Department of Geosciences Newsleter May 2017

Greetngs from the Chair: Bosiljka Glumac that focused on the status, challenges and opportunites in the feld of mineral resource exploraton. The event includ- Greetngs! I hope this Newsleter fnds you well and that ed a Keynote Lecture by Larry Meinert (former Smith Profes- you will enjoy reading it. Thanks to all of you who contribut- sor in Residence and Actng Deputy Associate Director - En- ed, and especially to our Departmental administratve assis- ergy and Mineral Resources, Geological Sur- tant Donna Kortes for putng it all together. vey), and invited lectures by Allyson K. Anderson Book (Executve Director, American Geosciences Insttute), John This I started my 2-year rotaton as the Department F.H. Thompson (Wold Family Professor of Environmental Chair. And what a year it has been! The Department is un- Balance for Human Sustainability, Cornell University and dergoing a required self-study as part of our 5-year midterm Principal, PetraScience Consultants), Jessica E. Kogel review, which provides an opportunity to review and plan (Associate Director for Mining, Natonal Insttute for Occu- our curriculum and stafng. As part of this process and as patonal Safety and Health), and M. Stephen Enders the Department Chair I had the privilege of organizing and (Professor and Interim Department Head, Geology and Geo- hostng in March 2017 a very informatve Five College Sym- logical Engineering, Colorado School of Mines). Included in posium on “Mineral Resources for a Sustainable Future” the Newsleter are many other examples of extraordinary

opportunites and that our knowledge-thirsty and acton-packed sabbatcal leave next year, afer which he will return to teach GEO-community of students, staf and faculty works hard to for one more year before retring. With all of his research, create and be a part of. Here I would like to highlight just a cou- teaching and personal projects, John always has a lot going on ple of special accomplishments and ofer congratulatory re- and we wish him an enjoyable and productve leave. marks to my remarkable colleagues. On a personal note, my last academic year ended with a re- First of all, congratulatons to our structural geologist Jack Love- search trip to the Yucatan peninsula in Mexico where Sydney less for earning tenure and promoton to Associate Professor Reyes Beate ’19 and I worked in collaboraton with archaeolo- this year! Jack’s record of research, teaching and service is im- gists from SUNY Albany. In June I spent 4 weeks in Italy as a pressive and we are thrilled to have him as a tenured member Afliated Fellow at the American Academy in of our community. I would also like to congratulate Mark Rome, followed by a couple of weeks in Croata where I contn- Brandriss, our Senior Lecturer, on winning this year’s Sherrerd ue to collaborate with local geoscientsts. Award for Excellence in Teaching. Thank you all who nominated Mark for his great honor. He joins previous recipients GEO In the Fall I was teaching my Sedimentary Geology class and Profs. Bob Burger, John Brady and Sara Pruss. Congratulatons with Mike Vollinger’s help I oversaw the move of the Sed Mod- once again. We are also very happy that our Departmental els lab across the hallway in Burton basement to open up some Technical Assistant Mike Vollinger successfully defended his new teaching spaces in response to reorganizaton related to Master’s thesis in volcanology at UMass this Spring. We expect Neilson Library renovatons. In January I traveled to Exuma is- that Mike will fnish the revisions and formatng of his thesis lands in the Bahamas with my Carbonate Sedimentology stu- document in tme for August graduaton. Good luck Mike with dents. In the Bahamas I enjoyed the company of Geo Prof. this fnal stretch! Congratulatons are also in order to Donna Emeritus Al Curran who actvely contnues to travel and do re- Kortes for winning one of this year’s Spotlight Awards, which search, and my friend and colleague from the University of Za- recognize staf members’ exceptonal contributons that go be- greb, Croata, Prof. Blanka Cvetko Tešović. Besides welcoming yond the everyday scope of their responsibilites. This year, Blanka back to Smith, this Spring I was also hostng Lorenzo going beyond the scope of their everyday responsibilites were Chemeri who is an undergraduate student from the University also GEO Profs. Amy Rhodes and Bob Newton who took on di- of Florence in Italy. For three weeks Lorenzo sat in on my Car- rectng the Smith College Environmental Science and Policy Pro- bonate Sedimentology class and assisted students working on gram, and the Center for the Environment, Ecological Design projects dealing with various aspects of sedimentaton and dia- and Sustainability (CEEDS), respectvely. I would also like to genesis of carbonate strata in the Bahamas, including the im- congratulate Sara Pruss on the Geobiology Society inaugural pact of October 2016 Hurricane Mathew. Terry J. Beveridge Award for signifcant professional achieve- ments, and to thank Luke Faggeter, a PhD student from the On a family front, Alex (13.5) is now a 7th grader at JFK Middle University of Leeds, UK, who joined us this semester to teach School and is crazy about soccer and ultmate Frisbee. Yelena Oceanography and help manage Sara’s research lab while she is (11.5) is in 5th grade at Smith Campus School and contnues to on a well-deserved sabbatcal leave. John Brady will be taking a love dancing and gymnastcs. My spouse Tony Caldanaro (structural geologist by training) keeps busy directng the Sci- ence Center computng support group. My work and family obligatons leave very litle tme for other hobbies, but last No- vember I enjoyed fnishing my second 26.2 race – the world’s largest New York City marathon – and I am currently registered for my 3rd one in Chicago this October, as well as for my frst “ultra” this May in Maine: 50K in celebraton of my 50th birth- day!

Bosiljka Glumac visitng one of the Villas of Oplonts Bosiljka Glumac in a marble quarry in Carrara, Italy, during her Summer 2016 Smith College Afliated near Pompeii, Italy, during her Summer 2016 Smith Fellowship at the American Academy in Rome. College Afliated Fellowship at the American Academy in Rome. 2 Faculty Updates Mark Brandriss

The past year has been full of rewarding geoscience expe- riences that reminded me how great it is to teach at Smith. Student demand has grown for our popular intro- ductory feld course, “Exploring the Local Geologic Land- scape”, so last fall we hired a grad student from the Uni- versity of Massachusets, Raquel Bryant, to teach two of our three sectons while I taught the third. Raquel com- pleted her own undergraduate degree at Brown just a year ago, and her fresh outlook and dynamic personality inspired her enthusiastc groups of students as they toured the valley from Mt. Tom all the way up to Sunder- land. It was a pleasure to work with her and I’m glad to say she’ll be returning to teach again this fall. Another highlight was traveling with a Smith contngent of six students on a Five College feld trip to Arizona last On the Rocks: 2017 Smith College Geosciences January. The trip was organized by UMass professor Faculty (L to R) - John Brady, Bosiljka Glumac, Amy Sheila Seaman, who felt that we needed a Five College Rhodes, Jack Loveless, Bob Newton, Mark Geology trip to enliven winter break. She was right. So Brandriss . the two of us, along with UMass professor Mike Williams, took a group of 28 students on a geologic tour along the entre length (height?) of Arizona, from the old copper- John Brady mining town of Bisbee on the Mexican border in the The best part about a teaching job at a liberal arts college is the south to Monument Valley on the border in the students – new ones each year to get to know and learn from, north. It was a great experience and we all saw plenty of old ones who move on to interestng afer Smith. Smith things we’d never seen before, including a blizzard in the atracts great students who work hard, ask good questons, and Grand Canyon. keep my job interestng. I contnue to revise my classes to In personal news, my wife Rónadh Cox contnues to teach make the hard parts easier and the easy parts more fun. Some- and serve as Chair of the Geology Department at Williams tmes the changes make a class beter. Sometmes they do not. College. If you Google “Cox Aran Islands” you can read This fall in Mineralogy I tried a number of new things, including many news stories about her research on giant boulders the additon of FTIR and Raman spectroscopy to identfy and moved by the storm waves that regularly pound these characterize minerals. The FTIR worked quite well; the Raman islands along the west coast of . Her work has did not. We 3D-printed models of crystal blocks and crystal been reported in Forbes magazine, NBC News online, and structures with great results. We tried facetng crystals …. and many other media outlets, and she was even featured in are stll working on that. a 5-minute segment of Irish natonal television’s 3-part My principal scholarly interest contnues to be an online petrol- series on Ireland’s scenic Atlantc coastline, “Creedon’s ogy textbook project, which I hope will be ready for beta- Wild Atlantc Way”. Meanwhile our son Owen is a junior testng in another year. With the help of students and staf at at Mt. Greylock high school, enjoying his tme on the Smith, I am designing website that, like your favorite online cross-country, wrestling and track teams, and even enjoy- retailers, will keep track of what a student reads and her an- ing his AP physics class, which has the virtue of being swers to questons. I hope to create sofware that uses that difcult enough to compel him and his friends to hold informaton to tailor website responses that will increase learn- hours-long homework sessions in the Williams College ing and reward students for their eforts. library. Good practce for college! outside of Smith is flled with family, especially grandchil- dren Max (in Alaska) and Lila (in Whately, MA), both 4. I like to think that my tennis game is improving, but I am certain that my love of opera has reached new highs. Nancy and I have planned a trip to Wyoming and Montana with friends to see the total solar eclipse on 21 August, and then to visit some fa- miliar outcrops. Thanks to all for keeping in touch with the Smith Geoscience Department. We miss you and want to know what you are doing.

3 I will be back from Taiwan in tme to atend our Smith geo -alums graduaton weekend recepton this year, and I look forward to seeing some of you there. If you don’t make it to reunion, then be sure to drop by the Geo Department on your next visit to the Smith campus. The department has a lot going on, and the labs are open. I’m located in the subterranean habitat of Burton B-11, and if I am in, I will be very glad to see you.

Mark Brandriss (Smith Geosciences Senior Lecturer and winner of the 2017 Sherrerd Award for Excel- lence in Teaching) moderatng a panel discussion at the close of the Mineral Resources for a Sustainable Future Symposium at Smith College in March 2017. Panelists (L to R): Allyson K. Anderson Book, M. Ste- phen Enders, Larry Meinert, Jessica E. Kogel and John F.H. Thompson. For more informaton please see the Department Chair’s column.

Al Curran Retrement contnues to agree with me as I pursue my re- search interests in ichnology (the study of trace ), coral reefs – both and modern, and Quaternary carbonates of the Bahamas. My report this year will be shorter than usual because tomorrow (April 25), I am leaving for Taiwan to atend a trace fossils workshop meetng at the Natonal Uni- versity in Taipei, including associated feld trips around the island. My presentatons are ready, but I stll have packing to do, and we have an early morning departure (yikes….!). This past winter, we again spent three weeks in the Bahamas In August 2016, Al Curran bagged his 50th state doing feldwork, including investgatng the efects of Hurri- with a visit to Southeast Alaska. cane Mathew (Oct. 2016) on a coastline area of Litle Exuma with Prof. Bosiljka Glumac and her Geo 334 class on car- bonates geology. We had a productve and enjoyable tme Luke Faggeter and got good feld data and samples that Bosiljka’s class has been working with throughout the spring semester – results Where has the tme gone?! Teaching GEO108 (Introductory were presented at the annual all-campus Collaboratons Oceanography) has been thoroughly enjoyable and I am event this past weekend. privileged to have been a part of, albeit for a short tme, the wider Smith Geo community. Now that the semester is Following Exuma, Bosiljka, Jane, and I, along with several stu- fnished and teaching, lab meetngs and visitor seminars dents, moved on to San Salvador where we contnued our are over, I am lef feeling that I will miss the Smithies I have cooperatve research with a group from Temple University. goten to know, you are a great bunch! I would like to All went well on San Sal, and we followed up with six weeks thank the Geoscience Department for welcoming me into of R&R in Florida, at Crescent Beach just south of St. Augus- their faculty, for entrustng me with their students and for tne. their support throughout the semester. Speaking more I am again going this June to Belize with the Smith Coral Reef broadly, it has been a pleasure teaching Smith students. Ed-Ventures team and its leaders, Professors David Smith and They have been engaging, insightul and personable at eve- Denise Lello. My role is as the team’s all-purposes assistant. ry turn, even when faced with choppy seas and stormy The rest of the summer will be split between Cape Cod skies on our Oceans cruise there were no complaints to be (daughter and family), western Mass, and a family trip out heard. The Smith College teaching ethos will stck with me west to Yellowstone Natonal Park. and I thank those who have given me feedback throughout the semester. Outside of teaching I have also managed to

4 progress some research that Sara Pruss and I have been work- meetng in New Orleans. ing on collaboratvely, our paper was published in April which was a great way to te up work we had been conductng in the Sofa Johnson ’19 contnued work on a diferent aspect of Western USA on geology. the Cascadia subducton zone: numerous faults within the crust, including some that are directly beneath Seatle. We As a Brit, New has a familiar charm to it; the rolling are examining how these faults respond to stresses in- topography, woodlands and of course the rain (no Brit can go duced by the underlying subducton zone, and the possibil- without mentoning the weather…) has made me feel at home ity that the subducton zone may respond to actvity on in a foreign country. I would even go so far as to say I felt like these smaller structures. Sofa will also spend this summer a somewhat reconstructed New Englander, a feeling that was on campus as a Summer Undergraduate Research Fellow, cemented when I bought my frst pair of snow boots! I have examining more closely the nature of stress accumulaton been lucky enough to explore a small corner of the area, in this region. heading west to the Catskills and east to the Long Island Sound, but also taking in some local scenery in the Pioneer Juliete Saux ’20, a STRIDE scholar, and Oliv Young ’20, an Valley; I’m sure I will be back at some point in the future and I AEMES scholar, joined the lab this year and compiled a would love to see more. For now, I will leave you with a photo global map of subducton zone earthquake slip datng back of my students happily investgatng our trawl from the to the mid-20th century. They used published models of Thames estuary. Thank you Smith College Geo Dept! earthquake slip and then projected those models onto a global representaton of subducton zone geometry. This work complements ongoing research with colleagues at Harvard to develop a picture of stress accumulaton around the world based on GPS surface moton.

Molly Kover ’17, Marlo Stein ’17, and Naomi Jahan ’18 brought research they started elsewhere back to Smith, each carrying out special studies this year. Molly partcipat- ed in a Keck Geology Consortum project in summer 2016 and spent this year analyzing paterns of deformaton in a schist body within the Salinian Arc of central California. Marlo’s interest in tsunami preparedness was piqued dur- ing a visit to the Oregon coastline as part of the Williams- Mystc Program. She spent this year doing some fascinatng GIS-based analyses of tsunami evacuaton plans for the community of Seaside, Oregon, and has been in contact with county ofcials about these fndings. Naomi returned from a summer internship with the Southern California Earthquake Center with a new GPS dataset that allowed more detailed examinaton of the role that various fault Jack Loveless strands play in accommodatng Pacifc-North America plate moton in the San Bernardino mountains. This marks the end of my sixth year at Smith, and I’m excited to share that I will spend many more here, as I’ve been pro- Natural Disasters, GIS, and Structural Geology were all fun moted to associate professor with tenure. I feel so lucky to have classes to teach, as usual. The GIS students again worked ended up in this department, surrounded by talented and inspi- with local conservaton-minded non-profts — Mass Audu- ratonal students and colleagues, and I’m thrilled to contnue bon, Kestrel Land Trust, and Franklin Land Trust — carrying working with everyone! out group research on those organizatons’ behalf. It was again wonderful to see the students so engaged in their I’ve contnued several research projects on actve subducton work, carrying out data analysis and mapping of foodplain zones, publishing papers about the 2014 Pisagua (Chile) earth- forests along the Mill River, the Forever Farmland initatve quake, Japan, and the Philippines in 2016, as well as being in- throughout the valley, food deserts in Chicopee, trail volved in ongoing research in Cascadia. Eli Molitors Bergman ’17 maintenance in the Sawmill Hills of Florence, forest re- completed a fantastc senior thesis identfying and cataloging growth in Williamsburg, and the history of land conserva- slow slip events in GPS records of surface moton. Funded by a ton by the Franklin Land Trust. grant from the USGS Earthquake Hazards Program, Eli will stay in Northampton this summer to prepare their work for submis- On a personal note, my family and I contnue to enjoy life sion as a manuscript, and for presentaton at the fall AGU in Northampton. My wife, Claire, started a new job as a

5 reference and distance learning librarian at Greenfeld Com- SURF students, Lizzie Sturtevant ‘18 and Sally Carter ‘18 munity College. Our daughters Simona (6) and Annelise (3) worked on the pond project this past summer together both love the new schools they joined this year, Simona in with assistance from Emma Harnisch (2018). We did our kindergarten at Bridge Street School and Annelise at Smith’s frst distributon in July during a partal pond Fort Hill preschool drawdown when we moved about 600 cubic yards of sedi- ment using a bulldozer to push sediment into the river fowing through the pond botom and allowing it to move Robert Newton the sediment down to the residual pond in front of the dam. We used a drone to collect aerial photos both before I am late with my newsleter contributon as usual but just and afer the redistributon and then did precision photo- returned this morning from the People’s Climate March in grammetry to create digital elevaton models that could be Washington. As Director of CEEDS, I as was able to arrange to subtracted to determine exactly how much sediment was rent a large bus so that we could take about 50 students and moved. Alas, we did have a drone “incident” that ended faculty to the March. It was a 24hour marathon trip leaving with the drone in the top of an 110f high pine tree near at 1am Saturday morning and returning just afer 1am today. the President’s house. But thanks to tree climbing ability of An amazing experience! But wish it wasn’t necessary. It was Chief Arborist, John Berryhill, the drone was recovered great to see a large contngent of passionate students unharmed with all its data intact! Unfortunately, last sum- (including geoscience majors, Meg kikkeri, Abby Lown, and mers drought did not allow for the removal of the redistrib- Emma Harnisch) willing to give up the tme at the end of the uted sediment as we did not have high enough stream fow semester to partcipate in this important politcal statement. to support sluicing. However, Lyn Wats ’17 devoted her I had also planned to do the Science March in Boston last honors thesis to developing a sediment transport model week but daughter Molly broke 2 bones in her foot during a (MIKE21) to simulate sluicing events in Paradise Pond and cross-ft workout so Jill and I had to make a weekend trip to her results suggest that sluicing will work provided we get Maine to help her out. Her broken foot means she can’t drive enough sediment in front of the dam. The plan to sluice her car nor take her dog on walks, so we now have an addi- more sediment this summer will likely be delayed, as the tonal dog (yes, another golden retriever) to add to our other Army Corps of Engineers is requiring more extensive per- two. mitng due to concerns that sediment released from the This has been a busy year with my work at CEEDS together pond could clog the downstream food control diversion with working as a member of the Smith College Study Group channel. on Climate Change, and as the chair of the local organizing commitee for the Internatonal Conference on Mercury as a Global Pollutant to be held in Providence this July. I have also been immersed in a number of research projects including; the Paradise Pond Sediment Sluicing Project, the

Mandelle Permeable Pavement Experiment, a study of envi- ronmental contaminaton from an old abandoned lead mine in New Hampshire, and a survey of water quality issues in the

Ossipee Aquifer in New Hampshire.

Sally Carter ’18 surveying the botom of the

pond during July of 2016.

Last spring we completed the installaton of a permeable pavement laboratory in the Mandelle parking lot (12 spac- es). Half the lot is covered with standard asphalt pavement while the other half is paved with permeable asphalt. We A bulldozer moving sediment for redistributon in have installed lysimeters and a well in the permeable side Paradise Pond. Approximately 600 cubic yards of and we measure and collect runof from the impermeable sediment was moved to in front of the dam, ready side. This past year, CEEDS intern Molly Day ‘19 has helped for sluicing. in collectng water level data together with water samples

6 for chemical analyses. Inital results show that the permeable percentage of the total mercury at the control site. Em- side is able to successfully infltrate water into the groundwa- ma’s presentaton of her results won a best poster prize ter system under virtually all hydrologic conditons, although at the 32nd Annual Internatonal Conference on Soils, Sed- water is briefy stored in the subpavement reservoir during iments, Water, & Energy for her poster enttled: Heavy the spring melt. Water quality is generally beter than that Metal Contaminaton of Botom from Mining observed in the surrounding groundwater except when road Operatons at Cooks Pond, Madison, New Hampshire. A salt is applied to the parking lot. The data from this project is manuscript for publicaton will be writen this summer. being made available to students to use for course based research projects using an on-line database.

Emma Harnisch ‘18 and Bob collectng water samples from the fooded shaf of the Madi- son Lead Mine. Do you see any paddles?

Finally, I have been working with the Green Mountain Conservaton Group in Efngham New Hampshire to form an aquifer protecton advisory commitee to protect the Ossipee Aquifer, one of the largest stratfed drif aquifers Emma Harnisch ‘18 aboard Research Ves- in New Hampshire. The idea is to model it afer the sel Silty with gravity core collected from Barnes Aquifer Protecton Advisory Commitee (BAPAC) the botom of Paradise Pond. that I have been a member of for over 20 years. As a frst step, we undertook a survey, sampling of over 70 domes- Emma Harnisch ’18 is contnuing the work on the Cooks tc wells, and with the help of Marc Anderson and Emma Pond/Madison lead mine project. This year’s feldwork was Harnisch ‘18, complete chemical analyses were per- delayed by a family of loons who decided to nest in the river formed (including heavy metals and VOC’s). These results that provides access to the pond (closing the river to boat will help determine what best management practces trafc). This, coupled with a small tornado that temporarily should be adopted for developments on the aquifer. closed the dirt access road, meant that feldwork didn’t get I look forward to another productve summer and the done untl October when Emma, Lyn Wats ‘17, Marc Ander- chance to spend some family tme at our house at Silver son, Bob Merrit and I fnally got to the site. We collected Lake. Hopefully Molly will be mended and JT will be able more sediment cores together with fsh, aquatc vegetaton to get some tme of from his job at Apple. I have some and water samples from Cooks Pond and a nearby control hikes that I want to do based on features that I have iden- site (Durgin Pond). We also managed to get samples from tfed on the newly released LiDAR DEMs of the Sandwich the mineshaf using a canoe that we carried to the mine Range. Hope you are all doing well and that you will stop (although someone forgot the canoe paddles). Results from by if you are in the area or send me a note if you are not. this project are interestng as our inital hypothesis that mer- cury added to the ecosystem from mining operatons would result in higher concentraton in fsh proved false as the fsh at the control site had twice as much mercury as the mine impacted site. Turns out the mineral bound mercury (a varie- ty of sphalerite) from the mine was not as important as the extensive sulfate reducing wetlands that methylated a higher

7 with rocks, baboons, and girafe. I also spent a day last summer introducing our STEM Posse II scholars to the won- ders of New York State fossils on an all-day feld trip. I gave talks at Lafayete College and Yale University this Spring, and spent much of the rest of the spring semester writng up some of my existng projects. While away from teaching in the classroom, I contnued mentoring students, and had 10 working in my lab over the course of this year (please see list for students and projects). They had some amazing discoveries and generated enough data to keep me busy for many years to come! Fortunately, Luke Faggeter, a graduate student at the University of Leeds in the U.K., joined my group this Spring. His primary job was to teach Oceanography for the department but he also helped men- tor my students in my periodic absences. In other professional news, I will receive the inaugural Ter- ry J. Beveridge Award for “signifcant achievements in geo- biology” by a mid-career scientst, which will be presented by the Geobiology Society in Banf this June. I am very much looking forward to celebratng with my friends and colleagues and feel so grateful for this recogniton.

Lyn Wats ‘17 seine netng at Durgin Pond in Personally, my husband and I turned 40 this year, so we New Hampshire to collect fsh for mercury celebrated with a party for friends on a Cruise around the analysis. marina in Los Angeles last November. We extended this celebraton through much of the Fall celebratng with friends and family, and I felt lucky to have the tme on sab- batcal to plan many enjoyable events. My family wel- comed my brother’s son, my frst nephew, last Fall and I had the tme to fy to Pitsburgh to meet him in his frst few weeks. My own kids, Annabel (4 y.o.) and Ethan (7 y.o.) are both thriving in their schools and other actvites. Ethan is an avid hockey and piano player, and Annabel is learning to ride her bike and swim in the deep end. Ethan returned to the White Inyos with me last summer, and camped at 8000 feet. He spent some days in the feld with me and the rest of the tme fshing and hiking with his grandparents. My husband, David, joined me on my feld work trip to Norway last summer, which was our frst big child-free trip since startng our family. We enjoyed that, and traveling with our Emma Harnisch ‘18 receiving her best poster family to the Cape, California, and New York City this last award from the Associaton for Environmen- year. As I said in our last newsleter, all is happy and well in tal Health and Sciences (AEHS) Foundaton. our home and in our families, and we are very grateful for that. Sara Pruss

I spent the 2016-17 on a glorious sabbatcal that was flled with travel (both personal and professional), friends, family, and writng. This year away from the classroom has been a gif that allowed me to complete some projects, including one that had been simmering for a decade, and start many new ones. I trav- eled to , Norway, and the White Inyo Mountains of Cali- fornia on feld work. As I mentoned last year, my colleague, Francis Macdonald, and I received a Natonal Geographic Grant to return to Namibia last Fall to contnue the work that we start- ed nearly 7 years ago, which was a delightul return trip flled Ethan DeSwert, 6, actng as camp cook in the White-Inyo Mountains, August 2016.

8 ton within groundwater and peat of this wetland. We also trekked to the historical Davis pyrite mine (Rowe, MA) to see the results of acid mine drainage. Recent col- lege constructon near the crew house by Paradise Pond revealed extensive fy ash deposits that were disposed back when Smith heated the campus by burning coal. A small group of GEO301 students analyzed the fy ash ma- terials (by microwave digeston) and discovered that it contained high concentratons of heavy metals, including lead, chromium, copper, nickel, and zinc. The next step will be to see if any of these metals can be detected in the groundwater that interacts with the fy ash. This March, Smith’s released a report by the Study Group on Climate Change (SGCC), which resulted from 18 months of study by faculty, staf, alumnae, trustees, and students. The SGCC was charged by the Board of Trustees to direct Sara and David DeSwert in Oslo, Norway, Smith’s response to climate change, and I co-chaired the June 2016. efort along with VP Finance Michael Howard. The report provides a comprehensive, blueprint for acton that in- cludes Smith’s academics, co-curriculum, operatonal in- frastructure, and endowment investments. As a way for the college to become neutral with its greenhouse gas emissions, one recommendaton is to move college-wide heatng and cooling from natural gas and electricity to ground-source heat exchange. To test the viability of this idea, an exploratory well to test the thermal conductvity of subsurface sediments is scheduled to be drilled this summer. Please check out the full SGCC report online (link: htps://www.smith.edu/climatechange/) and tell us your questons and feedback! On the personal front, my daughters Sylvia and Linnea have reached their teenage and pre-teen years, at ages 14 and 10. They, Erik and I look forward to a summer family trip to Rome to check out ancient ruins and take a side trip to Pompeii. Spurred by my 25th reunion last year and an alumnae row organized by Smith crew coach Karen Car- Sara on microbial mounds of the penter Klinger, I began rowing again! I joined a master’s Nama Group, southern Namibia, Septem- rowing team, Northampton Community Rowing, and am ber 2016. so happy to be back on the Connectcut River. I forgot how much fun rowing is, and I have had the opportunity to compete at Master’s Natonals and the Head of the Amy Rhodes Charles regatas. I get to wear a uniform that has the Hi Everyone, same colors as Smith’s blue-and-gold athletc teams, so I feel right at home. Not surprising, several other people on I hope this newsleter fnds you well. It’s been another excitng the team are Smith alumnae rowers too. That’s all for year at Smith! This year, I moved from chairing the geosciences now. Please feel free to visit next tme you are in North- department to directng the Environmental Science and Policy ampton. Program (ES&P). Geosciences has maintained strong tes with the ES&P Program, and we see that connecton in our classes: larger enrollments in introductory courses and atracton of students to the geo major who have interdisciplinary interests that connect our geoscience curriculum with societal and broad environmental issues. This year, my GEO301 class (Aqueous Geochemistry) returned to Kampoosa Bog (Stockbridge, MA) to monitor road salt pollu-

9 The Aqueous Geochemistry class survives a trip to Kam- From right to lef, Linnea Rhodes (age 9), Sylvia poosa Bog, with peat cores intact! Standing from lef to Rhodes (age 13), and Amy visit our Norway “sister” right: Cai Ytsma ’18, Katelyn Rainville ’18,MHC, Marlo Tale Noer last summer at Glitersjå Fjellgård, west- Stein ’17, Kate Graham-O’Regan ’17 (in very back), ern Norway. We love homemade wafes, cream Amanda Patsis ’17, , (in center), Anne and strawberry jam! Lepow ‘20, Emma Harnish ’18 and TA, and Josie Litle ’17 (holding snowshoes). Kneeling in front: Casey Hecox ‘19. News from the Lab

Mike Vollinger -Technical Assistant

Amy Larson Rhodes is back in the boat on the Con- Departmental Technical Assistant Mike Vollinger nectcut River, with Northampton Masters Community successfully defended his Master’s thesis in vol- Rowers. canology at UMass in April 2017.

10 Jon Caris - Spatal Analysis Lab (SAL)

It was another very busy year for the Spatal Analysis Lab (SAL) and although we contnue to expand the domain of our appli- caton across the college, our base of users and support re- mains in Environmental Science & Policy and the Geosciences. Geo classes persist as our bread & buter; we would not know what to do with ourselves without them (I’m sure the feeling is mutual). If we were to imagine using the Richter scale to measure the magnitude of support we provide for each Geo class, then Modelling our World: Introducton to GIS (GEO150) would measure ~ 7.8. Appropriately, Scot Gilman, our post- bacc Spatal Fellow worked extensively with the GIS class, sup- portng labs and student projects. We trained Drone Team #2 (Lyn Wats and Anny Sainville) in the fall and they travelled to Drone Image of Paradise Pond. The Bahamas in January to capture drone imagery for the Carbonate Sedimentology (GEO334) class. As always, plenty of image processing, analysis, and fle management followed the feld work, earning the ~ 7.2 score. Moving down in mag- nitude we fnd Geomorphology (GEO251), which we run up hill fast every year to support. Typically, Geomorph lands hard between 7 and 8, but Scot did such a masterful job last spring, the GIS porton of class teaches itself. Finally, we al- ways provide maps and equipment to GEO102, “Exploring the Local Geologic Landscape”. One of these days, John may in- vite us outside. Newton contnues to be easily distracted with equipment and data. Fortunately, the SAL is a fan as well. It is very rare that a week passes without talking to Bob about Drones, RTK GPS, and / or LiDAR. Drones, RTK GPS, and LiDAR are truly revolu- tonizing how we see, sense, and understand our world and the SAL is fortunate to have enthusiastc partners who recog- nize their importance to educaton and research. Our drones assisted with the Paradise Pond Sedimentaton Project last summer, and in the process helped John Berryhill, Campus Arborist, achieve a new climbing record (~ 110 feet). Some- Anny Sainvil ’17 and Lyn Wats ’17 in the feld one managed to put the drone in a tree near the President’s on Litle Exuma, Bahamas, January 2017. house, but our council advises we not disclose any more de- tails. Marc Anderson - Center for Aqueous Biogeochemical Re- If have not seen LiDAR data yet, be sure to add it to your holi- search (CABR) day gif list. LiDAR data ofen reveals hidden features not found on aerial imagery or other maps. Beyond screen visual- It has been another busy year for the CABR with students izaton, we are processing LiDAR data into printable 3D mod- and researchers performing analysis on over 8000 environ- els. You can guess who is driving this bus …. with initals of JB. mental samples collected from across the contnental Unit- Making LiDAR even more tangible for the classroom (very ed States. Over 75% of those samples were in support of cool)! student research projects and scheduled laboratory More broadly, the SAL is exploring expansion in the new coursework. Recent research-based courses have contn- Neilson. We are in the planning phase and our end game is ued to expand the CABR’s defniton as a multdisciplinary even more GIS capacity at Smith. Drones will be big next year. research center. The CABR can now add the Engineering We have a J-term course on drones and plans to expand it to Department and Environmental Science and Policy pro- 2 weeks. Scot and I (Jon) are both certfed remote pilots gram to the list of Geoscience, Chemistry, and Biology (make of that what you will) and Newton keeps threatng he courses that use the CABR facilites. will become one as well. Keep in touch with us at: htp:// Two new instruments were recently added that allow the www.smith.edu/gis or htp://www.science.smith.edu/ CABR to expand our analysis of solid matrices. The acquisi- dronethinking/

11 ton of an Ethos Up Microwave Digester has enabled the CABR to more safely and efciently perform elemental analysis of biological tssues, sediments, and soils. The additon of an Ele- mentar CHN analyzer has allowed the CABR to measure carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen concentratons in plants and soils. Last summer the CABR facility performed analysis on over 100 ground water samples collected from wells throughout the Ossipee Aquifer in east central New Hampshire. This project was part of an outreach program directed by Smith’s Center for the Environment, Ecological Design and Sustainability (CEEDS). The analysis not only included general characterizaton of the ground water and possible detecton of volatle organics (from heatng oil spills etc.), but the CABR extended the analysis to include concentratons of both lead and copper. The measure- ment of lead and copper helped both our students and the NH Green Mountain Conservaton Group community beter under- stand the EPA Lead and Copper Rule and the disaster surround- Molly Kover ‘17 explaining her poster at the Keck ing Flint, Michigan. Geology Symposium. This year we submited plans for a remodel of the sample prep- araton room in SR-112. This part of the CABR facility was de- ferred during the major renovatons to Sabin-Reed in 2011. The new plans include reducing the number of, and replacing existng fume hoods with energy efcient models, expanding bench top surface area, and the additon of a 128 sq. f. sof- walled clean room for sub-ppb sample preparaton.

News from the Field

Keck Geology Consortum

In summer 2016, two Smith College Geosciences majors partci- Molly Kover ‘17 (third from right) in the feld during pated in research projects organized by the Keck Geology Con- her Keck project in the Sierra de Salinas, California. sortum, which also includes Amherst College, , , , The , , Franklin & Marshall College, Macalester Col- lege, Mt. Holyoke College, , , Trinity University, , Washington and Lee Universi- ty, , and . Jack Loveless served as our Keck Faculty Representatve this year.

Molly Kover ’17 spent two weeks in summer 2016 in central California, examining a schist body within the Salinian Block as part of a project directed by Alan Chapman (Macalester Col- lege) and Sarah Brownlee (Wayne State University). She carried out her Keck research at Smith with Jack Loveless. Anny Sainvil did feld work in Iceland as part of a volcanology projected di- rected by Andy DeWet of Franklin and Marshall College, then contnued GIS-based research back at Smith with Mark Brandriss and Bob Newton. Both students presented their re- search at the Keck Geology Symposium held at Wesleyan Uni- Anny Sainvil ’17 collectng observatons of volcanic versity. morphologies at Laki, Iceland. She used these obser- vatons to support digital terrain models to under- stand the distributon of these features for her spe- cial studies with the Keck Geology Tephra Project.

12 Junior Year Abroad days in the feld with faculty from the University of Canter- bury and students from universites around the US taught us about feld mapping techniques, metamorphic core com- plexes on the West Coast of the South Island, the volcanolo- Becca Matecha ‘18 –Fronters Abroad—New Zealand gy of Tongariro Natonal Park and the Taupo Volcanic Zone, Traveling to New Zealand for study abroad was one of the best and the rich cultural and geologic history of Banks Peninsu- decisions I have made (second only to choosing Smith). I spent la. six weeks in the feld with 23 other geology students from Throughout the rest of the semester, we have been working various college's around the US. During this tme I was pushed on independent research projects with our mentors at UC to and past my limits; I climbed more mountains than I can Christchurch. I (Casey) am studying ways to beter under- count, clambered across mini waterfalls, learned how to cross stand the volcanic and loessic spring system of Banks Penin- a waist deep river with a partner, climbed a volcano, took part sula, involving GIS work to map the springs using infrared in a volcanic erupton simulaton, and grew more than I ever imagery, and a qualitatve analysis of drinking water securi- thought possible. I learned an amazing amount in a very short ty with regards to the interacton between livestock and tme and made friends that I hope I will have years from now. spring water. Sally is working with the developing Paihere Geopark on Banks Peninsula to make ecotourism accessible Once we started classes I embarked on my frst geology re- to visitors of all abilites. search endeavor. I am working closely with one of the instruc- tors from feld camp using 3D seismic data and the program Kingdom to map architectural elements in buried submarine stratovolcanos in Taranaki Basin, of the west coast of the north island of New Zealand. Along with this excitng research I am taking a classs on geohazards, a class on Maori culture, a class on New Zealand politcs, and a course designed to promote geology research skills in the feld. All of these courses are a unique experience I wouldn't have been able to experience at Smith. This trip has helped me grow into a more confdent and capable person and I am so grateful that I was given this opportunity .

Fronters Abroad students catching their breath and admiring the view afer a hike.

Becca Matecha ‘18 climbing a hogback during our feld mapping module in Cass, South Island of New Zealand. Sally Cartar ’18 and Casey Armanet ’18 enjoy- Casey Armanet ‘18–Fronters Abroad—New Zealand ing the glacial landscape in Wanaka, NZ. We have been thoroughly enjoying our tme with the Fron- ters Abroad Geology of New Zealand program. The year be- gan with a 5-week feld camp consistng of themed modules in which we learned about the diverse and dynamic geologic history of various regions throughout both islands. Intensive

13 Anny Sainvil ‘17 and Nathaly Alvarez ‘17 taking a Digging mass balance pits to measure winter day of from feldwork and exploring the caves of mass balance on Bogerbreen Glacier for a term the west coast of New Zealand. project at UNIS in Svalbard.

Anny Sainvil ‘17 and Nathaly Alvarez ‘17 map- Molly Peek ‘18 exploring an ice cave in Lars- ping 13 mile beach during feld camp in New breen glacier in Svalbard. Zealand with Fronters abroad.

Other Departmental News Molly Peak ‘18—Iceland and Svalbard

For my junior year abroad, I took my fall semester in The GeoStars and Schalk Funds - Iceland, studying climate change in the arctc. I was able to live and study in volcanic and periglacial landscapes, Great Ways to Support Geosciences at Smith College and see the efects of modern climate change on the local area, and the arctc as a whole. I focused my inde- Thank you once again to all contributors to the GeoStars pendent work on studying the sustainability and securi- and Schalk Endowed Funds (Smith Fund 544399 and ty of food in arctc natons, and its future in the face of 544847, respectvely)! Your contributons are added to the global climate change. This spring, I went in search of endowment. Income from the funds is used to support a more snow and spent the semester studying Arctc Ge- range of geo-actvity extras that require funding beyond ology at the University Centre in Svalbard. Here I stud- what our always-tght departmental budget will allow. ied sedimentology and tectonics in the Barents Sea, These funds support feld-based educaton and research focusing on the unique sedimentary history that is pre- experiences for students, professional development for stu- served in the stratgraphy of Svalbard. My other focus dents at conferences, and opportunites for alumnae, stu- this semester was the geology of local glacial and peri- dents, and faculty to interact. glacial landscapes, performing feld work on glaciers and permafrost features in the area. This year the funds from GeoStars helped with students’

14 travel to the GSA Meetng in Denver, Colorado in September Interim Department Head, Geology and Geological Engi- 2016 and the NE GSA Meetng in Pitsburgh, PA in March 2017. neering, Colorado School of Mines). This fund also helped support the GSA Alumnae Recepton and the Departmental Luncheon Lecture Series. The Five College Geology Consortum adopted one of the EarthScope grid array seismometers and installed it at the The Schalk fund, established in memory of Professor Marshall Smith College’s MacLeish Field Staton in Whately, MA. Schalk, is used primarily to support students atending feld EarthScope (www.earthscope.org) is a project for deep geo- camps and conductng geological feld research. This year the scientfc exploraton of the entre North American cont- fund helped support Prof. Bosiljka Glumac’s Carbonate Sedi- nent, funded by the Natonal Science Foundaton. The seis- mentology (GEO 334) course January 2017 research trip to Exu- mometer contnuously senses, records, and transmits ma islands in the Bahamas. The fund also supported Smith stu- ground motons from a wide range of seismic sources, in- dents partcipatng in the Five College feld trip to Arizona in cluding local and distant earthquakes, volcanic eruptons, January 2017, and helped the following students gain feld ex- and other natural and human-induced actvites. The output perience in these amazing places: Sofa Johnson ’19 and Ziqiu of this monitoring can be viewed live on the web at htp:// Zhang ’19 – Hawaii; Jessica Chang ’17 – YBRA feld camp; Nao- ds.iris.edu/ds/nodes/dmc/tools/statonmonitor/TA/L61B/. mi Jahan ’18 – Italy; and Rhiannon Nolan ’19 – Death Valley. Other examples of our collaboratve eforts include: Smith Oceanography class going on a research cruise that was par- Five College Geology Collaboraton tally funded by The Five College Coastal and Marine Scienc- es Program; Emma Harnisch ‘18 and Smith Prof. Bob New- ton using the core processing lab and the ITRAX core scan- Smith Geosciences contnue to actvely engage in the Five Col- ner at UMass as part of a study on contaminaton of several lege Collaboraton. Our contributon to the Five College Geolo- New Hampshire lakes from an old abandoned lead-zinc gy Lecture Series this year was the talk “From soil to paleosol: mine; and Smith Prof. Sara Pruss and students Claudia Deeg The challenges of interpretng paleoclimate, paleolandscape ‘17 and Brenna Getzin ‘18 collaboratng and co-authoring an reconstructon, and paleoatmospheric chemistry in deep tme” AGU abstract on K-T foraminifera with UMass Prof. Mark by Dr. Steve Driese from Baylor University, hosted by Bosiljka Leckie. Smith Prof. John Brady contnued research collabo- Glumac. Mark Brandriss was our speaker at the Five College ratons with: Profs. Tekla Harms and Jack Cheney of Amherst Faculty Symposium this year, and Bosiljka Glumac’s Carbonate College on rocks from Montana and Greece; Tony Morse of Sedimentology (GEO 334) students presented posters at the UMass on igneous petrology experiments; and Prof. Darby 38th Annual Five College Undergraduate Research Symposium Dyar of Mount Holyoke on using FTIR and Raman spectros- at Amherst College. copy in the classroom. Smith Geosciences equipment and Mark Brandriss helped UMass professor Sheila Seaman lead facilites are also shared by other Five College users. One the Five College feld trip to Arizona in January 2017. The trip example includes the use of the X-ray difractometer at explored the Chiricahua Caldera Complex, the Catalina meta- Smith by a UMass research associate Eli Sklute. morphic core complex, the Bisbee copper mine, Meteor Crater, and the great sedimentary sequences of the Grand Canyon and Monument Valley. Smith College students Meg Kikkeri ‘19, Marlo Stein ‘17, Molly Kover ‘17, Olivia Leadbeter ‘19, Claudia Deeg ‘17 and Naomi Jahan ’18 partcipated in the trip. In March 2017 Smith hosted the Five College Geology Symposi- um that focused on the status, challenges and opportunites in the feld of mineral resource exploraton. The event featured a Keynote Lecture on “Mineral Resources for a Sustainable Fu- ture” by Larry Meinert (former Smith Professor in Residence and Actng Deputy Associate Director - Energy and Mineral Resources, United States Geological Survey), and invited lec- tures on “Extractve Industries: Nexus of Everything?” by Ally- son K. Anderson Book (Executve Director, American Geosci- ences Insttute), “Changing World - Changing Exploraton” by John F.H. Thompson (Wold Family Professor of Environmental Smith students visitng the Queen Mine in Balance for Human Sustainability, Cornell University and Princi- the old Bisbee copper mining district, on the pal, PetraScience Consultants), "Mining’s Contributon to Sus- Five College Geology trip to Arizona in tainable Development” by Jessica E. Kogel (Associate Director January 2017. Lef to right: Meg Kikkeri, for Mining, Natonal Insttute for Occupatonal Safety and Marlo Stein, Molly Kover, Olivia Leadbeter, Health), and “Preparing the Future Generatons of Explorers for Claudia Deeg, Naomi Jahan. Success at Discovery” by M. Stephen Enders (Professor and

15 cane record from the Bahamas; Blanka Cvetko Tešović from the University of Zagreb, Croata, on geological evoluton of the Adriatc-Dinaridic Carbonate Platorm; and our Five Col- lege lecturer Steve Driese from Baylor University about geo- chemistry of ancient soil horizons. The series also featured our Smith Prof. Bob Newton’s lecture on LiDAR: a revolu- tonary tool for landscape analysis, and ended with Raquel Bryant’s lecture about paleoceanographic implicatons of global climate change in the Western Interior Seaway. Raquel is a UMass graduate student who taught two sec- tons of GEO 102 feld course at Smith last Fall and who will be helping us again this Fall. Thanks Raquel, thank you to all other presenters and series organizers, and especially to Mike Vollinger and Donna Kortes for arranging the food! Smith students in Monument Valley on the Five College Geology trip to Arizona, January GEO Contributons to the Smith College Sigma Xi Chapter 2017. Lef to right: Mark Brandriss, Olivia Leadbeter, Molly Kover, Meg Kikkeri, Marlo Stein, Claudia Deeg, Naomi Jahan. Smith College has a very actve local chapter of Sigma Xi: The Scientfc Research Honor Society. The chapter organiz- es and sponsors a popular luncheon lecture series that fea- Geosciences Luncheon Lecture Series tures a range of research talks by Smith College and visitng scientsts, and atracts a large number of faculty, staf, and students to McConnell Hall every Tuesday. The Department contnues to organize a lively luncheon se- ries, partally funded by the GeoStars Fund. Amy Rhodes orga- Among this year’s Sigma Xi speakers were GEO Profs. Bos- nized the series in the Fall 2016, and Mark Brandriss was the iljka Glumac who talked about “Travertne host in the Spring 2017. Weathering, Tiber River Flooding, and Contemporary “Reverse Graft” Art in Rome, Italy,” and Bob Newton who The year started with our students sharing their “Summer with Emma Harnisch ‘18 presented their research on GEO Adventures” and with a visit by Max Borella from Fron- “Sources of Mercury in Fresh Water Fish from East-Central ters Abroad New Zealand. Other guest lecturers included: New Hampshire.” Laurie Brown from UMass who spoke about the records of magnetc feld reversals from the Chilean Andes; Gary Robbins Our Senior Lecturer Mark Brandriss has been serving on the from UConn who told us about water systems of Rome, Italy; Sigma Xi admission commitee and GEO Seniors Anny Sain- and Alex Sessions from Caltech who shared his expertse vil ’17 and Marlo Stein ’17 were admited into the Society about the role of sulfur in the organic carbon cycle. Smith this year. Congratulatons! Prof. Jack Loveless gave a lecture about a of subducton zone earthquakes in Northern Chile, and the Fall semester ended with updates from GEO senior thesis stu- Smith College GEO Club dents. The Spring semester series started with a lecture by Luke Faggeter on Cambrian carbon cycle perturbaton, extncton Greetngs from the Geo Club! We had a great year includ- and massive volcanism. Luke is a PhD student from the Uni- ing an excursion to Mike’s Maze in Sunderland, a Hallow- versity of Leeds, UK, who was teaching Spring 2017 Oceanog- een party and costume contest, a Mountain Day hike on raphy at Smith. Other featured guest lecturers included: a Mt. Norwotuck, a Valentne’s Day party and pun compet- research scientst form UMass, Ambarish Karmalkar, who ton, as well as multple movie nights and informal gather- spoke about climate models; James Wits from the American ings. In additon, we designed and organized new depart- Museum of Natural History speaking about the – mental apparel and swag! We are excited for the club to Paleogene mass extncton event and recovery in Antarctca; contnue next year under our new presidents, Emma and Emmy Smith from the Smithsonian Insttuton and Johns Harnisch ’18, Meg Kikkeri ’19, and Casey Hecox ’19. Hopkins University on calibratng the Cambrian- transiton with insights from the Southwest U.S.A. This se- mester we also had in-class (Carbonate Sedimentology and Aqueous Geochemistry) guest lectures open to the public by: Lisa Park Boush from UConn on a long-term climate and hurri-

16 GSA Denver—November 2016

Emma Roth '17 and Claudia Deeg '17 afer winning the Halloween costume contest as Alluvial Fans.

Nathaly Reyna Alvarez ‘17, Naomi Jahan ’18, and Eliana Perlmuter Nathaly’16 at GSA Denver, Fall 2016.

Geo Club members afer successfully navi- gatng Mike's Maze.

Reception at 2016 GSA Denver. L to R: Nathaly Reyna Alvarez, Carol deWet, Bosiljka Glumac, Priscil- la Strain, Heather Petkovic, Eliana Perlmutter, Shawn Moore, Alianora Walker, Jen Axler, John Brady.

Alyssa Graveline '19 and Tessa Browne '17 modeling the new Geo swag.

17 Student/Faculty Publicatons ety of America Abstracts with Programs, Annual Meetng, Denver, Colorado, v. 48(7). (*denotes student authors) Loveless, J.P., 2017, Super-interseismic periods: Redefn- ing earthquake recurrence (Commentary): Geophysical Research Leters, 44 (3), 1329–1332. Brčić, V., Glumac, B., Fuček, L., Grizelj, A., Horvat, M., Posilo- vić, H., and Mišur, I., 2017, The –Turonian Loveless, J.P., Scot, C.P., Allmendinger, R.W., and Gonzá- boundary in the northwestern part of the Adriatc Carbonate lez, G., 2016, Slip distributon of the 2014 MW=8.1 Pisa- Platorm (Ćićarija Mtn., Istria, Croata): Characteristcs and gua, northern Chile, earthquake sequence estmated from implicatons: Facies. DOI: 10.1007/s10347-017-0499-7 coseismic fore-arc surface cracks: Geophysical Research Leters, 43(19), 10134–10141. Buynevich, I.V., Savarese, M., Curran, H.A., Bitnas, A., Glu- mac, B., Pupienis, D., Kopcznski, K.A., Dobrotn, N., Gnivecki, Marshall, S.T., Funning, G.J., Kruger, H.E., Owen, S.E., and P.L., Park Boush, L.E., and Damušytė, A., 2017, Sand incursion Loveless, J.P., 2017, Mechanical models favor a ramp ge- into temperate (Lithuania) and tropical (the Bahamas) mari- ometry for the Ventura-Pitas Point fault, California: Geo- tme vegetaton: Georadar visualizaton of target-rich aeolian physical Research Leters, 44(3), 1311–1319. lithosomes: Estuarine, Coastal, and Shelf Science. doi:

10.1016/j.ecss.2017.02.011. *Moore, K.E., Bosak, T., Macdonald, F.A., Lahr, D.J.G., Brady, J.B., Spear, F.S., and *Hamelin, C., 2016, Illustratng Newman. S., and Pruss, S.B., 2017, Biologically agglutnat- mineral equilibria with interactve, web-based tools. Geologi- ed eukaryotc microfossil from cap car- cal Society of America Abstracts with Programs, 48, 7, doi: bonates: Geobiology, DOI: 10.1111/gbi.12225 10.1130/abs/2016AM286085 . *Mwinde, C., Bergman, E., Cantne, M., and Schoene, B., Curran, H.A., Savarese, M., and Glumac, B., 2016, The stellate 2017. Unusual Seafoor Precipitated Carbonate Fans of : A large and complex in car- the Rainstorm Member, Abstracts, North- bonate eolianites of the Bahamas: Ichnos, v. 23:1-2, p. 126- east Geobiology Symposium, UConn, March 2017. 137. Newman, S.A., Klepac-Ceraj, V., Mariot, G., Pruss, S.B., *Deeg, C., *Getzin, B., and Pruss, S.B., 2017, The Efect of the Watson, N., and Bosak, T., 2017, Experimental fossiliza- Cretaceous-Paleogene Extncton on Calcium Carbonate Accu- ton of mat-forming cyanobacteria in coarse-grained si- mulaton, Abstract, Northeast Geobiology Symposium, liciclastc sediments: Geobiology, 1–15, doi: 10.1111/ UConn, March 2017. gbi.12229. *Du,K., and Pruss, S.B. 2017, Microfossils from the Cryogeni- Newman, S.A., Mariot, G., Pruss, S.B., and Bosak, T., an Period of the Rasthof Formaton, Namibia, Abstract, 2016, Insights into cyanobacterial fossilizaton in Edia- Northeast Geobiology Symposium, UConn, March 2017. caran siliciclastc environments: Geology, v. 44, p. 579- 582. Faggeter, L.E., Wignall, P. B., Pruss, S. B., Newton, R. J., Sun. Y., and Crowley, S., 2017, extnctons, facies changes O’Reilly, S.S., Mariot, G., Winter, A.R., Newman, S.A., and the ROECE carbon isotope excursion at the Cambrian Matys, E.D., McDermot, F., Pruss, S.B., Bosak, T., Sum- Series 2-3 boundary, Great Basin, western USA, in press at mons, R.E., and Klepac-Ceraj, V., 2016, Molecular biosig- Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. natures reveal common benthic microbial sources of or- ganic mater in ooids and grapestones from Pigeon Cay, Faggeter, L.E., Wignall, P.B., Pruss, S.B., Sun. Y., Raine, R., The Bahamas: Geobiology, DOI: 10.1111/gbi.12196 2016, Sequence stratgraphy, chemostratgraphy and facies analysis of Cambrian Series 2 – Series 3 boundary strata in Payne, J.L. , A.M. Bush, E.T. Chang, N A. Heim, M.L. northwestern Scotland, Geological Magazine, DOI: htps:// Knope, and S.B. Pruss, 2016, Seeking a paleontological doi.org/10.1017/S0016756816000947 signature for mass extnctons caused by food basalt eruptons, Abstract, AGU Fall meetng, San Francisco. Hsu, Y.-J., S.-B. Yu, J.P. Loveless, T. Bacolcol, R. Solidum, L. Artemio, Jr., A. Pelicano, and J. Woessner, 2016, Interseismic *Perlmuter, E., Caris, J., *Widstrand, A., Curran, H.A. and deformaton and moment defcit along the Manila subducton Glumac, B., 2016, Drone use in rapid assessment of Hurri- zone and the Philippine Fault system: Journal of Geophysical cane Joaquin coastal impact on San Salvador Island, Baha- Research, 121(10), 7639–7665. mas: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Pro- grams, Annual Meetng, Denver, Colorado, v. 48(7). *Jahan, N., Glumac, B., and Curran, H.A., 2016, Storm- deposited coastal boulder ridges on San Salvador Island, Ba- Pruss, S.B., Higgins J.H., Bush, A.M., Leckie, R.M., Deeg, hamas in the afermath of Hurricane Joaquin: Geological Soci- C., and Getzin, B.L., 2016, Deep-Sea Carbonate Accumula- ton and Surface Ocean Saturaton State in the Afermath of the Cretaceous-Paleogene extncton, Abstract, AGU

18 Fall meetng, San Francisco. Pruss, S.B., 2016, Microbial Signatures in Modern Bahamian Ooids, Abstract, Gordon Research Conference, Galveston, Tex- as. Rhodes, A.L. and Horton, N.J., 2015, Establishing baseline wa- ter quality for household wells within the Marcellus Shale gas region, Susquehanna County, , USA: Applied Geo- chemistry, 60, p. 14-28.

Rhodes, A.L. and Guswa, A.J., 2016, Storage and release of road-salt contaminaton from a calcareous lake-basin fen, western Massachusets, USA: Science of the Total Environ- ment, 545-546, p. 525-545. Carbonate Sedimentology (GEO 334, Prof. Bos-

iljka Glumac) students Jessica Chang ’17, Susan- Student/Faculty Research nah Howard ’19 and Elsie Eastman ’17 present- ing a poster at Smith College Celebrating Col- laborations in April 2017

Abigail Beckham’19, Alyssa Graveline ’19, and Emily Grote ’18 Francesca Giardine ‘20 (John Brady): Automatng Dis- (Bosiljka Glumac): Petrography of Carrara Marble from Italy play and Recording of High Temperature Petrology Ex- and Limestone from Yucatan, Mexico (Research Assistantship) periments with Labview (Stride)

Abigail Beckham ‘19, Alyssa Graveline ’19, and Nathaly Reyna Emma Harnisch ‘18 (Bob Newton): Groundwater Quali- Alvarez ’17 (Bosiljka Glumac and Al Curran): Dynamics of phys- ty Issues in the Ossipee Aquifer (SURF 2016) and heavy ical depositon and bioturbaton of Pleistocene carbonate sub- metal contaminaton of botom sediments from mining tdal sediments, Harry Cay site, Litle Exuma, Bahamas (course- operatons at Cooks Pond, Madison, New Hampshire based research and Celebratng Collaboratons poster) (Special Studies)

Sally Cartar ‘18 (Bob Newton): Paradise Pond Sediment Sluic- Susannah Howard ’19 (Bosiljka Glumac): Petrography of ing Experiemnt (SURF 2016) Carrara Marble from Italy and Limestone from Yucatan, Elias Molitors Bergman ’17 (Jack Loveless): Distributon of slow Mexico (Early Research) slip events in space and tme at the Cascadia subducton zone Naomi Jahan ’18 (Jack Loveless): Elastc Block Modeling (SURF 2016 and Honors Thesis) in the San Gorgonio Pass (Special Studies)

Tessa Browne ‘17 (Sara Pruss): Carbon isotope analysis of the Sofa Johnson ’19 (Jack Loveless): Analyzing the Rela- Rasthof Formaton, Fransfontein Ridge, Namibia (Special Stud- tonship Between Coupling Paterns and Upper Plate ies) Faults along the Cascadia Subducton Zone (STRIDE Jessica Chang ‘17, Elsie Eastman ‘17, Susannah Howard ’19 research and Celebratng Collaboratons poster) (Bosiljka Glumac and Al Curran): Starved for Sediment in the Molly Kover ’17 (Jack Loveless): Schist de Sierra de Sa- Bahamas? Sedimentaton and Storm Impact on the Leeward linas Exhumaton (Special Studies and Keck Geology Coast of Litle Exuma Island (course-based research and Cele- Consortum project) bratng Collaboratons poster) Josie L. Litle ’17 (Amy Rhodes): Development of a Kendall Clarke ’17 (Sara Pruss): The First Calcifying Metazoan methodology for determining caton exchange capacity Organisms! (Special Studies and Celebratng Collaboratons of peat (Special Studies and Celebratons of Collabora- poster) tons Poster) Claudia Deeg ‘17 (Sara Pruss): Deep sea sedimentaton in the Aurora Lopez ’20 (Bosiljka Glumac): Mysterious trace afermath of the K-T extncton (Special Studies) fossils from the Cockburn Town Fossil Reef, San Salva- Kimberly Du ‘18 (Sara Pruss): Microfossil abundances in Neo- dor, Bahamas (Early Research) samples from Namibia and (McKinley Chiza Mwinde (Sara Pruss): 2.7 Ga carbonates of the Fellow) Cheshire Group, Zimbabwe (Special Studies)

Brenna Getzin ‘18 (Sara Pruss): Planktc and Benthic assem- Cindy Nguyen ‘20 (John Brady): Fourier Transform In- blages in ODP Core U1370, post-K-T extncton (Special Stud- frared Spectroscopy of Clay Minerals (AEMES) ies)

19 Valley, CA (Special Studies)

Marlo Stein ’17 (Jack Loveless): Mapping community prepar- edness and educaton along the Washington and Oregon coast in antcipaton of the next major Cascadia Subducton Zone earthquake (Special Studies)

Lizzie Sturtevant ‘18 (Bob Newton): Paradise Pond Sediment Sluicing Experiment (SURF 2016)

Leah Tallent ’19 (Bosiljka Glumac): Petrography of Italian Travertnes (Early Research) Olivia Young ’20 (Jack Loveless): Cumulatve Fault Slip from Global Subducton Zone Earthquakes (AEMES research and Celebratng Collaboratons poster)

Lyn Wats ‘17 (Robert Newton): Modeling Sediment Transport During Sluicing Events in Paradise Pond (Honors Bosiljka Glumac’s first-year AEMES student Au- Thesis and Celebratng Collaboratons poster) rora Lopez ’20 working in the Rock Room Ziqiu Zhang ‘18 (Sara Pruss): Unusual preservation in the basal middle Cambrian Carrara Formation, Eagle Mountain, Rhiannon Nolan ’19 (Sara Pruss): Paleoecological Analysis of CA (McKinley Fellow) the Campito and Poleta Formatons in the White-Inyo Moun- tains of California (STRIDE research and Celebratng Collabora- tons poster)

Emma Roth ‘17 (Sara Pruss): Abundance of skeletal fossils in Cambrian grainstones of the western US and western New- foundland (Special Studies)

Lyn Wats ’17 presentng a poster at the NE GSA in Pitsburgh, March 2017 .

Sara Pruss and Emma Roth ‘17 on coral patch reefs in southern Norway, June 2016.

Anny Sainvil ‘17 (Robert Newton and Mark Brandriss): Chron- ological Interpretaton of Volcanic Rootless Cone Field in Laki, Iceland (Special Studies and Celebratng Collaboratons post- er)

Juliete Saux ’20 (Jack Loveless): Cumulatve Fault Slip from Global Subducton Zone Earthquakes (STRIDE research and Celebratng Collaboratons poster)

Courcelle Stark ‘18 (Sara Pruss): Cambrian fossil abundance in 2017 GEO Honors Thesis students Eli Bergman the middle Cambrian Carrara Formaton, Titus Canyon, Death and Lyn Wats.

20 Geosciences Seniors Alumnae News

Class of 2017 Nathaly Reyna Alvarez Sally (Stanton) Hasted ‘67 Elias Molitors Bergman Tessa Browne My news this year refects shifing gears into gentle, lower Jessica Chang energy, as befts a 71 year old running house for a life part- Mingxuan Chia ner of 78. As my elder brother wrote at Christmas,“The Kenny Clarke (GEO Minor) adventure contnues”. But I’m doing it with more down tme from yardwork, housework, and errands. Claudia Deeg (GEO Minor)

Elsie Eastman I stll teach in a local hospital for teens who’ve given up on Anna George (GEO Minor) their own young lives. They are so afraid to step into the Molly Kover world; I tell them my adventures in feldwork, from Geolo- Emma Roth gy school and Environmental work, and they sigh and say Anny Sainvil “I wish I had your stories. Someday, I will have excitng Marlo Stein things of my own to talk about.” One girl recently said “It’s Lyn Wats so excitng you went to Smith. That’s such a great school, all women.” I told her I’d fought my crusty family to break Congratulatons! from the “marriage, kids, secretarial training” lifestyle and become a scientst, and how I’d elected to have a minority roommate at Smith, and my student thought that was he- roic. I brought in our Alumnae book on Women Changing the World, and she teared up over the chance for women to do that. So the lives we Geo Alums led as groundbreak- ing women scientsts in modern Geology, Environmental Protecton, Civil Rights, and self determinaton, are now the dusty beacons leading the way for children desperate to make their own positve mark on earth. I remember carefully turning the maps made by “real geologists” in the Geo map room at Smith, and longing to trek with Roy Chapman Andrews across the Gobi. Now, children tmidly ask how I became a feld scientst, and long to have the adventures I’ve done. When did I grow old and venera- ble? How did my exploratory steps become a part of world history? I had no guidance in where to place my 2017 GEO seniors: serious (above), (L to R: Lyn feet. We walk randomly up a mountain; and suddenly, like Watts, Elsie Eastman, Eli Bergman, Anna the , we’re part of earth’s record, and we’ve George, Molly Kover, Emma Roth, Tessa helped swing the course of how people behave. My life Browne, Marlo Stein, Claudia Deeg) and silly story is now a gif to youth, and I’m grateful to Smith Geol- (below). ogy for making me a Scientst.

For my own fun, I pore over the fossils I collected with “Madame Kierstead” in South Carolina on that frst, muddy collectng trip, and I think of the Paleo collectons at Smith. Someday I’d like to leave our own collecton to the Smith Geology Department, to complete my personal cir- cle of learning and giving back, and to let our rock pets contnue their own proud lives of being admired and ca- ressed by eager young hands. I ponder, fondly, whether they’d have preferred to cluster with their comrades in the shale-beds and where they rested so long, or whether they enjoy showing of their spines and unique litle bones in a comfy box to admirers who stll have their sof tssues in working order. Our gang’s got attude; they seem to pose for my students. To them, Geologic Time

21 contnues serenely through this latest, “modern” era, and I amazing instrument than what we had previously. This fall I think they’re enjoying this latest setng in the journey. will go on sabbatcal for the frst tme, which I am very, very excited about. Personally, I’ve discovered the lifestyle I always longed for, Hope you all are doing well! but didn’t realize existed. It’s called Homesteading. I always longed to fsh, farm, and keep my own house; and now, I Heather ‘Cricket’ Sawick Kennedy ‘99 know what that’s called. I dislike computers, and would pre- fer a rotary phone. Working with my own hands is just about I'm stll working as a crew trainer at NASA which keeps me perfect. So I enjoy whacking my own weeds, doing my own really busy -- lots of travel between my home base in CA chores, and caring for two homes here and by the Massachu- and Johnson Space Center in Houston, plus a visit to Mar- sets shore. We derive exquisite pleasure in restoring two shall Space Flight Center in Huntsville. My payload just antque houses, and look forward to a happy future in completed another successful mission on the SpaceX rocket both. But I’ve adjusted to the winding down of my own mus- which launched back in February and now we're gearing cles, having learned from a lifetme of pets that we all, even- back up for yet another mission in May! I'm stll trying to tually, slow down. So these days I bite of smaller chunks of get them to actually launch ME at some point but we'll see work, and nap unabashedly in the sun. about that. Anyway, on a personal note, I was in the PNW last May for a friend's wedding and got to stop by for a visit So that’s my latest step in the adventure. I’ve fnally seen with Gena Schwam '98 in Seatle (while she stll had that that tme is drawing down, and I’m very comfortable with the bun in her oven)! Photo of our illustrious reunion includ- noton of joining the fossils in the record-box of our shared ed. I'd love to hear from anyone I've lost touch with over earth. And I wonder what the next adventure will be. Just so the years - you can reach me it’s got hikes to take and to love, seacoasts and at [email protected]! oceans, fossils of course, and Jack with me.

Carol B. deWet ‘81

We welcomed the third Dr. de Wet, geologist, into the family, joining Mom and Dad, when our eldest son successfully de- fended his Ph.D. in Climate Science at UMass in April 2017. Our younger son will be startng graduate school in geology/ climate change science next fall afer graduatng from Bowdoin College this spring. Our middle daughter will be do- ing feld work for her PhD in cultural anthropology in South Africa of next year so it seems that traveling with geologist parents for so many years rubbed of on their career paths. I'm stll teaching Sedimentology & Stratgraphy, as well as a general educaton course focused on coral reefs, at Franklin & Marshall College in PA. Heather Kennedy ‘99 at NASA

Sarah Carmichael ‘98

I am stll at Appalachian State University where I am an Asso- ciate Professor in the Geology Department. This year has been very busy - I was elected a Councilor from the Miner- alogical Society of America and was named a Fellow of the Explorers Club for my feldwork in extreme environments (caves in the southern Appalachians, the Gobi Desert in west- ern Mongolica, Ol Donyo Lengai volcano in , and the botom of the ocean at the 9N East Pacifc Rise Integrated Study Site - my university wrote up a press release about it here: htp://www.news.appstate.edu/2017/04/19/sarah- carmichael-2/). I went to NYC for the Explorers Club Annual Dinner in March 2017 where I met Jess Phoenix '05J, another Fellow of the Explorers Club (and now running for Congress in CA!). I also received an NSF MRI grant to replace our univer- sity's scanning electron microscope, so I've been busy with learning and writng a manual for a new and much more Heather Kennedy ‘99 at NASA

22 Christne Rowe ‘00 Peter (6), just fnished an extended geology lesson in his kindergarten class and has been using my rock hammer I'm an assistant professor at McGill University in Montreal and safety glasses to break open just about every rock he (could be Associate Prof by the tme you read this, I'm ex- can get his hands on. Makes his momma proud!! His litle pectng my tenure decision any day now). I teach feld cours- brother, Isaac (2), also tries to get in on the acton, which es, structural geology, tectonics, and grad courses about makes his momma terrifed. Hope you are all doing well faults. I just developed a new course for incoming majors in- and give a shout if you are ever in Utah!! spired by John Brady's Geology in the Field. My research is focused on mechanical and chemical efects of earthquakes on Marian Kramer ‘04 fault rocks and the feedbacks by which resultng changes in rock propertes control earthquake propagaton. I also work What a crazy few years it has been! To recap since 2013 on sof sediment deformaton, gold deposits, and whatever (when I think I last submited an update): looks interestng. I had the honour of advising Naomi Barshi - I worked remotely from my house in Minnesota (full- ('12)'s MS thesis at McGill. My partner Jamie is also a geolo- tme) for Chevron as a Petroleum Geologist on the Kern gist and we have a son, Sam, born April 12. River Field in Bakersfeld, California from 2013-2016. What wonderful, fun, and rewarding work! - I delivered my identcal twin boys, Jack and Henry, in Sep- tember 2015 (they were delivered 5 weeks early and were in the NICU for 2.5 weeks). They are doing very well and are now rambunctous 1.5 year olds keeping me on my toes. - I went back to work remotely full-tme (for Chevron) in January 2016 knowing the low oil price environment had brought very uncertain tmes to those of us working in the industry, especially for me as a remote worker. - In February 2016, Chevron gave me an ultmatum: I had to move back to Bakersfeld, CA (with my husband and our 5 month old twins) or take the severance package. My hus- band had been laid of in December 2015, so we were in a Christne Rowe’s son Sam. tough spot. We decided to have me take the severance package and stck to the plan of raising our family in Min- nesota. There was no guarantee that if we moved back Susan (Sooz) DeYoung Lundmark ‘01 Chevron wouldn't go through another round of layofs, putng me at risk again. The prospect of being laid of, far Hi All! Not too much new to report since last year, just anoth- from home was not a good one. One the other hand, leav- er year under my belt working in local government for the Salt ing what had become my "dream career" was incredibly Lake City Redevelopment Agency. It has been very interestng tough. delving deeper into issues of local transit, homelessness, and - I stopped working for Chevron in April 2016. Shortly afer, development of afordable housing. Although my work life is my friend (and VP at a local environmental consultng frm) less and less related to geology, I stll count myself lucky to live asked me if I want to apply for a full-tme consultng/ in a state with such great geology all around! My oldest son, contractng positon at the Minnesota Department of Transportaton, where I had worked briefy in 2012. I said yes! What a great opportunity. - I interviewed and got the positon, startng in August 2016. - In September 2016, I started my own consultng compa- ny, Kramer Geoscience, PLLC. - I am currently working on getng my Professional Geolo- gist license. I just found out that I passed the frst part of the licensing process, the FG exam (Fundamentals of Geol- ogy). Studying 4 years of geology material with twin babies and a full-tme job was super hard. I am so happy I passed! Now onto applying for and taking the PG exam.

Lessons learned: Be clear on how you want to balance life and career. Sometmes life wins and that is okay. Take the FG ASAP afer graduatng from Smith!! Network and do Kevin, Peter , and Sooz Lundmark at Dead Horse NOT ever burn bridges. You never know where an oppor- Point State Park near Moab, Utah. Isaac slept tunity is going to turn up. Have a career back-up plan and a through this photo op unfortunately. fnancial safety net. Crap happens and you need to protect

23 yourself to be able to weather the bad tmes. Above all else, Lily Seidman ‘11 embrace change, work hard, and be true to yourself. Love to Smith and Smith Geology!! Just celebrated 1.5 years in Gulf of Mexico Exploraton with Shell Oil in Houston, TX. Outside of work, I enjoy spending Lauren Seidman Robinson ‘04 tme with my sister Lauren Seidman Robinson '04 (Geology), brother-in-law Eric and new baby nephew Na- Lauren Seidman Robinson ‘04 and her husband, Eric, wel- than. Took a trip of a lifetme with Smithie Rachel Dorset comed their frst child, Nathan Jesse, into the world on Sep- '10 (Chemistry) to Iceland where we straddled the North tember 4, 2016. Lauren and Eric both work as geologists in American and Eurasian plate, swam in geothermal pools, Houston, Texas. Lauren and her sister, Lily Seidman '11 (also, walked on glaciers and experienced the amazing Icelandic working as a geologist!), enjoy taking Nate on long walks to culture! notable Houston landmarks close to Lauren's home including Hermann Park, the Museum District and Rice University's campus. Jess Phoenix ‘05J

Jess Phoenix (05J, formerly Mencer) is working on taking geol- ogy to the halls of Congress! She is running to unseat an ant- science incumbent in California's 25th District, and is fnding that she already misses her feld boots. For her last geo- hurrahs, she carried the Explorers Club ofcial fag on an expe- diton to explore a cave her research nonproft, Blueprint Earth, discovered in the Mojave Desert. If you are a feld sci- entst/student and are interested in joining the Explorers Club, Lily Seidman ‘11 sitng atop a columnar basalt on feel free to contact Jess for info on joining. Also, Jess took part the south coast of Iceland. in flming an episode for the Discovery Channel's Shark Week, which is tentatvely ttled "Sharks and Volcanoes." It was a blast, and she was happy to lend her expertse as a volcanolo- Alianora Walker ‘11 gist. This summer I’m diving into Colorado plateau geology while

working as a park ranger at Natural Bridges Natonal Monu- Jess can be reached at [email protected], and always ment, Utah. If anyone is passing my way this summer, I’ve loves hearing from Smithies who are interested in networking. got some great cross beds to show you… In the fall I’m

heading to San Jose State University to start a master’s in neotectonics.

Naomi Barshi ‘12 Since this tme last year, I have been through all degrees of longitude except those between 104ºE (Singapore) and 170ºE (Te Anau, New Zealand). Thus I cannot yet claim to having been all around the world, but I'm getng close. I started my year of travels in Montreal, QC, where I'd been living and working since 2013, including doing my master's at McGill University, co-advised by Christe Rowe '00. Afer my leave-replacement teaching terms were up at McGill and John Abbot College, I headed for the Eastern Indian Ocean to sail aboard the research vessel JOIDES Resolu- ton as an Onboard Outreach Ofcer. We wanted to fnd out more about earthquake processes, decollement for- Jess Phoenix ‘05J with shark biologist Mike Heithaus maton, and Himalayan development by sampling the entre from the Discovery Channel shoot. It is the ocean en- input sequence for the Sumatra Seismogenic Zone. That's try of Kilauea volcano. 1.5 km of sand, mud, and a sprinkling of carbonates, plus 10 m of basalt, all in 4.2 km of water! (If you'd like to know more about all this, you can check out my blogs at htp:// joidesresoluton.org/blog/375, stay tuned for the Proceed-

24 ings papers that will come next Fall, or email me was granted on the last day of their voyage. Also, they ate at [email protected]) One of my favorite places I visit- delicious food, went on moonlight treks to hunt for bugs ed in my "pretrement" was Franz Josef Glacier, in New Zea- and spiders, and slept in secluded huts in the middle of land, where I sported my Smith Geosciences hat with great the rainforest. pride. Next Fall you can visit me in Switzerland where I'll be teaching geology to 10th graders at a study abroad program Camille moved to Albuquerque, New Mexico to begin her called Swiss Semester. See you there! PhD on late Cretaceous bivalves macroevolutonary paterns at the University of New Mexico (UNM). She con- tnues to conquer her fear of heights by hiking up the steep Sandia Mountains and basalt volcanic necks and looking over bridges that span over deep gorges. Luckily, Also, Camille luckily met a Smithie, Kristen Rahilly '10, when they both started their geosciences graduate pro- gram at UNM. Paula is a PhD candidate at Cornell and studies geophysics and geodesy. She lives in a lake house overlooking Lake Cayuga, and is enjoying all the seasons again afer a 2-year stnt living in the tropics. In her free tme, she goes water- fall huntng around Ithaca and atends trivia nights. Camille made a trip back east and visited Sarah and Kate in Western Mass. They had a wonderful brunch at the Naomi Barshi ‘12 in New Zealand. Green Bean and drank lots of tea and caught up on good olde fashioned gossip. Sophie Westacot ‘13 Paula visited Camille in New Mexico for her spring break In May I wrapped up my third season at Capitol Reef Natonal and they skied, thrifed, hunted for staurolite, and crashed Park, where I had started in 2014 as a GeoCorps intern and a wedding. contnued on as an interpretve ranger. It was hard to leave, They all talk constantly over text and they send each other but the good part about saying good bye to a natonal park is snaps of pups, bugs, and rocks. that you know it will stll be there in years to come, almost un- changed and open to your visits. Following in the footsteps of many fellow Smithies I spent a fantastc summer at Indiana University's G429 course alongside Heather Upin ('16). In Au- gust I arrived at Yale to start a PhD in Celli Hull's micropaleon- tology lab, where Jana Burke ('14), a third year here, has helped me get setled, and where I'll be looking at extncton dynamics. Camille Dwyer ‘14, Kate Castagno ‘12, Paula Burgi ‘14, Sarah Brisson ‘14 The No Pants Party Co-op (NPP) moved away from Cambridge in August 2016. Sarah Brisson '14 began her PhD at UConn and is studying . She spends her spare tme cooking and hiking. Kate Castagno '12 moved to Woods Hole Oceanographic Inst- Camille Dwyer ‘14 and Paula Burgi ‘14 on a ski lif tuton to end her transient life between Boston and Woods in Sipaupu, New Mexico. Hole. She completed her PhD qualifying exams and studies and the efects of hurricane events on salt marsh sedimentaton. She contnues to write songs about geol- ogy (though not many about bivalves) and spends her spare tme nurturing plants and a sourdough starter untl she gets a dog. Camille Dwyer '14 visited Paula Bürgi '14 in Paula's fnal days as a geophysicist research assistant at the Earth Observatory of Singapore. Camille, Paula, and Paula's boyfriend, Paul, traveled to Borneo to catch a glimpse of wild orangutans. Their wish

25 Carbonate Sedimentology (GEO 334; Prof. Bosiljka Glumac) students on the Tropic of Cancer beach on Litle Exuma Island, Bahamas, January 2017, with a Kate Castagno '12 and Sarah Brisson '14 view of the Turtle Rock in the distance. in front of Paradise Pond.

Kristen Rahillly ‘10

I fnished my two years of teaching middle school science in Mississippi and am now fnishing up the frst year of my PhD at the University of New Mexico. I am studying volcanic gas geo- chemistry and am super excited to have a great balance of lab work and feld work. When I arrived as a new graduate student this past summer I was pleased to meet another Smith Geo Al- um here at UNM: Camille Dwyer! We have enjoyed reminiscing about our experiences in Burton/Sabin Reed.

Danielle Schmandt

Danielle Schmandt is over a year into her PhD at the University of Adelaide, Australia, working with the ARC Research Hub for Australian Copper - Uranium group. She is focusing on the ura- nium in IOCG systems and rare earth element minerals. Carbonate Sedimentolgy (GEO 334; Prof. Bosiljka Glumac) students exploring a tdal creek with man-

groves on Litle Exuma Island, Bahamas, in January Geosciences Photo Gallery 2017.

Fall 2016 Sedimentary Geology (GEO 232, Prof. Bos- Smith women "march" on the Tropic of Cancer iljka Glumac students on a feld trip to Plum Island, Beach on Litle Exuma, January 21, 2017. MA

26 Carbonate Sedimentology (GEO 334, Prof. Bosiljka Glumac) Spring 2017 Carbonate Sedimentology (GEO 334, students and supporters in the feld on Litle Exuma, Baha- Prof. Bosiljka Glumac) students with Lorenzo mas, January 2017. L to R: Elsie Eastman ’17, Prof. Blanka Chemeri (visitng student from the University of Cvetko Tešović (Univ. of Zagreb, Croata), Alyssa Graveline Florence, Italy) on a class feld trip ’19, Anny Sainvil ’17, Nathaly Reyna Alvarez ’17, Susannah to Saratoga Springs, NY. Howard ’19, Mat Wright (Eckerd College), Prof. Mike Sava- rese (Florida Gulf Coast University), Prof. Al Curran (Smith College Emeritus), Abigail Beckham ’19, Lyn Wats ’17, Jessica Chang '17.

Spring 2017 Carbonate Sedimentology (GEO 334, Prof. Bosiljka Glumac) students with Lorenzo Chemeri (visitng student from the University of Florence, Italy) on a class feld trip to Saratoga Springs, NY. Sydney Reyes Beate ’19 at the archaeological site of Mayapan on Yucatan peninsula in Mexico where she worked with Prof. Bosiljka Glumac on a collaboratve research project with archaeologists from SUNY Alba- ny, May 2016.

Spring 2017 Carbonate Sedimentology (GEO 334, Prof. Bosiljka Glumac) students with Lorenzo Chemeri (visitng student from the University of Bosiljka Glumac’s Carbonate Sedimentology class on Florence, Italy) on a class feld trip Litle Exuma , Bahamas, January 2017 to Petrifed Gardens !

27 Sara Pruss with STEM Posse 2 on their summer fossil adventure to NY State with Engineering Fall 2016 Sedimentary Geology (GEO 232; Professor, and Posse Mentor Denise McKahn. Prof. Bosiljka Glumac) class in the feld locally at Roaring Brook in Mt. Toby State Park.

John Brady’s Fall 2016 Geology in the Field class.

Carbonate Sedimentology (GEO 334; Prof. Bosiljka Glumac) students Nathaly Reyna Alva- rez ’17 and Elsie Eastman ’17 admiring their SEM (Scanning Electron Microscope) research samples.

Brrenna Getziin ‘18 with a big snapping turtle during the Fall 2016 Sedimentary Geology (GEO 232, Prof. Bosiljka Glumac) feld trip to Chard Pond, MA) 28 Fall 2016 Sedimentary Geology (GEO 232; Prof. Bosiljka John Brady’s Fall 2016 Geology in the Field Glumac) end-of-semester party with a special care and class. sparkling cider.

Fall 2016 Geology in the feld class. GEO 232 cake!

Carbonate Sedimentology (GEO 334, Prof. Bosiljka Glu- Some of the alumnae who atended our GEO recep- mac) students Abigail Beckham ’19, Alyssa Graveline ’19 ton at Smith in May 2017 (L to R): Sara Rosenzweig and Nathaly Reyna Alvarez ’17 presentng a poster at the Cribbs ’97, Cheryl Cameron ’97, Sarah Smalheer ’97 Five College Geology Undergraduate Research Symposi- and Roxanne Finn ’97. Also in atendance were: Eliz- um at Amherst College in April 2017 abeth L. Ambos ’77, Erika Klose ’97, Sarah C. Hale ’07, Carolyn Tewksbury-Christle ’07 and April Birnie ’15. It was so great to see you all. Come back ofen and send us your updates.

29 Geoscience faculty with their brand new hats, custom-made by the GEO class of 2017. L to R: Amy Rhodes, John Brady, Bob Newton, Bosiljka Glumac, Mike Vollinger, Jack Loveless (holding Sara Pruss’ hat) and Mark Brandriss (holding Luke Faggeter’s hat)

Smith College Geosciences Faculty illustrated by the GEO Class of 2016, inspired by Dr. Seuss. L to R: Jack Loveless, Sara Pruss, Amy Rhodes, Bosiljka Glumac, Bob Newton, Mark Brandriss, John Brady.