environmental Control System, Synchronous Meteorological Satellite, 396 450 Syncom, 380 Norden, 148-149 United Technology Center, 26, XC-142A Propeller System, 449 177-179, 472-473 T Vector, 178 United Aircraft Corporate Systems z Tactical Aircraft System, 424 Center, 17o-1 77 Zuni Air-to-Surface Missile, 356